INVENTORY OF INDUSTRIAL
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Table of Contents
Part A---Natural Resources
3. Local Raw Materials
Part B---General Economy
General Remarks on Economy
Part D---Community Facilities
Sewage and Waste Disposal
Construction and Service Facilities
Hotels and Restaurants
MUNICIPAL ADVERTISING BOARD
FLORIDA STATE ADVERTISING COMMISSION
Part A---Natural Resources
Location: Pensacola is in West Florida, 64 miles southeast of Mobile,
Alabama, 184 miles southwest of Montgomery, Alabama, and 389 miles west
of Jacksonville. It is on Pensacola Bay and Escambia Bay and near the
Gulf of Mexico.
Chief topographical features: Flat; sandy clay soil. Elevation is 15 feet
above sea level.
(Based on U. S. Weather Bureau observations over a 60-year period.)
Annual January April July October
Normal temperature 69.3 52.5 66.7 81.0 69.9
Normal rainfall 57.85 3.99 4.03 6.77 4.20
Growing season: Usual date of last killing frost in spring, February 20;
usual date of first killing frost in fall, December 9; average length of
growing season, 292 days.
3, Local Raw Materials
Timber: Pine is available five miles from town. Cypress, gum and bay are
available 15 miles from town. Abbott Lumber and Manufacturing Company,
Diamond Lumber Company, Alger-Sullivan, Weis-Fricker Mahogany Company, Pensa-
cola Creosoting Company, Escambia Treating Company and numerous small com-
panies operate sawmills.
Minerals: Sand Lnd gravel available 20 miles from town. Clay is available
in the immediate vicinity. Several local companies manufacture concrete
blocks and other concrete products. The sand in this area is supposed to be
suitable for making glass.
Agricultural products: Corn, Irish and sweet potatoes, sugar cane, peanuts,
velvet beans, figs, peaches, pecans, cattle, hogs, poultry and eggs, tung
nuts, berries and commercial vegetables.
Other: Salt water fish (red snapper is one of the most important), shrimp,
oysters, crabs, camellias and azaleas.
Part B---General Economy
1945 1940 9 1930
County total 105,262 74,667 56,674 53,594
City total 72,507 52,059 39,963 37,855
Negroes in county 21,670 17,570 14,548 13,924
Negroes in city 17,102 14,368 11,538 10,631
In July, 1949, the Pensacola office of the Florida State Employment Service
published the following statistics of the estimated 1949 population: The
population of Greater Pensacola at the close of 1948--approximately 82,471.
Escambia County population at the close of 1948--approximately 109,232.
Predominant nationalities: Native-born white; Negro.
Unions: Employees of Armstrong Cork Company, Gulf Power Company, Newport
Industries, St. Regis Paper Company, Southern Bell Telephone, U. S. Industrial
Chemicals, and building trades and longshoremen on board ships are organized.
2. Labor (cont'd)
Female employment: Approximately 16% of the total employment is female.
Approximate hourly wages: Listed below are sample wage rates:
Truck Driver, Light
(Under 3 tons)
The above figures were furnished by the Pensacola office of the Florida State
Employment Service from a survey made in cooperation with the Chamber of Com-
merce. Many other labor rates in Pensacola are on file and may be procured
by request from the Pensacola Chamber of Commerce or the Florida State Employ-
ment office in Pensacola.
3. Retail Market
General: Pensacola is the retail trade center for Escambia, Santa Rosa,
Okaloosa and Walton counties, in Florida, and Escambia, Baldwin and Covington
counties, in Alabama.
1948 Effective Buying Income per family in city, $4,745; in county, $3,565.*
1948 Estimated total retail sales in city, $66,626,000; in county,
1948 Estimated retail food store sales in city, $13,738,000; in county,
1948 Estimated retail general merchandise store sales in city, $8,705,000;
in county, $9,430,000.*
1948 Estimated retail drug store sales in city, $1,979,000; in county,
*Copyright 1949, SALES MANAGEMENT Survey of Buying Power. Further repro-
duction not licensed.
