Title: Florida tomatoes
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00074542/00001
 Material Information
Title: Florida tomatoes
Physical Description: Book
Creator: Brooke, Donald Lloyd,
Publisher: Florida Agricultural Experiment Stations
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Bibliographic ID: UF00074542
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
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Resource Identifier: oclc - 123545173

Full Text

1JG 2 1955


Agricultural Economics
Mimeo Report 55-8


FLORIDA TOMATOES


PRODUCTION, HARVEST ING AND MARKET ING


C OST S,


F. O. B. AND GROVER GROSS PRICES

BY AREAS



5-Season average 1949-50 to 1953-54
with comparative data for
1953-54
1952-53
1951-52












by


Donald L. Brooke
Associate Agricultural Economist


FLORIDA AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIONS
Willard M. Fifield, Director
Gainesville, Florida
February, 1955














INDEX


Per Acre Data Page

All Areas, 5-Season Average* 1 2

Dade * o # # *. *. 3

Fort Pierce, s 4 4

Immokalee. . . .

Manatee-Ruskin 7. . 6- 7

Sumter e 9 8

Wauchula .e ., .. 9

Oxford ..,.. o ... 10

Per Unit Data

1953-54. a o 0 0 0 0 11

1952-53o * ,* 12

1951-52. . 0. . 13

Definitions ..... ... I




Source

Data in this summary are compiled from
annual summaries of "Costs and Returns From
Vegetable Crops in Florida Volumes VII, VIII,
and IX," prepared by the Department of Agri-
cultural Economics, Florida Agricultural
Experiment Stations.









Tomatoes

Costs and Returns Per Acre in Selected Areas in Florida
5-Season Average 1949-50 to 1953-54

Item Dade :Ft. Pierce:Immokalee


Number of growers. . .
Number of acres. . .
Average acres per grower .
Average yield per acre (bushels)


81
29517,7
364.4
176.3


: 76
:33616.0
: 442.3
: 158.6


80
13796.0
172.4
168.7


Growing costs:


Land rent. . .
Seed . .
Fertilizer . .
Spray and dust .
Airplane application
Cultural labor .


Average per acre


* .
. .


Machine hire . ...
Gas, oil and grease. . .
Repair and maintenance . .
Depreciation . . .
Licenses and insurance . .
Interest on production capital,
(6% 5 mos.). .
Interest on capital invested
(other than land). .. .
Miscellaneous expense. .


$ 31.93
3.71
84.81
36.56

95$.0
3.50
13.26
18.89
17.35
k.96


$ 13.09
3.95
75.70
32.09
1.32
105.24
23.64
22.17
31.60
21.06
5.o5


$ 8.62
3.85
81.10
44.43
2.01
65.09
12.78
15.18
12.22
13.56
2.66


. : 7.52 : 8.0o 6.32


10. 41
7.88


10.67
7.64


8.14
4.80


Total growing cost .. ... :


$336.18 : $361.26


: $280.76


Harvesting costs:


Picking labor .
Grading and packing labor
Containers . .
Hauling. . ...
Commission . .


.. .
. .
., .
. .
. .


Total harvesting cost. ... .


Total crop cost. . .
Crop sales . .
Net return . .


1/ Two season average 1952-53 and
respectively.


$ 82.30
70.62
48.82
10.06
19.17


$ 76.17_ :
34.00 /:
2.51 L/:
25.39 :
15.89 :


$230.97 : $175.96 :


$567.15
$609.96
$ 42.81


$537.22
$568.69
$ 31.47


1953-54 -- $85.01 and $61.28 per acre,


$ 87.59
104.39
73.78
17.90
25.45

$309.11

$589.87
$579.63
$-10.24









Tomatoes

Costs and Returns Per Acre in Selected Areas in Florida
5-Season Average 1949-50 to 1953-54
: Manatee-Ruskin
Item : Staked : Unstaked Sumter Wauchula


Number of growers. :
Number of acres. . :
Average acres per grower :
Average yield per acre(bushels):

Growing costs:

Land rent. . :
Seed . .. :
Fertilizer . :
Spray and dust . :
Cultural labor . .. :
Machine hire . . :
Mule feed. . . :
Gas, oil and grease. . :
Repair and maintenance .
Depreciation . :
Licenses and insurance :
Interest on production
capital (6%/ 5 mos.). :
Interest on capital invested
(other than land). :
Miscellaneous. . :


72
8524.5
118.4
229.7


30
1360.0
45.3
155.0


: 77
: 300.0 :
: 3.9
: 15.1 :


