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The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.
Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTER
IFAS, University of Florida
SRoute 1 Box-2G
Immokalee ARC Research Report 112l83- -1 ,ay, 1983
PEPPER VARIETY TRIAL RESULTS Winter 1982-83
Paul H. Everett and Karen A. Armbresterl
A replicated field trial was conducted at the Agricultural Research Center,
Immokalee, Florida, "during the winter season (Nov. 1932-March 1933) to evaluate
the performance of 15 pepper cultivars and/or breeding lines. Table 1 shows
the list of entries and corresponding seed sources used in this trial.
Table 1. Entries and Seed Sources
breeding line Seed Source
Gator Belle Peto Seed Company
P7113 Sluis & Groot
Espadon Sluis & Groot
P130 Sluis & Groot
Hybrid Giant Ace Agrigenetics (Sun Seed Company)
Bell Tower Sluis & Groot
F7K-730 Ferry-Morse Seed Company
Big Belle Ferry-Morse Seed Company
OCX 4016 Moran Seeds, Inc.
E1211 Ferry-Morse Seed Company
NCX 4012 Moran Seeds, Inc.
Early Calwonder Asgrow Seed Company
NCX 4014 Moran Seeds, Inc.
NCX 4018 Moran Seeds, Inc.
Four Corners Ferry-Morse Seed Company
All entries were seeded into Speedling trays (1', inch square cells) on,
September 28, 1982, and were transplanted to field plots on November 1, 1982.
Field plots were arranged in a randomized complete block design with three
replications. Each plot consisted of 24 plants in a double row with 10 inches
between plants and 12 inches between rows on raised plant beds spaced 6 feet
apart. Plant beds were irrigated with an open ditch seep system with lateral
ditches spaced 40 feet apart. Reported yields are based on 7,260 linear bed
feet per acre. On Oct. 15, all plots were fertilized with 5-8-8-1.8 + micro -
nutrients at 6.9 lb/100 linear bed feet and 19-0-30 at 13.8 lb/100 linear bed
IProfessor and Biologist, respectively, IFAS, University of Florida,
Agricultural Research Center, Immokalee, Florida 33934
The 5-8-8-1.8 fertilizer was spread in a 30 inch band on a pre-bed then-bedded
over to a depth of 4 inches. The 19-0-30 fertilizer was banded on each shoulder
of the finished bed 9 inches from the plant rows. The finished bed was then
mulched with black plastic film. Total amount of fertilizer N and K20 were 3.0
and 4.7 pounds per 100 linear bed feet, respectively. Preplant soil tests
indicated high levels of available phosphorus, therefore only a maintenance
application of 40 pounds of P205 was included in the fertilizer program. On
the basis of 7,260 linear bed feet per acre, the N-P20r-KPO'fertilizer was
215-40-340 pounds, respectively. Fungicides were applied on a 5-7 day schedule
and insecticides were applied on a need basis. Insects and viruses were not a
serious problem in this test, however, bacterial spot (Xanthomonas vesicatoria)
was present at light to moderate levels throughout the "eason. Fruit were
harvested on Jan. 25, Feb. 16, and larch 9, 1983. At each harvest fruit were
counted,'weighed and graded into marketable or cull fruit. The general weather
conditions during this trial were coot windy and very wet (Table 2).
Table 2. Temperatures and Rainfall During Growing Season
ilonth AvG max Avg min (inches)
Aov. 82 62 0.58
Dec. 79 58 3.27
Jan. 73 52 3.81
Feb. 73 54 11.37
lar. (1-9) 79 60 0.84
Table 3 shows the.marketable yields for each of the 15 entries. First harvest
yields from 8 of the entries; 'Hybrid Giant Ace', 'Gator Belle', 'Bell Tower',
'Big Belle', P7110, P130, 'Espadon', and 'Early Calwonder' were statistically
equal and ranged from 1157 bushels/acre for 'Hybrid Giant Ace' to 890 bushels/acre
for 'Early Calwonder'. Lowest first harvest yields were with UCX 4018 (531 bu/A)
and 'Four Corners' (510 bu/A). At the second harvest, yields from P7118 and UICX
4018 were higher than yields from the other entries. With 'Gator Belle', third
harvest yield was considerably higher than second harvest yield and was significant:
higher than third harvest yields from the other entries. Highest total marketable
yield in this trial was from 'Gator Belle' (1839 bu/A), but this was not
statistically different from P7118 (1610 bu/A) or Espadon (1589 bu/A).
At the first and second harvests, 9 entries were statistically equal in
average fruit weight (Table 4), which ranged from 6.3 ounces/fruit for P7118 and
'Bell Tower' to 5.6 ounces for 'Early Calwonder' at the first harvest, and from
6.3 ounces/fruit for 'Gator Belle' to 5.1 ounces for 'Espadon' and 'Big Belle' at
the second harvest. Average fruit weight of 5 entries, P7113, NCX 4012, E1211,
'Bell Tower' and P130, held up well at the third harvest.
The percent fruit at first harvest with 3 or 4 lobes is shown in Table. 4.
Entry P7118 had the highest percent fruit with 4 lobes, but the fruit was long and
tapering, with rather thin walls. Entry E1211 also had a high percent of 4 lobed
fruit which were thick walled and blocky. Although 'Gator Belle' had a low
percentage of 4 lobed fruit, it did have a high percentage of 3 lobed thick walled
and blocky fruit that rated high in overall appearance. 'Gator Belle' exhibited a
small amount of cuticle cracking which appeared.oto be associated with the most
.Table 5 gives a few comments on each entry concerning overall fruit shape,
appearance and length to diameter ratio at first harvest.
