INVENTORY OF INDUSTRIAL ADVANTAGES
Table of Contents
Part A---Natural Resources
1. Geography 2
2. Climate 2
3. Local Raw Materials 2
Part B---General Economy
1. Population 2
2. Labor 2
3. Retail Market 2
4. Manufacturing Industries 3
5. General Remarks on Economy 3
1. Administration 3
2. Finances 3
Part D---Community Facilities
1. Available Data 3
2. Transportation Facilities 4
3. Power 4
4. Fuels 4
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal 4
6. Water Supply 4
7. 'Communications Facilities 5
8. Educational Facilities 5
9. Health Facilities 5
10. Recreational Facilities 5
11. Police Protection 5
12. Fire Protection 5
13. Banking Facilities 5
14. Construction and Service Facilities 5
15. Retail Facilities 6
16. 1iholesale Facilities 6
17. Housing Conditions 6
18. Hotels and Restaurants 6
19. Newspapers 6
20. Laundries and Dry Cleaners 6
21. Civic Organizations 6
22. Churches 6
CHAMBER OF C01MERCE
Revised: FLORIDA STATE ADVERTISING COMMISSION
October/49 Tallahassee, Florida
Part A---Natural Resources
Location: Clewiston is on the south side of Lake Okeechobee, in South
Florida. It is approximately 60 miles east of Fort Myers and 70 miles
west of West Palm Beach.
Chief topographical features: Flat. Average elevation, 18 feet above
(From U. S. Weather Bureau observations at Moore Haven, Florida.)
Annual January April July Octob
Normal temperature 73.6 62.1 76.5 81.2 77.;
Normal rainfall 44.72 1.82 3.20 9.47 4.9
Growing season: During a 17-year period, the U. S. Weather Bureau has
recorded killing frosts in the spring in only nine years and in the fall
in only four years.
3. Local Raw Materials
Timber: Pine is available about 20 miles from town.
Agricultural products: Sugar, vegetables and molasses.
Other: Cattle. Fish are available in quantity in Lake Okeechobee but may
not be taken for commercial purposes.
Part B---General Economy
Est. 1949* 1945 1940 19 190
County total 7,500 5,066 5,237 3,711 3,492
City total 3,500 1,917 1,338 844 ---
Negroes in county 2,500 1,027 1,760 952 1,327
Negroes in city 0 117 --- 24 ---
Predominant nationalities: Native-born white, Negro.
*Estimate by Clewiston Chamber of Commerce.
Unions: U. S. Sugar Corporation workers are represented by Sugar Mill
Workers, Local 23211, A. F. of L.
Female employment: Only a negligible number of women are employed in
Approximate hourly wages: Unskilled white male, $1.00; unskilled Negro male,
750; skilled white male, $1.30; skilled Negro male, no rate established.
General: The supply of industrial labor is improving but agricultural labor
is still scarce. Most employment in Clewiston is seasonal.
3. Retail Market
General: Clewiston is the retail trade center for Clewiston, Harlem and
3. Retail Market (cont'd)
1948 Effective Buying Income per family in county, $3,365.*
1948 Estimated total retail sales in county, $3,942,000.*
1948 Estimated retail food store sales in county, $735,000.*
1948 Estimated retail general merchandise store sales in county, $183,000.*
1948 Estimated retail drug store sales in county, $91,000.*
*Copyright 1949, SALES MANAGEMENT Survey of Buying Power. Further repro-
duction not licensed.
4. Manufacturing Industries
Principal manufacturing plants: U. S. Sugar Corporation, raw sugar.
5. General Remarks on Economy
United States Sugar Corporation has vast agricultural projects in this area
and has a plant in Clewiston for manufacturing raw sugar. Truck farming is
an important source of income.
Officials: Mayor, Raymond McLeod; Vice Mayor, Tax Collector and Commissioner
of Public Works, R. E. Waldron; City Attorney, W. C. Owen, Jr; City Clerk,
Special departments: The City Engineer is in charge of building, electrical
and plumbing inspection, parks, recreational facilities and city streets.
The City Commission also serves as a planning and zoning board.
Zoning: City has a zoning ordinance in effect.
Current city tax rate: Operations, 15 mills; debt service, 0.
Average city tax rate for last five years: Operations, 18 mills; debt
City basis of assessment: 75% of actual value.
City license tax on manufacturing plants: Amount depends upon type of
business. Schedule can be obtained from City Clerk.
City utility tax: 10%.
Other major city taxes: Occupational licenses. Schedule can be obtained
from City Clerk.
Current county tax rate: Operations, 8.5 mills; debt service, 0.5 mills.
Special district: The special district tax on property in the city is $8.91
Bonded debt: City, 0; county, $4,486,500.
