Part A--General Information
Monticello is in North Florida, 27 miles northeast of Tallahassee and 143
miles nest of Jacksonville, It is near the Aucilla River and Lake
Miccosukee. The elevation is 202 feet.
U. S. Highway 19 and 90 pass through Monticello. Seaboard Air Line Rail-
road and Atlantic Coast Line Railroad provide rail transportation. Bus
transportation is provided by Greyhound Lines. Air transportation is not
Jefferson County had.a population of 11,066 in 1945.
Monticello was 2,278..
The population of
M.onticello was founded in the early 1800's by planters from Georgia and the
Cnrolinas, who settled on land around a blockhouse,that stood on the site of
the present courthouse. The town was named forThbmas Jeff6rson's home:in
Virginia. The courthouse is modeled after his home.
6. HaInor Sources of Income:
General forming, watermelons and wrte helon seed, cattle raising, pecan
groves, satsuma groves and nurseries'provide the main sources of income.
Part B--Recreation and Entertainment
1. Special Events:
Annual Hallowe'en Carnival.
2. Athletic Events:
High school football, baseball and basketball games are held' here during the
school term. In 1947, the .ionticellb High School football team won the
North Florida Conference championship.' '' '
3. Tourist Clubs:
4. Rcd'reational Clubs:
;~ 'I ': ~
MONTICELLO, FZORIDA \
Part A---Natural Resources i "
Chief topographical features: Rolling hills. Elevation, 218 et. '
Growing season: Usual date of last killing frost in Spring, February 28; usual
date of first killing frost in Fall, November 25; average length of growing
season, 270 days.
3. Local Raw Materials:
Timber: Long-leaf pine, slash pine, gum, magnolia and bay are available five
to 20 miles from town. Florida Veneer and Lumber Ccmpany, Tomlinson Lumber
Company, Sherrod Lumber Company and several portable mills operate in the
Agricultural products: 8,200 acres oats, 1,500 acres cotton, 40,000 acres
corn, 1,000 acres sugar cane, 750 acres sweet potatoes, 334 acres tobacco,
5,200 acres tung, 1,000 acres watermelons, 2,900 acres pecans. This area
markets 600,000 pounds of watermelon seeds annually.
Other: Livestock market grossed $900,000 on cattle and hogs in 1946.
Part B---General Economy
Negroes in county
Negroes in city
Predominant nationalities: Native-born white; Negro.
Unions: No unions are established in local industries.
Female employment: Approximately 15% of the total employment is female. .
Approximately 20 women are employed in manufacturing plants.
Approximate hourly wages: Unskilled white male, 500; unskilled Negro male,
400; unskilled white female, 450; unskilled Negro female, 400; skilled white
male, $1.50; skilled Negro male, $1.25. No skilled females are employed.
S 3. Retail Market:
General: Monticello serves as the retail trade center for Jefferson County.
1946 Effective Buying Income per family in county, $1,328.*
1946 Estimated retail food store sales in county, $620,000.*
1946 Estimated retail general merchandise store sales in county, $467,000.*
1946 Estimated retail drug store sales in county, $80,000.*
*Copyright 1947, SALES MANAGEMENT Survey of Buying Power. Further reproduc-
tion not licensed.
4. Manufacturing Industries:
General: Total number of manufacturing establishments, 2.
Principal manufacturing plants: Monticello Milling Company, feeds, and
Florida Veneer and Lumber Ccmpany, plywood.
Officials: Mayor, A. N. Watson.
Special departments: The city has an active street department.
Zoning: City has a zoning ordinance in effect.
Current city tax rate: Operations, 22 mills; debt service, 2 mills.
Average city tax rate for last five years: Operations, 18 mills; debt service,
City basis of assessment: 65% of actual value.
Total assessed value of real property in city: $620,000.
City license tax on manufacturing plant: $25.
City utility tax: 10% ($1.00 Maximum).
Other major city taxes: None.
Current county tax rate: Operations, 8.70 mills; debt service, 0.
Average county tax rate for last five years: Operations, 10 mills; debt ser-
Special district: Special district tax rate on property in the city is 10.5
mills (School District No. 1.)
Bonded debt: City, $28,500; county, 0.
Other long-term obligations: None.
Part D--Community Facilities
1. Available Data:
Maps: City streets maps are available.
2. Transportation Facilities:
Railroads: Monticello is served by a Seaboard Air Line branch line with one
freight train daily and an Atlantic Ccast Line main line with four passenger
and two freight trains daily. Pick-up and delivery for less than carload
freight is available,
Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., provides rail express service. Free
pick-up and delivery for express is available. Air express service is avail-
able from Tallahassee.
Highway: U. S. Highways 19 and 90 pass through Monticello.
Local bus service: None.