86
749.6
8.7
191.4


Average per acre


3 31.35
7.78
95.26
39.48
252.85
7.18

27.33
29.22
32.148
7.85

12.93

19.U48
15.70


$ 29.12
5.87
76.70
33.59
123.03
11.86

18.90
20.72
15.89
4.42


$ 27.76
5.46
.62.68
30.24
59.16
5.27
6.53
14.55
9.05
25.98
3.89


8.34 : 6.14


9.53
9.76


$ 12.93
5.56
81.48
33.56
113.59
: 14.00

21.10
12.69
: 23.72
S 4.01

7.65


15.60
2.86


14.23
7.19


Total growing cost . .. : $ 581.89


S$367.73


: $275.17


: $351.71


Harvesting costs:

Picking labor. .. .
Grading and packing labor.
Containers . .
Hauling . ....
Commission . .


$ 108.92
147.37
100.15
19.54
34.69


Total harvesting cost. .. : $ 410.67


Total crop cost. . .
Crop sales . ....
Net return . . .


$ 992.56
$ 851.70
$-140.86


$ 74.45
63.20
42.51
12.99
25.59


: $218.74


$586.47
$531.66
P-54.81


$ 83.63 :

13.65 :
8.32 :


: $105.6o :


$380.77
$448.99
$ 68.22


$ 99.89

19.17
7.72

$126.78

$478.49
$535.62
$ 57.13









Tomatoes

Costs and Returns Per Acre in the Dade County Area,
5-Season Average 1949-50 to 1953-54 and Supporting
Data for the Three Most Recent Seasons


Item Season 1953-54 1952-53 : 191-52
Item : Average :1


Number of growers. ..... :
Number of acres. . :
Average acres per grower :
Average yield per acre(bushels):


81
29517.7
364.4
176.3


20
8387.7
419.4
187,6


18
7145.0
396.9
148.0


12
5195.0
432.9
158.5


Growing costs:


Average per acre


Land rent . .
Seed . . .
Fertilizer . .
Spray and dust .
Airplane application .
Cultural labor ... ..
Machine hire . .


Gas, oil and grease. .
Repair and maintenance .
Depreciation . .


. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .


Licenses and insurance .
Interest on production
capital (6% 5 mos.). :
Interest on capital invested
(other than land). . :
Miscellaneous expense. :

Total growing cost . .. :

Harvesting costs:

Picking labor .. . :
Grading and packing labor.. :
Containers . .:
Hauling.. . ... :
Commission . :

Total harvesting cost. . :


Total crop cost.
Crop sales .
Net return .


* .
* S *
* .


S31.93 :
3.71 :
84.81
36.56 :

95.40 :
3.50 :
13.26 :
18.89 :
17.35 :
4.96

7.52 :

10.41 :
7.88 :


$336.18


0 82.30
70.62
48.82
10.06
19.17

$230.97

$567.15
0609.96
$ 42.81


$ 32.26 :
4.30
95.18 :
38.56 :

93.04 :
93A
3.051:
13.97 :
20.98 :
20.36 :
5.52 :


$36.44 :
4.26
97.06 :
40.57( ,
1.361/:
118.74 :
7.251/:
13.81 :
21.14 :
20.17
7.21 :


7.92 : 8.96


12.21 :
10.01 :


: $357.36


$ 88.44
lol.o4
66.93
10.81
20.21


: $287.43


$644.79
$587.30
$-57.49


12.10 :
10.44 :


: $399.51


$ 66.91
74.72
51.57
9.89
19.83


: $222.92


$622.43
$595.54
$-26.89


$ 28.57
2.61
82.29
38.04

80.71
4.12/
13.08
20.49
16.18
5.12

7.12

9.70
9.98


: $318.01


$ 86.37
85.71
52.47
8.89
23.51


: $256.95


$574.96
$515.71
$-59.25


I/ Reported by 4 growers averaging $6.10 per
2/ Reported by 6, 10 and 7 growers averaging
acre, respectively.


acre.
$10.18, 013.04 and $7.06 per


:
:
:*










Tomatoes

Costs and Returns Per Acre in the Ft. Pierce Area
5-Season Average 1949-50 to 1953-54 and Supporting
Data for the Three Most Recent Seasons


it : 5-Season
Item -Season 1953-54 1952-53 1951-52
Average :


Number of growers. ...... :
Number of acres. :
Average acres per grower .
Average yield per acre(bushels):


76
33616.0
442.3
158.6


11
54o8.o
491.6
142.8


15
8681.0
578.7
156.0


18
6564.0
364.7
189.8


Growing costs:


Average per. acre


Land rent. . .
Seed . .
Fertilizer . .
Spray and dust .
Airplane application .
Cultural labor ..
Machine hire .
Gas, oil and grease. .
Repair and maintenance
Depreciation . .
Licenses and insurance


