Group Title: Inventory of industrial advantages
Title: [Inventory of industrial advantages
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 Material Information
Title: Inventory of industrial advantages
Physical Description: 6 v. : ; 39 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida State Advertising Commission
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: 1948-1949?]
General Note: Issued separately for Florida cities in cooperation with local chambers of commerce and varied agencies.
General Note: In loose-leaf binders.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075576
Volume ID: VID00066
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001689269
notis - AJA1305

Full Text



Lake County

Table of Contents


Part A---Natural Resources

1. Geography 2
2. Climate 2
3. Local Raw Materials 2

Part B---General Economy

1. Population 2
2. Labor 2
3. Retail Market 2
4. Manufacturing Industries 3
5. General Remarks on Economy 3

Part C---Government

1. Administration 3
2. Finances 3

Part D---Community Facilities

1. Available Data 4
2. Transportation Facilities 4
3. Power 4
4. Fuel 4
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal 5
6. Water Supply 5
7. Communications Facilities 5
8. Educational Facilities 5
9. Health Facilities 5
10. Recreational Facilities 6
11. Police Protection 6
12. Fire Protection 6
13. City Streets 6
14. Banking Facilities 6
15. Construction and Service Facilities 6
16. Retail Facilities 6
17. Wholesale Facilities 6
18. Housing Conditions 7
19. Hotels and Restaurants 7
20. Newspapers 7
21. Laundries and Dry Cleaners 7
22. Civic Organizations 7
23. Churches 7

Revised By:

Eustis, Florida

Revised: Tallahassee, Florida



Part A---Natural Resources

1. Geography

Location: Eustis is in Central Florida, 130 miles southwest of Jacksonville
and 30 miles northwest of Orlando.

Chief topographical features: Low hills. Elevation, 86 to 150 feet.

2. Climate

Annual January April July October

Normal temperature 71.8 59.7 71.1 82.4 73.5
Normal rainfall 47.57 2.54 2.49 7.24 3.54

Growing season: Usual date of last killing frost in spring, February 7;
usual date of first killing frost in fall, December 18; average length of
growing season, 314 days.

3. Local Raw Materials

Timber: Small quantities of pine and cypress are available 10 to 15 miles
from town.

Minerals: Sand and clay are the only minerals produced in the area. R. E.
Daniels operates a sand pit about five miles from town and Lake County
operates a clay pit about five miles from town.

Agricultural products: Citrus and watermelons are the principal agricultural

Part B---General Economy

1. Population

Est. 1949* 1945 1940 1935 1930

County total 31,000 27,946 27,255 28,062 23,161
City total 6,500 3,281 2,930 3,449 2,835
Negroes in county ---- 7,483 7,602 7,958 6,442
Negroes in city ---- 930 --- 1,205 ----

Predominant nationalities: Native-born white; Negro.

*Estimate by Eustis Chamber of Commerce.

2. Labor

Unions: No national unions are established in local industries,

Female employment: Approximately 40% of total employment is female.
Approximately 65 women are employed in manufacturing industries. However,
most of the manufacturing employment is seasonal.

Approximate hourly wages: Unskilled male, 750; unskilled female, 650;
skilled white male, $1.50; skilled Negro male, 900; skilled female, 750.
There is no wage differential between white and Negro workers, except for
skilled males.

General comments: Labor supply is ample for present needs.

3. Retail Market

Eustis is the retail trade center for Tavares, Mount Dora, Umatilla and

1948 Effective Buying Income per family in county, $3,476.*
1948 Estimated total retail sales in county, $19,994,000.*


3. Retail Market (Cont'd)

1948 Estimated retail food store sales in county, $5,601,000.*
1948 Estimated retail general merchandise store sales in county, $1,277,000.*
1948 Estimated retail drug store sales in county, $718,000.*

*Copyright 1949, SALES MANAGEMENT Survey of Buying Power.
duction not licensed.

