4 3 1
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA LIBRARIES
I ,- /'. -7
Agricultural, Industrial and Educational Edition of the
Alachua County News
This edition will give you a slight idea of the wonderful agricultural,
industrial and educational advantages of Alachua
County, the Hub of Florida .
is an actual photograph, and we invite only the closest inspection
s STREET ~
G, i N]o ,ES'I"LE.
I Vo;: l .1
a $ *9
- iu- -
AHAEUM AL.' UN I r (UL'KI 1I
., ,,I f '
iFhi I~j1rrn DATCr'AK. A I-
Alachua County, Florida
By L. M. RHODES
Head of the Florida State Marketing Bureau
ALACHUA COUNTY has an area of 1262
square miles. Its total acreage is 807,680.
161,737 acres are improved. Acres in ac-
tual cultivation, 125,667. In 1923 Alachua
county shipped 1,709 cars of fruit and veg-
etables with an approximate value of $1,-
100,000, and produced other crops, live-
stock, poultry and dairy products valued
at approximately $2,150,000. A total agri-
cultural production of $3,250,000.
With all its available land in cultivation
Alachua county farming as it is now, woulck
be producing at least $16,250,000 and if
Alachua county were developed as it could
be, and should be, its 31,689 people would
increase to 100,000 and its annual agricul-
tural production to $30,000,000.
To prove that this is a conservative state-
ment, we will make a few comparisons.
Bolivar county, Miss., has 879 square miles,
a population of 57,669, with an agricultural
production valued at $25,703,571. Robe-
son county, N. C., has 990 square miles with
a population of 54,674 and their 1922 crop
and livestock production had a value of
$23,389,828. Dane county, Wisconsin, has
1202 square miles with 89,432 people and an
agricultural production value at $29,395,-
There are ten agricultural counties in ten
different states in the United States, with
an average area of 1,164 square miles or 98
square miles less than Alachua county,
with an average population of 98,159 and
an average agricultural production valued
at $29,273,536. Their natural advantages
are no better than Alachua county. Their
climate is not nearly so good; they cannot
grow as many different crops and their soil
is no better, but, they are developed.
Alachua county is fourteen square miles
larger than little, cold, bleak, poor, barren
Rhode Island, yet Rhode Island has 604,397
people, nineteen times as many as Alachua
county. Her farms are valued at two and
one-half times as much as the farms of
Alachua county. Rhode Island turned out
in 1922 agricultural products valued at $5,-
340,378. Manufactured products valued
at $741,323,000. Pai d wages and salaries
amounting to $168,509,358. Their total in-
come is almost a billion dollars and with
area smaller than Alachua county, they
have the people and wealth of an empire.
Situated in the agricultural heart of Flor-
ida, with fabulous potential wealth, mag-
nificent educational advantages, easily ac-
cessible to the markets of the world. With
hundreds of thousands of acres of as cheap
land in proportion to value as can be found
on the American continent, Alachua coun-
ty has only to introduce itself to the home-
seekers of the country to. insure for it a
o---- -8 1) 0~)I)lc~~~~~~)~)lCII
F YOU will. take up a map of
Florida you will find that Ala-
chua county is almost exactly in
the geographical center of the
state. You will also find that it
is bounded on the east by Putnam
county, on the north by Bradford
and Union counties, on the west
by Dixie county, and on the south
by Levy, and Marion counties.
While Alachua is not the largest
county in Florida, it is very large
just the same, having a total area
of 1268 square miles. The total
acreage -amounts to 807,680, of
which 161,737 acres are under
cultivation. That a just idea of
its vast size may be gained it may
be stated that there are 14 more
square miles in Alachua county
than there are in the whole state
of Rhode Island.
Alachua county is wholly an
agricultural section and its pro-
ducts are such as are produced
on lands of that character. The
general farm crops are corn, oats,
peanuts, and- velvet beans, with
a few fields of irish potatoes,
bright tobacco, and many acres
of sweet potatoes. There are al-
so many patches of cane grown
each year and the syrup yield of
the entire county runs well into
the thousands of gallons of as
fine syrup as is made anywhere
in the entire southland. An-
other by-product which may be
named is honey, while it is not
a specialty of the section, yet
there are many gallons of Ala-
ehua county honey put upon the
market each' year. In some sec-
tions of the county there- are
orange trees which supply the
bees with honey during the
blooming season, and in other
Sports the natural wild flowers
Sand the bloom of certain shrubs
supply the bees with ample pas-
The assessor's roll of 1923
,shows the total value of real es-
tate.in the county to be $5,397,-
530, the value of the personal
property was $2.041,140 and the
.vadd of the railroads and tele-
'g'~1 lines of the county amount-
ed t~o $2.471.014, making a total
,4 '9,909.684 as the assessed
o of the property of the-en-
'I /..unty for the last year. A
a/. aiessed value as a whole is
giig "eater than on fourth of
the real value, it is seen that the
total commercial value of -the
property of Alachua. county
amounts to $39,638,736.
In addition to the agricultural
products of the county, there is
much live stock grown. :The as-
sessor's roll for 1923 showed the
following statistics along this
line: Total number of-horses in
the county, 3,337; number- of
sheep, 1,219;. number of hogs,
,13,149; number of range cattle,
16,498; number of grade :cattle,
838.. Another item which will
serve to show the importance of
Alachua county is the amount of
taxes collected in any one year.
In 1923 the State Tax amounted
to $113,989; the general county
tax amounted to $247,742; the
special road tax was $130,710;
and the special school tax was
During the past year Alachua.
county.sent forward to market
no less than 1,709 cars of..fruit
and vegetables which realized for
In presenting this book to the general public, the pub-
lishers have given only facts and figures which will stand
the closest verification. The views contained herein are
cuts made from actual photographs, with the exception of
those of one or two buildings which were reproduced from
architects drawings, and these buildings are more than two
The publishers of this book are all old residents of Ala-
chua county, but have traveled extensively over America
and some foreign countries.
The general manager of the company thought that he.
knew Alachua county until hq undertook the production of
this book, but after traveling over the county looking for
beautiful sights and lands he has come to the realization
that if there is a beautiful scene anywhere in the United
States we have its counterpart in Alachua county.
Alachua county is so big and so much of it still remains
in its natural God-given scenic glory that it-would take
weeks of travel for one to really see and appreciate, its
It is said on good authority that Alachua county will
produce a greater different variety of crops and fruits than
any other county in the whole of North America and we do
not doubt it.
Alachua county suits all classes. A man of moderate
means can take a few acres of land and make a comfortable
living, the man with a medium income can live in one of the
small cities and enjoy the outdoor life which surrounds him,
and those of wealth can have their mansions, beautifully
shaded with the immense live and water oaks with their
wondrous drapings of moss, his yacht on the famed Suwan-
nee, his fishing boat on any one of the numerous lakes and
enjoy the wonderful shooting that surrounds him or golf on
GainesvilIe's Country Club links.
In giving you this book we have not exaggerated any
of the wonders of this county, but, in fact, feel that if any-
thing we have been entirely too mild in our enthusiasm.
The City Clerk of any of the incorporated towns in this
county will be glad to give you any information that you -
ALACHUA COUNTY, FLORIDA I
The Hub of the Greatest State of the Greatest Nation
AGRICULTURAL, EDUCATIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL CENTER
the producers an income of about
$1,100,000. Add to this all 'the
income from live stock, poultry,
and dairy products, which is es-
timated to amount to $2,150,000.
From these figures it will be seen
that the total income to the farm-
ers of this county during 1923
amounted to the snug sum of $3,-
Chief among the vegetables
shipped out of Alachua county
may be mentioned cucumlirn s
which are produced in large quai- -.
titles in all sections of the coikm .
ty. Next in order of prodi
tion may be named lettuce. ca'k
bage, and then comes egg pla~t.
peppers, and snap beans. Al
these are grown to perfect
here, and are shipped out by ,
train load. '.
Then mention must be made io
the melon crops of this county.:
Truly here is the natural home i'-6
the watermelon and the can&-.-,
loupe. Both of these meloiin
grow to perfection in Alachi
county both as to size and flav.
to say nothing of the enorm .l;
yield. During the harvest -
season it is a scene of life az.lg
activity around the shipping .
tions. Great truck loads of
fine and fancy melons are .hb '
ried up to the track and then
ons are carefully packed in -
car until it is filled, the door
closed and another car is
speedily filled, and so on unuA
late in to the night, when the
"copperhead" freight engif,
comes along and rushes the tr
to the nearest icing station,
then it speeds its way on expr
time to the northern markets.
The lands of Alachua cou
are to be classed under th '
heads, 1, flatwoods; 2, highland
3, hammock. All these grades
land are well fitted for agric'
tural purposes, some of them p
sibly excelling a little in some
.or more lines, but as a whole
aire easily cultivated and proi
almost equally well. The p
chaser, however, will do well
determine what he desires to-p
duce and then select land in th
section .which is best adapted
the line of farming he proposes
pursue. This information is g
en free at the experimental s
tion at the University of-Flori
2 AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIAL EDUCATIONAL
In this connection it might be
well to say a word about orange
growing in Alachua county. Many
people have the notion that as
soon as one crosses the St. Marys
river into' Florida he is in the
midst of the citrus belt. Such,
however, is not the case, though
certain varieties of oranges are
grown in the northern and west-
ern sections of the state.
There are a number of really
fine orange groves in Alachua
county and they would produce
a great quantity of fruit if proper-
ly cared for, fertilized and spray-
ed. There are several large
lakes within the borders of Ala-
chua county, and if the grove is
planted on the south side of one
of these lakes the fruit will pros-
Alachua county is well supplied
with railroad facilities. The old-.
est road in the county is now
known as the Seaboard. It comes
from Jacksonville, and one branch
passes southerly through the
-eastern portion of the county,
The Atlantic Coast Line covers
-the county most thoroughly. One
branch of this road comes in.from
; J1acksonville, and passes through
-"'the center of the county in a
(:[soQutherly course. Another branch
'-enters the county near the north-
_,western corner, and passes
through the western portion of
-the county while a cross section,
Sas it were, enters the county on
the eastern side and traverses the
:-ntire county from east to west
some forty or fifty miles. Then
Stere is the Tampa & Jacksonville
road which passes through the
.':.center of the county from north
'::i south. This road is given over
'-almost entirely to the vegetable
business. It reaches the -very
center of the vegetable growing
"- section of the county, and it
b..rings to the front train loads of
j vegetableses which go forward to
d.-' destinations over the main trunk
lines, the transfer being made at
A lachua county is well Watered.
'There is no section in which deep
wells will not yield an, abundance
of splendid water. In addition to
this there are numerous springs
and small streams in which there
i is a permanent flow of water.
Along the northern border
: flows the Santa Fe river, and
long the western border flows
the Suwannee river, made world
"'4,mous by the dear old song,
"Way Down Upon The Suwannpe
In addition to all this there are
at least four lakes of large pro-
portions.. Two of these are the
:;a.santa Fe lake which lies along
A\ te north-eastern 'border gf the
county, and the Newnans lake
which is situated in the east cen-
tral section of the county. Both
of these lakes are most beautiful
bodies of water and are filled
with fish. Then far away in
the southeastern section of the
county are two more most won-
drously beautiful bodies of water,
one known as Lochloosa lake and
the other as Orange lake; both
are filled with fish, in fact quite
a number of men are engaged in.
the fishing industry securing
their entire supply from the
waters of these lakes. To lake
Santa Fe belongs the novel honor
of lying exactly at the top of the-
ridge of the state, so that water
flowing out of its eastern extre-
mity eventually reaches the At-
lantic Ocean and water flowing
out the western end of the lake
through the Santa Fe river
reaches the Gulf of Mexico. In
the northwestern portion of the
county is a wonderful curiosity in
the way of a natural bridge which
literally hides the Santa Fe river
from view for a long distance)
One travels along a seemingly
ordinary country road, and all at
once he discovers he is on the
other side of the river.
In the way of springs there are
two along the western border of
the county which are well worth
a visit. They are Poe Springs
at High Springs, and Fannin
Springs on the banks of the Su-
wannee river. Each of these
springs is merely the out-pouring
of underground streams of water,
the flow of which is enormous,
and the water delightful for bath-
ing and drinking purposes.
There is another source of in-
come in Alachua county which
must be mentioned in this con-
nection, that is the lumber and
turpentine industries. In this
county both industries have
been, in years past, a very exten-
sive source of income, and even
now both of them are productive
of much income and afford em-
ployment for many men. Also
here and there one will come
across turpentine plants at which
there is more or less spirits pro-
duced each season.
The phosphate industry of the
county is also a source of much
income. In the western portion
of the county there are extensive
phosphate mines which are the
source. of much wealth.
Last of all of the sources of in-
comein Alachua county must be
mentioned the creamery. This is
a co-operative institution. which
is conducted by the farmers and
merchants of the county jointly.
As to what it means to the farm-
ers of this eouty it may be ett-'
ed that the creamery was not put
into operation until the 17th of
December, and yet for the last
two weeks of that month it made
a return to the farmers of no less
S4.4 .. 4.* 4 .. 4 4 4.
+ The La Crosse Section +
4. 4 4* *4. 4. 4. 4. 4. 4.
From the earliest days of the
settlement of Alachua county,
what is known as the La Crosse
section has been considered as.
among the best portions of the
county. It lies well at the north
central portion of the county, and
has always been noted for its
large yields of what was planted.
In the days of cotton growing it
was a real center of the industry,
and since then attention has been
turned to general farming and
During the past few years the
growing of Irish potatoes has
been occupying the attention of
the farmers in that section more
and more, till now it is a recogniz-
ed center of that industry, and is
second to the famous Hastings
I As an example of what may be
done in that line in that section
the accomplishment 'of one farm-
er last year, J. J. Harris, may be
mentioned. He has a tract of 10
acres which he planted in Irish
potatoes last season, and the re-
sults not only surprised the
planter but the entire community.
The yield was' the marvelous
average of 65 barrels per acre, or
a total of 650 barrels for the 10
acres. And another surprising
fact was the quality of the pota-
toes. Of the entire 650 barrels
there were only 105 No. 2 grade
potatoes, leaving 545 barrels of
No. Is. For these he realized a
splendid price, and came out at
the end of the season a genuine
Owing to his success last year
Mr. Harris is planting the same
acreage again this year, and in
addition to what he is doing a
number of his neighbors are go-
ing into the business. They
have formed an association com-
prising some dozen or more farm-
ers of the section ard have allied
themselves with the Hastings as-
sociation and they are expecting
to accomplish big things this
year. Altogether the members
of the association will plant 140
Acres of Irish potatoes this year.
In addition to the potatoes
planted in the La Crosse section
by the members of the association
there will be a wide acreage plant-
ed by the L. J. Upton & Company
interests of Norfolk, Va. -This
pgmpan7 supplies the seJf ar~
fertilizer, and the farmer sup-
plies the land and the labor. The
company pays a guarantee of $5
for No. Is and $4 for No. 2s. This
makes.a very attractive proposi-
tion for the farmers, as- they are
only out their labor if the crop is
not a good one. They figure that
they stand to win every time, and
in that community there will be
no less, than 825 acres planted
this year for the company against
400 that was planted last year.
La Crosse is a prosperous and
thriving business center. It is on
the line of the Seaboard railroad,
which runs from Starke, on the
main line, to Wanee on the Su-
wannee river. The train makes
one round trip a day, and carries
mail and express as well as car-.
ing for the passengers and
freight. There are several store
which are conducted by enterpris-
ing merchants, several churches
and a well conducted public
4. 4. 4. 4. 4. .
* Haynesworth +
i + 4+ ^. 4. g. g. .g +. ^.
S'Haynesworth is a small station
on the line of the A. C. L. rail-
way, running to Jacksonville. It
is named for one of the foremost
farmers and citizens of Alachua
county, J. E. Haynesworth.
He has a farm of about 2,009
acres which lies in the heart of a
most productive section of Ala-
chua county. *His energy and en-
terprise is indicated by the fol-
lowing list of his farming opera-
tions for this year as he has it
mapped out. First of all he will
plant 25 acres of cucumbers, 25
acres of watermelons, 10 acres of
sweet corn, and 6 acres of pota-
In that community which lies
immediately to the west of and
adjoining the La Crosse section
there will be planted this season
no less than 50. acres of cucum-
bers, and in addition to this there
will be quite an acreage of toma-
toes, okra, and other vegetables
+ Alachua Section .
Continuing westward from
Haynesworth one soon comes to
the thriving and attractive city
of Alachua. It is one of the
"brightest and best" little cities
of its size to be found in the en-
tire state of Florida. It- is situ-
ated on both the Seaboard and
the Atlantic Coast Line railroad.
two lines of this road passes
through Alachua, and it main-
tains two depots in the place.
It can be said truly that Ala-
chua lies in the nmist of a iQgt
w mI - _
" ", : ,. -.-.
(Photo taken near Island Grove Jan. 9, 1924.)
A Field of Headed Cabbage with Beautiful Orange Lake in
ALACHUA COUNTY -HUB- O FLORIDA
IfTIida's (O-1 ing] Or.---- tion
(Photo tqkon near EvinstQn Jan. 9, 1924.)
4 *'AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIAL EDUCATIONAL .
Alachua County Fair Grounds and Race ,Track.
A Few that Were Left After Christmas
Dr. ,in~ "s on an Alac-. a County Fr..,
,, '- .-, _-. .. .
-... .-.'':'- s.T ': .; ;''i-\' .. .- f; i ... .. . ? !i -
Dre~sins Hogs on an Alachua County Farm.
A Country Drive Near Wacahooia.
productive section of the entire
county. The land adjacent to the
place is high and rolling, and is
specially rich and fertile. In the
good old days of cotton produc-
tion the fields for miles around
were literally white with the
bursting bolls of'cotton. And at
the gin and warehouse in town
things were doing at the height
of the cotton picking season.
There was a steady stream of
money flowing in from the mar-
keted cotton amounting to thous-
ands and thousands of dollars
But because the boll weevil got
the best of the cotton game was
no reason why these enterprising
farmers of that section should
call a halt in their operations. Im-
mediately they began to cast
about for other crops which
would take the place of. cotton.
These were found in.a number of
other products all of which turn
most readily into ready money.
There is corn and peanuts which
prove most satisfactory feed for
-.hogs, and these are easily con-
verted into cash. Then it was
found that velvet beans, one of
Sthe foremost fattening feeds for
r beef cattle,:thrive nost wonder)
fully in this section, and forth-
with great herds of cattle sprang
To properly prepare these feeds
there was a demand for mill fa-
cilities, and Messrs. C. A. Wil-
liams and Son, forming the Wil-
liams Grain Company, came into
existence and is meeting all re-
This company has a mill in op-
eration'in Alachua which has a
capacity of 10 tons. of feed per
day. In the preparation of. this
feed the corn is ground together
with, the husks and cobs. Thus
prepared the horses and other
animals to which it.is fed will eat
it entirely, thus getting "rough-
age" out of the husks and cobs.
The tobacco industry is prac-
tically new to this county but ex-
perts from North Carolina tell us
that our soil is much better for
the bright leaf, or cigarette, to-
bacco than is the soil of the fa-
mous- "old north state," and it
,cannot be denied that tobacco
has been the greatest factor in
making North Carolina-one bf the
richest states in the entire south-
land. It is an established fact
that tobacco cpa be raised to bet-
ter advantage year in and year
out than almost any other crop.
A tobacco failure is one of the
rarest things in the farming in-
dustry, and while it is true that
excessive rains injure the tobac-
co crop to a certain extent, it is
also true that heavy rains will
not do the damage here that it
does in sections farther north,
and especially in North Carolina
and Virginia. This is due to the
fact that our soil will take up,
more water than will the soil of
those sections. We have a lighter
soil, and although it has a .very
fine clay subsoil, it is not heavy
enough to hold the moisture long
enough to ruin or seriously injure
the crops. In the north-western
part of the county will be found.
thousands and thousands of acres-
of very fertile light sandy loarm
with a good clay subsoil, which
tobacco experts tell us grows the
finest quality of this very profit-
SIn the Alachua district, about
14 miles from-Gainesville, there is
Being planted this year about 200
;acres in tobacco. The crop is
under the personal direction of
Mr. G! L. Wheeler, formerly of
Stem, N. C., the very heart of the
bright leaf tobacco section of
that state. Mr. Wheeler has -so
much faith in this county as a
tobacco growing section that he
took a contract on commission to
instruct the farmers in growing,.
and curing this famous crop. He
has been all over the tobacco belt,
not only in the south, but in the
east ap well, and has had five
years experience in curing tobac-
co in Canada, and it is his opinion-
that we can raise a better grade
and raiseit cheaper here than any:
other section of the United-
Tobacco has always bean a pay-
ing crop in North and South Car-
olina. The farmers in, those
\states have always made money
despite the fact that their land
is not as fertile and the cost of
building barns is vastly greater-
than in' sections, further south
where pine poles abound. The.
writer of this article is personal--
ly familiar with the 'tobacco in-
dustry in South Georgia for the-'
past five years, and personally
knows that for the past two years
tobacco was the best paying crop,:
in that part of Georgia., *The
average yield in south Georgia
last year was 660 pounds per re-
AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIAL EDUCATIONAL
:.hiph brought, an, average price-
Sof 30 cents per pond, or a total
of $198.00 per acre-gross. This
" despite the fact that that section
Shad. one of the wettest years in
the :history of -thb state during.
Sthe growing and curing season.'
r: Figuring that every farmer had
,to build a barn f)r each 4 acres
;:f tobacco planted last year he
would have still had an average
net profit of $148.00 per acre less
'l4ab6r cost, which is not nearly so
bad as a cotton'crop.
In 'any good bright tobacco sec-
Stion the average yield is 1,000
S:pounds per acre for an average
year. In Alachua county it can be
done nine years out of ten, and
Sthe total cost outside of labor, will
not exceed $40.00 per acre.
Counting the first year when it is
necessary to build barns the'cost
Swill be approximately as follows
for each four acres,,which is the
average crop per horse power, and
'figuring a 16-foot barn for each 4
acres: (Pine' poles for walls of
barn cost.nothing but the cutting
and peeling and make better.
barns than ahy other -material.
All that is necessary is to daub
cracks -with mud) Top of barn,
boards or shingles, $20.00; metal
flues, $35.00;.brick furnace, $10;
plant b'ed cloth, $12.00; fertilizer,
S'$70.00; seed for plant bed $2.50.
S'This makes a total of $i59.50 be-
Ssides labor. Counting on an aver-
age year, and reducing the aver-
Sage yield 20 per cent, this would
give 800 pounds per acre, or a to-
Stal money value for the 4 acres of
$960, even if we figure the low
price of 30 cents per pound aver-
,age, and-tobacco men tell us that
the price is away below normal
at this time.
Another, and very good feature
of raising tobacco in this section,
Sis the fact that two crops can al-
ways be grown on the same land.
-Sweet potatoes are especially
adapted to land on which tobacco
has been grown, and vice versa,
The crop is always off by July
'1st, and several crops -besides
sweet, potatoes -can 'be profitably
grown in this section after that
E -o + +- + + + + + + + ++
The Haile-Section +
:4. 4 +.4.4. .+ * + +
Passing on oneq soon comes to,
another little station called Haile:
which is in the center of a very
fine section of farming country.
Doubtless the man-wh6ostands at'
-the head of then all is 'G. T.
SKennard who owns a-tract of 1;-
.200 .acres of as fine land as ever
h. had.a plow ptiihto it.:. Mr. Ken-,
,nard is'truly a "live wire," ant,
what 'he is accomplishing every"
'other wide awake and enterpris-
ng man can also accomplish.
This year he will have '185 These Angus cattle make the best
acres in watermelons, 10 acres in of beef especially veal. He
cucumbers, 22 acres in tomatoes, has also 60 head of sheep. These
10 -acres"in sweet potatoes,, 40 are graded up with a pure bred
acres in cotton, and 150 acres in Hampshire ramb and they are
corn and pindars. certainly a fine flock of sheep. He,
Mr. Kennard has 200 head of has 250 head of fine hogs. The
cattle all' of which are graded. hog killing scene on the cover of
He believes'fully in dipping for this book was taken at his place,
tick eradication, and he-maintains and is only a sample 'of whkt may
a dipping vat on: his premises. be seen there many times during
He also has 80 head of very fine the year. 'He has already butch-
-Aberdeen Angus cattle, some of ered 40 big fat hogs this season,
them being many times winners the largest one weighing 518
of first prizes at big stock shows, pounds, and there are more to
-such as at Chicago every fall. follow. He has no less than
.This One Tee Will Clothe a Family
This One Tree Will Clothe a Family
The Virgin Pine in its Stately Glory.
4,000 pounds of the finest hahis
and shoulders and sides, to say
nothing of the yards and yards
of link sausages, in his smoke-
house ready for the market as de-
mand is made upon him for their :
As a by-product of these hogg he:
has many great cans of real 'ea-;:
uine hog lard, with not a trace:of
nut oil in it. ;
Another wonderful source -of:..
income on this farm. is the "poul-.t:
try. Mrs. Kennard has entire,
charge of that department, anid,
has realizedgno less than-a thous -
and dollars each of the past three
The Komoka Farm
S Nearly across the railroad track
from the Kennard farm is the big
Komoka farm of several hundred
acres. This is the property, of
Mr. Cummer, of Jacksonville. On
this place may -be seen probably
the largest pecan grove in the
county if not the entire state. .-In
this grove there are no less than
7,200 trees, all in bearing. There
are several varieties of pecans
and the best possible selections
were made at the time of the
planting, nearly 20 years ago.
+4 4. 4+ + + + +44. *.. ..
+ Newberry .
*BB * * * * + + + + + *
Keeping on in a southwesterly.
direction one soon comes to the
pretty little village of Newberry.
In the days gone by it was the:
center of the great phosphate in-
dustry in Alachua county. There
were then no less than a dozen
-great mines in operation in its.
vicinity and there was a small
army of men employed there, all
of which made Newberry a most:
thriving little city. But all that`-
is past and gone since the devas-
tating days of the great war
which absolutely wrecked the :
phosphate business, as its very
existence depended on Germany.;
But please do not think for a
moment that Newberry is in any-;
Ssense "down and out" because of':
'. the cessation of the phosphate -
industry. In a certain sense that '
business was 'always a side. issue': :
and the real basis of the businessa-
and' growth and maintenance of'
the town has always been and is
now the fine farming lands sur-
rounding it. These -interests'
have never abated one bit since
the mines shut down, in fact they-
have been "speeded up" as it
were, and now that interest
stands second to none in the-
Here are the activities this.sea-
son of one of the enterprising.:
farmers of that section. J. B.'
SSm ith and Sons, have a .farr,",
comprising 166 .acres in cultiv" i
tion. This year they will. plant :
*25 aeres in watermelons,.6 acrei .,
.. ...~~~ ~~ .!. ... "- ~.
, AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIAL EDUCATIONAL
-.~ '1; ':'
in cucumbers, and 25 acres in cot-
ton. In addition to this they will
have large plantings of peppers,
sweet corn, and a full line of gen-
eral farm products, such as field
corn, peanuts, etc. They have
about 125 hogs and 100 pead of
cattle. In addition to their farm
they have a litge market and
grocery store in town, and.
through this they are able to dis-
pose of much of their farm pro-
ducts, especially through the mar-
Ket end of their business they dis-
pose of more than they produce
on the farm.
place there are a
number of other "
large farms and the .
owners of them are
all doing well. In
the town there is a
good reliable bank
well managed and
obliging in its deal-
ings with its pa-
trons, also a num-
ber of large mer-
eantile interests in
the way of stores,
of various kinds.
There are several
churches and a
very fine graded
school building and
also' a recently
high school build-
ing. In both of
these buildings .
ors are busy "teach
ors are busy teach-
ing the young idea
how to shoot."
Newberry is sit-
uated at the cross-
ing of two lines of '.
the Ai C. L. rail-
road, hence is am-
ply supplied with '
cilities. It is to be
noted also that it
has good roads con-
necting it with the
county seat, and
other adjacent ter-
S Tyler Views and
Tyler is a station on the Perry
branch of the A. C. L. railroad,
and lies west of Newberry. .It
was a "boom town," that is to
say, some enterprising land com-
pany originated a scheme for sell-
ing land, forming'a colony'and
building a town. I~ all worked
very well except that the buyers,.
of'tlie land, the colonists, did not
Stay on-the land nor in the em-
brye village, hence the place now
is really in a state of decay. But
fortunately there were men who
could "see beyoaid the end of
their nose," as the saying goes,
and they purchased these val-
uable lands till now they have a
tract comprising Ao wss: than 27,-
000 acres. These lands are own-
ed by the Quinn Farm Lands
Company of N. Y., of which R. W.
Quinn is president and W. W.
Hampton, Jr., is secretary. These
lands are covered with a fine'
growth of pine trees.
The Handley Turpentine Com-
resin.' They.have about, 65 rien
in their.employ. .
+ + + +,+ + + ~+ + +
*. Trenton *
+* * + + 4 ++* 4. +4 4. 4. 4. +
Contiiiing westward one soon
comes to the thriving little town
of Trenton. It is located on the-
Perry branch of the A. C.L. r ail-
road and has an ample train ser-
vice every day. It also has fairly
good roads leading into it from
the east and the west. It has a
new'$40,000 school building just
Comparisons' of Alachua County Cattle--Many of These Are Grand
These Cattle Were All Raised on the K Ranch Near Newberry.
pany was organized, with Frank
Handly as resident manager, and
operations were begun in the mat-
ter of stilling turpentine. This
company now operates 24 "props"
or about 24,900 trees .are being
tapped for. sap out of which the
spirits of turpentine is distilled.
.These people are doing a big busi-
Sness.' Each year they are distill-
:,inglabout 900 barrels of spirits
-and making fully 2,500 barrels of
STrenton is in the center of an
extensive and very rich farming
section. In addition to its value
for general farming it, may be
truly written down that there is .,
no better section .in Florida for
the: growing 'of watermelons, eu-,
cumbers, and other vegetables. It:
is estimated there will ,be 1,800 .
acres of watermelons planted
this year, the crops of which will
be shipped through thejdepot at
-- ------ ----- '
Trenton.' There will also,be fully
250 'acres of cucumbers planted.
