* ....... .'
Part A---N-tqral Reqgurcea
Growing season: During a 37-year period, the U. S. Weather Bureau recorded
only six killing frosts in the Spring and only 11 in the Fall.
3. Local Raw Materials:
Timber: Limited quantities of long-leaf pine are available five to 15 miles
from town. W. L. Sullivan, M. G. Davis and Henry Cabre operate saw mills.
Minerals: Canal rock is available five to 10 miles from town and white sand
is available one to 10 miles from town. Oyster shell deposits 10 to 15 miles
from town were worked at one time but the supply is practically exhausted.
Agricultural products: General truck crops (tomatoes, egg plant, beans,
sweet potatoes, squash, etc.), Indian River citrus fruit, mangoes, avocado
pearsi-guavas and other tropical fruits, tobacco plants for resale to north
Florida growers.and limited quantities of beef are the principal agricultural
Other: Gladioli, Easter Lilies, Asters and other cut flowers and salt water
fish are produced in commercial.quantities.
Part B---General Economy
Negroes in county
Negroes in city
Predominant nationalities: Native-born white; Negro.
Unions: Most construction workers are union. Other industries
Female employment: About 12% of the total employment and about
manufacturing employment are female.
have an open
11% of the
Approximate hourly wages: Unskilled white male, $1; unskilled Negro male,
750 $1; unskilled white female, 60#; unskilled Negro female, 500;
skilled white male, Q1.75; skilled Negro male, $1 $1.50.
General: Demand for skilled labor is very limited. However, since this
is a tourist area, skilled labor can usually be obtained whenever there is
3. Retail Market:
General: Stuart is the retail trade center for Indiantown, Jensen Beach,
Hobe Sound, Palm City and Port Sewall.
Chief topographical features: Flat; Saint Lucie River and Cos A-State Canal
run through town. Elevation, 12 feet.
(From observations- at Fort Pierce, Florida)
6. .Gea-l Remarks on Economy:
The economy and wealth of this area is dependent upon cattle, agriculture,
commercial fishing, small industries and tourists. The greatest wealth is
derived from the tourist business.
ror C---oGvernmen C A
Officials: Mayor, Phi\Ponce; Ciy Manager, L. B. Eui; City Attorney, M.
G. Littman. \ i
Special departments: City\jas an active building inspector, electrical
inspector, plumbing inspector, park 4nd recreation board, planning board,
zoning board and street department. '
Zoning: Cit+ has a zoning ordinance 4n effect. '
] t ,
**__ __ / '
2. f /
Current city tax rate: Operationst 25 mills; debt service, 10 mills,
Average city tax rate for last five years: Opera ions, 22 mills; debt service
.. City basis of assessment: 100% o actual value.
Total assessed value of real property in city: $1,830,565.
City license tax on manufacturing plant: Depends upon type of manufacturing.
S City utility tax: 10% (G7.50 maximum on each utility bill).
Other major city taxes: None. /
Current county tax rate: Operations, 13.3 mills; debt service, 3.6 mills.
Average county tax rate for last five years: Operations, 8.53 mills; debt
service, 15.35 mills.
Special district: T)e special district tax rate on property within the city
is 6.9 mills.
Bonded debt: City, $1,133,513.05; county, $1,500,000.
Other-longr erm obligations: City, $15,000; county, 0.
*. / i
3. Retail Market: (Cont.)
1946 Effective Buying Income per family in county,"-2,500.*
1946 Estimated retail food store sales in county, 1',556,000.*
1946 Estimated retail general merchandise store sales in county, $189,000.*
1946 Estimated retail drug store sales in county, N137,00O
*Copyright 1947, SALES MANAGEMENT Survey of Buying Power. Furer reproduction
not licensed. -. /
4, Manufacturing Industries:
General: Total number of manufacturing establishments, 9; total employment
at all manufacturing plants, 143. /
Principal manufacturing plants: Sporti Foods, Inc., agar; Steel Boats, Inc.,
boats; Hurricane Boat Company, boats; John W. Gilson, store fixtures; Gilson
Slide Rule Company, slide rules; Shark Industries Division of Borden Company,
vitamin A and shark hides; krundel Corporation, dredging equipment; Stuart
Ice Company, ice; Casa Lumber Company, sash, doors and general mill work.
5. New Industries:
General: One new industry, employing 10 persons, was established during 1946.
PM~A D---Communitv Facilities
1. Available Data:
Maps: City street, trunk water main, trunk sewer, power distribution system,
zoning and tax district maps may be obtained at he city hall or the Martin
County Chamber of Commerce.
Reports: A report on the physical development of Stuart is being prepared,
Copies may be obtained from the Martin County Chamber of Commerce.
S2. Transportation Facilities:
Railroad: Stuart is served by the Florida East Coast Railway main line, with
six passenger and,three freight trains daily. Pick-up and delivery of less
than carload freight is not available.
Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., provides rail express service. Direct
air express is not available. Free pick-up and-delivery of express is not
Highway: U. S. Highway 1 and Florida Highways A1A and 76 pass through Stuart.
Local bus service: None.
