• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Correspondence directory
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Officers of administration
 Critical dates for graduate...
 University of Florida calendar
 General information
 Fields of instruction
 Graduate faculty
 Index
 Summary of procedures for Master's,...
 Summary of procedures for Doctoral...
 Back Cover














Title: University record
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075594/00044
 Material Information
Title: University record
Uniform Title: University record (Gainesville, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ; 24 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of the State of Florida
University of Florida
Publisher: University of the State of Florida
Place of Publication: Lake city Fla
Publication Date: 1906-
Frequency: quarterly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: College publications -- Gainesville -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Universities and colleges -- Periodicals -- Florida -- Gainesville   ( lcsh )
Agricultural education -- Gainesville -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
University extension -- Periodicals -- Florida -- Gainesville   ( lcsh )
Teachers colleges -- Periodicals -- Florida -- Gainesville   ( lcsh )
Law schools -- Periodicals -- Florida -- Gainesville   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Feb. 1906)-
Numbering Peculiarities: Issue for Vol. 2, no. 1 (Feb. 1907) is misnumbered as Vol. 1, no.1.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: Imprint varies: <vol.1, no.2-v.4, no.2> Gainesville, Fla. : University of the State of Florida,; <vol.4, no. 4-> Gainesville, Fla. : University of Florida,.
General Note: Issues also have individual titles.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075594
Volume ID: VID00044
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000917307
oclc - 01390268
notis - AEM7602
lccn - 2003229026
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Catalog and admission bulletin
Succeeded by: College of Medicine catalog
Succeeded by: University record of the University of Florida. Graduate catalog
Succeeded by: University record of the university of Florida. Undergraduate catalog

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Correspondence directory
        Correspondence directory
    Title Page
        Page i
        Page ii
    Table of Contents
        Page iii
    Officers of administration
        Page iv
        Page v
    Critical dates for graduate students
        Page vi
    University of Florida calendar
        Page vi
        Page vii
        Page viii
        Page ix
        Page x
    General information
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        The graduate school
            Page 5
        Graduate degrees and programs
            Page 6
            Page 7
        Admission to the graduate school
            Page 8
            Page 9
        General regulations
            Page 10
            Page 11
            Page 12
        Requirements for Master's degrees
            Page 13
            Page 14
            Page 15
            Page 16
            Page 17
            Page 18
            Page 19
            Page 20
            Page 21
        Requirements for the degree of Engineer
            Page 22
        Requirements for the Ed.S. and Ed.D.
            Page 23
        Requirements for the Ph.D.
            Page 24
            Page 25
            Page 26
        Residency
            Page 27
            Page 28
        Expenses
            Page 29
            Page 30
            Page 31
        Housing
            Page 32
        Financial aid
            Page 33
            Page 34
            Page 35
            Page 36
        Special facilities and programs
            Page 37
            Page 38
            Page 39
            Page 40
            Page 41
            Page 42
            Page 43
            Page 44
            Page 45
            Page 46
            Page 47
            Page 48
            Page 49
            Page 50
            Page 51
            Page 52
            Page 53
            Page 54
            Page 55
        Student services
            Page 56
            Page 57
            Page 58
    Fields of instruction
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Fisher school of accounting
            Page 62
        Aerospace engineering, mechanics, and engineering science
            Page 63
            Page 64
        Center for African studies
            Page 65
        Agricultural and biological engineering
            Page 65
            Page 66
        Agricultural education and communication
            Page 67
        Agriculture-general
            Page 68
        Agronomy
            Page 69
        Anatomy and cell biology
            Page 70
        Animal science
            Page 70
        Animal sciences-general
            Page 71
        Anthropology
            Page 71
            Page 72
            Page 73
        Architecture
            Page 74
            Page 75
            Page 76
        Art
            Page 77
        Astronomy
            Page 78
            Page 79
        Biochemistry and molecular biology
            Page 80
        Botany
            Page 81
            Page 82
        M.E. Rinker school of building construction
            Page 83
        Business administration-general
            Page 84
        Chemical engineering
            Page 84
            Page 85
        Chemistry
            Page 86
            Page 87
        Civil engineering
            Page 88
            Page 89
            Page 90
        Classics
            Page 91
        Clinical and health psychology
            Page 92
        Coastal and oceanographic engineering
            Page 93
        Communication processes and disorders
            Page 94
        Communicative disorders
            Page 95
        Comparative law
            Page 96
        Computer and information science and engineering
            Page 96
            Page 97
        Counselor education
            Page 98
            Page 99
        Dairy and poultry sciences
            Page 100
        Decision and information sciences
            Page 101
        Dental sciences
            Page 102
        Economics
            Page 103
            Page 104
        Educational leadership
            Page 105
        Electrical and computer engineering
            Page 106
            Page 107
            Page 108
            Page 109
        English
            Page 110
        Entomology and nematology
            Page 111
        Environmental engineering sciences
            Page 112
            Page 113
        Exercise and sport sciences
            Page 114
            Page 115
        Finance, insurance, and real estate
            Page 116
            Page 117
        Fisheries and aquatic sciences
            Page 118
        Food and resource economics
            Page 119
        Food science and human nutrition
            Page 120
        School of forest resources and conservation
            Page 121
        Foundations of education
            Page 122
            Page 123
        Geography
            Page 124
        Geology
            Page 125
            Page 126
        Germanic and Slavic languages and literatures
            Page 127
        Center for gerontological studies
            Page 128
        Health related professions-general
            Page 128
        Health science education
            Page 128
        Health services administration
            Page 129
        History
            Page 130
            Page 131
            Page 132
        Horticultural science
            Page 133
            Page 134
        Industrial and systems engineering
            Page 135
        Instruction and curriculum
            Page 136
            Page 137
            Page 138
            Page 139
        Landscape architecture
            Page 140
        Center for Latin American studies
            Page 141
        Linguistics
            Page 141
            Page 142
        Management
            Page 143
        Marketing
            Page 144
        Mass communication
            Page 145
            Page 146
        Materials science and engineering
            Page 147
            Page 148
        Mathematics
            Page 149
            Page 150
            Page 151
        Mechanical engineering
            Page 152
            Page 153
        Medical sciences-general
            Page 154
        Medicinal chemistry
            Page 154
        Microbiology and cell science
            Page 155
        Molecular genetics and microbiology
            Page 156
        Music
            Page 157
            Page 158
        Neuroscience
            Page 159
        Nuclear engineering sciences
            Page 160
            Page 161
        Nursing
            Page 162
            Page 163
        Occupational therapy
            Page 164
        Oral biology
            Page 164
        Pathology and laboratory medicine
            Page 165
        Pharmaceutical sciences-general
            Page 166
        Pharmaceutics
            Page 166
        Pharmacodynamics
            Page 167
        Pharmacology and therapeutics
            Page 168
        Pharmacy health care administration
            Page 168
        Philosophy
            Page 169
        Physical therapy
            Page 170
        Physics
            Page 170
            Page 171
        Physiology
            Page 172
        Plant molecular and cellular biology
            Page 173
        Plant pathology
            Page 173
        Political science
            Page 174
            Page 175
        Psychology
            Page 176
            Page 177
            Page 178
        Recreation, parks, and tourism
            Page 179
        Rehabilitation counseling
            Page 180
        Religion
            Page 180
        Romance languages and literatures
            Page 181
        Sociology
            Page 182
            Page 183
        Soil and water science
            Page 184
        Special education
            Page 185
        Statistics
            Page 186
            Page 187
        Taxation
            Page 188
        Theatre
            Page 189
        Urban and regional planning
            Page 190
            Page 191
        Veterinary medical sciences
            Page 192
        Wildlife ecology and conservation
            Page 193
        Women's studies
            Page 194
        Zoology
            Page 194
            Page 195
            Page 196
    Graduate faculty
        Page 197
        Page 198
        Page 199
        Page 200
        Page 201
        Page 202
        Page 203
        Page 204
        Page 205
        Page 206
        Page 207
        Page 208
        Page 209
        Page 210
        Page 211
        Page 212
        Page 213
        Page 214
        Page 215
        Page 216
        Page 217
        Page 218
        Page 219
        Page 220
        Page 221
        Page 222
        Page 223
        Page 224
        Page 225
        Page 226
        Page 227
        Page 228
        Page 229
        Page 230
        Page 231
        Page 232
        Page 233
        Page 234
        Page 235
        Page 236
        Page 237
        Page 238
        Page 239
        Page 240
        Page 241
    Index
        Page 242
        Page 243
        Page 244
        Page 245
    Summary of procedures for Master's, Engineer, and Specialist in Education degrees
        Page 246
    Summary of procedures for Doctoral degrees
        Page 247
    Back Cover
        Back Cover
Full Text




























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CORRESPONDENCE DIRECTORY


Graduate School
223 Grinter Hall
P.O. Box 115515
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida 32611-5515
(352) 392-4646

Graduate Minority Programs
Graduate School
235 Grinter Hall-(352)392-6444

International Student Advisement
Adviser, International Students
123 Tigert Hall
P.O. Box 113225
Univeristy of Florida
Gainesville, Florida 32611


Office of the University Registrar-Admission
202 Marshall Criser Student Services Center
P.O. Box 114000
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611-4000
(352) 392-1365

Assistantships
Chair of the department in which the
student wishes to enroll

Hearing Impaired
For persons with hearing impairments, please use the
Florida Relay Service (FRS) when departments do not list
aTDD number. The FRS number is 1-(800)955-8771 (TDD)


About the cover.-Turlington Hall was completed in 1978. It is named for Ralph D. Turlington, a native of Gainesville and
former University of Florida faculty member, who served in the Florida House of Representatives for 24 years. He was State
Commission of Education from 1974 to 1986. Turlington Hall is a major University classroom building and headquarters
of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. The cover photo shows an original watercolor painting by Virginia Chen, a
Gainesville artist.



The University of Florida is accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools
to award the degrees of bachelor, master, specialist, and engineer, as well as doctoral and professional degrees.


The University of Florida does not discriminate on the basis of age, race, color, national or ethnic origin, religious
preference, handicap, or sex, in the administration of educational policies, admission policies, financial aid, employment,
or any other University program or activity. The University of Florida Title IX Coordinator is Jacquelyn D. Hart, 352 Tigert
Hall (904)392-6004.

Upon request, the Graduate Catalog is available on computer disk to students with print-related disabilities. For more
information, contact the Office of the University Registrar.

The University of Florida Graduate Catalog is available on the World Wide Web at http://www.orge.ufl.edu/gradcat/.



This publication has been adopted as a rule of the University pursuant to the provisions of Chapter 120 of the Florida Statute.
Addenda to the University Record Series, if any, are available upon request to the Office of the University Registrar.





UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA RECORD
Vol XCI, Series 1, No.1 December 1995
THE UNIVERSITY RECORD (USPS 652-760) PUBLISHED QUARTERLY BYTHE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, OFFICE OF THE
UNIVERSITY REGISTRAR, ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS, GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA 32611-4000. SECOND CLASS POSTAGE
PAID AT GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA 32601. POSTMASTER: SEND ADDRESS CHANGES TO OFFICE OF THE UNIVERSITY
REGISTRAR, UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, GAINESVILLE, FL 32611.


Cover-Water Color Painting by Virginia Chen


Editor--Helen N. Martin


Prod uction--Patti DeFilippo







GRADUATE CATALOG


university record of the
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
gainesville 1996/1997


UNITERIISV CF R).-'iiLA L.LR5JESZAM
















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--- 1 1







TABLE OF CONTENTS


OFFICERS OF ADMINISTRATION ................... iv

CRITICAL DATES FOR GRADUATE STUDENTS .... vi

UNIVERSITY CALENDAR ............................... vi

GENERAL INFORMATION ............................. 1

THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA............................................ 3
Institutional Purpose......................... .. .................. 3
M mission and G oals ............................. ................... .... 3

THE GRADUATE SCHOOL ............................................. 5

GRADUATE DEGREES AND PROGRAMS.............................. 6
Nonthesis Degrees ........................................ 6
Thesis Degrees....................... ..................... 7
ADMISSION TO THE GRADUATE SCHOOL ......................... 8
GENERAL REGULATIONS .............................................. 10
REQUIREMENTS FOR MASTER'S DEGREES ........................ 13
REQUIREMENTS FOR ENGINEER DEGREE .......................... 22
REQUIREMENTS FOR ED.S. AND ED.D. ............................ 23
REQUIREMENTS FOR PH.D. .................... .................... 24
RESIDENCY .................. ............................... 27
EXPENSES ................................... .......................... 29
HOUSING ................................................... 32
FINANCIAL AID ..................... ...................................... 33
SPECIAL FACILITIES AND PROGRAMS ................................ 37
Research and Teaching Facilties ...................................... 37
Interdisciplinary Graduate Studies ................: .................. 43
Research Organizations ......................... .................. 49
Interdisciplinary Research Centers .................................... 51
STUDENT SERVICES ......................................... 56

FIELDS OF INSTRUCTION ............................. 59
COLLEGES AND AREAS OF INSTRUCTION, INDEXED
BY CO LLEGE .............................................................. 60
FIELDS OF INSTRUCTION, ALPHABETICALLY LISTED ........... 62

GRADUATE FACULTY .................................. 197

IN D EX .......................................... ...... ........... 239

SUMMARY OF PROCEDURES FOR MASTER'S,
ENGINEER, AND SPECIALIST IN EDUCATION
D EG REES .................................................246

SUMMARY OF PROCEDURES FOR DOCTORAL
D EG REES ................................................ 247











OFFICERS OF ADMINISTRATION


FLORIDA STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION

LAWTON M. CHILES
Governor

BUDDY MACKAY
Lieutenant Governor


SANDRA MORTHAM
Secretary of State

ROBERT A. BUTTERWORTH
Attorney General

C. WILLIAM NELSON
State Treasurer


FRANK BROGAN
Commissioner of Education

ROBERT F. MILLIGAN
Comptroller

ROBERT B. CRAWFORD
Commissioner of Agriculture


BOARD OF REGENTS OF FLORIDA


JAMES F. HEEKIN, JR.
Chair, Tallahassee

ELIZABETH G. LINDSAY
Vice Chair, Sarasota


AUDREA N. ANDERSON
Fort Myers

JULIAN BENNETT, JR.
Panama City

FRANK BROGAN
Commissioner of Education


PAUL L. CEJAS
Miami

C. B. DANIEL, JR.
Gainesville

PERLA HANTMAN
Maimi Lakes


CORNELIA SHA'RON JAMES
Student, Florida A&M University

GWENDOLYN F. MCLIN
Okahumpka


JON C. MOYLE
West Palm Beach


DENNIS M. ROSS
Tampa

STEVEN J. UHFELDER
Tallahassee

WELCOME H. WATSON
Fort Lauderdale


STATE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM
CHARLES REED
Chancellor














ADMINISTRATION

JOHN VINCENT LOMBARDI, Ph.D., President of the
University
ANDREW AARON SORENSEN, Ph.D., Provost and Vice
President for Academic Affairs
GENE WILLARD HEMP, Ph.D., Vice Provost and Senior
Associate Vice President of Academic Affairs

T. PETER BENNETT, Ph.D., Director, Florida Museum of
Natural History
PATRICK J. BIRD, Ph.D., Dean, College of Health and
Human Performance
DALE CANELAS, M.A., Director, University Libraries
FRANK A. CATALANOTTO, D.M.D., Dean, College of
Dentistry
DAVID R. CHALLONER, M.D., Vice President for Health
.Affairs
WEILIN CHANG, Ph.D. Director, M.E. Rinker School of
Building Construction
LARRY J. CONNOR, Ph.D., Dean for Academic Programs,
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
JAMES M. DAVIDSON, Ph.D., Vice President for
Agriculture and Natural Resources
RICHARD E. DIERKS, D.V.M., Ph.D., Dean, College of
Veterinary Medicine
R. WAYNE DRUMMOND, M.A.Arch., Dean, College of
Architecture
ROBERT G. FRANK, Ph.D., Dean, College of Health
Related Professions
WILLARD W. HARRISON, Ph.D., Dean, College of Liberal
Arts and Sciences
KAREN A. HOLBROOK, Ph.D., Vice President for
Research and Dean, Graduate School
STEPHEN R. HUMPHREY, Ph.D., Interim Dean, College of
Natural Resources and Environment
GORAN HYDEN, Ph.D., Interim Director, Center for
African Studies
TERRY HYNES, Ph.D., Dean, College of Journalism
and Communications
RICHARD L. JONES, Ph.D., Dean for Research,
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
JAMES W. KNIGHT, ED.D., Dean, Academic Affairs for
Continuing Education
JOHN KRAFT, Ph.D., Dean, College of Business
Administration
JEFFREY E. LEWIS, J.D., Dean, College of Law
KATHLEEN LONG, Ph.D., Dean, College of Nursing
TERRY L. MCCOY, Ph.D., Director, Center for Latin
American Studies
RODERICK MCDAVIS, Ph.D., Dean, College of Education
DONALD E. MCGLOTHLIN, Ph.D., Dean, College of
Fine Arts
ALLEN H. NEIMS, M.D., Ph.D., Dean, College of Medicine
WINFRED M. PHILLIPS, Ph.D., Dean, College of
Engineering, and Director, Engineering and Industrial
Experiment Station
PAUL A. ROBELL, M.A. Vice President for Development
. and Alumni Affairs
C. ARTHUR SANDEEN, Ph.D., Vice President for Student
Affairs


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA



GERALD SCHAFFER, B.S.B.A., Vice President for
Administrative Affairs I
MICHAEL A. SCHWARTZ, Ph.D. Dean, College of
Pharmacy
WAYNE H. SMITH, Ph.D., Director, Forest Resources and
Conservation
DOUG A. SNOWBALL, Ph.D., Director, Fisher School of
Accounting
CHRISTINE TAYLOR STEPHENS, Ph.D. Dean for
Extension, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
BARBARA TALMADGE, A.M., University Registrar


GRADUATE SCHOOL

KAREN A. HOLBROOK, Ph.D. (University of Washington),
Dean of the Graduate School and Vice President for
Research and Professor of Anatomy and Cell Biology and
Medicine
RICHARD J. LUTZ, Ph.D. (University of Illinois),
Associate Dean of the Graduate School and Professor of
Marketing
ROBERT L. WOODS, M.A. (University of Missouri-
Columbia), Interim Director of Graduate MinorityPrograms


GRADUATE COUNCIL

KAREN A. HOLBROOK (Chair), Ph.D. (University of
Washington), Vice President for Research and Dean of the
Graduate School and Professor of Anatomy and Cell
Biology and Medicine
PATRICIA T. ASHTON, Ph.D. (University of Georgia),
Professor of Foundations of Education
KAREN A. BJORNDAL, Ph.D. (University of Florida),
Associate Professor of Zoology
WILLIAM F. CHAMBERLIN, Ph.D. (University of Wash-
ington), Joseph L. Brechner Eminent Scholar in Freedom of
Information
PATRICIA B. CRADDOCK, Ph.D. (Yale University),
Professor of English
NICOLAE CRISTESCU, Ph.D. (Romanian Academy),
Graduate Research Professor of Aerospace Engineering,
Mechanics, and Engineering Science
SUSAN C. FROST, Ph.D. (University of Arizona),
Associate Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
DAVID A. JONES, D.Phil. (University of Oxford)
Professor of Botany
PAULINE O. LAWRENCE, Ph.D. (University of Florida),
Professor of Entomology and Nematology
SCOTT K. POWERS, Ph.D. (Louisiana State University),
Professor of Exercise and Sport Sciences
RACHEL BW SHIREMAN, Ph.D. (University of Florida),
Professor of Food Science and Human Nutrition
ANITA SPRING, Ph.D. (Cornell University),
Professor of Anthropology
RICHARD A. YQST, Ph.D. (Michigan State University),
Professor of Chemistry

RUTH TROCOLLI, Doctoral Candidate in Anthropology,
Graduate Student Council Representative










CRITICAL DATES FOR GRADUATE STUDENTS


DEADLINE DATES FOR GRADUATE STUDENTS


FALL SEMESTER 1996

University Dates
Admission Application ....................................... June 7
Registration ......................................... August 21-23
Classes Begin ...................... ................... August 26
Degree Application............................... September 20
Midpoint of Semester ................................. October 22
Classes End ........................................ December 11
Commencement...................................... December 21

Thesis and Dissertation
First Submission of
Dissertation ................................ October 21
Submit Signed Original Thesis
and Final Exam Form........................... November 18
Submit Signed Dissertation
and Final Exam Form ......................... December 16

GSFLT Date
GSFLT Examination ................. .................. October 12


SPRING SEMESTER 1997

University Dates
Admission Application ................................. October 1
Registration ....................... ..................... January 3
Classes Begin .............................................. January 6
Degree Application ..................................... January 31
Midpoint of Semester ..................................... March 4
Classes End ......................... ......................April 23
Commencement........ ................................... May 3

Thesis and Dissertation
First Submission of
Dissertation .......................................... March 3


Submit Signed Original Thesis
and Final Exam Form ................................... April 4
Submit Signed Dissertation
and Final Exam Form ................................... April 28

GSFLT Date
GSFLT Examination ................................... February 1


SUMMER TERM A

University Dates
Admission Application .................................... M arch 1
Registration .................... .......... ............. May 9
Classes Begin ........................ ..................... M ay 12
Degree Application C .................................. May 14
Classes End .......................... ...................... June 20


SUMMER TERM B

University Dates
Admission Application .................................... April 11
Registration ......................................... June 7
Classes Begin ................. ...................... June 30
Degree Application B ...................................... July 1
Midpoint of Summer Terms ............................. June 30
-Classes End .......................... ............ August 8
Commencement (B & C) ................................. August 9

Thesis and Dissertation
First Submission of
Dissertation (A, B & C)................................. June 30
Submit Signed Original Thesis
and Final Exam Form (A, B & C) .................... July 18
Submit Signed Dissertation
and Final Exam Form (A, B & C) ................... August 4

CSFLT Date
GSFLT Examination ........................................ June 7


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA CALENDAR

FALL SEMESTER 1996


1995

December 1, Friday, 4:00 p.m.

Deadline for receipt of all application materials, for graduate
program in Department of Clinical and Health Psychology.

1996

January 5, Friday, 4:00 p.m.

Deadline for receipt of all application materials for graduate
program in anthropology.

February 15, Thursday, 4:00 p.m.

Deadline for receipt of all application materials for graduate
programs in architecture, business administration, and coun-
seling psychology.

February 28, Thursday, 4:00 p.m.

Deadline for receipt of all application materials for graduate
program in English.

March 1, Friday, 4:00 p.m.

Deadline for receipt of all application materials for graduate
programs in the Department of Counselor Education.


March 15, Friday, 4:00 p.m.

Deadline for receipt of all application materials for graduate
program in building construction.

April 1, Monday, 4:00 p.m.

Deadline for receipt of all application materials for Master of
Business Administration program.

May 1, Wednesday, 4:00 p.m.

Deadline for receipt of all application materials for graduate
program in nursing.
May 15, Wednesday, 4:00 p.m.

Deadline for receipt of all application materials for Master of Laws
program with concentration in taxation.
june 7, Friday, 4:00 p.m.

Deadline for receipt of all application materials for all graduate
programs except those listed with an earlier deadline date.

August 9, Friday, 4:00 p.m.

Last day to request transfer of credit for fall candidates for degrees.










CRITICAL DATES FOR GRADUATE STUDENTS


DEADLINE DATES FOR GRADUATE STUDENTS


FALL SEMESTER 1996

University Dates
Admission Application ....................................... June 7
Registration ......................................... August 21-23
Classes Begin ...................... ................... August 26
Degree Application............................... September 20
Midpoint of Semester ................................. October 22
Classes End ........................................ December 11
Commencement...................................... December 21

Thesis and Dissertation
First Submission of
Dissertation ................................ October 21
Submit Signed Original Thesis
and Final Exam Form........................... November 18
Submit Signed Dissertation
and Final Exam Form ......................... December 16

GSFLT Date
GSFLT Examination ................. .................. October 12


SPRING SEMESTER 1997

University Dates
Admission Application ................................. October 1
Registration ....................... ..................... January 3
Classes Begin .............................................. January 6
Degree Application ..................................... January 31
Midpoint of Semester ..................................... March 4
Classes End ......................... ......................April 23
Commencement........ ................................... May 3

Thesis and Dissertation
First Submission of
Dissertation .......................................... March 3


Submit Signed Original Thesis
and Final Exam Form ................................... April 4
Submit Signed Dissertation
and Final Exam Form ................................... April 28

GSFLT Date
GSFLT Examination ................................... February 1


SUMMER TERM A

University Dates
Admission Application .................................... M arch 1
Registration .................... .......... ............. May 9
Classes Begin ........................ ..................... M ay 12
Degree Application C .................................. May 14
Classes End .......................... ...................... June 20


SUMMER TERM B

University Dates
Admission Application .................................... April 11
Registration ......................................... June 7
Classes Begin ................. ...................... June 30
Degree Application B ...................................... July 1
Midpoint of Summer Terms ............................. June 30
-Classes End .......................... ............ August 8
Commencement (B & C) ................................. August 9

Thesis and Dissertation
First Submission of
Dissertation (A, B & C)................................. June 30
Submit Signed Original Thesis
and Final Exam Form (A, B & C) .................... July 18
Submit Signed Dissertation
and Final Exam Form (A, B & C) ................... August 4

CSFLT Date
GSFLT Examination ........................................ June 7


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA CALENDAR

FALL SEMESTER 1996


1995

December 1, Friday, 4:00 p.m.

Deadline for receipt of all application materials, for graduate
program in Department of Clinical and Health Psychology.

1996

January 5, Friday, 4:00 p.m.

Deadline for receipt of all application materials for graduate
program in anthropology.

February 15, Thursday, 4:00 p.m.

Deadline for receipt of all application materials for graduate
programs in architecture, business administration, and coun-
seling psychology.

February 28, Thursday, 4:00 p.m.

Deadline for receipt of all application materials for graduate
program in English.

March 1, Friday, 4:00 p.m.

Deadline for receipt of all application materials for graduate
programs in the Department of Counselor Education.


March 15, Friday, 4:00 p.m.

Deadline for receipt of all application materials for graduate
program in building construction.

April 1, Monday, 4:00 p.m.

Deadline for receipt of all application materials for Master of
Business Administration program.

May 1, Wednesday, 4:00 p.m.

Deadline for receipt of all application materials for graduate
program in nursing.
May 15, Wednesday, 4:00 p.m.

Deadline for receipt of all application materials for Master of Laws
program with concentration in taxation.
june 7, Friday, 4:00 p.m.

Deadline for receipt of all application materials for all graduate
programs except those listed with an earlier deadline date.

August 9, Friday, 4:00 p.m.

Last day to request transfer of credit for fall candidates for degrees.










August 21-23, Wednesday-Friday

Registration according to appointments.

SAugust 26, Monday

Classes begin.

Drop/Add begins.

Late registration begins. Students subject to late registration fee.

August 29, Thursday, 4:00 p.m.

Last day to drop a course or to change sections without fee liability.

Last day to withdraw from the University with full refund of fees.

Last day to complete late registration.

August 30, Friday, 4:00 p.m.

Last day to file address change, if not living in residence halls, to
receive all University correspondence.

September 2, Monday, Labor Day

All classes suspended.

September 6, Friday, 3:30 p.m.

Fee payments are due in full. All waivers must be established.
Students who have not paid fees or arranged to pay fees with
University Financial Services will be subject to a late payment
fee.

Deadline for receipt of request for residency reclassification and all
appropriate documents.

September 20, Friday, 4:00 p.m.

Last day student may withdraw from the University and receive
25% refund of course fees.

Last day to apply at Office of the University Registrarfor degree to
be conferred at end of Fall Semester.

October 12, Saturday, 9:00 a.m.

Foreign language reading knowledge examinations (GSFLT) in
French, German, and Spanish.

October 21, Monday, 4:00 p.m.

Last day for candidates for doctoral degrees to file dissertation, fee
receipts for library hardbinding and microfilming, and all
doctoral forms with the Graduate School, 168 Grinter Hall.

October 22, Tuesday, 4:00 p.m.

Midpoint of term for completing doctoral qualifying examination.

November 8-9, Friday-Saturday*

Homecoming. All classes suspended Friday. *This date subject to
change.

November 11, Monday, Veterans Day

All classes suspended.

November 18, Monday, 4:00 p.m.

Last day to submit signed master's theses, Final Examination
Reports, and binding fee receipts to Graduate School, 168
Grinter Hall.


November 27, Wednesday, 4:00 p.m.

Last day to withdraw from the University without receiving failing
grades in all courses.

Last day to drop a course by college petition without receiving WF
grade.

November 28-29, Thursday-Friday, Thanksgiving

All classes suspended.

December 11, Wednesday

All classes end.

December 12-13, Thursday-Friday

Examination reading days-no classes.

December 14-20, Saturday-Friday

Final examinations.

December 16, Monday, 4:00 p.m.

Last day to submit signed original bond dissertations, abstracts,
and Final Examination Reports to Editorial Office, 168 Grinter
Hall.

Last day to submit signed original bond theses and abstracts to
Editorial Office, 168 Grinter Hall.

Last day to submit Final Examination Reports for nonthesis degrees
to 288 Grinter Hall.

December 19, Thursday, 9:00 a.m.

Grades for degree candidates due in Office of the, Univeristy
Registrar.

December 20, Friday, 10:00 a.m.

Reports of colleges on candidates for degrees due in Graduate
School (288 Grinter Hall).

December 21, Saturday

Commencement.

December 23, Monday, 9:00 a.m.

All grades for Fall Semester due in Office of the University
Registrar.


SPRING SEMESTER 1997
1996

October 1, Tuesday, 4:00 p.m.

Deadline for receipt of all application materials for all graduate
programs, except those listed with other deadlines.

October 15, Tuesday, 4:00 p.m.

Deadline for receipt of all application materials for graduate
program in building construction.

November 1, Wednesday, 4:00 p.m.

Deadline for receipt of all application materials for graduate
programs in business administration except MBA.

December 11, Wednesday, 4:00 p.m.

Last day to request transfer of credit for spring candidates for
degrees.










1997

January 3, Friday

Registration according to appointments.

January 6, Monday

Classes begin.
Drop/Add begins.
Late registration begins. Students subject to late registration fee.

January 9, Thursday, 4:00 p.m.

Last day to drop a course or to change sections without fee liability.
Last day to withdraw from the University with full refund of fees.
Last day to complete late registration.

January 10, Friday, 4:00 p.m.

Last day to file address change, if not living in residence halls, to
receive all University correspondence.

January 17, Friday, 3:30 p.m.

Fee payments are due in full. All waivers must be established.
Students who have not paid fees or arranged to pay fees with
University Financial Services will be subject to a late payment
fee of at least $50 and no more than $100.

Deadline for receipt of residency reclassification and all appropri-
ate documentation.'

January 20, Monday, Martin Luther King, Jr., Day

All classes suspended.

January 31, Friday, 4:00 p.m.

Last day to apply to Office of the University Registrar for degree to
be conferred at end of Spring Semester.
Last day student may withdraw from the University and receive
25% refund of course fees.

February 1, Saturday, 9:00 a.m.

Foreign 'language reading knowledge examinations (GSFLT) in
French, German, and Spanish.

March 3, Monday, 4:00 p.m.

Last day for candidates for doctoral degrees to file dissertations, fee
receipts for library hardbinding and microfilming, and all
doctoral forms with the Graduate School, 168 Grinter Hall.

March 4, Tuesday, 4:00 p.m.

Midpointof term for completing doctoral qualifyingexaminations.

March 8-15, Saturday-Saturday, Spring Break

All classes suspended.

April 4, Friday, 4:00 p.m.

Last day to submit signed master's theses, Final Examination
Reports, and binding fee receipts to Graduate School, 168
Grinter Hall.

April 11, Friday, 4:00 p.m.

Last day to withdraw from the University without receiving failing
grades in all courses.

Last dayto drop a course by college petition, without receiving WF
grades.


April 23, Wednesday

All classes end.

April 24-25, Thursday-Friday

Examination reading days-no classes.

April 26-May 2, Saturday-Friday

Final examinations.

April 28, Monday, 4:00 p.m.

Last day to submit signed original bond dissertations, abstracts,
and Final Examination Reports to Editorial Office, 168 Grinter
Hall.
Last day to submit signed original bond theses'and abstracts to
Editorial Office, 168 Grinter Hall.
Last day to submit Final Examination Reports for nonthesis degrees
to 288 Grinter Hall.

May 1, Thursday, 9:00 a.m.

Grades for degree candidates due in Office of the University
Registrar.

May 2, Friday, 10:00 a.m.

Reports of colleges on candidates for degrees due in Graduate
School (288 Grinter Hall).

May 3, Saturday

Commencement.

May 5, Monday, 9:00 a.m.

All grades-for Spring Semester due in Office of the University
Registrar.


SUMMER TERMS A, B, AND C 1996
TERM A
1996

March 1, Saturday, 4:00 p.m.

Deadline for receipt of all application materials for all graduate
programs, except those listed with other deadline dates.

March 11, Tuesday, 4:00 p.m.

Deadline for receipt of all application materials for graduate
program in anthropology.

March 15, Saturday

Deadline for receipt of all application materials for graduate
program in building construction.

April 1, Tuesday, 4:00 p.m.

Deadline for receipt of all application materials for graduate
programs in business administration except MBA.

April 23, Wednesday, 4:00 p.m.

Last day to request transfer of credit for summer,candidates for
degrees.

May 9, Friday

Registration according to appointments.

May 12, Monday

Classes begin.
Drop/Add begins.
Late registration begins. Students subject to late registration fee.










May 13, Tuesday, 4:00 p.m.
Last day to complete late registration for Summer Terms A and C.
Last day to drop or add a course or to change sections without fee
liability.
Last day to withdraw from the University with full refund of fees.

May 14, Wednesday.
Last day to file address change, if not living in residence halls, to
receive all University correspondence.
Last day to apply at Office of the University Registrar for degree to
be conferred at end of Term C.

May 21, Wednesday.
Last day student may withdraw from the University and receive
25% refund of course fees.

May 23, Friday, 3:30 p.m.
Fee payments are due in full. All waivers must be established.
Students who have not paid fees or arranged to pay fees with
University Financial Services by this datewill be subjectto a late
payment fee.
Deadline for receipt of request for residency reclassification and all
appropriate documentation.

May 26, Monday, Memorial Day observed
All classes suspended.

June 7, Saturday, 9:00 a.m.
Foreign language reading knowledge examinations (GSFLT) in
French, German, and Spanish.

June 13, Friday, 4:00 p.m.
Last day to withdraw from the University without receiving failing
grades in all courses.
Last day to drop a course by college petition without receiving WF
grades.

June 20, Friday
All classes end.
Final examinations will be held in regular class periods.

June 23, Monday, 9:00 a.m.
All grades for Term A due in Office of the University Registrar.


TERM B
1997

April 11, Friday, 4:00 p.m.
Deadline for receipt of application and completion of all applica-
tion materials for all graduate programs, exceptthose listed with
other deadline dates.

June 27, Friday
Registration according to appointments.

June 30, Monday
Classes begin.
Drop/Add begins. Late registration begins. Students subject to a
late registration fee.
Midpoint of summer terms for completing doctoral qualifying
examinations.

June 30, Monday, 4:00 p.m.
Lastday for candidates for doctoral degrees to file dissertations, fee
receipts for library hardbinding and microfilming, and all
doctoral forms with the Graduate School, 168 Grinter Hall.


July 1, Tuesday.

Last day to complete late registration for Term B.
Last day to drop or add a course or to change sections without fee
liability.
Last day to withdraw from the University with full refund of fees.

July 2, Wednesday.

Last day to file address change, if not living in residence halls, to
receive all University correspondence.
Last day to apply at Office of the University Registrar for degree
to be conferred at end of Term B.

July 4, Friday, Independence Day

All classes suspended.

July 9, Wednesday, 4:00 p.m.

Last day student may withdraw from the University and receive
25% refund of course fees.
Deadline for receipt of residency request and all appropriate
documentation.

July 11, Friday, 3:30 p.m.

Fee payments are due in full. All waivers must be established.
Students who have not paid fees or arranged to pay fees with
University Financial Services by this datewill be subjectto a late
payment fee.

July 18, Friday, 4:00 p.m.

Last day to submit signed master's theses, Final Examination
Reports, and binding fee receipts to Graduate School, 168
Grinter Hall.

August 1, Friday.

Last day to withdraw from the University without receiving failing
grades in all courses.
Last day to drop a course by college petition without receiving WF
grades.

August 4, Monday, 4:00 p.m.

Last day to submit signed original bond dissertations, abstracts,
and Final Examination Reports to Editorial Office, 168 Grinter
Hall.
Last day to submit original bond theses and abstracts to Editorial
Office, 168 Grinter Hall.
Last day to submit Final Examination Reports for nonthesis degrees
to 288 Grinter Hall.

August 7, Thursday, 9:00 a.m.

SGrades for degree candidates due in Office of the University
Registrar.

August 8, Friday

All classes end.
Final examinations will be held in regular class periods.

August 8, Friday, 10:00 a.m.

Reports of colleges on degree candidates due in Graduate School
(288 Grinter Hall).

August 9, Saturday

Commencement.

August 11, Monday, 9:00 a.m.

All grades for Terms B and C due in Registrar's Office.


NOTE: For some departments, deadlines for receipt of admission applications may be earlier than those stated in the current University Calendar.












































x' ,









:*:












General Information



































Rules, policies, fees, and courses described in
this Catalog are subject to change without notice.










UNIVERSITY OF


FLORIDA



INSTITUTIONAL PURPOSE

The University of Florida is a public, land-grant
research university, one of the most comprehensive in the
United States; it encompasses virtually all academic and
professional disciplines. It is the oldest and largest of
Florida's ten universities and a member of the Association
of American Universities. Its faculty and staff are dedi-
cated to the common pursuit of the University's threefold
mission: education, research, and service.
Teaching-undergraduate and graduate, through the
doctorate-is the fundamental purpose of the University.
Research and scholarship are integral to the education
process and to expanding humankind's understanding of
the natural world, the mind, and the senses. Service is the
University's obligation to share the benefits of its knowl-
edge for the public good.
These three interlocking elements span all of the
University of Florida's academic disciplines and
multidisciplinary centers and represent the University's
obligation to lead and serve the needs of the nation, all of
Florida's citizens, as well as the public and private
educational system of Florida, by pursuing and dissemi-
nating new knowledge while building upon the past.
The University of Florida is committed to providing the
knowledge, benefits, and services it produces with quality
and effectiveness. It aspires to further national and inter-
national recognition for its initiatives and achievement in
promoting human values and.improving the quality of life.


MISSION AND GOALS

The University of Florida belongs to an ancient tradi-
tion of great universities. We participate in an'elaborate
conversation among scholars and students that extends
over space and time linking the experiences of Western
Europe with the traditions and histories of all cultures, that
explores the limits of the physical and biological uni-
verses, and that nurtures and prepares generations of
educated people to address the problems of our societies.
While this university recognizes no limits on its intellec-
tual boundaries, and our faculty and students remain free
to teach and learn, to explore wherever the mind and
imagination lead, we live in a world with limits and
constraints. Out of the conflict between intellectual
aspirations and the limitations of environment comes the
definition of the University's goals.

Teaching.-American colleges and universities share the
fundamental educational mission of teaching students.
The undergraduate experience, based in the. arts and
sciences, remains at the core of higher education in


America. The formation of educated people, the transfor-
mation of mind through learning, and the launching of a
lifetime of intellectual growth: these goals remain central
to every university. This undergraduate foundation of
American higher education has grown more complex as
the knowledge we teach has grown more complex.
Where once we had a single track through the arts and
sciences leading to a degree, we now have multiple tracks
leading to many degrees in arts and sciences as well as in
a variety of professional schools. Yet even with many
degrees, American university undergraduate education
still rests on the fundamental knowledgeof the liberal arts
and sciences.
In our academic world we recognize two rather
imprecisely defined categories of higher education: col-
leges and universities. The traditional American college
specializes in a carefully crafted four-year undergraduate
program, generally focused on the arts and sciences.
Universities extend the range of this undergraduate educa-
tion to include advanced or graduate study leading to the
Ph.D. Most American universities also include a variety
of undergraduate and graduate professional programs and
master's degree programs. The University of Florida
shares these traditions. As an American university, we
have a major commitment to undergraduate education as
the foundation of our academic organization, and we
pursue graduate education for the Ph.D. and advanced
degrees in professional fields.
We are, in addition, a major public, comprehensive,
land-grant, research university. Each of these adjectives
defines one of our characteristics, and through frequent
repetition, this description takes on the style of a ritual
incantation: rhythmic, reverent, and infrequently exam-
ined. What, then, does each of these key words mean?

Major.-Here, at the head of the list, we find one of our
most important aspirations. We will be, we must be, and
we are a major university. We define ourselves in
comparison to the best universities we can find. We need
not be the absolutely unambiguously best, but we must be
among the best universities in the world. Exact ranking of
the best universities is a meaningless exercise, but most of
us can name 60 great universities. By whatever indicator
of quality we choose, our university should fall into this
group. If we define a group of universities who share our
adjectives (major, public, comprehensive, land grant,
research), then we fall into a group of perhaps the best
15 in this country.

SPublic.-We exist thanks to the commitment and
investment of the people of the State of Florida.
Generations of tax dollars constructed the facilities
we enjoy and have paid the major portion of our
operating budget. The graduates of this institution,
educated with tax dollars, provide the majority of
our private funding. Our state legislators created the
conditions that permit our faculty to educate our
students, pursue their research, conduct their clini-
cal practice, and serve their statewide constituen-
cies. We exist, then, within the public sector, responsible






4 / GENERAL INFORMATION


and responsive to the needs of the citizens of our state. The
obligations we assume as a public university determine
many of our characteristics.
We have many more undergraduates than graduates;
we respond quickly to the needs of the state's economy;
we accommodate complex linkages with other state uni-
versities, community colleges, and K-12 public and pri-
vate institutions; and we operate in cooperative symbiosis
with our state's media. We also experience an often too-
close interaction with the political process. Private univer-
sities, that have a different profile, do not respond in the
same ways to these issues. We, as a public university,
must maintain close, continuous, and effective communi-
cation with our many publics.

Comprehensive.-This adjective recognizes the universal
reach of our pursuit of knowledge. As a matter of
principle, we exclude no field from our purview. We
believe that our approach to knowledge and learning, to
understanding and wisdom, requires us to be ready to
examine any field, cultivate any discipline, and explore
any topic. Resource limits, human or financial, may
constrain us from cultivating one or another academic
subspecialty, but we accept, in principle, no limit on our
field of view. Even when we struggle with budget
problems and must reduce a program or miss an intellec-
tual opportunity, we do so only to meet the practical
constraints of our current environment. We never relin-
quish the commitment to the holistic pursuit of knowl-
edge.
Land-Grant.-Florida belongs to the set of American
universities whose mandate includes a commitment to the
development and transmission of practical knowledge. As
one of the land-grant universities identified by the Morrill
Act of 1862, Florida has a special focus on agriculture and
engineering and a mandate to deliver the practical benefits
of university knowledge to every county in the state. In our
university, the Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
and the College of Engineering respond to this definition
most obviously; but over time, the entire University has to


come to recognize its commitment to translating the
benefit of abstract and theoretical knowledge into the
marketplace to sustain the economic growth that supports
us all.
This commitment permeates the institutional culture
and defines us as one of some 72 such institutions in
America. The land-grant university is, of course, a
peculiarly American invention and captures one of the
powerful cultural beliefs of our country: that knowledge
passes the test of utility by remaining vitally connected to
industry and commerce.

Research.-Research defines this university. Our faculty
dedicate themselves not only to the bedrock function of
education, not only to the land-grant function of service,
but equally to the essential activity of research.
By research we mean the effort to expand our under-
standing of the natural world, the world of the mind, and
the world of the senses. We define research to include the
theoretical abstractions of the mathematician, the experi-
mental discoveries of the geneticist, the insights of the
semiotician, the re-creations of the historian, or the
analysis of the anthropologist. We define research to
capture the business professor's analysis of economic
organization, the architect's design, and the musician's
interpretation or the artist's special vision. Research by
agronomists improves crops, and research by engineers
enhances materials. Medical and clinical research cures
and prevents disease. The list of research fields continues
as endlessly as the intellectual concerns of our faculty and
the academic vision of our colleges.
We must publish university research, whatever the
field. The musician who never performs, the scientist
whose work never appears for review by colleagues, the
historian whose note cards never become a book may
have accomplished much, but their accomplishments
remain incomplete. When we say research, we mean
research and creative activity that contributes to the
international public conversation about the advancement
of knowledge.





THE GRADUATE SCHOOL/ 5


THE

GRADUATE

SCHOOL


In the spring of 1995 a group of faculty, students, and
administrators interested in graduate education at the
University of Florida began meeting to develop a strategic
plan. The mission and vision given below grew out of
those meetings.

MISSION

Graduate education is an integral component of a
major research university that impacts education at all
levels.
The mission of graduate education at the University of
Florida is to produce individuals with advanced knowl-
edge in their fields, who appreciate learning and are
constant learners, and who are prepared to address cre-
atively issues of significance to the local and global
community for improving the quality of life. Essential to
this mission is an environment that fosters

4 effective transmission of knowledge for future
generations.

4 inquiry and critical analysis.

4 acquisition of skills contributing to success and
leadership in academic and creative arenas and
in the world of practice.

4 application of that knowledge in service to
Florida, the nation, and the international com-
munity.

VISION

The vision is a university internationally recognized for
its graduates, graduate faculty, and scholarly achieve-
ments. This university produces intellectually energized
individuals who excel at future careers in diverse settings,
and who can provide bold leadership in new directions.
Important signs of this recognition include

V4 graduates recognized for strength of preparation
in their chosen discipline, for abilities to solve
problems in new environments, and for high
standards of excellence in scholarly activity and
professional practice,

4 significant scholarly, creative achievements and
service that contribute to improvement of human
Society and the natural environment.

S a highly qualified, diverse student population.


'* strong disciplinary and interdisciplinary pro-
grams that prepare graduates to assume their
roles in a changing world.

4 evidence of service in their disciplines by stu-
dents and faculty at state, national, and interna-
tional levels.

ORGANIZATION AND HISTORY

The Graduate School consists of the Dean, who is
also Vice President for Research; Associate Dean; the
Graduate Council, and the Graduate Faculty. General
policies and standards of the Graduate School are
established by the Graduate Faculty. Any policy change
must be approved by the graduate deans and the
Graduate Council. The Graduate School is responsible
for the enforcement of minimum general standards of
graduate work in the University and for the coordina-
tion of the graduate programs of the various colleges
and divisions of the University. The responsibility for
the detailed operations of graduate programs is vested
in the individual colleges, schools, divisions, and
departments. In most of the colleges an assistant dean
or other administrator is directly responsible for gradu-
ate study in that college.
The Graduate Council assists the Dean in being the
agent of the Graduate Faculty for execution of policy
related to graduate study and associated research. The
Council, which is chaired by the graduate dean,
considers petitions and policy changes. Members of
the Graduate Faculty are appointed by the academic
unit (department and/or college) in which the graduate
program is located with the approval of the.graduate
dean.
No faculty member may teach graduate-level
courses, serve on supervisory committees, or direct
master's theses and doctoral dissertations without hav-
ing been appointed to the Graduate Faculty. The level
of duties for each Graduate Faculty member is deter-
mined by the academic unit.'
In the beginning the organization of graduate study
was very informal. Control was in the hands of a faculty
committee which reported directly to the President. In
1910, however, James N. Anderson, Head of the
Department of Ancient Languages, was appointed
Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences and Director
of Graduate Work, and in 1930 he became the first
Dean of the Graduate School. He was'succeeded upon
his retirement in 1938 by T. M. Simpson, Head of the
Department of Mathematics, who held the position
until 1951. C. F. Byers, Head of the Department of
Biological Sciences in the University College, served
as Acting Dean from June 1951 until August 1952
when he was succeeded by L. E. Grinter. Dr. Grinter,
who came from the Illinois Institute of Technology
where he-had been Vice President, Dean of the
Graduate School, and Research Professor, served as
Dean from August 1952 to 1969 when he became
Acting Vice President and Dean Emeritus. Harold P.
Hanson, former Chair of the Department of Physics at






6 / GENERAL INFORMATION


the University of Texas, served as Dean from 1969 to
1971 when he became Vice President for Academic
Affairs. From 1971 to March 1973, Alex G. Smith,
Professor of Astronomy and Physics, served as Acting
Dean.
Harry H. Sisler served as Dean from March 1973 to
September 1979. He was also Director of.Sponsored
Research. Before becoming Dean, Dr. Sisler served the
University as Chair of the Department of Chemistry,
Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences, and Executive
Vice President. F. Michael Wahl, Associate Dean of the
Graduate School, Associate Director of Sponsored Re-
search, and Professor of Geology, served as Acting
Dean from September 1979 to June 1980.
Francis G. Stehli was Dean for Graduate Studies and
Research from June 1980 to September 1982. Dr. Stehli
came to the University of Florida from Case Western
Reserve University where he had served as Samuel St.
John Professor of Geology, Chair of the Department of
Geology, and Dean of Science and Engineering. Donald
R. Price, Associate Dean for Research and Professor of
Agricultural Engineering and later Vice President for
Research, was Acting Dean from January 1983 to
January 1985. Madelyn M. Lockhart, former Associate
Dean of the Graduate School and Professor of Econom-
ics, served as Dean of the Graduate School from anuary
1985 to July 1993. She held a dual appointment as
Dean of International Studies and Programs from June
1985 through August 1991. Gene W. Hemp served as
Acting Dean in addition to his duties as Vice Provost
and Senior Associate Vice President for Academic
Affairs from July 1 to September 1, 1993.
On September 1, 1993, Karen A. Holbrook became
Vice President for Research and Dean of the Graduate
School. She is also Professor of Anatomy and Cell
Biology and Professor of Medicine. Prior to coming to
the University of Florida, Dr. Holbrook served the
University of Washington's School of Medicine as
Associate Dean for Scientific Affairs and Professor of
Biological Structure and Medicine (Dermatology).
Graduate study at the University of Florida existed
while the University was still on its Lake City campus.
However, the first graduate degrees, two Master of Arts
with a major in English, were awarded on the Gainesville
campus in 1906. The first Master of Science was
awarded in 1908, with a major in entomology. The first
programs leading to the Ph.D. were initiated in 1930,
and the first degrees were awarded in 1934, one with a
major in chemistry and the other with a major in
pharmacy. The first Ed.D. was awarded in 1948.
Graduate study has had a phenomenal growth at the
University of Florida. In 1930, 33 degrees were awarded
in 12 fields. In 1940, 66 degrees were awarded in 16
fields. In 1994-95, the total number of graduate degrees
awarded was 2,293 in more than 100 fields. The
proportion of Ph.D. degrees, after the initial rapid
growth, remained relatively static during the early
1980s but increased significantly between 1987-88 and
1993-94, growing form 304 to 424. In the last year, the
number leveled off and declined somewhat to 385.


GRADUATE DEGREES

AND PROGRAMS

Refer to the section of this Catalog entitled Fields of Instruction
for specializations in the approved programs.

NONTHESIS DEGREES
(Asterisk (*) indicates thesis option)

Master of Accounting (M.Acc.)

Master of Agriculture (M.Ag.) with program in one of the
following:
Agricultural and Extension Food Science and Human
Education Nutrition
Animal Sciences Horticultural Science:
Animal Science Environmental
Dairy and Poultry Horticulture
Science Horticultural Sciences
Agronomy Microbiology and Cell
Botany Science,
Entomology and Nematology Plant Pathology
Soil and Water Science

Master of Agricultural Management and Resource
Development (M.A.M.R.D.) with program in Food
and Resource Economics.

Master of Arts in Teaching (M.A.T.) with program in one of the
following:
Anthropology Mathematics
French Philosophy
Geography Political Science
Latin Political Science-
Latin American Studies International Relations
Linguistics Psychology
Spanish

Master of Building Construction (M.B.C.)

Master of Business Administration (M.B.A.) with a major
in business administration and a concentration in one of the
following:
Computer and Health and Hospital
Information Sciences Administration
Decision and Insurance
Information Sciences Management
Economics Marketing
Finance Real Estate and Urban
Analysis

Master of Civil Engineering (M.C.E.)*

Master of Education (M.Ed.) with program in one of the
following:
Curriculum and Reading Education
Instruction Research and Evaluation
Early Childhood Methodology
Education School Counseling and
Educational Leadership Guidance
Educational Psychology School Psychology
Elementary Education Science Education
English Education Social Studies Education
Foreign Language Education Special Education
Foundations of Education Student Personnel in
Marriage and Family Counseling Higher Education
Mathematics Education Vocational, Technical,
Mental Health Counseling and Adult Education

Master of Engineering (M.E.) with program in one of the
following:
Aerospace Engineering* Coastal and Oceanographic
Agricultural and Biological Engineering*
Engineering* Computer and Information
Chemical Engineering* Science and Engineering*
Civil Engineering* -






THE GRADUATE SCHOOL / 7


Master of Engineering (M.E.) continued
Computer Engineering*
Electrical and Computer
Engineering*
Engineering Mechanics*
Engineering Science*
Environmental Engineering
Sciences*


Industrial and Systems
Engineering*
Materials Science and
Engineering*
Mechanical Engineering*
Nuclear Engineering
Sciences*


Master of Exercise and Sport Sciences (M.E.S.S.)

Master of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences (M.F.A.S.)

Master of Forest Resources and Conservation (M.F.R.C.)

Master of Health Science (M.H.S.) with program in one of the
following:
Health and Hospital Occupational Therapy
Administration Physical Therapy
(available only with MBA) Rehabilitation Counseling

Master of Health Science Education (M.H.S.E.)

Master of Laws (LL.M.) with program in law and a concentration in one
of the following:
Comparative Law Taxation

Master of Nursing (M.Nsg.)

Master of Science in Teaching (M.S.T.) with program in one of
the following:
Astronomy Mathematics
Botany Physics
Chemistry Psychology
Geography Zoology
Geology

Master of Statistics (M.Stat.)

Engineer (Engr.)-A special degree requiring one year of graduate work
beyond the master's degree. For a list of the approved programs, see those
listed above for the Master of Engineering degree, excluding Computer and
Information Science and Engineering (thesis optional).

Specialist in Education (Ed.S.)-A special degree requiring one year of
graduate work beyond the master's degree. For a list of the approved
programs, see those listed below, for the Doctor of Education degree.


THESIS DEGREES
(Dagger (t) indicates nonthesis option)

Master of Architecture (M.Arch.)

Master of Arts (M.A.) with program in one of the following:
Anthropology Englisht
Art Education Frencht
Art History Geography
Business Administration: Germant
Decision and Information Historyt
Sciences Latin
Finance Latin American Studies
insurance Linguistics
Management Mathematicsf
Marketing Philosophy?
Real Estate and Urban Political Science?
Analysis Political Science-
Classics International
Communication Processes Relationst
and Disorders: Psychology?
Communication Sciences Religion
and Disorderst Sociologyf
Communication Studiest Spanish
Economics

Master of Arts in Education-For a list of the programs, see
those listed for the Master of Education degree.


Master of Arts in Mass Communication (M.A.M.C.)t

Master of Arts in Urban and Regional Planning (M.A.U.R.P.)

Master of Fine Arts (M.F.A.) with program in one of the
following:
Art Theatre
Creative Writing

Master of Landscape Architecture (M.L.A.)

Master of Music (M.M.) with program in one of the following:
Music Music Education

Master of Science (M.S.) with program in one of the following:
Aerospace Engineeringt Food Science
Agricultural Education and Nutritional sciences
Communication Forest Resources
Farming Systemst and Conservation
Agricultural and Biological Geography
Engineering? Geology
Agronomy Horticultural Science:
Animal Sciences: Environmental
Animal Science Horticulture
Dairy and Poultry Sciences Horticultural Sciences
Astronomy Industrial and Systems
Biochemistry and Engineering!
Molecular Biology Materials Science
Botany and Engineering?
Chemical Engineeringf Mathematicst
Chemistry Mechanical Engineering?
Civil Engineering? Medical Sciences:
Coastal and Oceanographic Cell and Developmental
Engineering Biologyt
Computer and Information Molecular Genetics and
Science and Engineering? Microbiology
Computer Engineeringt Neuroscience
Dental Sciences Pathology
Endodontics Pharmacology
Periodontics Physiology
Prosthodontics Microbiology and Cell.
Orthodontics Science
Electrical and Computer Nuclear Engineering
Engineering Sciencest
Engineering Mechanicst Physicsf
Engineering Sciencef Plant Molecular and
Entomology and Cellular Biology
Nematology Plant Pathology
Environmental Engineering Psychology

Sciences? Clinical and Health
Fisheries and Aquatic Psychology
Sciences Psychology
Food and Resource Soil and Water Sciencet
Economics Veterinary Medical
Food Science and Sciences
Human Nutritiont Zoology


Master of Science in Architectural Studies (M.S.A.S.)

Master of Science in Building Construction (M.S.B.C.)

Master of Science in Exercise and Sport Sciences (M.S.E.S.S.)

Master of Science in Health Science Education (M.S.H.S.E.)

Master of Science in Nursing (M.S.Nsg.)

Master of Science in Pharmacy (M.S.P.) with program in
Pharmaceutical Sciences:
Medicinal Chemistry Pharmacy
Pharmacodynamics

Master of Science in Recreational Studies (M.S.R.S.)f

Master of Science in Statistics (M.S.Stat.)





