S ) INVENTORY OF INDUSTRIAL ADVANTAGES
f BONIFAY, FLORIDA
Holmes County i-t-c
Table of Contents
Part A---Natural Resources
1. Geography 2
2. Climate 2
3. Local Raw Materials 2
Part B---Goneral Economy
1. Population 2
2. Labor 2
3. Retail Market 2
4. tManufacturing Industries 3
5. Now Industries 3
1, Administration 3
2. Finances 3
Part D--Community Facilities
1. Transportation Facilities 3
2. Power 4
3. Fuel 4
4. Sewage and Waste Disposal 4
5. Water Supply 4
6. Communications Facilities 4
7. Educational Facilities 5
8. Health Facilities 5
9. Recreational Facilities 5
10. Police Protection 5
11. Fire Protection 5
12. City Streets 5
13. Banking Facilities 5
14. Construction and Service Facilities 6
15. Retail Facilities 6
16. Vholosalo Facilities 6
17. Housing Conditions 6
18. Hotels and Restaurants 6
19. Newspapers 6
20. Laundries and Dry Cleaners 6
21. Civic Organizations 6
22. Churches 6
GULF PCOER COMPANY
FLORIDA STATE ADVERTISING COMMISSION
With the assistance of City officials.
Part A--Natural Resources
Location: Bonifay is in Northwest Florida, 56 miles north of Panama City, 98
miles northwest of Tallahasseo, and 111 miles cast of Pensacola.
Chief topographical features: Rolling hills with sandy clay soil. Elevation,
approximately 125 feet.
(Based on U. S. Weather Bureau observations at Bonifay over a 26-year period.)
Annual January April July October
Normal temperature 67.9 53.3 67.1 81,2 69.0
Normal rainfall 57.40 4.66 4.92 7.62 2.94
Growing season: Usual date of last killing frost in spring, February 28; usual
date of first killing frost in fall, November 26; average length of growing
season, 271 days,
3. Local Raw Materials
Timber: Pine, gum and hardwoods are available approximately 15 miles from town.
Principal operators are Bonifay Heading Company, barrel heads; Burgess Planer
Mill, lumber; Griffith Saw Mill, lumber; Barefoot Saw Mill, lumber; Saunders
Turpentine Still, naval stores; Twiner Tarwood Company, tarwood,
Minerals: Sand is produced from a pit one mile from town and gravel is produced
from a pit eight miles from town.
Agricultural products: Peanuts, cotton, corn, watermelons, sweet potatoes,
sugar cane, Irish potatoes, cucumbers, and pecans.
Other: Sheep, goats, hogs, cattle and poultry. Fresh water fish are available
but may not be taken for commercial purposes.
Part B---General Economy
Est. 1949 1945 1940 1935
County total 16,300 14,627 15,447 13,730 12,475
City total -- 2,462 1,924 1,505 1,292
Negroes in county 648 766 704 449
Negroes in city -- 553 392
Predominant nationality: Native-born white.
Unions: Employees of the Bonifay Heading Company are represented by a C. I. 0.
Female employment: Four women are employed in manufacturing industries.
Approximate hourly wages: Unskilled male, 500; unskilled female, 500; skilled
male 550-80C; skilled female, 600-800. There is no differential in th, wages of
white and Negro workers of equal skill.
General: There is an adequate supply of good labor.
3. Retail Market
General: Bonifay serves as the retail trade center for Washington, Jackson and
3. Retail Market (Cont.)
1948 Effective Buying Income per family in county, $1,154.*
1948 Estimated total retail sales in county, $2,081,000.*
1948 Estimated retail food store sales in county, $441,000.*
1948 Estimated retail general merchandise store sales in county, $197,000.*
1948 Estimated retail drug store sales in county, $114,000.*
*Copyright 1949, SALES MANAGEMENT Survey of Buying Power. Further reproduction
4. Manufacturing Industries
General: Total number of manufacturing establishments, 3; total number employed
at all manufacturing plants, 90.
Principal manufacturing industries: Bonifay Heading Company, Howell, Mullor and
5. New Industries
General: During 1947 and 1948, the following new industries, employing a total
of 60 persons, were established: dry cleaners, 2; Chevrolet sales and service,
1; Avery Tractor sales and service, 1; door and window company, 1. At the time
of this survey a survey was being made for a veneer mill.
Officials: layor, Wade Andrews; City Attorney, A. P. Drummond.
Special departments: The city has an active plumbing inspector, park and
recreation board, planning board and street department.
Zoning: The city does not have a zoning ordinance.
Current city tax rate: Operations, 8 mills; debt service, 5 mills.
Average city tax rate for last five years: Operations, 8-4/5 mills; debt service,
Total assessed value of real property in city: $600,560.
City license tax on manufacturing plant: $40.
City utility tax: 5%
Other major city taxes: City tax on retail stores.
Current county tax rate: Operations, 23 mills; debt service, 0O
Bonded debt: City, $21,000; county, 0.
Other long-term obligations: None.
Part D---Community Facilities
1. Transportation Facilities
Railroad: Bonifay is served by a Louisville and Nashville Railroad main line
with four passenger and six freight trains daily. Pick-up and delivery for
less than carload freight is available,
1. Transportation Facilities (Cont.)
Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., provides rail express service. Free
pick-up and delivery for express is available. Direct air express service is
Highway: U. S. Highway 90 and Florida Highway 79 pass through Bonifay.
