Table of Contents
Part A--Natural Resources
Local Raw Materials
Part B--General Economy
3. Retail Market
4. Manufacturing Industries
5. New Industries
Part D---Community Facilities
Sewage and Waste Disposal
Construction and Service Facilities
Hotels and Restaurants
Laundries and Dry Cleaners
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
FLORIDA POWER CORPORATION
101 Fifth Street South
Saint Petersburg 1, Florida
FLORIDA STATE ADVERTISING COMMISSION
311 North Calhoun Street
Part A--Natiral Resources
Location: Clermont is in Central Florida, 75 miles northeast of Tampa and 27
miles west of Orlando.
Chief topographical features: Rolling hills. Between Lake Minnehaha and
Lake Minneola. Maximum elevation, 329 feet.
(Based on U. S. Weather Bureau observations at Eustis, Florida.)
Growing season: (From observations at Clermont.) Usual
frost in spring, January 20; usual date of first killing
December 17; average length of growing season, 331 days.
date of last killing
frost in fall,
3. Local Raw Materials
Timber: Limited supply of longleaf pine is available from five to 20 miles
from town. Oaks and gums are available from 10 to 20 miles from town. Only
small portable mills are cutting timber.
Minerals: Sand aggregate, peat, and muck are the only minerals produced in
the area. H. F. Bailey, Clermont, is the only producer. At one time, in-
fuserial earth was produced 11 miles from town but the supply is believed to
be exhausted. Kaolin was formerly produced about five miles from town. The
supply is not exhausted.
Agricultural products: Citrus fruit is the principal agricultural product.
Vegetables, cattle and poultry are also important, however.
Part B---General Economy
Negroes in county
Negroes in city
*Copyright 1948, SALES MANAGEMENT Survey of Buying Power. Further
tion not licensed.
Unions: No national unions are established in local industries.
Female employment: Approximately 10% of total employment is female.
imately 125 women are employed in local manufacturing industries.
Approximate hourly wages: Unskilled white males, $1; unskilled Negro males,
800; unskilled white females, 750; unskilled Negro females, 500; skilled white
males, $1.50; skilled Negro males, $1. No women are employed in skilled
General: The labor force in Clermont is considered unusually intelligent and
3. Retail Market
General: Clermont is the retail trade center for Groveland, Mascotte, Howey,
Minneola, and Montverde.
1947 Effective Buying Income per family in county, $3,156.*
1947 Estimated total retail sales in county, $20,067,000.*
1947 Estimated retail food store sales in county, $6,903,000.*
1947 Estimated retail general merchandise store sales in county, $1,500,000.*
1947 Estimated retail drug store sales in county, $886,000.*
*Copyright 1948, SALES MANAGEMENT Survey of Buying Power. Further reproduction
4. ManufacturinR Industries
General: Total number of manufacturing establishments, 5; total manufacturing
Principal manufacturing industries: Pemona Products Company, citrus by-pro-
ducts; Blue Goose, citrus packing; Woodruff Pecan Company, nuts; Air Kondi-
tioning Company, specialties.
5. New Industries
General: Pemona Products Company was established during 1946. The company
is now the second largest industrial employer in the city and is also an out-
let for large quantities of citrus fruit that might not find a market else-
where. The other industries listed in paragraph 4 are 10 to 15 years old.
Officials: Mayor, H. R. Harper; City Attorney, Irving F, Morse.
Special departments: The city has an active building inspector, electrical
inspector, plumbing inspector, city engineer, zoning board and street depart-
Zoning: The city has a zoning ordinance.
Current city tax rate: Operations, 14 mills; debt service, 11 mills.
Average city tax rate for last five years: Operations, 12 mills; debt service,
City basis of assessment: 75% of actual value.
Total assessed value of real property in city; $1,242,000.
City license tax on manufacturing plant: $20.
Other: The city has no utility tax or other major tax.
Current county tax rate: Operations, 15.9375 mills; debt service, .6875 mills.
Average county tax rate for last five years: Operations, 13.5 mills; debt
service, .5 mills.
Special tax districts: The special district tax rate on property in the city
averages 25 mills.
2. Finances (Cont.)
Bonded debt: City, $360,000; county, 0; special districts, 0.
Other long-term obligations: None of the local taxing authorities have other
long-term obligations outstanding.
-Part D--Community Facilities
1. Available Data
Maps: City street, trunk water main and zoning maps are available at the city
offices. A map of the power distribution system is available at the Florida
Power Corporation office.
2. Transportation Facilities
Railroad: An Atlantic Coast Line branch line connects with north-south main
lines at Sanford and at Trilby. A Seaboard Air Line branch connects with a
north-south main line at Wildwood. Both railroads have daily freight and
passenger service. Pick-up and delivery of less than carload freight is
Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., provides rail express service. Direct
air express service is not available. Free pick-up and delivery is available.
Highway: Florida Highways 25, 50, and 561 run through Clermont.
Local bus service: None. Taxi service is available.
Intercity bus service: Greyhound Lines has seven buses daily through Clermont.
