INVENT O R Y OF INDUSTRIAL AD VAN G ES \ .
Table of Contents
Part A---Natural Resources
1. Geography 2
2. Climate 2
3. Local Raw Materials 2
Part B---General Economy
1. Population 2
2. Labor 2
3. Retail Market 2
4. Manufacturing Industries 3
5. General Remarks on Economy 3
1. Administration 3
2. Finances 3
Part D---Community Facilities
1. Available Data 4
2. Transportation Facilities 4
3. Power 4
4. Fuel 4
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal 5
6. Water Supply 5
7. Communications Facilities 5
8. Educational Facilities 5
9. Health Facilities 5
10. Recreational Facilities 6
11. Police Protection 6
12. Fire Protection 6
13. City Streets 6
14. Banking Facilities 6
15. Construction and Service Facilities 6
16. Retail Facilities 6
17. Wholesale Facilities 6
18. Housing Conditions 7
19. Hotels and Restaurants 7
20. Newspapers 7
21. Laundries and Dry Cleaners 7
22. Civic Organizations 7
23. Churches 7
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
FLORIDA STATE ADVERTISING COMMISSION
Revised: Tallahassee, Florida
Part A---Natural Resources
Location: Eustis is in Central Florida, 130 miles southwest of Jacksonville
and 30 miles northwest of Orlando.
Chief topographical features: Low hills. Elevation, 86 to 150 feet.
Annual January April July October
Normal temperature 71.8 59.7 71.1 82.4 73.5
Normal rainfall 47.57 2.54 2.49 7.24 3.54
Growing season: Usual date of last killing frost in spring, February 7;
usual date of first killing frost in fall, December 18; average length of
growing season, 314 days.
3. Local Raw Materials
Timber: Small quantities of pine and cypress are available 10 to 15 miles
Minerals: Sand and clay are the only minerals produced in the area. R. E.
Daniels operates a sand pit about five miles from town and Lake County
operates a clay pit about five miles from town.
Agricultural products: Citrus and watermelons are the principal agricultural
Part B---General Economy
Est. 1949* 1945 1940 1935 1930
County total 31,000 27,946 27,255 28,062 23,161
City total 6,500 3,281 2,930 3,449 2,835
Negroes in county ---- 7,483 7,602 7,958 6,442
Negroes in city ---- 930 --- 1,205 ----
Predominant nationalities: Native-born white; Negro.
*Estimate by Eustis Chamber of Commerce.
Unions: No national unions are established in local industries,
Female employment: Approximately 40% of total employment is female.
Approximately 65 women are employed in manufacturing industries. However,
most of the manufacturing employment is seasonal.
Approximate hourly wages: Unskilled male, 750; unskilled female, 650;
skilled white male, $1.50; skilled Negro male, 900; skilled female, 750.
There is no wage differential between white and Negro workers, except for
General comments: Labor supply is ample for present needs.
3. Retail Market
Eustis is the retail trade center for Tavares, Mount Dora, Umatilla and
1948 Effective Buying Income per family in county, $3,476.*
1948 Estimated total retail sales in county, $19,994,000.*
3. Retail Market (Cont'd)
1948 Estimated retail food store sales in county, $5,601,000.*
1948 Estimated retail general merchandise store sales in county, $1,277,000.*
1948 Estimated retail drug store sales in county, $718,000.*
*Copyright 1949, SALES MANAGEMENT Survey of Buying Power.
duction not licensed.
4. Manufacturing Industries
Lake County Canners
Eustis Packing Company
Harris and Wade
William Igou Company
Atlantic Ice Company
Bassett Boat Works
Choate and Atkins
Silver Glen Products
Central Florida Boat Works
Hazel and Son, Inc.
Florida Line Company
The Sunburst Company
Golden Glen Groves
Fallin and Ferran
5. General Remarks on Economy
Radar and radio equipment
Eustis and Lake County are dependent on citrus and agriculture, resulting
in many employees having only part-time work. Non-seasonal industries are
needed to balance the economy. Industries that offered seasonal employment
from June to November would also fit into the local economy.
