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BOARD OF CONTROL
July 1, 1952 June 30, 1954
JOHN S. ALLEN
Acting President, The University of Florida
FOR THE BIENNIUM
ENDING JUNE 30
TABLE OF CONTENTS
THE REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNIVERSITY ......................................... 5
REPORTS OF THE DEANS AND ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICERS
The Dean of the University College .................................... ....................... 89
The Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences ......................... ............ 91
The Provost for Agriculture .....................-...-. -..-..-........- ........ ...... 98
The Dean of the College of Agriculture ....................... ......... .......... 98
The Director of the Agricultural Experiment Station ........ ....... ............ ...... 105
The Director of the Agricultural Extension Service ............................................ 125
The Director of the School of Forestry ...................................................... 144
The Administrative Officer of the University of Florida Conservation Reserve ........ 144
The Dean of the College of Architecture and Allied Arts .................................. 145
The Dean of the College of Business Administration ........................... .......... 153
The Dean of the College of Education .....-............................................ 162
The Dean of the College of Engineering ............................... ................ .... 167
The Director of the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station ................. 187
The Director of the School of Inter-American Studies -- ..................... ............. 224
The Dean of the College of Law ............ .......... ................................... 230
The Provost of the J. Hillis Miller Health Center ............................ ....235
The Coordinator of Military Departments ...............-....-......... .......... 240
The Director of the Division of Music ....................... -....- ...........-...-.. 241
The Dean of the College of Pharmacy ....... ............ ............................ ..... 242
The Dean of the College of Physical Education and
The Dean of the General Extension Division .....
The Dean of the Graduate School -.. ---- ..
The Director of Research ................. ...........
The Director of Alumni Affairs --....--................
The Director of Intercollegiate Athletics ..........---.....
The Business Manager ........ ................
The Director of Libraries ........ ............
The Director of the Florida State Museum .......-.
The Director of the University of Florida Press ........
Health .................................... 244
.. ................... ......................... 249
......................................... ..... 258
................... ... -.............................. 268
- -..-........... .................................. .. 276
...-.......-.................... .. ..... .............. 283
............................ .......... ...... 286
..-..-...........-........................- .... 292
The Director of Public Relations ..... ......................
The Registrar ............ --................-
The Dean of Student Personnel ..... ...................................
The University Exam iner ................ ........ ....... ...... .....-....
To the Honorable
The Board of Control of the State of Florida
Administration of the affairs of an institution of higher learning such as the University
of Florida falls heavily upon many persons and involves a degree of stewardship responsi-
bility unmatched even in the field of high finance. Administrative officers hold in trust
not only a responsibility for the wise expenditure of large sums of public monies, the
investment and maintenance of a vast plant, the conduct of research of vital importance
to the social and economic well-being of the State, but also, and of far greater significance,
the development of an ever-expanding educational program sufficient to meet the needs
of the youth of a constantly growing State.
During the first seventeen months of the biennium now drawing to a close, it was my
privilege to share with our late beloved president, Dr. J. Hillis Miller, some of the duties
of administration. Following his untimely death on November 14, 1953, and to the end of
the biennium, I have, at your request, discharged the responsibilities of Acting President.
With your helpful guidance and the able support of splendid colleagues, we have come to
the end of a record-breaking biennial period and are now prepared to furnish you, and
through you to the people of Florida, an accounting of our joint stewardship. An earnest
effort has been made to record the solid achievements of the University during the biennium
and to lift them above the pall and gloom which fell so heavily upon the campus as a
consequence of the rather sudden passing of Dr. Miller.
To all who have assisted so magnificently, especially to members of the Board of Control,
I should like to acknowledge my deep sense of gratitude.
John S. Allen
The biennium under review brings to a close two of the most eventful years in the
history of the University of Florida. The first year of the biennium concluded a century
of service and the second initiated a new era of opportunity for the University of Florida.
Joy and tragedy alike shared the stage as the scene shifted from the old to the new.
The elections of 1952 brought to the Governor's seat in Tallahassee a young and able
alumnus of the University, Dan McCarty, whose interest in his alma mater was a matter
of public record.
A medical study, made possible by a grant of $96,500 from the Commonwealth Fund
and conducted under the chairmanship of Dr. Russell Poor, was concluded and paved
the way for bringing to fruition the establishment of a modern health center at the
University, so long discussed and planned for by the people of Florida.
The building and budgetary needs of the University, after several months of intensive
study and consideration, were formalized and readied for presentation before the 1953
session of the Florida Legislature.
A Centennial Committee after months of preparation presented a program for the
celebration of the Centennial Year designed to highlight the activities and progress of the
University over a period of a hundred years and calling for the scheduling on campus of
several educational conferences of regional and national significance, special convocations
with addresses by distinguished educators, statesmen, and men of letters and science, as
well as social functions appropriate for the mingling and renewing of friendships by thou-
sands of returning alumni and friends of the University.
The Centennial got off to a good start at the October 1952 Homecoming. Nearly 40,000
persons headed by the young and popular governor-elect, Dan McCarty, crowded Florida
Field Stadium for a spectacular Gator Growl which featured the Homecoming slogan
"Florida Cheers a Hundred Years."
Among the important groups holding their annual meetings or conventions in Gainesville
during the centennial year were the Southern Association of College and University
Business Officers, the Florida Congress of Parents and Teachers, the American Society
for Engineering Education, including the Engineering College Administrative Council, and
the Engineering College Research Council. Three formal convocations were called, one
of which was addressed by Arthur A. Hauck, President of the University of Maine, and
President of the Association of Land-Grant Colleges and Universities, who spoke on
"Higher Education Today and Its Relationship to the Land-Grant College Program," and
Dr. John A. Hannah, President of Michigan State (on leave) and Assistant Secretary of
Defense, who spoke on "The History and Present Status of the Land-Grant College Move-
ment." A second convocation was addressed by Dr. Virgil M. Hancher, President of the
State University of Iowa, and President of the National Association of State Universities,
who spoke on "Liberal Education from the Point of View of the Professions," and the
third by Dr. Charles F. Kettering, whose subject was "The Contribution of Scientific
Research to Our Society," and by General James A. Van Fleet who spoke on "Recollections
at the Close of a Military Career." The following symposia and conferences were also held:
Science Symposium conducted by the College of Arts and Sciences, and a symposium in
Law, Education, and Business Administration; a College of Agriculture Conference, a
School of Forestry Conference, a Pharmaceutical Conference, a Conference on the Interrela-
tion of the Arts conducted by the College of Architecture and Allied Arts, and a Centennial
Honorary degrees were conferred on Dr. Arthur A. Hauck. Dr. John A. Hannah, Dr.
Charles F. Kettering, and Dr. Virgil M. Hancher, the speakers already referred to, and
upon the Honorable Millard F. Caldwell, former Governor of Florida, the Honorable Spessard
L. Holland, former Governor of Florida, and Senior United States Senator, and Dr. John
James Tigert, President Emeritus of the University of Florida. General James A. Van Fleet,
already and honorary alumnus, was presented a silver punch bowl and cups by the faculty
of the University of which he was at one time a member.
Citations of Merit and Centennial Award Medals were presented to 177 distinguished
Floridians and alumni for meritorious service to the University and the State of Florida.
Within a period of several weeks after the inauguration of Governor McCarty in January,
1953, the State was stunned by a press announcement that he had suffered a heart attack.
Though physically incapacitated, he directed much of his announced legislative program
through the 1953 session of the Florida legislature.
The most important developments of the legislative session, so far as the University was
concerned, were the appropriation of $5,000,000 to initiate work on the first unit of the
medical school and authorization for the construction of a number of agricultural units
totalling $2,920,000 on the main campus in Gainesville, and $336,270 at the several branch
stations and field laboratories of the Agricultural Experiment Station and Agricultural
Extension Service throughout the State. While these appropriations brought some relief
in the form of classrooms, laboratory facilities, offices, greenhouses, and other essential
space requirements, for the operations of the agricultural units, no provision was made
for other much-needed facilities, the lack of which has materially affected the successful
functioning of vital departments of the University. A review of the current building program
as well as a presentation of the total building needs will appear under a separate chapter
of this report.
The State and the University sustained a terrible loss in the fall of 1953 when Governor
Dan McCarty lost his valiant struggle for life. The pall of sadness which fell upon the
State in his passing had not lifted when death struck again with a dreadful blow. The
second victim was the University's own leader, Dr. J. Hillis Miller.
Though close associates of President Miller were aware of his general decline in
health beginning with the spring of 1953, all thought this was the result of fatigue growing
out of the persistently heavy schedule he had maintained since assuming the presidency
of the University in the fall of 1947. His abiding enthusiasm for all things related to
the University and his great zest for living continued without abatement to the very end.
Against the best advice of friends, counselors, and physicians he continued to carry more
than an ordinary load and seemed unwilling to slacken a pace which inevitably seemed
to everyone except himself to spell disaster. To have done otherwise would, no doubt,
have been against his nature for, as many observers have so aptly expressed it, "Dr. Miller
was incapable of leading a half-way life; he had to live wholly and fully or not at all."
His achievements during the six-year period of his administration were so numerous
and outstanding that they cannot be adequately catalogued within the limits of this report.
Suffice it to say, he brought to the task of administration a rich background of educational
experience and a keen analytical mind, capable of grasping and assimilating seemingly
untold masses of facts and details, and of converting them to advantage in attaining his
goals. He came to the University at one of the most critical periods in its history-at a
time when the physical plant, faculty, and finances were inadequate to accommodate the
thousands of students who had matriculated following World War II, and at a time when
the University had become coeducational in status. The position demanded a man of
great vision, integrity, determination, and unusual force of personality to arouse the State
to meet the fiscal needs of the institution. He had a wide range of interests and was
successful in lifting the University to new heights of distinction in the State and nation.
In fact, for a period of six years, Dr. Miller devoted his every ounce of energy toward
one objective-to build the University of Florida into a place of eminence among the
educational institutions of the nation.
Unwilling for it to be classified only as "among the best of the South," he constantly
stressed the importance of having it comparable with the "best of the nation." He set
before faculty and students as well as citizens of the State an example of personal ex-
cellence seldom equalled. When he received his final summons on the night of November
14, 1953, and news of his passing quickly spread by word of mouth and by radio, a great
sadness enveloped the university community and overflowed to the remotest borders of the
State. Ten thousand persons packed the Florida Gymnasium to pay him final tribute.
Resolutions of condolence and appreciation came from every group with which he had
been identified and from all of the major educational organizations of the nation. A few
which speak eloquently of his life and leadership are appended as a part of this record.
The responsibility of following in Dr. Miller's footsteps is an awesome one. It was,
therefore, with a deep sense of humility that the writer undertook, at the request of the
Board of Control, the Acting Presidency and the administrative functions which this implied.
The foundations of the University are sound; consequently we have been able to devote
much of our attention during the past several months to plans for extension of the founda-
tions to support an inevitable larger super-structure.
The population of Florida has doubled every twenty years during the past century. The
growth of the University seemed slow in its early years, but the growth of the State
seems to have had a cumulative effect on higher education, for our enrollment has tripled
in the past decade. The following table shows the rapid growth in the number of new
freshmen coming to the campus in the past two years:
The rising tide of enrollments which began in 1946 and reached a peak in 1949 repre-
sented a backlog of students, mostly war veterans, whose education had been interrupted
or deferred during a period of military service. Since 1950, G. I. enrollments have progres-
sively declined, but there has been a conspicuous rise in normal freshmen enrollments;
that is, students who have recently graduated from high school. With this explanation,
the reader will readily see the magnitude of adjustments that were necessary to meet this
changing situation. Within two biennial periods, the administration has been compelled
to provide instructional facilities on the University College level for an inordinate increase
in enrollment. This has necessitated staff retrenchments in certain areas, shifting in some,
and additions in others.
Frequently we are confronted with the question of why the University does not peg
its enrollments, at least until the institution's facilities catch up with the current needs.
Our answer is that to do so would deny the very purpose for which we exist.
It is within the province of privately endowed colleges and universities to restrict
enrollments. Policies vary with institutions. The President of Harvard, in one of his
recent annual reports, compared the size of enrollment today with that of a quarter of
a century ago. A gain of 2,000 was noted. He said:
Since the College is not vastly different in size than it was twenty-five years
ago, this must imply a significant increase in the quality of the student body,
for the pressures on all colleges to expand during this interval, though inter-
rupted by wars and depressions, were considerable and insistent, and resistance
to them must have brought increased selectivity.
He goes on to say that applications were several times greater in 1952 than in 1927,
but that the College has had "more carefully articulated procedures for screening appli-
cants." A problem facing Harvard is how to establish a "finally accepted figure as to
what size the College should be in the years immediately ahead."
The President of Massachusetts Institute of Technology says:
As a professional school conducting itself in the spirit of a university, the
Institute designs its educational program for a highly selected group of students,
young people of exceptional intellectual promise and personal qualifications.
With a student body thus carefully selected, we believe that an undergraduate
program can be more advanced, its standards higher, its scope greater, and its
pace faster than in institutions where the student selection is not so great.
The "selectivity" policies of venerable institutions like Harvard and Massachusetts
Institute of Technology are in sharp contrast with those of a typical combined state
university and land-grant college, which was so aptly delineated a number of years ago by
former President W. O. Thompson of Ohio State University in his address, The Influence
of the Morrill Act Upon American Higher Education:
It is easy to see that the idea of intellectual aristocracy would find less
welcome in a state institution than anywhere else. In other words we may say
that the Land-Grant Colleges, being at the center of industrial education and
antedating any important movement of that sort in this country, have been a
great force to democratize American education, and that they never could be
true to their foundation principles if they represented anything else. In the
writer's opinion this is a fundamental reason why the Land-Grant Colleges
will never find a bed of roses underneath the shadowing protection of a corpora-
tion. They have been founded, supported, and stimulated by the people. They
must eventually look not only for their support but for all their protection
to the same source. The standards of these institutions will be approved by the
people and will not be subjected to the formal requirements of any outside
organization. . .
I am saying these things for the purpose of emphasizing the fact that de-
mocracy in education is a fundamental characteristic of the Land-Grant College
and the needs of the people are the guiding spirit for the state institutions,
and these two ideals have practically revolutionized the educational world in
the last fifty years. To surrender these two principles would be nothing short
of calamity. The tendency therefore to operate an institution for the sake of
maintaining standards is all wrong as I see it. An institution is to be operated
for the good it can do; for the people it can serve; for the science it can pro-
mote; and for the civilization it can advance. My main contention is that the
ideals of the Land-Grant Colleges are . essentially different from the ideals of
the imported education that found its organization in New England. We are
dealing with a native product, home born, home trained, and we propose to keep
it distinctively American. The measure, therefore, of such institutions is always
to be public service, increased efficiency, and the maintenance of the best things
in American life.
I know the emphasis is sometimes put upon the fact that the college should
teach prepared men for leadership, but it is also distinctly noticeable . that
the state supported institutions have taken the unprepared man and made a
leader of him; a leader, however, who all the way through is thoroughly
democratic and thoroughly American in his sympathies and in his services.
The University of Florida recognizes its obligation to the people of the State to
provide, on the most democratic basis possible, a sound program of higher education.
While we concede that the selective practices of Harvard, M.I.T., and similar institutions
are meritorious up to a point, because of our public support and sponsorship we feel that
our policies should be more democratic and akin to those in institutions like Ohio State
University. While we must provide education for the masses, including students of average
abilities, we have tried not to lose sight of the superior students. While our total program
cannot be geared to the specific needs of superior students and to the exclusion of the
less brilliant, we are keenly aware of the need for and our attention has been directed
toward the development of a program of "Superior Studies" (1) to attract to the University
students of superior ability and superior high school preparation, and (2) to provide an
academic program consistent with the level of ability and preparation of such students.
In this way it is our hope to contribute to the State a thoroughly educated leadership
potential, independent of specific fields of specialization. Such a program was envisioned
by our late President, Dr. J. Hillis Miller. He felt so strongly the need of such a program
that he secured a grant of $23,000 from the Ford Foundation to initiate a self-evaluation
study which included a "Special Studies Program for Superior Students" in the College of
Arts and Sciences. In recognition of his interest and efforts, a memorial scholarship fund
has been established in his honor, awards from which will be made only to students of
superior abilities and talents who may wish to attend the University.
At the same time, our counseling of prospective new students has been coordinated
with that of the secondary schools to advise those who have little chance of success in
college to think of other choices than college attendance. High school graduates who
are in the upper half of their class have a good chance of succeeding in college. If they
are in the third quartile of their class their chances of success in college are considerably
reduced. We have found that practically none of the lowest quartile are able to succeed
in college. We have been able to avoid failure for most of these low-ranking students
by suggesting some other alternative than college attendance for them.
A report of The Commission on Liberal Education of the Association of American
Colleges published in 1948 stated in part:
In a period of technological prodigies and of economic complexities the
crucial problem of education is to sustain and develop the individual. If social
and economic welfare are realized, we are told, the individual can take care
of himself. It is at least equally true that if an adequate number of individuals
are unusually elevated, society can take care of itself.
We think it is significant that students entering our College of Arts and Sciences
have kept pace with those admitted to the professional colleges and schools, though place-
ment opportunities are immediately more numerous for graduates in the professional
fields. This indicates a very healthy approach to the relatively important place the liberal
arts hold in the total program. A statement by Professor Peter Viereck of Mount Holyoke
College gleaned from one of his recent speeches is appropriate to the situation:
Without the understanding of man's inner nature which art and literature
give us, and without the inner ethical restraint which religion gives us, our
outer mechanical progress is paving our road to hell with good inventions.
The individual reports of Deans, Directors, and Administrative Heads of Departments
are worthy of reading. They cover in detail important developments and progress made
in the University's colleges, schools, and research and extension divisions during the
biennium. Therefore, no good purpose would be served in extensively duplicating their
contents. We shall confine the President's section of the biennial report to the briefest
possible resumes of departmental reports, with a concentration on the over-all picture,
and elaborate on those developments and educational phases of wide significance not
otherwise covered in the departmental reports.
A great effort has been made during the biennium to strengthen the university at all
levels, from undergraduate through graduate, and in the research and extension services.
THE UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMS, AGRICULTURAL
AND ENGINEERING RESEARCH, AND THE
1. The University College
The University's program of general education, administered by the University College,
is regarded as among the most outstanding programs of the type in the nation. Students
enrolled in the University College also include in their programs the pre-professional
work for the Upper Division School and College of their choice. The student's time is
about equally divided between the required general education courses and pre-professional
electives. An Associate of Arts Certificate is awarded students who successfully complete
two years of planned work, but who, for one reason or another, do not proceed into the
Upper Division. This program assures a maximum and lasting use of the first two years
of study pursued by all students attending the University. Through placement tests,
vocational aptitude tests, progress reports, and counseling services, students are guided
into professional choices suitable to their best aptitudes and abilities. Undergraduate
colleges, schools, and divisions now include the professional fields of Agriculture, Archi-
tecture and Allied Arts, Business Administration, Education, Engineering, Forestry, Inter-
American studies, Journalism and Communications, Law, Medicine and Nursing, Pharmacy,
Physical Education and Health, and Music.
The University of Florida was one of twenty universities and colleges in the country
with well-established General Education programs selected by the American Council
on Education to participate in the National Evaluation Program on General Education,
conducted during the past two years. Two of our men were chairmen of workshop groups
in the social sciences and humanities. Meantime, each division of the University College
has conducted its own self-evaluation program.
Five books by staff members were published by leading publishing houses during the
biennium, while two others are undergoing revisions at the request of publishers for the
purpose of new editions. More than twenty articles of the American Institutions staff
appeared in national journals, while five members of the staff are under contract with
the Dryden Press for a new text for the course. This will be published in 1955. Other
staff members are completing the manuscript for a text in Applied Logic.
2. College of Arts and Sciences
The College of Arts and Sciences is the oldest unit of the University of Florida. It
has been in constant operation since 1853. All the professional training at the University
is dependent in a very large degree upon the foundations which the College of Arts
and Sciences supplies.
It is from the departments of this College that the Engineering student acquires his
basic mathematics, physics, and chemistry; the Education student, his subject matter
courses; the student in Agriculture, his physical and biological sciences; the student in
Business Administration, his mathematics, psychology, and social sciences; and the
prospective journalist, his English, history, and political science. Because of the founda-
tion established in this College, ministers, teachers, physicians, lawyers, farmers, engineers,
businessmen, architects, and journalists throughout the entire State have been placed
in a position to make a greater contribution to the welfare of Florida and the modern
world. As a result of their experiences in this College, great numbers of Floridians
have experienced a richer, fuller, more satisfying life.
During the biennium 2,343 undergraduate students and 1,810 graduate students,
with areas of specialization within Arts and Sciences, were enrolled in the College, and
483 degrees awarded on the undergraduate level and 192 on the graduate level.
The faculty published 40 books and contributed 342 articles to journals, as well as 81
reviews and similar publications.
One of the major curriculum changes of the biennium involved Speech and Communica-
tions. Radio-TV work as offered in the Department of Speech was withdrawn from that
department and combined with related courses offered in the School of Journalism. The
School of Journalism was enlarged to enable it to offer a separate professional degree in
radio and television work. A new School of Journalism and Communications now exists
as a part of the College of Arts and Sciences, and offers the degree Bachelor of Science
in Communications in addition to the Bachelor of Science in Journalism.
A new group major in Sanitary Science was approved which will be available to students
at the beginning of the 1954-55 academic year.
A re-examination of the offerings in history has resulted in major consolidations and
reductions of courses of instruction with greatly improved efficiency. In 1950-51 there were
92 courses of instruction, both graduate and undergraduate, compared with 71 in 1953-54,
forty-one of which were undergraduate and thirty graduate. The undergraduate offerings
have subsequently been reduced to twenty-four basic history courses for undergraduate
students, and one undergraduate course number to be used for individual work. The
latter has been preserved for the "exceptional student."
An Institute of Water Chemistry has been approved and will be activated in the
new biennium under the direction of Dr. A. P. Black, a national authority in this area.
3. Agriculture: Teaching, Research, Extension, and Forestry
Real accomplishment and progress is reflected throughout the biennium in the Uni-
versity's program of research, teaching, and extension in the fields of agriculture, forestry,
Most of the architectural planning incident to the building program provided by the
1953 Legislature has been completed and a number of contracts let, including the first
unit of the main agricultural building and buildings for agricultural engineering, animal
nutrition, veterinary medicine, and smaller facilities at the branch stations and field
Important highlights of activities in the several agricultural units follow:
(1) College of Agriculture
A total of 330 Bachelor of Science in Agriculture degrees was awarded during the
biennium and 100 graduate degrees, including nine doctors of Philosophy. Staff members
in practically all departments are conducting research projects as well as carrying on
their teaching duties.
The partial completion of the Meats Laboratory and the Livestock Pavilion made it
possible to add laboratory sections to courses in Beef Production and General Animal
Husbandry, to reorganize other existing courses, and to add five new courses.
A separate Department of Bacteriology was established beginning February 1, 1953,
and temporary curricular changes were instituted in September, 1953, to meet the
minimal recommendations of the Committee on Teaching of the Society of American
Bacteriologists, while more adequate curricular and course changes are in process of
formulation to establish a thoroughly sound teaching program.
New processing equipment added to the Dairy Products Laboratory has enabled
students to use the most modern methods of handling dairy products. The dairy herd
has been improved and increased through breeding and selection and is available for
student training in judging, breeding, milk secretion, feeding, and management.
The Head of the Department of Entomology, Dr. John T. Creighton, was granted
a leave of absence for one year to serve as Director of Agricultural Research of the
Special Technical and Economic Mission to Thailand, sponsored by the United States
Government. Two of his reports have been published and released by the Federal Govern-
A careful study of course offerings and curricula of entomology departments throughout
the nation has been made, as a result of which certain refinements in the curricula offerings
of the department have been instituted.
A new staff position in Horticulture was created by the Legislature in 1953, permitting
employment of a trained food technologist. Staff members in Horticulture have par-
ticipated in a variety of off-campus programs, such as teaching in extension schools
for citrus growers, realtors, and garden clubs, and in flower-show judging schools, in
addition to publishing the monthly News Letter for nearly 800 clubs and circles of the
Florida Federation of Garden Clubs.
The Wilmot Memorial Camellia Garden was dedicated with impressive ceremonies
in January, 1954. Shortly afterwards, a similar project, to be called the G. L. Tabor
Memorial Azalea Garden, was begun with a collection of azalea varieties donated by
Provost Emeritus H. Harold Hume.
Enrollment in Poultry Husbandry has increased 49 per cent during the past two years.
(2) Research (Agricultural Experiment Station)
The Station's program is conducted under a nationally recognized project system, wherein
problems under study are reduced to specific and systematically planned research projects.
During the past biennium 76 new research projects were initiated and 25 other
projects were revised and brought up to date. Some 21 were closed, either because of
satisfactory completion of studies or changing situations which no longer merited their
continuation. The total number of projects at the close of the biennium is 287, an
increase of 50 projects over the previous biennium. It will be noted that a policy of
flexibility has been followed in accordance with best research practices. Appropriations
authorized by the 1953 Legislature have made possible much needed improvements and
additions of new equipment at the main station, branch stations, and field laboratories.
At the main station, development of the Beef Research Unit was substantially com-
pleted including fencing of pastures, stocking the area with cattle, and installation of
A small flock of sheep was acquired for investigational possibilities in Florida and
a Poultry Disease Diagnostic Laboratory for the Veterinary Science Department was
established at Dade City to aid poultry men in getting prompt diagnosis of flock diseases
in that area.
A new sewage disposal system to handle waste products from the processing plant
was installed at the Citrus Station, a field laboratory, as part of the Everglades Station,
was established at Fort Lauderdale, and smaller but significant improvements were made
at the Range Cattle and North Florida Stations. In addition, 300 acres of land were
purchased for the Suwannee Valley Station and a laboratory and office building constructed,
while 120 acres were purchased for the Range Cattle Station.
The station printed and distributed 458,500 copies of 43 bulletins and 252,000 copies
of 25 circulars. In addition, 186 recordings on 100 different tapes were distributed
among 10 radio stations.
In May, 1953, the Atlanta, Georgia branch library of the U.S.D.A. was taken over by
our Agricultural Library. It now serves our U.S.D.A. personnel in the nine southeastern
states and is one of four such cooperating agricultural libraries in the country.
Valuable statistics have been compiled with respect to transportation of crops, milk, etc.;
useful life of dairy herds, courses of disposal; packing costs and possibilities for reducing
The intensive frost and weather forecasting service and temperature survey programs
were combined under the cooperative arrangement between the Florida Agricultural
Experiment Stations and the United States Weather Bureau. The forecasts for both
years of the biennium proved most accurate, and daily information furnished to growers
and shippers proved most helpful.
Seventeen new projects were initiated in the field of Agricultural Economics which
cover the areas of dairy economics, demand for orange concentrates, marketing of ornamental
products, marketing of vegetables, legal aspects of land tenure, and farm management
studies in north and west Florida.
It was determined that cash costs per acre of producing citrus during the 1952-54
period were three times those of the period 1932-42. However, because of greatly increased
yields the per box costs were only slightly higher.
Spoilage in potatoes in transit to market, correlated with mechanical injury, can
now be avoided by shifting from wire to rubber-coated baskets and other improvements
recommended in harvesting.
In the field of Agricultural Engineering, research centered on investigation of flue-
cured tobacco, irrigation of pastures for beef and dairy cattle, pasture establishment
and renovation, peanut drying, heat exchanger design, and potato harvesting machinery.
In plant population tests of irrigated tobacco, 10,000 plants per acre produced greater
yield and gross value than 7,500 plants per acre; however, the latter produced the greater
amount of high quality tobacco.