Intercity trucking facilities: Central Truck Lines has service to Orlando,
Leesburg, Winter Garden and Ocala. Iobile, Atlanta, Tampa, Jacksonville,
Orlando, Ocala and Lakeland are among the principal cities that can be reached
by an overnight truck haul.
Air: Kerlin Airport, a privately-owned field at Minneola, 1l miles from
Clermont is the nearest field, The airport has 2,000 square feet of hangar
space and two 2,900-foot runways. The field is open to private planes.
Charter cross-country service is not available. Scheduled commercial air
transportation is available at Orlando, 27 miles away.
General: Florida Power Corporation owns and operates the generating facili-
ties and distribution system. Copies of rate schedules can be obtained from
the company's office.
Coal: None is used here.
Gas: Neither natural nor artificial gas is available.
Bottled gas: Carroll Electric Company and Roe Appliance Company distribute
Green's Fuel and butane, rated at 2,500 B.t.u. per cu. ft. The delivered
cost per gallon is 300.
Other: Number 1 and Number 2 fuel oils are available from local distributors.
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal
Sewage: Storm sewers have been installed. Private septic tanks and distri-
bution fields are used to dispose of sanitary sewage. Plans are now being
made for the installation of a sanitary sewage system.
Garbage: Garbage is collected daily in the business district and twice
weekly in residential districts.
6. Water Supply
Source: Wells. Present source is considered adequate for expansion.
Consumption: 900,000 gallons per day.
Pumping capacity: 1,750,000 gallons per day.
Chemical analysis: A chemical analysis of the water is not available.
Per 1,000 Gallons
First 1,000 gallons per month $2.75
Next 4,000 gallons per month .25
Over 5,000 gallons per month .10
7. Communications Facilities
Telephone service: Florida Telephone Company operates a dial exchange serving
221 company-owned stations and four toll circuits,
Telegraph service: Western Union has office hours of 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on
week-days and 9 a.m. to 11 a.m. and 4 p.m. to 6 p.m. on Sundays and holidays.
8. Educational Facilities
Elementary Junior High High
Number of schools 1 1 1
Present enrollment 303 115 86
Number of schools 1 1 0
Present enrollment 88 26 0
9. Health Facilities
City health department: None.
County health department: Staff of two doctors and four nurses. Operates
Hospitals: South Lake Memorial Hospital has eight beds.
10. Recreational Facilities
Public parks: Recreation Park has playground equipment and a community build-
ing. Children's playground also has playground equipment.
Athletic fields: City athletic field has baseball diamond and tennis courts.
High school athletic field has baseball diamond and football field.
11. Police Protection
City: Force consists of two policemen. The police department has one patrol
car, without radio. Patrolmen are uniformed and regular beats are maintained
at night. City jail is not approved for quartering Federal prisoners, but
county jail is approved.
11. Police Protection (Cont)
County: Sheriff's office in Tavares provides police protection outside the
city. Sheriff has three deputies and three radio-equipped patrol cars.
County jail is approved for quartering Federal prisoners.
12. Fire Protection
City: Foree consists of one full-time and 20 volunteer firemen. Fire depart-
ment has one engine and one station.
Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 3; NBFU, Class 8.
13. Banking Facilities
General: Citizens Bank of Clermont, total resources, $2,100,000.
14. Construction and Service Facilities
Type and number: General contractors, 6; architects, 2; land surveyors, 2;
general machine shops, 2; machine repair facilities, 2; foundries, 0; automo-
tive repair facilities, 6; consulting engineers, 1.
15. Retail Facilities
Type and number: Dry goods stores, 2; department stores, 1; grocery stores,
7; drug stores, 2.
Parking: City has two parking lots and no parking meters.
Vacant stores: There were two vacant stores in the business district at the
time of this survey.
Deficiencies: A dry goods store, dress shop and novelty shop are needed.
16. Wholesale Facilities
General: Clermont is not a wholesale distribution center. A special market
is operated for wholesale sales of citrus. Adequate cold storage facilities
are available, but commercial freezing facilities and public warehouses are
17. Housing Conditions
General: Few houses were for rent at the time of this survey. In the last
two years, 125 new houses were completed and building is continuing,
18. Hotels and Restaurants
Hotels: Number, 6; rooms, 120.
Restaurants: Each hotel operates a dining room during the winter. A new
restaurant will open about September 1, 1948.
Weekly: Clermont Press, circulation, 1,350.
20. Laundries and Dry Cleaners
Commercial laundries: Number, 1.
Commercial dry cleaners: Number, 1,
21. Civic Organizations
Organization and name of president: Chamber of Commerce, Louis P. Ford;
Junior Chamber of Commerce, Curtiss R. Reid; Kiwanis Club, J. E. Kensler;
Woman's Club, Mrs. W. M. Bess; American Legion, Orrin Ward; Veterans of
Foreign Wars, Richard Kurfiss.
Denominations: White--Methodist, Baptist, Episcopal, Christian Scienceb
Assembly of God and Catholic. Negro--Methodist, Baptist, Church of God and
Church of God By Faith.