Group Title: Newspaper clippings about Curacao, Dutch West Indies.
Title: Newspaper clippings about Curaðcao, Dutch West Indies
CITATION PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073988/00001
 Material Information
Title: Newspaper clippings about Curaðcao, Dutch West Indies
Physical Description: clippings mounted on 12 l. : ; 27 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Davis, T. Frederick ( Thomas Frederick ), 1877-1946
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: N.p
Publication Date: 1901-1908?
 Subjects
Subject: Curaðcao   ( lcsh )
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Netherlands Antilles -- Curaðcao
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00073988
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01905112

Full Text

I..


'~ ~#-~--
LATIN
AMR~


R ESUMEN
de las observacioneas meteorol5gieas
del mes de Agosto,
El Sr. T. Frederick Daviq, director
del Weather Bnreau en esta isla, nob
ha euviado au infoiiue mensual, del
ccaI extractamos Io signmente:
Preside atmositric. media 29.87
mfixima 29.3& el
dia 17
Presi6n atmosinrica miiima 29.75 el
dia 22
Tempetatura media 82 grados
maxima 90 *'
el dia 24
Temperature minima 73 "
el dia 5
Mayor variaci6n diaria 15 grados el
dia 11
Menor variaci6o diaria 7 grados -el
dia 20
Mayor velocidad del viento 24 millas
el dia 10
COnlidad de linvia en el mine l,55pil
gadas
Dias de uielo clatt 6
nubindo 3
parcialmenite lblado 32
Se oyerou truenos en los dias 25.
30 y 31.


















W~ERWAdiftitE ME'T'diftod
6AB DE W&UtER IflMEAY
q1iet~ n,,fsta isia el 86fidr
Ir r ~a Vis)


Presi&' iim~sf&?ca media :i9.9i,
,; inxlhja 30.02
,; mnima 124.8
ei dia 2-7
iei~jerai'nda media, 86
wfixitDA' 85 el dig I
mfi A22 2
Ms~orvarisi~n iaa 6 ,
,; v~Iocidad dO: vento -.# millai
97 l dia i0
,bantiflud total de media, pulgadas
lguvia eyi el ;nes5, ingleses
jsde Ciefo 6laro ........5
1.t relalknento Dlu-
1h1drdn 23












'OF C/AIAq-M,57-1 /AT q (C IM C

OBIERVAGIONES METEOIWLOCICAS.
EN BL MRS DE3 JUN10

Prexidzi atmnogfdrica media 29.88
t 11 hinxIma 29.96 ef
dia 2
Prosi6n atmusfdric~a minima 29.80 el
din 24
Teinperattlra media 83
a-axiarya 90 el din 6
11lii1iiia 75 28
.Mgkor vgriaci6u diarie 13 -2 8

Mayor lelocidad del vip'r-ho W milles
oi die 6 del Norebte.
Ifiqs do Cielo clamt 5
p iiidllo 6
pareialmeuot nri~bl~dd 19.
Moy3 poca iliv ila; eni todo el mles
tin alcanta d~ j tie piIlgadai
S6 oyerou algizios trienos Ins alas
8 y 30.

Damvs I Iag gri cii. al Sr. DSai,,; ac.
tialniutueo ouci~arad ;!e las iibacrva-
u~ioiies Cli cta hi,, por el edivio qte
noi ha jieclioa (ei uiterlio mnj~itiar do
sue s ubservaefoneh, delciia iu1 xttacla-
mosoeIs ditosqae prtut-den.
TIarnbi~ni nec hit hvclni ai Sr. Davis
6r obacquio do un fullelb), The Wea-
Ither Bureaut del ci.al dare~mos en
iuci do nuostros ift6ximnos nijueros,
utiis eXtract6,4,.












c q q Oi" A' q I~,,z
Por- falta de espacio no pudo
apareoer an niuestro n4uioro de
ayer Io sigiuiente;I
Ayer~ despu6s del medio dim4 fija.
-wos A Is puerta, de anuetra oficinael
a"Igiente avs-io qne noo babla couni-
flinfdo el Sr. Da~vis, del Weather Bu-
r eau I
Habaus Cuba 20 Agoato. Fuermo
direceido al 0. N. 0.
Avise 4 quienes ptledo interesur.
Atio1he lleg6 otro despiaoho; Hr.-
haraa Ouhja Agosto 10. A ]as P, M,
Tempioral, ceutro &1 S, S. 0; ;o Mar-
tiuloc,' aime.t ,d e letamr 0 r
Iintepisidad. Direoee6u 0pot N. Des-
arroIlarr -probablomorute fuerza do


Hice uuios -rates nos entregd el
Sr Davis el1 I-iguiente telegrania.
jHavana 21 Ternpestad ..centro
&1 0 do-Domnijnca con direction
0. 0.





















NOVIEMBRE
le las observaciones metei'ol6.
gicas del Weather Bureau.

Presi6n atmoMferita media ....29,86
S ,, tinaximia .- 29.56
el dia 28
,, ,, minima. :.29.71
remperatara media.........80
,, in ximia........87
el 'lia 17
mnaiUa : ......70
el dia 7
Hayor variaoidn diaria 14 gr el dia 7
Menoir .,. ,, 6 el dia 22
Mayor velocidad del viento 21 millas
el difa 1 del E.
luvla total en el ines 7.26 pulgadas
Jias de cielo claro 5
,, parcialmente nublado 17
, ,, nublado 8
Se oyeron truenoa ea los dias 1, 7,
, 18 y 18.

DanmOs las graois al St Davis, Di-
'ector del Weather Bureau en eata
)or el euvio que nbs ha hecho del su-
nario, del cual extractambs lu in-
ereaantea datas laue Oreceden.




-r~XI Ap- w~3II~


RESUME )AENSUIJ.4


DE LAF
OBSERVANINESMETEQROLOGIQAS
Del SuV~maryj qne las teiiidQ to
bonded de enviarnos el Sr, DAVIS,
escargaolo en esta isla de Las obser-
yaciones del Tgat1her Bureau extrge.k
tamog los siguientes datus: II
p~-eaiva atinosf~wica ti~edil 29~.87
togna299
ci dia 25.
to nitnima 29.78
OI die ""$t
TemporgAtira media T
tuAxima 87 ell din I
wininia -), 2),
Mayor valieci~.j de terup flel dia 3
Meanor ,, ,, .. 6 to 6
Mayor veelwdadl dql viento.23 miles
el I144 1
O.Itide'1 hta~l de 380 1)141lgiidAa ir;-
Ilivia en al flies jglegas.
Ciela claro ....... ....I d~a
ptarciolmente jublado 25,,
nuiblidd 1
flubo truetnos el dia 211.




_ ~_


rio do agriculture.
Los deberes del Weather Bi
estableoidoa at trasparse el sm o
de Dn ministerio at otro l dmasL de
Octubre 1890, ae lijaron asf :
Predecir el estatdu atmos6Arico ; a-
nutciar avisos de tempestad. etc. des
plegar sefiales del tiempo y de las
tuareas, al beueicio de la agricultau-
ra, el comercio y la navegaci6n ; me-
dir la prufuudidbd de los rios ; man-
tener y haeer iuociorlar lines toie-
graflcau eL las costas al bervicios del
comercio y la oavegaci6n ; aninciar
el estado de la tempera-
tura y la conlicioues de lams HUIras
en cualito se relacionan can el iultJ-
vo del algodu ; desplegar scales
quae anncion ;as granizadas y los
I vientoo frios, etc. etc.
Tieue el Weather 180 estaoiooes
esparcidos en l>s iatados Unidos I
las Antillas, qie todas enu t mismiq,
muomento dos veeas at dia han hacker
obserracioaes. Tudas Las ettteitsune


tines y revistaa naenaiililes y toidos
otros avisos quie pudieran ser tie uti-
lidad epdtiica.
* Posee ya una hiblioteea dot 23 mil
vohitneuea y tolletos, cuOllcernittlles
atl raumo que se oc, pa.
Los avisos (ue lieganu al 13urean dte
smus estaciones ell las antillas soni die
mo itier6s para la la vegati6n.
plri6i palmieute en los iiesesi tie J>u-
lIo a Octtbre, en que snelen presen-
tarse eicioues y hliracanes en el gollo
tde Mdjico y las costas del Atlin-
tico.
Los avisos dados tie tin solo hura
cfiu han sido tan oportintos quo. pi
dierou detener ia h alndi tie nti gran
ilumero de buqites, que cin l.a calga
qte llevalanu, repreneurtbaut uu ia-
!,'r de 80 millones de dollars.
n solo aviso do un eoldwave, que
amuenazaba ciertos distrietos, ha te-
vido psOr testi4ado q.le ba podidu proud.


itBAZ O Oj0 8 SI0a0ite ne0anairf5 qpiuiterimwi--
.,, a omea-tiaumente iatus Iht "rsambolo V
vartiones que paideran iowar li-

