Group Title: Inventory of industrial advantages
Title: [Inventory of industrial advantages
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 Material Information
Title: Inventory of industrial advantages
Physical Description: 6 v. : ; 39 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida State Advertising Commission
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: 1948-1949?]
General Note: Issued separately for Florida cities in cooperation with local chambers of commerce and varied agencies.
General Note: In loose-leaf binders.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075576
Volume ID: VID00098
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001689269
notis - AJA1305

Full Text



Alachua County ,

Table of Contents


Part A---Natural Resources

1. Geography 2
2. Climate 2
3. Local Raw Materials 2

Part B---General Economy

1. Population 2
2. Labor 2
3. Retail Market 3
4. Manufacturing Industries 3
5. General Remarks on Economy 3

Part C---Government

1. Administration 3
2. Finances 3

Part D---Community Facilities

1. Available Data 3
2. Transportation Facilities 4
3. Power 4
4. Fuel 4
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal 4
6. Water Supply 4
7. Communications Facilities 5
8. Educational Facilities 5
9. Health Facilities 5
10. Recreational Facilities 5
11. Police Protection 5
12. Fire Protection 5
13. City Streets 6
14. Banking Facilities 6
15. Construction and Service Facilities 6
16. Retail Facilities 6
17. Wholesale Facilities 6
18. Housing Conditions 6
19. Hotels and Restaurants 6
20. Newspapers 6
21. Laundries and Dry Cleaners 6
22. Civic Organizations 6
23. Churches 6

Prepared By:

101 Fifth Street South
Saint Petersburg 1, Florida


Tallahassee, Florida
Oct./48 With the assistance of City officials


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Part A---Natural Resources

1. Geography

Location: High Springs is in North Florida, 22 miles northwest of Gainesville
and 36 miles south of Lake City.

Chief topographical features: Flat. The Santa Fe River is one mile from the
city limits. Elevation, 76 feet.

2. Climate

(Based on U. S. Weather Bureau observations at Gainesville for a 44-year

Annual January April July October

Normal temperature 69.9 57.1 69.1 81.2 72.0
Normal rainfall 48.90 3.16 2.40 7.34 2.84

Growing season: Usual date of last killing frost in spring, February, 22;
usual date of first killing frost in fall, December, 4; average length of
growing season, 285 days.

3. Local Raw Materials

Timber: No timber is available in this area.

Minerals: Lime rock and phosphate are available four miles from town. Loncala
Phosphate Company is the principal producer. Phosphate was mined 25 years ago,
four to six miles from town. Overburden is now being reworked.

Agricultural products: Tobacco, 25 cars; peanuts, 100 cars; corn, 50 cars;
velvet beans, 15 cars; melons, 100 cars.

Other: Cattle and hogs.

Part B---General Economy

1. Population

Est. 1948* 1945 1940 1932 193Q

County total 40,500 38,245 38,607 36,481 34,365
City total -- 1,894 2,010 1,942 1,864
Negroes in county -- 14,460 15,984 16,356 15,313
Negroes in city -- 627 -- 733

*Copyright 1948, SALES MANAGEMENT Survey of Buying Power. Further reproduction
not licensed.

Predominant nationalities: Native-born white; Negro.

2. Labor

Unions: Atlantic Coast Line Railroad employees are members of the various rail-
road brotherhoods.

Female employment: Approximately 5% of the total employment and approximately
5% of the manufacturing employment is female.

Approximate hourly wages: Unskilled male, 752-; unskilled female, 75-0;
skilled male, $1.24-. There is no differential in the wages of white and Negro
workers of equal skill.

General: Practically all workers in this area are now employed.



3. Retail Market

General: High Springs serves as the retail trade center for western Alachua
County, eastern and southern Columbia County and northern Gilchrist County.

1947 Effective Buying Income per family in county, $3,773.*
1947 Estimated total retail sales in county, $28,501,000.*
1947 Estimated retail food store sales in county, $8,332,000.*
1947 Estimated general merchandise store sales in county, $1,947,000.*
1947 Estimated retail drug store sales in county, $1,027,000.*

*Copyright 1948, SALES MANAGEMENT Survey of Buying Power. Further reproduction
not licensed.

4. Manufacturing Industries

Principal manufacturing plants: Florida Peanut and Feed Company.

5. General Remarks on Economy

The $144,000 a month payroll at the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad shops puts
High Springs above the average town of its size on payroll income. The farms
in this section are prosperous and High Springs is the trade center for the

Part C---Government

1. Administration

Type: Mayor-Commission.

Officials: Mayor, Dr. P. D. Weeks; City Attorneys, Clayton and Arrow.

Special departments: The city has an active building inspector, electrical
inspector, plumbing inspector, park and recreation board and street department.

Zoning: The city does not have a zoning ordinance.

2. Finances

Current city tax rate: Operations, 12-- mills; debt service, 12- mills.

Average city tax rate for the last five years: Operations, 10 mills; debt
service, 15 mills.

City basis of assessment: 66-2/3% of actual value.

Total assessed value of real property in city, $556,729.

City license tax on manufacturing plant: $25.25 average.

City utility tax: 6%.

Other major city taxes: None.

1947 county tax rate: Operations, 18.38 mills; debt service, 0.75 mills.

Bonded debt: City, $28,000; county, $4,600,000.

Other long-term obligations: None.

