PALM BEACH, FLORIDA
Palm Beach County V ,
% ; '* *.,'
Part A---Natural Resources
Palm Beach is on the Lower East Coast of Florida, 285 miles south of
Jacksonville and 65 miles north of hiami. It is separated from West
Palm Beach by Lake Worth. The Intraeoastal Waterway is on the west
of Palm Beach and the Atlantic Ocean i vua the east. The elevation
ranges from sea level to 32 feet.
Florida Highway A-1-A passes through Palm Beach. Seaboard Air Line
Railroad and Florida East Coast Railway provide rail transportation
through the West Palm Beach station. Greyhound Lines also serve
Palm Beach through the West Palm Beach station. Florida Cities Bus
Company has eight buses on a fifteen minute schedule in Palm Beach.
Air transportation is available at Palm Beach International Airport,
five miles from town.
Palm Beach County had a population of 112,311 in 1945 and the population
of Palm Beach was 3,596 in 1945. In Varch 1949, the Palm Beach Chamber of
Commerce estimated the year round population was 6,14F and the winter popu-
lation was 20,000.
(Based on U. S. Weather Bureau observations at Hypoluxo, Florida.)
Normal Normal Normal Normal
Temperature Rainfall TemDerature Rainfall
January 67.2 3.02 July 81.3 5.13
February 67.4 3.02 August 81.7 5.90
March 70.2 2.84 September 80.8 8.42
April 73.1 3.74. October. 77.7 9.58
May 76.7 4.98 November 72.3 3.48
June 79.5 7.34 December 68.4 1.99
Annual 74.7 59.44
Settlement of the Palm Beach area was of comparatively recent date; neither
the Spanish, during three centuries of unbroken rule, nor the English left
their imprints upon the Lower East Coast. The resort proper perhaps owes
its existence to the wreck of a Spanish barque in 1878. The vessel's cargo
of coconuts washed ashore and took root; early settlers gathered many nuts
and planted them on their property, and in time the barren sand key was
transformed into a patch of South Sea loveliness.
After years of receiving mail in haphazard fashion, in 1880 the settlers
were granted a post office under the name of Palm City. Afterwards, dis-
covering that another town in the state had a prior claim to the name, the
settlement was renamed Palm Beach.
In 1893, Henry M. Flagler, whose railroad had reached as far south as
Rockledge, attracted to the palm-coverea island and quick to visualize its
possibilities as a winter resort, purchased property on both sides of Lake
Worth and began construction of the Royal Poinciana, Palm Beach's pioneer
hotel. Flagler visited here regularly, directed the layout of the town-
ship, installed waterworks, paved streets, and made other civic improvements,
including an extensive landscaping program, at his own expense. The early
- 1 -
~ -" "~
PAI'i BEACH, FLORIDA
L. History (con't)
arrivals were from Philadelphia--the 7anamakers, Stotesburys, and Wideners--
families still prominent among colony leaders. With their approval, Palm
Beach patronage increased, the capacity of the Royal Poinciana Hotel was
doubled, and larger, more magnificent hotels and estates were built. Ex-
clusive clubs came into being. To this slender ribbon of sand almost
within sight of the Everglades has been transplanted the luxu~~r- f the
world. It is a luxury tempered with good taste and its beauty is genuine.
(Adapted from FLCRIDA: A GUIDE TO THE SOUTHiERIIOST STATE, Oxford University
6. Major Sources of Income
Palm Beach is a resort town and world famous as the winter playground for
society. Permanent residence is maintained by many of the country's
wealthiest families. Palm Beach is restricted as to certain businesses
and permits no industries in the town.
Part B---Recreation and Entertainment
1. Special Events
Sailfish Derby, polo, golf tournaments, sailboat and motorboat races,
2. Athletic Events
Spring training camp, Philadelphia Athletics, Wright Field, West Palm Beach.
3. Recreational Facilities
Tennis courts, golf courses, beaches, swimming pools.
Unposted hunting grounds are within 10 miles of Palm Beach.
.There are numerous fresh water lakes and canals near Palm Beach, in which
a variety of fresh water fish are caught. Many types of salt water fish
are caught in Lake Worth.and the Atlantic Ocean, Charter fishing boats
and guides are available at Palm Beach Marina Pier. Rates are $30 for
one-half day and $50 for a full day.
Catholic, Interdenominational, Episcopal.
Information on accommodations can be obtained from the Palm Beach Chamber
Further information on Palm Beach can be obtained from:
CHAMBER OF CO 1MERCE
Palm Beach, Florida
(Prepared March 1949)