DIID1' rlat .e- Iteaca.u Iuel Wearlher hkn-'
DIJII2I U rar .1n atan a,.asisatn e l.a lola
EL "MATHER MJIAE CAM oii ,o.o/ot +.+ ill 1.1,
ma iDaturaleza, oiganizadas puIr l s
o---- gobbieuos de CanadA ) de mUajico, y
e ,icuturadels Estades U. tr-tore nica ruee lptOCrintmene biod
Del folleil cal alaldios en r i sao col neran rec'p:lo A eti .tee is
nore mues tr~Altimos n, qobservaeionea ma r iates, d od qteo eslito so
Slo ueitrd sa extindelo soan lit mi v r exieus i,!
lai obsquisdo el Sefior Davis, encar., de reatiutieie Ni toe amelial.. J l
iado de las observaciones meteoro- .
16gicas en esta la per- el minister Io; tejer a tempo contra los efeceos des-
ilde iriultra delos Eatados Uni- I, rrlrores Ud este repeontinocamblo e
b.o, ttao,08 loo siguiente dato.s : temperatura, propie.aflea y frntoa
Uesde n170 el gobierno de la u- liados e t 3 r niloneso dollars.
oirn ha soateuidoo uu servicio con el, El aviso dadu a tiempoen 1897 Ile
lobjeto tie a hinoir eoa anticipacidn on crecii. ielito:dlel rio Missiipi, quI
elistas.io at ,usferico por todua os linaundariila Ia lower .Missisipivalley ha,
estadus de la Uni6n. salvado a 15 aillones tie dollars, per
Im idlea al principio solo so referia haberse removido A tiempo A loga-
a ilfrmes uliltes a navegac6n, pe res mAs distanites el ganado y todos
ro se ha ido reconociendo poco a ip los bleueas mucbles.
oo la tllidlad prectiea de ua seevicao Y no son etos los jia'eos eCsos eo
de esta taraleza en leuetielo do la qua ha prestado el Weather Bureau
agriculture Y el ootercio. limportantes servicios al comercio, a
-i los primeros 20 afRos delta da lsa navegaoi6u y la agrieultura.
roll, del servicio. estuvo A cargo ldel Todas los oficinas del Weather Bu-
auerpo tde sefiales del ejArcito, lajo reaui puedeu visiterse por el pfiblico
la decci)tt del lei;isteriode sierra, en las hnras detrabajo.
ras comprenditindose que una c.fiei.- Son muchos los beneflios qune hani
tya eseieialaaeile cientiflca no dehia derivado del establemimientb del Wea
queduarsonetidaa A reglamentacioiea iher Bureau lar poblaciones en los
militarls, sereorganiz6 en 1891- t hEstados Uuidos y otros nlugtes.
servieilo d+icttial Weather 0,m
com u a1 ninicfieaai6a del n- Publica (l Weather Bteuail bole-i





e~1 ~t ~


ALUANC E
a la OFICINA MARITIMA.
del 17 de Setbre de 190L
Esta mafiana recibio Mr. J.
F Davis, la boticia official del
fallecimiento del fresidente
Mc. Kinley.


_






THE DAILY SUVI MNESVIULE, FLORID
S ''' --~4:i/'f"f ,


I,


THE WEST INDICES


The following is an extract from a
letter written to J udge Horatio Davis
by his son, Frederick Davis, now in
the West Indies:
Lying- in close proximity to the
northern coast of South America, so
near, in fact, that on a clear day the
mountains of Veczuela can be distinct-
ly seen from them, without the aid of
glass or scope, are three islands (the
possessions of Holland), Aruba, Cura-
coa and Bonaire. It Is Curacos, the
largest and most prosperous of -the
group, that this letter concerns. It
being the strategical center of the
Antilles, it was called Curacoa, from a
P,,rtuguese word meaning "heart!"
The last syllable, "coa," is pronounced
'sonu."
The first sight of the island was on
April 29lb. 1901. We had left La-
Guayra, Vniezuela, the night before,
and at sunrle the following day the
watch sighted land. It was some time
before my unaccustomed eye could
detect a semblance of terra firma,
probably b cause I was expecting a
low stretch of desolate sand domes.
However, there soon appeared conical

feet in height, sloping gradually from
the southern beach to a point, then
dropping precipitously on the northern
side. Subsequently I learned that of
the many hills on the island each and
every one is characterized by this
peculiarity. They appear as it they
had been pushed oef from the coast of
iVenezuela and were suddenly inter-
I erupted in their movement, being
shaped like a snow-drift when formed
against some object.
Pcturesque ncuranS.
SAt 9 o'clock we sighted the city of
Curacoa-the quaintest, most pictures-
q-ie place that It has ever been my
fortune to see. My first Impression
was that the place contains merely
roofless houses, explained later by the
fact that without exception the reoofa
are of red or brown tile ,plates over
houses of orange colored masonry and
white coping. The sides and coping
of the houses can be seen at a great


FORMER CITIZEN 'OF HAINES ILLE
WRITES OF FAR AWAY CURACOA

distance, but on account of the color
the roofs do not appear until you get
near. There is a law here compelling
every property owner to use yellow
tinted paint, for the purpose of reliev-
ing the glare, and the custom to use
white coping ie Invariable.
Windmills are working merrily
everywhere. We entered St. Ann's
Bay about half past ten, and were tm-
mediately surrounded by innumerable
punts, square, flat-bottomed boats,
used as ferries and culled by members
of the blackest race of human beings
that ever existed. I am positive that
this is true, because a blacker color is
impossible. And the language that
greeted my ears! People have ex-
plained to me the noise of a locust
army. I have heard of the chattering
of millions of paroquets, hut the jab.
being of these people paseeth under-
standing. Jumping up and down in
the punts, like a troop of monkey, to
attract the attention of a proilable
customer; talking, yelling and jabbor-
jlg, they looked like an army of black
contortionists. Through this crowd I
was piloted, but not without much dif-
ficulty, to the Hotel Venezuels, a
clean, cool and refreshing place. I
could not understand much that was
seid, for the language spoken here Is
Paplamento, which is a mixture of
Spanish, English, French,German and
Portuguese. But I doubt if the world
'language" is elast:c enough to in-
clude Papiamente, although it is
taught in the schools and is used by
the priests. The better classes of the
whites speak several of these langua-
ge; nearly all speak English, and it is
surprising how well they speak it.
The governor of Curacos, Hon. Harrj
Birge, speaks all of these languages
perfectly. He is a wonderful man,
and It is a pity that be il gciog to re-
s'ghn. The new governor is expected
here soon from Holland. The gover-
nor is appointed by the Crown of Hol-
land and has a Colonial cou, t of
twelve members, who are appointed
by the Crown upon nomination of the
governor. From this court the latter
selects three members who constitute




the= a*p oMai Tia idlcl.ry St AnD'- Bay to tie bairor proper
odr ooa prnsidling jpdge the distance to pnhrbly hal a' mile.
and tao aUatgiants, sppintea D5 the This water i-[rmu- rune due north
(*ruin, r.nd one ailetant, appc.lnk.d and south, with an average wilth of
oy the governor. six or seven' hundred feet, all deep
The population of the island is water after the entrance is passed. On
35,000, but nine tenths of the people either side of the entrance, and not
are incorporated in the city of Curacoa. more three hundred feet apart, stand
About 4000 are white. Curacoa. is a Forte Amsterdam and 'ff, fort mere-
general name for the place. There ly in name, for they would be but as
are four divisions, separated merely chaff before the wind were they sub-
by streets although in fact not sep- ejected to a modern cannonade. They
rated at all, for the oldest inhabitant are built of cement, brown and moss-
will 'tell you that Scharlu is over covered, and look very much like the
there, and Pietermasy yonder, but if old Spanish fortifications. They are
asked where lIs the division line he manned with antiquated smooth-bore
will shake his head 'significantly, guns, and garrisoned by a few hun-
Moat of the whites are Jews, and hold dred soldier, the latter only for the
to the Jewish faith. The Dutch in- purpose of keeping the negro under
habitants are mostly Protestants, and subjection. A negro's regard for a
the negroes are Catholics, without ex- solder or a policeman is secondary
caption. With the negroes a priest's only to his fear of the priesthood.
word is law, and they stand in awe of From forts Amsterdam and Riff to
their spiritual advisers. The Jews are the foothills the sides of the bay are
a kind, sociable and energetic people, bulkheaded, and the largest vessels
and nearly all ol, the wealth belongs can go alongside. I have seen five
to them. great sea going steamers lying along-
Monument to a ra.kee. side the bulkheads at one time, load-
Willemstad and 0 rabanda are con. ing with Maracaibo coffee and other
nected by a pontoon bridge, which is Venezuelan products, and salt, the
opened by means of a cable and engine latter a native production. Salt is
every time a vessel leaves the harbor. evaporated here in great quantities and
This is a living memorial totheenter- is Curacoa's chief export. .
pries of Mr. L. B. Smith, a Yankee S x lines of sea-going steamers touch
skipper who settled here more than a here regularly, viz: American,German,
quarter of century ago, and who has Dutch, English, French and Italian.
done more towards improving the These give connection with all parties
place and giving it modern convenient. of the world.
ees than all the rest of the inhabitants Fir en Only cf. -Cekg. .
combi Bfore his deth, two On the eastern bay side Pundas runs
ombied. Before his deh, two ~.,jng the bulkhead, and on the west-
years ago, he established, owned and ern Otrabands, and they reconnected
operated the pontoon bridge, and by a pontoon bridge. Thec mmerelal
electric light plant, waterworks, ice interests are centered in Panda, while
and coal businesses. He It was, as the OLrabanda side is largely a market
United States Consul, reported the place for the eale of country produce,
first approach of Cervera's flaet in.1898. such as' fruits, eggs, chickens, bread,
The sentiment here at that time was meate,etc.,andthedonkey,of Jerusalem
that the Spaniards would make short descent, bearing his burden of char-
work of the Americans. Their ideas coal, Is ever present. Charcoal is used
have now changed, for all cooking purposes, in fact it i.
Finest Harbor In the World. the exclusive luel for fires are built
The harbor behind St. Ann's Bay here only for cocking purposes. The
can be rightly called the most excel, sale of produce Is given entirely to
lent in the world. It Is surrounded by the women, who swarm to the market
high hills and Is connected with the streets in great droves, bearing upon
Gulf by a narrow channel, not more their heads trays containing their sal-
than 150 feet wide at its entrance, but ables. Each has about the same fur
which has more than an average depth sale. About 9 o'clock every morning
of 8 fathoms. This protected harbor, the sidewalks are literally covered,
which in many respects is like a huge for the sidewalks are the tables of dis-
volcano crater, is large enough to play here. They manage like thit:
shield the greatest fleet in existencee A woman takes her seat on the edge
from the most severe hurricane, and of the walk, scatters leaves around
Lt an be readily Eeen how safe vessels atd spreacs out her goods upon them.
at anchor there would be from an Then pandemonium begins a supreme
enemy's gun. From the entrance of reign. In Paplamento, of the swiftest