There was 'good crop of cotton
grown in that section last year,,;
the yield -being from 450 to 500.'
pounds per acre. That means a:
bale-to the acre which' is consid-' 7:
ered a gobpo crop these days. It,
is stated by 'those living there' :
that there will be a larger acreage
of cotton planted this year than
there was last.
This season one of these farm-- -
ers, J. B. Stockman, will have 40
acres of watermelons and 2 acres
S of cucumbers. Mr...
Stockman 'deals. in
stock and during
last year he 'ship-
ped 7 cars of hogs.
In fact there was -a
time when a- :few
..i. cars of hogs' corn-
prised the whole,,
output of the place
for a year, and that
^ was less than a de-
cade ago at that,
,":;,- but now it is 'no un-
"' common thing to,
see a whole train
: load of hogs go out
at one time.
The following fig-
ures as to exports
from -Trenton dur-
ing the year 1923
will serve to. show
the magnitude of
the productions of
the farms in, that
section. First of
all -there were 300
cars of 'watermel-
ons, 30 cars of cu-
cumbers, and 85
cars of cattle, hogs
It is ,estimated_ .
that .the -acreage
this year in water-
melons will be 2,500,
and of tomatoes 1l,-
S 500, of sweet' corn
100, and of cucui-_-
bcers 200 acres.
S Wilcox 4
9 ; :: -- .W.i o .-
SGoing west from :--.
Champions. Trenton a few miles "
one .comes to 'the .
last town in west- .
tern. Alachua, 'Wilcox. It- is::
not a very large place but it is,:
important in many ways. For-.
years it was. the terminal .of at :
least two A. Cj L. train services;,- '
and is also on the line to Perry.
Moreover it, is very near the.-
banks-of,the beautiful and world
famous: Suwannee river, about
which perhaps more people have
sung than any other stream on
earth, except the Jordan river.
'; A 'slendid, bridge now. span that
'"'streari connecting Alachua eou:n-
-ty with all of western Florida.
And another prominent featu',e
is,'the great Fannln Springs
\:icle -the water Lu.~l.; forth
t:o-: ti"e tL :kc o: t'.:" iv.; in a
.-rream of gieat volume, almost a
little river by itself.
There is a fine farming section
adjacent to this lively little town,
and a turpentine still and several
stores represent the commercial
Send of the game here. Tributary
to Wilcox. and just northeast o:
the place is a large and very fins
agricultural section in whichgen-
eral farming is conducted very
, :,.-* , < ..-*"*, ', t' ;.. '- .:.
S'. Bell 4 +
S- Tucked away off in the north-
west corner-of Alachua county is
one of the cosiest little towns to
Sbe found anywhere. Bell .is n
S:,the line of the Seaboard railroad,
.and' has a full complement of'
: stores~'churches and schools. It
1: 3 :l a sort- of "law unto itself" it is
so far .from the lines of travel,
.fill't1 i s v isitel ball the. travel-
i:g salesmen in that.district, and
all other people who have'busi-
.. ness there. These people reach
t.. t ohtwn almost entirely by pri-
i-:\ate conveyance, .The :general
'frming interests are very large
in this community as is also that
Sof stock raising. Then there are.
large timrt er. and turpentine in-
4"\+ -,.', Archer. .
4'.. 4'- .- , S. 4 -4 9:4I' 4 .' *
-A :,rcher is in the heart of a won-
derful; watierrmeon and c uciurber
i owing section of Alachua coun-,
t ,., L'. Last year.therere e no less
Than i 400. cars, of .wat'ermelons
s ipped :from .that place to the
hortherii manarkets. In addition
to this there were 31 cars .ofcu-
ninbibers shipped. And then
there will be more than that ship-,
ped this year, .to judge from the
amount that will be planted. In
'the entire community it is esti-
r mated' by conservative residents
Sof the plade there will be fully
1,000 acres of watermelons plant-
Sed and 2,000 acres of cucumbers,
and also 500 acres of tomatoes.
S.In :the Archer community is
Where enterprising and industri-
ous men can come and make good
every time. Here is a sample
Case. Six years ago J. P. Sim-
f ons and family moved 'down
From Alabama and purchased a
farm a few miles east of Archer.
The place' had been in decay for
some years, the fences were poor
and.dow~i in places, and,the house
SALACHUA COUNTY-HUB OF FLORIDA
..:r:" ; -e
-r P~'..J ~ '.' r
and other buildings on the place
were .badly out of repair. ;he
dwelling consisted of.an "up and
down" board building. This was '
back in the days wnen cotton was
still enthroned -as. "king'," and ,
with the first crop Mr. Simmrions
paid for his farm and had money:
for other improvements., -
After the boll weevil had- be-
come king cotton, Mr. Simmons
turned his attention to melons,
cucumbers, etc., and as the years
pz.sed by he continued to' pros-
per.; I e .now has a fine two.
story house, instead of the old
shack -into which he moved when!
he went :onto the place. ] Every-:
thing about the place is now -
"spick and span" and as ,neat and
tidy ,,as will be found- anywhere.
Mr. Simmons and his imme-
diate family now owp 294 acres
of a eland as is to'be had in
tion, and this year they.,
t 40 acres of watermel-
" IH ',* '.
ons and 16 acres of cucumbers.
Because Mr. Simmons has pros-
pered so well in the Archer see-
tion no less than 30 other famit.
lies, including his sons and sons-'
in-law, have followed him from
Alabama and have bought near
him. The community out that
way is called the "Alabama qol-:,
ony," because bf. 'tie number''..,
families which iave followed 'ri.'
Simmons and settled thee. ,
,It, Imust bp? mentioned' ; in this-'
I .*- '
Reading Left to Right-Road Scene-Entering -Alachua County on the Dixie Highway-A
Morning's Catch-I Foot Ashphalt Highway-Fill Across Orange Lake.
Upper Left-Fannin Springs;,Upper Right-Th e Famous Suwannee River; Lower Left-Pine
Trees Boxed for Turpenline; Lower Right-Th e Santa Fe Rivers Insert-A Fair Day's Catch.
AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIAL EDUCATIONAL
connection that there are ,good
hard surfaced roads leading in
every direction from Archer.
Tacoma Community Exhibit
Tacoma is a very enterprismg
section of the country'lying to
the south Of Gainesville :on .the
south sUie bf Paines Praiie. The
land in that section is specially
fertile, ahd the products very nu-
merous and varied.
During the past five years.this
community has entered an exhibit
at the county fair, and because of
its wonderful excellence, the
judges have awarded it the first
premium four out of five years
and it was awarded the second
premium the year it lost the first
premium. In all this exhibit has
won a total of $1,750 in pre-
In this exhibit will be found all
the by-products of citrus fruit
such as jellies, marmalades, can-
died and preserved. These are
produced from oranges, sweet
and sour, and grapefruit, tanga-
renes, and kumquats. There will
also be seen watermelons, cucum-
bers, pears, Japanese persim-
mons, bananas and banana butter,
two varieties of new Irish pota-
toes just dug out of the ground,
and no less than seven varieties
of sweet potatoes, four varieties
of pop corn, three varieties of
velvet beans, and "snap" beans
and garden peas, and field peas.
Also hog meat in all conditions,
and all kinds, and dried beef and
other beef products.
Because of the fact that the
Tacoma section was so highly fa-
vored in the way of horticulture,
last year it was determined by
the association to divide the Ta-
coma exhibit into two separate
sections, one embracing horti-
cultural products and the other
the agricultural products of the
community. But that did not put
thi good people of that section
Back a little bit. They just buck-
led in the harder, and won first
prize on both exhibits.
This is a beautiful little village
lying on the southern border of
Alachua county. The name is
that of a one time famous Indian
chief in the days of the aborig-
ines. In these later years it is
known as the "home of lettuce."
'It is said that all one has to do
.with a lettuce plant in that sec-
tion is to drop it in the ground
and it will gro'v .into a most
splendid head. Be that as is may,
Surely there are hundreds of
crates of "iceberg" lettuce, crisp
and luscious, and as fine in flavor
as ever grew out of the ground.
Nor is 'that the only product
which grows in that section.
There are numerous and varied
products all of which are fine,
grown here. This is a native home
of citrus fruit if one is to judge
from the golden fruit laden trees
he sees on every side as he passes
Through the town. Then there
are extensive orange groves far
afield as one travels in any di-
rection from the town. ',
Micanopy is a charming little
city filled with handsome homes.
itk \o 7ko' **
ahd blessed with churches and + + + + + + + *
schools. There is one bank in the
place which _cares or the finan-
cial interests of its people in a
fine way. It has an enterprising
band of business :men and its.
stores are well supplied with the
needed articles in thikr several
lines. It is on a branch of the
A. C. L., railroad and also on the
Tampa & Jacksonville railroad,
and also of the great Dixie High-
way which leads' from the far
away north' to the far avay south
0of the entire country.
.~ Evinston +
A few miles southeast of Mic-
anopy, and bordering on the
northwest shores of Orange lake
is the Evinston section. Truly
this is a rich part of the country,
and'fo0rtunate indeed is he whose
life has been cast in such a
prosperous ,and pleasant place.
The little village has 'been th'e
'home of a very prosperous and
happy people for more than one
generation.. It is the very heart
of an .extensive':trucking section,
leading Left to Right-Brick Kiln at Campvill e-Orange Packing House at Islan4 Grpve-35
'Year-Old Avacado Pear Tree-One Year-Old Ta ngerine Grove at Cross Creek- A Banana Grove
at Earlton-Tangerine Tree-Lillies in Mid-Wi nter--The Avenue of Palms, on Santa Fe Lake--
Daisies Near Waldo--Jerseys--A Comfortable Country Home-A Contented Dairy Herd.
ALACHUA COUNTY HUB OF FLORIDA 9
Columbia Springs at the Edge of Alachua County.
A Group of Representative Citizens. '
Dixie Highway Entering County Capital
Good Grove Land at $15 Per Acre.
and here may be seen carloads of W. P. Shuttleworth and F. B.
vegetables consigned to the Hester, each of whom has 400
northern markets almost every
day in the year. At this present
time, ,middle of January) there
are from three to five, cars of
cabbage being shipped every day.
No matter which way one drives
out from the town the fields are
. covered with some sort of truck.
Last season there were shipped.
from. this station, which is on
the main line ofthe A. C. L. rail-
road, 50 cars of cabbage, 50 cars
of lettuce and 50 cars.of snap or
string beans, also a number of
cars of cucumbers, five cars of
oranges, and 30 cars of watermel-
There are a number of large
and enterprising farmers in that
section among whom may be
named the firm of Wood & Mc-
Crae. These gentlemen have a
band of 50 graded'milch cows, and
they ship cream to the creamery
where they realize 50 cents per
pound for the sweet.cream. They
also 'have a herd of 50 Duroc
Other extensive 'farmers in
that section are H. D. Wood, and
P. K. Richardson' each of whom
has 500 acres of fine land, and
acre-farms. These big farms are
all kept in a high state of culti-
vation, and produce accordingly,
and so do all the other farmers
in that community, which is why
there is so much farm produce to
be shipped from that station each
In-that community during this
4 coming season there will be plant-
ed 100 acres of beans, 200 acres
of cabbage, 75 acres of lettuce,
,75 acres of cucumbers, 50 acres
of tomatoes and 25 acres of
-squash, or a total of 525 acres of
vegetables alone, to say nothing
of the other products which go
with the general farming enter-
prises which will be in operation
in that section during the year.
+ + + + +~ + . . . + +
S' Island Grove +*
* *; + *. a ** * * *
Leaving,Evinston and traveling
southeast, around the -head of.
,Orange Lake one'passes through
a massive and extensive forest of
heavy growth. The soil which
produces this wonderful forest.
growth is what is called i Flor-
Sid, "muck land." It may be
,stated here that the soils of Flor-
ida lands is comprised of three Indians as they traveled through
Grades, high pine land, flatwoods this great and rich hammock sec
pine land, and hammock. On the tion, ate their oranges and drop-
two first kinds of land pine trees, ped the seeds These sprouted,
grow almost exclusively, whilepa took root, grew into bearing trees
the hammock land may be found and their fruit was thus scatter-
an abundance of trees of several ed by animals or other. Indians;,
varieties, but always chiefly oak. and so in time there were many,
And so it is that-along this road wild or sour oranges growing: all
from Evinston, to 'Island Grove through these forests along the
one passes through orie vast for- northern shores of a great lake. -
est. of great wide spreading and When white settlers came ift'
umbrageous oaks. In addition to and discovered these orange trees:.
the oak trees there is an abund- naturally they named the bIdy of :
Sance of undergrowth of various water Orailge Lake,.and so it is
and sundry kinds which serve to still called to this day. It-mayy,
make the hammock land an in7 be stated here that the- best:
terminable mass of growth which oranges that are produced in ;the
requires effort to clear and make state' as judged by the. prices
ready for cultivation, but once brought in the northern markets,
cleared this land is admittedly are grown right here on the:
the best in the state for the pro- shores of this same Orange Lake.l
duction of any kind of fruit or For the past several years thei
vegetables. oranges from this section have,
Another interesting fact is brought top-notch prices ip the.,
that literally in this very hamr- New York market.
mock land in this section is to be The, town of Island Grove^ is:
found 'the original home' of the situated far away in the southeast
modern orange. It is believed corner of Alachua'county, and -is
that the early Spanish discoveerer ,on the main line o6T the Seaboard :
of ,Florida disposed of some railroad. :In'addition to being in ,
oranges to the-Indians whom they,. the heart of a wonderful citrus
:met and with whom ddubtless :fruit section it is.also in the cen-
Sthey traded.' It is thought these .ter f a marvelously fertile and
A AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIAL -- EDUCATIONAL ".
productive section on which ivg-
etables of all kinds thrive most
,But this is not the end of the
:orange story. As far back as;
.1 38 'some enterprising m:n who
'knew how to handle orange buds,
grafted sweet fruit buds onto the
wild orange trees just: as they
stood in the forest, and then clear-
Sed out the trees and.brush around
them so that by the time they
were bearing there was a full 20
acres .of bearing orange trees in
a grove. These trees are stand-
ing yet- and are prolific bearers
of splendid fruit.
It was right here that the fa-
mous P:neapple orange was devel-
Soped. After the trees were well
in-.bearing, the largest, sweetest
produced which, as was all the
other fruit there,.was called by
the common name of "Seedling."
Firally the fruit off of a spec-
ially fine tree was picked and
placed in a closed room over night
for some purpose. On opening
the doors the next morning the
d1or of pineapples was plainly
distinguishedi, and at. once the
name of Pineapple was uggestel .
for this variety of oranges. Buds
from that special tree were soon
much in demand and so the Pin'
.apple orange shortly became one
of the leading varieties of oranges
and has remained very popular
even-to this day.
There are three elements which
make much for the quality of the
oranges which are produced in
the Island Grove section, First,
is the peculiar soil of the ham-
mock in which' they grow. Sec-
ond is the fact the perfect shel-
ter from the cold north winds af-'
forded by the heavy growth of
timber on this hammock land,
and lastly may be named the.
proximity of the groves to the
great body of water in Orange
lake which serves to temper the
Weather when the cold blasts
come down from the north. On
no occasion since these trees were
grafted in 1868 have they suffer-
ed any from cold, which is truly
a wonderful record..
Rev. J. G. Glass is the present
owner of the 20 acre grove noted
above as being the original grove
in this entire section. He has
also added 80 acres more making
a total of 100, acres of as fine a
grove as is in Florida of which
he is the proud owner. On this',
tract of land he now has 4,300
bearing trees. In addition to Rev.
Glass there are a number of large
:grove owners. in the 'lammock-
Ssection of .Island Grove, the tofal
, i -j., .. I I >
S .-.2' --. ."
--:f~~- :.* _- .? .
- A.. -- . .:-- r:
-4 .,s z.. -- ..
Reading Left to Right-Blue Pete Lake; Pear O
Alachua; Dressed Beef Loaded in Refrigerator
A Log Train; Comfortable Farm Homes.
acreage being estimated.at fully
The station at Island Grove is
a busy place through the entire
year. Since November 1st last
there have been shipped 62 cars
of oranges, also 8 cars of vege-
tables, comprising beans, cabbage,
lettuce, etc. T. E. Johnson the
obliging agent of the Seaboard,
railroad at Island Grove estimates
that during the, coming season-
Sthere will be planted 80 acres of
beans, 40 acres of cucumbers, 200
' acres of tomatoes and 40, acres
Sof watermelons; :in. the, Island,
Grove community and which will
.be shipped through that station.
orchard Near Archer; Tractor. Fariing Near
Car at Trenloni Hogs Are a Valuable'-As-.t.
,, ., ,~ :
* Lochloosa .
A few.'miles to' the north of
Island Grove is the small village
of Lochloosa, which is also on the
Seaboard railroad. While there
is much good farming land in that
immediate vicinity it is not farm-
ing for which the place is noted.,
Almost adjoining, the town is one
of the finest bodies of watbr to
be found in any place. It is quite
large and presents a wondrously
beautiful' picture' as the traveler
comes suddenly upon it.
And,: best' of all, it is filled, to
the brim with. finny beauties.
Not a few men make a business
of fishing on this lake an~ db -
well at it. One man, J. BI. -Mc-
Kay, was seen, and he states that
for full four months each. year,,
Ithe length of the fishing season,:
he averages -abolt 1,000 pounds,',
of fish each month. He uses -
traps and also'hook/ and line, alnd":'
Sdisposes of his catch to buyers.:,.
, who come for the fish each day.
When seen he was cleaning nice
mess of 'bream for hi's, supper'.
With him doubtless every day is .
"fish day, instead of just Fri-'
day' as with the most of people.
4 .4 4i~ : .*
+ Hawthorne *
* ****4*. 4 4 1 4-.
Hawthorne is some 20 miles,."
.... -. ~;..-: ~. -.;:.:i.; ..r:.- :. '-.
- -------- ---'- ---
. ',.:.,. -
ALACHUA COUNTY -HUB OF FLORIDA
east of Gainesville, the county
seat, and is one of the principal
towns in eastern Alachua. It is
at the-crossing of the A. C. L. and
Seaboard railroads. Hawthorne
is justly the pride'of its residents
and also of all that fine section of
country which is tributary to it.
And well it rilay be' for :it is a
bright, clean, prosperous' place-
and has a quiet, sociable and
home-like 'air about it-which cap-
tures all who come: into contact
with its people. In church, lodge
and in all civic matters they move
along as one mah, and all gladly
s'and most willingly work together
for the common interest and wel-
SIn this 'pretty little city there
', is one bank, the business standing
q of which is absolutely unimpeach-
:ed,'~then there are a number of
business houses where all manner
of, merchandise is purveyed, also
other business enterprises such
as, garages, hotels, etc., all of
which belong to a first class city.
There re ae number of churches,
all of that are well 'attended
Sand make their influence for good
SHawthorne lies in the midst of
a" most productive section of the
County, and there are many pros-
Sperous. and enterprising farmers
Sin the. vicinity. Among these
Smay be named J.. F. Carleton who
is the onwer of a 500 acre farm
situated about three' and a half
miles southeast of Hawthorne.
SOn this. farm he will plant this
year 200 acres of beans, 20 acres
of cabbage, 60 acres of sweetcorn,
and. 5 acres each of peanuts and
tomatoes. In the community
there are no less than 1,000 head
of hogs. and many cattle.
The .volume of the farm pro-
duction of the Hawthorne com-
munity may be judged from the
shipments made last year. There
were- shipped from this' station
to the northern, markets last year
40 cars of beans, 2 cars of sweet
corn, 4 cars of cabbage, and 12
cars of citrus fruit.
.Another large farmer in the
Hawthorne section is Richard H.
Smith, whose thousand acre farm
lies' to the north and east of the
town, and covers much of what
is known as the "Orange Lake"
section. This year he will-plant
100 acres in watermelons, 75.
acres:.in tomatoes, 25 acres in
canteloupes, 250 acres in 'Span-
ish peanuts, 10 acres'in sweet po-'
' 'tatoes,'25 acres in sweet corn, 150
Acres in peanut hay, 400' acres in.
Field corn, 10 acres in okra, and
S10 acres in beans. M\ir. Smith al-
Sso has .200 head of hogs on his
Upper Left-Dressed Hogs Being Loaded in Refrigerator Car;
Upper Right-Hogs Ready for the Slaughter Pen. Ready to Load
Watermelons. A "Melon Patch. A Pen of Beef Cattle.
(Secnes taken in the "West End" of Alachua. County.)
are a large number of smaller To Campville belongs the ,dis-
farmers in the Hawthorne sec- tinction of having the only brick-
tion all of whom are just as suc- kiln in the entire county. This
cessful and just as prosperous as has been in operation since 1884
are their bigger brothers Messrs. and it is estimated that the kiln
Carlton and Smith. produces four million brick an-
. *. * * nually.
+ Campville + Another feature about the pro-
+ + + + + + ++ + + + ducts which succeed in the vicin-
,A' few miles 'to the' north of ity of Campville is tobacco. Last-
Hawthorne and on the line of the season J. A. Maultsby made a
Seaboard railroad, is the enter- trial of it and succeeded far be-
prising village of Campville. It yond'his expectations. He plant-
is not very large yet in numbers ed a five-acre field ,with Virginia
of people,'but those who are there bright leaf tobacco, and ,sold 4 -
are a most hopeful and enthusias- 000 pounds' of it to a factory in
tic bunch. They, are laying,. a : North .Carolina for the sum -of
wide and: sure foundation for a.- $1,198.60. This was a.,profit of
In addition to these two -large much larger town in the near fu-:
farms it must be stated that there: ture.
"' : .,'' ., 7 .1. ..-... .
approximately $240 per/ acre,
Which is better than any ordinary
farm crop that can be grown any-
where in the county. Mr. Maults.5:-
by will plant the same acreage'
this year in tobacco, and says that'
there can be an average of $100',
per acre realized by planting, to-
bacco anywhere in that section.
-Another striking element of the:-
production of the farms in the
Campville section is the pecan
groves. On every side there arae
large groves of these delicious
nuts, and they are producing well
and a good price is being realized
for the nuts when put upon the
market. This year there were
quite a number of bumper crops
in that section. P. H. Baker-has
a grove .of 80 acres from which
he gathered some 6,000 pounds.
H. Berline has' 160 acres in a
grove, and from it he harvested
about 6,000 pounds. Other sma1l-
er groves did equally as well,
among these may be mentioned
J. W. Craber and Son who have
a grove of 100 acres which is do-
ing. fine and will be in full bear-
ing in a short time now.
To meet this expected demand
for pecan trees there are at least
two extensive pecan tree nur-.
series in the Campville vicinity.
One of these is owned by C. E.,
Stokes and Son and the other by,
J. A. Maultsby and N. E. Lang.
-In addition to the general farm-
ing which is done in the Camp-
ville community, there is quite an
amount of truck growing indulg-
ed in. There is estimated that
there will be from 40 to 50 acres
of okra alone planted in this corn-
munity this season, and other
vegetables in proportion.
+* Ielrose +
is beautiful, ouite and home-
like little place ,far away in the
northeast corner of Alachua
:county. .In fact it is exactly on
the corner not only of Alachua.
courity but also of three other
counties, Putnam, Clay and Brad-
ford. .Each of these counties','
maintains a voting place in the'::
town, and unite in contributing
to the school, funds of the village.
It is situated at the eastern ex-
tremity of the beautiful Sante i
Fe lake, the waters of which flow .
into the Santa Fe river on the
west,, thence into the Suwannee i:
river, and thence into the gulf of
Mexico. But here is an anomoly. ;:
At the eastern end of the lake'
there is an outlet of no small pro-
.portion which carries the waters
Sof the'lake into the St. Johns
river and therice into the Atlantic
ocean, thus it is established that
Lake Santa Fe is exactly'on the
back bone of the peninsula,. the
waters of which, seek the deep
salt sea on both sidesof.'it' The
level of this lake.is 147 fee'.above
12' AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIAL E'TJCATIO AL
- ' i -i i:| .,.------- - ------i' ,,-~ ~
tide water, and the town is 15
feet above the lake.
SThe climate of Melrose is a per-
fect dream of delight, and the
physical surroundings are really
wondrous in their beauty. The
town site is heavily wooded, and
orange trees bloom and bear right
in the very streets of the town. In
broad vista at the end of several
of the streets is lake Santa Fe,
a wondrously beautiful body of
water which is filled with finny-
beauties, which are most easily
caught by the lucky fisherman
whose happy lot it is to be fishing
on this pretty lake.
In this community there are at
present about 200 acres of orange
groves and being situated on the
shores of the lake, they are pro-
tected from the cold and hence
are most prolific bearers. These
oranges are fine in size and flavor
and find .a ready market each
year. It is estimated that there
were no less than 25,000 boxes
shipped out of the Melrose section
this year. A freight boat plies
between Melrose and Waldo, a
station on .the Seaboard railroad.
It passes through a canal which
has been constructed at an ex-
pense of $80,000,
In addition to the oranges
which are grown here there are
100 acres of pecan trees in bear-
ing and coming into bearing in
the Melro-e community. In ad-
dition to all this there is a great
amount of vegetables grown here-
abouts. There will be 50 acres of
beans planted this year and 20
acres of okra. And in addition
to all this there is a great amount
of general farming done here.
4. 4. 4. 4. 4 4. 444. 44. 4. .
* Orange Heights +
Situated north of Campville a
few miles and west of Melrose
also a few miles is the bright lit-
tle village of Orange Heights. It
is on the line of the Seaboard
railroad, and is in the heart of
a fine farming and trucking sec-
tion. It is stated there will be
planted this season in that com
munity,. 40 acres of cucumbers
1'00 acres of beans, 40 acres o
watermelons, 200 acres of swee
potatoes, and other varieties i
proportion. Then all the element
of general farming will be. cor
ducted to the very limit by th
enterprising land owners in tha
SThe Curtis Pecan
Any one visiting at Orang
iHeights must .not fail to call o
;Dr. J. B. Curtis, the originate
'and propagator of that splendid
.variety of pecan nuts which bea
his name. The beautiful homr
.and pecan grove of Dr. Curtis lie
.possibly a mile east of the tow
.on a commanding emminenc
which makes it a most sightly an
ideal spot for a home.
Dr. Curtis -and his good wij
have been residents of this hon
for many years. As far back i
1886 the Doctor was impress
with the fact that possibly peca
growing would be a great success
in that section of Florida, so I
ordered 100 trees from Louisian
and Georgia. Of course the
were the little, hard shell, see
lings which the traveler will sti
find in the wild woods ai
swamps of Louisiana.
But that sort of a nut did n
at all comply with Dr. Curt
ideas or ideals, so he started in
propagate a pecan nut of his ov
and finally succeeded by develop
ing the now famous Curtis peca
Dr. Curtis certainly believes
the success of his chosen line. C
his place he has no less than 5
fine heavy bearing trees in h
grove, and in the fall of the ye
when they are full of nuts ju
ready for the picking they. a
truly a beautiful sight and o
well worth going many a mile
C. C. Shooter's Place
'Going in a northeasterly dir
tion a few miles from Oran
Heights one comes to Earlton a
Earlton Beach. Earlton of its
is only a "wide place in the roa
t W. -
,, : *
e with a postoffice there, but Earl-
I ton Beach is quite a famous lake-
fe side resort, which is much. fre-
19 quented during the summer sea-
ia son. If the roads to it were bet-
d ter it would be better patronized.
Ln Here the bathing and fishing is
e simply fine, and there is a fine
a dancing pavilion and good music
ey is supplied. It is a favorite place
d- also for Sunday school, lodge and,
ill public school picnics.
id Going northivesterly from Earl-
ton one soon comes to the beauti-
ot ful home of C. C: Shooter. This
is' is truly one of the "Show Places"
to of Alachua county. Mr. Shooter
vn has been there for a number of
p- years and he and his good wife
n. have done all that is possible to
in make their place a vertiable par-
)n adise. Here one will see just what
00 intensive horticulture will accom-
ar Mr. Shooter had 18 acres in
ist oranges which were planted in
re 1885. He also has 750 pecan
ne trees which bear fine crops each
to -year and bring good prices.
On Mr. Shooter's place will be
seen one of the greatest pomologi-
ec- cal curiosities to be found in the
ge- entire United States. It is a Mex-
nd ican avacado tree which is 6 feet
elf in diameter and 45 feet high. If
d" is a most prolific bearer, there be-
ing about 1,000 fruit on it last
year. And another feature of it
is that it has withstood all the
cold weather' which it has exper-
ienced during all the years of its-
existence, and frost and the mod-.
erate cold which it encounters at
S that'point does not seem to affect
it at all.
In .addition to all the trees
I enumerated above; Mr. Shooter
has an abundance of palms and
other tropical and' semi-tropical
trees growing in rank profusion
on his highly cultivated place.'
Truly if one desires to see just
what can be done ,y real cultiva-
tion and care in the way of pro'
during a wonderful home ,sur-
rounding he should visit the ho6le
of Mr. Shooter. He will give yo;i'
a royal welcome and show you,
things which will greatly interest
and surprise you.
4.4 4. .4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 44
4 4. 4. 4. 4. 4. 4 4 54. -.
Waldo has a complement of
churches, lodges, schools and
other social functions and fea-
tures.- There are a number of
stores and the mercantile actlvi-
ties of the place are surprisingly
large. There is one bank here
which is well managed and in the-
hands of a very'competent man,
and the town's rail facilities are
Waldo, like all the other towns,
in Alachua county, is the center
of a rich agricultural section. Al-
so there is much truck growing
indulged in here. In fact it is
the only place in the county
where strawberry growing was
mentioned as among, its-indus-;
tries. It is but a short dista-ce
from the heart of one of the best
strawberry growing sections in.
the state, hence it is little wonder
that berries do well here. This is
not to say that berries are nbt
grown elsewhere in Alachua cqun-
ty, for they are grown in every
portion of the county for. dome i
tic purposes, but the growing of
berries is not as yet a business in
this county as itis in some other
sections of the state.. :
The residents of the Waldo sec-
tion are well. known all over-the
country for their plant, growing.
