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The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.
Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
AGiuICULTU?3AL RESEARCH C214T-
IFAS, University of Florida
itoute 1 Box 2G
Innokalee ARC iResearch Report Ii1133-4
PEPPER. VARIETY TRIAL RESULTS SP..L.C 1933
Paul II. Everett and Karen A. Arabresterl
A replicated field trial was conducted at the Agricultural "Research Center,
L-Lo'ialee, i'iorida, during the spring season (Feb. ?ay ?193) to evaluate
tile performance of 15 pepper cultivars aud/or breeding lines. Table 1 shows
the list of entries and corresponding seed sources used in this trial.
Table 1. Entries and Seed Sources
-ybrid Giant Ace
Sluis & Groot
ALrigenetics (Sun Seed Company)
Sluis & Groot
Sluis & Groot
Ferry- orse Seed Company
Ferry-morse Seed Company
Uoran Seeds, Inc.
Sluis & Groot
iIoran Seeds, Inc.
Ferry-U'orse Seed Co-iiny
Asgrow Seed Company
Ferry--orse Seed Company
loran Seeds, Inc.
ioran Seeds, Inc.
All entries were seeded into Styrofoam trays (17 inch square cells) on
:ece-iLr 20, 1932, and were transplanted to field plots on February 14, 1983.
FIield plots were arranged in a randomized complete block design with three
replications. Each plot consisted of 24 plants in a double row with 10 inches
between plants and 12 inches between rows on raised plant beds spaced 6 feet
apart. Plant beds were irrigated with an open ditch seep system with lateral
ditches spaced 40 feet apart. Reported yields are based on 7,260 linear bed
feet (L3F). On January 27, all plots were fertilized with 5-08-8-1.0 + micro-
nutrients at 6.o lb/103 linear bed feet and 19-0-30 at 13.3 1b/130 linear bed
feet. The 5-G-G-1.3 fertilizer was spread in a 33 inch band on a pre-bed then
Professor and Biologist, respectively, IFAS, University of Florida
Agricultural researchh Center, Iluaokalee, Florida 33934
bedded over to a depth of 4 inches. The 19-0-30 fertilizer was banded on each
shoulder of the finished bed 9 inches from the plant rows. The finished bed was
then fumigated with Vorlexi at 12 gal/treated acre and mulched with black plastic
film. Total amount of fertilizer U andKO20 were 3.0 and 4.7 pounds per 100 linear
bed feet, respectively. Preplant soil tests indicated high levels of available
phosphorus, therefore only a maintenance application of 40 pounds of P R05 was
included in the fertilizer program. On the basis of 7,260 linear bed eet (LDF),
tile J-P2O5-K,0 fertilizer was 215-40-340 pounds, respectively. Fungicides were
applied on a 5-7 day schedule and insecticides were applied on a need basis.
Insects and diseases were not a serious problem in this test. Fruit were harvested
on i'ay 12, and iHay 24, 1933. At each harvest fruit were counted, weighed and
graded into marketable or cull fruit. The general weather conditions during this
trial were cool, windy and very wet during the first half of the season becoming
warmer and dry during the second half (Table 2).
Table 2. Temperatures and Rainfall During Croving Season
Temperature F Painfall
ionth Avg max Avg mind (inches)
Feb. 73 54 11.37
Harch 76 56 5.20
April 81 59 1.57
iay (1-24) 37 G3 0.13
Table 3 shows the marketable yields for each of the 15 entries. First harvest
yields ranged from a high of 1053 bushels/7,260 LBP for 'Gator Belle', which was
significantly higher in yield than all other entries, to a low of 220 bushels/
7,260 LBF for 1211 and 209 bushels/7,2G0 L5F for rHC.: 4312 which together were
significantly lower in yield than all other entries. At the second harvest, yields
from the top 6 entries ('Espadon', P130, 'Uybrid Giant Ace', E1211, 'Gator Belle',
and i GZ 4016) were statistically equal and ranged from 1076 bushels/7,260 L1W for
'Espadon' to 841 bushels/7,260 LBF for -'CX 4016. Lowest second harvest yields
were with 1,CX 4013 (641 bu/7,260 LBF) and-.Fi-724 (560 bu/7,260 LP.F). Highest
total marketable yield in this trial was from 'Gator Belle' (1937 bu/7260 LBF), but
this was not statistically different from 'Espadon' (1775 bu/7260 LBF) or 'Hybrid
Giant Ace' (1737 bu/7260 LBF).