In the pasture irrigation for dairy cattle, 28 per cent more grazing was obtained
on irrigated than non-irrigated pasture during an eighteen-month period.
In the field of Agronomy, over 600 forage and cover crop introductions from 32 foreign
countries were tested and a number of promising ones entered for more detailed tests.
New soy bean varieties indicated that production of oil from this source may be possible
when good cultural methods and insect control are used. New strains yet unreleased
have produced up to 45 per cent increase over other varieties in plot tests.
Interesting experiments continued with grasses, corn, oats, and especially tobacco;
and 30 to 100 per cent increases of flue-cured tobacco were obtained with good manage-
ment, fertilizer, irrigation, and pest control.
Research grants totalling $68,000 were received during the past year from a number
of leading firms in the nation interested in nutrition problems. These grants have
made possible an expansion of investigations on nutrition, minerals, beef cattle, meats,
and physiology of reproduction.
Dairy Science research has made notable progress. Formulas for fresh fruit variegated
ice creams (lemon, lime, orange, tangerine, guava, mango, strawberry, and peach) were
Entomological research during the past two years was concerned with a variety of
pests and related problems, always of grave concern to Florida agriculturists. Experi-
ments with insecticides and sprays have resulted in determining measures of control
in various seasons.
Present investigations in Home Economics relate past and present dietary practices
to conditions found in later life. Publications during the biennium dealt with food
preferences of Florida men, vitamin content of Florida-grown vegetables, and the effect
of processing on the nutritive value of milk.
During the biennium several promising new lines of legume vegetables have been
developed by breeding. A rust-resistant pole bean has been outstanding in tests, new
breeding lines of southern peas are being established, and a cantaloupe breeding program
has been started with the objective of developing a commercial variety adapted to the
humid conditions of Florida.
Fruit-testing work has shown that good quality peaches, ripening from the middle
of May until the end of June, will soon be available for the northwest section of Florida.
Rose varieties have been evaluated in out-of-door plantings for commercial cut flower
production, and it has been found that a satisfactory flowering of tulips can be obtained
by storing the bulbs at given temperatures for specific periods.
Experiments with tomatoes, watermelons, strawberries, pecans, tung trees, and orna-
mental plants continue with a view to productions of superior specimens.
Development of more resistant strains of a variety of seeds and plants, and treatment
and control of diseases were the particular concern of our Plant Pathologists during the
biennium. A collection of 3,878 specimens, mostly of seed plants, were added to the
herbarium, making a total of 125,960. Identification of seed plants and 1,442 diseases
and fungi were made for various agencies and individuals.
A new Poultry Husbandry Unit was completed and equipment for the Poultry and
Egg Processing Rooms installed during the past year. Very close working arrangements
have been maintained with the State Department of Agriculture, State Livestock Board,
and other departments of the University to improve the efficiency of the Poultry Industry,
which is one of the most rapidly developing industries of the State.
Soil surveys in several Florida counties have been completed during the biennium
and others have been initiated. Soil fertility studies covered many ranges and tests
made ranged from laboratory determinations of fertilizer need of soils to effects of new
fertilizer materials, insecticides, soil fumigants, antibiotics, soil conditioners, compost
accelerator, and legume inoculants.
Rapid expansion of the livestock and poultry industries has been attended by increased
incidence of disease affecting economic productions. The Department of Veterinary
Science has handled many requests for aid in diagnosing and handling obscure diseases
of livestock and poultry.
The expanded activities of the several branch stations and field laboratories cannot
possibly be summarized in a way to do them justice in the brief space of this report.
Readers are therefore urged to examinine each in its entirety as it appears under the
departmental reports. Suffice it to say the Citrus Experiment Station, the Central Florida
Station, the Gulf Coast Station, the North Florida Station, the Range Cattle Station,
the Sub-Tropical Station, the new Suwannee Valley Station, the West Central Florida
and West Florida Stations, and the farm field laboratories have each and severally made
outstanding contributions which can scarcely be measured at this time in dollar value
to Florida's economy.
(3) Agricultural Extension Service
More services have been furnished by the Florida Agricultural Extension Service
to the people of Florida during the past biennium than in any similar period since the
establishment of this federal-state cooperative unit of the University of Florida in 1914.
Increased appropriations made by the 1953 Legislature have resulted in more extensive
assistance in the fields of vegetable production, dairying, field crops, poultry production,
and forestry, and initiation of two new programs in the fields of ornamental horticulture
and entomology. The impressive record of the Extension Service is revealed by the follow-
The staff numbers 238 persons, consisting of 193 county and home demonstration
agents and their assistants, and 55 specialists and administrative personnel. Combined
federal, state, and county contributions to the program amounted to approximately
There has been a 7 per cent increase in beef cattle during the biennium. Florida
now has 1,386,000 head and ranks thirteenth among the states in the total number of
County agents assisted 8,418 cattlemen in improving breeding practices and 11,102
cattlemen in improving and employing better feeding practices in their herds. An
aggregate of some 20,000 or more cattlemen were advised as to proper control measures
for external and internal parasites and diseases that affect cattle.
Marked progress has also been shown in the improvement of dairy herds. Test scores
kept on 8,834 cows in 1953 from 22 counties (compared with 1,815 in 1947 when the
program was started) show substantial increases both in pounds of milk and butterfat
County agents assisted 6,348 farmers with improved breeding of their swine herds
and about 25,000 farmers with the control of diseases and parasites which have caused
great losses to their herds in recent years.
Florida's poultry industry expanded significantly within the past two years as a
result of adoption by farmers of more efficient practices in producing, processing, and
merchandising poultry products advocated by Extension specialists. The $35,739,000 gross
farm income from poultry and eggs now places the industry in fifth place of importance
in the agricultural income of the State.
There are more than nine million acres of forest land on Florida farms. During the
biennium County Agents assisted 12,858 farmers in forest fire protection, and 3,488
farmers with the planting of 17,600,000 pine seedlings. The work of the 4-H Forestry
Projects among rural young people is worth mentioning, for 200,000 catalpa seeds and
200,000 red cedar seeds were collected and distributed to 4-H Club boys for forestry nursery
projects, and more than 2,000 boys received instruction in forest management.
Significant help was given in the area of marketing to producers of all major farm
commodities-citrus, vegetables, livestock, poultry, etc.
Entomology and Agronomy
In 1953, instruction in insect control was given 95,000 people by County Extension
workers. Work in Agronomy resulted in improved soil and crop management practices.
Comparative yields of the major field crops-corn, cotton, peanuts, flue-cured tobacco,
and oats-for two five-year periods show increases ranging from 15 to 40 per cent.
Twenty-one citrus clinics, attended by 8,000 growers, were held during the biennium
and three eighteen-week citrus schools were conducted with an enrollment of 624 growers.
As the biennium ended, Florida had over a half million acres of citrus groves under culti-
vation, and for the third consecutive year the State's annual citrus production was over
a hundred million boxes.
Soil and Water Conservation-Wildlife Management
In 1953 County Agents assisted 19,269 farmers with Soil and Water Conservation and
Management problems, 5,261 with Forestry, and 2,255 with Wildlife Management matters.
A program to assist Florida's thirty-three million dollar commercial floriculture and
ornamental horticultural industries was started October 1, 1953, with the appointment
of an Ornamental Horticulturist and two assistants. Since the work began the staff has
held 59 horticultural clinics and meetings which were attended by 3,375 persons. Plans
have been formulated to train Extension workers in all phases of ornamental horticulture
work so as to bring to all interested persons the latest information in the ornamental
The Farm Structures Program includes farm service buildings, farm housing, and the
Florida Farm Building Plan Service. During the biennium 60,000 families received
assistance, and over 10,000 sheets of dwelling and farm building plans were distributed
in response to written requests.
Farm Electrification-Irrigation-Farm Machinery
This program has continued to receive special emphasis. Approximately 2,000 rural
families received electricity during the period of this report. This brings the number
of electrified farms in the state to 47,000, or about 84 per cent of the total. During the
biennium extension workers assisted almost 20,000 people with problems concerned with
electricity. Extension agents reported assisting 2,665 farmers in irrigation problems in
1952-53, and 11,170 farmers were given assistance with machinery and equipment problems.
Home Demonstration Work
There are now 94 home demonstration workers, exclusive of clerical assistants, employed
in the State and county offices. Major emphasis during the past two years was placed
on teaching and encouraging people to think and plan as family and community groups.
Some 12,519 women were enrolled in 493 home demonstration clubs, and 17,288 girls were
enrolled in 750 4-H clubs which met regularly at least once a month. There were 29,807
girls and women actively participating in a program which the women and girls planned
with the assistance of home demonstration agents. Approximately 25,724 individuals not
in organized clubs were helped through clubs and club members.
Food production and food conservation have been given special emphasis in view of
their importance as a means of supplementing the family income and providing more
nutritious diets. Placing information regarding the newest developments in canning
and freezing of goods has been a major activity. Approximately 51,091 families were
assisted with food selection, meal planning, and food preparation.
During the biennium 22,627 family members had health examinations, 12,524 families
had children immunized, flush toilets were installed by 2,010 families, and 1,164 sanitary
outdoors toilets were installed.
In 1952, as a result of a leader training workshop in 21 counties, conducted by an
Extension Clothing Specialist, 192 clothing meetings were held to emphasize selection
of clothing and materials, use, care, and repair, as well as planning the family wardrobe.
Reports of Home Demonstration Workers disclose that almost a quarter of a million
persons were contacted individually or through meetings during the biennium on some
phase of home improvement and approximately 100,000 different individuals or families
were assisted to adopt recommended practices.
This impressive record shows conclusively that Florida's farm families and rural popu-
lation have benefited immeasurably, during the two-year period under review, from the
assistance given them by the Agricultural Extension Service. They have been helped in
making better incomes, in maintaining better homes and family relationships, and in taking
advantage of religious, educational, and recreational opportunities on a larger scale. The
program has contributed to a more stable economy and improved living conditions for
a large segment of Florida's people.
(4) School of Forestry
During the biennium emphasis has been given to courses basic to applied forestry and
wood technology and to the addition of courses at the graduate level in order that an
adequate graduate program may be offered. Thirty-four baccalaureate degrees and five
masters' degrees were granted.
A cooperative tree improvement program has been entered into with a number of
wood-using industries, whereby the basic and applied research efforts of the School can be
expanded. Facilities in the Wood Products Laboratory have been expanded for wood test-
ing and wood preservation. Modern equipment for this purpose was made possible by a
grant from an industry interested in the program.
The Forest Ranger School continues to offer a one-year program designed to train
students for employment on this technician or semi-professional level.
4. College of Architecture and Allied Arts
In Architecture and Art, student enrollments are now the largest in the South, and in
Architecture they are the fourth largest in the country. More students are now graduating
from the College each year than were graduated during the eighteen-year period dating
from the time a School of Architecture and Allied Arts was organized in 1929 until it
was redesignated a College in 1947.
Design is "heart and core of all the teaching programs of the College," since it repre-
sents "the creative process by which materials are organized for the service and satisfaction
Only a few of the 70 departments in the Upper Division have teaching loads exceeding
those of the Department of Architecture. During the past year only one School in the
nation awarded more degrees in Architecture than did Florida.
Two faculty members were awarded Fulbright fellowships for study abroad during the
biennium. Many of the State's most gifted architects have given freely of their time to
come to the University to lecture during the past two years.
Students continue to gain honors in national, regional, and state competitions. During
both years of the biennium, the Student Chapter of the American Institute of Architects
has won national acclaim with its "Florida Products for Florida Living" exposition in the
An alumnus and former member of the faculty had his personally designed home in
Miami selected by House Beautiful as the "Pace Setter House for 1954."
Each semester more and more students from other colleges register for courses in Art,
so that in the final semester of the biennium course registrations reached an all-time high
of 673, representing almost a 20 per cent increase over the highest course registration
for the preceding biennium.
The first student in Costume Design was graduated at the June commencement of
1954. A program in History of Art was added to the curriculum during the biennium,
and need exists for the establishment of major offerings in Photography and Sculpture.
During the past year, members of the faculty exhibited 206 paintings in 62 exhibitions,
and have participated in numerous state, regional, and national progranis. Eleven galleries
and museums in the eastern half of the United States scheduled one-man exhibitions of
paintings of faculty members. One staff member executed a large mural in the Humanities
Room of the University Library and another received a Fulbright fellowship for study in
The Tarpon Springs Summer Art School, organized in cooperation with the General
Extension Division, has been conducted each year of the biennium with outstanding success.
The Department of Art is now the largest in the South, yet in terms of equipment and
space its facilities are probably as poor or mediocre as may be found in the nation.
In 1935 the University began the teaching of Building Construction as a separate dis-
cipline. Inasmuch as construction has become the nation's number one industry, and, in
Florida, second only to Agriculture, Building Construction education has an almost un-
limited opportunity. Whereas in the past education for building was largely a matter
of self-education within the industry and leadership grew out of the ranks of skilled
workers, the construction industry today has an awareness of the role it is playing and
will increasingly play in the national economy, and looks to the colleges to supply its
managers and specialized personnel.
The Department of Community Planning is helping to meet the State's growing need
for responsible personnel familiar with problems incident to community growth and devel-
opment. In 1953, in order to meet the increasing need for planners, a two-year graduate
program leading to the degree of Master of Science in Community Planning was inaugurated.
If building expenditures continue at the 1952 rate of $23,252,000,000 a year, by 1964
they will total more than the gross public debt of the nation. Every precaution should
therefore be taken by the American public to safeguard the quality of products represented
by investments of such magnitude. The Bureau of Architectural and Community Research
is devised for such a purpose. Through its research facilities, the Florida Construction
Industry should make significant progress in the solution of many of its problems.
5. College of Business Administration
Undergraduate enrollments in the College of Business Administration were 1,373 and
graduate enrollments 115 during the biennium. A total of 490 undergraduate degrees
were conferred and 26 graduate degrees.
Several new curricula were added to meet the growing demands of business as well as
students. The basic courses in both economics and statistics were revised for inclusion
of new materials, all of which resulted in greatly strengthening these courses.
Staff members have held fourteen fellowship appointments with industry, most of which
were awarded through the Foundation for Economic Education.
The Bureau of Economic and Business Research has stepped up its work and activities.
Its official monthly publication, Economic Leaflets, is now mailed to 2,700 persons or
institutions including libraries and universities in the United States, Canada. and a
number of foreign countries. A study of the Jacksonville mortgage market, done under
contract with the Housing and Home Finance Agency in 1950-1952, was published by that
agency in two separate research monographs.
Twenty-seven years after its establishment, the College moved into its first building
in the spring of 1954. The first unit of the building was erected at a cost of $600,000
and houses approximately 60 per cent of the activities of the College. Already over-
crowded, the College will not be completely provided with permanent satisfactory
quarters for all of its activities until the additional wing is added. This is estimated
to cost $400,000.
The Fifth and Sixth Annual Business Conferences held in 1952 and 1953 respectively
continued to be well patronized by Florida businessmen. Each Conference featured out-
standing business executives and industrialists from the State and the nation. The
theme of the Fifth Conference was "Business Leadership-Public and Private Responsi-
bilities," and that of the Sixth, "Communications-A Way of Working With People."
6. College of Education
The acute shortage of teachers for Florida's public school system continues in spite
of intensive measures to correct the situation. Less than half the number of teachers
required to fill new or vacant positions in the elementary and high schools of Florida
were trained in all the institutions of the State during the biennium. The University
of Florida has been cognizant of the matter and has viewed it with concern. In an
effort to encourage high school graduates to enter the teaching profession, the College
of Education, in cooperation with the State Department of Education, has initiated a
teacher recruitment program. The part-time services of one staff member from the
College has been provided to coordinate the recruitment activities in the State. Travel
is provided by the State Department. High school groups in nearly every county have
been contacted and appearances scheduled before 123 civic organizations. There is
evidence of renewed interest in teaching as a profession as a result of this recruitment
A stricter selective program has been employed during the biennium as a means
of improving standards while a self-evaluation program has been extremely helpful
in the efforts of the staff to improve the instructional program.
There is an encouraging upswing in degrees and certificates awarded on the graduate
level. In 1952-53, 227 Masters and 9 Doctors degrees were awarded and in 1953-54,
239 Masters and 21 Doctors. During the biennium almost 100 Post Graduate Certificates
and Advanced Post Graduate Certificates were also awarded.
An Advanced School of Education has been organized to provide instructional pro-
grams for students who wish to work toward degrees beyond the masters. Admission
requirements are selective and designed to admit approximately 50 per cent of those
eligible for advanced study. In connection with this School a new six-year degree has
been developed called "Specialist in Education." It is designed to meet the needs of
public school people who wish to become proficient in a specialized area.
Magazine articles published by the staff numbered 119 as contrasted with 30 in the
previous biennium. Five books were also published and twelve others co-authored by
members of the Education staff.
The field services rendered by the staff have been significant. The total number of
times services were performed by staff members was 713. Such services included high
school and junior college evaluations, school surveys, talks and panel discussions, con-
sultation in and outside the State, and participation in regional, national, and State
If predictions with respect to public school enrollments in Florida during the
next decade are true, then the University has no greater obligation than in the training
of teachers to meet the demands of the public school system of the State. While
facilities are inadequate in many specific areas, as will be shown in the portion of this
report devoted to building needs, the lack of space and facilities for the College of
Education may be regarded as critical. It will be the intention of the University
Administration to press for a correction of this situation with all the means at its
command during the next session of the State Legislature.
7. College of Engineering-Engineering and Industrial Research
Engineering education and experimentation as well as industrial research, like Agri-
culture, must be geared to the Florida scene. It is essential for those responsible for the
education and research programs in engineering to recognize the peculiar engineering
and industrial problems that are unique to Florida, and to emphasize these both in the
educational program and in research.
The engineering program at Florida while devised so that students may be grounded
in the basic engineering sciences is flexible enough to permit adaptation to the constant
changes in the industrial scene. Like all students entering the University of Florida,
the engineering student is required to complete two years in the Lower Division before
specialization is permitted. This affords him an understanding of civil, social, moral,
and political problems and lays the foundation for good citizenship without the danger
of his becoming a narrow specialized technologist.
The strength of the Engineering program at Florida is revealed by the fact that
during the period 1940-1953 there was an increase of 300 per cent in enrollment in
Engineering as compared to an increase of 60 per cent in the nation, or a ratio of
five to one as compared to the nation's expansion.
While many engineering schools, which draw heavily from metropolitan high schools
for their enrollments, have uniform patterns for admission and prescribed courses of
study leading to a four-year degree, the program at Florida has been made more flexible
owing to the relatively high percentage of enrollments from rural schools, whose standards
are not always on a par with those of the large city high schools. Many of the best
engineering students come from the small high schools, though they begin with a handicap
because of inadequate preparation in mathematics, the physical sciences, etc.
For students lacking an adequate preparatory foundation, the engineering curriculum
has been extended to enable them to take special comprehensive courses in fundamental
mathematics and the physical sciences during their freshman year. Such students must
take five years rather than the customary four to complete the requirements for an
engineering degree. Less than 25 per cent of the graduates in engineering are able to
complete the work in four years. There is ample opportunity, however, for the superior
student or the better prepared student to complete his course of study in four years.
Graduates of the College of Engineering have had no placement difficulties; rather
they have had to choose from a number of excellent opportunities offered them. Florida's
rapid industrial growth has kept within the State many who ordinarily would have accepted
A total of 278 undergraduate degrees were awarded in the biennium, as well as 34
Master of Science and 3 Doctor of Philosophy degrees.
Twenty-two faculty members resigned, the majority to accept more lucrative positions
in government, in industry, and at other institutions.
Among the valuable gifts received by the College was an RCA television transmitter
valued at $30,000. This unit is being modified for possible use in an education television
station of the new School of Communications. The Winn-Lovett Grocery Company
has continued its grant for research in sanitary engineering and, in so doing, it is
rendering a great public service by helping Florida communities to reduce necessary
sewage treatment costs. This company is also offering six scholarships annually for
study of Municipal and Public Health engineering.
A number of national and regional honors were received by engineering students
during the biennium. The annual Engineer's Fair, revived in 1952-53, attracted 14,000
Staff member have held important offices and served on strategic committees in
State, regional, and national professional societies. A number of books and articles have
been published by staff members, and 58 publications have been issued by the Engineer-
ing and Industrial Experiment Station.
The reputation of the College and the progress of education and research would
suffer immeasurably unless equipment for the instructional and research laboratories
were kept up to date. This is necessary in view of the constant developments of new
engineering techniques and processes. The new equipment which has been acquired
cannot be listed here. Suffice it to say that the Metallurgy Laboratory, the Aero-
nautical Laboratories, the Chemical, Industrial, Civil, Engineering Mechancis, and Sani-
tary Engineering departments have all received vitally important equipment befitting
their several needs.
The State of Florida is handicapped by the lack of any native fuel for industrial
use. The possible availability of nuclear energy within the next few years will do much
to overcome this handicap.
A nuclear power reactor could be developed at the University which would help
the industrial expansion of the State and place Florida in the ranks of those pro-
gressive states which recognize the importance of this inevitable scientific development.
The new space provided for Engineering in recent years has helped immeasurably
the activeness of those departments utilizing such space. Need still exists for the
Aeronautical and Chemical Engineering departments and for the shop facilities. Equip-
ment of the Chemical Engineering Department valued at $600,000 is housed under extremely
7 (1) Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station
The upswing in Florida's industrial development, which began at the conclusion
of World War II, has continued unabated. This is evident from the fact that the
annual value of manufactured products in 1938 stood at slightly above $200,000,000,
whereas the 1953 volume was estimated at slightly under $1,400,000,000.
The Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station, established by act of the
Legislature in 1941, as the research laboratory for the industries of Florida, has con-
tributed significantly to this upsurge of industrial activity.
Approximately 80 per cent of the Station's research is financed by contracts and
grants from the federal government and private industry, with only 20 per cent support
from State sources. Nothwithstanding this relatively meager State support, a graph of
total Station expenditures in relation to total expenditures for industrial products indicates
that an excellent balance has been maintained between the two. This situation, however,
poses a problem for the future which could have serious consequences. There would be
real difficulties ahead in the event of any marked curtailment in government research.
Though the Station has made almost unbelievable progress in the brief span of thirteen
years, the policy of operation has, notwithstanding, been a conservative one.
As Dean Joseph Weil so aptly points out, "Outstanding research is not a product of
mediocrity." Highly productive and imaginative individuals would not be attracted to
a position which offered no degree of security. Consequently, the Station has held its
expansion to a reasonable level. It could not afford to risk the acceptance of many
short-term contracts preferred it. Upon the expiration of such contracts, the Station
might have found itself with personnel on its payroll without adequate funds to pay
them. Stability has been maintained by accepting only long-range contracts, and then
only if they would help the educational program, the industrial development of the State,
the natural resources of the State, or the defense program.
Florida is one of the three states of the union in which energy costs are highest.
Inasmuch as industry has a tendency to center in areas where energy is the most plentiful
and cheapest, Florida would have much to gain from nuclear energy. It is anticipated
that this source of energy will be available within the reasonable foreseeable future.
Florida's position, industrially speaking, would be greatly enhanced inasmuch as it
would have the same industrial advantages as other states of the nation. Much will
depend on research that is done in this area. Of primary necessity is a reactor which
would make possible not only research from the standpoint of engineering but also
basic research in the field of chemistry, physics, biology, and other sciences.
During the biennium, 12 bulletins, 28 technical papers, and 18 leaflets were published
by the Station.
Conferences and clinics, in which Station personnel participated, proved helpful to
representatives of numerous organizations. Among the important conferences scheduled
were the first and second annual Pulp and Paper Conference, the Accident Prevention
Engineering Conference, the Method-Time Measurement Clinics (held in several cities),
the First and Second Annual Southeastern Seminar on Spectroscopy, the first annual
Metallurgy Seminar, the Electric Meter Short Courses, the Highway and Surveying
Conferences, a Structural Engineering Conference, two Public Health Engineering Con-
ferences, two symposia on Industrial Instrumentation, and an air conditioning conference.
An in-service training program, conducted in cooperation with the State Road Depart-
ment, to assist college-trained highway engineers to obtain specialized experience in certain
areas proved most helpful.
Eighty research projects were reported in operation during the biennium. In the
biennial report of the Station's activities are included individual summaries to which the
reader's attention is invited for a fuller appreciation of the magnitude and diversity of the
research program currently in operation in the Engineering and Industrial Experiment
8. School of Inter-American Studies
Inter-American activities of the University, except in the area of student counseling, are
coordinated through the School of Inter-American Studies. During the biennium funds
were provided by a Rockefeller Foundation grant for the appointment of a Counselor for
Latin American agricultural students, and the University created the post of Adviser to
Foreign Students. The responsibilities of the latter include supervision of all students
from abroad, including 150 from Latin American countries. These counseling services have
been very helpful to the academic and social phases of the Inter-American program.
A Graduate Advisory Committee was created in August, 1953, to advise the Graduate
Council on graduate work in Inter-American Area Studies. This was followed by the
formation of a Graduate Faculty in Inter-American Area Studies composed of eighteen
members from various departments offering courses with inter-American content or applica-
tion. Twenty advanced students participated in the Area Studies program in the biennium,
eight at the master's level and twelve at the doctoral level. Two candidates received
masters' degrees and three the doctors' degrees within the two-year period.
The Aluminum Company of America through the Alcoa Steamship Company, Inc.,
has continued to render substantial assistance to the Program by helping to finance the
annual Conferences on the Caribbean. The Honorable Walter B. Fraser has provided
$1,000 during each year of the biennium toward publication of the Conference pro-
Several distinguished Latin American scholars and government officials have visited
the University campus and have spoken under the auspices of the School, while the
Caribbean Conferences continue to draw numerous authorities in the field of Latin American
9. College of Law
There was a substantial increase in new students in the Law College during the bien-
nium as evidenced by the following tabulation:
Fall term ................................ 46 91
Spring term ........................ 20 25
Probation and exclusion rules which became effective in the preceding biennium
resulted in the withdrawal of 25 per cent of new students at the end of the first year.
A further withdrawal or failure of 7 per cent occurred mostly during the third semester.
All others went on to graduation with one exception-only one student failed the final
semester. The new probation and exclusion policy proved most effective in thus saving
valuable time of faculty and students.
During the biennium a "core" course of study consisting of 71 semester hours aug-
mented by 75 semester hours of specialized and advanced courses offered a well-rounded
basic legal education for all students and permitted a degree of specialization for students
Faculty salaries in Law as in other professional fields remained dangerously below the
prevailing scale in competitive colleges throughout the nation. Some remedy is necessary
if the college is expected to maintain the high standards expected of it.
Approximately 7,500 accessions during the biennium brought the total volumes of the
Law Library to nearly 45,000.
In 1954 the John Marshall Bar Association instituted an Annual Law Day which
attracted many Law graduates and gives promise of developing into a valuable alumni
In the Spring of 1953 and again in 1954, the College and the local and State bar
associations jointly sponsored major legal institutes at the College. In 1953 the "Insti-
tute on Civil Trials" drew over 300 paid registrants from all over the State, and in
1954 the "Institute on Legal Ethics" was similarly patronized. The latter received
national publicity as the first Institute of its kind ever held in this country.
The Law Review continues to enhance the legal literature of the State and the educa-
tional program of the Law College.
10. College of Medicine and School of Nursing (The J. Hillis Miller Health Center)
As we have intimated in our introductory statement, possibly the most significant de-
velopment of the biennium was the legislative authorization of funds to initiate a program
of medical education at the University of Florida. The Commonwealth Fund grant of
$96,000 has been cited as making possible a study to determine the kind of health educa-
tion program the State needed.
