INVENTORY OF INDUSTRIAL ADVANTAGES
Table of Contents
Part A--Natural Resources
Local Raw Materials
Part B---General Economy
Part D---Community Facilities
Sewage and Waste Disposal
Fire Protection .
Construction and Service Facilities
Hotels and Restaurants
Laundries and Dry Cleaners
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
FLCRIDA STATE ADVERTISING COMMISSION
Part A--Natural Resources
Location: Clermont is in Central Florida, 75 miles northeast of Tampa
and 27 miles west of Orlando.
Chief topographical features: Rolling hills, 17 fresh water lakes in
city limits. Between Lake Minnehaha and Lake Minneola. Maximum elevation,
(Based on U. S. Weather Bureau observations at Eustis, Florida.)
Annual Januari April JulZ October
*Normal temperature 71.8 59,7 71.1 82.4" 73.5
Normal rainfall 47.57 2.54 2.49 7.24 3.54
Growing season, (From observations at Clermont.) Usual date of last
frost in spring, January 20; usual date of first frost in fall, December 17;
average length of growing season, 331 days.
3. Local Raw Materials
Timber: Limited supply of longleaf pine is available from five to 20 miles
from town, Oaks and gums are available from 10 to 20 miles from town.
Only small portable mills are cutting timber.
Minerals: Sand aggregate, peat, and muck are the only minerals produced
in the area. H, F. Bailey, Clermont, is the main producer. At one time
infuserial earth was produced 11 miles from town but the supply is believed
to be exhausted, Kaolin was formerly produced about five miles from town.
The supply is not exhausted.
Agricultural products: Citrus fruit is the principal agricultural product.
Vegetables, cattle and poultry are also important, however.
Part B---General Economy
Est. 1948 195 1940 1935 1930
County total 29,500* 27,946 27,255 28,062 23,161
City total 2,500 1,558 1,631 1,321 1,086
Negroes in county 7,575 7,483 7,602 7,958 6,442
Negroes in city 500 428 307
'Copyright 1948, SALES MANAGEIENT Survey of Buying Power. Further repro-
duction not licensed.
Predominant nationalities: Native-born white, Negro.
Unions: No national unions are established in local industries.
Female employment: Approximately 25% of total employment is female.
Approximately 125 women are employed in local manufacturing industries.
Approximate hourly wages: Unskilled white males, 800; unskilled Negro
males, 700; unskilled white females, 650; unskilled Negro females, 500;
skilled white males, $1.50; skilled Negro males, $1. Few women are
employed in skilled trades,
General: The labor force in Clermont is considered unusually intelligent
and dependable. It should be noted that Clermont's source of labor is
the entire south Lake County, and that shortages of labor are not indicated.
2. Labor (cont.)
Due to the large percentage of sea6snal employment in citrus fruit process-
ing, there is generally a surplus of help from April through November.
3. Retail Market
General: Clermont is the retail trade center for Groveland, Mascotte, Howey,
Minneola, Montverde, and Astatula.
1948 Effective Buying Income per family in county, $3,476,*
1948 Estimated total retail sales in county, $19,994,000.*
1948 Estimated retail food store sales in county, $5,601,000.*
1948 Estimated retail general merchandise store sales in county, $1,277,000.*
1948 Estimated retail drug store sales in county, $718,000.*
"Copyright 1949, SALES MANAGEMENTSurvey of Buying Power. Further reproduc-
tion not licensed.
4. MNnufacturini Industries
General: Total number of manufacturing establishments, 10; total manufactur-
ing employment, 300.
Principal manufacturing industries: Pomona Products Company, citrus by-pro-
ducts; Blue Goose, citrus packing; Woodruff Pecan Company, nuts; Air-Ko
Company, specialties; Pool Winery; Clermont Buildoro' Supply, Inc,, cement
blocks; Wolfe & Konslor, steel fabricating; Earl Winston, toys; Edward
Ashton, wood novelties, variety works, woodworking,
5. Now Industries
General Pomona Products Company was established during 1946. The company
is now the second largest industrial employer in the city and is also an
outlet for large quantities of citrus fruit that might not find a market
Officials: Mayor, H. R. Harper; City Attorney, Irving F. Morse.
Special departments: The city has an active building inspector, electrical
inspector, plumbing inspector, city engineer, zoning board and street depart-
Zoning: The city has a zoning ordinance.
Current city tax rate: Operations, 14,mills; debt service, 11 mills.
Average city tax rate for last five years: Operations, 12 mills; debt
service, 12 mills.
City basis of assessment: 40% of actual value.
Total assessed value of real property in city: $1,951,000.
City license tax on manufacturing plant: Average, 220.
Other: The city has no utility tax or other major tax,
Current county tax rate Operations, .274 mills; debt service, 1 mill.
Average county tax rate for last five years: Operations, 13.5 mills; debt
service, .5 mills,
Special tax districts: The special district tax rate on property in the city
averages 25 mills.
2. Finances (cont.)
Bonded debt: City, $350,000; county, 0; special districts, 0.
Other long-term obligations: None of the local taxing authorities have
other long-term obligations outstanding.
Part D---Community Facilities
1. Available Data
Maps: City street, trunk water main and zoning maps are available at the
city offices. A map of the power distribution system is available at the
Florida Power Corporation office.
2. Transportation Facilities
Railroad: An Atlantic Coast Line branch line connects with north-south main
lines at Sanford and at Trilby. A Seaboard Air Line branch connects with a
north-south main line at Wildwood. Both railroads have daily freight and
passenger service. Pick-up and delivery of less than carload freight is
Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., provides rail express service.
