Part A---Natural Resources
1. Geography; "'' "'
Chief topographical features: Flat Everglades muck (up to 50% organic matter)/.- i
and Everglades peat (up to 90% organic matter); on east bank of Lake Okeechobee ..
Elevation, 15 feet.
(From observations at Hypoluxo, Florida.)
Annual January April July October
Temperature averages 72.8 63.8 71.5 80.2 76.4
Rainfall averages 54.14 1.82 3.10 8.42 4.33
Growing season (From observations at Belle Glade.) During a 23-year period,
the U, S. Weather Bureau recorded killing frosts in the Spring in only 15 years
and in the Fall in only nine years.
3. LocaJ Raw Materialst
Timbers No timber is available in commercial quantities.
Minerals: Palm Beach County operates a lime rock pit in this section.
Agricultural products: (Carloads shipped during 1945-46 season) Beans, 4,088;
cabbage, 1,903; carrots, 11; celery, 4,017; chicory, 296; chihili, 24; corn, 30;
eggplant, 24; endive, 21; escarole, 599; lettuce, 22; mixed vegetables, 2,304;
peas, 47; peppers, 23; potatoes, 1,745; radishes, 161; romaine, 6; tomatoes,
42; turnip greens, 5. It is impossible to allocate exact quantities to each
community in the Everglades. The figures given above are the totals produced
on all the muck lands in the western half of Palm Beach County. However, 30%
of the vegetables listed were shipped from the Pahokee area. The entire Ever-
glades area, including Pahokee, produced 87,355 tons of raw sugar. Also, 1,500
acres of ramie were produced in this section.
Other: Beef cattle (approximately 6,000 head, mostly Brahman strain).
Part B--General Economy
Est. 1947 1945 12 1923 1293
County total 115,000 112,311 79,989 53,194 51,781
City total 11,000 10,274* 4,766 3,421 2,256
Negroes in county 47,000 45,467 28,380 17,550 16,760
Negroes in city 7,500 7,749* -- 1,688 -
*These are local estimates and are considerably higher than the official 1945
State Census report.
Predominate nationalities: Native-born white; Negro.
Unions: Construction workers, employees of U. S. Sugar Corporation and
scattered workers in other fields are members of A. F. of L. unions.
Female employment: Approximately 40% of the total employment is female.
Approximately 150 women are employed in manufacturing industries.
Approximate hourly wages: Unskilled white male, 550-800; unskilled Negro male,
550-650; unskilled white female, 500; unskilled Negro female, 500; skilled
white male, $1.20-$1.85; skilled Negro male, few used; skilled white female,
Generals The quality is fair for field work and supply is adequate most of
the time. Quality is fair to good for skilled workers but supply is not
3. Retail Market:
General: Pahokee is the retail trade center for the western part of Palm
Beach County between Pahokee and Point Mlayaca.
1946 Effective Buying Income per family in county, $3,053.*
1946 Estimated retail food store sales in county, $19,981,000.*
1946 Estimated retail general merchandise store sales in county, $6,534,000.*
1946 Estimated retail drug store sales in county, $2,908,000 i
4. Manufacturing Industries:
General: Total number of manufacturing establishments, 7; total number employ-
ed at all manufacturing plants, 600.
Principal manufacturing plants: Everglades Growers, celery processing; Shirley
Brothers, concrete blocks; Home Town Bakery, bakery products; L. L. Stuckey,
fertilizer; L. L. Stuckey, ice plant.
5. General Remarks on Economy:
This area is a highly developed agricultural section, devoted to winter
vegetable:and sugar cane production. Vegetable farming is a highly mechanized
process. Muck and peat soils in this area are regarded by the U. S. Department
of Agriculture as among the richest in America.
The area is protected from the waters of Lake Okeechobee by 70 miles of dyking.
The area produces an annual income of approximately $10,000,000. Fattening of
steers is increasing as a source of income. Farms average from 160 to 320
acres, with some as great as 5,000 acres. Twenty-two varieties of vegetables
are raised in commercial quantities.
The entire Everglades area, of which Pahokee is a part, has increased in pro-
duction of vegetables from 2,104 cares during the 1929-30 season to 15,739 cars J
in the 1945-46 season. Approximately 30% of these vegetables were shipped from
Pahokee. Extremely modern methods of vegetable processing are employed, such
as precooling of leafy vegetables and infrared potato conditioning.
Ramie fiber is being produced and a decorticating plant is located at Bryant,
six..miles from Pahokee. This plant will also start degumming ramie in early
1948. All indications are that the production, decorticating and degumming of
ramie fiber will become a major industry in this area. About 22,000 acres of
sugar cane is being produced in the western part of Palm Beach County, with
approximately 40% of this amount grown adjacent to the Pahokee area.
The Federal government has plans for adequate flood control of approximately
500,000 acres of land in this area.
Officials: Mayor, T. C. Richardson; City Attorney, Thad Whidden.
Special departments: City.has an active building, electrical and plumbing
inspector, city engineer, park and recreation board, zoning board and street
Zoning: City has a zoning ordinance in effect,
Current city tax rate: Operations, 15 mills; debt service, 3 mills.
Average city tax rate for last five years Operations, 15 mills; debt service,
City basis of assessment: 50% of actual value.
Total assessed value of real property in city: $1,833,665 (including $732,915
of homestead exempt property).
2. Finances: (cont.)
City license tax on manufacturing plant: $25 to $100.
City utility tax: 10% on first $25, 5% on next $50 and 1% on balance.
Other major city taxes: Garbage tax, $2 per quarter for domestic service and
$5 per quarter for commercial service.
Current county tax rate: Operations, 23.01 mills; debt service, 5.35 mills.
Average county tax rate for last five years: Operations, 15.21 mills; debt
service, 6.01 mills.
Special district taxes Everglades Drainage District, $1.50 per acre; Western
Palm Beach County Hospital District, 3.75 mills.
Bonded debt: City, $85,000; county, 0.
Other long-term obligations; City, 0; county, 0.
Part D--Community Facilities
1. Available Data:
Maps: City street and zoning maps are available.
2. Transportation Facilities:
Railroad: Pahokee is served by a Florida East Coast Railway branch line, with
three freight trains daily. passenger service is not available. Free pick-up
and delivery of express is not available.
Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., provides rail express service. Direct
air express service is not available. Free pick-up and delivery of express is
Highway: Florida Highway 15 passes through Pahokee.
Local bus service: None.
Intercity bus service: Glades I1otor Lines has eight buses daily through Belle
Intercity trucking facilities: Tamiami Trail Tours, Inc., provides trucking
service to all sections of south Florida. West Palm Beach, Miami, Jacksonville,
Fort Myers, Orlando and Tampa are among the principal cities that can be reach-
ed by an overnight truck haul.
Air: Belle Glade Airport, a municipal field 10 miles away, is the nearest air-
port. The field has 15,000 square feet of hangar space and two 1,000 feet
grass runways. The field is open to private planes. Charter cross-country
flights are available. Scheduled commercial air transportation is not avail-
Florida Power and Light Company owns and operates the generating and distribut-
ing systems. Copies of rate schedules may be obtained at the company's office.
Coal: Coal is not used in this section.
Gas: Neither artificial nor natural gas is available.
Bottled gas: Atlantic Fuel Company distributes liquefied petroleum, rated at
3,300 B.t.u. per cubic foot. The delivered cost is 304 per gallon for the
first 10 gallons per month and 250 per gallon:. for the balance used during one
Other: Fuel oils are available in tank car or local truck delivery lots.
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal:
Sewage: Individual septic tanks are used for sewage disposal. Installation
of a sanitary sewerage system is planned.
Industrial waste disposal: Local industries use surface disposal for liquid
wastes. City has no ordinances on industrial waste disposal.
Garbage: Garbage is collected daily in the business district and twice weekly
in residential districts.
6. Water Supplv:
Source: Lake Okeechobee. Source is adequate for expansion.
Treatment: Filtered, chlorinated and color removed.
Consumption: 400,000 gallons per day.
Pumping capacity: 430,000 gallons per day. Expansion of plant is scheduled
for late 1947.
