Group Title: Inventory of industrial advantages
Title: [Inventory of industrial advantages
Full Citation
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 Material Information
Title: Inventory of industrial advantages
Physical Description: 6 v. : ; 39 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida State Advertising Commission
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: 1948-1949?]
General Note: Issued separately for Florida cities in cooperation with local chambers of commerce and varied agencies.
General Note: In loose-leaf binders.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075576
Volume ID: VID00236
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001689269
notis - AJA1305

Full Text



Polk County

Table of Contents


Part A--Natural Resources

1. Geography
2. Climate
3. Local Raw Materials

Part B--General Economy

Retail Market
Manufacturing Industries

Part C--Government

1. Administration
2. Finances

Part D-Community Facilities


Available Data
Transportation Facilities
Sewage and Waste Disposal
Water Supply
Communications Facilities
Educational Facilities
Health Facilities
Recreational Facilities
Police Protection
Fire Protection
City Streets
Banking Facilities
Construction and Service Facilities
Retail Facilities
Wholesale Facilities
Housing Conditions
Hotels, Motor Courts, Trailer Parks
Radio Stations
Laundries and Dry Cleaners
Civic Organizations

and Restaurants

Prepared By:

Winter Haven, Florida


Tallahassee, Florida





Part A--Natural Resources

1. Geography

Location: Winter Haven is in the Lake Section of Central Florida, 17 miles
east of Lakeland and 51 miles southwest of Orlando.

Chief topographical features: Rolling hills; numerous lakes. Elevation, 215

2. Climate

(From U. S. Weather Bureau observations at Bartow, Florida.)

Annual January April July October

Normal temperature 72.2 61.4 71.5 81.6 74.3
Normal rainfall 55.31 2.65 2.43 8.36 3.63

Growing season: Usual date of last killing frost in spring, February 5; usual
date of first killing frost in fall, December 13; average length of growing
season, 311 days.

3. Local Raw Materials

Timber: Slash pine, yellow and red cypress are available 15 miles from town.
Auburndale Hardware and Paint Company is the major sawmill operator.

Minerals: Pebble phosphate is available 12 miles from Winter Haven, in the
Bartow area.

Agricultural products: Citrus fruits and cattle.

Part B---General Economy

1. Population

Est. 1949 1945 1940 122 1930

County total 119,100 112,429 86,665 82,184 72,286
City total* 16,029 8,109 6,199 5,527 7,130
Negroes in county 29,992 24,994 18,516 17,740 16,020
Negroes in city* 3,500 1,242 602

*City figures for 1930 through 1945 are from reports of the Federal and State
censuses and include only the population within the corporate limits. The
Winter Haven Chamber of Commerce estimates that the total population of the
built-up area was about 65% greater. The city estimates for 1949 were made by
the Winter Haven Chamber of Commerce and include the population of the built-
up areas outside the corporate limits.

Predominant nationalities: Native-born white; Negro.

2. Labor

Unions: Plants in Winter Haven are not affiliated with any unions.

Female employment: Approximately 45% of total employment is female.

Approximate hourly wages: Unskilled male, 600 for light labor, 700 for heavy
labor; unskilled female, 600-65Q; skilled male, $1.25 to $1.75, 50 to 60 hours
per week. There is no differential in the wages of white and Negro workers of
equal skill. Few Negro males or white or Negro females are employed in skilled



2. Labor (Cont.)

General: Available workers include machinists, painters, truck drivers,
welders, meat cutters, citrus cannery workers, construction electricians, air-
craft mechanics, citrus pickers, carpenters, automobile mechanics and citrus

3. Retail Market

General: Winter Haven is the trade center for Auburndale, Lake Alfred, Dundee,
Lake Hamilton, Eloise, Eagle Lake, Lake Wales, Frostproof, Avon Park, Sebring,
Haines City and Davenport.

1948 Effective Buying Income per family in city, $4,509; county, $3,453.*
1948 Estimated total retail sales in city, $21,143,000; county, $102,828,000.*
1948 Estimated retail food store sales in city, $4,151,000; county,
1948 Estimated retail general merchandise store sales in city, $1,257,000;
county, $9,753,000.*
1948 Estimated retail drug store sales in city, $593,000; county, $3,282,000.*

"Copyright 1949, SALES MANAGEMENT Survey of Buying Power. Further reproduction
not licensed.

