INVENTORY OF INDUSTRIAL ADVANTAGES
Table of Contents
MAR 4 9 Page
Part A--Natural Resources
1. Geography 2
2, Climate 2
3. Local Raw Materials 2
Part B---General Economy
1. Population 2
2. Labor 2
3. Retail Market 2
4. Manufacturing Industries 3
5. New Industries 3
6. General Remarks on Economy 3
1. Administration 3
2, Finance 3
Part D--Community Facilities
1. Available Data 3
2. Transportation Facilities 3
3. Power 4
4. Fuels 4
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal
6. Water Supply 4
7. Communications 4
8. Educational Facilities 4
9. Health Facilities 4
10. Recreational Facilities 4
11. Police Protection 5
12. Fire Protection 5
13. City Streets 5
14. Banking Facilities 5
15. Construction and Service Facilities 5
16. Retail Facilities 5
17. Wholesale Facilities 5
18. Housing 5
19. Hotels and Restaurants 5
20. Newspapers 5
21. Laundries and Dry Cleaners 5
22, Civic Organizations 6
23. Churches 6
FLORIDA POWER CORPORATION
101 Fifth Street South
Saint Petersburg 1, Florida
FLORIDA STATE ADVERTISING COMW'SSION
311 North Calhoun Street
With the assistance of City officials.
CHIEFLd D, FLORIDA
Part A "-Natural Resources
Chief topographical features: Flat. Elevation, 30 feet above sea level
(From observations at Cedar Keys, Florida.)
Annual January Aril July October
Temperature averages 70.7 57.9 69.8 82.1 73.5
Rainfall averages 45.30 2.94 1.68 7.32 2.55
Growing season: Usual date of last killing frost in Spring, February 14;
usual date of first killing frost in Fall, December 15; average length of
growing season, 214 days,
3. Local Raw Materials:
Timber: Yellow pine is available three to five miles from town and
cypress and hardwood are available 10 to 15 miles from town. L. W.
Drummond is the principal producer.
Minerals: Rock is available four miles from town. J. B. NeSmith and
L. M. White are the principal producers.
Agricultural products: Watermelons (300 carloads annually), tobacco
(150 acres), corn and peanuts for local use, and pecans.
Other: Cattle (2,000 head) and hogs (3,000 head).
Part B---General Economy
Est. 1947 1 1940 1930
County total 11,000 9,902 12,550 12,973 12,456
City total 1,120 1,120 572 384 421
Negroes in county 3,573 3,573 4,831 5,191 4,762
Negroes in city 430 459 -- 227 ---
Predominant nationalities: Native-born white; Negro,
Union: No unions are established in local industries. Construction work
is not unionized.
Female employment Approximately 2% of total employment is female. No
women are employed in manufacturing industries.
Approximate hourly wages: Unskilled white male, 500; unskilled Negro
male, 500; unskilled white female, 400; unskilled Negro female, 400;
skilled white male, $1.00; skilled Negro male, 750; skilled white female,
600. No skilled Negro females are employed.
General: Moderate supply of unskilled male and female labor available.
3. Retail Market:
General: Chiefland serves as the retail trade center for south Gilchrist
and west Levy counties.
1946 Effective Buying Income per family in county, $2,002.A
1946 Estimated retail food store sales in county, $895,000.*
1946 Estimated retail general merchandise store sales in county, $248,000,*
1946 Estimated retail drug store sales in county, $115,000.*
4. MNnufacturing Industries:
General: Total number of manufacturing establishments, 3 (sawmills);
total number employed at all manufacturing plants, 32.
Principal manufacturing industries: L, W. Drummond, pine and cypress lumber.
J. B. NeSmith, pine and cypress lumber; L. M. White, lime rock,
5. New Industries:
General: Two new industries, employing 18 persons, were established
6. General Remarks on Economy:
Agricultur-6_ is replacing declining timber resources as the as the major
economic factor in this section.
Officials: Mayor, Graham Caster; City Attorney, W. F. Anderson.
Special departments: The city has a part-time plumbing inspector,
Zoning: City does not have a zoning ordinance.
Current city tax rate: Operations, 7 mills; debt service Qo
Average city tax rate for last five years: Operations, 7 mills; debt
City basis of assessment: 100% of actual value,
Total assessed value of real property in city: $90, 000.
City license tax on manufacturing plant: None.
City utility tax: None.
Other major city taxes: None.
Current county tax rate: Operations, 13.33 mills; debt service, 0.
Bonded debt: City, 0; county, 0.
Other long-term obligations: City, none; county, none,
Part D---Community Facilities
1. Available Data:
Maps: City street, trunk sewers and power distribution system maps are
2. Transportation Facilities:
Railroad: Chiefland is served by an Atlantic Coast Line main line with two
passenger and two freight trains daily. Pick-up and delivery for less than
car-load freight is available.
Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., provides rail express service.
Free pick-up and delivery for express is not available. Air express
service is available from Gainesville, 40 miles away,
Highway: Florida 500 and U. S. 19 pass through Chiefland.
Local bus service: None,
Intercity bus service; Greyhound has 32 buses and Tamiami Trail Tours has
eight buses daily through Chiefland.
2. Tra nsp tion Facilities (Oont,) CHIEFLAND, FLORID*
Intercity trucking facilities: Great Southern Trucking Company provides
service to the Sobtheastern states. Atlanta, Jacksonville and Tampa are
the principal cities that can be reached by an overnight truck haul.
Air: Alach a County Airport, owned by the city of Gainesville, is 40 miles
away, The field has 100,000 square feet of hanger space and three 5,000
feet ruhways. The field is open to private planes. Charter cross country
flights are available. Scheduled commercial air transportation is
provided by Florida Airways, with eight planes daily.
Florida Power Corporation owns and operates the generating and distributing
facilities. Copies of rate schedules are available at the Company's
offices at High Springs or St. Petersburg.
Coal: Coal is not used in this section.
Gas: Neither natural nor artificial gas is available,
Bottled gas: Pyrofax is distributed by Trenton Hardware and Furniture
Other: Wood and kerosene are available for fuel. Delivered cost is $8
per cord for wood and 11.90 per gallon for kerosene.
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal:
Sewage: Storm sewer is installed for main street only. Sewage is not
treated. Additions to present sewerage and waste disposal systems are
Garbage: Garbage is not collected by the city,
6. Water Supply:
Sources. Private wells. City does not have a water supply system.
7, Communications Facilities:
Telephone service: Southern Bell If9P3 hone and Telegraph Company operates
a dial system.
Telegraph service: Western Union has office hours of 8 to 12 a.m. and
1 to 5 p.m. on week days.The office is closed on Sundays and holidays.
8, Educational Facilities:
Grades 1-12: White Negr
Number of schools 1 1
Present enrollment 550 100
Present capacity 550 100
Vocational training for white students: Wood working and general mechar
Vocational training for Negro students: None.
9, Health Facilities:
City health department: City does not have a health department.
County health department: Staff of one doctor and one nurse. Operates
clinic each Thursday at Public Masonic Building.
10r Recreational Facilities:
Public parks: City has tennis courts, basketball court and horse st~ ecourto
10. Recreational Facilities (Cont.):
Athletic fields: High school gym has basketball court,
11. Police protection:
City: Force consists of one policeman who uses a private car. Patrolman is
not uniformed, Regular beats are maintained at night, Gity jail is approved
for quartering Federal prisoners.
County: Sheriffts office provides police protection outside the city limits,
County jail is not ap roved for quartering Federal prisoners.
12. Fire Proteqtion:
City: Force consists of six volunteer firemen.
Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 4.
County: No fire protection is available outside the city limits.
13. City Streets:
Mileage: Total, 5 miles; paved, 2- miles; gravelled, 42 miles.
General: Asphalt is the principal type of pavement used. About 30% of the
Streets are curbed and 40% have sidewalks. About 25% of the streets
should be rebuilt or extensively repaired during the next five years.
14. Banking Facilities:
No banking facilities are available at present. Chiefland State Bank, with
$40,000 capital is being organized.
15. Construction and Service Facilities:
Type and number: General contractors, 2; architects, 0; land surveyors, 0;
general machine shops, 0; machine repair facilities, i; foundries, 0;
automotive repair facilities, 3; consulting engineers, 0.
16. Retail Facilities:
Type and number: Dry goods stores, 3; department stores, 0; grocery stores,
7; drug stores, 2.
Parking: City has no parking meters and no parking lots,
Vacant stores: There were no vacant stores in the business district ati the
time of this survey.
17. Wholesale Facilities:
General: Chiefland is not a wholesale distribution center. No special
markets are operated. Commercial cold storage facilities are available
and adequate. Commercial freezing facilities are under construction.
18. Housing Conditions:
General: Housing condition is fair, with additional homes under construction
19. Hotels and Restaurants:
Hotels: Number 1; rooms, 12.
Restaurants: Number, 3; seating capacity, 100,
No newspapers are published in Chiefland.
21. Laundries and Dry Cleaners:
Commercial laundries: Number, 1.
Commercial dry cleaners: Number, 1.
22, Civic Organizations:
Name and name of president: Chiefland Civic Club, Mrs. J. W. Turner.
Denomination: Baptist, Methodist, Church of Christ.