Group Title: Mimeo report - University of Florida Agricultural Research Center ; RC-1972-4
Title: Bagasse pellets in beef cattle fattening rations
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Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00074288/00001
 Material Information
Title: Bagasse pellets in beef cattle fattening rations
Series Title: Mimeo report ;
Physical Description: 5 p. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Chapman, H. L ( Herbert L. ), 1923-
Agricultural Research Center, Ona
Publisher: Agricultural Research Center,
Agricultural Research Center
Place of Publication: Ona, FL
Publication Date: 1972
Copyright Date: 1972
 Subjects
Subject: Beef cattle -- Feeding and feeds -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Bagasse   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: H.L. Chapman, Jr.
General Note: Caption title.
General Note: "March 20, 1972."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00074288
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 85894218

Full Text

'/^ HUME LIBRARY
SOna Agricultural Research Center *
SRC-1972-4 Maro1eQ, 1972

SBAGASSE PELLETS IN BEEF CATTLE FATTEN NG RATIONSI-/
H L. Chapman, Jr./ I.F.A.S.- Univ. of Florida
H. L. Chapman, Jr.

Approximately 10 to 14% of the sugarcane bagasse pro-
duced in the south Florida sugar industry is not used for fuel
in the sugar mill furnaces. TWo feeding trials were conducted
with pelleted bagasse to determine if this material could be
utilized as a roughage source in complete beef cattle drylot
fattening rations. When the level of pellets was increased
to 15% in the ration feed efficiency and rate of gain decreased.
When the pellets were fed at the 5% level some difficulty was
experienced in keeping the cattle on feed. Cattle fed a complete
ration containing 7.5 or 10% of the bagasse pellets did very
well and their rate of gain and feed efficiency was comparable
or superior to cattle receiving the same amount of cottonseed
hulls in their ration. Steers receiving the bagasse pellets.
generally out-performed steers receiving cottonseed hulls.
There were no apparent harmful effects on the rumen. Rate of
gain and carcass qualities were satisfactory in both trials
and were indicative that the bagasse pellets can be satisfac-
torily used as a roughage source in beef cattle fattening
rations and should be used on the basis of relative cost.

I/ Talk presented at 1972 Beef Cattle Shortcourse, Gainesville.
2/ Bagasse pellets furnished by.U.S. Sugar Corporation,
Clewiston, Florida.
3/ Animal Nutritionist and Center Director, Ona Agricultural
Research Center.









Table 1. Ration composition, Trial 1 (lbs).


Feed

ingredient


Dried citrus pulp

Corn hominy

17% dehydrated alfalfa
Millrun blackstrap
Cottonseed hulls

Bagasse pellets
Urea-287

DIKA1/k

Mineral mix2/

Total


Treatment


500

245

50
100

75
0

20

5
5

1000


I_/ Furnished by Borden Chemical Co., Coronet, Florida.
2/ Mineral mixture contained 12% phosphorus, 12% calcium,

25% salt, 1.0% iron, 0.13% copper, 0.03% cobalt and 200,000
U.S.P. units of vitamin A per lb.


number


500

170

50
100

150
0

20

5

5

1000


500

245

50
100
0

75
20

5

5

1000


500

170
50
100

0

150
20

5

5

1000


_ I __ ~ I __


__











Table 2. Ration composition, Trial 2. (lbs).


Feed Treatment number
ingredient 1 2 3 4

Dried citrus pulp 500 500 500 500
Corn hominy 275 225 275 225
17% dehydrated alfalfa 50 50 50 50
Mlillrun blackstrap 100 100 100 100
Cottonseed hulls 50 100 0 0
Bagasse pellets 0 0 50 100
Urea-287 20 20 20 20
Mineral mix1/ 5 5 5 5

Total 1000 1000 1000 1000


_/ Mineral mixture contained 12% phosphorus, 12% calcium,
25% salt, 1.0% iron, 0.13% copper, 0.03% cobalt and
200,000 U.S.P. units of vitamin A per lb.









Table 3. Average gain, feed utilization and carcass data,
Trial 1.


Treatment number

1 2 3 4


Initial weight, lb 827
Final weight, lb 1097
Total gain, lb 270
Daily gain, lb 2.97
Daily feed intake, lb 25.72
Feed/lb gain, Ib 8.66
Hot carcass wt. lb 648

Chilled carcass weight, lb 629
Dressing %1/ 57.33
Federal grade G
'Kidney fat, % 3.5
Fat over ribeye, in. 0.22

Marbling Sl-
Estimated % yield 51.03


825
1045
220
2.27
26.26

11.57
609

591
56.55
G-
2.8
0.16
Si-
51.56


825
1084
259
2.85
24.94
S8.75

653
633

58.39
G-

2.9
0.13
Tr+

52.94


825

1055
230
2.53
,24.12

9.97
632

613
58.10
G-
2.6
0.17
S1-
51.66


1/ Dressing percent -


Chilled carcass weight x 100
Final weight 3








5.

Table 4. Average gain, feed and carcass data, Trial 2.


Treatment numbers
1 2 3 4

Initial weight, lb1/ 692 692 692 692
Final weight, lb2/ 1005 1001 992 1078
Total gain, lb 313 309 300 386
Daily gain, lb 2.32 2.29 2.22 2.86
Feed intake/lb gain, lb
Concentrate 20.71 20.29 18.70 23.04
Hay 0.70 0.43 0.89 0.38
Feed/lb gain, lb 9.23 9.05 8.82 8.19
Hot carcass weight, lb 606 595 601 649
Chilled carcass weight, lb 588 577 583 630
Dressing per cent, %/ 58.50 57.64 58.77 58.44
Federal grade G G G G
Kidney fat, % 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Fat over ribeye, in. 0.18 0.19 0.21 0.24
Marbling Sl Sl+ Sl- Sm-
Estimated % yield 51.89 52.04 52.13 51.67


l/ Cattle were shrunk 14 hours before initial weight was taken.
2/ Gross final weight was shrunk 3% for final weight.
I/ Dressing % = Chilled carcass weight x 100.
Final weight




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