Local bus service: Six taxi cabs provide local transportation.
Intercity bus service: Greyhound has 20 buses, Modern Coach Corporation has
four and Riley Bus Line has two buses daily through Bonifay.
Intercity trucking facilities: M.R. & R. Trucking Company and Abb's Truck Lines.
Pensacola, Tallahassoe, Montgomery, and Dothan are the principal cities that can
be reached by an overnight truck haul.
Air: Chipley Airport, privately-owned, is nine miles away at Chiploy. The field
has one 2,400 foot runway but no hangar space. The field is open to private
planes. Charter cross country flights are available. Scheduled commercial air
transportation is not available,
Gulf Power Company owns the distributing system and Gulf Power and Alabama Power
Company own the generating system.
Coal: Coal is not used in this section.
Gas: Neither natural nor artificial gas is available.
Bottled gas: Bottled gas is distributed by the Southern Liquid Gas Company of
Other: An unlimited supply of wood is available for fu6l. Delivered cost is
$2 per cord.
4. Sewage and Waste Disposal
General: Sanitary sewerage facilities are available, and the city plans exten-
sion of its present system. System is financed by assessment.
Industrial waste disposal: No local industries have large amounts of liquid
waste. Wood waste is burned.
Garbage: Garbage is collected daily.
5. Water Supply
Source: Well. Present source is considered adequate for expansion.
Consumption: 150,000 gallons.
Pumping capacity: 300,000 gallons per day.
6, Communications Facilities
Telephone service: Southeastern Telephone Company operates a dial exchange.
Telegraph service: Uostern Union has office hours of 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. on week
days and is closed on Sundays and holidays.
7. Educational Facilities
Schools: High, junior high and elementary grades are combined in one school.
Number of schools 1 1
Present enrollment 1,000 135
Present capacity 1,250 150
Vocational training for white students: Home economics and agriculture.
Vocational training for Negro students: None.
8. Health Facilities
City health department: City has no health department.
County health department: Staff of one health officer, two private physicians
assisting in venereal disease clinic, and two nurses. Operates venereal disease,
immunization and general clinics in Bonifay and a general clinic in Leonia.
Hospitals: Paul's Hospital, a private general hospital, has five beds.
9. Recreational Facilities
Public parks: City Park has no playground equipment.
Athletic fields: Bonifay Athletic Field, football and baseball fields and
Other: Tennis courts, baseball and football fields and picnic grounds,
10. Police Protection
City: Force consists of two policemen. City has no police cars. Patrolmen
are not uniformed. Regular beats are maintained at night. City jail is not
approved for quartering Federal prisoners.
County: The Sheriff and two deputies, with two cars, provide police protection
outside the city limits. County jail is not approved for quartering Federal
11. Fire Protection
City: Force consists of 12 volunteer firemen. City has one engine and one
Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 3; NBFU, Class 9.
County: The city fire department provides fire protection outside the city
12. City Streets
Mileage: Total, 15 miles; paved, 8 miles; gravelled, 0; other, 7 miles.
General: Asphalt is the principal type of pavement. About two miles of streets
are curbed and about four miles have sidewalks. Approximately 50% of the streets
should be rebuilt or extensively repaired during the next five years.
13. Banking Facilities
General: The Bank of Bonifay, total resources, $1,522,599.70.
14. Construction and Service Facilities
Type and number: General contractors, 4; architects, 0; land surveyors, 1;
general machine shops, 0; machine repair facilities, 0; foundries, 0; automotive
repair facilities, 7; consulting engineers, 0.
15. Retail Facilities
Typo and number: Dry goods stores, 5; department stores, 0; grocery stores, 10;
drug stores, 2; hardware stores, 3; 50 and 100 store, 1; automobile agencies, 2;
farm tractors, 1; furniture stores, 3; shoe shops, 2; frozen food locker plant,1.
Parking: City has no parking meters or parking lots.
Vacant stores: There wore no vacant stores in the business district at the time
of this survey,
16. Wholesale Facilities
General: Bonifay is considered a wholesale distribution center for the area.
City has one wholesale grocery and special markets for the sale of cotton, live-
stock, peanuts, swoet potatoes, and cucumbers. Commercial cold storage and
commercial freezing facilities are available and adequate. Public warehousing
facilities are not available, but private warehouses are adequate.
17. Housing Conditions
General: The housing situation in Bonifay is fair.
18. Hotels and Restaurants
Hotels: Number, 1; rooms, 12.
Restaurants: Number, 5; seating capacity, 200.
Weekly: Holmes County Advertiser, circulation, 2,000.
20. Laundries and Dry Cleaners
Commercial laundries: None, but one may be established.
Commercial dry cleaners: Number, 4.
Other: One launderette.
21. Civic Organizations
Organization and name of president: Kiwanis, Bartow W. Saunders; Junior Woman's
Club, Mrs. John Henry Miller; Woman's Club, Mrs. Dorothy Larimor; Business Mon's
Club, P. C. Boyor.
Denomination: Methodist, Baptist, Presbyterian, and Assembly of God.