8 / GENERAL INFORMATION


Doctor of Education (Ed.D.) with program in one of the
following:
Curriculum and Instruction Mental Health Counseling
Educational Leadership Research and Evaluation
Educational Psychology Methodology
Foundations of Education School Counseling and
Higher Education Guidance
Administration School Psychology
Marriage and Family Special Education
Counseling Student Personnel in Higher
Education
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) with program in one of the
following:
Aerospace Engineering History
Agricultural and Biological Horticultural Science:
Engineering Environmental
Agronomy Horticulture
Animal Sciences Horticultural Sciences
Anthropology Industrial and Systems
Architecture Engineering
.Astronomy Linguistics'
Biochemistry and Marriage and Family
Molecular Biology Counseling
Botany Mass Communication
Business Administration: Materials Science and
Accounting Engineering
Decision and Information Mathematics
Sciences Mechanical Engineering
Finance Medical Sciences:
Insurance Cell and Developmental
Management Biology
Marketing Molecular Genetics andl
Real Estate and Urban Microbiology
Analysis Neuroscience
Chemical Engineering Oral Biology
Chemistry Pathology
Civil Engineering Pharmacology
Coastal and Oceanographic Physiology
Engineering Mental Health Counseling
Communication Processes Microbiology and Cell
and Disorders: Science
Communication Sciences Music Education
and Disorders Nuclear Engineering
Communication Studies Sciences
Computer and Information Nursing Sciences
Science and Engineering Pharmaceutical Sciences:
Computer Engineering Medicinal Chemistry
Counseling Psychology Pharmacodynamics
Curriculum and Pharmacy
Instruction Philosophy
Economics Physics
Educational Leadership Plant Molecular and
Educational Psychology Cellular Biology
Electrical and Computer Plant Pathology
Engineering Political Science
Engineering Mechanics Political Science-
English International Relations
Entomology and Nematology Psychology:
Environmental Engineering Clinical and Health
Sciences Psychology
Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences Psychology
Food and Resource Research and Evaluation
Economics Methodology
Food Science and Human Romance Languages:
Nutrition French
Food Science Spanish
Nutritional Sciences School Counseling and
Forest Resources and Guidance
Conservation School Psychology
Foundations of Education Sociology
Geography Soil and Water Science
Geology Special Education
German Statistics
Health and Human Student Personnel in
Performance Higher Education
Higher Education Veterinary Medical
Administration Sciences
Zoology


ADMISSION TO THE

GRADUATE SCHOOL


Application for Admission.-Admission forms and infor-
mation concerning admission procedures should be ob-
tained from the department of interest. Prospective stu-
dents are urged to apply for admission as early as possible.
For some departments deadlines for receipt of admission
applications may be earlier than those stated in the current
University Calendar; prospective students should check
with the appropriate department. Applications which
meet minimum standards are referred to the graduate
selection committees of the various colleges and depart-
ments for approval or disapproval.
To be admitted to graduate study in a given depart-
S ment, the prospective student must satisfy the require-
ments of the department as well as those of the Graduate
School. Admission to some programs is limited by the
resources available.

General Requirements.-The Graduate School, Univer-
sity of Florida, requires both a minimum grade average of
B for all upper-division undergraduate work and accept-
able scores on the verbal, quantitative, and analytical
sections on the GRE General Test. Although no cut-off
GRE scores are used, the Graduate School uses, as a guide
for admission, scores at or above the national mean score
on each section. For some departments, and in more
advanced levels of graduate study, undergraduate aver-
ages or Graduate Record Examination scores above those
stated for the Graduate School may be required. Inquiries
about specific requirements should be addressed to the
department in question. Some colleges and departments
require a reading knowledge of at least one foreign
language. Exceptions to the above requirements are made
only when these and other criteria, including letters of
recommendation, are reviewed by the department, rec-
ommended by the department, and approved by the Dean
of the Graduate School.
Direct admission to the Graduate School is dependent
upon the presentation of a baccalaureate degree from an
accredited college or university. Two copies of the under-
graduate transcipt should accompany all applications-
one for the department and one for the Registrar. No
application will be considered unless the complete official
transcript of all the applicant's undergraduate and gradu-
ate work is in the possession of the Office of the University
Registrar, and no transcript will be accepted as official
unless it is received directly from the registrar of the
institution in which the work is done. Official supplemen-
tary transcripts are required as soon as they are available
for any work completed after application for admission has
been made.
The Board of Regents has also ruled that, in admitting
students for a given academic year, up to 10% may be
admitted as exceptions. Students admitted as exceptions
under the 10% waiver rule must present both an upper-
division grade point average and Graduate Record Exami-
nation General Test score with their applications and meet





ADMISSION / 9


other criteria required by the University, including excel-
lent letters of recommendation from colleagues, satisfac-
tory performance in a specified number of graduate
courses taken as postbaccalaureate students, and/or prac-
tical experience in the discipline for a specified period of
time.
The University encourages applications from qualified
applicants of both sexes from all cultural, racial, religious,
and ethnic groups. The University does not discriminate
on the basis of disability or age in admission or access to
its programs and activities. The Title IX Coordinator is Dr.
jacquelyn D. Hart, 352 Tigert Hall, 392-6004.

ADMISSIONS EXAMINATIONS

Graduate Record Examination.-In addition to the Gen-
eral Test of the Graduate Record Examination which is
required of all applicants, some departments encourage
the applicant to submit scores on one or more advanced
subject tests of the Graduate Record Examination. The
scores on all tests taken will be considered in regard to
admission.

Graduate Study in Business Administration.-Students
applying for admission to the Graduate School for study in
the College of Business Administration may substitute
satisfactory scores on the Graduate Management Admis-
sion Test (GMAT) for the Graduate Record Examination.
Students applying for admission to the Master of Business
Administration (MBA) program must submit satisfactory
scores on the GMAT. Applicants should contact the
Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ, for additional
information.

Graduate Study in Law.-Students applying to the gradu-
ate program leading to the degree Master of Laws must
hold the Juris Doctor or equivalent degree and must submit
satisfactory scores on the Law School Admission Test
(LSAT).

FOREIGN STUDENTS

All foreign students seeking admission to the Graduate
School are required to submit satisfactory scores on the
GRE General Test and a score of at least 550 on the TOEFL
(Test of English as a Foreign Language) with the following
exceptions:
1. Foreign students whose native tongue is English or
who have studied at a United States college or university
for one year or more need not submit TOEFL scores but
must submit satisfactory scores on the General Test of the
Graduate Record Examination beforetheir applications for
admission can be considered.
2. All foreign students applying for admission for the
Master of Business Administration program must submit
satisfactory scores from the Graduate Management Ad-
mission Test before their applications for admission will be
considered.
Foreign students whose scores on the TOEFL and verbal
portion of the GRE are not indicative of-adequate writing


skills are required to write a short essay for examination.
If the skills demonstrated in the essay are not acceptable
for pursuing graduate work, the examination will be used
as a diagnostic tool for placement in appropriate courses
which will not count toward a graduate degree.
Graduate students whose native language is not English
must submit satisfactory scores on the Test of Spoken
English (TSE) or the SPEAK Test to be eligible for teaching
assignments. Students who score 55 or above are allowed
to teach in the classroom, laboratory, or other appropriate
instructional activity. Those who score 45 to 50 are
allowed to teach on the condition that they enroll concur-
rently in ENS 4502, a course designed to help their
interpersonal and public speaking communication skills.
Students who fail to score 45 points may not be appointed
to teach. To raise their scores on the TSE, they are advised
to take ENS 4501, a course to improve general oral
language skills. They must subsequently submit a TSE or
SPEAK score of 45 or higher to be appointed to teach, and
they come under the guidelines described above.
Applicants should write to the Educational Testing
Service, Princeton, New Jersey, for registration forms and
other information concerning TOEFL, TSE, GMAT, and
GRE. Students may register for the locally administered
SPEAK test with the Academic Spoken English Office,
1349 Norman Hall.


STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES

The University of Florida does not discriminate on the
basis of disability in the recruitment and admission of
students, in the recruitment and employment of faculty
and staff, or in the operation of any of its programs and
activities, as specified by federal laws and regulations. The
designated coordinator for compliance with Section 504
of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, is James
Costello, Assistant Dean for Student Services, 202 Peabody
Hall, 392-1261. The designated coordinator for the
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is Kenneth J.
Osfield, Assistant in the Office of Academic Affairs, 37
Tigert Hall, 392-7056, 846-1046 (TDD).
The Office of Student Services provides assistance for
students with disabilities. Services are varied depending
on individual needs and include, but are not limited to,
special campus orientation, registration assistance, help
in .securing auxiliary learning aids, and assistance in
general University activities. Students with disabilities are
encouraged to contact this office.


CONDITIONAL ADMISSION

Students who are not eligible for direct admission may
be granted conditional admission to the Graduate School.
Students may be granted conditional admission to defer
final admission decisions until requisite examination scores
or final grade records are available. Students may also be
granted conditional admission to ascertain their ability to
pursue graduate work at the University of Florida if
previous grade records or Graduate Record Examination





10 / GENERAL INFORMATION


scores are on the borderline of acceptability or when
specific prerequisite courses are required.
Students granted conditional admission should be
notified by the department of the conditions under which
they are admitted. When these conditions have been
satisfied, the department must notify the student in writing,
sending a copy to the Graduate School. Eligible course
work taken while a student is in conditional status is
applicable toward a graduate-degree.
Students failing to meet any condition of admission will
be barred from further registration.


POSTBACCALAUREATE STUDENTS

Students who have received a bachelor's degree but
have not been admitted to the Graduate School are
classified as postbaccalaureate students (6-).
Postbaccalaureate enrollment is offered for the following
reasons: (1) to provide a means for students not seeking a
graduate degree to enroll in courses-included in this
category would be students who change their professional
goals or wish to expand their academic backgrounds and
(2) to accommodate students who do intend to enter a
graduate program at some future date, but need a substan-
tial number of prerequisite courses.
Postbaccalaureate students may enroll in graduate
courses but the work taken will not normally be transferred
to the graduate record if the student is subsequently
admitted to the Graduate School. By petition in clearly
justified cases and in conformance with regulations on
courses and credit, it is possible to transfer up to eight
semester hours of course work earned with a grade of A,
B+, or B.
Students who wish to enter the College of Education to
obtain teacher certification may not complete a program
as postbaccalaureate students. A department may accept
students in postbaccalaureate status for a limited time to
.neet admission requirements for a master's degree. Inter-
ested students should write to 134 Norman Hall or call
(352) 392-0721 ext. 400 for further information.


FACULTY MEMBERS AS GRADUATE
STUDENTS

University of Florida faculty in tenured or tenure-
accruing lines, as designated by the Florida Administrative
Code, normally may not pursue graduate degrees from this
institution. Exceptions are made for the Florida Coopera-
tive Extension Service (IFAS) county personnel, the faculty
of the P. K. Yonge Laboratory School, and University
Libraries faculty.
Under certain restrictions established by the Graduate
Council, persons holding nontenure- or nonpermanent-
status-accruing titles may pursue nonthesis master's de-
grees at the University of Florida. Any other exceptions to
this policy must be approved by the Graduate Council.
Such exceptions, if given, are extremely rare and will only
be approved when it is determined to be in the best interest
of the University.


STATE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM
PROGRAMS
Traveling Scholar Program.-This program makes the
entire State University System graduate curriculum avail-
able to University of Florida graduate students. A course
or research activity not offered on this campus, taken
under the auspices of the Traveling Scholar Program at
another SUS university, will count as credit at the Univer-
sity of Florida if approved by the graduate coordinator or
the supervisory committee chair and the Dean of the
Graduate School. Traveling scholars are normally limited
to one term on the campus of the host university. The
deans of graduate schools of the state universities are the
coordinators of the program, and interested students
should contact the Graduate Student Records Office, 288
Grinter Hall.
Cooperative Degree Programs.-In certain degree pro-
grams, faculty from other universities in the State Univer-
sity System hold graduate faculty status at the University of
Florida. In those approved areas, the intellectual resources
of these graduate faculty members are available to stu-
dents at the University of Florida.


GENERAL REGULATIONS

It is the responsibility of the graduate student to
become informed and to observe all regulations and
procedures required by the program the student is
pursuing. The student must be familiar with those sections
of the Graduate Catalog that outline general regulations
and requirements, specific degree program requirements,
and the offerings and requirements of the major depart-
ment. Ignorance of a rule does not constitute a basis for
waiving that rule. Any exceptions to the policies stated in
the Graduate Catalog must be approved by the Dean of the
Graduate School.
After admission to the Graduate School, but before the
first registration, the student should consult the college
and/or the graduate coordinator in the major department
concerning courses and degree requirements, deficien-
cies if any, and special regulations of the department. The
dean of the college in which the degree program is located
or a representative must approve all registrations. Once a
supervisory committee has been appointed, registration
approval should be the responsibility of the chair.

CONFIDENTIALITY OF STUDENT
RECORDS
The University of Florida assures the confidentiality of
student educational records in accordance with the State
University System rules, state statutes, and the Family
Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 (known as the
Buckley Amendment).
Information which may be released to the public on
any student is the name; class, college, and major; dates
of attendance; degrees) earned; awards received; local
and permanent address; and telephone number.
In general, a present or former student has the right to
personally review his or her own educational records for





GENERAL REGULATIONS / 11


information and to ascertain the accuracy of these records.
Parents of dependent students, as defined by the Internal
Revenue Service, have these same rights. A photo I.D. or
other equivalent documentation or personal recognition
by the custodian of record will be required before access
is granted.

STUDENT CONDUCT
Graduate students are subject to the same rules of
behavior that govern undergraduates. The student con-
duct code is printed in the Undergraduate Catalog.

STUDY LOADS
The University of Florida operates on a semester system
consisting of two 16-week periods and two 6-week sum-
mer terms. A credit under the semester system is equal to
1.5 quarter credits.
Minimum registration for full-time graduate students,
including trainees and fellows, is 12 credits. The minimum
registration requirement is reduced for those students who
are graduate assistants. Guidelines for minimum registra-
tion for students on appointment are provided in the
Graduate Student Handbook and the Graduate Council
Policy Manual for Coordinators, as well as in the Financial
Aid section of this catalog.
Full-time students, not on appointment, must register
for a minimum of 12 credits. Part-time status may be
approved by the graduate coordinator or student's adviser
for students who are not pursuing a degree on a full-time
basis. Such exceptions must be clearly justified and the
approved registration must be commensurate with the use
of University facilities and faculty time.
The minimum study load for students not on assistant-
ship is three credits during fall and spring semesters and
two for summer.

COURSES AND CREDITS
Undergraduate courses (1000-2999) may not be used
as any part of the graduate degree requirements, including
the requirement for a period of concentrated study. Under-
graduate courses (3000-4999), outside the major depart-
ment, may be used for support course work when taken as
part of an approved graduate program.
Courses numbered 5000 and above are limited to
graduate students, with the exception described under
Undergraduate Registration in Graduate Courses. Courses
numbered 7000 and above are designed primarily for
advanced graduate students.
No more than five hours each of 6910 (Supervised
Research) and 6940 (Supervised Teaching) may be taken
by a graduate student at the University of Florida.
A complete list of approved graduate courses appears
in the section of this catalog entitled Fields of Instruction.
Departments reserve the right to decide which of these
graduate courses will be offered in a given semester and
the departments should be consulted concerning available
courses.
Generally graduate courses may not be repeated for
credit. However, there is no limit on courses numbered


6971, 6972, 6979, 7979, and 7980. Other courses that
may be repeated for,credit are designated by max:
immediately following the semester credit designation.
SGraduate students must conform to the Office of the
University Registrar's deadline for drops. However, under
certain circumstances, substitutions of courses, if ap-
proved by the Graduate School, are permitted after the
Registrar's deadline.
Correspondence Work.-No courses taken by corre-
spondence may be used for graduate credit.
SProfessional Work.-Graduate students may receive
credit toward their degrees for courses in professional
programs (e.g.J.D., D.V.M., or M.D.)when their advisers
and graduate coordinators certify that the course work is
appropriate for their programs and when the students
receive permission from the departments and colleges
offering the courses. A list of such courses for each student
must be filed with the Graduate School Records Office.


GRADES

The only passing grades for graduate students are A,
B+, B, C+, C, and S. Grades of C+ and C in courses below
5000 level are acceptable for credit toward graduate
degrees if the total program meets the B average require-
ment. In 5000-level courses and above, C+ and C grades
count toward a graduate degree if an equal number of
credit hours in courses numbered 5000 or higher have
been earned with grades of B+ and A, respectively. Grade
points are not designated for S and U grades; these grades
are not used in calculating the grade-point average.
Grades of S and U are the only grades awarded in
courses numbered 6910 (Supervised Research), 6940
(Supervised Teaching), 6971 (Master's Research), 6972
(Engineer's Research), 6973 (Individual Project), 7979
(Advanced Research), and 7980 (Doctoral Research).
Additional courses for which S and U grades apply are
noted in the departmental offerings.
All language courses regardless of level may be taken
S/U if the student's major is not a language and the courses
are not used to satisfy a minor. Approval is required from
the student's supervisory committee chair and the instruc-
tor of the course. S/U approval should be made by the date
stipulated in the Schedule of Courses. All 1000 and 2000
level courses may be taken S/U. No other courses-
graduate, undergraduate, or professional-may be taken
for an S/U grade.
Deferred Grade H.-The grade of H is not a substitute for
a grade of S, U, or I. Courses for which H grades are
appropriate must be so noted in their catalog descriptions,
and must be approved by the Graduate Curriculum Com-
mittee and the Graduate School. This grade may be used
only in special situations where the expected unit of work.
may be developed over a period of time greater than a
single term.
Incomplete Grades.-Grades of I (incomplete) received
during the preceding semester should be removed as soon
as possible. Grades of I carry no quality-points and lower
the overall grade-point average.
All grades of H and I must be removed prior to the award
of a graduate degree.





12 / GENERAL INFORMATION


UNDERGRADUATE REGISTRATION IN
GRADUATE COURSES

Upper-division undergraduate students may enroll in
5000-level courses with the permission of the instructor.
Normally, a student must have a grade point average of at
least 3.0. To enroll in 6000-level courses, a student must
have senior standing, permission of the instructor, and an
upper-division grade point average of at least 3.0.
After a student has been accepted in the Graduate
School, up to six hours of graduate-level courses earned
with a grade of A, B+, or B taken under this provision may
be applied toward a graduate degree at the University of
Florida provided credit for the course has not been used for
an undergraduate degree and provided the transfer is
approved by the department and made as soon as the
student is admitted to a graduate program.


CONCURRENT GRADUATE
PROGRAMS

A graduate student who wishes to pursue degrees in
two programs concurrently must have the written approval
of the chairperson of each department involved and the
Dean of the Graduate School. Any student interested in
pursuing concurrent degrees should discuss the proposed
study with the Graduate School's Student Records staff
prior to applying for the programs. If the request is
approved, the student must be officially admitted to both
programs through regular procedures. If the student is
approved to pursue two master's programs, no more than
six hours of course work from one degree program may be
applied toward meeting the requirements for the second
master's degree. These six hours must be by petition to the
Dean of the Graduate School.


INFORMATION FOR VETERANS

The University of Florida is approved for the education
and training of veterans under all public laws in effect; i.e.,
Chapter 31, Title 38, U.S. Code (Disabled Veterans);
Chapter 34, Title 38, U.S. Code (Cold-War G.I. Bill); and
Chapter 35, Title 38, U.S. Code (Children of Deceased or
Disabled Veterans).
Students who may be eligible for educational benefits
under any Veterans Administration program are urged to
contact the Veterans Affairs Office, as soon as they are
accepted for admission.
Students expecting to receive benefits under one of
these programs must file an application with the Office of
the Registrar. No certification can be made until the
application is on file. Benefits are determined by the
Veterans Administration, and the University certifies ac-
cording to these rules and regulations.
The Office of the University Registrar maintains stu-
dents' academic records. A progress report is sent to each
student at the end of the term indicating grades, cumula-
tive hours, grade points, etc.


UNSATISFACTORY SCHOLARSHIP

Any graduate student may be denied further registra-
tion in the University or in a graduate program should
scholastic performance or progress toward completion of
the planned program become unsatisfactory to the depart-
ment, college, or Dean of the Graduate School. Failure to
maintain a B average in all work attempted is, by defini-
tion, unsatisfactory scholarship.

CHANGE OF MAJOR OR COLLEGE

A graduate student who wishes to change major or
college must make formal application through the Office
of the University Registrar and receive approval of the
appropriate department chairperson, college dean, and
the Dean of the Graduate School. Deadline dates for such
changes as specified in the current University Calendar
must be met.

FOREIGN LANGUAGE EXAMINATION

A foreign language examination is not required for all
degree programs and the student should contact the
graduate coordinator in the appropriate department for
specific information regarding any requirement of a for-
eign language.
If a department requires that a student meet the foreign
language requirement by satisfactory performance on the
Graduate School Foreign LanguageTests (GSFLT) in French,
Spanish, or German, the student should contact the Office
of Instructional Resources, 1012 Turlington Hall, for
applications and payments of fees. The examination times
and dates are listed in the University Calendar. Educa-
tional Testing Service (ETS) no longer administers this
examination and does not accept application fees or issue
tickets of admission for these tests.

EXAMINATIONS

The student must be registered for an appropriate load
during the semester in which any examination is taken.
The student's supervisory committee is responsible for the
administration of the written and oral qualifying examina-
tions as well as the final oral examination for the defense
of the thesis, project, or dissertation. All members of the
supervisory.committee must sign the appropriate forms,
including the signature pages, in order for the student to
satisfy the requirements of the examination.
Qualifying and final examinations for graduate stu-
dents are to be held on the University of Florida campus.
Exceptions to this policy are made only for certain gradu-
ate students whose examinations are administered at the
Agricultural Research and Educational Centers or on the
campuses of the universities in the State University System.
With the approval of all members of the supervisory
committee, one committee member may be off-site at a
qualifying oral examination or at the final oral defense of
the dissertation or thesis, using modern communication
technology to be present rather than being physically
present.






MASTER'S DEGREES / 13


PREPARATION FOR FINAL SEMESTER
It is the student's responsibility to ascertain that all
requirements have been met and that every deadline is
observed. Deadline dates are set forth in the University
Calendar and by the college, school, or department.
Regular issues of Deadline Dates are available each
semester.
When the dissertation or thesis is ready to be put in final
form, the student should obtain the Guide for Preparing
Theses and Dissertations from the Graduate School Edito-
rial Office and should request a records check in the
Graduate Records Office to make certain that all require-
ments for graduation have been fulfilled.
During the term in which the final examination is given
and during the term the degree is received, a student must
be registered for at least three hours that count toward his/
her graduate degree. Thesis students must be registered for
three hours of 6971 and doctoral students for three hours
of 7980. Minimum registration for students taking their
final examinations or graduating during the summer terms
is two hours of appropriate credit as outlined above.
Students must also apply for the degree at the beginning of
the final term.

AWARDING OF DEGREES
The Graduate School will authorize a candidate to be
awarded the degree appropriate to the course of study
under the following conditions (the details of which can be
found under the descriptions of the several degrees):
1. The candidate must have completed all course
requirements, including an internship or practicum if
required, in the major and minor fields, observing time
limits, limitations on transfer credit, on nonresident work,
and on level of course work.
2. The candidate must have a grade average of B or
higher in the major and in all work attempted in the
graduate program. All grades of I, H, and X must be
resolved. Grades of D and E require a written petition to
the Dean of the Graduate School.
3. The candidate must have satisfactorily completed all
required examinations, qualifying, comprehensive, and
final, and be recommended for the degree by the supervi-
sory committee, major department, and college.
4. The dissertation or, if required, thesis or equivalent
project, must have been approved by the supervisory
committee and accepted by the Graduate School. Recom-
niendations for the awarding of a degree include meeting
all academic and professional qualifications as judged by
the faculty of the appropriate department.
5. All requirements for the degree must be met while
the candidate is a registered graduate student.
Students who have been registered in the Graduate
School at least one semester of each successive calendar
year may graduate according to the curriculum under
which they entered.

ATTENDANCE AT COMMENCEMENT
Graduates who are to receive advanced degrees are
urged to attend Commencement in order to accept person-
ally the honor indicated by the appropriate hood. The


student may arrange through the University Bookstore for
the proper academic attire to be worn at Commencement.


REQUIREMENTS FOR

MASTER'S DEGREES

GENERAL REGULATIONS

The following regulations represent those of the Gradu-
ate School. Colleges and departments may have addi-
tional regulations beyond those stated below. Unless
otherwise indicated in the following sections concerning
master's degrees, these general regulations apply to all
master's degree programs at the University.
Course Requirements.-Graduate credit is awarded
for courses numbered 5000 and above. The work in the
major field must be in courses numbered 5000 or above.
For work outside the major, courses numbered 3000 or
above may be taken provided they are part of an approved
plan of study. The program of course work for a master's
degree must be approved by the student's adviser, super-
visory committee, or faculty representative of the depart-
ment. No more than six credits from a previous master's
degree program may be applied toward a second master's
degree. These credits are applied only with the written
approval of the Dean of the Graduate School.
If a minor is chosen, at least six credits of work are
required in the minor field. Two six-credit minors may be
taken with departmental permission. Minor work must be
in a department other than the major; in special cases this
requirement may be modified, but only with the written
permission of the Dean of the Graduate School. A GPA of
3.0 is required for minor credit.
Degree Requirements.-Unless otherwise specified,
for any master's degree, the student must earn a minimum
of 30 credits as a graduate student at the University of
Florida, of which no more than eight hours, earned with
a grade of A, B+, or B, may be transferred from institutions
approved for this purpose by the Dean of the Graduate
School. At least half of the required credits, exclusive of
6971, must be in the field of study designated the major.
Transfer of Credit.-Only graduate (5000-7999) level
work to the extent of eight semester hours, earned with'a
grade of A, B+, or B may be transferred from an institution
approved by the Graduate School or from postbaccalaureate
work at the University of Florida. Credits transferred from
other universities will be applied toward meeting the
degree requirements but the grades earned will not be
computed in the student's grade-point average. Accep-
tance of transfer of credit requires approval of the student's
supervisory committee and the Dean of the Graduate
School.
Petitions for transfer of credit for a master's degree must
be made during the student's first term of enrollment in the
Graduate School.
Nonresident or extension work taken at another insti-
tution may not be transferred to the University of Florida
for graduate credit. No courses taken by correspondence
may be used toward a graduate degree.
I





14 / GENERAL INFORMATION


Supervisory Committee.-The student's supervisory
committee should be appointed as soon as possible after the
student has been admitted to the Graduate School but in no
case later than the second semester of graduate study.
Supervisory committees for graduate degree programs
are nominated by the representative department chairper-
son, approved by the college dean, and appointed by the
Dean of the Graduate School. Only members of the
Graduate Faculty may be appointed to supervisory com-
mittees. The chairperson must be from the major depart-
ment. The Dean of the Graduate School is an ex-officio
member of all supervisory committees.
The supervisory committee for a master's degree with
a thesis must consist of at least two members selected from
the Graduate Faculty. The supervisory committee for a
master's degree without a thesis may consist of one
member of the Graduate Faculty who advises the student
and oversees the program. If a minor is designated, the
committee must include one Graduate Faculty member
from the minor department.
Language Requirements.-(1) The requirement of a
reading knowledge of a foreign language is at the discre-
tion of the department. The foreign language requirement
varies from department to department and the student
should check with the appropriate department for specific
information. (2) The ability to use the English language
correctly and effectively, as judged by the supervisory
committee, is required of all candidates.
Examination.-A final comprehensive examination
must be passed by the candidate. This examination, held
on campus with all participants present, will cover at least
the candidate's field of concentration, and in no case may
it be scheduled earlier than the term preceding the
semester in which the degree is to be conferred.
Time Limitation.-Allwork, includingtransferredcredit,
counted toward the master's degree must be completed
during the seven years immediately preceding the date on
which the degree is awarded.

MASTER OF ARTS AND MASTER OF
SCIENCE
The requirements for the Master of Arts and the Master
of Science degrees also apply to the following degrees,
except as they are individually described hereafter: Master
of Arts in Education, Master of Arts in Mass Communica-
tion, Master of Science in Building Construction, Master
of Science in Health Science Education, Master of Science
in Pharmacy, Master of Science in Recreational Studies,
and Master of Science in Statistics.
Course Requirements.-The minimum course work
required for a master's degree with thesis is 30 credits
including up to 6 hours of the research course numbered
6971. All students seeking a master's degree with thesis
must register for an appropriate number of hours in 6971.
The Graduate School requirement for a Master of Arts
or Master of Science degree taken with a nonthesis option
is at least 32 letter-graded credits. Many departments
require more. S/U graded courses do not count in meeting
the minimum credit requirements for a nonthesis option.
Students pursuing the nonthesis option may not use the
course numbered 6971.


For both nonthesis option and thesis programs, at least
half the required credits, exclusive of 6971, must be in a
field of study designated the major. One or two minors of
at least six credits each may be taken, but a minor is not
required by the Graduate School. Minor work must be in
a department other than the major. The work in the major
field must be in courses numbered 5000 or above. For
work outside the major, courses numbered 3000 or above
may be taken.
Engineering students, working at off-campus centers,
who are pursuing a nonthesis option.Master of Science
degree, must take half the course work from full-time
University of Florida faculty members and are required to
pass a comprehensive written examination administered
on the University of Florida campus by an examining
committee recommended by the Dean of the College of
Engineering and appointed by the Dean of the Graduate
School.
SThesis.-Candidates for the master's degree with thesis
must prepare and present theses (or equivalent in creative
work) acceptable to their supervisory committees and the
Graduate School. The candidate should consultthe Gradu-
ate School Editorial Office for instructions concerning the
form of the thesis. The University Calendar specifies final
dates for submitting the original copy of the thesis to the
Graduate School. The college copy should also be submit-
ted to the college or to the library by the specified date.
After the thesis is accepted, these two copies will be
permanently bound and deposited in the University Li-
braries.
Change from Thesis to Nonthesis Option.-A student
who wishes to change from the thesis to the nonthesis
option for the master's degree must obtain the permission
of the supervisory committee to make such a change. This
permission must be forwarded to the Graduate School at
least one full semester prior to the intended date of
graduation. The candidate must meet all the requirements
of the nonthesis option as specified above. A maximum of
three credits earned with a grade of S in 6971 (Master's
Research) can be counted toward the degree requirements
only if converted to credit as A, B+, or B in Individual
Work. The supervisory committee must indicate that the
work was productive in and by itself and warrants credit
as a special problem or special topic course.
Supervisory Committee.-The student's supervisory
committee should be appointed as soon as possible after
the student has been admitted to the Graduate School but
in no case later than the end of the second semester of
study. The duties of the supervisory committee are to
advise the student, to check on the student's qualifications
and progress, to supervise the preparation of the thesis,
and to conduct the final examination.
Final Comprehensive Examination.-The student who
elects the nonthesis option must pass a comprehensive
written examination on the major field of study and on the
minor if a minor is designated. This comprehensive
examination must be taken within six months of the date
the degree is to be awarded.
Final Examination.-When the student's course work
is substantially completed, and the thesis is in final form,
the supervisory committee is required to examine the
student orally or in writing on (1) the thesis, (2) the major





MASTER'S DEGREES / 15


subjects, (3) the minor or minors, and (4) matters of a
general nature pertaining to the field of study.
At least three faculty members and the candidate must
be present at the final examination. At the time of the
examination, all committee members should sign -the
signature pages and the Final Examination Report. These
may be retained by the supervisory chair until acceptable
completion of corrections. This examination may not be
scheduled earlier than the semester preceding the term the
degree is to be conferred.

MASTER OF ARTS IN TEACHING AND
MASTER OF SCIENCE IN TEACHING
These degrees are designed for graduate students who
intend to teach in junior colleges. Requirements for
admission are the same as those for the regular M.A. and
M.S. degrees in the various colleges, and programs lead-
ing to the M.A.T. and M.S.T. may, with proper approval,
be incorporated into programs leading to the Ph.D.
The requirements for the degrees are as follows:
1. A reading knowledge of one foreign language if
required by the student's major department.
2. Satisfactory completion of at least 36 credits while
registered as a graduate student, with work distributed as
follows:
a. At least 18 credits in the major (all work in the
major field must be 5000 level or higher) and 6 credits in
the minor.
b. Six credits in a departmental internship in teach-
ing (6943-Internship in College Teaching). Three years
of successful teaching experience in a state certified
school may be substituted for the internship requirement;
and credits thus made available may be used for further
work in the major, the minor, or in education.
c. At least one course in each of the following:
social foundations of education, psychological founda-
tions of education, and community college curriculum.
These courses may be used to comprise a minor.
3. Off-Campus Work: A minimum of 8-16 credits (at
the department's discretion), including registration for at
least 6 credit hours in a single semester, must be earned on
the Gainesville campus. Beyond that, credits, including
those atthe 5000 and 6000 level, earned in courses offered
off-campus by the University of Florida which have been
approved by the Graduate School shall be accepted,
provided they are appropriate to the student's degree
program as determined by the supervisory committee.
4. At the completion of this degree, the student, for
certification purposes, must present from the undergradu-
ate and graduate degree programs no fewer than 36
semester credits in the major field.
5. A final comprehensive examination, either written,
oral, or both, must be passed by the candidate. This
examination, taken on campus, will cover the field of
concentration and the minor.

MASTER OF ACCOUNTING
The Master of Accounting (M.Acc.) is the professional
degree for students seeking careers in public accounting,
business organizations, and government. The M.Acc.


program offers specializations in auditing/financial ac-
counting, accounting systems, and taxation.
The recommended curriculum to prepare for a profes-
sional career in accounting is the 3/2 five-year program
with a joint awarding of the Bachelor of Science in
Accounting and the Master of Accounting degrees upon
satisfactory completion of the 152-hour program. The
entry point into the 3/2 is the beginning of the senior year.
Students who have already completed an undergradu-
ate degree in accounting may enter the one-year M.Acc.
program which requires satisfactory completion of 34
hours of course work, a minimum of 18 semester credits
must be in graduate level accounting, excluding prepara-
tory courses. At least 20 of the 34 semester credits must be
in graduate level courses. Courses below the graduate
level must have the approval of the major adviser. A final
comprehensive examination, taken on campus, is re-
quired of all students. Additional requirements are listed
under the General Regulations section for all master's
degrees.
M.Acc./J.D. Program.-This joint program culminates
in both the Juris Doctor degree awarded by the College of
Law and the Master of Accounting degree awarded by the
Graduate School. The program is designed for students
who have an undergraduate degree in accounting and
who are interested in advanced studies in both accounting
and law. The joint program requires 20 fewer credits than
would be required if the two degrees were earned sepa-
rately. The two degrees are awarded after completion of
the curriculum requirements for both degrees. Students
must take both the GMAT (or the GRE) and the LSAT prior
to admission, and must meet the admission requirements
for the College of Law (J.D.) and the Fisher School of
Accounting (M. Acc.). Students must be admitted to the
two programs simultaneously.

MASTER OF AGRICULTURE
The degree of Master of Agriculture is designed for
those students who wish additional training for agribusiness
occupations or professions rather than for those interested
primarily in research.
The general requirements are the same as those for the
Master of Science degree without thesis except that 12
credits of graduate courses in a department constitute a
major.The student's supervisory committee must consist
of at least two members of the graduate faculty. A
comprehensive written qualifying examination, given prior
to the midpoint of the term of graduation, and a final oral
examination are required. Both examinations must be
given on campus with all participants present.

MASTER OF AGRICULTURAL
MANAGEMENT AND RESOURCE
DEVELOPMENT (M.A.M.R.D.)

The M.A.M.R.D. degree program provides an oppor-
tunity for graduate study for students who plan to enter
management careers in business firms or government
agencies; it is not recommended for those who plan
careers in research and university teaching. Areas of





16 / GENERAL INFORMATION


concentration include farm management, agribusiness
management, and natural resources and environmental
management.
The general requirements are the same as those for the
Master of Science degree without thesis except that 12
credits of graduate courses in food and resource econom-
ics constitute a major. The supervisory committee and
examination requirements are the same as those for the
Master of Agriculture degree.

MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE

The degree of Master of Architecture is an accredited
professional degree meeting the requirements of the Na-
tional Architectural Accrediting Board, for those students
who wish to qualify for registration and practice as
architects. Candidates are admitted from architectural,
related, and unrelated undergraduate backgrounds; pro-
fessional experience is encouraged but not required.
The general requirements are the same as those for the
Master of Arts degrees with thesis except thatthe minimum
registration required is 52 credits, including no more than
6 credits in ARC 6971 or 6979. Course sequences in
design history and theory, materials and methods, struc-
tures, technology, and practice must be completed. Stu-
dents are encouraged to propose individual programs of
study (outside of required courses), and interdisciplinary
work is encouraged.

MASTER OF ARTS IN URBAN AND
REGIONAL PLANNING

The degree of Master of Arts in Urban and Regional
Planning is a professional degree for students who wish to
practice urban and regional planning and meet the educa-
tional requirements for the American Institute of Certified
Planners. The program is accredited by the Planning
Accreditation Board.
The general requirements are the same as those for
other Master of Arts degrees with thesis except that the
minimum registration required is 52 credits including no
more than 6 credits in URP 6971. In some study areas, with
permission from the departmental graduate faculty, a
terminal project requiring 6 credits may be elected in lieu
of a thesis.
M.A.U.R.P./J.D. Joint Program.-A four-year program
leading to a Juris Doctor and a Master of Arts in Urban and
Regional Planning is offered under the joint auspices of the
College of Law and the College of Architecture, Depart-
ment of Urban and Regional Planning. The program
provides students interested in the legal problems of urban
and regional planning with an opportunity to blend law
studies with relevant course work in the planning curricu-
lum. The students receive both degrees atthe end of a four-
year course of study whereas separate programs would
require five years. Students must take the GRE and the
LSAT prior to admission, must be admitted to the two
programs simultaneously, and must completethe first year
of law school course work before comingling law and
planning courses. A thesis is required upon completion of
the course work.


Interested students should apply to both the Holland
Law Center and the Graduate School, noting on the
application the joint nature of their admission requests.
Further information on the program is available from the
Holland Law Center and from the Department of Urban
and Regional Planning.

MASTER OF BUILDING
CONSTRUCTION

The degree of Master of Building Construction is
designed for those students who wish to pursue advanced
work in management of construction, construction tech-
niques, and research problems in the construction field.
The general requirements are the same as those for
Master of Science degrees except that a minimum of 33
graduate level credits is required. At least 24 credits must
be in theSchool of Building Construction in graduate level
courses. Twelve credits must be earned at the 6000 level
in building construction courses and a minimum of 15
hours of 6000 level courses is required. The remaining
nine credits may be earned in other departments at the
3000 level or above when these courses are included as a
part of an approved program of study. A thesis is not
required, but an independent research study (BCN 6934)
of at least three credits is required.
When the student's course work is completed, or
practically so, and the independent research report is
complete, the supervisory committee is required to exam-
ine the student orally on (1) the independent research
report, (2) the major subjects, (3) the minor or minors, and
(4) matters of a general nature pertaining to the field of
study. The examination must be given on campus with all
participants present.

MASTER OF BUSINESS
ADMINISTRATION

The Master of Business Administration degree is de-
signed to give students (1) the conceptual knowledge for
understanding the functions and behaviors common to all
organizations and (2) the analytical, problem-solving, and
decision-making skills essential for effective management.
The emphasis is upon developing the student's capacities
and skills for business decision making.
The curriculum is structured so that students may
extend their knowledge in a specialized field. Included are
agribusiness, arts administration, decision and informa-
tion sciences, entrepreneurship, global management,
human resources, international economics, finance, law
and managerial policy, management, marketing, public
policy, real estate, sports administration, and technology
transfer. Students may also expand their knowledge in
several areas instead of specializing and pursue a gener-
alist option by selecting approved courses from more than
one specialization.
Admission.-Applicants for admission must submit
scores from the Graduate Management Admission Test
(GMAT) as well as transcripts for all previous academic
work. Significant work experience is expected, and per-
sonal interviews are required along with written essays





MASTER'S DEGREES / 17


and personal recommendations. Applicants whose native
language is not English are required to submit, scores for
the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL).
A heterogeneous student body is seen as an important
asset of the program. Accordingly, the backgrounds of
students include a wide range of disciplines and cultures.
The curriculum assumes no previous academic work in
managerial disciplines or business administration. How-
ever, enrolling students find introductory course work in
statistics, calculus, and financial accounting beneficial.'
Traditional students are admitted for the fall semester
and three-term students begin in June. Applications
should be made as early as possible during the preceding
academic year; no later than April 1 (February 1 for three-
term candidates). For more specific information on
admission as well as other aspects of the program, contact
the Director of MBA Admissions, College of Business
Administration, 134 Bryan Hall, P.O. Box 117152.

Course Work Required.-A minimum of 48 credits of
course work is required including 27 credits of required
courses and 21 credits of elective courses. The latter
include specialization courses, an international elective,
a course dealing with the legal environment of business,
and courses outside the specialization. Most students
concentrate in general business specializing in one or
more of the areas listed above. A specialization typically
requires two courses.
Options.
Full-Time MBA Program.-The traditional MBA pro-
gram requires four semesters of full-time study. Entering
in the fall only, each student spends the summer as an
intern or on an international exchange program.
Three-Term MBA Program.-Designed for undergradu-
ate business majors, this one-year program begins in June.
Two to five years of postgraduate work experience is
required.
MBA for Managers.-A 20-month program designed
for working professionals, students attend 16 courses once
a month for a long weekend (usually Friday, Saturday, and
Sunday). The program is divided into five terms.

MBA/MHS Program in Health and Hospital Adminis-
tration.-A two-year program of concurrent studies lead-
ing to a Master of Business Administration and a Master of
Health Science is offered in cooperation with the College
)f Health Related Professions. Both degrees are awarded
ifter a course of study which requires 66 semester hours
)f credit. Students apply and are admitted to the Master of
business Administration program following regular proce-
Jures. In addition, they are admitted to the Master of
-lealth Science program following an interview with
members of a class selection committee. Admission to the
wo programs must be simultaneous.

MBA/MS in Medical Sciences Program.-A program
)f concurrent studies leading to the Master of Business
administrationn and Master of Science degrees is offered in
cooperation with the Department of Molecular Genetics
ind Microbiology in the College of Medicine. This joint
programm was established in response to the needs of
businessess engaged in biotechnological sciences. Both


degrees can be obtained in three years. The program
requires one year of science courses, one year of business
courses, and a year devoted to research and electives in
business and science. Research is done in one of the
Interdisciplinary Center for Biotechnology Research core
laboratories. Students must take both the GMAT and GRE
prior to admission and meet the curriculum requirements
of both degrees.

MBA/JD Program.-A program of concurrent studies
leading to a Master of Business Administration and a Juris
Doctor is offered under the joint auspices of the College of
Business Administration and the College of Law. Current
MBA or JD students must declare their intent to apply for
the second degree within their first semester. Applications
are then due according to admission schedules for that
year. Both degrees are awarded after a four-year course of
study. Students must take both the LSAT and the GMAT
prior to admission and meet the curriculum requirements
of both degrees.

MBA/PharmD Program in Management and Phar-
macy Administration.-A program of concurrent studies
culminating in both a Master of Business Administration
and a Doctor of Pharmacy degree allows students inter-
ested in both management and pharmacy administration
to obtain the appropriate education in both areas. Candi-
dates must meet the entrance requirements and follow the
entrance procedures of both the College of Business
Administration and the College of Pharmacy, and admis-
sion to the two programs must be simultaneous. The
degrees may be granted after five years of study.

MBA/MIB Program in International Business Admin-
istration.-A joint program which will culminate in Mas-
ter of Business Administration (conferred by the College of
Business Administration, University of Florida) and a
Master of International Business (awarded by Nijenrode,
The Netherlands School of Business) allows students
interested in both management and international business
to obtain the appropriate education in both areas. Both
degrees may be granted after two years of study; applicants
must be simultaneously accepted by both colleges and
satisfy the curriculum requirements of each degree. Apply
to the Director of MBA Admissions for criteria and current
information.

MBA/MIM Program in International Management.-
A dual degree program between the University of Florida
and the American Graduate School of International Man-
agement (Thunderbird) makes it possible to earn both
degrees after three years of study. For further information
on the joint program, contact the Director of the Master of.
Business Administration Program.

MBA/BSISE.-A joint program culminating in a Bach-
elor of Science in Industrial and Systems Engineering and
a Master of Business Administration is offered under the
auspices of the Colleges of Engineering and Business
Administration. The two degrees may be granted- after
approximately six years of course work. An applicant for
the combined curriculum must first be admitted to the





18/ GENERAL INFORMATION


Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering for
study toward the BSISE degree. After completing a mini-
mum of 80 semester hours of course work and with the
endorsement of the Department of Industrial and Systems
Engineering, the student should apply to the College of
Business Administration for the MBA program. To be
eligible for the joint program, a student should have a GPA
of 3.0 or higher and a competitive GMAT score. Foreign
students must also submit TOEFL scores. Further informa-
tion on the joint program may be obtained from the
chairman's office, Department of Industrial and Systems
Engineering.

Exchange Programs.-The MBA program offers sec-
ond-year students exchange opportunities at numerous
international universities. Currently, exchange programs
existwith the Universityof Manchester in England, Bocconi
University in Italy, Nijenrode in the Netherlands, Hong
Kong University of Science and Technology, Mannheim
University in Germany, Norwegian School of Manage-
ment in Norway, Groupe ESC Lyon in France, ESADE in
Spain, -Helsinki School of Economics in Finland, and
Institute de Estudios Superiores de Administracion, in
Caracas, Venezuela. Since the MBA program is continu-
ally exploring new international study opportunities, in-
terested applicants should contact the program office (134
Bryan Hall) for additional exchange opportunities.

MASTER OF EDUCATION

The degree of Master of Education is a professional
degree designed to meet the need for professional person-
nel to serve a variety of functions required in established
and emerging educational activities of modern society. A
thesis is not required.
A minimum of 36 credits is required in all master's
programs with at least half of these credits in courses at the
5000 level or above. For master's students who earned at
least 21 credits in a baccalaureate teacher education
program, a minimum of 12 credits in education-all at the
graduate level-and 5 credits outside education are re-
quired. For these students, 15 credits outside education
are required if their major is English, foreign language,
mathematics, science, or social studies education. For all
other master's students, at least 21 credits in courses in
education and at least 5 credits in courses outside educa-
tion are required. For students in this category who hold
a baccalaureate degree from a field outside education, 5
credits in courses outside their major department may be
substituted for the 5 required credits outside education.
(Also see General Requirements for Master's Degrees.).
At least 16 credits must be earned while the student is
enrolled as a graduate student in courses offered on the
Gainesville campus of the University of Florida, including
registration for at least 6 credits in a single semester.

MASTER OF ENGINEERING

A student seeking a master's degree in the field of
engineering may become a candidate for the Master of
Engineering degree with or without thesis, provided such


a candidate has a bachelor's degree in engineering from an
ABET-accredited curriculum or has taken sufficient articu-
lation course work to meet the minimum requirements
specified by ABET. Students who do not meet this require-
ment may become candidates for the Master of Science
degree, provided theymeet departmental requirements for
admission. The general intent in making this distinction is
to encourage those who are professionally oriented to seek
the Master of Engineering degree, and those who are more
scientifically oriented and those who have science-based
backgrounds to seek the Master of Science degree.
Also, the Master of Civil Engineering degree has been
approved as a variant of the Master of Engineering degree.
The M.C.E. is oriented specifically to the design and
professional practice in civil engineering. The degree
requirements include a minimum number of hours of
design and professional practice instruction at the gradu-
ate level, six months' full-time civil engineering related
experience or its equivalent obtained after the student has
achieved junior status, and completion of the Engineer
Intern Examinatior. The thesis or report required for all
master's degrees must be design-related. Further details on
this degree program may be obtained from the Chairman,
Department of Civil Engineering.
Work Required.-The minimum course work required
for the master's degree with thesis is 30 credits which may
include up to 6 credits of research numbered 6971 in all
departments. At least 12 credits, excluding 6971, must be
in the student's major field of study. A minimum of.32
credits of course work is required, with at least 16 credits
in the student's major field for the master's degrees without
thesis. The Deparment of Mechanical Engineering re-
quires a minimum of 33 credits of course work while
Environmental Engineering Sciences requires a minimum
of 34 credits of course work for degrees without a thesis.
At least 50% of the required credits must be in graduate
level courses, excluding those graded as S/U. Courses in
the major must be graduate level. If a minor is chosen, at
least six credits of work are required: two six-credit minors
may be taken. In addition, a multidisciplinary minor in
departments other than the major may be authorized by
the supervisory committee or program adviser. Courses
numbered 3000 and above may be taken for the minor.
Degree Credit.-In order to qualify for course work
toward the Master of Engineering degree, a student must
first be admitted to the Graduate School at the University
of Florida. The amount of course work toward this degree
that may be taken at an off-campus center will depend
upon the student's individual program and the courses
provided through the center.
Examinations.-A student seeking the Master of Engi-
neering degree with or without thesis is required to pass a
comprehensive oral and/or written examination, adminis-
tered on campus with all participants present, at the
completion of the course work. An off-campus student
who is a candidate for a nonthesis degree must take half
the course work from full-time University of Florida faculty
members and is required to pass a comprehensive written
examination administered on the- University of Florida
campus by an examining committee recommended bythe
Dean of the College of Engineering and appointed by the
Dean of the Graduate School. At least one member of the





MASTER'S DEGREES / 19


examining committee must be either the student's pro-
gram adviser or a member of the supervisory committee.
If a minor is taken, another member selected from the
Graduate Studies Faculty must be chosen from outside the
major department to represent the student's minor.
The requirement for an on-campus comprehensive
written examination also applies to the nonthesis option of
the Master of Science degree for students in the College of
Engineering.
Examination requirements for the Master of Science
degree are covered in the section Master of Arts and
Master of Science.
A Certificate Program in Manufacturing Systems
Engineering has been established as an option for the
Master of Engineering degree of six departments: Aero-
space Engineering, Mechanics, and Engineering Science;
Computer and Information Science and Engineering; Elec-
trical and Computer Engineering; Industrial and Systems
Engineering; Materials Science and Engineering; and
Mechanical Engineering. Qualification for the certificate
requires specified courses in manufacturing, 18 credits or
more of course work selected from an approved manufac-
turing systems engineering core, completion of a master's
thesis or project on a manufacturing-related topic, and
satisfactory completion of departmental Master of Engi-
neering requirements. In most cases, the manufacturing
courses will partially satisfy required and elective course
requirements stipulated by the home department.

MASTER OF FINE ARTS
The Master of Fine Arts degree is offered with majors in
art, English (creative writing), and theatre. The require-
ments for this degree are the same as those for the Master
of Arts with thesis except that a minimum of 60 credits (48
for English) is required, including 6 to 10 credits in 6971
(Research for Master's Thesis). Students in.art and theatre
may elect to substitute 6973 (Individual Project), creative
work in lieu of the written thesis. Students intending to
pursue this option should follow the general procedures
below:
1. Using the college form, the student must obtain
approval of a proposed project from the supervisory
committee.
2. The student should include in the proposal a descrip-
tion of the nature of the project, the method and sources
of research material, and how the project will be re-
corded-e.g., slides, tapes, scripts, program notes, etc.
3. Project must conform to departmental formats. To
insure future accessibility and for record keeping pur-
poses, a copy of the results must be deposited in a
designated library.
SAdmission.-Applicants requesting admission to any
of the programs should have an earned baccalaureate
degree in the same or a closely related field from an
accredited institution.
Students must fulfill the requirements of their disci-
pline, as well as the Graduate School admission criteria.
In cases where the undergraduate degree is not in the area
chosen for graduate study, the student must demonstrate
a level of achievement fully equivalent to the bachelor's
degree in the graduate field concerned. A candidate found


deficient in certain undergraduate areas will be required to
remove the deficiencies by successful completion of ap-
propriate undergraduate courses.
In addition, candidates in art or theatre are required to
submit slides and/or a portfolio of the creative work, or to
audition, prior to being accepted into the program. In
English, the candidate must submit 2 short stories, 2
chapters of a novel, or 6 to 10 poems.
Three years of work in residence (two for English) are
usually necessary to complete degree requirements. If
deficiencies must be-removed, the residency could be
longer.
See additional information listed under the Fields of
Instruction section of this Catalog for Art, English, and
Theatre.
Art.-The MFA degree with a major in art is designed
for those who wish to prepare themselves as teachers of art
in colleges and universities and for those who wish to
attain a professional level of proficiency in studio work.
Specialization is offered in the studio areas of ceramics,
creative photography, drawing, painting, printmaking,
sculpture, graphic design, electronic intermedia, and
multimedia. The MFA is generally accepted as the termi-
nal degree in the studio area.
In addition to the general requirements above, students
are required to take a minimum of 60 credit hours.
Requirements include 42 hours in studio courses (24 in
specialization, 12 in electives, and 6 in ART 6971 or
6973C); 6 hours in art history; 3 hours in seminar; 3 hours
in aesthetics, criticism, or art law; and 6 hours of electives.
The College reserves the right to retain student work for
purposes of record, exhibition, or instruction.
Creative Writing.-The MFA in creative writing helps
talented men and women develop as writers and critics
through a diverse selection of workshops and literary
studies. Students work continually and closely with the
writing faculty. Students are expected to produce a
manuscript of publishable work at the end of the program.
The program includes nine courses (four workshops,
three literature courses, and two electives), three reading
tutorials, and a thesis: 48 credits in all. Students take one
workshop each semester. All of the literature courses
cannot be in the same century. One elective may be taken
outside the department; electives may also be taken as
independent study projects or additional literature courses.
The thesis is an original manuscript of fiction or poetry.
Theatre.-The MFA degree with a major in theatre is
designed primarily for those interested in production-
oriented theatrical careers and teaching. Specialization is
offered in the areas of performance and design/technol-
ogy. The craft skills encompassed in the program are given
subsequent application in public and studio productions.
Course work includes 18 hours of core classes, 17
hours of specialty training, an internship, and a project in
lieu of thesis. The program totals 60 hours.

MASTER OF FOREST RESOURCES AND
CONSERVATION
The Master of Forest Resources and Conservation
program is designed for those students who wish addi-
tional professional preparation, rather than for those





20 / GENERAL INFORMATION


interested primarily in research. This nonthesis degree is
offered in the same specializations as the Master of
Science degree. The basic requirements, including those
for admission, supervisory committee, and plan of study,
are the same as those indicated under General Regulations
for master's degrees in this catalog.
Work Required.-A minimum of 32 credits of course
work is required with at least 16 credits in graduate level
courses. A minimum of 12 credits must be in a selected
area of specialization in graduate level courses. A thesis is
not required, but the student must submit a technical
paper in an appropriate field. A comprehensive written
qualifying examination, given by the supervisory commit-
tee, is required one semester prior to graduation. A final
oral examination, covering the candidate's entire field of
study, is required. Both examinations must be given on.
campus.

MASTER OF HEALTH SCIENCE

The Master of Health Science degree is designed to
meet the need for leadership personnel in allied health to
serve a variety,of functions required in established and
emerging health care programs. There are graduate pro-
grams in health and hospital administration, occupational
therapy, physical therapy, and rehabilitation counseling.
The health and hospital administration program is avail-
able only as part of a joint MBA/MHS degree program
offered in cooperation with the College of Business Ad-
ministration.
The graduate program in health and hospital adminis-
tration is designed to train qualified individuals for posi-
tions of leadership in health services organizations and the
communities which they serve. The program requires full-
time study for five semesters plus an administrative resi-
dency experience of 6 to 12 months. Students are admitted
only in the fall semester and must be simultaneously
admitted totheMasterof Business Administration program
by the College of Business Administration. A total of 66
semester hours of academic credit is required.
In occupational therapy, applicants must have com-
pleted an accredited entry-level occupational therapy
program. The master's program includes satisfactory
completion of a minimum of 36 credits of academic
course work. This nonthesis degree requires the candidate
to complete an approved research project and pass an oral
examination as part of the degree requirements. This one-
year program is designed to prepare occupational thera-
pists for leadership roles in clinical practice, administra-
tion, or education.
In physical therapy the program requires satisfactory
completion of 32 semester credits which include a core
curriculum. These courses involve research design, re-
search instrumentation, and theoretical investigation of
movement dysfunction, physical therapy assessment and
treatment. Elective course work and a research project are
required components of the curriculum. A clinical intern-
ship with a recognized clinician is optional. The course
work applied toward the degree must include at least 24
credits of letter-graded courses. No more than 6 research
credits can be applied toward the degree. All candidates
must pass a written comprehensive examination. The


nonthesis curriculum is designed with flexibility to permit
each student to pursue and develop his or her expertise.
The rehabilitation counseling program is designed to
meet the need for professional personnel to serve in a
variety of rehabilitation counseling areas. The department
requires a minimum of 52 academic credits for the
majority of students including a minimum of 37 credits in
the major area. Some exceptionally well-qualified stu-
dents may be required to take a minimum of 43 credits
including a minimum of 31 credits in the major area. Work
in the major area includes three semesters of practicum
experiences and a full-time internship. Elective courses
may be selected which complement the major courses
and relate to the career plans of the student. All candidates
must pass a comprehensive examination.
Additional requirements are listed under the General
Regulations section for all master's degrees.

MASTER OF HEALTH SCIENCE
EDUCATION
The program leading to the degree of Master of Health
Science Education is designed to meet the need for
advanced preparation of health educators to serve in
positions of leadership in community, business, health
care delivery, and community college and school settings.
Work Required.-A minimum of 36 credits of course
work is required, of which at least 50% must be graduate
courses in health science education. Course approval
must be obtained from the student's academic adviser.
Supervisory Committee.-A committee of at least two
members, including a chairperson and at least one other
member from the department Graduate Faculty, will
supervise the work of students registered in this program.
Final Examination.-The candidate must pass a final
written examination covering the course of student and
research knowledge. The examination is taken in the
semester in which the candidate plans to complete the
degree.

MASTER OF LANDSCAPE
ARCHITECTURE

The degree of Master of Landscape Architecture is the
advanced professional degree for graduates with bacca-
laureate credentials in landscape architecture and is a first
professional degree for the graduate from a nonlandscape
architectural background. Candidates are admitted from
related and unrelated fields and backgrounds. An ad-
vanced professional life experience track is available for
eligible candidates.
Work Required.-Candidates must complete a mini-
mum of 52 credit hours, including no more than 6 credit
hours of thesis or project. Required preparatory courses
are in addition to the minimum credits for graduate work.
For advanced professional life experience candidates, the
minimum requirement is 30 credit hours, including thesis.
At least 50% of all course work must be graduate courses
in landscape architecture. For some study areas, candi-
dates may select a terminal project requiring six credits in
lieu of a thesis.





MASTER'S DEGREES / 21


MASTER OF LAWS (LL.M.)

Taxation.-The instructional program leading to the
degree Master of Laws with a concentration in taxation
offers advanced instruction with emphasis on federal
taxation and particularly federal income taxation, for law
graduates who plan to specialize in such matter in the
practice of law.
Degree candidates must complete 26 credit hours, 22
of which must be in graduate level tax courses, including
a research and writing course.