4. Manufacturing Industries
General: There are more than 80 industrial concerns in Pensacola. Among
the principal manufacturers are:
4. Manufacturing Industries (cont'd)
St. Regis Paper Company, paper and multiwall paper bags; Newport Industries,
industrial chemicals and naval stores; U. S. Industrial Chemical Company,
industrial chemicals; International Mineral and Chemical, fertilizers;
American Agricultural Chemical, fertilizers; Armstrong Cork, wallboard;
Peninsular Lurton Company, naval stores; Florida Drum Company, steel drums;
Pensacola Creosoting Company and Escambia Treating Company, creosoted timbers;
Smith Furniture and Smith Industries, furniture, trailers and tanks; E. E.
Saunders Fish Company and Warren Fish Company, seafood exporters; Weis-Fricker
Mahogany Company, mahogany importers; Pensacola Tool and Supply, tool manu-
facturers; Spearman Brewing Company, beer brewery; Southern Cotton Oil Com-
pany; Merchants Fertilizer and Phosphate Company; Taylor Brick and Tile;
Bayshore Foundry, iron and brass works; Taylor Sash and Door; Gylnquist
Screen and Cabinet Company, cabinets and store fixtures; Clawsbn Venetian
Blinds; Ventilated Awnings, Inc., wood anvings; White Metal Awning Company;
Flexible Wooden Shoe Company, wooden sandals; Marshal Boat Works; Hutson
McCrary Boat Company; Tart Cooperage Company, barrels; Mary Young Candy
Company; Gulf City Coffee Company, roasters and blenders; Moore Manufacturing
Company, auto seat covers; Gulf Paper Company, paper boxes; Pensacola Builders
Supply, Cary and Company, and B and B Builders Supply, concrete blocks;
Pensacola Mattress Company.
5. General Remarks on Economy
Industrial payroll of plants employing eight or more persons was $23,408,000
in 1946; $26,257,005 in 1947; and $27,168,000 in 1948. (The foregoing figures
are exclusive of Armed Services.) Pensacola Navy Statistics for 1948: Mili-
tary Payroll, $14,527,185.84; Civil Service Payroll, $26,259,348.91; Non-
Appropriated Payroll, $818,572.00.
Postal Receipts for 1948 totaled, $504,429.13. Total deposits 1948 in three
local banks were $42,247,345.14; bank clearings (3 banks) in 1948 were
Officials: Mayor, C. P. Mason, Vice Admiral USN (Ret.); City Manager, 0. J.
Semmes, Jr.; City Attorney, F. Churchill Mellen.
Special Departments: City has an active building inspector, electrical in-
spector, plumbing inspector, city engineer, park and recreation boards, plan-
ning board, zoning board, street and sewers department, port authority,
health department, municipal advertising board.
Zoning: City has a zoning ordinance in effect.
Current city tax rate: Total, 13 mills, 10 of which are for operations.
City basis of assessment; 100% of actual value.
Total assessed value of real property in city: $51,741,666.
City license tax on manufacturing plant: From $25 to $1,000, depending
upon amount of capital stock and real value.
City Utility tax: 10%.
Other excise taxes: None.
Current county tax rate: Total, 53.4 mills. Average county tax for last
five years: Operations, 35.62.
Total assessed value of real property in county: $78,441,860. (Not including
Part D---Community Facilities
1. Available Data
Maps: City street, zoning and tax district maps are available.
2. Transportation Facilities
Railroad: Pensacola is served by a Louisville and Nashville main line with
five passenger and five freight trains daily, and a St. Louis and San
Francisco main line with two passenger trains daily and a 3-unit Diesel
freight daily plus a tri-weekly local freight. Pick-up and delivery for
less than carload freight is available.
Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., provides rail and air express. Free
pick-up and delivery of express is available.
Highway: U. S. Highways 29, 90 and 98 pass through Pensacola.
Local Bus Service: Local bus service is provided by 35 buses.