Intercity bus service: Greyhound has 24 buses daily and National Trailways
has two buses daily through Monticello.
Intercity trucking facilities: Great Southern Trucking Company provides
trucking service to the southeastern states. Tampa, Jacksonville, Atlanta,
Birmingham and New Orleans are the principal cities that can be reached by
an overnight truck haul.
2. Transportation Facilities: (Cont.)
Air: Dale Mabry Field, 29 miles away at Tallahassee, is the nearest air-
port. The field has 24,400 square feet of hangar space. Runways are 300
x 5,238. feet, 300 x 5,200 and 300 x 4,660 feet. The field is open to
private planes. Charter cross country flights are available. Scheduled
commercial air transportation is provided by Eastern Air Lines, with 10
flights daily; National Air Lines, with six flights daily; and Florida
Airways, with four flights daily.
Florida Power and Light Company owns and operates the generating and dis-
tributing systems. Copies of rate schedule may be obtained at the companyst
Coal: Delivered cost is $16 per ton for domestic lump. No industrial
stoker is used.
Gas: Neither natural nor artificial gas is available.
Bottled gas: Bottled gas is distributed from Tallahassee.
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal:
Sewage: Separate storm and sanitary sewers cover about 50% of the city.
Septic tanks are used for disposal.
Industrial waste disposal: No industries have a disposal problem.
Garbage: Garbage is collected daily.
6, Water Supply:
Source: Wells. Present source is adequate for expansion.
Consumption: 160,000 gallons per day.
Pumping Capacity: 500,000 gallons per day.
Rate: Copies of rate schedule may be obtained at City Clerk's office.
7. Communications Facilities:
Telephone service: Southeastern Telephone Company operates a manual ex-
change serving 300 company-owned stations, 67 rural stations and 8 toll
Telegraph service: Western Union has office hours of 8 a.p. to-6 p.m. on
week days and is closed on Sundays and holidays.
8. Educational Facilities:
Number of schools 1 1
Present enrollment 270 115
Present capacity 350 115
Number of schools 1 1
Present enrollment 285 130
Present capacity 285 130
8. Educational Facilities:(cont.)
Vocational training for white students: Home economics, agriculture and
Vocational training for Negro students: Home economics, agriculture.
9. Health Facilities:
City health department: City has no health department.
County health department: Staff of one doctor and one nurse. Operates tuber-
culosis, venereal disease and child health clinics.
Hospitals: No hospitals are located in Monticello.
10. Recreational Facilities:
Public parks: None.
Athletic fields: Memorial Field has football and softball fields.
Other: Two tennis courts.
11. Police Protection:
City: Force consists of three policemen. City has one police car without
radio equipment. Patrolmen are uniformed. Regular beats are maintained at
night. City jail is not approved for quartering Federal prisoners.
County: Police protection outside the city limits is provided by the Sheriff's
office. County jail is approved for quartering Federal prisoners.
S12. Fire Protection:
City: Force consists of 15 volunteer firemen. City has two engines and one
Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 3; NBFU, Class 8.
13. City Streets:
Mileage: Total, 26 miles; paved, 6 miles; gravelled, 0.
General: Concrete is the principal type of pavement. All paved streets are
curbed and have sidewalks.* None of the streets should be rebuilt or repaired
during the next five years.
14. Banking Facilities:
General: Farmers and Merchants Bank, total resources, $2,600,000.
15. Construction and Service Facilities:
Type and number: General contractors, 1; architects, 0; land surveyors, 1;
general machine shops, 0; machine repair facilities, 0; foundries, 0; automo-
Stive repair facilities, 8; consulting engineers, 0.
16. Retail Facilities:
SType and number: Dry goods stores, 3; department stores, 1; grocery stores,
10; drug stores, 3.
Parking: City has no parking meters and no parking lots.
Vacant stores: There were no vacant stores in the business district at the
time of this survey.
17. Wholesale Facilities:
General: Monticello is not a wholesale distribution center. Special markets
are operated for the sale of livestock. Commercial cold storage and commercial
freezing facilities are available ar.d adequate.
18. Housing Conditions:
General: Housing facilities are crowded with no relief in sight.
19. Hotels and Restaurants: '.
Hotels: Number, 3; rooms, 70,
Restaurants: Number, 4.
Weekly: Monticello News, circulation, 800.
21. Laundries and Dry Cleaners:
Commercial laundries: Number, 2,
Commercial dry cleaners: Number, 3.
22. Civic Organizations:
Name and name of president: Kiwanis, J. R. Hughes; Garden Club, Mrs. George
Y. Mills; Parent-Teacher Association, Mrs, J. M. Morris.
Denomination: Methodist, Presbyterian, Episcopal, Baptistj-Catholic and
Church of Christ.