f/f (yi it .sds 1924 E. JACKSON ST.,
SeapldS hroniS -
'A "FLORIDA'S RUS NEWSPAPER"
TWICE A MONTH
Entered as S nd Class M l Matter
Vol. VI SUBSCBIPTION PBIOB 60 CBNTS PER YEAB TAMPA, FLORIDA, AUG. 1, 1930 at the PFt offce at Tanmpa6._orida No. 5
Vol. VI srmson onzes so c= rs rn r TAMPA, FLORIDA, AUG. 1, 1930 Unde.r th o-e.t .1=Ma 8. No. 7
Under the Act of March 2, 1879.
Three More Canners Sign Citrus Exchange Five Year Contract
Citrus Crop Will Only WINNING Gives Exchange Growers Canning Outlets Adequate
Equal 10 Year Average Polk Sub-Exchange's organ- To Absorb Al Of the Cannery Grpefruit
Department OF Agriculture Figures
Total Fruit CropSmaller Than 10
Year Average: Citrus Equal
The citrus crops of Florida and
California this season will only be
about the average volume for the
past 10 years. This is the predic-
tion of the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture in a statement
of July 16 based upon the crop con-
dition of July 1.
The department figures from the
reports that the combined orange
crop will be about four percent
more than the 10 year average. The
Florida grapefruit crop is estimated
as about equal to the 10 year aver-
Counting in bulk and locally con-
sumed citrus, the average crop for
Florida in the past 10 years has
been about 20,000,000 boxes. The
volume moved by rail in this period
Averaged 16,410,877 boxes a year.
* Twenty percent additional is allow-
ed for the citrus used within the
state or canned and that moved by
On the basis of the government
estimate applied to official Florida
records, the coming Florida citrus
crop should be in the neighborhood
of 20,000,000 boxes, according to
the condition of July 1. The trees
which have come into bearing in
the past few years might add 1,000,-
000 boxes or more.
The government estimate with
these allowances about coincides
with the preliminary estimates of
many in the industry. Generally
the opinion is that the crop will be
between 20,000,000 and 22,000,000
boxes, not more.
The general fruit crop of the
country will be about 10 percent
less than the 10 year average, the
government reported. Apples, the
most competitive to citrus, will be
20 percent under the 10 year aver-
This fruit prospect is to the ad-
vantage of citrus. With less vol-
ume of other fruits, citrus 'should
get a bigger share of the consumer's
fruit dollar. Though general busi-
ization campaign appears to
be achieving striking success,
according to reports of asso-
ciations to the the Sub-Ex-
change. It is estimated that
250,000 boxes have been
signed since the campaign got
under way July 1.
Every association reports
good increase in membership.
The campaign goal is 1,000,-
000 boxes, which would give
Polk Sub-exchange a total vol-
ume of approximately 5,000,-
000. Success of Polk examples
the trend toward the Ex-
change in every citrus section.
Mexfly Comes Closer
To Southwest States
The Mexican fruit fly which has
given Texas citrus growers a heavy
burden, appears to be gradually
working its way north in western
Mexico to threaten California and
Arizona. The Department of Agri-
culture reports the_ interception of
infested fruit at Nogales, Arizona,
which was traced to a state of Mex-
ico which had been considered free
of the fly.
The Mexican government throws
special precautions around the
states of Sonora, which borders on
California and Arizons; Sinaloa,
next to and south of Sorora and
Nayarit, which is south of Sinaloa.
These three states border the east
coast of the Gulf of California.
The infested fruit was traced to
Sinaloa and it is indicated that the
fly has become established there.
This brings it several hundred miles
closer to California and Arizona.
The Mexican fruit fly is a cousin
of the Mediterranean fruit fly and
is considered to be almost as
troublesome. The same strict meas-
ures of Medfly eradication are ap-
plied to the Mexican fruit fly. Texas
had infestations of the fly in 1927
and again in 1929.
ness conditions in the country are
depressed somewhat, reducing pur-
chasing power, the reduced volume
of fruit should offset this in the
marketing of citrus.
By National Council
Urges Farmers To Support Program:.
Takes Steps To Draft National
Policies and Study Imports
Endorsement of the federal farm
board and a call upon the American
farmer to support its program fea-
tured the annual meeting July 8-10
at Columbus, Ohio, of the National-
Cooperative CQuncil, a conference:
body of large scale cooperative asso -
ciations doing a business of more
than a billion dollars annually fori
more than a million farmers. Mem-'
bership of the council includes na-
tional commodity federations of
cotton, dairy products, supply buy-
ing and other cooperatives from the
orange growers of California to the-
cranberry growers of New England,
and the creameries of Minnesota;
to the citrus growers in Florida.
"We desire to express our appre-
ciation for the effort which is being'
made in behalf of American agri-
culture by the federal farm board in'
encouraging the organization of co-
operative associations," said a reso-
lution which was adopted, by unani-i
mous vote. "We fully appreciate
the problems and difficulties which-
the form board has encountered in.
its first year of activity, and we
pledge them our cooperation and
assistance in their difficult task; we.
call upon the farmers to cooperate
in this undertaking."
The Florida Citrus Exchange
joined the Council recently. Pres.;
J. C. Chase was elected to the board'
of the council at the annual meet-
Legislative activities are to be:
conducted through and executive'
committee to be appointed. It was:
charged with making a survey of all'
economic reports issued in the past;
decade with reference to farm legis-'
lation and to draft national policies
for action by the commodity divis-1
ions of the Council at the time of:
their next meeting in Chicago this:
fall. A study of agricultural im-
ports was authorized with a view
Three more canners have signed
the special cannery contract of the
Florida Citrus Exchange relating to
grapefruit and negotiations have
been practically concluded with- wo
others. These have a capacity: which
affords the Exchange an outlet for
upwards of a million boxes of can-
nery grade fruit and appears to
-definitely settle the problems of
both the disposal of the off-grade
fruit and a surplus crop.