Part D---Community Facilities

1. Available Data

Iaps: City street, trunk water main, trunk sewer and power distribution
system maps are available.



2. Transportation Facilities

Rail: High Springs is on a main line of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad.
Daily passenger and freight service is provided. Pick-up and delivery service
for less than carload freight is not available.

Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., provides rail express service. Free
pick-up and delivery for express is not available. Direct air express service
is not available.

Highways: U. S. Highways 27, 41 and 441 pass through High Springs.

Local bus service: None.

Intercity bus service: Greyhound has 20 buses daily through High Springs.

Intercity trucking facilities: Central Florida Truck Lines provides trucking
service to all parts of Florida. Tampa, Jacksonville, Tellahassee and Atlanta
are the principal cities that can be reached by an overnight truck haul.

Air: Alachua County Airport, owned by the City of Gainesville, 24 miles away,
is the nearest airport. The field has 10,000 square feet of hangar space and
three 5,000-foot paved runways. The field is open to private planes. Charter
cross-country flights are available. Scheduled commercial air transportation
is provided by Florida Airways with eight planes daily.

3. Power

General: Florida Power Corporation owns and operates the generating and
distributing facilities. Rate schedules can be obtained at the company's

4. Fuel

Coal: Delivered cost is $13 per ton for domestic lump. Industrial stoker is
not used.

Gas: Neither natural nor artificial gas is available.

Bottled gas: Green's Fuel, Gainesville; Trenton Hardware and Furniture Com-
pany, Trenton, and Suwannee Hydro Gas Company, Lake City, distribute pyrofax
and butane. Delivered cost is 21 to 230 per gallon.

Other: Wood and oil are available for fuel.

5. Sewage and Waste Disposal

Sewage: The city does not have a sewerage system.

Garbage: Garbage is collected twice weekly.

6. Water Supply

Operator: City.

Source: Deep wells. Present source is considered adequate for expansion.

Treatment: A new chlorination plant will be put into operation on November
10, 1948. Water was untreated at the time of this survey.

Consumption: 150,000 gallons per day.

Pumping capacity: 200,000 gallons per day.



7. Communications Facilities

Telephone service: Florida Telephone Corporation operates a manual exchange
serving 265 company-owned stations, and six toll circuits.

Telegraph service: Western Union has office hours from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on
weekdays and is closed on Sundays and holidays.

8. Educational Facilities


Junior High

Number of schools
Present enrollment
Present capacity



Number of schools 1 1 1
Present enrollment 150 50 30
Present capacity. 150 50 30

Vocational training for white students: Commercial subjects and home economics-

Vocational training for Negro students: Commercial subjects, home economics
and agriculture.

Libraries: Woman's Club, 150 volumes.

9. Health Facilities

City health department: The city health department is a branch of the county
health department.

County health department: Staff of six doctors, one dentist and 12 nurses.
Operates clinics in High Springs and Gainesville.

Hospitals: Alachua County Hospital in Gainesville, a county-owned general
hospital, has 150 beds.

10. Recreational Facilities

Public parks: City park.

Athletic fields: Lighted football and softball fields are proposed.

Other: Tennis court, shuffleboard court and skating rink.

11. Police Protection

City: Force consists of three policemen. Policemen use private cars. Patrol-
men are uniformed. Regular beats are maintained at night. City jail is not
approved for quartering Federal prisoners.

County: Police protection is available outside the city. County jail is
approved for quartering Federal prisoners.

12. Fire Protection

City: Force consists of 12 volunteer firemen. City has two engines and one

Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 3; NBFU, Class 9.

County: Fire protection is available outside the city limits.



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13. City Streets

Mileage: Total, 26 miles; paved, 12L miles; graded, 3i miles.

General: Asphalt is the major type of surfacing used. Approximately 8% of
the streets are curbed and about 45% have sidewalks. About 20% of the streets
should be rebuilt or extensively repaired during the next five.years.

14. Banking Facilities

General: High Springs Bank, total resources, $1,141,000.

15. Construction and Service Facilities

Type and number: General contractors, 4; architects, 0; land surveyors, 0;
general machine shops, 2; machine repair facilities, 2; foundries, 0; automo-
tive repair facilities, 12; consulting engineers, 0.

16. Retail Facilities

Type and number: Dry goods stores, 3; department stores, 0; grocery stores,
22; drug stores, 3.

Parking: City has no parking meters and no parking lots.

Vacant stores: There were no vacant stores in the business district at the
time of this survey.

17. Wholesale Facilities

General: High Springs is not considered a wholesale distribution center for
the area. Commercial cold storage, commercial freezing and public warehousing
facilities are not available.

18. Housing Conditions

General: The housing situation is critical.

19. Hotels and Restaurants

Hotels: Number, 2; rooms, 40.

Restaurants: Number, 4; seating capacity, 120.

20. Newspapers

Weekly: High Springs Telegram, circulation, 1,000.

21. Laundries and Dry Cleaners

Commercial laundries: Number, 0.

Self-service laundries: Number, 2.

Commercial dry cleaners: Number, 2.

22. Civic Organizations

Organization and name of president: Junior Chamber of Commerce, W. S.
Westmoreland; Lions, T. R. Barber; Rotary, W. R. Witherspoon; Woman's Club,
Mrs. W. F. Whitlock, Sr.

23. Churches

Denominations: Baptist,Church of Christ, Church of God, Episcopal, Methodist,
Nazarene and Presbyterian.


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