INVENTORY OF INDUSTRIAL A-DVANTAGE/S/ 1 51
r A lachla County
Table of Contents
Part A--Natural Resources
I. Geography 2
2. Climate 2
3. Local Raw Materials 2
Part B---General Economy
1. Population 2
2. Labor 2
3. Retail Market 2
4. Manufacturing Industries 3
5. General Remarks on Economy 3
1. Administration 3
2. Finances 3
Part D--Community Facilities
1. Available Data 4
2. Transportation Facilities 4
3. Power 4
4. Fuel 4
S5. Sewage and Waste Disposal 4
S6. Water Supply 5
7. Communications Facilities 5
8. Educational Facilities 5
9. Health Facilities 6
10. Recreational Facilities 6
11. Police Protection 6
12. Fire Protection 6
13. City Streets 6
14. Banking Facilities 6
15. Construction and Service Facilities 7
16. Retail Facilities 7
17. Wholesale Facilities 7
/18. Housing Conditions 7
19. Hotels and Restaurants 7
20. Newspapers 7
21. Radio Stations 7
22. Laundries and Dry Cleaners 7
23. Civic Organizations 7
24. Churches 7
CHAIPBER OF COmYLERCE
FLORIDA STATE ADVERTISING COI MISSION
311 North Calhoun Street
Part A--Natural Resources
Chief topographical features: Rolling hills. Average elevation, 200 feet.
Annual January Apri JuIly October
Temperature averages 69.9 57.1 69.1 81.2 72.0
Rainfall averages 48.90 3.16 2.40 7.34 2.84
Growing season: Usual date of last killing frost in Spring, February 22;
usual date of first killing frost in Fall, December 4; average length of
growing season, 285paays.
3. Local Raw Materials:
Timber: Long-leaf yellow pine, slash pine, gum, hickory and several
varieties of oak are available five to 25 miles from town. McCoy
Manufacturing Company and Home Lumber Company are the principal producers.
Minerals: Sand pits 15 to 25 miles from town are worked by the Interlachen
Sand Company, Lime rock is produced 20 to 25 miles from town by Levy
County Lime Rock Corporation, Connell-Schultz and L. B. McLeod. Kaolin and
fuller's earth are produced 25 miles from town by Edgar Kaolin Company,
Minerals produced in past: Phosphate was formerly produced 25 to 60 miles
Agricultural products: Pecans, 2,000 acres; tung oil, 6,800 acres; turpen-
tine 200,000 acres; peanuts, 53,000 acres; tobacco, 2,550 acres producing
2,370,250 pounds; spring vegetables, 10,000 acres; watermelons, 4,000
acres and potatoes, 2,400 acres.
Other: Beef cattle, 35,000 head.
Part B--General Economy
Est. 1947 15 1940 1935 2930
County total 40,000 38,245 38,607 36,481 34,365
City total 22,000 15,081 13,757 12,274 10,465
Negroes in county 15,000 14,460 15,984 16,356 15,313
Negroes in city 5,000 4,897 ---- 5,897 ---
Predominant nationalities: Native-born white; Negro.
Unions: Construction workers are unionized.
Approximate hourly wages: Unskilled male, 600; unskilled female, 400;
skilled male, $1.25 $1.87; skilled female, 600. There is no differential
in wages of white and Negro workers of equal skill.
General: Labor force is primarily native-born. No strike or labor trouble
recorded in community. Present force always able to find work. Good pool
of unskilled and semi-skilled females, both white and Negro.
3. Retail Market:
General: Gainesville serves as the retail trade center for Alachua, Levy
and Gilchrist counties and parts of four other counties.
- 2 -
3. Retail Market: (Cont.)
1946 Effective Buying Income per family in city, $3,825; in county, $2,795.*
1946 Estimated retail food store sales in city, $3,539,000; in county,
1946 Estimated retail general merchandise store sales in city, $1,415,000;
in county, $1,590,000.*
1946 Estimated retail drug store sales in city, $664,000; in county,
*Copyright 1947, SALES MANAGEMENT Survey of Buying Power. Further reproduc-
tion not licensed.
4. Manufacturing Industries:
General: Total number employed at all manufacturing plants, 900.
Principal manufacturing industries: Adkins Manufacturing Company, crates
and boxes; American Lumber and Treating Company, cross ties and poles;
Cabot Carbon Company, pine products; Vego Hair Manufacturing Company,
vegetable kapok; Excelsior Mills, Inc., excelsior; Florida Manufacturing
Company, athletic goods; Dad's Syrup Factory, cane syrup; Franklin Crate
and Basket Company, Micanopy (12 miles); Maddox Foundry, Archer, (12 miles);
Florida Peanut and Feed Company, High Springs, (25 miles).
5. General Remarks on Economy:
This area has ample raw materials for industries using wood, clay, sand,
tung oil, peanuts and meats.
