Title: St. Andrews buoy
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073857/00011
 Material Information
Title: St. Andrews buoy
Uniform Title: St. Andrews buoy
Alternate Title: Saint Andrews buoy
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Emmons & Lynch
Place of Publication: St. Andrews Fla
Publication Date: November 15, 1894
Frequency: weekly
Subject: Newspapers -- Saint Andrews (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Washington County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Washington -- Saint Andrews
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 3, no. 27 (Sept. 28, 1893).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00073857
Volume ID: VID00011
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 33065309
lccn - sn 95026996
lccn - sn 95026996

Full Text

V. I


S first, Last, and al the

S Time! v '.


OFFICIAL Di-RCTORY- 'PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY set o~ k~, a.,l labeling themsei'e.. Wonil
-" Floridari4;

enattors- Hou. am'l l'aseo, Moiticello;
Hon Wilkiniion Call, .Ilv.ksonviile.
Rupresentativei.--lst Distrect, . Mal-
lory, Penfiusci,a. d District, C. M-
Un ,Lper, JAknvIs o e
Jlad Office-Registt-r, J. M. Barco; Re-
ceiver, \ olney J. Sblpman, Gainesville
Gjvernoi-llenry L. Mitchell; Attorney
General, Wm. B. Lamar; Secretary of
State, J. L. Cra ford, Comptroller, W.
D. Bloshami; Coin ntlisioner ot' Agricul-
ture, L. B. Wonmlwell; Superintiedent
of Public Instruction, W. N. Shliati:
Treasurer, C. B. Collin,.: Jusitice of Su-
preme Court, H. F. Tavli-r, Ti'allahase:e.
cNAvronI.LL UDsrftlCT.
\V \isLN'oroiS CO(UNiLTY.
R preae ii tat iVe, W P. ;:iiii, Chii)lcy,
Cuunt Judge, Win. B. .louiiW, Vernoii;

BB 5 T rix tillector, J.'
IM y, noi Tax fA't-sessor, A.
.Gay, Gr.Ls y Point. Superintendent
of Pulli Instruction, W. L. Locke):
Chidler: Sur'ev(,r, ThoB. Collins, Chip-
le y. .
ostice of (lie Peace. W. G. Singleterrv;
Notary Public. Deputy Circuit Court
Clerk, R. D. Hopkins: School Super-
visor, H. F. Brackin; Post Master, G.
B. Thompson

?ostiniairea1, Mrs. Ellison.
?ostmistress, Annie R. Pa
Puilil, W. H. Parker.
?ostmaster, N. W. Pitts.

One Dollar a Year in Advance.

Publishers and Proprietors.
WM. A. EmMON. E..1. LvYNU.

E. A. EMMONS, - Political Editor.

Display ad rate- 51c per inch per month.
Position and extraordinary condition
rates subiect to soce-ial agreem n:t.

The Recent Disaster.
For an entire year, it has been no-
ticed by the close observ -r of pai-ing
events, that the democratic party lhaY
been passing through a guillutine.
and on the 6th it seemeil to have

-"M, SRT o.- I ,... *- I-4I- .
The cunflicting opinions of the
'lay in regard to the adopltinu of bi-
netallisni by the Uiited Strtes, and
the disregard of the facts within o3r
experience, makes it desirable that
the facts should be investigated his-
Monetary science, moreover, will
gain by an honest attempt to collect
accurate data. which may serve in

irker; Notary the process of verification of eco-

.4otarieo. E. Moesher. Frank Hoskins, F
B. Bell; Postmaster, W. M. Croman;
County Commissiuner, H. M. Spicer
Deputy Clerk of Courts. S. T. Walkley

Y. P. S.C. E.-Prayer meeting at the
Preelivytrian church every Sunday after-
-oon at 3:30 o'clock. All are invited.
Baptist-Rev M. J. Webb, Pastor,
preaches in the Methodist Church, corner
of Washing on avenue and Chestnut
street at 11 a. m. ind 6:45 p. m.,: very
first and btird Sunday, prayermeeting
every Friday eu\ning at 6:45. Church
confererec Saturday Ilefore first Sunday
at 3 p. m. At Parker every fourth Sun-
day in earb month at 11 a. n. and 7:30
p. n.; at. Cromanton every second Sun-
daymnioruiiig and evening.
Sevi cith Daiy lalitiil--Mlet- every Sat-
arda. at iI o'clock a. in., corner of Wood-
jine aveuuo and Buy View streets; prayer
mieeling same place erery Friday evening
it ; :j0.
Preshvterian-Cli urch corner Loraine
Lvenu.e nand Drake. street. Rev. C. P.
Slade iChristiau) preaches by permis-
lion every nltierl.atc Sundaiy nt '.:0 p. in.
Catholic-Churhli corner 'Wyauiiing aie-
jUe and Fostetr stlret.

