Group Title: Inventory of industrial advantages
Title: [Inventory of industrial advantages
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 Material Information
Title: Inventory of industrial advantages
Physical Description: 6 v. : ; 39 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida State Advertising Commission
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: 1948-1949?]
General Note: Issued separately for Florida cities in cooperation with local chambers of commerce and varied agencies.
General Note: In loose-leaf binders.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075576
Volume ID: VID00017
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001689269
notis - AJA1305

Full Text

9 i



Palm Beach County ^ ,. .
OCT 49

Table of Contents


Part A--Natural Resources

1. Geography 2
2. Climate 2
3. Local Raw Materials 2

Part B---General Economy

1. Population 2
2. Labor 2
3. Retail Market 3
4. Manufacturing Industries 3
5. General Remarks on Economy 3

Part C---Government

1. Administration 4
2. Finances 4

Part D---Community Facilities

1. Available Data 4
2. Transportation Facilities 4
3. Power 5
4. Fuel 5
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal 5
6. Water Supply 5
7. Communications Facilities 6
8. Educational Facilities 6
9. Health Facilities 6
10. Recreational Facilities 6
11. Police Protection 6
12. Fire Protection 7
13. City Streets 7
14. Banking Facilities 7
15. Construction and Service Facilities 7
16. Retail Facilities 7
17. Wholesale Facilities 7
18. Housing Conditions 7
19. Hotels and Restaurants 7
20. Newspapers 7
21. Radio Stations 8
22. Laundries and Dry Cleaners 8
23. Civic Organizations 8
24. Churches 8

Prepared By:

Belle Glade, Florida


Tallahassee, Florida



Part A--Natural Resources

1. Geography

Location: Belle Glade is in South Florida, 40 miles due west of West Palm
Beach, 83 miles east of Fort Myers and 77 miles northwest of Miami. It is two
miles-east of Lake Okeechobee.

Chief topographical features: Flat Everglades muck (up to 50% organic matter)
and Everglades peat (up to 90% organic matter). Elevation, 14.6 feet.

2. Climate

(Based on U. S. Weather Bureau observations at Hypoluxo, Florida.)

Annual January April uly October

Normal temperature 74.7 67.2 73.1 81.3 77.7
Normal rainfall 59.44 3.02 3.74 5.13 9.58

Growing season: During a 23-year period, the U. S. Weather Bureau recorded
killing frosts in the spring in only 15 years and in the fall in only nine years,

3. Local Raw Materials

Timber: None in commercial quantities.

Minerals: Starling and DeLanoy operates a lime rock pit and Landers Construc-
tion Company is working marl deposits in this area.

Agricultural products: (Carloads shipped during 1945-46 season) Beans, 4,088;
cabbage, 1,903; carrots, 11; celery, 4,017; chicory, 296; chihili, 24; corn,
30; eggplant, 24; endive, 21; escarole, 599; lettuce, 22; mixed vegetables,
2,304; peas, 47; peppers, 23; potatoes, 1,745; radishes, 161; romaine, 6;
tomatoes, 42; turnip greens, 5. It is impossible to allocate exact quantities
to each community of the Everglades. The figures given above are the totals
produced on all of the muck lands in the western half of Palm Beach County.
However, 70% of the agricultural products listed above were shipped from the
Belle Glade area. The entire Everglades area, including Belle Glade, produced
87,355 tons of raw sugar and 500 acres of ramie.

Other: Beef cattle (approximately 10,000 head in area, principally Brahman
strain steers).

Part B---General Economy

1. Population

Est. 1949* .I24. 1940 1935 1930

County total 115,000 112,311 79,989 53,194 51,781
City total 15,000 11,796* 3,806 1,646 926
Negroes in county 47,000 45,467 28,380 17,550 16,760
Negroes in city 10,000 9,667* ---1,127 --

*These figures are local estimates and are considerably higher than published
1945 State Census figures.

Predominant nationalities: Native-born white; Negro.

