INVENTORY OF INDUSTRIAL ADVANTAGES
Table of Contents
Part A---Natural Resources
1. Geography 2
2. Climate 2
3. Local Raw Materials 2
Part B---General Economy
1. Population 2
2. Labor 2
3. Retail Market 3
4. Manufacturing Industries 3
5. General Remarks on Economy 3
1. Administration 3
2. Finances 4
Part D---Community Facilities
1. Available Data 4
2. Transportation Facilities 4
3. Power 5
4. Fuel 5
5. Sewage and paste Disposal 5
6. Water Supply 5
7. Communications Facilities 5
8. Educational Facilities 6
9. Health Facilities 6
10. Recreational Facilities 6
11. Police Protection 7
12. Fire Protection 7
13. City Streets 7
14. Banking Facilities 7
15. Construction and Service Facilities 8
16. Retail Facilities 8
'17. Wholesale Facilities 8
18. Hotels and Restaurants 8
19. Newspapers 8
20. Radio Stations 8
21. Laundries and Dry Cleaners 8
22. Civic Organizations 8
23. Churches 8
FLORIDA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY
Miami 30, Florida
FLORIDA STATE ADVERTISING COMMISSION
311 North Calhoun Street
Prepared: With the assistance of Chamber of
Mar/48 Commerce and City officials.
Part A---Natural Resources
Location: Miami is on the East Coast of Florida, 350 miles southeast of
Chief topographical features: Flat, Miami River runs through the city,
providing privately-owned facilities for servicing and lending small ocean-
going merchant vessels. Maximum elevation, 16 feet above sea level.
Annual Januarl April Jly October
Normal temperature 75,1 67.9 73.9 81.8 78.0
Normal rainfall 57.79 2.27 3.41 5.60 7.74
Growing season: During a 40 year period, the U. S. Weather Bureau recorded
only 10 killing frosts in the spring and three in the fall.
3. Local Raw Materials:
Timber: Cypress and yellow pine are found in this area. There are 8,200
acres of timber land in Dade County. A. H. Ramsey & Sons, Inc., Date Mill-
work and Renuart Lumber Yards are the principal sawmill operators.
Minerals: MIule Industries and A. Destin Company ore working sand, rock and
clay deposits in the immediate vicinity. They also manufacture concrete
building blocks, brick and other concrete building supplies,
Products 1945-46 Production
Avocados 13,000 tons
Other resources: Commercial fishermen landed 13,456 short tons of fish at
Miami Harbor during 1945. Dade County has 5,000 acres of citrus groves.
During 1946, 521,986 head of chickens were produced in Dade county.
Part B---General Economy
Est. 1947 1915 190 1935 1930
County total 351,100 315,138 267,739 180,998 142,955
City total 214,300 192,122 172,172 127,600 110,637
Negroes in county --- 53,905 49,518 35,924 29,894
Negroes in city --- 38,027 --- 27,632
Predominant nationalities: Native-born vhite; Negro.
Unions: Journeyman 7?rbers and Haircutters, Cosmeticians International Unior
Airline Pilots Association International; International Printing Pressmen &
Assistants; Amalgamated Association of Street Electric Railway & Motor Coach
Employees of America; Bricklayers and Plasterers; Brotherhood of Railroad
Trainmen; Carpenter's Union; Hod Carriers Building and Construction Labor;
Hotel and Restaurant Employees & Bortenders; Industrial Union of Marine Ship-
building Workers; International Association of Firefighters; International
Association of Machinists; International Ladies Garment Workers; Laundry
Workers International; Miami Beach Taxi Drivers;.Miami Building and Construc-
tion Trades Council; motion Picture Machine Operators Union; Plumbing and
Stenafitters; Teemsters and Chauffers; Technical Engineers, Transport ForkerE
Union of America; Typographical Union. There are 55 Local Unions affiliated
with A. F. of L. and seven Local Unions affiliated with C.I.O.
Female employment: Approximately 32% of the total employment is female.
Approximate hourly wages: Unskilled nhite male, 55Q to $1; unskilled Negro
male 550 to $1; skilled white male $1 to 82.25.