Kast, west and north mail, via. Chipley de-
parts erery day except Sunday at. 12:30
o'clock; carries every day except Sun2
aay at 1l:00 p. ma.
East Bay mail for Harrison, Cromanton,
Parker, Farmdale and Wetappo, leaves
St. Aiidrews going east every morning
at F o'clock and arrives, coming west
every afternoon at 3 o'clock.
North Bay (Anderson): Avrives at St.
Andrews every Monday, Wednesda and
Friday, a. m ; Returns to Anderson
same days at 1:30 p m.i


Homeopathic Physician and Ac-
coucher. office e Pioneer Drug Store,
corner of Shell avenue and Michi-

gan street,
St. Andrews. -

The Magnetic Physician.
Electric, Maguetii and Ozone Baths
Office and residence one block north

St. An

ot steamboat landing.
drews, Filrida.

nomic principles, enabling the in-
vestigator either to confirm the truth
of previous conclusions, or to demon-
strate their divergence front actual
facts. In a monetary investigation
of this kind, induction is our main
Monometallism is not the belief in
the sole use of gold. Gold is univei-
sally regarded as the leases variable,
of the two metals and is best suited
for large payments; silver as a
heavier and cheaper metal, should be
used for small payments only, and
not wholly as a legal tender.
National bimetallism is an im-
possibility for any length of time,
for when one metal in the market
falls slightly below the legal ratio,
the other metal will be driven out
of circulation, and the country will
have really, only a succession of
single standards, alternating between
gold and silver.
No country, alone can hold np the
value of silver against the tendencies
of many countries to disuse it; and
if it should try, the holders ot the
silver bullion would gain at the ex-
pense of the single country, which
is sacrificing itself in buying silver
to depreciate upon its hands. Ac-
tion on the part of the United
States to induce other countries to
join in establishing international ra-
tio should be taken. The present at-
tempt to force silver upon the United
States, at the legal ratio of 16 to 1

is intended to favor owners of silver

nRI F.CTORY mines, and dishonest debtors who

wish a cheaper unit of payment.
It is far from heing true, that the
value of any metal is providentially
fixed; it depends, on the contrary,
on the power of that metal to satisfy
the demands of commerce as an arti-
ficial medium of exchange to save us
from barter; as countries grow in
wealth, it is found that, as an his-
torical fact, commercial centers,
where transactions are large, perfer
gold to silver; cons qnently, the
value of a metal, merely as affected
by its ,demand, cannot remain the
same. Moreover, the supply of a
metal can very .riulIsly iti tuibi its
[.e ili iaienti.. -% ale. N ,, cittu am lity,

Notary Public for tie State at Large. Ot'-
fice and residence,

FL A... c'cii ,i'aa aa.s .-iiiy ia!

Notary Pu i c and Surveyor. Special at-
tention ,.i en to all Notarial business
also to the Drasing of Maps, Charts, etc
Parker. Fla

Watchmaker, Jeweler and Optician.
Office anil sales roorn in Geo. Rus-
sell's store, corner of Bay View and
Wyoming avenues.
St. Andrews Florida

Notary 'Public.
and Deputy Circuit Clerk.
Office in the old real estate office opposite
Brackiii's tore. Magnolia street.


I am prepared to do all kinds o
Hauling -at the lowest living rates
and give entire satisfaction.
4i: t.1 (t- Juirt at reasonable ate

dlerulerCl'r so long as oue set arc
afrai-l, and the olher set dare not
tamper with public credit and in-
T'le leimjcratic party ha.i survivel1
even wirse reverses than thlii. Its
life has surely been preserved for
a.iue grd pl.urpi.se. It has fallen
iupoun rievnlis times and into grua- .
some hanIds. 11 ,iut of this disaster

Caitsbel1 fU

opened br trf
bet: and C arAij

thusl lar beeln
Iordeozsrar to
prot'eiiflnt5s Tn

we take les,sn of hIighl empri.se, if it e.tablished oti

us .-.I Idead wveirlgts-if it hringie

section lja

I. -............... 1fe
us a Uetter sen i e of duty to our durinL te' fe '
state-All may yet be well. sW ceful oper
EL" ten-ton ici
Plenty of Money. .- awmill.o .
PI'eo tacola Nev.,i. .i., '

wn at

mr-7ent, and it is broken down. Yet
it will come up again, and it will
once more gain control of the goiv-
ernment. But this situation will nut
be permanent. In order to come in-
to power the democratic party must
have the support and assistance of
the southterm states; and that support
and assistance may very soon prove
its rAin. The southern states will
insist upon ruling the democracy
utterly, and being poor, they will try
to foist into the democratic program
ideas and measures contrary to all
democratic principle. Against this
the whole country will protest. The
United States will n3ver consent to
be governed by such southern ideas.
The democracy will be voted down;
and then its last situation will be
worse than the first.

Truthseeker Probes for More
Correspondece of the Euov.
Mr. Lynch seems to ridicule my
first statement on the grounds that a
man must investigated the gar-
ments of a nun to ascertain whether
she wears a chemices or not. Is it
possible that the nuns never wash
and dry their under garments? In

case they do not it is quite easy ,tb
understand why they produce sick-

ness; and if they do, it will have
been a very easy matter for then to
have been seen.
He says my statement is on a par
with that made by a man and
woman who were convicted in Glas-
gow. It is a very easy matter for
the Jesuit organization to convict an
innocent person; taking into con-
sideration that any amount of perjury
and money necessary for a con-
vie.ion or an acquital is readily fur-
nished by that order.

He gives two cases to show to

what depths a man will go for money,
but never mentions what villainous
crimes and the amount of perjury the
Catholic church will counsel for their
sole advancement, and what moral

qualities which keep its value in-
A general aggleetnvilt of states to
coin silver at a ratio higher that the
present market value would have an
effect to increase its value; but while
it is extremely doubtful whether this
league could overcome national
forces, each a league is politically
impossible, and the experience of
the coi ferences of 1878 and 1881
are cited to show it.
The Cariisle plan might in time
be feasible. but as yet it seems far
from being practicable.

