INVENTORY OF INDUSTRIAL ADVANTAGES 9'
Madison County .
Table of Contents
Part A--Natural Resources
1. Geography 2
2. Climate 2
3. Local Raw Materials 2
Part B--General Economy
1. Population 2
2. Labor 2
3. Retail hMrkot 2
1. Administration 3
2. Finances 3
Part D--Community Facilities
1. Available Data 3
2. Transportation Facilities 3
3. Power 3
4. Fuel 4
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal 4
6. Water Supply 4
7. Communications Facilities 4
8. Educational Facilities 4
9. Health Facilities 4
10. Recreational Facilities 4
11. Police Protection 5
12. Fire Protection 5
13. City Streets 5
14. Banking Facilities 5
15. Construction and Service Facilities 5
16. Retail Facilities 5
17. IWholosalo Facilities 5
18. Housing Conditions 5
19. Hotels and Restaurants 5
20. Newspapers 5
21. Laundries and Dry Cleaners 5
22. Civic Organizations 6
23. Churches 6
MADISON COUNTY CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
FLORIDA STATE ADVERTISING COMMISSION
Part A---Natural Resources
Location: Madison is in North Florida, 114 miles west of Jacksonville and
56 miles east of Tallahassee.
Chief topographical features: Rolling; elevation, about 130 feet above sea
(Based on U. S. Weather Bureau observations at Madison.)
Annual January April July October
Normal temperature 68.7 54.9 68.3 81.2 70.3
Normal rainfall 52.50 3.17 3.12 6.96 2.50
Growing season: Usual date of last killing frost in spring, February 25;
usual date of first killing frost in fall, December 7; average length of
growing season, 285 days.
3. Local Raw Materials
Timber: Pine, cypress and a variety of hardwoods are available within 10
miles of town. Madison Lumber Company and Howard Studstill operate sawmills.
Agricultural products: Corn, shade-grown tobacco, peanuts, cotton, water-
melons, sugar cane, sweet potatoes, rye and oats are the principal agricul-
Other: Hogs and cattle.
Part B--General Economy
Est, 1949 195 1940 1935 1930
County total 16,870 15,537 16,190 17,145 15,614
City total 2,800 2,518 2,730 2,515 2,189
Negroes in county 8,100 7,603 7,730 8,824 8,203
Negroes in city 1,150 1,139 --- 1,176
Predominant nationalities: Native-born white; Negro.
Unions: International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers represents employees
of Florida Power and Light Company. No other national unions have been
Female employment: Approximately 20fo of the total employment is female.
Approximate hourly wages: Unskilled male, 500; unskilled female, 400; skilled
male, $1; skilled female, 800. There is no differential in the wages of white
and Negro workers.
3. Retail Market
General: Madison is the retail trade center for Madison County.
1948 Effective Buying Income per family in county, $2,255.*
1948 Estimated total retail sales in county, $5,861,000.*
1948 Estimated retail food store sales in county, $1,273,000.*
1948 Estimated retail general merchandise store sales in county, $563,000.*
1948 Estimated retail drug store sales in county, $195,000.*
*Copyright 1949, SALES MANAGEMENT Survey of Buying Power. Further reproduc-
tion not licensed.
Officials: Mayor, Van H. Priest; City Manager, Jesse Hughey; City Attorney,
C. E. Davis.
Special departments: City has an active building inspector, electrical
inspector, plumbing inspector and street department.
Zoning: City does not have a zoning ordinance in effect.
Current city tax rate: Operations, 20 mills; debt service, 8 mills.
Average city tax rate for last five years: Operations, 18 mills; debt
service, 8 mills.
City license tax on manufacturing plant: Variable. Information on license
fee for a specific business can be obtained from the City Manager.
City utility tax: 10% with $1.00 ceiling.
Other major city taxes: None
Current county tax rate: Operations 181 mills; debt service, 0.
Average county tax rate for last five years: Operations, 13 mills; debt
SBonded debt: City, $100,000; county, 0; special districts, 0,
Other long-term obligations: City, 0; county 0; special districts, 0.
Part D--Community Facilities
1. Available Data
Maps: City street, power distribution system and tax district maps are
2. Transportation Facilities
Railroad: Madison is served by a Seaboard Air Line Railroad main line with
four passenger and two freight trains daily and a Georgia and Florida Rail-
road main line and a South Georgia Railroad main line with one passenger
and one freight train each. Pick-up and delivery service for less than car-
load freight is not available.
Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., provides rail express service.
Direct air express service is not available. Free pick-up and delivery
service for express is available.
Highway: U. S. Highway 90 and Florida Highways 53 and 145 pass through
Local bus service: None.
Intercity bus service: Greyhound Lines provides intercity bus service.
Intercity trucking facilities: Great Southern Trucking Company provides
intercity trucking service. Jacksonville and Tampa are among the principal
cities that can be reached by an overnight trucking haul.
Air: There is no airport at Madison.
Florida Power and Light Company owns and operates the generating and distri-
buting facilities. Copies of rate schedules can be obtained at the companyfs
Coal: Delivered cost is $15 per ton for domestic lump. Industrial stoker
is not used here.
Gas: Neither artificial nor natural gas is available.
Bottled gas: W. C. Copoland, Jr., distributes butane rated at 900 B. t. u,
per cubic foot. Approximate delivered cost is $9.50 per 100 pounds.
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal
Sewage: Storm and sanitary sewers are installed. Septic tanks are used for
disposal. Additions to the present system are now being considered.
Garbage: Garbage is collected every other day.
6. Water Supply
Source: Wells, Present source is considered adequate for expansion,
Treatment: None required,
Consumption: 300,000 gallons per day.
Pumping capacity: 1,152,000 gallons per day.
7, Comnunications Facilities
Telephone service: Southeastern Telephone Company operates a dial system.
Telegraph service: Western Union has office hours of 9 a.m. to 5:30 pam.
on week days. The office is open only part time on Sundays and holidays.
8. Educational Facilities
Elementary Junior High High
Number of schools 1 1 1
Present enrollment 341 157 170
Present capacity 400 175 150
Number of schools 1 1 1
Present enrollment 300 100 125
Present capacity .. ..
Vocational training for white students: Agriculture, woodworking and metal-
Vocational training for Negro students: Agriculture, woodworking and motal-
Libraries: Madison Public Library has 2,000 volumes.
9. Health Facilities
City health department: Staff of one health officer.
County health department: Staff of one doctor and two nurses.
Hospitals: Madison County Memorial Hospital has 20 beds.
10. Recreational Facilities
Public parks: Madison City Park.
Athletic fields: Lanior Field.
11. Police Protection
City: Force consists of two persons. City has one patrol car, without
radio equipment. Patrolmen are uniformed. Regular boats are maintained
at night. City jail is not approved for quartering Fedoral prisoners.
County: Police protection outside the city is furnished by the Sheriff's
12. Fire Protection
City: Force consists of two full-time and eight volunteer firemen. City
has two engines and two stations.
Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 3; NBFU, Class 8.
13. City Streets
Mileage: Total, 30 miles; paved, 10 miles; graveled, 20 miles.
General: Concrete is the principal type of surfacing.
14. Banking Facilities
General: Florida Bank at Madison; total resources $2,400,000.
15. Construction and Service Facilities
Type and number: General contractors, 3; architects, 0; land surveyors, 0;
general machine shops, 2; machine repair facilities, 2; foundries, 0; auto-
motive repair facilities, 6; consulting engineers, 0.
16. Retail Facilities
Type and number: Dry goods stores, 10; department stores, 3; grocery
stores, 15; drug stores, 4.
Parking: City has to parking motors and no parking lots.
Vacant stores: There were no vacant stores in the business district at the
time of this survey,
17. Wholesale Facilities
General: Madison is the wholesale distribution center for this area, A
special market is operated for the wholesale distribution of livestock,
Commercial cold storage and commercial freezing facilities are available
18. Housing Conditions
General: There is a shortage of housing accommodations.
19. Hotels and Restaurants
Hotels: Number 2; rooms, 50.
Restaurants: Number, 2; seating capacity, 80.
Weekly: Entorpriso-Recorder, circulation, 2,000.
21. Laundries and Dry Cleaners
Commercial laundries: None.
Commercial dry cleaners; Number, 2.
22. Civic Organizations
Organization and name of president: Lions Club, Nat Norfleet; Rotary
Club, J. Vickors.
Denominations: Baptist, Catholic, Church of God, Episcopal, Methodist,
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