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GEORG SAERS 1I
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Manuscripts books and documents in their orig-
inal hand or typewritten state are primary
source material for studies in many fields. The
best-known manuscripts, such as the works of a famous
writer, or an important document like the Declaration of
Independence, represent a transitional state through which
a text passes from the author's mind to a mechanically pro-
duced work. Or they are the fruit of an age in which the man-
uscript was the final stage of production such as the famous
illuminated manuscripts of the Middle Ages.
The great majority of manuscripts, however, including
letters, diaries, journals, notes, etc., are never published at
all and are known and used by scholars and readers only
in their original, hand-produced state. While the manu-
scripts of famous individuals attract the most attention,
those of obscure individuals who saw and described a
well-known person or event, recorded their own experi-
ences in a way that informs and has enduring interest to
others, or described a way of life that has passed, are
While many manuscripts exist as parts of collections or
"groups" that are vast in size and represent a person's
whole life and career or an organization's entire history,
a single page is often of value in a manuscript repository.
he Smathers Libraries is fortunate to have a large
collection of manuscripts dating from the medieval
period to yesterday, produced in numerous formats
and languages, and covering a wide array of subjects. The
largest group occupies the length of a city block in space,
but many may be shelved in inches.
The collection includes manuscripts of published works
of famous titles and authors such as Albert Camus's
drama Caligula, Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings's The Yearling
and Cross Creek, Zora Neale Hurston's Seraph of the
Suwannee, stories and essays of modern short story mas-
ter Frank O'Connor, and the Travis McGee novels of John
D. MacDonald. The great majority, however, represent the
daily work of both famous and unknown individuals:
their letters, diaries, journals, research notes, business
records and other documents.
The bulk of the manuscript holdings relate to Florida, but
the Smathers collections are international in scope.
Holdings are rich from the Caribbean area, especially Haiti,
Cuba, and other parts of Latin America. Holdings also
include manuscripts of several British and French authors.
Africa and Asia are represented to a lesser extent.
Representative manuscripts of the Smathers Libraries and
their uses include:
* Manuscripts of creative writers help to reveal how an
author reached a final text. The Smathers Libraries
writers' collections include Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings,
Zora Neale Hurston, John D. MacDonald, Frank
O'Conner, Carl Hiaasen, and Lillian Smith. In addition,
the Library has one or more manuscripts of hundreds
of other authors.
* Correspondence and other unpublished writings in
the Smathers Libraries are the basis for correspon-
dence and uncollected writings of Rawlings, Hurston,
a member of the Accounting Hall of Fame, and a
Florida family during the Civil War.
* Notary documents from pre-Revolutionary Saint
Domingue (Haiti), or family papers from frontier
Florida are of value to genealogists and others search-
ing for family records and demographic information.
* The Braga Brothers collection, a major archive of
sugar production in Cuba, and numerous groups
which document the citrus and forestry indus-
tries in Florida, are among collections most fre-
quently used by scholars.
* Research material from the papers of scholars
and practitioners in many fields, including sea
turtle biology and conservation, applied
anthropology, psychological testing, and sports
broadcasting, among many others, are primary
source material for scholars, graduate students,
and lay researchers.
* Papers from the era of French and British colo-
nialism in the Caribbean, many Florida elected
leaders, American anarchists, and African polit-
ical documents reflect differing social and polit-
* Records of groups such as the Florida National
Organization for Women and the Florida
American Civil Liberties Union reflect contem-
porary social trends. The papers of women
social activists Margaret Dreier Robins, May
Mann Jennings, and numerous women writers
support women's studies research.
* Records of Florida naturalists and environmen-
talists including Archie Carr, Jr., Arthur R.
Marshall, Nat Reed, Jack Rudloe, and the Florida
Sierra Club, document attempts to preserve nat-
ural Florida. Papers of real estate development
companies, landscape architects, and financial
institutions document the development of a
* The records of a small press publisher, a noted
engraver, or even a small collection of books
written on bark from a South Sea island are
source material for students of book arts.
Partial list of names of manuscript groups
and collections in the Smathers Libraries
This is not a definitive list of manuscript material
Ouida Davis Abbott ACLU of Florida Accounting Collection Jean Ajalbert *
James Nesbitt Anderson Tracy L'Engle Angas William M. Angas Charles 0.