Lady Somerset denies that she is
engaged in a crusade against living
pictures in this country She thinks
there ate plenty of people here able
to attend to the matter.

Sylvester Anthony is in the War-

Washington County --

West Florida
A-.gainst the World. PAGES.
rsrsa lpWinU

LA., NOV. 15, 14.

WV0 r~l;.

Nov. 5.-The
'ee and Georgia
in length, was
IvL'eeai Tallahas-
Vliyary 1, 1894.
aitthis roal' h:is
elopel, it is onl V
in4ut.i.n the imn-
S1the industries
lI'ine q1a in the
Sthi new road
ihs it has been in

y, four ste-;llt
S -oads rIluI

[ '.N i: t
ring to ir-tr- tone I
recognizes in nimzn nc:

'- T" eral pitp-trily framed dutllI,
He is Gtbbon '.I' ,Pcof. r of alre-ady describe.l as ;.:;..
all things, merely becvs'lihe reco-ir.l. album. One :ttrtr am t;..
the atr. cities and i. in his hands, here tcin t- r
the atities a .i ,i n ons and studied-i thim r .,
the C(atholics in the .niille ages, were not repl.ie'd wii,
and at the coming ot' tie diwnall ol gearing ki..s. H..- hail n..t
Rome. turb an item in her roo
not ti-idch the knob of a
He attributes to 'oliire, tihe tempt to open anything s!
honor of being the lfathe of .nsatiion- but here in quarters whe
allitt d could claim joint piarhit-err
al literature and well- ,Iel lies. sentiment or delicacy. I
No one accuses him oiL being .uch hall door and tried the loc
except tlhe Catholic ta.1th ''l ni knob to and fro. Then he
Sexcep the Cdoor and swung it upon it
his records and lescriptcon s poses. a wonder neither lock nor
He claims he has ount th ,truth ed. The door worked
about "the man with th i ak" with little noise. Then
about "e a tried the door of her roo
of .horn Voltaire speaks Ho 7did equally good working ord
he learn the truth, and. wlt authority from squeak and complain
Se, y wic t s h quartermasters' locks and
has he, by which to saPy has ,und to do their reluctant duty.
the truth. People whj are not ery pleased him. It was p
members of the church wil no soner to open and close these
occept Cathol. hr athec lessly, if need be, and wi
accept Catholic history as attic ing sleepers in either roon
than Mr. Lynch does Voltiir-e. l- Returning to the east
taire was and is recognize. not opened the shades, so as
e a lan s 'r0- light, and his eye fell up
as one of France's gr'at .t written, bum lying ona little table
but as a pi'ilanthropiit and a the bedside. Therewas
man hose every day lifeas ab e upon the table, too, a lit
Sas abe could hold only a thimble
reproach, and is spoken of as suc, was iutendi-dd evidently t
very frequently in the works of tha a fait glow during the
recent reat a, o Other volumes-a Bible,
recent great author of Frasee, Victotional books, like "The Ch
*uo. and a hymnal or two-wi
He condleuns Josepht, 'ind then but the album stood mo
notes sch ,ma, n i,'...... ;.. and Armitage curiously t
IIa Li oee t

Josephus was indirectly
with the murder of the
under Nero, that does no in
himt from heinrr .ul1,.li

Thomas Jeffer.sni ,..,-,vi'-,e~
ticipated in the lIe ,.vluti,,,
If Neri- killed a tlh.,u .i.l.
tolerant and IarIitr\ i.'ath
have during the ..'hl i.tain
to be burned, hiunn a:nd
their tens of th.,uan.l..
If the Catholic cliiclh
trol of the world a,- tlhev lha
time, no man woultI i.l(ie to
that organization.
H..d Mr. Lynch r all a ceil
constructed by a nian who w
in the middle of this century
Webster, ho would 1 have i'
definition of "free-thiulkeit.

sacrifices they demand from their of fear that he nevet cons

members for that purpose.
He says that in 1891 Florida

book, because it was not ce
by a Catholic, I will ex

worked 300 convicts and two hun word to him.

Free-t h

died had no church relations. I sphere of religion, means:
would not impeach Mr. Lynch's forms opinions indepn len ut

statement in the least; hbt there has

authority of revelations

in two years been a great revolution church; an unbeliever-a te

in the state penitenery, as regards
the per cent of convicts that have
church relations. I have in my pos-
session a table showing that in 1893
Florida worked 323 convicts and
only 19 were not at one time con-
nectelt with some church. What
changes can be wrought in the hurt
tine lo kfU t\foen h'e .
Hle -,eak. of' men havi


by deists and skeptics in t
teenth century." A.lisjn
*'Atheist is an oldi linhli
I'n a free-thinker, child."
He says, liberty of ci
was e.tabtiished1 Ly a coi.tiin.-i
over by a ('athntlie g ,vern
hundred years before the cini
n iten. Wa.-hingtnI
booker Life, m

-'Tp-s i-.h 'v.., '> af trr tr ,? "lle t \h e -t 1 -. : ".^-- :: ---. ,
is itupoissible loir any huin m an bei c.i. .. p u X New Y 1i 1
possess. A man m.,v c..ncii^,,;ii ls to, entrance into tIl,e

ly andl firmly beleive in a future life; was ruled and govered
but it is lb-yo,,il the power of any ant Holland DIttch.
B f d i e .1

man to state with certainty 1hat
there exists isch a state of celestial
Mr. Lynch says he does not know
the religious bias of Eugene, Peter,
Patrick, Joseph, Prendergast, J.
Wilkes Booth and Carnot's assassin.
What church would one naturally
infer a man belonged to, who pos-
sessed such a number of t.:e kind ot
christian names as did Pren lergast?
If Mr. Lynch had read .hat great
Cotholic organ, the Chicago Times,
printed on the morning s-eceeding
Mayor Harrison's assiuation, he
would have seen that upon being
arrested, Prendergast announced,
emphatically, "I am a Catholic. I

shot him."