Officials: Mayor, L. C. Vogt; City Manager, R. L. Maynard; City Attorney,
C. Harold Hippler; City Clerk, J. L. Colgrove.
Special departments: City has an active building inspector, plumbing
inspector, city engineer, park and recreation board, street department and
Zoning: City has a zoning ordinance in effect.
Current city tax rate: Operations, 16 mills; debt service, 7 mills.
Average city tax rate for last five years: Operations, 17T- mills; debt
service, 12 mills.
City basis of assessment: Cash value.
Total assessed value of real property in city: $5,994,088.
City license tax on manufacturing plant: $10 to $25.
City utility tax: 10% of water, gas, electric and telephone bills.
Current county tax rate: Operations, 14.65 mills; debt service, 0.
2. Finances (Cont'd)
Current county tax rate for last five years: Operations, 13.5 mills; debt
service, 1.5 mills.
Special tax districts: Property in the city is subject to special district
taxes that average 25 mills.
Bonded debt: City $690,000; county, 0.
Other long-term obligations: City, $123,000 (water system); county, 0.
Part D---Community Facilities
1. Available Data
Maps: City street, trunk water main, trunk sewer and zoning maps are
available at the city offices. Power distribution system map is available
at the Florida Power Corporation office. Gas main map is available at
Triangle Gas Company office.
2. Transportation Facilities
Railroad: Atlantic Coast Line branch line, with two passenger and two freight
trains daily (twro extra freight trains are run daily during citrus season),
connects with north-south main lines at Croom and Sanford. Pick-up and
delivery is available for less than carload freight.
Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., provides rail express service.
Direct air express service is not available.
Highway: State Highways 19 and 44 pass through Eustis.
Local bus service: Local bus service is not available.
Intercity bus service: Florida Greyhound Lines has 14 buses daily through
Intercity trucking facilities: Central Florida Truck Lines serves central
Florida, and connects with lines serving principal cities in other sections.
Jacksonville, Tampa, Miami, Mobile, Birmingham and Atlanta are among the
principal cities that can be reached by an overnight truck haul.
Air: Eustis Municipal Airport is one mile from town. No hangar space is
available. The airport has two 1,800 foot and one 2,250 foot runways.
Charter cross-country flights are available. Scheduled commercial air trans-
portation is not available.
Florida Power Corporation owns and operates the generating and distribution
systems. A new sub-station, built during 1949, has increased efficiency.
Copies of rate schedules can be obtained at the company's office.
Coal: Delivered cost per ton is $12 for domestic lump. No industrial stoker
Gas: Artificial gas, rated at 550 B.t.u. per cubic foot, is distributed by
Triangle Gas Company. Copies of rate schedules can be obtained at the
Bottled gas: Lake County Green's Fuel distributes butane, rated at 3,200
B.t.u. per cubic foot. Delivered cost: Commercial, 250 per gallon; domestic,
280 to 340 per gallon, depending on size of tanks.
Other: Number 1 and Number 2 fuel oils are available from local distributors.
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal
Sewerage system: Separte storm and sanitary severs, both gravity flow type,
are installed. Extensions are planned. Septic tanks are used for disposal
treatment. Plans are being made to build disposal plant.
Industrial waste disposal: Citrus plant discharges untreated waste into lake.
Garbage disposal: Garbage is collected at four-day intervals in residential
section. Residential fee is 754 per month. Fee for daily service in
business district is $2 and up per month.
6. Water Supply
Source: Deep wells. Present source is considered adequate for expansion.
Chemical analysis: Chemical analysis is available at the City Hall.
Rates: Copies of rate schedules can be obtained from city. Minimum charge
is $1.75 per month.
7. Communications Facilities
Telephone service: Florida Telephone Company operates a manual exchange
serving 1,050 company-owned stations and 26 toll circuits in Eustis. The
company serves a total of 2,500 stations in the immediate area.