Comparative Law.-The LL.M. degree with a concen-
tration in comparative law is designed for graduates of
foreign law schools who want to enhance their under-
standing of the American legal system and the English
common law system from which it evolved.
The program begins with "Introduction to American
Law," a six-credit summer course that gives students a
foundation in the American legal process. It also helps
students acclimate to the College of Law and the Univer-
sity community prior to the start of the academic year.
During the fall and spring semesters, and with thedirector's
approval, students choose their remaining 24 credits from
more than 100 Juris Doctor and LL.M. in taxation courses
and seminars. For admission information consult the
College of Law Catalog or write to the Comparative Law
Office, P.O. Box 117643, Universityof Florida, Gainesville,
FL 32611-7643 USA.

MASTER OF MUSIC

The Master of Music degree is offered with programs in
music and music education. The music program includes
the following areas of emphasis: performance, theory,
composition, history and literature, sacred music, organ
pedagogy, piano pedagogy, voice pedagogy, string peda-
gogy, string development, accompanying, choral con-
ducting, and instrumental conducting. The Master of
Music is designed forthose whowish to prepare for careers
as teachers in studios; schools, and universities; perform-
ers; music historians; music critics; church musicians;
composers; conductors; and accompanists.
Admission.-Applicants should have a baccalaureate
degree in music or a closely related area from an accred-
ited institution and must meet the admission requirements
of the Graduate School and the College of Fine Arts. In
cases where the undergraduate degree is not in the area
chosen for graduate study, the student must demonstrate
a level of achievement fully acceptable for master's level
work. In no case will an applicant be accepted with less
than 16 semester credits in music theory, 6 semester
credits in music history, and 12 semester credits in
performance. A candidate found deficient in certain un-
dergraduate areas will be required to remove the deficien-
cies by successful completion of appropriate courses. If
remedial work is required, the residency-usually two to
three semesters of full-time study-may be longer. An
audition is required for all students.
Work Required.-A minimum of 32 credits of course
work is required, exclusive of prerequisite or deficiency


courses, including a core of 9 credits. The core in all
emphases includes MUS 6716 (MUE 6785 in the music
education program), MUT 6629, and one graduate course
in the MUH or MUL category. A thesis or creative project
in lieu of a written thesis is required.
The College of Fine Arts reserves the right to retain
student work for purposes of record, exhibition, or instruc-
tion.
Additional information is given in the Fields of Instruc-
tion section.

MASTER OF SCIENCE IN
ARCHITECTURAL STUDIES

Admission.-The Master of Science in Architectural
Studies is a nonprofessional, research degree for students
with undergraduate degrees in any field of study who wish
to undertake advanced studies and research in architec-
tural specialties. Areas of specialization include environ-
mental technology, architectural preservation, design,
urban design, history, and theory. Enrollment is limited.
Work Required.-A minimum of 32 credits of course
work is required, including up to 6 hours of ARC 6971
(Research for Master's Thesis). While a majority of the
course work should be within the Department of Architec-
ture, multidisciplinary electives in planning, history, law,
engineering, art history, and real estate are encouraged. It
is also anticipated that students will enroll in one or more
of the Department's off-campus programs, in Nantucket,
in Miami Beach, in the Caribbean, or in Italy. A thesis is
required.
The requirements for level and distribution of credits,
supervisory committee, and final examination are the
same as stated for the Master of Arts and Master of Science
with thesis in the front of this catalog.

MASTER OF SCIENCE IN EXERCISE
AND SPORT SCIENCES AND MASTER
OF EXERCISE AND SPORT SCIENCES

The Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences offers
the Master of Science in Exercise and Sport Sciences and
the Master of Exercise and Sport Sciences degrees with
specializations in teaching, sport administration, exercise
physiology, athletic training, motor behavior (consisting
of two tracks-motor learning/control and sport psychol-
ogy), special physical education, and wellness. Candi-
dates for the Master of Science in Exercise and Sport
Sciences (MSESS) must (1) complete a minimum of 30
semester hours including 24 credits of course work and 6
thesis credits, (2) develop a program of study and research
that is congruent with his/her professional goals and that
has the approval of a three member supervisory committee
composed of two Graduate Faculty members from within
the department and one fromeither the major department
or an outside department, and (3) prepare and orally
defend a written thesis.
Requirements for the Master of Exercise and Sport
Sciences (MESS) degree include (1) completing a mini-
mum of 34 credits in approved course work, (2) working





22 / GENERAL INFORMATION


with a three member supervisory committee from the
department's Graduate Faculty to develop an individual-
ized program designed to facilitate professional goals, and
(3) passing written and oral comprehensive examinations
in the area of specialization and concomitant areas of
study. All work must be approved by the chairperson of the
supervisory committee. If knowledge deficiencies are
identified, additional course work may be required.

MASTER OF SCIENCE IN NURSING
AND MASTER OF NURSING

The College of Nursing offers the Master of Science in
Nursing and Master of Nursing degrees with specializa-
tions in adult health, child health, critical care, commu-
nity health, family nurse practitioner, geriatric nurse
practioner, neonatal nursing, nurse midwifery, nursing
administration, oncology nurse specialist, pediatric nurse
practitioner, psychiatric and mental health, and women's
and infants' nursing. Preparation for roles of clinical
specialist, nurse educator, nursing administrator, and
nurse practitioner is offered.
Work Required.-A minimum of 48 semester hours is
required for graduation. Candidates for the Master of
Science in Nursing degree must prepare and present theses
acceptable to their supervisory committees'and the Gradu-
ate School. These theses will be published by microfilm.
Candidates for the Master of Nursing degree are required
to complete a project acceptable to the College.
Final Examination.-During the final semester each
student in the Master of Science in Nursing program must
pass an oral examination in defense of the thesis. A final
comprehensive oral or written examination must be passed
by candidates for the Master of Nursing degree.


MASTER OF STATISTICS

The minimum credits required for the Master of Statis-
tics degree are 36, including no fewer than 20 graduate
credits in the major field. Courses in the degree program
will be selected in consultation with the major adviser and
approved by the student's supervisory committee. The
student will be required to pass.two examinations: (1) a
comprehensive written examination, given by a commit-
tee designated "for the purpose, on material covered in
statistics courses for first year graduate students and (2) a
final oral examination given by the student's supervisory
committee, covering the entire field of study. Both exami-
nations must be taken on campus.



REQUIREMENTS FOR THE

DEGREE OF ENGINEER

For those engineers who need additional technical
depth and diversification in their education beyond the
master's degree, the College of Engineering offers the
degree of Engineer.


This degree requires a minimum of 30 credit hours of
graduate work beyond the master's degree. It is not to be
considered as a partial requirement toward the Ph.D.
degree. The student's objective after the master's degree
should be the Ph.D. or the Engineer degree.
Admission to the Program.-To be admitted to the
program, students must have completed a master's degree
in engineering and apply for admission to the Graduate
School of the University of Florida. The master's degree is
regarded as the foundation for the degree of Engineer. The
master's degree must be based on the candidate having a
bachelor's degree in engineering from an ABET-accredited
curriculum or having taken sufficient articulation course
work to meet the minimum requirements specified by
ABET.
Course and Residence Requirements.-A total regis-
tration in an approved program of at least 30 semester
credit hours beyond the master's degree is required. This
minimum requirement must be earned through the Uni-
versity of Florida. The last 30 semester credit hours must
be completed within five calendar years.
Supervisory Committee.-Each student admitted to
the program will be advised by a supervisory committee
consisting of at least three members of the graduate
faculty. Two members are selected from the major depart-
ment and at least one from a supporting department. In
addition, every effort should be made to have a represen-
tative from industry as an external adviser for the student's
program.
This committee should be appointed as soon as pos-
sible after the student has been admitted to the Graduate
School but, in no case, later than the end of the second
semester of study.
This committee will inform the student of all regula-
tions pertaining to the degree program. The committee is
nominated by the department chairperson, approved by
the Dean of the College of Engineering, and appointed by
the Dean of the Graduate School. The Dean of the
Graduate School is an ex-officio member of all supervisory
committees and should be notified in writing in advance
of all committee meetings. If a thesis or report is a
requirement in the plan of study, the committee will
approve the proposed thesis or report and the plans for
carrying it out. The thesis must be submitted to the
Graduate School. The committee will also conduct the
final examination on campus when the plan of study is
completed.
Plan of Study.-Each plan of study is developed on an
individual basis for each student. Thus, there are no
specific requirements for the major or minor; each student
is considered as a separate case. If the plan of study
includes a thesis, the student may register for from 6 to 12
semester credit hours of thesis research in a course
numbered 6972.
Thesis.-The thesis should represent performance at a
level above that ordinarily associated with the master's
degree. It should clearly be an original contribution; this
may take the form of scientific research, a design project,
or an industrial project approved by the supervisory
committee. Work on the thesis may be conducted in an
industrial or governmental laboratory under conditions
stipulated by the supervisory committee.






ED.S. AND ED.D. DEGREE/ 23


Final Examination.-After the student has completed
all work on the plan of study, the supervisory committee
conducts a final comprehensive oral and/or written exami-
nation, which also involves a defense of the thesis if one
is included in the program. This examination must be
taken on campus with all participants present.



REQUIREMENTS FOR THE

ED.S. AND ED.D.

The College of Education offers programs leading to the
degrees Specialist in Education, Doctor of Education, and
Doctor of Philosophy.
The Specialist in Education degree is awarded for a
two-year program of graduate study. The Doctor of Edu-
cation degree requires writing a doctoral dissertation.
Foreign languages are not required. The Doctorof Philoso-
phy degree in the College of Education is described under
Requirements for the Ph.D.
In cooperation with the Graduate Studies Office, Col-
lege of Education, programs leading to these degrees are
administered through the individual departments in the
College of Education. It is the responsibility of the
department's chairperson to carry out the policies of the
Graduate School and the graduate committee of the
College of Education. More specific information about the
various programs and departmental requirements may be
obtained from the individual departments. General infor-
mation or assistance is available through the Office of
Student Services in Education, 134 Norman Hall.
Admission to the Ed.S., Ed.D., and Ph.D. programs is
open only to persons who have met the following require-
ments:
1. Achieved at least the minimum upper-division
undergraduate grade average and verbal-quantitative total
score on the General Test of the Graduate Record Exami-
nation necessary for admission to the Graduate School,
University of Florida.
2. Provided evidence of good scholarship for previous
graduate work (a 3.5 grade-point average or above, as
computed by the University of Florida, will be considered
satisfactory).
3. Successfully completed 36 credits of professional
course work in education: Applicants for admission to
advanced degree programs in the College of Education
who meet all the requirements except for successfully
completing 36 credits of professional education courses
may be given provisional admission and full admission
when they have completed the required 36 credits.
4. Presented a record of successful professional expe-
rience, the appropriateness of which will be determined
by the instructional department passing on the applicant's
qualifications for admission. In some instances, depart-
ments may admit students with the understanding that
further experience may be required before the student will
be recommended for the degree.
The judgment about admission'ofan individual is made
by the major department, the College of Education, and
the Graduate School, University of Florida.


SPECIALIST IN EDUCATION

Primary emphasis in an Ed.S. program is placed on the
.development of the competencies needed for a specific
job. Programs are available in the various areas of concen-
tration within the Departments of Counselor Education,
Educational Leadership, Foundations of Education, In-
struction and Curriculum, and Special Education.
To study for this degree, the student must apply and be
admitted to the Graduate School of the University of
Florida. All work'for the degree, including transferred
credit, must be completed during the seven years imme-
diately preceding the date on which the degree is awarded.
The Ed.S. degree is awarded at the completion of a
planned program with a minimum of 72 credits beyond
the bachelor's degree or a minimum of 36 credits beyond
the master's degree. All credits accepted for the program
must contribute to the unity and the stated objective of the
total program. Students are tested (in no case earlier than
six months prior to receipt of degree) in both a written and
an oral examination, given on campus by a committee
selected by the department chairperson. A thesis is not
required; however, each program will include continuing
attention to a research component relevant to the profes-
sional role for which the student is preparing.
With departmental approval course work taken as part
of the specialist program may be counted toward a
doctoral degree.
Students who enter the program with an appropriate
master's degree from another accredited institution must
complete a minimum of 36 credits of post-master's study
to satisfy the following requirements.
1. Twenty-one credits in graduate level courses.
2. At least 12 credits in graduate level professional
education courses.
3. Registration on the Gainesville campus of the Uni-
versity of Florida for at least six credits in a single semester.
Twelve credits for appropriate courses offered off-
campus by the University of Florida may be transferred to
the program. Six credits may be transferred from another
institution of the State University System or from any
institution offering a doctoral degree; however, credit
transferred from another institution reduces proportion-
ately the credit transferred from University of Florida off-
campus courses.
Students who enter the program with a bachelor's
degree only must, during the 72-credit program, satisfy
these requirements in addition to the requirements of the
Master of Education degree or its equivalent.

DOCTOR OF EDUCATION
A doctoral candidate is expected to achieve under-
standing of the broad field of education and competence
in an area of specialization. Programs are available in the
various areas of concentration within the Departments of
Counselor Education, Educational Leadership, Founda-
tions of Education, Instruction and Curriculum, and Spe-
cial Education.
Admission to a program of work leading to the degree
of Doctor of Education requires admission to the Graduate
School.






24 / GENERAL INFORMATION


A minimum of 90 credits beyond the bachelor's degree
is required for the doctoral degree. Master's degrees
outside the major require departmental petition to the
Dean of the Graduate School. All master's degrees counted
in the 90-hour minimum must have been earned within
the last seven years. No more than 30 hours of a master's
degree from another institution will be transferred to a
doctoral program. All courses beyond the master's degree
taken at another institution, to be applied toward the
Doctor of Education degree, must be taken at an institution
offering the doctoral degree and must be approved for
graduate credit by the Graduate School of the University
of Florida.
Minors.-Minor work or work in cognate fields is
required. Minor work may be completed in any depart-
ment, other than the major department, approved for
master's or doctoral degree programs as listed in the
Catalog. If one minor is selected, at least 15 credits of work
therein will be required; if two minors are chosen, one
minor must include at least 12 credits of course work, the
other at least 5 credits. At least 12 credits counted in a
minor must be at the 5000 level or higher.
Courses in physical education approved by the College
of Health and Human Performance and the Graduate
School as subject matter or content courses may be used
in the cognate work or as a minor.
In lie6 of a minor or minors, the candidate may present
a suitable program of no fewer than 15 credits of cognate
Work in at least two departments. If two fields are in-
cluded, there shall be no fewer than five credits in each
field. If three or more fields are included, the five credit
.requirement for each field does not apply. This program
must have the approval of the student's supervisory com-
mittee. The College of Education faculty will expect the
candidate to be prepared to answer questions, at the time
of the oral examination, in any of the areas chosen.
Admission to Candidacy.-Admission to candidacy
for the degree of Doctor of Education requires'successful
completion of the qualifying examinations and approval of
a dissertation topic. Recommendation to the Graduate
School for admission to candidacy is based on the action
of the supervisory committee. Application for admission to
candidacy should be made as soon as the qualifying
examination has been passed and a dissertation topic has
been approved by the student's supervisory committee.
Qualifying Examination.-The applicant is recom-
mended for the qualifying examination by the supervisory
committee after completion of sufficient course work.
The examination, administered on campus by the
student's major department, consists of (1) a general
section, (2) a field of specialization section, (3) examina-
tion in the minor or minors, where involved, and (4) an
oral examination conducted by the applicant's supervi-
sory committee.
At least five faculty must be present for the oral portion
of the examination; however, only members of the super-
visory committee are required to sign the Admission to
Candidacy form.
If the student fails the qualifying examination, a re-
examination will not be given unless recommended for
special reasons by the supervisory committee and ap-
proved by the Graduate School. At least one semester of


additional preparation is considered essential before re-
examination.
Research Preparation Requirement.-EDF 7486 (Meth-
ods of Educational Research) or its equivalent, for which
a basic course in statistics is a prerequisite, and one other
approved course are minimum requirements in all pro-
grams. Additional requirements vary with the department
and with the student's plans for doctoral research.
For information relating to Concentrated Period of
Study, the Supervisory Committee, Time Lapse, the Dis-
sertation, and the Final Examination, the student is re-
ferred to the material presented under the heading Re-
quirements for the Ph.D. These statements are applicable
to both degrees.



REQUIREMENTS FOR

THE PH.D.

Doctoral study consists of the independent mastery of
a field of knowledge and the successful pursuit of research.
Consequently, doctoral programs are more flexible and
varied than those leading to other graduate degrees. The
Graduate Council does not specify what courses will be
required for the Ph.D. degree. The general requirement is
that the program should be unified in relation to a clear
objective, that it should have the considered approval of
the student's entire supervisory committee, and that it
should include an appropriate number of credit hours of
doctoral research.

COURSE REQUIREMENTS

The course requirements for doctoral degrees vary from
field to field and from student to student. If a student holds
a master's degree in a discipline different from the doctoral
program, the master's work will not be counted in the
program unless the department petitions the Dean of the
Graduate School. All master's degrees counted in the 90-
hour minimum must have been earned in the last seven
years. No more than 30 hours of a master's degree from
another institution will be transferred to a doctoral pro-
gram. All courses beyond the master's degree taken at
another university, to be applied to the Ph.D. degree, must
be taken at an institution offering the doctoral degree and
must be approved for graduate credit by the Graduate
School of the University of Florida. The student's supervi-
sory committee has the responsibility for recommending
individual courses of study for each doctoral student.
Major.-The student working for the Ph.D. must elect
to do the major work in a department or interdisciplinary
unit specifically approved for the offering of doctoral
courses and the supervision of dissertations. These depart-
ments are listed under Graduate Programs.
Minor.-With the approval of the supervisory commit-
tee, the student may choose one or more minor fields.
Minor work may be completed in any department, other
than the major department, approved for master's or
doctoral degree programs as listed in this catalog. The






PH.D. DEGREE / 25


collective grade for courses included in a minor must be
1B or higher.
If one minor is chosen, the representative of the minor
department on the supervisory committee shall suggest
from 12 to 24 credits (at least 12 credits must be at the 5000
level or higher) as preparation for a qualifying examina-
tion. A partof this background may have been acquired in
the master's program. If two minors are chosen, each must
include at least 8 credits. Competence in the minor area
may be demonstrated through a written examination
conducted by the minor department or through the oral
qualifying examination.
Course work in the minor at the doctoral level need not
be restricted to the courses of one department, provided
that the minor has a clearly stated objective and that the
combination of courses representing the minor shall be
approved by the Graduate School. This procedure is not
required for a departmental minor.


LEAVE OF ABSENCE

A doctoral student who will not be registered at the
University of Florida for a period of more than one
semester must request written permission from his/her
faculty adviser for a leave of absence for a designated
period of time.


SUPERVISORY COMMITTEE

Supervisory committees are nominated by the depart-
ment chairperson, approved by the dean of the college
concerned, and appointed by the Dean of the Graduate
School. The committee should be appointed as soon as
possible after the student has begun doctoral work and in
general no later than the end of the second semester of
equivalent full-time study. The Dean of the Graduate
School is an ex-officio member of all supervisory commit-
tees.
Duties and Responsibilities.-Duties of the supervi-
sory committee follow:
1. To inform the student of all regulations governing the
degree sought. It should be noted, however, that this
does not absolve the student from the responsibility of
informing himself/herself concerning these regulations.
(See Student Responsibility.)
2. To meet immediately after appointment to review
the qualifications of the student and to discuss and
approve a program of study.
3. To meet to discuss and approve the proposed
dissertation project and the plans for carrying it out.
4. To give the student a yearly letter of evaluation in
addition to the S/U grades awarded for the research
courses 7979 and 7980. The chair should write this letter
after consultation with the supervisory committee.
5. To conduct the qualifying examination or, in those
cases where the examination is administered by the
department, to take part in it. In either event, no fewer than
five faculty members shall be present with the student for
the oral portion of the examination. This examination must
be given on campus.


6. To meet when the work on the dissertation is at least
one-half completed to review procedure, progress, and
expected results and to make suggestions for completion.
7. To meet on campus when the dissertation is com-
pleted and conduct the final oral examination to assure
that the dissertation is a piece of original research and a
contribution to knowledge. No fewer than five faculty
members, including all members of the supervisory com-
mittee shall be present with the candidate for this exami-
nation. Only members of the official supervisory commit-
tee may sign the dissertation and they must approve the
dissertation unanimously.
Membership.-The supervisory committee for a can-
didate for the doctoral degree shall consist of no fewer than
four members selected from the Graduate Faculty. At least
two members, including the chairperson, will be from the
department recommending the degree, and at least one
member will be drawn from a different educational disci-
pline.
If a minor is chosen, the supervisory committee will
include at least one person selected from the Graduate
Faculty from outside the discipline of the major for the
purpose of representing the student's minor. In the event
that the student elects more than one minor, each minor
area must be represented on the supervisory committee.
The Graduate Council desires each supervisory com-
mittee to function as a University committee, as contrasted
with a departmental committee, in order to bring University-
wide standards to bear upon the various doctoral degrees.
A cochairperson may be appointed to serve during a
planned absence of the chairperson.

LANGUAGE REQUIREMENT

Any foreign language requirement, or a substitute
therefore, for the Ph.D. is established by the major depart-
ment with approval of the college. The student should
check with the graduate coordinator of the appropriate
department for specific information. The foreign language
departments offer special classes for graduate students
who are beginning the study of a language. See the current
Schedule of Courses for the languages in which this
assistance'is available.
The ability to use the English language correctly and
effectively, as judged by the supervisory committee, is
required of all candidates.

PERIOD OF CONCENTRATED STUDY

Doctoral students must satisfy the minimum require-
ments for a period of concentrated study, beyond the first
30 hours counted toward the doctoral program, by regis-
tering for (1) 30 semester hours in one calendar year or (2)
32 semester hours in no more than four semesters within
a period of two calendar years on the University of Florida
campus. Courses at the 1000 or 2000 level will not be
counted toward the requirement for concentrated study.
Students in the College of Agriculture may do their
research at certain branch stations of the University of
Florida Agricultural Experiment Station where adequate
faculty and facilities are available.






26 / GENERAL INFORMATION


QUALIFYING EXAMINATION

The qualifying examination, which is required of all
candidates for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, may be
taken during the third semester of graduate study beyond
the bachelor's degree.
The student must be registered in the term in which the
qualifying examination is given.
The examination, prepared and evaluated by the full
supervisory committee or the major and minor depart-
ments, is both written and oral and covers the major and
minor subjects. At least five faculty members, including
the supervisory committee, must be present with the
student at the oral portion. The supervisory committee has
the responsibility at this time of deciding whether the
student is qualified to continue work toward a Ph.D.
degree.
Ifa studentfails the qualifying examination, the Gradu-
ate School must be notified. A re-examination may be
requested, but it must be recommended by the supervi-
sory committee and approved by the Graduate School. At
least one semester of additional preparation is considered
essential before re-examination.
Time Lapse.-Between the oral portion of the qualify-
ing examination and the date of the degree there must be
a minimum of two semesters. The semester in which the
qualifying examination is passed is counted, provided
that the examination occurs before the midpoint of the
term.

ADMISSION TO CANDIDACY

A graduate student does not become a candidate for
the Ph.D. degree until granted formal admission to
candidacy. Such admission requires the approval of the
student's supervisory committee, the department chair-
person, the college dean, and the Dean of the Graduate
School. The approval must be based on (1) the academic
record of the student, (2) the opinion of the supervisory
committee concerning overall fitness for candidacy, (3)
an approved dissertation topic,-and (4) a qualifying
examination as described above. Application for admis-
sion to candidacy should be made as soon as the
qualifying examination has been passed and a disserta-
tion topic has been approved by the student's supervi-
sory committee. A student may register for 7980 (Re-
search for Dissertation) in the term he or she is admitted
to candidacy for a doctoral degree.

DISSERTATION

Every candidate for a doctoral degree is required to
prepare and present a dissertation that shows independent
investigation and is acceptable in form and content to the
supervisory committee and to the Graduate School.
Dissertations must be written in English, except for stu-
dents pursing degrees in Romance or German languages
and literatures. Students in these disciplines with the
approval of their supervisory committees, may write in the
topic language. A copy of each approval should be
forwarded to the Graduate School.


Since all doctoral dissertations will be published by
microfilm, it is necessary that the work be of publishable
quality and that it be in a form suitable for publication.
The original copy of the dissertation must be presented
to the Dean of the Graduate School on or before the date
specified in the University Calendar. It must contain an
abstract and be accompanied by a letter of transmittal from
the supervisory chairperson, and all doctoral forms. After
corrections have been made, and no later than the
specified formal submission date, the fully signed copy of
the dissertation, together with the signed Final Examina-
tion Report and four copies of the abstract, should be
returned to the Graduate School. The original copy of the
dissertation is sent by the Graduate School to the Library
for microfilming and hardbinding. A second copy, repro-
duced on required thesis paper, should be delivered to the
Library for hardbinding. The supervisory chairperson and
the candidate will each need a copy and, if required,
another should also be provided for the departmental
library.
Publication of Dissertation.-All candidates for the
Ph.D. and Ed.D. degrees are required to pay the sum of
$50 to University Financial Services, S113 Criser Hall, for
microfilming their dissertations, and to sign an agreement
authorizing publication by microfilm.
Copyright.-The candidate may choose to copyright
the microfilmed dissertation for a charge of $35 payable by
a certified or cashier's check or money order to University
Microfilms attached to the signed microfilm agreement
form. To assure receipt of the valuable Copyright Registra-
tion Certificate, candidates must give permanent ad-
dresses through which they can always be reached.

GUIDELINES FOR RESTRICTION ON
RELEASE OF DISSERTATIONS

Research performed at the University can effectively
contribute to the education of our students and to the body
of knowledge that is our heritage only if the results of the
research are published freely and openly. Conflicts can
develop when it is in the interests of sponsors of university
research to restrict such publication. When such conflicts
arise, the University must decide what compromises it is
willing to accept, taking into account the relevant circum-
stances. The AAU guidelines contained herein were
adopted by the University of Florida Graduate Council on
January 19, 1989.
1. The recommendations of sponsors, which result
from prepublication reviews of research results and which
affect subsequent publication of these results, should be
considered advisory rather than mandatory.
2. The maximum delay in publication allowed for pre-
reviews should not exceed three months.
3. There should be no additional delays in publication
beyond the pre-review. Timely submission of any patent
or copyright applications should be the result of effective
communiGation between investigators and sponsors
throughout the course of the project.
4. There should be no restriction on participation in
nonclassified sponsored research programs on the basis of
citizenship.






RESIDENCY / 27


5. Students should not be delayed in the final defense
of their dissertations by agreements involving publication
delays.

FINAL EXAMINATION

After submission of the dissertation and the completion
of all other prescribed work for the degree, but no earlier
than the term preceding the semester in which the degree
is conferred, the candidate will be given a final examina-
tion, oral or written or both, by the supervisory committee
meeting on campus. At least five faculty members, includ-
ing all supervisory committee members, must be present
with the candidate at the oral portion of this examination.
At the time of the defense all committee members should
sign the signature pages and all committee and attending
faculty members should sign the Final Examination Re-
port. These may be retained by the supervisory chair until
acceptable completion of corrections.
Satisfactory performance on this examination and ad-
herence to all Graduate School regulations outlined above
complete the requirements for the degree.
Time Limitation.-All work for the doctorate must be
completed within five calendar years after the qualifying
examination, or this examination must be repeated.

CERTIFICATION

Doctoral candidates who have completed all require-
ments for the degree, including satisfactory defense and
final acceptance of the dissertation, may request certifica-
tion to that effect prior to receipt of the degree. Certifica-
tion request forms, available in the Graduate School
Editorial Office, should be filled out by the candidate,
signed by the college dean, and returned to the Graduate
School for verification and processing.



RESIDENCY

CLASSIFICATION OF STUDENTS-
FLORIDA OR NON-FLORIDA

(Section 6C-7.005 Florida Administrative Code.)
(1) For the purpose of assessing registration and tuition
fees, a student shall be classified.as a resident or a
nonresident. A "resident for tuition purposes" is a person
who qualifies for the in-state tuition rate; a "nonresident
for tuition purposes" is a person who does not qualify for
the in-state tuition rate.
(a) To be classified as a "resident for tuition pur-
poses," a person, or, if a dependent child, the child's
parent or parents or legal guardian, shall have established
legal residence in Florida and shall have maintained
physical presence in Florida for at least twelve (12) months
immediately prior to the first day of classes of the term for
which Florida residency is sought. A dependent child is a
person who may be claimed by his or her parent or
guardian as a dependent under the Federal Income Tax


Code. Every.applicant for admission to a university shall
be required to make a statement as to the length of
residence in the state and, shall also establish his or her
presence, or, if a dependent child, the presence of his or
her parent or parents, in the state for the purpose of
maintaining a bona fide domicile in accordance with the
provisions of Section 240.1201(2)(b), Florida Statutes.
(b) With respect to a dependent child, the legal
residence of such individual's parent or guardian shall be
prima facie evidence of the individual's legal residence in
accordance with the provisions of Section 240.1201(4),
Florida Statutes. Prima facie evidence may be reinforced
or rebutted by evidence of residency, age, and the general
circumstances of the individual in accordance with the
provisions of Rule 6C-7.005(2).
(c) In making domiciliary determinations related to
the classification of persons as residents or nonresidents
for tuition purposes, the domicile of a married person,
irrespective of sex, shall be determined in accordance with
the provisions of Section 240.1201(5), Florida Statutes.
(d) Any nonresident person, irrespective of sex, who
marries a legal resident of this state or marries a person
who later becomes a legal resident, may, upon becoming
a legal resident of this state, accede to the benefit of the
spouse's immediately precedent duration as a legal resi-
dent for purposes of satisfying the 12-month durational
requirement.
(e) No person shall lose his or her resident status for
tuition purposes solely by reason of serving, or, if a
dependent child, by reason of the parent or parents
serving, in the Armed Forces outside this state.
(f) A person'who has been properly classified as a
resident for tuition purposes, but who, while enrolled in an
institution of higher education in this state, loses resident
tuition status because the person, or, if a dependent child,
the parent or parents, establishes domicile or legal resi-
dence elsewhere, shall continue to enjoy the resident
tuition rate for a statutory grace period. This grace period
shall be measured in accordance with the provisions of
Section 240.1201(8), Florida Statutes.
(g) The legal residence of a dependent child whose
parents are divorced, separated, or otherwise living apart
shall be deemed to be Florida if either parent is a legal
resident of Florida, regardless of which parent is entitled
to claim, and does in fact claim, the minor as a dependent
pursuant to federal individual income tax provisions.
(h) Any person who ceases to be enrolled at or
graduates from an institution of higher education while
classified as a resident for tuition purposes and who
subsequently abandons Florida domicile shall be permit-
ted to reenroll at aninstitution of higher education in this
state as a resident for tuition purposes in accordance with
the provisions of Section 240.1201(10), Florida Statutes.
(i) A member of the Armed Forces on active duty
stationed in Florida, and the spouse and dependents of
such member, shall be classified as residents for tuition
purposes.
(j) Full-time instructional and administrative per-
sonnel employed by state public schools, community
colleges, and irStitutions of higher education, and the
spouses and dependent children of such individuals, shall
be classified as residents for tuition purposes.






28 / GENERAL INFORMATION


(k) A student enrolled through the Florida Linkage
Institutes program shall be assessed resident tuition for
the credit hours approved by the applicable Linkage
Institute and non-resident tuition for all other credit
hours.
(I) A full-time student from Latin America or the
Caribbean who receives a scholarship from the federal or
state government shall be classified as a resident for
tuition purposes.
(m) Southern Regional Education Board's Aca-
demic Common Market graduate students shall be clas-
sified as residents for tution purposes.
(n) A full-time employee of a state agency or
political subdivision of the state shall be classified as a
resident for tuition purposes when the student's tuition is
paid by'the state agency or political subdivision for the
purpose of job-related law enforcement or corrections
.training.
(o) United States citizens, their spouses, and de-
pendent children living on the Isthmus of Panama, who
have completed 12 consecutive months of college work
atthe Florida State University Panama Canal Branch shall
be classified as residents for tuition purposes.
(p) McKnight Doctoral Fellows who are United
States citizens shall be classified as residents for tuition
purposes.
(2) An individual shall not be classified as a resident
for tuition purposes and, thus, shall not be eligible to
receive the resident tuition rate, until the individual has
provided satisfactory evidence as to his or her legal
residency and domicile to appropriate university offi-
cials. In determining residence, the university shall re-
quire evidence such as a voter registration, driver's
license, automobile registration, location of bank ac-
count, rent receipts or any other relevant materials as
evidence that the applicant has maintained 12 months'
residence immediately prior to qualification. To deter-
mine if the student is a dependent child, the university
shall require evidence such as copies of the aforemen-
tioned documents. In addition, the university may re-
quire a notarized copy of the parent's IRS return. If a
nonresident wishes to qualify for resident tuition status in
accordance with Section (1)(d) above, the applicant must
present evidence of the spouse's legal residence with
certified copies of the aforementioned documents. "Resi-
dent student" classification shall also be construed to
include students to whom an Immigration Parolee card or a
Form 1-94 (Parole Edition) was issued at least one year prior
to the first day of classes for which resident student status is
sought, or who have had their resident alien status approved
by the United States Immigration and Naturalization Ser-
vice, or who hold an Immigration and Naturalization Form
1-151, 1-551 or a notice of an approved adjustment of status
application, or Cuban Nationals or Vietnamese Refugees or
other refugees or asylees so designated by the United States
Immigration and Naturalization Service who are considered
as Resident Aliens, or other legal aliens, provided such
students meet the residency requirements stated above and
comply with subsection (4) below. The burden of establish-
ing facts which justify classification of a student as a resident
and domiciliary entitled to "resident for tuition purposes"
registration rates is on the applicant for such classification.


(3) In applying this policy,
(a) "Student" shall mean a person admitted to th
institution, or a person allowed to register at the institution
on a space available basis.
(b) "Domicile" shall denote a person's true, fixe
and permanent home, and to which whenever the person
is absent the person has the intention of returning.
(c) "Parent" shall mean an individual's father
mother, or if there is a court appointed guardian or leg
custodian of the individual, other than the father o
mother, it shall mean the guardian or legal custodian.
(d) The term "dependent child" as used in this rule
is the same as a dependent as defined in the Interna
Revenue Code of 1954.
(4) In all applications for admission or registration atth
institution on a space available basis a "resident for tuition
purposes" applicant, or, if a dependent child, the parent
of the applicant, shall make and file with such application
a written statement that the applicant is a bona fid
resident and domiciliary of the State of Florida, entitled a
such to classification as a "resident for tuition purposes"
under the terms and conditions prescribed for resident
and domiciliaries of the state of Florida. All claims t
"resident for tuition purposes" classification must be
supported by evidence as stated in Rule 6C- 7.005(1), (2
if requested by the registering authority.
(5) A "nonresident" or, if a dependent child, the
individual's parent, after maintaining a legal residence
and being a bona fide domiciliary of Florida for twelve (12)
months, immediately priorto enrollmentand qualification
as a resident, rather than for the purpose of maintaining a
mere temporary residence or abode incident to enrollment
in an institution of higher education, may apply for and be
granted classification as a "resident for tuition purposes";
provided, however, that those students who are nonresi-
dent aliens or who are in the United States on a
nonimmigration visa will not be entitled to reclassifica-
tion. An application for reclassification as a "resident for
tuition purposes" shall comply with provisions of subsec-
tion (4) above. An applicant who has been classified as a
"nonresident for tuition purposes" at time of original
enrollment shall furnish evidence as stated in 6C-7.005(1)
to the satisfaction of the registering authority that the
applicant has maintained residency in the state for the
twelve months immediately prior to qualification required
to establish residence for tuition purposes. In the absence
of such evidence, the applicant shall not be reclassified as
a "resident for tuition purposes." It is recommended that
the application for reclassification be accompanied by a
certified copy of a declaration of intent to establish legal
domicile in the state, which intent must have been filed
with the Clerk of the Circuit Court, as provided by Section
222.17, Florida Statutes. If the request for reclassification
and the necessary documentation is not received by the
registrar prior to the day fees are due for the term in which
the student intends to be reclassified, the student will not
be reclassified for that term.
(6) Appeal from a determination denying "resident for
tuition purposes" status to applicant therefore may be
initiated after appropriate administrative remedies are
exhausted by the filing of a petition for review pursuant to
Section 120.68 Florida Statutes.






EXPENSES / 29


(7) Any student granted status as a "resident for tuition
purposes," which status is based on a sworn statement
which is false shall, upon determination of such falsity, be
subject to such disciplinary sanctions as may be imposed
by the president of the university.
Specific Authority 240.209(1), (3)(g) FS. Law Implemented
120.53(1)(a), 240.209(1), (3)(d), (g), 240.233, 240.235,
240.1201, 240.137(5) FS. History--Formerly 6C-2.51,
11-18-70, Amended 8-20-71, 6-5-73, 3-4-74, Amended
and Renumbered 12-17-74, Amended 1-13-76, 12-13-
77, 8-11-81, 6-21-83, 12-13-83, 6-10-84, 10-7-85, 12-
31-85. Formerly 6C-7.05, Amended 11-9-92.



EXPENSES


APPLICATION FEE


Each application for admission to the University must
be accompanied by an application fee of $20. Application
fees are nonrefundable. Further instructions will be found
in the Admissions section of this Catalog.

ENROLLMENT AND STUDENT FEES

Pursuant to Section 6C-7.002(10) Florida Administra-
tive Code, enrollment is defined as a student's registration
for one or more courses) and full payment of tuition and
material and supply fees for the courses without receiving
a refund.
The University Calendar appearing at the front of this
catalog sets forth the beginning and ending dates of each
semester. Registration must be completed on or before the
proper due date as specified in the calendar. Students are
not authorized to attend class unless they are on the class roll
or have been approved to audit and have paid the audit fees.
A student must be registered during the terms of the
qualifying examination and the 'final examination, and
during the term in which the degree is awarded.


FEE LIABILITY

A student is liable for all fees associated with all courses
in which he/she is registered at the end of the drop/add
period. The fee payment deadline is 3:30 p.m. at the end
of the second week of classes. The University Calendar
appearing at the front of this Catalog sets forth the specific
dates.

ASSESSMENT OF FEES

Resident and nonresident tuition is assessed on the
basis of course classification: tuition for courses numbered
through 4999 is assessed at the undergraduate level;
courses numbered 5000 and above are assessed at the
graduate level. The fee structure for graduate-level courses
for the academic year 1995-96 is as follows:


Course Level
5000-7999*


Florida Resident
$108.75


Non-Florida
Resident
$361.77


*Includes thesis and dissertation courses.

A student must be registered during the terms of the
qualifying examination and the final examination, and
during the term in which the degree is awarded.
Students must assess and pay their own fees. University
personnel will not be held accountable for proper
assessment or mathematical accuracy of calculations.
A schedule of tuition fees for all programs can be
obtained by contacting University Financial Services, S-
113 Criser Hall.

Health, Material and Supply, Athletic, and Activity
and Service Fees

Health Fee.-AII students must pay a specified health
fee which is assessed on a per credit hour basis and is
included in the basic per credit hour rate. The health fee
is for the purpose of maintaining the University's Student
Health Service and for the student's privilege of utilizing
said service. This fee is not part of any health insurance a
student may purchase.
Athletic Fee.-All students must pay a specified ath-
letic fee per credit hour each term. Half-time graduate
research and teaching assistants enrolled for eight or more
credit hours during the fall or spring semesters and all other
students enrolled for nine or more credit hours are eligible
to purchase athletic tickets at the student rate.
Activity and Service Fee.-All students must pay a
specified activity and service fee, which is assessed on a
per credit hour basis and is included in the basic per credit
hour rate.
Material and Supply Fee.-Material and supply fees
are assessed for certain courses to offset the cost of
materials 'or supply items which are consumed in the
course of the student's instructional activities. Specific
information on material and supply fees may be obtained
from academic departments or University Financial Ser-
vices.

Late Registration/Payment Fee

Late Registration Fee (6C-7.003(4), Florida Adminis-
trative Code).-Any student who fails to initiate registra-
tion during the regular registration period will be subject
to the late registration fee of at least $50.00 and no more
than $100.00.
Late Payment Fee (6C-7003(5), Florida Administra-
tive Code).-Any student who fails to pay all fees due or
mike appropriate arrangements for fee payment (defer-
ment or third party billing) by the fee payment deadline
will be subject to a late payment fee of at least $50.00 and
no more than $100.00.
Waiver of Late Fees.-A student who believes that any
of the late charges should not be assessed, because of
University error or because extraordinary circumstances






30 / GENERAL INFORMATION


prevented all conceivable means of complying with estab-
lished deadlines, may petition for a waiver of the late fees
by submitting a petition for the waiver with the appropriate
office as follows:
Late Registration fee: Office of the University Registrar.
Late Payment Fee: University Financial Services.
The University reserves the right to require documen-
tation to substantiate the extraordinary circumstances.

Special Fees and Charges

Audit Fee.-Fees for audited courses are the same as
the credit hour fee charged for Florida students. The audit
fee is the same for Florida and non-Florida students.
Graduate Record Examination.-The General Test of
the Graduate Record Examination is required for admis-
sion to the Graduate School. The fee is $64.00. Students
who take one of the advanced tests of the GRE in
combination with the General Test pay a total of $128.00.
These fees are payable to the Educational Testing Service,
Princeton, NJ 08540.
Graduate School Foreign Language Test.-All stu-
dents wishing to be certified as proficient in a reading
knowledge of French, German, or Spanish must take the
Educational Testing Service (ETS) Graduate School For-
eign Language Tests. A fee of $5.00 covers the cost of each
examination. Administrative arrangements to register and
pay for this examination must be made through the Office
of Instructional Resources, 1012 Turlington Hall.
Library Binding Fee.-Candidates for a graduate de-
gree with a thesis or dissertation pay a $13.90 charge for
the permanent binding of the two copies deposited in the
University of Florida Library. This charge is payable at
University Financial Services by the date specified in the
Graduate Catalog. A copy of the receipt must be presented
at the Graduate School Editorial Office, 168 Grinter Hall.
Architecture master's project students pay a binding fee of
$20.00. A copy of the receipt must be presented to the
departmental office, 231 Arch.
Microfilm Fee.-A fee of $50.00 is charged for the
publication of the doctoral dissertation by microfilm. This
fee is payable at University Financial Services. A copy of
the receipt for this fee must be presented at the Graduate
School Editorial Office, 168 Grinter Hall.
Nursing master's students must pay a fee of $40.00 for
publication of their theses. Again, this fee is payable at
University Financial Services and a copy of the fee receipt
must be presented to the Graduate School Editorial Office,
168 Grinter Hall.
The above charges may be subject to change without
notice.

PAYMENT OF FEES

Payment of fees is an integral part of the registration
procedure. Fees are payable on the dates listed in the
University Calendar appearing at the front of this Catalog.
Payments are processed by the University Cashier at
University Financial Services. Checks, cashier's checks,
and money orders written in excess of the assessed fees
will be processed and the difference refunded at a later
date, according to University policy. Checks from foreign


countries must be payable through a United States bank in
United States dollars. The University reserves the right to
refuse three-party checks, altered checks, and checks that
will not photocopy.
Payments can be made via ATM cards on the HONOR
system at the University Cashier's office. Payment with an
ATM card must be made in person because a personal
identification number (PIN) is required to access the
student's bank account. Cash withdrawals against ATM
cards will not be processed.
Returned checks must be paid in cash, money order, or
cashier's check. There is a service fee of $20 or 5% of the
face amount of the check, draft, or money order, which-
ever is greater.
In collecting fees, the University may impose addi-
tional requirements as deemed appropriate, including
advance payment or security deposit for the services to be
provided by the University of Florida.
Payment on all financial obligations to the University
will be applied on the basis of age of the debt. The oldest
debt will be paid first.

Deadlines

Students are reminded that deadlines are strictly en-
forced. The University does not have the authority to
waive late fees unless it has been determined that the
University is primarily responsible for the delinquency or
that extraordinary circumstances warrant such waiver.

Cancellation and Reinstatement

The University shall cancel the registration of any
student who has not paid any portion of his/her fee liability
by the published deadlines.
Reinstatement shall require the approval of the Univer-
sity and payment of all delinquent liabilities including the
$50.00 late registration and $50.00 late payment fees. A
student whose registration has been cancelled for nonpay-
ment of fees must request reinstatement.
In the event a student has not paid the entire fee liability
by the published deadlines, the University shall tempo-
rarily suspend further academic progress of the student.
This will be accomplished by placing a financial hold on
the student's record which will prevent receipt of grades,
the release of transcripts, the awarding of diplomas, the
granting of loans and/or registration, the use of University
facilities and/or services, and admission to University
functions, including Athletic Association events, until the
account has been settled in full.

Deferral of Registration and Tuition Fees

A fee deferment allows students to pay fees after the fee
payment deadline without being subject to either cancel-
lation of registration for nonpayment of fees prior to the
established deadline, or the late payment fee. The Univer-
sity may award fee deferments to students in the following
circumstances:
1. Students whose state or federal financial assistance
is delayed due to circumstances beyond the control of the
student.





EXPENSES /31


2. Students receiving veterans' educational assistance
benefits.
3. Students for whom formal arrangements have been
made with the University for payment by an acceptable
third-party donor.
This deferment covers tuition fee payments only and
must be established by the fee payment deadline. Fee
deferments are granted based on information from the
Office of Student Financial Affairs (financial aid defer-
ments) or the Office of the University Registrar (veterans).
Questions of eligibility for a fee deferment should be
referred to the appropriate office.

Waiver of Fees

The University may waive fees as follows:
1. Participants in sponsored institutes and programs
where substantially all direct costs are paid by the spon-
soring agent may waive all fees.
2. State employees employed on a permanent, full-
time basis may be permitted to waive fees up to a
maximum of six credit hours per term on a space available
basis only.
3. Intern supervisors for institutions within the State
University System may be given one nontransferable
certificate (fee waiver) for each full academic term during
which the person serves as an intern supervisor. All fees
are waived.
4. Persons 60 years of age or older are entitled to a
waiver of fees for audited courses (up to 6 credit hours), as
provided by Section 240.235(4), Florida Statutes.
The Non-Florida Student Financial Aid fee may not be
waived for students receiving an out-of-state fee waiver.


REFUND OF FEES

Tuition fees will be refunded in full in the circum-
stances noted below:
1. If notice of withdrawal from the University is
approved prior to the end of the drop/add period and
written documentation is received from the student.
2. Credit hours dropped during the drop/add period.
3. Courses cancelled by the University.
4. Involuntary call to active military duty.
5. Death of the student or member of his/her immediate
family (parent, spouse, child, sibling).
6. Illness of the student of such severity or duration, as
confirmed in writing by the physician, that completion of
the semester is precluded.
7. Exceptional circumstances, upon approval of the
University President or his/her desighee(s).
A refund of 25 percent of the total fees paid (less late
fees) is available if written notice of withdrawal of enroll-
ment from the University is approved priorto the end of the
fourth week of classes for full semesters, or a proportion-
ately shorter period of time for shorter terms, and written
documentation is received from the student.
First-time students at the University of Florida who
withdraw are eligible to receive a pro-rata refund of all
tuition and fees, including University housing charges, for
up to 60% of their first term. An administrative fee of 5%


or $100 (whichever is lower) will be assessed upon the
amount of the total charges assessed to the student. The
administrative fee will be deducted from the amount to be
refunded.
Refunds must be requested at University Financial
Services. Proper documentation must be presented when
a refund is requested. A waiting period for processing may
be required. Refunds will be applied against any Univer-
sity debts.
Tuition refunds due to cancellation, withdrawal, or
termination of attendance for students receiving financial
aid will first be refunded to the appropriate federal Title IV
program. Any remaining refund will be returned to the
student.

OTHER GENERAL FISCAL
INFORMATION

Students should bring sufficient funds, other than
personal checks, to meet their immediate needs. Personal
checks will be accepted at University Financial Services
for the exact amount of fees and/or other amounts owed
the University. Paymentson all financial obligations to the
University will be applied on the basis of age of the debt.
The oldest debt will be paid first. University Financial
Services does not cash checks or make cash refunds.
Checks written in excess of assessed fees or other amounts
paid the University will be accepted and processed, but
the excess will be refunded to the student at a later date,
according to University policy.
Cashing of Checks.-Students may cash checks at the
Reitz Union and the University of Florida Bookstore. There
are separate check cashing policies for each area. Gener-
ally students must have a University of Florida Gator 1 I.D.
card.
Students who have three or more returned checks
forfeit the privilege of cashing checks on campus and
jeopardize their ability to receive certain types of financial
aid.
Photo I.D.-A current valid Gator 1 I.D. card must be
presented in order to transact business at the Office of
University Financial Services, to cash checks at the Reitz
Union and University Bookstores, to pick up tickets for
athletic events, for Gator dining accounts, to use the
CIRCA computer labs, to use University Libraries, and to
use all recreational facilities.
ihe Gator 1 I.D. card can be obtained at the I.D. Card
Services office at the southeast entrance of the HUB. A
driver's license, social security card, and $10.00 for new
cards or $15.00 for replacement cards are required. Call
392-UFID for more information.
Local Address.-It is the responsibility of the student to
be sure that a correct local address is on file with Office of
the University Registrar at all times. Change of address
forms may be obtained from 222 Criser Hall.

PAST DUE STUDENT ACCOUNTS

All students' accounts are due and payable at Univer-
sity Financial Services, at the time such charges are
incurred.





32 / GENERAL INFORMATION


University regulations prohibit receipt of grades, the
release of transcripts, the awarding of diplomas, the
granting of loans and/or registration, the use of University
facilities and/or services, and admission to University
functions, including Athletic Association events for any
student whose account with the University is delinquent.

PARKING ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES

All students must register their automobiles, mopeds,
or motorcycles at the University Parking Administrative
Services Decal Office during their first week of registration
at the University. Decal eligibility is determined by the
student's local address and student classification. There is
a fee for registration and schedule of fines for on-campus
vehicle violations. A complete set of rules governing
traffic, parking, and vehicle registration may be secured at
the Parking Decal Office, 354 North-South Drive. Each
student should become familiar with these regulations
upon registering at the University. In addition, persons
wishing to use the campus bus system may obtain annual
or semester bus passes at the Parking Decal Office.



HOUSING

For Graduate and Undergraduate Students with
Families.-Apartment accommodations on the University
campus are available for students with families: Applica-
tion should be made as early as possible.
For Single Graduate Students. -Schucht Village
apartments and the New Residence Facility are available
to graduate and upper-division students. Graduate stu-
dents are given priority; however, there sometimes is a
waiting list for graduate students as well as upper-division
students.


APPLICATIONS

Each student must make personal arrangements for
housing, either by applying to the Division of Housing
Office for assignment to University housing facilities or by
obtaining accommodations in private housing. Inquiries
concerning University family housing facilities should be
addressed to the Family Housing Office, Division of
Housing, University of Florida, (904)392-2161. Inquiries
about private housing accommodations should be ad-
dressed to the Off-Campus Housing Service, Division of
Housing, University of Florida.
An application for on-campus housing may be filed at
any time after a student is admitted to the University.
Students are urged to apply as early as possible because of
the demand for housing.
Graduate students living in University housing are
required to qualify as'full-time students as defined by the
University, and they must continue to make normal
progress toward a degree as determined by their supervi-
sory committees.


RESIDENCE HALLS FOR SINGLE
STUDENTS

Various types of accommodations are provided by the
University. The double room for two students is the most
common type. Several of the larger rooms or suites are
designated as permanent triple rooms. Suites for two
students consist of two connected rooms-a bedroom and
a study room. Carpeted and air-conditioned suites for four,
available in Beaty Towers, include two bedrooms, a
private bath, and a study-kitchenette.
Carpeted and air-conditioned apartments for four are
available in the New Residence Facility and include four
single bedrooms, two baths, a kitchen, and a living room.
Yulee Scholarship Hall contains air-conditioned single
rooms. For information on rental rates, contact the
Assignments Section, Division of Housing, University of
Florida, (904)392-2161.

COOPERATIVE LIVING
ARRANGEMENTS

There are four different cooperative living groups at the
University of Florida. Two of these groups are located on
campus and are operated by the University of Florida,
Division of Housing.
Among the qualifications for membership are scholas-
tic ability and reference of good character. These coopera-
tive living groups are specifically operated by and for
students with limited financial means for attending the
University.
Inquiries pertaining to cooperative living on campus
are made to the Division of Housing, Assignments Section,
University of Florida, (904)392-2161. The cooperative
living organizations on campus currently are the North
Hall Co-op and the Buckman Co-op. Off-campus co-ops
are the Collegiate Living Organization (coed), 117 N.W.
15th Street, and Georgia Seagle Hall (men), 1002 West
University Avenue. Inquiries should be made to these
addresses.

FAMILY STUDENT HOUSING

The University operates six apartment villages for
eligible students. To be eligible to apply for apartment
housing on campus, the following qualifications must be
met:
A married student or student parent without spouse
who has legal custody of minor children must meet the
requirements for admission to the University of Florida,
qualify as a full-time student as defined by the University,
and continue to make normal progress toward a degree as
determined by the supervisory committee.
The student must be a part of a family unit defined as
(1) husband and wife with or without one or more children
or (2) single parent who has legal custody of one or more
minor children who reside with the parent on an ongoing
basis.
Residents in all villages must furnish their own linens,
dishes, rugs, curtains, or other similar items. Utilities are
an additional expense and are billed with the rent..





HOUSING / 33


Space permitting, there are a limited number of apart-
ments for single graduate students without dependents in
Corry, Diamond, and Schucht Village. There is an
extensive waiting list. Family applicants have priority in
Corry and Diamond.
Corry Memorial Village (216 units) of brick, concrete,
and wood construction contains almost an equal number
of one- and two-bedroom apartments, with a few three-
bedroom units. Some apartments are furnished. Commu-
nity facilities include a meeting room and a laundry.
Diamond Memorial Village consists of 208 apartments
similar in construction to those in Corry Village. All
Diamond apartments are unfurnished. Special features
include a community building and air-conditioned study-
meeting room, laundry facilities, and a study cubicle in
each two-bedroom apartment.
Tanglewood Village Apartments, located approxi-
mately 1.3 miles south of the central campus, consist of
208 unfurnished efficiency, one- and two-bedroom
townhouse units. All units have disposals and two-bed-
room units have dishwashers. All one-and two-bedroom
units have 1-1/2 baths. Community facilities include a
large recreation hall, laundry facilities, and two swimming
pools.
University Village South and Maguire Village consist
of 348 centrally heated and air-conditioned one-and two-
bedroom unfurnished apartments. Community facilities
include a pool, laundry, and meeting room. The kitchens
are equipped with stoves and refrigerators.
For Maguire Village Only, the student must be part of
a family with a combined gross annual income (including
grants-in-aid, VA benefits, scholarships, fellowships, and
child support payments) which does not exceed, during
the period of occupancy, the following maximum income
limitations: two persons, $27,600; three persons, $31,050;
four persons, $34,500; five persons, $37,250; and six
persons, $40,000.
Schucht Village is for single graduate students without
dependents and married couples without children. It
consists of 56 one-bedroom and 48 two-bedroom apart-
ments. These apartments are air-conditioned and fur-
nished. Utilities are included in the rental rate with an
assigned allowance. Overages are calculated and charged
to the student's account. Schucht has a commons room
equipped with a color TV and a VCR.
All residents receive Housing's cable TV service. For
more information contact the Village Housing Office.

OFF-CAMPUS HOUSING

The purpose of the Off-Campus Housing Service is to
assist University of Florida students, faculty, and staff in
obtaining adequate off-campus housing accommodations.
The Off-Campus Housing Service is a listing and referral
agency for rental housing of all types. It is not an enforce-
ment agency. It does not make rental reservations.
Persons who desire to use these services should request
by mail or pick up in person at the Housing Office an off-
campus housing packet.
This packet contains a list of major apartment housing
developments in the Gainesville area with a zone locator
map. Also in the packet is an information brochure on


rental leases, deposits, rates, and insurances; a city bus
route map and schedule; and utility application and hook-
up forms. The Housing Office also maintains updated
vacancy information on share (roommate wanted), mobile
homes, rental houses, and other rental listings for refer-
enceduring housing business hours, Monday-Friday, 8-12
and 12:30-4:30. At other times, lighted listing boards are
available in the breezeway between the Housing Office
and the Housing Office Annex.




FINANCIAL AID


Qualified graduate students in every department are
eligible for a number of fellowships, assistantships, and
other awards. In general, such awards are available to
students pursuing either a master's or a doctoral degree.
Unless otherwise specified, applications for these awards
should be made to the appropriate department chair,
University of Florida, on or before February 15 of each
year.
Fellows and graduate assistants must pay appropriate
in-state and out-of-state tuition. Fellows and trainees are
expected to devote full time to their studies. Graduate
assistants who have part-time teaching or research duties
may register for reduced study loads. Stipends received for
their services are subject to withholding taxes.


MINIMUM REGISTRATION


Full-Time Graduate Students
Not on Appointments
Assistants on .01-.24 and/or
Fellows and Trainees
Assistants on .25-.49 and/or
1/4 & 1/3-Time Assistants
Assistants on .50-.74 and/or
1/2-Time Assistants
Assistants on .75-.99 and/or
3/4-Time Assistants
Full-Time Assistants:
1.00 Fall & Spring
1.00 Summer A
1.00 Summer B
1.00 Summer C
Part-Time Graduate Students
Not on Appointment
Graduate Students Not on
Appointment During Final
Term


Summer
Fall and Spring A & B or C

12 4 4 8

12 4 4 8

9. 3 3

8 3 3 6

6 2 2 4


2 or 2
2 or 2
1& or 2

1& 1 or 2

1& 1or 2


NOTE: Registration requirements listed here do not apply to eligibility
forfinancial aid programs administered by the Office for Student
Financial Affairs. Check with Student Financial Affairs in S-107
Criser Hall for financial aid registration requirements.

Students who do not register properly (according to the above
table) in each semester in which they hold graduate assistant-
ships will not be permitted to remain on assistantships.

For students on appointment for the full summer, minimum
registration must total that specified forC term. Registration may
be in any combination of A, B, or C terms. However, courses
must be distributed so that the student is registered during each
term that he/she is on appointment. Students on appointment
registering for any summer term must register at the beginning
of A term.