* .
4 4 .
4 4 4
4 4 4
4 4 .
. 4 .
4 4 .
4 4
. 4
. 4


Interest on production
capital (6% 5 mos.) :
Interest on capital invested
(other than land). .
Miscellaneous expense. .. :

Total growing cost .... :


$ 13.09
3.95
75.70
32.09
1.32
105.24
23.64
22.17
31.60
21.06
5.05

8.0

10.67
7.64


$ 13.12 :
3.58 :
79.0 :
34.37 :
1.8$15:
108.71 :
23.012/;
27.67 :
42.65 :
22.74 :
5.65 :


: 8,73

: 13.64
: 9.23


$361.26 : $394.35


$ 11.99 :
3.69 :
77.18 :
33.11 ,
.75/-:
108.30 :
17.96./:
20.61 :
33.91 :
19.37 :
7.2 :


3 14.87
3.55
77.55
38.38
2.501
102.78
31.381/
19.46
27.65
19.57
4.36


: 8.10 : 8.23


11.62
8.96


: $362.97


11.74
6.83


: $368.85


Harvesting costs:


Picking labor. . .:
Grading and packing labor.. :
Containers . .
Hauling . . .
Commission . ... :

Total harvesting cost ... .


$ 76.17_: '
214. 5/:
25.39 :
15.89 :


64.71
75.08
65.31
18.36
20.57


$175.96 : $ 244.03


$ 83.11
94.94
57.26
26.31
19.61


; $281.23


$102.15


29.73
25.60


: $157.48


Total crop cost.
Crop sales .
Net return .


. 4 4 4 4
4 4 4 4 4


l/ Reported by 2, h and 9 growers averaging l10.16, $2.82 and $5.01 per acre,
respectively.
2/ Reported by 8, 12 and 17 growers averaging 131.64, $22.44 and $33.23 per
acre, respectively.
3/ Two season average $85.01 and $61.28 per acre respectively.


$537.22
$$68.69
$ 31.47


$ 638.38
$ 528.36
$-110.02


$644.20
$568.06
$-76.14


$526.33
$715.41
$189.08









Tomatoes

Costs and Returns Per Acre in the Immokalee Area
5-Season Average 1949-50 to 1953-U5 and Supporting
Data for the Three Most Recent Seasons


Item 5-Season :1953-54 1952-53 1951-52
: Average :


Number of growers. . :
Number of acres. . :
Average acres per grower :
Average yield per acre(bushels):


80
13796.0
172.4
168.7


17
3160.0
185.9
179.2


22
3737.0
169.9
115.0


16
3329.0
208.0
184.8


Growing costs:


Average per acre


Land rent. . . .
Seed . . .
Fertilizer . ..
Spray and dust . .
Airplane application .
Cultural labor . .
Machine hire . .
Gas, oil and grease. ....
Repair and maintenance .
Depreciation . ....
Licenses and insurance .
Interest on production
capital (6% 5 mos.) ...
Interest on capital invested
(other than land). . .
Miscellaneous expense. .


$ 8.62
3.85
81.10
44. 43
2.01
65.09
12.78
15.18
12.22
13.56
2.66


: 6.32

: 8.14
: 4.80


$ 8.54 :
3.00
84.91 :
37.32 :
1.321/:
54.51 :
13.982/:
12.51 :
10.14 :
10.43 :
2.35 :


: 5.80

: 6.26
: 3.49


3 9.92 :
5.12
95.75 :
56,72:
1.171/:
82.12 :
17.282/:
15.86 :
12.75 :
13.98 :
3.44 :


S 7.58


8.39
3.09


Total growing cost . :

Harvesting costs:

Picking labor. . :
Grading and packing labor.. :
Containers . :
Hauling. . .
Commission . . .

Total harvesting cost. .


Total crop cost.
Crop sales .
Net return .


. .
* .


$280.76 : $ 254.56 :


S87.59
10o.39
73.78
17.90
25.45


$ 96.79
100.53
65.81
17.56
25.37


$309.11 : $ 306.06 :


$589.87
$579.63
$-10.24


$ 560.62
$ 439.63
$-120.99


$333.17 : $29U.88


63.86
60.28
46.37
13.97
17.87


$202.35

4$535.52
$480.02
$-55.5o


$106.34
107.41
95.88
19.37
29.61


: $358.61


$653.49
$818.93
$165.44


1/ Reported by 4, 5 and 3 growers
respectively.


averaging *5.6U, $5.14 and $4.20 per acre,


2/ Reported by 15, 19 and 15 growers averaging $15.85, $20.01 and $15.11 per
acre, respectively.