Telegraph service: Western Union has office hours on weekdays of 8 a.m.
to 9 p.m. from November to May and from 8:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. from May to
November. On Sundays and holidays, office hours are 9 to 11 a.m. and 1 to 6
p.m. year round.
8. Educational Facilities
Elementary Junior High High
Number of schools 1 1 1
Present enrollment 410 164 121
Number of schools 1 1 1
Present enrollment 215 110 75
Vocational training for white students: Industrial arts, commercial subjects,
home economics, diversified cooperative training, and vocational agriculture.
Vocational training for Negro students: Agriculture and home economics.
Libraries: City Memorial Library, 16,000 volumes.
9. Health Facilities
City health department: City health officer operates a general clinic.
County health department: Staff of one doctor and five Public Health Service
nurses, with one to four assistant doctors when needed. Operates a general
Hospitals: Lake County Medical Center, a general hospital, has 75 beds.
10. Recreational Facilities
Public parks: Ferran Park has 15 shuffleboard courts, band shell, tennis
courts, recreation building, horseshoe courts and roque courts.
Athletic fields: Eustis Baseball Field, has grandstand, dressing rooms and
showers; Eustis Football Field.
Other: Three municipal docks and free public picnic grounds.
11. Police Protection
City: Force consists of four policemen and 22 special policemen. City has
two police cars, without radio equipment. Patrolmen are uniformed. Regular
beats are maintained at night. City jail is approved for quartering Federal
County: Sheriff's office provides protection outside city limits. Three
city policemen are also deputized. County jail is approved for quartering
12. Fire Protection
City: Force consists of two full-time and 15 volunteer firemen. City has
two fire engines and one fire station.
Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 2; NBFU, Class 7.
County: City fire department answers calls outside city limits, only to
those properties which either carry fire insurance, assuring the city of
at least $100 for each call answered, or where surety bond of $100 for each
call answered is posted with the City Clerk.
13. City Streets
Mileage: Total, 37 miles; paved, 21 miles; gravelled, 9 miles.
General: Asphalt is the principal type of paving used. Approximately 60%
of the streets are curbed and 40% have sidewalks. About 5% of the streets
should be rebuilt or extensively repaired during the next five years.
14. Banking Facilities
Name Total Resources
First State Bank $5,500,000
First Federal Saving and Loan Association 1,043,976
15. Construction and Service Facilities
Type and number: General contractors, 10; architects, 0; land surveyors, 1;
general machine shops, 3; machine repair facilities, 0; foundries, 0; auto-
motive repair facilities, 10; consulting engineers, 0.
16. Retail Facilities
Type and number: Dry goods stores, 1; department stores, 2; bakery, 1;
grocery stores, 13 (2 super markets); drug stores, 3.
Parking: City has no parking meters, two parking lots.
Vacant stores: There were no vacant stores in the business district at the
time of this survey.
17. Wholesale Facilities
General: Eustis is not a wholesale distribution center. No special markets
are operated for the sale of local agricultural products. Commercial freez-
ing, commercial cold storage and public warehousing facilities are not avail-
18. Housing Conditions
Very few houses or apartments are available for rent.
19. Hotels and Restaurants
Hotels: Number, 3; rooms, 140.
Restaurants: Number, 8; seating capacity, 300.
Weekly: Eustis News, circulation, 1,500.
21. Laundries and Dry Cleaners
Commercial laundries: Number, 4.
Commercial dry cleaners: Number, 4.
Other: Self-service, 2.
22. Civic Organizations
Organization and name of president: Rotary, D. A. Monteith; Lions, J. W.
Coursey; Kiwanis, H. A. Redfield; Woman's Club, Izeta Koonce; Chamber of
Commerce, Paul B. Brown; Business and Professional Women's Club, Ruth Virth.
Denominations: Baptist, Church of Christ, Christian Scientist, Church of
God, Methodist, Presbyterian, Catholic, Episcopal, Seventh Day Adventist.