Dr. Russell S. Poor, chairman of the University Relations Division, Oak Ridge Institute
of Medical Studies, was invited by President Miller to direct the study. He was granted
a year's leave for this purpose, and when final legislation for the medical program
became effective he was invited to serve as Provost for the new health center. Dr.
Poor's academic training was principally in the fields of chemistry and geology. He
received his Ph.D. in geology from the University of Illinois in 1927 after which he
joined the faculty of Birmingham-Southern College, where he stayed for seventeen
years as teacher and administrator. From 1944 until he joined the staff of the Oak
Ridge Institute he was Dean of the Graduate School of Alabama Polytechnic Institute.
As Chairman of the University Relations Division of the Institute, Dr. Poor developed
a number of programs for the utilization of Oak Ridge facilities in university graduate
and research programs. It would be difficult to evaluate the extremely able service Dr.
Poor has rendered both in directing the Study and in launching the program.
According to the Provost's report, "During the course of the Medical Center Study
approximately 260 consultants were used and all of the newer and most of the older
medical schools throughout the United States were visited by the staff." An Executive
Committee of national composition, including men in medical and non-medical educa-
tion, provided the guiding influence for the Study. A Medical Advisory group composed
of fifteen outstanding physicians in the State as well as others gave invaluable assistance.
The twelve "objectives" of the Medical Center Study will not be listed here. Suffice
to repeat the first two:
1. To design integrated programs in medical and related fields which will provide
quality leadership at all degree levels normally assigned to a university.
2. To design a high quality program in medical and related education whereby the
University of Florida College of Medicine graduate thus trained will be definitely oriented
to the desirable advantages of dealing with a patient in the totality of his environment;
that is to say, added to disease diagnosis and treatment must be a recognition of the
importance of psychologic, psychiatric, and social conditions involving the patient.
This necessitated an analysis and evaluation of trends in Florida's population to
predict the need for medical service and define the dimensions of the program and
Ways and means of cooperation in the Southeastern region and with the Middle and
South American countries were explored.
Of very great importance was the planning for a completely integrated building
to house all parts of the Health Center: College of Medicine, College of Nursing,
College of Pharmacy, University Teaching Hospital, sections of the Florida Center of
Clinical Services, library, auditorium, College of Dentistry, Outpatient area, and ambu-
lant unit for patients requiring prolonged diagnosis.
Planning to date has included full consideration of the contributions that may
be made by all other departments and divisions of the University. Provision has been
made for the training of a number of graduate students seeking their Ph.D. degree in
a variety of fields related to health.
The University has been fortunate in obtaining the service of Dr. George T. Harrell
to undertake the duties of Dean of the College of Medicine. Dr. Harrell received his
medical education at Duke University and held the position of Research Professor of
Medicine at the Bowman Gray School of Medicine of Wake Forest College at Winston
Salem, North Carolina, before joining our staff. Dr. Harrell has served as an officer
of several medical societies and has contributed to many medical journals. He has served
as Chairman of the Medical Advisory Panel of the Oak Ridge Institute of Nuclear
Studies since 1951. His primary research interests are infectious diseases. He received
the First Scientific Award at the 1953 meeting of the Southern Medical Association
for his research work on the cellular changes of sodium and potassium in man. He was
invited to deliver the Kellogg Lecture of 1953 and the American Orthopoedic Associa-
tion Lectures at Harvard and has also presented the results of his research, by invitation,
at the universities of Oxford, Padua, Naples, Liege, Lieden, Brussels, and London. Since
his appointment on January 1, 1954, he has devoted much of his time to consulting with
architects in the planning of the functional relationships of the first building in the
Health Center and to becoming acquainted with the medical professions of the State.
In recognition of the primary role played by the late President J. Hillis Miller in
making the health center a reality, the Board of Control wisely acted to have his name
forever associated with it, shortly after his passing in November, 1953, by designating
it the "J. Hillis Miller Health Center."
Mr. Jefferson M. Hamilton, Architect to the University of Florida, designed the
Medical Science Building and the plans were developed by Mr. Guy C. Fulton, Architect
to the Board of Control, with the aid of Ellerbe and Company of Saint Paul, Minnesota
as consultants. Construction was begun on the foundation in May, 1954, and a brief
ceremony honoring the memory and faithful service of President Miller was held at the
site on June 1, 1954. It is estimated that the building will be completed in time to admit
the first class of medical students in the fall of 1956. The Nursing School will open at
the same time. In anticipation of the opening, a library for the Health Center is being
developed rapidly which will operate as a unit of the University Libraries under the
directorship of Stanley L. West. A basic library of approximately 25,000 volumes is
11. Military Departments
The Army ROTC Department and Air Force ROTC Department collectively are termed
the Military Departments. Each is headed by a Professor of Military Science and Tactics,
but for administrative purposes one of the Professors is designated as "Coordinator of
Military Departments". The annual inspections of both departments resulted in favorable
1. Army ROTC
Enrollment .................-.....- ...-................... ........... 1,385 1,419
Advanced Course Students commissioned in
Army Reserve .......................... ..........- ...... .. ... 145 75
Distinguished Military Graduates commissioned in
Regular Army ........ ............. ......- ....-..-...... 6 4
2. Air Force ROTC
Enrollment .............................- .............. .......... 1,875 1,246
Advanced Course Students receiving commissions in
Air Force Reserve ...-.............. ...................................... 122 83
Certificates of Completion in lieu of commissions ........ 28
12. Division of Music
The sixteen members of the music faculty maintained their productive record in
research and creative writing. Three musical compositions and eleven scholarly papers
were published during the biennium.
In September, 1953, a new choral ensemble was formed-the Vesper Choir-which
has provided specialized training to a small group of selected singers and a skilled and
versatile choir prepared to appear on important University occasions.
The Division, as in previous biennial periods, has established a record of public service.
Staff appearances as concert performers, guest conductors, festival and clinical adjudi-
cators, lecturers, etc., in and beyond the Campus community numbered 869, and student
appearances as soloists and ensemble performers numbered 402. It is estimated that more
than two and a half million people in ninety-six different communities shared the pleasure
of these performances. No unit of the University has rendered more consistent and
qualitative service since its establishment a few years ago than the Division of Music.
13. College of Pharmacy
The College of Pharmacy is presently in a dual transition period involving changes to a
new curriculum and planning for its integration with the Miller Health Center. Its
program continues to attract enrollments which overtax the facilities and bring heavy
teaching loads to the staff. Once again the number of degrees granted reached a new
high. The demand for graduates continues to exceed the supply.
Continuation of accreditation with the same Class A rating was approved by the
American Council on Pharmaceutical Education following a re-examination in March,
The graduate program attracted many students from other states and three foreign
countries, reaching the highest (31) enrollment in its history and resulting in the granting
of 23 Ph.D degrees during the biennium. A total of 14 fellowships supported by the
American Foundation for Pharmaceutical Education, Eli Lilly and Company, and Merck
and Company totalled approximately $20,000. Research projects covered a wide range
of drugs, including medicinal plants of Florida. With their graduate students, faculty
members have published many scientific papers. One of these, by Dr. C. H. Johnson
and S. I. Balbaa, was selected as the best in the United States for the Newcomb Award.
The Bureau of Professional Relations, with the renewal of two $5,000 grants from
the Florida State Board of Pharmacy, continued its program, following the same
pattern which has made it a model for similar bureaus in other states.
A wing in the Miller Health Center comprising at least 60,000 square feet is to be
requested to meet additional space and equipment needs.
14. College of Physical Education and Health
Enrollments of students in undergraduate courses during the biennium was 2,824
and in graduate courses 230. During this period, seventy-five students received bachelor's
degrees and twenty-seven the master's degree in Physical Education. Professional curricula
in the areas of physical education, health education, and recreation were studied and
revised to meet more effectively the needs of students following graduation.
Improvements in the Student Health Services have been achieved through more
effective treatment made possible by including drug privileges in the student fees, by
providing Physical Therapy and Psychiatric services and medical examinations for
R. O. T. C. cadets, and by general upgrading of medical services.
15. General Extension Division (Adult Education)
A report of the University's undergraduate academic and extension programs would
be incomplete without mentioning the superb work of the General Extension Division,
the medium through which the Universtiy carries its program of education to the adult
citizenship of the state.
For about 35 years this unique program of adult education has helped 163,275 teachers
and citizens in 67 counties to secure college or high school credit through extension
instruction, and non-credit educational assistance has been given to nearly 315,000 persons
through short courses, institutes, seminars, and similar programs. An additional milhon
young people and adults have received training and useful information through con-
sultant and loan service programs.
During the biennium, increases in activities ranged from 20 to 1,987 per cent. Even
then there was a limitation on services that the staff could perform owing to a shortage
of funds. Many public demands for services could not be favorably considered because
of budgetary limitations.
The following statistics are indicative of the types of services rendered and the
Registrations and enrollments for college and high school correspondence
study ................................. ............ .. .... ...... ............................. 5,726
Enrollments for Extension credit courses and workshops ..........-....-.......... 9,160
Total ........................................................................................... .. 14,886
Registrations in 56 Business short courses, seminars, and institutes in
24 different fields ........................................................................................... 4,912
Registrations for 27 citizenship and public service short courses ........... 3,742
Enrollments for 147 Church and Community short courses and pro-
grams ............ ..... .... ..................... ................. ....................... 14,559
It is pertinent to point out that the Florida Extension Division was the first in the
nation to organize a definite administrative section devoted entirely to work with the
churches in towns of less than 5,000 population.
Assistance has been given churches in inter-denominational and inter-faith efforts for
community improvement. Short courses for ushers and Sunday School teacher training
and consultant services for developing young people's work and programs have proved
extremely popular. Discussion groups on Great Men and Great Issues have been conducted
and inter-faith religious musicals and dramas planned. The success of these programs
may be measured by the numerous letters of appreciation received by the University
administration from many ministers in the State since the program was inaugurated.
A pioneer program in Family Life Education has attracted 13,477 enrollments. With
the cooperation of P.T.A. and similar groups, seventy institutes and short courses have
been conducted in twenty different but important fields, including among others, Marriage
and Family Relations, Juvenile Protection, Alcoholic and Narcotics Education, Child Study
Problems, Mentally Retarded Children, Driver Education. In this group were Garden
Club short courses, Parent-Teacher leadership short courses, conferences on Language
and Arts, and similar areas of special interest to women.
One of the most popular and promising programs initiated during the biennium was
for retired persons. The Division has endeavored to help older people find ways and
means of enjoying their leisure time through creative activities.
The Division, in addition to serving Florida's adult citizens, has reactivated a program
for youth involving training for future participation in community affairs. Through
forensics and group dynamics, young people are shown the necessity of thorough knowl-
edge of public questions and are taught discussion techniques and their value in formulating
opinions. During the biennium 34,575 young people have participated in eight youth
workshops, high school forensic programs, art exhibits, etc.
The use of visual aids and library loan services reached an all-time high during
the biennium. Films and slides were viewed by 68,150. The circulation of books and
package libraries numbered 502,960, and circulation of art, science, and similar items
of special interest to children numbered 64,661. The circulation of records and plays
from the Music and Drama Library totalled 10,980, or a grand total circulation of 578,601.
In addition to the almost unbelievable record of service which the foregoing summary
depicts, aid was given numerous organizations which enabled them to conduct their own
programs without direct General Extension supervision, as follows:
Civic ...................................................... 170,934.
Religious .................................................. 65,480
PTA ....................................................... 87,669
Rural ......... ............................................... 34,733
W omen's ........................ ................... ....... 13,695
GRADUATE AND CONTRACT RESEARCH PROGRAMS
The Graduate Program
Biennial reports of the past have constantly stressed the necessity of developing an
outstanding Graduate School on the campus of the University of Florida. In his last
report to the Board of Control, Dr. Miller stated that "there is nothing of greater im-
portance to the ongoing of the University and hence to the ongoing progress of the State
than a continuous emphasis upon our graduate program." This viewpoint was shared by
the entire faculty of the University.
If our educational viewpoint is a correct one and a high quality graduate program
is so essential to the progress of the State, citizens are quite within their rights in asking
(1) for specific information concerning graduate programs and (2) whether the Uni-
versity's Graduate School has made headway during the biennium toward its announced
objective. We welcome an opportunity to speak clearly and frankly on the entire subject
of graduate education-one about which even college-conscious laymen are somewhat in
doubt simply because they are not properly informed. Within recent weeks a well-known
Florida journalist communicated with the writer, asking why so much emphasis was
given by the universities to graduate schools. Specifically he asked, "Would you please,
at your convenience, give me an explanation of what these schools mean: how they justify
an enormously disproportionate and increasing share of the per students expense of higher
education in this State?" The inquiring journalist went on to say that he felt reasonably
sure many legislators were as puzzled as he was over the importance of graduate schools.
Doubtless other Floridians would like answers to these same questions. At the risk of
devoting a disproportionate amount of this report to the subject of graduate education,
I should like to comment at some length concerning it for, in my opinion, no other phase
of our educational program needs better understanding at this time.
Since the turn of the century, there has been a growing understanding of higher educa-
tion on the undergraduate level. People in all walks of life today recognize the economic
value of a college education. A somewhat more limited number are cognizant of the
cultural and social values inherent in a college education. The bachelor's degree is
regarded as important today as the high school diploma was two or three decades ago.
This is reflected in statistics of college enrollments. In the century from 1850 to 1950
the United States has had a six-fold increase in general population. In the same period
the college and university population has witnessed a 200-fold increase. While I do
not have a percentage breakdown of the graduate students included in these statistics,
we know that graduate education has not kept pace with undergraduate programs of
education-certainly in the South. The South, with thirty per cent of the nation's popula-
tion, has trained only five per cent of the nation's Ph.D.'s. This means that our total
educational program has been and still is out of balance. This off-balance is more pro-
nounced in some areas, states, and institutions than in others. When we consider the
fact that there are over 2,200 accredited colleges and universities in the nation (many of
which offer splendid graduate programs) but that only 34 have graduate schools which
make them worthy of inclusion in the Association of American Universities, we realize
the lag that exists between undergraduate and graduate work of the highest level.
Education moves in a circle clock-wise. Commencing with the elementary or primary
grades, it moves on to the secondary grades and then high school. From high school it
proceeds to undergraduate work in colleges and universities. Finally, the graduate level
is reached. Effective preparation in the lower levels results in better standards and scholar-
ship at each of the intermediary and upper levels. At the top level, teachers are taught
who will, in turn, begin the process of teaching at the lower and intermediary levels
all over again. But, more than this, at the graduate level proficiency is gained for imparting
knowledge of basic subjects for all the professions and also for translating acquired
knowledge to the realms of research. Advanced training is indispensable to research and
both are vital to the cultural economic, and scientific programs of our State and nation.
We could go even further and say that the continued leadership of the United States
in international affairs depends largely upon the learning of outstanding scientists,
economists, and humanists.
While it is obvious that graduate education is much more costly than undergraduate
education, it is also true that every dollar spent for graduate education will buy more
educational service for the State, and that all other levels of education will benefit by
the wise use of money at the highest levels.
A study of future college enrollments in the Southern Region, recently compiled by
the Southern Regional Education Board, contains some interesting statistics which have a
bearing on our graduate and undergraduate programs. The percentage of graduate
students to all college students in seventeen selected states for the year 1949-1950 was
6.4 per cent for the Southern Region as compared to 8.9 per cent for the United States
total. Florida's percentage was 6.9 per cent-somewhat above the regional average. But,
for the future, regionally speaking, the study makes this prediction:
Percentagewise, graduate school enrollment will probably make the most
impressive gains of enrollments at all school and college levels in the South
during the next 20 years. The basic population growth, the increasing propor-
tion of youth who attend high school and the further increase in the proportion
of youth who attend college because of industrial and cultural development
will have a cumulative effect on the graduate enrollment which we estimate
will range from 118 per cent to as much as 252 per cent by 1970.
Of Florida's enrollment, the report says, "At the college level, Florida's projected
increases will far outstrip those in the rest of the Southern region."
Our people are generally familiar with the underlying philosophy and purpose of the
Southern Regional Education Program. What may not be so well known to them is the
work of the Commission on Graduate Studies, whose first chairman was our own President,
Dr. J. Hillis Miller. Dr. L. E. Grinter, now Dean of our Graduate School, was one of the
first members of the Commission. At the time of his appointment in 1951 he was still
serving on the staff of Illinois Institute of Technology. The University of Florida has
been fortunate to have had its leadership identified with the program from the outset.
The work of the Commission involves development of graduate programs of distinction
in research training and service to the region and the nation. By joint planning and
effort among the institutions of the region it is hoped graduate education in the South
will be greatly improved. This implies a strengthening of existing programs, restraining
the multiplication of weak programs (with the unjustifiable wastage of funds which they
entail), and guiding the development, where needed, of top-quality programs in specialized
Participating institutions will eventually make their individual contributions to a total
graduate program within the region.
Because it is realized that education is facing a financial crisis due to the heavy
demands made upon it, and that competition for tax dollars will increase as ever
greater expansion of education facilities becomes necessary, educational and political states-
men are endeavoring to make plans now for the wisest use of funds from every source
for the greatest possible benefit.
Graduate training and research are directly associated with the question of national
defense, and federal agencies dealing in large-scale research are eager to do business
with southern colleges and universities.
For the benefit of readers who are not academicians and who may not know the
divisional line of so-called "research," we might point out that basic research is a theo-
retical or experimental study directed toward the increase of knowledge. Immediate
practical application is not a direct objective of the investigator, though in due time
practical applications are often discovered. Applied research is investigation directed
toward an immediate practical, useful end.
Acknowledging that the South's economic betterment is irrevocably tied in with the
graduate training programs of the colleges and universities of the region, we cannot over-
look the fact that Florida's present economic stability has been and its future outlook will
be largely influenced by the research programs conducted at the University of Florida.
In the conduct of our graduate program at the University of Florida, we have borne in
mind the sage observation of Dr. Robert C. Calkins, former director of the General
Education Board, who said:
In recent years, the South has taken a new interest in expanding and
strengthening its graduate instruction . it is now recognized that the South
has lagged behind the nation in this branch of education, and that a catching
up is necessary if the rapidly developing South is to obtain the manpower
required for its own progress. The result has been a great multiplication of
graduate programs .. The South undoubtedly needs more graduate facilities
and more students in graduate schools. Unless it builds strong programs
and maintains high standards of preparation, however, the benefits will be
meager and the result may be to weaken rather than strengthen the educational
At this juncture, a word of caution seems to be in order in regard to the development
of competitive graduate programs in the institutions of higher learning in Florida. Only
two or three states in the Union support more than one state university with rival graduate
programs. Even in these limited instances, it is fair to assume that a second program
was never undertaken before the first had become as qualitative and strong as the State
could make it. We recall that the Southern Regional Education Program came into
existence largely as a result of the desire of southern educators to avoid costly duplication
in limited areas and to strengthen facilities for graduate study already in existence
throughout the region. They concluded it would be far better to concentrate on the
improvement of programs already underway and pool their resources for the joint use
of such programs than to divert funds from areas where they were so much needed merely
to add more weak departments. We can not, then, in good conscience advocate a policy
within the State which is in conflict with the policy and philosophy of the Southern
Regional Education Program to which we have subscribed. To conduct costly, duplicate,
and weak graduate programs on the State level seems to us far more absurd than to do
so on a regional level. We maintain that certain graduate programs should be encouraged
at each of the institutions when the institution has assembled a strong staff and can give
a strong graduate program. Or if there is a great need for a program and the need can
be recognized, then one of the institutions-whichever has the stronger staff, library
facilities, and related requirements-should be encouraged to develop it. The institutions
should never advocate nor the State approve duplication of graduate programs until at
least (1) the existing program is the best that the State can provide, and (2) the demand
for a second program is obvious to all concerned. Let me repeat, there is too great a need
for tax money in many critical areas to waste it on useless duplication, and worse still,
"the results may be to weaken rather than strengthen the educational program."
We feel that we have pushed forward as rapidly as we could in developing a creditable
graduate program of which the people of Florida would be proud, especially with the
financial aid at our disposal.
The broad reorganization of the graduate program at the University was covered in
the last biennial report. This reorganization placed in the hands of the individual colleges
the responsibility of advising individual students, planning their programs, arranging time
of examinations, and certifying to the successful completion of their programs. The
Graduate School functions as a coordinator between colleges, establishes standards for
admitting students to graduate study, and establishes degree requirements.
The primary factor that controls the quality of graduate study is Graduate Faculty
itself. To quote Dean Grinter:
Within the broad framework of standards for admission of graduate
students, appointment to the Graduate Faculty and development of course
levels appropriate for graduate study rests the future reputation of the Uni-
versity of Florida as a center of intellectual activity in the post graduate
field. It is fully recognized that a continuous raising of each of these
standards will be necessary for some years ahead if the University of Florida
is to take its proper place with the great graduate universities represented
largely by the institutional members of the Association of American Universities.
The Graduate Council as a first step toward selecting the best possible Graduate
Faculty has developed and adopted for a trial period a check list for Appraisal of Pro-
posed members of the Graduate Faculty. Ultimately, criteria for measuring qualifica-
tions for appointment to the Graduate Faculty must be devised and used impartially if
an important graduate program of regional and national significance is to be maintained.
Dean Grinter correctly points out, too, that graduate work of appropriate standards
can be performed only by superior trained minds and that individuals with such minds are
found almost entirely in the upper quartile or third of those receiving baccalaureate degrees.
Consequently a B average is the nominal requirement for admission to the Graduate School.
The astronomical growth of our research programs has forced an acceleration of certain
areas of graduate study. This upswing started and has continued since the entrance of
the United States in World War II. We realize that in certain areas neither the staff
nor the facilities were up to the highest standards. Graduate work and research should
be in proper balance and complementary. No effort has been spared or will be spared to
make them so.
The University administration recognized the essential close relationship between
graduate training and research when the appointment of a new Graduate Dean came up
for consideration in 1952.
Determined to move steadily toward improving the quality of its graduate education
and increasing the scope of its fundamental research as a necessary supporting factor
to the graduate program, the University Administration combined the title of "Director
of Research" with that of "Dean of the Graduate School". Dr. L. E. Grinter was ap-
pointed to fill this dual role and to assume the responsibility of seeing that contract
research in the University also contributed without conflict to the program of the Graduate
School. We feel that substantial progress has been attained in coordinating graduate
learning and research in this fashion.
While Dean Grinter's report will give readers more detailed information regarding
the scope of research activities during the biennium, I should like to furnish a brief
summary which is pertinent at this point.
The amount of contract and research grants for the year ending June 30, 1953 was
$2,775,864.84 and for the year ending June 30, 1954, $2,357,135.11, or a total of $5,132,999.95
for the biennium. Some contracts extend beyond one year and there is, accordingly, a
certain amount of overlapping.
An analysis of the source of funds for the two-year period discloses that approxi-
mately one-half was derived from Department of Defense contracts, a third from federal,
State, or local government sources, and the remainder from non-profit foundations or
societies and from industry.
In the last year of the biennium the percentage of funds from the first two sources
was considerably higher than in the preceding year where support from non-profit founda-
tions or societies, as well as industry, declined considerably.
Whereas industry's support was 1314 per cent of the first year and 10% per cent the
second year, the direct probable benefits to industry from the total was 28% per cent
and 251/ per cent respectively.
The defense contracts, though contributing in the main to national safety, also served
other objectives very generously.
Any slackening in the graduate program of the University in type or quality of offerings
would eventually make itself felt by retarding progress not only in the important fields
of agricultural, engineering, and industrial research, but also in the public education
program and other areas of State activities.
If the Florida public could be made to realize that the daily living of every individual
citizen is in a measure influenced by the research activities of the University of Florida,
we believe there would be no problem in securing proper and spontaneous backing for
such activities. The price and size of eggs, the quality and cost of vegetables, fruits, meats,
and other edibles, road construction-costs and improvements, home building-air condi-
tioning, and ventilation and heating are typical of the factors involved in our daily
living. While the agricultural research is striving to devise new and better brands of
agricultural products, the economics researcher is constantly at work on problems of
marketing, shipping, preserving, etc., which affect the ultimate costs to consumers.
One illustration which is so appropos and of interest to every Floridian is that of orange
concentrates. To begin with, the vast expansion of the citrus industry is directly
attributable to research performed under the auspices of our Citrus Experiment Station
at Lake Alfred. The quality, types, sizes, degree of sweetness, and protection from insects
and weather of citrus fruits have been considerations for research at one time or another.
The season and methods of picking, packing, distributing, marketing, and using the citrus
products are others.
Continuous research for new uses of citrus products has resulted in the multimillion
dollar citrus concentrates industries which the State boasts of today. But the cost and
quality factors of each can of concentrate purchased by a Florida housewife or a house-
wife outside the State have a relationship to research at the University of Florida.
Reverting to the inquiry from the Florida journalist, an attempt was made to illustrate
for him the importance of graduate training by offering two examples from agricultural
research. One illustration cited was that of potato growers who a few years ago were
producing only forty-five bushels of potatoes per acre for the northern winter market,
from which financial returns were very meager. A University of Florida soil scientist
discovered that by adding thirty-five pounds of manganese sulfate per acre once every three
years (at a cost which could literally be reckoned in pennies), the yield of potatoes
was increased from forty-five to three hundred bushels per acre.
A second illustration was that of correcting copper deficiencies in cattle by adding
one ounce of molybdenum per acre to the pasture grass. This discovery grew out of
complaints by cattle owners to our Animal Nutrition Laboratory that certain cattle had
gained only an average of twenty-five pounds per animal during a growing season instead
of a potential 625 pounds. By using the very latest techniques of attaching radioactive
tracer the various elements were followed through the organs of the animals' bodies, and
it was discovered that copper, so essential to animal growth, was going right through
the animals and not being assimilated by them. Similar illustrations which relate to
the industrialization of Florida could be offered in the field of engineering.
The scientist who directed the research which remedied the copper deficiency prob-
lem was a biochemist with a Ph.D. degree from Cornell University. The University of
Florida has been fortunate in having researchers of this type on its staff. To carry on
our research programs we have had to import persons who got their graduate training
in other states, usually outside the South. They are constantly receiving offers to go
into industrial research at higher salaries than we have been able to pay them. Florida,
economically and educationally speaking, would suffer beyond our abilities to assess
if any substantial number of our leading scientific men were to leave.
The South's economy is on the upswing. Agriculture in Florida would be inconse-
quential without the advantages of scientific information on agricultural problems. Indus-
try in the South was slow to develop until the chemical industries began moving to the
area. In very practical terms, then, the development of the economy of the South
depends on the solution of scientific problems. The solution of practical problems nearly
always depends upon the solution of some theoretical problems. The theoretical
problems are the basic ones. Therefore, the South's economy and welfare depend upon
having well-trained people at the highest level of graduate training. Similar arguments
would also apply to the training of Ph.D.'s in psychology, sociology, history, political
science, and similar fields, for they are directly related to the important problems of
old age and retirement, of juvenile delinquency, of mental health, and of good government.
Florida needs people of Ph.D. training as teachers to teach students in undergraduate
training. It is the consensus of educational circles that a person who does nothing but
teach is not so effective with his students as one who pursues scholarly research along with
As we have pointed out, the public generally recognizes the importance of a college
education today and the necessity of supporting a program leading to the bachelor's
degree. But unfortunately not enough people realize that in order to have a program
leading to a bachelor's degree, we must have teachers with Ph.D. degrees. It takes one
or two years to build a new laboratory building, but it takes ten years to prepare a
university teacher. We must be working now to prepare faculty for the students we
must serve in the 1960's.