These plants are mostly cabbage.
plants, sweet potato plarits" to-;
mato plants, strawberry plants,
:The pioneer in this pla-t- girw-,'
ing busines-s was T., K. Golbek.
,who began the business more'
than a quarter of a century ago3
,and who has made it a wonderful
Atlantic Coast Line Creosoting Plant
,i Equipment Division, State Road Department
S GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA
"The University. City"
," -' '~ - - -- - __ __ _ ___
_GAINESVILLE is the- county northern sections of the country.
seat \of Alachua county, and is, There are seven 16 foot wide as-
located almost exactly in the geo- phalt roads leading out of Gaines-'
, graphical- center of -the county ville in all directions so that all
.and,of the state as well. It -is sections of the county are easily
situated 70 miles southwest of accessible by motor conveyance.
Jacksonville on the Seaboard Air These roads have recently been
Line, the Atlantic Coast Line, and. constructed at heavy expense, but
the Tampa & Jacksonville rail- the result is that no city in the
roads. It is in the center of a state is better supplied with high-
rich agricultural section where way facilities than is Gainesville.
not only farming products are Nor has the work stopped. There
grown, but much attention is also are still roads to be completed
given to vegetable and stock and which will add much to the travel
poultry raising. It is located on facilities of Alachua county, and
the backbone of the.peninsula of of Gainesville as well. These
Florida, and is the highest point roads are now in course of con-
in the state. That being true it struction and large forces of men
is always salubrius and healthy. are working on them and complet-
Another feature about the lo- ing them as speedily as possible.
cation of Gainesville is its prox- Municipal Utilities
imity with the Atlantic ocean on Gainesville is blessed with
the east and the Gulf of Mexico many fine utilities. In the mat-
ron the west. It is only 70 miles ter of water it stands at the head
to the ocean and 60 miles to the of the list of cities in the state.
gulf. The effect of -this is to Its water supply is derived from
make it a most desirable summer a splendid spring of soft water,
resort,-as the trade winds always and this is augmented by a deep
keep it cool and refreshing in that well, the water from which stands
season. It is also far enough well up toward 100 per cent as to
south to make it a most delightful purity' and other good qualities.
winter resort. In other words it In addition to a very fine pump-'
is unsurpassed as a residefice ing station there is a tower on as
place either winter or summer. high an elevation as there is in
Public Highways the city, and this supplies head
In addition to the railways enough to force the water to the
mentioned above, Gainesville has top story of any building in the
a number of public highways city. The water rate in Gaines-
which pass through it, making it ville is certainly remarkable low,
accessible to all 'portions of the the, quality and service consider-
state as well as by way of the fa- .ed. It is claimed by those who
mous Dixie Highwy, from: the- keep tab on such things that the
water rate in Gainesville is the
lowest of any city of its size in the
entire country. The rate is only,
$3.00 for 24,000 gallon meter
measure in three months. Any
excess is charged for at the rate
of 8 cents per thousand gallons.
Another splendid utility which
Gainesville has is its electric
plant. It is.stated by expect en-
gineers who have visited this
plant that it is superior to. any
similar plant in the state in every
way. And then another big point
in the electricity system of the
city is its marvelous cheapness t.)
the consumer. For the first 10
kilowats the price to the light
consumer is only 10 cents per
kilowat, making the minimum
charge'for lights, per month, only
$1.00. In hotels and other places
where large numbers of lights
are used, the charge is reduced to
as low as five cents per kilowat
hour, but it is in the way of pow-
er that its real cheapness is best
shown. The charge for power is
only three cents per kilowat hour,
which makes it the cheapest as
.well as the best form of power
possible to be obtained any way
any where, except water power.
And, in fact, a man was before
the city council only just recently
who has a plant for generating
electricity on a water power basis
and he stated he could not produce
electricity with his water power
plant at the price it was being sold
at in Gainesville.
One of the most attractive fea-
tures one notes in Gainesville, if
he arrives after nightfall, is the
"White Way." This is a series
of grouped electric lights which
are distributed around the court-
house square and elsewhere about
the down town streets of the city
which make the streets so light-
ed practically as light as day.;
Of course the effect is most beau-
tiful, and this is only made pos-
sible from the fact that the elec-
tric plant is municipally owned
and most economically managed.
Gainesville has miles of the
best possible paved streets. All
around the square and along cer-
tain of the main streets thereis
the very best brick paving. West
University avenue extending
from the square to the univer-
sity is of specially fine and dur-
able construction though all the
other brick paving of the city, is
first-class in every respect. The
paving of the streets in the resi-
dence section is crushed rock
base covered with sheet asphalt.
It is as smooth as can be. The
sum of $350,000 has been recent-
ly spent on paving seven miles of
streets, and plans are already
made to spend fully as much more
in paving other streets. In addi-
tion to this there will be a hun-
dred thousand dollars spent on
light and water extensions in the
city in the near future. These
improvements will open up for oc-
cupation by fine homes a vast ad-
ditional territory, and if-it is oc-
-' ." .. L .
. . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. ... .
-] ," "'. *--2 .' ,:.*.' .' .' .'*' ** '.'- ,;-' -'l'' ..*!''
- 4.- .-'.. -'.. &,.: .. .;t.- :.
f~a.t UniversiLy Avenge
~--,- Bs~ -Rlair 8trc~et;.. ~-
:cupied as rapidly as has peen the
available sections of the city. dur-
Sing the past few years, it will be
but a short time till Gainesville
will reach very large proportions
territorially as well as in popula-
tion. The present population
including colored people'is more
than 10,000 and is rapidly increas-
ing all the time.
A Beautiful City
The city of Gainesville is
specially beautiful and attractive
because of several things. First
of all may be mentioned its loca-
tion on the top of a high knoll,
which truly.makes it like Jerusa-
'em of old, "beautiful for situa-
tion." Situated as it is the sur-
face drainage is perfect. Run-
ning through the eastern part of
the city is a rather large stream
into which all the surface waters,
now conducted by great storm
sewers, all speedily flows and is
off the streets and out of the way
almost as soon as it ceases to rain.
There' are positively no pools of
water standing anywhere in or
about-the city-in which mosqui-
toes might breed or disease germs
Another inviting phase of the
-city is the broad and tree-embow-
ered streets and avenues. The
beautiful cities of New England
with their broad elm-tree shaded
avenues are in no sense superior
to the umbrageous avenues of
Gainesville. And to' add to the
beauty and glory of these trees
they are draped, and one might
almost say, garbed in great
streaming robes of wondrously
beautiful Spanish moss. As one
looks, upon them and revels in
the glory of them he is forcibly
reminded of the opening lines of
Longfellow's classic epic poem,
"This is the forest primeval.
The mourning pines and
Bearded with moss, and in gar-
ments- green, indistinct- in
Stand like Druids of old."
Another wonderful ,attractive
feature of the streets of Gaines-
Sville is the 'fact that: they are
lined with beautiful palm trees,
: giving to the city a tropical air'
That nothing else can possibly af-
- ford it. There .were. 1,500 of
-theseb.eautiful trees set along,the
'streets 'of Gainesville just d few
Sears ago, and now they have
Grown to be well developed palms
adding very muchc indeed to the
beauty and attractiveness :of the,
Gainesville's Schools '
From an educational standpoint
Gainesville is absolutely unexcel-
Igd Py apy city, not qnly in Flor-
AGRICULTURAL --INDUSTRIAL EDUCATIONAL
Looking West from Top of Court House.
Looking South from Top of Court House.
ida, but in the entire Union. To take his choice of nearly
begin atthe bottom of the ladder, different courses. If it is
there are two splendid grammar decides upon here, he will
grade buildings in the eastern splendid law college. If it
section of the city, in which a full
corps 'of most efficient teachers
are employed. And-then in the
western portion of the city is the.'
splendid new High School building
which was completed within the
past-year, and in which all the
departments ofa high school are
conducted under the management
.of a most proficient principal.
This building'was constructed to
meet all the demands which could
be made upon it for years to come, ,
hence is roomy and spacious in its
dimensions. Architecturally, all
the public school buildings of the
city are really things of beauty as
well as ideal for school purposes.
But the educational, facilities of
Gainesville do not.end, with the
grammar and high schools.. Still
farther to the west stands the
pride of all Florida, thie great
University. Its great 600 acre
campus -is covered with well con-
structed architecturally 'perdfct
buildings) which are used for the'
different colleges and depart-
ments. Here the young man, for,'
it is a male institutiqg only, may
engineering,, agriculture, chemis-
try, or a collegiate course he can
find just the'thing he is looking
for, and best of all, 'these several
colleges at the University are all
under the teaching charge of the
very best instructors which can
be found in their several lines.
Also it may be mentioned that-
in connection with the University
there is an experiment station,
whfh is conducted by the. United ,
States government, and which' is
of untold 'value to the citizens oPf
Florida. The University. has
about 1,590 students enrolled this
year,.and they are engaged first
and last in all the activities that.
'belong to institutions of-thischar-
acter and magnitude.
The entire state is wondious-:
ly proud 'of 'the marvelous record
'the "Gator" football :team, made
during the past year. Truly the
Florida boys succeeded in putting
Gainesville on the map in a very
proper mariner. The boys at the
university stand very high in ath-
.As .Gainesville stands in. the '
front rank as an educational cen- :
terso also does it stand in a re-
ligious and moral W\ay. There are
no less than' nine church edifices
in the city. in which white people
conduct` services. The, Baptist
have an immense new building in
course of construction, which
will c9st fully $i150,000. It,will
probably be the peer of any
church. edifice in the state when
it is 'completed. In addition to
these, organizations which have
places of worship the Salvation -:
Army has a very active and effec- 7.
tive work here, and the Jewish
-residents: have an organization,
and expect to construct a suitable
house of worship within .a short
time. The denominations repre-'
sented are Baptist, Methodist,:.
Presbyterian, Adventists, Chris-
tian, Catholic, and Episcopalian.il
The Presbyterian and Episcopal-
church-edifices are bl6th very fine:.
for a city,of this size. : .:-
Social Features "
Another social .,feature of',
which Gainesville is'duly pr6ud is
its lodges. There are strong Stars,:
DeMolays, Odd Fellows and lodges
in the city of Masons, Elks, Re-:-
bekahs, Knights of Pythias, and:
possibly some. others.' All of
these lodges are in a prosperous
condition anid inititition of new \::
members into each of them is of
frequent occurrence '
Then there is still anbther- 0o-
cial feature of the city of which
its several members are very
proud, and that is the. Rotarian
andthe Kiwanians. These purely
social orders are. well. repre-er'-
ed in Gainesville, and stand for,
social ethics and- educations, an ln].
both are duly popular and pros-.:
pering, accordingly. In this :con-
necti6n mention must be 'male "of
the Twentieth Century Women's:
club, which is the head. center -of
all women activities of the city.
To this club belong many of' the
leading ladies of the city and their
activities are many and variel
and always for the-betterment of
the city and community.
W. C. T. U. Work
'It is worthy of mention that'
Gainesville was one of the very
first. if not the very first cities
in Florida to swing over into the
'dry" column. This was long
before the 18th amendment was
even dreamed of, in the good old
..day% of local option. And here
mention must also be rhade .of
the splendid work of the Women,
Christian Temperance Union.
These ladies stand first, last, and
all the time for decency and or-
der as well as temperance. They
are able, now that women'vote,'-t
- -ep th'e city lined up o -thi
ALACHUA COUNTY HUB OF FLORIDA 15
of good order and temperance.
These ladies maintain a rest room
where much good is done in a
helpful way in many ways. They
maintain a first aid infirmary,
and several hospital beds. They
also put up a beautiful drinking
fountain on the courthouse
grounds some years ago.
Truly the moral aspects of the
pace are very high. There is lit-
tle occasion for any of the law
arn.l order machinery of the ordi-
nary city. Tie policing of the
city is in most efficient hands and
good order is the rule at all times.
All the residents of Gainesville
who own homes or even maintain
homes here are good citizens and
literally and wholly law abiding.
Main Line Roads
Reverting again, to the roads of
Gainesville it is to be stated that
the sum of $1,700,000 will be
spent .on the roads leading into
Gainesville in the near future.
This: will insure the very best of
roads, with crushed stone base,
and: sheet, asphalt and slag cover-
ing on all the roads leading into
anid through the city, Those roads
leading. through the city are the
D'ixie Highway, which extends
from the far away northland to
the southern extremnity of Flor-
ida, also a main line of roads lead-
ing from the state capital to the
east coast system of roads, also a
road leading from Jacksonville to
Cedar Key. 'Over these arteries of
' travel therb pass many hundreds
of automobiles every month to
and from destination.
One of the things which should
induce a man with a' family to
select Gainesville as a place for a
home is the fine Carnegie library.
It is housed in a very substantial
and handsomely constructed
building and on its shelves will
be found a very choice' and com-
prehensive list of books 'on all
subjects. The library is in charge
Sofa most courteous and well in-,
formed librarian, and it is well
patronized. The books borrowed
and read during a year run well
Golf and Country Club
SAnother attractive feature of
which Gainesville can boast is its
SGolf, and Country Club.. There
are 100 acres of beautiful rolling
land i'i the grounds, and a fine
gof course is laid out which has,
Seen tested br "'crack" players ,
- -ho have visited Gainesyille and
w ho: have pronounced it, ideal in-
There are two strong banks in
Gainesville, one a National and
one a state bank. The total as-
t'.o9f those tw4o bni as pe
SLooking 'East from
the last statements amounts to
$3,132,381.26. One may get a
very. proper conception of the
monetary condition of business
affairs in Gainesville from the
fact that the combined deposits in
these two -banks at the close of
'business December 31' was $2,-
Low Tax Rate
Another feature of Gainesville
Which is of special interest to the
prospective purchaser of proper-
ty in hhe city is the remarkably
low'rate of taxation. When it is
stated 'that the tax rate' in this
city is only 13 mills, on a 50 per'
cent valuation one can but wonder
how the city can keep up its exist-
ence as a municipality with such
a' low. rateof taxation. It is
doubtless true that there is not
Another city in the state no mat-
ter what its size, the mnillage in
which is as low as it is in Gaines-
ville. The result of this is that'
people are not alarmed about mak-
ing/handsome improvements Aup-
on their places for they know they
will not be taxed fo death because
of the added improvements.
School Improvement Association
In the old days g the children
Top of Court House.
of a community grew up it was
truly a case of the "survival of
the fittest," as Mr Darwin would
say. The weaklings were left to
die out and only the strong sur-
vived. But in these modern, and
let it be said, more enlightened
days, matters nave changed not a
little, and the weakling, thunder
fed, and the poorly clad are all
cared for and nursed into health
and strength and finally grow up
into useful manhood and woman-
In Gainesville this is accom-
plished through the. efforts of a
local organization of the philan-
thropic women of the city who op-
erate under the name of ,The
School Improvement Association.
At each, of the schools there is
maintained a lunch room and a
general supply depot. At ,these
rooms a lunch is served to all the
underfed ,children at a certain,
time during the forenoon'. The
child who comes to school hungry
with little qr no breakfast-is-thus-'
:.made comfortable anid happ. and
is able to function properly..
If a child comes to sch'olI im-
properly cared Tfor m- th.,, way of
a cleanly body or upkept hair. a:
- Looking North from Top of Court House.
bath is given the child, and its,
physical condition made whole->,'
some and healthy. .
Lunch is supplied at noonf to all:
children who care to partonize
the place at a cost just sufficient
to meet expenses. As a g6o0'
warm lunch is served there at a
price within reach of all, the
children are encouraged to pa-
tronize the lunch room. Indeed,
many people from town also pa- :
tronize these rooms, 'specially'
clerks and those who are far from
home. These are charged usual
cafeteria prices, and the profits
from the business pay all the cost
of the free lunches which are sup-
plied to the underfed and poorer
children, of the school.
In addition to all this a health
nurse is maintained at the ex-
pense of the school, whose busi-
ness it is to look carefully after
the health condition of the chil-
dren. The moment a child shows
symptoms of any contageous
disease it is removed from the
school, and proper medical atten-
tion is given it. The result is that
seldom do any of the children of
Gainesville suffer from any di-
sease of that nature and epidem-
ics of measles, etc., in the school
are absolutely unknown.
All these and the other splendid
activities of this organization
which space forbids touching up-,
on at length, are under the able
general supervision of Mrs. J. R.
Good Things to Eat
This is written on January 19,
it is Saturday, evening and the
family marketing crowd is on the
street hurrying. from store to,
store laying in their week's sup-'
ply. And here is what they have.
,to select from in the way of home-
grown vegetables, fruits and ber-
ries. There is lettuce, celery,
new Irish potatoes, and sweet po-
tatoes, snap beans, summer
squash, egg plant, spinachh,
beets, turnips, rutebagas, cab-
bage, pumpkins, onions, cucuim-
bers, oranges grapefruit, tanger-
ines and strawberries, and'possi-,;
ble other things. Now all theseare I
fresh from the hands of the grow-
ers, and all are' Florida grown,:
and most of them indeed, grovwn
within a few miles of Gainesvilie:;:
So one can. see what a joy it is to: '
go shopping on a Saturday nigh,
in mid winter where one has,~'all, '
this mass of, good things to. eat'
to select from. i
Water and Light Plant -'
Even in this day and age there
are some people who do not be-.
lieve in municipally owned public.
utilities. But surely one cannot.
visit the water and light plaintroi
Gainesyvlle withq tp beomingE c~
AGRICULTURlAL INDUSThIAt- I DUCAT!ONAt
, .Dt -
I- ~' ? 21
The Episcopal Church
West University Avenue
vinced that at least one municip-
ally owned plant of that kind is
a really paying investment and a
complete success so far as opera-
tion and income from it was con-
cerned, specially when cost of
running as compared with results
obtained is considered.
The water works will be con-
sidered first. Back in the early
history of Gainezville of course
the water supply was secured
from private wells. Later on,
when the town was merging into
the state and standing of a city,
the people began casting about
for a source of supply. To the
south of the incipient city some
two or more miles there was a
fine spring which it was thought
would yield a sufficient supply of
,water. It was known as Boul-
ware spring, and the water from
it is said to be the purest and
best in this whole section of the
SThe Spring was secured by the
city authorities and the water
duly piped into the city mains
and thence into the service pipes
of the various homes in the place.
This was the beginning of Muni-
cipally owned utilities in Gaines-
ville, and it worked so well and
gave such great satisfaction that
no privately fostered scheme has
met with any encouragement
from that day to this. The water
from the spring was pumped di-
rectly into the mains on the old
time "Holly system" of water
supply such as was used in Sacra-
mento, California, in the olden
At the end of ten or more years
this supply proved inadequate
and in-1913 it was determined to
sink a big artesian well: The well
is 380 feet deep and 14 inches in
diameter, so it will be seen it is
capable of yielding alnjost an un-
limited supply of water. Fortun-
ately the water in this well is al-
most 100 per cent pure, and af-
fords one of the best sources of
water to be found in the entire
state. .The following analysis
will prove of interest at this
When the electric plant was in-
stalled in 1913 there were two dy-
namos put in which were steam
driven. These dynamos were
each 2300 volts, 3 phase, and 60
cycle, and with a combined capac-
ity of 350 kilowats. These were
driven by two four valve recipro-
cating engines. This plant met
the demands-of the city for light
and power at that time and for
several years later. But after
the installation of the White
Way and the additionof a num-
ber of electric driven power plants
it was found that the capacity of
the plant was exceeded.
-In 1912 there was installed a
* Westinghouse turbo generation
set of 625 R. V. A. which is 3
phase, 2300 volts, and 60 cycle.
As the dynamos now stand they
have a combined capacity of 850
kilowats. This plant has met all
demands made upon it up to the
present time, even to supplying
the state farm and the state road
plant. But at the present in-
crease of demands made upon the
plant it is seen that additional
dynamos will have to be added in
the very near future.
All the machinery at the plant
is in charge of George P. Hen-
dricks and has been in his charge
for the past two years, and the
excellent service which is being
afforded is adequate testimony
as to'the value of the man for the
place. He keeps the machinery
all in "ship shape" and in per-
fect running order all the time.
State Road Department
In November 1922 the State
Road Department established the
Equipment Division some 2 1-2
miles from Gainesville on the'
Waldo road. There are 15 acres
of land in the enclosure which is
surrounded by a heavy wirefence
some 14 feet high. The only en-'
trance, to these grounds is
through the big gate on the road
On these grounds there are 16
great buildings which serve the
purposes of the department in its
several activities. It may be re-
marked in passing that all these
great buildings and 75 per cent of
this mass of material, has, been
supplied to the state by the
United States government at no
cost to the citizens of Florida.
When one visits that great enter-
prise and sees all the government
has done for this state in this line
he is almost* tempted to believe
that "paternalism" is a pretty'
good thing after all.
At present,ithere are about: 100
men employed ati this plant in all
capacities. While provision is
eomnv of Mrs, H, I. vlsCreaiy
. Ume of MIajor WV. R. Thomag
ALACMtTA COUNTY MUB OP FLOItDA
made for the employment of con
vict labor, at this time there ar
i no, convicts here. The motiv
power at the shops is electricity
mos:mt of'which is developed by,-
,dynamo which is run by a bij
Gasoline engine of the motor type
Preparation ,is being- made fd
Setting this power from the cit:
'in a shortly time. Poles for th
Conducting lines are being set.
;There is a road through th
grounds leading -rom the< bij
Front gate which leads to 12 large
Storage warehouses in which i
located the bulk of the large ma
:chinery and miscellaneous mate
rial furnished the state road de
apartment by the Federal govern
ment. Also the materials which]
have been purchased from private
individuals. In warehouse No. 1
is stored the supplies and clothing:
:necessary, to outfit the variou
convict camps ,throughout th
state, also the cots and necessary:
bedding. Located in these build
Sings also is a great -mass of autc
motive equipment-such as rubbe
tires, tubes, rims, -etc., for re
'pairing truck wheels.
Stat Road No. 2: There is on
automotive storage warehouse
,where are stored trucks and trac
tors, new and used,, awaiting sei
vice on the different road project
now in progress in the state.
On :the iiorthern. side of th
grounds there are three building
65x125. The motor and machine
shops occupy .the middle orie o
these buildings. :In this machine
shop there are great steel planer!
turning lathes, and all of the ap
pliances for handling all manne
of work in this line. No machine
shop in the state is better ,equip
ped for this kind of work than i
this one. No job will ever comr
to this shop which cannot be rat
idly and satisfactorily handled.
SIn building No. 1 is the wooc
'working ,plant for repairin
trucks etc., and also the painting
Department. Building No. 3 i
Reading Left to Right:.. Standing, Fire Chief, E. F. Beviile; Chief
of Police, Chas. Pinkoson; City Judge, Robt. W. Davis; City Manr-
ager, Geq. H. Cairns; Asst. Clerk, Richard Boring.. Sitting,
Mayor, H. L. Phifer; President of Council, J. Maxey Dell; Alder-
men, E. L. Johnson, W. M. Bullard, W. W. Hampton, Jr., W. M.
Dale, J. R. Fowler.
- devoted to the spare parts, ofthe as assistant superintendent.. Un- cr
is entire automotive department. der the able supervision of these th
e All three of these buildings are -gentlemen everything runs like
- as nearly fire proof as. possible. clock work about the entire place. in
All the warehouses_ on the: Truly it is a busy place.. b
I- grounds are supplied with fire The Florida Farm Colony ti
g- fighting aparatus. The purpose of the Farm Col- de
g There is under construction a ony as set forth in the Act which dr
s resovoir with a capacity of 10,-6 established it are; 1st, an asylum .vi
000 gallons. A large well has been for the care and protection of
sunk to the depth of 48 feet and epileptic and feeble minded, 2nd,
two large air .compressors will a school: for' the education and
force the water into a tank of 50,- '.training of the epileptic and fee-.
000 gallons capacity, on a high ble minded, and 3rd, a colony for
tower. This will afford an ade- the segregation and employment
Square supply of -pure water for, of epileptic and feeble minded.
:-doimestic and drinking use, and This great institution is-located, ;.
also for fire protection. on a tract of 3,000 acres which.
S When it is inown that the state was donated by the people of Ala- ,.
Road department operates about 'chua county and situated a couple
'500 pieces of automotive equip- of miles northeast of Gainesville..
iment:-in the way of trucks, trac- Building operations were begun in :
tors, etc., it will be seen how 1920 and the colony Was opened:
necessary it is for the equipment for patients November 1, 1921.
department to operate such an ex- At the time of making the second
tensive plant,'-" . annual report the Superintendent,,
SAll tl~is vast business J in s Dr. J. H. .Hodges,,:reported.there-
charge of Joseph Peters as super- were 240 inmates at the institu-
intendient End James H. Nelson "tion. At present there areon :;_
"I '' -; -:~
e grounds ten splendid build-
gs comprising the administra- '
on building, dining hall and
tchen, the officers', bungalow,-:
iurses home, -infirmary, infiim-
ry annex, laundry, bakery, and
others which are needed in the
peiations of the. colony. QO the
arm there 'is- a big barn' some
)w sheds,'and other buildings
At present there are 250 pa'-.
ents, ard 35 employees. There
re 300 white Leghorn hens iiin
ie pens, and a small band of Jer- :
ey cdws for milk and Herefords.:
r beef on the farm. There is.an,
mple water supply afforded for
ie place from a well ,300 feet
eep. Light is secured from the
ty; being brought from the city.i
mits to the colony over their own
Special care is taken to teach.
iese children as far as they are-
ble to be taught to do some help-
ul work about the place. A ll
ie work of keeping the buildings
ean is done by patients and
udch of the culinarywork about
ie place is also in their hands,
[ways of course in charge of a_
What they are able to accorm-
lish in a helpful way is set forth
the number of articles made by .'
iem during a year. There were-
o less than 4,931 articles made
uprisingg dresses, suits, over-:.
Is, shirts, aprons, etc: The num- :
er of articles mended during thle.
ear were 3,669.
These children are well fed ui-:
i wholesome and nourishing...
od, at ,the remarkable low cost
S8 1-3 cents per.meal, each.-The
.ct is that many of them in-,
'ease in- weight, from the time:
ley enter the colony. .
That they are well cared for,.-.
the way of health is attested
r the fact that since its incep-"
on there have only been seven,
.aths. The health :of. the chil-
en is directly under the super7
sion of Superintendent Hocges,
JOS- EA. E, WAU-.
JOSERI- E. WAUGH.
ALZMCUtLTURAL UIDUSTMlAL ElDCA'770NAL
assisted by a competent assistant
itn the selection of Dr. J. H.:
Hodges as 'superintendent the
state board of managers made no
mistake,: in fact they could not
have made a better selection, as
Sis becoming more and more evi--
dent every year he has the mat-
ters of the colony in hand.
A. C. L. Timber Treating Plant
SJust one mile n6rth of the city
line of Gainesville along the line.
:of -the A. C. L. railroad is the
plant for the treatment with cre--
osote oil of cross ties, piling and
bridge timber. This plant was
constructed and put in operation.
The capacity of the plant is
:120,000 cross ties per month.
,There are two treating cylinders
each 140 feet long and 6 feet in
.diameter. The ties are chained
into bundles which fit upon a
:train of cars, and these trains are
,run directly into the treating
:,cylinders. The cylinder is then
'filled with creosote oil and an air
'pressure of from 175 to 200
pounds per square foot is applied.
-The ties are kept in this oil bath
men employed at this plant and-
the annual pay roll is $85,Q00,
G. B. Copeland is the efficient.
superintendent of the plant, and
has been here for the past two
years, or sinCe it began operations
after the war.:
Ties. for treatmentt are sent in
from all over the A. C. L. sys'
tem and after being treated are.
again distributed all over the
.system for, use where needed.
Hon. H. L. Phifer, Mayor
Hon. H. L..Phifer, the present
mayor of Gainesville, was born.
near Campville in the eastern part
of Alachua county in 1867. In.
1895 he moved to Gainesville and
h e opened a
,p r i vate
c o n d ucted
this till 1913
when he as-
in Georgia in 1849, and educated
in the common schools of his na-
tive state. IHe was admitted to"
the practice 0of law in 1869, and
came to :Florida in 1879. He.
soon got into politics 'and was
elected to ithe Florida legislature,
in 1885 anid was honored with;the
position of speaker of the house.
Then. seeking Tgreater, honors" at
the hands of the people he served
four 'terms 'in congress. He, was -
later register of the United States:
Land, office here. in Gainesville'
for 8 -years. He was' mayor of -
Gainesville in 1920. In 1921 he
became municipal judge of' the
city which honorable position he
is still hold-'
ing and in
which, as .in
all: other po-
sitions o f
trust he has
held, he, is
., r "'. # '
EAST- ..N ..:STREETi., LOOINGSUT
EAST MAIN STREET, LOlKING SOUTH
to the peo-'
Baltimore in 1912, and in San
Francisco in 1920;
.,Col. Davis is rated among the.
leading attorneys of Gainesville,
and his 'work for the city is al-
ways of such a character that the
best interests of the municipality
'are always thoroughly conserved.
George Hl :Cairns. City Manager
City Manager Cairns was born
:in Memphis, Tenn., in 1880. He
was graduated from the engineer-
ing department of the University
of Mississippi in 1901, and has
followed' 'that" business .all the
years of hisa life. His college
course embraced "highway, rail-
road and, municipal engineering, .::
He first came to Gainesville in;
1905 to design and construct a '. -
sanitary sewer system, as a part
of, the general work in this line he. '
was engaged in doing all over the
South. During the next :2 or 3'.
years, he was called back 'to,
Gainesville from time.to time on ;
similar projects for the city.- "
In 1910 he came to Gainesville :
to reside permanently as cityen- -
gineer to take charge df Gaines- ,
ville's first paving project, that of "
paving about the square. Since.'
jt : 4-;
/ WEST MAIN STREET. LOOKING NORTH
COURT HOUSE SQUARE
UNIVERSITYAVENUE LOOKING WLES.
