INVENTORY OF INDUSTRIAL
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Table of Contents
Part A---Natural Resources
3. Local Raw Materials
Part B---General Economy
General Remarks on Economy
Part D---Community Facilities
Sewage and Waste Disposal
Construction and Service Facilities
Hotels and Restaurants
Laundries and Dry Cleaners
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
FLORIDA STATE ADVERTISING COMMISSION
Part A---Natural Resourcep
Location: Starke, the county seat of Bradford County, is in North Florida.
It is 46 miles southwest of Jacksonville and 26 miles north of Gainesville.
Chief topographical features: Flat. Elevation, 150 feet. There are
several lakes within a radius of 20 miles of Starke.
(Based on U. S. Weather Bureau observations at Raiford, Florida over a
Annual January Apl July October
Normal temperature 69.1 55.9 68.0 81.2 71.0
Normal rainfall 49.40 2.62 2.75 7.32 2.82
Growing season: Usual date of last killing frost in spring, February 28;
usual date of first killing frost in fall, November 26; average length of
growing season, 271 days.
3. Local Raw Materials
Timber: Pine, cypress and gum (black and sweet) are available throughout
the county. Oak and bay are available three to 20 miles from town. There
are several savmills in this area.
Minerals: Ilmenite, Rutile and Zircon.
Agricultural products: Strawberries, $500,000 annually; cattle, $500,000
annually; hogs, $250,000 annually; tobacco, $80,000 annually; corn, $75,000
Part B---General Economy
Est. 14 194 1930
County total 15,000 ,10,730 8,717 8,841 9,405
City total 5,000 2,130 1,480 1,317 1,339
Negroes in county 3,000 2,807 2,227 2,338 2,730
Negroes in city 1,000 444 230 ---
Predominant nationalities: Native-born white; Negro.
*Estimate by Starke Chamber of Commerce.
Unions: No national unions have been established in local industries.
General: An adequate amount of skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled labor
3. Retail Market
General: Starke is the retail trade center for Bradford County and parts
of Clay, Putnam, Duval, Alechua and Union counties.
1948 Effective Buying Income per family in county, $1,907.*
1948 Estimated total retail sales in county, $3,987,000.*
1948 Estimated retail food store sales in county, $1,192,000.*
1948 Estimated retail general merchandise store sales in county, $289,000.*
1948 Estimated retail drug store sales in county, $115,000.*
3. Retail Market (cont'd)
*Copyright 1949, SALES MANAGEMENT Survey of Buying Power. Further repro-
duction not licensed.
4. Manufacturing Industries
General: Starke has seven manufacturing establishments, employing approxi-
mately 350 persons.
Principal manufacturing plants: Bradford Plastics United Plastics, plastic
products; Hartman Door and Vindow Manufacturing Company, mill work; Bradford
Engineering Company, concrete blocks; American Tung Oil, tung oil and by-
products; Thomas Lumber Company, lumber, poles and ties; Starke Bedding
Company, bedding; Humphrey Gold Corporation, ilmenite mining.
5. New Industries
General: One new industry, Humphrey Gold Corporation, employs approximately
6. General Remarks on Economy
Agriculture is the principal source of income in this section. Business
conditions are very good at present.
Officials: Mayor, J. R. Wainwright; City Clerk, Carl Johns; City Attorney,
George L. Patten.
Special departments: The city has an active building inspector, electrical
inspector, plumbing inspector, city engineer, park and recreation board,
planning board, zoning board and street department.
Zoning: City has a zoning ordinance in effect.
Current city tax rate: Operations, 12 mills,
Average city tax rate for last five years: Operations, 15 mills; debt service,
City basis of assessment: 50% of actual value.
City license tax on manufacturing plant: Set by city council.
City utility tax: 5% of bill.
Other major city taxes: None.
Current county tax rate: Operations, 12 mills; debt service, 0.
Average county tax rate for last five years: Operations, 35.60 mills, based
on approximately 50% of valuation.
Bonded debt: City, $23,500; county, $36,500.
Part D---Community .Facilities
1. Available Data
Reports: The annual city audit and fiscal report, the City Clerk's report
and the Chamber of Commerce report contain useful data on Starke.
2. Transportation Facilities
Railroad: Starke is served by a Seaboard Air Line Railroad main line with
four passenger and eight freight trains daily. Pick-up and delivery service
is available for less than carload freight.
Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., provides rail express service.
Direct air express service is not available. Free pick-up and delivery is
available for express.
Highway: U. S. Highway 301 and Florida Highways 16 and 100 pass through
Local bus service: Local bus service is provided by one bus.
Intercity bus service: Greyhound Lines has 10 buses daily through Starke.
Intercity trucking facilities: Central Truck Lines and Alvarez Transfer
provide intercity trucking service. Any city in Florida can be reached by
an overnight truck haul.