Direct air express service is not available. Free pick-up and delivery is
Highway: Florida Highways 19, 25, 50, and 561 run through Clermont.
Local bus service: None. Taxi service is available.
Intercity bus service: Greyhound Lines has 8 buses daily through Clermont.
Intercity trucking facilities: Central Truck Lines has daily service to
Orlando, Leesburg, Winter Garden and Ocala. Mobile, Atlanta, Tampa,
Jacksonville, Orlando, Ocala and Lakeland are among the principal cities
that can be reached by an overnight truck haul.
Air: Kerlin Airport, a privately-owned field at Minneola, l- miles from
Clermont is the nearest field. The airport has 2,000 square feet of hangar
space and two 2,900-foot runways. The field is open to private planes.
Charter cross-country service is available 14 miles away at Howey. Scheduled
commercial air transportation is available at Orlando, 27 miles away.
General: Florida Power Corporation owns and operates the generating facili-
ties and distribution system. Copies of rate schedules can be obtained from
the company's office.
Coal: None is used here.
Gas: Neither natural nor artificial gas is available.
Bottled gas: Carroll Electric Company and Roe Appliance Company distribute
Green's Fuel and butane, rated at 2,500 B.t.u. per cu. ft. The delivered
cost per gallon is 300.
Other: Number 1 and Number 2 fuel oils are available from local distributors.
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal
Sewage: Storm sewers have been installed. Private septic tanks and distri-
bution fields are used to dispose of sanitary sewage. Plans are now being
made for the installation of a sanitary sewage system.
Garbage: Garbage is collected daily in the business district and twice
weekly in residential districts without charge.
6. Water Supply
Source: Deep wells. Present source is considered adequate for expansion.
Consumption: 265,000 gallons per day.
Pumping capacity: 1,750,000 gallons per day.
Chemical analysis: A chemical analysis of the water is available at the
City Hall. It is said to be among the finest drinking water in the state,
and tests soft and very pure.
Per 1,000 Gallons
First 1,000 gallons per month $2.75
Next 4,000 gallons per month .25
Over 5,000 gallons per month .10
7. Communications Facilities
Telephone service: Florida Telephone Company operates a dial exchange serv-
ing 360 company-owned stations and nine toll circuits.
Telegraph service: Western Union has office hours of 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on
weekdays and 9 a.m. to 11 a.m. and 4 p.m. to 6 p.m. on Sundays and holidays.
8. Educational Facilities
Number of schools 1 1
Present enrollment 269 185
Number of schools 1 Through 8th
Present enrollment 88
9. Health Facilities
City health department: None
County health department: Staff of two doctors and four nurses. Operates
Hospitals: South Lake Memorial Hospital has nine beds and a nursery.
10. Recreational Facilities
Public parks: Recreation Park has playground equipment and a community
building. Childrents playground also has playground equipment.
Athletic fields: City athletic field has baseball diamond and tennis courts.
High school athletic field has lighted baseball diamond and football field.
New 1500-foot white sand bathing beach on lake.
11. Police Protection
City: Force consists of two policemen. The police department has one patrol
car, without radio. Patrolmen are uniformed and regular beats are maintained
at night. City jail is not approved for quartering Federal prisoners.
11. Police Protection (cont.)
County: Sheriff's office in Tavares provides police protection outside the
city. Sheriff has three deputies and three radio-equipped patrol cars.
County jail is approved for quartering Federal prisoners.
12. Fire Protection
City: Force consists of one full-time and 20 volunteer firemen. Fire depart-
ment has two engines and one station.
Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 3; NBFU, Class 8.
13. Banking Facilities
General: Citizens Bank of Clarmont, total resources, $2,400,000.
14. Construction and Service Facilities
Type and number: General contractors, 6; architects, 2; land surveyors, 2;
general machine shopsp 2; machine repair facilities, 2; foundries, 0; auto-
motive repair facilities, 6; consulting engineers, 1.
15. Retail Facilities
Type and number: Dry goods stores, 2; department stores, 1; grocery stores,
5; drug stores, 2; hardware; electrical appliances, 3; furniture, 3; auto-
mobile agencies, 2; liquor stores, 2; gift shop; jewelry store; fishing
equipment; theatre; filling stations, 5; feed store; radio shop; job printer;
Parking. City has two parking lots and no parking meters.
Vacant stores: There was one vacant store in the business district at the
time of this survey.
Deficiencies: A bakery is needed.
16. Wholesale Facilities
General: Clermont is not at present a wholesale distribution center. A
special market is operated for wholesale sales of citrus. Adequate cold
storage facilities are available, but commercial freezing facilities and
public warehouses are not available.
17. Housing Conditions
General: At the time of this survey, there wore a number of houses, cottages,
apartments and rooms for rent listed with the Chamber of Commerce. A total of
45 homes have been built in Clermont since January of 1948, with many more
outside the city.
18. Hotels and Restaurants
Hotels: Number, 6; rooms, 120.
Restaurants: Each hotel operates a dining room during the winter. There are
four other restaurants.
Weekly: Clermont Press, circulation, 1,350.
20. Laundries and Dry Cleaners
Commercial laundries: Number, 1.
Commercial dry cleaners: Number, 2.
21. Civic Organizations
Organization and name of president: Chamber of Commerce, Louis P. Ford;
Junior Chamber of Commerce, Curtiss R. Reid; Kiwanis Club, J. E. Kensler;
Woman's Club, Mrs. W. M. Bess; American Legion, Orrin Ward; Veterans of
Foreign Wars, Richard Kurfiss.
Denominations: White-Methodist, Baptist, Episcopal, Christian Science,
Assembly of God and Catholic. Negro---Methodist, Baptist, Church of God
and Church of God By Faith.