and loudest form, you bear the W ,Isre. Nearly every residence of any
ferent artlcles enumerated with Ie moment has a walled court at the
priceof each, but plan' I m.,ne rep rear, under the floor of which is a ols-
resenting one American cent) is all I rn. These courts are ornamented
that you catch out of the hubbub, with potted plants and palms, and oe-
This continues until late in the after- olsiona!ly a spraying fountain lends a
noon, ,when the don ceys are addled 'refreshing contrast to this miniature
with their board saddles over straw garden. There is not a wooden house,
and the venders betake, themselves or a house with shingles, in all of
home to prepare for the coming day. Curacoa, except the thatched affairs of
Some days ago I was witness to a the lower classes. They are built ol a
very amusing scene. Now, if there is composition of sand, gravel and lime,
anything more Lumerous here than forming a sort of cement, which is
the deEcendants or AHm they are mem- very cheap here because of the im-
bers of the canine rac-, and the char- mense quantities of the material to be
a'teristic failing of the family pr found on the island (time rock is
vale, viz: to "scrap!" Well, upon, thrown out of the sea and burned
tbis particular occasion a pow-wow of here )
gigantic proportions occurred, for : An Eehntiunh g been.
contained more thai "t o. Oa tit Nestling in the centre of a lot con-
rrinciple who fights and run, taing tropical plants and trees there
away, may live to fight another day," stands a typical Curacoa residence of
oce tucked tall and took a co-sr the better idca. The quaint Ditch
rect ly down the sidewalk, with tal the better cpic"s. Th e quaint Dateh.
d rty down theull cry. This hwith appene gables and balconies, with their fancy
othersibeadng, peep ft you from all sides
about mid-day, when old Sol was hot- through the pat;e the windmill is
test, and the venders had retreated t. there and the striking coloring, all

their goods where they were. Of but decorated wall, form a picture
course, eggs, negetablew fruits and worthy of admiration. As yus stand
the sundry other things were scattered the front ga a nd lat p the vista
to the four winds. Everybody's wares ta thefront hatse and nlo g the while
were the same, so how was-a proper to r th e m urmuring fotenta tud the
correction of the wreckage to be thin of brds, ou feind yourd thelf
brought abou?se Such talking, ge- ingande h o brds ou fid yours
ticulating, shaking of fitsandquarrel- wanderig buck to your childhood
ing I had never seen before, stories of fairyland. This description
ing f had never seen before, Ist s not strikingly drawn, for it would
Ohe First Labor sine, r. quire a pen more familiar w:th the
For the first time to the history of language of enchantment than mine
the place there was a strike her, to rightly describe these Curacoa
August 9;h. The stevedores ar es homes.
cellent labor, and they get but S cents Bitscountry residences differ from
Ian hour. The i sals wanted to re- those of the city, in that porticos
duce this one cent, and they quid around. The ground are large, the
work, dually begloning again the same plant life well watered by the ever
day at an advance of one cent on their present windmill, with a beautiful rol'-
former wages. No viole ci occurred. ling country as a background. It is
But there is one kind of a strike al- difficult to find a prettier picture.
ways present here, among the washer- Peacocks strut around, and perhaps a
women. The manner in which they parrot yells something in Paplamento
wash clothes is a revelation. Armed at you es you pass. To the rear are
w.th a short paddle, like an oar, the the thatched houses of the leborer.
women wade into the water, thorough- These are funny looking sfl"irs, for
ly soak your clothes, put them on a one frequently sees the address of some
rck and hammer away with might New York firm staring at him-goods
and mal. Te.wack of the, pddle boxes being in great demand among
Scan be urd a long way, anud it Is not this clss of people for house building.
strange that Coracoa EuBfra a button The roofs are of thatched straw of
fimn.e banana palm. A close investigation
A Ahit~eern Binutys. Would convey no other Idea except
Caracos'a mott beautiful ornaments that of ugliness, but when viewed from
are its houses. The architectural style a d'tand they are a quaint and inter-
is strictly southern, broad doors apd eting addition to the picture.
window, large rooms and massive pil-





mupsCi.WUala Cdensamptive, Had iaid that i- would r quire hut
The sun is ft t so several here a- n.. uber Sear to perfect a p' manent
would naturally suppose, for all Iure.
through the day his rays are fought Yellow fever and small pox have
by clouds and a ceaseless easterly never been epidemi; here. O'cas!on-
wind. The battle c- inues the year ally there is a caoe of one or tha other,
round, and even in mid-Eummer the but Invariably it is brought in by some
temperature seldom reaches ninety do- boat from othercounlryi Athordugh
greens. Inspection is made of all boats coming
The following dlta, taken from the io, and if suspicious cases are found .
records of the standard United States the boat is sent to quarantine, about
Weather Bureau inst-umnnts since seven miles away.
this station was established, may bh
Interesting. The mean annual tem-
perature is 81.0 degrees. The average
annual maximum temperature Is 85.4, I
and the average annual minimum BACK FROM CTUACOA.
temperature Is i6 7 degrees. The hot- FROMC ACOA
teat month of the year is September, Mr. Frederick Dav's, youngest s
with an, average maximum tempera 'of Judge Horatio Davis of this ci
tare of 88 2 and an average mimlmum who was sent to the above nam
of 79 0 degrees. The coldest month Is place off the coast of Venezuela
February, with an average maximum the United States signal departmi
of 83.0, and an average minimum of eighteen months ago, has arrived
73 9 degrees. The highest temperature Jacksonville and will visit his fath
ever recorded is 94 degrees, asd the here on Saturday.
l)wsEt 67 degree. Durirg the years The young man was raised
of 1899 and 1900 the temperature was Gainesville and has many friend
above 90 only on 12 days. The av r- here who, will be glad to see h
age wind velcCity is 122 mi'es an again. He has shown much aptitu
haor, and the mean cloulir.e-e is 64 for his profession and been rapid
por cent. The mean relative humidity promoted.
is 77 per cent The average annual Confiden cbythedephrtmentsecur
rainfall is a little over 16 inches. him this foreign station.
From a glance atJ.he above it will at It is very pleasant and encourage]
once bb noticed that the atmosphere to see our city boys i so many place
and temperature are such as to pro- of honor, profit and trust.
duce a climate very favorable to pe, It is safe to say that, without regs
.ons .st.fIfrlog from pulmonary o, to population, there is no place
bronchial trouble. I firmly belkv3 ithe 'ate so well represented in
that the climate of Curacoa wcuvd lal.4 i -, M.}i- stations, state- a:
prove a God-send to anyone os ffirlrg .. L is Gainesville.
from consumption. The following is a
ture account of a remarkable cure of a
Now York lady who came here last
year in the worst stages of consump-
tion: Arriving at La Guayra, on he
way t) Caracas, she was too ill to leave
theboat. Sufferingfrom hmo.rrhgrse
of th, lungs,every moment seemed to bi
the last. S)me friend sugrastel to her
to go to Curac)a, and boiu in a'mast r t,
A cmuats, state, not knowing really Fred Davis, -whosepresence in J
whither she was beloe carried, she as- so le was mentioned in yeste
sented. Arriving here she was taken mornings NEWS, arrived in this
to a hotel The dry, salty si, seemed during the day. He iup two mo
to be gifted with the performance of from a spell of yellowfever, contr
miracles. She began at once to im- on Curacoa Island.
prove, gradually at first, then by g-eat
strides. It was Septembhr, 1900, that .''.
s'e arrived hers; in June, 1901, she ( //. f4
went home apparently well. She
writes back that her plhyician was
dumb founded at her rapid recovery,


on1'

ed
by
ent
in
er

in
ds

de
lyi

ed

as.
es

rd
in
all
nd


ack-
rday
city
nths
acted


















'fiTteen Months Spent in Ser-

vice of United States

Government.