4. Manufacturing Industries


Further repro-


Lake County Canners
Eustis Packing Company
Harris and Wade
William Igou Company
Schneider's Creamery
Atlantic Ice Company
Bassett Boat Works
Choate and Atkins
Merry Signs
Silver Glen Products
Central Florida Boat Works
Hazel and Son, Inc.
Florida Line Company
The Sunburst Company
Golden Glen Groves
Fallin and Ferran

5. General Remarks on Economy

Citrus juice
Citrus packers
Citrus packers
Feed mill
Ice cream
Lime juice
Neon signs
Citrus Packers
Radar and radio equipment
Fishing lines
Shuffleboard equipment
Citrus packers
Citrus packers

Eustis and Lake County are dependent on citrus and agriculture, resulting
in many employees having only part-time work. Non-seasonal industries are
needed to balance the economy. Industries that offered seasonal employment
from June to November would also fit into the local economy.

Part C---Government

1. Administration

Type: Council-Mayor.

Officials: Mayor, L. C. Vogt; City Manager, R. L. Maynard; City Attorney,
C. Harold Hippler; City Clerk, J. L. Colgrove.

Special departments: City has an active building inspector, plumbing
inspector, city engineer, park and recreation board, street department and
water department.

Zoning: City has a zoning ordinance in effect.

2. Finances

Current city tax rate: Operations, 16 mills; debt service, 7 mills.

Average city tax rate for last five years: Operations, 17T- mills; debt
service, 12 mills.

City basis of assessment: Cash value.

Total assessed value of real property in city: $5,994,088.

City license tax on manufacturing plant: $10 to $25.

City utility tax: 10% of water, gas, electric and telephone bills.

Current county tax rate: Operations, 14.65 mills; debt service, 0.


2. Finances (Cont'd)

Current county tax rate for last five years: Operations, 13.5 mills; debt
service, 1.5 mills.

Special tax districts: Property in the city is subject to special district
taxes that average 25 mills.

Bonded debt: City $690,000; county, 0.

Other long-term obligations: City, $123,000 (water system); county, 0.

Part D---Community Facilities

1. Available Data

Maps: City street, trunk water main, trunk sewer and zoning maps are
available at the city offices. Power distribution system map is available
at the Florida Power Corporation office. Gas main map is available at
Triangle Gas Company office.

2. Transportation Facilities

Railroad: Atlantic Coast Line branch line, with two passenger and two freight
trains daily (twro extra freight trains are run daily during citrus season),
connects with north-south main lines at Croom and Sanford. Pick-up and
delivery is available for less than carload freight.

Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., provides rail express service.
Direct air express service is not available.

Highway: State Highways 19 and 44 pass through Eustis.

Local bus service: Local bus service is not available.

Intercity bus service: Florida Greyhound Lines has 14 buses daily through

Intercity trucking facilities: Central Florida Truck Lines serves central
Florida, and connects with lines serving principal cities in other sections.
Jacksonville, Tampa, Miami, Mobile, Birmingham and Atlanta are among the
principal cities that can be reached by an overnight truck haul.

Air: Eustis Municipal Airport is one mile from town. No hangar space is
available. The airport has two 1,800 foot and one 2,250 foot runways.
Charter cross-country flights are available. Scheduled commercial air trans-
portation is not available.

3. Power

Florida Power Corporation owns and operates the generating and distribution
systems. A new sub-station, built during 1949, has increased efficiency.
Copies of rate schedules can be obtained at the company's office.

4. Fuel

Coal: Delivered cost per ton is $12 for domestic lump. No industrial stoker
is used.

Gas: Artificial gas, rated at 550 B.t.u. per cubic foot, is distributed by
Triangle Gas Company. Copies of rate schedules can be obtained at the
company's office.

Bottled gas: Lake County Green's Fuel distributes butane, rated at 3,200
B.t.u. per cubic foot. Delivered cost: Commercial, 250 per gallon; domestic,
280 to 340 per gallon, depending on size of tanks.

Other: Number 1 and Number 2 fuel oils are available from local distributors.


5. Sewage and Waste Disposal

Sewerage system: Separte storm and sanitary severs, both gravity flow type,
are installed. Extensions are planned. Septic tanks are used for disposal
treatment. Plans are being made to build disposal plant.

Industrial waste disposal: Citrus plant discharges untreated waste into lake.

Garbage disposal: Garbage is collected at four-day intervals in residential
section. Residential fee is 754 per month. Fee for daily service in
business district is $2 and up per month.

6. Water Supply

Operator: City.

Source: Deep wells. Present source is considered adequate for expansion.

Treatment: Aerated.

Chemical analysis: Chemical analysis is available at the City Hall.