The new contracts are with
Shaver Brothers, Inc., of Jackson-
ville and Tampa; the Bradenton
Citrus Canning company and Tuge-
well and Wiseman of Tarpon
Springs. The contracts are about the
same as that with Floridagold Citrus
Corporation, first to ally with the
These alliances allow the Ex-
change to give to its growers a com-
plete service in the marketing of
grapefruit. It takes the low grade
grapefruit out of the salvage field
into which it had drifted except in
short crop years. It further re-
moves the low and off-grade fruit
from the fresh fruit market and pre-
vents the competition between
cheap, unsightly fruit and the finer,
high quality fruit which has cost
the growers more than $5,000,000
a year, according to official state
Not only does the Exchange can-
nery deal remove its cannery fruit
from the salvage field, but it ele-
vates the canning industry and gives
it impetus to develop into, a high
standing, quality i ndust ry-.i dVr-' 'y,
tising and merchandising are placed
behind the canners who ally them-
selves with the Exchange. The
agreement with them specifies a
high quality and standard product,
whose merits alone will aid ma-
terially in expanding the growing
The cannery deal has special sig-
nificance in connection with the uni-
fication program and its stabiliza-
tion of the industry. Disposal of
the low grade fruit was one of the
principal problems which stood as
an obstacle to stabilization, while
its solution in the hands of the Ex-
change makes one more service
which is attractive to the citrus
to finding "proposals that may pre-
serve for American producers the
domestic market in line with estab-
lished precedents in other indus-
tries." The need for uniform state
cooperative laws was pointed out,
as was also the need for conference
bodies of cooperatives in each state.
SEALD-SWEET CHRONICLE August 1, 1930
Nitrate War Looms As
Boon To Agriculture
Chilean Interests Reported In A
$375,000,000 Merger To Fight
Chilean nitrate interests are pre-
paring to battle American manu-
facturers for the big American farm
market, according to recent develop-
ments. If it should occur, which
seems inevitable, the farmers will
be the main beneficiaries through
reduced prices for nitrates as a
price war of necessity would be part
of. the battle.
The Chilean interests are report-
ed to be planning a $375,000,000
consolidation in a combined govern-
ment and private corporation. The
government would own half the
'stock. A law has been passed mak-
ing the consolidation possible.
Nitrate exports constitute almost
half of the export revenue of Chili.
It is valued in excess of $100,000,-
000 annually. The government has
received an export tax of $12 to $14
a ton, but under the terms of the
reported consolidation will relin-
quish this tax, expecting to derive
equivalent profits paid on its stock
in the proposed corporation.
It is understood that many of the
small mines which have high operat-
ing costs will be closed. Also, that
the more economical and efficient
process of the Guggenheim interests
will be used. With the many econ-
omies which the consolidated opera-
tions could effect, the Chilean in-
terests believe they can compete
successfully with the Americans.
American manufacturers have
made tremendous advancement in
the production of nitrogen products.
A few years ago, this country was
practically dependent upon Chili
for its nitrate supply, both for
farms and industry. Last year,
American manufacturers produced
65 percent of the nation's require-
ments and are expected to produce
80 percent in a year or two. This
country has been the best customer
of Chili and the loss of its business
threatens a severe economic crisis.
This country has no natural
sources as Chili has. Nitrogen prod-
ucts are made here by synthetic
processes of which there are three:,
one a by-product of coke; the
cyanamid process; and the ammonia
or Haber process.
Government specialists report
that the nitrogen and fertilizer in-
dustries of this country are on such,
a firm foundation now that the re-
ported consolidation will not ma-
terially affect them. The American
industries have a distinct advantage
in that the manufacture of nitrogen
also produces a number of market-
able by-products which return a
"Uncle Jim" Wilson of Homeland, who celebrated his Golden
Wedding anniversary and 50 years in the citrus industry just a
few weeks ago, died Tuesday morning, July 28, from injury re-
ceived in an accident at his home, July 24.
Above is a snapshot of "Uncle Jim" beneath one of his beloved
oaks, taken just a few moments before the fatal accident. It was
intended as a "feature" commemorating tis anniversary celebra-
tion. Such is life and fate, it becomes instead part of his obituary.
"Uncle Jim" looked forward to many more years. He happily
talked about his activity and. his plans for the future. He would
always be found in Homeland, he said.
He realized that his years of active work at the packing house
were near an end and spoke of training the "boys." He was very
pleased with the advances that had been made and spoke of the
opportunities ahead. The best he had left was experience, he said,
and he laid his plans there under the oak to pass this experience
on to the "boys" at the house.
"Uncle Jim" came to Florida from Georgia. His brother,
Charles L. Wilson, justice of peace at Bartow, is the only surviving
member of the family of four boys and a girl. "Uncle Jim" is
survived by Mrs. Wilson; four sons, Morton, Dozier, Emory, and
Paul and a daughter, Mrs. D. C. Mitchell of St. Petersburg.
"Uncle Jim" was buried in Homeland cemetery-in death as in
life he wanted always to stay in Homeland.
May Be Shortage Of Cannery Fruit
The increasing demand for can-
ned grapefruit brings a flood of
orders to the canners that threatens
a shortage of the supply of cannery
The orders being booked by the
canners indicate that the require-
ments will be double that of last
season. The supply of cannery
fruit was short by about 10 per
cent last season, according to the
state records; and with the new crop
only 25 per cent larger than last
season's, it does not appear possible
the 100 per cent increase in demand
for canned grapefruit can be filled
by a 25 per cent increase in the
supply of fruit.
Tampa-Pinellas canners, accord-
ing to authentic reports, already
have booked more orders than they
can fill with cannery fruit produced
in their area. The situation is said
to have developed a competition be-
tween canners for the fruit and also
that they are looking to other sec-
tions for additional supplies. There
is a concentration of canners in
the Tampa-Pinellas area and their'
reported situation may not be gen-
eral throughout the citrus belt. It
hardly is likely, however, that the
other canners have booked less of the crop would have to be of
orders and few sections of the belt cannery grade which seems impos-
have the large proportion of grape- sible of fulfillment. The crop last
fruit which Pinellas has. year was of very low quality, yet
The canned grapefruit supply last it produced only 16 per cent can-
season was about 1,300,000 cases. nery grade fruit. Canners prob-
This season's requirements will be ably will have to go into the higher
at least 2,500,000 cases, according' grade for additional supply.
to good authority, and may reach Last season the canners had to
3,000,000. The Department of Agri- pay high prices for the cannery
culture estimates only an average fruit. They combed the state and
crop which would be about 20,000,- hauled or shipped by rail long dis-
000 boxes. This is the general tances, but still could not get
opinion in the industry, enough fruit to fill all orders. This
A crop of this size would produce season should present even greater
about 9,000,000 boxes of grape-, difficulty with the demand 100 per
fruit. To fill the indicated require- cent larger and the fruit supply
ments of this season about one-third only 25 per cent more.
The new railroad schedule
putting fruit into the New
York market the fourth morn-
ing after shipment instead of
the fifth will be a big boon for
shipments started from Flor-
ida on Mondays.
The new schedule will put
the Monday shipments into
the Friday morning auction
allowing its immediate sale
on arrival. Under the old
schedule of arrival the fifth
morning after shipment, the
fruit arrived Saturday morn-
ing and had to be held over
for the Monday morning sale,
a delay of three days.
Pooling By Counties
Suggested By Grower
Pooling by counties instead of
the present basis of associations is
the suggestion offered by F. T. Mc-
Glinchy, member of Lake Alfred
association. He has submitted his
ideas for the consideration of the
special committee appointed by the
Exchange Board to study the vari-
ous pooling systems.
It is probable that Mr. McGlinchy
means sub-exchanges when speak-
ing of counties. In the Exchange
set-up sub-exchanges follow coun-
ty lines to a marked degree. Also
the sub-exchange is the unit of or-
ganization above the associations
and the unit which accounts to the
associations for the returns to the
Exchange for the associations'
Under his plan there would be an
Orange county pool, Polk county
pool, and so on. He suggests 15 to
30 days for each pool period, with
distribution of the pool receipts to
the associations on a pro-rata basis.
Mr. McGlinchy believes that the
fruit of a county is generally uni-
form. Where it is considered that a
pool could not cover the entire
county, he suggests that certain
parts of the county be segregated
The plan he proposes, he said,
would not interfere with house
brands, nor would it reduce any
advantage of quality fruit over in-
August 1, 1930
August 1, 1980 SEALD-SWEET CHRONICLE
South and Central Americas
afford an interesting study of peo-
ples, conditions and particularly cit-
rus, reports Vet L. Brown, director
on the Exchange Board, and presi-
dent of Polk Sub-Exchange, who
recently returned from an aerial
tour of the southern continent.
Citrus is widely spread but has
developed very little commercially,
Mr. Brown said. Interest in cit-
rus, however, he said, is developing
Groves can be found from the
northern part of the continent in
Central American countries to far
south in the Argentine. They range
from small groves of 200 trees to a
few 1,000 acres in extent. Citrus
practice is very varied, but several
of the governments are giving spe-
cial effort to study and have many
experimental groves under opera-
Generally, the groves are small
and scattered. In only a few places
is there a concentration of acreage.
Means for handling are lacking and
use of machinery is just beginning.
At one of the large groves, Mr.
Brown found a very modern Skin-
Mr. Brown had never ridden in a
plane before, but on figuring out
his proposed itinery and the means
for transportation he learned that
the usual facilities of boat and train
would make for a long, tiresome
journey, while by plane he could
reach all points quickly and save
weeks of travel. Also, by plane he
could get over country which he
otherwise could not travel except in
oxcarts over rough roads.
So, against the advice of every-
body, including Mrs. Brown, Mr.
Vet L. Brown Has Interesting Aerial Tour
OF The South and Central America
Brown elected air travel and started
on the ominous date, May 13. He
flew from Miami to Havana in a
plane seating 22 passengers and
carrying a crew of five. Another
plane was provided at Havana for
the South American flight, but the
ship was unable to rise from the
water and the first plane was sub-
stituted to connect with the regular
South American ship at Cienfuegos.
Headwinds forced a landing at
St. Thomas, 672 miles from Port
of Spain, the scheduled stop. St.
Thomas, the island purchased from
France by this country for $25,-
000,000, has a population of 10,000
on its scant five acres of land, said
Mr. Brown. The hotel proprietor
said there were no beggars though
he was the only man who worked.
Mr. Brown asserts that after two
days there he believed no one
The next lap carried him to
Georgetown, British Guiana. A
heavy storm hit and though a land-
ing was made on the water, the pilot
was unable to find the landing plat-
form and had to tie up at a bouy.
After a long delay, some boatmen
were attracted and the party was
rowed to shore.
Mr. Brown visited Dutch Guiana
and then headed for Brazil. On the
way they passed a flock of thou-
sands of flamingoes of all colors,
white, green, black and yellow, one
of the most beautiful sights he ever
had seen, Mr. Brown said.
At Bahia, which is a triple city,
Mr. Brown thought for a time he
would be forced to spend the rest
of his life there. He found no one
who could speak English and he
lost his glasses. He had to sign a
number of official papers which he
could not see to do. The police even
wanted to keep his passport. Every-
thing cleared up later.
Bahia is a unique city, Mr. Brown
said. It has a population of 350,-
000. It consists of three cities, dis-
tinct in age and altitude. The old
town is in the lowlands, in some
places 60 feet below high tide. It
is protected by a huge seawall. In
this is located the commercial sec-
tion and the banks. At a higher
elevation is the second city where
are located the hotels, stores, gov-
ernment buildings,, theatres and
some residences.' Stil further above
this is the newest and third city
where the finer residences are. The
two elevations are reached by ele-
Rio de Janerio was a very beau-
tiful city, up-to-date in many ways
and backward in many others, Mr.
Brown said. Everything appeared
to him in contrasts; big, beautiful
homes alongside of an abattior or a
warehouse; beautiful boulevards
lined with fine trees and bisected
with a beautiful parkway; the finest
automobiles and carriages moving
beside oxteams drawing two-
wheeled carts with wheels seven
feet high. Along the streets saunter
people attired in the finest of cloth-
nig, and others ragged and barefoot
in abject poverty.
After Rio, Mr. Brown visited
Santos and then San Paulo, a state
of many millions. The capitol city
is on an elevation of 3,000 feet and
one is drawn up the height by cable,
taking two hours or more for the
Mr. Brown visited he back coun-
try to a distance of 250 miles. In
this region of mountains he saw or-
ange groves 1,000 acres in extent.
The section some day will be a big
citrus producer, he predicts. Citrus
matured -there from June to Sep-
Additional flying trouble was en-
countered on the flight to Buenos
Aires, Argentine. Fogs and storms
brought a forced landing on a
lagoon and a delay of a day. At
the city, there had just arrived the
steamer from New York which Mr.
Brown would have taken had he
come by boat.
Mr. Brown engaged a land plane
for a flight into the interior and
after this flight began the return
trip home, going back over prac-
tically the same route as he came.
Back at Bahia one of the principal
festivals was going on and pre-
sented an odd sight. Hundreds of
bonfires had been built in the
streets. About each were gathered
groups of men, women and children
of all classes. .Well dressed, un-
doubtedly well-to-do people, were
there with others who wore prac-
tically nothing. All were jumping
back and forth over the fires, the
mode of celebration.
The entire trip was a memorable
one, Mr. Brown declared. He en-
joyed every moment of it and should
he ever go back or have another
long trip to make it will be by air-
plane, he said.
Plan Good Program
For Citrus Growers
Florida citrus growers will find
the citrus program for Farmers'
Week at Gainesville, August 11-15,
of interest throughout. Practically
every side of the citrus industry
will be discussed some time during
Growers will again find the Uni-
versity dormitories available for
accommodations. Rooms can be ob-
trained for 40 cents a day, and meals
can be obtained at the University
commons on the cafeteria plan. It
is stated that a person should be
able to obtain three good meals for
$1.00 or $1.10, making the total
cost of a day's lodging and meals
not over $1.50.
Reservations can be obtained by
addressing W. T. Nettles, Agricul-
tural Extension Service, Gainesville,
Florida, and stating how many
(men and women) in party and
when rooms are wanted.
CITRUS AND SMALL FRUITS PROGRAM
Monday Afternoon, Aug. 11-Third Floor, Experiment Station
J. R. Watson and G. F. Weber, Presiding
Laboratory Studies of Insects and Diseases-Led by J. R. Watson, Dr. E. W. Berger,
Dr. G. F. Weber, Dr. W. B. Tisdale.
Tuesday, Room 203, Engineering Building
Morning Program-Louis H. Alsmeyer, Presiding.
8:45-9:45-Cover Crops for Citrus Groves-W. E. Stokes, Agronomist, Experiment
Practical Suggestions on Handling Grove Cover Crops-Louis H. Alsmeyer,
County Agent, Highlands County.
9:30-10:10-Solving the Pumpkin Bug Problem-J. R. Watson, Entomologist, Ex-
Loss of Fertilizer by Leaching, and It sRelation to Cover Cropping-J. B. Hester,
Asst. Chemist, Experiment Station.
10:15-10:55-Grove Management as it Applies to the Ridge Section-Albert DeVane,
Grower, Lake Placid.
Afternoon Program-E. F. DeBusk, Presiding
2:00-2:40-The Effect of Time and Rate of Application and Source of Nitrogen on
Yield and Tree Growth of Grapefruit-John P. Camp, Asst. Agronomist, Ex-
periment Station, and R. S. Edsall, Graduate Student, Col. of Agr.
2:45-3:25-New Ideas on Citrus Fertilizing-Dr. R. W. Ruprecht, Chemist, Experi-
3:40-4:10-Discussion of Needed Citrus Experiments-Led by Dr. O. C. Bryan, Louis
H. Alsmeyer and Prof. E. L. Lord.
Wednesday, Room 203, Engineering College
Morning Program-Dr. R. W. Ruprecht, Presiding
8:45-9:25-Soil Acidity and Its Relation to Citrus Fruit Production-Dr. B. R. Fudge,
Asst. Chemist, Experiment Station, Lake Alfred.
9:30-10:10-Insects and Mites Attacking Citrus in Hawaii-W. W. Others, Epto-
mologist, U.S.D.A. Citrus Insect Lab., Orlando.
10:15-10:55-Citrus Disease Problems and Proposed Experiments-Dr. A. S. Rhoads
and Dr. W. B. Tisdale, Plant Pathologist, Experiment Station.
Afternoon Program-Dr. R. M. Barnette, Presiding
2:00-2:40-Drainage and Irrigation-Alfred Warren, County Agent S,t. Lucie County,
and E. F. DeBusk, Extension Citrus Specialist.
2:45-3:25-The Use of Applications of Nitrogen in an Effort to Increase the Size of
Tangerines-E. F. DeBusk.
Effects of Cover Crops on Soils-Dr. R. M. Barnette, Asso. Chemist, Experiment
Thursday, Morning Program, University Auditorium
Joint Program-Citrus, Truck, Economics-C. V. Noble, Presiding
8:45-9:15-The Cost of Handling Citrus from Tree to Car, and Some Fctors Influenc-
ing this Cost-Dr. H. G. Hamilton, Asso. Prof. Agr. Economics, Col. of Agr.
9:20-9:45-The Cost of Handling Citrus from Shipping Point to Market, with Compar-
ative Costs from Other Producing Areas-M. A. Brooker, Asst, Agr. Eco-
nomist, Experiment Station.
9:50-10:15-Functions of the Growers' and Shippers' League-J. Curtis Robinson,
10:20-10:55-The Present Status of the Mediterranean Fruit Fly-Dr. W. C. O'Kane.
Agent in Charge.
Thursday, Afternoon Program, Room 203, Engineering College
A. F. Camp, Presiding
2:00-2:40-Studies of the Growth of Citrus Fruit-Dr. A. F. Camp, Horticulturist,
2:45-3:25-Mango Culture-Shas. H. Steffani, County Agent S,outhern Dade.
The Avocado Situation-Dr. A. F. Camp.
3:30-4:10-Miscellaneous Florida Fruits-Harold Mowry, Asso. Horticulturist, Ex-
Friday, Room 203, Engineering College
Morning Program-Harold Mowry, Presiding
8:45-9:25-Soil Problems in Tung-Oil Production-Dr. R. M. Barnette.
9:30-10:10-Orchard Management in Tung-Oil Production-Dr. Geo. P. Hoffman,
Horticulturist in Charge, Penney Farms.
10:15-10:55-Tung-Oil Experiments-Harold Mowry.
Afternoon Program-E. L. Lord, Presiding
2:00-Unfinished Discussions and Trip to Horticultural Grounds-Led by Harold
Mowry and E. L. Lord.
August 1, 1930
SEL-WE HOICEAgs ,13
Published twice a month in
the interest of cooperative
marketing and for the infor-
mation of the citrus growers
606 Citrus Exchange Bldg.
Postoffice Box 1108
Net Grower Circulation
Space Rates: $60.00 per page;
$35.00 half-page; $20.00 one-
quarter page; $2.00 per inch
all space under one-quarter
page. Minimum space: 1 inch.
Vol. VI AUG. 1930 No. 5
Orders for canned grapefruit are
coming to the canners in such vol-
ume as to practically assure the
output will be doubled this season.
The tremendous growth of trade
demand has completely changed the
Two months ago practically
everyone in the industry was of the
impression that the supply of the
cannery grade fruit would be ex-
ceptionally large. This view pre-
vailed with grapefruit particular-
ly, due to the scab. Also, it then
was thought that the crop would
be one of the largest.
Conditions have changed. It now
appears that the scabby fruit drop-
ped. Everywhere in the citrus belt
the fruit is showing better quality.
Estimates of volume have taken a
market tumble. The talk has veered
from a large crop to an average
one with a growing belief it will be
smaller than the average.
There is every evidence that the
growers through the belt can obtain
the full price for their fruit if they
will. Unfortunately, many opera-
tors do not account for cull fruit.
This may take the advantage of con-
ditions away from some growers,
but it will be their own fault, if it
It has been the contention here
for years that supply and demand
should rule. If it rules this season,
growers will receive a good price
for their cannery fruit. The Ex-
By H. J. Denton
In the "Oklahoma Cotton Grower"
If we live on the farm, we get up in the morning, put on clothes and
shoes manufactured in some distant state or foreign country by people
whom we have never seen or heard tell of, strike a match made some
place-we know not where-by some group of folk we know nothing
about, light an oil stove made and sold through the same system, filled
with oil taken out of the ground by folk perfectly strange to us and re-
fined by a similar group.
If the fire is to be a coal fire, the coal is mined by a group of Italians
and other foreigners, many of whom cannot even speak the English
language, but who have joined themselves together in a Federation of
Labor that guarantees a living wage for everyone who engages in the
activities of mining the coal.
If we wish to put in a telephone call we ring central, where a perfect
net of telephone wires connect farmers and business men. The owners
of the telephone system no doubt are hundreds of miles from us and are
people we have never seen. After having done our chores, we sit down
to a breakfast of food ,much of which is prepared by hands perfectly
strange to us, sold through a system over which we have no control
whatever, and after breakfast we go to the barn, harness teams with
harness made by strangers and sold through a well regulated channel.
We hitch our teams to cultivators manufactured and sold the same
way as these other things enumerated, and after having worked diligently
many months, we pick our cotton, take it to the gin, and gin it on ma-
chinery manufactured and sold by and through another well regulated
system. We pay the price set for ginning and after ginning take the bale
to the cotton yard and sell it on a market over which we have no more
control than the old mules which draw the wagon.
In fact, we might just as well hang our hat on the hames instead of our
head and send the mules to market, so far as having any control over
the price we receive for our cotton is concerned.
It is strange indeed that intelligent farmers will buy on a well regu-
lated and controlled market, goods which have been sent through most
carefully planned and controlled channels over which the consumer has
no control whatever-goods which have been manufactured and handled
from the beginning to the end of this channel by folk who are perfect
strangers to them; where they in fact, find themselves at one end of the
most powerful systems of marketing in existence, and pay just what this
system has priced the things they have to buy-and then will start their
products back through another channel which renders them perfectly
helpless in both transactions.
Now, the point we are trying to make is that all the above enumerated
operations are done by folk perfectly strange to the farmers who have
ot buy and sell through these well regulated systems and many of these
farmers make no complaint whatever; yet when they are approached
on the subject of cooperating with their neighbors in selling their
products they object because they don't know personally and intimately
every man connected with the administrative part of the cooperative
program, and because they can't individually control all its activities.
change contract with Floridagold
Citrus Corporation sets this price at
90 cents a box this season.
Every grower in the state should
get this price. He is assured of it
if he belongs to the Exchange. If
he is not a member he is entitled
to it by virtue of the conditions and
the "umbrella" the Exchange holds
up for him. The Exchange has
created this high level-there is no
common sense reason why any grow-
er should accept less.
Recently, a leader of the private
operators stated publicly, that serv-
ice was the basis for the business
relations between the operators and
the growers. If an operator failed
to give full service he should and
would drop by the wayside, this
The Exchange has made clear its
stand and its price. Growers and
operators now have their opportun-
ity. The demand is such all growers
should benefit. The facts are clear
-growers know where to place the
Clearwater Growers' Assn.
DeLand Packing Assn.
Eagle Lake Citrus Growers Assn.
Elfers Citrus Growers Assn.
International Fruit Corp.
Lake Alfred Citrus Growers Assn
Leesburg Citrus Growers Assn.
Manatee Citrus Growers Assn.
Nocatee Citrus Growers Assn.
Ocala Fruit Packing Co., Inc.
Orlando Citrus Growers Assn.
L. B. Skinner
Tampa Citrus Growers Assn.
Umatilla Citrus Growers Assn
Waverly Citrus Growers Assn.
Winter Garden Citrus Growers Assn.
Ask the man who uses Brogdex and
you will get the low down on what
it will do for you.
Texas Citrus Exchange
Following a very careful investigation of Brogdex in both California
and Florida the Texas Citrus Exchange has signed contracts for
Brogdex for every house it controls. Installation is now under way
and will be completed before the Texas season starts this fall.
The Exchange controls from 80 to 85% of the acreage in Texas
which means that practically the entire crop will be Brogdexed.
When the Texas Exchange officers were in Florida last April Mr.
John Shary, President, gave out an interview to the Tampa Tribune
in which he stated that Texas had six million trees that would be in
bearing in a short time and that in five years Texas would be ship-
ping 35,000 car loads of citrus fruit.
This interview created a lot of interest and discussion and resulted
in a number of citrus men visiting Texas to check up. One of them
stated that he did not dare tell his people what he saw as they would
not believe him. Apparently Mr. Shary did not over-state the facts.
Texas is going to be a big factor in the citrus market in a very few
years. In 1920 Florida produced 95% of the grapefruit grown in
this country. Ten years later she produced 84%, a shrinkage of 11
points. Texas in 1921 shipped 15 cars of grapefruit but last season
she marketed 4,000 cars. And now it is claimed that in a few years
her tonnage will 'equal that of Florida. It is about time to wake
up and take notice.
President Shary and his associates have given us fair warning. They
are determined that Texas fruit shall have every advantage it is
possible to give it. That is why they came to Florida and others
went to California. And one of the things they discovered was that
Brogdex improves the appearance and prolongs the keeping time
while those investigating the market end found that there already
existed a strong trade preference for Brogdexed fruit.
Believe it or not it won't be long now until we will either Brogdex
all our fruit or find it difficult to satisfactorily market the un-
The time to establish a reputation for the keeping qualities of your
fruit is right now. Get in Brogdex and begin to build that trade
preference before Texas gets into full production.
FLORIDA BROGDEX DISTRIBUTORS, Inc.
B. C. SKINNER, Pres.
August 1, 1930
August 1, 1930 SEALD-SWEET CHRONICLE
Home Land Association
Memorial OF Wilson
Editor's Note-The following was writ-
ten before the death of "Uncle" Jim Wil-
son. It is based upon comments by Mr.
Wilson in a visit just a few hours before
his fatal injury. The association, like his
family and his church, was an integral
part of his life. It truly is a memorial,
built with his own hands.
Homeland association, located in
an old settled community between
Bartow and Ft. Meade, looks for-
ward to an unusually good year. It
has a bountiful crop of old seedling
oranges on the trees and the qual-
ity, it appears at this time, will
The association, which comprises
practically all of the community,
expects to handle between 40,000
and 50,000 boxes. Only four groves
in the section are not in the asso-
ciation, but such is the neighborly
spirit that embues Homeland's busi-
ness and well as social life that it
is expected these too will be aligned
with the association eventually.