A DESCRIPTION OF ISLAND.

Says it isa Barren Country, and Tells
of the Lives and Habits of Na.
tives-Population Large-
ly Negrots.

T. Frederick Davis, son of Judge
Horatio Davis of this city, and for the
past fifteen months in charge of the
weather bureau of the United States |
government at Curacao, Dutch West
Indies, arrived in the city yesterday oni
a brief visit to his father.
Mr. Davis is well-known to the
citizens of this city, having been virtu-
ally raised here, and as a natural con-
sequence his friends were delighted to
welcome him to his old home.
Mr. Davis stated that he left Curacao
via steamer Philadelphia of the Red
D Line, for New York, on the morning
of Sunday, May 4, touching en route at
to Guayra, Venezula, and San Juan,
Porto Rico, arriving at his American [
destination on the morning of May 12th,
.. days out.
i-1 .ld of Curacao is one of the
Dutch possessions. It is located 210
miles to the southwest of the Island of
Martinique, which has recently been
made famous by the eruption of Mt.
Pelee. It is a barren island, devoid of'
fertility, and the inhabitants depend
almost entirely upon the outside world
for an existence. It is twenty-seveni
miles in length by seven miles in width
at the widest point, and is quite rocky,
being a formation of coral. Being ai
.free trade port, however, it is the dis-J


triliuf fo ot-for the northern coasi
of South *america, Venezuela and
Columbia. The island also exports I
heavily salt and the famous Curacao
liqver, which is known the world over.
This beverage is distilled or made from;
orange peel, with a liberal proportion
of alcohol, and is the favorite drink
among the natives. It retails on the
island at 35c per pint.
The island proper contains a popula-
tion of 30,100, 4,500 of whom are
"white-2,500 Jews, 1,500 Dutch, the re-
mainder negroes. They are of a most
peaceable and law-abiding nature,
However, not a murder having been re-
corded on the island within the past
twenty years. There is little or no
criminal disorder, and tihe citizens are
at peace with one another and the
world.
Of the population of the islands, the
city of Curacao proper Iras about 27,-
000, who are a contented, happy, slow-
going populace. The general archi-
tecture of the city is very much unlike
the American or any modern style or
system. The buildings are all con-
structed of stone, not a wooden struc-
ture being on the island. The business
houses are one, two and three floors,
while residences are all one story.
The architecture as regards style,how-
ever, is superb.
The natives subsist principally on
fruit and vegetables. There being
very few cattle on the island, what
nmecat used is imported either from
Venzuela or the United States. The
fresh meats usually come from Von-'
zuela, while tihe American canned
meats are used.
I While there is constantly a breeze
over the island, the climate is almost
Unbearable. The air is hot and rather
inclined to make one suffer rather than
furnish relief from tihe warm tempera-
tore. Mr. Davis says it is of a nature
to drive the energy out of any system.
Since arriving in the United States
Mr. Davis states that he has received
information from the American consul
to the effect that the island felt plainly
the atmospheric disturbances caused
by the eruption of Mt. Pelee of the
Island of Martinique.
After spending a few days with his
father Mr. Davis will risit friends,
throughout the country, and, begin-
ning July 15, he will be stationed at
Erie, Pa.








ISLAND OF CURACAO!


rEfl3 DAVIS TELLS OF THE
cOsD'TE AlD CUSTOMS.


An Intensely Interesting Interview Is
Secured for the Benefit of the
News Readers.

A representative of the NEWS spent
a delightful half hour yesterday with
Fred Davis, who has just returned
from the island of Curacao, and is
spending a few days with his father.
Judge-Horatio Davis.
"Mr. Davis," said the NEWS man.
"will you not give the readers of the
NEWS some pointers in regard to Ca-
racao, the people, customs and char-
acteristics?"
"Yes, sir, I will with pleasure, give
you an epitome of my experiences on
the island of Curacao.
"Holland owns a Caribbean col-
ony of five islands, chief among
which, and the capital of the colony,
is Curacao. Curacao island stretches
out from northwest to southeast twen-
ty-six miles long with an average
width of six miles.
"Undoubtedly it is of volcanic o'.-
gin, for a chain of hills runs around
the island, slopes gradually from the
coast and fplls precipitously, enclos-
ing a plain, evidently the crater of an
extinct volcano.
"A portion of 'bhis plain is covered
with water and conneced with the sea
by a narrow passage 300 feet wide.
This passage is about three quarters
of a mile long, so it is seen that the
harbor, besides being su'counded by
high hills, from 600 to 1,000 feet ia
height, lies inland nearly a mile.
"Curacao harbor, or sbe Schotte-
gat, is said to he the safest anchorage
in the western hemisphere. The depth
of the water in the harbor and in the
channel leading to it is forty feet, suf-
ficient for any vessel afloat.
"The population of the island is
30,000 and of the city of Curacao (fre-
quently called Willemstas) between
26,000 and 27,000. About 4,000 white
people reside there, 2,500 of which are
Jers and 1,500 are Dutch, with a shift-
ing population of one hundred of other
nationalities. 26,000 are negroes.


"Of the whites the Jews are highly
educated and refined. Those people
isand their children to be, educated in

f; iie. fe.frfrb i.nlJSf i


(Dutch. The languages spoked a-e
respectively, Spanish, Epglish, Dutch,
German and French, aLd to keep in
practice the Curacaoan will have a
Spanish week, an English wvek. antC
so on, religiously bdiding ibe week to
the appointed language.
Among the Jews, English is most
frequently heard, and the societies are
named in that language always, for
instance, "The 4 C's," (coffee, cake
and creatm club.) It would astound
a stranger to stlp into '-he synagogue
there some Saturday morning. The
ladies dress', in the finest silks and
their dresses are ordered from Paris.
"The Dutch women are not so up-to-
date; for they follow a custom in dress
that changes very little, and not at
all, in respect to current fashions. .
The Dutch, of course, are ardent Boer
sympathizers. Every rendition of the
Transvaal," a-musical composition,
causes boisterous outbursts of enthus-
iasm; even women "and childi-e jo:-
ing in the hurrahing and handclap-
ping.
"The Dutch there differ from the
Jews in that they are backward con-
cerning modern improvements; while
the Jews are progressive and go ahead.
However, the modern improvements of
the city are due to the push and energy
of an American-the Hon. L. B.
Smith, late United States consul
there. To him are due the origin and
construction of a magnificent portoon
bridge 300 feet long, which connects
two suburbs of the city; the excellent
electric light plant, water works sys-
tem, ice and coal business."
"Speaking of coal-is Curacao a
coaling station?"
"Yes, sir; the natural har-
bor and very deep water give
the place an advantage which is rec-
ognized by two coaling companies,
American and Dutch. Mir. Smith is
the head of the American company,
which handles the famous Pocahontas
coal. The average total of the two
companies is 15,000 tons. Nearly all
foreign warships in those waters coal
at Curacao and many of the commer-

cial vessels make the place a regular
coaling port.







I a s seven-ltes of ocean
Setpomships having schedule sailing
S dtes, namely, an American line from
New York., two lines from England,
oneeach from France, Germany, Hol-
land and Italy. The end of the French
cable is there. The town is not so
isolated, after all, having direct com-
monication with every civilized coan-
try.
"Thpoi& free. Goods .re sent to
h 'islantobe transh ppe-to South
iAmerica. Venzuela has a high iam-
port- tariff, and, in consequence,
smuggling was at one time the lucra-
tive business of the Curacao merch-
ants, who had main stores in the
island and branch stores on the con-
't0fe nt n ac-a unt uofte turmoil in
'Venezuela business in Curacao As now
!virtually at a standstill; the island
depends upon Venezuela entirely."
"Aed by th6 way," said the NEWS
umau, 'what are the existing condi-
tiouts in Venezuela?"'
"Well, that is a difficult question-to
answer, inasmuch as no man can say
what the morrow will bring forth in
;thatcountry. It appears that every
high official wishes to be presi-
dent, and organizes a revolution
to carry his wish into effect;, he
!can always secure followers.
-It is said that not one man in
|ten can tell you why he is fight-
ing nor against whom. There is no
.richer country in natural products
ion the globe than Venezuela. The high
Mountains and the low latitude give,
'it every climate: the soil is without a
superior, and the mountains contain
ores and minerals of all sorts. inter-
nal peace would be a God-send to the
lovely land of Venezuela."
o "But to return to Curacao, of what
are the houses made?"
Of asort of cement, made lime
and sand. There of is not a wood-
'en house in the city nor one with,
a shingle roof, and fancy Span-
.ish tiles are used exclusively. I
.wish I were able to describe the city as
.it appeared tome. Have you ever
seen -pictures of Sapalin, spotless
town? Then you have Curacao.
"The island is of coral formisiun,
nd the"streets -are paved with coral
*Opbble*.tenes and kept immaculate
by conjict labor; said labor being
I used.gayateher_ purpose.


