INVI TORY OF INDUSTRIAL ADVANTA S
is Hdmes* County
Table of Contents
MAR 49 Page
Part A--Natural Resources
1. Geography 2
2. Climate 2
3. Local Raw Materials 2
Part B--General Economy
1. Population 2
2. Labor 2
3. Retail Market 2
4. Manufacturing Industries 3
5. New Industries 3
1. Administration 3
2. Finances 3
Part D--Community Facilities
1. Transportation Facilities 3
2. Power 4
3. Fuel 4
4. Sewage and Waste Disposal 4
5. Water Supply 4
6. Communications Facilities 4
7. Educational Facilities 4
8. Health Facilities 4
9. Recreational Facilities 5
10. Police Protection 5
11. Fire Protection 5
12. City Streets. 5
13. Banking Facilities 5
14. Construction and Service Facilities 5
15. Retail Facilities 5
16. Wholesale Facilities 5
17. Housing Conditions 5
18. Hotels and Restaurants 6
19. Newspapers 6
20. Laundries and Dry Cleaners 6
21. Civic Organizations 6
22. Churches 6
GULF POWER COMPANY
FLORIDA STATE ADVERTISING COMMIISSION
311 North Calhoun Street
With the assistance of Gity officials,
part A---Natural Resources
Chief topographical features: Rolling hills with sandy clay soil. Elevation,
approximately 125 feet.
Annual January April Jul October
Temperature averages 67.9 53.3 67.1 81.2 69.0
Rainfall averages 57.40 4.66 4.92 7.62 2.94
Growing season: Usual date of last killing frost in Spring, February 28; usual
date of first killing frost in Fall, November 26; average length of growing
season, 271 days.
3. Local Raw Materials:
Timber: Pine, gum and hardwoods are available approximately 15 miles-from town.
Principal operators are Bonifay Heading Company, barrel heads; Burgess Planer
Mill, lumber; Griffith Saw Mill, lumber; Barefoot Saw Mill, lumber; Saunders
Turpentine Still, naval stores; Twiner Tarwood Company, tarwood.
Minerals: Sand is produced from a pit one mile from town and gravel is pro-
duced from a pit eight miles from town.
Agricultural products: Peanuts, cotton, corn, watermelons, sweet potatoes,
sugar cane, Irish potatoes, cucumbers, and pecans.
Other: Sheep, goats, hogs, cattle and poultry. Fresh water fish are available
but may not be taken for commercial purposes.
Part B---General Economy
Est. 1947 1945 1940 1935 1930
County total 16,300 14,627 15,447 13,730 12,475
City total --- 2,462 1,924 1,505 1,292
Negroes in county 648 766 704 449
Negroes in city --- 553 -- 392 ---
Predominant nationality: Native-born white.
Unions: Employees of the Bonifay Heading Company are represented by a C. I. 0.
Female employment: Two women are employed in manufacturing industries.
Approximate hourly wages: Unskilled male, 500; unskilled female, 50(; skilled
male, 60C-800; skilled female, 600-800. There is no differential in the wages
of white and Negro workers of equal skill.
General: There is an adequate supply of good labor.
3. Retail Market:
General: Bonifay serves as the retail trade center for Washington, Jackson and
1946 Effective Buying Income per family in county, $938.*
1946 Estimated retail food store sales in county, $372,000.*
1946 Estimated retail general merchandise store sales in county, $189,000.*
1946 Estimated retail drug store sales in county, $115,000.*
*Copyright 1947, SALES MANAGEMENT Survey of Buying Power. Further reproduction
i BONIFAY, FLORI@
4, Manufacturing Industries:
General: Total number of manufacturing establishments, 3; total number em-
ployed at all manufacturing plants, 90,
Principal manufacturing industries: Bonifay Heading Company, Howell and Neel,
and Muller and Jerkins.
5. New Industries:
General: Two new industries, employing 20 persons, were established during
Officials: Mayor, George F. Adams; City Attorney, A. P. Drummond.
Special departments: The city has an active plumbing inspector, park and
recreation board, planning board and street department.
Zoning: The city does not have a zoning ordinance.
Current city tax rate: Operations, 8 mills; debt service, 5 mills.
Average city tax rate for last five years: Operations, 8-4/5 mills; debt
service, 7-3/5 mills.
Total assessed value of real property in city: $600,560.
City license tax on manufacturing plant: $40.
City utility tax: 5%.
Other major city taxes: City tax on retail stores.
Current county tax rate: Operations, 23 mills; debt service, 0.
Bonded debt: City, $21,000; county, 0.
Other long-term obligations: None.
Part D---Communitv Facilities
li Transportation Facilities:
Railroad: Bonifay is served by a Louisville and Nashville Railroad main line
with four passenger and six freight trains daily. Pick-up and delivery for
less thaa carload freight is available.
Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., provides rail express service. Free
pick-up and delivery for express is available. Direct air express service is
Highway: U. S. Highway 90 and Florida Highway 79 pass through Bonifay.
