Title: Staked tomato variety trial results
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00074334/00012
 Material Information
Title: Staked tomato variety trial results
Series Title: Immokalee SWFREC Research Report
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Agricultural Research Center (Immokalee, Fla.)
Agricultural Research and Education Center (Immokalee, Fla.)
Southwest Florida Research and Education Center (Immokalee, Fla.)
Publisher: University of Florida, IFAS.
Place of Publication: Immokalee Florida
Publication Date: 1980
Copyright Date: 1980
Frequency: semiannual
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Tomatoes -- Varieties -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Tomatoes -- Field experiments -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Issuing Body: Issued by the Agricultural Research Center in Imokalee, Fla., which changed its name to the Agricultural Research & Education Center and later to the Southwest Florida, Research and Education Center.
General Note: Description based on: Fall 1982; title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Fall 1988.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00074334
Volume ID: VID00012
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 62677757
lccn - 2005229344

Full Text






AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTER
IFAS, University of Florida
Immokalee, Florida

STAKED TOMATO VARIETY TRIAL RESULTS

Paul H. Everett1


Immokalee ARC Research Report SF81-1

A replicated trial was conduct
Center, Immokalee, Florida, during t
to evaluate the performance of twenty
lines. The following table is a lis


Cultivar or
breeding line
Walter
XPH-674
FTE #5
Hybrid KS #2171
Tempo
Market Hybrid #56
Hybrid KS #5530
Burgis
F1 S79 63x64
Flora-Dade
Fl F78 19x20
Market Hybrid #58
Blazer
Hayslip
891-AK Red
Jackpot
91914
Royal Flush
Fla. 1B
Fla. 1A


March, 1981


d at the Agricultural Research
he fall season (Aug.-Dec.) of 1980
y tomato cultivars and/or breeding
t of entries and seed sources.


Seed source
IFAS Foundation seed
Asgrow Seed Company
Peto Seed Co. (Fla. Tomato Exchange)
Keystone Seed Company
Asgrow Seed Company
Ferry Morris Seed Company
Keystone Seed Company
IFAS Breeders Seed
IFAS Breeders Seed
IFAS Breeders Seed
IFAS Breeders Seed
Ferry Morris Seed Company HU M
Niagara Seed Company
IFAS Breeders Seed
Harris Seed Company NA
Ferry Morris Seed Company
IFAS Breeders Seed.^
Ferry Morris Seed Company, I
IFAS Breeders Seed ----
IFAS Breeders Seed


Soil Chemist, Agricultural Research Center, Immokalee, FL


33934.


_ __










EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE

All entries were seeded into Speedling trays (1-1/2 inch square
cells) on August 13, 1980, and were transplanted to field plots on
September 2, 1980. Field plots were arranged in a randomized block
design with four replications. Each plot consisted of 10 plants spaced
15 inches apart on raised plant beds spaced 6 feet on centers. Plant
beds were irrigated with an open ditch seep system with lateral ditches
spaced 41.5 feet apart. This arrangement results in 5,250 linear bed
feet per acfe.: Yields are reported on this basis. All plots were
fertilized with 5-8-8-1.8 + micronutrfents at 7 lb/100 linear bed feet
and 18-0-25 at 14 lb/100 linear bed feet. The 5-8-8 fertilizer was
spread in a 30 inch band on a pre-bed, and the 18-0-25 was applied on
the pre-bed in a narrow band 10 inches to each side of the plant row.
This was then bedded-over to a depth of 3-4 inches, fumigated with
Vorlex at 24 ga/treated acre, and mulched with white plastic film.
Plants were staked and pruned nhe time. Fungicides were applied on a 5-
7 day schedule, and insecticides were applied on a need basis. Diseases
or Insects were not a serious problem in this test, Fruit were harvested
three times between November 18 and December 10, 1980. At teach harvest,
fruit were sized, counted, weighed, and graded into marketable or cull
fruit.
The general weather conditions during this trial are given in the
following table.