S-ihe oudses arei :i At gbl'.
according to Dutch f. mr biz bal.i1
ing,-latticed balconies and fancy pan-
el- effects, all painted, or rather
Swashed in a variety of colors, and
giving a charming and quaint effect.
bs house in Curacao thatis not so coo-
rtruoted eems to pushitself forward a
harsh object to mar tbe pretty sight."
"And now the greatest problem of
all-how about the negroes?"
"Theyare peaceable and law abid-
ing Dutch laws are very strict, so
much so that murderand thieving are
T/7he Curacao laundry will prove the
honesty of the people. After the -
clothes are washed in the sea water,
hey are spread out upon the hills back I
of the city to dry and bleach1
though the garments stay out there
over night and unprotected, too, noth-
ing is ever stolen. I never lost as
much as a pocket handkerchief. -
I The negroes are good laborers
When they want to work; but they live
entirely from hand to mouth and do
not need more than a few cents a day i
Supon which to subsist. They are mu-
Ssial and given to frivolities. Their
voices are not liquid, and when they
sing, it is a stentorian sound.
They sing when they are mad; they
sing..when they are happy; at their
work on.when walking alongthe street.
Their amusements are very limited;
and they make music out of anything
That will make a noise. The children
' until they are 7 or 8 years old roam
the public streets perfectly nude, wear-
ing not so much as a hat. One some-
'times sees 4iboy as old as 12 years
parading around in this condition.
It is the custom!
The climate is enervating in the ex-
:-treme. Foreigners are very apt to
'have tropical fevers, that are liable
* to drift into virulent types of yellow
'fever. Intermittent feverare common.
Small pox is occasionally carried to
the island from some South Ameri-
can port, but that disease is not en-
demic."
'What do the people down there eat?"
"What do the people down there eat?
That, sir, depends on a man's in-
dividual taste; if he tikes monkey
steak or stew, or fried Iquana, I sup-
pose he would call the Iliing good.
Monkey steak is not altogether.bad,






Mwheri it is properiT prepared with on-
;iong anWd spices. The flesh is sweet as
'though it were cooked in sugar syrup,
,resembling that, it is said, of human
flesh. Monkeys eat nothing except
fruits, such as bananas and cocoa-
nuts, so why should they not be good
eating? The Iquana is an herbivorous
lizard, about twenty inches in length.
,The reptile is skinned directly after it
has been killed, and the flesh taken
'Off in long, thin strips, then fried to a
Crisp. Iquana served in this manner
Tastes not unlike fried breakfast ba-
con. I learned to like the meat; it is
as palatable as; any bacon you ever .
tried. Fish is the principal food.
$They eat fish in Curacao 365 times
during the year they are so plentiful.
iI noticed a peculiarity about the Car-'
ribbean fish-many of the varieties
have no sales, like a shark !
"Well, you must be tired by this
time. What I have told you will give
a good general idea of sunny Cara-
cao."


!i C a o o n w

,B FFRED.IGa OAr'S I

FIVE ksfana comprmd tut, Du. i.
WF st landLn Colun, Car-I
,A thi. aipial oif ihe greau ...
rhe Iuosr impnr.anD or Iten I
rjsie is ptoun.unfed Kc .i.a -." w,. I
-srL.n c ns .o ih i 'I h r. ',.
.r i- i in,~rrerity peid Curi..
I lie i.aus t lt Brt- er*an i1 c- I.:,`
Or. -J average. ..1 nlula-..wide. II
U iniij unks north C-1 Lrei coMEt i
South America (Venezuela),'and in
12 degrees latitude. -
It iseof seismic or volcaae oriin,
more likely the latter. Arotufd the
iLand there runs-a chain of bills
that soope genty from tie sea for,
one-ilTffothliree-quartei'' of-a mile
and to an elevaltioof from 500 to
1,000feet, the dri Is precipltous to a
central plain. his plain is roiling
and a portion of it is-covered-with
water, forming the famous Schotte-
gee, or Curacao harbor, whichli aid
to be the best-and safest anhebiage
in the western hemisphere.. A pam-
sage not more than b0o feet wide,but,
like the harbor, having "enough
water to float any vesse, ever ever
built, connects the harbor with the
sea. This passage is three-quartets,
of a mile in length, and, as it passes
through the hills, the sides are pre
cipitous, like the (fraud Canon Of the
Colorado. The average depth of the
water in the harbor and in the little
"water isthmus" that-leads to it ib
six fathoms.
The City of Curacao clusters
around the southern or Carribean
Sea end of the passage, eitend-
ing from the foot hills to the coast
' on both aides. It is frequently glivyn
on the map as Willematad, but Wil
lemstad is only a suburb of tWe city
of Curacao. There are three other
suburbs, viz: Otrabanda, Beharlon
and Pietermaai,which axe principally
residence sections. The post-office,
government buildings and stores are
in Willemstad. There isnot a wood
en house in the city, nor one with a
shlitgled rmof. -The houses are made
of cement and are centered with
fancy Spanish tiles. (fables abound,
balconies peep out from all sides,and,
where'poseible, fancy beading ana
coping are used. The place is quaint
and interesting, and that it is of
Dutch possession is unmistakable
stamped upon every feature.
The streets show the Spanish mnal -
ner of building. There are a nun -
ber of broad 'streets, but the major-
ity are so narrow that a person can
stretch out his hands and touch both
sides at the same time. Frequentil
the window balconies, when oppo-
site, touch and form a bridge. Tih
sun never reached the bottom of
tfose stij'ts and t there at the
yellow fever germs are most abui-,
dant. Yelldw fever can be found in




ruraredsei vcar 4ound it Is ofai' Tlh. afufes at.Ie tf oaCuf Ii
I pVe very dangerous to 0tef gneri., be 'ealtto be .ro lairn famil-e-5
I e nia.' e oclujionaliy hive thsI Jewbs anl thirDditn. for the J'e!
fever- but it- is generally of a milr halmve marriett- among theuiasetv<*
'type. Tropical fevers of kinds are until they are all related, and S3.
eudemic, but not malaria. Small pox Tsame mav be said of the Dutoh; -t. -J
is often carried inLo the pltee from there js absolutely no inteiirar.'in.g
South American ports: hetweer the Jews and the Duto h. J
'The population of the island is Curacao is a balren, island, 'os,5
30,100, and that of the city is a6.000? quently nearly all the food supplie1
divided as follows: whites 4.000; ne-, are imported,either from Veneziuel
i roes, 26,000. Of,.the whites, .2,000 are or, in caus, flitm the United Startes.
Jews, 1,500 Ditteb, and about 500 of The-soil, however, is permeated with'
other nationalities. Early all ofthe phosphate dust and is e seeptiblisf'
better class of whites are highly edui- the highest cultivation; but there,
coated and refined. These people are only twomuonths during the year'
send their children to be educated in when the rainfall .1j suffioiaet to
America, Germany or France, whie make crops. Defring 0etohi.r, No-'
there are excellent educational insti-I vember and December the nitiaker
rttiols in Curaeao. They can con- abounds in melons, peas, ieans,
verse intelligenlvy in four or five, fruits and peanuts. The meats come
Slanguages-Spanish, English, Dutc!,, from Venezifla and, in cans, from
German and French, respectively in the sites. A favorite meat is the
point of use. Papiamento is the Iquana,-a herbiveaous lizard Aticto
language of the negroes, although fifteeir inches long. The m nmen
everyone on the knows and speaks it the reptile is killed tihe skii.
Papiamento is a patois spoken nc is take off and the meat sliced olf
wherelse in the world. It is a j.. ii; strips and then fried. The flesh o,
biing juixture, without respect rto the Iquana rhas not an urtpleasani
grammar, of Portuguese, Spanishl, taste, and it is very nutritious. In
English, Dutch atid Italian; and. to Curicao a monkey steak or roast i1
speak it"according to Hoyle" it is ab- considered a delicacy. This meat is
solutely necessary for one to gestic. dark in color and it has a sweet taste
ulate himself into a profuse perspire that resembles what is sod of human
tion, at hie same time rising a tone tesli. I shall :unevwt forget my first
of voice as though your listener mouthfail of monkey steak. All
were a mile away. I went well until the knowled de o'
The negroes are a peaceab.e people what I-was eating dawnird upon in,
as the fact that no murder has been after that time-well, ihe imiagins
committed on the island for fifteen, iMon can draw a better conception o,
yeais will show. Little or no thiev- l "fea-sicknrss" than can my pen de
ing occurs. It is tne custom for the serihe my feelings Custom is every
washer-women to spiea I the clothes thing, and I l-a'Treai to enjoy a mon
out on the hills to dry, and, although key steak-wlihen it was tender and
the clothes remain theie over night, prepared withnoiiion, and spices.
I never missed so much as a pocket- Cooking is done wi'h charcoal. No
handkerchief. other fuel is used on the islt n 1, an'r
The Curacao laundry was a revela- for this reason and that the house,
tion to me. The clothes are wanted are made of cem 'nt, conflagration,
in sea water in the following manner: are unknown. .
A washer-woman wades into the ea, I The climate of Curacao is debili
< places the garment upon ia rock and tating in the extreme One feels !iki
whacks away .with might and main, doing as little as possible, and tba
every new an then giving a new', as seldom as he canu. More it is ener
rising, followed by more-beating. I ating. The temperature seldom,
S'le clothes are then spread out ni reaches 90 degrees, even in mid-sum-
thle hills to dry and bleach. Pnre,- mer; but 90legrees there, .with the
thetically, I will state that a button high humidity, equal 100 in a dry
factory would do well there, climate. There is no winter; the-
Onie of ite first thin.a noticed by a weather is hot the year round,
stranger isthenaked negro children FACTS ABOUT CURACAO.
that roam the public streets. With e Curacao
(lie lower ca-s ofuegroes the child( The iy of Cracao pseais: Ans:
don irr manner of lothig until eig excellent electric light plant. Good
or rin- years olageoh and one ifr- water-works s.term, piped from a
qieirtly sees a boy twelve parading, stndpipe, into which tire water is
en e w forced rom deep wells. An artifial
Ene streets and not so much as a hat. fcerpi irom deep wel An aiuticial
Occasionally a country negro women i ice plant; together with a sufficient-
wil go to town wearing nothing! supply of natural Maine ice always
more than a short straw girth tied I' on han. The latter is brought in
around the waist, and large earins, iteamjers from Maine. A telephone
tihe latter- both cumbersoiiie anid Ystelu
lheavy. Althoouki these women showi .,The end of the Freach cable is
Sthe former conditions of the nativesj there, Seven different linesof ocean
ir a now looked pon as od I teamer have .'heduled sailing
c"rinos dates: from New Tork; two feom
Unlike tie customs of Ohs other g d ermnany, France, Holland
West Indian Islands, a negro is s'-I rd Italy, It is te distributing
. .. seen --.n t .h P ioirt for-South America for Chinese
ador seen i the white sAcisty circler.1 and Japanee articles, Goods ae &a-
-ad so^ he J s. e mitted freSTe-o -duty.