Rates: Copies of rate schedules can be obtained from city. Minimum charge
is $1.75 per month.

7. Communications Facilities

Telephone service: Florida Telephone Company operates a manual exchange
serving 1,050 company-owned stations and 26 toll circuits in Eustis. The
company serves a total of 2,500 stations in the immediate area.

Telegraph service: Western Union has office hours on weekdays of 8 a.m.
to 9 p.m. from November to May and from 8:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. from May to
November. On Sundays and holidays, office hours are 9 to 11 a.m. and 1 to 6
p.m. year round.

8. Educational Facilities

Elementary Junior High High


Number of schools 1 1 1
Present enrollment 410 164 121


Number of schools 1 1 1
Present enrollment 215 110 75

Vocational training for white students: Industrial arts, commercial subjects,
home economics, diversified cooperative training, and vocational agriculture.

Vocational training for Negro students: Agriculture and home economics.

Libraries: City Memorial Library, 16,000 volumes.

9. Health Facilities

City health department: City health officer operates a general clinic.

County health department: Staff of one doctor and five Public Health Service
nurses, with one to four assistant doctors when needed. Operates a general

Hospitals: Lake County Medical Center, a general hospital, has 75 beds.


10. Recreational Facilities

Public parks: Ferran Park has 15 shuffleboard courts, band shell, tennis
courts, recreation building, horseshoe courts and roque courts.

Athletic fields: Eustis Baseball Field, has grandstand, dressing rooms and
showers; Eustis Football Field.

Other: Three municipal docks and free public picnic grounds.

11. Police Protection

City: Force consists of four policemen and 22 special policemen. City has
two police cars, without radio equipment. Patrolmen are uniformed. Regular
beats are maintained at night. City jail is approved for quartering Federal

County: Sheriff's office provides protection outside city limits. Three
city policemen are also deputized. County jail is approved for quartering
Federal prisoners.

12. Fire Protection

City: Force consists of two full-time and 15 volunteer firemen. City has
two fire engines and one fire station.

Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 2; NBFU, Class 7.

County: City fire department answers calls outside city limits, only to
those properties which either carry fire insurance, assuring the city of
at least $100 for each call answered, or where surety bond of $100 for each
call answered is posted with the City Clerk.

13. City Streets

Mileage: Total, 37 miles; paved, 21 miles; gravelled, 9 miles.

General: Asphalt is the principal type of paving used. Approximately 60%
of the streets are curbed and 40% have sidewalks. About 5% of the streets
should be rebuilt or extensively repaired during the next five years.

14. Banking Facilities

Name Total Resources

First State Bank $5,500,000
First Federal Saving and Loan Association 1,043,976

15. Construction and Service Facilities

Type and number: General contractors, 10; architects, 0; land surveyors, 1;
general machine shops, 3; machine repair facilities, 0; foundries, 0; auto-
motive repair facilities, 10; consulting engineers, 0.

16. Retail Facilities

Type and number: Dry goods stores, 1; department stores, 2; bakery, 1;
grocery stores, 13 (2 super markets); drug stores, 3.

Parking: City has no parking meters, two parking lots.

Vacant stores: There were no vacant stores in the business district at the
time of this survey.

17. Wholesale Facilities

General: Eustis is not a wholesale distribution center. No special markets
are operated for the sale of local agricultural products. Commercial freez-
ing, commercial cold storage and public warehousing facilities are not avail-



18. Housing Conditions

Very few houses or apartments are available for rent.

19. Hotels and Restaurants

Hotels: Number, 3; rooms, 140.

Restaurants: Number, 8; seating capacity, 300.

20. Newspapers

Weekly: Eustis News, circulation, 1,500.

21. Laundries and Dry Cleaners

Commercial laundries: Number, 4.

Commercial dry cleaners: Number, 4.

Other: Self-service, 2.

22. Civic Organizations

Organization and name of president: Rotary, D. A. Monteith; Lions, J. W.
Coursey; Kiwanis, H. A. Redfield; Woman's Club, Izeta Koonce; Chamber of
Commerce, Paul B. Brown; Business and Professional Women's Club, Ruth Virth.

23. Churches

Denominations: Baptist, Church of Christ, Christian Scientist, Church of
God, Methodist, Presbyterian, Catholic, Episcopal, Seventh Day Adventist.

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