34 / GENERAL INFORMATION


OFFICE FOR STUDENT FINANCIAL
AFFAIRS
Financial assistance is also available to graduate stu-
dents through the Office for Student Financial Affairs in
Criser Hall (see Part-Time Employment and Loans). Stu-
dents who wish to apply for work or loan programs
administered by Student Financial Affairs must follow the
instructions in the Gator Aid financial aid application
packet. Graduate students who receive assistance through
Student Financial Affairs must be registered for a minimum
of nine credit hours to receive aid from all programs
administered by that office except Federal Direct Stafford/
Ford Loans (FDSL), Federal Direct Unsubsidized Stafford/
Ford Loans (FDUSL), and Federal Work-Study. To receive
FDSL, FDUSL, or Federal Work-Study during the summer,
graduate students must register for at least four credit hours
for the entire summer session (students who enroll for
fewer than four credit hours during Summer A/C can not
be paid until Summer B).
The University of Florida Office for Student Financial
Affairs (SFA) has initiated two services for students: partici-
pation in the World Wide Web internet information
service, and SFA TIPS-a touchtone dial-in service which
provides students up-to-date information about the status
of their financial aid file. Student Financial Affairs home
page location on the Web is: http://www.ufsa.ufl.edu/
SFA/SFA.html. To access SFA TIPS, students should dial
846-1183 and follow the instructions given by the system.
Before calling students should have their University of
Florida PIN and their social security number on hand.

UNIVERSITY-WIDE AWARDS
In-State Matriculation Fee Payments are available to
graduate assistants and fellows who meet the eligibility
requirements.
Non-Florida Tuition Payments are available, to out-of-
state students who hold graduate assistantships or fellow-
ships and who meet the eligibility requirements.
Graduate Assistantships up to one-half time are avail-
able through individual departments. Stipend rates paid
are determined by the employing department or unit.
Interested students should inquire at their department
offices concerning the availability of assistantships and the
procedure for making application. 'Prospective students
should write directly to their major departments as well as
to the Admissions Office. Early inquiry is essential in order
to be assured of meeting application deadlines. Appoint-
ments are made on the recommendation of the department
chairperson, subject to admission to the Graduate School
and to the approval of the Dean of the Graduate School.
Clear evidence of superior ability and promise is required.
Reappointment to assistantships requires evidence of con-
tinuation of good scholarship. All Graduate Assistants
must have a Social Security card.

MINORITY SUPPORT
The Board of Regents (BOR) Summer Program for
African-American Graduate Students is an orientation
program in Summer B designed to prepare eligible Afri-
can-American students (newly admitted into a graduate


level program for the fall who have not previously at-
tended the University of Florida) for graduate education.
The stipend is approximately $1,500 with payment of 4
hours of tuition (excluding fees). Participants must enroll
as full-time graduate students for the following academic
year and are eligible for other minority fellowships. The
program is limited to African-American students who are
U.S. citizens or permanent residents. All eligible admitted
students are invited to participate.
Graduate Minority Fellowships (GMF) stipends are
$8,000 for 9 months (funded for a maximum of 2 years for
master's programs and 3 years for doctoral programs) and
include payment of 12 hours tuition (excluding fees) fall
and spring. In addition a departmental assistantship of no
more than one-fourth time may be held subject to compli-
ance with Graduate Council policy. Applications should
be made to the department by February 15 of each year.
The Florida Education Fund (FEF) awards McKnight
Doctoral Fellowships to African-American students newly
admitted into selected doctoral degree programs at univer-
sities in the state. The FEF provides a stipend of $11,000
for 12 months and an allowance for fees, health insurance,
computer equipment, books, and supplies, funded for a
maximum of 3 years. The University provides paymentof
12 hours tuition fall and spring and 8 hours summer and
will provide continued support for up to two more years,
subject to satisfactory progress and availability of funds.
African-American U.S. citizens are eligible to receive
McKnight Fellowships. For further information and appli-
cation forms, contact the FEF, 201 E. Kennedy Blvd., Suite
1525, Tampa, FL 33602 (813) 272-2772. The application
deadline is January 15 of each year.
Santa Fe Community College/University of Florida
Black Faculty Development Project is a joint program
designed to increase the 'number of African-American
faculty members at SFCC while increasing the number of
African-American doctoral students at the University of
Florida. Participants are required to teach 3 courses per
year at SFCC and assist SFCC in recruitment and retention
of minority students. The stipend is $9,000 for 10 months,
funded for a maximum of 4 years, and includes payment
of up to 12 hours tuition and fees fall and spring. African-
American U.S. citizens who have a master's degree in one
of the approved areas are eligible. The application
deadline is March 15 of each year.

COMMUNICATION PROCESSES AND
DISORDERS

Graduate assistantships are available through depart-
mental resources along with traineeships and fellowships
from facilities, such as the VA Medical Center and J. Hillis
Miller Health Science Center. These assistantships are
awarded on the basis of academic qualifications and are
competitive.
Additional information may be obtained from the
Department of Communication Processes and Disorders.

EDUCATION

Florida Teacher Scholarship and Forgivable Loan
Program was established to attract promising upper-





FINANCIAL AID / 35


division and graduate students to the teaching profession
in areas designated critical teacher shortage areas by the
State Board of Education. Recipients must teach in Florida
in their field of study to cancel their indebtedness or must
repay the scholarship at prevailing interest rates..Appli-
cants must be accepted for enrollment in an approved
teacher education program, pursuing certification in a
designated critical teacher shortage area, which is special
education at this time. Awards for graduate students are
based on grade point averages and GRE scores. Stipend
is up to $4,000 per academic year for up to two years.
Applicants should be sent to the Office of Student Finan-
cial Assistance, Florida Department of Education, 1344
FEC Building, Tallahassee, FL 32399-0400. Application
deadline is April 1. Applications are available in 134-E
Norman Hall in February. Awards are subject to availabil-
ity of funds. Few awards were made in 1995.
Many graduate students in education receive financial
aid through assistantships and traineeships made available
by governmental and foundation grants for research and
special programs. The number and nature of these awards
vary with each academic year and during the year.
Qualified students interested in financial support should
maintain contact with the chairperson of the major depart-
ment. Additional information may be available from the
Office of Student Services, 134-E Norman Hall or Student
Financial Affairs, S-107 Criser Hall.

ENGINEERING

Financial aid to graduate students in engineering is
available through approximately 750 research and teach-
ing assistantships requiring one-fourth to three-fourths
time work loads with minimum stipends of at least $8.00
per hour. Information regarding application for these
positions may be obtained from the office of the graduate
coordinator of the department of interest or from the Office
of the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, College of
Engineering.
Agricultural and Biological Engineering has several
graduate academic awards including USDA National
Needs Fellowships of $17,000 per year.
The Greiner Professional Scholarship for $1,800 is for
a graduate student pursuing the Master of Civil Engineer-
ing degree.
The Department of Electrical and Computer Engineer-
ing has several fellowships ranging up to $5,000 per year
plus fee payments. These include the Morton and Motorola
Fellowships. Recipients must be U.S. citizens. Among
equal nominees, preference is given to women.
The Department of Environmental Engineering Sci-
ences has several scholarships/fellowships available, at,
varying stipends, made possible by individual and corpo-
rate sponsors. These include the Herbert E. Hudson
Award, the CDM Fellowship, the Montgomery-Watson
Fellowship, and the Jones-Edmunds Scholarship. Details
are available from the Department.
The Howard-Mills-Hawkins Scholarship is $1,000 for
one year for a graduate student in chemical engineering.
In addition, the Chemical Engineering Department tradi-
tionally awards a number of departmental fellowships
from industrial and departmental resources.


Industrial and Systems Engineeringwill make available
a grant of up to $2,000 for one year for deserving entering
graduate students in that department. The financial aid may
be used to supplement assistantship or fellowship awards,
with preference given to U.S. citizens and minorities.
The Kimley-Horn Scholarship for $1000 is for a new
graduate student in civil engineering.
Materials Science and Engineering provides several
departmental scholarship awards of up to $12,000 per
year to beginning graduate students. Scholarships are
awarded competitively on the basis of research interests,
GRE scores, undergraduate academic performance, and
letters of recommendation.
Mechanical Engineering has several graduate student
awards in amounts ranging from $500 to $10,000 per year
which are provided by private and industrial organiza-
tions. Considerations include U.S. citizenship, financial
need, and outstanding records of academic and/or indus-
trial experience.
The nuclear engineering sciences and environmental
engineering sciences programs have been accredited for
Department of Energy Fellowships in health physics,
operational health physics, nuclear engineering, high
level radioactive waste management, and environmental
restoration and waste management. These awards pay all
tuition and fees plus a $1,200 monthly stipend. Consider-
ation includes U.S. citizenship, career objectives, and
excellent academic records.
National Academy for Nuclear Training Fellowships
are awarded and administered by the Nuclear Engineering
Sciences Department and the Environmental Engineering
Sciences Department. These fellowships are awarded for
a one-year master's-degree program and provide a stipend
to the student of $11,000 for the academic year, with an
additional $1,000 educational allowance for the univer-
sity to defray costs of tuition, fees, etc.
The Dr. James E. Swander Memorial Scholarship of
various amounts is for outstanding graduate students in
nuclear engineering sciences. Awards are based on schol-
arship, leadership, and character.

FULBRIGHT-HAYS DOCTORAL
DISSERTATION RESEARCH ABROAD
FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM

Through the Center for International Education, gradu-
ate students who are American citizens can apply for one
of approximately 61 awards. The Doctoral Dissertation
Research Abroad Fellowship Program provides opportuni-
ties for graduate students to engage in full-time dissertation
research in modern foreign languages and area studies.
Preference is given to applications that meet the following
priority: Research that focuses on Africa, East Asia,
Southeast Asia and the Pacific, South Asia, the Near East,
East Central Europe and Eurasia, and the Western Hemi-
sphere (Central and South America and the Caribbean).
Applications that propose projects focused on Western
Europe will not be funded.
Applications are available for the next academic year
in August, with an October deadline for transmittal. The
project period may be from 6 to 12 months. The estimated





36 / GENERAL INFORMATION


average award is $29,000. For application information
contact Karla Ver Bryck Block, U.S., 60 Independence
Ave., SW, Washington DC 20202-5331, PH: (202) 401-
9774 or, locally, the Office of Program Information, 256
Grinter Hall.

HORTICULTURE
The American Orchid Society-11th World Orchid
Conference Fellowship is supported by an endowment
established by the sponsoring groups and is awarded to a
qualified undergraduate or graduate student in environ-
mental horticulture or botany. Selection of the recipient is
based on academic record and an interestto pursue a study
of orchids. The Department of Environmental Horticul-
ture, within the horticultural science program, administers
the fellowship with annual awards ranging from $500 to
$2,500. An individual may receive the award for two'
consecutive years. For further information, contact the
Graduate Coodinator, Department of Environmental Hor-
ticulture, prior to April 15.
The H. Harold Hume Scholarship is awarded by the
Florida Federation of Garden Clubs to a qualified graduate
student in environmental horticulture. Selection of the
recipient is based on academic record, character, apti-
t'ude, Florida residency, and financial need. The Depart-
mentof Environmental Horticulture, within the horticultural
science program, administers the scholarship which carries
an award of up to $1,500 annually. For further information,
please contact the Graduate Coordinator, Department of
Environmental Horticulture, prior to April 15.
The G.C. Horne Graduate Assistantship is awarded by
the Florida Turfgrass Association to a qualified graduate
student in environmental horticulture whose studies em-
phasize turfgrass sciences. Selection of the recipient is
based on academic record, previous experience in turfgrass
science, and letters of recommendation. The Department
of Environmental Horticulture, within the horticulture
science program, administers the assistantship. For further
information, please contact the Graduate Coordinator,
Department of Environmental Horticulture.

JAMES W. KYNES MEMORIAL
SCHOLARSHIP

This scholarship is for student athletes who have
completed a baccalaureate degree at the University of
Florida. Applicants must have exhibited an outstanding
performance in both academics and athletics and must be
of high personal integrity. Applicants must certify admis-
sion to a graduate or professional field of study a the
University. The stipend is $7,500 for one year. For
additional information, contact James W. Kynes Memorial
Scholarship Committee, C/O Graduate School, 284 Grinter
Hall, or Dr. Robert F. Lanzillotti, Committee Chair, 201
Bryan Hall, 392-9744, ext. 1275. Application deadline is April 15.

LAW (TAXATION)

Limited financial aid is available. For information
contact the Graduate Tax Office, College of Law, Holland
Law Center.


MASS COMMUNICATION

Fellowships or assistantships are offered under the
Brechner, Claudia Ross, Dolgoff, Flanagan, and Pickard
programs. Additional graduate grants and assistantships
are funded out of the college's resources and through
research grants. Several graduate students hold assistant-
ships in other units of the University. Aid is awarded on the
basis of academic qualifications or experience. For infor-
mation contact the Graduate Division, College of journal-
ism and Communications, Weimer Hall.

MEDICINE

Predoctoral fellowships and part-time teaching and
research assistantships are available for graduate students
in the various basic medical science departments partici-
pating in the Ph.D. program. In addition, some clinical
and basic science departments offer postdoctoral fellow-
ships to selected recent recipients of the M.D. or Ph.D.
degree who wish extensive research experience in these
disciplines. For information write the Associate Dean for
Graduate Education, College of Medicine, P.O. Box
100215, Health Science Center.

NURSING

Limited financial aid is available. For information
contact the Assistant Dean for Graduate Studies, College
of Nursing, P. O. Box 100197 Health Science Center.

PHARMACY

It is the policy of the College of Pharmacy that each
graduate student receive support from either outside
fellowships or University graduate assistantships. All stu-
dents are required to participate in teaching as a part of the
overall educational component of their studies while in
the college.
American Foundation for Pharmaceutical Education
Fellowships.-A number of graduate fellowships are of-
fered by the American Foundation for Pharmaceutical
Education. Holders of these fellowships 'may pursue
graduate work at the University of Florida. Applications
should be made to the Foundation, 618 Somerset Street,
P.O. Box 7126, North Plainfield, N J 07060.

PSYCHOLOGY

Financial support is available to assist students in
pursuing graduate work leading to the doctoral degree. In
addition to University-wide awards, current financial
assistance includes graduate teaching and research assis-
tantships, National Institute of Child Health and Human
Development Traineeships, the Center for Neurobiologi-
cal Sciences Fellowships, and North Florida Evaluation
and Treatment Center Traineeships. For information write
the Graduate Secretary, Department of Psychology, P.O.
Box 112250.





SPECIAL FACILITIES & PROGRAMS / 37


TITLE VI-FOREIGN LANGUAGE AND
AREA STUDIES FELLOWSHIPS

Title VI fellowships are available to graduate students
whose academic programs are either Latin America or
Africa oriented. Applicants must be U.S. citizens or
permanent residents and must be registered for a full-time
course load including a language relevant to the area of
their choice, specifically, Portuguese or Haitian Creole for
recipients through the Center for Latin American Studies;
Shona, Swahili, or Yoruba for recipients through the
Center for African Studies.
Applicants may choose to major in any discipline or
department where a Latin American or African emphasis
is possible. Remuneration will consist of a $8,000 stipend
for the academic year and $1,500 for the summer plus
payment of all tuition and fees.
For further information, please contact the Director of
either the Center for Latin American Studies (319 Grinter
Hall) or the Center for African Studies (470 Grinter Hall),
University of Florida.

PART-TIME EMPLOYMENT

The University of Florida Student Employment Office
in S-107 Criser Hall coordinates part-time on- and off-
campus employment through the following three employ-
ment programs: Federal Work-Study, including the Fed-
eral Community Service component; Other. Personnel
Services (OPS); and off-campus jobs. Federal Work-Study
jobs are based on financial need. To apply for Federal
Work-Study, students should pick up Gator Aid applica-
tion packets from Student Financial Affairs. OPS Jobs are
not based on financial need. To apply, students should go
to the Student Employment Office. Off-campus jobs lists
are posted on the job bulletin boards, and students simply
need to contact the employers.
Student Employment maintains job bulletin boards for
all three programs at the following locations: on the south
wall of the Criser courtyard, in room 305 of the J. Wayne
Reitz Union on the student government bulletin board,
McCarty Hall first floor, Norman Hall first floor, and the
Medical Sciences Building lobby. The job board at Criser
Hall is updated daily. Job boards at the other locations are
updated twice weekly.

FINANCIAL AID NEXUS TAPES

The Office for Student Financial Affairs has prepared a
series of brief tapes for the NEXUS telephone tape series to
provide current information on financial aid programs. To
use this service, students should dial (352) 392-1683 and
request the tape they wish to hear: 402-A-Applying for
Financial Aid; 402-B-Student Loans; 402-C-Federal
Direct Loans; 402-D-Student Budgets; 402-E-Financial
Aid for Graduate Students; 402-F-Student Employment;
402-G-Grants; 402-H-Scholarships; 402-1-Loans and
Debt Management; 402-J-Financial Aid Phone Num-
bers; 402-K-How Financial Aid Is Disbursed; 402-L-
Registration Period Update; and 402-M-Financial Aid
for Students with Disabilities.


LOANS
At the University of Florida, graduate students may
apply for the following student loans: Federal Direct
Stafford/Ford Loans, Federal Direct Unsubsidized Stafford/
Ford Loans, University of Florida Institutional Loans, and
Federal Perkins Loans. These programs offer long-term,
low-interest loans that must be repaid when the borrower
graduates, withdraws, or drops to less than half-time
enrollment.
In general, students may borrow up td the cost of
attendance minus any other financial aid per academic
year at interest rates from 5% to 8.25% annually. Some
loans are based on financial need; other are not. The
actual amount of each loan is based on financial need and/
or program limits.
To apply, students should pick up a Gator Aid financial
aid application packet and a Free Application for Federal
Student Aid from the Office for Student Financial Affairs in
S-107 Criser Hall. Students should not wait until they
have been admitted to apply for aid. For fall loans,
applications should be submitted as soon as possible after
January 1. Although students may apply for Federal Direct
Stafford/Ford Loans throughout the year, they must ob-
serve the deadlines set each semester for applying for loans
for the following semester and should always apply as
early as possible. The deadlines are printed in the Gator
Aid application packet.
The University also has an emergency short-term loan
program to help students meet temporary financial needs
related to educational expenses. Graduate students may
borrow up to $400 or the amount of in-state tuition if they
have an acceptable repayment source. Interest is 1% per
month and these loans must be repaid by the first day of
the last month in the semester in which the money is
borrowed. Processing time is approximately 48 hours.
Applications are available in Student Financial Affairs.

CATALOG OF GRADUATE AND
POSTDOCTORAL SUPPORT
The Office of Research, Technology, and Graduate
Education (ORTGE) provides this compendium of funding
sources for graduate study, which gives information on
hundreds of fellowship, scholarship, loan, and grant
opportunities for graduate and recent postdoctoral stu-
dents. The Catalog is posted on the ORTGE World Wide
Web site at http://www.orge.ufl.edu/gradfund/. Applica-
tion files may be reviewed in the ORTGE Program Informa-
tion Office, 256 Grinter Hall, 392-4804, during weekday
operating hours.


SPECIAL FACILITIES AND

PROGRAMS

RESEARCH AND TEACHING FACILITIES

ART GALLERIES
Samuel P. Harn Museum of Art opened to the public
in 1990, providing up-to-date facilities for the exhibition,





38 / GENERAL INFORMATION


study, and preservation of works of art. The Harn
endeavors to attract and serve a broad public audience as
well as fulfill the research and educational missions of a
university museum.
The Museum offers a full range of educational pro-
grams for the general public as well as the academic
community. University students have research and study
opportunities, while visitors of all ages benefit from the
films, lectures, tours, and workshops. Museum hours are
11 a.m. to 5 p.m., Tuesday through Friday; 10 a.m. to 5
p.m., Saturday; and 1 p.m. to 5 p.m., Sunday.
The University Gallery is an integral part of the Fine
Arts complex. The Gallery is located on the campus facing
S.W. 13th Street (U.S. 441). An atrium and sculptural
fountain are two pleasing features of the Gallery's distinc-
tive architectural style. The University Gallery exhibits
contemporary local, national, and international art of the
highest quality. Each exhibit shows for approximately four
weeks; Gallery hours are 10 a.m. to 8 p.m., Tuesday; 10
a.m. to 5 p.m., Wednesday through Friday; and 1 to 5 p.m.
on Saturday and Sunday. The University Gallery is closed
on Monday and holidays and for three weeks in August.
Summer hours are Tuesday-Friday, 10 a.m. to 3 p.m.
The Department of Art's gallery, Focus, is located
adjacent to the department's office area, on the third floor
of the classroom building in the Fine Arts complex. Focus
Gallery exhibits one-person and small-group'exhibitions
of merit, as well as student exhibitions. The Gallery is
open Monday through Friday from 9 a.m. to noon and
from 1 to 4:30 p.m. It is closed Saturday and Sunday.
The Grinter Gallery is located within the lobby of
Grinter Hall. Supported by the Graduate School, the
Center for Latin American Studies, and the Center for
African Studies, the Grinter Galleries display changing
exhibitions of art and cultural materials on Latin Ameri-
can, African, and other international topics. The Galleries
are open Monday through Friday from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.


COMPUTATIONAL FACILITIES
Northeast Regional Data Center (NERDC)

The University of Florida is the host campus for the
Northeast Regional Data Center (NERDC) of the State
University System of Florida. NERDC's facilities are used
for instructional, administrative, and research computing
for the University of Florida and for other state educational
institutions and agencies in northern Florida. The organi-
zations directly responsible for supporting computing
activities at the University of Florida are
Center for Instructional and Research Computing
Activities (CIRCA),
Faculty Support Center for Computing,
University of Florida Administrative Computing
Services,
Shands Hospital, Inc., Data Processing Division,
J. Hillis Miller Health Science Center,
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS).
Network Access.-Networks available through NERDC
include
SUS Computer Network, which provides access to
the Northwest Regional Data Center in Tallahassee,


Florida State University Computing Center in Talla-
hassee, Central Florida Regional Data Center at the
University of South Florida in Tampa, and the South
east Regional Data Center at Florida International
University in Miami,
Florida Information Resource Network (FIRN), a
Florida Department of Education network,
BITNET, an international university network, and
Internet, which includes NSFNET, and the University
of Florida's UFNET.
Hardware.-NERDC facilities available to students,
faculty, and staff include an IBM ES/9000 Model 831
central processor with 256 megabytes of main memory
and three vector facilities. Operating systems include
MVS/ESA with JES2 and VM/ESA. NERDC also has an IBM
RS 6000/SPwith six thin general processing nodes and one
wide computational node. The operating system is AIX/
6000, IBM's version of the UNIX operating system. Other
hardware includes
IBM 3380 and 3390 disk volumes, providing more
than 415 gigabytes
IBM 3480 cartridge tape drives and IBM 3420 9-track
reel tape drives
IBM 3745 communications controllers for telecom
munication services. Terminal Servers provide dial-
up services for ASCII workstations to emulate full-
screen, 3270-type terminals, and to provide SLIP/
PPP access to the internet.
Input and Output.-NERDC provides input and out-
put facilities in the form of magnetic tapes and disks,
impact and laser printers, graphics, and computer output
microfiche (COM). IBM 4245 high-speed printers, IBM
3820 laser printers, and HP Laser Jet printers provide
printed output. Graphics output is also available through
a Versatec Electrostatic Color Plotter. NERDC supports job
submission/retrieval and interactive processing through
several thousand interactive terminals and microcomput-
ers that emulate terminals. These workstations can access
NERDC's timesharing systems (TSO, AIX/6000, CMS, and
CICS) for editing, interactive program execution, and
batch job submission.
Software.-The major production languages include
ASSEMBLER, COBOL, C, Fortran, Pascal, and PL/I. Stu-
dent-oriented languages supported in selected environ-
ments include ASSIST, PL/C, WATBOL, WATFIV, and
Waterloo PASCAL. File management systems and report
generators include EASYTRIEVE and MARK IV. IBM's DB2
is NERDC's primary database management system. TPX
allows concurrent interactive sessions from one terminal.
Other primary software includes statistical packages
(BMDP, SAS, SPSSX, and TROLL), text-formatting pro-
grams (TeX; and IBM DCF and Waterloo SCRIPT, both
with spell-checking and formula-formatting capabilities),
libraries of scientific and mathematical routines (ESSL,
OSL, and IMSL), graphics programs (GDDM, Versatec
plotting software, SAS/GRAPH, and SURFACE II), mini-
and microcomputer support via file-transfer capabilities,
the LEARN Grwth Format compluter-based training sys-
tem, local and IBM utilities, and special-purpose lan-
guages.
SResearch Computing Initiative and Numerically In-
tensive Computing Support.-NERDC and IBM offer a





SPECIAL FACILITIES & PROGRAMS / 39


significant but limited amount of free computing time to
UF and SUS faculty members to develop programs that use
the high-performance features of the RS 6000/SP or ES/
9000 and its three vector facilities. The Faculty Research
Computing Initiative Allocation Committee receives and
evaluates proposals for computing support. NERDC sup-
ports numerically intensive computing with periodic work-
shops, aid in converting programs to use vector facilities
or parallel processors, and advice on the design of new
NIC software, and more.
Applied Parallel Technologies Institute.-The APTI is
a cooperative venture among the Florida Center for Library
Automation (FCLA), UF, NERDC, and IBM to promote
applications of heterogeneous, parallel processing sys-
tems. These types of applications include the manage-
ment, retrieval, and storage of large amounts of data in a
complex, statewide enterprise; and the use of parallel,
very large servers in an open, networked environment.
LUIS.-LUIS (Library User Information Service) is the
online card catalog of the SUS libraries. There are LUIS
catalogs for each state university system library. The state
legislature has funded access to LUIS through the Florida
Center for Library Automation (FCLA). Call 392-9020 for
information about obtaining free identification numbers
for using LUIS.
Additional Information.-More information is avail-
able through NERDC's annual Guidebook, NERDC's
newsletter, /Update, NERDC documentation, and NERDC
Information Services at 112 SSRB, (352) 392-2061. NERDC
documents arealso available via the World Wide Web. To
access them, point your WWW client to the URL:http://
nervm.nerdc.ufl.edu.

Center for Instructional and Research Computing
Activities (CIRCA)

Services available to graduate students include con-
sulting; documentation; limited programming and analy-
sis; statistical consulting and analysis; noncredit com-
puter courses; thesis production support; VAX/VMS com-
puting; Unix computing; IBM mainframe accounts; main-
frame printing; supercomputing access; and the use of
interactive terminals, microcomputer laboratories, and
microcomputer classrooms.
For instructional purposes, CIRCA operates a Digital
Equipment Corporation VAX cluster and a Digital Equip-
ment Corporation RISC Unix computer. These computers
can be accessed from CIRCA-supported public terminal
facilities, dial-up terminals and .microcomputers, and
computers on the campus network. Several programming
languages and packages for mathematical and statistical
analysis are available. For graduate students, accounts for
sending and receiving electronic mail on international
networks are also available.
Instructors whose courses require the use of CIRCA's
VAX/VMS or Unix computers can apply for class accounts.
Separate VAX/MS or Unix accounts are available at no
charge for students' personal use. All accounts are
restricted to a moderate amount of disk space and CPU
time and may not be used for research, commercial
enterprises, support of campus organizations, or adminis-
trative computing. Applications for these accounts are


available in the CIRCA offices, E520 Computer Sciences
and Engineering (CSE).
IBM mainframe computing services are provided bythe
Northeast Regional Data Center (NERDC), located on the
University of Florida campus. CIRCA distributes NERDC
accounts to University of Florida students and faculty for
instructional use; research accounts are distributed through
individual departments. NERDC services can be used
from CIRCA terminal and microcomputer facilities, from
dial-up terminals and microcomputers, and from comput-
ers on the campus computing network. Mainframe
printing is also available at several campus locations. For
more information about NERDC facilities and services, see
the subsection of this catalog entitled Northeast Regional'
Data Center or contact the Computing Help Desk,
E520D CSE, 392-HELP.
CIRCA microcomputer labs are available to University
of Florida students, faculty, and staff for academic and
personal use. These labs are equipped with Apple
Macintosh, IBM, and IBM-compatible microcomputers.
Dot-matrix and laser printers are available atall microlabs;
plotters and optical scanners are available at some loca-
tions. In addition, several microcomputer classrooms can
be reserved for academic courses. Instructors may apply
for reservations at CIRCA, E520 CSE.
Additional information about CIRCA and NERDC ser-
vices is available from the Computing Help Desk in E520D
CSE, University of Florida, 392-HELP.

ENGINEERING: STATE CENTER

The College of Engineering has an off-campus graduate
engineering and research center at Eglin Air Force Base.
Qualified personnel may enroll in courses leading to
advanced degrees in several engineering disciplines. For
admission to this program, the prospective student must
file an application with the Graduate School as outlined in
the Admissions section of this catalog.
For additional information, visitthe University of Florida
Graduate Engineering and Research Center Office at Eglin
Air Force Base, or write the Dean, College of Engineering,
University of Florida.

THE FLORIDA ENGINEERING EDUCATION
DELIVERY SYSTEM (FEEDS)

The Florida Engineering Education Delivery System
(FEEDS) is a cooperative effort to deliver graduate engi-
neering courses and degree programs via videotape to
engineers throughout Florida. Along with the University of
Florida, participating universities include the colleges of
engineering at Florida State University/Florida A&M Uni-
versity, Florida Atlantic University, Florida International
University, the University of Central Florida, and the
University of South Florida and the cooperating centers at
the University of North Florida and the University of West
Florida. Graduate students associated with any of these
universities have access to the graduate engineering courses
offered via the FEEDS throughout the state during the
school term. Students wishing to be admitted to the FEEDS
program or wishing to register for classes at the University
of Florida should do so by contacting the FEEDS Coordi-





40 / GENERAL INFORMATION


nator, E111 CSE Building. Students pursuing a degree
through the College of Engineering at the University.of
Florida are governed by its requirements, the department
to which they have been admitted, and the Graduate
School.

UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES

The Libraries of the University of Florida form the
largest information resource system in the state of Florida.
While the collections are extensive, they are not compre-
hensive and graduate students will find it useful to supple-
ment them through a variety of services and cooperative
programs drawing upon the resources of many other
libraries. The following entry describes the UF libraries,
local collection strengths and the physical distribution of
collections among campus libraries as well as the services
available to assist students and faculty in locating needed
information.
The Libraries of the University of Florida consistof eight
libraries. Six are in the system known as the George A.
Smathers Libraries of the University of Florida and two
(Health Sciences and Law) are attached to their respective
administrative units. All of the libraries serve all the
University's faculty and students, but each has a special
mission to be the primary support of specific colleges and
degree programs. Because of the interdisciplinary nature
of research, scholars may find collections built in one
library to serve a specific discipline or constituency to be
of great importance to their own research in another
discipline. It most likely will be necessary to use more than
one library to discover all of the resources pertinent to a
particular research interest.
The LUIS system, your key,to the UF libraries collec-
tions, has been greatly expanded in recent years. It now
offers a diverse information menu. In addition to the
online catalog of the holdings of the University of Florida,
LUIS contains the catalogs of the other State University
System libraries in Florida and of libraries in other states
and foreign nations. Several indexes and tables of con-
tents databases provide citations to journal articles. The
"News and Information" section contains library hours,
phone numbers, and other practical information. There
are also gateways to other information sources-local,
national and international.
The online catalog eases the difficulty of locating
materials as it is accessible from offices, laboratories, and
dormitories or homes with workstation access to NERDC.
It contains almost all of the cataloged collections-
exceptions are some older humanities and social science
titles acquired prior to 1975 as well as some uncataloged
special, archival, map, microform, and document collec-
tions. Access to many of these collections is available
through specialized catalogs in Special Collections and
Documents, or other finding aids in Microtexts and the
Map Collection. Reference staff throughout the libraries
can provide instruction in the use of LUIS and/or written
instructions for self help.
CyberLibrary, accessible from the main LUIS menu,
provides information about the UF Libraries, electronic
journals, academic electronic discussion lists, Internet
access tools, and more. Several electronic publications


received by the Libraries which do not exist as print
publications can be read in CyberLibrary. Examples
include Post Modern Culture, BrynMawr Classical Re-
view, Leonardo Electronic News, Central America Up-
date, Chronicle of Latin American Economic Affairs, etc.
Gator Pond, the library home page (http://
www.uflib.ufl.edu/uflib.html), provides a wealth of in-
formation about the Libraries as well as links to a vast array
of resources on the World Wide Web.
Owing to disciplinary variation in research methods,
the policies enforced and the services offered may differ
from library to library. Most of the libraries have an
advisory board consisting of faculty and students who
advise on the policies and services relating to their library.
Information on local policies is available at the circulation
and reference desks in each library.
As is common in research libraries, library materials are
housed in a variety of locations depending upon disci-
pline.
*Library West holds most of the humanities and social
science collections, as well as professional collections in
support of business, health and human performance, and
journalism. The Documents Collections are major hold-
ings of all federal documents (excepts the science related
holdings in Marston), many state and local documents,
and selected holdings of international and foreign docu-
ments.
*Smathers Library holds the Latin American and Judaica
collections, and the Special Collections-rare books and
manuscripts, P. K. Yonge Library of Florida History, and
University Archives.
*Marston Science Library holds most of the agriculture,
science, and technology collections as well as the Map
Library. It also houses the federal documents published by
the USDA, NASA, Patent Office, and USGS.
*Architecture/Fine Arts Library (201 Fine Arts Building A)
holds visual arts, architecture, and building construction
materials.
*Education Library (1500 Norman Hall) holds most of the
education collections.
*Music Library (231 Music Building) holds most music
materials and a collection of recordings.
*journalism Reading Room holds a small collection of
materials relating to journalism and mass communication.
Health Science Center Library holds major resources for
the medical sciences, related life sciences, and veterinary
medicine.
' Legal Information Center holds major resources for law
and related social sciences.
Together the Libraries hold over 3,000,000 cataloged
volumes, 4,200,000 microforms, 1,000,000 documents,
550,000 maps, and 20,000 computer datasets. The
Libraries have built a number of nationally significant
research collections primarily in support of graduate
research programs. Among them are the Baldwin Library
of Children's Literature which is among the world's
greatest collections of literature for children (Smathers
Library, Special Collections); the Map and Imagery Li-
brary which is an extensive repository of maps, atlases,
aerial photographs, and remote sensing imagery with
particular collection strengths for the southeastern United
States, Florida, Latin America, and Africa south of the





SPECIAL FACILITIES & PROGRAMS / 41


Sahara (Marston Science Library, Level One); the Isser and
Ray Price Library of Judaica which is the largest collection
of its kind in the Southeast (Smathers Library, fourth floor);
and the P.K. Yonge Library of Florida History, which is
the state's preeminent Floridiana collection and holds the
largest North American collection of Spanish colonial
documents concerning the southeastern United States as
well as rich archives of prominent Florida politicians
(Smathers Library, Special Collections).
The Libraries also have particularly strong holdings in
architectural preservation and 18th-century American
architecture (AFA), late 19th- and early-20th-century
German state documents from 1850-1940 (Library West),
Latin American art and architecture (AFA and Smathers
Library), national bibliographies (Library West, Refer-
ence), U.S. Census information, especially in electronic
format (Library West, Documents), the rural sociology of
Florida and tropical and subtropical agriculture collec-
tions (Marston Science Library), English and American
literature (Library West), U.S. documents (Library West,
Documents), and computing files acquired primarily
through the Inter-University Consortium for Political and
Social Research (Tape Library, request at Library West,
Reference).
All students and faculty are provided library services
upon presentation of the University of Florida machine
readable ID card. This card is used to circulate books, to
borrow reserves, and to establish identity for other library
services such as Interlibrary Loan, online searching, and
remote access to databases. Reference service is pro-
vided to library users in each library and is also available
via telephone and E-Mail. All of the libraries provide
special services to assist students and faculty with disabili-
ties in their use of the libraries; information is available at
all circulation desks. At the beginning of each semester,
the Libraries offer orientation programs designed to teach
those new to campus what services are available and how
to use them. Schedules are posted in each library at the
beginning of each term. Individual assistance is available
at the reference desk in each library. In addition, instruc-
tional librarians will work with faculty and teaching
assistants to develop and present course specific library
instruction sessions. Instruction coordinators are available
in Humanities and Social Science Reference in Library West,
in Marston Science Library, and in the branches.
Subject specialists, who work closely with faculty and
graduate students to select materials for the collections,
also advise graduate students and other researchers who
need specialized bibliographic knowledge to define what
information resources are available locally and nationally
to support specific research. A good time to consult the
subject specialists is when beginning work on a major
research project or developing a working knowledge of
another discipline. A list of subject specialists is available
at reference desks and via CyberLibrary. Users may
schedule a meeting with the appropriate specialist.
The Libraries memberships in the Research Libraries
Group and the Center for Research Libraries give faculty
and students access to many major scholarly collections.
In addition, the libraries are linked to major national and
international databases such as RLIN, OCLC, NEXIS/
LEXIS, DIALOGUE, and QUESTEL. Many materials that


are not held on campus can be quickly located and
borrowed through one of the cooperative programs to
which the Libraries belong. Consult with a reference
librarian to take advantage of these services. Publications
describing specialized services are available at reference
and circulation desks throughout the Libraries.
Current information regarding library hours may be
obtained by selecting Library Hours and Phone Numbers
from the LUIS menu or calling the desired library (392-
0341 for Library Westand Smathers, 392-2758 for Marston
Science Library).

MAJOR ANALYTICAL INSTRUMENTATION
CENTER (MAIC)

The Major Analytical Instrumentation Center (MAIC)
was established in 1982 to help make available complex
modern analytical instrumentation and to promote its
efficient usage on the campus and in the state. This is
accomplished by coordinating campuswide usage, help-
ing to provide resources for maintenance, upgrading
existing instruments and developing new techniques,
planning purchases of major new instruments, training and
supervising users, and providing professional scientists to
supervise the solution of individual problems. Center
personnel also direct users to other campus facilities, if
necessary. For example, the Institute of Food and Agricul-
tural Sciences (IFAS) and the Department of Chemistry
both have a number of analytical facilities that are avail-
able to some users.
The instruments involved include several electron mi-
croscopes (TEM, SEM, AEM) with full analytical and
imaging capabilities, instruments directed toward surface
analysis (i.e., AES, ISS, SIMS and XPS, RBS, PIXE, and
NRA), and several mass spectrometers.
Education and training are achieved by a variety of
means. The MAIC offers short courses annually in several
specialized areas, e.g.,,scanning electron microscopy,
transmission electron microscopy, vacuum technology,
surface science, and optical microscopy. These are open
both for graduate credit and to those outside the University
community. (The Chemistry Department, IFAS, and the
Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station also regu-
larly offer several short courses of a complementary
nature.) Some individually supervised training directed by
Center personnel is available to graduate students.
The overall aim of the MAIC is thus to make possible the
solution of any scientific or technological problem that
requires state-of-the-art analytical instrumentation and to
make these capabilities accessible to all University and
state personnel. Cooperation with state industries is also
encouraged where this is legal and appropriate.
The administration and professional staff of the MAIC
are located in 217 Materialg Science and Engineering
Building where further information may be obtained upon
request.

FLORIDA MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY

The Florida Museum of Natural History was created by
an act of the Legislature in 1917 as a department of the
University of Florida. Through its affiliation with the





42 / GENERAL INFORMATION


University, it carries dual responsibility as the Florida
museum and the University museum.
The Museum is located at the corner of Museum Road
and Newell Drive in a modern facility completed in 1970.
The public halls are open from 10 a.m. until 5 p.m.,
Monday through Saturday, and 1 to 5 p.m. on Sundays.
The Museum is closed'on Christmas Day. There is no
admission charge.
The Museum operates as a center of research in
anthropology and natural history. Its accessory functions
as an educational arm of the University are carried forward
through interpretive displays and scientific publications.
Under the administrative control of the director are the
three departments of the Museum: Natural Sciences,
staffed by scientists and technicians concerned with the
study and expansion of the research collections of ani-
mals; Anthropology, whose staff members are concerned
with the study of historic and prehistoric people and their
cultures; Interpretation, staffed by specialists in the inter-
pretation of knowledge through museum exhibit tech-
niques and education programs. Members of the scientific
and educational staff of the Museum hold dual appoint-.
ments in appropriate teaching departments. Through these
appointments, they participate in both undergraduate and
graduate teaching programs.
The Allyn Museum of Entomology, Sarasota, is part of
the Departmentof Natural Sciences of the Florida Museum
of Natural History. The combined Sarasota and Gainesville
holdings in Lepidoptera rank the Allyn Museum of Ento-
mology as the largest in the western hemisphere and the
premier Lepidoptera research center in the world. The
Allyn Museum publishes the Bulletin of the Allyn Museum
of Entomology and sponsors the Karl Jordan Medal. The
Allyn Collection serves as a major source for taxonomic
and biogeographic research by a number of Museum and
Department of Zoology faculty and students, as well as a
great many visiting entomologists from around the world.
The Swisher Memorial Sanctuary and the Ordway
Preserve are adjacent pieces of land totalling some 9,300
acres. The land includes an array of habitats including
marsh, lakes, sandhills, and mesic hammocks. Jointly
administered by the School of Forest Resources and
Conservation and the Florida Museum of Natural History,
this area supports several research activities centering on
the ecology of threatened species and the restoration of the
native longleaf pine growth in the sandhills. Thesis and
dissertation research projects consistent with the aims of
the preserve are actively encouraged.
The herbarium of the University of Florida is also a part
of the Museum. It contains over 150,000 specimens of
vascular plants and 170,000 specimens of nonvascular
plants. In addition, the herbarium operates a modern gas
chromatographic/mass spectrometer laboratory for the
study and identification of natural plant products.
The research collections are under the care of curators
who encourage the scientific study of the Museum's
holdings. Materials are constantly being added to the
collections both through gifts from friends and as a result
of research activities of the Museum staff. The archaeo-
logical and ethnological collections are noteworthy, par-
ticularly in the aboriginal and Spanish colonial. material
remains from the southeastern United States and the.


Caribbean. There are extensive study collections of birds,
mammals, mollusks, reptiles, amphibians, fish, inverte-
brate and vertebrate fossils, plantfossils, and a bioacoustic
archive consisting of original recordings of animal sounds.
Opportunities are provided for students, staff, and visiting
scientists to use the collections. Research and field work
are presently sponsored in the archaeological, paleonto-
logical, and zoological fields. Students interested in these
specialties should make application to the appropriate
teaching department. Graduate assistantships are avail-
able in the Museum in areas emphasized in its research
programs.

OAK RIDGE ASSOCIATED UNIVERSITIES

The University of Florida has been a sponsoring insti-
tution of Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU) since
1948. ORAU is a private, not-for-profit consortium of 65
colleges and universities and a management and operating
contractor for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) with
principal offices located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Founded
in 1946, ORAU provides and develops capabilities critical
to the nation's technology infrastructure, particularly in
energy, education, health, and the environment. ORAU
works with and for its member institutions to help faculty
and students gain access to federal research facilities; to
keep members informed about opportunities for fellow-
ship, scholarship, and research appointments; and to
organize research alliances among our members in areas
where their collective strengths can be focused on issues
of national importance.
ORAU manages the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and
Education (ORISE) for DOE. ORISE is responsible for
national and international programs in science and engi-
neering education, training and management systems,
energy and environment systems, and medical sciences.
ORISE's competitive programs bring students at all levels,
K-12 through postgraduate, and university faculty mem-
bers into federal and private laboratories.
ORAU's office for University, Industry, and Govern-
ment Alliances (UIGA) seeks out opportunities for collabo-
rative alliances among its member universities, private
industry, and federal laboratories. Current alliances
include the Southern Association for High Energy Physics
(SAHEP) and the Center for Bio-Electromagnetic Interac-
tion Research (CBEIR). Other UIGA activities include the
sponsorship of conferences and workshops, the Visiting
Scholars program, and the Junior Faculty Enhancement
Awards.
Contact the Office of Research, Technology, and
Graduate Education's Program Information Office, 256
Grinter Hall, (352) 392-4804, or F.E. Dunnam, (352) 392-
1444, for more information about ORAU programs.

UNIVERSITY PRESS OF FLORIDA
The University Press of Florida is the official scholarly
publishing agency of the State University System of Florida.
The Press, which is located just off the University of
Florida campus at 15 NW 15th Street, reports to the
President of the University, who supervises the Press on
behalf of the 10 state universities. The statewide Council
of Presidents is the governing board for the Press.









An editorial committee, made up of a faculty represen-
tative from each of the 10 state universities, determines
whether manuscripts submitted to it meet the academic,
scholarly, and programmatic standards of the Press. The
Director of the Press has the discretion to decide which of
the manuscripts receiving the approval of the faculty
editorial committee will be published.
The press publishes scholarly works of intellectual
distinction and significance, books that contribute to
improving the qualityof higher education in Florida, and
books of general and regional interest and usefulness to the
people of Florida, reflecting their rich historical, cultural,
and intellectual heritage and resources. The editorial
program of the Press also cultivates areas that reflect the
academic strengths of the 10 member universities.
The Press publishes works in the following fields:
international affairs; the Caribbean and Latin America;
Africa; the Middle East; southern archaeology, history,
and culture; Native Americans; folklore; postmodern
literary theory and contemporary continental letters; the
Middle Ages; philosophy; women's studies; ethnicity;
natural history and agriculture; the fine arts; poetry.
Submissions are not invited in prose fiction or the
physical sciences.
Manuscripts may be submitted to the Editor-in-Chief,
University Press of Florida, 15 NW 15th Street, Gainesville,
FL 32611.

INTERDISCIPLINARY GRADUATE
STUDIES

INTERNATIONAL STUDIES AND PROGRAMS

The University of Florida, the state's oldest and largest
institution of higher education, has a comprehensive
commitment to excellence in international education to
keep pace with a rapidly changing global environment. It
extends from foreign language instruction, area studies
programs, study abroad opportunities, and international
exchanges into every facet of teaching, research, and
service. The University is dedicated to serving the inter-
national interests of Florida and the nation and to prepar-
ing its students for the global challenges and opportunities
of the 21st century.
During the last half century, the University expanded
its area studies programs to promote research and devel-
opment programs in many areas of the world, particularly
South and Central America, Africa, and Southeast Asia.
The Center for Latin American Studies and the Center for
African Studies, established in the early 1960s develop
and coordinate interdisciplinary instruction to address
continuously changing issues and to enhance effective
problem-solving in these critical world areas. The Univer-
sity offers graduate degree or certificate programs in
political science-international relations and Lati n-Ameri-
can studies, African studies, tropical conservation and
development, tropical agriculture, and comparative law.
The English Language Institute is available for nonnative
speakers. Programs in African and Asian languages and
literatures, Soviet and East European studies, and West
European studies are an integral part of the undergraduate


INTERDISCIPLINARY GRADUATE STUDIES /43


curriculum. An increasing number of faculty members are
involved in teaching and research within the field of
international studies and are playing a strong role in
outreach and development programs throughout the world.
The Office of International Studies and Programs
(OISP) functions within the University of Florida as a
center of international activities to promote the interna-
tional work of colleges, departments, faculty, and gradu-
ate students. The Office supports the international dimen-
sions of teaching, research, and service, and the enhance-
ment of international education and training throughout
the University and state of Florida. For more information,
contact OISP-voice (352) 392-5323; fax (352) 392-5575;
email OISP@nervm.nerdc.ufl.edu.

The Center for African Studies, a National Resource
Center on Africa, funded, in part, under Title VI of the
Higher Education Act, directs and coordinates interdisci-
plinary instruction, research, and outreach related to
Africa. In cooperation with participating departments
throughout the University, the Center offers a Certificate in
African Studies at both the master's and doctoral levels.
The curriculum provides a broad foundation for students
preparing for teaching or other professional careers in
which a knowledge of Africa is essential.
Graduate Fellowships and Assistantships.-Students
admitted to the Graduate School in pursuit of degrees
offered by participating departments are eligible to com-
pete for graduate assistantships. and Title VI Foreign
Language and Area Studies fellowships.
Extracurricular Activities.-The Center sponsors an
annual conference on an African topic, a weekly colloquium
series-BARAZA-with invited speakers, and a biweekly
film series. The Carter Lectures on Africa are held through-
out the academic year. The Center also directs an exten-
sive out-reach program addressed to public schools,
community colleges, and universities nationwide.
Library Resources.-The Center for African Studies
provides direct support for African library acquisitions to
meet the instructional and research needs of its faculty and
students. The Africana Collection numbers over 80,000
volumes. The Map Library contains 360,000 maps and
165,000 serial photographs and satellite images and is
among the top five academic African map libraries in the
U.S.
Graduate Certificate Program.-The Center for African
Studies, in cooperation with participating departments
offers a Certificate in African Studies in conjunction with
the master's and doctoral degrees.
Requirements for the Certificate in African Studies with
a master's degree are (a) at least 18 credits of course work
in a departmental major, 15 of which should relate to
Africa; (b) 9 credits of course work related to Africa and
distributed in at least two other departments; and (c) a
thesis on an African topic.
Requirements for the Certificate in African Studies with
the doctoral degree are (a) the doctoral requirements of the
major department; (b) 18 credits of course work related to
Africa in two or more other departments; (c) a dissertation
on an African topic based on field work in Africa; (d)
knowledge of a language appropriate to the area of
specialization.





44 / GENERAL INFORMATION


Inquiries about the various programs and activities of
the Center should be addressed to the Director, Center for
African Studies, 427 Grinter Hall.

International Relations.-A complete description of
the curriculum in international relations is included in the
Fields of Instruction listing for Political Science.
The Center for Latin American Studies coordinates
teaching, research, and service activities related to Latin
America and the Caribbean.
Masterof Arts Degree in Latin American Studies. -The
master's degree offered through the Center is available in
two versions, both of which require a 15-credit major
concentration. The disciplinary concentration empha-
sizes training and research in area and language studies,
which develop a greater understanding of Latin America's
cultures and societies. Students concentrate in one depart-
ment, which may be Anthropology, Economics, Food and
Resource Economics, Geography, History, Political Sci-
ence, Romance Languages and Literatures (Spanish), or
Sociology. This option is especially suited to the needs of
students who wish to obtain a well-rounded background
in Latin American Studies before pursuing the Ph.D. in a
specialized discipline.
The topical concentration clusters course work and
research around a thematic field focusing on contempo-
rary Latin American problems. Students may concentrate
in Brazilian studies, Caribbean studies, international com-
munications, population studies, tropical agriculture, and
tropical conservation and development. This option builds
on prior professional or administrative experiences and
prepares students for technical and professional work
related to Latin America and the Caribbean.
Other requirements, common to both options, are (1)
15 credits of Latin American area and language courses in
two other departments, including one semester of LAS
6938; (2) a reading, writing, and speaking knowledge of
one Latin American language (Spanish, Portuguese, or
Haitian Creole); and (3) a thesis on an interdisciplinary
Latin American topic.
Although the M.A. .in Latin American studies is a
terminal degree, many past recipients have entered the
Ph.D. programs in related disciplines from which they
prepare for university teaching careers. Other graduates
are employed in the foreign service, educational and
research institutions, international organizations, govern-
ment agencies, nonprofit corporations, and private com-
panies in the United States and Latin America.
Prerequisites for admission to the program are (1) a
baccalaureate degree from an accredited college or uni-
versity; (2) a grade average of B for all upper-division
undergraduate work; (3) a combined verbal-quantitative
score of 1000 on the Graduate Record Examination; (4) a
TOEFL score of 550 for nonnative speakers of English; and
(5) a basic knowledge of either Spanish or Portuguese.
Graduate Certificates in Latin American Studies. -
Master's students may earn a Certificate in Latin American
Studies along with a degree in agriculture,.architecture,
business administration, education, fine arts, journalism
and communications, and liberal arts and sciences.
Thesis degree candidates must have at least 12 credits
of Latin American course work distributed as follows: (1)


Latin American concentration within the major depart-
ment (to extent possible); (2) at least 3 credits of Latin
American course work in one department outside the
major; (3) 3 credits of LAS 6938; (4) intermediate-mid
proficiency in a Latin American language (language courses
at the 3000 level or higher will count toward the certifi-
cate); and (5) a.thesis on a Latin American topic.
Nonthesis master's degree candidates must have at
least 15 credit hours of Latin American course work
distributed as follows: (1) Latin American concentration
within the major department (to extent possible); (2) at
least 6 credits of Latin American courses in two other
departments; (3) 3 credits of LAS 6938; and (4) intermedi-
ate-mid proficiency in a Latin American language (lan-
guage courses atthe 3000 level or higher will count toward
the certificate).
Advanced Graduate Certificate in Latin American
Studies.-The Center offers the Certificate in Latin Ameri-
can Studies to Ph.D. candidates in the Colleges of Agricul-
ture, Architecture, Business Administration, Education,
Fine Arts, Journalism and Communications, and Liberal
Arts and Sciences. Candidates for the Advanced Graduate
Certificate must have at least 18 credit hours of Latin
American course work distributed as follows: (1) Latin
American concentration within the major department (to
extent possible), (2) 9 credits of Latin American courses in
two other departments; (3) 3 credits of LAS 6938; (4)
intermediate-plus proficiency in one Latin American lan-
guage (language courses at the 3000 level or higher will
count toward the certificate); (5) research experience in
Latin America; and (6) a dissertation on a Latin American
topic.
Graduate Fellowships and Assistantships.-In addi-
tion to University fellowships and assistantships, the
Center for Latin American Studies administers financial
assistance from outside sources, including Title VI fellow-
ships.
Research.-The Center supports several research and
training programs that provide research opportunities and
financial support for graduate students, especially in the
Amazonian, Andean, and Caribbean regions.
Library Resources.-The University of Florida libraries
contain more than 300,000 volumes of printed works as
well as manuscripts, maps, and microforms dealing with
Latin America. Approximately 80 percent of the Latin
American collection is in Spanish, Portuguese, and French.
Holdings represent all disciplines and areas of Latin
America but are strongest in the social sciences, history,
and literature, and in the Caribbean, circum-Caribbean,
and Brazilian areas, with increasing strength in the Andean
and Southern Cone regions.
Other Activities.-The Center sponsors conferences,
colloquia, and cultural events; supports publication of
scholarly works; provides educational outreach service;
and cooperates with other campus units in overseas
research and training activities. The Center also adminis-
ters summer programs in Brazil and Mexico.
For further information on the Center's programs and
activities, please contact the Director of the Center for
Latin American Studies, 319 Grinter Hall.
The Organization for Tropical Studies (OTS) is a
consortium of 52 major educational and research institu-









tions in the United States and abroad, created to promote
understanding of tropical environments and their intelli-
gent use by people. The University of Florida is a charter
member. Graduate field courses in tropical biology and
ecology, agricultural ecology, population biology, and
forestry are offered in Costa Rica during the spring and
summer terms. Students are selected on a competitive
basis from all OTS member institutions.
A University of Florida graduate student may register
for eight credits in an appropriate departmental course
cross-listed with OTS, e.g., BOT 6951 or PCB 6357C. The
University of Florida does not require tuition for OTS
courses. Registration is on the host campus. However,
students on Graduate Assistantships must be registered at
the University of Florida as well. Research grants are
available through OTS. Further information may be ob-
tained from University of Florida representatives to the
OTS board of directors, located in 422 Carr Hall and 3028
McCarty Hall.
The Center for Tropical Agriculture, within the Insti-
tute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, seeks to stimulate
interest in research and curriculum related to the tropical
environment and its development.
Research.-International agricultural development as-
sistance contracts frequently have research components.
The Center assists in the coordination of this research.
Minor in Tropical Agriculture.-An interdisciplinary
minor in tropical agriculture is available at both the
master's and doctoral levels for students majoring in
agriculture, forestry, and other fields where knowledge of
the tropics is relevant. The minor may include courses
treating specific aspects of the tropics such as natural
resource management (e.g., soils, water, biodiversity),
climate, agricultural production, and the languages and
cultures of those who live in tropical countries.
Certificate in Tropical Agriculture (CTA).-A program
emphasizing breadth in topics relevant to tropical agricul-
ture (with certificate) for graduate students is available
through the College of Agriculture. The CTA is designed
to prepare students for work in situations requiring knowl-
edge of both the biological and social aspects of tropical
agriculture. Students entering the program will receive
guidance from members 6f the CTA Steering Committee
regarding course work and language preparation appro-
priate for careers in international agricultural develop-
ment.
The CTA requires a minimum of 12 credit hours. The
"typical" certificate program will consist of 12 to 24
credits. These hours may, with approval from supervisory
committees, also count toward the M.S. or Ph.D. Students
in the CTA program are required to demonstrate profi-
ciency in a language spoken in the tropics. A score on the
Foreign Service Institute (FSI) Language Examination of 2.0
or higher, or a comparable score on a similar examination
(if taken within two years of admission to the CTA
program) will fulfill the language requirement. Otherwise,
an internal language examination will be administered
sometime during the CTA program for each individual
student. No specific language is required; however
Spanish, French, or Portuguese is suggested. While
experience in a foreign country is strongly encouraged, it
is not a requisite for the CTA.


INTERDISCIPLINARY GRADUATE STUDIES /45


Application brochures are available from the Office of
the Dean for Academic Programs (College of Agriculture),
2014 McCarty'Hall.
Other Activities.-The Center seeks a broad dissemi-
nation of knowledge abouttropical agriculture through the
sponsoring of conferences, short courses, and seminars
featuring leading authorities on the tropics; publication of
books, monographs, and proceedings; and through acqui-
sition of materials for the library and the data bank.

The Certificate in Women in Development (CWID) is
a program for graduate students in the Colleges of Liberal
Arts and Sciences and Agriculture. The CWID requires a
minimum of 12 credit hours that may also count toward
the master's or Ph.D. degree. Students from all academic
backgrounds are encouraged to consider the CWID. The
Women in Agriculture Development program (WIAD) and
Sthe Women's Studies Program will advise students con-
cerning appropriate courses. Applications procedures are
available from the WIAD Co-coordinators, Dr. Peter
Hildebrand, 2126 McCarty Hall, and Dr. Sandra Russo,
123 Tigert Hall, and from Dr. Sue Rosser, Director of
Women's Studies, 8 Anderson Hall.

BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

The University of Florida Marine Laboratory at Seahorse
Key is located 57 miles west of Gainesville on the Gulf
Coast, 3 miles offshore, opposite Cedar Key. Facilities
include a 20x40-foot research and teaching building and
a 10-room residence, with 2 kitchens and a dining-lounge,
which provides dormitory accommodations for 24 per-
sons. The Laboratory, which owns a 32-foot research
vessel equipped for offshore work and several smaller
outboard-powered boats for shallow water and inshore
work, is used for research by graduate students from the
various departments of the University.
The Archie Carr Center for Sea Turtle Research
conducts research on all aspects of the biology of sea
turtles. Researchers at the Center, in collaboration with
students and faculty of various departments, take an
interdisciplinary approach to address the complex prob-
lems of sea turtle biology and conservation. Scientists from
the Center have investigated questions of sea turtle biology
around the world, from the molecular level to the global
level, from studies of population structure based on
mitochondrial DNA to the effects of ocean circulation
patterns on the movements and distribution of sea turtles.
Long-term field studies of the Center are primarily con-
ducted at two research stations in the Bahamas and the
Azores. For further information, contact the Director,
Archie Carr Center for Sea Turtle Research, 223 Bartram.
The Whitney Laboratory (WL) is the institute for
marine biomedical research and biotechnology of the
University of Florida. Since its founding in 1974, the
Whitney Laboratory, near St. Augustine, has been dedi-
cated to the use of marine organisms for solving funda-
mental problems in experimental marine biology.
The academic staff of the Laboratory consists of 10
permanent faculty members, with 30 to 40 associates,
students, and visiting scientists. Dr. Michael J. Greenberg
has been the Director since 1981.





46 / GENERAL INFORMATION


Fields of research at the WL include chemosensory and
visual physiology and biochemistry, synaptology, devel-
opmental and cell biology, molecular biology, toxicol-
ogy, and peptide pharmacology. Research animals range
phylogenetically from jellyfish to aquatic vertebrates. The
common theme unifying this diversity, is a focus on
communication between cells and tissues, i.e., the inter-
actions of cell membranes with signaling molecules.
Research at the Whitney Laboratory attracts graduate
students and visiting scientists from across the U.S. and
from abroad. Students enroll in the graduate programs of
the Departments of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Fisheries
and Aquatic Sciences, Neuroscience, Pharmacology and
Therapeutics, Physiology, or Zoology. Their course work
(in Gainesville) and their dissertation research (at the
Whitney Lab) are guided by scientists from the WL who are
graduate faculty members of University of Florida teaching
departments. An undergraduate research training program
at the Laboratory is sponsored by both private and govern-
mental agencies.
The Laboratory is situated on a narrow barrier island,
with both the Atlantic Ocean and the Intercoastal Water-
way within a few hundred feet of the facility. The campus
is in the town of Marineland, about 18 miles south of St.
Augustine, and 80 miles east of Gainesville.
For further information, write the Scientific Director,
Whitney Laboratory, 9505 Ocean Shore Blvd., St. Au-
gustine, FL 32086-8623, telephone (352) 461-4000, fax
461-4008.

AGROFORESTRY

The agroforestry interdisciplinary specialization is ad-
ministered through the School of Forest Resources and
Conservation. It offers facilities for interdisciplinary gradu-
ate education (M.S., Ph.D.) by combining course work
and research around a thematic field focusing on
agroforestry, especially in the context of tropical land use.
Students seeking admission to the specialization should
have a degree in one of the relevant fields such as
agronomy, forestry, horticulture, soil science, or social
sciences. They should apply to the School of Forest
Resources and Conservation or another department that
closely represents their background and interest. Students
have the flexibility to plan their course work, with focus on
agroforestry, out of a wide range of courses from several
related disciplines. Thesis research can be undertaken in
Florida or overseas. Degrees will be awarded through the
departments in which the candidates are enrolled.-
In conjunction with the graduate degree, a student can
earn a specialization or minor in agroforestry by fulfilling
certain requirements. Students who have a primary
interest in agroforestry and undertake graduate research
on an agroforestry topic can seek the specialization.
Those who have an active interest and some training in
agroforestry, but do not conduct graduate research on an
agroforestry topic, can earn a minor. Candidates who
fulfill the applicable requirements can have their tran-
scripts inscribed, upon request, with the citation Special-
ization in Agroforestry or Minor in Agroforestry.
Requirements for either option include completion of
FNR 5335-Agroforestry and an appropriate number of


approved supporting courses. These courses should be
distributed over at least two departments other than the
candidate's major department to provide the student with
the background necessary to function in multidisciplinary
teams and in association with professionals from other
disciplines. Individuals with a strong biological back-
ground are encouraged to take courses in the social
sciences, and vice versa.
Candidates forthe specialization or minor in agroforestry
should include on the graduate committees at least one
faculty member representing the agroforestry interest.
This faculty member, as designated by the Agroforestry
Program Advisory Committee, will counsel the student on
the selection of courses and the research topic.
Further information may be obtained from the
Agroforestry Program Leader at 118 Newins-Ziegler Hall,
(352) 846-0880, fax (352) 846-1277, and email
PKN@gnv.ifas.ufl.edu.

ANIMAL MOLECULAR AND CELL BIOLOGY

The interdisciplinary concentration in Animal Molecu-
lar and Cell Biology (AMCB) provides graduate students in
the animal and veterinary sciences with an understanding
of principles of molecular and cell biology and their
application to animal health and production. Emphasis is
placed on participation in molecular and cell biology
research and on providing an intellectual environment in
which cross-fertilization between disciplines can flourish.
Graduate faculty from the Departments of Animal Sci-
ence, Dairy and Poultry Sciences, Biochemistry and
Molecular Biology, and Zoology and the College of
Veterinary Medicine participate in the program. The
AMCB affords graduate students access to diverse research
facilities required for studies in cellular and molecular
biology, reproductive biology, virology, immunology,
and endocrinology. Facilities include those for recombi-
nant DNA research, experimental surgery, in vitro culture
of cells, tissue and organ explants, manipulation of em-
bryos, vaccine production, and recombinant protein en-
gineering.
Ph.D. degrees are awarded through participating de-
partments with the interdisciplinary concentration in ani-
mal molecular and cell biology. Typical entering students
will have a strong background in the animal or veterinary
sciences. Graduate degree programs are designed by each
student's faculty advisory committee, headed by the major
adviser who is affiliated with the AMCB. All students are
required to complete a core curriculum, obtain cross-
disciplinary training through rotations in laboratories of
participating faculty, participate in the recombinant DNA
workshop offered by the Interdisciplinary Center for Bio-
technology Research, and participate in the AMCB semi-
nar series.
Requirements for admission into the AMCB are the
same as for the faculty adviser's home department and
college. Financial assistance for graduate study is avail-
able through assistantships and fellowships from depart-
mental sources and the AMCB. Contact the Director (R.C.
Simmen, Department of Animal Science) or Co-Director
(W.W. Thatcher, Department of Dairy and Poultry Sci-
'ences) for more information.










CENTER FOR CHEMICAL PHYSICS'

The Center, with the participation of the faculty of the
Departments of Chemistry, Physics, and Chemical Engi-
neering, is concerned with graduate education and re-
search in the theoretical, experimental, and conmputa-
tional aspects of problems in the borderline between
chemistry and physics. Graduate students join one of the
above departments and follow a special curriculum. The
student receives, in addition to the Ph.D. degree, a
Certificate in Chemical Physics. For information, contact
the Director, Williamson Hall.

CENTER FOR GERONTOLOGICAL STUDIES

Through the Center for Gerontological Studies, stu-
dents and faculty from diverse disciplines may study or
conduct research in gerontology.
Programs are developed both within and outside the
University to benefit older persons and to develop career-
related experiences for graduate and professional stu-
dents. The Center for Gerontological Studies offers the
Graduate Certificate in Gerontology for master's, special-
ist, and doctoral students in conjunction with graduate
programs in a variety of disciplines and professions.
Certificate requirements include a minimum of 12 hours in
approved gerontology courses and an approved interdis-
ciplinary research project in gerontology or a topic related
to geriatrics. A.limited number of graduate assistantships
for students accepted into the Graduate Certificate in
Gerontology program are available from the Center.
The Center disseminates information derived from
research on gerontology-related aspects of anthropology,
architecture, biology, economics, education, geography,
health administration, humanities, law, medicine, nurs-
ing, nutrition, occupational therapy, psychology, recre-
ation, sociology, and other fields. Courses in gerontology
are available in the above areas.
The Center sponsors special conferences on gerontol-
ogy and several in-service training workshops and semi-
nars for academic and continuing education credit.
For information about the Center's Graduate Certificate
Program, write the Director, Center for Gerontological
Studies, 3355 Turlington Hall.

HEALTH PHYSICS AND MEDICAL PHYSICS

Two allied interdisciplinary options, health physics
and medical physics, are offered as a cooperative effort of
the Departments of Environmental Engineering Sciences
and Nuclear Engineering Sciences, College of Engineer-
ing, and the College of Medicine. Degrees are granted by
the College of Engineering and include Master of Science,
Master of Engineering, Engineer, and Doctor of Philoso-
phy.
Health Physics is the science devoted to protecting
man and the environment from the harmful effects of
radiation while advancing its beneficial use. Students may
seek admission to either the Department of Environmental
Engineering Sciences or the Department of Nuclear Engi-
neering Sciences. The study program includes departmen-
tal requirements, common health physics courses, and


INTERDISCIPLINARY GRADUATE STUDIES /47


additional courses permitting specialization in radioactive
waste management, medical health physics, or power
reactor health physics. Opportunities for research and
practical training are available through cooperation with
departments in the health sciences, with the University's
Division of Environmental Health and,Safety, and with
industry. The University of Florida is approved for partici-
pation in a variety of Department of Energy Fellowship
Programs, including health physics, radioactive waste,
and environmental restoration. Prospective students are
eligible for National Academy of Nuclear Training fellow-
ships, Health Physics Society fellowships, and numerous
research supported assistantships. For additional informa-
tion contact either the Department of Environmental
Engineering Sciences or the Department of Nuclear Engi-
neering Sciences.
Medical Physics is concerned with the applications of
physical energy concepts and methods to the diagnosis
and treatment of human disease. Students enroll in the
Department of Nuclear Engineering Sciences. Students
interested in the radiation protection aspects of the appli-
cation of radioactivity or radiation in the healing arts may
enroll in either the Department of Environmental Engi-
neering Sciences or the Department of Nuclear Engineer-
ing Sciences in the medical health physics option. Formal
courses include department core requirements, a radia-
tion biology course, a block of medical physics courses
taught by Nuclear Engineering Sciences, Radiology, and
Radiation Oncology faculty, and one or more health
physics courses. In addition, the program includes clinical
internships in the Departments of Radiology and Radiation
Oncology. Research opportunities and financial support
exist in the form of faculty research and projects related to
patient care.

HYDROLOGIC SCIENCES

Interdisciplinary graduate studies in hydrologic sci-
ences are designed for science and engineering students
who are seeking advanced training in diverse aspects of
water quantity, water quality, and water use issues. The
emphasis is on providing (1) a thorough understanding of
the physical, chemical, and biological processes occur-
ring over broad spatial and temporal scales; and (2) the
skills in hydrologic policy and management based on a
strong background in natural and social sciences and
engineering. .
Graduate faculty from eight departments in three col-
leges contribute to this interdisciplinary specialization.
Depending on academic background and research inter-
ests, students may opt to receive the graduate degree in
any one of the following departments: Agricultural Engi-
neering, Civil Engineering, Environmental Engineering
Sciences, Forest Resources and Conservation, Food and
Resource Economics, Geography, Geology, and Soil and
Water Science.
M.S. (thesis and nonthesis option) and Ph.D. studies
are available. The interdisciplinary graduate requirements
were developed recognizing the diversity in the academic
backgrounds and professional goals of the students. A
core curriculum (12 credits for M.S.; 18 credits for Ph.D.)
provides broad training in five topics: hydrologic systems,






48 / GENERAL INFORMATION
\


hydrologic chemistry, hydrologic biology, hydrologic tech-
niques and analysis, and hydrologic policy and manage-
ment. Additional elective courses (11 to 14 credits for
M.S.; 30 credits for Ph.D.) allow specialization in one or
more of these topics. Research projects involving facutly
from several departments can provide the basis for thesis
and dissertation research topics.
Assistantships and a limited number of fellowships
supported by grants from federal agencies and matching
state funds are available. Tuition waivers may be available
to students who qualify. Students with B.S. or M.S.
degrees in any of the following disciplines are encouraged
to consider this specialization within their graduate pro-
grams: engineering (agricultural, chemical, civil, environ-
mental); natural sciences (physics, biology, chemistry);
social sciences (agricultural and resource economics);
forestry; earth sciences (geography, geology, soil and
water science).
For more information, contact Professor Suresh Rao,
2169 McCarty Hall, P.O. Box 110290, telephone (352)
392-1951.

MAMMALIAN GENETICS

Interdisciplinary study in mammalian genetics pro-
vides students with a research background in the applica-
tion of eukaryotic and mammalian genetics, human genet-
ics, cytogenetics, and quantitative genetics to problems
related to the genetic basis of disease. The interdiscipli-
nary concentration in mammalian genetics has been
designed to provide flexibility in the educational experi-
ence of the individual student and emphasizes molecular
approaches to the understanding of genetics, through a
core genetics curriculum and original laboratory research.
Publication in nationally and internationally recognized
refereed journals prior to graduation is strongly encour-
aged. This program leads'to the Ph.D. degree in.medical
sciences, with an interdisciplinary concentration in mamma-
lian genetics.
Approximately 25 faculty members affiliated with the
Center for Mammalian Genetics participate. The Center
conducts and facilitates interdisciplinary genetics research
by providing state-of-the-art equipment, computer core
facilities, and biological resources for gene mapping,
genetic data analysis, and nucleotide sequence analysis.
Center faculty research interests include regulation of
eukarydtic gene expression; viral genetics; somatic ge-
nome stability; immunogenetics; neurogenetics; popula-
.tion and evolutionary genetics; cytogenetics; clinical
genetics and dysmorphology; genetic and physical map-
ping of human disease genes; mutation analysis of human
disease genes; animal models for human genetic diseases;
and gene therapy.
Core courses taken during the first year will include
molecular genetics, cell biology or advanced metabolism,
mammalian genetics, and one additional course of the
student's choice. Students will meet with faculty of the
Center for Mammalian Genetics to discuss research op-
portunities and select three laboratories in which to do
research rotations during the first year. At the end of the
first year, students will choose a dissertation mentor and
join the mentor's department. Duringthe second and third


years, students may take advanced topics courses to assure
adequate preparation in the student's chosen field. Quali-
fying examinations will be administered jointly by the
Center and department faculty. The student's dissertation
committee will consist of faculty members from the Center
and from the major department. The later years of
graduate study will be devoted to conducting independent
research. Participation is expected in research discussion
meetings organized by the Center for Mammalian Genet-
ics and the major department. The Ph.D. degree will be
awarded by the major department. Additional training
opportunities are available through the M.D/Ph.D. pro-
gram, postdoctoral fellowships, and clinical fellowships
designed to integrate basic genetics research with the
clinical arena.
Applicants should have a sound background in general
chemistry, general biology, general physics, genetics, and
organic chemistry, and should have taken two or more
advanced courses in natural sciences, genetics, biochem-
istry, physiology, developmental biology, or cell biology.
For additional information, write to Dr. Thomas P. Yang,
Graduate Coordinator, Center for Mammalian Genetics,
College of Medicine, Box 100215, Health Science Center,
(352) 392-3054.

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

A complete description of the curriculum in public
administration is included in the departmental listing for
Political Science.


QUANTUM THEORY PROJECT (QTP)

Faculty from the Departments of Chemistry and Physics
participate in QTP, officially the Institute for Theory and
Computation in Molecular and Materials Sciences. The
Institute is concerned with graduate education and re-
search in the theory of the electronic structure, spectros-
copy, and dynamical processes of molecules and materi-
als. This area of research intersects large areas of modern
chemistry, physics, molecular biology, and materials
sciences, and uses large scale computing as an essential
tool for precise numerical solution of complex dynamical
equations, for novel graphical display, and for simulation
studies.
Graduate students in chemistry and physics are eligible
forthis specialization and follow a special curriculum. For
information contact the Director, Williamson Hall.


TOXICOLOGY

The Center for Environmental and Human Toxicology
serves as the focal point for activities concerning the
effects of chemicals on human and animal health. The
Center's affiliated faculty is composed of approximately
20 to 30 scientists and clinicians, interested in elucidating
the mechanisms of chemical-induced toxicity, and is
drawn from the Colleges of Medicine, Veterinary Medi-
cine, and Pharmacy, and the Institute of Food and Agricul-
tural Sciences. The broadly based, interdisciplinary exper-










tise provided by this faculty is also used to address
complex issues related to the protection of public health
and the environment.
Students who wish to receive graduate training in
interdisciplinary toxicology leading to' a Ph.D. enroll
through one of the participating graduate programs, such
as Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Pathology and Labo-
ratory Medicine, Medicinal Chemistry, Pharmaceutics,
Pharmacodynamics, Veterinary Medical Sciences, or Food
Science and Human Nutrition. The number of graduate
programs involved in interdisciplinary toxicology, as well
as the variety of perspectives provided by their disciplines,
allows a great deal of flexibility iin providing a plan of
graduate study to meet an individual student's interests
and goals in toxicology. Student course work and disser-
tation research are guided by the Center's researchers and
affiliated faculty who are also members of the graduate
faculty of the student's major department. Dissertation
research may be conducted either in the student's depart-
ment, or at the Toxicology Laboratory facilities located at
the Center. For additional information, please write to the
Director, Center for Environmental and Human Toxicol-
ogy, 1 Progress Blvd., Box 17, Alachua, FL 32615.


WOMEN'S/GENDER STUDIES

The doctoral-level interdisciplinary concentration in
women's/gender studies provides graduate students an
opportunity to develop a thorough grounding in the new
scholarship produced through the intersection of women's
studies and other academic fields. The concentration
facilitates the analysis and assessment of theories aboutthe
role of gender in cultural systems and its intersections with
other categories of differences, such as race, ethnicity,
religion, class, sexuality, physical and mental ability, age,
economic and civil status. Emphasis is on participating in
women's/gender studies research and on providing an
intellectual environment in which cross-fertilization be-
tween disciplines can flourish. Women's/gender studies
critically explores the role and status of women and men,
past and present..
Graduate faculty from several departments and col-
leges, campuswide, participate. Among the areas repre-
sented are anthropology, history, economics, philosophy,
political science, psychology, and English, German, and
Romance languages and literatures.
Ph.D. degrees are awarded through participating de-
partments with the interdisciplinary concentration in
women's/gender studies. Graduate degree programs are
designed by each student's committee, headed by the
supervisory chair who is affiliated with women's/gender
studies.
Requirements for admission are the same as for the
student's home department and college. After admission
to the degree granting department, the application is sent
by the department of the Director of Women's/Gender
Studies who will chair an admissions committee.
For further information contact the Director, Center for
Women's Studies and Gender Research, 15 Anderson
Hall, telephone (352) 392-3365.


INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH CENTERS/ 49



RESEARCH ORGANIZATIONS

FLORIDA AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION

The Florida Agricultural Experiment Station conducts a
statewide program in agriculture, natural resources, and
the environment. Research deals with agricultural pro-
duction, processing, marketing, human nutrition, veteri-
nary medicine, renewable natural resources, and environ-
mental issues. This research program includes activities by
departments located on the Gainesville campus as well as
on the campuses of Research and Education Centers and
Agricultural Research and Education Centers throughout
the state. Close cooperation with numerous Florida agri-
cultural and natural resource related agencies and organi-
zations is maintained to provide research support for
Florida's broad variety of crops, commodities, and natural
resources.
The land-grant philosophy of research, extension, and
teaching is strongly supported and administered by the
Vice President for Agriculture and Natural Resources. The
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, under his
leadership, comprises the Florida Agricultural Experiment
Station, the Cooperative Extension Service, the College of
Agriculture, and the College of Veterinary Medicine, each
functioning under a dean. Many of the IFAS faculty have
joint appointments between areas.
Funds for graduate assistants are made available to
encourage graduate training and professional scientific
improvement.
Research at the main station is conducted within 20
departments-Agricultural and Biological Engineering,
Agricultural Education and Communication, Agronomy,
Animal Science, Dairy and Poultry Sciences, Entomology
and Nematology, Food and Resource Economics, Food
Science and Human Nutrition, Fisheries and Aquatic
Sciences, Forest Resources and Conservation, 4-H and
Other Youth Programs, Home Economics, Horticultural
Sciences, Microbiology and Cell Science, Environmental
Horticulture, Plant Pathology, Soil and Water Science,
Statistics, Veterinary Medicine, and Wildlife Ecology and
Conservation. In addition to the above, there are addi-
tional units vital to research programs, namely, Educa-
tional Media and Services, Facilities Planning and Opera-
tions, Planning and Business Affairs, Sponsored Programs,
Personnel, and Federal Affairs.
The locations of the Research and Education Centers are
Belle Glade, Bradenton, Fort Lauderdale, Homestead, Lake
Alfred, Quincy, Sanford, Monticello, Brooksville, Fort Pierce,
Immokalee, Dover, Hastings, Ona, Apopka, Marianna,
Live Oak, Leesburg, Vero Beach, and Jay. A Center for
Cooperative Agricultural Programs (CCAP) in Tallahassee is
jointly supported with Florida A&M University.
The Florida Agricultural Experiment Station is cooper-
ating with the Brooksville Subtropical Research Station,
Brooksville, a USDA field laboratory, in its beef cattle and
pasture production and management programs and with
* the.National Weather Service, Ruskin, in the agricultural
weather service for Florida.
In addition to the above, research is conducted through
the IFAS International Programs Office, the Centers for
Natural Resources Programs and for Biomass Energy






50 / GENERAL INFORMATION


Systems, the Center for Environmental Toxicology, and
the Center for Aquatic Plants.

DIVISION OF SPONSORED RESEARCH

The Division of Sponsored Research (DSR) has two
general functions: (1) the promotion and administration of
the sponsored research program and (2) the support of the
total research program of the University for maximum
benefit to the University and the greatest service to the
State of Florida. DSR seeks to stimulate the growth of
research and to expand balanced research efforts through-
out the University. These activities directly support the
graduate program.
Policies and procedures of DSR are developed by a
Board of Directors working with the Vice President for
Research and Dean of the Graduate School within the
administrative policies and procedures of the University.
The Sponsored Research Steering Committee considers
well formulated substantive issues of policy and strategic
planning for the University related to research administra-
tion. The Vice President/Dean meets monthly with the
Research Advisory Board (research deans from colleges) in
order to have a mutual exchange of goals, plans, and
activities for research development. Also, this board is
used to discuss other issues related to research direction
for the institution and topics of current interest that are of
concern nationally.
- All research, grant-in-aid, training, or educational
service agreement proposals must have the approval of the
Director of Sponsored Research before submission. Sub-
sequent negotiations of sponsored awards are executed
under the Vice President's supervision. DSR's manage-
ment of proposal processing and award administration
relieves principal investigators and departments of many
of the detailed administrative and reporting duties con-
nected with sponsored research. DSR also assists research-
ers in finding sponsors for their projects and disseminates
program information, research policies and regulations,
and proposal deadlines throughout the University.
The law establishing the Division of Sponsored Re-
search enables the use of some recovered indirect cost
funds to support innovative research. The DSR Board of
Directors has the responsibility for the award of these
Internal Support Program funds to eligible faculty. For
information, write the Vice President for Research, Office of
Research, Technology, and Graduate Education, 223 Grinter
Hall, P.O. Box 115500.

FLORIDA ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIAL
EXPERIMENT STATION

The Florida Engineering and Industrial Experiment
Station (EIES) developed from early research activities of
the engineering faculty and was officially established in
1941 by the Legislature as an integral part of the College
of Engineering. Its primary purposes are to perform re-
search which benefits the state's industries, health, wel-
fare, and public services; to help enhance our national
competitive posture through the development of new


materials, devices, and processes; and to enhance the
undergraduate and graduate engineering education of
students by providing them with the significant opportu-
nity of participating in hands-on, state-of-the-art research
experiences.
The EIES-the research arm of the College-is well
recognized nationally and internationally for the quality
and breadth of its programs. These span the realms of
outer space, the oceans and the earth, and include topics
such as materials; intelligent machines; process systems;
computer technologies and systems; construction and
manufacturing technologies; mechanical, electrical, and
structural designs; robotics; computer-aided design and
manufacturing; energy systems; and a broad spectrum of
research related to the "public sector," i.e., agricultural,
civil, coastal, and environmental engineering.


INSTITUTE FOR ADVANCED STUDY OF THE
COMMUNICATION PROCESSES

The Institute for Advanced Study of the Communica-
tion Processes (IASCP) provides opportunities for Univer-
sity faculty and advanced students to carry out research in
the communication processes. The Institute is interdisci-
plinary, with membership drawn from the Colleges of
Liberal Arts and Sciences, Engineering, Medicine, Den-
tistry, Education, and Fine Arts. The University of Florida
in Gainesville is its headquarters, but it is structured to
serve the entire State University System. Currently there
are active participants from Florida State University, the
University of South Florida, the University of Miami, and
Florida International University. The IASCP faculty also
includes members located at other universities and re-
search laboratories both within the continental United
States and abroad.
The overall objective of IASCP is the maintenance of a
scientific center of excellence focused on human commu-
nicative behavior. The Institute's program includes (but is
not confined to) three broad areas: 1) the communicator(s),
i.e., the physiological/ physical/psychological processes
by which individuals generate and transmit communica-
tive signals (speech), 2) the respondentss, and how recep-
tive (hearing) and neural mechanisms function to process
signals within a variety of environments, and 3) the
message, i.e., the codes and signs (language) that consti-
tute the sum total of these communicative messages. The
IASCP faculty includes students and scientists with a
variety of interests and training. Expertise is represented by
the phonetic sciences, speech pathology and audiology,
psychology, psycholinguistics, linguistics, anthropology,
psychoacoustics, auditory neurophysiology, electrical en-
gineering, computer sciences, physics, communication
studies, bilingual communication, biocommunication,
dentistry, and medicine.
As stated, IASCP's overall research effort is basically an
interdisciplinary one, but the focus of each investigator's
interests is the advancement of knowledge about human
communication. For information, write the Director, Insti-
tute for Advanced Study of the Communication Processes,
63 Dauer Hall.










INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH
CENTERS

CENTER FOR ACCOUNTING RESEARCH AND
PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION

CARPE was established in 1993 as an integral part of
the Fisher School of Accounting and the College of
Business Administration. Its mission is twofold: to pro-
mote a scholarly environment for research on relevant
issues in accounting and to offer 'quality professional
education programs in accounting and business. CARPE is
responsible for accounting research seminars, academic
conferences, a working paper series, and the publication
of the Journal of Accounting Literature. The Center holds
several conferences each year on issues of national interest
to professional and business communities, and coordi-
nates faculty participation in professional education. For
more information, write the Director, Center for Account-
ing Research and Professional Education, 361C Business
Building, P.O. Box 117166.

CENTER FOR AERONOMY AND OTHER
ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES

The Center (ICAAS) is a community of scholars drawn
from many disciplines represented at the University of
Florida who are seeking solutions to problems related to
anthropogenic emissions to the atmosphere. Pollution
prevention was the central approach chosen in a broad
interdisciplinary effort initiated by ICAAS in 1970. In
effect, its purpose was to transfer successful industrial and
military experience with preventative maintenance into
the environmental arena. Faculty members from societal,
medical, engineering, and atmospheric science disci-
plines have been associated with ICAAS.
The first major interdisciplinary study, initiated in
1972, was on determining the biological impacts of
stratospheric ozone depletion. The next major interdisci-
plinary study was a coal burning issues project awarded in
1979 to explore options to wean Florida from its excessive
reliance on imported oil without increasing emission of
pollutants or greenhouse gases. Research on co-combus-
tion of coal and natural gas for oil backout and pollution
prevention evolved in 1981 from this effort. In 1985 an
industrial scale boiler at Tacachale, an institution in
Gainesville for developmentally disabled persons, was
made available for co-combution studies. The following
year the Center acquired by donation an institutional
incinerator that has subsequently been used for a number
of multifuel combustion and toxic minimization studies.
Studies at Tacachale (an Indian word meaning to build
a better fire) strongly support the use of "green technolo-
gies" or "cradle to grave" environmental perspectives in
conjunction with clean combustion technologies. This
work led ICAAS to form the Clean Combustion Technol-
ogy Laboratory (CCTL) with the joint auspices of the
Department of Mechanical Engineering. Recently, the
CCTL has undertaken fire protection research to find
replacements for halon fire suppressants. Most recently,
the CCTL has embarked upon gasification studies for
combustion turbine applications.


INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH CENTERS / 51


For further information on these and other research
programs that address anthropogenic emission and ther-
mal energy problems, write the Director, Professor A.E.S.
Green, ICAAS, Space Sciences Research Building.

CENTER FOR APPLIED MATHEMATICS

The Center consists of faculty from the Departments of
Aerospace Engineering, Mechanics, and Engineering Sci-
ence and of Mathematics. These faculty are interested in
the application of mathematics to research problems in the
physical, engineering, social, and biological sciences.
Codirectors are Professors Z. Pop-Stojanovic and U.
Kurzweg.

CENTER FOR AQUATIC PLANTS

The Center for Aquatic Plants is a multidisciplinary unit
of the Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS).
Established in 1978 by the Florida Legislature, the Center
is the lead agency for coordinating research and educa-
tional programs on aquatic plant ecology and manage-
ment in Florida. The Center is also involved in national and
international research and education programs. The Cen-
ter encourages interdisciplinary research focused on bio-
logical, chemical, mechanical, and integrated aquatic
plant managementtechniques and their impact on aquatic
ecosystems. Scientists associated with the Center special-
ize in aquatic plant ecology, plant pathology, entomol-
ogy, phycology, physiology, fisheries, weed science, and
limnology. Faculty and graduate students are associated
with their respective departments in IFAS. Interested
persons should write the Director, Center for Aquatic
Plants, 7922 NW 71st Street, Gainesville, FL 32653.

BRECHNER CENTER FOR FREEDOM OF
INFORMATION

The Center, an endowed division within the College of
Journalism and Communications, sponsors research; sym-
posia about media law issues, and an annual national
competition for excellence in reporting about the First
Amendment, government-held records, or government-
in-the-sunshine. The competition award winner receives
$3,000. The Center also serves as an information clearing-
house for developments in mass media law in the state of
Florida. It publishes the Brechner Report, a monthly
media law newsletter, 10 times a year.
TheJoseph L. Brechner Eminent Scholar in Freedom of
Information heads the Center and advises students in a
joint degree program leading to the Juris Doctor and the
Master of Arts in Mass Communication. The Center offers
research and editorial assistantships to doctoral students.
The Center opened in 1977 as the Florida Freedom of
Information Clearing House. Its title was changed in 1988.

CENTER FOR BUSINESS ETHICS EDUCATION AND
RESEARCH

The Center for Business Ethics Education and Research
was established in 1990 to increase dissemination of the
knowledge of ethics theory and the application and






52 / GENERAL INFORMATION


practice of such theory as it relates to the institution of
business administration in a dynamic society. The objec-
tives of the Center are (1) to contribute to providing the
foundation for competent, responsible participation in
business, the professions, and government; (2) to contrib-
ute to stimulating interest in social, economic and civic
responsibility; (3) to contribute to development of ethical
competence in making business decisions and in evaluat-
ing business policy; (4) to contribute to furthering the
teaching, research, and service mission of the College of
Business Administration.
For information, write the Director, Center for Business
Ethics Education and Research, 109 Bryan Hall, P.O. Box
117150.

CLINICAL RESEARCH CENTER

The Center, part of the Shands Teaching Hospital,
provides a carefully controlled medical research environ-
ment inwhich scientists can define and attemptto conquer
unsolved disease problems affecting humans.
A discrete unit, funded entirely through a grant by the
National Institutes of Health (NIH), the Center is adminis-
tered through the College of Medicine of the University of
Florida. The grant provides for a metabolic kitchen and its
staff, a laboratory and staff, nursing and administrative
personnel. The NIH provide coverage of all research
charges for patient care and also support an out-patient
function for the Center.
For information write Clinical Research Center, P.O.
Box 100322, Health Science Center.
COMMUNICATION RESEARCH CENTER

The Center, a service and research unit within the
College of Journalism and Communications, conducts
basic and applied research on problems related to mass
communication. Both master's and doctoral students work
as assistants on these projects. The Center provides con-
sultation and assistance to faculty within the College and
across the University and to individuals and organizations
throughout the state. The Center has a computer-assisted
interviewing system and conducts telephone polls, per-
sonal interviews, focus groups, media use and effects
studies, and message-testing research.
For information, write the Director, Communication
Research Center, 2000 Weimer Hall. E-mail to
CRC@jou.ufl.edu.

CENTER FOR CONSUMER RESEARCH

The Center supports and facilitates basic and applied
research on-factors influencing consumer decision-mak-
ing and behavior. It encourages interdisciplinary perspec-
tives on issues involving consumers, marketing activities,
and the regulatory system. The Center sponsors a working
paper and reprint series to disseminate research by faculty
and graduate students engaged in studies of the issues
listed above. For information, write the Director, Center
for Consumer Research, 217 Bryan Hall, P.O. Box 117155.

CENTER FOR DYNAMIC PLASTICITY

The Center conducts research and educational pro-
grams and disseminates information on the behavior of


materials at high rates of deformation. In addition to
structural materials (such as metals, polymers, and com-
posites), the Center is concerned with biological materials
(bones and soft tissues) and with dynamic rock and soil
mechanics. The Center has established a cooperative
arrangement with the University of Bucharest to enhance
international cooperation and exchange of information
and personnel. For information, write the Director, Center
for Dynamic Plasticity, 231 Aero Building.

BUREAU OF ECONOMIC AND BUSINESS RESEARCH

The Bureau is an applied research center within the
College of Business Administration, focusing on the state
of Florida. Its activities are organized under four research
programs: population, economic forecasting, survey, and
policy studies. Graduate students are involved as research
assistants in these programs.
The Bureau disseminates the results of its research
through a publication program. Bureau publications in-
clude Florida Statistical Abstract, BEBR Monographs, The
Florida Outlook, Populations Studies, Florida Estimates of
Population, Economic Leaflets, Building Permit Activity in
Florida, and Sales Tax Information. For information, write
the Director, Bureau of Economic and Business Research,
221 Matherly Hall, P.O. Box 117146, (352) 392-0171.

CENTER FOR EXERCISE SCIENCE

This interdisciplinary center conducts research related
to (1) the immediate and lasting effects of physical activity;
(2) the acquisition, control, and efficiency of human
movement; and (3) the effects of aging and disorders such
as cardiovascular disease, low back pain, stress, and
weight control on human performance; and (4) psycho-
logical effects of physical activity throughout the lifespan.
Center researchers study various groups including the
healthy young, 'middle-aged, and elderly; patients with
heart disease and who have received solid organ trans-
plants (heart, lung, and liver); and individuals with various
physical handicaps as well as the gifted athlete.
The Center is a research unit of the Colleges of Health
and Human Performance and Medicine with affiliated
faculty from the Division of Cardiology and Departments
of Physiology, Physical Therapy, Orthopedics, and Ger-
ontology at the VA Medical Center. It occupies 7000
square feet of space in Florida Gymnasium. For further
information write the Director, Center for Exercise Sci-
ence, Florida Gymnasium, 392-9575.

FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS CENTER

The Financial Institutions Center conducts research on
management and public policy issues regarding financial
intermediaries. Major emphasis is placed on analysis of
the impact of the economic and regulatory environment
on the financial sector.
The Center sponsors research studies by faculty and
graduate students, sponsors doctoral dissertations, and
conducts frequent seminars. For additional information,
write the Director, Financial Institutions Center, 327
Business Building, P.O. Box 117168.









FLORIDA ARCHITECTURE AND BUILDING
RESEARCH COUNCIL

As the research arm of the College of Architecture, the
Council promotes, encourages, and coordinates research
activities among the College's 11 centers, institutes, and
laboratories and within its 5 academic disciplines: archi-
tecture, building construction, urban and regional plan-
ning, landscape architecture, and interior design. Princi-
pal current research interests of the Council include
architectural acoustical modeling, alternative conflict man-
agement, computer resource mapping, city planning and
redevelopment, architectural preservation, and construc-
tion management. The Council maintains cooperative
contacts with other departments on campus and with
institutions within the United States, Europe, Latin America,
and the Caribbean Basin. For information, write the
Director, Florida Architecture and Building Research Coun-
cil, 331 Architecture Building.

FLORIDA INSURANCE RESEARCH CENTER

The Florida Insurance Research Center (FIRC) focuses
on the effects of economic and regulatory issues on both
the Florida and the national insurance market. In this
regard, scholarly research is conducted on insurance
company operations as well as the needs of insurance
consumers. The Center also supports students through
annual scholarships.
Management of the Center is by its director, and
faculty from other colleges in the University are utilized
as the need arises. For information write the Director,
Florida Insurance Research Center, 329 Business
Building, P.O. Box 117165.

INSTITUTE FOR HEALTH POLICY RESEARCH

The Institute conducts and facilitates collaborative
interdisciplinary studies focusing on issues relating to
policies which affect the manner in which health care
services are delivered, funded, administered, or regu-
lated. Faculty and students from a broad spectrum of
disciplines are encouraged through the Institute to partici-
pate in organized researcKactivities funded through gov-
ernmental or philanthropic sources:
A goal of the Institute is to develop and maintain data
bases and models which can be utilized to assist in the
analysis of existing and proposed policy alternatives under
a variety of potential future scenarios. Research and
analyses are guided by the principle that better health care
legislation and more effective and efficient health services
delivery will result from anticipating the legal, administra-
tive, economic, social, and ethical consequences of
health policy changes. For information, write the Director,
Institute for Health Policy Research, P.O. Box 100177,
Health Science Center.

INSTITUTE OF HIGHER EDUCATION

The Institute of Higher Education is an agency within
the College of Education, responsible at the same time to
the Vice President for Academic Affairs, and is defined as
a research and service agency of the University focused


INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH CENTERS / 53


upon higher education. The Institute of Higher Education
was created to serve the needs of the state of Florida's
community college and university system through the
provision of quality training for future faculty and staff. The
Institute also serves to provide leadership for the state's
colleges and universities in all areas related to higher
education, including instruction, finance, governance,
planning, programs, and services. A particular emphasis
is placed on the close relationship among the institute, the
State Board of Community Colleges, and the 28 Florida
community colleges.
Many advanced graduate students find research projects
of their own interests among the many activities of the IHE.
For information, write the Director, Institute of Higher
Education, 2403 Norman Hall.

HUMAN RESOURCE RESEARCH CENTER

The Human Resource Research Center conducts re-
search on the application of behavioral science to the
management of human resources. It studies factors that
affect individual and organizational performance in ways
that have practical implications for management. Thus,
the Center's goal is to contribute to both the science and
the profession of human resource management. It con-
ducts research that leads to a better understanding of
principles governing individual work behavior and orga-
nizational processes, and it develops and evaluates poli-
cies, procedures, and programs designed to promote
human fulfillment and effectiveness at the work place. For
information, write the Director, Human Resource Re-
search Center, 201 Business Building, P.O. Box 117165.

CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS
AND BUSINESS STUDIES

The Center has three missions within the College of
Business Administration. It is the organization within the
College responsible for administering all linkage arrange-
ments and managing exchange programs with interna-
tional partner institutions. These include both student and
faculty exchange programs, study abroad programs, and
foreign assistance programs supported by various grants
and private funding sources. Also, the Center is respon-
sible for coordinating recruitment activities and counsel-
ing of College of Business Administration students for
participation in overseas programs and for working with
the University's Office of International Studies and Pro-
grams to ensure that administrative requirements are met.
Finally, the Center conducts basic and applied research on
topics relating to the global economic and business
environment. Itexplores how corporations, governments,
supranational institutions, such as the World Bank, and
individuals interact in a global context. For more informa-
tion, write the Director, Center for International Econom-
ics and Business Studies, 309-D Business Building, P.O.
Box 117168.

CENTER FOR MACROMOLECULAR SCIENCE
AND ENGINEERING

The Center is developing unified research and teaching
programs, drawing its members from the Departments of






54 / GENERAL INFORMATION


Chemistry, Materials Science and Engineering, Chemical
Engineering, Biochemistry, and Physics. Current research
includes synthetic polymer chemistry, mechanism of po-
lymerization studies, solution and solid state properties of
polymers, biological applications of polymers, and lim-
ited studies on industrial applications of polymers. For
information, write the Director, Center for Macromolecu-
lar Science and Engineering, 414 Space Sciences Research
Building.
CENTER FOR MAMMALIAN GENETICS
The Center for Mammalian Genetics is an interdepart-
mental unit of the College of Medicine. Established in
1992, the Center conducts and facilitates interdisciplinary
studies related to the genetic basis of human diseases by
providing state-of-the-art .equipment, computer core fa-
cilities, and biological resources for gene mapping, ge-
netic data analysis, and nucleotide sequence analysis.
Major focus areas of collaborative research in the Center
include the identification and characterization of genes
that cause human disease or predispose individuals to
develop disease, and the development of animal models
for human genetic diseases. The Center provides a forum
for discussion of ongoing genetics research at the Univer-
sity of Florida through a Genetics Research Seminar Series.
For more information, contact Dr. Thomas P. Yang,
Director, Center for Mammalian Genetics, P.O. Box
100215, Health Science Center, (352) 392-3054.

CENTER FOR MATHEMATICAL SYSTEM THEORY
The Center was established in 1972 to advance re-
search in all areas of system theory dependent on math-
ematical methodology. Both pure and applied problems
are emphasized. The Center is operated on an interdisci-
plinary basis in cooperation with the Departments of
Mathematics, Electrical Engineering, Industrial and Sys-
tems Engineering, Statistics, and Aerospace Engineering,
Mechanics, and Engineering Science.
The permanent faculty of the Center presently includes
Professors R.E. Kalman (Director), G. Basile, J. Hammer,
V.M. Popov, and T.E. Bullock. There are numerous
affiliated faculty and many visitors of international stature.
An active research seminar is conducted throughout the
year on recent developments in system theory, as well as
certain aspects of computer science and econometrics.
One of the principal current research areas of the
Center is the identification of linear relations and systems
from noisy data. Another principal research area of the
Center is the mathematical theory of nonlinear systems,
including the theory of control of nonlinear systems, the
robust stabilization of nonlinear systems, and the theory of
adaptive control of nonlinear systems. The Center also
conducts research in the area of algebraic theory of linear
control, including realization theory, partial realization
theory, stabilization and control of linear time-invariant
and linear time-varying systems, linear delay-differential
systems, and adaptive control of linear systems.
MINERAL RESOURCES RESEARCH CENTER

To meet the future demand for mineral and material
resources, both the federal and the state governments have


committed themselves to developing the necessary tech-
nology for processing of low grade complex ores and other
raw materials. As a result, an interdisciplinary Mineral
Resources Research Center was established in the College
of Engineering under the jurisdiction of the Department of
Materials Science and Engineering. The research activities
of the Center are an educational program in mineral and
particulate processing. The major objective of these twin
activities is to investigate specific problems through appli-
cation of basic scientific principles and to provide the
skilled personnel needed by industries. The current
emphasis in research is on processing of low grade ores,
fine particle processing, environmental control and resto-
ration, applied surface and colloid chemistry, and hydro-
metallurgy. These programs are truly interdisciplinary and
involve scientists and engineers from such additional
departments as Chemical Engineering, Environmental En-
gineering Sciences, Soil and Water Science, Geology, and
Chemistry. For further information write Dr. Brij M.
Moudgil, Director, Mineral Resources Research Center,
161 Rhines Hall.

CENTER FOR NEUROBIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

The purpose of the Center is to promote intellectual
interchange and scientific-collaboration among faculty
and students interested in the nervous system. A training
grant supports students specifically involved in the inves-
tigation of brain-behavior relationships. The training pro-
gram is conducted through formal courses, seminars,
symposia, and participation in laboratory research. Train-
ees are affiliated with the Center through a basic science
or clinical department. For information, write the Direc-
tor, Center for Neurobiological Sciences, P.O. Box 100244,
J. Hillis Miller Health Science Center.

CENTER FOR NUTRITIONAL SCIENCES

The purpose of the Center is to provide a focal point for
coordination of campus-wide nutrition activities involving
instruction, research, and service. A graduate training
program is conducted through a recommended core
curriculum in nutritional science in conjunction with
ancillary courses as suggested by supervisory committees
derived from Center faculty and participating depart-
ments. Center faculty for research and teaching are drawn
from departments in the Institute of Food and Agricultural
Sciences, colleges in the J. Hillis Miller Health Science
Center, and the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. The
Center sponsors seminars, symposia, and visiting profes-
sorships in the full spectrum of activity that encompasses
nutritional science, and occasionally has a limited number
of graduate and postdoctoral fellowships. For information,
write Dr. Robert J. Cousins, Director, Center for Nutri-
tional Sciences, 201 Food Science and Human Nutrition
Building, P.O. Box 110370.

PUBLIC POLICY RESEARCH CENTER

The Public Policy Research Center. (PPRC) at the
University of Florida was established in 1975 to support
faculty research, doctoral dissertations, seminars, and









conferences on government involvement in the private
sector of the market, including direct and indirect regula-
tion and controls. PPRC has focused on alternative eco-
nomic models available to policymakers for resolving
economic problems associated with market failure and on
research of new solutions that recognize the fundamentals
of private-sector decision-making at both micro and macro
levels.
For information write Dr. Robert F. Lanzillotti, Direc-
tor, or David Sappington, Associate Director, Public
Policy Research Center, 201 Bryan Hall, P.O. Box 117154.

PUBLIC UTILITY RESEARCH CENTER

Florida's Public Utility Research Center (PURC) was
organized in 1972. Its Executive Committee includes
representatives of public utilities, the University, the
Florida Public Service Commission, and the Florida Public
Counsel. PURC's primary objectives are (1) to increase
student and faculty awareness of the utility industry and its
problems, (2) to undertake research designed to help solve
problems faced by the energy and communication indus-
tries, and (3) to train students for employment by
utility companies and regulatory authorities.
PURC seeks to accomplish these goals by providing
student fellowships and assistantships, by supporting fac-
ulty research, by holding conferences and seminars to
discuss both major policy issues and current faculty
research, and by serving as a contact point between
business, government, and the academic community.
PURC's research is disseminated in working papers,
journals, and books, as well as in professional meetings
and governmental hearings. Major areas of interest in-
clude measurement of the cost of capital; competition in
the electric utility industry; the restructuring of the tele-
communications industry; rate design for telephone, gas,
and electric utilities; and other timely issues which are
important to utility companies, consumers, and regulators.
Write the Executive Director, Public Utility Research
Center, 205 Matherly Hall, P.O. Box 117142, for information.

REAL ESTATE RESEARCH CENTER

The Real Estate Research Center was established in
1973 to facilitate the study of business and economic
problems related to real estate. Faculty members in the
field of real estate serve as the core staff members of the
Center, with research assistance provided by several
graduate students. Faculty members in other departments
and colleges participate in projects requiring
multidisciplinary inputs. Graduate students also conduct
their own research for theses and dissertations in the
Center.
Many types of research projects are conducted in the
Center. They range from economic and social issues in
land use planning to analysis of the managerial process
and rates of return in various types of real estate businesses
and properties. The Center has developed textual materi-
als for organizations such as the Florida Real Estate
Commission and the Appraisal Institute. The Center also
sponsors or cosponsors a number of continuing education
programs in real estate each year.


INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH CENTERS / 55


Contract research projects in the Center have been
sponsored and funded by various agencies of the Florida
state government, city governments, the Florida Real,
Estate Commission, Florida Association of Realtors, and
the Appraisal Institute Foundation. For information write
the Director, Real Estate Research Center, 303-G Business
Building, P.O. Box 117168.

CENTER FOR RETAIL EDUCATION AND RESEARCH

The Center for Retail Education and Research (CRER)
sponsors and facilitates faculty and student research on
retailing issues and problems. Recenttopics include models
to aid management decision making, customer service, mall
and store choice, relationships between suppliers and retail-
ers, and the impact of interactive home shopping on consumer
behavior and market structure. In some cases, the Center
provides stipends to graduate students conducting retail
research. The Center hosts an 'annual symposium for
retailing executives and biannual meetings for retail ex-
ecutives sponsoring the Center's activities.
For information, write the Director, Center for Retail
Education and Research, 200 Bryan Hall, P.O. Box
117153.

CENTER FOR STUDIES OF ADVANCED
STRUCTURAL COMPOSITES

The Center for Studies of Advanced Structural Compos-
ites in the Department of Aerospace Engineering, Mechan-
ics, and Engineering Science was established in 1979
within the Center for Excellence Program in New Materi-
als. The purpose of the Center of Excellence Program is to
aid in the development of high technology industry in
Florida by conducting research and engineering develop-
ment of new materials, and by preparing master's and
doctoral candidates in this field for later employment in
Florida industries. The Center was organized to conduct
research in the host department and also to provide a focal
point for interaction with other departments, other univer-
sities, research institutes, government laboratories, and
industries in research related to problems involving de-
sign, fabrication, and analysis of structural composites.

CENTER FOR WETLANDS

The Center for Wetlands, a component of the Depart-
ment of Environmental Engineering Sciences, prepares
scientists and engineers to address today's state, national,
and international environmental issues. Student and
faculty researchers at the Center study wetland ecosystems
and water resource issues in an effort to integrate humanity
and nature in our developing landscape.
The Center works to provide solutions to Florida's
wetlands and water resource issues and problems through
education and research. Federal and state sources, as well
as private industry, fund research and the dissemination of
research results. The Center provides valuable research
experience to undergraduate and graduate students. Stu-
dents receive professional training through participation
in Center research projects and leave the Center prepared
for environmental, wetlands and/or water resource careers





56 /GENERAL INFORMATION


with federal, state, and local agencies, academic and
research institutions, consulting firms, and industries.
Graduate Certificate in Wetlands.-Any graduate
student at the University of Florida can earn a Certificate
in Wetlands. The certificate helps prepare students for
careers related to wetland science and management. The
certificate requires 18 credit hours, including wetlands
research experience. Course work includes an introduc-
tory wetland course and courses selected from several
related categories including hydrology, biology, environ-
mental policy and law, water chemistry, and soils. With
planning early in a student's program, courses for the
certificate can be blended with the graduate program of
study. For more information, please contact the Center for
Wetlands, P.O. Box 116350 or call (352) 392-2424.


STUDENT SERVICES


CAREER RESOURCE CENTER

The Career Resource Center (CRC), located on the
west side of the J. Wayne Reitz Union at the first floor
level, is the central agency for career planning, employ-
ment assistance, and cooperative education for Univer-
sity of Florida students. The Center coordinates these
activities for all graduate students and alumni seeking
employment opportunities. The CRC also has branch
offices supporting undecided students in room 108 of
Academic Advising Center and 2014 McCarty Hall for
the College of Agriculture.
Graduate students wishing to explore career interests,
gain experience through cooperative education assign-
ments or internship, organize their job search campaign,
or gain skills in resume and interview techniques are
invited to visit the Center and utilize its services. The
Center has an extensive career library, with employer
recruiting materials, directories of employers, and other
career skills information; and its "immediate job open-
ings" section averages over 600 possible openings a week.
For those graduate students seeking individual assistance
in resolving career and academic problems, the Center has
a number of career counselors and advisers available for
personal appointments.
The CRC also offers Gator Jobline, an automated
telephone job hotline service that lists potentially hun-
dreds of vacancies in more than 80 different career field
categories. All listings are placed in the system by the
employers and are accessible by students at any time, day
or night. The phone number is (352) 392-JOBS, but
students are asked first to visit CRC to obtain an instruction
sheet and a password to access the system.
A significant on-campus job interview program with
representatives from business, industry, government, and
education is conducted by the Center. These major em-
ployers come to campus seeking graduating students in
most career fields. Graduate students are encouraged to
register early and to participate in the on-campus inter-
view program. The Center also sponsors a number of


Career Days and EXPOs during the academic year, which
bring employers to campus to talk to students about
careers and jobs. These sessions are open to all majors and
are an ideal way for graduate students to make contact
with potential employers.
The Center also hosts Graduate and Professional School
Day the first week in November, bringing to campus
representatives from 35 to 45 colleges and universities
around the country. Students may gather information and
ask questions about various graduate and professional
education programs offered by these institutions.
The Center also provides reproduction and distribution
services of professional placement files (qualifications
records, vitae, resumes, and personal references). A mod-
est charge is assessed to cover labor and materials for copy
services and mailing of these credential packages to
employers.


EDITORIAL ASSISTANCE AND
INFORMATION


The Graduate School Editorial Office provides a Guide
for Preparing Theses and Dissertations to assist the student
in the preparation of the manuscript and offers suggestions
and advice on such matters as the preparation and repro-
duction of illustrative materials, the treatment of special
programs, the use of copyrighted material, and how to
secure a copyright for a dissertation. The following
procedures apply to the Graduate School's editorial ser-
vices to students.
1. The responsibility for acceptable English in a
thesis or dissertation, as well as the originality and accept-
able quality of the content, lies with the student and the
supervisory committee.
2. The Graduate School editorial staff act only in an
advisory capacity but will answer questions regarding
correct grammar, sentence structure, and acceptable forms
of presentation.
3. The editorial staff will examine a limited portion of
the final rough draft and make recommendations concern-
ing the form of the thesis or dissertation before the final
typing.
4. After the initial submission of the dissertation in final
form, the Editorial Office staff check the format, paper
stock, and pagination and read portions of the text for
general usage, references, and bibliographical form.
Master's theses are checked for paper stock, format,
reference style, pagination, and signatures.
It is the responsibility of the student and the super-
visory chairman to notify the Graduate School in writing
of any changes which have been made in the structure
of the supervisory committee.
5. The Editorial Office maintains a file of experienced
thesis typists, manuscript editors, and draftspersons that
the student may consult to find assistance in the mechani-
cal preparation of the manuscript.
For more information, come by 168 Grinter Hall
or call (352) 392-1282, fax (352) 846-1855, email
hmartin@nervm.nerdc.ufl.edu.





STUDENT SERVICES / 57


LANGUAGE SERVICES TO FOREIGN
APPLICANTS AND STUDENTS

The University of Florida makes available three English
language programs to help international graduate students
improve their proficiency in English. These programs are
(1) the English Language Institute, (2) Scholarly Writing,
and (3) Academic Spoken English.
Applicants whose command of English is not as good
as expected may be required by their departments to
attend the English Language Institute (ELI), an intensive
English program designed to provide rapid gain in English
proficiency. An ELI student may require one, two, or
exceptionally, three semesters of full-time English study
before entering Graduate School. Information about ELI is
available in 315 Norman Hall.
The Scholarly Writing (SW) program is designed to help
foreign graduate students improve their writing ability.
Applicants whose verbal GRE scores are below 320 or
who have been admitted provisionally with a TOEFL score
lower than 550 are given a writing test. Those demonstrat-
ing a lower proficiency than needed for successful perfor-
mance in written tasks at the graduate level are required to
take ENS 4449. Another course, ENS 4450-Research
Writing, is offered to those who wish to learn to write in
their fields of study. Information about the SW program is
available at the coordinator's office, 116 Anderson Hall,
telephone (352) 392-0639 or 377-2189.
The Academic Spoken English (ASE) program is de-
signed to help those who expect to be Graduate Teaching,
Assistants at the University of Florida but who cannot
demonstrate a high enough proficiency in English. The
required course at the lowest level is ENS 4501. Another
course, ENS 4502, is offered to students whose proficiency
is good enough to begin teaching but who still need help
learning to use English in an American classroom. Teach-
ers are videotaped and their class work discussed con-
structively by the ASE staff. The third course, ENS 4503,
is a tutorial.


GRADUATE STUDENT HANDBOOK

The Graduate School makes available to all students a
summary of useful information in the Graduate Student
Handbook. Copies are distributed to new students by the
graduate dean's office.


INTERNATIONAL STUDENT AND
SCHOLAR SERVICES

International Student and Scholar Services (ISSS)-a
service unit of the Office for International Studies and
Programs-delivers administrative and support services to
international students, exchange students, scholars and
their families. Services are provided immediately upon
their arrival at the University of Florida and continue until
they return to their home country.


ISSS coordinates with government and university agen-
cies to provide the following services: evaluation of
international student financial statements; the issuance of
IAP-66s and I-20s; counseling on academic, financial,
and cultural issues (including individual mental health
counseling for students, scholars, and their families);
community relations; orientation programs; and cross-
cultural workshops. ISSS is the liaison with foreign and
domestic embassies, consulates, foundations, and U.S.
government agencies.
ISSS is located at 123 Tigert Hall. For more informa-
tion, contact International Student and Scholar Services,
University of Florida, P.O. Box 113225, Gainesville, FL
32611, (352) 392-5323, fax (352) 392-5575, email
OISP@nervm.nerdc.ufl.edu.

OVERSEAS STUDIES

Overseas study programs and activities are a vital part of
the University of Florida academic experience. Overseas
Studies, a division of the Office of International Studies
Programs, offers UF students the opportunity to study in a
wide range of academic and cultural settings. The office
coordinates 32 semester- and year-long programs as well
as 28 summer programs in 24 countries. The diverse
subject areas available to undergraduate and graduate
students include language, culture, and history; marine,
forest, and tropical ecology; environmental engineering;
business and public relations; fine arts; journalism; archi-
tecture; and wildlife management. Study-abroad pro-
grams may fulfill requirements for a major, minor subject,
or elective.
In addition to supporting study-abroad opportunities
for students, Overseas Studies administers all recognized
student-exchange programs between the University of
Florida and its sister institutions abroad. The office also
provides administrative support for'the creation and main-
tenance of overseas academic and cultural programs
initiated by University faculty. Information about finan-
cial aid and foreign travel, background materials for the
many study-abroad opportunities, and counseling to tailor
programs to individual needs are all available through the
Overseas Studies office. Academic support is provided by
University colleges, departments, and faculty. For more
information, contact Overseas Studies, (352) 392-5206,
fax(352) 392-5575, email OVRSEAS@nervm.nerdc.ufl.edu.

