INVENTORY OF INDUSTRIAL ADVANTAGES
Franklin County A- -C
OCT 49 Table of Contents
Part A---Natural Resources
1. Geography 2
2. Climate 2
3. Local Raw Materials 2
Part B---General Economy
1. Population 2
2. Labor 2
3. Retail Market 3
4. Manufacturing Industries 3
5. General Remarks on Economy 3
1. Administration 3
2. Finances 3
Part D---Community Facilities
1. Available Data 4
2. Transportation Facilities 4
3. Power 4
4. Fuels 4
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal 4
6. Water Supply 5
7. Communications Facilities 5
8. Educational Facilities 5
9. Health Facilities 5
10. Recreational Facilities 5
11. Police Protection 6
12. Fire Protection 6
13. City Streets 6
14. Banking Facilities 6
15. Construction and Service Facilities 6
16. Retail Facilities 6
17. Wholesale Facilities 6
18. Housing Conditions 6
19. Hotels and Restaurants 6
20. Newspapers 7
21. Laundries and Dry Cleaners 7
22. Civic Organizations 7
23. Churches 7
24. Hunting and Fishing 7
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
FLORIDA STATE ADVERTISING COMMISSION
September/49 With the assistance of
Florida Power Corporation
Part A---Natural Resources
Location: Apalachicola is in West Florida, 81 miles southwest of Tallahassee
and 65 miles southeast of Panama City.
Chief topographical features: Flat. On Apalachicola River, at its mouth;
gateway to the Chattahoochee System, on the Gulf of Mexico and the Gulf
Intracoastal Waterway. Direct water connections with Ohio, Mississippi,
Warrior Rivers System. Elevation, five to six feet.
(Based on U. S. Weather Bureau observations at Apalachicola over a 37-year
Annual Januar April July October
Normal temperature 68.5 53.7 67.1 81.7 70.6
Normal rainfall 58.36 3.65 2.80 7.74 3.19
Growing season: Usual date of last killing frost in spring, February 11;
usual date of first killing frost in fall, December 13; average length of
growing season, 305 days.
3. Local Raw Materials
Timber: Slash pine is available in the immediate vicinity. Approximately
300,000 acres of tupelo, ash, hickory, oaks and cherry are available, beginn-
ing a few miles north of Apalachicola. The Stimrad Lumber Company is the
only timber operator locally.
Minerals: No minerals are now produced in this section. Sand, gravel and
shell pits were operated in the immediate vicinity at one time. The supply
of these minerals is not believed to be exhausted.
Agricultural products: Sugar cane is grown for home use. Tupelo honey,
valued at $1,000,000 annually, is produced in the county.
Other: Approximately 90% of Florida's oyster production is landed in
Apalachicola. Fish, crabs and shrimp are also landed in commercial quantities.
Part B---General Economy
194S* 190 122f 1930
County total 8,026 5,991 6,585 6,283
City total 3,813 3,268 3,730 3,150
Negroes in county 1,907 1,996 2,325 2,469
Negroes in city ,164 -- 1,506
Predominant nationalities: Native-born white; Negro.
*From the seventh census of the State of Florida, the latest reliable source.
Unions: No labor unions are organized in Apalachicola.
Female employment: Approximately 15% of the total employment is female. No
women are employed in local industries other than seafood.
Approximate hourly wages; Unskilled male, 600; unskilled female, 450; skilled
male, $1.25. No women are employed in skilled trades. There is no differ-
ential in the wages of white and Negro workers of equal skill.
2. Labor (cont'd)
General: A small amount of skilled and a good quantity of unskilled labor
is available. Unskilled labor is adapted to saw mill and sea food industry
work. Skilled labor is adapted to wood working (boat building).
3. Retail Market
General: Apalachicola is not a retail trade center of size, although sur-
rounding smaller communities (East Point, Two Mile, Eleven Mile, Thirteen
Mile, and Carrabelle) utilize its facilities.
1948 Effective Buying Income per family in county, $1,950.*
1948 Estimated total retail sales in county, $2,936,000.*
1948 Estimated Retail food store sales in county, $932,000.*
1948 Estimated Retail general merchandise store sales in county, $228,000.*
1948 Estimated retail drug store sales in county, $136,000.*
*Copyright 1949 Survey of Buying Power Estimates of SALES MANAGEMENT Magazine.
Further reproduction not licensed.