Had he followed the

ren county, Ky., jail for an attempt trial. and saw the attorneys and

to outrage Mrs. Matilda Jones, aged
eighty, and an attempt to burn her
to dea\h by setting fire to her house.

testimony furnished, in the hope
that it might be decided that 'the
assassin was insane, he could have

UanIcroIt records I I e
religious freedom and tol
Marylan) under Lord :al
a resulyof a compromise
entered: into by the Cathllb
vent the Presbyterians lrui
control and becoming ilom
not th ough any desire on I

Lord Baltimore.

TR riI'h

Vicerov Li fnnz Changu

directed to arrest the heal.
Port Arthur and the four
who were in command:tlier.
Japs recently captured th
They are to be tried at P.
losing the port, and tli
are that several heads will

The moral of the treede
New York seems to be tha
and perjury are glorify,
provided they be afterwartm

ia .,1I Thopened it-
,,,ruectedl Tbere were only half a

NO. 33.


C[lrint:ain. graphs in the affair. It was r:tuljr a
e eb case than an album and was intended
apparently for only a iew family pic-
tures. Tlihr' was blEtone 1'hay interest-
ed him, anu tl:s I e h x;:ni.od intently,
'y* almost excitedly. It represented a little
Sii ir girl of 9 or 10 years-A. ic: undoubted-
PI ly-with her arms clap',l about the
.lih.- n neck of a magnificent St. Bernard dog
and looking up into the handsome fea-
r' I "'' tures of a tall, slender, dark eyed, black
nl d eItl haired boy of 16 or thereabouts, and the
two were enough alike to be brother and
sister. Who, then, was this boy?
a con Armitage took the photograph to the
St u,,i, window and studied itcarefully. Parade
was over, and the troops were marching
w.t l'11n back to their quarters. The band was
- playing gloriously as it came trampiug
t i bluk. into the quadrangle, and the captain
could not but glance out at his own old
NihO ,'i company as in compact column of fours
as@ N,.al it entered the grassy diamond and
t h,, swung off toward the barracks. He saw
a knot of officers, too, turning the cor-
[bit o(ut ner by the adjutant's-office, and for a
4its that moment he lowered the album to look
strncted. Mr. Jerrold was not of the number
that came sauntering up the walk, drop-
i:li ti, ping away by ones or twos as they
ke r. ii reached their doors and unbuckled their
belts or removed their helmets in eager
,n b h haste to get uut of the constraint of full
Sif thIl dress. But in another moment Jerrold,
of I1- too, appeartel all alone, walking rapidly
and nervously. Armitage watched MhiT
r'm uei aud would niot but se how other men
ie eigh- turne a" '- him the coolest
sa'ys: .'- il le .' e passed. The tall,
ied word: e I t was handsomer even
"uthan wo ast saw him, and yet
there/ and worry on the dark
n', ci i b eaL ie. N' r and nearer
ble c, 'll 'U p"I: .1 the qu.:r..; of
'.rlrfl te t ocers and was almost at the
.,r, one d..r -. his own w -in, Arr.i-i: -. saw a
little, a.
i i11ti i n i 'ry soldier in full dress uniform
Su .iT1 acroi s the .a:i,-a ,e ,.s though in
IrP in. purLi He rec,..d .::.' :--k one of
akes the the 'L,,~ .es rIf his company, and
- ** he ;iuL.l be chasing
-alftr mp,;,,.-ry erimniandle-r. Just
be- as Jerrold wasI ti: rui,-; under t'" c pizza
,.i: I i the soldier seemed f,\ make himself
hi-ardl, r onl the Lient,-.ni.r, with an
' """'- aiur.- .rawn on his face, stopped and
coi)it'/.-id iim.
I' VO ,,' .,1i l. ymunot to come to me again,"
C'" he said, so loud that every word was
,ii'e il audible to the captain standing by the
fnor, as open window above. "What do you
ich as mean, sir, by following me in this
l* was ayw'a '
L tu pie- The reply was inaudible. Armitage
n- could see the little soldier standing in
the respectful position of "attention,"
tlt, ani looking up and evidently pleading.
1 l.1ait ift "I won't do it until I'm ready," was
KER. again hard in Jerrold's angry tones,
S though this time the lieutenant glanced
about, as though to see if others were
Sl:,een within earshot. There wri no one ap-
ials if patently, and he grew more confident.
"You've been drinking again today,
t te"ln Merrick. You're not sober now, and I
ei the won't give you money to get maudlin
Sice. and go to bl-.!lliug secrets. No, sir! Go
e back to your quarters and stay there."
S* for The little soldier must indeed have
,. nces been drinking, as the lieutenant de-
S *1 cleared Armitage saw that he hesitat-
ed, instead of Ilb yiU-: at once, and that
his flushed face was angrily working,
n then that he was arguing with his su-
ein prior and talking louder. This was
3 eiy contrary to all the captain's ideas of
Proper dikcilpliuLt, even th-'!ugh he was
Sindiguant. at the officer for permitting
himself tb be.laced in.so false and un-