Part D---Community Facilities
1. Available Data
Maps: City street, trunk water main and power system maps are available.
2. -Transportation Facilities
Railroad: Clewiston is served by an Atlantic Coast Line branch line with
one passenger and one freight train daily. Pick-up and delivery of less
than carload freight is available.
Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., provides rail express service. Direct
air express service is not available. Free pick-up and delivery of express
Highway: U. S. Highway 27 and Florida Highway 120 pass through Clewiston.
Intercity bus service: Glades Motor Lines has three buses daily through
Clewiston. Tamiami Trail Tours also serves the city.
Intercity trucking facilities: Tamiami Trail Tours provides service to all
sections of south Florida. Miami, West Palm Beach and Tampa are the prin-
cipal cities that can be reached by an overnight truck haul.
Air: Clewiston Airport, privately owned and city operated, is within the
city limits. Only private hangars are available. Field has one 3,000 foot
runway and two smaller runways. Field is open to private planes. Charter
cross-country flights are available. No scheduled commercial air trans-
portation is available.
Clewiston Electric and Waterworks System operates the distribution system.
Power is purchased from U. S. Sugar Corporation. Copies of rate schedules
can be obtained from the City Clerk.
Coal: Coal is not used in this section.
Gas: Neither artificial nor natural gas is available.
Bottled gas: D. B. McCarthy and Moody Brothers, Fort Myers, distribute
bottled gas. Copies of rate schedules can be obtained at the companies'
Other: Fuel oils are available from two local distributors.
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal
Sewage: Storm sewers are installed under the entire length of the main
business street. No other sewage disposal facilities are available. However,
engineers have been employed to prepare plans for a sewerage system and dis-
posal plant, to be financed by revenue certificates..
Garbage: Garbage is collected twice a week in residential sections and daily
in the business district.
6. Water Supply
Operator: Purchased from U. S. Sugar Corporation.
Source: Lake Okeechobee. Present source is adequate for expansion.
Treatment: Coagulated, filtered and chlorinated.
Consumption: 240,000 gallons a day.
Pumping capacity: 280,000 gallons a day.
Rate: Copies of rate schedules can be obtained from the City Clerk.
7. Communications Facilities
Telephone service: Inter County Telephone and Telegraph Company operates a
Telegraph service: Western Union provides telegraph service.
8. Educational Facilities
Elementary Junior High High
Number of schools 1 1 1
Present enrollment 400 196
Present capacity 450 25
Number of schools 1 1 0
Present enrollment 179 25
Present capacity 90 -
Agricultural training for white students: Vocational agriculture and
Vocational training for Negro students: None.
Libraries: Community library. High school and elementary.
9. Health Facilities
City health department: None.
County health department: General clinic, one doctor.
Hospitals: Sugarland Hospital, a 16-bed white emergency hospital, and
Western Division Hospital, a 16-bed Negro emergency hospital, serve this
area. Both are privately owned.
10. Recreational Facilities
Public parks: City park has a wading pool, swings and slide.
Athletic fields: Cleviston High School, basketball court and football field.
Other: Tennis court.
11. Police Protection
City: Force consists of three policemen. City has one patrol car, with radio
equipment. Patrolmen arc uniformed. Regular beats are maintained at night.
12. Fire Protection
City: Force consists of 12 volunteer firemen, City has one engine and one
Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 3; NBFU, Class 8.
13. Banking Facilities
General: First Bank of Clewiston and Clewiston Federal Savings and Loan
Association serve the area.
14. Construction Facilities
Type and number: General contractors, 4; land surveyors, 3; general machine
shops, 2; machine repair facilities, 2; foundries, 0; automotive repair
facilities, 5; consulting engineers, 1 (drainage).
15. Retail Facilities
Type and number: Dry goods stores, 0; department stores, 3; grocery stores,
5; drug stores, 2.
Parking: City has no parking meters and no parking lots.
Vacant stores: There were no vacant stores in the business district at the
time of this survey.
16. Wholesale Facilities
General: Clewiston is not a wholesale distribution center. No markets are
available for the wholesale distribution of agricultural products.
17. Housing Conditions
General: For the last seven or eight years, there have been no houses or
apartments vacant for a period of over 30 days.
18. Hotels and Restaurants
Hotels: Number, 1; rooms, 64.
Restaurants: Number, 6; seating capacity, 150.
Weekly: Clewiston News, circulation, 750.
20. Laundries and Dry Cleaners
Commercial laundries: Number, 1.
Commercial dry cleaners: Number, 2.
21. Civic Organizations
Organization and name of president: Kiwanis, A. R. Broadfoot; Chamber of
Commerce, D. G. Dalston; Lions Club, Lloyd G. Kelly.
Denomination: Catholic, Episcopal, Presbyterian, Methodist, Baptist and
Church of God.