Lastly, at the risk of duplicating a part of Dean Grinter's splendid report on the
activities of the Graduate School during the biennium, I should like to point out as indicia
of progress that the doctoral program in Agronomy and the Master of Science in Com-
munity planning were added to the offerings of the Graduate School during the biennium.
These additions brought the Ph.D. offerings to a total of twenty-six areas, and the master
to sixty fields. The degree of "Specialist in Education" as an intermediate degree between
the Master of Education and Doctor of Education degrees was also added.
Enrollments in the Graduate School during the biennium were as follows:
S.S. 1st Semester 2nd Semester S.S. 1st Semester 2nd Semester
1952 1952-53 1952-53 1953 1953-54 1953-54
1,347 1,124 1,224 1,227 1,166 1,122
Total degrees conferred were: Master-954; Doctor of Education-24; Doctor of Phi-
In expanding our Graduate Program we have moved cautiously but firmly, bearing in
mind always that our whole academic program would suffer in consequence of any sub-
stantial diminution of standards. Care has been exercised in tightening requirements of
admission to the Graduate School, in selecting library accessions, so essential for graduate
study in given areas, and in checking the qualifications of new staff members whose re-
sponsibilities would include the direction of graduate students.
Since the maintenance of an outstanding staff is, in the final analysis, the key to a
strong undergraduate, graduate, and research program, we propose to elaborate on that
subject under a separate heading in this report.
A university is strong or weak in proportion to the strength or weakness of its faculty.
A good faculty is the unifying link between the graduate and undergraduate programs.
As President J. R. Killian, Jr., of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has so aptly
It is our conviction that an undergraduate school flourishes best in the
invigorating atmosphere of a powerful graduate school and that in turn a
graduate school is the more powerful if its exists coordinately with a stimu-
lating undergraduate program.
Though M.I.T. directs its attention to the training of "specialists" and is highly selec-
tive in its admission practices, thus differing in some respects from the objectives of a
state university such as the University of Florida, whose educational philosophy and guiding
principles are more or less defined by law or national practice, the policy and emphasis
on faculty selection as enunciated by President Killian are so clear cut and forceful they
bear repeating here. He says:
The success with which we make these selections determines our success
as an institution. This is a truism that is easy to state and hard to follow.
It involves adherence to standards as high as can be found in the academic
world. It involves the maintenance of a salary scale, an environment and a
freedom which makes M.I.T. attractive to first-rate minds. It involves sta-
bility and steadiness of course and a climate invigorating to creative scholars.
It involves all the subtle and imponderable factors which enable a group of
scholars to make a great university where otherwise the same group might
constitute a mediocre one. It involves an appointive process which does not
compromise with expediency and which relentlessly avoids the second-rate
in favor of the first-rate. It involves the selection, cultivation, and encourage-
ment of men who teach with zest, dedication, and art but who also have
the gift of creative scholarship. It involves finding and encouraging men
who have the rare temperament or personality that emanates goodness and
While we should like to say that this is, in effect, also the policy and goal of the
University of Florida, we must admit that our competitive position with respect to securing
and holding a good faculty has been weak. A good many factors have influenced the situa-
tion, primarily the phenomenal growth of the State and the "educational arm of the State,"
that is, the University, beyond the pace of responsible fiscal authorities to cope with.
Limitations on appropriations and budgets have frustrated efforts to bring to the Uni-
versity the best brains that are available. There has been an unwillingness on the part
of the people of Florida, acting through their duly elected legislative representatives,
to accept the best advice we, as educators, have been capable of giving them on this
important subject, that is to say that in education as in business, industry, and the
professions, the best men tend to go where the financial rewards are highest. Florida's
matchless climate and other attractions have helped us to bridge the financial gap
in some instances and to attract gifted men whose talents would bring much greater
remuneration in other localities.
While it is extremely important, in order to attract good people, for the staffs and
graduates of other educational institutions to realize that the University of Florida is
in a position and stands ready to meet the competition of other first-rate institutions
in the nation, and we would reluctantly advertise to the educational world our in-
adequacies in this respect, we feel nevertheless that it is imperatively necessary for the
people of Florida to have an awareness of our position of weakness in the matter of
faculty salaries. As their educational agents we have a mandate to present the whole
picture for review and not just the agreeable and successful aspects of our program.
Only if we meet the situation squarely shall we known how to proceed. If the un-
favorable salary differential is corrected, we believe we shall be able to attract outstanding
young scholars in competition with the very best schools of the nation and to hold them.
With this in view, we offer a recent statement prepared by a University Committee
on Salaries composed of three veteran and outstanding staff members: Dr. A. P. Black,
Chairman, Dr. R. B. Eutsler, and Dr. H. G. Hamilton. This statement was accompanied
by fifteen pages of comparative tables and charts which are not included here inasmuch
as a digest has been incorporated within the statement itself. Attention is specifically
directed to the recommendations of this committee to which the Senate of the University
and the Administration wholeheartedly subscribe:
For more than ten years the Salary Committee has studied the position
of University of Florida faculty salaries in relation to the faculty salaries
prevailing at the institutions with which the University of Florida compares.
Our first study showed that Florida salaries were low-actually pitifully
low in comparison. Every succeeding study has demonstrated this same fact-
the comparably lower salaries at Florida. Some progress has been made,
but the fact that salaries at the University of Florida are lower is again
shown in our studies for the current year, 1953-54. We wish to call your
attention to the following:
1. The high professor's salary at the University of Florida in 1953-54 is
$1,753 below the average of the high salary for 21 universities, and the
Pp. 15-16 President's Report 1953 M.I.T.
median salary at the University of Florida is $699 below the average of
the medians of the 21 universities. Furthermore, there is no professor's
salary at the University of Florida above $11,000, but 20.4 per cent of
the salaries at 35 universities in 1951-52 were above $11,000.
2. The highest associate professor's salary at the University of Florida
is $727 less than the average of the high associate professors' salaries at 21
universities, and the median salary for the University of Florida is $360
less than the average median salary for 21 universities. Furthermore, no
associate professor's salary at the University of Florida is above $8,500,
but 9.8 per cent of the associate professors' salaries at 35 universities in
1951-52 were above $8,500.
3. Both the assistant professors' and instructors' salaries at the University
of Florida are approximately in line with those of 21 universities.
4. A study of the Colleges of Law, Engineering and Business Admini-
stration at the University of Florida reveal that they are badly out of line
with these colleges in representative universities:
A.) The high professor's salary in the College of Business Administration
is $1,699 lower than the average of the high salaries of professors in
12 colleges of Business Administration, and 44 per cent of the salaries
in the 12 colleges of Business Administration are above $10,500, but
no salary at the University of Florida is above $10.000.
B.) The high professor's salary in the College of Engineering is $2,364
below the average of the high salaries of professors in 14 engineering
colleges, and 37.6 per cent of the professors' salaries at 14 engineering
colleges are above $9,500, but no professor's salary in the College
of Engineering at the University of Florida is above $9,500.
C.) The high professor's salary in the College of Law at the University of Florida
is $3,452 below the average of the high professors' salaries at 18 law colleges,
and 58.4 per cent of the professors' salaries in 18 law colleges are above
$11,000, but no professor's salary in the College of Law at the University of
Florida is $11,000.
5. Based Upon These Studies, We Recommend the Following:
1. That the mean salary of professors be increased by approximately 10
per cent. This should be accomplished for the most part by substantial
increases in top salaries. It is our considered judgment that the distribution
of professors' salaries at the University of Florida should approximate the
5 per cent-$12,500 and over
25 per cent-$10,000-$12,499
50 per cent-$ 7,500-$ 9,999
20 per cent-$ 7,499-and under
2. That the mean salary of the associate professors should be increased by
approximately 6 per cent and in a manner in general quite similar to that out-
lined above for full professors.
3. While our studies indicate that the salaries of assistant professors and
instructors at the University of Florida are presently in line with those of
comparable universities, it should be kept in mind that these salaries are un-
doubtedly advancing and advancements should be made in these salaries to
match normal advances to be expected in other institutions.
4. Your attention is directed to a previous report made by this Committee
on the salaries of deans. Steps should be taken to bring deans' salaries at the
University of Florida in line with those at other institutions. It is clearly
apparent that if this is not done, little progress can be made in further
advancing the scale of professors' salaries.
5. Furthermore, a separate study made within the past month reveals that
the President's salary at the University of Florida is far out of line with other
institutions. It is therefore recommended that the base salary of our President,
exclusive of perquisites, should be at least $20,000.
6. In previous reports we have repeatedly recommended the establish-
ment of a few distinguished professorships at the University of Florida with
a substantial salary differential of at least $2,500 above the high salary of a
We call your attention to a very recent paper by Dr. R. J. Russell, Dean of
the Graduate School, Louisiana State University, who states that the estab-
lishment of such professorships offers the greatest hope of stimulating scho-
larship and assembling and holding together strong and able university fac-
ulties. Dean Russell recommends that these salaries should be between $25,000
and $40,000, and, in his own words, "The time for establishing a distinguished
professorship program should be the earliest possible-now." We suggest
that the present situation which will require the substantial raising of the
salaries of the new president and the deans provides a most opportune time
for the establishment of these distinguished professorships.
Comparison of 1953-54 Salaries at the University of Florida with 1953-54
Salaries of Twenty-one Universities:
Washington and Lee, Tulane, West Virginia, University of Iowa, Uni-
versity of Miami, University of North Carolina, Purdue, Georgia Institute
of Technology, University of Missouri, Texas Agricultural and Mechanical
College, University of Oregon, University of Texas, University of Michigan,
Ohio State, University of Illinois, University of Minnesota, Vanderbilt, Uni-
versity of Washington, University of Virginia, University of California at
Los Angeles, University of California (Berkeley).
The matter of establishing a distinguished professorship program at the University
as a means to strengthening the graduate school was receiving the earnest attention of
President Miller immediately before and almost up to the time of his death. A com-
mittee was appointed by him to draw up a proposal for submission to one of the founda-
tions, seeking substantial aid for such a program. The committee's proposal envisioned
the appointment of twenty distinguished service professors and twenty exceptionally able
research assistant professors for a three-year period. Such individuals would be chosen
from outside or inside the institution through the impersonal advice of leaders in the
CERTIFICATES OF MERIT 1952-1954
Pursuant to the University policy of giving special recognition at the various Com-
mencement exercises to staff members who have served a period of twenty-five years or
longer, the following have been awarded Certificates of Merit during the biennium:
June Commencement 1952
Robert Solomon Dennis
Administrative Officer, Production and Marketing Administration, Agricultural
June Rawls Gunn
Osceola County Agent, Agricultural Extension Service
Anna Eugenia Heist
St. Johns County Home Demonstration Agent, Agricultural Extension Service
Carl Peter Heuck
Lee County Agent, Agricultural Extension Service
Elise Nolting Laffitte
Gadsden County Home Demonstration Agent, Agricultural Extension Service
Pearl Garnet Laffitte
Duval County Home Demonstration Agent, Agricultural Extension Service
Albert Sidney Lawton
Duval County Agent, Agricultural Extension Service
Beverly Eldridge Lawton
Broward County Agent, Agricultural Extension Service
Marvin Umphrey Mounts
Palm Beach County Agent, Agricultural Extension Service
Tillie A. Roesel
Sumter County Home Demonstration Agent, Agricultural Extension Service
August Commencement 1952
Lillian Eleanore Arnold
Assistant Botanist, Agricultural Experiment Station
John William DeBruyn
Associate Professor of Music
Bernard F. Dostal
Associate Professor of Mathematics
Edward Walter Garris
Professor of Education and Head of Agricultural Education
Franklin Wesley Kokomoor
Professor of Mathematics and Head of Department
George Edgar Ritchey
Agronomist in Charge, Suwannee Valley Experiment Station
John V. Watkins
Associate Professor of Horticulture
William Harold Wilson
Professor of Logic and Head of Department
Jacob Hooper Wise
Professor of Freshman English and Head of Department
Assistant Professor of Psychology
January Commencement 1953
William Louden Thompson
Entomologist, Citrus Experiment Station
Thomas James Price
Fred Harold Hull
Agronomist and Head of Department, Agricultural Experiment Station
William Richard Carroll
Professor of Bacteriology
Montgomery D. Anderson
Professor of Business Statistics and Economics
Ralph Davis Dickey
Associate Horticulturist, Agricultural Experiment Station
June Commencement 1953
Professor of Foreign Languages and Head of Department
Charles Francis Byers
Professor of Biology, Head of Department of Biological Sciences, and Assistant
Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences
Elmer Jacob Emig
Professor of Journalism
Arthur Hamner Eddins
Plant Pathologist in Charge, Potato Investigations Laboratory, Agricultural Experi-
Perry Albert Foote
Dean of the College of Pharmacy and Professor of Pharmacy; Director of the
Bureau of Professional Relations
June Commencement 1954
Escambia County Home Demonstration Agent, Agriculutral Extension Service
Raymond Brown Becker
Professor of Animal Industry, College of Agriculture; Dairy Husbandman, Agri-
cultural Experiment Station
Edtih McBride Cameron
Associate Professor and Head of Department of Women's Courses and Publica-
tions, General Extension Division
Henry Philip Constans
Professor of Speech and Head of Department of Speech
Harwood Burrows Dolbeare
Professor of Economics
William Paul Hayman
Polk County Agent, Agricultural Extension Service
Charles Eugene Mounts
Associate Professor of English
Ancil Newton Payne
Associate Professor of History
Ia Rountree Pridgen
Law Librarian, College of Law
Allie Lee Rush
Marion County Home Demonstration Agent, Agricultural Extension Service
William Lincoln Sawyer
Professor of Engineering Mechanics and Head of the Department
Pettus Holmes Senn
Professor of Agronomy and Head of the Department
Anna Mae Sikes
State Home Demonstration Agent, Agricultural Extension Service
Glenn Ballard Simmons
Professor of Off-Campus Instruction and Head of the Department, College of
1. Division of Alumni Affairs
Progress has been made during the biennium in developing Alumni clubs and in
stimulating a renewal of interest on the part of University alumni in their Alma Mater.
The Division was especially helpful during the Centennial year in focusing attention upon
the University's growth and activities. A majority of the sixty-five local alumni clubs,
with several thousand alumni and friends of the University, participated in the fourteen
Centennial Day Celebrations held in various sections of the State and in Washington, D. C.
A major project sponsored by the Alumni Association during the past year has been
that of assisting the University administration with a fund raising campaign to secure
$75,000 for the completion of the Century Tower now under construction on campus.
A special effort has been made to acquaint older alumni with the rapidly growing
campus and its ever increasing activities to the end that they might work with the Ad-
ministration, the new graduates, and friends of the University in building a greater
2. Division of Intercollegiate Athletics
The University of Florida had the best Southeastern Conference record in 1952-53 in all
sports combined, including football, basketball, baseball, track, swimming, golf, tennis,
and cross country. The record for the second year of the biennium was less outstanding.
Our teams won the following championships:
Football: Gator Bowl Game-January 1, 1953
Basketball: Gator Bowl Tournament-1952
Baseball: Southeastern Conference play-off series-1953
Track: Southeastern Conference meet-1953
Florida A.A.U. Meet 1953 and 1954
Swimming: Southeastern Conference meet-1953 and 1954
Golf: Florida Intercollegiate-1953 and 1954
George Washington Tournament-1954
Three members of the football squad were honored: Charlie LaPradd was selected
as an All-Southeastern Conference and All-American player; Joe D'Agostini was named
All-Southeastern Conference and J. Lewis Hall, Jr., was recipient of the "Most Valuable
Player Award" in the Gator Bowl game. He was also the NCAA High Jump Champion.
In addition, eight other outstanding athletes in track, swimming, and baseball were
the recipients of regional and national honors.
Football attendance has risen constantly in the past four year period. In 1950-51 the
attendance was 245,703 and in 1953-54 it was 326,233.
New quarters for the Division were built under the Stadium at a cost of about a
quarter of a million dollars. These are completely air-conditioned and provide excellent
offices and classrooms for all activities of the Division.
3. Business Ofice
Procedures involving the fiscal operations of the University have been subjected to
careful examination and revisions during the biennium to meet the changing needs and
growth of the University.
A continuous liaison has been maintained with departments of the Federal govern-
ment, which has resulted in an over-all improvement of Federal contract negotiations
and especially in securing maximum financial assistance for the construction of greatly
needed housing facilities.
A Business Office Operating Manual was printed and distributed, and has been helpful
to departments in their interpretation and understanding of business office procedures.
An orientation program was initiated for all new non-academic personnel.
Buildings and improvements authorized during the biennium totalled $8,246,315.73, of
which $1,000,000 was derived from the sale of Revenue Certificates on a Federal sponsored
A total of 530.45 acres of land valued at $151,281.50 was acquired during the biennium,
of which 497.30 acres were off-campus for expanded Agricultural Experiment Station
The total income for the first year of the biennium was $17,394,975.57 and for the second
year $18,168,524.57, of which approximately 60 per cent only was derived from State
The reader's attention is directed to the tabulations attached to the Business Manager's
Biennial Report for more detailed information relating to disbursement of funds during
the two-year period under review.
4. University Libraries
More extensive use of library facilities has been made during the biennium by students
and faculty than in any similar period. Volumes circulated in 1948-50 totalled 664,390,
whereas 964,250 were circulated in 1952-54.
The most significant development has been the wider use being made of branch
libraries. Although their aggregate collection is less than one-fourth of the total volumes
held by the University Libraries, the use of books in the branch libraries exceeded by
over 100,000, or one-third, the number used in the main building. This is attributable to
the convenient locations of books to the users.
Acquisitions for the two-year period numbered 84,203. Among them were sets of
important journals and bibliographies which had been needed for many years.
Gifts of the libraries of the late Dr. J. Hillis Miller, President of the University,
Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, Pulitzer Prize winning Florida author, and Mr. John Roebling,
distinguished scientist and bridge builder, by members of their families have enhanced
the holding of the Library.
The acquisition of the John B. Stetson collection of some 125,000 photostats per-
taining to Florida was the most important acquisition of the Library during the biennium.
It is difficult to estimate the importance of this collection for the Study of Florida History.
Acquisition was made possible through the generosity of Colonel and Mrs. John B. Stetson
and Mrs. Alfred I. duPont.
A splendid collection of pictures, scores, periodicals, and books on the lyric theatre,
known as the "Archives of the Dance," were brought to the University through the generosity
of Mrs. S. Yancey Belknap.
A Serials Catalog which records the holdings of periodicals was completed and as-
sistance given in the development of a branch library for the Health Center.
Despite the progress which has been noted, critical lags exist with respect to major
fields of University activities, which are a serious handicap to their future development
and excellence. The Library Committee after exhaustive study believes that $200,000 a
year should be appropriated annually to overcome the deficiencies that now exist in strategic
fields as well as to maintain current collections.
Serious attention should also be given toward the developing and services of a
department of University Archives.
5. The University Museum
From the date of its establishment in 1917 to the end of the fiscal year 1945 the
University Museum was under the directorship of Mr. T. Van Hyning. In that period,
with only negligible financial support from the State, nearly a half million items were
secured and catalogued. For a period of several years following the retirement of
Director Van Hyning in 1945, the affairs of the Museum were practically dormant while
the University administration turned its undivided attention to the problem of providing
educational facilities for thousands of G.I. students.
The Museum was reactivated in 1951 following a study and recommendations of a
University Committee, supported by advice of outside consultants. Under the directorship
of Dr. A. B. Grobman, much work has been done toward bringing the Museum into
closer working relationships with the University and State. As reorganized, the Museum
serves as a permanent repository for items and specimens representing the State's natural
and cultural heritage, for research use by university departments, and for exhibition
purposes. Several outstanding museum collections of insects, fish, amphibians, and reptiles
have been merged with similar collections of the Department of Biology and have been
housed in Science Hall, where they are now accessible to persons studying or working
in the fields represented. Other collections of mollusks, birds, and mammals have been
inventoried and added to during the biennium. Archeological, historical, and ethnological
collections have been arranged for exhibit in the Museum proper and in two mobile units
which have appeared in a number of cities throughout the State. More than 80,000 persons
have viewed the Museum exhibits in Gainesville during the biennium and about 15,000
have viewed the mobile exhibits.
6. University Press
One hundred and sixty-seven manuscripts were submitted to the Press during the bien-
nium, of which 36 were accepted for eventual publication and 29 were published.
The Press more than doubled its book production and tripled its net sales income.
It expanded its cooperative publishing plan under which authors and agencies pay part
or all the costs of printing their books and share in the net sales returns. It also completed
arrangements for distribution of the publications issued by the Caribbean Commission and
of the quarterly World Affairs, published by the American Peace Society.
Readers of Press books in Latin America, Europe, and Asia are purchasing our Press
books in increasing numbers.
Twenty-four radio programs during the past year served to acquaint listeners with the
nature and number of Press publications.
Two Press books were signally honored for excellence in design. Gardens of the Antilles,
by Professor John V. Watkins, was cited in 1952 as one of the best designed Southern
books of the year, and Hawthorne's Faust: A Study of the Devil Archetype, by Dr. William
B. Stein, was similarly recognized in 1953.
7. Public Relations and News Bureau
During the Centennial year, the progress of the University since its founding was
presented to the people of the State through special newspaper editions, pictorial exhibits,
and documentary motion picture films. Movie film and still pictures were supplied to
television stations, motion picture theatres, newspapers, and magazines.
The Gainesville Post Office noted the Centennial of the University on all outgoing first-
Nearly 8,000 stories were sent to the press, radio, and magazines, and 2,500 special
requests for material were handled by the News Bureau.
The work of the Photographic Laboratory has been most effective. Approximately
3,300 pictures were taken in the last year and 27,000 prints finished and used. A total
of 5,000 feet of useable black and white film was shot and 3,000 feet of color film. The
film "Where Florida Prepares for the Future" was used on all Florida TV stations and
was shown to a network estimated audience of 5,000,000 people.
The University has been a regular feature of WMBR-TV's "Open House" every Wednes-
8. Office of the Registrar
Regular session gross enrollments for the year 1952-53 were 10,342 and for the year
Summer session enrollments in 1952 were 3,631 and in 1953, 3,653.
From these figures it will be noted that the enrollment remained almost constant
during the biennium, with only a very slight increase in 1953-54 over 1952-53 gross
Degrees conferred since the 1952 summer session were as follows: Baccalaureate,
2,699; Professional, 1; Master's, 775; Doctor of Education, 24; Doctor of Philosophy,
102; Honorary, 7.
9. Student Personnel-Offices of Dean of Men and Dean of Women, Florida Center of
Clinical Services, Housing Office, Florida Union, Adviser to Foreign
Students, and University Placement Service.
The transition trend of the student body to a more typical college age group, which
was noted in the last biennium, continued during the two-year period currently under
review. Uncertainties caused by calls to military service have increased owing to policies
of the armed forces which have changed frequently. These factors have influenced the
type of counseling service demanded of the Student Personnel Staff. There has been an
increase in the number of Korean veterans, but their presence has not affected the atti-
tudes, morale, and conduct of the entire student body to the same extent as did the
presence of veterans of World War II. The latter were relatively more mature, since
they had longer periods of service than the Korean veterans, so that the leadership of the
student body is vested for the most part in non-veteran students who came to the University
direct from high school. Fortunately, there has been a minimum of organized misconduct
on the part of student groups in the biennium. There has been an unusual change in
student leadership in the presidency of the student body and chancellorship of the Honor
Court because of the draft.
During the biennium there were awarded 1,885 scholarships totalling $853,638.04, of
which $250,619.04 was used for scholarship and awards in connection with our athletic
An additional 2,695 students were given employment aid to the extent of $1,617,000
and 3,559 received help from loan funds totalling $243,643.65. Approximately 3,000 enter-
ing Freshmen and transfer students were helped through orientation periods each year
of the biennium.
In the fall of 1953-54 women students numbered 2,371. The opening early in 1954 of
Broward Hall, a magnificent new dormitory housing 630 women students, has alleviated
the housing problem with respect to women students which has existed since the institution
became coeducational in 1947.
The erection of ten small dormitories with federally financed loans, which are to be
used by fraternities and sororities, will also help the acute housing situation for both
men and women.
The life expectancy of the frame buildings and housing units for married veterans
was set not later than 1955. With constant care, the life of these buildings may extend
through 1956; however, new constructions must take the place of the old, for there will
be a continuing demand for apartment type housing for married couples. At the be-
ginning of the current fiscal year there were 200 applicants for housing for married couples
who could not be accommodated in off-campus facilities. When these are added to the
624 families who are living in temporary apartments on campus at the present time,
it means that the University must find means of housing at least 800 student families in
The Florida Union continued to play a vital role in campus life as witnessed by the
fact that nearly 40,000 persons use the Union each week. Some 824 programs sponsored
by the Union Social Board attracted 68,396 students, while other campus organizations
sponsored 1,172 activities with an attendance of 63,069.
The facilities of Camp Wauburg were utilized by 128,018 persons. The activities of
the Union have increased to such an extent that additional space must be provided
through the completion of a new building and more staff members must be provided if the
Union is to fulfill adequately its responsibilities to the student body. Additional land
for Camp Wauburg is also critically needed.
The position of Adviser to Foreign Students, created in August, 1952, and filled by
the appointment of Mr. Ivan Putman, has been extremely helpful in coordinating arrange-
ments for students from abroad and helping to assure that their presence will be of maxi-
mum benefit to themselves and to Florida students in terms of understanding. A total
of 866 registrations of foreign students was recorded for the biennium, though some, of
course, represented re-registrations for second semester or summer session semesters by
the same students. Roughly, 250 students from approximately 50 different countries reg-
istered for each year of the biennium.
Special groups included 25 Turkish educators who attended the University for eleven
months in 1952-53, 21 secondary school teachers and administrators from 14 countries who
spent 3 months in Gainesville in 1953, and a number of Point IV and Smith Mundt
An International Student Organization was established on campus, a home hospitality
program for foreign students was inaugurated, and a foreign student speakers' group was
organized for the better* integration of foreign students into campus affairs.
The establishment of a Student Placement Service on July 1, 1953, and the appoint-
ment of a University alumnus, Mr. Maurice A. Mayberry, to direct the program has met
with initial success. Numbers of students desiring employment and prospective employers
needing the services of graduates have utilized the placement service. Students con-
tacting the office for assistance in finding job opportunities numbered 2,231, while company
representatives visiting campus numbered 187. The future of this service is very promising.
10. Board of University Examiners
Since the inauguration of the comprehensive examination testing service in 1935-36,
more than a quarter of a million grades have been recorded. The best year scholastically
appears to have been in 1945-46 when 72 per cent of all grades were C or above, 18 per
cent D's and 10 per cent failures. The average for the near two-decade period is 67
per cent of C's and above, 21 per cent D's, and 12 per cent failures.
In 1939, when the statewide testing program for high school graduates started, tests
were administered to 9,040 students. In 1954, tests were administered to 20,062 students.
The quality of the entering freshman class as measured by the American Council on
Education Psychological Examination (which is given during Orientation) has increased
3.1 per cent, a small but significant amount, in a four-year period. In September, 1950,
the average total score was 99.0; in September, 1953 it was 102.1. This is a desirable
trend. It is believed the improved quality of entering freshmen is caused primarily by our
admissions policy of discouraging students with the lower scores in the high school testing
program from attempting college work.
The Board of Examiners has tested 6,578 persons for placement of non-academic per-
sonnel since the testing program was instituted in 1948.
The 1953 Florida Legislature, under House Bill No. 324, directed the Board of Control
of Higher Education in Florida to "conduct a continuous study to determine: (a) the
immediate and future needs of the State in higher education, including research and
service; (b) what institutional facilities are required to meet these needs, and at which
institutions they can be best served; (c) educational policies under which the institutions
shall operate; and (d) whether educational policies prescribed by the Board of Control
for the several institutions are being followed."