. TenPerature "F lRainfa l
Month Avq mx Avq min (Inches)
Sept. 91 70 5.60
Oct. 89 65 0.65
Nov. 77 58 3.10
Dec. (1-10) 79. 53 0.00


RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

There were statistically significant differences among the entries
in marketable yield, average fruit weight, and percent cull fruit (Table
1). Marketable yields totala for the three harvests) ranged from a high
of 1864 30 lb boxes/A for XPN-674 to a low of 1399 30 lb boxes/A for
Fla. IA. Using Mater cv as the standard, there were three entries; XPH.
674, FTE #5, and Hybrid KS #2171, which produced significantly (5X
level) higher marketable yields and five entries; Tempo, Market Hybrid
#56, Hybrid KS #5530, and F, S79, with yields equal to Walter. Yields
from the remaining entries were significantly lower than the yield from
Walter. The low yields from Fla. 1A and Fla. 18 could have resulted
from pruning. Both of these cultivars are compact determinates and it
is recommended that they not be pruned.
Average weight of fruit (Table 1) ranged from 6.0 ez/fruit for
Market Hybrid #58 and Fla. 1B to 4.7 oz/fruit for Hybrid KS #5530.







-3-


There were 10 entries with significantly (5% level) higher average fruit weight
than Walter and nine entries with average fruit weight equal to Walter.

Walter had the lowest (13.8%) percentage of cull fruit and Royal Flush had
the highest (31.2%) (Table 1). Three of the 20 entries had cull percentages
in the 10-15% range, 7 entries were in the 15-20% range, 6 entries in the
20-25% range, and 4 entries had more than 25% culls. Categories of cull fruit,
by harvest, are shown in Table 2. Large and/or leaky blossom-end-scars were
responsible for most of the cull fruit at all three harvests, with the highest
percentage occurring at the first and decreasing through the third harvest for
all entries. Fruit cracking was not a serious problem except perhaps with
891-AK Red and Market Hybrid #58. Graywall was most severe on Blazer and Royal
Flush and fruit fleck (1) on Flora-Dade, Jackpot, 91914, and FI F78. Most of
the fruit fleck occurred at the first harvest. Other categories, such as
mechanical scars, decay, etc., accounted for some culls, but these were minor.

Table 3 shows the percent (by weight) of the total marketable fruit in
each of four size categories. Considering the percent large + extra large
fruit, all but one entry (Hybrid KS #5530) had better fruit size than Walter.
Hayslip (81.2%) and Fla. 1B (81.3%) had the largest fruit, followed closely by
Market Hybrid #58 (79.5%) and Royal Flush (79.0%).



REFERENCE CITED

1. Crill, Pat, D. S. Burgis, J. P. Jones, and J. W. Strobel. 1973. The fruit
pox and gold fleck syndromes of tomato. Phytopathology 63:1285-1287.








STable 1.


Marketable yields, average fruit weight, percent Cull fruit, and relative
maturity for 20 toato cultivars or brdeding lines.


Cultivar or Marketable Average Percent total Relative
breeding line yield, fruit Ilight cull fruit maturity2
30 ib boxes/A 6o/fruit i
XPHV614 1864 5.4 19.1 later
FTE #5 1826 5.7 19.8 equal
Hybrid KS #2171 1796 5.0 14.1 later
Tempo 1758 5.3 18.3 later
Market Hybrid #56 1737 5.4 17.4 later
Walter3 1726 5.0 13.8-
Hybrid KS #5530 1719 --- -4.7- 14-.2 earlier
Burgis 1685 5.4 18.9 later
F 579 63x64 1669 5.3 19.9 later
Flora-Qade 1651 5.3 24.4 later
F F78 19x20 1616 5.3 18.3 later
Market Hybrid #58 1593 6.0 29.6 equal
Blazer 1591 5.3 22.6 earlier
Hayslip 1583 5.9 23.6 later*
891-AK Red 1570 5.2 21.3 equal
Jackpot 16$9 5.5 27.9 earlier**
91914 1534 5.2 25.8 later
* Royal Flush 1497 5.7 31.2 equal
Fla. 1B 1439 6.0 25.0 later
Fla. 1A 1399 5.6 22.9 later
L.S.D. 5% 55 0.4 5.1


1Yield are based on 5,250 linear bed feet/acre.
2Based on % fruit showing color at first harvest as
3Standard for comparison.
*Latest in trial.
**Earliest in trial.


compared to Walter cultivar.









Fable 2. Percent cull fruit in four categories at each harvest.


