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Group Title: Mimeo report - University of Florida Range Cattle Station ; 60-2
Title: Weed control in pastures with sandy soils in peninsular Florida
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00074332/00001
 Material Information
Title: Weed control in pastures with sandy soils in peninsular Florida
Series Title: Mimeo report
Physical Description: 3 leaves : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: McCaleb, J. E ( John Earl ), 1918-
Hodges, Elver M., 1912-
Range Cattle Experiment Station
Publisher: Range Cattle Experiment Station
Place of Publication: Ona FL
Publication Date: 1960
 Subjects
Subject: Pastures -- Weed control -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references (leaf 3).
Statement of Responsibility: J.E. McCaleb and E.M. Hodges.
General Note: Caption title.
General Note: "February 15, 1960."
Funding: Mimeo report (Range Cattle Experiment Station) ;
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00074332
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 86119475

Table of Contents
    Main
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
    Historic note
        Historic note
Full Text



WEED CONTROL IN PASTURES WITH oAI'D SDIL5 IN i-'. L.L.'. L:.
Jo EO McCaleb and E. M. Hodges
Range Cattle Experiment Statipn
Ona, Florida


The following chart lists the plants which often are undesirable species

in native and improved pastures in central Florida. Also shown are the

herbicides, plant response to these chemicals and literature references giving

materials which are currently accepted as controlling agents for the species.

Rates per acre of herbicide, volume of carrier agent and method of application

are not given because weed maturity, season of year, proximity to desirable

crops and climatological factors must be considered. Herbicides other than

those listed also may result in satisfactory control in many circumstances,

and may be even more desirable when the many factors involved are given full

consideration. It is beyond the scope of this paper to list all herbicides

available or effective in controlling these plants. Study of the references,

the Southern Weed Conference Proceedings in particular, will result in a

fuller understanding of the trials and materials which are being tested and

suggested for control of specific plants. The percentage plant kill, or

control, which is satisfactory varies with plant species and management

programs. In pastures 100 percent control may be unnecessary and excessively

expensive.

The list of noxious pasture plants in pastures on sandy soils in peninsular

Florida which can be controlled with herbicides has increased each year since

World War II. Experiments must be continued to improve the effectiveness of

use of herbicides now available and to evaluate new compounds. This will help

to meet the greater demands for agricultural products and to combat the

constantly shifting weed populations which result from an intensified control

program. .


Mimeo Report 60-2 -
February 15, 1960
S '. ."
.. *. .. ,, : *'-





Plants; .":.,i : W:.- ,-.c: %. ..-".. .. .- :. .' ,. : ,. '
Selected Iorui'.,id-3 ir. Po :.' on dc.=, oi s ; ie_ i',cnc,.. l .-:..:i!' ,


Name and Classificationi Herbicidez Response) Reference4


Aster (Aster spp.) P 2,4-D
Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia serotina) P 2,4-D
Caesar-burr (Urena lobata) P 2,4-D
Dog fennel (Eupatorium capillifolium) P 2,4-D
Dollar weed (Dichondra carolinensis) A 2,4-D
Elderberry (Sambucus simpsonii) P 2,4-D; 2,4,5-.T
Milkweed (Asclepias spp.) P
Nettles, stinging (Urtica sppo) P 2,4-D
Pigweed, red-root(Amaranthus retroflexus) A 2,4-D
Pigweed, spiny (Amaranthus spinosa) A 2,4I-D
Pokeweed (Pokeberry) (Phytolacca americana)P 2,4-D
Primrose willow (Jussiaca spp.) A 2,4-D
Ragweed, common (Ambrosia artemisiaefolia)A 2,4-D
Sesbania (Sesbania macrocarpa) A 2,4-D
Smartweeds (Polygonum pennsylvanicum) A 2,41-D; 2,4-D +
2,4,5-T
Teaweed (Sida spp.) P 2,4-D; 2,4,5-T
Thistle, bull (Cirsium spp.) B 2,4-D
Water hyacinth (Eichornia crassipes) A 2,4-D
Grasses and Grass-like Plants
Bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum) P Da; ATA
Bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon) P Da; ATA; erbon