The study will project the needs for a period of twenty-five years. To initiate the
program the Board has created a Council for the Study of Higher Education in Florida
consisting of several educators of national repute.
According to a statistical study recently compiled by the Southern Regional Education
Board, previously referred to in this report, by 1970, if economic and migration trends
remain relatively constant, Florida college enrollments of youth from 18 to 21 years of
age may be expected to increase from 26,096 to 94,000. This will mark an increase of
approximately 260 per cent in college enrollments. The Board realizes and has so stated
that "the cost of providing for this increase will be staggering unless future developments
are planned with the greatest vision and realism."
The needs of the University of Florida for the biennium 1955-57 are, therefore, pre-
sented with knowledge of enrollment possibilities already before us and somewhat in antici-
pation of the results of the final study.
1. A minimum increase of $2,500,000 in the University's budget for the biennium is
imperatively necessary for faculty salary increases, additions to staff, and expanded plant
operations. Even this increase will not provide for the many new services which depart-
ment heads have recommended and which the University should be offering in response
to demands of the people of the State.
2. A minimum of $19,000,000 is necessary for additional laboratories, buildings, and
plant facilities during the biennium (see full schedule attached as Exhibit I).
3. The ceiling of $5,000 in the Teacher Retirement Law should be removed in order
to cover more realistically an adequate retirement for personnel on the college level and to
take into account the monetary devaluation which has occurred since the original ceiling
was incorporated in the Retirement Act. Personnel in the higher bracket levels at other
institutions of higher learning are unwilling to make the sacrifice which a transfer would
entail in coming to Florida under the present retirement ceiling on faculty retirements.
This is now and will increasingly be a handicap in attracting qualified teachers.
4. A "University of Florida Foundation for Fundamental and Industrial Research"
is proposed for the consideration of the 1955 Legislature which would greatly stimulate
and safeguard research activity at the University in the years ahead.
5. A proposal for the establishment of an educational television station and Program
Production Center to implement the work of our new School of Journalism and Communica-
tions should be enacted by the 1955 Legislature. The University of Florida cannot afford
to lag behind in this new and extremely important medium of communicating ideas and
Upon the effectiveness in moving quickly into and along with this rapidly developing
and almost revolutionary method of educating masses of citizens may ultimately depend
the real progress of the University of Florida as a citadel of learning.
Professor Lyman L. Bryson, one of the foremost experts in the field of adult education
in the country, and especially in radio and communications, has suggested that writers
of the future will refer to our times as "the third of the great communications revolutions
in the history of western civilization." "The first communications revolution," he says,
"was when men invented writing," and the second came with the "invention of printing."
In one of his recent addresses, The Community of Ideas, he tells how ancient civilizations
changed with the advent of writing, when man was at last able to record his knowledge
about things and information relating to his environment for posterity instead of passing
it on by word of mouth from generation to generation. Access to such records and the
interpretation of them was even then the prized privilege of priests and kings and a few
others in the upper layer of the social strata. The invention of the printing press which
Bryson characterizes as among the most important developments of the Renaissance period
put common knowledge about such things as farming, mining, surgery, and other health
matters, as well as arithmetic and the classics, in the possession of many, almost in the
possession of everyone interested in getting it. This, he says, "made a deeper revolution
in the life of humanity than did the recapture of the classics or even a supreme moment
in the creation of art."
Professor Bryson feels that the new media of mass communication, broadcasting, and
television, are "communications to enormous ranges of people, of many different kinds,
but they are communications to individuals and the responses are individual." He points
out to critics of present-day radio and television programs that for a period of 200
years after the invention of printing nothing good was written with a view to having it
printed. Consequently, he argues that these instruments are only in their initial testing
periods, and in spite of trivialities and occasional vulgarities our mass media of com-
munications are vital factors in determining the American civilization. He says:
What is now happening in our country is that the more beneficient, the
more useful, the more enlightening of the influences that have always worked
for the top levels of life in the cities are now reaching every nook and corner
in our minds. We live in a community of ideas which never existed before on
earth. . Although we don't know it yet, we are just beginning to under-
stand that we live in one of the great creative periods of our own civilization.
Our own time will be great depending upon how we use the instruments which
have been put in our hands, not merely to enlighten a few, not merely to
educate our rulers, but to spread right straight down through the population
all that is good. We can make every American, man or woman, live in a com-
munity of ideas that will keep him-roused, keep him free, keep him working
and realizing himself. That would make a civilization in which the great ideas
that always have existed, the great things that have always existed, the beauti-
ful things that always have existed become the possession of everyone. That
is the liberal civilization we hope to have.
When the people of Florida grasp the meaning of Professor Bryson's penetrating
statement, they will act upon it by providing as quickly as possible the necessary funds
to equip and maintain radio and television channels and provide courses of instruction
and programming through these media.
Detailed Explanation of Building Request to 1955 Legislature
Category 1-Not related to growth in enrollment
Teaching hospital with 500 beds and out-patient department for practical instruction
in diagnoses and therapy of all age groups and all ailments.
The prime objective of the College of Medicine of the University of Florida is to train
physicians for practice. The educational program involves three facets: teaching, research,
and care of patients.
The Medical Sciences Building under construction has been designed for teaching
theoretical aspects of the basic medical sciences through classroom and laboratory work.
First and second-year students will receive the major part of their instruction in this
building. Candidates for the master's and doctor's degrees in scientific fields related to
medicine must also utilize the facilities of the Medical Sciences Building. The building
has been planned and the curriculum designed to integrate the basic medical science
courses with the clinical courses that will be taught in the hospital. The medical science
basic curricula are also being designed so as to permit a continual interchange of teach-
ing personnel and material with those of the other basic science departments of the
The curricula for the third and fourth years of the M.D. course, for practical purposes,
are taught at the bedside of patients and in the clinics. Medical students will be instructed
on the care of severe illnesses that require hospitalization as well as less serious ones
which might be handled in practice on an ambulatory basis. Instruction is required in
both the diagnosis and therapy of illnesses of all age groups-children, adults, and older
people. Emphasis on the prevention of diseases and rehabilitation of the clinically ill,
in order to lessen the state-wide long-range need for hospital beds, must be done with
special facilities in a teaching hospital and clinic designed for that purpose.
Clinical teaching for the third and fourth years will require a hospital and out-patient
department, which would become, in effect, the Laboratory of the clinical sciences. This
hospital, located in Gainesville, will be within three hours' driving distance of 58.3 per cent
of the State's population.
A teaching hospital on a university campus offers facilities for graduate instruction
in fields related to medicine. For instance, patients with physical disabilities such as
speech and hearing defects and emotional disturbances require study by other departments
of the university in conjunction with the Medical School.
Research is an integral part of medical education. The illnesses causing the greatest
loss of time and amount of medical care are cancer, diseases of the heart and blood
vessels, and mental illness. These illnesses are more numerous in the older age groups
so that research in geriatrics offers great promise in Florida. Basic research on the relation
of the soil and water of Florida to animal nutrition in the state is already underway.
Close cooperation between the research in the Health Center and other research in
progress on the University campus offers an unequalled opportunity for improvement in
human health. The ills of the patients cared for in the teaching hospital and clinic will
be problems which have often proved difficult of solution by the family doctor. Because
of the teaching and research activities in the hospital, special knowledge and skills in
personnel partly in the basic medical sciences, as well as expensive and unusual instruments,
will be available there to assist the profession in the State in the care of patients.
Category 2-Requested from 1953 Legislature to serve existing needs
Education-Laboratory School and Industrial Arts Building-$1,200,000
The present building, used jointly by the College of Education and the P. K. Yonge
Laboratory School, is needed for the exclusive use of the College of Education. An
expenditure of about $12 to $14 per square foot would be required to build a new College
of Education building, whereas a new laboratory school can be erected at a cost of about
$8 to $10 per square foot. The latter would provide a modern and more efficient Labora-
tory School than we now have with space for two sections of each grade from the first
through the twelfth, while the existing building would suffice for the present needs of the
College of Education. The erection of a new Laboratory School and Industrial Arts
Building is therefore the most economical and practical solution. Land for the new
Laboratory School has already been acquired by the University.
The institutions of higher education in Florida all combined are supplying only about
60 per cent of the State's need for teachers to replace (1) those who retire from the
profession and (2) to staff the additional classrooms which are being built as rapidly
as possible to accommodate Florida's rapidly increasing school-age population. The
facilities of the College of Education of the University of Florida are so crowded now that
early relief is sought by placing the needs of the College in the first priority of campus
The P. K. Yonge Building, which houses the Laboratory School of the College of
Education, was designed so that 11 per cent of the space would be available for college
use. At present 25 per cent of the building space is used by the College and 50 per cent
is used jointly by the College and the Laboratory School. Thus both the College and the
Laboratory School have been severely handicapped because of crowded conditions.
In the P. K. Yonge Building, classes begin at 7:40 a.m. and end at 9:30 p.m. The
majority of the graduate classes must he scheduled at night because no rooms are available
in the daytime. Moreover, the College is now using three classrooms in Temporary
Buildings D, E, and F, two rooms in Temporary Building K, one in Temporary I, and one
each in Florida Gymnasium and Walker Hall. These classrooms are not near or con-
venient to the Laboratory School, which is used for observation and participation by the
students in these classes.
The Industrial Arts Department of the College is having to use rooms originally
planned for the Doe Museum on the third floor, and the shops formerly planned for
the Laboratory School. This department, which has an opportunity to lead the South
in its field, is not housed and equipped as well as many similar departments in a number
of high schools in the State. Ideally, the Industrial Arts shops should be in a separate
building so as to reduce the noise and dust which is a nuisance to other units of the
College of Education.
The Business Education Department, which serves both the College and Laboratory
School, is crowded into two rooms on the third floor of the present building.
Because of increased need for elementary teachers and related increases in enrollments
in elementary education, there is a serious need for additional classrooms for the Labora-
tory School to house additional sections of children from the kindergarten through the
sixth grade. This addition is needed to make it possible for all students interested in
teaching in the elementary schools to observe and participate in actual class situations.
Office space for staff members presents a serious problem. To do effective counseling
and study, staff members should be provided small but private offices. The fifty-six
offices and conference rooms in the Yonge Building house 106 faculty members and ste-
nographers. Such an arrangement does not make possible effective use of the time of
either the stenographer or the staff member.
In summary, if the Florida schools are to be supplied with well-trained teachers,
the University must produce more teachers. Educational facilities are grossly inadequate
for the current enrollment.
By adding this building, we will increase our total university educational space to
119 square feet per student. The average for all land-grant colleges was 149 in 1953.
Arts and Sciences--$1,200,000
A Physics, Mathematics, and Psychology Building is planned which will consist of
a wing to be attached to the east side of Rolfs Hall. When the agricultural units now
housed in Rolfs Hall are moved to new quarters, this hall, plus the new wing, will together
provide a building large enough to house these very important scientific departments.
The University has planned since 1948 to house C-2, C-42, Physics, Psychology, As-
tronomy, and Mathematics in the present Rolfs Hall, and in the proposed new Laboratory
wing. This plan is contingent on bringing to completion new agricultural units. Each
of the above-listed departments is inadequately housed, and all together they have combined
course enrollments of 5,177 students.
It is unfortunate that the importance of these basic sciences in the educational picture
is not fully recognized by the public in the same manner it understands the importance of
professional programs of Agriculture, Engineering, Business Administration, Architecture
and Allied Arts, Education, Pharmacy, etc., because excellence in many professional fields
is possible only when the student receives adequate preparation in the related basic work
of the College of Arts and Sciences, and the comprehensive courses of the University
The $1,200,000 requested for the Physics, Psychology, and Mathematics wing not
only contemplates meeting the essential space needs of the departments listed above,
but will permit the release of Benton and Walker Halls (now used for physics and
mathematics) for very much needed space in the social sciences and humanities.
It is no exaggeration that the construction of the new Physics wing as well as the Agri-
culture buildings will permit a chain reaction of planned moves that will result in the
adequate housing of approximately 90 per cent of the departments in the Arts and Sciences
College. This is meaningful because of the fact that at present eighteen out of twenty-
three of its departments of instruction are badly crowded or operating in inadequate tem-
Specific Case for Physics
1. Physics is responsible for such recent developments as nuclear energy, the atomic
bomb, and radar. Physics is fundamental to such areas as electricity, optics, electronics,
and engineering in general. Further development in these fields is dependent upon research
2. Physics is taken by engineering and pre-medical students, chemists, pharmacists,
pre-dental students, and science teachers, among others. The field of physics is rapidly
expanding. Florida is lagging far behind the other institutions in the southeast in its
recognition of the importance of physics. In the southeast, new physics buildings have
been provided at Florida State University, the University of Miami, the University of
Mississippi, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, the Women's College of North Carolina, the
University of Virginia, the University of Louisiana, the University of Tennessee, Duke
University, and the University of Alabama.
3. Physics has been housed in Benton Hall for more than forty years. For the past
twenty-three years, the administration has recognized a clear need for a new Physics
Building. With the present total University enrollment, the Physics floor space per
student is approximately 1% square feet. In eight other universities of comparable stand-
ing (University of Cincinnati, Duke University, University of Minnesota, University of
Mississippi, Northwestern University, Penn State University, University of Texas, and
Washington University) the figure is approximately 10/ square feet per student.
Whereas the average physics floor space for these eight institutions is 59,000 square
feet, the Department of Physics is requesting 40,000 square feet. Benton Hall which
furnishes all of the present 17,000 square feet of space for physics, including halls, was
not designed with the needs of physics in mind, and therefore the present space is hope-
lessly inadequate both in amount and in facilities. Among comparable institutions, the
University of Florida provides its physics students with the worst laboratory facilities in
A strong program in physics is important to the entire University, particularly the
Medical and Engineering teaching and research programs.
This building will increase our total University educational space to 126 square feet
per student. The average for fifty-two land-grant colleges in 1953 was 149 square feet
Category 3-New requests to serve existing needs
Rehabilitation of Floyd and Peabody Halls-$450,000
Agriculture is scheduled to move out of Floyd Hall by the end of 1955. Our plan there
is to rehabilitate Floyd Hall and assign it to the departments of Geology, Geography,
and Meteorology. These departments are now occupying temporary buildings which have
served their useful life and which will soon need to be demolished to make way for
a campus thoroughfare which will ease the traffic problem on campus.
Before these temporaries are demolished we plan to use them for several months to
house the departments now in Peabody Hall. New wiring, new plaster, new floors, and
a general rehabilitation is called for, as no major maintenance or repair work has been
done on this building since it was built in 1912, except for the addition of fireproof stair-
ways. This work while essential will not add any new floor space.
Addition to Flint Hall-$600,000
The Biology Department occupies Flint Hall (formerly called Science Hall) but over-
flows into Temporary Building I for classrooms, Temporary Building J, for two stockrooms
and four laboratories, a former residence for the work on mammals, and one office in
Leigh Hall. This department should have its activities centralized by bringing them in
one building. This can be accomplished by adding a wing to the old building. The
latter is too small for the size of the present department and the demands of Biology in
an institution of 10,000 students.
Coordinated with the work of the Department of Biology is the work of the C-6 Depart-
ment of the University College, which teaches a basic comprehensive course in the bio-
logical sciences to all sophomores. This course is taught in 50 sections, which use the
same classrooms and demonstration equipment that are used by the Biology Department.
The wing that is proposed would house a small auditorium for C-6 and Biology Department
lectures, also the departmental library, laboratories to replace those now in temporary
buildings, classrooms, offices, and research laboratories.
This building will increase our total University educational space to 130 square feet
per student. The 1953 average for 52 land-grant universities was 149 square feet per
The building recently constructed for the College of Business Administration is not
large enough to house the entire college. Funds for its erection which came from Veterans
Administration payments to the University were not sufficient to provide all the space
needed. The remainder to be built would include an auditorium-lecture hall to seat
300, which is needed not only by the College of Business Administration, but by the entire
University, offices for the Dean, his secretaries, and the advisers to graduate and under-
graduate students, offices and workrooms for the Bureau of Economic and Business Research,
additional classrooms, seminar rooms, and space for business machine demonstrations.
It is only by providing adequately for these needs that we can ever hope to move out
of the many temporary buildings on our campus which were designed for a life of six to
ten years, but which have served for fourteen or more years and have been moved once
in the meantime.
This building will increase our total University education space to 133 square feet
per student. The average for 52 land-grant colleges in 1953 was 149 square feet per
The Engineering and Industries Building is just south of the Stadium and immediately
north of the University Plant and Grounds Maintenance Department. Expansion of the
Engineering and Industries Building will encroach on the Maintenance Department* area.
Fortunately, all of the permanent type buildings in the Maintenance area can be used
readily by the College of Engineering for teaching or by the Engineering and Industrial
Experiment Station for research laboratories.
The Engineering shops are still in crowded quarters in Benton Hall Annex at the
old location of the College of Engineering. This annex is partially a frame building and
should be demolished. The other parts can be rehabilitated for other uses when the shops
are moved out. Certain buildings in the Maintenance area just south of and adjacent
to the new Engineering building would be appropriate and adequate for the Engineering
The University heating plant is immediately adjacent to the Engineering and Industries
Building at the center of its south wall. The heating plant is operating at capacity in
crowded quarters now and will have to be supplemented immediately to carry the Health
Center and agriculture buildings which are now under construction.
It would be better at this time to establish a new heating plant with capacity large
enough for the entire campus and in a new site, away from the Engineering and Indus-
tries building. The site should be adequate for expansion to serve future needs and the
location should be on low ground to facilitate gravity flow in the return lines. The
College of Engineering could then use the present heating plant building to house Mechani-
cal Engineering laboratory equipment that is still in Walker Hall and about one half mile
from the Engineering and Industries building.
Chemical and Aeronautical Engineering are crowded together in the temporary
Engineering building near the ROTC Field. Chemical Engineering could easily adapt
the space in the building now used for University Maintenance Warehouse, Police Depart-
ment, Central Stores, Shipment Receiving Rooms, and lumber drying shed for use as
research and teaching laboratories.
Eventually the entire Maintenance area may have to be taken over by the College of
Engineering. To make a start on this move, it is proposed that a new group of buildings
be erected in the new area assigned to the Plant and Grounds Department so that the
College of Engineering can adapt and move into the buildings adjacent to it in the present
The University of Florida telephone exchange is inadequate and in a lower room under
the stage of the Auditorium where it cannot be enlarged. With the coming of the Health
Center and other new units we are forced to enlarge our telephone facilities. The exchange
should be in the Maintenance area where it can be staffed by campus police at night and
readily serviced at all times of the day.
The following is a list of buildings needed by the Plant and Grounds Maintenance
Department in order to vacate space in building adjacent to the Engineering and Industries
building for use by the College of Engineering:
Heating and generating plant and equipment (some of the existing equip-
ment is worth moving and will be utilized. The above figure is in addi-
tion to this) .... .................................................................. ................................ $400,000
Maintenance shops and equipment, warehouse, Central Stores, Shipment
Receiving, and lumber shed ........................................................................... 500,000
Transportation, Communications, Police Department, Service Garage, etc. .. 100,000
Space to be made available to the College of Engineering by these shifts:
1. Present Heating Plant building to house Mechanical Eigneering labora-
tories still on the first floor of Walker Hall.
2. Maintenance shop building to house Engineering shops now in the Ben-
ton Hall Annex.
3. Building now housing Plant and Grounds offices, Police, Central Stores,
Shipment Receiving Room, lumber shed, and warehouse to be used by Chemical
This will add seven square feet per student to our total University educational space,
making a total of 140 square feet per student. The average for land-grant universities in
1953 was 149 square feet per student.
Fine Arts (First Unit) -$1,500,000
The College of Architecture and Allied Arts at the University of Florida is the largest
in the South and is fourth largest in the nation. It will require more than 200,000 square
feet of floor space at a cost of more than $3,000,000 to house it adequately. It is now
housed completely in six temporary buildings.
In addition, the Music Division is housed in the former wooden basketball court, a
remodeled temporary building inadequate for its purposes. The University of Florida does
not have an adequate auditorium and stage for dramatics. In order to get started on
replacing temporary with permanent and more adequate buildings for this fine arts
group, we recommend that the first unit be constructed this biennium at a cost of $1,500,000.
The construction industry, now the largest industry in the nation, looks to the colleges
for leadership in the development of new building types, new materials, and new systems
of construction. In the field of architecture alone, the Southern Regional Education
Board estimated that by 1960 three architects will be needed for every two now in practice.
To scatter students and faculty in six different temporary buildings is an administrative
and educational handicap, for it interferes with full utilization of library facilities, prevents
cross-fertilization of ideas, and denies close contact with the teaching exhibitions which
are so vital to the educational process in the creative fields.
The Department of Art has grown by leaps and bounds in recent years, and it is by far
the largest in the South. Yet it is doing its work alongside of Architecture in temporary
and inadequate buildings. This department includes art, commercial art, costume design,
interior decoration, ceramics, and photography.
As Dean William T. Arnett has so well stated, "Facilities for the study of architecture
and the arts ought in themselves to be an inspiration and an instruction." This is no less
important to the education of students in the visual arts than the specialized equipment
required in the study of physical sciences. Inasmuch as the buildings themselves con-
stitute specialized equipment for instruction in the art of design, they serve as an instrument
of education to a degree unknown in other fields.
The request made at this time is for the first unit of this group of buildings. The
first unit would provide over 100,000 square feet and would cost about $1,500,000.
This building would increase our total university educational space to 150 square feet
per student in 1956. The 1953 average for 52 land-grant universities was 149 square feet per
Agriculture (Forestry) -$600,000
Classrooms, laboratories, and offices for the School of Forestry now exist in the first
and second attic levels of Rolfs Hall, in Temporary Building K, and in the Wood Products
Laboratory. The new group of agriculture buildings which are being built now have
a place planned for a Forestry building coordinated with the group which will serve
not only the needs of Forestry but some of the many needs of Agriculture.
This building will increase our total university educational space to 154 square feet
per student in 1956. The average for land-grant universities in 1953 was 149 square feet
Adult Education Center-$1,000,000
The University of Florida is handicapped in its attempts to serve the adults of the
state for lack of adequate quarters for its Extension staff to work and to store its equip-
ment, extension Library, Film Library, etc. There are inadequate facilities on the campus
for holding extension courses, short courses, conferences, institutes, etc.
Those that can be scheduled in the summer can be handled appropriately, but there
are many courses which must be held in other than summer months if we are to serve
the people who want and need these courses. An Adult Education Center will cost con-
siderably more than $1,000,000, but some of the activities of the Extension Division produce
fees and income that could be used to finance the balance of the building if the state
were to provide the down payment of $1,000,000.
This building is needed for adults who are not enrolled as regular full time students
in the University and it is not counted in educational space on a per-student basis.
Agriculture (Miscellaneous) -$211,000
Housing for staff is needed at two branch stations (Range Cattle Station and Cortez
Tract) which are isolated, and the nature of the work requires the staff to live at the
The Suwannee Valley Station requires a staff house, a field office, and storage building.
All of the above can be built for $51,000.
Agronomy Field House-$16,000
The Agronomy Department has been using an area that has had to be assigned to the
Health Center and to the Entomology Department. The Entomology Department can and
will use the former Agronomy Field House and a new Field House must be erected in
the new area assigned to Agronomy.
Additions are needed to complete the following units:
Meats Laboratory: classrooms, demonstration area, cold storage rooms, and
processing laboratory ........................................................ ...................... ........ $70,000
Poultry Unit: classrooms, laboratory and office building ................................ 65,000
Dairy Science Building: Additional office space and work area for staff ........ 25,000
These last four units are for educational purposes for students on campus and will
increase our total university educational space to 155 square feet per student. The 1953
average for 52 land-grant universities was 149 square feet per student. By the time the
above buildings can be constructed, our enrollment will have been increased by 3,000 to
5,000 students and the average square feet per student at the University of Florida will
again be below the average of our sister and competing institutions.
As new areas of the campus are opened up, underground utility lines must be extended
to these to provide light, heat, telephone and sewer service, etc. This amount will make
it possible to bring service to a building. The building appropriations provide funds
for connecting the building lines to these service lines.
