Group Title: On demand: Farming Systems Support Project
Title: On demand
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 Material Information
Title: On demand
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Farming Systems Support Project
Publisher: Farming Systems Support Project.
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Subject: Agricultural education -- Periodicals -- Florida -- Gainesville   ( lcsh )
Agricultural development projects -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
General Note: Description based on: No. 2 (Mar. 30, 1984); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: No. 3 (May 18, 1984)
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Bibliographic ID: UF00074950
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 86175695
lccn - 2007229116

Full Text

Telephone: (904) 392-1965
Farming Systems Support Project
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, Florida 32611

March 30, 1984'

On Demand # 2
The Near East Bureau of AID has approved a PID for Jordan that will
provide $7.5 million of technical assistance and $12.5 million of loan
funds for credit and other capital inputs. The project will provide
assistance in research, extension, and input supply for the highlands,
which are characterized as rainfed areas, in contrast to the Jordan
valley, an irrigated area which has received most attention until now in
the country's agricultural development efforts.

The Bureau has little trouble with the research and extension
components and with TA in the capital component. It has reservations
about the capital transfer, has not given full approval to that
ccmponent or final approval to the PID.

The Bureau is now requesting services to do same analytical work in
preparation for writing the Project Paper (PP). It has requested this
help from FSSP because of the important role FSR/E will play in the
entire project.

On Demand #2 includes a general view of what studies and analyses
are needed, however, this is tentative information; the mission is going
to have to prepare a scope of work and get it approved by AID/W, so it
is doubtful if the schedule given here will be met.

1. A description and analyses of
the beneficiaries This project is
operating in the rainfed area, in
which project experience is limited.
It will consider both farmers and
input dealers as beneficiaries.
AID/W wants to know more about them
- what constraints they are under,
what alternative income sources they
have, what incentives would be
necessary for them to respond as the
project intends, what institutional
constraints are involved. There is
a sharecropping land tenure pattern,
for example. One question is
whether long term arrangements
between landlord and tenant are
feasible, if they would be necessary
to bring forth the needed
investment. If not, are there
enough owner-operators to justify a

project? It is known that many
rainfed area farm families have
off-farm income. Is this of such
nature and magnitude that the
families would not respond readily
to farm production opportunities?
A parallel set of issues
involve the merchants who would
handle the inputs.

2. An analysis of credit and
ccrmercial institutional impacts --
The Agency is dedicated to the
development of the private sector.
It wants to extend this to the
provision of credit, even though the
money is being supplied government
to government, by somehow moving it
through commercial banking channels.
The Agency has some worry, also,
that the funds could become general


support and not be used to attain
objectives of the project. In one
sense, this is also an analysis of
beneficiaries, since the banking
system would be a beneficiary.

3. Analysis of research and
extension This is a fairly
straightforward analysis of the
research and extension systems, the
sort that could be done as part of
the PP preparation, but since there
is to be a delay in writing the PP
because of the other analyses, there
will be a more thorough analysis of

None of these analyses have to
start fran zero. There have been
other studies, and there has been
sane relevant project activity upon
which these analyses can build. One
project, for example, has had same
experience with long time
arrangements between sharecroppers
and landlords. Some donors have
done surveys and studies using staff
and students from the University.

The plan of work being
considered is to send one or two
persons to Jordan in May to lay
groundwork and plan the exercise.
Ramadan will take up most of June,
and the studies should start in July
and could last six to eight weeks.
Four weeks in the fall will be
needed for the PP. The mission is
probably aiming for a complete PP in

Manpower needed is estimated as

Team Leader: Three weeks in
May, three weeks in July and August,
and four weeks in September.
A farm management type
economist: six weeks in July and

An agribusiness type economist:
same period as farm management
A research administration-
organization expert: four weeks in
An extension administration-
organization expert: same period as
the research expert.
A four-person design team
(agronomist, agribusiness management
person, a farm management person,
and another member whose
discipline/background is not yet

This is a total of about 40
person weeks. However, these are
only estimates. For example, there
may be three persons, rather than
two, involved in each of the
analyses. The Bureau has identified
a research systems specialist who it
may want to send with the research
and extension experts, making a
three-person team.

The Bureau would like for FSSP,
or a single contractor, to take over
the total job. The mission is very
short of management time. Several
contractors could be used, but AID's
work would be simpler if one
contractor could do it. AID would
like to use as much Jordanian talent
as feasible and would like to
include the management and
procurement of that talent in the

If you have an interest, please let
us know. If you can qualify or
specify your interest according to
the various studies and analyses
needed, please do so. Ken McDermott
may be reached at the FSSP offices
through April 6 at (904) 392-2309.
After April 6 use McDermott's
Virginia office number 703 538-4544.



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