SPEECH AND HEARING CLINIC

The University of Florida Speech and Hearing Clinic,
located on the fourth floor of Dauer Hall, offers therapeu-
tic and diagnostic services to persons with speech, lan-
guage, and hearing disorders as well as to persons with
learning disabilities. These services are available to the
University faculty and students for a reduced fee. Therapy
is scheduled between 8 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday-Friday,
with the Clinic being open in accordance with the Univer-
sity Calendar. Students are encouraged to visit the Clinic
office at 435 Dauer Hall or call (352) 392-2041 for
additional information or to schedule an appointment.






58 /GENERAL INFORMATION


STUDENT HEALTH CARE CENTER.

The Student Health Care Center provides a spectrum of
medical services which includes primary medical care,
health education, specialty services, and mental health
consultation and counseling.
The Service consists of an out-patient clinic staffed by
physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, reg-
istered nurses, psychiatrists, and psychologists. Health
education staff provide in-house counseling and campus
programs on a variety of health topics. SHCC also provides
a pharmacy, a clinical laboratory, and radiology services.
All of these services are in the Infirmary Building which is
centrally located on campus.
The health fee is part of the tuition fee paid by all
students. The health fee covers ordinary out-patient visits,
and fees-for-services are assessed for pharmacy, labora-.
tory, and x-ray services as well as special treatments and
consultations with medical specialists. The supplemental
student government sponsored insurance plan is highly
recommended to help defray these expenses.
A personal health history questionnaire completed by
the student is required before registration at the University
of Florida as well as documentation of immunity to
measles and rubella.


UNIVERSITY COUNSELING CENTER

The University Counseling Center offers a variety of
counseling and student development services to students
and their spouses/partners. The Center is staffed by psy-
chologists to aid in the growth and development of each
student and to assist students in getting the most out of their
college experience. Services offered at the Center include
the following:
Counseling.-Individual, couple, and group counsel-
ing is available to help students With personal, career, and
academic concerns. Appointments to see a counselor may
be made in person at 301 Peabody Hall. There is an initial


interview in which the student and the counselor make
decisions about the type of help needed. Students requir-
ing immediate help are seen on a nonappointment emer-
gency basis. Counseling interviews are confidential. Call
(352) 392-1575 for more information.
Consulting.-Center psychologists are available for
consulting with students, staff, professionals, and faculty.
These consultations often focus on working with indi-
vidual students, special programs, organizational prob-
lems, ways of improving student environments, and other
issues that may have important psychological dimensions.
Career Development.-In addition to career counsel-
ing, the Center offers vocational interest testing and career
workshops. The Center also provides referral information
to students seeking specific career information.
Group and Workshop Program.-The Center offers a
wide variety of groups and workshops. A number of them,
such as the women's support group and the blackwomen's
enrichment group, are designed for special populations.
Others such as the math confidence groups, assertiveness
workshops, and counseling groups are formed to help
participants deal with common problems and learn spe-
cific skills. A list of available groups and workshops is
published at the beginning of each term.
Teaching/Training.-The Center provides a variety of
practicum and internship training experience for students
in counseling psychology, counselor education, and reha-
bilitation counseling. Center psychologists also teach'
undergraduate and graduate courses in some of these
departments.
CounseLine.-A self-help tape program designed to
provide information on how to cope with the problems of
daily living is sponsored by the Center. Students may call
392-1683 and ask for any of the 34 tapes that are available.
A list of tapes is published periodically in the student
newspaper and is also available at the Center.
Confidentiality.-Counseling information and records
are confidential except when release is required by law or
when a client is judged to be dangerous to him/herself or
to others.










Fields of Instruction









FIELDS OF INSTRUCTION

COLLEGES AND AREAS OF
INSTRUCTION


AGRICULTURE
General
Agricultural Education and Communication
Agricultural and Biological Engineering
Agronomy
Animal Science
Dairy and Poultry Sciences
Entomology and Nematology
Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
Food and Resource Economics
Food Science and Human Nutrition
Food Science
Nutritional Science
Forest Resources and Conservation,
School of
Horticultural Science
Environmental Horticulture
Horticultural Sciences
Microbiology and Cell Science
Plant Molecular and Cellular Biology
Plant Pathology
Soil and Water Science
Wildlife Ecology and Conservation

ARCHITECTURE
Architecture
Building Construction, M. E. Rinker School of
Landscape Architecture
Urban and Regional Planning


BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
General
Accounting, Fisher School of
Decision and Information Sciences
Economics
Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate
Health Services Administration
Management
Marketing

DENTISTRY
Dental Sciences
Endodontics
Orthodontics
Periodontics
Prosthodontics

EDUCATION
Counselor Education
Educational Leadership
Foundations of Education
Instruction and Curriculum
Special Education


ENGINEERING
Aerospace Engineering, Mechanics, and
Engineering Science
Agricultural and Biological Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Civil Engineering
Coastal and Oceanographic Engineering
Computer and Information Science and Engineering
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Environmental Engineering Sciences
Industrial and Systems Engineering
Materials Science and Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Nuclear Engineering Sciences

FINE ARTS
Art
Music
Theatre

HEALTH AND HUMAN PERFORMANCE
Exercise and Sport Sciences
Health Science Education
Recreation, Parks, and Tourism

HEALTH RELATED PROFESSIONS
General
Clinical and Health Psychology
Communicative Disorders
Health Services Administration
Occupational Therapy
Physical Therapy
Rehabilitation Counseling

JOURNALISM AND COMMUNICATIONS
Mass Communication


LAW
Comparative Law
Taxation

LIBERAL ARTS AND SCIENCES
African Studies, Center for
Anthropology
Astronomy
Botany
Chemistry
Classics
Communication Processes and Disorders
Computer and Information Sciences
English
Geography
Geology
Germanic and Slavic Languages and
Literatures
Gerontological Studies, Center for
History
Latin America Studies, Center for
Linguistics
Mathematics
Philosophy









LIBERAL ARTS AND SCIENCES (continued)
Physics
Plant Molecular and Cellular, Biology
Political Science
Psychology
Religion
Romance Languages and Literatures
French
Portuguese
Spanish
Sociology
Statistics
Women's Studies
Zoology

MEDICINE
General
Anatomy and Cell Biology
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology


MEDICINE (continued)
Molecular Genetics and Microbiology
Neuroscience
Oral Biology
Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Physiology

NURSING

PHARMACY
General
Medicinal Chemistry
Pharmaceutics
Pharmacodynamics
Pharmacy Health Care Administration

VETERINARY MEDICINE
Veterinary Medical Sciences






62 / FIELDS OF INSTRUCTION


FISHER SCHOOL OF ACCOUNTING
College of Business Administration
GRADUATE FACULTY 1995-96
Director: D. Snowball. Graduate Coordinator: W. R.
Knechel. Graduate Research Professor: A. R. Abdel-
khalik. Fisher Eminent Scholar: J.S.Demski. Arthur
Andersen Professor:J. K. Kramer. Michael Cook/Deloitte
& Touche Professor: D. A. Snowball. Ernst & Young
Professor: W. R. Knechel. Price Waterhouse Professor:
W. F. Messier, Jr. Distinguished Service Professor: J.K.
Simmons. Professor: B. B. Ajinkya. Associate Professors:
J, V. Boyles; K. E. Hackenbrack; S. S. Kramer; C. L.
McDonald; G. M. McGill. Assistant Professors: A. S.
Ahmed; S. K. Asare.
The Fisher School of Accounting offers graduate work
leading to the Master of Accounting (M.Acc.) degree and
the Ph.D. degree with a major in business administration
and an accounting concentration. The M.Acc. degree
program offers specialization in each of the three areas of
auditing/financial accounting, accounting systems, and
taxation. A joint program leading to the Juris Doctor and
Master of Accounting degrees also is offered by the Fisher,
School of Accounting and College of Law. Specific details
for the M.Acc., M.Acc./J.D., and Ph.D. programs will be
supplied by the Fisher School of Accounting upon request.
The M.Acc. and the Ph.D. accounting programs require
admission standards of at least the following: A combined
verbal and quantitative score of 1200 on the Graduate
Record Examination (GRE), or a score of. 550 on the
Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT). Admis-
sion totheM.Acc. or Ph.D. accounting graduate programs
cannot be granted until scores are received.
Information on minimum GPA standards'for admission
to the M.Acc. program may be obtained from the office of
the Assistant Director. Foreign students must submit a
TOEFL score of at least 570 with a minimum of 60 on the
first section, 55 on the second section, and 55 on the third
section, and a satisfactory GMAT or GRE score.
The recommended curriculum to prepare for a profes-
sional career in accounting is the 3/2 five-year program
with a joint awarding of the Bachelor of Science in
Accounting and Master of Accounting upon completion of
the 152-hour program,. The entry point into the 3/2
program is the beginning of the senior year.
Students who have already completed an undergradu-
ate degree in accounting may enter the one-year M.Acc.
degree program which requires satisfactory completion of
34 hours of course work. A minimum of 20 credits must
be in graduate level courses; a minimum of 18 credits must
be in graduate level accounting courses. The remaining
credits are selected from, recommended elective courses
that vary by area of specialization. Students are cautioned
to seek early advisement since many graduate courses are
offered only once a year.
Requirements for the Ph.D. degree include a core of
courses in mathematical methods, statistics, and eco-
nomic theory; one or two supporting fields selected by the
student; and a major field of accounting. Students are
expected to acquire teaching experience as part of the
Ph.D. degree program. Grants-in-aid will be awarded for'
this teaching. Foreign students must submit a Test of


Spoken English (TSE) test score of at least 220 along with
satisfactory GMAT/GRE and TOEFL scores in order to
obtain a teaching appointment. Students are expected to
enroll in ACG 6940 for a minimum of three credits.
Program requirements include fulfillment of a research
skill area and a dissertation on an accounting-related
topic.
ACG 5205-Advanced Financial Accounting (3) Prereq: ACC
4133C. Analysis of accounting procedures for consignment and
installment sales, partnerships, branches, consolidations, foreign
operations, governmental accounting and other advanced topics.
ACG 5385-Advanced Accounting Analysis for the Controller-
ship Function (3) Prereq: ACG 4353C. A study of planning and
control as they relate to management of organizations. Draws
from cases and journals to integrate managerial accounting
concepts.
ACG 5655-Auditing Theory and Internal Control II (3) Prereq:
ACG 4652. A continuation of ACG 4652 with detailed coverage
of field work procedures for internal control and substantive audit
testing, statistical sampling, operational auditing, and audit
software packages.
ACG 5816-Professional Research (3) Prereq: TAX4001, ACG
4652, 7AC standing. Case-based. Introduction and examination
of professional literature and technology for problem solving in
financial accounting, auditing, and taxation contexts.
ACG 6065-Financial and Managerial Accounting (3) Prereq:
MAR 5624, ECP 6705, MAN 6245, ISM 5021; coreq: MAN 5501,
FIN 5405, MAR 6805. Designed'for MBA students. Financial
statement analysis including techniques, cash flow, and impact
of accounting principles. Management control systems: planning,
budgeting, reporting, analysis, and performance evaluation.
ACG 6135-Accounting Concepts and Financial Reporting
Standards (3) Prereq: ACC 5205; 5816. Current developments in
accounting concepts and principles and their relevance to the
status of current accounting practices. Special topics in financial
accounting and current reporting problems facing the accounting
profession. Review of current authoritative pronouncements.
ACG 6405-Accounting Database Management Systems (3)
Prereq: ACGC 3481 C. Investigation of the design and development.
ACG 6495-Management Information Systems Seminar (3)
Prereq: ACC 3481C.
ACG 6625-EDP Auditing (3) Prereq: ACG 3481C, 4652C.
Concepts related to auditing in computerized data environments.
ACG 6695-Advanced Auditing Topics (3) Prereq; ACC 5655.
Current technical issues and review of audit research.
ACG 6696-Financial Accounting Issues and Cases (3) Prereq:
ACC 5205. A study of recent and projected developments in
financial reporting and auditing emphasizing cases, journal
articles, and pronouncements.
ACG 6835-Interdisciplinary Considerations in Accounting
Theory Development (3) Developments in related disciplines,
such as economics, law, and behavioral sciences, analyzed for
their contribution to accounting thought.
ACG 6845-Accounting and Analytical Methods (3) Utilization
of logic, including mathematics, in formulation of alternative
accounting valuation models and in clarification of accounting
concepts.
ACG 6865-Financial Reporting and Auditing for Specialized
Industries (3) Prereq: ACG 4652C, 5205. Current developments.
ACG 6905-Individual Work in Accounting (1-4; max: 7)
Prereq: approval of graduate coordinator. Reading and research
in areas of accounting.
ACG 6910-Supervised Research (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
ACG 6940-Supervised Teaching (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
ACG 6957-International Studies in Accounting (1-4; max: 12)
Prereq: admission to approved study abroad program and per-
mission of department. S/U.
ACG 7699-Auditing Research (3) Prereq: ACG 7886. An
intensive study of such topics as the role of auditing, quantitative






AEROSPACE ENGINEERING, MECHANICS, AND ENGINEERING SCIENCE / 63


modeling and behavioral implications of the audit process,
statistical sampling and other current topics.
ACG 7885-Accounting Research I (4) Prereq: ACC 6135;
coreq: FIN 6446. Market use of information, properties of
accounting information, and market structure.
ACG 7886-Accounting Research II (4) Prereq: ACG 7885.
Theoretical constructs in accounting, valuation models, informa-.
tion asymmetry and production, and nonmarket information use.
ACG 7887-Research Analysis in Accounting (3) Prereq: ACC
7886. Analysis of accounting research and presentation of student
research project results. Financial accounting, managerial ac-
counting, auditing, taxation, management information systems,
and information economics. .
ACG 7925-Accounting Research Workshop (1-4; max: 8)
Prereq: completion of Ph.D. core. Analysis of current research
topics in accounting by visiting scholars, faculty, and doctoral
students. S/U
ACG 7939-Theoretical Constructs in Accounting (3) Prereq:
ACG 7886. Emerging theoretical issues that directly impact
research and, development of thought in accounting. Theory
construction and verification, information economics, and agency
theory constitute subsets of this course.
ACG 7979-Advanced Research (1-12) Research for doctoral
students before admission to candidacy. Designed for students
with a master's degree in the field of study or for students who
have been accepted for a doctoral program. Not open to students
who have been admitted to candidacy. S/U
ACG 7980-Research for Doctoral Dissertation (1-15) S/U.
TAX 5025-Federal Income Tax Accounting II (3) Prereq: TAX
4001 C, ACC 5816. Not open to persons in the tax concentration.
Covers basic tax research, taxation of corporations, partnerships,
and other appropriate topics.
TAX 5065-Federal Income Tax Research (3) Prereq: TAX 4001.
Basic techniques for researching federal income tax questions.
Use and application of traditional and computerized tax research
to examine IRS tax documentation.
TAX 5725-Tax Factors in Management Decisions (3) Open to
MBA and other graduate students who have not previously
completed TAX 4001 or its equivalent. Examines the income and
deduction concepts, the taxation of property transactions, the
taxation of business entities, the selection of a business form and
its capital structure, employee compensation, formation and
liquidation of a corporation, changes in the corporate structure,
and the use of tax shelters.
TAX 6105-Corporate Taxation (3) Prereq: TAX 5065, ACC
5816. Examination of the fundamental legal concepts, the
statutory provisions, and the computational procedures appli-
cable to economic transactions and events involving the forma-
tion, operation, and liquidation of the corporate entity. Consid-
eration is also given to acquisitive and divisive changes to the
corporate structure.
TAX 6205-Partnership Taxation (3) Prereq: TAX 5065, ACG
5816. Examines the tax aspects of the partnership as a business
entity. Topics include the acquisition of a partnership interest; the
reporting of partnership profits, losses, and distributions; transac-
tions between partners and the partnership; transfers of a partner-
ship interest; and retirement or death of a partner.
TAX 6405-Estate and Gift Taxation (3) Prereq: TAX 5065, ACG
5816. Examination of the federal excise tax levied on transfers of
property via gift or from decedents' estates.
TAX 6505-International Taxation (3) Prereq: TAX 5065, ACC
5816. Topics include the foreign tax credit, taxation of U.S.
citizens abroad, taxation of nonresident aliens doing business in
the U.S., tax treaties, taxation of income from investments
abroad, taxation of export operations, foreign currency transla-
tion, intercompany pricing, and boycott and bribe related in-
come.
TAX 6875-Contemporary Tax Topics (3) Prereq: TAX 5065,
6205, ACG 5816. Consolidations, alternative minimum tax, loss
limitation rules, personal financial planning, etc.


AEROSPACE ENGINEERING,
MECHANICS, AND ENGINEERING
SCIENCE
College of Engineering
GRADUATE FACULTY 1995-96
Chairman: M. A. Eisenberg. Graduate Coordinator: R. T.
Haftka. Graduate Research Professors: N. D.Cristescu; R.
G. Dean; D. C. Drucker (Emeritus); A. E. S. Green.
Professors: R. C. Anderson (Emeritus); I. K. Ebcioglu; M.
A. Eisenberg; R. L. Fearn; R. T. Haftka; G. W. Hemp; C.
C. Hsu; U. H. Kurzweg; E. R. Lindgren; L. E. Malvern
(Emeritus); G. E. Nevill, Jr.; M. K. Ochi; E. Partheniades;
C. A. Ross (Emeritus); B. V. Sankar; M. D. Shuster; W.
Shyy; C. T. Sun; C. E. Taylor (Emeritus); E. K. Walsh; H.
Wang. Engineers: H. W. Doddington; J. E. Milton. Asso-
ciate Professors: B. F. Carroll; D. M. Hanes; R. Mei; D. W.
Mikolaitis; R. Tran-Son-Tay; L. Vu-Quoc; D. C.
Zimmerman; P. H. Zipfel. Associate Engineers: R. J.
Hirko; D. A. Jenkins. Assistant Professors: J. D. Abbitt; D.
M. Belk; N. G. Fitz-Coy; P. Ifju; C. Segal.
The Department of Aerospace Engineering, Mechanics,
and Engineering Science offers the Master of Engineering,
Master of Science, and Engineer degrees in aerospace
engineering, in engineering mechanics, and in engineer-
ing science. The Department participates in the College of
Engineering's interdisciplinary Certificate in Manufactur-
ing Engineering at the master's level. The Doctor of
Philosophy degree is offered in aerospace engineering and
in engineering mechanics, with specialized tracks,in the
latter discipline in design processes, engineering analysis
and applied mathematics, and in theoretical and applied
mechanics. The Department also offers interdisciplinary
master's and Ph.D. specializations in offshore structures in
cooperation with the Departments of Coastal and Oceano-
graphic Engineering and Civil Engineering.
Areas of specialization include aerodynamics, applied
mathematics, applied optics, atmospheric science, bio-
medical engineering, coastal hydromechanics and ocean
wave dynamics, combustion, composite materials, con-
trol theory, creative design, design automation, fluid
mechanics, numerical and finite element methods, off-
shore structures, solid mechanics, and structural mechan-
ics and optimization.
With the approval of the supervisory committee, all
5000-, 6000-, and 7000-level courses offered by the
Aerospace Engineering, Mechanics, and Engineering Sci-
ence Department plus the following courses in related
areas are acceptable for graduate, major credit for all
degree programs offered by the Department: CAP 6685-
Expert Systems, CAP 6635-Artificial Intelligence Con-
cepts, CAP 6676-Knowledge Representation; CAP
6610-Machine Learning, EEL 5182-State Variable
Methods in Linear Systems, EEL 5631-Digital Control
Systems, EEL 5840-Elements of Machine Intelligence,
EEL 6614-Modern Control Theory I, EEL 6615-Modern
Control Theory II, EEL 6841-Machine Intelligence and
Synthesis, ENU 6730-Introduction to Plasmas.
EAS 5938-Special Topics in Aerospace Engineering (1-4; max: 8)
EAS 6135-The Dynamics of Real Gases (3) Prereq: consent of
instructor. Kinetic theory and flows of reacting gases.






64 / FIELDS OF INSTRUCTION


EAS 6138-Gasdynamics (3) Prereq: EAS 4112, 4112L. Theory
of sound waves, subsonic and supersonic flows, shockwaves,
explosions and implosions.
EAS 6221-Plates and Shells I (3) Prereq: EAS 4210 or equiva-
lent. Bending and stretching of plates, effects of large deflection,
anisotropy, nonhomogeneity (composite and stiffened plates),
and transverse shear. Geometry of shells and membrane theory.
Aerospace applications.
EAS 6222-Plates and Shells II (3) Prereq: EAS 6221. Bending of
thin shells, shells of revolution. Buckling and vibration of plates
and shells. Shell-like structures. Numerical methods. Aerospace
applications.
EAS 6242-Advanced Structural Composites I (3) Prereq: EGM
3520. Micro- and macro-behavior of a lamina. Stress transfer of
shortfiber composites. Classical lamination theory, static analysis
of laminated plates, free-edge effect, failure modes.
EAS 6243-Advanced Structural Composites II (3) Prereq: EAS
6242 or equivalent. Fracture behavior of composites, interlaminar
stresses, internal damping in composites.
EAS 6415-Guidance and Control of Aerospace Vehicles (3)
Prereq: EAS 4412 or equivalent. Application of modern control
theory to aerospace vehicles. Parameter identification methods
applied to aircraft and missiles.
EAS 6822-Combustion I (3) Prereq:EML 3101 or consent of
instructor. Chemical thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, flame
propagation, detonation and explosion, combustion of droplets
and spray.
EAS 6905-Aerospace Research (1-6; max: 12 including EGM
5905 and 6905)
EAS 6910-Supervised Research (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
EAS 6935-Graduate Seminar (1; max: 6) S/U option.
EAS 6939-Special Topics in Aerospace Engineering (1-6) max:
12) Laboratory, lectures, or conferences covering selected topics
in space engineering.
EAS 6940-Supervised Teaching (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
EAS 6971-Research for Master's Thesis (1-15) S/U.
EAS 6972-Research for Engineer's Thesis (1-15) S/U.
EAS 7979-Advanced Research (1-12) Research for doctoral
students before admission to candidacy. Designed for students
with a master's degree in the field of study or for students who
have been accepted for a doctoral program. Not open to students
who have been admitted to candidacy. S/U.
EAS 7980-Research for Doctoral Dissertation (1-15) S/U.
EGM 5005-Laser Principles and Applications (3) Prereq:
consent of instructor. Operating principles of solid, electric
discharge, gas dynamic and chemical lasers. Applications of
lasers of lidar aerodynamic and structural testing and for cutting
and welding of materials.
EGM 5111L-Experimental Stress Analysis (3) Prereq: EGM
3520. Introduction to techniques of experimental stress analysis
in static systems. Lecture and laboratory include applications of
electrical resistance strain gauges, photoelasticity, brittle coat-
ings, moire fringe analysis, and X-ray stress analysis.
EGM 5121C-Experimental Deduction (4) Prereq: consent of
instructor. Fundamentals of dynamics and fluid mechanics.
Designed to confront the student with the unexpected.
EGM 5421-Modern Techniques of Structural Dynamics (3)
Prereq: EGM 3400 or3420; 3311, 3520, and COP3212. Modern
methods of elastomechanics and high speed computation. Matrix
methods of structural analysis for multi-degree-of-freedom sys-
tems. Modeling of aeronautical, civil, and mechanical structural
engineering systems.
EGM 5430-Intermediate Dynamics (3) Prereq: EGM 3400 or
3420, and EGM 3311. Dynamics of a particle, orbital mechanics,
mechanics in non-inertial frames, dynamics of a system of
particles, rigid body dynamics in plane motion, moments and
products of inertia, conservation laws, Lagrange's equations of
motion.
EGM 5533-Advanced Mechanics of Solids and Structures (3)
Prereq: EGM 3520. Bars, beams, thin-walled structures, and


simple continue in the elastic and inelastic range. Virtual work
approaches, elastic energy principles; plastic limit theorems,
creep deformation procedures, introduction to instability and
fracture mechanics. Design applications.
EGM 5584-Principles of Mechanics in Biomedical Engineering
(3) Prereq: ECN 3353 and EGM 3520. Introduction to the solid
and fluid mechanics of biological systems. Rheological behavior
of materials subjected to static and dynamic loading. Mechanics
of the cardiovascular, pulmonary, and renal systems. Mathematic
models and analytical techniques used in the biosciences.
EGM 5816-Intermediate Fluid Dynamics (4) Prereq: EGN
3353, MAP 3302. Basic laws of fluid dynamics, introduction to
potential flow, viscous flow, boundary layer theory, and turbu-
lence.
EGM 5905-Individual Study (1-6; max: 12 including EGM
6905 and EAS 6905)
EGM 5933-Special Topics in Engineering Science and Me-
chanics (1-4; max: 8)
EGM 6005-Structural Optimization (3) Prereq:optimization
course. Structural optimization via calculus of variations. Appli-
cation of techniques of numerical optimization to design of
trusses, frames, and composite laminates. Calculation of sensitiv-
ity of structural response. Approximation and fast reanalysis
techniques. Optimality criteria methods.
EGM 6215-Theory of Structural Vibrations (3) Prereq: ECM
4200. Multiple degree-of-freedom systems, lumped parameter
procedures; matrix methods; free and forced motion. Normal
mode analysis for continuous systems. Lagrange equations.
Numerical methods.
EGM 6321-Principles of Engineering Analysis I (3) Prereq:
ECM 4313 or MAP 4305. Solution.of linear and nonlinear
ordinary differential equations. Methods of Frobenius, classifica-
tion of singularities. Integral representation of solutions. Treat-
ment of the Bessel, Hermite, Legendre, hypergeometric, and
Mathieu equations. Asymptotic methods including the WBK and
saddle point techniques. Treatment of nonlinear autonomous
equations. Phase plane trajectories and limit cycles. Thomas-
Fermi, Emden, and van der Pol equations.
EGM 6322-Principles of Engineering Analysis II (3) Prereq:
EGM 4313 or MAP 4341. Partial differential equations of first and
second order. Hyperbolic, parabolic, and elliptic equations
including the wave, diffusion, and Laplace equations. Integral
and similiarity transforms. Boundary value problems of the
Dirichlet and Neumann type. Green's functions, conformal
mappingtechniques, and spherical harmonics. Poison, Helmholtz,
and Schroedinger equations.
EGM 6323-Principles of Engineering Analysis III (3) Prereq:
ECM 4313 or MAP 4341. Integral equations of Volterra and
Fredholm. Inversion of self-adjoint operators via Green's func-
tions. Hilbert-Schmidt theory and the-bilinear formula. The
calculus of variations. Geodesics, Euler-Lagrange equation and
the brachistochrone problem. Variational treatment of Sturm-
Liouville problems. Fermat's principle.
EGM 6341-Numerical Methods of Engineering Analysis I (3)
Prereq: EGM 4313 or equivalent. Finite-difference calculus;
interpolation and extrapolation; roots of equations; solution of
algebraic equations; eigenvalue problems; least-squares method;
quadrature formulas; numerical solution of ordinary differential
equations; methods of weighted residuals. Use of digital computer.
EGM'6342-Numerical Methods of Engineering Analysis II (3)
Prereq: EGM 6341 or consent of instructor. Finite-difference
methods for parabolic, elliptic, and hyperbolic partial differential
equations. Application to heat conduction, solid and fluid me-
chanics problems.
EGM 6351-Finite Element Methods (3) Prereq: consent of
instructor. Displacement method formulation; generalization by
means of variational principles and methods of weighted residu-
als; element shape functions. Application to heat conduction,
solid and fluid mechanics problems. Use of general purpose
computer codes.






AFRICAN STUDIES / 65


EGM 6444-Advanced Dynamics (3) Prereq: ECM 5430. The
principle of least action, conservation laws, integration of the
equations of motion, collision, free and forced linear and nonlin-
ear oscillations, rigid body motion, the spinning top, motion in
non-inertial frames, canonical equations.
EGM 6551-Thermal Stress Analysis (3) Prereq: EML 4142,
EGM 5533 or equivalents. Coupled and uncoupled thermoelastic
theory. Static and quasi-stationary plan problems, dynamic ef-
fects, thermal stresses in structures, thermoelastic stability, inelas-
tic thermal response.
EGM 6570-Principles of Fracture Mechanics (3) Prereq: EGM
6611. Introduction to the mechanics of fracture of brittle and
ductile materials. Linear elastic fracture mechanics; elastic-
plastic fracture; fracture testing; numerical methods; composite
materials; creep and fatigue fracture.
EGM 6611-Continuum Mechanics I (3) Prereq: EGM 3520.
Tensors of stress and deformation. Balance and conservation laws,
thermodynamic considerations. Examples of linear constitutive
relations. Field equations and boundary conditions of fluid flow.
EGM 6612-Continuum Mechanics II (3) Prereq: ECM 6611.
Polar decomposition. Constitutive theory: frame indifference,
material symmetry, continuum thermodynamics. Topics selected
from wave propagation, mixture theory, director theories, non-
orthogonal coordinates.
EGM 6652-Elasticity (3) Prereq: EGM 6611. Equations of
elasticity and strain energy concepts. Uniqueness theorems and
solution of two- and three-dimensional problems for small defor-
mations. Consideration of multiply connected domains and
complex variable methods.
EGM 6671-Plasticity (3) Prereq: EGM 6611. Virtual work,
stability, extremum principles. Applications on the microscale,
miniscale, and macroscale. Thermodynamics, internal variables,
damage parameters, time and temperature effects. Fracture me-
chanics. Finite elastoplasticity.
EGM 6682-Viscoelasticity (3) Prereq: EGM 6611. Theories of
solid and fluid materials which exhibit history dependence.
Development from Boltzmann linear viscoelasticity to general
thermodynamic theories of materials with memory; application to
initial boundary value problems.
EGM 6812-Fluid Mechanics I (3) Prereq: ECM 6611 or
equivalent. Equations of fluid flow. Theorems for inviscid flows.
Irrotational flows of constant density. Waves in incompressible
flows. Inviscid compressible flows.
EGM 6813-Fluid Mechanics II (3) Prereq: EGM 6812 or
equivalent. Exactand approximate solutions of the Navier-Stokes
equations for laminar fluid flows. Instability of laminar flows.
Turbulence and turbulent flows.
EGM 6905-Individual Study (1-6; max: 12 including EGM
5905 and EAS 6905)
EGM 6910-Supervised Research (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
EGM 6934-Special Topics in Engineering Mechanics (1-6; max: 12)
EGM 6936-Graduate Seminar (1; max: 6) Discussions and
presentations in the fields of graduate study and research. S/U
option.
EGM 6940-Supervised Teaching (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
EGM 6971-Research for Master's Thesis (1-15) S/U.
EGM 6972-Research for Engineer's Thesis (1-15) S/U.
EGM 7235-Advanced Vibrations Analysis (3) Prereq: ECM
6215. Nonlinear vibrations, stability, perturbation methods,
response of single and multiple degree of freedom systems, and
continuous systems to random excitations.
EGM 7819-Computational Fluid Dynamics (3) Prereq: EGM
6342 and 6813 or equivalent. Finite difference methods for PDE.
Navier-Stokes equations for incompressible and compressible
fluids. Boundary fitted coordinate transformation, adaptive grid
techniques. Numerical methods and computer codes for fluid
flow problems.
EGM 7835-Boundary Layer Theory (3) Prereq: EGM 6813.
Definitive treatment of the Prandtl boundary layer concept for
laminar and turbulent flows. Integral methods from Karman-


Pohlhausen through current investigators. Thermal boundary
layers in forced and natural convection.
EGM 7845-Turbulent Fluid Flow (3) Prereq: EGM 6813 or
equivalent. Definition of turbulence, basic equations of motion.
Instability and transition. Statistical methods, correlation and
spectral functions. Experimental methods, flow visualization.
Isotropic homogeneous turbulence. Shear turbulence, similitude,
the turbulent boundary layer, rough turbulent flow. Jets and
wakes. Heat convection, thermally driven turbulence.
EGM 7979-Advanced Research (1-12) Research for doctoral
students before admission to candidacy. Designed for students
with a master's degree in the field of study or for students who
have been accepted for a doctoral program. Not open to students
who have been admitted to candidacy. S/U.
EGM 7980-Research for Doctoral Dissertation (1-15) S/U.


CENTER FOR AFRICAN STUDIES
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

GRADUATE FACULTY 1995-96
Acting Director: G. Hyden. Graduate Research Profes-
sor: U. Lele. Distinguished Service Professor: C. G.
Davis. Professors: C. O. Andrew; H. Armstrong; M. J.
Burridge; B. A.'Cailler; R. Cohen; J. H. Conrad; T. L.
Crisman; R. H. Davis; H. Der-Houssikian; J. K. Dow; B.
M. du Toit; E. G. Gibbs; C. F. Gladwin; H. L. Gholz; L.
D. Harris; P. E. Hildebrand; G. Hyden; C. F. Kiker; M.
Langham; M. Lockhart; P. Magnarella; E. L. Matheny; D.
McCloud; A. Nanji; H. Popenoe; R. E. Poynor; R. Renner;
J. E. Seale; J. Simpson; N. Smith; A. Spring; P. J. van
Blokland. Associate Professors: A. Bamia; S. A. Brandt; L.
N. Crook; A. Hansen; M. A. Hill-Lubin; P. A. Kotey; M.
Reid. Assistant Professors: K. Buhr; A. C. Goldman; J. E.
Mason; R. D. Rudd.

The Center for African Studies offers the Certificate in
African Studies for master's and doctoral students in
conjunction with disciplinary degrees. Graduate courses
on Africa or with African content are available in the
Colleges or Departments of African and Asian Languages
and Literatures, Agriculture, Anthropology, Art, Botany,
Economics, Education, English, Food and Resource Eco-
nomics, Forest Resources and Conservation, Geography,
History, Journalism and Communications, Law, Linguis-
tics, Music, Political Science, and Sociology.
A description of the certificate program in African
Studies may be found in the section Special Programs.
Listings of courses may be found in individual departmen-
tal descriptions or may be obtained from the Director, 427
Grinter Hall.

AFS 6060-Research Problems in African Studies (3) Research
designs for work on African-based problems. Interdisciplinary in
scope.
AFS 6905-Individual Work (1-3; max: 9).


AGRICULTURAL AND BIOLOGICAL
ENGINEERING
Colleges of Engineering and Agriculture

GRADUATE FACULTY 1995-96
Chairman: O. J. Loewer. Assistant Chairman: R. C. Fluck.
Graduate Coordinator: K. V. Chau..Graduate Research






AFRICAN STUDIES / 65


EGM 6444-Advanced Dynamics (3) Prereq: ECM 5430. The
principle of least action, conservation laws, integration of the
equations of motion, collision, free and forced linear and nonlin-
ear oscillations, rigid body motion, the spinning top, motion in
non-inertial frames, canonical equations.
EGM 6551-Thermal Stress Analysis (3) Prereq: EML 4142,
EGM 5533 or equivalents. Coupled and uncoupled thermoelastic
theory. Static and quasi-stationary plan problems, dynamic ef-
fects, thermal stresses in structures, thermoelastic stability, inelas-
tic thermal response.
EGM 6570-Principles of Fracture Mechanics (3) Prereq: EGM
6611. Introduction to the mechanics of fracture of brittle and
ductile materials. Linear elastic fracture mechanics; elastic-
plastic fracture; fracture testing; numerical methods; composite
materials; creep and fatigue fracture.
EGM 6611-Continuum Mechanics I (3) Prereq: EGM 3520.
Tensors of stress and deformation. Balance and conservation laws,
thermodynamic considerations. Examples of linear constitutive
relations. Field equations and boundary conditions of fluid flow.
EGM 6612-Continuum Mechanics II (3) Prereq: ECM 6611.
Polar decomposition. Constitutive theory: frame indifference,
material symmetry, continuum thermodynamics. Topics selected
from wave propagation, mixture theory, director theories, non-
orthogonal coordinates.
EGM 6652-Elasticity (3) Prereq: EGM 6611. Equations of
elasticity and strain energy concepts. Uniqueness theorems and
solution of two- and three-dimensional problems for small defor-
mations. Consideration of multiply connected domains and
complex variable methods.
EGM 6671-Plasticity (3) Prereq: EGM 6611. Virtual work,
stability, extremum principles. Applications on the microscale,
miniscale, and macroscale. Thermodynamics, internal variables,
damage parameters, time and temperature effects. Fracture me-
chanics. Finite elastoplasticity.
EGM 6682-Viscoelasticity (3) Prereq: EGM 6611. Theories of
solid and fluid materials which exhibit history dependence.
Development from Boltzmann linear viscoelasticity to general
thermodynamic theories of materials with memory; application to
initial boundary value problems.
EGM 6812-Fluid Mechanics I (3) Prereq: ECM 6611 or
equivalent. Equations of fluid flow. Theorems for inviscid flows.
Irrotational flows of constant density. Waves in incompressible
flows. Inviscid compressible flows.
EGM 6813-Fluid Mechanics II (3) Prereq: EGM 6812 or
equivalent. Exactand approximate solutions of the Navier-Stokes
equations for laminar fluid flows. Instability of laminar flows.
Turbulence and turbulent flows.
EGM 6905-Individual Study (1-6; max: 12 including EGM
5905 and EAS 6905)
EGM 6910-Supervised Research (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
EGM 6934-Special Topics in Engineering Mechanics (1-6; max: 12)
EGM 6936-Graduate Seminar (1; max: 6) Discussions and
presentations in the fields of graduate study and research. S/U
option.
EGM 6940-Supervised Teaching (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
EGM 6971-Research for Master's Thesis (1-15) S/U.
EGM 6972-Research for Engineer's Thesis (1-15) S/U.
EGM 7235-Advanced Vibrations Analysis (3) Prereq: ECM
6215. Nonlinear vibrations, stability, perturbation methods,
response of single and multiple degree of freedom systems, and
continuous systems to random excitations.
EGM 7819-Computational Fluid Dynamics (3) Prereq: EGM
6342 and 6813 or equivalent. Finite difference methods for PDE.
Navier-Stokes equations for incompressible and compressible
fluids. Boundary fitted coordinate transformation, adaptive grid
techniques. Numerical methods and computer codes for fluid
flow problems.
EGM 7835-Boundary Layer Theory (3) Prereq: EGM 6813.
Definitive treatment of the Prandtl boundary layer concept for
laminar and turbulent flows. Integral methods from Karman-


Pohlhausen through current investigators. Thermal boundary
layers in forced and natural convection.
EGM 7845-Turbulent Fluid Flow (3) Prereq: EGM 6813 or
equivalent. Definition of turbulence, basic equations of motion.
Instability and transition. Statistical methods, correlation and
spectral functions. Experimental methods, flow visualization.
Isotropic homogeneous turbulence. Shear turbulence, similitude,
the turbulent boundary layer, rough turbulent flow. Jets and
wakes. Heat convection, thermally driven turbulence.
EGM 7979-Advanced Research (1-12) Research for doctoral
students before admission to candidacy. Designed for students
with a master's degree in the field of study or for students who
have been accepted for a doctoral program. Not open to students
who have been admitted to candidacy. S/U.
EGM 7980-Research for Doctoral Dissertation (1-15) S/U.


CENTER FOR AFRICAN STUDIES
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

GRADUATE FACULTY 1995-96
Acting Director: G. Hyden. Graduate Research Profes-
sor: U. Lele. Distinguished Service Professor: C. G.
Davis. Professors: C. O. Andrew; H. Armstrong; M. J.
Burridge; B. A.'Cailler; R. Cohen; J. H. Conrad; T. L.
Crisman; R. H. Davis; H. Der-Houssikian; J. K. Dow; B.
M. du Toit; E. G. Gibbs; C. F. Gladwin; H. L. Gholz; L.
D. Harris; P. E. Hildebrand; G. Hyden; C. F. Kiker; M.
Langham; M. Lockhart; P. Magnarella; E. L. Matheny; D.
McCloud; A. Nanji; H. Popenoe; R. E. Poynor; R. Renner;
J. E. Seale; J. Simpson; N. Smith; A. Spring; P. J. van
Blokland. Associate Professors: A. Bamia; S. A. Brandt; L.
N. Crook; A. Hansen; M. A. Hill-Lubin; P. A. Kotey; M.
Reid. Assistant Professors: K. Buhr; A. C. Goldman; J. E.
Mason; R. D. Rudd.

The Center for African Studies offers the Certificate in
African Studies for master's and doctoral students in
conjunction with disciplinary degrees. Graduate courses
on Africa or with African content are available in the
Colleges or Departments of African and Asian Languages
and Literatures, Agriculture, Anthropology, Art, Botany,
Economics, Education, English, Food and Resource Eco-
nomics, Forest Resources and Conservation, Geography,
History, Journalism and Communications, Law, Linguis-
tics, Music, Political Science, and Sociology.
A description of the certificate program in African
Studies may be found in the section Special Programs.
Listings of courses may be found in individual departmen-
tal descriptions or may be obtained from the Director, 427
Grinter Hall.

AFS 6060-Research Problems in African Studies (3) Research
designs for work on African-based problems. Interdisciplinary in
scope.
AFS 6905-Individual Work (1-3; max: 9).


AGRICULTURAL AND BIOLOGICAL
ENGINEERING
Colleges of Engineering and Agriculture

GRADUATE FACULTY 1995-96
Chairman: O. J. Loewer. Assistant Chairman: R. C. Fluck.
Graduate Coordinator: K. V. Chau..Graduate Research






66 / FIELDS OF INSTRUCTION


Professor: R. M. Peart. Professors: L. O. Bagnall; R. A.
Bucklin; K. L. Campbell; K. V. Chau; D. P. Chynoweth;
R. C. Fluck; F. T. Izuno; J. W. Jones; O. J. Loewer; W. M.
Miller; J. W. Mishoe; R. A. Nordstedt; A. R. Overman; D.
R. Price; L. N. Shaw; S. F. Shih; A. G. Smajstria; A. A.
Teixeira; J. D. Whitney; F. S. Zazueta. Associate Profes-
sors: H. W. Beck; B. J. Boman; J. F. Earle; B. T. French;
W. D. Graham; D. Z. Haman; P. H. Jones; E. P. Lincoln;
M. Salyani; G. H. Smerage; M. T. Talbot. Assistant
Professor: J. C. Capece.
The degrees of Master of Science, Master of Engineer-
ing, Doctor of Philosophy, and Engineer are offered with
graduate programs in agricultural and biological engineer-
ing through the College of Engineering. The Master of
Science and Doctor of Philosophy degrees in agricultural
and biological engineering are offered in the area of
agricultural operations management through the College
of Agriculture.
The Master of Science, Master of Engineering, and
Doctor of Philosophy degrees are offered in the following
I areas of research: soil and water conservation engineer-
ing, water resource management, waste management,
power and machinery, structures and environment, agri-
cultural robotics, crop processing, remote sensing, deci-
sion support systems, food and bioprocess engineering,
biomass production, biological system simulation, and
energy conversion systems. Students can pursue a gradu-
ate specialization in food engineering through a coopera-
tive program jointly administered with the Department of
Food Science and Human Nutrition. Similar programs
may be developed with other departments within the
University.
The Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy in the
agricultural operations managementarea of specialization
provide for scientific training and research in technical
agricultural management. Typical plans of study focus on
advanced training in field production management, pro-
cess and manufacturing management, or technical sales
and product support.
Requirements for admission into the Master of Engineer-
ing and Doctor of Philosophy degree programs in the
College of Engineering are the completion of an approved
undergraduate program in agricultural engineering or
related engineering discipline. Admission into the Master
of Science program in the College of Engineering requires
completion of a mathematics sequence through differen-
tial equations, 8 credits of general chemistry and 8 credits
of general physics with calculus and laboratory or equiva-
lent. Admission into the Doctor of Philosophy or the
Master of Science program in the College of Agriculture
requires completion of an approved undergraduate agri-
cultural operations management program or equivalent
and a working knowledge of a computer language. Stu-
dents not meeting the stated admissions requirements may
be accepted into a degree program, providing sufficient
articulation courses are included in the program of study.
Students interested in enrolling in a graduate program
should contact the Graduate Coordinator.
Candidates for advanced degrees in engineering are
required to take at least 12 credits from an approved list of
major courses at the 5000 level or higher, with at least 6
credits of AGE courses at the 6000 level, exclusive of


seminar and thesis research credits. Other courses are
taken in applicable basic sciences and engineering to meet
educational objectives and to comprise an integrated
program as approved by the Department's Graduate
Committee. Master's students are required to complete at
least 3 credits of mathematics at the 5000 level or higher,
and doctoral students are required to complete at least 12
credits.
Candidates.for the Master of Science concentration in
agricultural operations management are required to com-
plete AOM 5315, at least 12 credits from an approved list
of major courses, at least 3 credits of statistics at the 6000
level, and at least 2 credits of applied systems or computer
programming at the 5000 level or higher.
For students in a Master of Science program in the
college of Agriculture, the following courses are accept-
able: ACG 5005-Financial Accounting; ACG 6367-
Managerial Accounting; AEB 6553-Elements of Econo-
metrics; CAP 5009-Computer Concepts in Business;
CAP 5021-Computer-Based Business Management.

AGE 5152-Advanced Power and Machinery for Agriculture
(3) Prereq: EML 3100, EGM 3400, 3520. Functional design
requirements, design procedures, and performance evaluation.
AGE 5332-Advanced Agricultural Structures (3) Design crite-
ria for agricultural structures including steady and unsteady heat
transfer analysis, environmental modification, plant and animal
physiology, and structural systems analysis.
AGE 5442-Advanced Agricultural Process Engineering (3)
Engineering problems in handling and processing agricultural
products.
AGE 5643C-Biological and Agricultural Systems Analysis (3)
Prereq: MAC 3312. Introduction to concepts and:methods of
process-based modeling of systems and analysis of system behav-
ior; physiological, populational, and agricultural applications.
AGE 5646C-Biological and Agricultural Systems Simulation
(3) Prereq: MAC 3312, COP 3110 or 3212. Numerical tech-
niques for continuous system models using FORTRAN. Introduc-
tion to discrete simulation. Application of simulation and sensi-
tivity analysis with examples relating to crops, soil, environment,
and pests.
AGE 5647-Advances in Microirrigation (3) Prereq: graduate
status or consent of instructor. State of the art in microirrigation
technology. System evolution; components; soil-water-plant re-
lations; hydraulics; design criteria; installation; water and chemi-
cal interactions; biological interactions; scheduling, operation
and maintenance; knowledge-based systems; automation.
AGE 5707C-Agricultural Waste Management (3) Prereq: 4 or
higher classification. Engineering analysis and design of systems
for the collection, storage, treatment, transport, and utilization of
livestock and other agricultural organic wastes and wastewaters.
Field trips to operating systems and laboratory evaluation of
materials and processes.
AGE 6031-Instrumentation in Agricultural Engineering Re-
search (3) Principles and application of measuring instruments
and devices for obtaining experimental data in agricultural
engineering research.
AGE 6252-Advanced Soil and Water Management Engineer-
ing (3) Physical and mathematical analysis of problems in
infiltration, drainage, and groundwater hydraulics.
AGE 6254-Simulation of Agricultural Watershed Systems (3)
Prereq: CWR 4101C and working knowledge of FORTRAN.
Characterization and simulation of agricultural watershed sys-
tems including land and channel phase hydrologic processes and
pollutant transport processes. Investigation of the structure and
capabilities of current agricultural watershed computer models.
AGE 6262C-RemoteSensing in Hydrology (3) Applications of
satellites, shuttle imaging radar, ground-penetrating radar, mul-










tispectral scanner, thermal IR, and geographic information system
to study rainfall, evapotranspiration, groundwater, water extent,
water quality, soil moisture, and runoff.
AGE 6615-Advanced Heat and Mass Transfer in Biological
Systems (3) Prereq: CGS 3422, AGE 3612C. Analytical and
numerical technique solutions to problems of heat and mass
transfer in biological systems. Emphasis on nonhomogenous,
irregularly shaped products with respiration and transpiration.
AGE 6644-Agricultural Decision Systems (3) Computerized
decision systems for agriculture. Expert systems, decision support
systems, simulations, and types of applications in agriculture.
AGE 6905-Individual Work in Agricultural Engineering (1-4;
max: 6) Special problems in agricultural engineering.
AGE 6910-Supervised Research (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
AGE 6931-Seminar (1; max: 2) Preparation and presentation of
reports on specialized aspects of research in agricultural engi-
neering and agricultural operations management. S/U.
AGE 6933-Special Topics in Agricultural Engineering (1-4;
max: 6) Lectures, laboratory, and/or special projects covering
special topics in agricultural engineering.
AGE 6940-Supervised Teaching (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
AGE 6971-Research for Master's Thesis (1-15) S/U.
AGE 6972-Research for Engineer's Thesis (1-15) S/U.
AGE 6986-Applied Mathematics in Agricultural Engineering
(3) Mathematical methods, including regression analysis, graphi-
cal techniques, and analytical and numerical solution of ordinary
and partial differential equations, relevant to agricultural engi-
neering.
AGE 7979-Advanced Research (1-12) Research for doctoral
students before admission to candidacy. Designed for students
with a master's degree in the field of study or for students who
have been accepted for a'doctoral program. Not open to students
who have been admitted to candidacy. S/U.
AGE 7980-Research for Doctoral Dissertation (1-15) S/U.
AOM 5045-Appropriate Technology for Agricultural Mecha-
nization (3) Prereq: baccalaureate degree in agriculture or
equivalent. Selection, evaluation, and transfer of appropriate
mechanization technology for agricultural development. Agricul-
tural power sources; field, processing, transportation, water
pumping, and other farmstead equipment and structures.
AOM 5315-Advanced Agricultural Operations Management
(3) Prereq: AOM 4455; CAP 3802 or equivalent or consent of
instructor. The functional and economic applications of machine
monitoring and robotics. Analysis of farm machinery systems
reliability performance. Queueing theory, linear programming,
and ergonomic considerations for machine systems optimization.
CWR 6536-Stochastic Subsurface Hydrology (3) Prereq: se-
nior-level course in probability and statistics, calculus through
differential equations, soil physics, and/or subsurface hydrology.
Stochastic modeling of subsurface flow and transport including
geostatistics, time series analysis, Kalman filtering, and physically
based stochastic models.
CWR 6537-Contaminant Subsurface Hydrology (3) Prereq:
MAP 3302 or 4314 or equivalent; COP 3210 or equivalent; SOS
4602 or AGE 6252 or CWR 5125 or 5127 or equivalent; SOS
4404 or EES 6208 or equivalent. Physical-chemical-biological
concepts and modeling of retention and transport of water and
solutes in unsaturated and saturated media. Applications to
environmental aspects of soil and groundwater contamination
emphasized.


AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION AND
COMMUNICATION
College of Agriculture

GRADUATE FACULTY 1995-96
Chairman: C. E. Beeman. Graduate Coordinator: M. T.
Baker. Professors:J. L. App; L. R. Arrington; C. E. Beeman;


AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION & COMMUNICATION / 67



E. B. Bolton; J. G. Cheek; W. R. Summerhill; B. E. Taylor;
C. L. Taylor; D. A. Tichenor; J. T. Woeste. Associate
Professors: M. H. Breeze; G. D. Israel; J. M. Nehiley.
Assistant Professors: M. T. Baker; T. S. Hoover; R. D.
Rudd; R. W. Telg.

The Department of Agricultural Education and Commu-
nication offers major work for the degrees of Master of
Science and Master of Agriculture. The requirements for
each degree are described in the General Information
section.
Three curriculum options for graduate study toward
either degree are offered. The extension option is for those
persons currently employed or preparing to be employed
in the cooperative extension service, including home
economics, agriculture, 4-H, and other related areas. The
teaching option is for persons who are teaching agricul-
tural education in the public schools and those who wish
to enter the profession and require basic certification. The
farming systems research-extension for sustainable agri-
culture option provides technical and social science skills
and knowledge for field-level technicians. Emphasis is on
sustainable agriculture in developing tropical countries.
A prospective graduate student need not have majored
in agricultural education and communications as an
undergraduate. However, students with an insufficient
background in either agricultural education or technical
agriculture will need to include some basic courses in
these areas in their program.
The Department of Home Economics offers graduate
students with home economics related interests the oppor-
tunity for field experience and research activity in the areas
of family and consumer economics, housing, and foods
and nutrition.

AEE 5037-Agricultural Development Communication (3)
Comparative studies of communication and extension education
in developing countries, emphasis on planning and implementing
change programs in international agricultural development.
AEE 5038-Technical and Scientific Communication in Agricul-
ture (3) Developing better communication skills to reach
audiences through a variety of media and methods for scholarly,
organizational, and informational purposes. Focus on writing
style and strategy for communicating technical and scientific
information via journal articles, scholarly papers, mass media,
and reports, proposals, and other business-related projects.
AEE 5060-Public Opinion and Agricultural and Natural Re-
source Issues (3) Public opinion measurement and agenda
setting. Media treatment, public opinion, and public relations/
public information activity regarding issues affecting agricultural
production and trade.
AEE 5454-Leadership Development for Extension and Com-
munity Nonprofit Organizations (3) Application of concepts
related to developing leaders for organizing and maintaining
extension and community nonprofit organizations.
AEE 6050-Strategies for Campaigns to Develop Private and
Corporate Support (3) Analysis, planning, implementation, and
control of campaigns for support of nonprofit programs based on
social needs. Specific focus on advertising, marketing, and
public relations approaches.
AEE 6206-Advanced Instructional Techniques in Agricultural
and Extension Education (3) Prereq: approval of department
chairman. Effective use of instructional materials and methods
with emphasis on application of visual and nonvisual techniques.
AEE 6300-Methodology of Planned Change (3) Processes by
which professional change agents influence the introduction,






68 / FIELDS OF INSTRUCTION


adoption, and diffusion of technological changes. Applicable to
those who are responsible for bringing about change.
AEE 6325-History and Philosophy of Agricultural Education
(2) Historical and philosophical antecedents to current voca-
tional agriculture and extension education programs, social
influences which support programs and current trends.
AEE 6417-Administration and Supervision of Agricultural
Education (3) Principles and practices related to the effective
administration and supervision of agricultural education at the
national, state, and local levels.
AEE 6426-Development of a Volunteer Leadership Program
(3) Identification, recruitment, training, retention, and supervi-
sion of volunteer leaders.
AEE 6511-Supervised Agricultural Experience Programs (3)
Basic problems in planning and supervising programs of occupa-
tional experiences in view of changes occurring in agricultural
education.
AEE 6512-Program Development in Extension Education (3)
Concepts and processes drawn from the social sciences that are
relevant to the development of extension education programs.
AEE 6521-Group Dynamics in Agricultural and Extension
Education (3) Techniques and approaches used in dealing and
working with groups and individuals within groups.
AEE 6523-Planning Community and Rural Development Pro-
grams (3) Principles and practices utilized in community and
rural development efforts. Determining community needs and
goals. Students will be involved in a community development
project.
AEE 6541 C-Developing Instructional Materials in Agricultural
and Extension Education (3) Planning and production of written
and visual instructional materials for programs irt agricultural
education and extension education. Students are required to
develop a major instructional project.
AEE 6552-Evaluating Programs in Extension Education (3)
Concepts and research drawn from the social sciences relevant to
evaluating youth and adult extension programs.
AEE 6611-Agricultural and Extension Adult Education (3)
Concepts and principles related to design, implementation, and
evaluation of education programs for adults.
AEE 6704-Extension Administration and Supervision (3) Prin-
ciples and practices for effective administration and supervision
of the cooperative extension service program at the county and
state levels.
AEE 6767-Research Strategies in Agricultural and Extension
Education (3) Overview of significant research. Principles, prac-
tices, and strategies for conducting research.
AEE 6905-Problems in Agricultural and Extension Education
(1-3; max: 8) Prereq: approval of department chairman. For
advanced students to select and study a problem related to
agricultural and/or extension education.
AEE 6910-Supervised Research (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
AEE 6912-Nonthesis Research in Agricultural and Extension
Education (1-3; max: 6) Library and workshop related to methods
in agricultural and extension education, including study of
research work, review of publications, development of written
reports.
AEE 6933-Seminar in Agricultural and Extension Education (1;
max: 3) Exploration of current topics and trends.
AEE 6935-Topics in Agricultural and Extension Education (1-
3; max: 6)
AEE 6940-Supervised Teaching (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
AEE 6971-Research for Master's Thesis (1-15) S/U.
HEE 5540-Contemporary Perspectives in Home Economics
(3) Intensive analysis of current definitions of home economics,
organizational perspectives, budget/legislative decisions affect-
ing home economics programs, accountability issues, and future
perspectives for extension and secondary school systems.
HOE 5555-Women and Households in Agricultural
Development (3) Women's roles in agricultural households,
emphasis on farming systems in developing countries.


AGRICULTURE-GENERAL
College of Agriculture

Dean: L. C. Connor. Assistant Dean: J. L. Fry.

The College of Agriculture offers academic programs
and grants advanced degrees in 16 departments and the
School of Forest Resources and Conservation. These
academic units are all a part of the Institute of Food and
Agricultural Sciences (IFAS). Additional components of
IFAS include 16 research centers located throughout the
state and cooperative extension offices in each of the 67
counties of the state.
The following courses are offered under the supervision
of the office of the dean by an interdisciplinary faculty and
deal with material of concern to two or more IFAS
academic units. The courses are also open to students of
other colleges, with the permission of the course instructor.