4. Manufacturing Industries
Quinn Fisheries, menhaden products; Lee Brothers, furniture manufacturing.
5. General Remarks on Economy
Apalachicola now depends on a seven-mouth fishing season. This area is very
much in need of diversification. There is ample land and labor supply for
expansion. The hardwoods available make it an ideal location for wood-working
Officials: Mayor, C. M. Henriksen; City Attorney, C. Bourke Floyd; Manager,
W. N. Creekmore.
Special departments: The city has an active water, sewer and street depart-
ment; a Harbor Advisory Board and a Recreation Commission.
The city has no zoning ordinance in effect.
Current city tax rate: Operations, 12 mills; debt service, 5 mills.
Average city tax rate for last five years: Operations, 12 mills; debt service,
City basis of assessment: 100% of actual value.
Total assessed value of real property in city: $1,246,678.
City license tax on manufacturing plant: Depends on the industry. Tax on
a furniture factory is $10.00.
City utility tax: 10% on telephone, electric and bottled gas charges.
Other major city taxes: City also taxes amusements, cigarettes and sewer
Current county tax rate: 17 3/4 mills for all purposes. County has sufficient
funds in reserve to render debt service village unnecessary,
Bonded debt: City, $70,000; county, $76,000 (court house).
2. Finances (cont'd)
Other long-term obligations: City 0; county $43,000, approximately (school).
Part D---Community Facilities
1. Available Data
Maps; City street, trunk water main, trunk sewer maps are available at city
offices. Power distribution system map is available at Florida Power Cor-
Reports: Chamber of Commerce report on city is available for free distribu-
2. Transportation Facilities
Railroad: Apalachicola Northern Railroad main line, with two passenger and
two freight trains daily, connects with Seaboard Air Line, Atlantic Coast
Line and Louisville and Nashville main lines at Chattahoochee. This line
begins at Port Saint Joe. Pick-up and delivery for less than carload freight
is not available.
Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., provides rail express service. Direct
air express service is not available. Free pick-up and delivery.for express
Highway: U. S. Highways 98 and 319 pass through Apalachicola.
Local transportation service: 2 taxi companies at conventional rates.
Intercity bus service: Modern Coach Corporation (Trailways System) operates
six buses daily through Apalachicola.
Intercity trucking facilities: Great Southern Trucking Company serves
Apalachicola on a Tallahassee-Panama City route, with connections to all
southeastern states. Tallahassee, Jacksonville, Atlanta, Pensacola, are
among the principal cities that can be reached by overnight truck haul.
Air transportation: Apalachicola Air Base, county-owned, is two miles from
town. It has one standard Army hangar and three 5,000 foot runways. The
field is open to private planes. Charter cross-country flights are available.
Scheduled commercial air transportation is not available.
Florida Power Corporation owns and operates the generating and distributing
systems. Copies of rate schedules can be obtained at the company's office
on request. Rates ere comparable with those in effect throughout the state,
and are on a sliding scale downward with volume of power consumed.
Coal: Delivered cost per ton $17.00 for domestic lump. Industrial stoker
is not used in this section.
Gas: Neither natural nor artificial gas is available.
Bottled gas: Green's Fuel Company, Southern Liquid Gas Company and Viest
Florida Gas Company distribute butane rated at approximately 2,000 B.t.u.
per cubic foot. Delivered cost is 300 per gallon in large quantities.
Other: Number 1 and Number 2 fuel oils are available from local distributors.
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal
Sewage: Gravity flow sanitary sewers are installed. Sewage is treated in
Imhoff tanks. City plans to increase mains and disposal capacity.
Industrial waste disposal: Industrial waste is emptied into river.
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal (cont'd)
Garbage: Garbage is collected daily.
6. Water Sunply
Source: Deep wells.
Comsumption: 200,000 gallons per day.
Pumping capacity: 1,000,000 gallons per day.
Chemical analysis: A chemical analysis of the water supply is not available.
However, it has been approved as drinking water by the State Board of Health.
First 2,000 gallons per month
Next 3,000 gallons per month
Next 95,000 gallons per month
All over 100,000 gallons per month
7. Communications Facilities
.30 per thousand
.25 per thousand
.20 per thousand
Telephone service: Saint Joe Telephone and Telegraph Company operates a
manual exchange serving 265 company-owned stations.
