INV E NTORY OF INDUSTRIAL ADVAN T E S \
\I .... ..
Leon County -
Table of Contents
Part A---!atural Resources
1. Geography 2
2. Climate 2
3. Local Raw Laterials 2
Part B---General Economy
1. Population 2
2. Labor 2
3. Retail tiarket 3
4. Manufacturing Industries 3
5. General Rerarks on Economy 3
1. Administration 3
2. Finances 3
Part D---Community Facilities
1. Available Data 4
2. Transportation Facilities 4
3. Power 4
4. Fuel 5
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal 5
6. T"ter Supply 5
7. Communications Facilities 6
8. Educational Facilities 6
9. Health Facilities 6
10. Recreational Facilities 6
11. Police Protection 7
12. Fire Protection 7
13. City Streets 7
14. Banking Facilities 7
15. Construction and Service Facilities 8
16. Retail Facilities 8
17. Wholesale Facilities 8
18. Housing Conditions 8
19. Hotels and Restaurants 8
20. iNewspapers 8
21. Radio Stations 8
22. Laundries and Dry Cleaners 8
23. Civic Organizations 8
24. Churches 8
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
FLORIDA STATE ADVERTISING COMMISSION
Revised: 311 North Calhoun Street
Feb/48 Tallahassee, Florida
Part A--Natural Resources
Location: Tallahassee is in north Florida, 178 miles west of Jacksonville
and 200 miles east of Pensacola,
Chief topographical features: Rolling hills. Maximum elevation, 216 feet
above sea level,
Annual January Apri July October
Normal temperature 67.7 53.3 67.4 80.6 69.1
Normal rainfall 55.58 3.97 3.49 6.97 2.79
Growing season: Average date of last killing frost in spring, February
25; average date of first killing frost in fall, December 9; average length
of growing season, 282 days.
3. Local Raw Materials:
Timber: Longleaf, slash and black pine, gum and magnolia are cut in com-
mercial quantities in this area. Stands are now five to 30 miles from
town. McCall and Barrineau, Brooks-Scanlon and Harris Sawmill Company
are the principal sawmill operators. Many portable sawmills are also
cutting timber in the county.
Minerals: Middle Florida Sand Company and Coleman and Maige are working
sand deposits five to 10 miles from town. Ocklocknee Brick Company is
producing common brick from flood plain clays found several miles from
town. Fullerts earth deposits 20 miles from town were worked several
years ago. The deposit is not believed to be exhausted and there are
probably several other deposits in the county. Bentonitic clays are found
throughout the county but are not being utilized.
Agricultural products: Corn, sweet potatoes, milk, tung nuts, pecans,
beef cattle, pork, poultry and eggs, commercial vegetables and sugar cane
syrup. Gladioli are being planted in commercial quantities for the first
Part B---General Economy
Est. 1947 12 190 1935 1930
County total 41,000 35,451 31,646 26,622 23,476
City total 25,000 18,105 16,240 11,725 10,700
Negroes in county -- 16,322 16,106 15,723 13,788
Negroes in city -- 6,722 -- 5,043 -
Predominant nationalities: Native-born white; Negro,
Unions: No manufacturing industries are unionized. Most construction
workers are members of A. F. of L. unions.
Approximate wages: Unskilled white male, 650 per hour; unskilled Negro
male, 600 per hour; unskilled white female, 500 (for trainees); unskilled
Negro female, $10-$12 per week (domestic help); skilled male, $1.25-42 per
hour; skilled Negro male, employment is negligible but rate would be about
the same as for skilled white males; skilled white female, $30 per week for
sales clerks, $150 per month for skilled typists; skilled female, employment
3. Retail Market:
General: Cities and towns in the primary retail trade area are Chattahoochee,
Quincy, Havana, Monticello, Madison, Greenville, Perry, Blountstown,
Apalachicola, Carrabelle, Marianna, Bristol and Mayo, Florida; Bainbridge,
Moultrie, Thomasville, Cairo, Donalsonville, Colquitt, Camilla, Ochlochnee,
Pelham, Quitman, Valdosta and Attapulgus, Georgia. A survey by the Chamber
of Commerce shows 17 Florida and 17 Georgia counties in the primary and
secondary market area, with a total population of nearly 580,000.
1946 Effective Buying Income per family in city, $4,054; in county, $2,978.*
1946 Estimated total retail trade in city, $20,686,000; in county,
1946 Estimated retail food store sales in city, $3,649,000; in county
1946 Estimated retail general merchandise store sales in city, $2,858,000;
in county, $2,858,000.*
1946 Estimated retail drug store sales in city, $916,000; in county,
*Copyright 1947, SALES MANAGEMENT Survey of Buying Power. Further re-
production not licensed.