General: The current labor supply is fairly plentiful, especially in the
3. Retail Market:
General: Counties in the retail trade area are Indian River, Okeechobee,
Glades, Hendry, Collier, Monroe, Dade, Broward, Palm Beach, Martin and St.
1946 Effective Buying Income per family in city, $4,624; in county, $3,821.*
1946 Estimated total retail sales in city, $255,244,000; in county,
1946 Estimated retail food store sales in city, $43,537,000; in county,
1946 Estimated retail general merchandise store sales in city, $44,256,000;
in county, $50,507,000.*
1946 Estimated retail drug store sales in city, $13,152,00; in county,
*Copyright 1947, SALES NANAGEEENT Survey of Buying Power. Further repro-
duction not licensed.
4. Manufacturing Industries:
Principal manufacturing plants: Biscayne Canvas Company, canvas products;
Biscayne Tent and Awning, canvas products; Canvas Products Company, canvas
products; Florida Sales Corporation, coconut products; Florida Shipbuilding,
boats; Maule Industries, concrete products, rock and sand; i;etal Products
Corporation, building materials; Miami Shipbuilding Corporation, boats;
National Bedding, textile products; W. H. Ramsey, millwork; Tycoon Tackle,
fishing equipment. Each concern listed employs over 200 workers.
General: Total number of'manufacturing establishments, 427; estimated em-
ployment at all manufacturing plants, 17,500.
5. General Remarks on Economy:
Port of Miami was the leading port of entry for passengers for the last six
years. It is also the leading port in imports and exports via air. City
placed 11 out of 12 months during 1946 among the leading fifteen high-spot
cities in retail sales and services, according to Sales Management magazine.
One of the world's most popular resort centers. One of the principal centers
Officials: Mayor, Robert L. Floyd; City'Manager, R. G. Danner; City
Attorney, J. W. Watson.
Special departments: The city has an active building inspector, electrical
inspector, plumbing inspector, city engineer, park and recreation department,
planning board, zoning board, and public service department.
Zoning: City has a zoning ordinance.
Current city tax rate: Operations, 21.5 mills; debt service, 8.63 mills.
Average city tax for last five years: Operations, 18.93 mills; debt service,
City basis of assessment: 100% of actual value at time of assessment. Total
) assessed value of real property in city 242,102,430 (1946 tax year).
City license tax on manufacturing plant: 037.30 to p292. (according to
number of employees).
City utility tax: Budget 1946-47 $615,000.
Other major city taxes: Cigarette, cigar and tobacco.
Current county tax rate: Operations, 9.95 mills; debt service, 0.35 mills.
Bonded debt: City, ?/23,981,000; county, 0.
Other long-term obligations: City, 2365,722.25; county, 0.
Part D---Community Facilities
1. Available Data:
Maps: City street, trunk water main, trunk sever, power distribution system,
zoning and tax district maps are available.
Reports: "City Planning Board" reports; 50th Anniversary Report, of the
city of Miami can be obtained from the city publicity department,
2. Transportation Facilities:
Rail: The Florida East Coast Rail-ay has 10 passenger and seven freight
trains daily. Seaboard Air Line Railroad has five passenger and six freight
trains daily. Nine out of town railroads maintain offices in the city. Pick-
up and delivery service is available for less than carload freight.
Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., provides rail and air express service.
Free pick-up and delivery is available for express.
Highway: U. S. Highways.1 and 94 and Florida Highways A-l-A, 7, 9, 25 and
27 pass through Miami.
Local bus service; Local bus service is available.
Intercity bus service: Floride Greyhound Lines, Glades Kotor Lines and
National Trailrays have 158 scheduled buses in end out of the Union Bus
Intercity trucking facilities: Truck lines and Ereas served are--Central
Truck Lines, Inc., southern states; Tamiami Trail Tours, Inc., Florida;
Great Southern Trucking Company, southern states; Overseas Transportation
Company, south to Key West. Jacksonville, Tampa and Pensacola are among the
principal cities that can be reached by an overnight truck haul.