Cultivar or 1st harvest 2nd harvest 3rd harvest
breeding line BES1 CR2 GW3 FF4 BES CR GW FF BES CR GW FF
---.---------.--% of total number of fruit/harvest -------------.------
XPH-674 13.5 0.0 4.6 1.1 9.2 0.1 1.4 0.1 7.7 0.0 0.6 0.0
FTE #5 11.3 0.9 2.9 1.2 8.2 1.0 2.7 0.2 8.2 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hybrid KS #2171 8.7: 0O6 0(0 0.3 6.2 1.2 0.1 0.0 5.4 0.9 0.0 0.0
Tempo 16.2 2.2 0.0 0. 9.6 0.4 0.3 0.0 3.2 0.5 0.5 0.0
Market Hybrid #56 9.6 0.8 41 2.1 4.5 1 1.3 0.4 1.8 0.9 0.4 0.0
Walter5 10.7 0.6 0.8 (i5, Q.3 ,0 6.8 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hybrid KS #5530 6.3 2.3 1.4 0.1 T3Z 1 0.0 0.0 1.9 1.9 0.6 0&0
Burgis 18.0 2.0 3.4 d.0 56. 1.7 3.1 0&0 2.9 1.5 0.8 0.0
Fi 579 63x64 20.4 1.1 0.0 2.g 9. .1 0.3 0.3 4.5 1.1 1.1 0,6
Flora-Dade 13.5 1.1 06 13 1 0.3 3 0.3 0.2 3.8 1.1 0.0 0.5
F1 F78 19x20 16.7 1.8 .0 i6 847 0.6 0.7 0.4 3.4 1.0 0.0 0.0
Market Hybrid #58 9.1 f43 1 .3 18 7.9 2.6 0.1 3.4 5.1 7.6 0.0
Blazer 8 .4 0.4 0.1 4.3 0.2 5.5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hayslip 20.9 0.6 0.0 0.0 12.0 0.7 0.7 0.0 9.5 0.7 0.0 0.0
891-AK Red 8.4 5.8 2.8 2.1 2.8 3.0 0.0 0.1 4.3 1.3 0.9 0.0
Jackpot 5.1 4.7 2.0 8.8 8.6 0.8 1.9 1.8 2.5 0.8 0.0 0.0
1914 13.0 1.1 0.5 8.4 6.9 1.5 5.7 0.6 5.7 1.4 2.8 0.0
Royal Flush 8.9 3.7 13.8 0.0 7.1 2.1 8.7 0.0 6.1 0.0 3.0 0.0
Fla. 1B 20.8 0.3 0.3 0.6 11.0 0.2 0.3 0.0 4.7 0.0 0.0 0.9
Fla. 1A 16.5 0.4 0.0 0.4 12.7 0.5 0.0 0.3 3.6 0.9 0.0 0.0

Blossom-end-scar.
2Cracks (radial and concentric).
36raywall.
4Fruit fleck.
5Standard for comparison.





/


Table 3. Percent marketable fruit in each of four size categories.

Cultivar or Stze category
breeding -line SmaI Hed 0 large X-Large (L + X-Lq)
r--en n, f.. ....*% -----~ . *.-----

XPH-674 2.6 21.0 32.8 43.6 76.4
FTE #5 1.7 21.1 33.1 44.0 77.1
Hybrid KS #2171 2.2 29.0 39.5 29.3 68.8
Tempo 2.2 27.4 36.0 34.4 70.4
Market Hybrld #56 1.4 26.5 38.6 33.5 72.1
Walterl 3.4 36.6 32.6 27.4 60.0
Hybrid KS #5530 2.8 44.0- 4.2 19.0 53.2
Burgis 1.5 21.6 40.2 36.8 77.0
Fi S79 63x64 1.1 26.5 39.6 32.8 72.4
Flora-Dade 1.6 24.1 39.2 35.1 74.3
F1 F78 19x20 1.0 23.3 37.3 38.4 75.7
Market Hybrid #58 1.2 19.3 29.4 50.1 79.5
Blater 1.3 27.1 35.9 35.7 71.6
Haysllp 1.6 17,2 30.8 50.4 81.2
891-AK Red .2 30.2 33.7 33.9 67.6
Jackpot 1.8 25.9 34.3 38.d 72.3
91914 1.9 28.2 40.2 29.6 69.8
Royal Flush 1.2 19.8 30.9 48.1 79.0
Fla. 18 1.2 17.4 33.4 47.9 81.3
Fla. 1A 1.9 22.3 37.2 38.6 75.8

Standard for comparison.




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