$ 7.99
4.06
81.13
64.28
.79/
57.77
14.17/
14.91
13.24
13.33
2.48


S 6.67

S 8.00
: 6.06


--









Tomatoes (Staked)

Costs and Returns Per Acre in the Manatee-Ruskin Area
5-Season Average 1949-50 to 1953-54 and Supporting
Data for the Three Most Recent Seasons


S5-Season :
Item : Average : 1953-54 1952-53 : 1951-52
item: Average


Number of growers. . :
Number of acres. . :
Average acres per grower .
Average yield per acre(bushels):


Growing costs:


Land rent. .. .
Seed . . :
Fertilizer . .
Spray and dust . :
Cultural labor . .
Machine hire . .
Gas, oil and grease. :
Repair and maintenance :
Depreciation . . :
Licenses and insurance :
Interest on production
capital (6% 5 mos.). :
Interest on capital invested
(other than land). :
Miscellaneous expense. .. :


72
8524.5
118.4
229.7


5 34.35
7.78
95.26
39.48
252.85
7.18
27.33
29.22
32.48
7.85


12.93

19.48
15.70


11
1197.0
108.8
226.6


12
1575.0
131.2
194.o


19
2445.0
128.7
211.4


Average per acre


30.1 :
8.65 :
92.75 :
44.61 :
273.47 :
5.401o/:
23.11 :
26.30 :
31.91 :
6.68 :


13.06

19.14
10.87


$ 32.10 : 38.01
8.79 : 6.60
98.62 : 108.08
43.39 : 46.68
262.05 : 263.41
11.4ol/: 7.89
30.36 : 27.60
31.90 : 32.76
32.83 : 34.77
11.48 : 8.82

13.58 : 14.05

19.70 : 20.86
12.88 : 22.00


Total growing cost ..


: 581.89


: $ 586.36 : $ 609.08 : $ 631.53


Harvesting costs:


Picking labor. . .
Grading and packing labor.
Containers . .
Hauling. . .
Commission . .


. :. 108.92
: 147.37
. : 100.15
. : 19.54
: 34.69


Total harvesting cost. . : $ 410.67


Total crop cost.
Crop sales .
Net return .


. .
. .
. 4 4


: 992.56
$ 851.70
lh-14o.86


i $ 448.32

: $1034.68
: $ 816.59
: 4-218.09


: $ 333.97 : $ 400.97


$ 943.05
$ 645.86
$-297.19


$1032.50
$ 951.93
8 -80.57


/ Reported by 8, 10 and 15 growers averaging $7.43, $13.68 and $9.99 per
acre, respectively.


1


) 125.86
153.47
114.82
20.26
33.91


84.82
145.41
59.66
19.93
24.15


$ 107.07
131.41
108.53
17.56
36.40









Tomatoes (Unstaked)

Costs and Returns Per Acre in the ianatee-Ruskin Area
5-Season Average 1949-50 to 1953-54 and Supporting
Data for the Three HLost Recent Seasons


: 5-Season
Item : Average : 1953-54 :1952-53 : 1951-52


Number of growers. . :
Number of acres .. :
Average acres per grower :
Average yield per acre(bushels):


30
1360.0
45.3
155.0


3
210.0
70.0
86.3


6
426.0
71.0
191.0


6
299.5
49.9
193.7


Growing costs:

Land rent. .
Seed ....
Fertilizer .
Spray and dust .
Cultural labor .


Average per acre


. .
. .
. .
* .
. . .


Machine hire . .:
Gas, oil and grease. .. .. :
Repair and maintenance :
Depreciation . . :
Licenses and insurance ,. :
Interest on production
capital (6% 5 mos.). :
Interest on capital invested
(other than land). :
Miscellaneous expense. :

Total growing cost . :

Harvesting costs:

Picking labor . .
Grading and packing labor :
Containers . . :
Hauling. . .
Commission . . .

Total harvesting cost. :


Total crop cost.
Crop sales .
Net return .


C *
. .
. .


0 29.12
5.87
76.70
33.-59
123.03 :
11.86
18.90
20.72
15.89
4.2 :

8.3 :

9.53
9.76


$ 30.00 :
6.83
69.86 :
36.10 :
75.43 -:
8.561/:
19.15 :
19.24 :
13.39
2.32 :

6.83 :

8.0 :
5.79 :


$367.73 : $ 301.54


$ 74.45
63.20
42.51
12.99
25.59


$ 82.13
62.37
41.91
8.64
14,33


$218.71 : $ 209.38


5 86.47
;531.66
$-54.81


$ 510.92
$ 252.86
$-258.06


29.92 :
8.16 :
9355 :
40.84 :
125.19 :
17.161/:
20.27 :
22.58
17.25 :
5.31 :


8 31.67
3.22
79.18
37.19
117.47
3.051/
17.17
33.60
20.03
8.44


9.23 : 8.62


10.35
6.32


: $ 106.13



: $ 89.88
: 134.07
82.55
: 24.45
: 29.86

$ 360.81

$ 766.94
:$ 617.44
$-149.50


12.02
14.00


: $385.66


$ 67.62
119.57
88.08
10.36
31.77


: $317. 40


$703.06
$795.99
$ 92.93


/ Reported by 2, 5 and 2 growers
acre, respectively.


averaging $12,84, $20.60 and $9.15 per









Tomatoes

Costs and Returns Per Acre in the Sumter County Area
5-Season Average 1949-50 to 1953-54 and Supporting
Data for the Three lost Recent Seasons


: 5-Season : :
Item : Average : 1953-54 1952-53 1951-52


Number of growers. . .. :
Number of acres. . :
Average acres per grower :
Average yield per acre(bushels):


77
300.0
3.9
154.1


12
35.5
3.0
104.7


11
28.0
2.5
198.0


19
85.8
4.5
118.8


Growing costs:


Average per acre


Land rent. . . :
Seed . . .
Fertilizer . .... :
Spray and dust ... .
Airplane application .... r
Cultural labor . .
1Jachine hire . . :
i.ule feed. .. . :
Gas, oil and grease. .. :
Repair and maintenance :
Depreciation . :
Licenses and insurance :
Interest on production
capital (6% 5 mos.). .:
Interest on capital invested
(other than land). . .:
miscellaneous expense. :
Total growing cost ... :


$ 27.76
5.46
62.68
30.24

59.16
5.27
6.53
14.55
9.05
25.98
3.89

6.14

15.60
2.86


. 21.67
6.31
65.20 :
32.98 :

36.46 :
3.272/:
4.22/:
12.50 :
9.56
18.83 :
.35 :


4.99


$ 25.45 :
5.54 :
67.26
34.04 :

37.85
3.932/:
5.292/:
11.86 :
7.63 :
25.11
4.13 :


$ 25.79
4.67
63.46
31.02
2.331/
87.05
3.692/
6.593/
15.47
8.41
32.64
4.50


: .12 : 6.38


11.30 : 15.07
3.16 : 1.74


: $ 234.80


19.58
2.14


: $250.02 : $313.72


Harvesting costs:


Picking labor. . :
Grading and packing labor. :
Hauling. . .. :
Commission .. . :

Total harvesting cost. .. :

Total crop cost. . .
Crop sales . :
Net return . :


$ 83.63 : 47.o05


13.65
8.32


8.86
6.33


$105.60 : $ 62.24


$380.77
$448.99
$ 68.22


$ 297.04
$ 180.92
$-116.12


$107.44 i
24.13 :
9.89 :


: $141,46 : $ 71.41


$391.48
$785.43
$393.95


1/ Reported by 11 growers averaging $4.02 per acre.
"/ Reported by 6, 5 and 8 growers averaging $6.54, $8.65 and $8.76 per acre,
respectively.
3/ Reported by 5, 7 and 17 growers averaging $10.14, $8.31 and $7.37 per
acre, respectively.


$ 48.74
14.81
7.86


$385.13
$300.41
$-84.72









Tomatoes

Costs and Returns Per Acre in the Wauchula Area
5-Season Average 1949-50 to 1953-54 and Supporting
Data for the Three Most Recent Seasons


Item: Averae 1953-54 : 1952-53 : 1951-52
: Average


Number of growers. . .
Number of acres. . :
Average acres per grower :
Average yield per acre(bushels):


86
749.6
8.7
191.4


18
170.8
9.5
202.4


19
283.8
14.9
221.0


22
218.5
9.9
232.0


Growing costs:


Average per acre


Land rent. . :
Seed . . :
Fertilizer ... ...
Spray and dust . ... :
Airplane application :
Cultural labor .... :
Machine hire . .. :
Gas, oil and grease. :
Repair and maintenance :
Depreciation :
Licenses and insurance :
Interest on production
capital (6% 5 mos.). :
Interest on capital invested
(other than land). :
Miscellaneous expense. :

Total growing cost . :


$ 12.93
5.56
81.148
33.56

113.59
14.oo
21.10
12.69
23.72
4.01

7.65

14.23
7.19


$ 9.53 :
6.30
86.19
46.01 :
2.3$5:/.
72.50 :
14.79/:
16.71
11.58 :
19.14
3.37


6.86 :

: 11.49 :
: 5.02 :

: $311.84 :


Harvesting costs:


Picking labor. .. . :
Grading and packing labor. .
Hauling . ..... :
Commission. . .

Total harvesting cost. :

Total crop cost. . .
Crop sales .. . :
Net return . :


$ 99.89 :

19.17 :
7.72 :


:126.78

$478.149
5535.62
0 57.13


90.31 .
16.56 :
7.21 :


: $ll4.08 :


0425.92
$522.18
$ 96.26


$ 14.08
6.35
74.18
37.05 :
2.502/:
75.35 :
6.78W:
13.74 :
10.53 :
19.56 :
3.42 :


$ 13.20
5.93
90.53
42.14
2.05
152.27
18.252/
19.37
13.52
32.18
4.56


6.20 : 9.09


11.74
1.20

$285.68


$126.53


26.31
10.59


$163. 43

$449.11
:!638.29
$189.18


: 19.31
: 1.92

: $424.32


$147.12

32.30
9.47


: $188.89


$613.21
6653.02
$ 39.81


1/ Reported by 9, 7 and 8 growers averaging $5.70, $6.78 and $5.62 per acre,
respectively.
2/ Reported by 13, 12 and 19 grow-rs averaging $20.48, $10.74 and $21.13 per
acre, respectively.


L ....


1











Tomatoes


Costs and Returns Per Acre in the
Season 1953-54


Oxford Area,


Item 1953-54
Item


Number of growers. .
Number of acres. . .
Average acres per grower .
Average yield per acre (bushels)


Growing costs :


Land rent. ........ ...
Seed . . .. .
Fertilizer . . .
Spray and dust . . .
Cultural labor .... .
Machine hire . . ....
Gas, oil and grease. . .. .
Repair and maintenance . .
Depreciation .. . .
Licenses and insurance .
Interest on production capital (6% 5 m
Interest on capital invested (other than


Miscellaneous expense,

Total growing cost .

Harvesting costs:

Picking labor. ....
Hauling . .
Commission a

Total harvesting cost. .

Total crop cost .
Crop sales . .
Net return . ..


*
*
* .
* a
* .
* *
* .a
* 0
* a

OS.)
land)


* a a a a *

a a a .


. a a a a .

. a a a .

. a a a .
..ooeOO0.

.@COO'CO.
.....O'..
r0..OOr.


Average per acre

$ 8.56
3.54
61.50
23.63
33.60
1:62I/
7.60
6.62
8.50
1.78
3.77
5.10
2.39


$168.21



$129.79
16.13
16.39

$162.31

$330.52
$489.08
$158.56


averaging 03.52 per acre.


13
174.0
13.4
225.2


1/ Reported by 6 growers


















Tomatoes: Costs and Returns Per Bushel
in Selected Areas in Florida,
Season 1953-54


S. "Manatee-Ruskin: "
Item Dade Ft. :Immok- .OxfordSumter,
:Pierce: alee :n- : chula
: : : :Staked:Staked : : :


average yield per acre: 187.6: 142.8: 179.2: 226.6:
(bushels)


reduction cost

arvesting costs:
Picking
Hauling

otal harvesting cost

urketing costs:
Packing
Container
Commission

total marketing cost

otal crop cost
rop sales (F.O.B.)
et return

ross grower price


86.3: 225.2: 104.7: 202.4


: Per bushel
:$1.905:$2.761:$1.420:$2.588:$ 3.h94:$0.747:$


2.243:$1.540


: : : : :
: .471: .453: .40o: .555: .952: .576: .h49: .h46
: .058: .129: ,098: .089: .100: .072: .085: .082

:$0.529:$0.582:$0.638:$0.6h4:$ 1.052:$0.648:$ 0.534:$0.528
: : : : : : :

: .538: .526: .561: .677: .723:
: 0357: .457: .367: .507: .485:
: .108: .144: .142: .150: .166: .073: .060: .036
: : : : : t : :
:$1.003:$1.127:$1.070:$1.334:$ 1.374:$0.073:$ 0.060:$0.036

:$3.437:$4.470:$3.128:$4.566:$ 5.920:$1.468:$ 2.837:$2.104
:$3.131:$3.700:$2.453:.'3.60o4: 2.930:$2.172:$ 1.728:$2.580
:$-,306:$-77$-770:-.675:$-.962:$-2.990:$0.704:$-.109:0.476

:$2.128:$2.573 :$1.383: 2.270:$ 1.556:$2.099:$ 1.668:$2.S54


















Tomatoes: Costs and Returns Per Bushel
in Selected Areas in Florida,
Season 1952-53