Telegraph service: Saint Joe Telephone and Telegraph Company has office
hours of 8 a.m. to 9 p.m. on both week-days and Sundays.
8. Educational Facilities
Number of Schools
Number of schools 1 1 1
Present enrollment 115 33 27
Vocational training for white students: Home economics, commercial courses.
Vocational training for Negro students; Home economics, commercial courses.
Other schools: One white and one Negro parochial school.
Library: Philaco Library.
*Combined with high school.
9. Health Facilities
City health department: None.
County health department: Staff of one doctor and one nurse. Operates
hospital: County owned hospital with white and colored facilities.
10. Recreational Facilities
Public parks: Battery Park and Lafayette Park have playground equipment.
Athletic fields: Baseball park and high school stadium.
10. Recreational Facilities (cont'd)
Other: Tennis courts, high school gymnasium, picnic grounds, Community
Club House, city owned, which conducts supervised youth programs both
summer and winter.
11. Police Protection
City: Force consists of three policemen. Police department has one patrol
car, without radio equipment. Patrolmen are uniformed. Regular beats are
maintained at night.
County: Sheriff and two deputies provide police protection outside city
limits. County jail hes just been completed at a cost of $79,000 and meets
all standard requirements.
12. Fire Protection
City: Force consists of 20 volunteer firemen. City has two engines and
Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 2; NBFU, Class 7.
The city of Apalachicola furnishes fire protection to the Apalachicola Air
13. City Streets
Mileage: Total, 20 miles; paved, 4 miles; gravelled, 16 miles.
General: About 20% of the streets are curbed and about 15% have sidewalks.
The city owns and operates a bituminous mixer for street repair work.
14. Banking Facilities
Apalachicola State Bank, total resources, $2,250,000.
15. Construction and Service Facilities
Type and number: General contractors, 5; architects, 1; land surveyors, 2;
general machine shops, 2; machine repair facilities (marine), 3; marine ways,
2; marine storage facilities, 1; automotive repair facilities, 5; civil
16. Retail Facilities
Type and number: Dry goods stores, 4; department stores, 1; grocery stores,
12; drug stores, 2.
Parking: City has no parking meters and no parking lots.
Vacant stores: There are no vacant stores in the business district.
17. Wholesale Facilities
General:' Apalachicola is the wholesale distribution center for the area.
Special markets for wholesale of fish, fruit and vegetables are operated here.
Commercial cold storage, freezing and public warehousing facilities are not
18. Housing Conditions
General: Individual dwellings are scarce; efficiency apartments are usually
available at reasonable rates; unimproved property in residential area
available throughout city.
19. Hotels and Restaurants
Hotels: Number, 2; rooms, 50.
19. Hotels and Restaurants (cont'd)
Restaurants: Number, 8; seating capacity, 150.
Weekly: Apalachicola Times.
Out of town papers with local delivery; Jacksonville Times Union, Panama
City Herald and Tallahassee Democrat.
21. Laundries and Dry Cleaners
Commercial laundries: Number, 1.
Commercial dry cleaners: Number, 2.
Nearby cities run 2 routes into Apalachicola for pick-up and delivery of
22. Civic Organizations
Organization and name of president: Chamber of Commerce, A. V. Benson;
Junior Chamber of Commerce, E. E. Sizemore; Women's Auxiliary Chamber of
Commerce, Mrs. C. Li. Henriksen; Rotary, C. M. Henriksen; Philaco Club,
Mrs. Cliff Chauncey. American Legion and Auxiliary and a unit of the Florida
National Guard is active.
Denomination and number: Episcopal, 1; Catholic, 1; Baptist, 1; Methodist,
1; Holiness, 2.
24. Hunting and Fishing
Deer, bears, turkeys, squirrels, ducks, geese, doves, quail, foxes, raccoons,
opossums, rabbits and alligators are found in this area. Unposted hunting
grounds are available within one mile of town. Hunting parties can obtain
accommodations at three camps outside town at reasonable rates; guides are
Fresh water perch, bream, sturgeon, black bass and catfish are caught in the
Apalachicola River and its tributaries, numerous creeks and Lake Wimnico.
Salt water flounder, mullet, crabs, redfish (channel bass), grouper, red
snapper, mackerel, pompano, tarpon, swordfish and sailfish are caught in
Apalachicola Bay and the Gulf of Mexico. Fishing parties can obtain accom-
modations at lodges locally; guides are available.