Intercity Bus Service:
Number Buses Daily
Company Arrivals Departures
Greyhound Lines 27 27
Trailways 5 5
Capitol Motor Lines 8 8
Monroeville Bus Company 4 4
Intercity trucking facilities: Aero Florida Van Service, Abb's Transfer
and Service, Ferriss Warehouse and Storage, Bingham Transfer Company, D and
D Transportation Company, Bonded Distribution and Storage Company, M R and
R Trucking Company and F. Rust Smith and Sons provide intercity trucking
Air: Municipal Airport is five miles from town. Field has three 3,000-foot
runways. Open to private planes. Charter cross country flights available.
Scheduled commercial air transportation is provided by National Air Lines
with ten flights daily and Eastern Air Lines with six flights daily.
Gulf Power Company owns and operates the distributing facilities. Generative
facilities are owned and operated by Gulf Power Company and Alabama Power
Company. Copies of rate schedules can be obtained at the company's office.
Coal: Both domestic and industrial coal is available.
Gas: Natural gas. rated at 1,000 B.t.u. per cubic foot, is distributed by
the City of Pensacola. Copies of rate schedules can be obtained.
Bottled gas: Hydro-Gas of West Florida distributes propane, rated at 3,100
B.t.u. per cubic foot. Delivered cost is 150 per gallon in lots of 500
gallons or more. Fowler Butane Gas Company distributes butane, rated at
3,460 B.t.u. per cubic foot. Delivered cost is 160 per gallon. Escambia
Gas and Appliance Company, Inc., distributes "Pyrofax" rated at 2,509 B.t.u.
per cubic foot. Delivered cost is as follows:
(1-2 Cylinders per year $15.00
(3-4-5 Cylinders per year 12.50
100.1b Cylinder (6-9 Cylinders per year 8.75
24.9 gallons Propane (10 or over per year 7.75
(40 Commercial 7.25
Other: Oil is available in barge lots from several oil companies.
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal
Sewage: Storm and sanitary sewers are installed. A primary treatment dis-
posal plant now has a capacity of two and one-quarter million gallons per
day. Disposal plant capacity will be increased.
Industrial waste disposal: City has no ordinance on industrial waste dis-
posal. Most industries utilize waste. Some waste is emptied into the bay
and some is emptied into city sewerage system.
Garbage: Garbage is collected twice a week.
6. Water Supply
Source: Wells. Present source is considered adequate for expansion.
Treatment: None needed.
Pumping capacity: 19,440,000 gallons a day.
Consumption: In the period January through July, 1949, the highest month
of consumption was May with 191,900,000 gallons. In September, 1949, the
water system had 12,496 customers.
Total solids 43.2
Volatile solids 8.8
Suspended solids 0.0
Free carbon dioxide 10.0
Acidity (methyl orange) 0.0
Alkalinity (methyl orange) as CaCO3 6.0
Alkalinity (phenolphthalein) as CaCO3 0.0
Silica (Si02) 8.4
Iron (as Fe) 0.02
7. Communications Facilities
Telephone service: Southern Bell Telephone and Telegraph Company operates
a dial exchange serving 15,336 company-owned stations in the city, 399 rural
stations and 119 toll circuits.
Telegraph service: Western Union has office hours of 7 a.m. to 12 p.m. on
week-days and on Sundays and holidays.
8. Educational Facilities
Public Schools: Pensacola has 35 white schools and 16 Negro schools.
High Schools in county: White high schools, 4; Negro High schools, 3; white
junior high schools, 5. Total enrollment for the 51 schools for the 1948-
1949 school term, 18,462.
Vocational training for white students: Wood working, mechanical drawing,
shorthand, typing and bookkeeping. None for Negroes.
Other: One white Junior College with 125 students.
Libraries: Pensacola Public Library, 20,000 volumes.
9. Health Facilities
City health department: Combined with county health department.
County health department: Staff of four doctors and 13 nurses. Operates
venereal disease and general clinics.