4. Manufacturing Industries

General: Race & Race, Inc., aluminum products; Bordo Products Co., citrus
canners; Floridagold Citrus Corp., citrus canners; Roberts Brothers, citrus
canners; The Sundine Co. Inc., citrus canners; Consolidated Fruit Distributors,
Inc., citrus packers; Imperial Growers, Inc., citrus packers; Di Giorgio Fruit
Corp., citrus packers; Lang-Lawless Fruit Co. Inc., citrus packers; Florence
Citrus Growers Association, citrus packers; Polk Packing Association, citrus
packers; Great Southern Citrus Association, citrus packers; McCutcheen Fruit
Co., citrus packers; Stanford Fruit Growers, Inc., citrus packers; Star Fruit
Co., citrus packers; Winter Haven Citrus Growers Association, citrus packers;
Coward Fruit Co., citrus packers; Walter A. Smith, citrus packers; Winter
Haven Cement Works, concrete block manufacturers; Merr Products Co., concrete
block manufacturers; Home Builders Supply, Inc., lumber & millwork; Winter
Haven Planing Mills, lumber & millwork; Villa Lumber & Supply Co., lumber &
Part C--Government

1. Administration

Type: Commission-Manager.

Officials: Mayor, L. H. Recker; City Manager, Cletus Allen; City Attorney,
Harry E. King.

Special departments: The city has an active building inspector, electrical
inspector, plumbing inspector, city engineer, park and recreation board,
zoning board, street department, airport department, finance committee and
welfare board.

Zoning: City has a zoning ordinance.

2. Finances

Current city tax rate: Operations, 10 mills; debt service, 15 mills.

Average city tax rate for last five years: Operations, 10 mills; debt service,
13 mills.

City basis of assessment: 100% of actual value.

Total assessed value of real property in city: $10,697,249.



2. Finances (Cont.)

City license tax on manufacturing plant: Based on annual gross sales in
accordance with following schedule:

Gross Sales Annual Tax

Under $25,000 $25
$25,000 $50,000 $50
$50,000 $100,000 $75
$100,000 $200,000 $100
Over $200,000 $150

City utility tax: 10%; maximum $10 per month

Other major city taxes: Cigarette tax, 1-~ per package of 20.

Current county tax rate: Operations, 16.92 mills; debt service, .11 mills.

Bonded debt: City, $1,582,500; county, none other than certain school districts

Other long-term obligations: City, 0; county, 0.

Part D--Community Facilities

1. Available Data

Maps: City street and zoning maps are available at city offices.

Reports: Chamber of Commerce has an industrial prospectus available for
mailing and also county and state maps showing the location of Winter Haven.

2. Transportation Facilities

Railroad: The main lines of the Seaboard Air Line Railroad and Atlantic Coast
Line Railroad provide passenger and freight service. Pick-up and delivery
service for less than carload freight is available.

Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., provides rail express service. Free
pick-up and delivery service is available for express.

Highway: U. S. Highway 17 and Florida Highways 542 and 544 pass through Winter
Haven. The intersection of U. S. Highways 92 and 17 is four miles from Winter

Local bus service: Seven buses are used for local service.

Intercity bus service: Florida Greyhound Lines operates 29 buses daily in
summer and 30 buses daily in winter.

Intercity trucking facilities: Central Truck Lines provides service from
Winter Haven to Tampa and Hunt Truck Lines provides state-wide service. Tampa,
Orlando and Jacksonville are among the principal cities that can be reached by
an overnight truck haul.

Air: Gilbert Field, four miles from Winter Haven, is operated by Johnson
Aeronautical Services. The field has three 4,000-foot paved runways. Hangar
space is available. The field is open to private planes and charter cross-
country service is available. Scheduled commercial air transportation is
available from Drew Field, Tampa.

3. Power

General: Tampa Electric Company owns and operates the generating and distribu-
tion systems. Copies of rate schedules can be obtained at the company's office.



4. Fuel

Coal: Only limited amounts of coal are used for domestic purposes.

Gas: Central Florida Gas Company distributes artificial and bottled gas. Rate
schedules can be obtained at company's office.

Other: Fuel oil is available from local distributors.

5. Sewage and Waste Disposal

Sewage: The sewerage system is now being extended to cover all properties with-
in the city limits.and a new modern disposal plant is being constructed.

6. Water Supply

Source: Wells. Present source is adequate for expansion. System is owned and
operated by the City of Winter Haven.

Chemical analysis:

Total solids 176.4
Silica, insoluble 26.4
Iron and aluminum oxides 7.6
Calcium bicarbonate 104.0
Magnesium carbonate 23.1
Sodium chloride (Salt) 28.1
Sulphates none
Hydrogen sulphide none
Total hardness as CaCO3 107.0
Methyl orange alkalinity 104.0
Phenolphthalein alkalinity trace
pH Value, 7.6

7. Communications Facilities

Telephone service: Peninsular Telephone Company operates a dial exchange
serving approximately 3,800 company-owned stations, 600 rural stations and 40
toll circuits.

Telegraph service: Western Union has office hours of 8 a.m. to 9 p.m. in
summer and 7:30 a.m. to 10:30 p.m. in winter. Office hours on Sundays and
holidays are from 9:30 a.m. to 12 noon and 4:30 p.m. to 7:30 p.m.

8. Educational Facilities

Elementary Junior High High


Number of schools 3 1 1
Present enrollment 1,186 532 379


Number of schools 1 1 1
Present enrollment 407 122 86

Libraries: Winter Haven Public Library, 16,000 volumes.