4. Manufacturing Industries:
Principal manufacturing plants: Elberta Crate and Box Company, all types
of crates and wire-bound boxes;Brooks Scanlon Lumber Company, general
finished lumber; Southern Packing Company; meats and meat products; Southern
Pine Extracts Company, naval stores and naval stores products; Monticello
Pecan Company, pecan sellers; Hanson, Wood and Hoel Industries, concrete
blocks; Alltite Motor Products Corporation of Florida, rebuilt and re-
finished automobile parts.
5. General Remarks on Economy:
Tallahassee is the seat of county and state government. Florida State
University (co-ed), with an enrollment of 4,500, and Florida Agricultural
and Mechanical College (co-ed, Negro), with an enrollment of 1,700, supple-
ment the local retail market.
Officials: Mayor, George I. Martin; City Manager, Malcolm Yancey; City
Clerk-Auditor, George C. White; City Attorney, James Messer, Jr.
Special departments: The city has an active building inspector, plumbing
inspector, electrical inspector, city engineer, park board, recreation
department, and street department.
Zoning: City now has a zoning ordnance and a complete revised plan is being
Current city tax rate: Operations, 5f mills; debt service, 0,
Average city tax for last five years: Operations, 2 mills; debt service,
City basis of assessment: 100% of actual value at time of assessment.
Property is reassessed every fifth year.
Average county tax rate for last five years: Operations, 10.6 mills; debt
2. Finances: (cont.)
Current county tax rate: Operations, 26 mills; debt service, 0.
Special district taxes: All property in Tallahassee is in School District 1
and is subject to a tax of 4 mills for operations and 2- mills for debt
Bonded debt: City, $37,000; county, 0; school district, $925,500.
Other long-term obligations: City, $2,350,000 in revenue certificates
supported by utility and hospital receipts; county, 0; school district, 0,
Part D---Community Facilities
1. Available Data:
Maps: City street maps can be obtained from the Chamber of Commerce.
Zoning maps can be obtained from the City Clerk, but .a genuine need must be
Reports: City fiscal report, City Clerk; proposed zoning plan, City Clerk;
history (brief), Chamber of Commerce.
2. Transportation Facilities:
Rail: The Seaboard Air Line Railroad main line between Jacksonville and
River Junction provides the only east-west service, with six passenger and
six freight trains daily. The Georgia, Florida and Alabama Railroad, operated
by the Seaboard, provides passenger service from Tallahassee to Cuthbert,
Georgia, with one passenger train in each direction daily and freight service
from Tallahassee to Richland, Georgia, with one local freight and three
through freight trains in each direction daily. The Atlantic Coast Line
Railroad provides north-south passenger and mail service from Monticello
(26 miles away). Pick-up and delivery service is available for less than
Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., provides rail and air express
service, Free pick-up and delivery is available for express.
Highway: U. S. Highways 27 (Florida 63), 90 (Florida 10) and 319 .Florida
61) and Florida Highway 20 pass through Tallahassee.
Local bus service: Eight buses are used for local service.
Intercity bus service: Greyhound Lines and National Trailways have more than
90 intercity buses through Tallahassee daily.
Intercity trucking facilities: Truck lines and areas served are-- M, R, & R.
Trucking Company, Tallahassee, Saint Marks and Pensacola; Great Southern
Trucking Company, all southeastern states; Abb's Transfer rnd Storage
Company, Tallahassee and New Orleans; Harrell Transfer and Storage Company
and Hill's Transfer and Storage Company, all southeastern states and, through
agency arrangements, all other sections of the nation. Pensacola, Atlanta,
Tampa, Jacksonville, Savannah, Birmingham, New Orleans and Iobile are
among the principal cities that can be reached by an overnight truck haul.
Air: Dale Mabry Field, municipally-owned, is three miles from town. It has
24,400 square feet of hangar space. Concrete runways are 4,660 feet,
5,200 feet and 5,238 feet long. The field is open to private planes.
Charter cross-country flights are available. Scheduled commercial air
transportation is provided by Eastern Air Lines, National Air Line and
Florida Airways, with a total of 25 flights daily.
Florida Power Corporation owns and operates the generating facilities. The
City of Tallahassee owns and operates the distribution system. Copies of
rate schedules may be obtained from the City Clerk,
Coal: Delivered cost per ton is $18 for domestic lump. Very little
stoker coal is used here.
