Group Title: UF00074438
Title: Robinson Crusoe.
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 Material Information
Title: Robinson Crusoe.
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: Defoe, Daniel
Publisher: McLoughlin Bros.
Place of Publication: New Tork
Publication Date: 1895
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00074438
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text


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Copyrighted 1895


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The Baldwin Library


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youngest son of his parents.
His father was a man of some
r wealth, able to give his son a good
home, and to send him to school.
~c ~ It was his wish that his son should

began very early to be filled with
thoughts of travel, and nothing
would satisfy him but to go to sea,
His father gave him wise and
Earnest counsel against it, and for a
//time his advice prevailed; but in
the end the boy's desire to roam
:led him to set his father's wishes at naught. .One day,
:-- ~ being at 1{~ull, a seaport town of England, he met a school-
--fellow :ivb wa:vs about to sail in his father's ship, and was
uredbyhh t g In an evil hour he yielded,
Iand without asking God's blessing or his father's, he went
o~il board.
One day, when they' had been out about two weeks, a
great storm came up, and the, ship struck a rock near a
strange~ coast. The crew launched a boat, and sought to
escape in it, but the waves soon overturned it, and all were
separated in the sea. Rob~inson Crusoe was carried by a
wave toward the shore, and at length thrown upon the
land senseless.
When he recovered he began to look about to see if any
of his comrades had escaped, but he could see no sign of
Sany of them.
Night~ coming on, he climbed into a thick, bushy tree to
sleep, not knowing but that there might be ravenous
beasts there, When he awoke next morning, the sea was calm,
and he could see th~e ship about a mlile ~from the shore; and when
the tide ebbed he swam out to her. He found that all the pro-
visions were dry, and being very hungry, filled' his pockets with
biscuit, anil at- as he went about other things ; for he saw that he
niust lose~ no time in getting ashore all that he could from the ship.
.First, he threw overboard sekeral spare yards and spars. Then: he
'went down the ship's sicle and tied then together, -and laying a few


short pieces of plank. upon :
them, he had a ra~ft~ strong enough *-
to bear a~ moderate weight. Next he
lowered upon it three seamen's chests,
and filled them with provisions. After
a long search he found the carpenter's i
chest, which was a great prize to him. He
lowered it upon the raft, and then secured a ~
supply of g-uns and gunpowder. With this cargo he~i
started for the shore, and succeeded in landing it safe.
His next work was to view the country, and seek a proper place
to stow his goods. He knew not yet where he was, whether on a
continent or an island. Seeing a hill not over a mile away, very
steep and high, he climbed to the top of it, and discovered that
he was on an island, barren, and probably uninhabited, except by
wild animals.
When Robinson Crusoe realized the lonely, desperate situation
thlat he was in, his heart sank, and he almost wished that he had
perished with the others. But soon perceiving the ingratitude -of
this state of mind, he fell upon his knees to thank God for saving
his life,--his alone among so many,--and a feeling of confidence
arose in his breast that He would still protect him in the midst of
the perils by which he was surrounded.

Eve cl o eld~ h i k evsebig
ing ~ ~ / as .1t~tethuh ol quEfu t im Tenih
ofteteltd f wsavoen ii, n hnheaoei
the. morinithshjf as nowe tobesen
He/$ thngav hl "iuhst"rvdn isl wt aedel
in-lc.Atog h a adyee hnldtosbfr

in isliehi nedsno frcd imtofin u terue.H e

After -it as comp~lete d~o, he applied himsel toe mak~l. ing ohe
tings .htia-1:Ehat; wol a hdd to his comfrt. irs, he:ue Ithmad a; chai andg
af tabe, wth anft) immen'sea amount of labor, for ea ordta he aoei
used ha o be lhshiformed- from hpe trukofe atee, en ewdfa
on twon sides unil it was th~~in nuh.T rovidei himself wihvithe wel


clothes, he saved the skins of all the creatures he shot, and dried
them, and made garments for himself out of them. In addition,
at the cost of a great deal of time and trouble, he made, also of
skins, an umbrella, which he needed greatly to keep off both sun
and rain.
He had found upon the ship two cats and a dog. The cats he


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carried ashore on the raft, while the doga swam asho:e himself, and
was a trusty servant to Robinson Crusoe for many ears. Beside
the company of these pets, he had that of a parrot which hie
caught and taught to speaks, and its chatter served to, whlile aw\a\
many hours that would otherwise have been dreary.
Hle went out every day with hris gun to hunt f~or I;ood. He

