Group Title: Inventory of industrial advantages
Title: [Inventory of industrial advantages
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 Material Information
Title: Inventory of industrial advantages
Physical Description: 6 v. : ; 39 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida State Advertising Commission
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: 1948-1949?]
General Note: Issued separately for Florida cities in cooperation with local chambers of commerce and varied agencies.
General Note: In loose-leaf binders.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075576
Volume ID: VID00184
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001689269
notis - AJA1305

Full Text

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Gadsden County

Table of Contents


Part A---Natural Resources

1. Geography 2
2. Climate 2
3. Local Raw Materials 2

Part B---General Economy

1. Population 2
2. Labor 3
3. Retail Market 3
4. Manufacturing Industries 3
5. General Remarks on Economy 3

Part C---Government

1. Administration 3
2. Finances 3

Part D---Community Facilities

1. Available Data 4
2. Transportation Facilities 4
3. Power 4
4. Fuels 5
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal 5
6. Water Supply 6
7. Communications Facilities 6
8. Educational Facilities 7
9. Health Facilities 7
10. Recreational Facilities 7
11. Police Protection 7
12. Fire Protection 7
13. City Streets 8
14. Banking Facilities 8
15. Construction and Service Facilities 8
16. Retail Facilities 8
17. Wholesale Facilities 8
18. Housing Conditions 8
19. Hotels and Restaurants 8
20. Newspapers 8
21. Radio Stations 8
22. Laundries and Dry Cleaners 8
23. Civic Organizations 9
24. Other Organizations 9
25. Churches 9

Prepared By:

Quincy, Florida


Revised Tallahassee, Florida



Part A---Natural Resources

1. Geography

Location: Quincy, the county seat of Gadsden County, is 22 miles northwest
of Tallahassee and eight miles south of the Georgia line.

Chief topographical features: Rolling hills. Average elevation, 225 feet
above sea level.

2. Climate

(Based on U. S. Weather Bureau observations at Quincy over a 27-year period.)

Normal temperature
Normal rainfall








Growing season: Average date of last killing frost in spring, March 10;
average date of first killing frost in fall, November 21; average length
of growing season, 256 days.

3. Local Raw Materials

Timber: Pine is available 10 miles from town, pulpwood is available 15 miles
from town and hardwoods such as gum, oak, hickory and poplar are available
12 miles from town. Thomas Lumber Manufacturing Company is the principal
sawmill operator.

Minerals: Floridin Company is working fullers earth deposits three miles
from town. Davis Brick Yard is manufacturing building bricks from clay
deposits 15 miles from town.

Agricultural products:


Shade cigar leaf tobacco.. ...........................5,640,000
Bright tobacco......................................... 160,000
Cattle... ......... .. .............. ... ............ 18,000
Swine .................... ........................ 25,000
Milk.............. ....................... ............ 1,000,000
Sugar cane syrup......................................... 230,000
Peanuts....................................... ....... 1,120,000
Grazing peanuts......................................... 5,000
Corn............................................... ..... 40,000
Poultry..... (chickens, turkeys)........................ 800,000
Tung nuts ................. ................ ............ 400,000
Pecans ............ ................... ................ 200,000
Sweet potatoes.......................................... 60,000
Pole beans ................. .................... ....... 140,000

lbs. marktd.

Part B---General Economy

1. Population

Est. 1949*

County total
City total
Negroes in county
Negroes in city



1940 1935



*Based on light, water and telephone connections and school enrollment.

Predominant nationalities: Native-born white; Negro.





2. Labor

Unions: No manufacturing industries are unionized.

Female employment: Approximately 40% of the total employment is female.

Approximate hourly wages: Unskilled male, 600-650; unskilled female, 450;
skilled male, $1.25-$2.25; skilled female, 60Q-65Q. There is no differential
in wages for white and Negro workers.

General: Very little unemployment.

3. Retail Market

General: The retail trade area includes Calhoun, Liberty and Gadsden counties
in Florida and three south Georgia counties.