struck by the sudden appearance of the
captain, whom he had believed to be
hundreds of miles away. He connected
his return unerringly with the web of
trouble which had been weaving about
him of late. He conceived himself to
have- been most unjustly spied upon
and suspected and was full of re-
sentment at the conduct of Captain
Chester. But Chester was an old
granny, who sometimes made blun-
ders and had to back down. It was
a different thing when Armitage took
hold. Jerrold looked sulkily into the
clear, stern, blue eyes a moment, and
the first impulse of rebellion wilted.
He gave one irresolute glance around
the quadrangle, then motioned with his
hand to the open door. Something of
the old, jaunty, creole lightness of man-
ner reasserted itself.
"After you, captain," he said.
Once within doors it was too dark
for Armitago to see the features of his
lieutenant, and he had his own reasons
for desiring to read them. Mr. Jerrold,
on the other hand, seemed disposed to
keep in the shadows as much as possi-
ble. He made no movement to open the
shutters of the one window which ad-
mitted light from the front, and walk-
ed back to his bedroom door, glanced in
there, as though to see that there were
no occupants, then carefully closed it as
returned to face his captain. He took
off his helmett and placed it on the cen-
ter table'then thrusting his thumbs in-
side the hanome, gold broidered sword
belt stood in a ~aunty attitude, but with
a very uneasy 16 in his eyes, to hear
what his senior m ht have to say. Be-
tween the two men invitation to sit
would have been a sua'rfunity. Neither
had ever remained lo( enough in the
other's quarters, since e exchange of
the first calls when JTerrbid came to the
garrison, to render a ohak at all neces-
"Be good -_~rno.gi O .... "gjtr
Mr. Jerrold," said A r"fage presenrtly,
seeing that his unwilling host made no
effort on his own account.
"I purposed going out at once, cap-
tain, and presume you cannot have any
very extended remarks to make."
"You cannot see the writing'I have
to call your attention to without alight.
I shall detain you no longer than is nec-
essary. Had you an engagement?"
"Nothing of great consequence. I
presume it will keep."
"It will have to. The matter I have
come upon will admit no further delay.
Light your'lamp, if you please."
And Jerrold did so, slowly and with
much reluctance. He wiped his fore-
head vigorously the instant the flame
began to splutter, but as the clear,
steady light of the argand gradually
spread over the little room Armitage
could see the sweat again beading his
I forehead, and the dark eyes were glanc-
iing nervously about, and the hands that
were so firm and steady and fine the
year before and held the Springfield in
so light yet immovable an aim were
twitching now. It was no wonder Jer-
rold's score had dropped some 30 per
cent. His nerve had gone to pieces.
Armitage stood and watched him a
moment; then he slowly spoke:
"I have no desire to allude to the
subject of your conversation with Mer-
rick. It was to put an end to such a
Sthing-not to avail myself of any in-
formation it might give-that I hur-
ried in. We will put that nai',c and.go

ea rf' i "S .'^^-, TTS'mg a itMt

To Our Readers :
It Is with reluctance we announce that our
famous Britannlca offer must now be wlthdrawer
From the day of the first announcement of eou
liberal proposition to the present day, this
enterprise has proven a continual iucuess loi
of surprises to The Constitution manage ent
That the offer of such an unrivaled literary
roduction on such unparalleled terms sboind
create somewhat of a commotion In literiy
circles was of course to be expected, bat th"-
actual results have been so far beyond o
most sanguine expectations that he
Constitution must confess that In this
patlcular Instance Its prophetic powers 1
proven very inaccurate. Up to the present
writing fifteen carloads of Encyclopedia
Britannica have been delivered to Constitutld
Subscribers and more are now on the way to
fill orders already booked.
The enterprise at thestart took on the
form of an educational crusade, which tike af
educational movements grwr by geometric
ratio. From all parts of this great stats. ftro'
Alabama. Florida, tha Carolinas. Tennessees
Mississippi. Louisiana, Arkansas. Texas.
Indian Territory. Oklahoma Territory. New
Mexico and Old Mexico, and from many of
*the Northern States. men who had long
coveted this "-pitome of the World's
Knowiedge" hastened to send In their orders
pleased with the great prize they found so
----- iir," within their grasp, they naturally toL
their frlendi, who likewise sealed the
opportunity, and in turn. told their friends,
and so the good word was carried
beyond the regular circulation of
The Constltuion, until many who had n i
even known before of the existence of this
*nlversal Fducator were. through the aid et
The Constintlon, enabled to bring Its
elevating and refining Influence Into thair
own homes.
Right hre Is where The Constitution has
leaped Its only financial return for Its heavy
expense of carrying on the business of this t
department. It is in the large number of new
subscriptions to the paper obtained frheo
thosv who become subscribstS that they mIy
ava l themselves of the special arranleotit
whereby Consttutilon subscrlbers save from
Sx1 to $S5 on the price of the set.
There ts a double reason therefore why Tb
Const tuition Is reluctant te withdraw this
proposition just at a time when It seems to
ve reached the summit of success. In the
first place the fact that more orders are now
coming in daily than at any previous tlme
during the history of the ofer Is evidence
that many thousands more ud be be*eflt d
by The Constitution's reduced rates i tfil
offer were to be continued Indefiltelyt
besides The Constitution Is leth to give up
what has proven an effectual way of increaGis
ks eateuslve family of readers.
But we have no ohoeie In the matter., o
the special tcotract with the BritannIca
pubashers, which enabled us to make our
Encyclopei&a proposition will expire oi0
Monday, the aeth day of this month, son afwt
that dat* subscribers to Th Constltulon,
lke all others, must pay full retail prIC fol
Britannica. 1
Those of our readers wb* stift wish tf
supply their hoaes with tfi invaluab
referetre library should ad in their
appliatiaBns at once. i
The Constitutiotn
AU. uu. iAtlanaVm a*