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found that there were goats
running wild on the island, and
he often succeeded in shooting some
of them. B~ut he saw that his powder and
shot would, in time, all be gone, and that
to have a steady supply of goat's flesh, he
must breed them in flocks. So he set a
trap to take some alive, and caught sev.
eral. He enclosed a piece of ground for
them to run in; and in time had a large flock
which furnished him with all the meat he needed.
For a long time he brooded over the idea of making canoe out
of the trunk of a tree, and at last he succeeded in shaping with his
axe a rough vessel in which he sailed around th~e island.
Years and years of this lonely life passed away. Although
Crusoe -had, to some extennt,-becime contented with his solitary lot
ye~t at. times a terrible sense of loneliness and desolation would
cAme .over him. 1Vlany times would. he go to the top of a hill
iyiere he could looleri~t to sea .in hopes
of catching sight o~a ship. Sometimes
he would fancy that, at a. vast distance, he
s ied a sail.' He would
please himself with hope
of it, but after looking at
it steadily, till he was: aP
most blind, would p
los it quite. Thqn:I~~k

in anaoyo isr
an deparhewol
sit~1 don ndwep n

prin ofa nkedfootupo th sadn ar th shoe.p It filledhm

with a new fear, for 'it showed that the island must sometimes be
visited by savages.
One morning, going out quite early, he could see the light of
a fire about two miles away. He stole up under the cover of trees
and bushes until he was near enough to observe what was going on.
He- saw that five canoes were drawn up on the shore, while a
swarm of naked~savages were dancing about a fire. Presently they
dragged two. poor- wretches from the boats. One o6f them was
knocked down at once, and several of the savages set to work to

cut him up. They were evidently cannibals, that is, people who
eat men, and were going to hold one of their horrible feasts upon
their captives. The other captive was left standing for a moment,
and seeing a chance to escape, started to run. Robinson Crusoe
Swas greatly alarmed when he saw that the runaway was coming
directly toward himself, but when he saw that only two pursued,
and that the runaway gained upon them, he made up his mind to
help him. When they were near enough, Robinson Crusoe stepped
in between the runaway and his pursuers, and advancing on the
foremost of the latter, knocked him down with the stock of his
gun. The other raised his bow and was going to shoot, when
Robinson Crusoe fired at him and killed him. Then he made
signs to the runaway to come to him, and the poor0 creature did so
in fear and trembling, kneeling at Crusoe's feet as a sign that he
was his slave. Crusoe took him home to his castle and gave him
something to eat. Robinson Crusoe had now a companion, and
in a short time he began to teach him to speak.English. First he
let him know that his name was to be Friday, for that was the day
on which his life had been saved. Then he taught him everything**
that he thought would make him useful, handy, augl helpful. He
clothed him in a suit made of goatskins, and the poof fellow seem-
ed to be greatly pleased to be dressed like his master.
One day Robinson Crusoe took him with him when he weptt
hunting, and was much amused at the way his gun mystified hizil.
He first shot a bird. Friday didn't see it fall,
and was greatly frightened by the noise of the
gun, but when Robinson Crusoe pointed -6 52
to the bird, and made signs for hrim
to pick it up, he was
filled with wonder and
amazement. It was a
long time before he ,
could understand the .wn
nature of fire-arms, or \
overcome his fear of '". l
the gun, which he
seemed to think was ~3i
endowed with life, and J _;.TT)4~d~ A v/








which he used to address very beseechingly in his own language,
begging it not to kill him.
After he had learned enough English to be able to talk freely,
he told Robinson Crusoe of a party of shipwrecked Spanish sailors,
who had been cast ashore on the mainland, and had beenI be.-
friended by the savages of his tribe. A great desire to see thern

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seizedl C~rusoe- and her cet about maklling, wvith Frida!'s assistance,
a boat lar re enlough1 to carr\. btljh over.`.

B-ut o-ne morning, befo~ri the y hadc go~t on \er! far w\ith the tailk.

Fridy cme unnng n astae o grat rigt, o tll that threer:r



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they could _carry, he and Friday went to a thicket of trees which
stood near where the savages were. From there they could see
them sitting about fires they had made, eating the flesh of one
victim, while another captive, a white man, lay bound near by.
Perceiving that there was no time to lose if they would save the
cali~tive, Robinson' Crusoe took one gun and Friday another, and
Both fired in a the crowd together. They killed and wounded
several, and the rest were thrown into the wildest confusion. They
continued firing until they had emptied their gi ns. Then they
rushed forward, and, Friday using the hatchet and C~rusoe the
sword, they killed all the remaining savages, except four who suc-
ceeded in reaching their canoes. Bidding Friday'r~elease the white
captive, Crusoe ran to another..of the canoes, intending to pursue
the savages to sea, but in the canoe he was stirprised; to find a poor
creature bound hand and foot. He cut him free, and helped him to
.rise, for he could hardly stand. Friday coming up, Crusoe bid him
speak to the man,~ and tell him he was saved. .When Friday heard
the man -inswer, he first looked at .him .with. astonishment, then
embraced anid kissed him, and laughed, jumped about, and sung,
like one thiat was maid. When he came a little to himself he told
Crusoe that the cdaptive wk~ his. father.
The two rescued men were their taken to the castle; and Crusoe
learned from the white man that he was one of thb Spaniards of
whom Friday had told him. It: was proposed that he should return
to the mainland with Friday's father in the new boat, as soon as it
was completed, and bring the rest of his countrymen to Crusoe's
island to live. This was agreed to, and all set to work to finish the
boat. Finally everything was ready and they set sail.
One morning, a short time after, Friday brought word to Crusoe
that a ship was in sight. This was news so welcome to Crusoe that
he went nearly wild with joy, but presently the prudent thought
occurred to him that it might be well not to let those aboard see
him, until~he could learn something about their business there. So