BUILDINGS REQUESTED OF 1955 LEGISLATURE FOR THE
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
1. Not related to growth in enrollment:
Health Center-Teaching Hospital and Clinics ...........................................$ 8,800,000
2. Requested from 1953 Legislature to serve existing needs:
Education-Laboratory School and Industrial Arts Building .................. 1,200.000
Student Housing-Residence Hall (State contribution) ................................ 900,000
Arts and Sciences-Physics, Mathematics, and Psychology and equipment 1,200,000
3. New requests to serve existing needs:
Student Housing-Residence Halls (State contribution) .............................. 1,350,000
Rehabilitation of Floyd and Peabody Halls .................................................... 450,000
Arts and Sciences-Addition to Flint Hall .................................................... .600,000
Business Administration-Completion of Business Administration Building 400,000
Engineering-Trade with Maintenance Department ........................................ 1,000,000
Fine Arts Group- First Unit .............................................. ..... .............. ....... 1,500,000
Agriculture-Forestry classroom, laboratory, offices ...............-................... 600,000
Adult Education Center-Legislative authority to construct building pri-
marily from non-state funds (State contribution) ........................ 1,000,000
Agriculture-Housing at Range Cattle Station ................................ ............... 8,500
Agronomy Field Laboratory-Gainesville ......................... ....-........... .. 16,000
Housing, Field Office and Storage, Suwannee Valley Station ................ 24,000
Housing at Cortez Tract ....................................................... ................ .. 8,500
Additions to Meat, Poultry and Dairy Units-Gainesville ........................ 160,000
Utility lines-to service new buildings adequately .................................... 50,000
Buildings needed but to be requested of Legislature after 1955
No details are given at this time. See list on summary which follows:
Students Housing-One Dormitory a year with 750 beds ...........................................$ 1,125,000
(State contribution) ............................................................ ............................. Yearly
Pharmacy Building to be added to Health Center ....................................................... 1,000,000
Agriculture-Administrative offices for Experiment Station and Extension Service 1,000,000
Fine Arts-2nd and 3rd Units (Architecture, Art, Music, Dramatics) .................... 2,000,000
Engineering-- Third Unit ............................................................... ............................ 1,000,000
Women's Physical Education Building and Swimming Pool ....................................... 1,000,000
Auditorium, large .................................................................................... ........... ........ 2,500,000
New Florida Union Building .......................... ....................................................... 3,500,000
School of Inter-American Studies ....................................................... .................. 750,000
State M museum Building ................................................................................................. 1,500,000
Addition to Law School Building .................. ...................................... 300,000
Health Center Research Wing ..................... ............................ ............ 1,000,000
Rehabilitation of Benton Hall ....... .......................................................... ........ ... ........ ...... 250,000
Agricultural Experiment Stations-Housing ....... .. ............................. 24,000
Greenhouses ....................... ............ ................. ................ ............. ... 34,000
Fertilizer House ..................... ........................... ................................. ................. 15,000
Barns, Shops, Sheds ...................................................... ........ 50,000
Central Heating and Generating Plant (Addition) ........................................... 500,000
Library Addition for 500,000 additional volumes and associated work space (1959)
Legislature .... ...................................................................... 1,000,000
Central Food Services Building
(Legislative authority to spend $250,000 from auxiliary funds for this
purpose) ...................... .... ............-... .. .................. ......... .... N o state
Vehicle Parking Shelter-Buses, trucks, and other mechanical automotive equip-
m ent ...................................................... ................ ............................ 144,000
Laundry and Dry Cleaning for institutional use ..........--------....... ----................. 240,000
Photographic Laboratory and Duplicating Department ..-----........................... ..... 120,000
Faculty Appointments, Promotions, Leaves and Resignations
L. Paul Elliott, Physical Sciences
To Assistant Professor:
Raymond A. Cook, English
Lyle N. McAlister, Social Sciences
Leonidas H. Roberts, Physical Sciences
Paul C. Berg, English
Donald R. Harkness, English
John A. Penrod, English
William N. Ormond, English
Harold E. Knowles, Physical Sciences
To Associate Professor:
Clarence Derrick, English
James A. Pait, Logic
To Assistant Professor:
John C. Egan, English (Interim)
Raymond A. Cook, English (Interim)
S. E. Grigsby, Social Sciences (Interim)
Walter J. Hipple, Humanities (Interim)
John Parke, Humanities (Interim)
Walter A. Bass, Logic
Paul C. Berg, English and Clinician (Interim)
William C. Childers, English (Interim)
Robert P. Davis, Social Sciences (Interim)
Herbert J. Doherty, Jr., Social Sciences
William C. Doster, English (Interim)
Robert O. Evans, English (Interim)
Allen W. Greer, English (Interim)
Donald R. Harkness, English (Interim)
R. H. Hussey, Biological Sciences (Interim)
Jack C. Lamb, Social Sciences (Interim)
Allie G. Langford, English (Interim)
Ray F. Livingston, Humanities
Lawrence H. Maddock, English (Interim)
Walter P. Morse, Mathematics
Robert H. Nassau, English (Interim)
J. D. Neff, Mathematics (Interim)
William N. Ormond, English
John A. Penrod, English (Interim)
Sam Schulman, Social Sciences
James C. Wilkerson, English (Interim)
M. E. McCarty, Mathematics (Interim)
Leaves of Absence
A. D. Graeffe, Humanities
Malcolm L. MacLeod, English
Lawton W. Blanton, Mathematics
Douglas Duke, Physical Sciences
Cynthia Larry, English
B. B. Leavitt, Biological Sciences
H. T. Odum, Biological Sciences
E. C. Pirkle, Physical Sciences
Clyde B. Vedder, Social Sciences
Donald P. Veith, English
James L. Wilson, English
James P. Bradshaw, English
James R. Neale, English
John H. Reynolds, Social Sciences
Donald P. Veith, English
COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE
To Associate Professor:
P. T. D. Arnold, Dairy Husbandman (Dairy Science)
M. Murphey, Jr., Entomology
J. H. Owen, Plant Pathology
A. J. Rogers, Entomology
H. D. Wallace, Nutrition (Agricultural Experiment Station)
A. V. Hardy, Bacteriology
A. S. Muller, Counselor to Latin American Students in Agriculture, Plant Pathology
M. E. Tyler, Head Professor of Bacteriology
Miodrag Ristic, Veterinary Science and Associate Poultry Pathologist, Agricultural
M. M. Galton, Bacteriology
Carl Gray, Soils
M. B. Jefferies, Bacteriology
P. E. Parvin, Horticulture
D. B. Pratt, Bacteriology
R. J. Velice, Horticulture
J. G. Wadsworth, Poultry Pathology and Veterinary Science
Arthur Mauch, Agriculture
O. C. Stine, Agriculture Economics
Leaves of Absence
J. T. Creighton, Head Professor of Entomology
J. R. Greenman, Professor of Agricultural Economics
R. E. Caldwell, Assistant Professor of Soils and Assistant, Agricultural Experiment
W. W. McCall, Assistant Professor of Soils
W. Murphey, Jr., Associate Professor of Entomology
Miodrag Ristic, Veterinary Science and Poultry Pathologist, Agricultural Experiment
Glenn Van Ness, Veterinary Science and Poultry Pathologist, Agricultural Experiment
S. J. Folks, Animal Husbandry and Animal Husbandman, Agricultural Experiment
W. W. McCall, Soils
T. C. Skinner, Agriculture Engineer, Agricultural Experiment Station
AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION
Roger W. Bledsoe, Assistant Director and Agronomist, Agricultural Experiment
James M. Crall, Associate Plant Pathologist in Charge, Watermelon and Grape
Raymond A. Dennison, Horticulturist and Interim Head, Department of Horticulture
W. T. Forsee. Jr., Chemist in Charge, Everglades Experiment Station
Winfred C. Rhoades, Entomologist in Charge, North Florida Experiment Station
W. A. Carver, Agronomist
Willis H. Chapman, Agronomist
Alvin H. Spurlock, Agricultural Economist
To Associate Professor:
Lillian E. Arnold, Associate Botanist
Fred Clark, Associate Agronomist
Harold D. Wallace, Associate Animal Husbandman
To Assistant Professor:
Walter R. Dennis, Assistant Parasitologist, (From Interim status)
James M. Crall, Associate Pathologist Acting in Charge, Watermelon and Grape
Marian W. Hazen, Animal Husbandman in Charge, West Central Florida Experiment
Frazier T. Calloway, Agricultural Statistician
Jesse R. Christie, Nematologist
William K. McPherson, Agricultural Economist
Roger Patrick, Bacteriologist
William C. Price, Virologist
Ray L. Shirley, Biochemist
William L. Pritchett, Soil Technologist
To Associate Professor:
Frederick T. Boyd, Associate Agronomist
Robert S. Cox, Associate Plant Pathologist
Miodrag Ristic, Associate Poultry Pathologist
Cecil N. Smith, Associate Agricultural Economist
Edward W. Swarthout, Associate Poultry Pathologist
Thomas W. Young, Associate Horticulturist
To Assistant Professor:
Daniel W. Beardsley, Assistant Animal Husbandman
Herman Leroy Breland, Assistant Soils Chemist
Samuel L. Burgess, Assistant Editor
Evert O. Burt, Assistant Agronomist
Donald M. Coe, Assistant Plant Pathologist
Clyas L. Crenshaw, Assistant Economist
Seton N. Edson, Interim Assistant Soil Surveyor
John R. Edwardson, Assistant Agronomist
Evert J. Elvin, Interim Assistant Horticulturist
Kenneth M. Gilbraith, Interim Assistant Economist
Frank E. Guthrie, Assistant Entomologist
Victor L. Guzman, Assistant Horticulturist
Max G. Hamilton, Assistant Horticulturist
Dalton Sidney Harrison, Assistant Agricultural Engineer
James F. Hentges, Jr., Assistant Animal Husbandman
Maurice W. Hoover, Assistant Horticulturist
Robert L. Jeffers, Associate Agronomist
William H. Jones, Jr., Assistant Superintendent Field Operations
Bruce W. Kelly, Assistant Agricultural Economist
Stratton H. Kerr, Assistant Entomologist
Robert C. J. Koo, Interim Assistant Biochemist
Albert E. Kretschmer, Jr., Assistant Soil Chemist
John R. Kuykendall, Interim Assistant Horticulturist
Joseph J. McBride, Jr., Assistant Chemist
Thomas L. Meade, Assistant Animal Nutritionist
William G. Mitchell, Assistant Editor
James Montelaro, Interim Assistant Horticulturist
Donald L. Myhre, Assistant Soils Chemist
Marian F. Oberbacher, Interim Assistant Plant Physiologist
Charles Takeo Ozaki, Assistant Chemist
Levi A. Powell, Sr., Assistant Agricultural Economist
Norman K. Roberts, Assistant Economist
John N. Simons, Assistant Virologist
Eldon D. Smith, Assistant Economist
Grover Sowell, Jr., Assistant Plant Pathologist
John G. Wadsworth, Assistant Poultry Pathologist
Alvin C. Warnick, Assistant Physiologist
Irvin M. Wofford, Assistant Agronomist
Shreve Simpson Woltz, Assistant Horticulturist
Levi O. Gratz, Assistant Director, Agricultural Experiment Station
Leaves oj Absence
Gulie H. Blackmon, Horticulturist and Head, Department of Horticulture
Frank S. Jamison, Horticulturist
Donald L. Brooke, Associate Agricultural Economist
Victor W. Carlisle, Assistant Soil Surveyor
Levi A. Powell, Sr., Assistant Economist
William Jackson, Animal Husbandman in Charge, West Central Florida Experiment
James F. Lankford, Agricultural Statistician
Constantine D. Sherbakoff, Consultant
Walter A. Hills, Associate Horticulturist
Darrell D. Morey, Associate Agronomist
Charles R. Stearns, Associate Chemist
Frank V. Stevenson, Associate Plant Pathologist
Glenn Van Ness, Associate Poultry Pathologist
Tallmadge Bergen, Interim Assistant Agricultural Economist
Katherine M. Boney, Assistant Chemist
Tom G. Bowery, Assistant Entomologist
Herbert L. Chapman, Assistant Animal Husbandman
William G. Cowperthwaite, Assistant Horticulturist
Evert J. Elvin, Interim Assistant Horticulturist
Solomon J. Folks, Assistant Animal Husbandman
Myron G. Grennell, Assistant Agronomist
Kenneth M. Gilbraith, Interim Assistant Economist
Walter R. Langford, Assistant Agronomist
Herschel W. Little, Assistant Economist
Wallace T. Long, Assistant Horticulturist
William F. Spencer, Interim Assistant Chemist
Warren N. Stoner, Assistant Plant Pathologist
George Swank, Jr., Assistant Plant Pathologist
SCHOOL OF FORESTRY
To Assistant Professor:
Thomas G. Herndon, Forestry Management
To Assistant Professor:
J. B. Huffman, Forest Products Technology
Leaves of Absence
P. W. Frazer, Associate Professor of Forest Management
J. W. Willingham, Instructor in Forestry
C. W. Ralston, Assistant Professor of Silviculture
Clarke Mathewson, Assistant Professor of Forestry and Superintendent, State
COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE AND ALLIED ARTS
To Associate Professor:
L. H. Charles, Architecture
To Assistant Professor:
R. M. Dillon, Architecture
F. B. Reeves, Architecture
M. H. Smith, Architecture
E. A. Anderson, Art
H. W. Covington, Art
K. E. Peabody, Art
Fletcher Martin, Art (Visiting)
Carl Holty, Art (Visiting)
To Associate Professor:
J. H. Cox (Visiting)
H. R. Sebold, Architecture
W. N. Womelsdorf
K. R. Plank, Architecture (Interim)
To Assistant Professor:
C. R. Davis, Art (Interim)
A. F. Butt, Architecture
L. H. Charles, Architecture
E. E. Grissom, Art
J. C. Kacere, Art
D. A. Halperin, Architecture (Interim)
W. W. Shepard, Architecture
J. A. Wilkes, Architecture
R. C. Zoellner (Visiting)
G. W. Alsup (Visiting)
D. E. Sudlow (Visiting)
W. W. Wilkins, Architecture
J. R. Barnes, Architecture
W. J. Tillman, Architecture
R. N. Green, Art (Part time)
Myrl J. Hanes, Architecture
C. R. Neidhardt, Art (Part time)
R. P. Ebersole, Art
J. E. Piercy, Architecture
R. C. Craven
Arthur A. Smith, Interim Instructor in Architecture
Leaves of Absence
P. M. Torraca, Architecture
H. H. Holbrook, Art
M. H. Johnson, Architecture
G. W. Pursell, Art
W. W. Wilkins, Architecture
N. B. Flagg, Architecture
E. M. Fearney, Architecture
K. E. Peabody, Art
W. N. Womelsdorf
G. W. Pursell, Art
Barbara Warren Ebersole, Art
R. E. Crosland, Architecture
Myrl J. Hanes, Architecture
C. R. Neidhardt, Art
COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES
J. W. Flowers, Physics
E. H. Hadlock, Mathematics
H. A. Meyer, Mathematics
To Associate Professor:
D. B. Dusenbury, Speech
David Ellis, Mathematics
H. P. Hanson, Physics
F. H. Hartmann, Political Science
J. W. Oliver, Philosophy
A. G. Smith, Physics
To Assistant Professor:
J. E. Craps. Foreign Languages
Alfred Diamant, Political Science
M. M. Gordon, Physics
S. T. Gormsen, Mathematics
W. E. Millett, Physics
J. M. Pearce, Chemistry
E. N. Sawyer, Physics
W. C. Tucker, Chemistry
G. A. Thomas, Chemistry
J. W. Young, Mathematics
John F. Baxter, Chemistry
D. C. Blaisdell, Political Science (Visiting)
Raymond E. Crist, Geography
R. A. Dutcher, Lecturer and Consultant in Research Chemistry-One semester only
M. E. Hufford, Physics (Interim)
R. W. Poor, Geology
Dudley E. South, Mathematics
N. C. Starr, English-For H. R. Warfel, on leave
Rolland H. Waters, Psychology
M. Jaggi, Physics
J. T. Moore, Mathematics
Catherine A. Rockwood, Head, Family Life
M. D. Seil, Journalism
John W. Baker, Political Science (Interim)
Gordon E. Bigelow, English
Lalia P. Boone, English
Wallace S. Brey, Jr., Chemistry
R. E. Colton, Foreign Languages (Interim)
S. E. Grigsby, Sociology and Anthropology (Interim)
William C. Harvard, Political Science
H. D. Heath, Biology
Kuo-Chu Ho, Physics (Interim)
Harry Kantor, Political Science (Interim)
Jindrich Kucera, Foreign Languages
J. M. Pearce, Chemistry
Fay Ricker, Psychology (Interim)
James Ryan, Foreign Languages
Dorothy Saunders, Biology (Interim)
Irving L. Webber, Sociology and Anthropology
R. A. Awtrey, Mathematics (Interim)
Robert L. Crist, Speech (Interim Part-time)
Barbara Dodson, Speech (Interim Part-time)
Jason Finkle, Political Science (Interim)
R. Y. Gildea, Geography (Interim)
C. A. Hoffman, Mathematics (Interim)
Ronald H. Humphrey, Speech
John Van Meter, Speech
Carl I. Michaelis, Chemistry (Interim)
Warren B. Parks, Sociology
H. H. Perritt, Speech (Interim Part-time)
W. D. Ploughe, Physics (Interim)
John V. Slater, Biology
Louise Van Natta, Chemistry
B. F. Dostal, Associate Professor of Mathematics
Leaves of Absence
B. Aratowsky, Assistant Professor, Foreign Languages, Ford Fellowship-foreign countries
A. A. Broyles, Assistant Professor of Physics-Military
R. L. Day, Instructor in Geography-Professional Improvement
F. H. Hartmann, Associate Professor of Political Science-Fulbright fellowship-Germany
John D. Kilby, Assistant Professor of Biology-Military
E. G. Kovach, Assistant Professor of Chemistry-to accept duty with U. S. Navy
Cynthia Larry, Assistant Professor of Speech-Professional Improvement
John M. Maclachlan, Head Professor of Sociology and Anthropology-to participate in
Medical Center Planning
H. R. Marshall, Assistant Professor of Political Science-Professional Improvement
D. R. Purdy, Instructor, Physics-Military
H. M. Wallbrunn, Assistant Professor of Biology-Professional Improvement
H. R. Warfel, Professor of English-Fulbright Fellowship-Germany
A. A. Broyles, Associate Professor of Physics
H. P. Hanson, Associate Professor of Physics
E. F. Low, Instructor in Physics (Interim)
H. R. Marshall, Assistant Professor of Political Science
R. H. Mason, Instructor in Mathematics and Astronomy
W. E. Millett, Assistant Professor of Physics
M. A. Morinigo, Associate Professor of Foreign Languages
W. B. Parks, Instructor in Sociology and Anthropology
David Pomeroy, Assistant Professor of Physics (Interim)
D. R. Purdy, Instructor in Physics
E. G. Reitz, Associate Professor of Chemistry
V. J. Senn, Assistant Professor of Chemistry
G. R. Bartlett, Professor of Philosophy, to Head Professor of Philosophy
C. F. Byers Professor of Biology and Chairman of C-6, to part-time as Assistant Dean in
charge of Graduate Work
A. B. Grobman, Associate Professor of Biology to Director of Museum
SCHOOL OF JOURNALISM AND COMMUNICATIONS
Leaves of Absence
Tom C. Battin
Edward C. Hanna
COLLEGE OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
Clement H. Donovan-from Professor of Economics to Head Professor of Economics
To Professor (None)
To Associate Professor
Carter Clarke Osterbind, Research
John W. Wyatt, Business Law
To Assistant Professor
Charles Merle Crawford, Marketing
Charles Norman Millican, Economics
James F. Moore, Accounting
Jose Antonio Baquero, Economics (Interim)
Robert Dinman, Accounting
William F. Moshier, Accounting
Allan M. Sievers, Economics
Lee J. Melton, Economics
George F. Mitch, Bus. Org. and Opn. (Interim)
Andrew P. Orth, Accounting (Interim)
Ned H. Scott, Accounting (part-time) (Interim)
Paul E. Fenlon, Economics (Interim)
Elise Cecile Jones, Research
John W. Lowe, Economics
Norman A. Mercer, Economics
Mable D. Mills, Economics and Statistics (Interim)
Bobby C. McGough, Real Estate (part-time) (Interim)
M. Terry McNab, Accounting (Interim)
Leo Wotitsky, Business Law (part-time) (Interim)
Russell Bowers, Visiting Professor of Accounting
Jesse B. Johnson, Visiting Asssociate Professor of Insurance
G. Findlay Shirras, Distinguished Visiting Professor of Economics
C. Brooks Smeeton, Visiting Professor of Marketing
John G. Eldridge, Economics
Leaves of Absence
Charles Merle Crawford-to complete requirements for Doctor's degree
John W. Dietz-for foreign travel
Carrol W. Ehlers-to pursue graduate work
Oscar E. Heskin-for service with Department of State
J. Robert Karp-to pursue graduate work
William R. Matthies-to pursue graduate work
John E. Pierce-to complete work on Doctor's degree
Delmas D. Ray-to pursue graduate work
Alfred A. Ring-to engage in research in completion of text book
George W. Summerhill-to complete work on Doctor's degree
Victor V. Sweeney-to teach at University of California
John N. Webb-to direct a study for the College of Arts and Sciences
William R. Matthies, Accounting
Merrill J. Roberts, Transportation
William E. Breese, Marketing
Reid W. Gattis, Real Estate
William D. Parker, Accounting
Ned. H. Scott, Accounting
George P. Biglow, Marketing
Michael Brand, Economics
Howard J. Johnston, Real Estate
Bruce W. Kelly, Economics
Alan J. Robertson, Economics
Raymond J. Ziegler, Statistics
COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
P. K. YONGE LABORATORY SCHOOL
Pauline Hilliard, Elementary
Charles Durrance, Secondary
Clara Olson, Secondary
Harvey K. Meyer, Industrial Arts and Vocational Education
To Associate Professor:
Robert O. Stripling
William Fullagar, Secondary
To Assistant Professor:
Roy Bergengren, Industrial Arts
Manette Swett, P. K. Yonge Laboratory School
Maude C. Watkins, P. K. Yonge Laboratory School
Douglas E. Scates, Foundations
S. P. Powers, S.S. (Visiting)
J. T. Campbell, S.S. (Visiting)
Edwin H. Swanson, S.S. (Visiting)
John W. Letson, S.S. (Visiting)
Joseph W. Menge, S.S. (Visiting)
James C. Peel, S.S. (Visiting)
Alvin L. Vergason, S.S. (Visiting)
Aleyne C. Haines
Joan Carey, Elementary
Melvin C. Baker, Foundations
Charles A. Cate, Materials of Instruction and Consultant in Audio-Visual Services
to University Libraries
Myron A. Cunningham
Lucille Lindberg, S.S. (Visiting)
Charles A. Cate, S.S. (Visiting)
Stanton Langworthy, S.S. (Visiting)
R. E. Bills, S.S. (Visiting)
Bernard R. Corman, S.S. (Visiting)
Mary Adria Balbraith, S.S. (Visiting)
Joseph W. Fordyce
Robert L. Curran
Lessie L. Murray (Interim)
Robert B. Myers, Secondary
Bozidar Muntyan, Foundations
W. J. McEntee, P. K. Yonge Laboratory School
T. D. Clemens, S.S. (Visiting)
Don Sudlow, S.S. (Visiting)
Louise E. Hock, S.S. (Visiting)
Jack H. McKay, S.S. (Visiting)
Wade Wright Christian, Elementary
Glenna A. Dodson, Business (Interim)
Nona Burress, Elementary (Interim)
Walter B. Mathews (Interim)
Evelyn M. Babb, Business
Kathleen A. Sullivan, S.S. (Visiting)
S. W. Walter, S.S. (Visiting)
Yewell Thompson, S.S. (Visiting)
Mary J. Nelson, S.S. (Visiting)
Annie Laura Peeler, S.S. (Visiting)
Caroline Wilson, S.S. (Visiting)
Talmage Young, S.S. (Visiting)
Lloyd Liedtke, S.S. (Visiting), Half-time
Ida Beth Schultz, S.S. (Visiting), Half-time
Selma Irene Southwick, S.S. (Visiting)
Teachers: (P. K. Yonge Laboratory School)
Patricia Alpren (Interim)
Ruth Smith, Director of Girls' Physical Education
Victor J. Karhu
Robert E. Krebs (Interim)
Dewey H. DeLaire
Earl H. Dieken (Interim)
W. A. Whittington
H. F. Riehle
W. C. Helfer
R. E. Gibson
Lucy T. Battle, S.S. (Visiting)
Carolyn B. Fuquay, S.S. (Visiting)
Margaret W. Boutelle, Assistant Professor of Education
W. L. Goette, P. K. Yonge
Gladys Laird, P. K. Yonge
Lillian Maguire, P. K. Yonge
Leaves of Absence
W. R. Williams, Head of Industrial Arts and Vocational Education
Douglas E. Scates, Foundations
Janet McCracken, Elementary
T. W. Strickland, Industrial Arts
G. W. Neubauer
Eleanor K. Green, Elementary
Teachers: (P. K. Yonge School)
T. J. Hill
Leonard F. Swift
Virgil A. Alexander
Columbia Winn, Foundations
Charles S. Giles (Interim)
Teachers: (P. K. Yonge School)
Julian Olsen, Jr.
Charles Addie Hill
Julia Cline Williams
Myrna S. Hustad
Charles W. Lindsey
Patricia Alpren (Interim)
Robert S. Herndon
Vauncille Bradley Jones
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
E. S. Frash, Mechanical Engineering
T. DeS. Furman, Civil Engineering
R. C. Johnson, Electrical Engineering
E. E. Muschlitz, Electrical Engineering
T. O. Neff, Engineering Mechanics
J. M. Barney, Electrical Engineering
H. W. Morrow, Engineering Mechanics
G. F. Schrader, Electrical Engineering
J. H. Smith, Mechanical Engineering
D. B. Smith, Civil Engineering
R. B. Bennett, Chemical Engineering
A. L. Danis, Electrical Engineering
J. B. Lackey, Civil Engineering
D. B. Wilcox, Industrial Engineering
G. B. Bliss, Electrical Engineering
R. Dresdner, Chemical Engineering
C. G. Etter, Jr., Civil Engineering
A. C. Kleinschmidt, Industrial Engineering
Wm. A. Nash, Engineering Mechanics
J. C. Ramsey, Chemical Engineering
F. E. Richart, Jr., Civil Engineering
E. Ardaman, Civil Engineering
W. H. Bussell, Mechanical Engineering
W. H. Chen, Electrical Engineering
G. R. Clark, Chemical Engineering
W. H. Cramer, Electrical Engineering
W. N. Frederick, Electrical Engineering
R. C. Kephart, Industrial Engineering
C. M. Kromp, Industrial Engineering
D. J. Kuenne, Chemical Engineering
J. M. O'Byrne, Mechanical Engineering
R. Pinkerton, Chemical Engineering
E. S. Priem, Electrical Engineering
L. A. Scott, Mechanical Engineering
J. A. Wethington, Chemical Engineering
J. A. Young, Chemical Engineering
C. S. Adams, Electrical Engineering
E. L. Aiton, Electrical Engineering
T. L. Bailey, Electrical Engineering
T. C. Ewouds, Mechanical Engineering
Wm. Gartner, Civil Engineering
J. O. Gonzalez, Mechanical Engineering
P. Grandio, Chemical Engineering
Adrian Johnson, Chemical Engineering
A. Kirstein, Civil Engineering
E. P. Patterson, Mechanical Engineering
Nelson Rosier, Electrical Engineering
Joel Wells, Electrical Engineering
M. J. Wiggins, Electrical Engineering
E. S. Frash, Mechanical Engineering, Associate Professor
Leaves of Absence
D. A. Firmage, Civil Engineering
J. W. Wilson, Electrical Engineering
P. C. Hoffman, Mechanical Engineering
E. W. Jacunski, Mechanical Engineering
E. G. Kovach, Chemical Engineering
G. E. Sutton, Mechanical Engineering
B. S. Gray, Chemical Engineering
W. B. Rogers, Mechanical Engineering
Professor and Assistant Dean:
J. S. Johnson, Electrical Engineering
G. B. Bliss, Electrical Engineering
F. H. Crabtree, Civil Engineering
R. J. Cummings, Industrial Engineering
C. E. Cutts, Civil Engineering
D. A. Firmage, Civil Engineering
W. W. Harmon, Electrical Engineering
J. O. P. Hummel, Industrial Engineering
L. J. Ritter, Civil Engineering
S. L. Bugg, Civil Engineering
*L. L. Doyle, Civil Engineering
J. M. Duncan, Chemical Engineering
C. G. Etter, Civil Engineering
P. C. Hoffman, Civil Engineering
D. J. Kuenne, Chemical Engineering
**W. E. Lear, Electrical Engineering
Transferred to other University departments.
