INVENTORY OF INDUSTRIAL A D V NT A G E
MARIANNA, FLORIDA -
Jackson County -
Table of Contents
Part A--Natural Resources
1. Geography 2
2. Climate 2
3. Local Raw Materials 2
Part B---General Economy
1. Population 2
2. Labor 3
3. Retail Market 3
4. Manufacturing Industries 3
5. General Remarks on Economy 3
1. Administration 3
2. Finances 4
Part D---Community Facilities
1. Available Data 4
2. Transportation Facilities 4
3. Power 5
4. Fuel 5
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal 5
6. Water Supply 5
7. Communications Facilities 6
8. Educational Facilities 6
9. Health Facilities 6
10. Recreational Facilities 7
11. Police Protection 7
12. Fire Protection 7
13. City Streets 7
14. Banking Facilities 7
15. Construction and Service Facilities 7
16. Retail Facilities 7
17. Wholesale Facilities 8
18. Housing Conditions 8
19. Hotels and Restaurants 8
20. Newspapers 8
21. Radio Stations 8
22. Laundries and Dry Cleaners 8
23. Civic Organizations 8
24. Churches 8
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
120 South Jefferson Street
FLORIDA STATE ADVERTISING COMMISSION
Revised: 311 North Calhoun Street
July/48 Tallahassee, Florida
Part A---Natural Resources
Location: Marianna is in West Florida, 70 miles northwest of Tallahassee
and 138 miles northeast of Pensacola.
Chief topographical features: Rolling hills; Chipola River on East edge of
city limits. Maximum elevation, 117 feet above sea level.
Annual January April Juy October
Normal temperature 67.6 52.6 66.9 81.0 68.8
Normal rainfall 54.69 4.14 3.87 6.59 2.84
Growing season: Usual date of last killing frost in spring, March 3; usual
date of first killing frost in fall, November 22; average length of growing
season, 264 days.
3. Local Raw Materials
Timber: White, red and live oak; longleaf, slash and black pine; highland
and swamp hickory; black walnut, ash, magnolia, gum and bay are available in
quantity. Distances range from immediate vicinity to 30 miles from town.
The Rhyne Company, Inc., wood products; Marianna Heading Mill, pine and oak
barrel heads; and 12 portable sawmills are cutting timber in this area.
Large quantities of miscellaneous timber are available for manufacturing
excelsior. Naval stores are also important in this section.
Minerals: Soft limestone and sand and gravel aggregate are now produced
within eight miles from town. Prior to 1929, two open pits about 15 miles
from town were used to produce limestone for road base. Although the pits
are no longer worked, the supply is not exhausted. Marianna Limestone
Company produces agricultural limestone products and Marianna Sand and Gravel
Company produces sand and gravel aggregate.
Agricultural products: Jackson County is one of the principal agricultural
counties in Florida. Production of leading items in 1945 was:
Item Production Value
Peanuts 40,000 tons $4,200,000
Corn 900,000 bushels 1,500,000
Watermelons 1,500 carloads 600,000
Cotton 3,600 bales 360,000
Oats 280,000 bushels 350,000
Syrup (Sugar Cane) 200,000 gallons 200,000
Milk 1,200,000 gallons 204,000
Eggs 1,000,000 dozen 300,000
In 1945, there were 60,000 head of hogs, valued at $1,500,000, and 6,000 head
of cattle, valued at $400,000, in Jackson County.
Part B---General Economy
Est, 1948 1 19 0 19e5 1930
County total 36,400 34,509 34,428 35,384 31,969
City total 7,500 5,526 5,079 4,023 3,372
Negroes in county 12,000 11,637 12,408 13,330 12,551
Negroes in city 2,000 1,680 1,309
Predominant nationalities: Native-born white; Negro.
Unions: No national unions are established in local industries.
Female employment: Approximately 18 % of total employment is female,
Approximately 150 women are employed in manufacturing industries.