Air: Miami International Airport, county-owned, is about seven miles from
town. It has 403,000 square feet of hanger space. The field is open to
private planes. Charter cross-country flights are available. Scheduled
commercial air transportation is provided by:
Company Flights daily
Pan American Airways 78
Eastern Air Lines 68
National Airlines 36
Delta Air Lines 12
Espreso Aereo Inter-Americano 8
KLM Royal Dutch 4
In addition to those listed above, 28 other air lines operate charter or non-
scheduled flights from the Miami International Airport.
Florida Power and Light Company owns and operates the generating and dis-
tributing facilities, Copies of the rate schedules can be obtained at the
Coal: Very little coal is used in this section,
Gas: Artificial gas, is distributed by the Florida Power and Light Company.
Copies of rate schedules can be obtained from the company's office.
Bottled gas: All types of bottled gas are available from local distributors.
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal:
Sewage: Sanitary and storm sewers are installed in clese-in areas. A bond
issue has been approved and validated to finance extension of the system.
Sewage is not treated at present, but a disposal plant is being designed.
Industrial waste disposal: Sewerage facilities Pre available to industries
in the area now covered by mains. A copy of the ordinance on waste disposal
can be obtained from the City of Mivmi.
Garbage: Garbage is collected twice a week.
6. Water SupDlv:
Source: Wells, west of the metropolitan district.
Consumption: Average daily consumption is approximately 33 million gallons.
Pumping capacity: 40 million gallons per day. Plant now' being reconstructed
to pump 60 million gallons daily.
water pp.m. water p.p.m.
Total dissolved solids 353 179
Color 60 23
pH 7.1 8.7
Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) 1.2 0
Alkelinity as CaC03 217 40
Carbonate Hardness as CaCO3 217 40
Non-Carbonate Hardness as CaCO3 49 45
Total hardness, as CaC03 266 85
Silica (SiC2) 8.9 8.8
Iron (Fe) 0.9 0
Calcium (Ca) 96 26
Magnesium (Mg) 7.1 6.0
Sodium & Potassium, by difference as Na 25 23
Carbonate (C03) 0 35
Bicarbonate (HCO3) 264 3
Sulphate (SO4) 37 40
Chloride (Cl ) 45 35
Rates: Rate schedules may be obtained from Department of Water and Sewers.
7. Communications Facilities:
Telephone service: Southern Bell Telephone & Telegraph Company operates a
Telegraph service: Western Union provides telegraph service. The local
office is open 24-hours a day, including Sundays and holidays. Western
Union Cable Station, located on Miani Beach, has direct connections rith all
Latin American countries. The Tropical Telephone Radio Station in Hialeah
serves telephone connections with 12 Latin American cities and ships at sea.
8. Educational Facilities:
Number of schools
Number of schools
Vocational training for white students:
diesel mechanics, photography, welding,
Vocational training for Negro students:
mechanics, and carpentry.
Radio, boatbuilding, agriculture,
commercial art, refrigeration and
Agriculture, painting, masonry,
Libraries: Miami Public Library, 98,405 volumes (at main library and branches
Other schools or colleges: Hetropolitan Miami has the University of Miami,
7,000 students; Barry College, 260 students; Technical High, 487 (high school
students only. In addition there are numerous business colleges and language
9. Health Facilities:
City health department: None
County health department: Staff of four medical
Operates five tuberculosis, 11 X-ray, 14 general
three well baby, and four immunization clinics.
doctors and 40 nurses.
disease, five maternity,
In addition, there nre eight other Hospitals and
toriums in Metropolitan Miami.
10. Recreational Facilities:
Bleachers, drinking fountains, tennis courts, com-
munity house, floodlights, and rest rooms.
9.00 Baseball, softball, football, tennis, handball,
basketball, horseshoe and volleyball, community
house, and rest rooms.
2.67 Tennis, shuffleboard, basketball, horseshoe, hand-
ball, community house, drinking fountains, library,
children's playground apparatus, floodlights, rest
rooms, football and bnsketbell. Fee for cor-m.unity
6.90 Bowling green, croquet, roque, horseshoe, shuffle-
board, rith pavillion, football, basketball, drink-
ing fountains, rest rooms, floodlights.
