Nassau County 1 a lig J
Part A---General Information
Fernandina is in Nassau County in the extreme northeastern section of Florida.
It is 34 miles northeast of Jacksonville. The major bodies of water nearby
are the Atlantic Ocean,-Amelia River and'Cumberland Sound. Fernandina's
elevation is from 10 to 20 feet.
Florida Highways 105 and 200 provide access to nearby communities. The Sea-
board Air Line Railroad and the McJunkin Bus Company serve the city. Air
service is not available at present.
Nassau County had a population of 10,859 in 1945. The population of Fernan-
dina was 4,438.
Normal Normal Normal' Normal
Temperature Rainfall Temperature Rainfall
January 55.6 2.68 July 81.4 5.76
February 56.8 3.05 August 81.5 5.14
March 62.4 3.48 September 79.1 6.99
April 67.9 2.99 October 71.8. 4.01
May 74.4 3.47 November 62.4 2.31
June 79.5 5.56 December 56.5 3.06
Annual 69.1 48.50
The first white settlement in this vicinity was a Spanish mission established
sometime between 1587 and 1600. General James Oglethorpe visited this section
about'1735 and named it Amelia in honor of a daughter of King Charles II of
England. The island has been under five flags. The museum at Fort Clinch is
well worth visiting. Fort Carlos, the 100-year old Episcopal church and the
first railroad in Florida that crossed the state are other historical land-
6. Major Sources of Income:
Fernandina's annual payroll of about four million dollars is derived from
fishing, pulp mills, and fish meal processing plants. Fernandina has one of
the world's finest beaches. Tourist accommodations are filled to capacity
for 16 weeks each summer. Places of interest in this area are Rayonier, Inc.,
Container Corporation of America, GerbingsCamelia Gardens, and Ocean Fishing
Part B.--Rebreation and Enteatainment
1, Special Events:
Card anf fishing parties and home talent shows provide amusement. .
2. Athletic Events:
3. Tourist Clubs:
4. Recreational Clubs:
5. Civic Organizations:
Rotary, Kiwanis, Lions, American Legion, Veterans of Foreign Wars, Toman's
Club, and Boosters Club are active in Fernandina,
6. Fraternal Organizations:
Masons and Knights of Phythias.
7. Organized Entertainment:
8. Recreational Facilities:
Fernandina has one of the world's finest beaches. The beach is 17 miles long
and very safe for bathers, since it has a gentle slope. Almost any kind of
salt water fish can be caught from the Ocean Fishing Pier. Tennis courts
are municipally owned. At Jacksonville, just 34 miles away, there are
several fine golf courses.
Duck, quail, dove, wild turkeys, rabbits, squirrels, and deer are found in
this section. Hunting is very good. .It is only one mile to unposted hunting
grounds. There are no hunting lodges in this section. 0, Z. Brookins, Y. E.
Hall, Henry Humphries, and Shorty Braddock are hunting guides. A hunting
party may be arranged at almost any time.
* 10. Fishing:
All of the salt water game fish can be caught near Fernandina in the Atlantic
Ocean. Lawsons Creek and Boggy Creek offer good fresh water fishing. Bass
and bream are caught in these two creeks. There are two fishing camps in the
vicinity, Littlefields and Black Rock. Littlefields can accommodate 20
persons in the cabins, and also has a fine eating place. Black Rock is located
only a few:miles from town, but has no sleeping accommodations. There are
plenty of local fresh water fishermen who welcome.a change to go fishing.
Fishing boats may be chartered from-George Chaplin, Superior Laundry, and
Captain Pop Eye DeMancke, 127 S. 5th Street, who also act as guides.
Church of God, Episcopal, Methodist, Baptist, Presbyterian, and Catholic
churches have services in Fernandina.
Seaside Inn, 36 rooms, rates ~4 up, dining.room in.connection. Keystone, 36
rooms, '3 up, European plan.
.2. Tourist Courts:
3. Guest Homes: :.
Colonial Inn, Fernandina.
Caroline Inn, Fernandina Beach.
4. Trailer Parkss
5. Specialized Eating Places:
Blue Marlin, on the Ocean
The Sand Bar
Seafood and steaks
Seafood at its source, hushpuppies
at their best, fried onions that
cannot be topped. This place is
of international fame.
Further information on Fernandina can be obtained from:
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE