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Spanish Explorers Activity Sheet


Spanish Explorers Name:



Christopher Columbus

Christopher Columbus first came to the New World
from Spain in 1492.

He believed the world had three continents: Europe,
Africa, and Asia. China, Japan and the other Asian
countries were known as the Indies.

He wanted to find a sea route to the valuable spices,
gold, jewels and silk of Asia, so he sailed west from
Spain thinking he would arrive at the far side of Asia.

He stopped briefly in the Canary Islands and then
sailed into the unknown. When he finally hit land, he
thought he was in the Indies, but actually he landed A portrait of Christopher Columbus
on an island in the Caribbean.

Although Columbus made three trips to the New World, he never understood that he had
found a new continent.


Columbus' Map

Columbus might have drawn a
map similar to this one.

Let's help him by labeling each
of the continents.

(1) Write the name of the three _A_
continents on the black lines.

(2) From which country did
Columbus set sail? Write your
answer on the red line on the
map.
A map of the world
A map of the world


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Aerial Photography: Florida








Spanish Explorers Activity Sheet


The compass at the bottom of the map shows cardinal directions:


Abbreviation


Arrow representation


Look carefully at the map.

(3) If Columbus had wanted to visit Africa, he would have sailed in which direction?

ANSWER:

(4) Label Japan with a capital J.



Ponce de Le6n -

Historians believe that Juan Ponce de Le6n, a soldier of Spain,
sailed with Columbus on his second voyage to the New World. ,

Ponce helped to subdue the native peoples on the Caribbean ..-.
islands of Hispaniola and San Juan. Hispaniola is now called ,
Haiti and the Dominican Republic, and San Juan is Puerto Rico.
He became the governor of Puerto Rico.

In 1512, Spain's King Ferdinand commanded Ponce to find and
settle a legendary island named Bimini. Supposedly, Bimini had
a fountain of youth with waters that kept people forever young.

In 1513, Juan sailed north from Puerto Rico. He sailed through
the islands of the Bahamas and then spied what he thought A portrait of Ponce de Le6n
was another extremely large island. On April 2, 1513 he went
ashore and formally claimed the island for Spain. He named it La Florida (the flowery land)
because it had "many refreshing trees."


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Direction


North

South

East

West


Aerial Photography: Florida







Spanish Explorers Activity Sheet


I Ponce's journey

pa Ponce added more pieces
/ J to the world puzzle.

'TBh S 1 (5) On the blue line, write the
name of the large "island"
Spanolahe found.

-erto Ri o (6) We know that this "island"
: is, in fact, part of which
Canary Islands continent?
Ponce's New World discoveries ANSWER:

(7) Which of the fifty states is it these days?

ANSWER:

(8) Draw a dotted line (.........) to represent Columbus' 1492 trip to the New World.

(9) Draw a straight line (__ ) to show Ponce's 1513 expedition to La Florida.


Ponce's map of Florida

Historians believe that Ponce's landing site was at,
or near, Melbourne Beach, south of Cape
Canaveral.

Ponce wanted to know how big his island was so
he followed the coas southward, rounded the tip,
and turned north again along the western edge.
He traveled partway up the coast and then turned
back.

Historians think he got as far north as the present
day Fort Myers. There he encountered hostile
Calusa Indians and quickly sailed away home.


Ponce brought ships and soldiers with him


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Aerial Photography: Florida








Aerial Photography: Florida Spanish Explorers Activity Sheet

Historians believe that Ponce's landing site was at or near Melbourne Beach, south of Cape
Canaveral.

He wanted to know how big his island was so he followed the coast southward, rounded the
tip and turned north again along the western edge. He traveled partway up the coast and then
turned back.

Historians think he got as far north as the present day Fort Myers. There he encountered
hostile Calusa Indians and quickly sailed away home.
































Ponce's 1513 expedition map of Florida may have looked like this


(10) Starting at the Bahama Islands draw a line indicating Ponce's initial exploration of his
island.

(11) Place an X at the site where he first landed near Cape Canaveral.


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Spanish Explorers Activity Sheet


The map gives us clues as to where Fort Myers might be. The Spanish word for river is
rio (R.) and canoe is canoa.

(12) Whom did he encounter that might have used canoes?

ANSWER:

(13) Put another X at the point where he might have abandoned his west coast exploration.



A modern, birds-eye view


Five hundred years after the Spanish explorations, we now have modern technologies to help
us explore the world's lands.

The modern map to the left shows us where Melbourne is relative to Cape Canaveral. If we
look at the aerial photograph on the right, we can see more details.


--




4'4
Ml\ born
III

-- _. _.-"


Melbourne


(14) Put an X on the aerial
photograph to indicate where
Melbourne is.


Aerial photograph of the Melbourne area


(15) Why would aerial photographs have been helpful to the early Spanish explorers?

ANSWER:


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Aerial Photography: Florida




STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00074931/00002
 Material Information
Title: Sailing to St. Augustine ( 2010 version )
Physical Description: Mixed Material
Creator: Sheard, William
Publisher: UF Libraries
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
 Subjects
Genre: lesson plan
Spatial Coverage:
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
System ID: UF00074931:00002


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Sailing to St. Augustine Introduction


Although Columbus took to the high seas in 1492, it wasn't until 1513

During the Christian holy season of Easter, Juan Ponce de Le6n of
g- iJ;~Spain sighted the subtropical land that is now the southernmost state
of the United States of America.

On March 27, 1513, he landed near what is now St. Augustine and he
~.~t3~~~ i~~;LEBi~lt~gave this new land the name "La Florida," meaning "Land of Flowers."

~17 t~BDon Juan Ponce de Le6n sailed to Florida from the Spanish islands of
the Caribbean, namely Hispanola and Puerto Rico. Ponce de Le6n had
settled on these islands after accompanying Columbus on his second
voyage to the Americas in 1493.

Although we do not know exactly where Ponce de Le6n landed, we
are sure that it was somewhat north of present day St. Augustine. He claimed the area, which he
believed to be an island, for Spain, and then sailed south around the peninsula and part way up the west
coast of Florida, exploring and mapping his newly discovered territory.

Ponce de Le6n would make several exploratory trips to Florida. He died in Cuba from an arrow wound
inflicted by the Calusa Indians of Florida.

In 1565 the king of Spain sent Don Pedro Menendez de Aviles to try to establish settlements in Florida.
When Menendez arrived, he knew that the French had recently settled at Fort Caroline, at the mouth of
the St. Johns River. Part of his mission was to eliminate the threat of French settlement in Florida.














Complete the activities and answer the questions below using the online introduction to this
topic to guide you.


1) The year is 1565. You and Menendez de Aviles have been commanded by the King of
Spain to set up two Spanish colonies in Florida. He has selected St. Augustine. Describe
the physical characteristics of the site you would select.


Aerial Photography: Florida


Sailing to St. Augustine Activity Sheet


Name:


2) You must survive on resources available from the surrounding land. Describe what
resources are essential for the survival of your colony.


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Sailing to St. Augustine








Aerial Photography: Florida


Sailing to St. Augustine Activity Sheet


3) The first map of Florida (below) was drawn in 1597, about 30 years after Pedro
Menendez de Aviles established the first Spanish colony in Florida and 80 years after
Ponce de Ledn first landed in Florida. Referring to the online introduction to Sailing to St.
Augustine for clues, find the approximate locations on the map of:
> St. Augustine
> The French fort Fort Caroline on the St. Johns River
> The Caribbean
> Cuba, where Ponce de Ledn died

Taking into consideration the factors you listed in 1 & 2 above, put a star on the location
you have chosen to start your Florida colony.
















CV- BA IN VL'FAr
The~ first ma fFord,19


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Aerial Photography: Florida Sailing to St. Augustine Activity Sheet


The St. Augustine aerial photograph below was taken in 1942 by the U.S. Department of
Agriculture.


L0085181 ST. Auigul5Ile TrOm Ife arI, 15~


4) What modern features does it show?


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Aerial Photography: Florida Sailing to St. Augustine Activity Sheet

5) Why would this type of photograph have been useful to early explorers and settlers?


6) Circle the Castillo de San Marcos in St. Augustine








7) Identify this feature:


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