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Pepper variety trial results
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00074333/00006
 Material Information
Title: Pepper variety trial results
Series Title: Immokalee SWFREC Reseach Report
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Agricultural Research Center (Immokalee, Fla.)
Agricultural Research & Education Center (Immokalee, Fla.)
Southwest Florida, Research and Education Center (Immokalee, Fla.)
Publisher: University of Florida, IFAS.
Place of Publication: Immokalee Florida
Creation Date: 1984
Frequency: semiannual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Bell pepper -- Varieties -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Bell pepper -- Field experiments -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
Issuing Body: Issued by the Agricultural Research Center in Imokalee, Fla., which changed its name to the Agricultural Research & Education Center and later to the Southwest Florida, Research and Education Center.
General Note: Description based on: Spring 1982; title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Spring 1987.
General Note: Two issues per year, one in the spring and another in either the fall or winter.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 62677051
lccn - 2005229343
System ID: UF00074333:00006

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not reflect current scientific knowledge
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Agricultural Sciences and should be
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Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida




U0



AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND EDUCATION CENTER
IFAS, University of Florida
Route 1, Box 2G
Immokalee, Florida

Immokalee AREC Research Report IMM85-1 March, 1985

PEPPER V ETY TRIAL RESULTS FALL 1984
Paul H ve tt and Karen A. ArmbresterI

A replicated field t was con ted at the Agricultural Research and
Education Center, Iok Forida g the fall season (Sept.-Dec. 1984)
to evaluate the perform o p cultivars and/or breeding lines.
Table 1 shows the li o entes corresponding seed sources used in this
trial. /

/I-V1E NTAL PROCEDURE

All entries we seeded ToddR planter trays #150 (l.5xl.5x2.5 Inch cell
size) on August 8, 19 a ere transplanted to field plots on September 7,
1984. Field plots were a ed in a randomized complete block design with four
replications of each entry. Each plot had 22 plants arranged in double rows with
8 inches between plants and 12 inches between rows on raised plant beds spaced 6
feet apart. Plant beds were irrigated with an open ditch seep system with
lateral ditches spaced 41.5 feet apart. There were 5 plant beds between lateral
ditches. Reported yields are based on 7260 linear bed feet (LBF). On August 16,
1984, all plots were fertilized with 5-16-8-1.2 + micronutrients at 6.9 lb/100 LBF
spread in a 30 inch band on a pre-bed then bedded over to a depth of 4 inches. On
August 17, 19-0-30 fertilizer at a total of 13.8 lb/100 LBF was banded on each
shoulder of the finished bed 9 inches from the plant rows. The finished bed was
then fumigated with VorlexR at 21 ounces/100 LBF and mulched with white plastic
film. Total amount of fertilizer N and K20 were 3.0 and 4.7 pounds per 100 LBF,
respectively. On the basis of 7,260 LBF per acre the N-P205-K20 fertilizer was
215-80-340 pounds, respectively. Fruit were harvested on November 14, November 26,
and December 11, 1984. At each harvest fruit were counted, weighed and graded
into marketable or cull fruit. The general weather conditions during this trial
are shown in Table 2.

RESULTS

Table 3 shows the marketable yields for each of the 15 entries. First
harvest yields ranged from a high of 764 bushels/7260 LBF for P1001 to a low
of 396 bushels/7260 LBF for both XPH 5019 and 'Skipper'. P1000 at 661 bushels/
7260 LBF and XPH 5020 at 649 bushels/7260 LBF were statistically equal to P1001
(764 bushels/7260 LBF) with these three entries having significantly higher yields
than the other 12 entries. Yields from all entries were statistically equal at
the second harvest, third harvest and for the total yield.



1Professor and Biologist, respectively, IFAS, University of Florida
Agricultural Research and Education Center, Immokalee, FL 33934








-2-


In the first harvest P1000 and 'Bell Captain' were significantly heavier
than 8 of the remaining 13 entries (Table 4). In the second harvest P1000 wa
significantly heavier than 7 of the remaining 14 entries and 'Bell Captain' tas
significantly heavier than 2 of the entries. There were no significant
differences in fruit weight at the third harvest.

Table 5 shows the number of lobes per fruit, wall thickness and length to
diameter ratio of first harvest fruit from the 15 entries in the trial. 'Shamraock'
and XOH 5020 had the highest percentage of 4-lobed fruit. XPH 5020 along with
ACX-830430 had the thickest walls.





