<%BANNER%>
Pepper variety trial results
ALL VOLUMES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00074333/00007
 Material Information
Title: Pepper variety trial results
Series Title: Immokalee SWFREC Reseach Report
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Agricultural Research Center (Immokalee, Fla.)
Agricultural Research & Education Center (Immokalee, Fla.)
Southwest Florida, Research and Education Center (Immokalee, Fla.)
Publisher: University of Florida, IFAS.
Place of Publication: Immokalee Florida
Creation Date: 1985
Frequency: semiannual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Bell pepper -- Varieties -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Bell pepper -- Field experiments -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
Issuing Body: Issued by the Agricultural Research Center in Imokalee, Fla., which changed its name to the Agricultural Research & Education Center and later to the Southwest Florida, Research and Education Center.
General Note: Description based on: Spring 1982; title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Spring 1987.
General Note: Two issues per year, one in the spring and another in either the fall or winter.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 62677051
lccn - 2005229343
System ID: UF00074333:00007

Full Text





HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida




/10o

Is Central Science
6 -/ SOUTHWEST FLORIDA RESEARCH AND EDUCATION CENTER Library
IFAS, University of Florida
Route 1, Box 2G OCT 23 190~
Immokalee, Florida

Immokalee SWFREC Research Report IMM86-1 Fe4 aFt9Mr 9 J f
PEPPER VARIETY .TRIAL RESULTS FALL 1985
Paul H. Everett and Karen A. Armbrester1

A replicated field trial was conducted at the Southwest Florida Research and
Education Center, Immokalee, Florida during the fall season (Sept.-Dec. 1985) to
evaluate the performance of 14 pepper cultivars and/or breeding lines.. Table. 1-
shows the list of entries and corresponding seed sources used in this trial.
EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE

All entries were seeded in ToddR planter trays #150 (1.5 x 1.5 x 2.5 inch
cell size) on August 9, 1985, and were transplanted to field plots on September
11, 1985. Field plots were arrangediin a randomized complete block design with
three replications of each entry. Each plot had 22 plants arranged in double rows
with 8 inches between plants and 12 inches between rows on raised plant beds spaced
6 feet apart. Plant beds were irrigated with an open ditch seep system with
lateral ditches spaced 41.5 feet apart. There were 5 plant beds between lateral
ditches. Reported yields are based on 7260 linear bed feet (LBF).. On August 26,
1985, all plots were fertilized with 5-16-8-1.8 + micronutrients at 6.9 lb/100
LBF spread in a 30 inch band on a pre-bed then bedded over to a depth of 4 inches.
On August 27, 19-0-30 fertilizer at a total of 13.8 lb/100 LBF was banded on each
shoulder of the finished bed 9 inches from the plant rows. The finished bed was
then fumigated with VorlexR at 21 ounces/100 LBF and mulched with white plastic
film. Total amount of fertilizer N and K20 were 3.0 and 4.7 pounds per 100 LBF,
respectively. On the basis of 7,260 LBF per acre the N-P205-K20 fertilizer was
215-80-340 p unds, respectively. Fruit were harvested on November 21, December 3,
md December 18, 1985. At each harvest fruit were counted, weighed and graded into
marketable or cull fruit. The general weather conditions during this trial are
ihown in Table 2.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

Table 3 shows the marketable yields for each of the 14 entries. First harvest
yields ranged from a high of 1129 bushels/7260 LBF for P1001 to a low of 701
bushels/7260 LBF for MA79259. Eight entries, ACx860, 'Gator Belle', P324, ACX820,
ACX8520, 'Jupiter', P1000, and 'Bell Captain', were statistically equal to P1001
and ranged from a high of 1093 bushels/7260 LBF for ACX860 to a low of 970 bushels/
7260 LBF for 'Bell Captain'. Yields from all entries were statistically equal at
the second harvest and at third harvest. 'Gator Belle' at 1905 bushels/7260 LBF
had the highest total marketable yield in this trial but was significantly higher
in yield than only 5 of the remaining entries.


IProfessor and Biologist, respectively, IFAS, University of Florida
Southwest Florida Research and Education Center, Immokalee, Florida 33934











Five entries, ACX860, 'Jupiter', 'Bell Captain', ACX8520, and P1000,
consistently had the heaviest fruit throughout the season and were statistically
equal to each other in average fruit weight throughout the season (Table 4).
At the first harvest 'Jupiter' (6.2 oz) had the heaviest fruit and was
significantly heavier than 9 of the remaining entries. 'Bell Captain' with
the heaviest fruit in the second and third harvests, was significantly
heavier than 8 entries in the second harvest, and 9.entries in the third harvest.

Table 5 shows the number of lobes per fruit, wall thickness and length
to diameter ratio of first harvest fruit from the 14 entries in the trial.
'Early Calwonder' had the highest percentage of 4-lobed fruit. P1001 had
the thickest walled fruit and MA79259 had the thinnest walled fruit.