AGG 5050-Contemporary Issues in Science (2) Teaching vs.
research, grants and grantsmanship, funding of science, commer-
cial applications of discoveries, and ethics in research and impact
of scientific progress on society. S/U.
AGG 5425-Sustainable Agriculture (3) Growing global de-
mands for agricultural products and sustainable methods for
meeting, i.e., without degrading environment and natural re-
source base.
AGG 5505-Plant Protection in Tropical Ecosystems (4) Con-
cepts of farming systems, integrated pest management and the
design of viable plant protection strategies in human and agricul-
tural systems of the worldwide tropics. Comparison of acceptable
methods of managing pest organisms.
AGG 5813-Farming Systems Research and Extension Methods
(3) Multidisciplinary team approach to technology generation
and promotion with emphasis on small farms. Adaptations of
anthropological, agronomic, and economic methods. Field work
required.
AGG 5905-Individual Study (1-4; max: 6) Supervised study or
research not covered by other courses.
AGG 5932-Special Topics (1-4; max: 6)
AGG 6830-Grant Writing (2) Prereq: admitted to doctoral
program. Preparation, submission, and management of competi-
tive grants, including operations of national review panels and
finding sources of extramural funding.
AGG 6933-Topics in Tropical Managed Ecosystems (2-8; max:
12) Intensive field research in ecology of agricultural production
systems in the tropics. Interactions between human dominated
systems, particularly agricultural systems, and natural ecosystems.
Emphasis on acquiring and applying field research techniques.
BCH 5045-Graduate Survey of Biochemistry (3) Prereq:
inorganic chemistry, organic chemistry, biology. Introduction to
plant, animal, and microbial biochemistry for graduate students
who have not had biochemistry. Integration and regulation of
biochemical processes stressed; limited discussion of some bio-
chemical techniques.
HOE 5555-Women and Households in Agricultural Develop-
ment (3) Women's roles in agricultural households, emphasis on
farming systems in developing countries.
PCB 5065-Advanced Genetics (4) Prereq: AGR 3033 or PCB
3063 and BCH 4024 or 5045. Lectures, classroom discussion,
readings from classical and current literature; problem-oriented
take-home exams. Topics: definition, regulation, and mutation of
genes; linkage, recombination, and mapping; non-Mendelian
population, quantitative and developmental genetics. Offered
fall semester.
PCB 6555-Introduction to Quantitative Genetics (3) Prereq:
STA 6166. Intended for students of all disciplines who are






AGRONOMY / 69


interested in genetic principles and biometric evaluation of,
characters that exhibit continuous variation in natural popula-
tions or breeding programs. Offered in spring semester of odd-
numbered years.


AGRONOMY
College of Agriculture

GRADUATE FACULTY 1995-96
Chairman: J. M. Bennett. Graduate Coordinator: D. G.
Shilling. Professors: L. H. Allen, Jr.; R. D. Barnett; J. M.
Bennett; K. J. Boote; P. S. Chourey; A. E. Dudeck; J. R.
Edwardson; R. N. Gallaher; D. W. Gorbet; W. T. Haller;
K. Hinson; D. B. Jones; J. C. Joyce; R. S. Kalmbacher; A.
E. Kretschmer, Jr.; K. A. Langeland; P. Mislevy III; P. L.
Pfahler; H. L. Popenoe; G. M. Prine; K. H. Quesenberry;
S. C. Schank; D. G. Shilling; T. R. Sinclair; R. L. Smith; L.
E. Sollenberger; I. D. Teare; J. C. V. Vu; S. H. West; E. B.
Whitty; M. Wilcox; D. L. Wright. Associate Professors: D.
L. Anderson; B. J. Brecke; C. G. Chambliss; D. L. Colvin;
C. W. Deren; L. S. Dunavin; E. C. French; C. K. Hiebsch;
F. le Grand; R. L. Stanley; D. L. Sutton; M. J. Williams; D.
S. Wofford. Associate Scientist: J. T. Baker. Assistant
Professors: K. L. Buhr; R. G. Shatters, Jr. Research
Assistant Professor: A. M. Fox.
The Department offers the Doctor of Philosophy and the
Master of Science degrees in agronomy with specializa-
tion in crop ecology, crop nutrition and physiology, crop
production, weed science, genetics, cytogenetics, or
plant breeding. A nonthesis degree, Master of Agriculture,
is offered with a major in agronomy.
Graduate programs emphasize the development and
subsequent application of basic principles in each special-
ization to agronomic plants in Florida and throughout the
tropics. The continuing need for increased food supplies
is reflected in departmental research efforts. When com-
patible with a student's program and permitted by prevail-
ing circumstances, some thesis and dissertation research
may be conducted wholly'or in part in one or more of
several tropical countries.
A science background with basic courses in mathemat-
ics, chemistry, botany, microbiology, and physics is
required of new graduate students. In addition to graduate
courses in agonomy, the following courses in related areas
are acceptable for graduate credits as part of the student's
major: AGE 5643C- Biological and Agricultural Systems
Analysis; AGE 5646-Biological and Agricultural Systems
Simulation; ANS 6368-Quantitative Genetics; ANS
6388- Genetics of Animal Improvement; ANS 6452-
Principles of Forage Quality Evaluation; ANS 6715-The
Rumen and Its Microbes; BOT 5225C-Plant Anatomy;
BOT 6516-Plant Metabolism; BOT 6526-Plant Nutri-
tion; BOT 6566-Plant Growth and Development; HOS
6201-Breeding Perennial Cultivars; HOS 6231-Bio-
chemical Genetics of Higher Plants; HOS 6242-Genet-
ics and Breeding of Vegetable Crops; HOS 6345-Envi-
ronmental Physiology of Horticultural Crops; PCB 5307-
Limnology; PCB 6356C-Ecosystems of the Tropics; SOS
6136-Soil Fertility.
AGR 5266C-Field Plot Techniques (3) Prereq: STA 3023.
Techniques and procedures employed in the design and analysis
of field plot, greenhouse, and laboratory research experiments.


Application of research methodology, the analysis and interpre-
tation of research results.
AGR 5277C-Tropical Crop Production (3) Prereq: consent of
instructor. The ecology and production practices of selected
crops grown in the tropics.
AGR 5307-Molecular Genetics for Crop Improvement (2)
Prereq: ACR 3303. Overview of molecular genetics and plant
transformation methodologies used in crop improvement.
AGR 6233C-Tropical Pasture and Forage Science (4) Prereq:
ACR 4231 and ANS 5446, or consent of instructor. Potential of
natural grasslands of tropical and subtropical regions. Develop-
ment of improved pastures and forages and their utilization in
livestock production.
AGR 6237-Agronomic Methods of Forage Evaluation (3)
Prereq or coreq: STA 6166. Experimental techniques for field
evaluation of forage plants. Design of grazing trials and proce-
dures for estimatingyield and botanical composition in the grazed
and ungrazed pasture.
AGR 6311-Population Genetics (2) Prereq: ACR 3303, STA
6166. Application of statistical principles to biological popula-
tions in relation to gene frequency, zygotic frequency, mating
systems, and the effects of selection, mutation and migration on
equilibrium populations.
AGR 6323-Advanced Plant Breeding (3) Prereq: AGR 3303,
4321,6311, and STA 6167. Theory and use of biometrical genetic
models for analytical evaluation of qualitative and quantitative
characteristics,'with procedures applicable to various types of
plant species.
AGR 6325L-Plant Breeding Techniques (1; max: 2) Prereq:
AGR 3303 or equivalent; coreq: AGR 6323 or equivalent.
Examination of various breeding techniques used by agronomic
and horticultural crop breeders in Florida. Field and lab visits to
active plant breeding programs, with discussion led by a specific
breeder each week. Hands-on experience in breeding programs.
AGR 6353-Cytogenetics (3) Prereq: basic courses in genetics
and cytology. Genetic variability with emphasis on interrelation-
ships of cytologic and genetic concepts. Chromosome structure
and number, chromosomal aberrations, apomixis, and applica-
tion of cytogenetic principles.
AGR 6422C-Crop Nutrition (3) Preq: BOT3503C. Nutritional
influences on differentiation, composition, growth, and yield of
agronomic plants.
AGR 6442C-Physiology of Agronomic Plants (4) Prereq: BOT
3503C. Yield potentials of crops as influenced by photosynthetic
efficiencies, respiration, translocation, drought, and canopy
architecture. Plant response to environmental factors.
AGR 6511-Crop Ecology (4) Prereq: AGR 4210, BOT 3503C,
PCB 3043C, or equivalent. Relationships of ecological factors
and climatic classifications to agroecosystems, and crop model-
ing of the major crops.
AGR 6661C-Sugarcane Processing Technology (2) Prereq:
CHM 3200, 3200L. Chemical and physical processes required for
crystallization and refining of sugar.
AGR 6905-Agronomic Problems (1-5; max: 8) Prereq: mini-
mum of one undergraduate course in agronomy or plant science.
Special topics for classroom, library, laboratory, or field studies
of agronomic plants. H.
AGR 6910-Supervised Research (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
AGR 6932-Topics in Agronomy (1-3; max: 8) Critical review
of selected topics in specific agronomic areas.
AGR 6933-Graduate Agronomy Seminar (1; max: 3) Required
of all graduate students in agronomy. Current literature and
agronomic developments.
AGR 6940-Supervised Teaching (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
AGR 6971-Research for Master's Thesis (1-15) S/U.
AGR 7979-Advanced Research (1-12) Research for doctoral
students before admission to candidacy. Designed for students
with a master's degree in the field of study or for students who
have been accepted for a doctoral program. Not open to students
who have been admitted to candidacy. S/U.





70 / FIELDS OF INSTRUCTION


AGR 7980-Research for Doctoral Dissertation (1-15) S/U.
PLS 5652-Herbicide Technology (3) Prereq: CHM 3200, PLS
4601, or consent of the instructor. Classification, mode of action,
principles of selectivity, and plant responses to herbicides. Weed,
crop, environmental, and pest management associations in de-
veloping herbicide programs.
PLS 6623-Weed Ecology (2) Prereq: PCB 3033C and PLS 4601,
or equivalent. Environmental influences on behavior and control
of weeds; influences of common methods of weed control on the
environment.
PLS 6655-Plant/Herbicide Interaction (3) Prereq: introductory
plant physiology and biochemistry; introductory weed control
and knowledge of herbicide families. Herbicide activity on
plants: edaphic and environmental influences, absorption and
translocation, response of specific physiological and biochemical
processes as related to herbicide mode of action.


ANATOMY AND CELL BIOLOGY
College of Medicine

GRADUATE FACULTY 1995-96
Chairman: M. H. Ross. Graduate Coordinator: G. S.
Bennett. Professors: C. M. Feldherr; K. A. Holbrook; L. H.
Larkin; K. E. Rarey; L. J. Romrell; M. H. Ross; C. C. Tisher;
R. A. Wallace. Research Professor: G. S. Bennett. Asso-
ciate Professors: W. A. Dunn, Jr.; T. G. Hollinger; P. J.
Linser; K. M. Madsen; K. E. Selman; S. P. Sugrue; C. M.
West. Assistant Professors: J. P. Aris; M. R. Paddy.

The Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology offers a
program leading to the Doctor of Philosophy degree in the
medical sciences with specialization in cell and develop-
mental biology. The core curriculum provides instruction
in these fields including related areas of molecular biol-
ogy. Training is also offered in structural approaches to
cell biology utilizing light and electron optics, including
advanced state-of-the-art, three-dimensional digital meth-
ods, confocal optical microscopy, digital image process-
ing, and computer graphics. The Department is a found-
ing member of the new campuswide Center for Structural
Biology.
Specific areas of research include protein turnover,
modification, transport and localization, cell interactions
in development, cell proliferation, intercellular adhesion,
extracellular matrix, secretion, cytoskeleton, nuclear struc-
ture and function, cell-surface receptor-ligand events,
endocytosis, regulation of renal transport and aspects of
reproductive biology.
Applicants should have a strong background in biology,
chemistry, or physics and have taken undergraduate
courses in organic chemistry, calculus, physics, cell
biology, and biochemistry. Deficiencies may be remedied
during the first year of graduate study. The Department
does not accept students into a program of study leading
to the degree of Master of Science.

GMS 5600C-Medical Human Anatomy (8) Basic structure and
mechanics of the human body taught primarily in the laboratory
but supplemented with lectures, conferences, and.demonstra-
tions as needed.
GMS 5621-Cell Biology (4) Prereq: undergraduate biochemis-
try or cell biology or consent of instructor. Fundamental mecha-
nisms of cell functions, specializations, and interactions that
account for the organization and activities of basic tissues.


GMS 5630-Microscopic Anatomy (4) The microscopic struc-
ture of the cells, tissues, and organs of the human body is taught.
Correlation of structure to function is emphasized.
GMS 5641-Advanced Developmental Biology (4) Prereq:
developmental biology (or embryology), cell biology, and bio-
chemistry, or consent of instructor; coreq: molecular biology or
consentof instructor. Examination of developmental mechanisms
in contemporary model systems, emphasis on experimental basis
of knowledge. Exploration of development from differential gene
expression to cellular mechanisms of pattern formation and
morphogenesis.
GMS 6609-Advanced Gross Anatomy (2-4; max: 6) Regional
and specialized anatomy of the human body taught by laboratory
dissection, conferences, and demonstrations.
GMS 6611--Research Methods in Cell Biology and Anatomy (1-
4; max: 6) Research under supervision of staff member; students
exposed to various research techniques available within the
department.
GMS 6631-Advanced Tissue Biology (4) Prereq: GMS 5621 or
consent of instructor. Microscopic anatomy, cell biology, and
embryology of mammalian (mainly human) cells, tissues, and
organs. Structure-function relationships and experimental ap-
proaches stressed. Histology laboratory included.
GMS 6632-Histochemical and Cytochemical Techniques (2)
Prereq: microscopic anatomy and staff approval. The theory and
use of histochemical and cytochemical techniques will be pre-
sented with lecture and laboratory exercises.
GMS 6690-Cell Biology and Anatomy Seminar (1; max: 12)
Faculty-student discussions of research papers and topics.
GMS 6691-Special Topics in Cell Biology and Anatomy (1-4;
max: 10) Readings in recent research literature of anatomy and/
or allied disciplines including cell, developmental, and reproduc-
tive biology.
GMS 6970-Individual Study (1-3; max: 8) Supervised study in
areas not covered by other graduate courses.
GMS 6971-Research for Master's Thesis (1-15) S/U.
GMS 7979-Advanced Research (1-12) Research for doctoral
students before admission to candidacy. Designed for students
with a master's degree in the field of study or for students who
have been accepted for a doctoral program. Not open to students
who have been admitted to candidacy. S/U.
GMS 7980-Research for Doctoral Dissertation (1-15) S/U.


ANIMAL SCIENCE
College of Agriculture

GRADUATE FACULTY 1995-96
Chairman: F. G. Hembry. Graduate Coordinator: H. H.
Head. Graduate Research Professors: R. H. Harms; W.
W. Thatcher. Professors: C. B. Ammerman; M. J. Burridge;
D. D. Buss; P. T. Cardeilhac; C. D. Chen; C. H. Courtney;
B. L. Damron; M. A. DeLorenzo; M. Drost; M. J. Fields;
D. J. Forrester; J. L. Fry; K. N. Gelatt; E. P. Gibbs; R. R.
Gronwall; P. J. Hansen; D. D. Hargrove; H. H. Head; D
D. Johnson; W. E. Kunkle; L. R. McDowell; A. M. Merritt;
R. D. Miles; J. E. Moore; R. P. Natzke; J. T. Neilson; E. A.
Ott; F. M. Pate; D. C. Sharp, III; F. A. Simmen; R. C.
Simmen; C. R. Staples; H. H. Van Horn, Jr.; A. I. Webb;
R. L. West; C. J. Wilcox; H. R. Wilson. Associate
Professors: D. B. Bates; J. H. Brendemuhl; W. E. Brown;
M. A. EIzo; A. C. Hammond; E. L. Johnson; F. W. Leak;
S. Lieb; T. T. Marshall; F. B. Mather; R. O. Myer; T. A.
Olson; P. J. Prichard; R. S. Sand; S. H. Tenbroeck; C. E.
White. Assistant Professors: C. C. Chase; S. K. Williams.
The Department of Animal Science offers the degrees of
Master of Agriculture, Master of Science, and Doctor of





70 / FIELDS OF INSTRUCTION


AGR 7980-Research for Doctoral Dissertation (1-15) S/U.
PLS 5652-Herbicide Technology (3) Prereq: CHM 3200, PLS
4601, or consent of the instructor. Classification, mode of action,
principles of selectivity, and plant responses to herbicides. Weed,
crop, environmental, and pest management associations in de-
veloping herbicide programs.
PLS 6623-Weed Ecology (2) Prereq: PCB 3033C and PLS 4601,
or equivalent. Environmental influences on behavior and control
of weeds; influences of common methods of weed control on the
environment.
PLS 6655-Plant/Herbicide Interaction (3) Prereq: introductory
plant physiology and biochemistry; introductory weed control
and knowledge of herbicide families. Herbicide activity on
plants: edaphic and environmental influences, absorption and
translocation, response of specific physiological and biochemical
processes as related to herbicide mode of action.


ANATOMY AND CELL BIOLOGY
College of Medicine

GRADUATE FACULTY 1995-96
Chairman: M. H. Ross. Graduate Coordinator: G. S.
Bennett. Professors: C. M. Feldherr; K. A. Holbrook; L. H.
Larkin; K. E. Rarey; L. J. Romrell; M. H. Ross; C. C. Tisher;
R. A. Wallace. Research Professor: G. S. Bennett. Asso-
ciate Professors: W. A. Dunn, Jr.; T. G. Hollinger; P. J.
Linser; K. M. Madsen; K. E. Selman; S. P. Sugrue; C. M.
West. Assistant Professors: J. P. Aris; M. R. Paddy.

The Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology offers a
program leading to the Doctor of Philosophy degree in the
medical sciences with specialization in cell and develop-
mental biology. The core curriculum provides instruction
in these fields including related areas of molecular biol-
ogy. Training is also offered in structural approaches to
cell biology utilizing light and electron optics, including
advanced state-of-the-art, three-dimensional digital meth-
ods, confocal optical microscopy, digital image process-
ing, and computer graphics. The Department is a found-
ing member of the new campuswide Center for Structural
Biology.
Specific areas of research include protein turnover,
modification, transport and localization, cell interactions
in development, cell proliferation, intercellular adhesion,
extracellular matrix, secretion, cytoskeleton, nuclear struc-
ture and function, cell-surface receptor-ligand events,
endocytosis, regulation of renal transport and aspects of
reproductive biology.
Applicants should have a strong background in biology,
chemistry, or physics and have taken undergraduate
courses in organic chemistry, calculus, physics, cell
biology, and biochemistry. Deficiencies may be remedied
during the first year of graduate study. The Department
does not accept students into a program of study leading
to the degree of Master of Science.

GMS 5600C-Medical Human Anatomy (8) Basic structure and
mechanics of the human body taught primarily in the laboratory
but supplemented with lectures, conferences, and.demonstra-
tions as needed.
GMS 5621-Cell Biology (4) Prereq: undergraduate biochemis-
try or cell biology or consent of instructor. Fundamental mecha-
nisms of cell functions, specializations, and interactions that
account for the organization and activities of basic tissues.


GMS 5630-Microscopic Anatomy (4) The microscopic struc-
ture of the cells, tissues, and organs of the human body is taught.
Correlation of structure to function is emphasized.
GMS 5641-Advanced Developmental Biology (4) Prereq:
developmental biology (or embryology), cell biology, and bio-
chemistry, or consent of instructor; coreq: molecular biology or
consentof instructor. Examination of developmental mechanisms
in contemporary model systems, emphasis on experimental basis
of knowledge. Exploration of development from differential gene
expression to cellular mechanisms of pattern formation and
morphogenesis.
GMS 6609-Advanced Gross Anatomy (2-4; max: 6) Regional
and specialized anatomy of the human body taught by laboratory
dissection, conferences, and demonstrations.
GMS 6611--Research Methods in Cell Biology and Anatomy (1-
4; max: 6) Research under supervision of staff member; students
exposed to various research techniques available within the
department.
GMS 6631-Advanced Tissue Biology (4) Prereq: GMS 5621 or
consent of instructor. Microscopic anatomy, cell biology, and
embryology of mammalian (mainly human) cells, tissues, and
organs. Structure-function relationships and experimental ap-
proaches stressed. Histology laboratory included.
GMS 6632-Histochemical and Cytochemical Techniques (2)
Prereq: microscopic anatomy and staff approval. The theory and
use of histochemical and cytochemical techniques will be pre-
sented with lecture and laboratory exercises.
GMS 6690-Cell Biology and Anatomy Seminar (1; max: 12)
Faculty-student discussions of research papers and topics.
GMS 6691-Special Topics in Cell Biology and Anatomy (1-4;
max: 10) Readings in recent research literature of anatomy and/
or allied disciplines including cell, developmental, and reproduc-
tive biology.
GMS 6970-Individual Study (1-3; max: 8) Supervised study in
areas not covered by other graduate courses.
GMS 6971-Research for Master's Thesis (1-15) S/U.
GMS 7979-Advanced Research (1-12) Research for doctoral
students before admission to candidacy. Designed for students
with a master's degree in the field of study or for students who
have been accepted for a doctoral program. Not open to students
who have been admitted to candidacy. S/U.
GMS 7980-Research for Doctoral Dissertation (1-15) S/U.


ANIMAL SCIENCE
College of Agriculture

GRADUATE FACULTY 1995-96
Chairman: F. G. Hembry. Graduate Coordinator: H. H.
Head. Graduate Research Professors: R. H. Harms; W.
W. Thatcher. Professors: C. B. Ammerman; M. J. Burridge;
D. D. Buss; P. T. Cardeilhac; C. D. Chen; C. H. Courtney;
B. L. Damron; M. A. DeLorenzo; M. Drost; M. J. Fields;
D. J. Forrester; J. L. Fry; K. N. Gelatt; E. P. Gibbs; R. R.
Gronwall; P. J. Hansen; D. D. Hargrove; H. H. Head; D
D. Johnson; W. E. Kunkle; L. R. McDowell; A. M. Merritt;
R. D. Miles; J. E. Moore; R. P. Natzke; J. T. Neilson; E. A.
Ott; F. M. Pate; D. C. Sharp, III; F. A. Simmen; R. C.
Simmen; C. R. Staples; H. H. Van Horn, Jr.; A. I. Webb;
R. L. West; C. J. Wilcox; H. R. Wilson. Associate
Professors: D. B. Bates; J. H. Brendemuhl; W. E. Brown;
M. A. EIzo; A. C. Hammond; E. L. Johnson; F. W. Leak;
S. Lieb; T. T. Marshall; F. B. Mather; R. O. Myer; T. A.
Olson; P. J. Prichard; R. S. Sand; S. H. Tenbroeck; C. E.
White. Assistant Professors: C. C. Chase; S. K. Williams.
The Department of Animal Science offers the degrees of
Master of Agriculture, Master of Science, and Doctor of






ANTHROPOLOGY/71


Philosophy in animal sciences in the following concentra-
tions: (1) animal nutrition, (2) meats, (3) animal breeding
and genetics, and (4) animal physiology. A student may
work on a problem covering more than one area of study.
Large animals (beef cattle, dairy cattle, swine, poultry, and
sheep) and laboratory animals are available for various
research problems. Adequate nutrition and meats labora-
tories are available for detailed chemical and carcass
quality evaluations. Special arrangements may be made to
conduct research problems at the various branch agricul-
tural experiment stations throughout Florida. A Ph.D.
.degree may be obtained in animal sciences, with disser-
tation research under the direction of members of the
Departments of Animal Science or Dairy and Poultry
Sciences, or the College of Veterinary Medicinewho have
been appointed to the animal science Graduate Faculty.
Departmental prerequisites for admission to graduate
study include a sound science background, with basic
courses in bacteriology, biology, mathematics, botany,
and chemistry.
The following courses in related areas will be accept-
able for graduate credit as part of the candidate's major:
AGR 6233-Tropical Pastures and Forage Science; AGR
6307-Advanced Genetics; AGR 6311-Population Ge-
netics; AGR 6353-Cytogenetics; BCH 6415-Advanced
Molecular and Cell Biology; DAS 6281-Dairy Science
Research Techniques; DAS 6322-Introduction to Statis-
tical Genetics; DAS 6512C-Advanced Physiology of
Lactation; DAS 6531-Endocrinology; 'DAS 6541-En-
ergy Metabolism; FOS 6226C-Advanced Food Microbi-
ology; FOS 6315C-Food Chemistry; MCB-Transcrip-
tional Regulation; PSE 6415-Advanced Poultry Nutri-
tion; PSE 6522-Avian Physiology; VME 5242C-Physi-
ology of Body Fluids.

ANS 5446-Animal Nutrition (3) Prereq: ASC 3402C, BCH
3023 or permission of instructor. Carbohydrates, fats, proteins,
minerals, and vitamins and their functions in the animal body.
ANS 6288-Experimental Technics and Analytical Procedures
in Meat Research (3) Experimental design, analytical proce-
dures; technics; carcass measurements and analyses as related to
livestock production and meats studies.
ANS 6386-Advanced Animal Breeding (3) Prereq: permission
of instructor. Application of statistical procedures to the genetic
evaluation of animals. Single trait evaluation. Multiple trait
evaluation. Multibreed evaluation.
ANS 6388-Genetics of Animal Improvement (3) Prereq: ANS
6368. Application of statistical techniques and design in animal
breeding research.
ANS 6452-Principles of Forage Quality Evaluation (2) Prereq:
ANS 5446, AGR 423 IC. Definition of forage quality in terms of
animal performance, methodology used in forage evaluation, and
proper interpretation of forage evaluation data.
ANS 6458-Advanced Methods in Nutrition Technology (3)
Prereq: CHM 2043. For graduate students but open to seniors by
special permission. Demonstrations and limited performance of
procedures used in nutrition research.
ANS 6472-Vitamins (3) Prereq: organic chemistry. Historical
development, properties, assays, and physiological effects. Of-
fered spring semester in odd-numbered years.
ANS 6636-Meat Technology (3) Chemistry, physics, histology,
bacteriology, and engineering involved in the handling, process-
ing, manufacturing, preservation, storage, distribution, and utili-
zation of meat.
ANS 6711-Equine Nutrition and Physiology (3) Prereq: ANS
5446. Principles affecting absorption and assimilation of nutrients


and basic physiology of growth, reproduction, and exercise of the
horse. Offered fall semester in even-numbered years.
ANS 6715-The Rumen and Its Microbes (3) Prereq: BCH 4003,
ANS 5446. Review and correlation of the fundamental biochemi-
cal, physiological, and bacteriological research upon which the
feeding of ruminants is based. Experimental methodology of
rumen physiology and metabolism. Offered spring semester in
even-numbered years.
ANS 6721-Swine Nutrition (2) Prereq: ANS 5446. Basic
principles affecting absorption and assimilation of nutrients re-
quired for growth, reproduction, and lactation of swine.
ANS 6723-Mineral Nutrition and Metabolism (3) Physiological
effect of macro- and micro-elements, mineral interrelationships.
ANS 6751-Physiology of Reproduction (3) Prereq: VME 5242 C,
ASG 4334. The interactions between the hypothalamus, pituitary
gland, and reproductive organs during the estrous cycle and
pregnancy in the female and sperm production in the male.
Embryonic and placental development from fertilization through
parturition and factors affecting reproductive efficiency.
ANS 6767-Molecular Endocrinology (3) Prereq: 4024 or
equivalent or permission of instructor. Molecular basis of
hormone action and regulation, and emerging techniques' in
endocrine system study; emphasis on molecular mechanisms of
growth, development, and reproduction.
ANS 6905-Problems in Animal Science (1-4; max: 8) H.
ANS 6910-Supervised Research (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
ANS 6932-Topics in Animal Science (1-3; max: 9) New
developments in animal nutrition and livestock feeding, animal
genetics, animal physiology, and livestock management.
ANS 6933-Graduate Seminar in Animal Science (1; max: 8)
ANS 6940-Supervised Teaching (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
ANS 6971-Research for Master's Thesis (1-15) S/U.
ANS 7979-Advanced Research (1-12) Research for doctoral
students before admission to candidacy. Designed for students
with a master's degree in the field of study or for students who
have been accepted for a doctoral program. Not open to students
who have been admitted to candidacy. S/U.
ANS 7980-Research for Doctoral Dissertation (1-15) S/U.


ANIMAL SCIENCES-GENERAL
College of Agriculture

The Departments of Animal Science and Dairy and
Poultry Sciences have combined their curricula into an
animal sciences curriculum. ASG 5221 and 6936
are cross-departmental courses taught by the faculty of the
two departments.

ASG 5221-Animal Production in the Tropics (3) Prereq: ANS
4242C, 4264C, DAS 3211, or permission of the instructor.
Management and environment factors which affect animal pro-
duction in the tropics.
ASG 6936-Graduate Seminar in Animal Molecular and Cell
Biology (1; max: 2) Seminar attendance and one-hour presenta-
tion on graduate research project.


ANTHROPOLOGY
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

GRADUATE FACULTY 1995-96
Chairperson: j. H. Moore. Graduate Coordinator: A.
Hansen. Graduate Research Professor: M. Harris. Distin-
guished Service Professor: P. L. Doughty; W. R. Maples.
Distinguished Research Professor: K. Deagan. Professors:
H. R. Bernard; A. F. Burns; R. Cohen; M. C. Dougherty;






ANTHROPOLOGY/71


Philosophy in animal sciences in the following concentra-
tions: (1) animal nutrition, (2) meats, (3) animal breeding
and genetics, and (4) animal physiology. A student may
work on a problem covering more than one area of study.
Large animals (beef cattle, dairy cattle, swine, poultry, and
sheep) and laboratory animals are available for various
research problems. Adequate nutrition and meats labora-
tories are available for detailed chemical and carcass
quality evaluations. Special arrangements may be made to
conduct research problems at the various branch agricul-
tural experiment stations throughout Florida. A Ph.D.
.degree may be obtained in animal sciences, with disser-
tation research under the direction of members of the
Departments of Animal Science or Dairy and Poultry
Sciences, or the College of Veterinary Medicinewho have
been appointed to the animal science Graduate Faculty.
Departmental prerequisites for admission to graduate
study include a sound science background, with basic
courses in bacteriology, biology, mathematics, botany,
and chemistry.
The following courses in related areas will be accept-
able for graduate credit as part of the candidate's major:
AGR 6233-Tropical Pastures and Forage Science; AGR
6307-Advanced Genetics; AGR 6311-Population Ge-
netics; AGR 6353-Cytogenetics; BCH 6415-Advanced
Molecular and Cell Biology; DAS 6281-Dairy Science
Research Techniques; DAS 6322-Introduction to Statis-
tical Genetics; DAS 6512C-Advanced Physiology of
Lactation; DAS 6531-Endocrinology; 'DAS 6541-En-
ergy Metabolism; FOS 6226C-Advanced Food Microbi-
ology; FOS 6315C-Food Chemistry; MCB-Transcrip-
tional Regulation; PSE 6415-Advanced Poultry Nutri-
tion; PSE 6522-Avian Physiology; VME 5242C-Physi-
ology of Body Fluids.

ANS 5446-Animal Nutrition (3) Prereq: ASC 3402C, BCH
3023 or permission of instructor. Carbohydrates, fats, proteins,
minerals, and vitamins and their functions in the animal body.
ANS 6288-Experimental Technics and Analytical Procedures
in Meat Research (3) Experimental design, analytical proce-
dures; technics; carcass measurements and analyses as related to
livestock production and meats studies.
ANS 6386-Advanced Animal Breeding (3) Prereq: permission
of instructor. Application of statistical procedures to the genetic
evaluation of animals. Single trait evaluation. Multiple trait
evaluation. Multibreed evaluation.
ANS 6388-Genetics of Animal Improvement (3) Prereq: ANS
6368. Application of statistical techniques and design in animal
breeding research.
ANS 6452-Principles of Forage Quality Evaluation (2) Prereq:
ANS 5446, AGR 423 IC. Definition of forage quality in terms of
animal performance, methodology used in forage evaluation, and
proper interpretation of forage evaluation data.
ANS 6458-Advanced Methods in Nutrition Technology (3)
Prereq: CHM 2043. For graduate students but open to seniors by
special permission. Demonstrations and limited performance of
procedures used in nutrition research.
ANS 6472-Vitamins (3) Prereq: organic chemistry. Historical
development, properties, assays, and physiological effects. Of-
fered spring semester in odd-numbered years.
ANS 6636-Meat Technology (3) Chemistry, physics, histology,
bacteriology, and engineering involved in the handling, process-
ing, manufacturing, preservation, storage, distribution, and utili-
zation of meat.
ANS 6711-Equine Nutrition and Physiology (3) Prereq: ANS
5446. Principles affecting absorption and assimilation of nutrients


and basic physiology of growth, reproduction, and exercise of the
horse. Offered fall semester in even-numbered years.
ANS 6715-The Rumen and Its Microbes (3) Prereq: BCH 4003,
ANS 5446. Review and correlation of the fundamental biochemi-
cal, physiological, and bacteriological research upon which the
feeding of ruminants is based. Experimental methodology of
rumen physiology and metabolism. Offered spring semester in
even-numbered years.
ANS 6721-Swine Nutrition (2) Prereq: ANS 5446. Basic
principles affecting absorption and assimilation of nutrients re-
quired for growth, reproduction, and lactation of swine.
ANS 6723-Mineral Nutrition and Metabolism (3) Physiological
effect of macro- and micro-elements, mineral interrelationships.
ANS 6751-Physiology of Reproduction (3) Prereq: VME 5242 C,
ASG 4334. The interactions between the hypothalamus, pituitary
gland, and reproductive organs during the estrous cycle and
pregnancy in the female and sperm production in the male.
Embryonic and placental development from fertilization through
parturition and factors affecting reproductive efficiency.
ANS 6767-Molecular Endocrinology (3) Prereq: 4024 or
equivalent or permission of instructor. Molecular basis of
hormone action and regulation, and emerging techniques' in
endocrine system study; emphasis on molecular mechanisms of
growth, development, and reproduction.
ANS 6905-Problems in Animal Science (1-4; max: 8) H.
ANS 6910-Supervised Research (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
ANS 6932-Topics in Animal Science (1-3; max: 9) New
developments in animal nutrition and livestock feeding, animal
genetics, animal physiology, and livestock management.
ANS 6933-Graduate Seminar in Animal Science (1; max: 8)
ANS 6940-Supervised Teaching (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
ANS 6971-Research for Master's Thesis (1-15) S/U.
ANS 7979-Advanced Research (1-12) Research for doctoral
students before admission to candidacy. Designed for students
with a master's degree in the field of study or for students who
have been accepted for a doctoral program. Not open to students
who have been admitted to candidacy. S/U.
ANS 7980-Research for Doctoral Dissertation (1-15) S/U.


ANIMAL SCIENCES-GENERAL
College of Agriculture

The Departments of Animal Science and Dairy and
Poultry Sciences have combined their curricula into an
animal sciences curriculum. ASG 5221 and 6936
are cross-departmental courses taught by the faculty of the
two departments.

ASG 5221-Animal Production in the Tropics (3) Prereq: ANS
4242C, 4264C, DAS 3211, or permission of the instructor.
Management and environment factors which affect animal pro-
duction in the tropics.
ASG 6936-Graduate Seminar in Animal Molecular and Cell
Biology (1; max: 2) Seminar attendance and one-hour presenta-
tion on graduate research project.


ANTHROPOLOGY
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

GRADUATE FACULTY 1995-96
Chairperson: j. H. Moore. Graduate Coordinator: A.
Hansen. Graduate Research Professor: M. Harris. Distin-
guished Service Professor: P. L. Doughty; W. R. Maples.
Distinguished Research Professor: K. Deagan. Professors:
H. R. Bernard; A. F. Burns; R. Cohen; M. C. Dougherty;





72 / FIELDS OF INSTRUCTION


B. M. du Toit; J. D. Early;t E. M. Eddy (Emeritus); C. F.
Gladwin; B. T. Grindal;* M. J. Hardman-de-Bautista; M.
Y. Iscan;t P. J. Magnarella; M. L. Margolis;W. H.
Marquardt; J. T. Milanich; J. H. Moore; M. Moseley; A.
R. Oliver-Smith; J. A. Paredes;* M. E. Pohl;* B. A. Purdy
(Emeritus); H. I. Safa; M. Schmink; A. Spring; A. M.
Stearman; 0. von Mering; G. Weiss;t E. S. Wing. Asso-
ciate Professors: S. A. Brandt; A. Hansen; T. Ho;* W. F.
Keegan; W. J. Kennedy;t L. S. Lieberman; G. F. Murray;
P. R. Schmidt.

These members of the faculty of Florida State University
(*) and Florida Atlantic University (f) are also members of
the Graduate Faculty of the University of Florida and
participate in the doctoral degree program in the Univer-
sity of Florida Department of Anthropology.

The Department of Anthropology offers graduate work
leading to the Master of Arts (thesis or nonthesis option)
and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. Graduate training is
offered in applied anthropology, social and cultural an-
thropology, archeology, anthropological linguistics, and
physical/ biological anthropology,
There is a general option and an interdisciplinary one.
The general option allows students to concentrate at the
M.A. level on the integration of the four subfields of
anthropology and to specialize at the Ph.D. level. The
interdisciplinary alternative allows students to 1) concen-
trate on one or two subfields of anthropology along with
one or more areas outside of anthropology and 2) begin
early specialization and integration of a subfield of anthro-
pology and an outside field. More information about these
two options is found in the Department publication on
graduate programs and policies that may be obtained by
writing directly to the Department.
The Department of Anthropology generally requires a
minimum score of 1100 on the Graduate Record Exami-
nation and a 3.2 overall grade point average based on a
4.0 system.
Candidates for the M.A. are required to take ANT 6038
and 6917. No more than six hours of ANT 6971 will be
counted toward the minimum requirements for the M.A.
with thesis. Knowledge of a foreign language may be
required by the student's supervisory committee. Other
requirements for the program are listed in this catalog
under the Requirements for Master's Degrees.
Students enrolled in the M.A. program who wish to
continue their studies for a Ph.D. must apply to the
Department for certification. Minimum requirements will
normally include 1) a minimum grade point average of 3.5
in all graduate anthropology courses and a minimum of
3.2 in other courses, 2) a grade of pass on either the
Integrative Basic Knowledge Examination or the compre-
hensive examination, and 3) a thesis, report, or paper
judged to be of excellent quality by the student's supervi-
sory committee. In most cases, candidates for the Ph.D.
must achieve competency in a language other than En-
glish. Entering students who already have earned a master's
degree may apply for direct admission to the doctoral
program.
Study for the Ph.D. degree in anthropology at the
University of Florida by qualified master's degree recipi-
ents at Florida Atlantic University and Florida State Uni-


versity is facilitated by a cooperative arrangement in
which appropriate faculty members of these universities
are members of the graduate faculty of the University of.
Florida.
There are two deadlines for receiving completed appli-
cations for admission into the graduate program. Novem-
ber 1 (for spring semester admissions) and March 11 (for
fall and summer semester admissions).

ANT 5115-Archeological Theory (3) Prereq: one course in
archeology; and/or anthropology or permission of the instructor.
Survey of the theoretical and methodological tenets of anthropo-
logical archeology; critical review of archeological theories, past
and present; relation of archeology to anthropology. Not open to
students who have taken ANT 4110.
ANT 5126L-Field Sessions in Archeology (6) Prereq: 6 hours of
anthropology or permission of instructor._Excavation of archeo-
logical sites, recording data, laboratory handling and analysis of
specimens, and study of theoretical principles which underlie
field methods and artifact analysis. Not open to students who
have taken ANT 4124 or equivalent.
ANT 5127-Laboratory Training in Archeology (3) Prereq: an
introductory level archeology course. Processing of data recov-
ered in field excavations; cleaning, identification, cataloging,
classification, drawing, analysis, responsibilities of data report-
ing. Not open to students who have taken ANT 4123 or equivalent.
ANT 5154-North American Archeology (3) The existing ar-
cheological materials relating to prehistoric North American
cultures. The origins of the North American Indian. Historic
Indian and colonial materials. Not open to students who have
taken ANT 3153.
ANT 5156-Southeastern United States'Archeology (3) Survey
of archeological materials relating to aboriginal occupation of the
Southeastern United States from the Paleo-lndian period to the
historic horizon. Sites, artifacts,'and cultural adaptations in the
Southeast.
ANT 5159-Florida Archeology (3) Survey of 12,000 years of
human occupation of Florida, including early hunters and forag-
ers, regional cultural developments, external relationships with
the Southeast and Caribbean regions, peoples of historic period,
and effects of European conquest. Not open to students who have
taken ANT 3157.
ANT 5175-Historical Archeology (3) Prereq: ANT 3141 or
consent of instructor. Methods and theoretical foundations of
historical archeology as it relates to the disciplines of anthropol-
ogy, history, historic preservation, and conservation. Introduc-
tion to pertinent aspects of material culture during the historic
period.
ANT 5188-Conservation and Archaeometry (3) Prereq: ANT
4185 or equivalent. Treatment of artifacts from the time of
excavation until permanent storage including field preservation,
precaution processing storage, and preparation for inclusion in
exhibits. Treatment of fragile artifacts.
ANT 5195-Zooarcheology (3) Prereq: consent of instructor.
Human use of animal resources, with emphasis on prehistoric
hunting and fishing practices. Origins of animal domestication.
ANT 5256-Rural Peoples in the Modern World (3) Historical
background and comparative contemporary studyof peasant and
other rural societies. Unique characteristics, institutions, and
problems of rural life stressing agriculture and rural-urban rela-
tionships in cross-cultural perspective. Not open to students who
have taken ANT 4255.
ANT 5265-Economic Anthropology (3) Anthropological per-
spectives on economic philosophies and their behavioral bases.
Studies of production, distribution, and consumption; money,
savings, credit, peasant markets; and development in cross-
cultural context from perspectives of cultural ecology, Marxism,
formalism, and substantivism. Not open to students who have
taken ANT 4266.






ANTHROPOLOGY / 73


ANT 5267-Anthropology and Development (3) An examina-
tion of theories and development and their relevance to the Third
World, particularly Africa or Latin America. After this microanaly-
sis, microlevel development will be examined with special
reference to rural areas.
ANT 5303-Women and Development (3) Influence of develop-
ment on women in rural and urban areas. Women's participation
in the new opportunities of modernization.
ANT 5317-The North American Indian (3) The peopling of
North America. The culture areas of North America. Unique
characteristics, institutions, and problems. Not open to students
who have taken ANT 4312.
ANT 5323-Peoples of Mexico and Central America (3) The
settlement and early cultures of the area with an emphasis on the
rise of the major culture centers. The impact of European
civilization on surviving Indians. Not open to students who have
taken ANT 4326.
ANT 5327-Maya and Aztec Civilizations (3) Civilizations in
Mesoamerica from the beginnings of agriculture to the time of the
coming of Europeans. Maya and Aztec civilizations as well as the
Olmec, Zapotec, and Teotihuacan cultures. Not open to students
who have taken ANT 3325.
ANT 5330-The Tribal Peoples of Lowland South America (3)
Survey of marginal and tropical forest hunters and gatherers and
horticulturalists of the Amazon Basin, Central Brazil, Paraguay,
Argentina, and other areas of South America. Social organization,
subsistence activities, ecological adaptations, and other aspects
of tribal life. Not open to students who have taken ANT 4338.
ANT 5333-Peoples of the Andes (3) The area-cotradition. The
Spanish Conquest and shaping and persistence of colonial cul-
ture. Twentieth-century communities-their social land tenure,
religious, and value systems. Modernization, cultural pluralism,
and problems of integration. Not open to students who have taken
ANT 4337.
ANT 5339-The Inca and Their Ancestors (3) Evolution of the
Inca empire traced archeologically through earlier Andean states
and societies to the beginning of native civilization. Not open to
students who have taken ANT 3164.
ANT 5345-Anthropology of the Caribbean (3) Transformation
of area through slavery, colonialism, and independence move-
ments. Contemporary political, economic, familial, folk-reli-
gious, and folk-healing systems. Migration strategies and future
options. Not open to students who have taken ANT 4346.
ANT 5353-Peoples of Africa (3) Survey of the culture, history,
and ethnographic background of the peoples of Africa. A basis for
appreciation of current problems of acculturation, nationalism,
and cultural survival and change among African peoples. Not
open to students who have taken ANT 4352.
ANT 5355-The Anthropology of Modern Africa (3) Continuity
and change in contemporary African societies, with special
reference to cultural and ethnic factors in modern nations. Not
open to students who taken ANT 4354.
ANT 5395-Visual Anthropology (3) Prereq: basic knowledge of
photography or permission of instructor. Photography and film as
tools and products of social science. Ways of describing, analyz-
ing, and presenting behavior and cultural ideas through visual
means, student projects, and laboratory work with visual anthro-
pology. Not open to students who have taken ANT 3390.
ANT 5396-The Peoples of Brazil (3) Ethnology of Brazil.
Historical, geographic, and socioeconomic materials and repre-
sentative monographs from the various regions of Brazil as well
as the contribution of the Indian, Portuguese, and African to
modern Brazilian culture. Not open to students who have taken
ANT 4336.
ANT 5429-Kinship and Social Organization (3) Prereq: ANT
2402 or 3410. Property concepts, forms, and complexes. Tribal
patterns of government and social control. Notopen to students
who have taken ANT 4426.
ANT 5465-Culture and Aging (3) Prereq: two of following:
ANT 3410, SOC 2000, or introductory psychology course. Cross-


cultural perspectives of adult development and aging in tradi-
tional and industrial society. Comparative assessment of cultur-
ally mediated, life-cycle transformations into old age and health
related and human service policy issues. Not open to students
who have taken ANT 4464.
ANT 5467-Culture and Nutrition (3) Prereq: HUN 3221. The
theory, methodology, and substantive material of nutritional an-
thropology. Emphasis on cross-cultural bio-behavioral patterns.
ANT 5477-Applied Anthropology (3) Survey of history, theory
and practice of applying cultural anthropology to human issues
and problems. Applications to international development, peace
studies, health, education, agriculture, ethnic minority and hu-
man rights issues. Case review, including aspects of planning,
consultancy work, evaluation research, and ethics.
ANT 5485-Research Design in Anthropology (3) Examination
of empirical and logical basis of anthropological inquiry; analysis
of theory construction, research design, problems of data collec-
tion, processing, and evaluation.
ANT 5486-Computing for Anthropologists (3) Prereq: ANT
5485 or consent of instructor. Practical introduction to computer.
Collecting, organizing, processing, and interpreting numerical
data on microcomputer. Data sets used correspond to partici-
pants' subfields.
ANT 5527-Human Osteology and Osteometry (3) Prereq:
ANT 3511 and consent of instructor. Human skeletal identifica-
tion for the physical anthropologist and archeologist. Techniques
for estimating age at death, race, and sex from human skeletal
remains. Measurement of human skeleton for comparative pur-
poses. Not open to students who have taken ANT 4525.
ANT 5546-Seminar: Human Biology and Behavior (3) Prereq:
consent of instructor. Social behavior among animals from the
ethological-biological viewpoint; the evolution of animal societ-
ies; the relevance of the ethological approach for the study of
human development.
ANT 5615-Language and Culture (3) Principles and problems
of anthropological linguistics. The cross-cultural and compara-
tive study of language. Primarily concerned with the study of non-
Indo-European linguistic problems.
ANT 5625-Anthropological Linguistics (3) Prereq: ANT3610.
Descriptive linguistics. Language structure and process especially
related to describing, understanding, and analyzing non-Western
languages. Not open to students who have taken ANT 4620.
ANT 6038-Seminar in Anthropological History and Theory (3)
Theoretical principles and background of anthropology and its
subfields.
ANT 6119-Problems in Caribbean Prehistory (3) Theories and
methods for study of prehistoric human societies. Case studies
drawn primarily from Caribbean islands.
ANT 6128-Lithic Technology (3) Flintworking techniques and
uses of stone implements for two million years. Emphasis on
stoneworking technology in prehistoric Florida.
ANT 6186-Seminar in Archeology (3; max: 10) Selected topic.
ANT 6276-Principles of Political Anthropology (3) Problems of
identifying political behavior. Natural leadership in tribal societ-
ies. Acephalous societies and republican structures. Kingship and
early despotic states. Theories of bureaucracy. Not open to
students who have taken ANT 4274.
ANT 6286-Seminar in Contemporary Theory (3; max: 10)
Areas treated are North America, Central America, South America,
Africa, Oceania.
ANT 6356-Peoples and Culture in Southern Africa (3) Prehis-
toric times through first contacts by explorers to settlers; the
contact situation between European, Khoisan, and Bantu-speak-
ing; empirical data dealing with present political, economic,
social, and religious conditions.
ANT 6387-Seminar on the Anthropology of Latin America (3;
max: 10) Prereq: reading knowledge of Spanish or Portuguese and
consent of instructional staff. Major branches of anthropology.
ANT 6388-Ethnographic Field Methods (3) Methods of collect-
ing ethnographic data. Entry into the field; role and image





74 / FIELDS OF INSTRUCTION


conflict. Participant observation, interviewing, content analysis,
photography and documents, data retrieval, analysis of data.
ANT 6428-Culture and Community (3) Prereq: 15 to 20 credits
in social sciences. Examination of the method and theory of the
empirical, inductive, natural history approach in the study of
communities. Existing community studies provide comparative
analyses of social structure, culture patterns, and process of
change.
ANT 6445-Seminar in African Studies (3) Current conditions
and problems flowing from detribalization, acculturation, and
urbanization. Changes in values, attitudes, and institutions, as
well as the reaction among the peoples of Africa in the form of
traditional survivals, cultural revivals, and innovations.
ANT 6487-Evolution of Culture (3) Prereq: ANT 3141. Theo-
ries of culture growth and evolution from cultural beginnings to
dawn of history. Major inventions of man and their significance.
.ANT 6547-Human Adaptation (3) Prereq:' ANT 3511 or
permission of instructor. An examination of adaptive processes-
cultural, physiological, genetic-in pastand contemporary popu-
lations.
ANT 6557-Primate Behavior (3) Prereq: one course in either
physical anthropology or biology. Taxonomy, distribution, and
ecology of primates. Range of primate behavior for each major
taxonomic group explored.
ANT 6588-Seminar in Physical Anthropology (3; max: 10)
Selected topic.
ANT 6589-Seminar in Evolutionary Theory, Human Evolution,
and Primate Behavior (3) Theory of evolution as a framework to
explore primate behavior and human micro- and macroevolution.
ANT 6619-Seminar in Language and Culture (3; max: 10)
Selected topic.
ANT 6707-Seminar on Applied Anthropology (3) Prereq: ANT
5477 or instructor's permission. Consideration of planned socio-
cultural and technological change and development in the United
States and abroad; special and cultural problems in the transferral
of technologies; community development and aid programs.
Comparative program evaluation.
ANT 6719-Anthropology and Evaluation Research (3) Prereq:
ANT 5485; and ANT 5477 or 6707. Contemporary approaches
to the evaluation of social programs.
ANT 6737-Medical Anthropology (3) Prereq: consent of in-
structor. Theory of anthropology as applied to nursing, medicine,
hospital organization, and the therapeutic environment. Instru-
ment design and techniques of material collection.
ANT 6905-Individual Work (1-3; max: 10) Guided readings on
research in anthropology based on library, laboratory, or field
work.
ANT 6910-Supervised Research (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
ANT 6915-Research Projects in Social, Cultural, and Applied
Anthropology (1-3; max: 10) Prereq: consent of instructor. For
students undertaking directed research in supplement to regular
course work.
ANT 6917-The Profession of Anthropology (1) Required of all
graduate students. Organizations of the anthropological profes-
sion in teaching and research. Relationship between subfields
and related disciplines; the anthropological experience; ethics.
ANT 6933-Special Topics in Anthropology (1-3; max: 9)
Prereq: consent of instructor.
ANT 6940-Supervised Teaching (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
ANT 6945-Internship in Applied Anthropology (1-8; max: 8)
Prereq: permission of graduate coordinator. Required of all
students registered in programs of applied anthropology. Students
are expected to complete 4-8 hours,
ANT 6971-Research for Master's Thesis (1-15) S/U.
ANT 7979-Advanced Research (1-12) Research for doctoral
students before admission to candidacy. Designed for students
with a master's degree in the field of study or for students who
have been accepted for a doctoral program. Not open to students
who have been admitted to candidacy. S/U.
ANT 7980-Research for Doctoral Dissertation (1-15) S/U.


ARCHITECTURE
College of Architecture

GRADUATE FACULTY 1995-96
Chairman: R. S. McCarter. Graduate Coordinators: G. D.
Ridgdill; L. G. Shaw. Professors: A. J. Dasta; R. W.
Drummond; M. T. Foster; R. W. Haase; H. W. Kemp; R.
S. McCarter; G. D. Ridgdill; W. Schueller; L. G. Shaw; H.
Shepard; G. W. Siebein; B. F. Voichysonk; I. H. Winarsky.
Associate Professors: F. Cappellari; C. B. Constant; M. G.
Gundersen; O. W. Hill; R. M. MacLeod; A. Malo; C. F.
Morgan; R. W. Pohlman; P. E. Prugh; K. Tanzer; K. S.
Thorne; W. L. Tilson; T. R. White. Assistant Professors: D.
Bitz; P. Chomowicz; R. Garcia; M. Gooden; A. Hofer; S.
Luoni; R. Witte.

Master of Architecture.-The Department of Architec-
ture offers graduate work leading to the first professional
degree, Master of Architecture. During graduate studies,
each student has the opportunity to focus on one or more
areas, including design, history and theory, urban design,
preservation, structures, and technology. The student's
overall college experience, both undergraduate and gradu-
ate programs, is intended to be a complete unit of
professional education leading to practice in architecture
or related fields. Students entering the program at the
University of Florida will matriculate in one of the follow-
ing tracks:
Baccalaureate in Architecture Base.-For those stu-
dents who have a four-year baccalaureate degree from an
accredited architectural program and have completed 6 to
8 architecture studios, two years in residence (52 credits)
are normally required for completion of the Master of
Architecture degree; notification of program length is part
of the letter of acceptance and is determined by portfolio
and transcript review. ARC 6241, 6355, and 6356 are
required of all graduate students in this track and are
prerequisites for the required thesis or project. Course
sequences in history and theory, technology, and struc-
tures must also be completed.
Baccalaureate in Related Degree Base.-For those
students who have a baccalaureate degree with an archi-
tecture or related major (interior design, landscape archi-
tecture) and who have completed 4 or 6 architecture or
design studies, three years of residence (83 credits, ap-
proximately) are normally required for completion of the
Master of Architecture degree; notification of program
length is part of the letter of acceptance and is determined
by portfolio and transcript review. ARC 4073, 4074,
6355, and 6356are required of all graduate students in this
track and are prerequisites for the required thesis or
project. (Undergraduate courses-3000 and 4000 level in
the major do not count toward the minimum requirements
for the graduate degree.) Course sequences in history and
theory, materials and methods, technology, structures,
and practice must be completed.
Baccalaureate in Nonrelated Degree Base.-For those
students who have a baccalaureate degree in a nonrelated
academic area and have completed less that 4 design
studies courses, four years of residence (112 credits,
approximately) are normally required for completion of
the Master of Architecture degree; notification of program






ARCHITECTURE / 75


length is part of the letter of acceptance and is determined
by portfolio and transcript review. (Summer introductory
courses-such as design exploration offered by the Archi-
tecture Department-are strongly recommended.) ARC
4071, 4072, 4073, 4074, 6241, 6355, and 6356 are
required of all graduate students in this track and are
prerequisites for the required thesis or project. (Under-
graduate courses-3000 and 4000 level-in the major do
not count toward the minimum requirements for the
graduate degree.) Course sequences in history and theory,
materials and methods, technology, structures, and prac-
tice must be completed.
Accredited Five-Year Professional Base.-For those
students holding a baccalaureate degree in architecture
from an accredited five-year professional degree program,
a one-year degree program is available. In these cases, a
specialized curriculum which compliments the needs of
the applicant is developed. The minimum registration is
30 credits; however, it may increase if transcript reviews
reveal further course work is needed to meet registration
and curriculum requirements. ARC 6356 is required and
is prerequisite for the required thesis or project.
Most states require that an individual intending to
become an architect hold an accredited degree. There are
two types of degrees that are accredited by the National
Architectural Accrediting Board: (1) the Bachelor of Archi-
tecture, which requires a minimum of five years of study,
and (2) the Master of Architecture, which requires a
minimum of three years of study following an unrelated
bachelor's degree or two years following a related
preprofessional bachelor's degree. These professional
degrees are structured to educate those who aspire to
registration and licensure to practice as architects.
Master of Science in Architectural Studies.-The
M.S.A.S. is a nonprofessional degree for those students
who wish to engage in advanced investigations in special-
ized areas of architectural history, theory, technology,
design, preservation, or practice. Students with a bachelor's
degree in any discipline from an accredited university are
eligible to apply to this program; the proposed area of
focus should be precisely defined in the application. This
is normally a three-semester program (32 hours) which
includes a thesis. (No more than six hours of ARC 6971
may be counted in the minimum credit hours for the
degree.) Interdisciplinary study is encouraged.
The College of Architecture sponsors special curricula
in architecture to enhance the academic program. Pres-
ervation Institute: Caribbean, Preservation Institute: Nan-
tucket, Miami Beach Center, and Vicenza Institute for
Architecture accept students, not only from the University
of Florida, but from academic circles throughout the
United States and the world for year-round study. All
students in graduate architecture programs at the Univer-
sity of Florida are offered the opportunity to apply for one
or more of these programs.
Applications.-All applications for graduate admis-
sion, including official transcripts, GRE scores, and TOEFL
scores, if necessary, must be received by the Office of the
Registrar by February 15. In addition to satisfying Univer-'
sity requirements for admission, applicants are required to
submitto the Graduate Secretary, Department of Architec-
ture, 231 ARCH, P.O. Box 115702, the following: a


portfolio of their creative work; a scholarly statement of
intent and objectives; and three letters of recommenda-
tion. This material must be received by February 15 to be
considered for admission in the following fall semester.
(Portfolio must be accompanied by self-addressed, stamped
envelope.) Students may apply after the February 15
deadline but will only be considered if spaces become
available. (Updates of portfolios are accepted after Febru-
ary 15; however, applications will not be considered until
they are complete.)
The Department reserves the rightto retain student work
for purposes of record, exhibition, or instruction. Field
trips are required of all students; students should plan to
have adequate funds available. It may be necessary to
assess studio fees to defray costs of base maps and other
generally used materials.
Doctor of Philosophy.-The College of Architecture
offers a program leading to the Doctor of Philosophy
degree in architecture. Areas of specialization within this
program include architecture, building construction, and
urban and regional planning. For information, write to the
Director, College of Architecture Doctoral Program, 331
ARCH, P.O. Box 115701.
The following courses are taught on a periodic schedule
or by demand only.
ARC 5282-Estimating and Cost Control of Building (3) Cost
estimating and control of design and construction processes;
consideration of bidding for building projects.
ARC 5576-Architectural Structures (3) Analysis and behavior
of reinforced concrete, prestress, masonry, foundations, steel,
and suspension systems.
ARC 5791-Topics in Architectural History (3)
ARC 5800-Survey of Architectural Preservation, Restoration,.
and Reconstruction (3)
ARC 5810-Techniques of Architectural Documentation (3)
Documentation, interpretation, and maintenance issues relating
to historic structures.
ARC 5811 -Historic Preservation and Restoration (3) Preserva-
tion of individual structures, with emphasis on architectural
design for restoration, rehabilitation, and adaptive-use.
ARC 6176-Advanced Computer-Aided Design (3; max: 6)
Focus on available'hardware and software and their current and
potential usefulness to the profession. Investigation of future
directions in hardware and software development.
ARC 6241-Advanced Studio I (1-9; max: 9) Required for all
graduate students. Architecture as function of human action
(program and use) and potentials inherent in construction (struc-
ture and material); relationship between ritual and built form-
culminating in a highly resolved spatial order.
ARC 6242-Research Methods (2) Required of all graduate
students.
ARC 6280-Advanced Topics in Architectural Practice (3; max:
6) Contemporary practice models analyzed.
ARC 6281-Professional Practice (3) Principles and processes
of office practice management, investment and financing, project
phases, building cost estimation, contracts.
ARC 6355-Advanced Studio II (6) Relation between the
tectonic and the experience of place; emphasis on the joint, the
detail, the tactile reading of architecture-culminating in a highly
resolved tectonic order.
ARC 6356-Advanced Studio III (6) Development of design
methods for synthesizing specialized aspects of architectural
practice such as human behavior and space programming,
environmental control and energy use, structures and materials of
construction, project management, preservation and reuse of
historic structures, theoretical and philosophical areas of inquiry.