9. Health Facilities

City: None.
County: Staff of one doctor and seven nurses. Operates venereal disease,
maternity and child health, and well babies clinics in Winter Haven.



9. Health Facilities (Cont.)

Hospitals: Winter Haven General Hospital, 80 beds, is a non-profit corporation
owned by the residents of Winter Haven.

10. Recreational Facilities

Public parks: Rotary Park, supervised by Miss Rebacca Waldrop and N. J.
Triplett, has playground equipment; Lake Silver Beach, open-air concrete
amphitheater, large cement block tourist recreation center, 12 shuffleboard
courts, picnic tables, beach open 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. lighted for night swimming,
dressing rooms, shower rooms and two lifeguards; Florida Citrus Exposition
Grounds, four large buildings; Lake Martha Park, beautifully landscaped, on
shores of Lake Martha; City Park, in the heart of shopping center, with concrete
block shuffleboard clubhouse, shuffleboard courts; Kiwanis Keegan Camp, on lake
shore eight miles from city, for boys and girls.

Athletic fields: Dennison Field, football, baseball and diamondball fields,
supervised by Coach James Whitney; Armory state guard gymnasium, shower rooms
and lockers, seating capacity, 3,000.

Other: Tennis courts, lighted; two golf courses with daily green fee. Winter
Haven is four miles from exotic, world famous Cypress Gardens. During the 1947-
48 season, this attraction had 225,000 visitors. 18 miles from famous Bok
Tower. 100 lakes within four miles of city hall with excellent fishing. A
chain of 16 lakes joined by canals, 7.5 miles boat course, boats for rent,
kickers available, bait provided. Winter Haven Sportsmen's Club stocks lakes
with bream and bass from its own fish rearing pools. Lakes are also stocked
by state hatchery.

11. Police Protection

City: Force consists of chief and 12 men. City has two patrol cars and one
motorcycle, all radio equipped. Patrolmen are uniformed. Regular beats are
maintained at night. City jail is not approved for quartering Federal

County: City will provide police protection outside city limits in emergencies

12. Fire Protection

City: Force consists of chief, three full-time engineers and 13 volunteers.
City has three fire engines and one fire station.

Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 2; NBFU, Class 6.

County: City provides fire protection outside city limits on call.

13. City Streets

Mileage: Paved, 106 miles.

General: Asphalt is the major type of pavement used. All streets are curbed.

14. Banking Facilities
Name Total Resources

American National Bank $4,912,147.81
Exchange National Bank 8,221,765.82
First Federal Savings and Loan Association 2,368,215.73

15. Construction and Service Facilities

Type and number: General contractors, 6; architects, 2; land surveyors, 2;
general machine shops, 4; foundries, 0; automotive repair facilities, 24;
consulting engineers, 1 (civil).



16. Retail Facilities

Type and number: Dry goods stores, 2; department stores, 10; grocery stores,
30; drug stores, 6.

Parking: City has 358 parking meters and one parking lot.

Vacant stores: There were two vacant stores in the business district at the
time of this survey.

Deficiencies: Winter Haven needs a good ladies' and children's shoe store and
a large general merchandise store.

17. Wholesale Facilities

General: Winter Haven is the wholesale distribution center for the area.
Fertilizer, insecticides and wholesale packing house supplies are sold here.

18. Housing Conditions

General: Housing conditions are considerably better than they were two years
ago. Homestead exemption has been granted on 4,200 additional pieces of
property in this section. New construction is taking place in all parts of
Winter Haven.

19. Hotels, Motor Courts, Trailer Parks and Restaurants

Hotels: Number, 5; rooms, 307.

Motor courts: Number, 5.

Trailer parks: Number, 2.

Restaurants: Number, 8; seating capacity, 1,000.

20. Newspapers

General: Winter Haven Daily News, daily except Saturday; Winter Haven Herald,

21. Radio Stations

General: Station WSIR operates on 1490 kilocycles, with power of 250 watts.

22. Laundries and Dry Cleaners

Commercial laundries: Number, 1.

Self-service laundries: Number, 2.

Commercial dry cleaners: Number, 7.

23. Civic Organizations

Organization and name of president: Kiwanis, Wm. Lawless; Rotary, Victor
Hodnett; Lions, George Price; Pilot, Mrs. George Burr; Executive Club, A. Gilbert
Lester; Chamber of Commerce, W. P. Langdon; Junior Chamber of Commerce, Dr. J.J.
McKibben; Woman's Civic League, Mrs. H. A. Pollard; Confederation of Garden
Clubs, Mrs. Thomas Swann; Board of Realtors, John B. Whitesides.

24. Churches

Denominations: Assembly of God, Baptist, Catholic, Christian, Christian Science,
Church of God, Church of the Nazarene, Episcopal, Methodist, Presbyterian,
Seventh Day Adventist.


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