Title: Agricultural experiment station
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075500/00001
 Material Information
Title: Agricultural experiment station
Physical Description: Brochure
Language: English
Creator: University of Puerto Rico. Mayaguez Campus. College of Agricultural Sciences
Universidad de Puerto Rico. Recinto Universitario de Mayaguez. Colegio de Ciencias Agricolas.
Affiliation: Universidad de Puerto Rico -- Recinto Universitario de Mayaguez -- Colegio de Ciencias Agricolas
Publisher: Universidad de Puerto Rico. Recinto Universitario de Mayaguez. Colegio de Ciencias Agricolas.
Publication Date: 2004
 Subjects
Subject: Caribbean   ( lcsh )
Agriculture
Spatial Coverage: North America -- Puerto Rico -- Mayaguez -- Caribbean
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075500
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text




11I1II111


AGRICULTURAL
EXPERIMENT
STATION


UNIVERSITY OF PUERTO RICO
M4YAGUiEZ CAMPUS
COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES


Uni% ersity of Puerto Rico
Mayagtiez Campus
Jardin Botfnico Sur,
1193 Calle Guayacin
San Juan, P.R. 00926-1118
Tel. 767-9705/Fax 758-5158


August, 2004


I s








AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION
UNIVERSITY OF PUERTO RICO



THE PRIMARY MISSION of the Station is
to conduct scientific research leading to a more
ample and efficient agricultural development,
the conservation of natural resources, the
protection of the environment and the
enrichment of the quality of rural life. This
mission is achieved by developing and updating
the scientific technological base required for
solving the major problems affecting
agriculture, industries derived from agriculture,
and rural development.


Within the framework of these general
objectives, efforts are made to obtain the
highest levels of production and quality at the
lowest possible cost, to stimulate greater local
production, and to diversify agriculture. It is
urgent that a sustainable agriculture be
developed in compatibility with protection of
tropical environment, including land and water
resources.


The Station was originally established as a
private entity by the Sugar Growers
Association of Puerto Rico 10 August 1910, on
a 200-acre farm in the outskirts of Rio Piedras.
In 1914 it was donated to the government of
Puerto Rico. By virtue of Joint Resolution
No.13 of 28 March 1914, the Station was
officially transferred to the insular government,
under the jurisdiction of the Board of
Commissioners of Agriculture, and was
designated as the Insular Experiment Station.
The Station broadened its program to include
other important crops in addition to sugar cane.









With the approval of the Jones Act of 2
March 1917, the Department of Agriculture
and Labor was created, and the administra-
tion of the Station was shifted from the
Board of Commissioners of Agriculture to
the Commissioner of Agriculture and Labor.


In 1933, the Station was transferred to the
University of Puerto Rico by virtue of Joint
Resolution No. 3 of that year. This transfer
was done in accordance with the
requirements of the United States Congress,
which in 1931 extended to Puerto Rico the
benefits of the Hatch Act of 1887, and of the
complementary acts authorizing the
establishment of agricultural experiment
stations as part of the Land Grant Colleges
established by the Morrill Act of 1862.


Thus, the Station became eligible to
participate in the system of experiment
stations and their extensive research program
throughout the United States, and to receive
funds for agricultural research under the
Hatch Act and other federal programs.
As mandated by Law No. 1 of 20 January
1966, known as the Law of the University of
Puerto Rico, the Station is programatically
and administratively integrated with the
Mayagiiez Campus.


By virtue of the provisions of Certification
No. 13 of the Council on Higher Education,
dated 11 September 1968, the Station is part
of the College of Agricultural Sciences of the
Mayagiiez Campus, which also includes the
Faculty of Agriculture, the Agricultural
Extension Service and the Office of
International Programs. Law No. 226,










AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT

STATION



approved 1 December 1995, decrees that
funds for the functioning of the Station be
assigned, as for other University entities, in
conformance with the formula established for
other purposes. Thus, the College is
responsible for four basic elements:
Research
Teaching
Extension Dissemination
International Programs

Certification No. 174 of the Council on
Higher Education, 24 June 1980, provides
that the Dean and Director will be the Chief
Executive Officer of the College of
Agricultural Sciences, with four principal
subordinate officials:

Associate Dean and Deputy Director
of the Agricultural Experiment Station

Associate Dean and Deputy Director
of the Cooperative Extension Service

Associate Dean of the Faculty of
Agricultural Sciences

Director of International
Programs in Agriculture








Moreover, Certification No. 174 created
the Rio Piedras and the Mayagiiez
Research Centers. Certification No. 174
provides that all research conducted at the
College of Agricultural Sciences be under
the jurisdiction of the Station.
The Station develops its research
program at:


Two research centers located in
Rio Piedras and Mayagiez
Six research substations
Six academic departments
A farm dedicated to cattle production
La Montafia Cattle Production Farm at
Aguadilla
Located in Rio Piedras, and supporting the
research of the departments, centers and
substations are the Central Analytical and
Pesticides Laboratory, the Library, the
Publications Office, the Museum of
Entomology and Tropical Biodiversity,
laboratories for entomology, phyto-
pathology, nematology, virology, tissue
culture, biological control, soil and water
chemistry and soil physics, and the
auxiliary technical services (Budget,
Finance, General Services, and Human
Resources).


The research substations comprise a total
area of more than 2,000 acres of land
distributed in different geographical and
ecological zones of Puerto Rico, varying
from the humid, flat northern and the
humid central mountainous regions to the
dry, flat southern and the semiarid north-
western regions. Nine of the eleven soil
world orders are found in Puerto Rico.
This wide distribution allows the








evaluation of different crops and animal sys-
tems in the ecological zones where they would
best adapt.


The substations are in:
Adjuntas, south central mountainous
region
Corozal, north central mountainous
region
Gurabo, east central region
Isabela, northwest coast
Juana Diaz, south coast
Lajas, southwest coast


The Departments, with main offices in
Mayagiiez:
Agronomy and Soils
Agricultural Economics and Rural
Sociology
Horticulture
Animal Industry
Agricultural Engineering and
Biosystems
Crop Protection


The research program is organized by
commodities or interdisciplinary work groups,
which are in charge of identifying research
needs and priorities, and solving the major
technical problems affecting agriculture,
according to the agricultural development
plan of the Department of Agriculture of
Puerto Rico.


The commodities and the departments are the
principal units of the Agricultural Experiment
Station. The specific commodities:









Basic Grains
Beef Cattle
Coffee
Dairy Cattle
Environment and Natural Resources
Fruits
Ornamentals
Plantains and Bananas
Root and Tuber Crops
Vegetables
Each commodity or work group is directed
by leaders assigned by the Dean Director.
They are mostly members of the various
departments of the College of Agricultural
Sciences. They coordinate the research
conducted by scientists of the various
departments. Participants generally meet
from February to May, to evaluate progress
and to plan future research. Besides the
leaders, also participating in the meetings are
the directors of the various departments
concerned as well as project leaders,
administrators, station scientists, professors
of the College of Agricultural Sciences,
Extension specialists, and representatives of
the Department of Agriculture and the farm
sector.


The Station has various sources of technical
and scientific information:


The Journal of Agriculture of the
University of Puerto Rico
Bulletin series and monographs
Books
Proceedings of forums and conferences
Press releases
Technological packages for crop
production









The Journal of Agriculture of the University
of Puerto Rico is the only scientific
publication in Latin America which has
been published without interruption since
1917. It has a circulation of 700 in 66
countries.


The Station informs Puerto Rican farmers,
agroindustrialists, and governmental
agencies on research results and findings in
a series of publications known as
"technological packages". These include
technology developed by the Station for
each commodity. "Technological packages"
are available for plantains and bananas,
root and tuber crops, vegetables, sugarcane,
pineapple, avocado, citrus fruits, coffee,
mango, pigeon pea, beans, papaya, and
citron.


The publication of these research findings,
together with the experience and
observations of the researchers, translated
into success and recommendations to
farmers, is a clear example of the Station's
accomplishments. As the result of its
activities over the years, the Station is
recognized worldwide, mainly within the
Caribbean Basin, and Central and South
America, as one of the most outstanding
institutions in tropical agricultural research.




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