10. Recreational Facilities:
ri 'ni Field
3.18 Tennis, softball, basketball, volleyball, child
Tennis, basketball, volleyball, football, baseball,
softball, ping pong, child play apparatus.
13.86 Bleachers, play apparatus for children, softball,
football, and tennis courts.
8.33 Bleachers, community house, rest rooms, library,
15.23 Orange Bowl.
8.00 Softball, basketball, volleyball, badminton, rest
rooms and bleachers.
19.03 Softball, basketball, track field, tennis courts,
shuffleboards, volleyball, badminton, soccer and
In addition to those listed there are ocean and bay beaches, public parks
and playgrounds adjacent to the city with facilities for boating, swimming,
picnic grounds, athletic fields, horseback riding and fishing.
11. Police Protection:
City: Force consists of 300 men. City has 14 patrol cars, all equipped with
two-ray radio. Patrolmen are uniformed. Regular beats are maintained at
night. City jail is approved for quartering Federal prisoners.
County: Dade County Road Patrol and Florida Highway Patrol provide protec-
tion outside the city. The county jail is approved for quartering Federal
12. Fire Protection:
City: Force consists of 269 full-time firemen. City has 17 fire engines
and 10 fire stations.
Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 1; NBFU, Class 3.
County: County fire stations provide protection outside the city limits.
13. City Streets:
fiileage: Total, 805 miles; paved, 652 miles; gravelled, 153 niles.
General: Asphalt is the principal surfacing material. There are approximate
ly 100 miles of curbed streets and approximately 200 miles of sidewalks.
Approximately 75% of the streets will need to be rebuilt or extensively re-
paired during the next five years.
14. Benkine Facilities:
General: First National Bank of Mi'mi, Little River Bank & Trust Company,
American National Bank of JI-rmi, Coconut Grove Exchange Bank, Allapatta State
Bank, Florida National Bank & Trust Company, Riverside Bank, Pan American
Bank, Dade Federal Savings & Loan Association, Miami Industrial Bank, First
Federal Loan & Savings of liami and First Trust Company. Total deposits for
banks in Miami early in 1947 amounted to $238,695,000.
* 1 I %
15. Construction and Service Facilities:
Type and number: General contractors, 186; architects, 40; land surveyors,9;
general machine shops, 24; machine repair facilities, 27; foundries, 6; auto-
motive repair facilities, 275; consulting engineers, 9 civil, 2 construction.
2 industrial, 4 mechanical, 2 refrigeration, 1 research, and 6 structural.
16. Retail Facilities:
Type and number: Dry goods stores, 26; department stores, 21; grocery stores
553; drug stores, 69.
Parking: City has 914 parking meters and 97 parking lots,
Vacant stores: There were about 50 vacant stores in the business district
at the time of this survey.
17. Wholesale Facilities:
General: Miami is the wholesale distribution center for this area. Special
markets for the wholesale distribution are farmers markets, fashion center,
fish market, livestock market and banana market. Adequate cold storage, com-
mercial freezing and public warehousing facilities are available.
18. Hotels and Restaurants:
Hotels: Number, 206; rooms 13,500.
Restaurants: Number, 1,259.
Miami Daily News
20. Radio Stations:
General: (Metropolitan Miami Area)
5 kw (day); 1 kw (night)
5 kw (day); 1 kwI (night)
*Also operates frequency modulation station,
21. Laundries and Dry Cleaners:
Commercial laundries: Number, 31.
Commercial dry cleaners: Number, 44.
22. Civic Organizations:
Name of Organization Head of Organization
Chamber of Commerce A. M. Balfe, President
Greater Liami Airport Association J. K. Shinn, President
Greater Miami Traffic Association Thomas Grady, Manager
Miami Retailers Association Barco Bishop, President
Miami Real Estate Board Leslie H. Coombes, President
Miami Builders Exchange Frank O'Neal
All major service and veterans organizations.
Denominations: Baptist, Methodist, Christian Science, Congregational,
Church of Christ, Episcopal, Evangelical, Jewish, Christian ."issicn Alliance,
Greek, Catholic, Nazarene, Unitarian, Presbyterian and Seventy Day Adventist.