Gas: Artificial gas, rated at 535 B.t.u. per cubic food, is distributed by
the City of Tallahassee. Copies of rate schedules can be obtained from the
City Clerk. Two companies have applied to the Federal Power Commission for
permits to construct natural gas pipelines that would serve Tallahassee.
This service will not be available until approximately two years after a
permit is issued,
Oil: Number 1 and Number 2 fuel oils are stocked by local dealers. Present
delivered prices are approximately 15.4Q and 14.2, respectively. Lower
grade oils could be trucked from the barge delivery point at Saint Marks.
4. Sewage and Waste Disposal:
Sewage: Separate storm and sanitary sewers are installed. Present system
covers approximately 95% of the city. Sewage is treated in Imhoff tanks.
At present, the system is rated to handle 1,000,000 gallons a day and is
actually handling 2,750,000 gallons a day. The disposal plant will be
expanded as soon as possible.
Industrial waste disposal: No local industries have large quantities of
Garbage disposal: Garbage is collected daily in the business district,
three times a week in residential sections within the city limits and twice
a week in residential suburbs outside the city limits.
6. Water Supply:
Source: Underground streams.
Consumption: Average daily consumption is approximately 2,200,000 gallons
Capacity: Storage capacity is 400,000 gallons. A storage tank for an
additional 500,000 gallons is now being constructed. Present pumping capacity
is 4,500 gallons per minute. Pumps capable of handling an additional
3,000 gallons per minute are installed and will soon be in regular operation.
In an emergency, they could be used now,
True color, 10
Total solids 157.
Loss on burning 32.
Phenolphthalein Acidity Neutral
Methyl Orango Alkalinity 115.
Total hardness 110.
Nitrogen as nitrate 0.35
Nitrogen as nitrite 0.002
7. Communications Facilities:
Telephone service: Southeastern Telegraph Company operates a manual ex-
change serving 6,714 company-onned stations in the city and 135 rural stations.
At present, 47 toll circuits are available. An average of 67,000 local and
1,035 toll calls are handled daily.by the local exchange.
Telegraph service: Western Union provides telegraph service. The local
office is open 24-hours a day, including Sundays and holidays.
8. Educational Facilities:
Elementary Junior High High
Number of schools 4 2 1
Enrollment 2,100 850 650
Number of schools 6 3 3
Enrollment 1,600 560 215
Vocational training for white students: Accelerated academic; commercial;
mechanical drawing; cabinetmaking; electrical (wiring and motor rewinding);
radio mechanics; automobile mechanics; general machine shop; beauty culture;
aircraft engine and mechanics (C.A.A. certified). Nigh courses in
carpentry (apprentice); plumbing (apprentice); commercial subjects and
woodwork hobbies are also offered. Almost any type of vocational training
will be provided if demand is sufficient to qualify the school for local
and Federal aid.
Vocational training for Negro students: Accelerated academic and tailoring,
Brickmasonry, automobile mechanics, shoe repairing, woodworking, barbering
and beauty culture courses will be offered as equipment becomes available.
Colleges: Florida State University, co-educational, 4,500 students;
Florida Agricultural and Mechanical College (Negro), co-educational, 1,700
Libraries: David Walker memorial Library; Florida State Library, 45,000
volumes. Facilities of the University and College libraries are also
available for reference.
9. Health Facilities:
City health department: None. The city contributed financial support to
the county health department.
County health department; Staff of one medical doctor, six nurses and three
sanitary officers. Operates venereal disease, tuberculosis (X-ray),
prenatal, maternity, child health, mental health and crippled children's
Hospitals: Baptist Biemorial Hospital, 98 beds, and Forsyth Memorial
Hospital, 40 beds, are general hospitals. Florida State University has a
125-bed infirmary for students and faculty members. A 55-bed hospital at
the Florida Agricultural and Iiechanical College serves college personnel"
and Negro patients from this area. Construction of a new 150-bed municipal
hospital began in February, 1948. Construction of a new $2,500,000 Veterans
Administration hospital is scheduled to begin in July, 1948.
10. Recreational Facilities:
Parks: Five blocks of landscaped parks along Park Street and nine other
parks in various sections comprise Tallahassee's park system of nearly 108
10. Recreational Facilities: (cont.)
Athletic fields: Bobby Benson Memorial Field, high school athletic field;
Ben Bridges Park, softball, football, baseball; Centennial Field, football
and baseball; Lee Field, all sports; Levy Park, all sports; Smith Field,
softball and baseball. Softball, basketball, volleyball, badminton, and
archery equipment are available at all City-operated parks.