Approximate hourly wages: Unskilled male, 60#; unskilled female, 40; skilled
male, $1.10; skilled female, 750. There is no differential in wages of white
and Negro workers of equal skill.
General: The total labor force in Jackson County is approximately 9,000. Of
5,000 farm workers, 2,000 are skilled, 2,000 are semi-skilled and 1,000 are
unskilled. Of 3,000 urban workers, 1,500 are skilled, 1,000 are semi-skilled
and 500 are unskilled.
3. Retail Market
Most distant cities in primary trading area are Bonifay, Graceville, Malone,
Cambellton, Crystal Lake, Clarksville, Blountstown, Hosford and Chattahoochee,
Florida, and Cottonwood, Alabama.
1947 Effective Buying Income per family in county, $2,1.9*
1947 Estimated total retail sales in county, $12,449,000.*
1947 Estimated retail food store sales in county, $1,852,000.*
1947 Estimated retail general merchandise store sales in county, $1,803,000.*
1947 Estimated retail drug store sales in county, $408,000.*
*Copyright 1948 by SALES MANAGEMENT Survey of Buying Power. Further repro-
duction not licensed.
4. Manufacturing Industries
General: Total number of manufacturing establishments, 12; total manufac-
turing employment, 230.
Principal manufacturing industries: Marianna Heading Mill, barrel heads; The
Rhyne Company, Inc., furniture and wood products; Marianna Limestone Company,
Inc., agricultural limestone; Marianna Sand and Gravel Company, sand and
gravel aggregate; Marianna Peanut Company, shelled peanuts and feed; Marianna
Mattress Factory, mattresses; Farmers Meat Packing Company, meat; Marianna
Rendering Company, rendering; Koolvent Awning Company, metal awnings. All
industries except Koolvent Awning Company use local raw materials.
5. General Remarks on Economy
Jackson County, of which Marianna is the county seat, is the largest peanut
producing county in Florida. The county ranks second in hog production in
the southeast. Marianna is the home of the Florida Industrial School for
Boys. Florida Caverns State Park, at Marianna, is an important tourist
attraction. Jackson County, due to its long established agricultural back-
ground, has never experienced extreme inflationary "booms" or severe de-
Officials: Mayor, Charlton Keen; City Administrative Officer, R. W. Yost;
City Attorney, Robert S. Pierce, Jr.; Municipal Judge, W. A. Smith.
Special departments: The city has an active building inspector, electrical
inspector, plumbing inspector, city engineer, park and recreation board,
street department and municipal airport manager. The city commission acts
as a planning and zoning board.
Zoning: The city has a zoning ordinance.
0 1 0
* 1 a
Current city tax rate: Operations, 24 mills; debt service, 4 mills.
Average city tax rate for last five years: Operations, 16q mills; debt
service, 7-3/10 mills.
City basis of assessment: 100% of actual value.
Total assessed value of real property in city: $3,456,389.
City license tax on manufacturing plant: Tax is set by ordinance covering
City utility tax: 10% on domestic electric and gas bills and 5% on indus-
trial electric and gas bills.
Other major city taxes: Cigarette tax, 10%; amusement tax, 20 on first 340
and then 10 on each additional 150 or fraction thereof.
Current county tax rate: Operations, 16 mills; debt service, 0.
Average county tax rate for last five years: Operation, 14 mills; debt
Special taxing districts: School district tax rate on all property within
city is 7'2 mills.
Bonded debt: City, $160,500; county, $45,00.
Other long-term obligations: City, 0; county, 0,
Part D---Community Facilities
1. Available Data
Maps: City street and trunk sewer maps can be obtained from City Clerk.
Trunk water main and power distribution system maps can be obtained from
Florida Public Utilities Company, Marianna.
Reports: City Fiscal Reports can be obtained from City Clerk. Statistical
information on Marianna and Jackson County can be obtained from the Chamber
2. Transportation Facilities
Railroad: Marianna is served by the Louisville and Nashville Railroad main
line between New Orleans and Jacksonville. The Marianna and Blountstown
Railroad has one freight train daily between Marianna and Blountstown. Pick-
up and delivery for less than carload freight is available.
Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., provides rail and air express service.
Free pick-up and delivery service is available.
Highway: U. S. Highway 90 (Old Spanish Trail) and Florida Highways 71, 73,
167 and 276 pass through Marianna.
Local bus service: Seven buses are used for local service.
Intercity bus service:
Company Number of buses daily
Southeastern Greyhound Lines 34
Lee's Coach Lines 8
Modern Coach Corporation 2
Alaga Coach Lines 6
2. Transportation Facilities (Cont.)
Intercity trucking facilities:
Company Area Served
Abb's Transfer & Storage Company New Orleans-Tallahassee
St. Andrews Bay Trans. Company Marianna and Cottondale
Mayflower Lines United States
Great Southern Trucking Company Southeastern States.
Atlanta, Birmingham, Jacksonville, Mobile, New Orleans, Pensacola and
Savannah can be reached by an overnight truck haul.
Air: Marianna Airport, municipally-owned, is five miles from city. The air-
port has 36,000 square feet of hangar space and four 5,000-foot concrete run-
ways. The field is open to private planes. Charter cross-country flights are
available. National Airlines provides commercial air transportation with one
flight daily each way on the Jacksonville-Pensacola route.
General: Florida Public Utilities Company owns and operates the generating
and distribution systems. Copies of rate schedules can be obtained at the
Coal: Delivered cost per ton is $13.65 for domestic lump and $9 to $11 for
Gas: Neither natural nor manufactured gas is now available. If the Federal
Power Commission approves an application of United Gas Corporation, natural
gas will be available within approximately two years of the date of approval.
Bottled gas: Walsh-Lindsey Gas Service, Marianna, and Southern Liquid Gas
Company, Dothan, Alabama, distribute butane and protane in Marianna. Butane
is rated at 2,550 B.t.u, per cubic foot and protane is rated at 3,25.0 B.t.u.
per cubic foot. Delivered price ranges from 110 to 300 per gallon. One
gallon equals 32 cubic feet of gas.
Other: Kerosene and burning oil are distributed by eight local companies,
Local storage capacity is approximately 80,000 gallons.
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal
Sewage: Force mains are used for sanitary sewers and gravity mains for
storm sewers. Imhoff tanks, capable of handling disposal for city of 10,000
persons, are in use.
Industrial waste disposal: No local industries have a waste disposal problem
and the city has no ordinance on waste disposal.
Garbage disposal: Garbage is collected daily in the business district and
twice weekly in residential districts.
6. Water Supply
Operator: Florida Public Utilities Company.
Source: Wells.. Present source is adequate for expansion.
Consumption: 254,000 gallons per day (1946 average).
Pumping capacity: 1,709,000 gallons per day.
6. Water Supply (Cont.)
Total dissolved solids at 180 d6g. F.
Sodium and potassium
Total hardness as CaCO3
Per 1,000 Gallons
First 3,000 gallons per month
Next 5,000 gallons per month
Next 17,000 gallons per month
All in excess of 25,000 gallons
7. Communications Facilities
Telephone service: West Florida Telephone and Telegraph Company operates
manual exchange serving 825 company-owned stations in the city territory,
rural stations and four toll circuits.
Telegraph service: Western Union Telegraph Company
to 10 p.m. on week-days and 9 a.m. to 11 a.m. and 4
Sunday and holidays.
has office hours of 8 am.
p.m. to 6 p.m. on
8. Educational Facilities
Number of schools
Number of schools
Vocational training for white students: Agriculture,
diversified carpentry and home economics.
Vocational training for Negro students: Agriculture, home economics.
Colleges: Chipola Junior College (coeducational) has
an enrollment of about
Public libraries: Jackson County Library, 3,000 volumes.
9. Health Facilities
City health department: City does not have a health department but contri-
butes financial aid to the county health department.
9. Health Facilities (Cont.)
County health department: Staff of one doctor and two nurses. Operates
morbidity, venereal disease, maternal and child health, tuberculosis,
immunization and tonsilectomy clinics.