Andrews Andre-Louis Antoine Archive of Recorded Poetry Reuben 0. Askew
* Oliver L. Austin Harold R. Bachman Ruth M. Baldwin Turpin C. Bannister -
Red Barber Richard M. Bartleman Batak Bark Books Elmer G. Beamer -
Robert C. Beaty Louisa Seaman Bechtel Raymond Brown Becker John Belling
* Charles E. Bennett John Robert Benton Birley Papers Robert L. Black Abram
0. Blanding Albert H. Blanding Edgar S. Block Elmer HI. Bone Robert 0.
Bowen Richard W. Bowles Ralph Bradford Braga Brothers L. M. Bristol -
Napoleon B. Broward Jimmy Buffet Millard F. Caldwell Albert Camus William
Graves Carleton Louis Bishop Capron Archie F. Carr, Jr. Robert Spencer Carr *
Austin Cary Cason vs. Baskin Raymond Chambers Sidney 0. Chase Winnie
Children Jean Cocteau Concerned United Birthparents Creative Writing
Collection Ida Cresap Raymond E. Crist John Wilson Croker Theodore R.
Crom Frank R. Crumble J. Broward Culpepper Lucien Daudet Manning G.
Dauer William Davenport George K. Davis John Henry Davis Thomas E Davis
* Sigismond Diettrich Robert N. Dosh lohn Thomas Duckworth Robert
Dunbar Marquis G. Eaton Richard G. Eberhart Mary Lindsay Elmendorf -
Elmer J. Emig James Madison Farr Fernandina Dock & Realty Company -
Florida Anthropological Society Florida Citrus Mutual Florida Federation of Art
* Florida Music Educators Association Florida NOW Florida Society of
American Foresters Louis 0. Foster Ellen Glasgow William H. Gleason John
M. Goggin Edmond de Goncourt Ulysses S. Gordon Paul Grady Ernest R.
Graham Robert A.Green Rebecca E. Greer Lester L. Hale Haitian Registries .
Haitiana Collection Arthur Henry Hallam Julia E. Harn Robert J. Harris Tom
Harrisson Richard B. Harwell Alden Hatch William Perry Hay Joseph E.
Hendricks John Heney Albert S. Herlong Carl Hiaascn James B. Hodges ,
Spessard L. Holland Hollis Holbrook H. Harold Hume Zora Neale Hurston *
Independent Order of Florida Odd-Fellows James E. Ingraham Joseph Ishill -
Laura (Riding) Jackson Alvin R. Jennings May Mann Jennings William
Sherman Jennings Jeremie (Haiti) Papers Ralph S. Johns Accounting Certificates
- Hans Jurgensen Hannah Kahn Peter O. Knight Krueger Match Case Jules
LaForgue Georgiana L. Lahr Katharine B. Lang Claire Schiller Lashley Karl
Spencer Lashley Jean Lee Latham Edward W. Lawson James Miller Leake -
Renc LeMarchand African Political Papers Duane Locke Connie Mack Scott M.
Loftin H. D. Lohman Pierre Louys John D. MacDonald Donald Pierson *
William A. MacRae Austin Shuey Mann Manuscript Letters Arthur R.
Marshall, Jr. Sidney Walter Martin Walter J. Matherly James D. Matheson *
Donald R. Matthews Nathan Mayo Kenneth A. Megill Ernest Matthew Mickler
* Thomas Moore Arthur E. Morgan Albert A. Murphree Isabel Briggs Myers *
Anne E. Noailles Virgil M. Newton Wilmon Newell Stephen C. O'Connell
Frank O'Conner James T. O'Neill Ormond Family Orr Family Jean Paton *
William Andrew Paton J. Max Patrick John D. Pennekamp James H. Peterson -
Richard A. Pettigrew Edith P. Pitts Pansy Pickren Donald Pierson Edith Pope
* Verle A. Pope Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings Charles B. Reynolds Bert Claire and
Ruth Lemon Riley James A. Robertson Margaret Dreier Robins Count
Rochambeau Dwight L. Rogers Paul G. Rogers Jack Rudloe William Ruff *
Bruce M. Sangster Paul Harkai Schiller Shands Family Margaret Sidney Sierra
Club, Florida Chapter John Silkin John Ormsbec Simonds I. Bryan Simpson *
Miriam Rossiter Small George A. Smathers Jefferson Davis Smith Lillian Smith
- Thomas Lynn Smith Southern Cypress Manufacturers'Association Stephens
Family Frederick L. Stringer Samuel A. Swann Abram M. Taylor B. Campbell
Thornal E. H. Tomlinson Park Trammell Harry R. Trussler Ralph D.
Turlington Charles Wagley Lewis C. Warden Harry Warfel Fuller Warren
Joseph H.Woodman Rudolph Weaver Joseph Weil Hiriam Williams Thomas
A. Yon P. K.Yonge David L. Yulee
ILLUSTRATIONS: Front: First page of manuscript
of The Yearling, by Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings
(published 1938). Inside: Boxes of a large
manuscript collection being prepared for use
For more information on manuscripts held by the
Smathers Libraries contact:
Carl Van Ness
University of Florida
George A. Smathers Libraries
Department of Special and Area Studies Collections
PO Box 117007
Gainesville, FL 32611-7007
Manuscripts Web site:
SAn equal opportunity institution