In the first harvest E1211 ranked highest in average fruit weight at 7.6
ounces/fruit (Table 4) but was significantly equal to 'Dell Tower' (7.3 oz/fr),
P130 (7.1 oz/fr), 'Gator Belle' (6.9 oz/fr) and ICX 401C (G.5 oz/fr). In the
second harvest P130 (5.0 oz/fr) ranked highest in average fruit weight but was
significantly equal to P7113 (4.S oz/fr), 'Gator Belle' (4.4 oz/fr), 'Bell Tower'
(4.3 oz/fr), E1211 (4.3 oz/fr) and 'Espadon' (4.3 oz/fr).
The percent fruit at first harvest with 3 or 4 lobes is shown in Table 4.
jntry U1211 had the highest percent fruit with 4 lobes which were thick walled and
blocky. 3ntry P7118 also had a high percent of 4 lobed fruit, but the fruit were
long and tapering with rather thin walls. Although 'Gator Belle' had the lowest
percentage of 4 lobed fruit, it did have a high percentage of 3 lobed thick walled
and blocky fruit. 'Gator Belle' exhibited some cuticle cracking which appeared to
be associated with the most nature fruit.
Table 5 gives a few comments on each entry concerning overall fruit shape,
appearance and length to diameter ratio at first harvest.
Table 3. Marketable Yields for 15 Bell Pepper Cultivars or Breeding Lines
Cultivar or harvest
breeding line Ist 2nd Total
----25 lb bu/7,260 linear bed feet----
Gator Belle 1053al 884a-c 1937a
Espadon 699b-c 1076a 1775a-b
Hybrid Giant Ace 803b 934a-b 1737a-c
P130 554c-d 1050a 1604b-d
Bell Tower 803b 740b-d 1543b-d
Four Corners 734b-c 737b-d 1470b-d
FIjI-730 703b-c 722b-d 1427c-e
IICX 4014 731b-c 687b-d 1415c-e
P7118 597b-d 795b-d 1392d-f
NCX 4016 531c-d 841a-c 1375d-f
F 7X-724 725b-c 560d 1285d-f
Early Calwonder 589b-d 682b-d 1270d-f
E1211 220e 911a-b 1131e-g
JCX 4018 432d 641c-d 1073f-g
NCX 4012 209e 713b-d 922g
1Hean separation by Duncan's multiple range test, 5% level
Table 4. Average weight of fruit, number of fruit/bushel and number of lobes/
fruit for 15 pepper cultivars of breeding lines.
Cultivar or Harvest
breeding line i_ 1st 2nd
Hybrid Giant Ace
No. fruit/25 lb bu.
llst harvest only
21lan separation by
Duncan's multiple range test, 5% level.
Table 5. Annotation
2arly Calwonder Standard variety. Blocky, thick wall, mostly 3 or 4 lobe with
lenl;t' to diameter ratio of 1.00.
Gator Belle Hybrid. Blocky, thick wall, mostly 3 lobe with length to diameter
ratio of 1.14. High yielder, some cuticle cracking, overall appearance not as
good as in previous trials, but on a relative basis rated high for this trial.
Espadon Hybrid. Hot blocky, mostly 3 lobe, tain wall, tapered with length to
diameter ratio of 1.21. Some fruit with concaved walls.
Hybrid Giant Ace -- Hybrid. Blocky, medium to thin walls, rough shoulders. Small
to medium size fruit with length to diameter ratio of 0.92.
P130 Hybrid. Hot blocky, medium thick walls and length to diameter ratio of
1.23. Appearance rated low due to rough blossom end caused by excess number of
Bell Tower Similar to 'Esiadon' but with slightly thicker walls and a length
to diameter ratio of 1.29.
Four Corners Hybrid. Blocky, thick wall with length to diameter ratio of 1.00.
FL-730 Hybrid. Blocky, thick wall with length to diameter ratio of 1.15. Small
to medium size fruit. Hot attractive.
JCl% 4014 Hybrid. Blocky, thick wall with length to diameter ratio of 1.15. Small
fruit with dull green color. Not attractive.
P7113 Hybrid. Not blocky. Large tapered fruit siniliar to 'Espadon', with
length to diameter ratio of 1.29.
ACX 4016 Hybrid. Blocky, rough fruit with length to diameter ratio of 0.93.
Fruit tended toward excess lobes.
F-Z-724 Hybrid. Blocky, thick wall, medium to small size fruit with length to
diameter ratio of 1.03. Early.
E1211 Open pollinated. Blocky, thick wall, good fruit size with length to
diameter ratio of 1.00.
JCi 4013 -- Hybrid. Blocky, medium wall with some cuticle cracking. Iediun to
small fruit with length to diameter ratio of 1.03. Overall appearance rated good.
JCI 4012 Hybrid. Blocky, thick wall, length to diameter ratio of 1.00. Fruit
size equal to 'Early Calwonder' but not as attractive.