--uintil the test gauge indicates to
the operator that the charge of
ties has absorbed the amount of
'., '::, ,,
Some of the ties absorb much
'-quicker and more readily than
others. It all depends upon the
wood. Some wood is so hard it
'will not absorb oil at all, such as
white oak, others such as sap pine
,;will readily absorb the oil.
SThe' receiving yard is large
',enough to store a million and a
'-.haf of ties. They are placed
'there till they have sufficient
:isasoning.. This requires from
three months to a year owing to
the nature of the wood. This
: treatment adds 'fully one half to
t:-he life of a tie.
SAs the .creosote oil which -is
:,. used at the plant is imported from,
_ England and.Germany, during the
World War the .plant was closed
because of inability to secure, the
'needed oil. The plant'is now be-
Sing run at full capacity with three
shifts of men, and running fill
24 hours, The r are about 150
and J. A.
which he be
ier at the
time of its
fill that posi- i
tion till the present time.
Mr. Phifer was elected a mem-
ber.of the city council of Gaines-
ville in 1907, and served fourteen
years continuously except for two
years.- He was president; of the
council during the last year of:his
termnof service. .
H" e was elected mayor of
Gainesville in April 1923,, which
positionn he has filled with honor
Sto 'himself and the utmost: satis-
faction of the people, of the city.
CoL'% Robert W. Davis, Muni-
Col. Robert W. Davis was'born
---- Robert E.
born at Un-
on S. C., in
VFlorida i i
18 86, and
i'',ted to the
oar in 1891t.
He dame. to
LOOKING WEST. Gi ne vame
G a i nesvifle
several years -ago and has remain-
ed here ever since.
SHe has held the office of City
Attorney practically all:the time
during the past 20 years. He was
a'member of the city council from
1893 to 1897, and. during the year
1895 he was: president of the
board. In addition to these local
offices he has been honored by
his political party,- the Demo-
cratic, by being given the position
of presidential elector in 1908.
He was also a delegate to the
Democratic conventions held at
then. he has had charge of every:' 6
bit of construction work,' all pav-'
ing and all sewer work which has"
been done in the city has been :
underhis supervision., .
Prior to'1921 the public utili- .
ties of the city were unler the ':I
control of a board of public works,';..
but in that year that board,;'as '
an- operating bo-ly, was discon-
tinued and the city utilities pass-
ed under the managerial form and
Mr. Cairns %was appointed City
Manager, which position he -con-
tinues to hold. During the p st
two years more than $300,000 of
street work has been-done uler
his supervision, and'fully $50,000
has been expended in additionsto
the water and light plant:.' It is
stated by experts that this plant
is not excelled in any way by any
plant of the kind in the entire
South, all of which speaks volumes
for the.skill, ability an- economy
of_ construction manifested by.
City Manager Cairns.
In time of service Mr. Cairins
is the oldest cQntinuous employee.'
ALACHU OUT-.HU OF PLRfA
S Home of ainesville Lodge No. 990, B. P. 0. Elks.
The Twentieth Century Club House.
of the city except Tax Collector
Ellis. / .-, . .
SThomas B. Ellis, Tax Collector
Here is a. man 'ho has a most
enviable record as a municipal
official. For twenty-seven years
straight he has held the position
of tax collector for the city of
Cainesville, and as the saying is,
1 e Is still "going strong."' Mr.
Tllis was born near Micanopy in
the southern portion of Alachua
c county in 1842.
When the war between the
states came on he volunteered in
the ranks of the Confederacy and
1-rved the cause most faithfully
.,foi four years. Returning to civil
lile at the close of the war, he
so n came to Gainesville, where
he engaged in mercantile busi-
neas and farming.
In 1897 he was elected as city
bax collector, which position he
bas held continuously up to the
present time. Truly it is not often
that a man at the age of 82, who
has been through as much of life
s has Mr. Ellis, is as fit in every
ay as is he. His efficiency as a
x collector is practically unex-
selled. His collections run each
year well up toward the 100 per
cent mark .
; E F. Beville, Chief of Fire
E. F. Beville, the present effi-
cient chief of the Gainesville vol-
unteer fire department, was born
in this city in 1895. He grew into
manhood in his native city, and'
for the past 14 years he has been-
identified with, the fire depart-
ment, but in January 1922 he was
appointed chief of the depart-
Dr. J. Maxey Dell, Councilman
Dr. J. Maxey Dell was born near
Gainesville in 1880. -He was grad- *
Sated from Emory college at At-
lanta, Ga., and began,the general
practice of medicine in Gaines-
ville in 1902. He is now the old-
est practitioner in the city in
time of service.
He was elected to the city coun-
cil in 1920, and re-'-c ted in 1923.
At the orgarn '.:: on of the board
he was m.-,,e president which po-
sition he has filled with credit
to himself and the entire satisfac-
tion of the other members of the
board. During his first term of
service on the board he was pres-
ident protem;, and he has also,
served on the city board of health.
J. A. Goodwin, Councilman
J. A, Goodwin, member of the
city council of Gainesville .is
known to all as the man who stays
by his job as will be seen later on
in this sketch.
Mr. Goodwin was .born at.
Greensboro, Georgia, in 1866. He
came to Gainesville in 1887 as
agent of the railroad company
which is now known as the At-
lantic Coast Line. 'He has been
agent for(the road for 37 years,
He has also been manager of the
Southern Bell Telephonecompany
for the past 25 years, and has
been honored with the position of
councilman in Gainesville for 15
years continuous service. He
was president of the board for
With such a record as this it is
no wonder he is known as the
man who "stays where he is put."
In all these positions it goes with-
out saying that he has given su-
preme satisfaction or he would
not have been retained in these
positions year after year.
E. L. Johnson, Councilman
E. L. Johnson member of the
council of Gainesville was born at
Hawthorne in the eastern por-
tion of Alachua county in 1869.
He remained in Hawthorne for a
number of years and was engaged
in the cotton business there. He
came to Gainesville in 1921 and
was elected to the city council
in.April 1922. He is now largely
interested in naval stores, in the
vicinity of Hawthorne.
MaIyor Phifer and Councilman
Johnson were neighbor boys in
the old days out in the country,
and little dreamed in those days
that in time they would be in po-
sition to largely control the des-
tinies of the county seat.;
James R. Fowler, Councilman
-James R. Fowler was born in
Columbus county, North Caroli-
na, in May 1871, and came to
Florida in 1885. He located per-
manently in Gainesville in 1905.
He was engaged in the lumber
business from 1892 till 1912. In
1914 he began operations in the
automobile business in which he
has been enp?'-., all these years
since .. In which h~ has pros-
The Tourist Camp Site, Erected in One Day.
ALACHUA COUN" WM O~ CF PLOORjOA-
0 -AtlUCVL~tJRAL IN31JUSTRIAL -.EDTCATIONAt1
A Group of School Children
pered, being now one of the larg- It is always said that if one
est dealers in the state. In ad- wants a thing well done he should
edition to being the proprietor of secure the services of a busy
the Star Garage, in Gainesville, man. Doubtless that is one big
a very extensive industry by it- reason why in 1918 the people of
proved himself active, proficient,
and always as having 'the best
interests of the people at theart.
W. M. Bullard, Councilmair
W. M. Bullard- was born in
charge of the podfices of the Sea-
board Air Line railroad.
In 1914, he was elected a mem-
ber of the board of public works;
-' --- .~- -
Carnegie Library L
self, Mr. Fowler has the agency
for the Studebaker line of cars
and controls the business of that
concern in twelve counties and is
called central Florida distributor.
Gainesville selected Mr. Fowler
as member of the city council.
At any rate in all the years fol-
lowing in which he has been a
member of that body he has
North Carolina in 1868. As a
young man he chose railroading
as a profession, and in 1907 he
came' to Gainesville to take
of Gairiesville, of which body ie
became eventually president for
rhrpe of the five years he served
in that capacity. .n 1922 he w s
Uvv otf 'e tiiiany Negro Churches,.
Carnegie Library !"
Vn..~~ ~lnrr ~Tnt~Sil rppppp
A Grown Tung Nut Oil Tree.
' ALACITUA COUNTY- IIUB OF FLOnmA
The Gainesville Fire Department.
S A. C. L. Railway Yards.
elected to the city council which
: position he has filled with ability,
.o the present time. His long ser-
,viceon the board of public works
.. specially fitted him for. the po-
sition of chairman of'the council
committee on lights and water.
W W. ::Hampton, Jr., Councilman
:iW. W. Hampton, 'Jr., was born
in Gainesville in 1884. He is a law-
yer :by profession, and is associ-
ated with the law firm of Hamp-
t on &-Hampton. He was elected
to the city council of Gainesville
,:in'April, 920 and has served con-
tiniiously ever since. He is- one
So'f the younger members of the
board but makes his presence felt
when occasion demands., His
l knowledge of the law and'his wide
experience as a lawyer makes him
a very valuable member of .that
At present he is honored with
the- position of president pro-tem
of the board. -
W. M. Dale, Councilman
Councilman Dale' was born in
iAlabama in 1870. He came to
Florida in 1887 and to .Gaines-
ville in 1903. The first few years
'f:: hi. life in Florida' were spent
in citru' fruit growing. Later
on he, moved to Ocala and en-
gaged in clerical work till 1891
when he became associated with
B. Arentz & Co., who were then
the phosphate kings of the state
-owning all the. fines in the state
Later on he was associated
with Ford & Heller, who in turn
disposed of their phosphate in-
terests to the Dutton Phosphate
company. Mr. Dale- then came
to Gainesville and opened the Dut-
ton offices here being at the time
assistant secretary, of the com-
.,,pany. Later on he became the
manager of the Dutton company.
Finally that organization went in-
to liquidation and Mr. Dale closed
the concern out.
In 1917 the Alachua Phosphate
company was organized, and Mr.
Dale was made president of that.
company which position he .re-
tains during the existence of
In 1917 he was elected a mem-
ber of the city council of Gainesr
ville, and was president of the
board during 1918. In 1922 he
was again'elected to the council
arid is still a member of that body.
He is now chairman of the finance
In former years-he served on
the board of public health with
Dr. Lassiter and Dr. James Mc-
Kinstry. He was also a member
of the board of public works dur-
ing some of the'years of its ex-
Joseph E. Waugh, City Clerk
Joseph E. Waugh was born at
Richmond, Va., came to Gaines-
ville in 1880. For some time he
was engaged in commercial pur-
suits. Later on he engaged in
the mercantile business estab-
lishing the-grocery firm of Dorsey
In April, 1912, he was elected
to the position of City Clerk and
Treasurer 'for Gainesville. In
1914 the duties of city assessor
were also assigned to him, the
business of the city was. of such-
camparatively small volume that
'lie was able to attend to all the
duties himself. But things have
changed, and now himself and
three assistants are kept busy,
taking care of the office duties of
Mr. Waugh has held these com-
bined positions for the past 12
years, and that is evidence that
he has proven a faithful and effi-
cieit officer. He has always been
active in those things connected
with the civic life of Gainesville
which spell the betterment of the
place and the community.
Florida Odd Fehows Home
The purpose of this Home is
to care tor aged Odd Fellows, aged
Rebekahs, and the widows and
orphans of Odd Fellows.
This home, which is located in
a beautiful residence section of
Gainesvile, was opened for occu-
Spancy November 9, 1914, but it
was not till the session of the
,grand lodge of the state in April,
.1915,. that it was formally ac-
cepted by that order. At that'
time there was one elderly lady
and three orphan, children as in-
At the present time there are
four elderly ladies and nine chil-
drei- Which are being cared for
at the Home.
This Home is supported by the
U,- .... - ,
One of the Gainesville Public School Buildings.
AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIAL EDUCATIONAL
The ew Baptist Church.-
The New Baptist Church.
fome of G. W. Miller.
Odd Fellows and Rebekahs of the
entire state, and is doing a most
splendid work of charity for that
fine organization of men and wo-
The Negro a Factor
By S. H. Henley.
The negroes have always been
a factor in the agricultural and
civic development of Alachua
county. Before the boll weevils
made their advent the colored peo-
ple produced great quantities of
cotton for themselves and as
share croppers. They believe in
owning homes hence a majority
of the negro families of Alachua
county own homes. It is common
Sto find negroes paying taxes on
property from one to ten and even
twenty thousand dollars. Log
homes are a thing of the past.
In the country, in towns and even
in cities they are building good
homes and churches.
"Expositions are the time-
keepers of nations," said the late
William McKinley. Some of the
colored people of Alachua county
thought they would show the
world they could do something
besides ride the "merry go
round." Being president of the
Colored Farmers Association, I
wrote and had published, an ar-
tide showing the need of a build-
ing for our exhibits at the coun-
ty 'fair. I also wrote a series of
resolutions asking the county
fair association to erect a suit-
able building, for negro exhibits,
and pledging my services free of
all charges, to canvas the county
in an endeavor to interest the
colored people in making an exhi-
bit which would fill the building
from door to door with the very
'best the negroes had produced. I
invited the fai manager to wit-
ness the adoption or
the resolutions. He
made a speech to us
ter of co-operative marketing
and for the first time in
the history of the negro farming:
industry has there been car load
after car load of truck grown by
negro farmers shipped to th
northern .markets. My records
show that 22 colored farmer
-netted $18,072.75 last spring.
The state officials at Tallahas
see have just granted a charter
to negro farmers to do cooper
tive marketing and purchasing i
to use his in-
, :uence to se-
:ure a building,
which he did
tnd a roomy
one was pro.
/ided for us.
aver si n c(
..hen, six years
igo, the exhi-
hits of the col-
'red people ir!
^ tt f o ic
have beerf -;
Last year I got many... .
lined up in the mat- The Presbyterian Church.
municipal Liht, Water, and Powe Company.
, State Feeble Minded Inutute and Farm Colony.
.-.' ; , .- . *- .. .... ...: .~ . .. ..* *..*;.. ^ ^ -. '-r 1- '
Gainesville Golf and Country Club.
~ - -- T
ARCHER TRUCK GROWERS'
,Archer is a lovely little city
lying in the southwestern section
-of Alachua county, and at the
crossing of: the A. C. L. and the
SSeaboard railroads. It has a pop-
.ulation of 800 or possibly more.
.. It has always been noted for its
agricultural products, but 'it is%
within the past, five years that
it .has_ really 'come into ;its own
.::anid fow it stands well towards
the top in.production of all kinds
:.of truck, specially watermelons
About six -years ago Mr. J. P.
Simmons came down from Alaba-
mima on a prospecting tour. Fi-
nally he arrived at Archer, and
after viewing the general situa-
Stion he decided to locate there.
He purchased a tract of land and
proceeded to go into the farming
Business just like he meant to win
out;, and he has done so. In the
- course of time his relatives and
neighbors, and their relatives and
neighbors, hearing- of the good
S:-country he had discovered here in
Florida, followed him and also,
-. purchased farms till now there is
a large settlement. of farmers out
Seat of Archer known as the Ala-
bama colony, though as a matter
of fact those people have come
from not only Alabama but also
from Georgia, .Mississippi, Arkan-
sas and ientucky, and possibly
some other states. But be that as
it may, these settlers are a band
of industrious and consequently
thriving citizens of which any
community may well be proud.
And these people have not only
made thqr presence feit in the
farming section of Archer, but
their good influence has reached
well into the Civic and material
life of the town itself. This is
specially true in the business and
financial circles of the place.
SIn 1922 it was seen by the far-
sighted ones of that. community
that best results could be achiev-
ed by co-operation, and so a meet-
ing was called and the Archer
Truckers Association was formed.
It has now a membership of 25
active truck growers and farmers,
and all are reaping the benefits
which are to be derived from such
an organization. Thepresent of-
ficers of the association are: L.
E. Mills, president; H.. S. Stevens
Vice president, and R. B. Hodgson,
secretary and treasurer.
. Its activities may be seen from
the following figures. There
were shipped to the northern and
western market last year by the
members of the association 20,000
crates of cucumbers, 500 cars of
watermelons, and 500 crates of
other vegetables such as beans,
eggplant, peas, etc. The manage-
ment reports with just pride the
fact that one of the cars of water-
melons averaged 48 pounds to the
melon, which is some size for a
car load of the "goodest ever"
melons. When one begins to put
this vast shipment into dollars
he will see what it means to a
small community like that of Ar-
cher. The cucumbers yielded
$50,000 and the watermelons
brought an average of $250 per
car, or a total of $25,000. When
the income from the miscellaneous
vegetables is added to the above
totals it willbe seen that the total
sum runs close to the quarter mil-
lion dollar mark.
The success of last year has
induced the people of the section
to plant heavier this year. It is
estimated there will be 500 acres
of cucumbers, and 1,000 acres of
watermelons planted in this vicin-
ity this year, also 200 acres of t
matoes and some canteloupes, a
100 acres of miscellaneous veg
The land hereabouts is what
known as rolling pine land. It
a rich sandy loam with a clay su
soil. It produces plentifully wit
proper cultivation and fertiliz
tion. It produces the best of ca
for syrup, both Japanese and su
ar cane. Oats yield well here als
there being a number of field
which average full 40 bushels t
the acre. The corn yield is abou
15 to 20 barrels per acre and tha
without fertilization. Hogs an
cattle thrive well here and dair
stock will do specially well in this
This association has a fine
packinghouse by the side of th.i
railroad which is 130 feet long,
and will accommodate five cars'
at once. They .will pack 2,000
crates of cucumbers in a day.
The shipments of the association,
are sent all over the union, even
as far west as Omaha, Nebraska.
There has never been known
any disease in the cucumbers
or watermelons raised in this sec-,
The Archer Truck Growers' Association invites you to come and help them to develop one of the richest I
sections in the entire United States. Our land is very reasonable and also very fertile. Any informa-
tion will gladly be given by application to R. B. Hodgson.
IF ONE LEAVES Gainesville-in
a westwardly direction he will
'pass by the. beautiful campus of
the University of Florida with all
its massive and 'attractive build-
ings, and then spin along in his
car over a smooth road for a doz-
en miles when he will come 'to a
most beautiful and attractive lit-
tle city Which the residents will
.proudly tell him is Archer.
First of all mention must be
made of its.splendid location. It
is in the heart of a most prolific
and fertile section of agricultural
land in the entire county. 'It
would be wrong to say it is the
best, but it is right to say it is
among the very best. Here are
grown all sorts of farm products
Which thrive in Florida. ThiK is
specially true of melons and tiuick
products. Reference to the state-
ments -nade elsewhere in this
.:.issue Will establish this. assertion
and amiply prove that. really "the,
half has never yet been told"
when it comes to saying good
'things about this section of Ala-
It is located at: the crossing: of
'the A. C. L. and Seaboard. rail-
roads and also -at the junction of
the Seaboard:with a-branch which
runs southward 'to Inverness,
-:,while the main line continues its
way to the gulf coast at Cedar
:Key. The A. C. L. passing
through the place runs from
: Waycross, Ga., to 'Lakeland, Flor-
ida, ,and thence to all points, in
-south Florida. Thus as a matter
of fact there are practically three
Railroads here with no iess 'than
: 1O passenger trains stopping here
J each day. :Of'course there are
:.,-iample freight accommodations
Sfor shipping of all farm products
.which are 'grown' here. Even in
the rush season of watermelon and
cucumber shipping extra trains
,are always at command in case
Then mention must be made of
the highways which lead into and
through the place. First of all is
the splendid hard road which
leads directly from the county
seat. Then there is a branch of
the Dixie Highway which leaves
the main line at High Springs and
passes southward through New-
berry, and on to Archer, and
thence on south even to all points
in south Florida. Then there is a
road which leads directly .to the
gulf coast by way of Bronson, the
county seat of Levy county, end-
ing at Cedar Key.
'The good people of Archer have
a high regard for matters reli-
gious and'moral. There are three
church edifices in the town, and
all three of them are well filled
with devout worshippers each
'time of service.
First may be mentioned the
Baptists-who have recently con-
structed a handsome house of
"worship. Rev. T. H. Gibson is
the pastor of that denomination
and services are held by him
every 2nd and 4th Sunday.
The Presbyterian people have
a modest church, and Rev. M. M.
Reynolds is the pastor. Services
are held on the 2nd and 4th Sun-
days of each month.
The Methodist, people are ac-
tive workers in the kingdom, and
,have as their pastor Rev. B. F.
Lawhem, who holds services on
the 1st and 3rd Sundays.
iIn connection with these
churches there are the usual la-
dies societies, auxiliaries, etc., also
the usual young peoples, organi-
zations, all of which are very,,ac-
tive and zealous in their several
lines of work., It can also be stat-
ed that all -these good people in
these various churches work to-
gether in perfect harmony. There
is much less of cism and division
among the people of Archer than
is usual in a small place'.
The ladies of Archer are not a
minute behind their sisters in,
other portions of the county.
Their Womens Club is-a member
of the county Federation of Wo-
mens' Clubs, and it is engaged in
all the commendable work of any
organization of .the kind any
where. They look most efficient-
ly after the school improvement
features and the child's welfare
work of the place.
In addition to this there is a
most active Womens Christian
Temperance Union in Archer, the
moral and uplifting influence of
which has been a potent factor
for good in the place for many a
year. Nor is its work, yeti done.-
So long as there is an illicit still
in,all the piney woods of Florida,
making "shine" ora "bootlegger"
in -the state who is perjuring his
honor and defying the law of his
country by peddling the stuff,
there will be work for this noble
band of ladies to do.
The lodges of any place are a
criterion-of the social and moral
status of that community. Al-
most next to the churchh itself
'the lodges of a community. may.'
be regarded as showing forth the
desirability of that place as a town
in which to settle and make 'a
home. In Archer there are three:
lodges.. First of all may be men-
tioned the oldest of all lodges, the'
Masonic fraternity, and also their
coworkerss, the Eastern Star.
Both these lodges are strong'and
active elements for good in Ar-
chbr. There is also. an active
lodge of Knights of Pythias;,
which is a fraternal and protec-,
tive association of men whose
purpose is the betterment and up-'
building of its ,members. The
Woodmen of the World have an
organization here also.
Next in importance comes the
schools of a place., .That one's
children may have adequate op-
,portunity to attend school and
thus. receive an education which
will fit them for the various du-
ties of life, is one of the deter-
mining elements when one sets
forth to select a home in which
to fear his family. Hence it is
that particular attention is given
here to the schools of Archer.
Situated on a commanding, emi-
nence in the southern portion of-.
the pretty little city is the school
house in the center of an immense
tract of ground which affords am-
ple room for playgrounds and
other school recreational activi-
ties. The building ..is of brick,;:
and there are 10 rooms in the
building, in addition' to an audi-,.
torium with a seating calsacity-,
of fully 500.
The 'school at Archer is classed
as a Junior High School, though '
it is expected to have it classed as
a Senior High School, and .also
an, accredited school-in a very'
I~ i''- -
. : Few Views in Archer.
"New Settlers Given A Cordial Welcome"
..;~., ~----- r --- .. iY P
t ./ .
A A COUNT RB O vn A- 25
: Pi'of. A. i. Morrow is the prin-
cipal, and at -present he teaches
Sall-the high school classes.
S[ The roster of the teachers in
ithe graimmniar,grades follows: T.
H:. Gibson, 7th- and 8th grades;
Miss Jessie Walker, 5th and 6th
'grades; Mrs. Emily Slaughter, 3rd
and 4th grades; Mrs. A.' R. Mor-
row,. 2na grade, and Mrs. C; N.
Schneider, primary grade.
The present enrollment, is 200,
and it may be stated in this con-
nection, as indicative of the pres-
ent rapid growth of the town,
that the increase of school at-
tendance during the past. two
years has been fully 50 per cent.
SThe increase of the towh may
also be noted'from the-fact that
.there has not been an idle house,
duiring-a whole month at'a, time,
for the" past seven, years. ..It
m'ayalso be stated that no less
than a dozen new houses were
erected in the town inside of the
SFirst of all must be mentioned
the great Maddox foundry and
machine shop which probably
excels anything of its kind, both
in volume and kind of work done,
in. any town in Central Florida.
Then there is the Venable plan-
ing and novelty works. Bail na-
val stores business, the Archei'
.moss ginning works, a grist mil!,
and the Lindsay Brothers saw-
mill. In addition to these there
-are 9 stores and 2 drug stores,
and 1 hardware store, 2 garages,
3 hotels, 2 restaurants, 1 barber-
shop, and 1 real estate and insur-
S Water and Light
A well 200 feet deep supplies
all the water which is needed in-
the town, and the water is very
-,fine for drinking 'and domestic
'purposes: A light plant supplies
he: houses of the place with elec-
tric lights up till 12 o'clock each.
;There is' an abundance of
trees :growing along the, streets
of,, the town 'which causes it to
present a most attractive and
.beautiful appearance., This will
be noted by glancing at the illus-
trations accompanying this ar-
ticle.. ;As these are made fr6m ac-
,It is, a pleasure
t home. The city
tual photographs when on the is open the country side is aliv
streets 'themselves they are "true with hunters and dogs and. th
to nature" and afford a fair idea boom, boom, bang, of shot gun
of the 'attractiveness of the make merry music all through
streets themselves. the early hours of the day.
SHunting But the hunting in that section
I .f there. is any one place in -is not confined to quail shooting
i n ..... q
A Money Crop.
Loading Watermelons at Archer.
-l... -- -----
I '. .
Alachua county where it may be Not very far away is the grea
called a sportsman's paradise it is Gulf Hammock which is one '
in the.vicinity of Archer. Fore- tthe'best hunting grounds in Flor
most of all stands the quail shoot- ida. Here as great game as bear
ing in' that section.: When the and deer are to be found and wile
season ,for shooting these birds turkeys are no curiosity. Th
e fact- is that the facile "caller"'''
Le has no difficulty in securing a
,s' bird .most any time of the day '
h that he may select for a -hunt.
In addition to quail 'and all.
.n the other game mentioned there
is an- abundance of squirrel all'
Through the piney woods of that'
section. It is an easy matter to
"chase out" before breakfast and'
secure a splendid mess of these
favorites for the morning meal,
and- you may be sure there is
nothing more relishable than a
fine cooked squirrel just killed for
Then if the worst comes to.
the worst and you have nothing
in your bag, if you keep your
"eyes peeled" you will be able to
get young rabbit which will make
"mighty good eating" at that.
And finally if you know just
how good "possum and sweet
'tater" are, and if you go out in
the early evening with properly
trained dogs you can get the "fat
of the land" in the way of that de-
So you can see that literally it
-; up to the hunter and the sport
lover to select what he wants
from "bar to 'possum" 'and then.
go right out into the wools and
get it. If you want to learn all
about this genuine "hunter's Par-
adise" just drop in on some of
those old timers who have been
training dogs in that section for
the past half a century, and lis-
ten to their tales. Those you finI
to be the stories of mighty hunt-
ers, and best of all they are all
Nor is the sportsman's glory
of the Archer section confined
to hunting, great and glorious as
it .is. But here is the place to
fish. Truly this is a fisherman's
heaven if there be such a place on
this terrestrial sphere. If you
do not want to go far afield, all
you have to do is to slip out to
Watermelon Pond, some half doz-"
enmiles way, and with a hook and
line fill your creel with the dan-
diest catch you have had for many
t_ .ad1_ay. ,There you will_be able to
f hook such finny beauties as fresh,
' water trout, bream, black bass,;:
s and all the .other varieties which'
d, infest the fresh water lakes of
e Florida, in surprising abundancee.
V ~ I 'i a
to the citizens of Archer to' Welcomeo the New .Comer:and 'make him feel
clerk will give you, any information you desire.
," / ':- ... % : -o.:, :% L !.:' ., '. ..*...*. d, -' ,*f . .
, ,\ " , '" ... 1 .'"\ ' ,' -' '.., ,- ,, . ; . '
'0 .. ,.
_ --- -- -
'ALACTIUA 'COUNTY -MoI 01 nARMAm
,s;q ? ~!;fi*
High Springs is a bright little.
city situated in the nortnwesrerv.
portion of Ali;fhua county. It is
at the junction of three bran; ics
of the A. C L. railroad, one of
which leads to Waycross, Ga., :ii-
other to Lakeland, Florida, and a
third connects with the main line
of the same road from Jackson-
ville to St. Petersburg.
This' being a railroad center,
naturally it will follow that much
activity in that line will be found
here. And this is true. Here are
located the shops of the system,
anJ a large force of men are al-
ways employed. In truth most of
the citizenry of the town is in
some way or other connected with
the railroad. At the present time
the mayor of the town is Captain
James Paul, who is the master
mechanic at the shops, and the
clerk of the city council is C. M.
'rink, who is the chief clerk at
the shops. It will thus be seen
that the railroad influence in the
town is practically dominant.
High Springs socially and mor-
ally stands very high. There are
four houses of worship in the
place, namely, Presbyterian, with
Rev. C. D. Chunn, as pastor, hold-
ing services on the first and third
Sunday of each month; Episco-
palean, Rev. Curtis Grubb, rector,
services on the third Sunday of
each month; Baptist, Rev. R. W.
Bugg, pastor, services on the
first three Sundays of each
month; and Methodist, Rev. R. T.
Guy, pastor, services on the first
three Sundays of each month. In
addition to the regular church
services noted. above the young
peoples' s$cietibs in each denomi-
n.ti6h are very active and doing-
.efficient work in their lines. Also
the: ladies' societies and the mis-
sionary societies, and other
church activities keep the most
of the gool people of the towp ac-
tivoly engaged in the good work of
religious and moral advancement,
of the town. ,
In this connection mention
must be made of the fact that the
good Baptist people of High
Spring; have determined to erect
a new brick edifice of worship
which will cost some $20,000.
W\oik has already begun on the
building which will be completed
as speedily as possible.
In connection with the social
side of the town life in High
Springs must be mentioned the
Twen.ieth Century Ladies' Club,
. rich is one of the greatest sociAil
factors in the place. The meet-
ings of the club are always large-
ly attLndel, and the programs are
not only entertaining but always
instructive. Truly their motto
night well be, "Onward and Up-
Then among the social activi-
ties of the ladies must be men-
tioned the two mission circles of
the Baptist church, and the one
of the Metholist church. These
meetings are always well attend-
ed by devout and earnest work-
ers in the cause of the church.