he has been broOadn g over me sorrowa
.1/.. that came to him when your trouble
came to you, and his mind is grooved.
He believes he sees mystery and intrigue
S_ in matters that others might explain in
V-.'. an instant."
- "But think of all the array of evit
.. '- dence he has."
07," .r d-/n A, ?, "Enough and more than enough, .
-admit, to warrant everything he has
-. Y thought or said of the man, but"-
.-r --.-. "He simply puts it this way. If he
.'"r, 7' ", '"' be guilty, can she be less? Is it possible,
-. Armitage, that you are unconvinced?"
-- ""..', "Certainly I ami unconvinced. The
matter has not ytt ben siftd. As T un-
-....9^ derstand it, you have forbidden his ooa-
p.,.aa.r ,a94 B mn J.B.LIppi;cuOr co. fronting Jerrold with the proofs of his
Shorror trneken granct5 at AJlce ana rascality until I get there. Admitting
1 rushed into the house. the evidence of the ladder, the picture
aa one ,'.' .".r There was a moment's silence. Then, and the fjrm at the window-ay- the
ntli l t. nd p ;:u)pt. wih burtini k bnut with grave letter, to-. q ytto ti con ced'
7iTn a resignation simply because I was out
.- ,i, -- "By tud, lieutenant, yo d e uartersfter taps. I could aoounnt
,:. in1f t. e to silence to cover yopr tracks, anu then for his doing something so idiotic, but
.. a,.ime to t!! ::our.. I i.f .:u i .. t want I'm at a loss to comprehend your tak-
met '! .- l, t r you ingit up.''
: pay t .. t, : ." "The most serious allegation evei
.3, :t'.'" uld
ivi. : .. ~e TI.. ,': .. *. t t *'_ could made against an officer of the regiment
At : ;, : .. .- stann. .. ': ~ ,!,n :: ,..,r. t... a a is made against you, the senior lieuten-
.. .. ,. ,- ,r':- .1 ,,ut. tron.i1 the c....i' s ant of my company, and the evidence,
:.u He- wo:-~l garden with qiKfcek, impetuous stops. furnished me by the colonel and by
dr wer or c Jerrold's furious face turned asdon at Captain Chester is of such a character
ho hal closed, .''' that unless you can refute it and cleai
;re his colonel ,.. her name you will have a settlement
hip he felt less with me to start with, and your d*e
He closed the missal from the regimentA-
k, turning the "Settlement with you? What concern
reopened the have you in the matter?" interrupted
s hinges. For Jerrold.
]iu ;,-.' d- :k- "Waste no words on that, Mr. J;er
smoothly a-nd rold. Understand that where her named
he similarly in \ is concerned no man on earth is mord
im. It was in interested than L Now answer me
er, quite free You were absent from your quarterat fo
t with which i some hours after tile doctor's party.
hinges are apt Somebody believed to have been you wa&
The discov- seen and fired at for refusing to halt at
possible for one- I the order of Captain Chester at 8:80 ifi
portals noise- the morning. The ladder that usually
thout disturb- hung at your fence was found at thd
. colonel's while you were out, and that
chamber, he night a woman's name was compromised
to gnet more Armitage tool the photograph to thew wn- beyond repair unless you can repair it
on an old al- dow and studied carefully. Unless you prove beyond peradventure
Sthat stood by the sight, and Merrick, with one amazed where you were both that night and last
a night lamp and frightened look at his captain, night, prove beyond question that you
tle affair that faced about and slunk silently away. were not where you are bcliev'ed to have
ful of oil and To him Armitage paid nofurther attend, been, her name is stained and yours
o keep merely tion. It was to the officer he addressed blackened forever. There are other
night hours. himself: things you must fully explain, but thead
some devo- "Mr. Jerrold, I have heard pretty first."
anged Cross," much all this conversation. It simply Jerrold's face was growing gray and
ere also there, adds to the evil report with whicKrlou sickly. He stared at the stern eyes be-
st prominent, have managed' to surround yourtIlf. fore him and could make no answer.
ook it up and Step into your quarters. I must see His lips moved dryly, but zi..du nc
you alone.' rsonnd.
a dozen photo- Jerrold l-esitatcd. He was thunder- [TOf R: ,'n.rivr,-r.i


* *-T. .

I - ----d





LA. III~ e%'t, a 1)

owC ItAP 14 .,T


.- .


NOTE.-It must he riemenclered that the
wind is not a w'-olly relablle mntive pow-
er and if lie sailorPs sone'tinmo tind it im-
possiile to nake sclhi ulnli tli tneit im i he
charged to tlie elnmenrts; there do the hest
they can.

The Gulf Steamship Co.