2. Labor

Unions: Construction workers, employees of U. S. Sugar Corporation and
scattered workers in other fields are members of A. F. of L. unions.

Female employment: Approximately 40% of the total employment is female. Ap-
proximately 275 women are employed in manufacturing industries.



2. Labor (Cont.)

Approximate hourly wages: Unskilled white male, 55--800; unskilled Negro male,
550-650; unskilled white female, 500; unskilled Negro female, 500; skilled
white male, $1.20-$1.85; skilled Negro male, few used; skilled white female, 70.

General: Quality of labor force is fair for field work and supply is usually
adequate. Quality of skilled labor is fair to good, but supply is inadequate.

3. Retail Market

General: Belle Glade is the retail trade center for the western section of
Palm Beach County south of Pahokee and 20 miles east of Lake Okeechobee.

1948 Effective Buying Income per family in county, $3,433.*
1948 Estimated total retail sales in county, $143,764,000.*
1948 Estimated retail food store sales in county, $32,247,00.*
1948 Estimated retail general merchandise store sales in county, $10,289,000.*
1948 Estimated retail drug store sales in county, $4,817,000.*

*Copyright 1949, SALES MANAGEMENT Survey of Buying Power. Further reproduction
not licensed.

4. Manufacturing Industries

General: Total number of manufacturing establishments, 27; total number em-
ployed at all manufacturing plants, 2,700.

Principal manufacturing plants: Florida Food Products, Inc., canned and
frozen green beans; Florida Food Products, precooling and packaging of vege-
tables; Florida Ramie Products, ramie fiber; Florida Precooling Company, packed
vegetables; City'Ice and Fuel Company, ice.

5. General Remarks on Economy

This area is a highly developed agricultural section devoted to winter vege-
tables and sugar cane production in vast quantities. Vegetable farming is a
highly mechanized process. The muck and peat soils in this area are regarded
by the U. S. Department of Agriculture as among the richest in America.

The area is protected from the waters of Lake Okeechobee by seventy miles of
government-maintained dyking. The area produces an annual income of approxi-
mately $23,000,000. The fattening of steers is increasing rapidly as a source
of income.

Vegetable farms average from 160 to 320 acres, with some as great as 5,000 acres.
Twenty-two varieties of vegetables are raised in commercial quantities. The
entire Everglades area, of which Belle Glade is a part, has increased its pro-
duction of fall, winter and spring vegetables from 2,104 cars in the 1929-30
season to 15,739 cars in the 1945-46 season. Approximately 70% of these vege-
tables were raised and shipped from the Belle Glade terminal section. Extremely
modern methods of vegetable processing are employed, such as precooling, mechan-
ical grading and infrared potato conditioning.

Ramie fiber is being produced in two decorticating plants adjacent to Belle
Glade. Present indications are that the production, decorticating and degum-
ming of ramie fiber will become a major industry in this section of Florida.

Approximately 22,000 acres are planted in sugar cane in the western part of
Palm Beach County. Approximately half of this acreage is grown adjacent to
Belle Glade.

The Federal government has now promulgated plans for adequate flood control on
approximately 500,000 acres of muck and peat land in and around Belle Glade.
$208,000,000 is now available for a 10-year program of water control.




Part C---Government

1. Administration

Type: City Commission.

Officials: Mayor, Junius T. Harris; City Attorney, Herbert D. Beck.

Special departments: City has an active building inspector, electrical in-
spector, plumbing inspector, park and recreation board, zoning board, street
department, sanitary and water department and a planning board.

Zoning: City has a zoning ordinance.

2. Finances

Current city tax rate: Operations, 25 mills; debt service, 0.

Average city tax rate for last five years: Operations, 25 mills; debt ser-
vice, 0.

City basis of assessment: 100% of actual value.

Total assessed value of real property in city: $4,847,055 (January 1, 1949).

City license tax on manufacturing plant: $50 maximum.