he watched in concealment,
and in a short time saw a boat
leave the ship and make for the shore.
Eleven men landed, and Crusoe saw that '
while most of them dispersed about the
island, three kept by themselves and ap-
peared to be much dejected. When the
others were out of hearing,
Crusoe approached these three
anld began to question them, and
found that they were English, that one
was the captain of the ship, and that the 113
others were the mate and a passenger, .----11
that there had been a mutiny on board, ')
and hatthe enas afavr, isted o
killing them, were going to leave them
on the island.
Crusoe offered to aid them to recover
the ship, and going back to the castle,
brought guns and gave them to them.
Then they waited for the men who were
scattered about the island to return, .
anld when they came, shot two, who, the
captain said, Iwere leaders in the mischief, I
and the others, taken -by surprise, cried out for pardern. This the cap- ;
tain granted on condition that they would return to their duty, and
swear to assist him in recovering the ship, to! which they all agreed,
many of them gladly, fojr they ha'd'been/forbed into the mutiny by
some.0f th~e bolder and more vicious spirits~among them.
The ta~sk of taking the ship was oi~stponed until midnight, when
most of those aboard would be asleepi Those on watch, when they
saw the boat approach, supposed it was merely the sailors who hallh
gone ashore returning after disposing of:the prisoners, and they i
were held in chat until the party got aboard, when they were im-
mediately-knocked down and
O~ , secured. Then all the hat-
ce were fastened, so that
those below decks we~re mnade
prsor ers.
Whe~jn this was done, the
captain ordered the mate with
three men to break into the
round-house, where the rebel
captain lay. He having
taken the alarm, had got up,ha
and with two othersha
3~-~seized fire-arms, with which,
.when the mate split open
;Y the door, they fired amongst
the attackers, wounding the
~~~;:;ar. c :. mate, but killing n nobody.
oz" The mate calling for help,


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rushed into the round-house, wounded as he was, and with his pistol
shot the new captain through the head, so that he never spoke
more. Upon that the rest yielded, and the ship was effectually
taken, without the loss of any more lives.
Then the captain went back to the island, and told Robinson
Crusoe that the ship and all that he had was at his service, in re-

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tulrn for what he had done for hlim7. Crusoe told him7 that he asked

nothing more than that he should carry Friday and himself to Eng-
land, and this the captain gladly agreed to do. H-e provided Cru-
soe with clothing from his own wardrobe, and Crusoe took aboard
with him, in addition to some gold that he hadl saved from the
wreck- Only his goatskin coat and cap and his umbrella, wh-ich he

wished to keep for relics.
Everything else on the island
he left for the Spaniards when they
should return from the mainland, and
he wrote out for their benefit a full ac-
count of his way of living, and all his
plans and contrivances. He also induced
the captain to leave a supply of tools that
he knew would be useful to them, and an
assortment of seeds of various kinds. Then they
set sail, and Robinson Crusoe left the island, twenty-eight
years, two months and nineteen days after he had landed upon it.
Three days after setting sail, as they passed near the coast of an
island, they saw close to~~~i th shore a great fleet of canoes, full of
savages armed with bows and- arrows. They were going through
strange evolutions, and Friday said that they were probably setting
out to make war on some other tribe. When they caught sight of
the ship, and saw that those on board were watching them, they

caepadig oar t adsonwresarigabu o l
sieuteig uios res ndmkigunouhgetre.Ths
onth hi wr vrymchpuzedtokowwhtthiritetin
coldbe ad inll Rbiso Cuse ol Fidy o o n heup
pe ek n pekt he nhi w lnug, hc h oe

theymigt b abe t undrstnd.Friay id s3 hews iu

ha sp ke ony af od h nte aae e l ra

Gre inote le. Th fetwsteedu.Mr hnhl

of the canoes were destroyed, and the sea for a time was covered
with the wretched savages, struggling to swim, and uttering the
most frightful howls. The fortunate ones in those of the canoes
That had not been hit dlid not wait to help their comrades, but
i speeded off as fast as they could paddle. One by one the others
sank, and in a short time the sea was as clear of them as- if they
had never been there.
Thus a terrible vengeance was taken for Friday's death, but his
master felt little consoled thereby. The poor fellow was so honest,
faithful, and affe ctiona~te, and had ways so cheerful and pleasant, that
Robinson Crusoe had grown to be most sincerely attached to him,
and he now mourned him as if he had been a son. He caused his
body to be buried in the sea with all the honors possible, and it
seemed to him as if the delight of being restored to his old home
hardly made up for the loss of one who had become so dear to him.
The voyage homeward was continued; and no further mishap
IIoccurring, Robinson Crusoe arrived safe in England after his many
years of absence. He found that his father and mother were dead,
as well as many of his old friends, and for a time he felt almost as
lonely as on his island. But he married a worthy wife before long,
and buying a farm with the -old he had brought, home, settled
down to a quiet country life. He was blest with children who
grew up to be his delight and comfort, and his old age was spent
in peace and happiness.

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