9. Health Facilities (cont'd)
Name Te Ownership Beds
Escambia General Hospital General County 78
Sacred Heart Hospital General Catholic 175
Pensacola Maternity Home Maternity City 32
Angels of Mercy (Negro) Maternity Catholic 20
10. Recreational Facilities
Public Parks: Bayview--swings, see-saws, tennis courts; Sanders Beach--
swings, see-saws; Grandad Square--swings, see-saws, horseshoe courts;
Seville Square--swings, see-saws, horseshoe courts; Civitan Park--swings,
see-saws, horseshoe courts; Chipley Park--swings, see-saws, softball diamond;
Estramadura Square--supervised play in summer, swings, see-saws. Bayless
Wayside Park--8. shelters with tables and barbecue pits.
Athletic Fields: Legion Field--professional baseball; Pensacola High School
Stadium--high school football and baseball; Lion's Club Park--softball
league and boys' football; Catalonia Square--boys football and baseball;
Kiwanis Park--lighted softball field, lighted hard-surfaced play area, play-
ground equipment; Little League Park--boys' baseball.
Other: City Recreation Department operates 3 white youth centers and one
Negro youth center. Tennis courts, gymnasiums, beaches, Osceola Municipal
11. Police Protection
City: Force consists of 76 persons. City has 8 police cars with radio
equipment. Patrolmen are uniformed. Regular beats are maintained at night.
Motorcycle officers in traffic division, 8. The city jail is approved for
quartering Federal prisoners.
County: Escambia County has a sheriff, 15 deputies and four Highway Patrol-
men, using 11 radio-equipped cars and 7 cars without radio, providing police
protection outside the city.
12. Fire Protection
City: Force consists of 79 full-time firemen. City has 7 engines and 4
stations. Has one 75-foot aerial ladder truck and one city-service hook and
Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 2; NBFU, Class 6.
County: Fire crews from the Naval Air Station render what help is possible
and in extreme cases the city fire department gives aid. Suburbs of War-
rington, Brownsville, and Ensley volunteer fire departments each own a truck,
13. City Streets
Mileage: Total, 200 miles; paved 100 miles; clay and sand 100 miles.
General: Concrete is the principal type of paving used. About 50% of the
streets are curbed and 50 miles have sidewalks.
14. Banking Facilities
Name Total Resources Date of Report
Citizens and Peoples National Bank $12,237,412.77 June 30, 1949
First Bank and Trust Company 9,554,583.48 Sept. 16, 1949
Florida National Bank at Pensacola 22,709,255.36 August 31, 1949
Mutual Building and Savings Ass'n. 2,729,165.10 December 31, 1948
Pensacola Home and Savings Ass'n. 2,075,878.55 May 31, 1949
Pensacola Loan and Savings Company 328,499.45 December 31, 1948
15. Construction and Service Facilities
Type and number: General Contractors, 45; electrical contractors, 23; archi-
tects, 5; foundries, 1; general machine shops, 5.
16. Retail Facilities
Type and number: Dry goods stores, 7; department stores, 4; grocery stores,
286; steam laundries, 10; dry cleaners, 27; furniture stores, 21; drug
Parking: City has 727 parking meters.
17. Wholesale Facilities
General: Pensacola is a wholesale distribution center. A farmers' market
is operated for the sale of vegetables.
18. Housing Conditions
General: Rental houses and apartments are available but the demand is still
heavy. Many new dwellings were built in 1947, 1948 and 1949.
19. Hotels and Restaurants
Hotels: Number, 14; rooms, 1,000.
Restaurants: Number, 150.
Escambia County Press
The Colored Citizen (Negro)
The Pensacola Courier (Negro)
21. Radio Stations
General: Station WBSR, 250 watts; Station
5,000 watts. 1COA also transmits on FM.
30 721 (m); 25,552
(e) 34,161 Sunday
WEAR, 250 watts; Station WCOA,
22. Civic Organizations
Organization and name of President: Chamber of Commerce, Calvin Todd;
Civitan, Francis O'Conor; Exchange, Charles Hendricks; Junior Chamber of
Commerce, Henry Hiles; Kiwanis, Fud Thornton; Lions, Roger Q. Scott; Rotary,
Austin 0. Long; Optimist Club, Charles Asher.
General: Pensacola has 158 churches, representing 24 denominations.