: : : :Manatee-Ruskin:
Item Dade Ft. :Immok-: :Sumter: Wau-
: :Pierce: alee : : Un- : : chula
: : : :Staked :Staked:


average yield per acre
(bushels)

reduction cost

arvesting costs:
Picking
Hauling

otal harvesting cost

marketing costs:
Packing
Container
Commission

otal marketing cost

otal crop cost
rop sales (F.O.B.)
et return


ross grower price


: 148.0: 156.0: 115.0: 194.0: 191.0: 198.0: 221.0

Per bushel
:$2.700:$2.327:$2.897:3 3.l40:$2.126:$1.263:$1.293


S.452: .533: .555: .437: .471: .542: .572
.067: .169: .122: .103: .128: .122: .119

:$0.519:$0.702:$0.677:$ 0.50:$0.599:$0.664:$0.691


.505: .608: .524: .750: .702: :
.348: .367: .403: .307: .432:
S.134: .126: .156: .124: .156: .050: .048

:0.987: $1.101:$1.083:$ l.181:$1.290:$0.050:$0.048


* a a a


:$4.206::;4.130:$4.657:$ 4.861:$4.015:$1.977:$2.032
:$4.024:$3.642:$4.174:$ 3.329:$3.232:$3.967:$2.888
:$-.182:$-.488:$-.483:$-1.532:$-.783:$1.990:$0.856

:$3.037:$2.541:!33.091:$ 2.148:$1.942:$3.917:$2.840


* *
*

















Tomatoes: Costs and Returns Per Bushel
in Selected Areas in Florida,
Season 1951-52


natee-Ruskin
*m Dad : Ft. :Immok-: M Rusin : WaJu-
Item :Pierce: alee : : Un- :Sumter:chula
: : : :Staked :Staked: :


average yield per acre
(bushels)

reduction cost

arvesting costs:
Picking
Hauling

otal harvesting cost

marketing costs:
Packing
Container
Commission

otal marketing cost

otal crop cost
rop sales (F.O.B.)
et return

ross grower price


: 158.5: 189.8 184.8: 211.4 : 193.7: 118.8: 232.0

Per bushel
:$2.00 6: 1. 93:1.$96:$2.987 : 1.991:$2.641:$1.829
* 0 43 1 96.


.545: .538: .575: .507
: .056: .157: .105: .083

:$0.601:80.695: 0.680:$0.590


: .541: .581: .622
.331: : .519: .513
.148: .135: .160: .172

:$1.020:$0.135:$1.260:$1.307

:$3.627: $2.773 :$3. 536: $. 884
:$3.253:$3.769:.$4.431:$4.503
:$-.374:$0.996: $0.895:$-.381


.349: .410: .634
.053: .125: .139

$0.402: $0.535:$0.773

: : :
: .617: :
: .55: :
.164: .066: .041

:$1.236:$0.066:$0.041

:$3.629:$3.242:$2.643
:$4.109:$2.529:$2.815
:$0.480:$-. 713 :0.172


:$2.233 :$3.63)4: 3.171: 3.196 :$2.873:$2. 463:$2.774


DLB:jc 2/23/55
xp. Sta., Ag. Ec. 50









DEFINITIONS

Per Acre Data:

Number of growers: Number of individual records or estimates of
crop costs and returns included in each crop summary.

Number of acres: The total acreage planted by growers whose
records or estimates were used. In some cases when a part of the
planted acreage was lost soon after planting, and replaced by another
crop, the reduced acreage was used.

Average acres per grower: The number of acres of the particular
crop divided by the number of growers.

Average yield per acre: The number of units per planted acre
harvested per grower.

Land rent: In the interests of uniformity, land rent was charged
for all acreages and crops at the prevailing rate reported by growers in
the area. This was done to avoid difficulties of determination of a nor-
mal valuation, interest charge for use of land and capitalization of land
values in a period of fluctuating values and prices. Taxes on farm real
estate are excluded since rent is being charged.

Seed and seedbed: This item includes the cost of seed or plants for
planting the crop. If a seedbed was used, the figures include cost of
materials for growing plants as well as seed costs, unless otherwise noted.

Fertilizer and side dressing or compost: This represents the actual
cost of nutrient materials applied to produce the crop. Labor or machine
costs of application are not included.

Spray and dust: Spray and dust includes the cost of materials only,
unless application labor is specified in which case some machine costs
may also be present. If rare elements were added, for nutritional pur-
poses, their cost is also included here.

Airplane application: This item has been included separately when
possible, if considered a common practice in the area4 Firms performing
this work charge a flat rate of three to four cents per pound for appli-
cation of dust. This includes labor and use of their equipment.

Cultural labor: This item contains the cost of man labor, whether
hired or family, to produce the crop from ground preparation until ready
for harvest. It does not usually include supervision by the operator,
since his compensation is to a great extent dependent upon returns from
sale of the crop.