Hospitals: Jackson County Hospital, a county-owned general hospital, has
100 beds. State Tuberculosis Sanatorium, a state-owned tuberculosis sana-
torium, has 200 beds.
10. Recreational Facilities
Public parks: Marianna Community Park, children's playground equipment,
10 acres; Jackson County High School, tennis courts, parallel bars, rings,
swings, etc., 10 acres; McLane Park (Negro), swings, slides, etc., 1 acre.
Golf course: Marianna Country Club Association operates a nine-hole golf
course. Greens e~,750; membership fee, $5 per month.
Athletic fields: Jackson County High School, lighted field for football and
track; Turners Field, baseball and track.
Other: Municipal tennis courts, 3; county gymnasium, 1; picnic grounds, 2;
swimming pool, 1 (children, 250; adults, 500).
11. Police Protection
City: City police force consists of six persons. Police department has one
patrol car, without radio equipment. Patrolmen are uniformed. Regular beats
are maintained at night. City jail is approved for quartering Federal
12. Fire Protection
City: Force consists of four full-time and 15 volunteer firemen. City has
four engines and two stations. City Fire Department responds to calls out-
side city if practicable.
Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 2; NBFU, Class 7.
13. City Streets
Mileage: Total, 75 miles; paved, 16 miles.
General: Sheet asphalt is the principal type of surfacing used. About 75%
of the streets are curbed and about 60% have sidewalks.
14. Banking Facilities
Name Total Resources
Citizens State Bank $2,793,966.45
First Bank of Marianna 4,612,175.75
Marianna Savings and Trust Company 750,347.38
15. Construction and Service Facilities
Type and number: General contractors, 4; architects, 1; land surveyors, 1;
general machine shops, 2; machine repair facilities, 2; foundries, 0; auto-
motive repair facilities, 12; consulting engineers, 0.
16. Retail Facilities
Type and number: Dry goods stores, 7; department stores, 1; grocery stores,
20; drug stores, 3.
Parking: City has no parking meters or parking lots.
16. Retail Facilities (Cont.)
Vacant stores: There were no vacant stores in the business district at the
time of this survey.
Deficiencies: Office Supply Firm,
17. Wholesale Facilities
General: Marianna is the wholesale distribution center for the local trading
area. Peanut, livestock and turpentine markets are operated in Marianna.
Commercial cold storage and freezing facilities are available and adequate,
but public warehouse facilities are inadequate. Wholesale businesses, other
than grocery and drug, are needed in the area.
18. Housing Conditions
General: Housing facilities are inadequate at present. However, 224 apart-
ment units are available at "Oak Circle Homes", a Federal Housing Administra-
tion project, that has taken care of the overflow population. Local investors
plan to build approximately 300 homes and numerous office and store buildings
when labor and materials are more readily available.
19. Hotels and Restaurants
Hotels: Number, 3; rooms, 200.
Restaurants: Number, 12; seating capacity, 500.
Weekly: Jackson County Floridan, circulation 3,500; Times Courier, circula-
21. Radio Stations
General: Station WTYS operates on 1340 kilocycles, with power of 250 watts.
22. Laundries and Dry Cleaners
Commercial laundries: Number, 3.
Commercial dry cleaners: Number, 6.
23. Civic Organizations
Organization and name of president: Chamber of Commerce, H. C. Harris;
Junior Chamber of Commerce, Frank Turrill; Rotary, F. E. Neeley; Kiwanis,
Arthur Dozier; Lions, Philmore Sims; Elks, Carl Neal; American Legion, Charles
Garraway; Veterans of Foreign Wars, H. C. Harris; Pilot Club, Mrs. Katie
Tidel; Business and Professional Women's Club, Mrs. J. C. Hightower; Junior
Woman's Club, Mrs. Ralph Daffin; Woman's Club, Mrs. George Simmons.
Denominations: Baptist, Methodist, Presbyterian, Episcopal and Church of