Local bus service: None.
Intercity bus service: Greyhound has 20 buses, Modern Coach Corporation has
four and Riley Bus Line has two buses daily through Bonifay.
Intercity trucking facilities: Trucking facilities are not available. Pensa-
cola, Tallahassee, Montgomery, and Dothan are the principal cities that could
be reached by an overnight truck haul.
Air: Chipley Airport, privately-owned, is nine miles away at Chipley. The
Field has one 2,400 foot runway and no hangar space. The field is open to
private planes. Charter cross country flights are available. Scheduled com-
mercial air transportation is not available.
Gulf Power Company owns the distributing system and Gulf Power and Alabama
Power Company own the generating system,
Coal: Coal is not used in this section.
Gasi Neither natural nor artificial gas is available.
Bottled gas: Bottled gas is distributed by the Southern Liquid Gas Company of
Other: An unlimited supply of wood is available for fuel. Delivered cost is
$2 per cord.
4. Sowage and Waste Disposal:
General: Sanitary tewerage facilities are available, and the city plans ex-
tension or its present system. System is financed by assessment.
Industrial waste disposal: No local industries have large amounts of liquid
waste. Wood waste is burned.
Garbage: Garbage is collected daily.
5. Water Supolv:
Source: Well. sPxoan+. n force is considered adequate for expansion.
Consumption: 150,000 gallons.
Pumping capacity: 300,000 gallons per day.
6. Communications Facilities:
Telephone service: Southeastern Telephone Company operates a dial exchange.
Telegraph service: Western Union has office hours of 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. on week
days and is closed on Sundays and holidays.
7. Educational Facilities:
Schools: High, junior high and elementary grades are combined in one school.
Number of schools 1 1
Present enrollment 902 124
Present capacity 1000 150
Vocational training for white students: Home economics and agriculture.
Vocational training for Negro students: None.
8. Health Facilities:
City health department: City has no health department.
County health department: Staff of one health officer, two private physicians
assisting in venereal disease clinic and two nurses. Operates venereal disease
immunization and general clinics in Bonifay and a general clinic in Leonia.
Hospitals: Paults Hospital, a private general hospital, has five beds.
9. Recreational Facilities:
Public parks: City Park has no playground equipment.
Athletic fields: Bonifay Athletic Field, football and baseball fields and
Other: Tennis courts, baseball and football fields and picnic grounds.
10. Police Protection:
City: Force consists of two policemen. City has no police cars. Patrolmen
are not uniformed. Regular beats are maintained at night. City jail is not
approved for quartering Federal prisoners.
County: The Sheriff and two deputies, with two cars, provide police protec-
tion outside the city limits. County jail is not approved for quartering
11. Fire Protection:
City: Force consists of 12 volunteer firemen. City has one engine and one
Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 3; NBFU, Class 9.
County: The city fire department provides fire protection outside the city
12. City Streets:
Mileage: Total, 15 miles; paved, 8 miles; gravelled, 0.
General: Asphalt is the principal type of pavement. About two miles of
streets are curbed and about four miles have sidewalks. Approximately 50% of
the streets should be rebuilt or extensively repaired during the next five
13. Banking Facilities:
General: The Bank of Bonifay, total resources, $1,522,599.70.
14. Construction and Service Facilities:
Type and number: General contractors, 4; architects, 0; land surveyors, 1;
general machine shops, 0; machine repair facilities, 0; foundries, 0; auto-
motive repair facilities, 7; consulting engineers, 0.
15. Retail Facilities:
Type and number: Dry goods stores, 4; department stores, 0; grocery stores,
10; drug stores, 2.
Parking: City has no parking meters and no parking lots.
Vacant stores: There were no vacant stores in the business district at the
time of this survey.
Deficiencies: Bonifay needs an auto and a farm machinery store.
16. Wholesale Facilities:
General: Bonifay is considered a wholesale distribution center for the area.
City has special markets for the sale of cotton, livestock, peanuts, sweet
potatoes, and cucumbers. Commercial cold storage and commercial freezing
facilities are available and adequate. Public warehousing facilities are not
available, but private warehouses are adequate.
17. Housing Conditions:
Genoal: The housing situation in Bonifay is fair.
S BONIFAY, FLO0
18. Hotels and Restaurantst
Hotels: Number, 2; rooms, 20.
Restaurants: Number, 4; seating capacity, 150.
Weekly: Holmes County Advertiser, circulation, 2,000.
20. Laundries and Dry Cleaners:
Commercial laundries: None, but one may be established.
Commercial dry cleaners: Number, 2.
21. Civic Organizations:
Name and name of president: Kiwanis, Griffin E. Lloyd; Junior Woman's Club,
Cristine Moore; Woman's Club, Sarah Lee Segrest; Business Men's Club, Stuart
Denomination: Methodist, Baptist, Presbyterian, and Assembly of God.