1948 Effective Buying Income per family in city,63,000; in county $2,448.*
1948 Estimated total retail sales in county, $14 602,000.*
1948 Estimated retail food store sales in city, 2,000,000; in county
1948 Estimated retail general merchandise store sales in city, $900,000;
in county $1,459,000.*
1948 Estimated retail drug sales in city, $290,000; in county $365,000.*
1948 Estimated retail furniture and appliances in city, $75,000; in county

*County estimates copyrighted in 1949, SALES MANAGEMENT Survey of Buying
Power. Further reproduction not licensed. City estimates were made by the
Quincy Chamber of Commerce.

4. Manufacturing Industries

Principal Manufacturing Plants

Thomas Lumber Manufacturing Co.--Lumber
Floridin Company--Fullers Earth
Budd Cigar Company--Cigers
Swisher Cigar Company--Cigars
Florida Cigar Company--Cigars
Reyes Cigar Company--Cigars
Quincy Box Company--Cigar Boxes
Quincy Mill Works--Furniture

5. General Remarks on Economy

This is a prosperous area. The gross farm income, according to SALES
MANAGEIENT MAGAZINE, is in excess of $12,000,000. Wealthy tobacco farmers
live here. Quincy people own considerable stocks and bonds.

Part C---Government

1. Administration

Type: City Manager.

Officials: Lee Ray Munroe, Mayor; Harbert Gregory, City Manager; Alton Towles,
City Attorney.

Special departments: The City has an active building inspector, plumbing
inspector, planning board, electrical inspector, city engineer, zoning board,
and street department.

Zoning: City has a zoning ordinance in effect.

2. Finances

Current city tax rate: Operations, 0; debt service, 3 mills.



2. Finances (cont'd)

Average city tax for last five years: Operations, 0; debt service, 6 mills.

City basis of assessment: 100% of actual value in 1939.

Total assessed value of real property in city: $8,319,525.

City license tax on manufacturing p3ant: None.

City utility tax: 10%.

Other major city taxes: Personal property tax rate, 3 mills. Occupational
licenses, $2.50 to $100, depending on business.

Current county tax rate: Operations, 35.8 mills; debt service, 0.

Average county tax rate for last five years: Operations, 19 mills; debt
service, 0.

Special district taxes: 7 mills.

Bonded debt: City, $243,000; county, $40,000.

Other long-term obligations: None.

Part D---Community Facilities

1. Available Data

Maps: City streets, trunk water mains, trunk sewers, power distribution
system and zoning maps are available.

2. Transportation Facilities

Railroads: Quincy is served by a Seaboard Air Line Railroad main line with
three passenger trains and four freight trains daily.

Pick-up and delivery service is available.

Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., provides rail express service. Free
pick-up and delivery service is available.

Highway: U. S. Highway 90 and Florida Highways 16, 65, and 287 pass through

Local bus service: Five buses are used for local service.

Intercity bus service: Greyhound Lines, 34 buses daily; Ingraham Coaches,
6 buses daily; Trailways, 2 buses daily.

Intercity trucking facilities: Great Southern Truck Lines provides service
to all southeastern states. Principal cities that can be reached by an over-
night truck haul are Jacksonville, Atlanta, Tampa and Pensacola.

Air: Corry Aeronautical field is one mile from town. It has 5,000 square
feet of hangar space. None of the runways are paved. The field is open to
private planes. Charter cross-countryflights are available. Scheduled
commercial air transportation is available in Tallahassee, 22 miles away.
It is provided by Eastern Air Lines and National Air Lines, with a total of
25 flights daily.

3. Power

Florida Power Corporation owns and operates the generating facilities. The
City of Quincy owns and operates the distribution system.


M -

3. Power (cont'd)


Commercial Light Rate in City

First 200 K.W.H. G 80 per K.W.H.
All over 200 K.W.H. e 50 per K.W.H.
1inumum monthly charge ------------$1.00

Out of City

First 50 K.W.H. 66 per K.W.H.
Next 50 K.W.H. @ 30 per K.W.H.
Next 100 K.W.H. 02.50 per K.W.H.
Next 100 K.W.H. 6 20 per K.W.H.
All over 300 K.W.H. 01.55 per K.W.H.
Minimum monthly charge--------------1$.00

Commercial Cooking and Heating

Rate in City------------ 2.70 per K.W.H.
Out of City-------------0 3.150 per K.W.H.
Special rates to Gadsden County Hospital
and Churches, same as domestic combination
rate. Public Schools, Court House and
Convict Camp of 60 per K.W.H.