City utility tax: 10% on first $25; 5% on next $50, and 1% on balance.

Other major city taxes: Garbage tax, $1 per month for domestic service and
$2 per month for commercial service.

Current county tax rate: Operations, 23.01 mills; debt service, 5.35 mills.

Average county tax rate for last five years: Operations, 15.21 mills; debt
service, 6.01 mills.

Special district taxes: Everglades Drainage District, $1.50 per acre; South
Florida Conservance District, $5.25 per acre; Western Palm Beach County
Hospital District, 3.75 mills.

Bonded debt: City, 0, county, $2,052,773.02

Other long-term obligations: City, water plant revenue bonds; county, 0.

Part D---Community Facilities

1. Available Data

Maps: City street, trunk water main and zoning maps are available.

Reports: Information on the city is available at the Chamber of Commerce.

2. Transportation Facilities

Railroad: Belle Glade is served by a branch line of the Florida East Coast
Railway with six vegetable and miscellaneous freight trains daily and three
sugar cane trains daily. Passenger service is not available. Pick-up and
delivery of less than carload freight is available.

Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., provides rail express service. Direct
air express service is not available. Free pick-up and delivery of express is

Highway: Florida Highways 15 and 80 pass through Belle Glade.


2. Transportation Facilities (Cont.)

Local bus service: None.

Intercity bus service: Glades Motor Lines, Inc., has 18 buses daily through
Belle Glade.

Intercity trucking facilities: Tamiami Trail Tours, Inc., provides trucking
service to all sections of south Florida. West Palm Beach, Miami, Orlando,
Jacksonville, Tampa and Fort Myers are the principal cities that can be
reached by one-day truck service.

Air: Belle Glade Airport, a municipal field, is one-half mile from town. The
field has 15,000 square feet of hangar space and two 1,000 feet grass runways.
The field is open to private planes. Charter cross-country flights are avail-
able. Commercial air transportation is not available.

3. Power

Florida Power and Light Company owns and operates the generating .and distribut-
ing systems. Copies of rate schedules can be obtained at the company's office.

4. Fuel

Coal: Coal is not used in this section.

Gas: Neither artificial nor natural gas is available.

Bottled gas: Atlantic Fuel Company distributes liquefied petroleum. Delivered
cost is 30# per gallon for first 10 gallons per month and 250 per gallon for
balance consumed during one month;

Other: Eight local distributors handle fuel oils.

5. Sewage and Waste Disposal

Sewage: Individual septic tanks are used for sanitary sewage disposal. No
storm sewers are installed. City plans to install a sanitary sewerage system.

Industrial waste disposal: No local industries have large amounts of liquid
waste. Dumps and fire are used to dispose of other waste. City has no
ordinances on industrial waste disposal.

Garbage: Garbage is collected daily in the business district and twice weekly
in residential districts.

6. Water Supply

Operator: City.

Source: Lake Okeechobee. Present source is adequate for expansion.

Treatment: Filtered, chlorinated, color removed.

Consumption: 700,000 gallons per day.

Pumping capacity: 3,000,000 gallons per day.

Per 1,000 gallons

First 2,000 gallons, $1.50 minimum
Next 3,000 gallons 600
Next 10,000 gallons 504
Next 10,000 gallons 400
All over 25,000 gallons 300



7. Communications Facilities

Telephone service: Southern Bell Telephone and Telegraph Company operates a
manual exchange serving 1,200 company-owned stations in town, nine rural
stations and 34 toll circuits.

Telegraph service: Western Union has office hours of 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. on
week days and 9 to 11 a.m. and 5 to 7 p.m. on Sundays and holidays.

8. Educational Facilities

Elementary High*


Number of schools 2 1
Present enrollment 560 325
Present capacity 400 320


Number of schools 2 1
Present enrollment 867 200
Present capacity 400 200

*Includes grades 8-12

Vocational training for white students: Agricultural and mechanical.