Other recreational facilities; Tallahassee Country Club, municipally-
operated, is open to the public. Greens fees, for use of the 18-hole golf
course, are i1 on reek-days and $1.50 on Saturdays, Sundays and holidays.
The city also has 10 concrete and two clay tennis courts. The city
recreation department sponsors softball, basketball and volleyball leagues,
a junior golf tournament and, in cooperation with the Florida Forest and
Park Service, annual playground tours. The county health department and
the city recreation department sponsor a summer camp for underprivileged
children. Recreation for "teen-agers" is provided by the Tallahassee Youth
Center. The Tallahassee Civic Music Association sponsors an annual concert
series, featuring nationally-known artist. Florida State University and
Florida Agricultural and Mechanical College each present an annual artist
11. Police Protection:
City: Force consists of 27 men. City has four patrol cars, all equipped
rith two-way radio. Patrolmen are uniformed. Regular beats are maintained
at night in the business district. Patrol cars cover the residential areas.
All calls from outside the city are referred to the Sheriff. City
prisoners are quartered in the county jail.
County: Sheriff and four deputies provide police protection outside the
city. Three patrol cars, including one equipped with two-way radio on the
city police system, are used. No regular patrols are maintained, except
on week-ends. The county jail is approved for quartering Federal prisoners.
State: One State Highway Patrol sergeant and three patrolmen are assigned
to Leon county for local duty. The State Highway Petrol operates a modern
two-way radio network covering the entire state. The State Highway Petrol
is responsible only for traffic enforcement outside city limits.
12. Fire Protection:
City: Force consists of 29 full-time firemen. City has four pumpers, one
aerial ladder truck, one high pressure truck and one utility truck and
pumper. The city hcs its main station in the business district and an
auxiliary station at Dale Mabry Field. The city has 425 hydrants.
County: The county does not provide fire protection. The city fire de-
partment will answer calls in the immediate vicinity but hydrants are
available in only a limited number of places.
Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 2; NBFU, Class 6.
13. City Streets:
Mileage: Total, 105 miles; paved, 50.7 miles. Freeholders recently
approved a (7750,000 bond issue to finance paving of an additional 13,8
miled of streets.
General: Slag and oil is the principal surfacing material. Some streets
are brick. There Pre approximately 24 miles of sidewalk.
14. Banking Facilities:
Name Total Resources
Lewis State Bank $16,000,000
Capital City National Bank 13,000,000
Industrial Bank of Tallahassee 550,000
Tallahassee Federal Savings & Loan Association 6,100,000
15. Construction and Service Facilities:
Type and number : Architects, 1; consulting engineers, 1; general con-
tractors, 14; land surveyors, 2; general machine shops, 1; foundries, 1;
automotive repair facilities, 25.
16. Retail Facilities:
Type and number: Department stores, 4; dry goods stores, 22; drug stores,
22; grocery stores, 62.
Parking: There are no public parking lots in the business district.
Vacant stores. There were no vacant stores in the business district at
the time of this survey.
17. Wholesale Facilities:
General: Tallahassee is the wholesale distribution center for this area.
No special markets are maintained for the wholesale distribution of agri-
cultural products, but a curb market for the retail sale of farm products
is operated during the season. Adequate cold storage and commercial
freezing facilities are available.
18. Housing Conditions:
General: Units for sale are readily available. Rental units are scarce
but many new rental units are no-, being constructed and should relieve the
19. Hotels and Restaurants:
Hotels: iur'cEr, 7; rooms, 4.25.
Motor courts: Number, 6; units, 220.
Restaurants: Number, 30.
Daily: Daily Democrat, afternoon (except Saturday) and Sunday morning,
ABC circulation (September 30, 1947), 8,287 daily, 8,500 Sunday.
21. Radio Stations:
General: FRHP, 250 watts (ABC network); WTAL, 250 rratts (Mutual network),
rill increase to 5,000 rats sometime during March, 1948; FTAL-F1, 710 vatts
22. Laundries and Dry Cleaners:
Commercial laundries: Number, 7.
Self-service laundries: Number, 3.
Commercial dry cleaners: Number, 21.
23. Civic Organizations:
Name: American Association of University Women, Business and Professional
Women's Club, Exchange Club, Junior Chamber of Commerce, Junior Women's
Club, Kinanis Club, Lion's Club, Pilot Club, Rotary Club, Woman's Club.
Denominations: methodist, Presbyterian, Christian Science, Episcopal,
Baptist, Catholic, Church of Christ, Pentecostal Holiness, Assembly of God
First Assembly of God, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormon),
Seventh Day Adventist, Jewish, Jehovah's Witnesses, end Church of the