The school building
Springs is one of the
the state barring none.
on, a commanding eminence, on
t.ze north side of the town anid
presents a most-imposing appear-.
-ance viewed fromthe main street
of the city. In this building are
mairita-ned all the grades 'of
school from primary to 12th, in:
high school work.
A most competent force of
teachers are eniploye.d and, the
.work of the school is first class
in every respect. The high school
is accredited and its graduates,
are thus enabled to enter any col-
lege in Florida without an en-
At present Prof. M. G. Donald-
son is the efficient principal of
the schools and under his wise
management matters are pro-
gress.ng finely. As assistants he
has the following sp.endid corps
of teachers: Mrs. Ida Merri-
weath e r, Mathematics and
Science; Mrs, Frances Mitche.l,
English and History; Prof..M. 'G.
Donaldson, Latin and PSycno.ogy;
Miss Laura Galbraith, 8th ani
part of 7th grades; Mrs. A. F.
Johnson, part of 6th and 7th
grades; Miss Corinne HoJges, 5t;i
grade; Miss Bessie Waddell, 4th
grade; Mrs. Frank Fannell, 3rd
grade; Miss E. B. Hart, 2nd grade,
and Miss Josie George, primary
department. The enrollment of'
the school this year is 370.
When Henry Piant, the found-
er of the great Plant System of
railroads, now known as the At-
lantic Coast Line, desired a place
for the location of his shops and
other kindred activities he p:iss-
ed by all,the other places on the
line, and came to High Spr:ngs
and there built large and wisely.
'I these railroad', shops occupy -no
:less than 20 acres of ground, and
the adjacent, anid needed side
tracks occupy 30' more acres, mak-
ing a total of 50 acres which are
occupied by the shops and other
'activities of the railroad in High
The buildings in which the ac-
tivities of these shops are carried
on comprise a Shop Stores build-
ing. In this building which has
re:enttly been remodeled and put
into service, is to be found all the
extras and accessories that are
needed in the repairing or build-
ing of any part of locomotive or
car in the service. This stock of
extras is valued at $80,000. A
keeper is in charge, and when
anything is needed in any depart-
', -ent a requisition is made out by
the foreman or superintendent
of that department and present-
ed to the stock keeper. In this
manner a strict account is kept
of all material used and work
that is done in the shops and the
master mechanic can at any time
put his finger on any piece of
material that has been used.
Other departments -are as fol-
lo\ws: Boiler department, ma-
chine department, erecting de.
apartment, mill department, pain
department, car repairing depart
ment, and running repair depart
ment, and blacksmith depar
At the head of all these depar
ments and in fact all the active
Railfrbsd Shopsjidiffilelpal CwgIWPl;it, !,jgh Springs.
I'~ ~ ~ -I
.I>' 'I r
HIGH SPRINGS, FLORIDA
"The Railroad Center"
F;' *' .. I '
-ALA'CHUA COUNTY-HUB OF FLORIDA
SStreet Scenes in High Springs.
/,ties of the entire shops is Captain and year out who really reap the pany found that it was necessary
James Paul as master mechanic. .reward and benefit of this volume to install a perfectly sanitary toi-
SImmediately under him is W. R.. of money. It will be noted that let system. which it has done re-
-,Witherspoon, who is the gener- the long time.n.erchants are those cently at an expense of $7,100. It
S' forem Od who have been able to build and has a seric septic tank which
al foreman. Otherccupy big brick stores having, cares fully for all needed condi-
foremen and superintendents are as the years have passed, been tions and makes the toilet condi-
:as follows: L. M. Cornell, round- able to replace their former wood- tions at the shops absolutely first
house foreman; L. W. Register, en structures with more endur- class, and above all sanitary.
night roundhouse foreman; R. B. ing brick ones. There are no less than 82 lo-
Robinson;,'machine shop foreman; That the shops are to be a per- comotives that are under the jur-
'J..I. Fussell, foreman of the boil- manehcy here at High Springs is isdiction of these shops which
er 'department; George Eville, indicated by .the fact that the have to be maintained in perfect
foreman'of the blacksmith' shop; company is all the time making order all the time.. In addition to
E. M. Morrison, foreman of the large and expensive additions and these there are .possibly 25 more
Selecting department; J. D. Neel, improvements.; As noted above engines which run in here and on
,mill foreman; W. G. Holland, fore- the shop's store buildings have which needed immediate repairs
man of the car department; H. G. recently been remodeled and' must be made.
,Cabin, in charge of stores depart- changed into its present shape. In addition to all the work
merit; George T. Alexander, as- Then it is to be mentioned that which is being done on the loco-
.sistant :storekeeper of the same there has just been completed a motives there is a very large car
.:.department; and C. M. Frink. very. fine and extensive black- repair department in which
chief;, clerk in the office of the smith shop building. And then freight cars are repaired and if
'shops. one'of the latest and most im- needed practically rebuilt.
SAt. the present.Jime tner e portant improvements is the This being the terminus of at
:335 men employed in all the de:-&building in installation of the least three divisions of the road
Apartments of these shops, with gret-400-foot motor driven turn a great number of freight cars
a monthly payroll 'of $65,000. table.. Atke time of the putting arrive and depart each day. It
IWhen it is remembered that thesq in of the old turntable it was of is stated that during the rush sea-
.men all live in High Springs.and ample size to handle all-the loco- son as many as 1,400 freight cars
that all this volume of money'is motives then .'in use-ht since are handled in the High Springs
Soured into the merchantile chan- that day things have bhangc, and yards daily.
:nels of.the place each month, it now the great --.mogul" en es Good Roads and Streets
will be 'seen what a wonderful which are required to handle ~he- High Springs has two and a half
business opportunity the place big freight trains, must have a miles of I4ational and state high-'
presents. However it may be re- turntable adequate for the ways. The state highways load.,
marked that this is no "fly by length to accommodate the big .strict No..-2.road.runs through
night" place where the newcorn- 10-wheelers of the 800 type.-Thf, knain street:'from one end b6f
er can jump in and make a clean is said to be one -of t.#,~largesy to oher.. theirr good
up in a few days or weeks and turntables in the entire'-'at fr "ruJo~t :f ~i.he town in
then skip to other fields of oper- 'Florida, there being only o1 hi i t ~."the sp!endil
nations. It is the regular mer- two possibly which are as large ich surrounds
: ants who are -to be found in As there is no sewer system in e are from three
itI place of udinmass year in High Springs, the railroad -comr- of- asphalt streets.
and from three to four miles.
fine concrete sidewalks. The
is a municipally owned water a
light, plant. The best of wat
that is pumped comes from a wq
425 feet deep, anl lig:it is supplies
to all the residents and busine
houses and for street lighting
at a nom:nal cost.
In this connection it must I
;tated that plans are be!ng rapi
y perfected whereby state roa
NJo. 5 will be completed. Thi
-oad will branch off from th
Dixie Highway at High Spring
and pass along the west coa, .
Fort Myers, and there it will c
nect with the Tamiaml Trail, anm
thus when the road is complete!
one can reach all the leading cities
of the west coast and also M:amn
itself and thence all points of th
east coast by way of this splen
did new road. To this great high
way High Springs will be-as:i
were the gateway. Tourists com
ing from the north over the Dixie
Highway, when they reach High
Springs, will be ab'e to take e'th-
er the central Florida route by
way of Gainesville, Ocala, Le'es-
turg, Orlando and Lake'and, on
the west coast road leading to
Tampa, Bradentown, Fort Myern
and finally Miami.
New Equipment ,
That High Springs should nok
be second to any there has be'tiP
installed a new light plant equiip-
ment which has teen done at ani-
e: pense of $30,000. This include.
two 100-horse power full Diese .-:
internal combustion Worthinglni"
oil burning, engines.
--"A Stock- Raisiga-- azid' Farming, (Jommuni y",
Q NE OF "the brightest and best"
little cities in Alachua county
is Alachua. "It is located about 14
miles northwest of Gainesville,.
the county seat, and is on two
branches of'the A. C. L. railroad
and also on one branch of the.Sea-
board railroad. Thus it will be
seen that it has more than ample
transportation facilities. Its pop-
ulation is estimated to be fully
1,000, and too much cannot be
said of the character of its resi-
dents. They are lawabiding and
respectable in every way. Seldom
indeed is it that an officer of the
law is called upon to perform any
duties in. that. city. ..
For a city of its size Alachua
is blessed with a goodly number
of churches. and its people believe
in attending divine services, and
above all as a whole they practice
"all that is taught in the houses
The Baptist people have a com-
paratively new. building which is
a credit to any community. Rev.
0. T. MIoncrief is the pastor, and
services are held twice each Sun.-
day of the month.
The Methodist people have a
very handsome structure for a
house of .worship of which they
Smay justly be prqud. Rev. T. R.
Adams serves these people as p:Is-
tor, and services are conducted on
the 2nd and 4th Sundays of each
SThe Presbyterians have a mod-
est church :building which serves
all' their purposes well. Rev. W.
D: Chunn preaches for these peo-
ple on the 1st and 3rd Sundays
in the afternoon.
The good people of Alachua are
justly proud of their school sys-
tem. 'There are two buildings,
one for the grammar grades and
one for the high school. grades.
These buildings are situated close
together, and are on a command-
ing eminence in the northeastern
portion of the city. They are
built "in the midst of a grove of
native pine trees and the build-
ings 'and grounds present a pic-
' ture which is most pleasing to the,
There are 10 rooms in the
grammar grade building and 5
rooms in the high school building,
and also a large auditorium.
There are 12 grades maintained in
the school. The teachers in the
high school grades are: Prof. H.
C. Johnson, -principal of the
schools; Mrs. Minnie Johnson;
Miss Jewell Godwin, and Mrs. J.
The teachers in the grammar
grades are as follows: 8th grade,
Mrs. N. Baldwin; 7th grade, Miss
M. Overton; 6th grade, Miss Bes-
There, is probably
the state of
it s popula- -
tion and ,
Sso pure that there is. never a case
res : of sickness in the place, growing
no town 'in iout of drinking water causes. The-
. ... .' .. '-
- -' '
Municipal Eight Plant.
_1_1 I~'-x Y ~
I -' r r~ ; ~I
sie Dennis; 5th grade, Miss Vera .- size which excels Alachua as a
Ellis; 4th grade, Miss _.Mayi business center.';, There are three,
Waters; 3rd- grade, Miss Kate .: depots here,ttwo on the. A. C. L.
SEpperson; 2nd grade, Miss Wil- a one ea brch
Sbur; 1st grade, Mrs.-:,. E.. P.ear- -';- '.. , : .:
son; Principal of the primary-de- passing through the town one at
Apartment, Miss Clifford -Mat- o.ne end of the town and the oth-
thews.. er at the opposite eid.' hen the
The school has- an enrollment Seaboard railroad maintains a de-
of 400. It is conducted on the .pot also. From these several de-
new community plan and no less'. pots a great volume of' business
than six large- school trucks are is done each year. '.The :figures
required to carry the children in are not at hand batt0Io -judge from
from the adjoining: districts. the. number oqf, freight cars; al-
The school in all :its depart ways standing on.the side tracks
ments is in the hands of most o-" waitingg for use the amount of
ficient and efficient teachers fiom business is very large.
the -principal to' he teachersof -There is a very, efficient tele-
the lowest grades. phone system in the place, fdrm-
Another -feature of the schools- erly it was a-private line but now
of which the teachers- and -the ;it is a part of the Southern BelU
citizens of Alachua are all duly Telephone system, anid it i man-
proud is the fact that this is one aged as that company :manages
of the few accredited schools .of all its offices and lines, which is
Alachua county. In other words assurance that it is.well done.
the graduates from -this school Another thing f ..hich the
are able to enter .any college in good people of Alachua are justly
aminatio without asking an ex- proud is their municiplly owned
examination, which certain y speaks'- water and light plant. The well
very highly for :the school andfrom which their wat is tke
its teachers, and its course of in- s 425 f eero t deep, and the water is
struction. is 425 fet deep, and the water is
'I ; .-I,
ALACHUA COUNTY-- HUB OP FLORMDA '.9
,- i '. I
Residence and Church in Alachua.
electric light system generates stores, millinery shops, meat
sufficient current. tp furnish--:. markets, and grocery stores.
lights for all business and domes- .:. Cotton yield Increasing
tic .purposes, and also for any Before the days of the boll
small machinery' which may re- weevil scourge when cotton was
quire power for its running. The Fiterally "king" the Alachua com-
strefts are also' amply lighted all munity was known 'far and wide
night--which is truly a great con- as the banner cotton growing sec-
ventence in a small city like that. tion of this part of the state. The
Tliere re two hotels which af- two 'gina in the place were kept
ford' acodimodation for the trav- busy all during the season, and
eling public and for the local pa- rbany returns for the crop ran
.troris.' There are two cotton gins .ay yonder into the thousands of
with large capacity, two banks dollars every week.
which are good and substantial 'Then came 'a few years when
and' most admirably managed by farmers turned their attention to
competent aiid conservative offi- other matters of farming and"
cials, three garages which have, there was no cotton at all grown
their- hands full all the time car- here. But during the past couple
ing for the local and transient of years the fact-of things is
business, of the latter there is a changing for the better very fast.
great amount ai the city lips on At the State University at
the line of the great Dixie High- Gainesville they are working with
way,- arid hundreds of tourist's might and main to overcome the
autos pass through the place ravages of the weevil, anid that
every month. Thenthere is the tliey are succeeding very well is
local business which is large in- mply demonstrated by the fol-
deed' "for a small city, for Ala- tDwing figures.. In 1921 there
chua and its surrounding country "'as no cotton ginnedat the Ala-
can truly boast of a large number c.iua gins. In 1922 there were 400
of automobiles. ales ginned by 'the two gins. -In
Thedbusiness houses in the city 1923, the past year there were'
include department store., gener- no less than 800-bales ginned at
'ai stores, drug store, hardware both the gins. Froir'r hese fig-
ures it will be seen that cotton
growing is coming back-by leaps
and bounds, even to doubling its
yield during the past two years.
It is stated by interested parties
that the yield this year will. be
more than double what it was last
season. Thus it will be seen that
with cotton coming into its own
again, and with the new industry
of tobacco growing, and also with
the general farming industries
and stock'and poultry raising, the
future of Alachua and its vicinity
has a very bright outlook.
'In addition to the churches
which are in Alachua there are
several other moral and social
features which should be mention-
ed in this connection. There is a
Masonic and a Woodmen lodge.
Then the ladies have a school im-
provement association which is:
'being effectively conducted and
splendid results are accruing.
Then. there are the church -socie-
ties among the ladies and the
young people of the several
church organizations, the mission-
ary societies, etc., etc.
S'Highways and Side Walks
,.-Alachua is certainly blessed
/with good roads leading into and
through it. It is situated on-.the-_
line of the Dixie Highway which:.
is an ashalt roadbed all the way.
from the Suwannee river to.
Gainesville, and passes right;
through the heart, of Alachuar.
Then there are other well kept
and good roads which extend out
into the surrounding country,,
This is specially true of the road.
to the east of town. '-
Then in the city itself there is ,
'fine cement sidewalks on both -
sides of the main street all the
length of it, and also. on some of
the side streets.
City of Splendid Homes
One will seldom find in many,
a day's travel a city the size of
Alachua which can boast of as1'!
many fine residences as can this .
little city. As one drives along
the streets he is impressed with
this fact. There are great fine
residences towering two and more
stories high on all sides, not only .
on the main, thoroughfare, but-al-
so on side streets. And the mod- -:
ern bungalow is. to be found there'.
in all its glory and beauty.
And its streets are adorned,;,-
with beautiful shade trees,- as will;
be noted by looking at the sti-eet
scenes on this page.
I' . : "
If it is a fertile farm, on whiehiyo'can raise anything, or a srn'ilDcy home amongst agrec-
able people, with- good school aidUchurah facilitie-that y.ou nrrt, you will do well to com-
'municate with the city clerk of Alach"tb "- : "
.lal~~g. % i ". *.' ,'^ "-,- -s. : i, ..
L I - II-- T
I ' I :. -; i
I- - - X
traveling westward f r o m
'nesville, a distance of about.
miles over a splendid road, part
which is hard surfaced with
altand 21 slag, and the re-
ider is rock ballasted ready
.--'the asphalt covering, one
es to as pretty and enterpris-
:little city as can be found in
,ny .a day's travel. Or if you
passing along the main line
-he A. C. L. railroad from Way-
oss, Ga., to Lakeland, Florida,
traveling westward over an-
her main line of the same road,
om Jacksonville- to Perry, way
t in West Florida, you will pass
rough this game little city, for
oth these lines cross at this
iJont. If you should inquire or
ake the trouble to look it up in
our time table folder; you will
discover the name of this charm-
i. ing little city to be Newberry.
If you leave the train and wan-
ler through its well kept streets
rou will find them lined with cn-
1 -t.,erpris'ng mercantile houses, and
ith dwellings far beyond the
-verage in character and beauty.
number of these residences are
.y models of their kind and
11 attract the attention of the
visitor the moment his eye rests
T Another thing he will notice is
'that there are a couple of very
'appropriate church edifices in the
little city, and if he- goes a bit
i'arther he will discover to his
wonderment, a couple of fine brick
buildings which stand out in bold
relief against the sky line of his
vision. Inquiry will elicit the fact
that these, are the grammar and
high school buildings of the place.
Volumes of black smoke may
attract his attention, and if he
should a-k concerning it he would
be told that it came from the ex-
cellent ice and cold storage plant
and from the municipally owned'
light and water plant. If he
should "stick around" the depot
for a few hours he .will note the
arrival and departure of that
splendid train service of the A. C.
L. railroad between Jacksonville
and St. Petersburg, the "Pinellas
Special," which is as fine a train
as is run anywhere in the state
and affords most excellent service
for multitudes of the northern
tourists who visit the "Sunfshine
City" every winter. Another
curiosity, and it may be said, mar-
vel in the line of railroad trans-
portation the visitor will see if he
remains at the depot long enough,
and that. is the mammoth log
trains which pass through from
the west Florida section to the
great mills at Jacksonville. These
log trains are so long that spec-
ial pass tracks have to be con-
tructed for them, and each one
'represents literally- millions of
feet of fine pine lumber when
these great logs are finally saw-
ed up at the mills.
Now having taken a general
survey of this pretty and enter-
prising little city it will be .well:
to get a closer view of its people
and their enterprises and activi-
ties. Naturally, as the moral
status of any: community is that:
which is first asked about, men-
tion will be made first of the
churches in Newberry. Stand-
ing on tl'he corner of the main.
street of the place is a handsome
structure which:is used by the
Baptist people as a house of wor-
ship. Rev. Thomas Henson is the
present pastor, and services are
held there' every Sunday. A
couple of blocks away is another
pretty little housed of worship
where the Methodist people of the
place hold services. Rev. Mr.
-Lawhern is the present pastor
and services are held there on the
2nd and 4th Sundays of each
month. The Episcopal people of:
the community have not as' yet
erected a building of their own,
but they divide the time with the
Methodist people, holding services
on the 1st and 3rd Sundays, thus
alternating with the Methodists.
Rev. Curtis Grubb is the rector in
charge there now. -
As the schools in a community-
rank next to churches in the mat-
ter of moral influence and char-
acter building, those of Newber-
ry will be considered nrext. First
of all the buildings of the schools
must be considered. Standing,
on an eminence in the southwest
portion of th city are two, prom-
inent structures. One of these has:
been used for the grammar grades
pf .the school for a- number of
years, but a few -years ago it was.:
fouhd' that -if 'the high school
grades were .taught additional.
rooms would have to be provided. .
The enterprising residents of the
city did not hesitate one moment,
but forthwith set about the eree-
tion ofa splendid brick structure
on a site adjacent to thb graii-
mar grare building in which there
is provision: for all the.rooms re.
quired forinstructing the pupils
of that grade. Following is the
personal of. the teachers in both
Prof. R. 0. Mcewen,-prIncital
Mrs. R. 0. McEwen first assist-.
ant principal; W. A. Adams, 10th '
grade; Miss' Ethel Means, 9th
grade; J:L. Scotton, 7'th and 8th
grades; -Mrs. J. M. Gilmore. 6th -
grade; Miss Annie Lee Landrum
5th grade;. Miss Ravena Gilbert,
4th grade;,Miss Edna Martin .rd
grade; Miss Lydia Salimoa, 2nd'
grade; Miss Lydia Leivonen. l1st
grade; Miss Minnie Slaughter, as-
sistant primary principal,, and,
,Mrs. G. H. Blount Primary prin-
The good people of Newberry
are justly proud of both their.
school-buildings and their corps-
of instructors. In passing through
the city and talking. with a num-
ber of; citizens'as well as patrons
of the school not one word was
;-~ i .
SNEWBERRY, FLORIDA;: ''
"A Good Community in Which toLive"
i *-.,J. ..r ... .. 1 ... ..^ ^ ...l *l
..'**' ..... "2:
,',' -* * : .' ,/ ,' : .
9 ,/ -'.
AtJAmCTtTA CotTNTY -u= Op PrT~TtMA
WH"h School and Church Buildings and Street Scene in Newberry
heard which in any way reflected berry is right up to the minute. Light and Water Plant no where else in the state. That
upon the high standard of all the They have an active board of Citizens of Newberry all point s.what is known locally as "Waste
teachers from .principals to first trade, the general functions of with pride to -their splendid light Pond" land. In the days gone by
grades. In, addition to this, it is such bodies being actively pushed' and water plant which is muni- when phosphate mining was in
a well: known fact at the court- to the front by its enterprising cipally owned and which pro- operation in this section the over-
house that the Newberry school members. Of this band of active duces for the people the very best flow from the washings of the
stands in the foremost ranks in- business men Wallace R. Cheves is results. The water is taken from rock was run into a sort of pond
the examination of the superin- the president, P. J. Norfleet, vice a well which is 110 feet deep, or ctch basis. In time the ac-
tendent of irisruction and also of president, and W. N. Berry, secre- hence is below all contaminating cumulations from these washings
the county board of education. tary. The purpose of this body waters of any kind and is said to ma rom t e wa n
The school is also an accredited of business men is to work out be most healthful. The analysis became from one to many feet
Junior High, plans of cooperation which will which has been made a number of deep owing to conditions. Now
Loiges and Societies prove of benefit to the producers times has always shown the water. that the old phosphate works are
When one is thinking 6f mov- of the community.: They will be to be absolutely pure. deserted, it has been discovered
ing into a community and making active in securing a warehouse, The electric light plant sup-' that the made ground in those
his future' home there he at once in getting buyers to come to New- plies light for all night, and also. waste ponds is very rich, owing to
begins to ask about- the social berry to meet the producers at for the afternoons. It supplies the amount of phosphate in it
status of the place. In this re- their .own doors as it were, and light current for streets, and which washed out with theater
aspect as well as all others noted will attend to matters of cooper- houses only, there being no power. as it flowed into the reservoir or
Ihe charming .little city of New- active buying and marketing. The current generated. place. of.deposit.
i erry has mcith of which it can organization is young yet but it; Environments In.. the -vicinity of Newberry
justly be very' proud. First of all is expected that much will be ac- One who is thinking of going to there. are estimated to be some
may be mentioned the fact there complished, this coming season, any place to make it his home will 200 acres of this "waste pond"
is a Masonic and Eastern Star Business Places always make a survey of.the en- land, and it is being much sought
lodge Loth of whichh are flourish- Standing at the head of the vironments of the place. Natir-. for ly. those who wish to grow
ing, and com-prise the leading peo-- business enterprises of Newber- ally the first thing one thinks of vegetables, watermelons, or cu-
pie of the p:ace socially and other- ry is its bank. It is handled by a in the way of environment is the cumbers. One gentleman a. few
wise. J. T.. Brewer is Worship- conservative board of directors, land. And in this respect New- years ago grew 11 cars of water-
ful Master of,the Masonic lodge, and its quarterly statements show berry stands the peer of all sec- ire dns on a ten acre tract of this
and Mrs. W. G. Chapman is to the worldthat it is on a sound tions and cities in'Florida. The kind of land. One car was load-
Worthy Matron of the Eastern financial foundation with ample soil is a sandy loam with a clay ed with watermelons which aver-
Star chapter. :In. addition to capital for doing all the business subsoil, and will therefore pro- aged over 35 pounds each by ac-.
these there is a Ladies League. which will come to it., Other duce the very best results from tual weight. This kind of land
which has an extensive member-, business, interests are represent- fertilization. 'It is very well has been found to be equally as
ship, and they include; school im- ed by fifteen stores of all kinds adapted to the growing of corn,;' productive when planted in corn,i
provement and, many other ac-: inluig nimeat, markets, grocery; peanuts, and., vegetables of all or any other kind of crops. ,
tivities in their operations. Then 'hardware, dry goods, ,and drug kinds, and is specially fine- for Another element of the envi-
here are all the church societies stores, also two garages and two. grape culture,. In the old days ,roniTent of Newberryvwhich 'munti''
whichh are to'be,'fpund anywhere hotels. In addition to these must of cotton growing there was :a-, 'be-mentioned is.the fine hunting,
n which the, young people and bEe mentioned the ice and cold great amount of it:grown in this and fishing: which is adjacent to
older ones find ample scope 'or storage plants with a capacity .of vicinity. ;. the city. There are a number of
heir social desires. many tons of ice, every 24:hours, In this' connection mention beautiful lakes within a radium of
Board of Trade. i and with a storage capacity of must be made .f. a chasee :of soil a few miles of the city in whi'h
In its business, activities New- ;:- thousands of pounds of meat. W .. ich is. found here and possibly fish abound,
- rr~L-------- ---- r-- *r- - --r '-- ----- ...--l-L -I__~~-- -1LL Y~l.- -
"'Ther!. s nothing v.ich sE':-
ceeds like success," is a very old.
and a very true.adage. And this
is true :in every application to'
which it may be put. It is spec-
ially true in the inatter of farm-
ing here in ,Florida. Take any
section of .the state where the
planter has succeeded, and forth-
with it becomes a .noted place
about which men talk and which
vistprs .and settlers seek out..
Takd.tlhose sections where the cit-
rus fruit succeeds the best and'
there is a rush there of men who
desire to engage in that iiidustry.
And the-very same is true of
those sections where truck grow-
ing -has become a success, and al-
so stock raising and general farm-
Now, this being true, when one
comes to a section of Florida
where it can truly be said that
farming and trucking in all its
branches is a booming success,'
then. there is nothing more to do
except to tell the people about it
and watch them flock to that sec-
tion. That is just what is hap-
pening and going to happen in
this fertile and prosperous Tren-
ton section which is located far
away in the western portion of
Alachua county. It is fully 30
miles from the county seat at
Gainesville and almost adjacent
to the west line of the county. In
fact the section about Trenton
literally borders on the Suwannee
river which is the west line of
In the heart, of this splendid
fertile and healthy section,is sit-
uated the charming little city of
Trenton. It has a population of
about 1000 and is incorporated,
has' a city council and other civic
attributes. It is located on the
"'main line of the A .C. L. railroad
which runs from Jacksonville to
SPerry, in west Florida. It is also
on the west branch of the Dixie
Highway which runs from Per-
ry and all of west Florida, to the
junction of the main artery- of
this wonderful highway at:
Gainesville. Therefore it will be
seen that it has ample transpor-
tation facilities. It must also be-
stated that it is- located only a
few miles froin the "Three Way"
road -which connects the-- three
counties Dixie, Levy and Alachua,
at the new bridge across the-Su--
wannee river. One branch of this
great highway will in time extend
into each of these three counties
and thus enable the traveler to
reach any section of either coun-
ty over:the lines of this road.
It is possible that the first
thing which will be considered by.
the prospective settler in any
community is the religious and
moral aspects of the community.:
This is specially true if the pros-
pect has a family. Hence .it is
that the churches of Trenton are
given the first place in this ar-
ticle. There are at present two
church buildings in the place and
a third is under construction,
hence it will be seen that there
are ample church facilities in the
place for a town of its size.
First .:bf all is the Baptist
church.of which Rev. N. B. Plum-
mer is the pastor. Services are
held in this church on the 2nd
Sunday of each month.
Next comes the Christian
church, of which ; Elder W. H.
Jones has charge and services are
held every Sunday.
SThe Methodist, people have not
yet erected a house of worship,
-but have a splendid building uin-
der course of construction. At"
present they ,are using the Bap-
tist edifice as a place of holding
services which are conducted by
Rev. J. B..Gaines on each 4th Sun-
day of the month. .
In'additionto these regular qer--
-vices in the churches there are all
the usual young peoples societies-
and ladies organizations.
Another element in a comrmun-
ity which the prospective settler
with a family will consider very
thoroughly is the school facilities
of the new home. In this matter
surely Trenton stands second to
no town in the state.: It has a full
complement of popular and effi-
cient teachers in the grammar and
high school grades.- It is also an
accredited high school, so that its
graduates may enter any college
or university in the state'witliouit
further examination. Following
is the.roster of the teachers in the
Trenton schools, all of, whom -it
may be said stand high in their-
profession, and produce the very
best results with the pupils who
chance to be under them: -
Teachers in the high school:
W. J. Bullock, principal; Mrs.- C.
T. Johnson, assistant principal;
Miss Ruth Crutchfield, and C. W.
Lang, who is a "Smith-Hughes"'
teacher and has charge of the ag-'
Teachers in the grammar
grade: Miss Bertha Lott, 8th
grade, Bret Lewis, 7th grade;-
Mrs. S. T. ,Howard, 5th .and 6th
grades;: Mrs., S. Moore, 4th
grade; Mrs. W.:J. Bullock, 3rd ;
grade, and Miss .Dot Colsoin, pri- :
-mary grade. -
SThere is an average attendance:,,
,of 300 pupils.,
But in the way'of school. mat.-
ters the thing, of which.the good
-people of Trenton are the most
proud is the new school building ,
which is now nearing'completion.