Vocational training for Negro students: Vocational agriculture.

Libraries: Belle Glade Free Public Library, 3,500 volumes.

9. Health Facilities

City health department: City operates emergency and obstetrical clinics for

County health department: County health department operates a tuberculosis
clinic in West Palm Beach.

Hospitals: Belle Glade Memorial Hospital, a general hospital, is owned by
Western Palm Beach Hospital Board. It has 60 adult beds and 16 infant beds.

10. Recreational Facilities

Public parks: City Park hes a limited amount of playground equipment.

Athletic fields: Memorial Athletic Field has a baseball diamond, lighted foot-
ball field, lighted softball field, full playground equipment and a park recrea-
tion program.

Other: Four tennis courts and school gymnasium.

11. Police Protection

City: Force consists of seven policemen. City has two patrol cars, without
radio equipment. Patrolmen are uniformed. Regular beats are maintained at
night. City jail is approved for quartering Federal prisoners.

County: Police protection outside the city is provided by a deputy sheriff, a
constable.and the State Highway Patrol.



12. Fire Protection

City: Force consists of four full-time and 15 volunteer firemen. City has
three engines and one station.

Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 3; NBFU, Class 8.

County: Fire protection outside the city is provided by the Everglades Fire
Control District.

13. City Streets

Mileage: Total, 21.3; paved, 14.6; gravelled, 14.7.

General: Rock and oil are the principal type of surfacing used. About 2% of
the streets are curbed and about 2% have sidewalks. Approximately 50% of the
streets should be rebuilt or extensively repaired during the next five years.

14. Banking Facilities

General: Florida National Bank at Belle Glade, total resources, $2,485,113;
Everglades Federal Savings and Loan Association, $1,100,000.

15. Construction and Service Facilities

Type and number: General contractors, 3; architects, 1; land surveyors, 0;
general machine shops, 2; machine repair facilities, 4; foundries, 0; automo-
tive repair facilities, 10; consulting engineers, 0.

16. Retail Facilities

Type and number: Dry goods stores, 8; department stores, 3; grocery stores,
33; drug stores, 4.

Parking: City has 220 parking meters and 1 parking lot.

Vacant stores: There were no vacant stores in the business district at the
time of this survey.

17. Wholesale Facilities

General: Only limited wholesale facilities are available in Belle Glade.
Special markets for the wholesale distribution of vegetables and cattle are
available. Commercial cold storage and commercial freezing facilities are
available and adequate.

Deficiencies: Wholesale grocery, bakery and stock feed businesses are needed.

18. Housing Conditions

General: The housing shortage has been acute in this community but is improv-
ing. Approximately 100 homes and apartments have been built during the last
year and eight two-family apartments and 20 houses were under construction on
July 3, 1947. Building permits from October 1946 through June 10, 1947 totaled

19. Hotels and Restaurants

Hotels: Number, 2; rooms, 52. A new hotel is badly needed.

Restaurants: Number, 2; seating capacity, 108.

Other: City also has 50 Negro rooming houses, with a total of 750 rooms.

20. Newspapers

Daily: Palm Beach Post and Times, Miami Daily News, Miami Herald and Tampa
Tribune are daily papers delivered in Belle Glade.
Weekly: Belle Glade Herald, circulation, 1,350.


21. Radio Stations

General: Station WSWN operates on 1,000 watts, daytime only.

22. Laundries and Dry Cleaners

Commercial laundries: Number, 3.

Commercial dry cleaners: Number, 2 white, 3 Negro.

23. Civic Organizations

Name and name of president: Lions, Ralph Kirk; Rotary, James Ball; Woman's
Club, Mrs. J. Ball; Business and Professional Women's Club, Mrs. Sarah Greech;
Parent-Teachers Association, Roscoe Braddock.

24. Churches

Denominations: Baptist, Catholic, Christian Science, Church of Christ, Church
of God, Lutheran, Methodist, Presbyterian, Seventh Day Adventist.

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