76 / FIELDS OF INSTRUCTION



ARC 6357-Advanced Topics in Architectural Design (3; max:
6) Focus on expanding familiar concepts in conception and
production of architecture. Examination of potential for pro-
gram to generate architectonic form, bringing multidisciplinary
approach to historical manifestations. I
ARC 6391-Architecture, Energy, and Ecology (3) Integration of
energetic and environmental influences on architectural design.
ARC 6393-Advanced Architectural Connections (3) An analysis
of architectural connections and details relative to selected
space, form, and structural systems.
ARC 6399-Advanced Topics in Urban Design (3; max: 6)
Impact of cultural, sociological, economic, and technological
transformations of both historic urban form and newly devel-
oped urban areas, special emphasis on impact of transportation,
particularly the automobile.
ARC 6571-Advanced Architectural Structures III (3) Design
and applications of precast and/or prestressed concrete ele-
ments in architecture.
ARC 6575-Advanced Architectural Structures IV (3) Study of
various soil properties and their application in solving architec-
tural design problems. Behavior of masonry bearing walls in
high-rise construction.
ARC 6577-Advanced Architectural Structures 1 (3) Principles
and application of timber construction to 'architectural design
problems.
ARC 6578-Advanced Architectural Structures II (3) Theory
and behavior of structural steel systems and their responses to
the solution of architectural problems. I
ARC 6611-Advanced Topics in Architectural Technology (3;
max: 6) Focus on structures, materials, construction systems, or
environmental technology. Examination of determination of
architectural form by available technologies and inventions
throughout history.
ARC 6633-Thermal Systems (3) Thermal issues in architecture
including thermal comfort, passive and active thermal control
systems, and energy efficiency.
ARC 6642-Architectural Acoustics Design Laboratory (3)
Coreq: ARC 6643. Theory and practice of architectural acous-
tics in the solution to design problems.
ARC 6643-Architectural Acoustics (3) Theory, practice, and
application of acoustics in architecture.
ARC 6653-Modeling Techniques in Architectural Acoustics
(3) Theory and practice of ultrasonic, computer, and other
techniques used to model human subjective response to sound
and their application in the design of buildings.
ARC 6684-Lighting, Daylighting, and Electrical Power Sys-
tems (3) Design problems investigating the theory, practice, and
applications of electric lighting, daylightiig, and electrical
power systems in architecture.
ARC 6685-Life Safety, Sanitation, and Plumbing Systems (3)
Design problems investigating the theory, practice, and appli-
cations of fire safety, movement, sanitation, and plumbing
systems in architecture.
ARC 6711-Architecture of the Ancient World (3) Key built
works from Egyptian, Greek, Roman, and Meso-American
civilizations. Emphasis on understanding both cultural context
for these works and construction technologies utilized in their
making. Examination of their use as ruins and their contpmpo-
rary meanings.
ARC 6716-Architecture of the Romanesque and Gothic (3)
Selected monuments from the Romanesque, Byzantine, and
Gothic periods. Emphasis on cultural context, technology of
construction, and experiential and spatial qualities. Relation-
ship between religious aspirations and technical means, as
captured in individual work.
ARC 6750-Architectural History: America (3) Development
of American architecture and the determinants affecting its
function, form, and expression.


ARC 6753-Architecture of the Orient (3) Selected built works
from major historical periods, Islamic, Indian, Chinese, and
Japanese civilizations. Emphasis on cultural context, construc-
tion technologies, and spatial and experiential ordering ideas.
Relationship to and influence on western architecture.
ARC 6771-Architectural History: Literature and Criticism
(3) Individual research with concentration on writing and
architectural criticism.
ARC 6793-Architectural History: Regional (3) Group and
individual studies of architecture unique to specific geographic
regions.
ARC 6805-Architectural Conservation (3) A multidisciplinary
study, supervised by an architectural professor and another
professor from an appropriate second discipline, in the science
of preserving historic architecture, utilizing individual projects.
ARC 6821--Preservation Problems and Processes (3) Preser-
vation in the larger context. Establishing historic districts;
procedures and architectural guidelines for their protection.
ARC 6822-Preservation Programming and Design (3) Archi-
tectural design focusing on compatibility within the fabric of
historic districts and settings.
ARC 6823-Techniques of Preservation: Legal and Economic
Processes (3)
ARC 6851-Technology of Preservation: Materials and Meth-
ods I (3) Materials, elements, tools, and personnel of traditional
building.
ARC 6852-Technology of Preservation: Materials and Meth-
ods 11 (3) Prereq: ARC 6851.
ARC 6910-Supervised Research (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
ARC 6911-Architectural Research (1-6; max: 9) Spetial
studies adjusted to individual needs. H.
ARC 6912-Architectural Research 11 (1-6; max: 9) Special
studies adjusted to individual needs. H.
ARC 6913-Architectural Research III (1-6; max: 9) Special
studies adjusted to individual needs. H.
ARC 6932-Advanced Topics in Architectural Methods (3;
max: 6) Exploration of interconnection between architectural
design and research methodology.
ARC 6940-Supervised Teaching (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
ARC 6971-Research for Master's Thesis (1-15) S/U.
ARC 6979-Master's Research Project (1-10) H.
ARC 7790-Doctoral Core I (3) Philosophy, theory, and
history of inquiry into the processes of design, urban develop-
ment, and building systems.
ARC 7792-Doctoral Core II (3) Prereq: ARC 7790. Urban,
environmental, and legal systems in the context of urban
development.
ARC 7794-Doctoral Seminar (1; max: 4) Current planning,
architecture, development, and construction theories..
ARC 7911-Advanced Architectural Research I (3) Prereq:
STA 6167. Architectural, planning, and construction research
design with relevant mathematical and computer methods.
ARC 7912-Advanced Architectural Research II (3) Prereq:
ARC 7911. Conduct of research in architecture, planning, and
construction.
ARC 7979-Advanced Research (1-12) Research for doctoral
students before admission to candidacy. Designed for students
with a master's degree in the field of study or for students who
have been accepted for a doctoral program. Not open to
students who have been admitted to candidacy. S/U.
ARC 7980-Research for Doctoral Dissertation (1-15) S/U.
URP 6272-Advanced Planning Information Systems (3) Prereq:
URP 6271. Theoretical and practical knowledge about the
structure, use, and architecture of georeference data base
systems. Discussion of spatial relationships which exist between
network and area-related systems. Development and mainte-
nance of geographic information systems as related to urban and
regional planning.





ART / 77


ART
College of Fine Arts
GRADUATE FACULTY 1995-96
Chairman: J. E. Catterall. Graduate Program Advisers: M.
E. Flannery (Art Education); R. E. Poynor (Art History); J.
J. Sabatella (Art Studio). Graduate Research Professor: J.
N. Uelsmann. Distinguished Service Professor: K. A.
Kerslake. Professors: J. E. Catterall; M. J. Isaacson; J. C.
Nichelson; J. A. O'Connor; R. E. Poynor; J. J. Sabatella; R.
C. Skelley; E. Y. Streetman; J. L. Ward; R. H. Westin.
Associate Professors: B. A. Barletta; J. L. Cutler; M. E.
Flannery; R. C. Heipp; D. A. Kremgold; R. Mueller; D. C.
Roland; J. F. Scott; N. S. Smith; M. V. Spence; D. J.
Stanley; K. W. Valdes. Assistant Professors: K. Daniel; J.
C. Freeman; C. A. Roberge; J. J. Schall; B. Slawson.
Master of Fine Arts Degree.-The Department offers
the MFA degree in art with concentrations in ceramics,
creative photography, drawing, painting, printmaking,
sculpture, graphic design, electronic intermedia, and
multi-media. Enrollment is competitive and limited. Can-
didates for admission should have adequate undergradu-
ate training in art. Deficiencies may be corrected before
beginning graduate study. Applicants must submit a port-
folio for admission consideration. A minimum of three
years residency is normally required for completion of the
requirements for this 'degree, which for studio majors
culminates with an MFA exhibition. The Department
reserves the right to retain student work for purposes of
record, exhibition, or instruction.
The MFA requires a minimum of 60 credit hours. ARH
6897 is required for all MFA majors. Twenty-four hours
must be in an area of specialization which will be taken in
the following sequence: ART 6926C, 6927C, 6928C,
6929C. Each class will be repeated as needed to achieve
the appropriate number of credits. Twelve hours of studio
electives, six hours of art history electives; three hours of
aesthetics, theory, or criticism; six hours of electives; and
six hours of individual project or thesis research comprise
the normal course requirements. Although the MFA is a
thesis degree, students usually produce a creative project
in lieu of thesis. Students should see the Graduate
Program Adviser for Department requirements for the
creative project. (If the student elects to write a thesis, he/
she must discuss the reasons with the Graduate Program
Adviser and the supervisory committee during the second
year and make appropriate modifications. ARH 5805 is
required for all students who select the written thesis.)
Master of Arts Degree in Art Education.-The Depart-
ment offers the M.A. in art education. In addition to
meeting requirements of the Graduate School for admis-
sion, prospective students should (1) hold a degree in art,
art history, or art education; (2) send a portfolio, which
includes 35mm slides of works of art and a successful
research paper, to the Department; (3) submit three letters
of recommendation. The application deadline for fall
admission is March 1.
The M.A. in art education requires a minimum of 36
credit hours. ARE 6047, 6141, and 6148 are required.
The basic plan of study includes three credits of an
approved art education elective; nine credits in studio
courses; three credits in art history; six credits in art


history, studio, art education, or education electives; three
credits of ARE 6705; and three credits of ARE 6971 or
6973. To be admitted to candidacy, students must pass a
comprehensive examination at the beginning of the sec-
ond year. The program culminates in an oral examination
on the thesis or project in lieu of thesis.
Master of Arts Degree in Art History.-The Depart-
ment offers the Master of Arts with emphasis in areas of
Ancient, Medieval, Renaissance, Baroque, Modern, and
Non-Western art history, including African, American
Indian, Asian, Latin American, and Oceanic, and in
museum studies.
A minimum of 37 credit hours is required: ARH 5805 (3
credits), 28 hours with at least one course in four areas of

emphasis, and ARH 6971 (6 credits). Nine credits may be
taken in related areas with the Graduate Program Adviser's
approval. Students with a museum studies emphasis will
take 9 credits in the following areas: Seminar in Museum
Studies, Museum Practicum, and Gallery Practicum.
Students must pass a comprehensive art history exami-
nation at the beginning of the second year for admission
to candidacy. Failure to pass the examination will result in
adjustments to the student's program or, if warranted,
dismissal from the program. Reading proficiency in a
foreign language appropriate to the major area of study
must be demonstrated before thesis research is begun.
Language courses are not applicable toward degree credit.
Art history students may participate in courses offered
by the State University System's programs in London and
Florence. Other study abroad may be approved by the
Graduate Program Adviser.

ARE 5315-Teaching Art in Elementary School I (3)
ARE 6049-History of Teaching Art (3) History of the theory and
practice of teaching art.
ARE 6141-Aesthetic Experience (3) Studies in vision, motion,
sound, and synaesthesia designed to build greater awareness of
immediate experience. Relationship between aesthetic and
artistic creation.
ARE 6148-Curriculum. in Teaching Art (3) Contemporary
theories for development of art teaching curricula.
ARE 6648-Philosophy and Psychology of Teaching Art (3)
Philosophical and psychological theories on nature of art, artistic
creation, and art teaching. Relationship between artist and
audience.
ARE 6705-Methods of Research in Art Education (3) Study of
qualitative and quantitative research methods. Review of re-
search literature.
ARE 6905-Individual Study (1-5; max: 12)
ARE 6933-Special Topics in Art Education (1-3; max: 6)
ARE 6971-Research for Master's Thesis (1-15) S/U.
ARE 6973-Individual Project (1-10; max: 10) Project in lieu of
thesis. -S/U.
ARH 5815-Methods of Research and Bibliography (3)
ARH 5905-individual Study (3-4; max: 12 including ART
5905C)
ARH 6897-Seminar: Practice, Theory, and Criticism of Art (3)
ARH 6910-Supervised Research (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
ARH 691 1-Advanced Study (3-4; max: 16) Prereq: major in art.
ARH 6914-independent Study in Ancient Art History (3-4;
max: 12) Prereq: major in artandpermission of graduate program
adviser. Egyptian, Near Eastern, Aegean, Greek, Etruscan, Roman.
ARH 6915-Independent Study in Medieval Art History (3-4;
max: 12) Prereq: major in artandpermission of graduate program
adviser. EarlyChristian, Byzantine, Early Medieval, Romanesque,
Gothic.






78 / FIELDS OF INSTRUCTION


ARH 6916-Independent Study in Renaissance and Baroque
Art History (3-4; max: 12) Prereq: major in art and permission
of graduate program adviser. Renaissance, High Renaissance,
Mannerism, Baroque, Eighteenth Century art.
ARH 6917-Independent Study in Modern Art History (3-4;
max: 12) Prereq: major in artandpermission of graduate program
adviser. Major art movements of the nineteenth and twentieth
centuries.
ARH 6918-Independent Study in Non-Western Art History (3-
4; max: 12) Prereq: major in art and permission of graduate
program adviser. African, Latin American, American Indian,
Asian, and Oceanic.
ARH 6938-Seminar in Museum Studies (3) Prereq: permission
of instructor. History, purposes, functions of museums in general
and art museums in particular.
ARH 6946-Museum Practicum (3) Prereq: permission of
graduate program adviser and prior arrangements with profes-
sors. Work under museum professionals. Readings and periodic
discussions with coordinating professor.
ARH 6948-Gallery Practicum (3) Prereq: permission of gradu-
ate program adviser and prior arrangements with coordinating
professor. Work under supervision of gallery professionals. Read-
ings and periodic discussions with coordinating professor.
ARH 6971-Research for Master's Thesis (1-15) S/U.
ART 5905C-Individual Study (3-4; max: 12 including ARH
5905)
ART 6688-Digital Art Studio (4; max: 12) Prereq: graduate
standing in art or permission of instructor. Investigation of digital
art practices in one or more of the following areas: bit-mapped
and object-oriented graphics, 3-D modeling, computer anima-
tion, hypermedia and interactivity, and image-processing.
ART 6835C-Research in Methods and Materials of the Artist
(3-4; max: 8)
ART 6836-Arts and Public Policy (3) Investigation and analysis
of philosophic and economic issues of funding, arts advocacy, art
law, health hazards, arts and healing, and shaping of public
policy.
ART 6910C-Supervised Research (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
ART 6926C-Advanced Study I (2-4; max: 12) Prereq: major in
art and permission of graduate program adviser. Application of
basic principles of studio art in one of the following areas:
ceramics, creative photography, drawing, painting, printmaking,
sculpture, graphic design, and multi-media.
ART 6927C-Advanced Study II (2-4; max: 12) Prereq: major
in art and permission of graduate program adviser. Investigation
of selected problems in one of the following areas: ceramics,
creative photography, drawing, painting, printmaking, sculpture,
graphic design, and multi-media.
ART 6928C-Advanced Study III (2-4; max: 12) Prereq: major
in art and permission of graduate program adviser: Experimenta-
tion in nontraditional approaches to studio art in one of the
following areas: ceramics, creative photography, drawing, paint-
ing, printmaking; sculpture, graphic design, and multi-media.
ART 6929C-Advanced Study IV (2-4; max: 12) Prereq: major
in art and permission of graduate program adviser. Stylistic and
technical analysis of contemporary studio practices in one of the
following areas: ceramics, creative photography, drawing, paint-
ing, printmaking, sculpture, graphic design, and multi-media.
ART 6933-Special Topics (1-4; max: 12) Prereq: permission of
graduate program adviser. Readings, discussions, and/or studio
exploration of various art issues.
ART 6935-Seminar in Arts Administration (3) Administration
and managementof arts organizations and facilities, the functions
of leadership, and the history of the arts services movement.
ART 6940-Supervised Teaching (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
ART 6944-Arts Administration Practicum (1-3; max: 3) Prereq:
permission of arts administration director and prior arrangements
with organization or facility. Part-time field experiences under
supervision of arts professional. Reading and periodic discus-
sions with coordinating instructor. S/U.


ART 6947-Professional Internship (1-3; max: 3) Prereq: per-
mission of arts administration director and prior arrangements
with organization or facility and ART 6944. Training in approved
regional or national arts organization, institution, or facility.
Instructor and on-site supervision provided. Full-time internship. S/U.
ART 6971-Research for Master's Thesis (1-15) S/U.
ART 6973C-Individual Project (1-10; max: 10) Creative project
in lieu of written thesis. S/U.


ASTRONOMY
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

GRADUATE FACULTY 1995-96
Chairman: S. F. Dermott. Graduate Coordinator: H. C.
Smith. Graduate Research Professor: A. E. S. Green.
Distinguished Service Professor: A. G. Smith. Professors:
J. R. Buchler; T. D. Carr; K-Y. Chen; S. F. Dermott; H. K.
Eichhorn; S. T. Gottesman; J. H. Hunter; J. R. Ipser; C. M.
Telesco; C. A. Williams;* R. E. Wilson; F. B. Wood
(Emeritus). Associate Professors: H. Campins; H. L. Cohen;
B. A. Gustafson; H. E. Kandrup; R. J. Leacock; G. R. Lebo;
J. P. Oliver; H. C. Smith. Associate Scientist: F. Giovane.

*This member of the faculty of the University of South
Florida is also a member of the graduate faculty of the
University of Florida and participates in the doctoral
program in the University, of Florida Department of
Astronomy.

The Department of. Astronomy offers graduate work in
astronomy and astrophysics leading to the degrees of
Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy. Current
research fields include radio, infrared, and optical as-
tronomy; astrometry and data adjustment theory; cosmol-
ogy; general relativity; quantum field theory in the early
universe; photometry of compact binaries and intrinsic
variables; photometry and imaging of active and starburst
galactic nuclei; dynamical astronomy; structure, kinemat-
ics, and dynamics of galaxies; solar system dynamics;
comets; interplanetary dust; satellite interiors; planetary
magnetospheres; lunar occultation observations; radio
and optical instrumentation; and certain topics of theoreti-
cal stellar astrophysics. The Department is active in
Voyager radioastronomical investigations of the magneto-
spheres of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune, and it has
significant guaranteed and guest observing time on ESA's
Infrared Space Observatory.
Research Facilities.-Rosemary Hill Observatory, about
30 miles from Gainesville, houses 76-cm and 46-cm
reflectors. Instrumentation includes photographic and
CCD cameras, and microprocessor-based photometers.
The observatory contains one terminus of a 46-km baseline
radio interferometer. The other terminus is at the Dixie
County Radio Observatory, 50 miles from campus. The
radio observatory has low-frequency (below 40 MHz)
instrumentation consisting of a 7-acre filled aperture,
phase-steered array, and several smaller antennas, ad-
vanced terminal equipment, including wide-band radio
spectrographs. Several research programs use national
astronomy facilities (KPNO, NRAO, NAIC, CTIO, IRTF,
IPAC, and the Kuiper Airborne Observatory); the Depart-
ment also has the Infrared Astrophysics Laboratory where






ASTRONOMY / 79


advanced infrared cameras and spectrometers are devel-
oped for use at major observatories in Hawaii and else-
where.
On campus facilities a unique analog to light scattering
facility to investigate light scattering by models of cosmic
dust and planetary aersols, include a research darkroom
containing hypersensitization, sensitometric and photo-
micrographic equipment, an electronics shop, data reduc-
tion rooms with audio and videotape processing equip-
ment, iris photometer, microdensitometer, blink com-
parator, measuring engines, the Palomar Sky Survey, and
a planetary imaging center (under development). The
Department also maintains the International Card Catalog
of Photometric Binaries. Most scientific books and publi-
cations are centrally housed in an extensive science library
located near the Department.
The Astronomy Department's computer system is a
heterogeneous network of unix workstations. The Depart-
ment currently has 39 unix workstations: 28 Sun SPARC
workstations, 4 Decstations, 1.Alpha, and 6 IBM R6000
workstations. More than 20 gigabytes of disk storage are
shared among the machines via the NFS protocol. The
machines have a combined total of 660 megabytes of
RAM; 38 of the workstations have bit mapped graphics
displays, 29 of which are color. Offline storage is
accomplished with a Exebyte 8mm tape drive, a QIC24
tape drive, and a TK50 tape drive. There are two CDrom
readers in the Department. Postscript and text output can
be printed on 6 laser printers; 1 provides color output. The
computer network is connected to the Internet via the
campus network and the Southeastern University Re-
search Association network.. Software support includes
AIPS, ADS, IRAF, Skyview, PVWave, IDL, Publisher,
LaTeX, TeX, Super Mongo, MathCAD and Mathematica.
A number of Free Software Foundation tools are also
available. Supercomputer access is provided to all faculty
and graduate students via an IBM 3090 with vector
processor run by the Northeast Regional Data Center. The
support staff consists of one full-time sub-faculty position.
For direct admission to the program, a student should
have a degree in astronomy, physics, or mathematics from
an accredited program. Students with degrees in related
fields, such as engineering, may be admitted with the
understanding that certain foundation courses will have to
be taken. If it seems desirable, an individual with a strong
background in physics may perform the graduate research
work in astronomy but take the qualifying examination
and degree in physics rather than astronomy. All degree
candidates are required as part of their training to assist in
the Department's teaching program. Complete details of
the program and research facilities may be obtained by
writing the Graduate Coordinator, 211 Bryant Space
Science Center, P.O. Box 112055.
AST 5045-History of Astronomy (2) Prereq: AST 1002 or3019.
General survey of the history of astronomy from the earliest times
down to the present day.
AST 5113-Solar System Astrophysics I (3) Prereq: two years of
college physics. Survey of the solar system, including its origin
and laws of planetary motion. The earth as a planet: geophysics,
aeronomy, geomagnetism, and the radiation belts. Solar physics
and the influence of the sun on the earth.
AST 5114-Solar System Astrophysics II (3) Prereq: AST 5113.
The moon and planets; exploration by ground-based and space-


crafttechniques. The lesser bodies of the solar system, including
satellites, asteroids; meteoroids, comets; the interplanetary
medium.
AST 5144-Asteroids, Comets, and Meteorites (3) Prereq: AST
5114. Introduction to physical, chemical, and mineralogical
characteristics of these major solar system objects, and their
relevance to origin and evolution of our planetary system.
AST 5205-Stellar Spectra (2) Prereq: AST 3019. Review of
stellar spectroscopy and an introduction to the classification of
stellar spectra at low dispersion.
AST 5210-Introduction to Astrophysics (3) Prereq: AST 3019.
Particular emphasis upon the fundamentals of radiative transfer
and detailed development of Planck's expression for the specific
intensity of blackbody radiation. The basic equations of stellar
structure are derived, and particular solutions of these equations
are considered along with their astronomical implications.
AST 5270-Introduction to Binary Stars (3) Prereq: AST3019.
Suitable for the nonspecialist who needs some familiarity with the
field and for the student who requires a basic foundation for
further, more specialized studl of binary stars. Includes an
introduction to the fundamental data, philosophy of orbital
element analysis, morphology and classification, mass exchange
and other dynamical effects. Concludes with the structure and
evolution of binary stars.
AST 5273-Interacting Binary Stars (2) Prereq: AST 3019.
Description of the various aspects of interacting binary stars
designed chiefly for students who plan to complete their disser-
tations in other branches of astronomy. Also suitable for under-
graduate majors in the department.
AST 6155-Planetary Interiors (3) Methods for determination of
internal structures of planets and satellites with emphasis on
interpretation of their external gravitational fields and shapes.
AST 6214-Stellar Astrophysics I: Atmosphere (3) Prereq: AST
5210 or equivalent. Theoretical approach to the study of stellar
atmospheres.
AST 6215-Stellar Astrophysics II: Interior (3) Prereq: AST
6214. Theoretical approach to the study of stellar structure:
AST 6216-Stellar Astrophysics III: Evolution (2) Prereq: AST
6215. Theoretical approach to the study of stellar evolution.
AST 6274-Analysis of Binary Star Observations (4) Prereq: AST
5270. Analytical study and theoretical interpretation of observa-
tional data for eclipsing, spectroscopic, and visual binary
systems.
AST 6305-Space Plasma Physics (2) Prereq: introductory
electromagnetic theory. Derivation and application of electrody-
namic relationships in magnetospheric, interplanetary, interstel-
lar, and other astrophysical plasmas. Excitation and propagation
of hydromagnetic and electromagnetic waves in such regions.
AST 6309-Galactic and Extragalactic Astronomy (3) Prereq:
AST 3019. Observations and interpretations of the kinematics,
dynamics, and structure of the Milky Way Galaxy, extragalactic
objects, and galaxy clusters.
AST 6336-Interstellar Matter (3) Prereq: AST 5210. Complex
interplay of physical processes that determine the structure of the
interstellar medium in our galaxy; emphasis is placed upon a
comparison of observational data with theoretical prediction.
AST 6416-Cosmology (3) Prereq: PHZ 6606. Introduction to
the observational background and to the theory of cosmology.
AST 6506-Celestial Mechanics (3) Pereq: AST 3019. Dynam-
ics of solar system, emphasis on role of dissipative forces and
resonant gravitational forces in determining structure of system.
AST 6600-Computational Astronomy (3) Prereq: MAS 4106.
Designed to familiarize the student with the statistical tools of
astonomical data reduction and the empirical establishment of
the positional and kinematical parameters of the bodies in the
universe, and the physical and geometric significance of these
parameters. The laboratory consists of the numerical (and theo-
retical) solution of relevant problems.
AST 6601C-Focal-Plane Astrometry (2) Prereq: AST 6600.
Estimation of astrometric data (relative positions, proper motion






80 / FIELDS OF INSTRUCTION


components) of celestial objects (stars) from focal-plane images
(photographs, CCD).
AST 6705C-Techniques of Optical Astronomy I (2) Prereq:
AST 3019. Fundamental principles of optical imaging in astro-
nomical instruments. Principles of photographic and photoelec-
tric instruments. Principles of photographic and photoelectric
detectors. Laboratory exercises.
AST 6706C-Techniques of Optical Astronomy II (2) Prereq:
AST 6705C. Design of instrumentation for optical astronomy;
telescopes, photometers, spectrographs. Observational techniques
and data reduction. Laboratory exercises.
AST 6711-Basic Principles of Radio Astronomy (3) Prereq: AST
3019; coreq: PHY4324. Introduction to radio astronomy, includ-
ing early history, measurement parameters, applicable radio
physics, relevant mathematical techniques, properties of band-
limited gaussian noise, and limitations on radio telescope sensi-
tivity and resolution.
AST 6712-Radio Astrophysics (2) Prereq: AST 6711. Astro-
physical plasmas, radio source emission mechanisms and spec-
tra, principal types of results obtained in radio astronomy and
their astrophysical implications.
AST 6715-Radio Astronomy Instrumentation (2) Prereq: AST
6711. Survey of radio astronomy instrumentation, including basic
principles and methods of operations. Study of antennas and
arrays, interferometers, polarimeters, receivers, recorders, and
calibration devices.
AST 6715 L-Radio Astronomy Laboratory (1) Coreq: AST 6715.
Laboratory experiments and observatory sessions designed to
accompany AST 6715.
AST 6905-Individual Work (1-3; max: 6) Supervised study or
research in areas not covered by other courses.
AST 6910-Supervised Research (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
AST 6935-Seminar in Modern Astronomy (1; max: 6) Recent
developments in theoretical and observational astronomy and
astrophysics. S/U.
AST 6940-Supervised Teaching (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
AST 6943-Internship in College Teaching (2,4,6; max: 6)
Required for Master of Science in Teaching candidates but
available for students needing additional practice and direction in
college-level teaching.
AST 6971-Research for Master's Thesis (1-15) S/U.
AST 7939-Special Topics (2-4; max: 12) Assigned reading,
programs, seminar, or lecture series in a new field of advanced
astronomy.
AST 7979-Advanced Research (1-12) Research for doctoral
students before admission to candidacy. Designed for students
with a master's degree in the field of study or for students who
have been accepted for a doctoral program. Not open to students
who have been admitted to candidacy. S/U.
AST 7980'-Research for Doctoral Dissertation (1-15) S/U.
PHZ 6606-Special and General Relativity (4) Prereq: PHY
6246, tensor analysis, invariance. Einstein's special and general
theories of relativity; relativistic cosmology.



BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR
BIOLOGY
College of Medicine

GRADUATE FACULTY 1995-96
Chairman: D. L. Purich. Graduate Coordinator: B. D.
Cain. Professors: C. M. Allen, Jr.; P. W. Chun; B. M.
Dunn; M. S. Kilberg; P. J. Laipis; T. W. O'Brien; D. L.
Purich; S. Schuster. Associate Professors: B. D. Cain; R.
J. Cohen; S. C. Frost; T. H. Mareci; H. S. Nick; T. Yang.
Assistant Professors: T. Deng; P. M. McGuire. Associate
Scientists: R. D. Allison; N. D. Denslow; M. J. Koroly.
/


The Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biol-
ogy offers the Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy
degrees in biochemistry with specialization in physical
biochemistry; molecular biology, cell biology, and medi-
cal biochemistry.
Specific areas of study include structure and function of
cellular and nuclear membranes in mammalian cells;
transport of molecules into the cell; regulation of cell
division and gene expression; X-chromosome inactiva-
tion; assembly and regulation of the cytoskeleton; bio-
chemistry of differentiation; biochemical genetics; mo-
lecular biology of nucleic acids; site-directed mutagen-
esis; replication and repair in bacterial and eukaryotic
cells; biosynthesis and structure of nucleic acids, proteins,
polysaccharides, lipids, lipoproteins, sensory biochemis-
try; isoprenoid metabolism; physical biochemistry of
nucleic acids and proteins; mechanism of enzyme action;
molecular evolution; and allied areas of structural biology.
New graduate students should have adequate training
in general, organic, quantitative, and physical chemistry
as well as in physics, biology, and calculus. Minor
deficiencies may be made up immediately after entering
graduate school.
Doctoral candidates are required to take several bio-
chemistry courses which include BCH 6156C, 6206,
6415, 6740, 6876, and 6936. Depending upon interests
and background of the student, additional courses are
recommended from the following list: BCH 6296, 6746,
7410, and 7515. The curriculum for doctoral candidates
may also include advanced chemistry, physiology, micro-
biology, and. genetics courses.

BCH 6156C-Research Methods in Biochemistry (1-4; max: 8)
Coreq: BCH 6415, 6740. Only by special arrangement._Bio-
chemical research in which the student refines research tech-
niques in physical biochemistry, intermediary metabolism, mo-
lecular biology, and cell biology under supervision of a staff
member.
BCH 6206-Advanced Metabolism (3) Prereq: general bio-
chemistry or consent of instructor. The reactions of intermediary
metabolism with emphasis upon their integration, mechanisms,
and control. One of the three core biochemistry courses.
BCH 6296-Advanced Topics in Metabolic Control (1; max: 6)
Prereq: BCH 6206, 6415, 6740, or consent of instructor. Study
of the thermodynamic, allosteric, hormonal, and genetic control
of metabolic reactions.
BCH 6415-Advanced Molecular and Cell Biology (3) Prereq:
general biochemistry or consent of instructor. An advanced
course in the molecular biology of pro- and eukaryotes. Topics
will include DNA replication, chromosome organization, RNA
and protein synthesis, and molecular aspects of gene regulation.
One of the three core biochemistry courses.
BCH 6740-Advanced Physical Biochemistry (3) Prereq: gen-
eral biochemistry and physical chemistry or consent of instructor.
Physical chemistry of biological molecules and the techniques for
their study. Constitutes one of the three core biochemistry
courses.
BCH 6746-Advanced Topics in Physical Biochemistry (1;
max: 6) Prereq: BCH 6206, 6415, 6740, or consent of instructor.
Study of physical chemistry of proteins, nucleic acids, lipids,
enzymes, as well as their modes of interaction.
BCH 6876-Recent Advances in Biochemistry (1) Prereq: BCH
6740 or equivalent. Areas of biochemistry and molecular biol-
ogy, selected by the faculty, discussed critically and in depth.
Emphasis on current controversy and theory, data interpretations,
and scientific writing. Classes held informally in small groups,






BOTANY /81


during each semester, involving all biochemistry faculty on a
rotating basis. S/U.
BCH 6910-Supervised Research (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
BCH 6936-Biochemistry Seminar (1; max: 20) Required of
graduate students in biochemistry; open to others by special
arrangement. Research reports and discussions of current re-
search literature given by the departmental staff, invited speakers,
and graduate students.
BCH 6940-Supervised Teaching (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
BCH 6971-Research for Master's Thesis (1-15) S/U.
BCH 7410-Advanced Topics in Molecular Biology (1; max: 6)
Prereq: BCH 6206, 6415, 6740, or consent of instructor. The
biochemical basis of molecular biology and genetics with empha-
sis on the mode of control surrounding the replication and
expression of the pro- and eukaryotic genome.
BCH 7515-Enzyme Kinetics and Mechanisms (2) Prereq:
advanced general course in biochemistry such as BCH 6740,
6206, or consent of instructor. The study of enzyme reaction
mechanisms using kinetics, spectroscopy, protein crystallogra-
phy, and new emerging techniques.
BCH 7979-Advanced Research (1-12) Research for doctoral
students before admission to candidacy. Designed for students
with a master's degree in the field of study r for students who
have been accepted for a doctoral program. Not open to students
who have been admitted to candidacy. S/U.
BCH 7980-Research for Doctoral Dissertation (1-15) S/U.
BMS 6203-Cell Membranes: Molecular Biology and Function
(2) Prereq: BCH 4024 and MCB 3020 or equivalents and consent
of instructor. Composition, molecular organization, and assem-
bly of biological membranes in both eukaryotes and prokaryotes.
GMS 5621--Cell and Tissue Biology (4) Prereq: cell biology
course and consent of instructor. Cell specializations and inter-
actions that account for the organization and functions of the
basic tissues (epithelium, connective tissue, muscle, and nerve).


BOTANY
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences and
Agriculture

GRADUATE FACULTY 1995-96
Chairman: D, A. Jones. Graduate Coordinator: J. T.
Mullins. Graduate Research Professor: D. Dilcher. Pro-
fessors: H. C. Aldrich; G. E. Bowes; J. S. Davis; J. J. Ewel;
D. G. Griffin, III; W. S. Judd; J. T. Mullins; F. E. Putz; R.
C. Smith; W. L. Stern; D. B. Ward; N. H. Williams.
Associate Professors: D. W. Hall; A. C. Harmon; T. W.
Lucansky; S. R. Manchester. Assistant Professors: D. R.
Gordon; K. Williams.

The Department of Botany offers graduate work leading
to the degrees of Master of Science, Master of Agriculture,
Master of Science in Teaching, and Doctor of Philosophy.
The faculty encompass three general areas of expertise:
biochemistry and physiology, ecology and population
genetics, systematics and evolution. Specific areas of
specialization include anatomy/ morphology with empha-
sis on tropical ferns, aquatic and woody plants, and
orchids; bryology; ecology and environmental studies;
ecological, cellular, and molecular genetics; mycology
with emphasis on physiology and development; algology
with emphasis on algae of brine ponds; physiology and
biochemistry with emphasis on ion uptake, photosynthe-
sis and photorespiration, growth and development of
selected fungi, calcium-binding proteins and protein
phosphorylation; systematics with emphasis on mono-


graphic and floristic studies; paleobotany; physiological
ecology; tropical botany and ecology.
For admission to graduate studies a student should
present acceptable scores on the verbal, quantitative, and
analytical sections of the GRE General Test. Full graduate
standing also requires credits equivalent to those required
for undergraduate majors in the Department, namely 24
credits in botany, a course in genetics with laboratory,
mathematics through differential calculus, one year of
college physics, and chemistry through organic. Those
admitted without full equivalents of an undergraduate
major will be required to make up the deficiencies by
passing appropriate courses early in their graduate" pro-
grams. A reading knowledge of a foreign language and
credit for basic courses in zoology and microbiology are
desirable. The program of graduate study for each student
will be determined by a supervisory committee. No more
than nine credits of BOT 6905 may be used to satisfythe
credit requirements for a master's degree. Each new
student will be required to enroll in Advances in Botany
taught by the faculty during the fall semester of the first
year.
There are, in addition.to the facilities of the Department
for graduate work, the following special resources that
may be utilized in support of graduate student training and
research: (1) the Florida Agricultural Experiment Stations,
(2) the Marine Sciences Center on the Gulf of Mexico for
studies in estuarine and marine habitats, (3) the resources
of the Welaka Conservation Reserve, (4) the Center for
Tropical Agriculture, which can support studies in tropical
and subtropical areas, (5) the Center for Latin American
Studies, (6) the Center for Aquatic Plants, (7) the Interdis-
ciplinary Center for Biotechnology Research, (8) the
Fairchild Tropical Garden for research in the systematics,
morphology and anatomy, and economic botany of tropi-
cal plants, and (9) the Marie Selby Botanical Gardens,
Sarasota.
BOT 5115-Paleobotany (3) Prereq: upper-level course in
botany or geology or permission of instructor. Comparative study
of plants through geologic time with attention to morphology and
evolution of major groups of land plants based on fossil record.
Offered spring semester in odd-numbered years.
BOT 5225C-Plant Anatomy (4) Prereq: BOT 201 C or 3303C
or consent of instructor. Origin, structure, and function of
principal cells, tissues, and vegetative and reproductive organs of
seed plants. Offered fall semester.
BOT 5405C-Algology (4) Prereq: BOT 2011C or 3303C or
consent of instructor. Algae, especially their structure, reproduc-
tion, growth, classification, and evolution. Emphasis on Florida
marine and fresh water species. Offered fall semester in odd-
numbered years.
BOT 5485C-Mosses and Liverworts (3) Prereq: BOT 201 1C or
3303C. Morphology of the major groups of bryophytes, with
emphasis on collection, identification, and ecology of these
plants in Florida. Offered fall semester in odd-numbered years.
BOT 5505C-Intermediate Plant Physiology (3) Prereq: BOT
3503, 3503L, and CHM 3200, 3200L, or equivalent. Fundamen-
tal physical and chemical processes underlying the water rela-
tions, nutrition, metabolism, growth, and reproduction of higher
plants. Offered fall semester.
BOT 5625-Plant Geography (2) Prereq: BOT 3153 or 5725C.
Geography of the floras and types of vegetation throughout the
world, with emphasis on problems in the distribution of taxa, and
the main factors influencing types of vegetation. Offered fall
semester in even-numbered years..






82 / FIELDS OF INSTRUCTION


BOT 5646C-Ecology and Physiology of Aquatic Plants (3)
Ecological and physiological principles in freshwater habitats and
plant communities with laboratory and field studies. Offered
spring semester in even-numbered years.
BOT 5655C-Physiological Plant Ecology (3) Prereq: basic plant
physiology or consent of instructor. Traits affecting success in
different environments. Energy balance, carbon balance, water
relations, and nutrient relations emphasized. Introduction to
ecophysiological methods and instrumentation.
BOT 5685-Tropical Botany (7) Prereq: elementary biology/
botany; consent of instructor. Study of tropical plants utilizing the
diverse habitats of South Florida with emphasis on uses, anatomy
and morphology, physiology and ecology, and systematics of
these plants. Field trips and the Fairchild Tropical Garden
supplement laboratory experiences. Offered summer semester.
BOT 5695-Ecosystems of Florida (3) Prereq: basic ecology and
consent of instructor. Major ecosystems of Florida in relation to
environmental factors and human effects. Emphasis on field trips
(Saturdays and some overnights). Offered spring semester on
demand.
BOT 5725C-Taxonomy of Vascular Plants (4) Prereq: BOT
2011C and 3303C or equivalent. Introduction to systematic
principles and techniques used in classification; field and her-
barium methods. Survey of vascular plants, their classification,
morphology, and evolutionary relationships. Offered spring se-
mester in even-numbered years.
BOT 6256C-Plant Cytology (3) Prereq: MCB 4403 or equiva-
lent. Fundamental structures of plant cells, their functions,
reproduction, and relation to inheritance; recent research and
techniques. Offered fall semester in even-numbered years.
BOT 6496C-Fungal Physiology (3) Comparative physiology of
growth, development, metabolism, and reproduction of selected
fungi. Offered on demand.
BOT 6516-Plant Metabolism (3) Prereq: BOT 5505C, BCH
4024. Metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and nitrogen com-
pounds in higher plants; cell structures as related to metabolism;
metabolic control mechanisms. Offered spring semester in even-
numbered years.
BOT 6526-Plant Nutrition (2) Prereq: BOT 5505C. Plant
nutrition including essentiality of elements, absorption of ions,
utilization of minerals in plants, and water metabolism. Offered
spring semester in odd-numbered years.
BOT 6566-Plant Growth and Development (3) Prereq: BOT
5505C. Fundamental concepts of plant growth and development
with emphasis on the molecular biological approach. Offered
spring semester.
BOT 6576-Photophysiology of Plant Growth (3) Effects of light
on the physiology and biochemistry of plants. Photosynthesis and
photorespiration emphasized. Properties of light sources, photo-
chemistry, phytochrome action, photomorphogenesis, photope-
riodism, and phototropism examined. Offered spring semester in
odd-numbered years.
BOT 6716C-Advanced Taxonomy (2) Prereq: BOT 5725C or
equivalent. Survey of vascular plant families of limited distribu-
tion and/or of phylogenetic significance not covered in BOT
5725C with discussions of their classification, morphology, and
evolutionary relationships. Published studies reviewed to demon-
strate principles and methods involved in classification. Offered
on demand.
BOT 6905-Individual Studies in Botany (1-9; max: 9) Prereq:
all credits in excess of 3 must be approved by department
chairman or graduate coordinator. Individual nonthesis, research
problem in one of the following areas of botany: ecology,
physiology and biochemistry, cryptogamic botany, morphology
and anatomy of vascular plants, systematics, cytology, genetics,
and ultrastructure. Topics selected to meet the interests and needs
of students.
BOT 6910-Supervised Research (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
BOT 6927-Advances in Botany (1-3; max: 9) Supervised study
in specific areas.


BOT 6936-Graduate Student Seminar (1-2; max: 9) Readings
and oral presentation on general topics in botany. S/U.
BOT 6940-Supervised Teaching (1-5; max: 5) S/U.
BOT 6943-Internship in College Teaching (2, 4, 6; max: 6)
Required for Master of Science in Teaching candidates but
available for students needing additional practice and direction in
college-level teaching.
BOT 6951-Tropical Biology: An Ecological Approach (8)
Intensive field study of ecological concepts in tropical environ-
ments. Eight weeks in different principal kinds of tropical environ-
ments. Offered spring and summer semesters in Costa Rica as part
of the program of the Organization for Tropical Studies.
BOT 6971-Research for Master's Thesis (1-15) S/U.
BOT 7979-Advanced Research (1-12) Research for doctoral
students beforeadmission to candidacy. Designed for students
with master's degree in the field of study or for students who have
been accepted for a doctoral program. Not open to students who
have been admitted to candidacy. S/U.
BOT 7980-Research for Doctoral Dissertation (1-15) S/U.
HOS 6116-Developmental Morphology of Flowering Plants
(3) Prereq: BOT 3303C. Developmental morphology of the
vegetative and reproductive organs of flowering plants with
particular emphasis on form and function as revealed by recent
experimental techniques. Offered spring semester in odd-num-
bered years.
HOS 6373C-Methods and Applications of Plant Cell and
Tissue Culture (3) Prereq: HOS 6116. Laboratory techniques for
the culture of plant protoplasts, cells, tissues, and organs, and
their applications in the study of cellular differentiation, develop-
ment, genetics, and agriculture. Offered spring semester in odd-
numbered years.
PCB 5046C-Advanced Ecology (3) Prereq; basic ecology and
one course in statistics; physics, chemistry, and physiology
desirable. Plant ecology and plant-animal interactions with em-
phasis on design of field studies and data analysis. Students
conduct a series of one-day research projects in various ecosys-
tems and present results orally and as short research papers.
Offered fall semester in odd-numbered years.
PCB 5575C-Ecological Genetics (3) Prereq: upper-level course
in genetics, evolution, or population biology. Genetic nature,
distribution, and analysis of variation in natural populations of
animals and plants. Role of modern techniques in resolving
problems in genetic structure of populations. Offered spring
semester in even-numbered years.
PCB 6176-Electron Microscopy of Biological Materials (2)
Prereq: MCB 3020C or equivalent. Use of the electron micro-
scope, including fixation; embedding, sectioning, freeze-etch-
ing, negative staining, and use of vacuum evaporator. Offered
spring semester.
PCB 6176L-Laboratory in Electron Microscopy (2) Coreq: PCB
6176 and consent of instructor. Laboratory training in use of
electron microscopes, ultramicrotomes, vacuum evaporators,
and freeze-etch machines. Offered spring semester.
PCB 6216C-Cytochemistry (3) Prereq: PCB 6176L or consent
of instructor. Cellular organization, cell function, and cytochemi-
cal technique. Offered in odd-numbered years.
PCB 6356C-Ecosystems of the Tropics (3) Prereq: PCB 3043C.
Natural and man-dominated tropical ecosystems, their structure,
function, and relation to man. Offered spring semester.
PCB 6605C-Principles of Systematic Biology (4) Theory of
biological classification and taxonomic practice. Laboratory
experience in taxonomic procedures and techniques, including
computer methods. Offered spring semester in odd-numbered
years.
PCB 6691-Topics in Plant Genetics (2; max: 6) Offered spring
semester in odd-numbered years.
PLP 6657C-Biology and Taxonomy of Aquatic and Lower
Fungi (3) Prereq: course in mycology. Structure, development,
and taxonomy of zoosporic and zygosporic fungi. Offered sum-
mer A in odd-numbered years.






BUILDING CONSTRUCTION / 83


PLP 6658C-Biology and Taxonomy of the Basidiomycetes (3)
Prereq: course in mycology. Isolation, collection, and identifica-
tion of field material required. Offered summer B in odd-
numbered years.
PLP 6659C-Biology and Taxonomy of Ascomycetes and Their
Anamorphic States (3) Prereq: course in mycology. Collection,
isolation, and identification. Offered summer C in even-num-
bered years.


M. E. RINKER SCHOOL OF BUILDING
CONSTRUCTION
College of Architecture

GRADUATE FACULTY 1995-96
Director: W. Chang. Graduate Coordinator: F. Uhlik.
Professors: B. Brown, Jr.; W. Chang; R. Crosland; B.
Eppes; R. Issa; C. Kibert. Associate Professors: K. Carpen-
ter; S. Chini; R. Coble; R. Johnson; P. Oppenheim; K.
Tenah; F. Uhlik. Assistant Professors: R. Cox; R. Furman;
A. Shanker; L. Wetherington. Lecturer: W. Edwards; M.
.Smith; R. Stroh.

In addition to the Doctor of Philosophy degree admin-
istered at the College of Architecture level emphasizing
construction management, courses are offered leading to
the degrees of Master of Science in Building Construction
(thesis) and Master of Building Construction (nonthesis).
An individual plan of study is prepared for each student to
insure that the student's goals are achieved within the
broad policy guidelines of the school. Specialization may
be in areas such as the construction manager concept,
planning and scheduling, cost control, high rise construc-
.tion, materials, techniques, and structural concepts.
There is no foreign language requirement.
To be eligible for admission, a student must hold a four-
year undergraduate degree in building construction or its
equivalent in related fields. "Equivalent in related fields"
should include studies in construction materials and
methods, structures, and management. Students with
deficiencies in these related fields may need longer resi-
dence for the master's degree, as they will be required to
take specified basic courses to provide a foundation for
advanced courses.
No more than three credits of BCN 6934 or 6971 may
be used to satisfy the credit requirements for a master's
degree without written permission of the Director. Candi-
dates are required to take BCN 5463, 5625, and 5715.
The School reserves the right to retain student work for
purposes of record, exhibition, or instruction.
Research Facilities.-The Building Construction Indus-
try Advisory Committee (BCIAC), an outside committee
under the Florida Department of Education, annually
funds the School specifically for research and continuing
education in the construction field. The Center for
Affordable Housing, operating within the School, re-
searches the problems and possible solutions associated
with the development and production of affordable hous-
ing. The Fire Testing and Research Center, cosponsored
by the Florida Division of State Fire Marshals, conducts
standard fire tests and fire protection research projects.
The Center for Real Estate Development, a cooperative
effort with the College of Business Administration, re-


searches topics concerning the ever-growing environment
of real estate development in Florida. The Center for
Construction and Environment and the Center for Safety
and Loss Control have been established in the School.

ARC 6644-Modeling Techniques in Architectural Acoustics
(3) Theory and practice of ultrasonic, computer, and other
techniques used to model human subjective response to sound
and their application in the design of buildings.
ARC 7790-Doctoral Core I (3) Philosophy, theory, and history
of inquiry into the processes of design, urban development, and
building systems.
ARC 7792-Doctoral Core II (3) Prereq: ARC 7790. Urban,
environmental, and legal systems in the context of urban devel-
opment.
ARC 7794-Doctoral Seminar (1; max: 4) Current planning,
architecture, development, and construction theories.
ARC 7911-Advanced Architectural Research I (3) Prereq: STA
6167. Architectural, planning, and construction research design
with relevant mathematical and computer methods.
ARC 7912-Advanced Architectural Research II (3) Prereq:
ARC 7911. Conduct of research in architecture, planning, and
construction.
ARC 7979-Advanced Research (1-12) Research for doctoral
students before admission to candidacy. Designed for students
with a master's degree in the field of study or for students who
have been accepted for a doctoral program. Not open to students
who have been admitted to candidacy. S/U
ARC 7980-Research for Doctoral Dissertation (1-15) S/U.
BCN 5463-Advanced Construction Structures (3) Prereq: BCN
2405, 3223, 3431, graduate standing. Study of soils, dewatering
and the temporary structures that contractors have to build in
order to build the primary structure.
BCN 5470-Construction Methods Improvements (3) Prereq:
graduate standing. Methods of analyzing and evaluating con-
struction techniques to improve project time and cost control.
Work sampling, productivity ratings, crew balance studies, time
lapse photography, and time management.
BCN 5618-Advanced Estimating (4) Prereq: graduate standing.
Estimating process in building construction through use of com-
puters and conceptual estimating.
BCN 5625-Construction Cost Analysis (3) Prereq: BCN 4720,
5618, graduate standing. Study of cost engineering and cost
distribution and comparative analysis of actual and estimated cost
as used for project control.
BCN 5715-Advanced Construction Labor Problems (3) Prereq:
graduate standing. Labor problems in the construction industry
and associated legislation. How to work effectively with union-
ized labor on construction projects.
BCN 5722-Advanced Construction Planning and Control (3)
Prereq: BCN 4720, graduate standing. Time-cost relationships for
various construction operations.
BCN 5776-International Construction Business Management
(3) Prereq: BCN 4700, graduate standing. Construction contract-
ing, emphasis on international economics, marketing, contracts,
design, and specifications.
BCN 5779-Facilities Operation and Maintenance (3) Prereq:
graduate standing. Facilities management as a specialized
professional career; study of how a facility, its people, equip-
ment, and operations are served and maintained.,
BCN 5905-Special Studies in Construction (1-5; max: 12)
Prereq: graduate standing. For students requiring supplemental
work in the building construction area.
BCN 6228-High-Rise Construction (3) Prereq: graduate standing.
BCN 6585-Principles of Sustainable Development and Con-
struction (3) Prereq: BCN3224, graduate standing. Sustainability
and environmental issues affecting design, construction, and life
cycle of built environment and methods/principles to create
sustainable systems.






84 / FIELDS OF INSTRUCTION


BCN 6621-Bidding Strategy (3) Prereq: BCN 4700, 5618,
graduate standing. Strategy of contracting to maximize profit
through overhead distribution, breakeven analysis, probability
and statistical technique, a realistic risk and uncertainty objec-
tive, and bid analysis both in theory and in practice.
BCN 6641-Construction Value Engineering (3) Prereq: BCN
5618, graduate standing. Principles and applications for con-
struction industry.
BCN 6748-Construction Law (3) Prereq: graduate standing.
Formation of a company, licensing, bid process, contracts, plans
and specifications, mechanics liens, insurance bonds, and rem-
edies as they relate to the building constructor and construction
manager. Case studies.
BCN 6756-Housing Economics and Policy (3) Prereq: graduate
standing. Concepts, terminology, and issues in affordable housing.
BCN 6777-Professional Construction Management (3) Prereq:
graduate standing. Existing and emerging systems for designing,
planning, and construction of projects. Changing roles, relation-
ships, and responsibilities of the parties involved.
BCN 6787-Construction Information Systems (3) Prereq: CCS
3531 or equivalent, graduate standing. Potential applications of
computer and information systems in construction industry.
BCN 6905-Directed Independent Study in Construction (1-3;
max: 3) Prereq: graduate standing.
BCN 6910-Supervised Research (1-3; max: 3) Prereq: graduate
standing. S/U.
BCN 6931-Construction Management (1-5; max: 13) Prereq:
graduate standing. Construction management or specialized
areas of the construction field.
BCN 6932-Building Construction Management (1-5; max: 12)
Prereq: graduate standing. Building technology and management
or specialized areas of the building construction field.
BCN 6933-Advanced Construction Management (1-5; max:
12) Prereq: graduate standing. Financial and technological changes
affecting construction and the management of construction
projects. H.
BCN 6934-Construction Research (1-6; max: 12) Prereq:
graduate standing. Research for master's report option. S/U.
BCN 6940-Supervised Teaching (1-3; max: 3) Prereq: graduate
standing. S/U.
BCN 6971-Research for Master's Thesis (1-15) Prereq: gradu-
ate standing. S/U.

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION-
GENERAL
College of Business Administration

Graduate programs offered bythe College of Business
Administration are the Doctor of Philosophy in econom-
ics; the Doctor of Philosophy in business administration;
the Master of Arts in economics; the Master of Arts in
business administration with tracks in decision and infor-
mation sciences, finance, insurance, management, mar-
keting, and real estate and urban analysis; and the Master
of Business Administration (MBA). The Master of Ac-
counting degree (M.Acc.) is offered through the Fisher
School of Accounting. Fields of concentration and re-
quirements for the MBA are given under Requirements for
Master's Degrees in the front section of the Catalog.
Requirements for the Ph'.D. and M.A. degrees may be
found under the descriptions for the respective depart-
ments.
The Ph.D. in business administration requires a princi-
pal or major field in one of the following: accounting,
decision and information sciences, finance, insurance,
management, marketing, or real estate and urban analysis.


Specific requirements for the various departments and
specialties within the departments are stated in the depart-
ment descriptions in this Catalog. All candidates for the
Ph.D. in business administration must satisfy the following
general requirements:
Breadth Requirement.-All applicants for the Ph.D. in
business administration program are expected to have
completed prior business-related course work at either the
advanced undergraduate or graduate level. Students en-
tering without prior work are required to take a minimum
of three graduate courses in at least two fields other than
their chosen area of concentration. Most often, the appro-
priate courses will be found in the MBA first-year core; the
particular courses to be taken by a student will be decided
in consultation with the student's academic adviser. After
a student enters the Ph.D. program, the courses taken to
satisfy the breadth requirement must be taken in the
College of Business Administration.
Research Foundations Requirement.-All students must
complete a six-course research skills sequence that pre-
pares them for scholarly research in their chosen area of
concentration. Research foundations are defined as essen-
tial methodological tools (e.g., statistics, quantitative
analysis) and/or substantive content domains (e.g., psy-
chology, economics) outside the student's major field that
are considered essential to conducting high quality re-
search in the chosen field. The specific research skills
required by each area of concentration can be found in the
field descriptions in this Catalog.
Other requirements for the Ph.D. degree include satis-
factory completion of graduate course work in the major
field of concentration, as well as one or two supporting
fields designed to add depth to the student's research
training. The areas of depth are selected by the student in
consultation with his or her advisory committee, and may
be within or outside the College of Business Administra-
tion. Other requirements for the Ph.D. are given in the
General Information section of this Catalog.

GEB 5365-International Business (3) Designed for MBA stu-
dents. Exploration of major characteristics, motivations, interac-
tions, and structural realities of international economics via
functional areas of business. Developmentof multinational frame-
work for effective and efficient firm operation.
GEB 5405-Legal Environment of Business (3) Designed for
MBA candidates. The American legal system; sources of law;
adjudication; the legal nature of the corporation; major areas of
state and federal corporate law; state and federal regulation of
business; legal aspects of ethical and social responsibility.
GEB 6905-Individual Work (1-4; max: 8) Prereq: consent of
Associate Dean or MBA Director. Reading and/or research in
business administration.
GEB 6957-International Studies in Business (1-4; max: 12)
Prereq: admission to approved study abroad program and per-
mission of department. S/U.


CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
College of Engineering

GRADUATE FACULTY 1995-96
Chairman: T. J. Anderson. Graduate Coordinator: R.
Narayan. Professors: T. J. Anderson; S. S. Block (Emeri-
tus); A. L. Fricke; G. B. Hoflund; L. E. Johns, Jr.; F. P. May




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