INVENTORY OF INDUSTRIAL ADVANT, A4'E S
EUSTIS, FLORIDA .i-
Table of Contents
Part A---Natural Resources
1. Geography 2
2. Climate 2
3. Local Raw Materials 2
Part B--General Economy
1. Population 2
2. Labor 2
3. Retail Market 2
4. Manufacturing Industries 3
5. New Industries 3
6. General Remarks on Economy 3
1. Administration 3
2. Finances 3
Part D---Community Facilities
1. Available Data 3
2. Transportation Facilities 4
3. Power 4
4. Fuel 4
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal 4
6. Water Supply 4
7. Communications Facilities 5
8. Educational Facilities 5
9. Health Facilities 5
10. Recreational Facilities 5
11. Police Protection 5
12. Fire Protection 5
13. City Streets 6
14. Banking Facilities 6
15. Construction and Service Facilities 6
16. Retail Facilities 6
17. Wholesale Facilities 6
18. Housing Conditions 6
19. Hotels and Restaurants 6
20. Newspapers 6
21. Laundries and Dry Cleaners 6
22. Civic Organizations 6
23. Churches 6
FLORIDA POWER CORPORATION
101 Fifth Street South
Saint Petersburg 1, Florida
FLORIDA STATE ADVERTISING COMMISSION
311 North Calhoun Street
Revised: With the assistance of Chamber of
Mar/48 Commerce and City officials.
Part A--Natural Resources
Location: Eustis is in Central Florida, 130 miles southwest of Jacksonville
and 30 miles northwest of Orlando.
Chief topographical features: Low hills. Elevation, 86 to 150 feet.
Annual January Apri. July 'October
Normal temperature 71.8 59.7 71.1 82.4 73.5
Normal rainfall 47.57 2.54 2.49 7.24 3.54
Growing season: Usual date of last killing frost in spring, February 7;
usual date of first killing frost in fall, December 18; average length of
growing season, 314 days.
3. Local Raw Materials:
Timber: Small quantities of pine and cypress are available 10 to 15 miles
from town. F. E. Matteson is the only local saw mill operator.
Minerals:Sandand Clry are the only minerals produced in the area. R. E.
Daniels operates a sand pit about five miles from town and Lake County
operates a clay pit about five miles from town.
Agricultural products: Citrus and watermelons are the principal agricultural
Part B--General Economy
Est. 1947 1945 1940 223 220
County total 31,100 27,946 27,255 28,062 23,161
City total 5,000 3,281 2,930 3,449 2,835
Negroes in county -- 7,483 7,602 7,958 6,442
Negroes in city -- 930 --- 1,205
Predominant nationality: Native-born white.
Unions: No national unions are established in local industries.
Female employment: Apprdximptely 40% of total employment is female.
Approximately 65 women are employed in manufacturing industries. However,
most of the manufacturing employment is seasonal.
Approximate hourly wages: Unskilled male, 750; unskilled female, 650;
skilled white male, 91.50; skilled Negro male, 900; skilled female, 750.
There is no wage differential between white and Negro workers, except for
General comments: Labor supply is ample for present needs.
3. Retail Market:
Eustis is the retail trade center for Tavares, Mount Dora, Umatilla and
1946 Effective Buying Income per family in county, $2 850.*
1946 Estimated retail food store sales in county, S4,723,000.*
19A6 Estimated retail general merchandise store sales in county, $1,225,000,.
1946 Estimated retail Irug store sales in county, $721,000.*
*Copyright 1947, SALES MANAGEMENT Survey of Buying Power. Further repro-
duction not licensed.
4. Manufacturing Industries:
Principal manufacturing industries: Lake County Canners, citrus juice; Eustis
Packing Company, citrus packers; Harris and Wade, citrus packers; William Igou
Company, feed mill; Schneiders Creamery, ice cream; Atlantic Ice Company, ice;
Bassett Boat Works, boats; Choate and Atkins, lime juice; Merry Signs, neon
signs; Silver Glen Products, jellies.
5. New Industries:
General: A new industry, Hazel and Son, Inc., manufacturer of radar and
radio equipment, was established during 1947.
6. General Remarks on Economy:
Eustis and Lake County are dependent on citrus and agriculture, resulting in
many employees having only part-time work. Non-seasonal industries are needed
to balance the economy. Industries that offered seasonal employment from
June to November would also fit into the local economy.
Officials: Mayor, L. C. Vogt; City Manager, R. L. Maynard; City Attorney,
C. Harold Hippler.
Special departments: City has an active building inspector, plumbing in-
spector, city engineer, parc and recreation board, street department and
Zoning: City has a zoning ordinance in effect.
Current city tax rate: Operations, 20 mills; debt service, 15 mills.
Average city tax rate for last five years: Operations, 17* mills; dent
service, 15 mills.
City basis of assessment: Approximately 50% of actual value.
Total assessed value of real property in city: $2,896,514.
City license tax on manufacturing plant: $10 to e25.
City utility tax: 10% of water, gas, electric and telephone bills.
Current county tax rate: Operations, 14.65 mills; debt service, 0.
Current county tax rate for last five years: Operations, 13.5 mills; debt
service, 1.5 mills.
Special tax districts: Property in the city is subject to special district
taxes that average 25 mills.
Bonded debt: City, $7,000,000; county, 0.
Other long-term obligations: City, $126,000 (water system) county, 0.
Part D---Community Facilities
1. Available Data:
Miaps: City street, trunk water main, trunk sewer and zoning maps are
available at the city offices. Power distribution system map is available at
the Florida Power Corporation office. Gas main map is available at Triangle
Gas Company office.
2. Transportation Facilities:
Railroad: Atlantic Coast Line branch line, with two passenger and two freight
trains daily (two extra freight trains are run daily during citrus season),
connects with north-south main lines at Groom and Sanford. Pick-up and
delivery is available for less than carload freight.
Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., Provides rail express service. Direct
air express service is not available.
Highway: State Highways 19 and 44 pass through Eustis.
Local bus service: Local bus service is not available.
Intercity bus service: Florida Greyhound Lines has 14 buses daily through
Intercity trucking facilities: Central Florida Truck Lines serves central
Florida, and connects with serving principal cities in other sections.
Jacksonville, Tampa, Miami, Mobile, Birmingham and Atlanta are among the
principal cities that can be reached by an overnight truck haul.
Air: Eustis Municipal Airport is one mile from town. No hangar space is
available. The airport has two 1,800 foot and one 2,250 foot runways. Charter
cross-country flights are available. Scheduled commercial air transportation
is not available.
Florida Power Corporation owns and operates the generating and distribution
systems. Copies of rate schedules may be obtained at the company's office.
Coal: Delivered cost per ton is $12 for domestic lump. No industrial stoker
Gas: Artificial gas, rated at 550 B.t.u. per cubic foot, is distributed by
Triangle Gas Company. Copies of rate schedules may be obtained at the
Bottles gas: Lake County Green's Fuel distributes butane, rated at 2,500
B.t.u. per cubic foot. Delivered cost is 300 per gallon.
Other: Number 1 and Number 2 fuel oils are available from local distributors.
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal:
Sewerage system: Separate storm and sanitary sewers, both gravity flow type,
are installed. Extensions are planned. Septic tanks are used for disposal
treatment. Plans are being made to build disposal plant.
Industrial waste disposal: Citrus plant discharges untreated waste into lake.
Garbage disposal: Garbage is collected at four-day intervals in residential
section. Residential fee is 75# per month. Fee for daily service in
business district is 2 and up per month.
6. Water Supplv:
Source: Deep wells. Present source is considered adequate for expansion.
Chemical analysis: Chemical analysis is not available. However, it has been
approved as drinking water by the State Board of Health.
6. Water Supply: (cont.)
Rates: Copies of rate schedules may be obtained from city. Minimum charge
is $1.25 per month.
7. Communications Facilities:
Telephone service: Florida Telephone Company operates a manual exchange
serving 834 company-owned stations and 20 toll circuits.
Telegraph service: Western Union has office hours on week-days of 8 a.m. to
9 p.m. from November to May and from 8S30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. from May to
November, On Sundays and holidays, office hours are 9 to 11 a.m. and 1 to 6
p.m. year round.
8. Educational Facilities:
Number of schools
Number of schools 1 1 1
Present enrollment 185 105 60
Vocational training for white students: Industrial arts, commercial subject
and home economics.
Vocational training for Negro students: Agriculture and home economics.
Libraries: City Memorial Library, 16,000 volumes.
9. Health Facilitigs:
City health department: City health officer operates a general clinic.
County health department: Staff of two doctors and four nurses. Operates
Hospitals: Lake County Medical Center, a general hospital owned by the
county doctors, has 65 beds.
10. Recreational Facilities:
Public parks: Ferran Park has 12 shuffleboard courts, band shell, tennis
courts, recreation building, horseshoe courts and roque courts.
Athletic fields: Eustis Baseball Field, has grandstand, dressing rooms and
showers; Eustis Football Field.
Other: Two municipal docks and free public picnic grounds.
11. Police Protection:
City: Force consists of four policemen. City has two police cars, without
radio equipment. Patrolmen are uniformed. Regular beats are maintained at
night. City jail is approved for quartering Federal prisoners.
County: Sheriff's office provides protection outside city limits. Three
city policemen are also deputized. County jail is approved for quartering
12. Fire Protection:
City: Force consists of two full-time and 17 volunteer firemen. City has
two fire engines and one fire station.
12. Fire Protection: (cont.)
Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 2; NBFU, Class 7.
County: City fire department answers calls outside city limits.
13. City Streets:
Mileage: Total, 37 miles; paved, 21 miles; gravelled, 9 miles.
. General: Asphalt is the principal type of paving used. Approximately 60% of
the streets are curbed and 40% have sidewalks. About 5% of the streets should
be rebuilt or extensively repaired during the next five years,
14. Banking Facilities:
First State Bank
First Federal Saving and Loan Association
15. Construction and Service Facilities:
Type and number: General
general machine shops, 3;
motive repair facilities,
contractors, 3; architects, 0; land surveyors, 1;
machine repair facilities, 0; foundries, 0; auto-
10; consulting engineers, 0,
16. Retail Facilities:
Type and number: Dry goods stores, 1; department stores, 2; grocery stores,
13; drug stores, 3.
Parking: City has no parking meters, two parking lots.
Vacant stores: There were no vacant stores in the business district at the
time of this survey.
Deficiencies: A bakery is needed.
17. Wholesale Facilities:
General: Eustis is not a wholesale distribution center.
are operated for the sale of local agricultural products.
commercial cold storage and public warehousing facilities
18. Housing Conditions:
Very few houses or apartments are available for rent.
19. Hotels and Restaurants:
Hotels: Number, 1; rooms, 60.
Restaurants: Number, 8; seating capacity, 300.
Weekly: Eustis News, circulation, 1,500.
21. Laundries and Dry Cleaners:
Commercial laundries: Number, 4.
Commercial dry cleaners: Number, 4.
22. Civic Organizations:
Name and name of president: Rotary, Winston Pendleton; Lions,
Kiwanis, George Pierce; Woman's Club, Izeta Koonce; Chamber of
J. Burnham Reilly.
No special markets
are not available.
Denominations: Baptist, Church of Christ, Christian Scientist, Church of God,
Methodist, Presbyterian, Catholic, Episcopal, Seventh Day Adventist.