** Returning to University of Florida September 1, 1954.
H. W. Morrow, Engineering Mechanics
H. C. Saxe, Civil Engineering
J. N. Thurston, Electrical Engineering
T. C. Ewouds, Mechanical Engineering
W. B. Rogers, Mechanical Engineering
*R. Stephens, Chemical Engineering
Returned from military leave:
E. W. Jacunski, Mechanical Engineering, Associate Professor
G. E. Sutton, Mechanical Engineering, Assistant Professor
Not re-appointed in 1953 because of age limit ruling of University:
G. P. Boomsliter, Engineering Mechanics, Lecturer
G. W. Dean, Civil Engineering, Lecturer
A. F. Greaves-Walker, Chemical Engineering, Lecturer
J. A. Poison, Mechanical Engineering, Lecturer
COLLEGE OF LAW
Richard B. Stephens
Philip K. Yonge
John Netherton Dighton, Assistant Professor of Law
Mandell Glicksberg, Assistant Professor of Law
Leaves of Absence
Eugene F. Scoles, Professor of Law
Philip K. Yonge, Professor of Law
J. Allen Smith, Assistant Professor of Law
Talbert B. Fowler, Jr., Assistant Law Librarian
Major Administrative Change
Robert B. Mautz, Associate Professor, appointed Assistant Dean
To Associate Professor:
To Assistant Professor:
To Assistant Professor:
Mary Edna Anders
Jose G. Baldiviesa (Interim)
John V. Baroco (Interim)
Sally Yancey Belknap
Robert A. Donahue (Interim)
Mary Virginia Doss
Harold M. Gordon
Michael F. Holloway
Frances M. McDonald (Interim)
Clyde J. Miller (Interim)
Gerardo C. Paredeo (Interim)
Ola Belle Tillman
Leaves of Absence
Fred D. Bryant
Robert T. Grazier
Margaret Enid Knox (%-time leave)
Elizabeth W. Taylor (-time leave)
Ray Held-Assistant Professor
Harold M. Gordon-Instructor
Michael F. Holloway-Instructor
Clark S. Lewis-Instructor
Clyde J. Miller-Instructor
Eugenia B. Morelock-Instructor
Edward W. Quinn-Instructor
THE J. HILLIS MILLER HEALTH CENTER
Russell S. Poor, Provost
George T. Harrell, Dean of the College of Medicine
DIVISION OF MUSIC
Arnold E. Wirtala, Assistant Professor of Music
Samuel Nachenberg, Instructor of Music
Elinor Williams, Instructor of Music
Richard DeWitt Brown, Professor of Music
John W. DeBruyn, Associate Professor of Music
Walter A. Goltz, Assistant Professor of Music
COLLEGE OF PHARMACY
Leaves of Absence
Frank A. Duckworth, Assistant Professor of Pharmacy
COLLEGE OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND HEALTH
B. K. Stevens, Professional Physical Education
To Associate Professor:
I. F. Waglow, Physical Education
To Assistant Professor:
A. J. Bracken, Golf Coach
C. Edmondson, Clinician of Adapted and Corrective Exercises
W. E. Harlan
J. C. Millar
R. L. Pye
J. E. Ryan, Swimming Coach
T. M. Scott, Head of Adapted and Corrective Exercises
N. M. Leavitt, Head of Department of Physical Education for Women
R. H. Vadheim, Head of University Infirmary
To Associate Professor:
W. T. Sandefur, Professional Physical Education
To Assistant Professor:
C. F. Damron, Professional Physical Education
R. E. Leilich, Professional Physical Education
R. H. Reisinger
F. W. Stevens
M. E. Titus
W. R. Welsch
L. J. Wells
Leaves of Absence
T. E. Austin, Instructor
S. E. Ayers, Director of Student Health Department and Professor of Hygiene
M. P. Stewart, Head of Physical Education for Women
J. F. Jones, Professional Physical Education
J. McGriff, Professional Physical Education
J. W. Dellastatious, Golf Coach
B. B. Faulds
F. J. Murray
L. J. Wells
CANCER RESEARCH LABORATORY
Michael Klein, Research Assistant Professor to Research Associate Professor
Eugene Sawicki, Interim Research Assistant Professor to Research Assistant Professor
Leslie Agnew, Research Associate Professor
Perihan Cambel, Research Associate Professor
Leslie Agnew, Research Associate Professor
Siegfried Woislawski, Research Assistant Professor
GENERAL EXTENSION DIVISION
John P. Daughtrey, Instructor
Vernon C. Lowell, Instructor
DIVISION OF STUDENT PERSONNEL
W. E. Rion, from Acting Director to Director, Florida Union
Virginia C. Walker, Associate Resident to Head Resident
Helen C. Davis, Associate Resident to Head Resident
Marthalyn A. Dickson, Associate Resident to Head Resident
Patricia Lucille Green, Associate Resident to Head Resident
Helen Gene Duncan, Associate Resident to Senior Associate Resident
Fred E. King, Resident Adviser to Senior Resident Adviser
Maurice E. Mayberry, Placement Officer
Ivan J. Putman. Jr., Adviser to Foreign Students
Walter Earl Thorwald, Assistant in Administration
Patricia Lucille Green, Associate Resident
Marjorie Ann Stewart, Head Resident
Helen Gene Duncan, Associate Resident
Nancy Jean Cook, Associate Resident
Constance Waller, Associate Resident
Helen Jeffords, Associate Resident
Ruth Neal, Associate Resident
Grace Perkinson, Associate Resident
A. Lincoln Fisch, Resident Adviser
Herbert R. Hackett, Resident Adviser
Allen F. Cordts, Resident Adviser
James Harwood Closson, Physician-Neuropsychiatrist
Albert M. Barrett, Interim Associate, Psychological Clinic and Interim Assistant Pro-
fessor, Department of Psychology
McKenzie W. Buck, Head of Speech and Hearing Clinic
Daniel W. Soper, Associate in Psychological Clinic, and Assistant Professor, Depart-
ment of Psychology
Paul C. Berg, Associate in Florida Center of Clinical Services (Reading Laboratory
Winston W. Ehrmann, Head of Marriage and Family Clinic
O. Bruce Thomason, Associate in Marriage and Family Clinic
Connie Edmondson, Clinician, Adapted and Corrective Exercises in the Florida
Center of Clinical Services
Marcellus Morgan, Vocational Appraiser
Edwin Stewart Taylor, Vocational Appraiser
Robert P. Clower, Psychometrist
Arthur Cooper Price, Vocational Appraiser
Leaves of Absence
Albert W. Boldt, Assistant Dean of Men
Harold C. Riker, Director of Housing
Justin E. Harlow, Jr., Assistant Professor and Head of the Psychological Clinic
R. E. Porter, Assistant Director, Florida Union
Elsie Weekly, Senior Head Resident
Mary Eleanor Reynolds, Head Resident
Helen S. Bissell, Associate Resident
Dorothy Pryor Martin, Associate Resident
Robert Frederick Butterworth. Resident Adviser
Bruce Eugene Gurd, Senior Resident Adviser
Barry W. Fagin, Associate Professor
Edward M. Brown, Part-time Psychometrist
Robert P. Lower, Part-time Psychometrist
Arthur Cooper Price, Vocational Appraiser
GIFTS AND GRANTS
The University gratefully acknowledges the following gifts and grants during the
July 1952 Research Others
National Institute of Mental Health ............... ............. .............$.... 8,000
Rockefeller Foundation ......... ................................................... 3,000
Parke Davis & Co.................................... .......... ................. 1,800
Parke Davis & Co. .......- .............. .......... ....... ...... ............. .... 1,800
National Institute of Health .................................. ...................... 13,280
Ford Foundation (training of Turkish teachers) ................................ $30,195
Eli Lilly Co. (fellowship) ............ ......................... 487.50
Lovett's-Steiden-Table Supply Food Stores (scholarships) ............
American Foundation for Pharmaceutical Education
(fellowships) ................................................ .................
George Doro Fixture Co. (scholarship)......................................
Ferro Corporation .................................-.. ........ ... .................
International Mineral & Chemical Corp. ....................-.....................
Alrose Chemical Co. ....................................................... .................
Merck and Co. ......-..........................---- ......... .-........................
Club Managers Ass'n (scholarship)...............................................
George Doro Fixture Co. (scholarship) .......................... .......
Columbia County (scholarship at Forest Ranger School) ..........
Ocala Ice & Mfg. Co. (scholarship at Forest Ranger School) .......
Gibson Paperwood Co., Inc., Perry, Fla. (scholarship at Forest
Ranger School) .................... .........-....................... ......
Collier Co., Everglades, Fla. (scholarship at Forest Ranger
School) ........................................................................ ............
Lovett-Steiden-Table Supply Food Stores (scholarship at Forest
Ranger School) .................................. .......... ...... .................
Otis, McAllister & Co., San Francisco, Calif. (scholarship) ...............
Turkish Ministry of National Education (1,600 books) .................
Florida Forestry Ass'n (scholarships) ........................
U. S. Public Health Service ......................................... ......................$ 5,000
U. S. Public Health Service ................................................... 15,120
Brooks, Inc. ................. ...... ... ....................... ......-
Florida Lime & Avacado Growers, Inc .......-.......................
Florida Tropical Fruit Growers Ass'n ........ ..........................
Farman & Kendall ...........................-..........................
Florida Ass'n of Insurance Agents (scholarship) ..........................
National Mineral Feeds Ass'n, Inc. ....................... ...... .....
U. S. Public Health Service .............................................$12,000
Hillsborough County Ladies Auxiliary of Florida State
Pharmaceutical Ass'n (film strips) ......................... .........
Kimberly-Clark Corp. (a 14,500 pound Wet Machine plus
freight charges) ..............................- ...... ...........
Rohm & Haas Co. . --......................................................... 500
Florida Gladiolus Growers Ass'n ............. ................. ..... ..... 200
W illard D M iller ........ ...-....... . ..................... ............................... 500
Robert Gregg (student awards) ........................
National Institute of Health .......................................... 8,500
Ass'n of American Railroads .................. -..... ................... 700
(each of 4
American Cyanamid Co ..............................
Mrs. Frances Best Roy-100 copies of her book ...........................
Donald Roebling-94 books-some of rare collection ........................-
National Vitamin Foundation ...... ....................... ............... .$ 2,500
Swift & Co. ................................................. ........ 21,000
M erck and Co. .. ................................ ............... ........................... 2,000
Newport Industries, Inc. ........................... .... .. ..................... 1,750
American Cancer Society, Florida Division ................. ................... 2,000
Manganese Reduction Corp. of Baltimore ..................... .......... 1,000
Committee on Growth, National Research Council of
American Cancer Society ........... ................................. .. 11,500
American Cyanamid Co. ............................................. 6,500
Joseph E. Hendricks (former U S. Congressman)
Books and papers ..................................
Rockefeller Foundation ......... .... ..... ..................................
Mrs. John H. Wright-100 scientific books .............................
Southern Resin & Chemical Co. (scholarship) ...................................
William Knabb, Macclenny (scholarship) ... ..............
Cummer Lime & Mfg. Co. (scholarship) ............................
Dow Chemical Co .-............ .....~....................... ........ 500
Rayonier Foundation (scholarship) .......... .........................
Foster W. Talbott (Saxton Lloyd Student Loan Fund) ..............
Shell Chemical Corp. .... .................. .... ................... 1,400
Grasselli Chemical Dept..................................................... 300
Mathis Machinery Co.-Pulpwood saw valued at ........................
State of South Carolina
State Educational Finance Commission ...............................- 350
W. & Lovett Food Stores Foundation .......................................... 2,000
Wesco Foods Co. .......-........ ....... ~~................. .......... 400
National Vitamin Foundation, Inc. ...........-.....-............... ........ 2,500
Greenwood Farms .......................... -..-. ...-............. 1,000
American Can Co .............................................................$10,000
Coronet Phosphate Co...... .............. .................... .... .............. 1,900
Hillsborough County Pharmaceutical Auxiliary
.Ass'n-for film strips ..................... ..........................
Damon Runyon Fund ....................... ................ ............. 17,500
Ferro Corp. ................................................. ............... 2,000
Lederle Laboratories ..... .....- ..........-.. .......................... 5,000
Fourdrinier Kraft Board Institute, Inc. .......-..-....-............ ......... 5,800
American Chlorophyll Divison, Strong, Cobb & Co .................... 800
Shell Chemical Corp ............. .......................................... ...... 2,000
Myrtle Elizabeth Peebles-American Tel. & Tel. Co. stock for
establishing Agnes Peebles Memorial Scholarship Trust Fund
Alcoa Steamship Co., Inc. (Caribbean Conf.) .................................
Columbia-Southern Chemical Corp. ..........................................................
Radio Corp of America-TV transmitter valued at ......................
Game & Fresh Water Fish Commission ....................... ..........
William H. Vanderbilt ...............................................
Donald Roebling-Bausch & Lomb Petrographic
Microscope and accessories .............................-------------------
Eastern Brahman Breeders Association
10 pure bred registered Brahman females .............................
Florida State Dept. of Agriculture
Heating system for livestock pavillion ........................
Smith-Rowland Co. .........-..-..............-.............. -------------------------$ 1,500
Ladies Auxiliary of Florida State Pharmaceutical Ass'n
Books .......................... ..............................................
Mrs. A. M. Rabinovic-books .......................................
Miss Elizabeth McDonald and Samuel Darwin McDonald
Books .............-.............--- --............ .-... ................--.....
Florida Agricultural Research Institute-Public address system
for Range Cattle Experimentation Station ..........................
Hercules Powder Co. .........-......-----.......... . .... ............ 1,000
Chilean Nitrate Educational Bureau, Inc. ..............-.............-....... ..... 2,500
Sears Roebuck & Co.-encyclopedia-valued at .............................
All-Bound Box Institute-J. B. Adkins Memorial Scholarship ....
National Institute of Health, Department of Health,
Education and W welfare ................................... ........................ ..... 8,000
Ruskin Vegetable Cooperative ...................-------............... 2,000
American Plant Food Council -...-----...............-......-- ..-....... ......... 2,000
B. F. Goodrich Chemical Co .. ..................... ................. 1,000
Great Southern Trucking Co.-scholarships .............................
Leonard Bros. Transfer & Storage Co., Inc. (scholarships) ...........
Gulf Life Insurance Co. (scholarships) ......... ....................
Mrs. Frederick E. Lykes (scholarship) ...................................
Dodge Division of Chrysler Corp.-engine valued at .....................
Rutherford Lumber Co ........................... --... ----.. ..... ....- 1.800
U. S. Office of Education-Dept. of Health, Education and
Welfare (seminars for 20 foreign students) .............................
American Potash Institute, Inc. ...................... ......... ..... $ 3,600
Kiwanis Club of Bradenton (scholarships) ............... .............
John M. Hammer Foundation (scholarship)............................
Tennessee Corp. of College Park, Ga ................................ ....... 1,000
B. F. Goodrich Chemical Co ..................................... ............. 1,000
National Institute of Health .........-- ........------..............~............- $ 8,500
National Institute of Health ................................................ ....... 5,400
National Institute of Health ........ ..................................................... 3,636
National Institute of Health ................... ..................................
National Institute of Health ................................. ...............
Mrs. W. A. Leukel-25 books ..--.......... ............................ ........ .....
Mrs. W. E. Stokes-55 books ....... ............................... ...............
Costa Rican Government .............-..-.....-................................. $ 526.38
Orkin Exterminating Co., Inc. (scholarship) ............................
Fountain of Youth ..........-............-- ...........---------------------------...... -----.. $ 500
Mrs. Alfred I. duPont and "friend" for completion of purchase of
the John B. Stetson Collection of Floridiana ............. ........
Breyer Ice Cream Co., Philadelphia 150-gallon-per-hour CP
continuous ice cream freezer ................................................. V
International Minerals and Chemical Corp. -...................-................... 3,000
Naugatuck Chemical Co. .............-. .----------------.......----------.... 1,000
each of 2
each of 2
Swift & Co. ...... --...... --....-.. ......-......-.....................-. --.. -------....$--- 8,000
Mrs. J. Hillis Miller-approximately 2,000 books in the
Library of Dr. Miller .......................... ........ -.........
Nutrition Foundation, Inc ................................................... .... 2,500
National Cotton Seed Products Ass'n, Inc. ........................................... 2,250
Shell Chemical Corp. .------......................--...-.......................... 1,400
Shell Agricultural Chemical Division .....-....--------......... ----------------. 500
Shell Chemical Corp. ...--............ ------~~................................ .... 500
Shell Chemical Corp. .-............------------.........-.........-....----------..... 500
Columbia-Southern Chemical Corp. ......-...-...-..--------..................---500
National Science Foundations ....-.....--- .......-...-................ .........$- 1,200
Geigy Chemical Corp. ........ ---------.............--........................ .. 500
American Cyanamid Co. ............--.......----- ........................... ... 2,000
Miss Josephine Loftin (papers of U. S. Sen. Scott M. Loftin) ........
National Institute of Health (3 years) ...........-....................--......... 29,850
Estate of Mitchell M. Rosser (memorial scholarship fund) ...........
North Florida Chapter of the American Institute of Architects
(scholarship fund) .................... ................................
B'nai B'Rith (Jewish Memorial Library) ................................
Grace Chemical Company ...............-------------------................. 2,500
Tayler Corp. ........... ------------............................................ .. 24,000
National Cancer Institute ..........................-......-. ... .....$13,500
National Science Foundation ..................................... 1,200
G. M. Dykes Iron Works, Inc., Miami, and Kruse Bros.,
Belle Glade, tractor-sprayer ........................ -....
E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co. .................... .................... 500
Donald Roebling, Clearwater--2,000 books for the University Library
from father's collection and $350 for shipping expenses ............ Value unknown
Dow Chemical Company, Midland, Mich. .......................................... 750
Park, Davis & Co., Detroit ..................................... ... ........... .... 3,600
American Plant Food Council, Inc., Washington ........................... 1,000
U. S. Sugar Corp. ..................................... 5,000
Chas. Pfizer & Co., Inc. ............................................... 1,500
Food Fair Stores (scholarships) .................... .................. $ 1,500
American Cancer Society, Inc. .......... .................. ...........- 11,550
Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co. ..... ....--.. ............................... 473.23
Cuprinol Division, Darworth, Inc., Simsbury, Conn.
(Cold Press) ........... ....-..-......... ............................ 235
Florida Feed Dealers Association
Griscombe Microfilm Reader-Model PA .................................... Value unknown
Swift & Company ....... .......................................... ........ 8,000
Callaway Milk Company ............. ............. .......................... 200
Lilly Research Laboratories ................. .........- ..-.. ........... 5,000
International Minerals & Chemical Corp. .................................... 5,000
Coronet Phosphate Corp. ................................................. 750
Lederle Laboratories Division, American Cynamid Company ......... 5,000
Pasco Co. Fair Association, Inc., Dade City-two acres of land ........ Value unknown
M rs. E. V. Caldwell (scholarship) ............................... ...................... 1,000
National Science Foundation ................ ......... 6,500
Commercial Solvents Corp., Terre Haute, Ind ........................... 1,500
Florida Fruit and Vegetable Ass'n, Orlando ...................................... 4,000
American Turpentine Farmers' Ass'n ........................................... .$ 1,000
Soft Phosphate Research Institute ................................ ......... 2,000
Damon Runyon Memorial Fund ........... ..... ............ 10,000
Westinghouse Educational Foundation ....................... ....... 500
International Business Machines ......... .....- ...... ....... 500
Senator W alter B. Fraser ......... .. ................. ---......... .............. ...... 200
Dade County Boys 4-H Club Leaders Ass'n (scholarship) ................ $ 100
Wilson's Department Store, Gainesville (scholarship) ..................... 150
Gainesville Junior Chamber of Commerce (scholarship) ................ 250
Agricultural Research Service, Albany, Calif. (flexometer)
Valued at ......~~. .-........... ........ ...... ..... .........550
RESOLUTIONS ON THE DEATH OF
PRESIDENT J. HILLIS MILLER
WHEREAS, Dr. J. Hillis Miller has served the State of Florida with distinction as
President of the University of Florida from October, 1947, to November, 1953, and
WHEREAS, During this period he gave to the University outstanding leadership in
developing a physical plant, a financial structure, and an educational program, thereby
enhancing the position of prominence of the University of Florida, and
WHEREAS, He was a man of exceptional ability and integrity; a distinguished educa-
tor; a mature and honored scholar; a leader who contributed significantly to the economic,
social, and cultural betterment of our State; and a Christian gentleman of the highest
WHEREAS, His brilliant career was ended by his untimely death on November 14,
THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED:
That the Board of Control expresses its feeling of great loss and deep regret
upon the death of this great educational leader;
That the Board of Control expresses its deep appreciation for his faithful
and distinguished service, and for his substantial contribution to the welfare
of the State of Florida;
That the Board of Control conveys to Mrs. Miller and her family its ex-
pression of deepest sympathy; and
That these resolutions be spread upon the Minutes of the Board of Control
as a permanent record of its appreciation for the life of Dr. Miller.
W. F. Powers
RESOLUTION OF FACULTY OF UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
Assembled November 19, 1953
BE IT RESOLVED: We concur heartily in the resolution of appreciation of Dr. J. Hillis
Miller adopted by the Senate of the University. We also endorse the establishment of
the J. Hillis Miller Scholarship Fund, for which contributions are now being received.
The untimely death of President J. Hillis Miller is a source of sorrow to the members
of the University of Florida faculty. This meeting assembled on the call of the University
of Florida Chapter, American Association of University Professors, wishes to express
sincere sympathy to Mrs. J. Hillis Miller and other members of the family. We believe that
the growth, progress, and sound scholarship which Dr. Miller stood for set a fine example
for the future of the University. His contribution has indeed been great.
The death of our President has served to focus attention upon those qualities which
stamped him as a leader and as an outstanding administrator. He possessed a warm
and genial personality and, although a resident of Florida for a relatively short period,
he numbered his friends in the thousands. He was a man of great courage and personal
integrity who never hesitated to take a stand on a controversial question if the circum-
stances dictated that he should do so. He possessed a keen and active mind, and his
writings are characterized by lucidity of thought and brilliance of expression. He was
an extremely effective speaker with a warm sense of humor and an almost uncanny ability
to hold the attention of his audiences.
But most of all he was a great scholar. His broad scholarship, matured and enriched
by years of experience as an educational administrator, was, in our opinion, the most im-
portant single factor in establishing him as a successful university president and an out-
standing leader in American education.
As we face this crisis we recognize our good fortune in the availability of Vice Presi-
dent John S. Allen, now Acting President, who was so closely identified with the policies
of our late President, and with the underlying principles on which they were based. To
him, we express confidence and loyal support as he assumes the heavier burdens which
now become his responsibility. We believe that faculty, students, and the people of the
state may be assured of the wisdom with which he will administer the affairs of the
Finally, we wish to express approval of the newspaper statements of Monday, November
16, and Wednesday, November 18, by the Chairman of the Board of Control, Mr. Hollis
Rinehart, as to the choice of a new president. This is in keeping with the precedents of
1928 and 1947, whereby on both occasions outstanding educators were selected to head the
University of Florida. The presidents chosen have greatly contributed to the steady de-
velopment of the University. According to both these statements and the earlier policies,
the Board will "need some time to screen leading educators who may be available for the
position." We believe this to be an eminently sound procedure and wish to express our
hearty concurrence to the Board, which will understand the deep and abiding interest
of the faculty in the selection of a president.
A letter of condolence shall be sent to Mrs. J. Hillis Miller, and copies of this resolution
shall be transmitted to the Acting President, Dr. John S. Allen, and through him to the
Chairman of the Board of Control, Mr. Hollis Rinehart.
A. P. Black
RESOLUTION OF THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
ALUMNI ASSOCIATION ON THE DEATH OF
DR. J. HILLIS MILLER
WHEREAS, Dr. J. Hillis Miller devoted his life primarily to the cause of education, serving
during his span of years as instructor at William and Mary College, Dean of Men at Bucknell
University, President of Keuka College, Associate Commissioner of Education for the State
of New York, and during the all too short years prior to his death as President of the
University of Florida, and
WHEREAS, under his vigorous leadership, the University of Florida made rapid progress
in stature and in size, with student enrollment increasing from a pre-war figure of ap-
proximately thirty-four hundred to a present figure of approximately ninety-eight hundred,
and with a program of expansion launched that has already seen the construction of over
fifteen million dollars' worth of new buildings and facilities, and
WHEREAS, in his busy, active and zestful life he became one of the nation's outstand-
ing educators, yet found time also to be a devoted husband and father and an active par-
ticipant in civic and religious affairs and matters, where always he was a source of infinite
strength and influence, and
WHEREAS, believing, as he did, that "character is nature's chief goal" and possessing
to an unusual degree, as he did, the rare combination of tact, intelligence, humor, skill
and industry, he became and was in the fullest sense a builder and molder of men and
WHEREAS, he has left behind him as a heritage and to a degree few men achieve as
monuments to his memory, not only physical things such as buildings and facilities, serving
the cause of education and the cause of God, but better educational standards and methods
and better men and women, and
WHEREAS, while we must and do bow before God in His Infinite Wisdom, we do so
in grief and sorrow for the loss of a man and a friend of Florida and its people, whose
life was one of constant inspiration and help to us all, and who will be long remembered
and mourned, NOW THEREFORE
BE IT RESOLVED by the members of the University of Florida Alumni Association,
in meeting solemnly assembled, that we here record the great personal loss that we have
sustained in the death of Dr. J. Hillis Miller, and that we do by this Resolution extend
and manifest our deep and abiding heartfelt sympathy to all of the members of his family.
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that a page in the Minute Book of this Association be
set aside, to be known henceforth as the Page of Dr. J. Hillis Miller, and that this Resolu-
tion be thereon transcribed, and that a copy of it be sent to the members of his family.
Dated at Gainesville, Florida, this 27th day of March, 1954.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA ALUMNI ASSOCIATION
B y ......................... ........... .......................
Leland W. Hiatt
WHEREAS, under the administrative leadership of Dr. J. Hillis Miller, the University
of Florida has attained national recognition as a major State university, having advanced
academically, in facilities and in annual resources; and
WHEREAS, Dr. Miller's education attainments and his prominence in national
educational affairs have brought great credit and honor to the University of Florida
and to the State of Florida; and
WHEREAS, he has been taken from this world, to the great loss of his family, the
University, the State, and the Nation;
BE IT THEREFORE RESOLVED that the Board of Trustees of the University of
Miami, in meeting November 16, 1953, formally expresses its deep sympathy to his
family, to the Board of Control, to the University of Florida, its staff, its students,
and its alumni; records its complete awareness of the deep loss that all have sustained,
and directs that this resolution be spread upon the minutes and be conveyed by the proper
officers of the University of Miami to Mrs. J. Hillis Miller and to the Board of Control
of the State of Florida.
Given this 16th day of November, 1953.
Daniel J. Mahoney
Attest: Jay F. W. Pearson
C. Doren Tharp President
The Board of Trustees of Rollins College in session December 15, 1953, received
with regret the news of the death of Dr. J. Hillis Miller, President of the University of
Florida, and passed the following resolution:
Be it resolved that the trustees of Rollins College express to the officers
and faculty of the University of Florida their feelings of regret and loss in
the death of Dr. J. Hillis Miller on November 14, 1953. The quality of
leadership that he gave the University of Florida was a contribution to
higher education in the whole state as well as to that institution. It is
our hope and belief that the results of his emphasis upon scholarship and
sound principles of academic administration will long continue in the institu-
tions of this state.
Be it further resolved that a copy of this resolution be sent to the Board
of Control, the Office of the President of the University of Florida, and
to the family of Dr. Miller.
George W. Johnson
Secretary of the Board of Trustees of
Hugh F. McKean
President of Rollins College
We have received with a profound feeling of shock and disbelief the news that
Dr. J. Hillis Miller, President of the University of Florida, had passed away on November
14, 1953, following a heart attack. To the end he carried heavy administrative responsi-
bilities without complaint and without loss of the thoughtfulness and good cheer which
had always endeared him to his friends and associates.
Hillis Miller, as a native of Virginia and in recent years as the vigorous chief
executive of the University of Florida, was recognized as a leading representative of the
finest cultural tradition of the South. His educational contributions in Pennsylvania
and New York brought him distinction as a young man, a distinction which gained luster
with every passing year until his influence became strongly and constructively felt on
educational policies of national and international importance.
In the American Council on Education the work of Hillis Miller was always of a
very high order and it brought out the cooperative and genial traits in his rich personality.
He had served on the Committee on Religion and Education from its inception in 1944,
and on the Problems and Policies Committee since the spring of 1952. He had been a
delegate to the American Council on Education from the Association of Land-Grant
Colleges and Universities for three years. In all these activities, as in the many public
responsibilities he carried elsewhere, Hillis Miller was a loyal and devoted leader.
To his family the members of the Council express their deepest sympathy.
Arthur S. Adams
Attest: A true copy President
February 5, 1954
Joseph Hillis Miller, President of the University of Florida, was born in Virginia on
August 29, 1899 and died in Gainesville, Florida on November 14, 1953. Educated at the
University of Richmond, the University of Virginia, and Columbia University, Dr. Miller
early combined a career in psychology with substantial administrative assignments. As
professor, dean, state education official, college and university president, he carried on his
work with unselfish devotion. Always congenial, Hillis Miller had a host of friends over
the entire country, drawn to him by his great qualities of wit and personal charm. Having
lived and worked in both the north and the south, he was indeed a universal citizen.
Hillis Miller's academic achievements were solid; they form an enduring monument.
Beyond this, there is the treasured memory of a man who worked tirelessly toward the
highest goals in education, religion, and human welfare. He will be long remembered.