Commercial Power Rate

First 500 K.W.H. 6 3.60 per K.W.H.
Next 500 K.W.H. 0 30 per K.W.H.
Next 1000 K.U.H. 0 2.50 per K.W.H.
Next 2000 K.W.H. 20 per K.W.H.
Next 4000 K.W.H. e 1.50 per K.W.H.
All over 8000 K.W.H.. @ 1.10 per K.W.H.

Water Rate In City

First 5000 gallons 450 per M
Excess over 5000 gallons @ 180 per M
Monthly minimum charge-----------$1.00

Out of City

First 5000 gallons 0 500 per M
Excess over 5000 gallons C 180 per M
Monthly minimum charge----------$1.00

4. Fuels

Coal: Delivered cost per ton is $16 to $18 for domestic lump and $16 for
industrial stoker (oil treated).

Gas: Neither artificial nor natural gas is available.

Bottled gas: Bottled butane gas, rated at 2820 B.t.u. per cubic foot is
delivered at 170 per gallon for industrial users and 18 per gallon for
domestic users.

Other: Fuel oil and kerosene are available from local distributors.

5. Sewage and Waste Disposal

Storm and sanitary sewers are installed. Septic tanks are used for disposal.
Sewerage facilities are available to domestic, commercial, and industrial
users. Disposal plant is designed to accommodate 2,480 families. It will
eventually be increased to accommodate 3,900 families. Operation of the
system is financed from the city operation budget.


5. Sewage and Waste Disposal (cont'd)

Industrial waste disposal: No local industries have large quantities of
liquid waste.

Gargabe: Garbage is collected daily.

6. Water Supply

Source: Deep well supply (well #1, well #2, well #3) and Quincy Creek.
1,500,000 gallons daily.

Treatment: Filtered.

Consumption: 670,000 gallons a day.

Pumping capacity: 2,000,000 gallons a day.

Chemical Analysis:

Parts per million

Well #1 Well#2 Well #3

Total solids-------------------- 305.0 537.0 767.0
Loss on Ignition (Organic Solids)-- 20.0 35.0 62.0
Mineral Solids---------------------285.0 502.0 705.0

Analysis of Mineral Solids:

Silica--------------------------- 2.0 3.0 6.0
Iron Oxide (Fe203)-------------- 0.4 0.3 0.2
Alumina (A203)----- --------- 0.3 0.5 0.4
Lime (CAO)------------------------ 34.8 51.2 65.4
Magnesia (MGO)-------------------- 24.0 34.0 43.2
Sulphate (SO3)---------------- 23.0 60.3 88.6
Cholride ()------------------ 84.0 174.0 221.0
Soda (NA20)---------------------- 58.0 116.0 210.0
Manganese------------------------ None None None
Alkalinity as CaC03 (with Methyl orange 124.5 127.5 132.0
Free (C02)------------------------ 2.0 2.8 4.0
Total hardness as CaC03-----------122.2 176.4 224.8
Total hardness (Grains per gallon)- 7.2 10.3 13.2
Ph------------------------------ 7.9 7.8 7.7

These three waters are hard with calcium sulphate and magnesium chloride
actually present in #2 and #3, and potentially present in #1. Surface supply
water will make softer water.

In City

First 5000 gallons 0 45 per M
Excess over 5000 gallons 0 180 per M
Monthly Minimum charge----------1.00

Out of City

First 5000 gallons 0 500 per M
Excess over 5000 gallons 0 18 per M
Monthly minimum charge----------1..00

7. Communications Facilities

Telephone service: Quincy Telephone Company operates a manual exchange.
There are 1,000 company-owned stations; 110 rural stations, and 12 toll

7. Communications Facilities (cont'd)

Telegraph service: Western Union has office hours of 8:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m.
on week days and 8:30 a.m. to 10:30 a.m. and 3:30 p.m. to 5:30 p.m. on
Sunday and holidays. Western Union Service at bus terminal after office

8. Educational Facilities

White Elementary Junior High High

Number of schools 1 1 1
Present enrollment 611 249 199
Present capacity 600 279 225


Number of schools 1 1 1
Present enrollment 523 355 196
Present capacity 525 350 200

Vocational training for white students: Agriculture, typing, bookkeeping,
shorthand, and home economics.