It is a fine two story brick strucd
ture which has cost full $50,0;00.:1,
There are 12 rooms and a study::
hall; and also -a large auditorium:
which will seat 700 people. It. is
located on. a- commanding emint
nence in the middle of a 14 acre -
.tract .ust north of the town."' It
presents an imposing appearance
to the people who are passing on .
the railroad, and also to those who ,
are traveling over the Dixie High--
Other Social Features -
In addition to those already,
mentioned there are in Trenton a -
Civic League, which is composed
of the ladies of the place, and
they also,iook after the school
improvement activities of :the
town, have an active Woman's.
Christian Temperance Union, and,:
the ladies of the. Baptist church'::
have an active missionary socie-
ty. Nor must the -Boy Scouts
bel left out., There is a fine lot
of them some 25 in number, and
they are about the most active
collection of boys-to be found in
the whole -country,.
At the head of the hbuines en- -
Fannin. Springs, Near Trenton.
*A^ *. :>;*.' .*" L '- '' :* f" '* / ',;* ','*>
T i-County Bridie Over Slwannee iv*; j-
orS nw _
-- f'West-end Metroplis"'
Ir -.' - .- ---
Upper Left, Trenton Hotel; Upper Right, New High School Building, Lower Left, Street Scene: Lower Right, Cotton Gin.
terprises of Trenton stands the
bank. It is a well and conserva-
Stively managed financial institu-
tion. Its officers are careful men,
and its financial reports show
that .it. is in a most prosperous
;condition, and on a safe basis.
There are also ten stores, two
garages, two hotels, one restau-
rait, and one barber shop, a light
and'water plant, which is.private-
ly owned, one turpentine still, one
grist niill, one saw mill, one pack-
ing house, one stock. yard, one
live stock: dealer,. one bottling
The Growers Club
This is an organization which
has been in existence for only
one year but it has proved to be
of incalculable advantage to the
farmers and growers of this sec-
*tion. They buy and sell on the
co-operative plan and are doing a
wonderful work for the advance-
ment of the best interests of its
members. Frank Handley is
president, and C. T. Johnson is
the secretary and treasurer. As
an example of the activities of
this club it may be mentioned that
during last year they shipped
50 cars of cucumbers and 300 cars
of watermelons, also a goodly
amount of peppers, beans and ok-
Other shipments to the market
from Trenton were 100 cars of
hogs and cattle, 200 bales of cot-
ton, 4 cars of turkeys also a large
amount of poultry and eggs. In
fact the statement was made by
citizens of the place that the two
latter .articles were the best pay-
.ing money crops produced in that
It is estimated by the Growers
Club that there will be 1,500 acres
of watermelons planted this sea-
son, also 250 acres of cucumbers,
200 acres of tomatoes, 25 acres
of peppers, 15 acres of beans and
okra, and 5 acres of eggplants.
The Water and Lighi Plant
The water and electric light'
plant in Trenton is as good as can
be found anywhere. While it is
true that it is privately owned yet
it is admirably, conducted and af-
fords the very best of service.
The well is 100 feet deep and the
water flow is ample and pure and
healthful. The electric tcrrent
is on for only a portion f the
night, but the time is governed by
the ,needs of the night a:id the
business and local conditions.
The City Council of Trenton extends an
invitation to home seekers to investigate
AL;ACMIUA COTTN-ff -MM OtF FLORMDA
-" I!: .; i
:r ~ :
AFTER SKIMMING along over
a delightfully good and smooth
rock surfaced road some dozen or
more miles eastward from Gaines-
ville, the county seat of Alachua
county, one comes to a most de-'
lightfully pretty little village,
Hawthorne. One is immediately
impressed with the homeliness of
the place as soon as he begins to
pass along its broad streets which
are lined with comfortable dwell-
ings, many of which are modern
and up-to-date in their architec-
ture. And when one comes to the
business part of the town its ac-
tivities attract his attention at
once. This is specially true on
Saturday when the 'good farm-
ing people of that section come in-
to town to dispose of their pro-
duce and to secure their week's
supply of groceries and other
Mention must be made first of
all that Hawthorne is the center
of a very fertile section' of the
county, and that its farmers are
correspondingly prosperous. La-
ter on the reader will come to
statistics showing the shipments
of farm and grove produce from
this station, and it will be seen
then that the above statement is
amply borne out. In point of fact
there are but few towns of its
size which can make the wonder-
ful showing in the way of ship-
ments from the station in the
way of country produce that is
shown by Hawthorne,
As to transportation facilities
Hawthorne is absolutely unex-
celled. It is at the crossing po'nt
of two railroads. The main line
of the Seaboard road runs through
the place north and south, and
the A. C. L. railroad from Gaines-
ville to Palatka passes through
the place east and west. There
are 14 passenger trains every day
and freight service over both of
these roads to accommodate the
demands of the people of the
Then its highways must be
mentioned. The Dixie highway
from Gainesville to Palatka passes
through it from east to west, and
the state road from Waldo to
Ocala passes through it from
north to south. In addition to
these highways there are good
roads leading ,it toMelrose and
no other neighboring towns which
are not on the highways me4nton-
Seeking out first of all the re-
ligious and moral-side of the life
of Hawthorne it may be mention-
ed that there are no less than four
churches to accommodate a pop-
ulation of about 1000.
First of all may be mentioned
the Presbyterian church. It has
a very attractive house of wor-
ship so located that its presence is
known by all who enter the place
from the west, as.it stands out in.
bold relief near that line of travel.
Rev. Richard White is the pastor,
and services are held there each
2nd and 4th Sundays in the
The Baptist people have a very
neat church house on the main
street of the town leading north-
ward. Rev. A. M. Yarborough is'
the pastor, and he preaches for
the.people on the 2nd and 4th
Sunday of the month.
The Methodists have a neat
but modest church in which Rev.
R..T. Caldwell preaches on the 1st
and 3rd Sundays of each month.
The Catholic people of Haw-
thorne have a modest house of
worship on the main street lead-
ing into town from the west. Here
Rev. John Conoley, who is pastor
of the church at Gainesville holds
services once each month.
A most noteworthy condition
in the church life of the good peb-
ple of Hawthorne is the friendly
feeling which exists among the
members of the protestant
churches of the place. This is
specially manifested in the prayer
meetings. On each Wednesday
evening there is a prayer meeting
conducted in some one of the three
protestant churches, and these
meetings rotate round and round
through them all, and no matter
in what church the meeting is
held the pastor of some other
denomination has the meeting in
charge. That is to say, if the
meeting is held in the Baptist
church the leader for the evening
will be a pastor of either the
Presbyterian or Methodist church.
And so it goes the entire rounds.
And the best part of it is that
the people turn out no matter
which denomination is holding
Scenes in Hawthorne, Showing Beautifully Shaded Streets, Transportation Facilities and Lake Sc ene.
"A Clean, Heathly and Prosperous Town"
:the meeting. 'The usual attenid-
ance is about 50.
,Arid 'this spirit of' unity is not
new in Hawthorne. In'the days:
,when there was no conflict of ser-
vices on Sundays there was a sort
' of Union choir 'which served
whatever church-was holding ser-
vices. This choir was made up
of members of each of the sever-
In addition to the services men-
tioned, the churches of Hawthorns
have a full allotment of young
peoples meetings, missionary so-
cieties, ladies aid societies, ladies
Other Social Activities
SThe good ladies of Hawthorne
are not "back numbers" in any
.sense of the word when it comes
to,social and club activities. First
of all there is the Womans Club,
which is very active in school im-
prbvement work, and in all ,civic
matters. As an example they in-
augurated "clean up" day, andd
saw to it that the town was real-
'ly "swept and gairnished." The
little place looked like there had
been real house, yard and street
cleaning day when the sun went
down that night.
In addition to this there is a
regular school improvement or-
Sganization among the ladies of
Hawthorne. They have as a spec-
Sialty "childs welfare work." Dur-
ing'the past year they have help-
ed to clothe and supply with books
a number of children who other-
wise would not have been abt to
attend school at all. Their work
is most commendable.
Lodge activities in Hawthorne
stand well out, in the lime light.
First of all there is the old stand-
by Masonic lodge and its compan-
ion in service, the Eastern Star.
Then comes another old standby
lodge, the I. 0. 0. F., whoso thrae
links .b-nd into a grand brother-
hood millions of the best men of
America, and also their compan-
ions in service, the Rebekas. And
last of all is to be mentioned a
most active band of men bound
together in the great social and
altruistic work of the Knights of
There is one thing of which the
good people of Hawthorne -are
justly -proud and that is their
schools. It is true that the build-
ings are a bit old, and not up-to-
date in construction, but that is
only the external. The time is at
hand when new and modern struc-
tures-will be erected, and then
Hawthorne will line up in every.
respect with her sister schools of
the county. At the present time
there are three buildings all ad-
jacent so that the purpose of one
building is served. The schools
are urider the able principalship
of Maj6r M. J. Nash, a man of
wide experience and of superior
attainments. In fact in addition
to holding the principalship of the
Hawthorne school he also holds a
chair of Sociology at the State
University at Gainesville where
he hears four classes each Satur-
day. The Hawthorne high school
is accredited, and its graduates
are able to enter any college in the
state without further examina-
tion. There are ten rooms in the
building, and also a laboratory
and music room. In this labora-
tory there is probably the best
scientific equipment to be found
in any school in the county. This
'is a consolidated school, and
every morning no less than eight
trucks loaded with laughing boys
and girls are driven from the
country to this school. The pres-
ent enrollment of the school is
290, and the class of graduates
last year numbered six.
The teachers in the high school,
M. J. Nash, Miss Lillie Love,
Mrs. Gladys Laird, and G. W.
Johnson teach some of the high-
The teachers of the grammar
grades are: rG. W. Johnson, 8th
grade; Mrs. W. B. Howard, 7th
grade; Mrs. W. O. Rencher, 6th
grade; Mrs. Jessie Arnow, 5th
grade; Mrs. Mabie Flowers, 3rd
and 4th grades; Miss Viola Nash,
2nd and 3rd, and Miss Sarah Low-
rie, primary grade.
ALACHUA COUNTY mUB OF FLOTRDA .
The City Council of Hawthorn
The Citizens of Hawthorn Will
The Land Around Hawthorn Will
Now! What we want to know is, Why Don't You Buy a
Land and Make Your Home With Us?
Few Acres of
will be given by
ssing, "City Clerk,
. -..^ :.*-., ,.i : : .-
The business interests" of
thriving and enterpriing littlecit
comprise one bank, 12 stores,: 4
garages, 2 hotels, 1 cafe, 1 mnoss
gin, 1 cotton gin, 1 turpentinr
still, 1 bottling works, 1 ice afrid
cold storage plant, 1 concreteO
works, 1 barber shop and 1 tailor
shop. Also there is a water works'
plant under cuorse of construction
and an electric plant is in opel-'
ation which gives a 24 hour ser-
vice, lighting the homes, business,
houses and streets.
Products Shipped by Express
Elsewhere will be found the;
car load shipments of farming
products from the Hawthorne
station, but the following figures.,
will show what has been done
through the express. Oranges, 2,-
000 boxes, beans and tomatoes,.
14,000 crates, and okra,. 1,500
crates, making a total of 17,500.
packages of produce which was
handled last year by the express
company. The increase of ship-.
ment of this kind of produce dur--
ing the past three years has been
fully 400 percent. From this it-
will readily be seen that truck
growing in this section is on the
up grade, and that it is a winning-;
At a conservative estimate the
income from last year's express
shipments amounted to'$38.500..-
IF YOU HAVE read this book
from the first, you have now
come to the last town sketch. But
from this fact it is not to be in-
ferred for a moment that Waldo
stands lowest in the list of Ala-
chua county cities in any respect.
It is simply a matter of somebody
having to drop in and fill the last
niche in the structure, and the
lot fell upon Waldo. But, as is
often the case, the keystone is
the last one laid'in the structure
of an arch, so it may be said that
Waldo, in a very true sense stands
as the keystone to the gigantic
structure of Alachua county cities
as written of in this book.
Waldo is a very pretty little
city located on the main line of
the Seaboard Air Line railroad, 7C
miles southwest of Jacksonville,
which is the entrepot of all Flor-
ida, and some dozen miles north-
east of Gainesville, the county
seat df Alachua county. It is al-
so at the parting of ways, so far
as railroad lines are concerned. It
is on the main line of the S. A. L.
between Jacksonville and Tampa
and St. P&tersburg, and at this
point a branch of the line con-
tinues in a southwesterly direc-
tion, finally reaching the Gulf of
Mexico at Cedar Key.
Waldo is also the end of a'
freight division, hence it is that
many conductors and other train-
men with their families reside
here. The shops of the company
are located here and a large force
of men are also employed here.
The roundhouse is also here,
hence there are a number of men
connected with that branch of the
service. To accommodate the vast
amount of freight business and
cars which accumulate at this
point long pass tracks have been
constructed. The railroad yards
are large .and afford ample room
for the handling of'immense num-
bers of cars and trains. There is
also located here one of the long-
est turntables to be found in the
entire state. This turntable and
all the machinery at the shops is
driven by electricity, the local
electrical plant supplying the cur-
rent for all the requirements of
the yards and shops.
Another very important fea-
ture in connection with the loca-
tion of the railroad activities in
Waldo is the fact that the pay-
roll of these railroad employees
amounts to the snug little sum of
$30,000 per month. It will thus
be seen why it is that the mer-
chants of the place thrive so well.
That amount of money coming in-
to a town the size of Waldo every
month must naturally keep the
wheels of business pretty well oil-
ed all the time.
There are 12 passenger trains
which stop at Waldo every day.
In fact all trains no matter how
"limited" they are or what their
schedule, stop at Waldo and get
orders and take on passengers
and leave them. There are some
25 freight trains leaving Waldo
every 24 hours.
In addition to the railroad facil-
ities at Waldo there is a canal
which connects the town with all
points on the beautiful Santa Fe
lake. From Melrose alone, some
12 miles distance, there comes an-
nually thousands of boxes of
oranges, naval stores and other
produce in large quantities. This
is all transferred to the S. A. L.
railroad and sent thence north.
In the matter of churches Wal-
do is not at all behind. There
are the three following churches
in full operation here: -
Baptist church, Rev. W. B.
Hicks, pastor, services on the 2nd
and 4th Sundays of each month.
Methodist church, Rev. J. W.
Windham, pastor,- services on the
1st and 3rd Sundays of each
Episcopal church, Rev. W. B.
Dunham, pastor, services one Sun-
day each month.
All these churches have the
usual number of adjuncts in the
way of ladies societies, mission-
ary societies, and young peoples'
organizations. Through all these
agencies and activities the good
people of Waldo are as a whole
very closely lined up with church
work in some form or other.
The good people of Waldo are
very proud of their recently com-
pleted school building and also
of their corps of teachers. There
are 14 rooms in this fine two-
story brick building which stands
,out in bold relief on a command-
ing site in the northwest portion.
of the city in the center of a five
acre campus. It is a grammar
and high school with a full com-
plement of efficient teachers in
both grades. Prof. W. M. Hollo-
way is the principal, and he
teaches mathematics, science and
latin. Miss Effie Pettit is assist-
ant principal, and she teaches
english, history 'and latin. The
following are the teachers in the
grammar grades: Miss Laura
Williamson, 7th and 8th grades;
Miss Ida McDonald, 5th and 6th
grades; Miss Thelma Bullard, 4th
and part of 5th grades; Miss
Theora Teck, 2nd and 3rd, and
Miss Eltha Hicks, primary grade.
The present enrollment of the
school is 204. 'It is consolidated
with another school which added
40 pupils to the roll.
Lodges add their proportionto
the moral and social activities'of
Waldo. These comprise the Ma-
sonic fraternity, and their sisters
of the Eastern Star, the Knights
of Pythias, and their sisters the
Pythian Sisters, and the Modern'
Woodmen. All these lodges are
active and doing their part to-
ward the upbuilding of the place.
Waldo Women's Club
This is one organization in Wal-
do which is really wide awake
and doing things, if reports are
to be believed. The membership
pf this is quite large arid embraces
most of the ladies in the place. -
A building has been donated to
them by the public school author-
ities and the ladies are turning
things upside down to enable
them to remodel'and furnish that
building so as to make it a proper
home for their club. And they
are getting there all right with
all their plans. The ladies always
secure the things they go after
in real earnest. Take the 18th -
amendment as an example.
One of the activities of the club
has been the having of all school
children pass a physical examina-
tion. People who are at all in-
formed as to the up-to-date things/,
of the times are well aware of the ,
importance of this 'movement.
Along this same line is having
the children of the school pass.
the Schick test as to liability to
have diptheria. Every pupil of
the school is required to pass'thisr
test, and the teachers as well.
Another big enterprise these
good ladies set in operation this
year at the school is the supply-
A' Few Waldo Scenes.
. .~ ., ,: : .! ., : :y -, . .. .'
"A Town of Splendid Railroad Facilities"
i .,.. i.- ;.
AORICtJLTUMtAt INDUSTRIAL EDUCATIONAL 87
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Residence and Street Scene, Waldo.
ing of hot lunches to the pupils,
the needy ones being served free,
the others paying mere cost -for
it. .Then" when the new school
building was opened for occupa-
tion it was discovered that the
ground was all in ridges, it hav-
ing been a corn field formerly.
The ladies set about it and had
the ridges leveled down. Then the
Ladies did another big thing for
the school. They secured a play-
ground -equipment that is second
to none in the state. Then last
year when the school was about to
be closed for lack of funds, thesd
same ladies 'got out and secured
the funds for continuing the
school two months longer. And
lastly when the matter of the 10
came up these ladies got out and
canvassed the town and it is said
the vote for additional increase
was unanimous, and- only lacked
one vote of. being unanimous for
the 10 mill increase or limit. It
is said to be the only place in the
state where such a high vote in
its favor was cast, and it is claim-
ed the ladies of the Waldo Wo-
men's club deserve all the credit.
Business and Industries
Waldo has one-bank which is
conducted on safe lines. It is a
great help to the community.
In Waldo there are 15 stores
including drug store, 1 furniture
store, 5 groceries and 2 markets.
There are also 3 garages, and one
hotel, 2 restaurants, and 2 black-
In addition to all this the Cole-
man Manufacturing Company op-
erates a saw mill a short distance
east of town on the line of the
canal. They also make all kinds
of building material and are pre-
paring to enlarge their business.
Light and Water
There is a privately owned
light and water plant in Waldo
which supplies a 24 hour service
of light for the place. Water is
- also supplied to those who care
to take it, and the system is
spreading all the time. In addi-
tion to light and water this- con-
cern also makes ice for the people
of the city. The capacity of this
place will shortly be doubled and
1r _i1 __ -*11 11 - _- .. .11 .... t- -
needs in any of these directions
well provided for.
Plants and Bulbs
The pioneer of the plant and
bulb growing industry in Waldo
is T. K. Godbey, who has been at
the business for the past quarter
of a century. At the present time
he has gladiola bulbs literally by
the million preparing for ship-
ment, and he is also shipping out
canna lilly bulbs by the car load.
This section of Alachua county
is most admirably suited for the
growing of plants and bulbs, and
other men are coming in from the
north to engage in this industry.
It is stated twq such men have
but just come to the Waldo sec-
tion this winter and more are to
mill adclltlon fdor school purposes smith shops. W aiao Wil ten nave an posse Iouow.
:Itl"t.~ 1g' Waldo 11 ile thenhdv 1l posil fol"l nioorw.:::it
; The little city of Floral gardens-and a beautiful lake, would Welcome you to live in it. For
S in formation apply to City Council of Waldo, Florida., -- :
"A Thriving Truck and Citrus Center"
If .one were to stand on the
platform of the depot of the Tam-
pa & Jacksonville railroad in
Gainesville any afternoon of the
Year almost, he would see a heavi-
Sly laden freight train pull in from
the south at about 5 o'clock. If he
Were ,to inquire about that train
the bystanders would inform him
that the train was just in from
Micanopy and other places "down
If you were interested enough
Sto inquire further about Micanopy
and the section of country "down
I the line" those same bystanders
would tell you that Micanopy was
a beautiful, thriving and enter-
prising little city some 20 miles
south of Gainesville, on the south-
ern border of Alachua county.
Then, again, if you were of an
observant turn you would note
the fact that nearly all the cars
-in that long train were "refriger-
ator" cars, and if you persisted
in your questions as to why that
was so. you would be told that
those cars were filled mostly with
perishable vegetables, cucumbers
or watermelons, depending, of
course, on the season of the year,
But of one.thing you may be sure,
that literally every day in the year
this train will be one of things
grown in the wonderful garden
section about Micanopy, either
one side or the other.
In other words Micanopy is lo-
cated in the very-heart of the
most wonderful vegetable section
Sto be found anywhere in the state
Micanopy is one of the "bright-
;est and best" of the little cities
of Alachua- county. It would not
do to say it is the best for there
are others which would at once
rise up and vociferously lay claim
to that same title. There are.
probably a thousand happy and
contented people who reside with-
in its corporate limits, but as one
gentleman remarked, considering
the productivity of the adjacent
territory, there might as well be
5,000. And it is a city in which
there are many fine houses and.
beautiful homes. There is scarce-
ly a more beautiful place in the
state during the summer season
when all nature is garbed in her
robes of green and bedecked with
her thousands of beautiful and
There are two railroads which
serve the people of Micanopy, the
A. C. L., which sends out a branch
from the main line at Micanopy
Junction, and the Tampa & Jack-
sonville, which runs from Samp-
son City on the line of the South-
ern railroad, to some point south,
of Micanopy out in the midst of
the great truck growing section
In fact the immense amount of
truck grown in that section was
what induced the owners of that
road to construct it at all. In ad-
dition to handling all the volume
of freight which is sent out an-
nually from this point these two
roads afford ample passenger ser-
vice for the city and community.
Nor is this the only means of
communication with the outside
world. Micanopy is just now in
the throes of a wonderful road
building enterprise. The old Dixie
highway from Gainesville south
passes through Micanopy. But
just now_ there, is another great
road building enterprise under
way, and that is the construction
of State road No. 2, which is be-
ing constructed, from GainesvilEe
to- the county line and which
crosses that vast area known as-
Paines Prairie. The old county
road, which by the way, is well
built with rock ballast and asphalt
and slag surface, most of the way.
from Gainesville .to Micanopy,
runs around this prairie section,
making the distance much greater
than it will be when the new state
road is completed directly across
the prairie. It will be exactly 11
and 8-10 miles between the two
places when the new road is corn-
pleted which will cut the travel
distance very considerably. Later
on it is contemplated to construct
good roads to other adjacent
towns and thus link this enter-
prising little city up with all its
neighbors by good roads.
As- bright and pretty a little,
city as is Micanopy must needs
have its complement of churches.
The Baptists have an active
church there. Rev. C. J. Bruner
is the pastor and services are held
on the 1st and 4th Sundays of
The Methodist people are active
in their work. Rev. J. D. Murray
is their pastor and they hold ser-
vices on the 2nd and 4th Sundays
of each month.
The Presbyterians are also very .
active in their work. Rev. Rich-
ard White serves them as pastor,
and their services, are on the 1st,
and 3rd Sundays of the month.
In connection with all these ,
churches there are the usual ac-
companimrents of Ladies misson-
ary societies, Ladies aids and aux-
iliary societies, ahd also the usual
Cbmpaniments of Ladies mission-':
ganizations, hence it is/ that al-
together, in some way or another,
nearly every one in Micanopy is
linked up in some way with some
form of religious work.
Next to churches the people of
every community "point with-'
pride" at its schools. And well'
may Micanopy do this. First of
all mention, must be made of the
fine school building of which the
place boasts. It'is a handsome
trick structure situated well- to,
the north of town on,an ample,
campus. There are 9 class rooms
in th'e building which 'is- twoi
stories. In addition to these
there is a large auditorium which'
will seat fully 500 people.
Micanopy has been very fortuni-
ate in the securing of teachers,
so the patrons of the school re-'
I:ort. Many words of praise ai 1
commendation of these faithful
servants of the people: were heard
in the town. Following is the per-
sonel of the teachers in thiss"
Prof. W. E. Johnson, principal,,
and teacher of history, mathemat-
ics and latin; Mrs. W. E. John-
ston, first assistant, teacher of
English, and history; Miss Xuri-
pha Sapp, science and history. In',
the grammar grade Mrs. Edna
Miller is teacher of the 7th and
8th grades; Miss Eleanor Barton,
Beautiful Scenery at Picturesque Micanopy.
..-. ,` ~ '0,(:: . ,
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: :'.`~: ; ~ '~
AT.AMcUA c7oirr'r-r i o(yr rLoTtTDA -
6th and 6th grades; Miss Frances
Coward, 3rd and 4th, grades; Miss
Sophia Merry, 1st'and 2nd grades.
Miss Lois Dixon teaches piano
Sand voice, and Miss Ruth Rubl
teaches vocal music.
The present enrollment is 150,
and it is a consolidated school,
there being three other schools
'':Among the social activities of
Micanopy may. be mentioned the
following lodges. Masonic, and
Eastern Star, Modern Woodmen
of America, and Knights of Py-
thias. All these lodges are active
and doing much for the uplift and
upbuilding of the city populace.
'The goQd ladies of Micanopy
'are up and doing in their fields
'eo'f operations. First' of all may
:be mentioned the Women's Chris-
tian Temperance Union. 'The
;white -ribbon badge is not a
stranger to the- streets of the
place and a'strong union is main-
SThen comes the Micanopy Wo-
. men's club which is certainly a
very active organization of ladies.,
They are busy with all the various
fields of activity in which such.
organizations usually work. They
are busy with- school improve-
ment problems, and child welfare
work, and then they look well af-
ter all civic welfare matters.
In this latter work they are ably
assisted by the city council. Mic-
anopy fortunately has a special
charter, and so when the ladies
got tired of having cows eat up
their flowers and stroll along the
streets, day or night, they went
to the council about it, and forth-
with an ordinance was passed
which prohibited cattle running
at large in the town at all.
Business and Industries
The business interests of Mic-
anopy are represented by one
bank, which is so carefully man-
aged that in all the years of its
existence not one dollar of loaned
money has ever been lost. There
are 7 stores, 2 commissaries, 1
drug store, 2 garages, 3 hotels,
etc. The following industries
'are noted: Franklin Lumber
Company, which makes 3,600
baskets a day and employs 100
men; The'Ball Naval Stores Com-
pany, which is running 30 "crops"
,in their turpentine work and em-
-ploy -100 men, they also make
staves and barrels and conduct a
saw mill; The Modern Lumber
Company have a drying kiln and
a planing mill-and employ a good
number of men. There is also a
packing house with a two-car ca-
pacity where oranges and vege-
tables are prepared for shipment.
In tie busy season 75 men are em-
ployed here. Last season one
shipper sent forward no less than
15,000 hampers of beans, another
shipper during the season sent to
market 300 cars of vegetables, an
there are oranges by the car id
going forward during the entire
season. At one time in the his-
tory of Micanopy it was the sec-
Beautiful Scenes Taken in Picturesque Micancpy.
Cut in the Twain by the 181foot, sheet asphalt, Dixie Highway, situated in the most fertile
aidpicturesque section of Cental Floida icarc a substatiallittle ity ofbeautifiul
' homes and orange groyes invites: a isit from reliable, 'prospective settlers.
om an a .e
ond largest shipper of oranges
in the state.
Micanopy has an electric light
system which supplies an all night
service. There are also a num-
ber of water supply places in the
town but no general system as
There are two rural mail routes
going out from the postoffice.
Micanopy is reported to be one
of the healthiest places in Florida.
One hog grown in Micanopy
sold for $15,000, the highest price
ever paid for a hog in the entire
Southland. Another hog grown
here took all the first premiums
at the great Chicago show one
Within a mile of Micanopy is
Lake Warburg in.which there is
all kinds of good fishing. The
hunting for quail and squirrels ia
most excellent in this section.
J. B. Simonton, a prominent
farmer in that section, is the
proud owner of 100 head of as
fine Aberdeen Angus cattle as
ever grazed on a pasture. Just
now he is shipping about four
cars of cabbage every day.
The School system of a com-
munity is the most accurate cri-
terion by which may be judged
that community's progress, en-
lightenment, 'and general desir-
ability as a location for a pros-
perous and happy people. In re-
spect of her educational facilities
Alachua county is proud to main-
tam her position in the front
ranks of the counties of a state
which has made most substantial
advance i public education dur-
irg the past decade. The people
ot Alcaiua county are fully ahve
to thic fundamental importance
of the best m education for their
buys anc girls, ana have always
responded cheerfully and enthu-
siastically to the opportunities
for enlarging and improving the
educational advantages of their
A school system spread over
an area of some 1200 square
miles, serving a population of 35,-
000 people, and employing hun-
dreds of teachers, is in reality a
large business enterprise and the
people of Alachua county are to be
congratulated that their enter-
prise and cooperation have made
possible the smooth and efficient
functioning of this complicated
machinery of education.
The day of the one-teacher
rural school with its correspond-
ing scant facilities has all but
passed in the county and the con-
solidated rural and village schools
with their manifold advantages
are the demand of the people and
the order of the day. Over the
splendid highways linking vil-
lages and towns roll the school
busses with their burden of youth
intent upon making the, most of
their excellent advantages. The
schools in the larger centers of
population exhibit marked prog-
ress each year over what has
previously been accomplished.,
There are no so-called educa-
tional experiments being perpe-
trated in Alachua county, no wan-
dering away after fads and fan-
cies. It is the policy of the school
authorities td secure as nearly as
may be possible full value in prac-
tical results for every dollar ex-
pended. To this end the ideal of-
the schools is to train-the child
thoroughly in the fundamental
tools of knowledge, to instill in
him the principles of moral and
civic righteousness and justice, to
teach him 'to care for his health
and happiness, and that of his
neighbor, to enable him to meet
and solve.successfully the every-
day -problems of life, and to ac-
quit 'him with the desire and the
ability to enjoy life at its best.