Homeland association stands un-
ique is cooperative effort in this
country. It has been characterized
as a monument to the cooperative
ideal. Homeland members cooper-
ate as they practice their religion.
An example is its season pool.
Frost or storm carry no uneven
burdens on association members.
Should a crop be damaged or lost
all the members pool the loss just
as in other associations members
pool to strike the average market
price. A Homeland grower could
lose his entire crop, but still he
would receive as much for the fruit
he lost as the most fortunate mem-
ber who had every box marketed.
When a frost strikes as associ-
ation grove, "Uncle" Jim Wilson,
manager, takes two members and
they carefully estimate the volume.
It goes on the association record
and is included in the pool volume
and shares equally in the division
of the pool funds.
Forty members, every citrus
growing resident of the community
but four, comprise the association.
It is one of the oldest in the Ex-
change. The community followed
"Uncle" Jim in 21 years ago, when
with a practically new packing
house representing 30 years' lead-
ership in the community's citrus
affairs, "Uncle" Jim answered the
call of Dr. Inman and other citrus
leaders of the state and came to
Tampa for the organization of the
Few Homeland growers ever
withdrew. Death mainly h a s
changed the membership. There
still are 10 charter members in the
association, and succeeding others
are their children. Even sale of
groves to outsiders has not made
changes in handling. Out of the
total membership only five have
been in less than five years.
Organize Lake Carroll Association
The Lake Carroll Citrus Grow-
ers Association has been organized
in the Tampa citrus area by a num-
ber of leading growers, including
W. B. Coarsey, prominent Tampa
grower and capitalist. It has leased
two units of the Tampa Union
Terminal packing plant.
The plant is one of the finest in
the state and with other facilities
available will enable the new asso-
ciation to give a complete as well as
efficient and economical service.
The lease provides precooling and
storage service equal to any avail-
able elsewhere in the state. The
association also has the possibilities
of economies through direct water
The association was organized
largely through the efforts of W. C.
Crews, new sub-exchange manager
for Hillsboro Sub-Exchange. It is
virtually his first official accomplish-
ment in his new position. Mr. Crews
believes the association will open
the season this fall with a substan-
tial tonnage. Mr. Crews came to
Hillsboro sub-exchange from
Pinellas where he has been man-
ager for several years. Pinellas
sub-exchange handled about 200,-
000 boxes of fruit when he assumed
the management. It has been in-
creased to 650,000 boxes with pos-
sibility of 750,000 this season.
Mr. Coarsey is a very influential
grower and has been sought as an
Exchange member for several years.
It is considered very fortunate that
he has signed with the Exchange
and is giving his influence as well
as his fruit ti the organization. He
is taking an active interest and is
giving much time.
The lease of the plant from the
terminal company marks the end of
the marketing service of that com-
pany. It wil concentrate hereafter
on precooling and storage service
and to the development of water
shipments. Arrangements are being
made for regular sailings from Tam-
pa to foreign ports with shipments
of citrus and other perishables. The
Mallory line will have weekly sail-
ings of refrigerated shipments to
Gulf and Atlantic ports.
Auburndale Signs Up
The Floridagold Citrus Corpora-
tion has arranged with Auburndale
association for the handling of the
fruit from its Saint Claire and
Rickenbroie groves which have a
crop recently estimated at 94,000
boxes. The Haines City association
will handle the fruit from the cor-
poration groves in its section.
The contract gives Auburndale
more than 400,000 boxes, nearly
double its previous record volume.
Manager Stanford believes an addi-
tional 75,000 boxes is assured the
association which would place it
among the first three
Mr. Stanford now is aiming to
make the lowest packing cost in the
state. An addition is under con-
struction which will more than
double capacity. New equipment
has been ordered and the improved
plant will contain every modern
The association has had a remark-
able growth. Five years ago, when
Mr. Stanford came in as manager,
the association had 60,000 boxes.
Automatically Controlled, Steam Heated
Very high efficiency and low operating costs are features of lene gas and the equipment is likewise adapted for the use
our automatically controlled, steam heating coloring room of "kerosene gas."
equipment that you cannot afford to overlook. The picture This type of coloring room equipment can be installed in ex-
illustrates a typical installation with one side of the baffle isting rooms at slight cost The floor above the room, if
wall cut away to show the steam coils and the circulating used for other purposes, need not be disturbed by our equip-
system. The opposite wall is a duplicate of the side you see ment as the blowers can be installed in front of the rooms,
in the picture. The control instruments and one of the as illustrated, or even at the sides.
circulating blowers are shown on the outside end beside the We will make the installation for less money than others
entrance door. will charge you for any other efficient system. We will
methd of air circ a dri i s u r make you a complete installation except carpenter work and
Our method of air circulation and distribution is so uniform electric wiring. This includes boiler, oil burner, oil storage
that a spread of from one to two degrees is quite common. tank, steam, water and oil piping, and coloring room equip-
This uniformity is what gives the high efficiency and low ment proper. And in dealing with us you have the satisfac-
operating cost. One half horse power (two motors of % tion of knowing that a responsible concern is back of the
h. p. each) is all the power required for the operation of equipment in the years to come.
one of these roms. A request for more detail information and prices will place
We are in position to furnish the trickle system for ethy- you under no obligation whatsoever.
FLORIDA CITRUS MACHINERY COMPANY
Division Food Machinery Corporation DUNEDIN, FLORIDA
August 1, 1930
6 SEALD-SWEET CHRONICLE August 1, 1930
GROVE, CROP AND PACKING-HOUSE NOTES
Lake Alfred association has ob-
tained B. E. Morrill, for many years
manager of Dade sub-exchange, as
manager and has signed up to date
nearly 200,000 boxes with consider-
ably more volume in prospect upon
which Mr. Morrill is working.