Chemical analysis: A report on the chemical analysis of city water may be ob-
tained from Smith and Gillespie, Engineers, 221 West Adams, Jacksonville,
Rates Copies of rate schedules may be obtained from the City Clerk.
7. Communications Facilities:
Telephone service: Southerr "'ell Telephone and Telegraph Company operates a
dial exchange serving 487 company-owned stations in the city, five rural
stations and 13 toll circuits,
Telegraph service: Western Union has office hours of 8:30 a.m. to noon and
1:30 to 5:30 p.m. on week days and 9 to 11 a.m. and 3:30 to 5:30 p.m. on Sun-
days and holidays.
8. Educational Facilities:
Elementary Junior High High
Number of schools 1 1 1
Present enrollment 477 216 142
Present capacity 500 216 142
Number of schools 0 1 0
Vocational training for white students: Industrial arts, woodworking and metal
working, home economics and commercial subjects.
Vocational training for Negro students: None.
Libraries: There is one library in the school.
9. Health Facilities:
City health departments None.
County health department: Operates a tuberculosis clinic in West Palm Beach.
Hospitals: Everglades Memorial Hospital, a 31-bed general hospital, is owned
by the Western Palm Beach County Hospital District.
10. Recreational Facilities:
Public parks: City Park has a limited amount of playground equipment. A
swimming pool is to be built.
10. Recreational Facilities: (cont.)
Athletic field: School athletic field has a football field and baseball
11. Police Protection:
City: Force consists of four policemen. City has two patrol cars, with radio
equipment. Patrolmen are uniformed. Regular beats are maintained at night.
City jail is approved for quartering Federal prisoners.
County: Police protection outside the city is provided by the Sheriff's of-
fice. County jail is approved for quartering Federal prisoners.
12. Fire Protectiont
City: Force consists of one full-time and 12 volunteer firemen. City has two
engines and one station.
Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 3; NBFU, Class 8.
County: Everglades Fire Control District provides fire protection outside the
13. City Streets:
Mileage: Total, 20 miles; paved, 15 miles; gravelled, 5 miles.
General: Rock and oil is the principal type of surfacing. About 2% of the
streets are curbed and about 2% have sidewalks. Approximately 601% of the
streets should be rebuilt or extensively repaired during the next five years.
14. Banking Facilities:
General: Bank of Pahokee, total sources, $3,992,351.65.
G 15. Construction and Service Facilities:
Type and number: General contractors, 3; architects, 0; land surveyors, 2;
general machine shops, 0; machine repair facilities, 1; foundries, 0; auto-
motive repair facilities, 6; consulting engineers, 0.
16. Retail Facilities:
Type and number: Dry goods stores, 3; department stores, 5; grocery stores,
19; drug stores, 2.
Parking: City has no parking meters and no parking lots.
Vacant stores: There were no vacant stores in the business district at the
time of this survey.
Deficiencies: A quality restaurant is needed.
17. Wholesale Facilities:
General: Pahokee is not a wholesale distribution center. Pahokee State ~-:.
Farmers Market is available for the wholesale distribution of vegetables.
Commercial cold storage facilities are available and adequate.
Deficiencies: A wholesale grocery business is needed.
18. Housing Conditions:
General: Housing shortage is acute. Many houses and apartments are needed.
Residential and commercial building during the last nine months totaled
$60,000. Store buildings and a 25- to 50-room hotel are also needed.
19. Hotels and Restaurants:
Hotels: Number, 4; rooms, 50.
Restaurants: Number, 4; seating capacity, 132.
Daily: Palm Beach Post and Times are delivered in Pahokee.
Weekly: Pahokee News, circulation, 1,000.
21. Laundries and Dry Cleaners:
Commercial laundries: Number, 3.
Commercial dry cleaners: Number, 4.
22. Civic Organizations:
Name and name of president: Rotary, Orin Bacon; Business and Professional
Women's Club, Nola Dragon; Parent-Teachers Association, Mrs. A. D. Beverly.
Denomination: Methodist, Baptist, Catholic, Nazarene, Episcopal and Church