Carpetgrass (Axonopus affinis) P Da
Cattails (Typha spp.) P Da; ATA; Da + ATA
Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) P Da --
Cordgrass, Bakers (Spartina bakerii) P Da; Urox
Pangolagrass (Digitaria decumbens) P Da; ATA
Rush, common (Juncus effusus) P 2,4-D
Sawgrass (Maricus jamicensis) P Da; ATA
Sedge--watergrass (Cyperus spp.) A-P ATA; 2,4-D; Mbr
Smutgrass (Sporobolus poiretii) P Da; Urox
Torpedograss (Panicum repens) P Da; ATA
Woody Plants
Blackberry (Rubus spp.) P 2,4,5-T
Gallberry (Ilex glabra) P 2,4,5-T
Persimmon, Eastern (Diospyrus spp.) P 2,4,5-T; 2,4-D
Prickly pear (Opuntia spp.) P 2,4,5-T
Saw palmetto (Serenoa repens) P 2,4,5-T; 2,4,5-T
+ 2,4-D'
Wax myrtle (Myrica spp.) P 2,4-D; 2,4,5-T


4
4
4
1,2,3,4
4
4,24

4
4,15,24
4,8,15,24
4,24
4
4,20
4
4,8,24
8,24
4,24
13,18,24


S,I 6,19 -
S,I 1,5,6,11,
12,21
S 6,11
S 19
24
S,I 4,24
S,I 3,6
S 14,23,24
I 22,24
I 21
S. 1,6,24
S,I 6,19

S 2,3
I 17,24
S,I 5,10,24
I 16

I 3,7,9,16,24
I 16,24


1. A = Annual; B = Biennial; P = Perennial.
2. 2,4-D = 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid; 2,4,5-T = 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic
acid; Da (dalapon) = 2,2-dichloroproponic acid; ATA (amitrol) = 3-amino-1,2,4-
triazola; MB = Methyl bromide; Urox = 3-chlorophenyl)-l,l-dimethylurea trichlor-
oacetate; erbon = 2(2,4,5-trichlorophenoxy) ethyl 2,2-dichloropropionate.
3. S = usually quite susceptible; I = usually susceptible at higher rates or with
repeated treatments..
4. Literature Cited.









LITERATURE CITED


1. Annual Report, Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. p. 60. 1958.
2. Annual Report, Fla. Agr. Exp, Sta. p. 335. 1957.
3. Annual Report, Fla. Agr. Exp. Stao p. 346. 1958.
4. Burt, E. 0,, and E. West. Response of weeds to foliage sprays of 2,4-D,
Fla. Agr. Exp. Stao Agron, and Plant Path. Mimeo 58-1, June 1958,
5. Darrow, R. A. Trichlorobenzoic acid and associated herbicides in the
control of woody plants in Texas. So. Weed Conf. Proc. 10:134-135.
1957.
6, McCaleb, J. E., and D. W. Jones. Effect of several herbicides on
pasture grasses. Proc. Soil and Crop Sci. Soc. Fla. 16:294-296. 1956.
7 Nation, H. A. Two chemicals appear promising for control of palmetto.
So. Weed Conf. Proc. 3:172-174, 1950.
8. Orsenigo, J. R. Pasture weed control. Everglades Exp. Sta. Mimeo 59-15.


1959.
Southern Weed
Southern Weed
Southern Weed
Southern Weed
Southern Weed
Southern Weed
Southern Weed
Southern Weed
Southern Weed
Southern Weed
Southern Weed
Southern Weed
Southern Weed
Southern Weed
Southern Weed


Conference
Conference
Conference
Conference
Conference
Conference
Conference
Conference
Conference
Conference
Conference
Conference
Conference
Conference
Conference


24. Unpublished data. Range


Proceedings
Proceedings
Proceedings
Proceedings
Proceedings
Proceedings
Proceedings
Proceedings
Proceedings
Proceedings
Proceedings
Proceedings
Proceedings
Proceedings
Proceedings
Cattle Exp.


3:172-174. 1950.
10:134-135. 1957.
10:220. 1957.
10:225-226. 1957.
10:232. 1957.
10:237. 1957.
11:9. 1958.
11:35. 1958.
11:36. 1958.
11:37-38. 1958.
11:39. 1958.
11:40. 1958.
11:29-31. 1958.
11:42. 1958.
11:43. 1958.
Sta. 1957-59.


9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.









HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






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