Other schools or colleges: None.

Libraries: Quincy Public Library.

9. Health Facilities

City Health Department: City Health Officer operates general clinic.

County Health Department: The county health department employs one medical
doctor and six nurses. Operates general clinics throughout the county.

Hospitals: Gadsden County Hospital, a public general hospital, has 30 beds.
A 69-bed county hospital costing $750,000 is to be constructed. Bids are
being let.

10. Recreational Facilities

Public Parks: One, Glen Julia, owned and operated by Gadsden Home Demon-
stration Clubs; located eight miles west of Quincy; swimming.

Athletic Fields: Corry Athletic Field, football field, two tennis courts,
and softball diamond.

Other: Uard Field, general playground.

Clubs: Sawano Country Club, nine hole golf course, swimming pool, club
house. Participation by members and their guests only.

11. Police Protection

City: Force consists of eight persons. City has one patrol car, with
radio equipment. Regular beats are maintained at night. Patrolmen are

County: Sheriff's office provides police protection outside the city. County
jail is approved for quartering federal prisoners.

12. Fire Protection

City: Force consists of six full-time and 20 volunteer firemen. City has
three fire engines and one station.

Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 2 less 5; NBFU, Class 5 less 5.

County: The city will provide protection.


13. City Streets

Mileage: Total 40.3 miles; paved, 21.00 miles; gravelled, 0.

General: Bituminous is the principal type of surfacing. All of the streets
are curbed and about 30% have sidewalks. Approximately 15% of the streets
will need to be rebuilt or extensively repaired during the next five years.

14. Banking Facilities

General: Quincy State Bank, total resources $7,723,177.92; Citizens Bank
and Trust Company, total resources $2,701,781.54; Quincy Federal Savings and
Loan Company, total resources $371,000.

15. Construction and Service Facilities

Type and number: General contractors, 4; architects, 1; land surveyors, 1;
general machine shops, 2; machine repair facilities, 4; foundries, 0; auto-
motive repair facilities, 11; consulting engineers, 1.

16. Retail Facilities

Type and number: Dry goods stores, 3; department stores, 2; grocery stores,
31; drug stores, 7; ready-to-wear, 4; furniture, 5; auto-home appliance, 6;
hardware, 4.

Parking: City has two parking lots and has installed parking meters.

Vacant stores: There were no vacant stores in the business district at the
time of this survey.

Deficiencies: A ladies shoo store is needed.

17. Wholesale Facilities

General: Quincy is considered a wholesale distribution center. Tobacco
and livestock markets are available. Commercial cold storage and commercial
freezing facilities are available and adequate.

18. Housing Conditions

General: Very little rental property is available. Many new houses were
being built at the time of this survey.

19. Hotels and Restaurants

Hotels: Number, 1; rooms, 60.

Motor Court: Number, 1; cabins, 50.

Restaurants: Number, 10; seating capacity, 400.

20. Newspapers

Weekly: Gadsden County Times, circulation, 2,500.

21. Radio Stations

General: WCNH, 250 watt, 1230 kilocycles.

22. Laundries and Dry Cleaners

Commercial laundries: Number, 2.

Commercial dry cleaners: Number, 4.



23. Civic Organizations

Name of Organization

Quincy Chamber of Commerce
Junior Chamber of Commerce
Exchange Club
Rotary Club
Kiwanis Club
Pilot Club
Business and Professional
Women's Club

Head of Organization

Waldo S. Carrell, Manager
Ben Letson, President
Lewis Gregory, President
Willis H. Chapman, President
Linton Munroe, President
Gladys Holley, President

Emma T. Hancock

24. Other Organizations

Gadsden County Farm Bureau
American Legion

Prank L. Herrin, President
Julian Adams, Commander

25. Churches

Denominations: Methodist, Baptist,
Church of Christ, and Morman.

Presbyterian, Episcopal, Holiness,


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