Air: Conway Airport, privately-owned, is one-eighth mile from town. It
has limited hangar space. Runways are 1,600 feet, 2,000 feet and 2,300
feet. The field is open to private planes. Charter cross country flights
are available. Scheduled commercial air transportation is not available.
The generating and distributing facilities are municipally-owned. An
emergency supply of power is available from R.E.A. Copies of rate schedules
can be obtained at the city offices.
Coal: Very little coal is used in this section.
Gas: Neither artificial nor natural gas is available.
Bottled gas: Rosier Brothers Gas Company and Slade Gas Company. Delivered
cost is 200 a gallon.
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal
Sewage: Sanitary sewers are installed. The disposal plant is adequate for
Industrial waste disposal: No local industries have large amounts of liquid
Garbage: Garbage is collected daily.
6. Water Supply
Source: Wells. Present source is adequate for expansion.
Consumption: 700,000 gallons per day.
Rate: $1.35 for first 5,000 gallons and 200 for each additional 1,000 gal-
7. Communications Facilities
Telephone service: Starke Telephone Company operates a manual exchange
serving 237 company-owned stations, six rural stations and 11 toll circuits.
Telegraph service; Western Union has office hours of 8 a.m. to 10 p.m. on
week-days and 9 to ll,a.m. and 4 to 6 p.m. on Sundays and holidays.
8. Educational Facilities
Elementary Junior High* High
Number of schools 1 1 1
Present enrollment 816 299 233
Present capacity 700 --- 600**
Number of schools 1 1 1
Present enrollment 150 89 44
Present capacity 100 -- 100**
*Junior high and high schools are combined.
**Capacity includes both junior high and high schools.
Vocational training for white students: Home economics, vocational agri-
culture, manual arts, dramatics, and band music.
Vocational training for Negro students: None.
Other schools: Starke has a privately-operated kindergarten.
Libraries: Starke Library.
9. Health Facilities
City health department: Combined with county health department.
County health department: Staff of one doctor and three nurses. Operates
a general clinic in Starke.
Hospitals: Shady Crest, a privately-owned general hospital, has 60 beds.
10. Recreational Facilities
Public parks: City Park has tennis courts and a playground.
Athletic fields: The school has a baseball park, several softball fields,
and a stadium with a new $15,000 lighting system, seating 1,700.
Other: There are good fishing lakes within a short drive of Starke. It is
a 10 minute drive to Kingsley Lake with clear water and white sand beach.
11. Police Protection
City: Force consists of a chief and four patrolmen. City has one patrol
car, without radio equipment. Patrolmen are uniformed. Regular beats are
maintained at night. City jail is not approved for quartering Federal
County: The Sheriff's office and one county road patrolman provide police
protection outside the city.
12. Fire Protection
City: Force consists of three full-time and 15 volunteer firemen. City has
two engines and one station.
Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 2; NBFU, Class 6.
13. City LStreets
Mileage: Total, 30 miles; paved, 15 miles.
13. City Streets (cont'd)
General: Concrete and brick are the principal types of surfacing. About
10% of the streets are curbed and about 25% have sidewalks. Approximately
50% of the streets should be rebuilt or extensively repaired during the next
14. Banking Facilities
General: Florida Bank at Starke, total resources, $2,404,132.60.
15. Construction and Service Facilities
Type and number: General contractors, 2; architects, 0; land surveyors, 3;
general machine shops, 1; machine repair facilities, 2; foundries, 0; con-
sulting engineers, 0. Automotive repair facilities are adequate.
16. Retail Facilities
Type and number: Dry goods stores, 6; department stores, 2; grocery stores,
16; drug stores, 4.
Parking: City has no parking meters and no parking lots.
Vacant stores: There were 2 vacant stores in the business district at the
time of this survey.
17. Wholesale Facilities
General: Starke is a wholesale distribution center for groceries. A special
market is operated for the wholesale distribution of vegetables. Commercial
cold storage facilities are adequate for present needs.
18. Housing Conditions
General: The supply of furnished and unfurnished apartments and houses,
and small apartments and rooms for rent by the month or week, is considered
19. Hotels and Restaurants
Hotels: Number, 4; rooms, 100.
Restaurants: Number, 7; seating capacity, 250.
Weekly: Bradford County Telegraph, circulation, 1,786.
21. Laundries and Dry Cleaners
Commercial laundries: Number, 1.
Commercial dry cleaners: Number, 4.
22. Civic Organizations
Organization and name of president: Chamber of Commerce, Guy Andrews; Lions
Club, H. A. Bishop, Jr.; Rotary Club, G. S. Newcomb; American Legion, A. J.
Thomas, Jr. (Commander); Masons, F. L. Durshirmire (Master); Woman's Club,
Mrs. William Morse; Junior Woman's Club, Mrs. Herlong Adams; Business and
Professional Women's Club, Mrs. Pauline Torode; Tourist Club, W. S. Sibley;
Denominations: Baptist, Catholic, City Mission, Christian, Church of Christ,
Church of God, Episcopal, Methodist, Presbyterian, and Tabernacle.