Machine hire: The cost per acre of machine work hired in producing
the crop. This item includes labor charge of machine operator and use
of his equipment.

Mule feed: The cost per acre of maintaining work stock required
to produce the crop is entered as mule feed.








Gas, oil and grease: The per-acre cost of gas, oil and grease
required to operate tractors, trucks, sprayers and other machinery
in producing the crop is included i# this item.

Repair and maintenance: This figure represents the cost of
repairs to equipment used in producing the crop. It also includes the
small tools such as hoes, rakes and shovels purchased and charged off
as a current expenditure.

Depreciation: This includes the annual per-acre charge for depre-
c iation and obsolescence of equipment and labor quarters to allow for
replacement costs. When actual depreciation charges could not be
obtained from records, they were computed by assuming, in. most cases,
a 10-year average life-use on all equipment on the basis of replace-
ment value as indicated by the operator.

Licenses and insurance: The per-acre cost of licenses and
insurance items when chargeable to the farm business. Licenses in-
clude those for trucks and autos used on the farm. Insurance includes
crop and fire or windstorm insurance on buildings and equipment. It
does not include health or accident insurance of operator.

Interest on production capital: Interest on production capital
was charged at the rate of 6 percent on all cash costs for the number
of months required to grow and market the crop. This percentage
was used because it is believed to be the normal interest rate for
all price periods. It is realized that production capital may be
obtained from government organizations at a lower rate, but seldom
can growers secure capital at lower rates when dealing with com-
mercial banks or individuals.

Interest on capital invested (other than land): It was extremely
difficult to find enough growers who had set up a depreciation schedule
on capital invested in machinery and equipment to make a fair interest
charge for its use. Where no capital .schedule was available, the
estimated annual depreciation was multiplied by 10 to raise it to the
total equipment cost basis. Interest was calculated on this cost basis
at 6 percent.

Miscellaneous: This figure includes such items as office supplies,
administrative expense, legal and audit fees, telephone and telegraph
and incidental costs.

Harvesting labor: Where possible harvesting labor has been divid-
ed into two items; picking, and grading and packing. Picking, cutting,
or digging labor includes actual per-acre cost of harvesting the crop
and preparing it for movement to.packinghouse or wash house. Washing
or grading and packing labor includes preparation of the product for
shipment either at field house or packinghouse. UWhere this is done for
such crops as tomatoes, celery, snap beans in the Everglades and Dade
County, and Irish potatoes, it is a contract charge and includes
machinery, repair and overhead costs in addition to labor.

Containers: Cost per acre.of hampers, crates, bags, or baskets in
which the product is moved to market is included as containers.










Hauling: Hauling is the per-acre cost of movement of the product
from field to packinghouse or loading point. It is usually computed on a
contract basis and includes labor and equipment items. In some cases this
was done by the operator and the costs are included in other expense items.

Commission: The packinghouse, market, sales organization, or dealer's
charge for handling the crop when deducted from producers price is included
as commission.

Crop salos: Crop sales arc the gross per-acre returns to the grower
before deduction of growing and harvesting costs.

Net return: Per-acre return to the producer after deduction of all
expenses in producing and harvesting the crop is considered net return.

In many cases individual growers did not incur every cost item.
This applies especially to airplane application, mule feed, licenses and
insurance, grading and packing, containers, hauling, precooling and com-
mission. Thus, these per-acre costs are based only on the overall average
for all growers contacted in each area, and footnotes have been used to
set forth the number of growers and'average per-acre costs for items not
incurred by all growers in the area.

Proration of costs between crops: For such items as seed, fertilizer,
spray and dust, airplane application and harvesting costs, growers' records
or estimates for each crop were used to make the appropriate charges.

In the case of cultural labor, however, no breakdown for the different
crops produced on the individual farm could be obtained from the grower
except in very few cases when such records had been'kept. The total cul-
tural labor for all crops produced on each farm was, in most cases, prorated
to the various crops on the basis of available data developed at the Florida
Agricultural Experiment Stations in regard to man hours required, in dif-
ferent parts of the state, to produce different crops from land preparation
to harvest. A similar situation also applies to such items as machine hire,
mule food, tractor fuel, oil and grease, repairs, depreciation and other
production costs where, except in very few cases, records had not been kept
as to their respective charges to different crops. Prorations were also
made of these items on the basis of available data. (Experiment Station
Bulletin l89)

Per Unit Data:

Per unit costs and returns were computed by dividing the average
yield per acre in each area sample into the various items of cost shown
in the individual tables. They are merely averages of the data recorded,
which in many cases do not reflect the full cost of performing the service
due to certain growers not having incurred every item of cost.


III




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