Table 3. Marketable Yields for 15 Bell Pepper Cultivars or Breeding Lines
Cultivar or Harvest
breeding line 1ST 2ND3 3RD Total
---------------------25 lb bu/Acrel--------------------
Gator Belle 1131a2 197bcd 510a 1039a
P7118 957abcd 464a 1OScde 1610ab
Espadon 937abcd 270bc 383b 1589ab
P130 940abcd 264bcd 302bc 1508b
Hyb. Giant Ace 1157a 122bcd 165cde 1441bc
Bell Tower 1082ab 162bcd 180cde 1424bcd
FI~-730 771cde 226bcd 331b 1325cde
Big Belle 969abc 90cd 249bcd 1308bcde
NCX 4016 742cde 229bcd 171cde 1143cdef
E1211 821bed 119bcd 186cde 1125cdef
NCX 4012 731cde 246bcd 125de 1093def
Early Calwonder 890abcd 70d llOde 1070ef
iCX 4014 676de 278bc 75e 1030ef
NCX 4018 531e 316ab 162cde l00Gef
Four Corners 510e 203bcd 246bcd 957f
lBased on 7,260 linear bed feet/acre
2Hlean separation by Duncan's multiple range
test, 5% level
Table 4. Average weight of fruit, number of fruit/bushel and number
of lobes/fruit, for 15 pepper cultivars or breeding line
Average Wt../fruit No..fruit/25 Ib bu..
Cultivar or Harvest Harvest Lobes
breeding line 1st 2nd 3rd 1st 2nd 3rd 4 3
-------oz/fruit------- -- ---
Gator Belle 6,2a2 6.3a 4.3cd 64 63 93 14 76
P7118 6.3a 5.9abc 5.8a 63 68 69 84 16
Espadon 5.7abc 5.1abcde 4.1de 70 79 98 59 37
P130 6.0ab 5.2abcd', 4.9abcd 67 77 81 56 41
Hyb. Giant Ace 4.9def 4.2de 4.7cd 82 95 85 38 62
Bell Tower 6.3a 5.2abcd 5.1abc 64 73 78 41 52
FmI-730 5.lcdef 4.6cde 4.Ode 78 87 99 40 54
Big Belle 5.9abc 5.1abcde 4.4cd 63 79 91 23 .67
NCX 4016 5.2cde 4.9bcde 4.7bcd 76 82 84 24 62
E1211 5.8abc 6.2ab 5.2abc 69 65 76 80 20
IICX 4012 5.7abcd 5.2abcd 5.4ab 71 77 75 35 56
Early Calwonder 5.6abcd 5.2abcd 4.5bcd 72 77 88 39 61
NCX 4014 4.6ef 3.8e 3.3e 87 .106 120 24 74
NCX 4018 4.5ef 4.2de 3.4e 89 95 119 55 39
Four Corners 4.4f 4.9bcde 4.1de 90 81 97 22 67
Ilst harvest only
2H1ean Separation by Duncan's multiple range test, 5% level
Table 5. Annotation
Early Calwonder Standard variety. Blocky, thick wall, mostly 3 or 4 lobe with
length to diameter ratio of 1.08.
Gator Belle Hybrid. Blocky, thick wall, mostly 3 lobe with length to diameter
ratio of 1.10. High yielder, small amount of cuticle crack on most mature fruit,
rated high for overall shape and appearance.
P7118 Hybrid. Not blocky, high percent 4 lobe but thin wall, tapered with
length to diameter ratio of 1.31. Fruit walls tended to be concaved. Good
yielder and fruit size.
Espadon Hybrid. Similar to P7118 with length to diameter ratio of 1.23.
Bell Tower Hybrid. Similar to P7118 with length to diameter ratio of 1.24.
P130 Hybrid. Blocky, with medium thick walls and length to diameter ratio of
1.03. Rated low on overall appearance due to rough blossom end caused by
excess number of lobes.
Hybrid Giant Ace Hybrid. Blocky, with medium to thin walls and rough blossom
end. Small to medium size fruit with length to diameter ratio of 1.08.
FIX-730 Hybrid. Blocky, thick wall with medium fruit size having a length to
diameter ratio of 1.12.
Big Belle Hybrid. Fairly blocky, thick walls with length to diameter ratio of
1.16. Medium yielder with good fruit size at first and second harvest.
XNCX 4016 Hybrid. Blocky, thin walls, rough fruit with length to diameter ratio
E1211 Open pollinated. Blocky, thick walls, good fruit size at all three
harvests, and length to diameter ratio of 1.08. Medium yielder, with high percent
of 4 lobe fruit.
NCX 4012 Hybrid. Blocky, medium thick walls, fruit not smooth, length to
diameter ratio of 1.04. Good fruit size at all three harvests.
NCX 4014 Hybrid. Fairly blocky, small mostly 3 lobe fruit with length to
diameter ratio of 1.13.
iCX 4018 Hybrid. Blocky, medium thick walls, small fruit with length to
diameter ratio of 1.07.
Four Corners Hybrid. Fruit tended toward flatness with length to diameter
ratio of 0.89. Small fruit with concaved blossom end.