Table 1. Entries and Seed Sources

Cultivar or
breeding line Type Seed Source

XPH 5020 FiHybrid Asgrow Seed Company
P1000 FiHybrid Sluis & Groot
ACX-830430 FlHybrid Abbott & Cobb
Jupiter Open Pollinated Northrup King
ACX-834501 FiHybrid Abbott & Cobb
Gator Belle F1Hybrid Petoseed
P1001 FiHybrid Sluis & Groot
Early Calwonder Open Pollinated Asgrow Seed Company
Bell Tower FiHybrid Sluis & Groot
NVH 3052 FiHybrid Northrup King
XPH 5019 FiHybrid Asgrow Seed Company
Bell Captain FiHybrid Petoseed
Melody FiHybrid Asgrow Seed Company
Shamrock FiHybrid Asgrow Seed Company
Skipper F1Hybrid Asgrow Seed Company










Table 2. Temperatures and Rainfall During Fall 1984 Growing Season

Temperature 'F Rainffall
Month Avg. Max. Avg. Min. (inches )

September 88 71 11.24
October 86 66 0.91
November 78 58 6.90
December (1-11) 77 53 0.02







Table 3. Marketable Yields for 15 Bell Pepper Cultivars or Breeding Lines

Cultivar or Harvest
Breeding Line 1st 2nd 3rd Total
--------25-lb bu/7260 linear bed feet--------

XPH 5020 649 al 368 a 618 a 1635 a
P1000 661 a 277 a 681 a 1620 a
ACX-830430 499 be 471 a 634 a 1600 a
Jupiter 475 be 471 a 610 a 1556 a
ACX-834501 527 b 420 a 602 a 1544 a
Gator Belle 531 b 400 a 578 a 1505 a
P1001 764 a 249 a 487 a 1505 a
Early Calwonder 531 b 388 a 570 a 1489 a
Bell Tower 515 be 400 a 562 a 1477 a
NVH 3052 515 be 325 a 622 a 1461 a
XPH 5019 396 c 376 a 649 a 1422 a
Bell Captain 519 be 309 a 590 a 1418 a
Melody 515 be 384 a 515 a 1414 a
Shamrock 487 be 368 a 531 a 1386 a
Skipper 396 c 372 a 578 a 1338 a

l16an separation by Duncan's multiple range test, 5% level.







-4-

Table 4. Average Weight of Fruit and Number of Fruit/Bushel for 15 Pepper
Cultivars or Breeding Lines.

Average Wt/Fruit No. Fruit/25 lb bu
Cultivar or Harvest Harvest
breeding line 1st 2nd 3rd 1st 2nd 3rd
------ oz/fruit------

XPH 5020 4.9 b-el 5.0 be 4.. a 82 80 93
P1000 5.8 a 6.0 a 4.4 a 69 67 91
ACX-830430 4.5 e 4.8 be 4.3 a 89 83 93
Jupiter 4.9 b-e 5.6 a-c 4.4 a 82 71 91
ACX-834501 4.9 b-e 5.5 a-c 4.2 a 82 73 95
Gator Belle 4.7 de 5.1 b-c 4.6 a 85 78 87
P1001 5.6 a 4.7 c 4.4 a 71 85 91
Early Calwonder 5.4 a-c 5.6 a-c 4.0 a 74 71 100
Bell Tower 5.3 a-d 5.3 a-c 4.3 a 75 75 93
NVH 3052 4.9 b-e 5.5 a-c 4.6 a 82 73 87
XPH 5019 5.2 a-d 4.9 be 4.1 a 77 82 98
Bell Captain 5.7 a 5.8 ab 4.6 a 70 69 87
Melody 5.6 ab 5.6 a-c 4.6 a 71 71 87
Shamrock 4.6 de 4.8 c 4.3 a 87 83 93
Skipper 4.7 c-e 5.0 be 4.3 a 85 80 93

lTean separation by Duncan's Multiple Range Test, 5% level.



Table 5. Number of Lobes/Fruit, Wall Thickness and Length to Diameter Ratio of
15 Bell Pepper Cultivars or Breeding Lines.

Cultivar or Lobes' Wall' Length/Diameter
Breeding Line ML2 4 3 2 Thickness (mm) ratio1'3

XPH 5020 16 60 24 -- 7.9 1.39
P1000 20 51 29 -- 6.4 1.03
ACX-830430 4 34 62 -- 7.9 1.04
Jupiter 22 51 24 3 4.8 1.13
ACX-834501 28 45 28 -- 3.2 1.37
Gator Belle 9 41 50 -- 6.4 1.21
P1001 11 40 49 -- 6.4 1.08
Early Calwonder 11 50 39 -- 4.8 1.10
Bell Tower 15 56 26 3 3.2 1.50
NVH 3052 14 40 43 2 6.4 1.10
XPH 5019 15 55 30 -- 7.1 1.35
Bell Captain -- 48 52 -- 4.8 1.41
Melody 9 52 39 4.8 1.83
Sharock 18 62 21 -- 5.6 1.16
Skipper 12 46 40 2 5.6 1.18

11st Harvest Only
21.tiple Lobes, more than 4
Average of 3 fruit