ra Basrofber i.,
aBt aoa leua~fi ctieeo.ae n I

u( vs-u Ca nIohe eh urhes 0on iD leel tj.j,
two Jewish and oan Dutesb Protes-
tant. -
Cureaao has:-A fine public library
containing siondard books In'every
civilized language, and current pa-
pers and magazines from North and
BU.,t'i America, England. France,
trs'ancy,.Spainraisd Italy. A club,
au -Iled Fellows' Hall, Masonic 'Pem-
s.o ajd two Hospitals. Fine Gov-1
."Miet Buildings, a barracks and:
lI r- Forts. The.-ea bathing is!
wI.aut apeer.-PubliOparks and en-I
".t nres abound. The military band
ei.w-- open air concerts'twice every

SI- Curacao Dutch are ardent
a, e syiupaitisae, and every ren-
.iti.b of the '"Trausval" was receiv-
rj % l^ boisterous outburftyTl en
Lh -htauL,
S'- 'racao is the largest coaling eta-
tionji the Cawlbean. There are
two ce~Qpanies, American and Dutch,
earryfCig a average total of 15,000
tons of coal.
b Allif the Venezuelari and Colum-
bian plaus are fornmalated in, and
directed, from, -.Curacao, surrepti-
tiously., of. conses and it is the
asylum- for every deposed South
American potentate.
The famous Curacao liquor is made
from the peel of a dwarf sour orange.
It sells iu "Ouracao for 85 cents a
qualt. 6alt, made by evaporating
tea-water, is the chief export. Divi-
divi (a plant from which tan dye is
iade), aloes and goat hides are ex
I ortedin large quantities also. As
stated before, the port is free, and
articles intended for distribution:
throughout outh America are the
chiefimports,
So Curacao has many modern ad-
vantages; a docile negro population;
highly educated and refined white
people; with hbut one, though serious,
drawbrek-the Climate.
[Mr Frederick Davis, to whim we
owa.the above interesting article,will
be rembered-by our readers as a son !
of Judge Horatio Davis. Helhad for'
snine timehbetn in the -midst of the
scenes described above, having been
sent by the U. S. government to take
charge of the weather bureau on the
island, but ill health, caused by the
climate, compelled him to give up
that wore and return to his native
land.-ED]


CURACAO


All About the Capital of the

Dutch West Indies.


The Manners and Customs

of the Inhabitants, Etc Etc.


Where is that little Island, anyway?
t is just fort miles from the C.ast (1
South Amsrica,. directly north of Vnicz(iit,
ned an a clear day the mountain rancas t
the latter country can be seen with thle
naktd 3ye.
It is bhout twenty-cight miles long and
has an average breadth of six mills.
Curacao is the capital of the several
Dutch West Indian islands. The first m-
habitants were undoubtedly Indians. For
many years the t tle to the island was con-
tested by France. England and Holland, bolut
the r itch finally became masters of tep
situation and have controlled this smil
piece of land now for ncar;y a century.
Holland sends over a governor to look at-
S; also procyd's a 'oloin I'
members. The colonial
court is composed mostly of tmc'-ers from
the colony. The judiciary is composed of a
chit f justice and three associates.
All the government positions are held Ly
Dutchmen, who are ret red on a ptn ,,u
after twenty years' service. Even toile ,,-
liceman are tako c0are of by olo" ollg
rctirted and pensioned alter a stated n l-
blr of years' satolfat.oly sorlec.
Curacao (not Curacon), with the ace-nt
strongly give on the last nyllable, is ant
to have derived its name from thle ldtllo
winrts "'Curapnira." nianing heart hfulnos.
The climate stems to awork wottis tr
those suftorong from lclmonalry troolhs
and ihecumatism. although tie great numild-
Ity maks it d presio olg in the extremem
The meina annual Ltemproerature is atout
dcgre(s. 'hhe warmest emoth of thi ocar
is Sti)te-mbnr; coolst, Ftbruary. Tote high-
est known ttmpcratu0re is 14 degrees, the
lowest. u;7 dcgrots. RRainfall s t xleptioital-
ly light, although there are picnty of cloudy
days.
Oni account of the orarcity of rai.s cg-t-
culture is limited, except at those pliot s
wheri irrigation is in use. Mt.y farms
are irrigated by means of windm 11s. anit
undor thitse favorable conditions tle soil
yields bountifully, for plhosphat Olsit I r-
meates even the top sod. hce th-
water there is an oasis, ind tropical fruits
of every kind abound. The prince pa crops
are acorn. peantstand vegetables.
The harbor of Curacao is one of the llest
known to exist, being surrounded by lighl
h:lls so that ncithtr winds nor an cn:mv's
gLina could damage ships that lay at anch'ir
Fort Nassau, which is now used as an i-
nal station, is situate-1 on a peak ov0r'oil-
ing ti'e city. and approaching o-css, Is are
signald several hours before they com, in
saght of the town.
Forts Amoterdam and Riff form the a.-
vance guards of two divisions of !he town-
Willemotad on the eastern side uad Orra-
banda (meaning other side) on tn.h wsti rn.
the two suburbs being connected b ,- .1 po-
toon br dgc. Just Ins de of the hlotl,, .ts
Saint Ann's bay. ,. de
is four-fifths of loot
passengers.and I counts for carriage, s.