Intercity bus service: Greyhound Lines has 32 buses daily through Stuart.
Intercity trucking facilities: Kenneth Stimmel, James Hall and Will Thompson
provide trucking service within Martin County. West Palm Beach and Miami are
the principal cities that can be reached by an overnight truck haul.
Air: Witham Field, a county-owned airport, is one mile from town. The field
has 20,000 square feet of hangar space and three 5,000 feet runways. The
field is open to private planes. Neither charter cross-country flights nor
scheduled commercial flights are available.
Florida Power and Light Company owns and operates the generating and dis-
tributing facilities. Copies of rate schedules may be obtained at the
Coal: Coal is not used in this section.
Gas: Neither natural nor artificial gas is available.
Bottled gas: South Eastern Bottle Gas Company distributes bottled gas.
Other: Crude oil is not stocked by local dealers but may be hauled by truck
or barge from Port Everglades, approximately 90 miles from Stuart.
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal:
Sewage: No sewerage system is installed.
Industrial waste disposal: No local industries have a waste disposal problem.
The city has no ordinance on industrial waste disposal.
Garbage: Garbage is collected twice weekly.
\ 6, Water Supply:
Source: Wells. Present source is considered adequate for expansion.
Consumption: 150,000 gallons per day.
Pumping capacity: 450,000 gallons per day, ,
Rate: Copies of rate schedules may be obtained at the City Water Department.
7. Communications Facilities:
Telephone service: Southern Bell Telephone and Telegraph Company operates
a manual exchange.
Telegraph service: Western Union has office hours of 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. on
week days and 9 a.m. to noon on Sundays and holidays.
8. Educational Facilities:
Number of schools
Number of schools 1 1 1
Present enrollment 125 100 50
Present capacity 125 100 50
Vocational training for white students: Cabinet making and general wood
working, welding, carpentry and accelerated academic.
Vocational training for Negro students: Accelerated academic.
LibraryL Si-bmrt Library, 3,600 volumes.
9. Hea!h ties:
City Lhi:th. cparta-tent: None.
SCounty health apartmentnt : None.
Hospitals: Martin County Hospital, a 42-bed general hospital is privately--
owned but is operated by public donations and accepts charity cases.
10. Recreational Facilities:
Public parks: Stuart Park, shuffleboard courts, tennis courts, slides and
Athletic fields: Stuart High School Athletic Field, football, track and
general athletics; Stuart Ball Field, baseball aili diamondball.
Other: Martin County Golf and Country Club, membership; tennis courts.
.1. Police Protection:
City: Force consists of three policemen. City has one patrol car, without
radio equipment. Patrolmen are uniformed. Regular beats are maintained at
night. City prisoners are quartered in the county jail.
County: Sheriff and six deputies provide protection outside the city.
County jail is approved for quartering Federal prisoners.
. 12. Fire Protection:
1 City: Force consists of one full-time and 24 volunteer firemen. City has
two engines and one station.
Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 2; NBFU, Class 7.
County: The county furnishes fire protection. Two fire trucks are available.
13. City Streets:
Mileage: Total, 48 miles; paved, 37 miles; gravelled, 11 miles.
-"I3., City Streets: -(Cont.)
General: Asphalt is the principal type of pavement used. About 25% of the
streets are curbed and about 40% have sidewalks. Approximately 40% of the
streets will require extensive repairs and 15% will require resurfacing during
the next five years.
14. Banking Facilities: V
Citizens Bank, total resources, '3,000,000. \
15. Construction and Service Facilities:
Type and number:. General contractors, 12; architects, 1; land surveyors, 2;
general machine shops, 3; machine repair facilities, 2; foundries, 1; auto-
motive repair facilities, 8; consulting engineers, 1 (civil).
16. Retail Facilities:
Type and number: Dry goods stores, 1; department stores, 2; grocery stores,
6; drug stores, 3i
Parking: City has no parking meters and no parking lots.
Deficiencies: A men's clothing store and ladies and men's shoe store are
17. Wholesale Facilities:
General: Stuart is not considered a wholesale distribution center. A special
market for the wholesale distribution of vegetables is available. Commercial
cold storage and commercial freezing facilities are available and adequate for
present needs. Public warehousing facilities are not available,
Deficiencies: Wholesale grocery and plumbing supply stores and a soft drink
bottling plant are needed.
18. Housing Conditions:
General: Local housing situation has been critical for the last five years.
Apartment houses and small homes are needed for local and tourist rentals.
19. Hotels and Restaurants:
Hotels: Number, 6; rooms, 190.
Restaurants: Number, 4; seating capacity, 450.
Weekly: Stuart News, circulation, 3,000.
21. Laundries and Dry Cleaners:
Commercial laundries:. Number, 1.
Commercial dry cleaners: Number, 2.
22. Civic Organizatiqnst
Name and name of president: Kiwanis, Lon Tyson; Martin County Chamber of Com-
merce, Price Frence; Junior Chamber of Commerce, Paul Young; Rotary, F. A.
Stafford; Woman's Club, LIrs. E. A. Menninger.
Denomination: Baptist, methodist, Christian Science, Catholic, Episcopal,