The Staunch Side-Whcol Steamer

Capt. - - R. Sharit,


Every Monday
Making Landings each way at

Uillinmited Freight Capacity!
And Careful Attention to Con-
Licensed to Carry
Parties desiring to reach St. An-
drews via Carrabelle, take C. T. &
G. R. R. at Tallhaasee, connecting
with boat at Carrabelle Thursday
noon. arriving at St. Andrews Ftiday.
H. A. DORR, Gen'1 Agt.

Makes regular trips between Pittsbnrg on
East Bay and Pensacola; will make reg-
ilar landings at Cromanton and Har-
rison, Pur'ker and at any other point
when requested beforehand to doso.
Pan.igrers a;ii freight transported at
reCaonahlh rates and satisfaction guar-
anteed. The Pcoole's Store at Pitt-
burg is head starters and orders left
there will receive prompt and careful
attention. N. W. Pnirs. Proprietor.
-.---. --~----
The steamer Gr.-. .T-lhn A Dix ar-
rive Ta laurs.lay minrning last fromha
Mobile ani Prena:ol-i with a. nniuch
freiht a_ econj.hll w'ell be vare.1 "f'r andi
several throi.glh passed gers. for Carra-
belle, She came in on the return
trip Sunday evenlling, took one pas-
senger albnrd iad depliartedl weas at
break oif day M'ondny Inoirning.

the cures by Hood's Sarsaparilla is
that they are permanent. They start from
the solid foundation -Pure Blood.

A Week's Weather.
The folloinilg table shows what the
emperature at St. Andrews has, been
durin;i 1tL past week, from observations
taken at tli Buoy office each morning
and noon:
Morn. Noon.
TliI:nsav .......... Dec O I
Fri ly...... .l. .. 21 51
Satuirda.'.... 2 46 62
Stundav.......... 23 6 70
iMnday.. .... 2 50 60
icsda.i. ...... ." 25 58 70
Wedinef-ily. .... ." 26 62 68


A-ddTeSTa S et'pr or pcowst. cardn to
JOHN WEUDERBURN, Managing Attorney,
P. O. Box 463. WASHING'IOIN,D.C.
Alacfor S.-,l.lers and Sallors Jirr&led in trie lneot
dutyin tne regular Army Anr Ne a r. ilnth'- war.
Survivors of trne Indian war- r lf 32 to 184'2 and
their widows, nw entitled. O.durind reijcted claims
a ,peclaliv. Thousan.Ja entiried to hleter rstes.
d for newrlc.ws. I-o charga for advice. lioles
L. cesaiafcrl.


L vwis Hones,

the Place for Passengers
Going to .ani frint St. Andrel.c Bay.

Rooms GComfrtabIe!
Terms Reasonable!

DEA-rcCURIED. ,y TubulftarC:,hbi lvn
help % hii.' ;1 a ?l :1. fails, as glasses help
eyes. t isr:.. lard. No pain. Invis-
ible. F. H1.-'O.;. <:.B-'way New York,
sole depot. S. Id for books and 'proofs


MrsD M JA. iorhy.

Buena Vista Ave and Drake St,


-Everything in the jewelry line
at Russell's.
-Nice bread, pies and cakes, fresh
every day at Russell's store.
-For Aligator teeth and shell
jewelry, call on I, J. Hughes.
-No person interested in West
Florida can afford to le without the Buor.
-The Loyal Temperance Legion
meets every Sunday afternoon at2 o'clock
-Goldena Gate letter and Colum-
bua Souvenir note tablets-no finer made
--at the Buoy office.
-C-all at W. H. Shandls' Parker
store and get what you need. Prices as
low as circumstances will allow.

-Legal cap, conin,.-cial note
letter-hl.d papers anid envelope, either
printed or plain at the Buoy office.
-Disastrouis reverses may over-
take the democratic party; but the true
principles of democracy must live forever.
-Fresh poik sausage and cran-
beiries at the Pioneer Drug Store. Call
early and treat yourself to a delicious
-Three pounds of sulphur for 25c.
3 pounds 3:ilts, 25c.
3 pouirds Iird ,eed, 25c.
1 'allun Iest headliOlit coal il 15c.

the mouth, like butter, at the Pioneer
Drug Store.
-Pensacola News: Gov. Mitchell
has appointed Mr. John Russ of Point
Washington an inspector of timber and
lumber for Washington county.
-The W. C. T. U. meets regu-
larly every alternate Friday afternoon at
3 o'clock. All ladies interested in the
work are cordially invited to attend. -
-The BuoY would incidentally
drop a hint to Truthseeker and Mr.
Lynch to remove their brogaus and avoid
a too heavy tread 'upon the toes of each
-Dr. W. G. Mitchell is opening
up a stock of drugs and medicines in the
Keyes building on Commerce street for-
merly occupied by D. R. Keyes for~a like