Table 1. Entries and Seed Sources


Cultivar or
breeding line Type Seed Source

Gator Belle Fl Hybrid Petoseed
ACX860 F1 Hybrid Abbott & Cobb
Jupiter Open Pollinated Northrup King
Bell Captain Fl Hybrid Petoseed
ACX820 Fl Hybrid Abbott & Cobb
P1001 F1 Hybrid Sluis & Groot
P324 F1 Hybrid Sluis & Groot
ACX8520 F1 Hybrid Abbott & Cobb
XPH5020 Fl Hybrid Asgrow Seed Company
Skipper Fl Hybrid Asgrow Seed Company
P1000 Fl Hybrid Sluis & Groot
Early Calwonder Open Pollinated Asgrow Seed Company
Shamrock F1 Hybrid Asgrow Seed Company
MA79259 Fl Hybrid Royal Sluis







-3-


Table 2. Temperatures and Rainfall for the Fall 1985 Growing Season
Temperature "F Rainfall
Month Avg. Max. Avg. Min. (inches)

September 89 70 7.12
October 89 70 3.20
November 84 63 1.44
December (1-18) 77 56 0.63







Table 3. Marketable Yields for 14 Bell Pepper Cultivars or Breeding Lines


Cultivar or Harvest
Breeding Line 1st 2nd 3rd Total
----25-1b bu/7260 linear bed feet----

Gator Belle 1061 ab1 451 a 392 a 1905 a
ACX860 1093 ab 376 a 428 a 1897 a
Jupiter 1038 a-c 309 a 499 a 1818 ab
Bell Captain 970 a-d 289 a 554 a 1814 ab
ACX820 1045 a-c 412 a 305 a 1766 a-c
P1001 1129 a 277 a 309 a 1719 a-c
P324 1053 ab 345 a 305 a 1703 a-c
ACX8520 1041 a-c 356 a' 281.a 1683.a-d
XPH5020 903 b-d 222 a 507 a 1632 a-d
Skipper 804 de 372 a 420 a 1596 b-d
P1000 978 a-d 194 a 404 a 1576 b-d
Early Calwonder 824 de 404 a 309 a 1536 b-d
Shamrock 843 c-e 321 a 348 a 1513 cd
MA79259 701 e 436 a 277 a 1410 d


1Mean separation by Duncan's Multiple Range Test, 5% level.








-4-


Table 4. Average Weight of Fruit and Number of Fruit Per Bushel for 14 Bell
Pepper Cultivars or Breeding Lines.

SAverage Wt/Fruit No. Fruit/25 lb bu
Cultivar or Harvest Harvest
Breeding Line 1st 2nd 3rd 1st 2nd 3rd
---- oz/fruit--------

Gator Belle 5.6 b-el 4.4 a-d 4.8 b-e 71 91 83
ACX860 6.1 ab 4.4 a-d 4.9 a-c 66 91 82
Jupiter 6.2 a 4.7 a 4.9 a-c 65 85 82
Bell Captain 5.9 a-d 4.8 a 5.4 a 68 83 74
ACX820 4.8 g 3.9 de 4.6 c-g 83 103 87
P1001 5.3 ef 4.0 c-e 4.3 e-h 75 100 93
P324 5.4 de 4.1 b-e 4.6 c-g 74 98 87
ACX8520 5.7 a-e 4.5 a-c 4.9 a-d 70 89 82
XPH5020 4.9 fg 3.7 ef 4.4 d-h 82 108 91
Skippet .4.8 g 3.9 de 4.0 h 83 103 100
P1000 6.0 a-c 4.6 ab 5.2 ab 67 87 77
Early Calwonder 5.6 c-e 4.0 c-e 4.7 c-f 71 100 85
Shamrock 4.7 g 3.4 f 4.1 gh 85 118 98
MA79259 4.7 g 3.7 ef 4.2 f-h 85 108 95

1Mean separation by Duncan's Multiple Range Test, 5% level.





Table 5. Number of Lobes/Fruit, Wall Thickness and Length to Diameter Ratio of
14 Bell Pepper Cultivars or Breeding Lines.

Cultivar or Lobes1 Wall Length/Diameter
Breeding Line MLZ 4 3 2 Thickness(mm)1 ratio1
---------%---------

Gator Belle 5 35 58 2 8.2 1.21
ACX860 .12 50 38 -- 8.2 1.02
Jupiter 11 31 51 6 8.2 1.17
Bell Captain 5 35 58 2 9.0 1.26
ACX820 9 52 39 -- 8.2 1.10
P1001 5 49 46 -- 9.8 1.08
P324 12 52 35 -- 9.0 0.89
ACX8520 2 20 78 -- 7.9 1.11
XPH5020 7 61 32 -- 7.9 1.48
Skipper 5 50 45 -- 9.0 1.21
P1000 20 48 32 -- 8.4 1.07
Early Calwonder 2 58 38 2 7.9 1.07
Shamrock 18 41 41 -- 7.7 1.23
MA79259 5 28 60 8 5.8 1.25

11st Harvest only
2Multiple lobes