S1Ita ni T water s always "just rghl.
: '. -. i .' .r .. r r e d i v d e d i n t o
i ,r- 4 .c ones set aside
S- of the island do not bdlievo in
L, .. .... I ... r ewth the 'n nen. .. i.
a. act as highly impeacr and
tion of the city of Curacao a s
'" .* tds number 4.Oa are w'iIt, and
S .. -- l OlIlws: Two thousalJs J(ws,
.nd about wit of other nationiJ-
,' "g o ." T 'res compose the balance nt
n. The blocks use t) be
i n 1811 the Dutch government
a ,- ,, ,- paying $S') for the mtrumml s-
oe' ht tn iell cI seach, besides providr-g oe t g
' fine Electric light plant is located tlie; ;t and Inrm eses pO n r -e
first class water works system is in opera- The white pcopiaton miy be siid ti be
S. tion, and there is also a large artuc al ice divided into two large tamlies, for th J w
manfaetory rTelephen;s are used hy have married amcng themselves unLil vierV
nTarly e erybodye family Is related either by blood or l r-
hTie end of the Frenh cable isn ih>er rnage. The same may be said of the D otlC.
r evn ocean steamsh:p lins itv,o rcgt:.er But the Jews never marry the Inchi, nor
Iedat from Curacao. and ere' a vice versa, neither do they intcrnlnl. exI
fine sailing vc erie front Nec o k.- cpt 'in a business way.
Communloaton wi the ot ic wor'l s e The Jews were among the first Irn i nent
mlote. The Aoand e .tf.r s -. l' to Curacao from eraz-il .tr
an a seain nt that i.narcbtio'' t.e-h "i t n, disturbances it the least
intshe entes cCarHie'ao. o en te country.s They form a colony to thmn :cmte
aind mart of the r omaeria I tea ines n.e- and are enclosed by I social veit h tt ts m-
.t a coaln tIeort. pregnable by the other inhabitants. Aiarl-
Salt hain c et ers bcme the chif calls those h, are admitted to the inner or-
aexport of the eland Vains eof 1, rli e ale made w -oe ea
fichefa t rhick toorued wehe re c'aron t' rt c
b taeti flus thea loin them, anied eh Tcer holme of the ltabrse ore t be tiind-
from a distae, they Iook like a net n somst n the and aed, the moert ser hin it-
large mesh The ocend e en the I c;ly id she feature bing the clone ade, o la the
Iara t besn nw tcy aa o accomepanying fancy wetabartutdre, forng





for alcly ab re soeredm
tine ,nd a half month or ca i rop '' c te I the utpost eof the marbhe colored eino 'nis
inces thick to form. Shovet are need to' The fuornishings are imported from m parts
take up the 't, which is put ite no ba, is t r, of Europe and are of the fi ost qtaltise
nand the sry dmtno th,t adores tn thebos Dances and parties coneUdnite the chief
tom uI the cakerl se a Te eni "lenia it e socia featu res. The men always attend
tPled ip to de alt, r wn hih thw i ne i,, sp- these functons In futall dress and top hatn,
aranted roma dull color, r e ing now re y an by the ladgables ethat protrude f from a














living the excessive glare. This is reou- sides of the house. In fact. a residence n
fottred sy law. adch house is nrr--td by ea America knw such. The nameem tof
At one etr me hicraaT a Oeare tie ne their sorletli are generally In engish-


ed .th gables aon t itwo T crem club, and at all of their meetngDutch.
besre tle seie'l frit Heolland Ti de- a coffee and cakoes are served, and feaegl hb
Curacao is the cleando fotre tha I avf is spoken exclusively. EvTher major time on mai
avcr seen.our Trange, s ar list atitn ith a alln air, and t or fowerma, rfreshments
pre alcohol are served.
lThere cty is not an seedn ho"' ite I'y of The Curanao Dutch, although kind and
natd place no o urne d.th a hin' ld roef. T hr sci he, are not so upnrst geous c a the extr Jew
haves alle il t anish chrt of e r i- They dearly love musare arnd nt Bohey sinympa-
of nand, gain i an d lire. Te cni.e te is i theoern however, many are anxious to see
netures some of the wowr, abacn e te l-slandin. too.anne Thed gui the United are athe
Testire es arle rmodertn and W'll sn t Theired hom are mostly a ey land ia half
patching are plp I nly of churches a cyls high, and are cmmitted on thrupulouslye islan. ine an
Spanish t rie. are d Eeryire aho-,' sa always diostngu ah the home of a Botch-
Jeinwsd and seven Crthoric i i rci'esI te stema by the gsonan hac protrde froman nary
I ong the isand. These school acomm Thi sides prevailing the hons ofn franct, a resAdemne i
a high I, also m-de If c'ment, push Itself forward in hareh contraat to
Tar ample; a convent, three eholic int:- The dance at of heroes s roudmnsin
tutonsd for boysi h magn. Tient scmrenr f eatu re of their socials are Th sohaeal
dl g Stte. io Ctolteo e cnsi rt thems ealYt with the D ot he d
ig the e ulum of eves y cool in- and f The ngrosthey of the tnd are a nthusardm
eirns conebr, a race and thrive an vegetable product, ct,
S,. iS the a course ilea thEnlis, :'-c fee nanious higarettesppn The majority whe th n
e er .-e. T of te seats of learn, muthe cease r, and thafeir hearing appr. Ia
ral c h le .on s e man e- g be:- charact erizss ed oby Its soarelty. T',i chi ron
gade i. mrdren if on I ,rerrsch. e.o-In roam the streets naked, not ven w armeg
it The ciit's r(fvtse I takln to :i tiaig- a hat.
nated place red buried. TIc ohhr sit rts They ore supe rstiMous in the extr-ne,
hone all of the 1raittt heraer i-r They deal love mnus and they sing we t'
'awicen being or of thie d st",ncoen t"'I-- at work or play; when they are ange, te
turt, come fe of te w ne alemre cas rsing. too. The guitar and drum are lhe
lt tots'ing and Otng a hrelee fatroari inntruments.e
Tarenets are modern 'mod l, s',i c:d Nearly alt of them drink Holland gin, and
with Amenrcan and European g"e t in a marvelous record that not a murder
There are lrImy of church, ahidI ionlc has hen committed on the sland Is matny
in Curacao. There are a temple %nil n- yearn, Thoenomee foth mear eanito in-
agegae for the efornmed iand te ..hides stead of thoee and drag their feet aneeg itn
Jeen, and steen rCtholic hei'tlc' the street In consonance with an imag teey
h"c ke bring Catholics withbrte.'eieoinn. tune. During holidays and feast da the
The Botch hate the onto P'rtesetantehlroh women dress very gaudily and inate e
on the Island. The school mc'omm' eel 'eIns prevailing fashions of France and AmterI.or
are ample; a conn nt, three Catholie ino, The dance of the negroes is it aptntn ote
tutnonm for hoys, a magnificent scrna' it', lir feature of their sca. life. Thnt shake
girln, and St. Thomas College, creilerod I themselves Ienvulnitiy to the juniid of ;ie
the beht education ,l inetlto urn o' tie N\'st- drum and triangle, nway ng their adsri to
c`um of ev-es'ytchoi In- and fro as they bawI not tte1, enthu raem.
a, rore in Englise, feecI Unanimous handclopplng occur. h the-
"-r T r of the Seato of earring music cranes, and after the cOhblrhalon
I,- F .-d German. closes thee roam the street In ntplas,






I several days. without ceszat on. (Owir-
S I the turbulent nature of these anrni.i
the government allows them only on hi,
days. It is not unusual to see the wonma
in their gaudy dance dresses peddling fruit,
which they carry in trays on their hinads
whie the flowing skirts trail alas :he
ground.
honesty is the redeeming quality o' the
people. The laws in th s con 'ciion -re
severe, and for the most trivial tieft very
heavy fines are imposed. The iainier )t
washing clothes will prove this. Your liun-
dry is carried to the beach and thoroughly
soaked and hammered with a s:o,-t. thk
paddle. After this operation ev-rit;iVuag i
taken to ithe hil's Lnd spcad out todry, rre-
quently remaining there over a ght. You
never lose so much as a pocket ia.iikr-
The people of Curacao live upon a strange
and mixed diet. a great deal depending
upon a man's individual taste. If hre ias.fond
of Iguana or if he relishes a monv steatK
he will never be hungry. The Igouinia is
an hErbivorous lizard about tweo ',. t!uh's
in length. 'Ihe flsh is cut off Inti in
strips and fried, like bacon. Monky m'eat
is sweet in taste, resembling thit w:ii'i
is said of human flesh. Fish are abindil.nt.
All sothr kinds of meats are import, d in
T. FREDERICK DA tIS.


1 7 -V 7


I I 7Mr,








Negroes of Curacao Island


SWest Indies

0 Written for the Tines-Union by Thomas Frederick Davis.


The negroes range, in color and ntelli- bodies to and fro. quivering from head to
gene, all the way from the highly edu- foot and marking time In the limited space
I cated mulattoes (often the natneal and ac
Snow edged offsprings of the most repu allotted to them; crowded together, en
table citizens, who provide for such prog- masse, In a single room, they shake and
-eny) to the nearly half-civilized blacks of sweat for hours at a time, all the while
ithe remoter parts of the island. Only badly proclaiming their enthusiasm, until
the blacks of the middle and lower classesiming their enth until
Swill be considered in this epitome, again mere exhaustion causes a lull in the
These negroes are a hardy race; they degraded amusement. After a brief period
I subsist and thrive on a few cents a dai of rest. and witnout a varying feature, the
with which to buy cornmeal, coffee and dance is resumed. If it survive a row, the
cigarettes. As it is an extremely raro o- festivity ends at dawn, when the dancers
irc for it to rai In Cin uracao at night assemble in groups and walk from one
licty cean sleep in the open air, almost subtulrb to another, singing and laughing
from the time they are able to walk, their at the top of their Voices and clapping
home is wherever night overtakes them. their hands with the greatest vehemence
Siftlessness and independence follow, a, (this handclapping is indicative of mirth).
atal constequ ne; but impudence art The negres-e on these occamsions wear the
unreliability are acquired qualities. Rogues gaudiesi colors, with headclothes of ye-