9 Type: Manager-Commission.
Officials: Mayor-Commissioner, C. S. Brooking; City Manager, J. B. Mobley,
Jr., City Attorney, S. T. Dell, Jr.
Special departments: The city has an active building inspector, electrical
inspector, plumbing inspector, city engineer, park and recreation board,
zoning board, street department, library board and health officer,
Zoning: The city has a zoning ordinance in effect.
Current city tax rate: Operations, 19 mills; debt service, 6 mills.
Average city tax rate for last five years: Operations, 10 mills; debt
service, 3 mills.
City basis of assessment/ 60% of actual value. Reassessment for 1947
will be on basis of 100% of actual value.
Total assessed value of real property in city: $10,000,000 Assessment next
year will be approximately $25,000,000.
City license tax on manufacturing plant: $2.75 plus $1.00 per employee,
with a maximum of $50.
City utility tax: 5%.
Other major city taxes: None,
Current county tax rate: Operations, 18.4 mills; debt service, 3 mills.*
Average county tax rate for last five years: Operations, 14.3 mills; debt
service, 3 mills.*
Bonded debt: City, $796,000; county, $100,000 (hospital); school district,
$350,000; road and bridge district, $2,550,000.
*Includes school district #26 and nounty-wide road and bridge district levies,
2. Finances: (Cont.)
Other long-term obligations: City, none; county, none; school district
time warrants, $113,000.
Part D---Community Facilities
1. Available Data;
Maps: Sectional city tax ownership maps and Sanborn fire insurance maps
(showing all buildings.).
Reports: Statistical abstracts of Gainesville and of Alachua County
distributed by Chamber of Commerce. Further information on city's facilities
may be obtained by personal conference with city planning and zoning board.
2. Transportation Facilities:
Railroads: Gainesville is served by the St. Petersburg branch of the Atlanta
Coast Line with four. passenger and four freight trains daily, a Seaboard
Railway branch line with four freight trains daily and a Seaboard main line
(12 miles north at Waldo) with six passenger and 40 freight trains daily.
Pick-up and delivery for less than carload freight is available.
Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., provides rail and air express service.
Free pick-up and delivery for express is available.
Highway: U. S. Highway 441 and Florida Highways 24, 25 and 26 pass through
Local bus service: Eight buses are used to provide local bus transportation.
Intercity bus service: Greyhound has 45 and Trailways has 4 buses daily
Intercity trucking facilities: Central Truck Lines and Hemby Storage and
Transfer provide trucking facilities to the central and southeastern states.
Jacksonville, Tampa, Miami, Atlanta, Savannah and Macon are the principal
cities that may be reached by an overnight truck haul.
Air; John Alison Airport, municipally-owned, is three miles from town. The
field has 10,000 square feet of hangar space and three 5,000 feet runways.
The field is open to private planes. Charter cross country flights are
available. Florida Airways provides scheduled commercial air transportation
with eight planes daily.
The City of Gainesville owns and operates the generating and distributing
systems. Copies of rate schedule may be obtained from the City Utility
Coal: Delivered cost per ton is $15.50 for domestic lump and $10,92, for-
industrial PItoker p~ts'uly 20 increased of undetermined amount.
Gas: Gainesville Gas Company distributes artificial gas rated at 530 B.t.u.
per cubic foot. Rate schedules are available on request.
Bottled gas: Liquid petroleum gas, rated at 2,800 B.t.u. per cubic foot,
is available from four distributors. Delivered cost is 28 320 per gallon.
5. Sevage and Waste Disposal:
Sewage: Gravity flow storm and sanitary sewers are installed throughout
the city. Sewage is treated in Imhoff tanks. Disposal plant now needs
expansion, and additions are being planned. Present system is financed by
Industrial waste disposal: No local industries have waste disposal problems.
Ordinances on industrial wastes are available on request,
Garbage: Garbage is collected twice daily to twice weekly, according to need.
6. Water Supply:
Source: Deep wells. Present source is considered adequate for expansion.
Treatment: Chlorinated. Filter and softening plant under construction.
Consumption: 1,441,000 gallons per day.
Pumping capacity: 7,500,000 gallons per day.
Silica and Insoluble Matter
Iron and Aluminum Oxides
.Chlorine as Chloride
Sodium and Potassium Oxides
Oxygen in excess of chlorine
Total Dissolved solids
Loss on ignition
Residue after ignition
(Note: Entire water supply is chlorinated and a residual of 0,25
Per 1.000 gallons
First 4,000 gallons
Next 16,000 gallons
Next 55,000 gallons
For all over 75,000 gallons
7. Communications Facilities:
Telephone service:. Southern Bell Telephone and Telegraph Company
operates a manual exchange serving 5,421 company-owned stations, 34 rural
stations and 57 toll circuits.