RESOLUTION OF THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF STATE UNIVERSITIES
Passed at the Annual Meeting, May 4, 1954, Salt Lake City, Utah
At its annual meeting held December 10 and 11, 1953, in Lexington, Kentucky, the
Southeastern Conference adopted the following resolution:
WHEREAS, the untimely death of President J. Hillis Miller has removed
from this Conference a warm friend, a wise counsellor and a competent ad-
WHEREAS, he served the Conference as a member of the Executive
Committee, Vice President and President, and
WHEREAS, he gave of his precious time, outstanding ability in the service
of the Conference,
NOW THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the Conference express its
sense of great loss and extend to his family and to the University of Florida its
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that these resolutions be inscribed on a
memorial page in the minutes of the Conference and that copies of these
resolutions be furnished his family and his University.
Yours very truly,
N. W. Dougherty
WHEREAS, God, in his infinite wisdom, has called DR. J. HILLIS MILLER from this
this life; and
WHEREAS, Dr. Miller, as President of the University of Florida, guided that great
institution through a remarkable period of growth and development, remaining at all
times a warmly human and inspiring educator; and
WHEREAS, during his residence in Gainesville, Dr. Miller gave unstintingly of his
time and energy to the advancement of our City, and through his genial personality and
devoted interest to our citizens, endeared himself within the hearts of the people of our
WHEREAS, the death of Dr. J. Hillis Miller has taken from our midst a truly great
and unselfish public servant and friend;
BE IT RESOLVED BY THE COMMISSION OF THE CITY OF GAINESVILLE
That this Commission, being deeply conscious of the high esteem in which the late
Dr. J. Hillis Miller was held by the citizens of Gainesville, does express on its behalf and
on behalf of those citizens, heartfelt sympathy to the family of the deceased; and it is
FURTHER RESOLVED: That a copy of this resolution be spread upon the minutes
of this Commission and that a copy be forwarded to the family of the deceased.
UNANIMOUSLY ADOPTED this 7th day of December, 1953.
C. B. Bohannon, Jr.
John M. Steadham
Attest: Joseph Wise
A. Clarence O'Neill R. M. Chamberlin
Clerk of the Commission S. Clark Butler
In special session of this November 16, 1953, we the Executive Council of the Uni-
versity of Florida most solemnly resolve that the passing of the Honorable J. Hillis
Miller has come as a great and personal loss to each member of the student body. Doctor
Miller demonstrated greatness in his sensitivity to our needs as his students and is never
to be forgotten in the minds and hearts of all. Doctor Miller planned as if he were to live
forever; and in the growth of a great university, in the accomplishments of thousands of
men and women devoted and indebted to his great dream, he shall.
With deepest sympathy
James L. Harris
President, Student Body
REPORT OF THE DEAN OF THE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE
To the President of the University:
In the brief biennial report requested from the College, it has been our policy for
some time to present some one characteristic or outstanding achievement of the unit for
the biennium instead of reporting scantily concerning our many activities. Perhaps at this
biennium it is in order to indicate what is being done to evaluate and improve the General
Education program at the University of Florida.
First, the National Evaluation Program of General Education, conducted by the Ameri-
can Council on Education, has completed its formal work. The Council selected twenty
universities and colleges of the country that had well established General Education pro-
grams. The University of Florida was one of the universities chosen. We sent representa-
tives during the summers of 1950, 1951, and 1952 and committee members at other
times to the national workshop conducted at Michigan State College. Two of our men
were chairmen of their respective groups. The groups, social science, humanities, science,
etc., were largely concerned with listing the common objectives of General Education, means
of reaching these objectives, and the preparation of tests that would measure the progress
of students towards these objectives. We gave the tests that had been prepared to our
students before class work and after the work was completed. Valuable information
and insights were obtained concerning the student group here, their comparative progress.
the organized materials of the courses, and our own testing procedures. All this has been
significant for revisions of textual materials and the improvement of our examinations.
During the past three or four years, the students have taken advantage of the plans
devised earlier for dealing with superior students. Over two hundred students have
passed some of the comprehensive courses, on their own, without the help of class attendance.
This enables them to work out a richer, deeper study or permits them to reach their
respective fields of concentration earlier.
The staff of American Institutions has voted to experiment in 1954-55 with four
controlled sections. Two will involve superior students and two unselected students--both
groups to be given special instruction. Hence a three-way comparison will be made: the
progress of superior students with special instruction, the progress of unselected students
with special instruction, and the progress of the others in the common program.
During the past two years, the staff has put through two revisions of the syllabus.
Five members of the teaching group are now engaged in writing a text scheduled for
publication by the Dryden Press in 1955.
In the Humanities group a similar experimental plan will be put into operation for
superior students who wish to go beyond the core requirements of the course. The staff
is planning to use a variation of the seminar method of instruction for these students.
The results will be carefully watched and measured.
The Humanities group yearly makes an evaluation study of both faculty judgments
and student reaction. The results are used for program modification. More than a score
of other institutions of higher learning have requested copies of this student evaluation
Perhaps the Biological Science group has been most active during the period in working
with other University of Florida units to meet common needs. These other committees
University Committee on Biological Sciences (Dean Chandler, Chairman)
University Committee on Teacher Training (C. F. Byers, Chairman)
College of Arts and Science Committee on Training Superior Students (John
College of Agriculture Committee on Curriculum Revision (H. G. Hamilton,
These committees have spent many hours with the common problems involved. The
results have been helpful in planning revisions, laboratory equipment, and staff needs.
The C-3 staff has continued its self-evaluation of its work through committee reports
and staff discussions. During 1953-54 the following committees studied the appropriate
phase of C-3 and reported to the staff: (1) Tests and Examinations; (2) Writing Labora-
tory Proceures; (3) Parallel Reading; (4) Lecture Program and Procedure. Out of
these studies came recommendations, many of which were accepted by the staff and are
being put into effect.
Since its inception C-3 has undergone constant examination and re-examination by
the staff. The preparation of four texts, culminating in the publication of College English:
the First Year in 1952, has resulted since 1940. College English was a big advance in
bringing together all our freshmen English materials under one cover. The C-3 Syllabus,
which attempts to synchronize the various language activities and to provide for the improved
use of materials, has been revised many times. This fall the staff will begin using the
seventeenth revision of the Syllabus since 1935, when it was first written. Every phase of
the C-3 program is continuously subjected to constructive criticism and revision when
During the past year studies were made of the staff scores assigned in speeches and
compositions, both on examinations and in the classroom. From these a composite curve
was drawn, upon a copy of which was superimposed each instructor's curve of scores.
In this way the staff has arrived at a more nearly common base of evaluation-a very
important factor in the success of our comprehensive courses in which all students qualify
by taking a common examination.
Annual studies have also been made of student parallel reading reports and timed-
reading charts to determine the quality and the quantity of work done by C-3 students
with a view to improving procedures.
All reports have been the basis of staff meetings where the meaning and results of
the studies were discussed and where plans for improvement were formulated.
Since the inception of the University College, continuous effort has been exerted to
strengthen the testing function. During the past year this effort was greatly increased
in C-3 and C-5 by the appointment of Professor Clarence Derrick of the Educational
Testing Service of Princeton, New Jersey, to direct the testing in these courses. With
one especially trained in test construction, evaluation, and interpretation, the important
testing function is receiving even more careful and expert attention.
The professional activities and scholarly publications of the faculty continue in a very
desirable way. During the biennium more than twenty articles from the American
Institutions staff have been published in national journals. A text, The Revolution in
American Foreign Policy by Dr. Carleton, has been published by Doubleday. Dr. Svarlien's
voluminous text International Law, being published by McGraw Hill, is now in galley-
proof form. Dr. Funk's text Source Problems in Twentieth Century History, mentioned
in an earlier report, was published by American Book Company in 1953. Five members
of the American Institutions staff are under contract with the Dryden Press for a new
text for the course. This will be published in 1955.
The Physical Science staff finds their new text, Our Physical Environment by Gaddum
and Knowles, very stimulating. This text came from the publisher, Houghton Mifflin, in
The C-3 staff has continued its professional and scholarly activities as evidenced
by its participation in professional groups and by the publication of texts and research
papers. The Meaning in Reading, Third Edition, by Professors J. Hooper Wise, J. E.
Congleton and A. C. Morris of the College of Arts and Sciences, was published in 1953
by Harcourt, Brace and Company. In the spring of 1954 these authors published Form
Two of the Exercise Manual to accompany College English: the First Year. They have
been asked by the publisher to prepare a revised edition of College English for publica-
tion in the spring of 1956. Besides, a score of scholarly papers have been prepared by
Professors D. E. Baughan, R. H. Bowers, J. E. Congleton, George D. Spache, and J.
This staff has also been active in professional meetings, both regional and national.
Professor Spache has served as president of the National Association for Remedial Teaching
and member of the National Committee on Diagnostic Reading Tests. Professor Wise
has spoken before the National Council of Teachers of English and the Conference on
College Composition and Communication, and served as a consultant to the College Asso-
ciation of Mississippi and the Junior College Association of Georgia. He also served as
president of the Florida Council of Teachers of English and assisted on committees of
the Southern Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools in the evaluation of several
colleges in North Carolina and Georgia. Professor Congleton spoke before the recent
St. Louis meeting of the Conference on College Composition and Communication, and
at Florida State University before the Conference on the Evaluation of General Educa-
tion. Professor Derrick has been appointed chairman of the Committee on Testing of
the National Council of Teachers of English. During the 1953 summer session, Professor
Spache taught in the University of Chicago; Professor Wise, in Columbia University.
Several staff members of Applied Logic have completed the manuscriDt for a text in
Applied Logic. Houghton Mifflin has contracted to publish this early in 1955.
In the Biological Science group, Dr. Carr's Book High Jungles and Low was published
by the University of Florida Press in 1953. He is under contract with Alfred A. Knopp
for a book concerning sea going turtles. Dr. Lewis Berner spent the summer of 1952
in the Lake Nyassa region of East Africa on a medical entomological survey of this
drainage area for the British Military Government. He was accompanied by Dr. Carr.
In August of 1953, the National Institute of Public Health gave Dr. Berner a $4,845
grant to conduct a Mayfly survey in southeastern United States.
Our facilities for audio-visual work in classrooms and laboratories are very limited.
Our budget request will be made to correct a part of this deficiency. Being unable during
the present biennium to purchase new books and replace worn out ones was quite dis-
couraging. Some of the professional schools of the Upper Division wish us to provide
their prospective students in the General Education science courses with laboratory ex-
periences. This can be done as soon as laboratory space and equipment are provided.
Many needed classrooms have been added during this biennium and desirable office space
has been provided for instructors.
This report would not be complete without our note of pride and appreciation con-
cerning the new teaching auditorium that has been provided. Several of our courses
have lectures, discussions and laboratories. But until now we have never had a small
lecture hall to present adequately our topics of study. The new Walker teaching audi-
torium seems to supply this need in a most desirable way.
COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES
To the President of the University:
Sir: I respectfully submit the following report of the activities of the College of
Arts and Sciences for the biennium ending June 30, 1954:
The following tables indicate the number of students formally enrolled as "majors"
in the College during this period. Data are also presented showing the number of degrees
recommended by the faculty of the College during the biennium. Attention is directed
to the consistent increase in the number of Ph.D. degrees being earned by graduate students
of this College. In terms of areas covered and number of degrees granted, our doctoral
program is the largest in the University.
College of Arts and Sciences
Summer session .................... ......... ........ 1952 199 230
Fall ......... ........... .... .................. 1952 459 336
Spring ..................... ......................... ........ 1953 499 331
TO TA L ............................................... 1,157 897
Summer Session ..... ............................... .... 1953 189 221
Fall -.......... ........... ............ .. .............1953 500 355
Spring ..................................... ............ 1954 497 337
TOTAL ............. .... ......... ....................1,186 913
BA BS BS in CY BS in JM MA MS PHD
August .............. 1952 32 13 2 0 23 8 8
January ............. 1953 42 10 3 10 8 8 9
June .................... 1953 123 26 6 18 17 8 11
TOTAL ...... 197 49 11 28 48 24 28
TOTAL UNDERGRADUATES (NO JM) .................. 257
TOTAL GRADUATES .................. .. .............. ........ 100
August ................ 1953 31 12 4 1 9 5 10
January .............. 1954 25 11 4 8 18 5 6
June .................... 1954 104 29 6 25 16 5 18
TOTAL ...... 160 52 14 34 43 15 34
TOTAL UNDERGRADUATES (NO JM) ................ 226
TOTAL GRADUATES ...................... ..................... 92
During the first year of the biennium there was a slight decrease in the size of the
instructional staff of the College. For the academic year 1952-53 there were 163 full-time
faculty on our staff. During the second year of the biennium this number was increased
I regretfully report the death of R. H. Humphrey, Instructor of Speech. Mr. Humphrey
was appointed a member of our faculty in September, 1952 and died August 15, 1953.
B. F. Dostal, Associate Professor of Mathematics, was retired from active duty on June
30, 1953. Dr. Dostal served as a member of our instructional staff for 26 years. During this
period he contributed materially to the program of the Department of Mathematics.
Resignations took from our staff:
A. A. Broyles, Associate Professor of Physics
H. P. Hanson, Associate Professor of Physics
E. F. Low, Instructor in Physics (Interim)
H. R. Marshall, Assistant Professor of Political Science
R. H. Mason, Instructor in Mathematics and Astronomy
W. E. Millett, Assistant Professor of Physics
M. A. Morinigo, Associate Professor of Foreign Languages
W. B. Parks, Instructor in Sociology and Anthropology
David Pomeroy, Assistant Professor of Physics (Interim)
D. R. Purdy, Instructor in Physics
E. G. Reitz, Associate Professor of Chemistry
V. J. Senn, Assistant Professor of Chemistry
Leaves of absence were granted during the biennium as follows:
B. Aratowsky, Assistant Professor, Foreign Languages, Ford Fellowship
A. A. Broyles, Assistant Professor of Physics-Military
R. L. Day, Instructor in Geography-Professional Improvement
F. H. Hartmann, Associate Professor of Political Science-Fulbright Fellowship
John D. Kilby, Assistant Professor of Biology-Military
E. G. Kovach, Assistant Professor of Chemistry-to accept duty with U. S. Navy
Cynthia Larry, Assistant Professor of Speech-Professional Improvement
John M. Maclachlan, Head Professor of Sociology and Anthropology-to partici-
pate in Medical Center Planning
H. R. Marshall, Assistant Professor of Political Science-Professional Improvement
D. R. Purdy, Instructor, Physics-Military
H. M. Wallbrunn, Assistant Professor of Biology-Professional Improvement
H. R. Warfel, Professor of English-Fulbright Fellowship
During the past two years the following changes occurred in the administrative structure
of the College:
Dr. G. R. Bartlett, Professor of Philosophy, was appointed Head Professor
Dr. C. F. Byers, Professor of Biology and Chairman of C-6, was appointed
Assistant Dean of the College in charge of Graduate work.
Dr. A. B. Grobman, Associate Professor of Biology, was appointed Direc-
tor of the University Museum.
The biennium has been a most productive one from the standpoint of research and other
scholarly and professional activities by members of the College staff. The scope of this
activity is indicated in the following table:
Books published ...-...........-.. ------------.............. .... 40
Journal articles -..--------.................. -.. .. --...-.. - ...- ..-....-... ................ 342
Reviews and other publications ....................................... .. ............... 81
Research grants (number) ................. ............................ ................ 57
Research grants (amount) .......................... ..... ..... ............. $449,185.00
Participation in professional activities:
Staff members filling major offices ............--.--......---------- -.................. 75
Editorial positions held by staff ........................ ..... .......................... 37
Number of staff attending meetings ..-.......... -------. ......................... 212
Number of meetings attended ...........--......-- ..-..-............ ......... ..... ..... 465
Numuer of papers presented .....................-. ..-..--..-..-....-................... 270
Professional honors and special recognition:
Twenty-seven members of our faculty have received during the past two years
special professional recognition. These included two honorary degrees from
other universities and one decoration from a foreign nation.
Graduate Program-College of Arts and Sciences
The current biennium saw the establishment of a plan for graduate study at the Uni-
versity of Florida whereby each of the Colleges was given administrative control of its
graduate program under minimum supervision by the Graduate Council. In line with this
policy, the College of Arts and Sciences set up machinery to handle its graduate students
beginning in July of 1952.
Under the direction of Dr. C. F. Byers as Assistant Dean in charge of graduate work,
the College has moved rapidly toward assuming full responsibility for the selection of graduate
students, the advisement of graduate students, the formulation of requirements for our
various degrees, an evaluation of the graduate course offerings, the establishment of high
graduate standards, and the setting up of office records and machinery.
As a result of a series of meetings with the Heads of Departments offering graduate
work, we published, in 1953, a twenty-four page booklet on "The Graduate Studies Pro-
gram in the College of Arts and Sciences". Over one thousand copies have been distributed.
Considerable effort and money have been spent in establishing office records, equipment,
and routine to handle this program. We are over the hump on this problem. Our records
are complete, or nearly complete, for most students. Those who entered the graduate
school prior to 1952 still pose an occasional problem.
The College has continued to maintain its thorough academic counselling program during
the past academic year. Thirty members of its faculty served on the Advisement Panel
and all students in the College had at least one appointment with an adviser during each
term in residence. This program has now been in operation for 5 years. During each year
about one-fifth of the Advisement Panel members are replaced for one reason or another.
As of the present time, about fifty of the present faculty members of this College are serving
or have served as members of the Advisement Panel. This amounts to a quarter of our
entire faculty. Perhaps never before in the history of the College has so great a proportion
of its faculty been so well educated in the details of degree requirements and related student
difficulties. The system would appear to be resulting in a steadily increasing dividend in
effective, but informal faculty advisement in addition to the regular program of academic
The past academic year has also seen an expansion of the advisement services available
to our students. An arrangement has been worked out with the University Placement
Coordinating Office to act as the placement office for students in this College. This
office, under the direction of Mr. Maurice Mayberry, has made an excellent beginning in
developing a placement service for our students, and I should like to take advantage of
this opportunity to express our appreciation for this cooperation both to Mr. Mayberry
and to Dean Wise, of whose organization Mr. Mayberry's office is a part.
The pre-medical and pre-dental advisement office, under Dr. Benjamin Leavitt, has
reported to me that 16 of our students have been accepted this past year to dental school,
and that 35 of our students have been accepted to medical schools. This latter figure is
especially significant in view of the fact that these 35 students were all of the students
regularly registered with the pre-medical office who applied for admission to medical school
Curriculum and Instruction
Superior Student Study
During the past two years this College applied for and received a grant of $23,000 from
the fund for the Advancement of Education of the Ford Foundation for the purpose of
studying the education of superior students at the University of Florida. This study, under
the direction of Professor John M. Webb of the Department of Economics, was completed
early in the past academic year, and is reported under the title "Educational Opportunity
and Ability". The late President Miller received this report enthusiastically, so much so in
fact, that he called a special assembly of the University faculty to discuss it. At the time
of his death, plans were well under way to implement the recommendations of this report
and to establish a program for the education of superior students at the University of
Florida, as contemplated by the report. I plan to resubmit this report to the University
administration when a new University President has been appointed.
Speech and Communications
Two years ago the College Curriculum Committee requested that a policy determination
be made with respect to the departmental location of the courses and degree programs in
radio and television training. The University Planning and Policies Committee decided
that the radio-TV work, as offered in the Department of Speech, should be withdrawn from
that Department and combined with related courses offered in the School of Journalism.
This Committee further determined that the School of Journalism should be enlarged to
enable it to offer a separate professional degree in radio and television work. I wish to
report that the curricular and administrative rearrangements necessary to implement these
policy determinations have been accomplished. The new School of Journalism and Com-
munications now exists as a part of the College of Arts and Sciences. It offers the new
Bachelor of Science in Communications degree in addition to the Bachelor of Science in
Journalism which was previously offered by the School of Journalism. The courses in
radio and television previously offered in the Department of Speech have been reexamined
by the Curriculum Committee of the College, and most of these have been transferred to
the new School of Journalism and Communications under the departmental title, Com-
munications. Final details of advisement, curricular requirements, and staff changes are
now in the process of being worked out.
The Curriculum Committee of the College, at the request of the President's Office, worked
out the details of a new group major in Sanitary Science which would permit students reg-
istered in this College to specialize in those courses most suitable for preparing the in-
dividual for base level employment as sanitarians. The faculty of this College has approved
this new group major, and with the beginning of the academic year 1954-55, this work
will be available to students in Arts and Sciences.
The History Experiment
In the years following World War II, expanding enrollments were accompanied by
expanding curricula. Frequently the press of expanding enrollments was such that
courses and degree programs were added without sufficient study to insure that the new
additions were carefully integrated with the older programs. One of the major objectives
of the administration of this College during the past 4 or 5 years has been to reexamine
the course offerings of its various departments to insure that its instructional program
was being maintained under conditions of the greatest possible efficiency. No department
in the College has been more cooperative in this effort than has the Department of History
under the Chairmanship of Professor R. W. Patrick. In 1950-51, the Department of History
listed in the University catalogue a total of 92 courses of instruction, both graduate and
undergraduate. The current 1953-54 catalogue lists 71 such courses, 41 were undergraduate,
and 30 were graduate. After careful study, the Department of History requested permis-
sion to cut its undergraduate offerings to 24 basic History courses for undergraduate stu-
dents, and one undergraduate course number to be used for individual work. The 24 basic
History courses will serve the purposes of most undergraduate students in the University
of Florida. By means of the one additional individual work course, there will be preserved
for the exceptional student and the Professor of History, the opportunity for the Professor
to work in an area in which he is specializing and the student to work in an area which
would not normally be available. It is anticipated that the overall effect will be an increase
in the instructional efficiency of the Department of History. The College office is watching
this situation with a great deal of interest. Whether this experiment will set a pattern
toward which the College will wish to work with respect to other Departments will depend
upon our experience in this instance.
The Department of Art
Although the College of Arts and Sciences offers major and group major work in the
Department of Art to its students, this Department has been administratively housed in
the College of Architecture and Allied Arts. At the beginning of the last academic year
this department made a formal request to the University administration to have its ad-
ministrative location transferred from the College of Architecture and Allied Arts to this
College. The Curriclum Committee of this College, and the College office, studied the
situation, and found no basis on which to object to such a transfer. During the past
academic year, the situation has been studied by a University Committee, and I now under-
stand that the recommendation of this Committee is that the Department of Art should be
transferred to this College. In the event that this transfer occurs, it is not anticipated that
there will be any difficulty with respect to curricular adjustments and degree requirements.
I am pleased to report that the laboratories for the first 4 semesters of study in the
Spanish, French, and German languages, which were instituted in the last biennium, are
working out very successfully. A recent questionnaire study by the Department of Foreign
Languages indicates that the overwhelming majority of the elementary language students
find the laboratory work a decided help in their language study. Dr. Brunet, Chairman
of this Department, is planning further expansion of the laboratory work in connection
with motion picture films and other visual aids to supplement the tape recordings now being
used. Although the College is not yet prepared to make claim, it is our long range
objective, in connection with the Foreign Language program, that we shall be able
eventually to give the student a functional working use of a modern foreign language
within the 4 semesters of elementary language study necessary to meet our foreign lan-
During the past year a University Committee, under the Chairmanship of Dean Chandler,
has been making an exhaustive survey of the Biological Sciences in the University and
the problems of instruction, which are peculiar to this area. This College has requested
this Committee to furnish it a statement of the problems relating to the Biological Sciences
as the Committee has come to understand these. It is anticipated on receipt of this
material from the Committee that the College Curriculum Committee and the College office
will make every effort toward a solution of these problems insofar as the activities or
cooperation of this College is concerned.
A New Department of Astronomy and Meteorology
Dr. Russell Poor, who has been acting as Chairman of the division of the Physical
Sciences in the College of Arts and Sciences, as well as Provost of the Medical School
for the University, has requested that the work in Astronomy which has been offered in
connection with the Department of Mathematics, and the work in Meteorology which has
been offered in connection with the Department of Physics, be combined into a new
independent department in the College of Arts and Sciences. The Curriculum Committee
has studied this request and has approved it. It is anticipated that at some time in the
forthcoming biennium the College will establish this department.
The Institute of Water Chemistry
During the past year Dr. Poor, acting in his capacity as Chairman of the Division of the
Physical Sciences in this College, has been making a thorough study of the Department
of Chemistry. As a result of this study, Board of Control approval has already been
received in principle for the establishment of an Institute of Water Chemistry under the
direction of Dr. A. P. Black, a national authority in this area, and currently Chairman
of the Department of Chemistry here. It is anticipated that the forth-coming biennium will
see this institute established.
New Graduate Degrees
The Curriculum Committee of the College has recently received and approved three
new graduate degrees in the Departments of the College of Arts and Sciences. These are
the Doctor of Philosophy degree in the Department of Sociology, the Doctor of Philosophy
degree in the Department of Geography, and the Master of Science degree in the Depart-
ment of Geology. These programs will be instituted with the beginning of the next bien-
nium contingent upon the approval of the Graduate Council and the Board of Control.
During the past year the College also proposed to the Graduate Council that the
Department of Foreign Languages be authorized to offer the Doctor of Philosophy degree
in Classics. After study, the Graduate Council denied this request on the ground that
the available staff in the area of the Classics was not sufficient. During the past three
years the enrollment in courses in Latin and Greek at the undergraduate level has shown
a considerable increase. It may be possible that this enrollment will in the future
justify the addition of another person in the Classics area in which case it is possible that
the proposal for a Doctor's degree in this area may be resubmitted to the Graduate Council.
Physical Needs and General Recommendations
The need for additional space continues to be the basic problem confronting the College.
In each of my biennial reports since 1948 I have reported a desperate need for space. Cur-
rently the need is greater than it was six years ago. With a steady increase in the number
of students, and with the College constantly accepting additional academic responsibilities,
I once again respectfully request that additional space be made available for our use.
The instructional programs of several departments of the College are seriously re-
tarded because of inadequate teaching facilities. Additional class rooms are badly needed.
Once again I request that consideration be given to the advantages to be derived from
the construction of a University theatre.
I am pleased by the assurance which I have received that Floyd Hall and the Horticul-
ture Building will be turned over to the College of Arts and Sciences in the near future.
When this space is available for our use it will be possible for us to continue to develop
our program in accordance with the existing needs of the College.
It is our sincere hope that the 1955 session of the legislature will appropriate the
funds needed to construct the proposed addition to the Horticulture Building. This will
make it possible to provide space which is desperately needed by the Departments of
Physics and Psychology.
Ralph E. Page, Dean
REPORT OF THE PROVOST FOR AGRICULTURE
To the President of the University:
Sir: I submit the reports covering the activities of the College of Agriculture, the
School of Forestry, the Agricultural Experiment Station, the Agricultural Extension Serv-
ice, and the Conservation Reserve at Welaka for the biennium ending June 30, 1954. These
reports reflect real accomplishment and progress in the University's program of research,
teaching, and extension in the fields of agriculture, forestry, and conservation.
During the biennium continued attention was given to evaluating our programs of
work and making the necessary adjustments to improve the quality thereof. A substantial
building program to provide more adequate laboratories, classrooms, and office space for the
staff was developed and necessary appropriations were provided by the 1953 Legislature.
Most of the architectural planning has been completed and in some cases contracts have
been let. Construction will get underway early in the coming biennium. The first unit
of the main agricultural building and buildings for agricultural engineering, animal nutri-
tion, veterinary medicine, and smaller facilities at branch stations and field laboratories and
4-H Club camps are included in the current building program. This program represents
approximately one-half of the building requirements for the new agricultural area on the
J. Wayne Reitz
Provost for Agriculture
REPORT OF THE DEAN OF THE COLLEGE
To the President of the University:
Sir: I respectfully submit the following report for the Resident Instruction Division of
the College of Agriculture for the biennium ending June 30, 1954.