the strict Dutc law that convicts severely is not unusual to see them, in the stme
-lor even petty theft. Marriage is a state gaudy garb, peddling fruits and small
almost unknown to them, the percentage wares, which they carry in wooden trays
of illegitmacy borders close to the "7( balanced on their heads.
mark. Given to traditions, their lives are Very likely the first local custom the
but a long chain of superstitions, stranger in Curacao notices is also as-
it is a musical race. They sing or chant sociated with these classes. Their children
as they work, especially at harvest time don clothing of no description until about
when one of their number is delegated five years old, roaming the thoroughfares
to furnish an accompaniment on a reed at will in this perfectly nude condition. It
flute, the workers suiting their movements i noi unusual to see on the streets chil-
to the rhythm of the monotonous, unvary- aren eight or ten sears of ,g'c dressed only
drum-drum tun, which Iast through in a s igle garment, reach! g not far be-
Sthe day. They sin. too, when they low the waist. This, perhaps, is the most
are angry, in stentorian tones; in sorrow, repulsive of their habits.
they sing with voices that are liquid and The women carry their babies and young

they drug their leet in consonance with youngsters clinging on with surprising ten-
an imaginary tune. aciy. A customary sight is that of a wom-
In speech their voices are placed at the an carrying her offspring in this manner,
highest pitch, while they gesticulate u- in her arms she holds numerous'bundles,
riaouly and constantly, often working and on her head she balances trays of
themselves into a frenzy in explaining the fruit, while she walks along shuffling heri
simplest ciden They row among them feet to the meter of the tune she hums,
I bout the most trivial matters, fte- every now and then stopping long enough
Switch their friends, and sometimes to yell "plara," "placa-the price of her
the whoie neighborhood joining in, At wares-
such times these disturbances attain th' lMany are the embarrassing incidents that
proportions of a riot, but a riot of tongue occur to tourists that stop over between
and gestures, for to strike a person in boats, and especially if there be ladies in
Curacao means a long term in the choky the party, for these little Imps are not dull
jaill. Such quarrels last for hours, with In extorting coppers and nickles from
lulls and fresh outbursts, until from mere strangers; they will stretch hands across
y gradually dissipate, leav- the street in front of the visitors, and re-
of attion-two women, who floe to move until the expected nickel is
walk apart, mumbling; then. with a sud- forthcoming, when they 'will scurry off
den uthburst, they turn. clapping their in high glee at the always successful un-
hands furiously (expression of Insult), and dertaking.
approach each other, parley some aid sep- Every incoming boat is literally sur-
arate again, every time with greater dis- rounded by young negro boys, who make
canoes ,nd inereasng exhaust ion, until a bu nes of diving for cons thrown over-
finally the row that started about prac-- board to thsby the pa sengers This is
tirally nothing cea es the most mounratie of their schemes,
The ncoarse make-up of these negroes s for they seldom miss a coin thrown over-
best reflected in their dence, which is board to hem. Their mouth serve as
allowed only on public holidays, because, purses, while in the water; on shore they
of its turbulent ature The msic an- dihide result. for they are all in cahoot
sits of a hand-organ, a bass drum and A custom expressive of the superstition
a triangle, selected, perhaps, because the of the blacks is seen on Good Friday. As
combination is capable of making the loud- one walks along the streets he wonders
net and most discordant noise The dance at 'the rag effigies of men hanging from
begins at sunset on the eve of a holiday, the inmbs of convenient trees, or perhaps
and reaches its greatest proportion by lying on some door step-In the minds of
midnight. The dancers shake themselves the negroes tiese figures represent Judas
to thes oundo of the music,waying other of the aihle, aid every native that passes




.1W rtnhE or r s\~ a

ME'rEi i.-.n.iail-:..-.ii a -


they may be engaged upon, the moment it
begins to sprinkle they scurry for shelter
there to remain until the shower has
passed.
With them chairs are unnecessary house-
hold articles. They sit, eat and sleep on
the floor; sit in a squatting posture, or
with their feet drawn up under them with
their knees in the air-
These negroes are seldom blessed with
surnames. One name, usually in Papiamen-
to or Slanish, suffices for all needs, and
very often it Is a nickname given as the
result of some incident.
On rare occasions one meets a type now
almost extinct; these specimens are con-
fined exclusively to the remote parts of
the island. Their dress comprises a short
skirt, with a jacket that reveals the ebony
neck and shoulders and ending far above
the waist As ornaments they wear im-
mense hoop earrings that pull and tear th,,
lobes of their ears. They are looked upon
now as old curios. The houses of the.s
country negroes are models of crude con-
struction-a single room, with roof of
thatched straw and siding of boards.
Goods boxes are in demand, and it is no
reflection upon their tastes if the address
of some New York firm stares the visitor"
in the face as he approaches. Whole famil-
ies. and there is no race suicide among
them, clive in the single room, along with
the dogs, pigs and chickens.
There are a few distinct lines separating
the country blacks from. those of the city:
but the same habits, customs and superst,-
tions characterize all: Fish is the principal
food. and may be had in abundance for thi
price of hook and line; cornbread, coff,,
and cigarettes constitute the balance.
t whether in coontsy or town. their moral
status is low. very low; their religious be-
liers mere superst IHtons; and their daily
lives and actions the outgrowth of tradi-
tions now untraceable.


-'F' .

















MKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1901L.




THe West Indian Hurhricane


(By T. Frederit Davia, Observer, U. S. Hurricane Is Launched.
Weathr Burean.) Then there comes an overturning of the
Unstable air, from causes too intricate for
A few remarks concerning the origin of eplanabon here and the emryo hurri-for
our West Indian hurricanes may be inter- cone sl launched upon its long voyage to
n eating at this time as a tropical storm of the higher latitudes, floating along'like a
more than ordinary severity ba beon np bubble released from its point of con-
n threatening our lower East Coast for sev- At first Its intensity is weak and it drifts
o erai days. as an eddy in the atmosphere slowly to-
n Get out your physical geography and ward the west, and with a progressive mo-
look for the doldrums, or region of calms, tion of perhaps five or six miles an hour.
over the ocean between South America and The heat given out by the condensation of
Africa, a few degrees north of the equator. moisture, known technically as the latent *
It is here that the hurricane is born, heat of evaporation, supplies much of the
This calm belt lies between the northeast energy necessary for the full development
trade winds of the northern hemisphere of the hurricane.
and the southeast trades of the southern After several, though sometimes many *
hemisphere, and is due primarily to the days, the storm slowly and gradually turns 6
rotation of the earth on its axis, which northwestward In its course, increasing in I
causes the trade winds of both hemispheres energy and destructive violence. Sweeping
to weaken-as they approach the equatorial onward at a slightly increased rate, It final- 4
regions. It does not remain stationary ly approaches the outlying islands of the -
throughout the year, but migrates back- Antilles, and thenceforth its progress be-
wards and forwards after the sun In his comes a record of danger and destruction
annual march north and south of the equa- too well known to require description here.
tor. Owing to an antarctic ocean current, Course of Hurricane.
Which holds them back, the doldrums do
not reach a latitude n the southern heis- The average aragtrack of hurricanes carries
Sphere corresponding to that north of the them near and almost parallel to the east
equator and for this reason the south Florida coast, and many of them survive
Atant ocean has no record of true tropi- until they reach the coast of Norway. Sev-
cal cyclones. etral storms of tropical origin have been
Position of Doldrums. traced nearly around the world; but, as a
rule, these disturbances either break up |
Returning now to the birthplace of the and disappear or become weak cyclones
West Indan hurricane, we find tho air when they come to considerable bodies of
quiet and moist, evaporation from the land, for, as before stated, they require
oceans surface having been going on n- the moist air of the sea for their maih-
Shampered day after day. Light. local tenance.
breezes, only, prevail, and in the afternoon "The surface winds blow spirally inward
there is the tropical thunder storm and toward the center, from left to right in the
downpours of rain. The atmosphere is on- northern hemisphere, and with Increasing
stable and convection is evident from these violence as the center is approached.
Sthunderstorms and heavy rains; but a well- Usually, heavy gales are not experienced -
formed whirl with a definite rotation can at a distance greater than 20 miles from
be established only when the doldrums are the center of the storm.
far enough north or south of the equator Two hinds of motion ar'company every
for the deflective force of the earth's rotat hurricane-the progaresive motion, or the
tlion to become a factor in the tropical traveling of the storm from one place to V
storm building. As the doldrums are well another, and a rotary motion of the winds
north of the equator from August to Octo- around the central core or "eye". It is the
ber, it follows as a corollary that this is rotary winds that are dangerous, for they
the hurricane period for the northern hem- sometimes attain a velocity of 100 miles an
tlphere, and being coincidental with the hour or more. The progressive movement
autumnal equinox, many persons misname amounts, on an average, to about twelve
These storms "equinoedL." miles an hour, in the latitude of Florida.




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