Telegraph service: Western Union has office hours of 7:30 a.m. to 11:30 p.m.
on weekdays and 8:45 to 11:45 a.m. and 3 to 6 p.m. on Sundays and holidays.
8. Educational Facilities:
Number of schools
Number of schools
Vocational training for white students: Diversified Cooperative Training
program covering all lines of business and industry in city, ten adult
classes, vocational agriculture, commerce, manual and industrial arts,
including complete shops and equipment,
8. Educational Facilities: (Cont.)
Vocational training for Negro students: Diversified Cooperation Training
program covering all lines of business and industry in city, ten adult
classes, in vocational agriculture, commerce, manual and industrial arts
including complete shops and equipment.
Colleges: University of Florida, 9,000 students.
*Libraries: Public library, 12,000 volumes and University of Florida
SLibrary 250,000 volumes available for reference and reading.
9. Health Facilities:
City health department: The city health department is combined with the
county health department. Staff of one doctor and one nurse. Operates
a general medical clinic.
County health department: Staff of two doctors and eight nurses. Operates
six general clinics (cancer, tuberculosis, venereal disease, etc.)
throughout the county.
Hospitals: Alachua County Hospital, a county-owned general hospital with
105 beds and the University of Florida infirmary, state-owned, serve the
10. Recreational Facilities;
Public parks: Boulevard and City Parks have no playground equipment, Glen
Springs has pool, dancing and picnicking, Ninth street Park is
undeveloped, Masonic Street Park has shuffleboard courts, South Gainesville
Park and Recreation Center are completely equipped, and the Negro
Recreation Center is partially equipped,
* Athletic fields: Harris Field is equipped for all major sports and riding
ring. University of Florida stadium and other playing fields are
Other: Tennis courts, softball fields, two commercial swimming pools and
parks for recreation.
11. Police Protection:
City: Force consists of 24 policemen. City has three police cars equipped
with radio. Patrolmen are uniformed. Regular beats are maintained at
night. City uses county jail on a rental basis.
County: Sheriff's office furnishes police protection outside the city
limits and the city police answer emergency calls.
12. Fire Protection:
City: Force consists of 24 full-time firemen. City has five engines and
Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 1; NBFU, Class 4.
SCounty: Fire protection is available in subdivisions immediately adjoining.
13. City Streets:
Mileage: Total, 90 miles; paved, 37- miles; sand and clay, 52i miles.
General: Asphalt is the major type of pavement,used. Approximately 40%
of the streets are curbed and about 25% have sidewalks. About 10% of
present paving plus 25% additional paving should be rebuilt or extensively
repaired during the next five years.
14. Banking Facilities:
Name Total Resources
First National Bank $12.338.834.58
Florida Bank at Gainesville 6,507,641.45
14. Banking Facilities: (Cont.)
First Federal Savings and Loan Association $2,597,856.28
Gainesville Mutual Building and Loan Assoniation 1,001,364.45
15. Construction and Service Facilities:
Type and number; General contractors, 14; architects, 3; land surveyors, 2;
general machine shops, 2; machine repair facilities, 2; foundries, 2;
automotive repair facilities, 25; consulting engineers, 1 civil, 1 mechanical,
1 chemical in private practice, plus consulting privileges at Unlvarsity of
Florida in all branches except marine.
16. Retail Facilities:
Type and number: Dry goods stores, 3; department stores, 3; grocery stores,
80; drug stores, 10.
Parking: City has 463 parking meters and four parking lots,
Vacant stores: There were no vacant stores in the business district at the
time of this survey.
17. Wholesale Facilities:
General: Gainesville is the wholesale distribution center for the area.
Special markets for the wholesale distribution of livestock, produce and
vegetables are available. Commercial cold storage and commerical freezing
facilities are available and adequate. Public warehousing facilities are
available but not adequate.
18. Housing Conditions:
General: Very crowded. More than 500 new units were built in the last two
years. More than 200 more apartment and home units are under construction
or definitely planned and more will be needed.
. 19. Hotels and Restaurants:
Hotels: Number, 6; rooms, 275.
Restaurants: Number, 60.
Daily: Gainesville Daily Sun, circulation, 6,100 (A,B.C.). Does not
publish a Saturday edition.
21. Radio Stations:
General: Station WRUF operates on 5,000 watts during the day and 100 watts
22. Laundries and Dry Cleaners:
Commercial laundries: Number, 3.
Commercial dry cleaners: Number, 14.
23. Civic Organizations:
Name: Exchange, Kiwanis, Lions, Rotary, Business and Professional Women's,
Pilot, Chamber of Commerce, Junior Welfare League, and Garden clubs are
active in Gainesville.
Gainesville has 22 white churches and 23 Negro churches, covering 18
denominations. There are also six student chapels at the University of