Alachua is a county for the
most part' engaged in various
forms of agriculture and allied
industries. Her untold resources
of climate and soil are in process
of rapid development, and her
educational activities are, in spir-
it and practice, thoroughly in ac-
cord with these facts and condi-
tions. The study pf agriculture
is a part of the curriculum of
every school in the county and
two schools in the richest -agri-
cultural sections are organized on
the Smith-Hughes plan, with oth-
ers making effort to avail them-
selves superior advantages. The
county agricultural agent and the
home demonstration agent are
both energetically engaged in pro-
moting the activities of the boys'
and girls' clubs which are factors
of such great importance ,to.the
progress and prosperity of the.'
community. It is the purpose of '
the schools that education shall:,
align itself, in proper sphere and i
proportion, to the trades and in-.;
dustries and shall result in train-
ing the young hands and minds in
at least the fundamentals of prac-
SAlachua county /has 12. high .
schools of excellent grade, serv-
ing the needs of more than 800 pu-
pils of both races and constantly
adding to their equipment and fa-
cilities for training the youth,,:
Every- town and village has for
'' "' 4
Pblic Schools i tuhe County.
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'A cULTrURAL INDUSTJ5Rz A EUICATTOMAL "A
its highest ambition the establish-
ment and development of a Senior
High School of approved type and
standard. A high -school educa-
tipn is within thereach of every
boy and girl in the county. En-
rollment in the high schools of
the county has' more than trebled
during the past decade.
The education of the negroes of
the county is a problem which is
being met 'and- solved -in.-a man3--
tory and efficient. There are ET
ner increasingly more satisfac-
tory and efficient. There are')
two superb plants which are rap-
idly being developed into centers
of industrial and normal training-
to supply leaders of the race in
all parts of the county. It, is
realized that the negro is a val-
uable asset to the economic life
of the county when he is properly
and effectually trained. These
two institutions above mentioned
will, when plans for their develop-
ment are perfected be -second to
-no similar schools in the South..
The value of the school prop-
erty in Alachua county is more
than $700,000.00 For, the year
1922-1923 there was expended for
current school purposes in excess
of $167,000.00. This amount does
not include sums expended for
new buildings and equipment.
Thanks to an increase of seven
mills in district school taxes which
has been voted almost universal-
ly over the county, the school rev-
enues for the current year will be
increased practically 50 per cent
over last year's total. The edu-
cational outlook for the county is
in keeping with the exceedingly
rosy future in all lines of progress
The school system in Alachua
county is under the able super-
vision of Superintendent of
Schools, Professor E. R. Simmons
and the County Board of Public
Instruction is composed of B. R.
Colson, chairman; E. G. Spencer
and W. H. Powell.
Professor Simmons is assisted
by Mrs. W. C. Mahin as County
Attendance Officer and Rural
School Supervisor and Miss Bbu-
lah Strunk as chief clerk in his
Public School Buildings Located in Incorporate Towns of Alachua County.
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"The Eaby University of the
South." Very often, and correct-
ly, this name has been applied to
this Florida school for men. Pre-
vious to 1905 Florida tried with
some Federal aid to maintain five
colleges for white students, name-
ly, East Florida Seminary at
Gainesville, State Normal School
at DeFuniak Springs, Florida
Agricultural College at Lake City,
Florida State College at Tallahas-
see, and the South Florida Miili-
tary College at Bartow.
Then, the Legislature of 1905
passed the famous Buckman Bill.
As a result: the five colleges were
n'erged into two instikut'!m.!, the
F:orida Stat. College for Women
at Tallahassee. and the University
of Florida for men at Gtunesville.
And the *inall schools that form-
erly had a "tooth and toe-nail"
f!ght for their very existence
have since (as reorganized) grown
remarkably. In fact, their growth
has been so rapid and mar-
velous as to astound the educa-
tional world; these two schools,
particularly the latter, are point-
ed to by national educators as ex-
amples of unequalled growth and
development. Truly, the growth
o' the University of Florida is
without parallel, a fact that is
cherished by many men, women
and children in the state, a fact
that thrills and stimulates to
greater action the men who com-
pose its administrative, teaching
and investigational staffs.
Let us cite so.ne figures which
will show how fast this particular
school has grown. In 1U07 tne
total enroinienit lor tne'year was
lUZ. in i4z4, as this ;story is
being written (F'eoruary 14,) the
emio-iment has already reached
the eighteen hundred mark, and is
'exptLei to c10 cml to and beyond
two thousand. For the school
year of 1 07 the teaching, admin-
istrative and research staifs num-
Lered not more than half a dozen;
today these staffs number over a
hunuied, most of them do-ng ai
least 25 per cent more wor than
they are supposed to do. In 1901
there was one brick building; to-
day there are fourteen bricitanl
several substantial wooden stiac-
tures, and another brick building
is now under construction. This
new building is to be an auditor-
ium; it will seal twenty-five hun-
dred persons and is to cost two
hundred thousand dollars. It will
be one wing of what is ultimately
to be the finest administration
building in the South, costing
three quarters of amiillion dollars.
Each college of the University is
housed in a brick building.
Really, the story of the growth
of this state university reads like
a fairy story; it is so marvelous
one often wonders if it is really
To name the various colleges al-
phabetically we have:- The Col-
Dr. A. A. Murphree, President University of Florida.
lege of Agriculture, the College of
Arts and Sciences, the College of
Engineering, the College of Law,
Birdseye View University of Florida,
and the Teachers College and Nor-
mal School. The sixth unit is the
General Extension Division.
At the head of the entire organ-
'iation, which is governed by the
State Board of Education through
the State Board of Control, is the
president, Dr. A. A. Murphree. At
the head of each college unit is
the dean. The deans are respon-
sible to the president, the presi-
dent to the Board of Control, the
Board of Control to the Board of
:,Education, the Board of Educa-
tion to the people who are the
"last law of the land."
This is only enough for a be-
ginning, but it is enough to tell
you, that Florida's state univer-
ity IS, and IS in a great big way.
Created By and for the people, it
has been the.policy of those at the
'directing helm that this highest /
public institution for learning
.shall SERVE the people--and all .
ot the peopl**.f the State&
THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
ALACITUA COUNTY-ItT OP FLORTIA A
College of Engineering, University of Florida.
A Driveway at the University of Florida.
44 AA COUNTY ... O FLOR..D.
IN WELL LOCATED-FULLY EQUIPPED
Alachua County Farms
B. 284. 80 ACRES. $8,000.00. $2,000 CASH.
[2 Hogs, 2 Horses, 2 Mules, Ford Truck, and All Farming Tools Free,
This place is right in the center of the trucking district, 80 acres
of fine dark sandy loam with a clay subsoil. You can raise anything
on this land. It is specially adapted to the growing of big crops of
cucumbers, water melons, beans, cabbage, lettuce, oniions and irish
potatoes. 55 acres of this place is under cultivation and 25 acres in
pasture. All fenced and cross fenced with: American .wire fence.
There are 25 orange trees, .25 peach trees' and 6 fig trees, also black
berries. A tenant house, barn, smokehouse and sheds, 2 mules, 2
horses, and 12 hogs go with the place, also all the farming' tools and
a Ford truck. Here is a money making truck farm. Shipping, station
right at the place.
B 285. 40 ACRES. $2,000.00. $1,000.00 CASH
25 Hogs, 2 Horses, 5 Cattle, 15 Chickens, Farm.Tools All Free.
A dandy little forty acre farm one mile from county seat of Levy
county, 25 acres fine level plow land that will grow anything, is spec-
ially adapted to water melons, cucumbers and tobacco. The place is
all fenced with American wire fence. One mile to schools, church,
stores and shipping station. Four orange trees, 8 pear trees and 12
peach trees. A good six room house with porch and two fire-places.
Good barn, tenant house of four rooms and fire place. Here is .a
good little money-maker. Owner getting too old.
B 278. 160 ACRES. $1,600.00. $600.00 CASH..
60 Hogs, 18 Cattle, 2 Horses, All Farming Tools.
Fine big farm of 160 acres of grey and black 10am with clay sub-
soil, all nice and level with 45 acres inder plow, 115 acres in timber,,
60 acres under fence. A fine place for a stock farm: -
Only 5 miles from the County Seat, 1 mile to schooll and church.
47 orange, 4 pear, and 4 pecan nut trees,.grapes,, etc. A good 8
room house with fire place, welL of good water,, small barn; smoke
house, sugar house, cane mill and kettle. Here is a place that any
nan may be proud to own. Owner called away and all the stock and
tools go with the place. This is only $10.00 an acre, the raw land is
vorth the price. Only 1 mile to large lake and good.fishing.
1100 Acres, good ranch 10,000 Acres for coloniz-
land, to settle estate, ing purposes, good
per acre .--......-- -$11.00 land, per acre- _-..$ 8.00
2,500 Acres Suwannee River Game Reserve, fine
'hunting and fishing, per acre: --. ..-........ ... $2.00
B 279. 10 ACRES. $3,600.00. $1,500.00 CASH '
House Fully Furnished, 47 Pieces Furniture, -Horse, .
Jersey. Cow, Heifer, 20 Stands Bees,
All Necessary Farming Tools.
Ten acres of dark sandy loam, with clay subsoil, just rolling
enough to drain nicely. Nine and one-half acres under plow, 7 miles
from Gainesville over hard surface road, half mile to school .and
church, 1 mile from railroad station, splendidly located.
Seven orange, 14 peach, 40 pear, 10 plum, 3 fig, 1 grapefruit and
1 kumquat tree, roses, etc. -A two-story ten-room house all furnished,
bath, pump on back porch, 2 fire places, porch 8 by 45 feet. A barn'.
20 by 35, shop and shed for auto. All you have to do is bring your'
clothes, walk into the house and commence housekeeping.
B'260. 160 ACRES. $5,500.00. .$1,000' CASH
25 Cattle, 10 Hogs, Mule, Pony, Buggy, Wagon, Gas
Engine and All Farming Tools.'
Splendid big farm 'of 160 acres, 140 acres nice grey, loamy soil,'
under plow, clay subsoil, 20 acres in pasture with pine, oak and hick-
ory timber. Only 3 miles from town of 3,000 with railroad shops,
stores, schools and churches. Free transportation to. school, rural
mail delivery. Good local market for poultry, eggs and truck,
Ten young orange, 10 plum, 6 peach and 2 fig trees, also grapes, ;
blackberries, roses, ,etc. 'A six-room frame house,, with porch, two'- k'
barns, smoke house, potato house, chicken house, corn crib and tenant i
house, deep well of good water. For quick sale the stock and farming
.tools go with the place. Fine for cucumbers, water melons and to-
EXTRA. 120 ACRES. $13,000.00. TERMS.
50 Pure-Bred and Grade Jersies, Delivery Truck,
Complete Equipment, with Milk Route
S Only 2 1-2 miles from Court House'at Gainesville, fine Macadam
road. 1-2 mile to shipping station and store. Two-story, six room'.;
house with porches, complete set of dairy buildings, milking machine,
separator, bottle washer, steam boiler, delivery truck, etc. 50 cows
grade and pure-bred -Jersies, registered Jersey bull, young stock,2
-mules, 1 horse, wagon, farming tools, power, wood-saw, a 4 H. P.
garden tractor. Milk route established, milk sells at 18 and 20 cents
quart. Green feed year round. Man died, estate must be settled,-
Price $13,000.00, terms.
S " i ; .,i
2,560 Acre stock ranch,
fine pasture land, to
settle estate, per
Stock ranch or general
farming, per acre $4.'00
2,000 Acres, 4 miles from Gainesville, cleared, maca-
dam road through it, per acre ..........-..-.. .$30.00.
Chas D. May
ALACHUA COUNTP--EFU11.0P FLORIDA
SOME EXCEPTIONAL BARGAINS
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AdRICULTURAL INDUSTRIAL IDUCA'NIMAL i
THE WILSON COMPANY
One of the oldest and largest mercantile enterprises in Alachua county is lo-
cated on the north side of the square in Gainesville. The business was put in opera-
tion in 1872 by Mrs. R. Wilson. About 20 years ago the Wilson Company was organ-
ized and the business has been conducted to the present time by that combination. To
say that it is prosperous and successful does not need to be said here, for the very
fact of its long continued existence proves that without a doubt.
This great enterprise is under the general management of R. F. Brush, who for
a number of years has had its matters in hand and has always shown himself to be
efficient in his work. He has as his assistant manager. W. F. Peeler, who is also the
advertising manager of the concern. The cashier is Miss Agnes Sims, and the book-
keeper is Miss Irene Long.
There are two floors in this big store, and down stairs there are seven depart-
ments and upstairs there are four depart ments. These are all in charge of well train-
ed heads who have had long experience in their several departments. Following is
the roster of these heads of departments.
LOWER FLOOR. UPPER FLOOR
Silk Department, Mrs. G. A. Duley.
Wash Goods Department. Mis~ Jblia King. Ladies Ready-to-Wear Department, Mrs. Bessie McKinstry.
Hosiery Department. Miss Daisey Kellum.
laces and Art Derprtment. Miss Mayme Shutt. Millinery Department. Miss Emmie Gordan.
Ribbons and Notions Depirtment. Miss Eva D ,onaldl n. Ladies Underwear and Corsets. Miss Mattie Bennett.
Domestic and Drapery Department. Miss Mary Lou Brabh.m.
Toilet Gonds. Gloves and Je'welry Departments. Miss Sabina Children's and Infants' Department, Mrs. Emma Sledge.
In addition to this immense store the Wilson Company also owns and operates
the store just across the corner on the east side of the square which has been known
for years as "The Big Store." It is in charge of W. P. Carter, a man of long and suc-
Eessful experience with the Wilson Company.
|N f _________________________________________________jI
A(,ZCTTT.TtMAL TInDUSTRTAL ET-CATTONAL
., :' -. 'i. -..' ,, '
The Thomas Undertaking Company
More than a quarter of a century ago Dr. T. F. Thomas began in a very modest
way in the undertaking business, and by care and strict attention to the business has
built up one of the most extensive and best equipped businesses of the kind in all
At the rear of the place of business of the Thomas Hardware company, Dr.
Thomas has his undertaking rooms. These consist first of all of a store room in which
is carried a full line of coffins and other equipment of a first class establishment of
this kind. Here also he has his rooms for embalming and caring for bodies in the most
careful and approved manner possible.
Here he has also a nicely furnished and attractive funeral chapel where ser-
vices may be held if not convenient to go to a church. It is properly seated and will
accommodate a good sized audience. In connection with the chapel he has conven-
ient and comfortable resting rooms, all of which are kept spotlessly clean and made
pleasant in every respect.
The Thomas Undertaking Company. is fully equipped for any sort of work in
that line which it will be called upon to per form. There is a recently purchased ambu-
lance which is equipped with all the necess't'es which go to make it a most modern am-
bulance. and a comfortable and pleasant place in which a sick person may ride.
There are two motor hearses which are modern in every respect and which
gives a funeral conducted by the company an up-to-date appearance. The company.
also conducts a monument establishment in which expert cutters and designers are
employed. This part of the business is growing in favor with the patrons of the com-
Day Phone 22---Personal attention to all calls, in city or country---Night Phone 129
- ---- .. .msirL1IC~31rrr~~)
We are headquarters for farmers and strangers
who are expecting to come to Gainesville and Alachua
county to settle.
We have been residents of this section for many
years which enables us to render the best assistance to
new comers and those expecting to locate in this com-
Write us or call on us personally and all the assist-
ance we can render you will be most cheerfully given.
We are also headquarters in Gainesville and Ala-
chua county for Hardware, Seeds, Farming Implements,
and Builders Supplies.
The Thomas Hardware Company
West Side of the Square
.. ..j~~;..-. -.,- ~ ~ = --.-----: -=-;-----~-, -.,'..--- .
- ----- ---- -----
ATACTU CO-JT-Tt1 01 1'T.Ofl-flA
The Thomas Hardware Company
ATACrTUA COUNTY--Tmm O rT.OTmA
AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIAL-. EDUCATIONAL
G. J. McGriff
616 West Universi y Ave.
Here is the story how Mr. McGriff got into the Maxwell-Chalmers game, as published in the Maxwell-Chalmers News.
"'Up to a short time ago Mr. McGriff was not in business for himself. He was salesman for another dealer and was
selling a popular low priced car, and he was selling enough of them to be classed as 'Star Salesman.'"
"While he was in Newberry, Florida, one day delivering a car Mr. McGriff met J. N. Joyner, wholesale representative
of the Mangels-Kirby Company, Maxwell-Chalmers dealers in Jacksonville, who was also delivering a car. Their meeting
was by chance and it was also chance that made it possible for Mr. Joyner to offer Mr. McGriff a ride to High Springs.
That ride was made in a good Maxwell. Mr. McGriff was m-uch impressed with the car, and Mr. Joyner was much impress-
with Mr. McGriff's evident sales ability.
"And, that is how it happened that Mr. McGriff is now a Maxwell-Chalmers dealer in Gainesville. He gave up a
position that was earning him big money. But he is not sorry. Today there are more good Ma"xwell cars in Gainesville
than any other make of car of this year's model. Mr. McGriff has not lost a single sale to any other dealer.
"He has also found it necessary to move from his old quarters into new and far more commodious rooms so that he
might be able to care for his ever growing business."
Mr. McGriff wishes to announce that he now has a full line of Maxwell parts, and also that he always renders the
best possible service as he is here first of all to please his pa trons.
Try the good Maxwell car before you buy any other kind. It will stand the strongest comparison.
Mr. McGriff takes this means of announcing to the Galnesville public that he will soon have a new Chrysler car upon
the floor for demonstration purposes. Come in and look it over. It will be worth your while if you are interested in a good
r I ,
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"A GOOD PLACE TO EAT"
High Springs, Fla.
We believe in High Springs and Alachua
County.- It's a good place to live.
Our meals make you think of home-the
old home, a long time ago, when you were a
little boy or little girl and your appetite was
for the road signs-They'll direct
"A Good Place to Eat"
On the Dixie Highway
HIGH SPRINGS, FLA.
AGRICULTURAL INDUST I L -'E UCATIONAL
I.- ~~; -i-
'El -----~- ,F"
BANK OF NEWBERRY
The bank of real service all the time.
Your business solicited, appreciated and protected.
We invite accounts, both checking and savings,
from people who appreciate conservative banking and
careful attention to their interests.
PLANT YOUR DOLLARS IN THIS INSTITUTION OF
FINANCE AND CULTIVATE YOUR ACCOUNT
You are sure to reap the harvest
Make this section of Alachua county your home and
you are sure to be satisfied.
BANK OF NEWBERRY
Robert E. Hardee
Real Estate and
Office: Room No. 3, Florida Bank & Trust
Come See Me
AGRI[CULTIRA'L - ISNDUSTRIArLt -. EDIITCIAT~CfNL Ar
AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIAL --EDUCATIONAL
B 251. 20 ACRES. $1,500.00. ALL CASH.
Twenty acres of fine dark loam, two feet deep on a clay subsoil.
this soil will grow all kinds of farm crops, truck and fruit. Every
acre of this under cultivation. Six miles from good town, 12 miles
from Gainesville on good hard road. Store within one mile, free
transportation for school children. Church 1 1-2 miles. One story,
six room frame house with porch. Good ,log barn, smoke house, corn
crib, store house, etc., 6 orange, 15 peach, 20 pear and 12 fig trees,
also a small plum orchard. Owner getting too old to handle the place.
B 268. 40 ACRES. $1,400.00. $500.00 CASH
A short drive from dandy little town with three railroads, fine
shipping facilities, good school, high school and churches. 40 acres
Sdi beautiful black sandy loam that will grow all kinds of truck and
tobacco. A good five room house, small barn, smoke house, cotton
ieuse. All the land under cultivation, makes a fine truck and poultry
B 275. 41 ACRES. $2,500.00. $1,000.00 CASH.
A beautiful place, right on the State Highway, only six miles
from Gainesville, 1-4 mile to school and shipping station. Free trans-
portation to Gainesville High School. 40 acres fine soil, 15 acres un-
der cultivation, 150 papershell pecan trees, lot of pear trees. This
place is suitable for a first class fruit, truck and poultry farm.
B 258. 80 ACRES. $2,000.00. $700.00 CASH
S80 Acres of fine grey loam with clay subsoil, 78 acres under cul-
tivation, 5 miles from good town, 12 miles from Gainesville, good hard
road. This farm is best adapted for general farming. There is a good
six, room hose with porch, store house,. etc. Here is a well-located
ale reasonably priced place for general farming.
B 231. 200 ACRES. $4,500.00. $2,000.00 CASH.
S Here is a real general farm. 200 acres of grey loam with 110
aeqes under plow, 90 acres of pasture. Last season it yielded in corn
S$3,00.00, peanuts $300.00, syrup $300.00, beans $100.00, potatoes
$100.00, watermelons $210.00, cattle $200, hogs $200.00, turkeys
5100.00, eggs $100K and oranges $25.00, a total of $2,035.00 besides
the living of the family. There is an 8 room house with two porches,
good barn, smoke house, syrup house, sheds, etc. 16 orange, 2 peach,
S4 pear, 5 pecan trees, etc. Fine place for stock and hogs.
... ~e :., /:
336 W. Uni
J' 0** '
I ~ ~ ~ .. .*-~ '
B 269. 232 ACRES. $14,000.00. $6,500 CASH.
8 miles from Gainesville on a fine asphalt road, shipping station
on the place, school and church within 1-2 mile, 115 acres of good
pasture, 65 acres of the best sandy loam soil under cultivation.- All
'fenced and cross fenced with woven wire fencing. A new two story,
six-room house with porch, large barn, 12 stalls, tenant house, garage,
sheds, chicken house, etc. 8 head of cattle, 8 mules and full set of
farming tools go with the place. Here is the foundation for a fine:
B 255. 260 ACRES. $6,500.00. $1,500.00 CASH.
Here is a real place, 200 acres under-plow and 60 acres in fine
pasture, a dark loam soil with clay subsoil, rolling enough to drain.
perfectly. A good general money-making farm and hard to beat.
Whole place is fenced into eight fields. Some pine and oak timber,
and quite a bit of fruit. A one-story six room house, good barn,
smoke house, sugar house, store house, chicken house and sheds.
Right on the Dixie Highway 12 miles from Gainesville; : miles to
railroad station, school and" churches handy. Easy terms on this.
B 273. 450 ACRES. $80.00 PER ACRE. HALF CASH
There is no prettier or better stock farm in the U. S. 450 acres of
the best kind of soil. 200 acres of rich black bottom land pasture,
watered by three small clear lakes. You, can drive anywhere over
this land. The other 250 acres are rolling and surround the above
mentioned pasture, all of it fine-grass. There is a superintendent's
louse, six tenant houses, stables, silo, sheds- and tool shops.
'ine water,, windmill gas-engine and pump. tWater tanks
and cement water troughs at the stables. Railroad shipping station
and side track right on the farm. Owner raises high grade stock.-
Last season he shipped truck that netted him $5,000.00 over and-,
above the money he made on the stock.. This place is worth every-
cent of $100.00 per acre. The owner's wife died, no childreii, has
the blues, wants to get away. Owner can be induced to throw in- the
tools and farming machinery. The man that can buy this place is
o: . -
SOME EXCEPTIONAL BARGAINS
IN WELL LOCATED _FULLY EQUIPPED
.r, . ,
MEN'S AND BOYS' CLOTHING
136 East University Ave.
Gainesville Electric Supply Company
Perhaps the best equipped and most complete electric supply house in central Florida
operates under the above name and is owned and managed by two of Gainesville's most pop-
ular young business men, Messrs. L. E. Means, Jr., and Charles T. Whiting, assisted by Mr.
L. G. Carter, bookkeeper and store manager.
This popular firm is carried and their show
started in business in room is one of the pret- .
Gainesville four years test to be seen in this
ago with a total capital section of Florida.
of $500 and in 1923 did a
business of over $30,000. They are the only
At the present time four people in Gainesville
electricians are required carrying complete radio
to handle the splendid outfits, and this feature
business-the firm is en- of their business is
joying. A complete line growing to large pro-
of everything electrical portions.
SThey have just completed the wiring of the new building at the Florida Farm Colony
and Feeble Minded Institute, and are now putting the wiring in the new $150,000 Baptist
church which is nearing completion on West University avenue.
i ', -,
ALACHUA coUNTY HUB OF FLORIDA
AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIAL EDUCATIONAL
Farmers & Merchants Bank
R. C. LANG, Pres.
C. T. JOHNSON, Cashier
CHAS. A. FAIRCLOTH, V. P.
J. B. STOCKMAN, V. P.'
"THE BANK ACCOMMODATING"
The friend of the farmer, as they prosper, we both
We maintain a Savings Department and pay 4 per
cent compounded quarterly.
Make this bank your bank and pay your bills by
check and you will acquire the saving habit thereby.
The Principles of Lincoln Are Our
Guide in Banking
Do You Know Them?
1. Strict Honesty -3. Absolute Reliability
2. Unfailing Courage 4. Kindly Courtesy
Are the pillars on which true character is built and these are the principles which domi-
nate in the conduct of our banking business.
If you are interested in doing, business with this kind of a Bank, we invite you to come in,
get acquainted with the personnel of-our office and use our complete facilities for handling
A WARM WELCOME AWAITS YOU AT ''I IS BANK OF COMPETENT CO-OPERATION
Home seekers and prospective settlers accorded every courtesy in keeping with safe
Fourper cent paid in our savings depart ment, compounded quarterly.
"The Old Reliable"
: : *
: : : FLORIDA
'U ~ ..
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SALACHUA COUNTY -HUB OF FLORIDA 53
Pearce Hardware Company
Diamond Tires, Free Sewing Machines, Both Electric and Treadle.-A Complete line of Hard-
ware, Wire Fencing, Aluminum Ware and Cutlery, Farm Implements, Crockery,
Glass and Enamel Wa re-Auto Accessories
UNDERTAKING SUP PLIES A SPECIALTY
Flash Light- Electric Lambs
VISITORS AND STRANGERS WELCOME
Come to Newberry and live-Good Farm Lands at Right Prices.
Pearce Hardware Company
Fifteen Years in Business in Newberry
The Faith of Our
The Quality of Our
And the Willingness of
All of These Make This Store-
"THE BUSY STORE"
"A Complete Department Store"
Fancy and Staple Groceries
Meat Market in Connection
Full line of Fruits and Vegetables in Season
702 W. Main St., North
A. E. HILL, Proprietor
I ., I '_ ".. i ,_ ,
- -AGRTCtRLTURAL -iN DtJ IAL --E)tTCATIONAL
Makers of the Famous
Pastry and Pound Cake
This is the largest and best equipped Bakery in
Only the highest grades of materials are used.
There has recently been installed two more large
ovens of the latest pattern which more than doubles the
capacity of the bakery.
The volume of business done at this bakery is in-
dicated by the fact that more than a carload of flour is
required each week to keep it-in operation.
Located at T. & J. Tracks and West University Avenue,
ALACHUA COUNTY HUB OF FLORIDA 55
BAIRD HARDWARE COMPANY
ON THE SQUARE
One of the most modern and up-to-date enterprises of its kind in this section
of Florida is the Gainesville Laundry. Its phenomenal growth during the past year
and a half speaks volumns for the ability and popularity of the present owner and
manager, Mr. B. P. Beville.
On August 6,1922, the day the present manager took charge, it was a small
affair with only a small force and one truck. Today there are 43 employees besides
drivers and office force, and four new Overland trucks are kept busy collecting and
delivering the work. The weekly payroll averages about $600.
Very high class work is turned out by the latest improvements in modein wash-
ing machines, ironers and folders. A specialty is made of family work and Univer-
sity students are given every possible accommodation.
The enormous plant covers 11,000 feet bf floor space and it is a revelation to
the uninitiated to walk through the work rooms and see the wonderful system of
S handling and checking and the efficient manner in which every detail is handled.
SMr. Beville is one of the most popular young business men in Gainesville, and
a continuation of the present growth is expected.
, . [ i i[ [ i i| i i iI . i i , . ,' I l'
AGRICULTURE INDUSTRIAL EDUCATIONAL
In publishing a magazine of the
size and importance of this one
there is a great responsibility at-
tached to each employee no mat-
ter how small a cog in the ma-
chinery he may be, but to the one
on whose shoulders falls the task
of writing of so great an institu-
tion as the University of all the
people of the great state of Flor-
ida, the responsibility is largely
increased because of the tremen-
dous importance of this wonder-
A state university is the uni-
versity of the people. All Florida
owns the University of Florida,
for it was created and brought in-
to existence by the law-making
body of the State, elected by the
people. It was built, is being
maintained and manned by funds
or taxes paid by the people; and
it is doing the job of the people of
this state, serving them as the
capstone of their educational sys-
tem, there-by directing the best
thought of her people, standing
for everything that is for the
good, honor and glory of the citi-
zens of the state, championing-
and fostering the cause of ALL
Existing solely by and for the
people, every effort is made to
render service to the real people
at the lowest costs. Except for
a small tuition fee in the College
of Law, there is absolutely no
I------------------- - ---------
Scene n Campus at University of Florida.. .. -
7 ... "',', , :. -. ) ,. : :U i" '< ,, ,
The University of Florida
. charge for'tuition. Considering-
the heavy tuition fees that'all but
publicly maintained institutions
of learning charge, and consider-
ing the "special" fees that many
public schools and. colleges do
charge, the. University of Florida-
can easily be called a "poor
The scholastic standards of the
university are attested; First, by
the fact that it is one of thirty-
one-colleges of the more than a
hundred colleges in the thirteen
southern states that-are on the
accepted list of accredited insti-
tutions of the Association of Col-
leges and Secondary Schools of
the Southern States., Second, the
University of Florida has -ecent ...
ly been placed upon the accredit-
ed list of institutions of higher
learning of the Association of
American Universities, the high-'
est standardized agency in this- :",
country. T6"be on the accepted.i
list of accredited institutions of
these two standardized agencies '
means, for example, that a stu-
dent of-the University of Florida
in the Sophomore class can be
transferred to Princeton, Yale, '.
Harvard, Columbia,' Michigan,:,
Wisconsin, or: Chicago, -or any:
pther 'bf the higher institutions
of learning in this country, or of
Europe, upon the face value of.
his credits obtained at the Uni-:,
versity of Florida. It means that;
University of Florida degrees are
on a parity with those granted by -
any standard institution of high-
'er learning in the country. .
