Group Title: Inventory of industrial advantages
Title: [Inventory of industrial advantages
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 Material Information
Title: Inventory of industrial advantages
Physical Description: 6 v. : ; 39 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida State Advertising Commission
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: 1948-1949?]
General Note: Issued separately for Florida cities in cooperation with local chambers of commerce and varied agencies.
General Note: In loose-leaf binders.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075576
Volume ID: VID00234
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001689269
notis - AJA1305

Full Text



Orange County

Table of Contents


Part A---Natural Resources

1. Geography 2
2. Climate 2
3. Local Raw Materials 2

Part B---General Economy

1. Population 2
2. Labor 2
3. Retail Market 2
4. Manufacturing Industries 3
5. General Remarks on Economy 3

Part C---Government

1. Administration 3
2. Finances 3

Part D---Community Facilities

1. Available Data 3
2. Transportation Facilities 4
3. Power 4
4. Fuel 4
5. Senage and Waste Disposal 4
6. Water Supply 4
7. Communications Facilities 4
8. Educational Facilities 5
9. Health Facilities 5
10. Recreational Facilities 5
11. Police Protection 5
12. Fire Protection 5
13. City Streets 5
14. Banking Facilities 6
15. Construction and Service Facilities 6
16. Retail Facilities 6
17. Wholesale Facilities 6
18. Housing Conditions 6
19. Hotels and Restaurants 6
20. Newspapers 6
21. Laundries and Dry Cleaners 6
22. Civic Organizations 6
23. Churches 6

Prepared By:

101 Fifth Street South
Saint Petersburg 1, Florida


September/49 Tallahassee, Florida
With the assistance of Chamber of Com-
merce and City officials.


Part A---Natural Resources

1. Geography

Location: Winter Garden is in Central Florida, 12 miles west of Orlando.
It is on Lake Apopka.

Chief topographical features: Flat. Elevation, 117 feet.

2. Climate

(From U. S. Weather Bureau observations at Orlando, Florida.)

Annual January April July October

Normal temperature 71.9 60.7 71.1 81.9 74.0
Normal rainfall 52.35 2.45 2.55 8.15 4.61

Growing season: Usual date of last killing frost in spring, February 3;
usual date of first killing frost in fall, December 14; average length of
growing season, 314 days.

3. Local Raw Materials

Timber: Very little timber is available in commercial quantities. In
other sections of the county, longleaf pine is being cut by portable sawmills.

Minerals: No minerals are being produced at present. A clay pit about five
miles from town has been abandoned but the supply is not exhausted.

Agricultural products: Citrus fruits and truck crops are the principal
agricultural products in this section.

Part B---General Economy

1. Population

Est. 1949 19 1940 93 1930

County total 92,000 86,782 70,074 58,184 49,737
City total 4,471 3,010 3,060 2,301 2,023
Negroes in county --- 19,832 16,940 13,731 12,226
Negroes in city --- 658 --- 510 ---

Predominant nationality: Native-born white.

2. Labor

Unions: Electrical workers employed by Florida Power Corporation are members
of an A. F. of L. union.

Female employment: About 40% of the total employment is female. No women
are employed in manufacturing industries.

Approximate hourly wages: Unskilled white male, 750; unskilled Negro male,
600; unskilled white female, 750; unskilled Negro female, 650; skilled white
male, $1.50; skilled Negro male, $1 to $1.25; skilled white female, $1;
skilled Negro female, 750.

General: A good quantity of unskilled male and female, white and Negro,
labor is available. A considerable amount of labor is available on a
seasonal basis.

3. Retail Market

General: Winter Garden is the retail trade center of Ocoee, Montverde,
Oakland, Tildenville and Killarney.



3. Retail Market (cont'd)

1948 Effective Buying Income per family in county, $3,967.*
1948 Estimated total retail sales in county, $119,139,000.*
1948 Estimated retail food store sales in county, $21,139,000.*
1948 Estimated retail general merchandise store sales in county, $16,658,000.*
1948 Estimated retail drug store sales in county, $3,930,000.*

*Copyright 1949, SALES MANAGEMENT Survey of Buying Power. Further repro-
duction not licensed.

4. Manufacturing Industries

General: There are two manufacturing industries in Winter Garden. Total
manufacturing employment is under 25.

5. General Remarks on Economy

The economy of this town is good. However, it depends almost entirely on
citrus and truck farms.

Part C---Government

1. Administration

Type: Mayor-Commission.

Officials: Mayor, Clarence E. Thompson; City Attorney, J. B. Rodgers, Jr.;
Council President, W. B. Burch.

Special departments: The city has a street department and a water department.
The city council serves as a zoning board.

Zoning: The city does not have a zoning ordinance.

2. Finances

Current city tax rate: Operations, 18 mills; debt service, 12 mills.

Average city tax rate for last five years: Operations, 18 mills; debt
service, 10 mills.

City basis of assessment: 75% of actual value.

Total assessment of real property in city: $2,013,475.

City license tax on manufacturing plant: $12 per year.

City utility tax: None.

Other major city taxes: None.

Current county tax rate: Operations, 26 mills; debt service, 4.7 mills.

Average for last five years: Operations, 20 mills; debt service, 5 mills.

Bonded debt: City, $248,000; county, $7,006,500.

Other long-term obligations: City, $85,000 (revenue certificates); county, 0.

Part D---Community Facilities

1. Available Data

Maps: City street, trunk water main, trunk sewer, power distribution system
and zoning maps are available.


2. Transportation Facilities

Railroad: Winter Garden is served by an Atlantic Coast Line branch line
with two passenger and two freight trains daily and the Tavares and Gulf
Railroad with two freight trains daily. Pick-up and delivery for less than
carload freight is not available.

Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., provides rail and air express service.
Free pick-up and delivery of express is not available.

Highway: Florida Highway 438 passes through Winter Garden.

Local bus service: None.

Intercity bus service: Orlando Transit operates 7 buses daily to Orlando.
Greyhound Lines operates 4 buses daily through Winter Garden.

Intercity trucking facilities: Central Truck Lines provides service to all
sections of Florida. Jacksonville, Tampa, Miami, Pensacola and Atlanta are
the principal cities that can be reached by an overnight truck haul.

Air: Orlando Municipal Airport, 12 miles away, is the nearest airport. It
has 9,000 square feet of hangar space and four runways ranging in length
from 4,400 to 5,600 feet. All runways are 200 feet wide. The field is open
to private planes. Charter cross country flights are available. Scheduled
commercial air transportation is provided by Eastern Air Lines and National

3. Power

General; Florida Power Corporation owns and operates the generating and dis-
tributing facilities. Copies of rate schedules can be obtained at the
company's office on request.

4. Fuel

Coal: Coal is not used in this section.

Gas: Neither natural nor artificial gas is available.

Bottled gas: Green's Fuel Company, Vapo Gas of Florida, Natural Gas and
Protane Bottle Gas distribute butane and propane. Delivered cost is
approximately 304 per gallon.

Other: Number 1 and Number 2 fuel oils are distributed by all major oil
companies in this section.

5. Sewage and Waste Disposal

Sewage: Storm and sanitary sewers are installed. A septic tank, adequate
for a town of 4,000 persons, is used for disposal. A complete new plant is

Industrial waste disposal: City has no ordinances on industrial waste dis-
posal. Industrial wastes arc now emptied into an open ditch.

Garbage: Garbage is collected daily in the business section and twice weekly
in the residential district.

6. Water Supply

Source: Deep wells. Present source is considered adequate for expansion.

Treatment: Chlorination.

7. Communications Facilities

Telephone service: Florida Telephone Corporation operates a manual exchange.



7. Communications Facilities (cont'd)

Telegraph service: Western Union has office hours of 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. on
week-days. The office is closed on Sundays and holidays but telegrams
may be filed by calling the office in Orlando between 8 a.m. and 11 p.m.

8. Educational Facilities

Elementary Junior High High


Number of schools 2 1 1
Present enrollment 720 214 162
Present capacity 730 400


Number of schools 1 1 0
Present enrollment 252 **

*Combined with high school.

**Combined with elementary school.

Vocational training for white students: Orange County Vocational School, in
Orlando, offers all types of vocational training.

Vocational training for Negro students: None.

Libraries: No public libraries. Lending libraries in local stores.

9. Health Facilities

City health department: None.

County health department: West Orange Medical Center, staff of two doctors
and one dentist. Operates a general clinic.

Hospitals: Uest Orange Memorial Hospital, a 30-bed, privately-owned general
hospital, which is now under construction, will serve Winter Garden.

10. Recreational Facilities

Public parks: City Park has a swimming pool and a fishing area.

Athletic fields: Walker Field has baseball, diamondball and football fields.

11. Police Protection

City: Force consists of three policemen. City has one patrol car, without
radio equipment. Patrolmen are uniformed. Regular patrols are maintained at
night. City jail is not approved for quartering Federal prisoners.

County: The Sheriff's office and a Constable provide police protection out-
side the city. The county jail is approved for quartering Federal prisoners.

12. Fire Protection

City: Force consists of one full-time and 12 volunteer firemen. City has
three engines and one station.

Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 2; NBFU, Class 7.

County; The city fire department provides fire protection outside the city.

13. City Streets

Mileage: Total, 24 miles; paved, 12 miles; gravelled, 12 miles.

4 -


13. City Streets (cont'd)

General: Brick is the principal type of surfacing used. About 50% of the
streets are curbed and about 30% have sidewalks. Approximately 30% of the
streets should be rebuilt or extensively repaired during the next five years.

14. Banking Facilities

General: First National Bank of 'inter Garden, total resources, $4,000,000.

15. Construction and Service Facilities

Type and number: General contractors, 4; architects, 0; land surveyors, 0;
general machine shops, 2; machine repair facilities, 3; foundries, 0; automo-
tive repair facilities, 10; consulting engineers, 0. All are available in

16. Retail Facilities

Type and number: Dry goods stores, 3; department stores, 2; grocery stores,
15; drug stores, 3.

Parking: City has no parking meters.

Vacant stores: There are no vacant stores in the business district.

Deficiencies: A ladies' dress shop is needed.

17. Wholesale Facilities

General: Winter Garden is not considered a wholesale distribution center.
Commercial cold storage facilities are available and adequate. Commercial
freezing and public warehousing facilities are not available.

18. Housing Conditions

General: There is an acute housing shortage in Winter Garden.

19. Hotels and Restaurants

Hotels: Number, 1; rooms, 60.

Restaurants: Number, 4; seating capacity, 110.

20. Newspapers

Weekly: Winter Garden Times, circulation, 1176.

21. Laundlies and Dry Cleaners

Commercial laundries: Number, 4.

Commercial dry cleaners: Number, 3.

22. Civic Organizations

Organization and name of president: Rotary, R. G. Barr; Lions, G. B. Thompson;
Chamber of Commerce; American Legion, Ray Stevens; Winter Garden Welfare
League, Mrs. J. A. Harrell; Veterans of Foreign Wars, Mark Mack.

23. Churches

Denominations: Baptist, Methodist, Presbyterian, Church of God, Church of
Christ, Seventh Day Adventist, Assembly of God.

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