The association plant is one of
the finest in the state. It is com-
plete in. every facility and is so de-
signed that it can be enlarged by
simple extensions. The building is
one of the most attractive.
The new all steel Brogdex equip-
ment was installed recently leaving
practically nothing known now in
facilities which the plant does not
have. Last season it installed the
multiple Frick precooling plant. It
has 13 modern precooling rooms
and is now building the new color-
ing system with 10 car capacity.
Equipment is being arranged to
allow the most economical handling.
One of Mr. Morrill's aims is to fill
special orders and the rearrange-
ment is such that fruit can be pack-
ed an dheld and later made up in
special carlots as orders dictate.
With Brogdex and precooling facil-
ities available, the association
should be in a good position to com-
pete for this trade.
The crop in the Lake Alfred sec-
tion is lighter than normal, but is
very fair inequality, Mr. Morrill re-
ported. The crop last season was
large. The grapefruit crop will be.
very light. Tangerine volume and
quality looks good at this time.
At the close of the past season,
the directors voted the redemption
of $8,100 in retain certificates and
the refund of an equol amount in
Pinellas Sub-Exchange had its
postponed annual meeting at Ceark-
water, July 17, electing W. H. Clark
of Elfers as president, and return-
ing J. S. Taylor of Largo as di-
rector on the Exchange board. O.
J. Harvey, formerly with Hillsboro
Sub-Exchange, was elected manager
for Pinellas sub-exchange, succeed-
ing W. C. Crews, who has taken
over similar duties in Hillsboro Sub-
H. HARRIS & CO.
Fruit Auction Terminal
Cutler B. Downer Fred'k L. SpringforJ
Harold F. Miles
Directors of Avon Park have
voted to retire half of all retain
certificates issued prior to this sea-
son and to set the packing charge at
65 cents a box for grapefruit and
70 cents a box for oranges.
Announcement of the action was
carried in the local press and made
a decided reaction among the grow-
ers in favor of the association. It
is believed it will have a material
influence on the volume signed by
the association whoch already has
about 100,000 boxes closed.
Competition always has been
keen in the section, but fruit was
usually hauled to other points by
competitors and packed outside.
Three competitive operators now
are building plants at Avon Park to
The association works under the
difficulty of competing wih a leas-
ing practice. Many groves have been
leased for a term of years which
prevents many growers from join-
ing the association in spite of their
desire to. As these leases expire,
it is indicated that most of these
growers will join.
Lake Garfield association has
signed almost a record volume and
will handle in excess of 150,000
boxes the coming season, Manager
R. G. Carlton estimates. Member-
ship of the association has doubled
in the past three years.
About 1,800 acres, all of which is
not in bearing, is signed with the
association. More than 200 acres
has been signed recently. Addi-
tional production as these groves
come into fuller bearing will give
the association substantial addi-
tional tonnage in the future aside
from more new memberships.
__The new Brogdex equipment has
been installed. Part of the equip-
ment will be rearranged and a gen-
eral overhauling given the entire
For summer control of Red Scale with a wide
margin of safety for fruit and foliage, spray
your trees with VOLCK or VOLCK-KLEENUP
combination. Write for new folder.
CALIFORNIA SPRAY-CHEMICAL CO.
61 W. Jefferson Street, Orlando, Florida
Groves of the Avon Florida Cit-
rus Corporation around Avon Park
give promise of a good crop of good
quality fruit this season. The sec-
tion was hard hit several years ago
by the cold and yield since has been
light as most of the trees were just
getting into bearing at the time.
The corporation owns or handles
3,800 acres of which a large part
is just in bearing. This acreage
consists of 10 large blocks and runs
about two-thirds to oranges, divided
about equally to Pineapples and Va-
lencias. Half the acreage is in
Highlands and half in Polk.
The trees have recovered fully
and the crop is expected to approxi-
mate 200,000 boxes. The fruit is
packed by the Lake Byrd Citrus
Packing Company, which packs ex-
clusively for the corporation. The
plant is a six car house. Five color-
ing rooms are being added giving
the plant a total of nine. R. H.
Stodden is manager.
Manager Smith of Dundee ex-
pects a very good season for the
Dundee association. The fruit crup
is good in both volume and qual-
ity. The association handles about
80 percent of the fruit of the sec-
The Sebring Fruit Growers asso-
ciation is making good progress
among Sebring growers and has
signed 150,000 boxes. More than
400 acres of groves have been added
since the past season closed and
there are good prospects consider-
ably more will be signed up, re-
ported Manager R. W. Nicks.
The association is a merger of
the Sebring Citrus Growers associa-
tion and a new grower company or-
ganized last season headed by Col.
F. N. K. Bailey, prominent citizen
of Highlands. The merger brought
lower costs and permitted a refund
to the members.
The plant is in good condition to
handle the increased volume. No
special improvements are planned,
but a thorough overhauling is being
Lake Wales association has signed
35 new members recently, who have
in the aggregate about 500 acres,
reports Manager Buford Gum. The
crop appears of very fair quality
and is freer from rust mite than it
has been in years. The association
expects to handle around 200,000
Rendering One and All
A Sincere Auction Service
Use the "PENNSY to PHILLY"
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August 1 1930
S.1. v/4 /
of a series of advertisements
presenting facts about the
need for cooperation. The
entire series is on display at
your local association or sub-
For Unification of the
Florida Citrus Industry