The .college is entirely ion-sec-
tariar, both in letter and :spirit.-?
Most of the leading religious de--,
SU. S. Experimental Station, University of Florida.
nominations of the country main-
Stain homes for the accommoda-
S. tion, 'and religious training of
:youpg men of their denomina-
t: ioins. The University also has a
paid Y. M. C. A. secretary.
SSpecial mention should be made
:; of the General Extension Division
of the University of Florida. This
:'division has the .largest number
o.f students by correspondence of
any extension department in the
United States except 'two-only,
Wisconsin "and the, University of
Chicago surpassing Florida .in
this respect. Today iorte ;than
5,000 boys and girls are pursuing
studies through assignments and
-Icssot. papers carrie.l on by: mail.
The Ellucational film's sent ouL-to
t.e simailer comninimtnitif where
the population i's too small to
rnaintain moving picture shows
-erve to carry the benefits of the
University direct to-the people of
' the state. Local classes in sub-
jects irelating to community wel-
','fare are conducted by teachers
-'.! -." '. ,. ,'
engaged through the Extension
Department for this purpose.
In athletics the University has
made marvelous progress, despite
the fact that the alumni of the
larger and richer institutions .of
the upper South have heretofore
succeeded in sending::most of the
Sprom-ising Florida:athletes to oth-
er institutions. Happily the tide
has turned and Florida high
school- graduates are coming to,
their own -State University, at-
tracted here by the merits of the
Last year was the season of
th e University's greatest
triumphs in foot-ball. The great
"Golden Tornado" of Georgia
Tech was held to a 7 to 7 tie,
while the wonder team of Ala-
bama's "Crimson Tide" lost her
almost certain claim to Southern
supremacy by being decisively de-
feated by .Florida's "Fighting
'Gators" in their Thanksgiving
day game at Birmingham. The
great army team'only succeeded
in defeating the "Gators" by a
small score after a hard struggle.
Not a single Conference game was
lost, and the'outlook now is that
almost the entire '23 team will
be returned intact for the coming
Baseball and basket ball teams
gym teams and other teams. of
the minor sports are holding their
own 'in competition with other
colleges. Florida is not a one-
sport school, and all students are.
required to take some form of
Dormitory at University of Florida.
- I ~
S ALACHUA COUNTY -H- UB OF FLORIDA
'' - -
58 AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIAL EDUCATIONAL
;- ." i
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AU TOM OBI L ES
New and Used
Equipment and a complete line of automobile
accessories. Gas, Oil, Greases, Tires, Tubes,
and Tire Service. Storage Batteries and Stor-
age.Battery Service. Paints, Polish, and Var-
We respectfully solicit your patronage on
the following basis: Courtesy, Prompt Service.
and Satisfaction Guaranteed.
Short accounts.make long friends, and
avoid serious misunderstandings. Let us be
Alderman & Timmons, Inc.
738 608 West University Avenue.
Wholesale and Retail
AtAtiui~A COUNTYjj fltll 6)P FLO~t)lA
WE HA VE
conducted a successful Drug.
business in Gainesville, Fla., for
thirty years. You do not have
to hesitate to answer why our
business has grown, through all
these long years. 'The answer is,
we give Quality and Service,
backed by years of experience.
Call and see us or call Phone 32.
at 108 East University Ave.
J.S. Bodiford & Co.
1 BIRTHDAY Y
SALE APRIL 3, 4 AND 5
Big Bargains During This Sale
10,000 REXALL STORES
Reaching from coast to coast and across the Atlantic.
Partners in-the ownership of factories and laboratories
employing 10,000 people.
Producers and distributors of high-grade, exclusive,
trade-marked, drug store merchandise.
An achievement accomplished in twenty-one years.
An unparalleled success-made possible by well-mer-
ited public confidence and good will. A great public-serv-
And we're going to do it up brown.
Big money saving bargains on over fifty leading items
--every one guaranteed.
25c Glycerin Suppositories,
60c Sugar of Milk............45c
50c Arbutus Complexion
50c Bouquet Ramee Tal.....39c
25c Jonteel Soap given away
with every 50c box of Jonteel
Cold Cream Face Powder.
50c Rexall "93" Hair Tonic ..39c
PURE FOOD PRODUCTS
98c Liggett's Olive Oil, 12 1-2
oz., 2 for ................99c
$2.50 Liggett's Moire, 2 lb.
package. $1.00 back with
~5cRexall Bronchial Salve, 2 oz.
price .............. .... .. 23
50c Rexall Liver Salts, 6 oz...39c
50c Rexall Orderlies..-............39c
SUNDRIES and STATIONERY
75c Cascade Linen.............. ...45c
(1 lb. paper and 50 envelopes)
$2.50 Kantleek Fountain Syr. 2
quart ......-. ...... -......$.... .$1.98
35c quality Tooth Brushes....19c
J. W. McCOLLUM & CO.
The REXALL Drug Store
Grover's for Women
Crawford's for Men
S. Spalding Smith
TAKE NO CHANCES! Send your clothes
to the Best Equipped Cleaner in the city.
FINE TAILOR-MADE CLOTHES
Otto F. Stock
- Gainesville, Fla.
`Yii;P~~i~ Luiuiuu-YiAtACHU COUNTY -- HUB OF FLORIDA
.. .4 .
60 AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIAL EDUCATIONAL
New Lines Added
Canton Satin Faced Crepe Dresses, Gingham Dresses for street and house.
W'e Specialize in Dresses wor
A full line of Children's Ready-to-Wear
217 West University Ave.
"Everything for the Kiddies"
AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIAL EDUCATIONAL 61
,/ .i ,-
About 20 years ago Barney Oldfield broke his crank shaft in his Ford racing car the day
before the race in Daytona. Several of us volunteered.to help.him out with a new crank shaft. Of
course he- beat us all the next day. .
SThe next year I was graduated from the racing game with a dozen or so broken bones
S and a twistedjoint or two. They sent mefrom New York to the Gainesville Odd Fellows Home to
expire. But I refused to expire and on account of the wonderful Alachua County climate and
other attractions I have postponed the expiration indefinitely. Having seen the insides of a-
S: Ford car I decided that the Ford was the coming Automobile for this country. I spent the next 2
S years trying to, convince everybody that the Ford was "it," but I found only two men, Dr. E. Lar-
S tifiue and Dr. J. M. Dell that would take my word for it. I ordered the first car load of Fords ever
' shipped to central Florida and sold each Doctor a Ford, which makes Dr. J. M. Dell the original
: :Ford Dwner in' Central Florida. But everybody else was skeptical. Why, the Ford was too light and
frail to stand the Florida roads, furthermore, nobody had ever heard of Ford before.
Just the other day a man asked me- which Automobile Tire I considered the best for the
.money today? Without hesitation I answered, "the Holyoke Cord." I never heard of 'em before
She said grinning and walked away. I did not get mad, just felt sorry for him.
317 EAST MAIN ST. S..
The Oldest Vulcanizing Shop in Florida
., 'GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA.
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AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIAL EDUCATIONAL
We Are Firm Believers in Community Spirit,
That's the Reason We Are Endeavoring to
Get the Entire Community to Buy
Hart Schaffner & Marx
Kaynee Children's Wash
Rocking Chair Union
Faultless Night Robes
BURNETT THE CLOTHIER
THESE ARE THE STANDARDS
MAINTAINED FOR THIRTY-THREE YEARS
L. C. SMITH
JEWELER AND MERCHANT
OUR JEWELRY AND FINE GOODS DEPT.
includes a complete and well selected line of
"Gifts that Last," Optical Goods, China and
THE REPAIR DEPT.
of the store combines Efficiency and Prompt-
ness with the most moderate repair prices in
THE SHOE DEPT.
under the direction of S.- F. Smith, a shoe
man of thirty-five years experience, offers
the latest effects in high grade shoes of all
kinds. Don't fail to visit "The Style Shop."
OUR MAIL ORDER DIVISION GIVES PROMPT ATTENTION TO
ALL ORDERS THROUGH THE MAIL
ALACHUA COUNTY ABSTRACT COMPANY
B. R. COLSON, President.
Affiliated with AMERICAN TITIE ASSOCIATION and FLORIDA ASSOCIATION TITLEMEN.
Modern Land Title Plant Maintained--Up-to-date information on all Land
Titles in Alachua County. Ownerships and Plats.
Title Insurance. Title Search. Tax Agency. Real Estate Mortgage. Bonds.
"THE TITLE IS THE FIRST CONSIDERATION"
I ALACHUA COUNTY HUB OF FLORIDA
When You Want a Good Bank
One where experience and ability combine to give you the sort of banking
Write or come to
The Phifer State
Checking Accounts: ..We will be pleased to
have you use this department. We will
keep your money, do all your bookkeeping,
pay your checks, and send you your paid
checks on the last day of the month.
Savings: If you have any idle funds we
will handle them for you and pay you in-
terest on same, and compound it each quar-
Consult us on anything in the banking line.
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S The above named firm is one of the many business houses that Gainesville isproud of.
Under the management of Mr. D. U. Bloodworth, this enterprising concern has expanded
within the past few years to such an extent that they are the leaders in their field in central
-Florida. With offices in Ocala and Palatka, in addition to the main office in Gainesville,
they are in position to handle and command most of the business in typewriters and office
machines in central Florida. They carry the b est lines of machines obtainable and sell both
for cash and on the easy payment plan.
They have two road men who have had long and wide experience in typewriter and
office machine business, sales and service. Th ey also employ an efficient corps of repair men
Who "know how to repair," and any work, entr usted to their care receives prompt and expert
attention. All work done is under the "Money-back guarantee plan" and is guaranteed for at
least one year.
Mr. Bloodworth is one of the most congenial and popular of the young business men of
Gainesville, and there is no doubt but what th e concern of which he is head will continue to
grow and prosper under his management. He stands for everything that means the ad-
vancement of his town and community, and is always ready to "do his bit" for Gainesville and
service you most desire.
ALACHUA COUNTY- HUB OF FLORIDA
Gainesville O Bottling Co.
Has been in business in Gainesville sixteen
years. We believe that no other section.of the
SoCuth offers as many advantages to the pros-
lpective settler as does Alachua county. Our
ti clim-ate is the best in the country--our trade
facilities are unlurlpassed-our schools are the
best in the state-our churches are active and
our people aie the salt of the earth. And last
but not least our lodges awake and doing.
It is easy to make a living in Alachua coun-
ty, whether you farm or follow other pursuits.
COME TO ALACHUA COUNTY, BE HEALTHY AND DRINK COCA COLA.
Gainesville Coca Cola Bottling Company
W. G. Boltin, Proprietor
L. J. BURKHIM
42 Years in Business in Gainesville
Thinks Gainesville is one of the best towns in
Thinks Gainesville ought to let the world know
Welcomes strangers not only to his place of
business, but to the town and community .
Invites good people in other sections to come
and make this county their home.
Invites all new comers and all his old friends to
come and look over his line of merchandise..
Society Brand, Michael Stern and Griffin
Ide Shirts and Barker Collars.
Mallory and Schobel Hats in Felts, and Young
tBj os.' Straws.
Regular Men's Shop
L. J. BURKHIM
42 Years in
AGRICULitJTUAL INWtY8T1WA.L UCDUVATIQ'W.J 65
riurir~i-----~-~I------- - ~ ~-',-'SIDU- CATIONAL_
Gainesville Candy Company
Syrups and Accessories
We Believe in Alaehua County and Central Florida
T. ------- -
The Home of The Lincoln, Ford and Fordson
Authorized Sales and Service
SNew-and Up-to-Date Shop-equipment
EXCELLENT BATTERY SERVICE
We invite ybur patronage-all Work GUARANTEED
Full Line of Parts, Accessories, Tires and Tubes
W. J Priest
\ HIGH SPRINGS, FLORIDA
S- "Alachua County's Best Town"
466 AGRICULTURAL INDUST RAL tOUCATIONAL
. ,, .' ;" t, ,*.: '-'.
Two Good Things That go Together
Good Place to Live--Good Cars to Ride in
THE UNfmERALm CAR
See "ENNEIS" First
313 East Main St. S. P
The Martin-Beck Electrical company was organized
January 1st, 1924, and opened its doors in Gainesville, Flor-
ida, March 1st, 1924. We offer to Florida and our future
neighbors from the north a service that is obtainable from
Electrical Engineers only. Let us work out your electrical
Messers L. A. Martin and A. H. Beck are veterans of
the late World War and both came to Florida for their
health, soon after the armistice. Both were practical elec-
tricians of broad experience before taking a course in En-
gineering college at the University of Florida. With the
concentrated ability of these two young men, located in a
city of unlimited opportunities such as Gainesville, success
will no doubt be theirs.
CONTRACTORS AND DEALERS
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Alamo Garage and
Corner Alabama Street and Michigan Ave..
We Carry a Full Line of
Tires, Tubes and Accessories
Repair Work of All Kinds
Parts for All Makes of Cars
All Night Service Saturday Night
We Absolutely GUARANTEE Our Work
FREE Crank Case Service
Cars Washed and Polished
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AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIAL EDUCATIONAL
True in Florida
FLORIDA CALLS TO YOU. Alachua is one of the best
counties in this wonderful state. Gainesville, 'The Univer-
sity City." is the heart of Alachua County. Men of vision
are now capitalizing the opportunities Florida offers and
the harvest will be abundant. We have devoted years de-
veloping Alachua County and are proud of the results of our
work. It is our business to slice the earth to suit the taste
of the inhabitant thereof. We have good business proper-
ties and beautiful homes in all-parts of Gainesville. We
have Lake Forest home sites, among the gorgeous Magnolia
forests on a beautiful lake and only a few miles from the
center of Gainesville. We have acreage near Gainesville
well suited for Colonization and-all at reasonable prices and
on easy terms. Service is our middle name and we will be
glad to show you the future home of your choice-where
.nature has done her duty and only awaits your personal
touch to make it "Home Sweet Home."
If you have Florida properties for sale or development see,
write, phone or wire-
Jas. H. Parrish
P. O. Box 55
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Quality Workmanship at
The quality of our work comes first in the
minds of our pleased customers. Then they
remember the fact that we asked only a very
reasonable amount for our efforts. Ask
them, they will tell you.
Official Service Gray Automobiles
"WE REPAIR RIGHT"
608 W. University Ave.
Gainesville, "The University City"
I . r.
KEEP YOUR CLOTHES CLEANED AND
AND YOU WILL ALWAYS BE WELL
CLEANING AND PRESSING
We are now prepared to do expert dyeing and GUARANTEE
all our work.
A New Way machine has just been installed which enables
us to block your old hat or cap and make it like new. The
lining will also look like new.
Send your hat or suit in today and well do the rest
Prompt attention given to Mail Orders;
Sanitary Cleaning and
236 E. Union Street
S-AtainestilletAL Fire Depatt W AIOqippOA
Gainesville Fire Department Well Equipped
e ipa quipped,
Type 12, American La France, Engine, purchased by the City the first Type 12, shipped south that time was the finest piece of
6-Cylinder. 105 Horsepower Fire of Gainesville inl912. This was of Richmond; Virginia, and at Fire apparatus south of that city.
Shortly after the purchase of
this truck Gainesville was threat-
ened with the worst conflagra-
tion in its history, and, but for
the worn of this machine the fire
loss would have run into the hun-
dreds of. thousands of dollars.
With a hydrant pressure of less
than thirty pounds and art inex-
perienced man in charge of the
pump, this truck furnished three
high pressure streams, with a
volume of: more than 800 gallons
of "water for more than three
hours, Without missing a single
stroke of the motor.
For four: years Gainesville de-
pended almost entirely on this
type 12 for fire protection and
not in a single instance did it ever
fail her. It is still in active ser-
vice, and is:now pumping letter
than its original guarantee. In
1923 the pump. furnished 3
Streams for more than six hours.
This type 12, 'Triple Combina- one 40 gallon, chemical, two 3 en real husky lads. .
tion," chemical, horse and pump- gallon chemical tanks, 750 gallon But in these days of..autoro-
er, carries 1,450 feet of 2 1-2 inch rotary pump, one 40 foot exten- biles and air planes and' radios
Eureka Fire Hose, one 440 gallon sion ladder, one 25- foot exten- all that ichaged, and n h
all that is changed, and now that
chemical taiik, two 3 ga!'n chem- sion ladder, one 14 foot roof lad- "
city of a thousand people is not
ical tanks, 200 feet of 3-4 inch der, nozzles, axes, lanterns, picks,
in line with the progress of the
chemical hose and 39 feet of lad- reverse couplings, siamese, door
-.time if'it has not some one cf th6
ders. openers,ceiling hooks, coats, hel- tie ithas.o mene ft
So well pleased was the City mets and various other minor many types of the American ia
France Fire Engine, and a fairly
Council of the City of Gainesville equipment.
good sized paid fire department.
with the service of its Type 12, During the month of February, ."
-,Gainesville is lined up with his
that when, in 1916, it was decided 1924, this truck answered 28. ,Gainese i l u
latter class, and has been fo,, a
alarms to all parts of the city lass an has bee fo
to~purchase additional equipment,
topurchase additional equipment, hout a hitch." number of years much.to the sat-
nothing but American La FranceE FIR tion of its residents" It i.
AMERICAN. LAPRANE FIRE ifaction of its residents. It hP N F
was considered. At this time a ENGII ES solid.comfort t kinow.all the tim
type 75 was purchased and put A man does not have"to be very that the city in which one lives is
into service. 'old to remember the good old amply protected from fire by the
Since buying -the Type 75 the days when there was nothing in beat poss ble appliances for fight-
city has added considerably to its the way of a fire fighting outfit ing the great property destroyer.
equipment and today it is a com- 'in towns of fair size beyond a As' far back as January, 1912,
plete fire department in itself and "bucket brigade." And that a Type 12. of the LaFrance fire
is taking care of all "First Calls." town (was really some big .place. engines .was ptirchased: by t' e
This truck carries 1,450 feet of and a proud one too, which could city 'of Gainesville and, puti into ,
2 1-2 inch. Eureka Fire Hose, 200 boast a "hand engine" and a vyl- commission, anii fronl that-day' to'
feet of 3-4 inch chemical ho; -:unteer department- of half a- doz- thif ihabs been doing absolutely .e
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AA AACRVA COUN1T'Y HIJO FLORIDA 0R
fine service, and has saved thous-
Sands upon .thousands of dollars'
worth of property from destruc- ,
tion. : .. .
.-.This fire engine' is- motor.
drivei, and. when it starts out
oh-a run everything.gets out of its
ay. It- has a :motor of a 1056
; horse power which riot only af-
fords the powerby which, the en-,-
gine. is driven through.the streets
t t the' scene of the fire, but which
also runs the. punip when .it is
necessary to put it in action.
This type 12 LaFrance is what
is technically known as, a triple
combination, pumping, chemical,
and lhose car. That is to sayi
there are comprise'd in its make
S.up and arrangement- three sep-
arate machines, each one very es-
sential. in fighting a.fire. First
there :is the pump, then the
chemical engine, which of itself
is a first class fire fighting ar--
rangement, and lastly the hose
car, without which the outfit
would be useless at all big fires at
STaking these up in their order,
the pump-has a capacity of 750,
gallons, per minute. That is,
when all three of the streams are
in operation, that is the volume
of water which the'-pump will
sefd 'to the- seat .of conflagration.
When ,a pumrp is. able to keep.
three -large' streams of water
pouring on the top of a high build-
ing at dne: time it is doing' some
real fire fightiing-work.
.Then comes the chemical. It
has a, capacity of 40 gallons, and
there is attached to it a 200 feet
lead of 3-4 inch hose, and a shut
off nozzle. This appliance is very
effective in incipient fires, on
roofs, and in close rooms where
it is desirable, to do the most ex-
ecution with- the' least possible
damage from water.. The pressure
in, the chemical when it is in ac-
tion ranges from 125 to 150
pounds, which is ample for
stopping the flames in many
of the fires to which the men are
Added to the chemical equip-
ment are two., small portable
chemicals which are used in all
Cases of minor fires where quick
action is desired. These chem-
icals have a capacity of three gal-
Ions, and are light and convenient
Sfor the firemen to handle and do
quick and effective work.
The hose capacity of this type
12 LaFranceis ho less than 1400
feet. These trucks,also carry ac-
cessories as, follows: nozzles,
door openers, crowbars, axes, and
lanterns. Also a 25 foot exten-
sion ,adder. There are also such
necessary appliances as hose
patches, scaling and roof ladders
combined, and also ceiling hooks.
And it carries also the coats and
hats of the firemen.
This type. 12 LaFrance did such
fine work and gave such eminent
satisfaction, that in November,
1916, the city "ordered another
machine made by that company,
which is known as "type 75."
This type is identical with type
12 with the following exceptions.
In addition to the ladder equipt
ment of type 12 it carries a 49
foot extension ladder, also a-com-
plete set of adapting couplers by
which the hose may be laid back
and. forth, and it also assists- in,.
laying additional lines of- hose.
Since these splendid LaFrance
fire engines have been in service
in Gainesville they have respond-
ed to no less than 643 fires and
have never yet failed to do most
When an alarm for fires turn-
el in and the engines startfor the
scene of the conflagration; every
one in the city knows all about it,
for they are equipped with a
hand syren at the fronts and a
bell at the rear.
It can be most truly recorded
here that Gainesville is duly
proud of its American LaFrance
Fire Engines, and it may. also be
stated that they have saved the
city many times their cost in the
way of quick and efficient fire
(Information in thisarticle fur-
nished by Fire Chief E. F. Be-
; Type .75, American La France, 6 Cylinder, 105 Horsepower Fire Engine, purchased by the City of Gainesville in 1916. .
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AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIAL EDUCATIONAL
If there is one thing above an-
other of which Gainesville is
justly proud it is its fine hotel,
the whitee House. It is at the
hotel of a place that the new
Scomer gets his first impressions
Sof a city, and if the hostlery
where he spends the first few
Says of his stay in a new city pre-
sents a good front he is more than
. apt to believe the placi ;.s a
whole is O K.
Wli:p. the visitor to Gaines-
ville.ts off the train he is at
once taken to one of Florida's
best: hotels, the White House.
This is not, as in most cities, a
great-building in the heart of the
business district which suggests
traveling mneitand people of corn-
mercial interests as guests. On
the other hand it is in the heart
of a most charming: and quiet
residence district, with elegant
homes on all sides of it, and with
a church at one side of it.
- Then when one looks about
him he sees that everything is
"spic and span" and is not at all
surprised to learn that the White
House of Gainesville has been
given a score of 100 per cent per-
fect by the inspectors of the
Florida State Hotel Commission.
It is absolutely sanitary in every
This hotel will be found to be
absolutely -up-to-date in every
way. In every room there is
steam heat, a Bell telephone, run-
ning :hot and cold water,, and an-
electric: fan. Thus not only con-'
venience but comfort. as well is "
afforded all the guests: in the-
And when o:1. enters the 1lin-
ing room he at once is assured
that he is in a real. hotel where
not only the best the market aft
fords is, served, but it is .well:-
cooked and admirably served. The, -
dining room is open all the year.
The White House is Gaine.-;l
ville's social center. It caters '
f6r parties and ban4'tets and :is
the headquarters of the Rotiry
Another, feature of this hotel
is that it operates its own refrig-
eration plant. ,
Here the guests will find dis-
:tinctive appointments, and ,every
.modern"facility.:for efficient ser-;.,
The Tourists Camp of Gainesville,
when. it was constructed in a day by,
the gob&dpeople of the town, was the,
joy an'P ride of the city. But last
year it Is allowed to decline in in-
terest, and finally it becanme'a negligi-
ble afair .s' far as civic or 6ther pub-
'lie inereat was concerned.
But "th ings have changed now. One
of G~ines.irile's most enterprising cit-.
izens, 'Maljr 'W. R. Thomas, the own-
er of the i~mp, has the business in
hand as' a personal proposition, and
how all the pep and snap and zip and
' go that was in the place in its palm-
i. est Adayj -s-n-aow "manifested there.
At ,thie pesent time there are, no
less than 40 tourists' outfits camped
there, comprising cars and tents and
S'l-the other appliances of beiug. ceom-
f,_ tlaal along the road in Florida dur- the couking olf a meal, even to an As faUt as possible Major Thomas
'ing a tourist's trip through the state, oven in which hot-fbiscutits'imay.bebak- is making other improvements, and
SThose who are in camp'there just now ed to a turn. A sink will be put int a -whenn he has done he will have it;:
:: assert it is the best camp in many ways few days which will accommodate alt': transformed into an ideal camp site in
they' have, found in all their tra ls- who wish to use it'. every way. There will soon be about
over the entire state. .Then out in -the open. near the kit 30 new cottages constructed which will
i -the ki make the place d real home.for the
First of all is the large community chen are two sheltered tables each a to st make the place eanl on foter t
tabe tourists during the season of their stay
house which'was' built on that me*mor- coniiodating .at ,least 20 people, at in Gainesville. In fact quite a number
able first day.' In this is a piano and w which the campers may feast and' be of the cottages are already engaged
.tables, and -chairs and writing appli- happy. for next year. This will cause the
S ', tourists to come to Gainesville and re-
apees. But if a cold day best of all is., 'In connection. with the community main here for the eritie season In-
.a magnificent fire place in which a, house- there is a hot and cold shower, stead of rambling from town to town
booming fire is kept going with wood' bath, and' other toilet conveniences, all knowing arid caring nothing for any
furnished free by the manager. Around ,connected up with the sewer system of of them except as they 'hiay afford
.... .. I, , ,,. .'. themm a temporary place of abode.
this fire the tourists sit and enjoy life the city. In fact all: the-.convdniences There will alro be provided next
to the funl. "' of :a home may be had at this camp. ac, ason, a washing place for-the cars,
Thbn when it comes dinner time, the' There is 'also a. neat little stoie at nd 'any other minor conveniences,
ladies will move out tothe nicely ap- whih the mpers may supply them- al of which ill make the uto mp
"" -, .. ;'-" h - of. Galnesvillle a most desirable home
pointed kitchen A nickle is, dropped selves with the needed articles of'food. for the tourists who' come 'thls way
into the meter slot ,and gas is on~ wr" without inconveniiee. another year.
L . ., .
K THE ATeO CAMP.'I.
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S' AACBUA COUNTY-I U HUB OF PLo DA .7"
e THE WHITE FILLING STATIONS
There are in: Gainesville at the from the northeast or the south- men, in which there is hot and 1 and 3 there are established '
Present time three White Filling east from Waldo or Hawthorn cold running water. There are what is known as "bulk" stations,.
: Stations, ad the fourth is un- and adjacent sections. radiators which supply heat for that is containers of gasoline an'
der construction. hee are so These filling stations are all the days that are cool, and elec- oil are provided in sufficient ca-
der construction. These are so These filling stations are all,
tric fans for the days that are pacity to hold two carloads o
located that every highway en- the property of Major W. R. warm. In these rooms there are gasoline (20,000 gallons) ,at
tering the city is served by some Thomas, and he takes much pride large and comfortable chairs, and once. Electric pumps are provid-
one of them. No. 1 is located on in having them right up to the every thing which is possible to ed and a car of gasoline is trans-
West University Avenue, and the minute in every respect. He make for the comfort and con- ferred from the car to tde bulk
people omingin from the west states that when there are im- venience of the tourist, container in an hour and -ten'min-
provements of any kind made in. In the construction -of all these utes. There are pipe lines lead-
or southwest are -served from it. filling stations he will make them filling stations Major Thomas ing from these bulk stations to
No. 2 is located on West Main pn those he is conducting. has taken a civic as well as a per- the filling stations and thus the
street nbrth, and just at the rear The first thing about these fill- sonal pride. He has left nothing supply of gasoline is always suf-
of The White House Hotel. 'No. ing: stations which attracts the undone to make them all really ficient and ready at hand.i
3 is situated at the corner of attention of the traveler is their attractive in appearance, and in- Major Thomas also pointed
North ovestreet and West neat and .handsome appearance. stead of being a detriment to a with pride to the fact that all
N They are all built along lines of community they are really an or- the profits from all these filling
Boundary street, and serves the ,
ttt aste and real beauty. As their nament and their presence serves stations was respent right here
people as does No. 2, who come name signifies, they are all White to enhance the value of the prop- in the city of Gainesville. These
from the northwest over the Dix- filling stations and are kept erty in their immediate vicinity, filling stations are truly home
ie Highway or from the north painted white, and thus present Ample help is- always kept so institutions, and the profits from
from the La Crosse section. No. 4 a wonderfully neat and attractive that the most prompt and effi- them are spent in the city. This
which is under construction will appearance. cient service is rendered the pub- makes it doubly ideal in the mat-
e l a t c o E Then their appointments are lic at all times. Only the highest ter of patronage, for one always
absolutely, perfect, meeting- all test gas and the very best grade feels more like putting his money
University Avenue and -Evans
university Avenue and vans the requirements of the.traveling of oil is kept and dispensed at all into an enterprise which is a
street in east Gainesville, and public. In each there are rest these stations. home institution than one that is
will serve all people coming in rooms for both ladies and gentle- In connection with stations No. foreign.
TATE & CO., Inc.
J. Tate. Manager
FORD, FORDSON AND LINCOLN
New and Used Cars
Time Payments it Desired.
Equipment and a complete line of automobile accessories. Gas. Oil. Greases. Tires. Tubes and Tire Service. Paints. Polish and
We 'espectfully solicit your patronage on the following basis: Courtesy. Prompt Service and Satisfaction Guar-nteed.
Short accounts make long friends, and avoid misunderstandings. Let us be friends.
New settlers given a cordial welcome. Home seekers shown e very courtesy. Tourists invited to use our facilities iWhte in
Tate and-his organization are at your service at all times--Wetrade for everything.
S S,.. .. -- . . . .. .- I -- .. . ._ .... . -:,.
ALACAUA COtWTY m~B OF S FLOIA- ,
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THIS EDITION PRODUCED BY
THE McCREARY PUBLISHING CO.
UNDER DIRECTION OF
ELMER W. McCREARY
L. L. PALMER
U. B. EVERETT
RESPESS-JOHNSON ENGRAVING CO.
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