-A meeting for prayer, praise and
bible study will hereafter be held in the
Methodist church everS Friday evening at
7 o'clock. Subjects will follow the Inter-
national Sunday school lessons.
-Our correspondents will please
bear in mind that their favors must be
mailed early enough to reach us not later
than Monday evening: otherwise they
cannot appear na the current issue.
-The burned depot at Chipley is
to be replaced by a more imposing struc-
ture than that which was destroyed, and
the Banner says the lumber is being
placed'npon the ground for the purpose.
-There is no longer any question
as-to the expediency of purchasing mer-
chandise of W. H. hbauds, of Parker; the
steadily increasing business shows that
ithen people discover a good thing they
are nil Plow to avail themselves of its ad-
-Prof. Williamson will next week
organize a n'w class in bookkeeping and
penmanship, and no young man or young
woman should permit this splendid'oppor-
tunity to gain a fine business education
to pass without availing themselves of its
-The entertainment given at the
Presbyterian church on Christmas eve
was well attended; the literary exercises
were uf a pleasing and instructive char-
acter, and the proceeds from the sale of
refreshments reached a sum sufficient to
be eminently satisfactory to the manage-
-It seems that it is not generally
known that deeds are null and void unless
recorded within six months after date-so
says the statute. R.D. Hopkins, notary
public will receive and have deeds record-
ed and returned without extra cost. So
bear these facts in mind and take your
deeds to him in time.
-Do you own a horse? If you
do it must needs have a harness to be
serviceable, and-this is to inform all own-
ers of horses that T. C. Danford has added
a line of harness and horse furnishing&
goods to his stock of general merchandd4e
and that the same will be sold at ~-fices
within the reach of everyone.
-Every newcomer who visits
Parker is pleased with the beauty of the
location and it is only a q(iLesion of time
andI that a very short timne Wvhen he prices
of desirnlIl sites will le much higher than
at peset., arid the wisp hromeseeker will
take advantage of the ,trgains in real es-
late nowv offered by W. H. Par'.er.
l'- e'_i .i renews its offer tlhis
year to intend te the payment of taxF.s for
its patron, gratis. Owners mu t, of
course, remit the amount of their tax and
six cents extra to conduct the necessary
correspondence; Iuitnur services are iv-
en without charge. As taxes are now *due,
the sooner they are attended to and paid,
the better
-Intending visitors to St. An-
drews should keep in mind the fact that
the fine property at the corner of Buena
Vista avenue and Drake street purchased
from Mrs. Hunt by Mrs M. J. Corby has
been put in elega.:t shape for the accom-
modation of guests, and that Mrs. C. gives
personal supervision to the preparation of
the food with which her table is supplied,
hence cleanliness and the comforts ofa
home are assured to all who take up their
abode with her.
-Almost everybody who has be
come interested in St. Andrews would
like to possess a map of the town an. con-
tigous country. To all such we would say
that for one dollar sent to us we can fur-
nish them an excellent large map of the
town with the lots and public places cor
reotlylocated. Besides this ,ity map,we
have also a sectional map embracing not
only the town proper, but all the land
disposed of by the CincinnatiCompany,
and while lots and blocks are not shown

W. J. Baker
North Pembroke, lMass.

After the Grip
Relief from Hood's Sarsaparllla
Wonderful and Permanent.
"C. L Hood & Co., Lowell. Mass.:
"I had kidney' trouble and severe pains In
my back. which was brought about by a cold
contracted whileincamp at Llanield in 1862.
I have been troubled more or less since that
time and have been unable to do any heavy
work, much less any lifting. I received only
temporary relief from medicines. .Last spring
I had an attack of the grip, which left me with
A Bad Cough, Very Weak
physically, n fact my system was completely
run down. I trie4 a bottle of Hood's S palp


bottles, I was completely cured, and felt that all
asgns marks and symptoms of that dire com-
plain had forever vanished." Mas. E. E.
AWA, Hillsboro, Wisconsin.
Hood's Pills are prompt and efficient, yet
easy.lng.ationi oldby all druggists. ~ce.
-'Vt oa eprneLgo

-The Loyal Temperance Legion
meets every Sunday afternoon at 2 o'clock
-A report from the office of the
United StatesCoast ana Geodetic Survey
says that thellight at Cape Sarf Blas is re-
-The ladies of the Woman's Aid
and Missionary society are preparing to
give the people of St. Andrews a rare en-
tertainment on New Year's night.
-The BuoY has just added several
fonts of elegant new type to its job print-
ing outfit and is by just so much better
prepared to turn out fine work than ever
-Tie entertainment to be given
at the Methodist church on the night of
January 1st will probably be the best of
its kind ever given in St. Andrews. A
small admission fee will be charged.
-A box of oranges sent to the
Buoy by Mr. W. O..Donalson, proprietor
of the celebrated Lakes Grove at Wewa-
hitchka reached their destination just in
time for the editor's Christmas stocking.
-The Y. P. S. C. E. meet, every
Sunday afternoon at 3 p. m., and a prayer
meeting every Thursday evening at the
Pre.lyteriain church. The subject for
next Sunday has not been furnished.
Chas. H, Danford received by the
steamer Gov. John A. Dix, on the 20th, a
marble tombstone, which he will shortly
cause to be erected to mark the resting
place of his father, the late Coleman
-Boys participating in barefoot
races on Christmas day, as they did in St.
Andrews, would have been a novel ,i.i,t
in a northern town where a foot or more of
snow and zero or colder weather is the
rule rather than the exception.
At a meeting of the democratic ex-
ecutive committee on the 17th inst., D.
Melvin, well remembered as a former
clerk of courts of this county, was recom-
mended to Governor Mitchell for appoint-
ment as county judge to succeed the late
W. B. Jones.
-It will be seen by reference to
articles on the First and Fourth pages of
this issue that the very liberal offer of the
publishers of the Encyclopedia Britanica
is to be almost immediately withdrawn
and readers of the Buoy who have not al-
ready done so should secure a copy before
it is e4,v 1l:lIla f ;,T-~eYTi'tt.
/ --Tihe Buoy has recei, e new
1895 Catalogue of the Royal PIa se
ries at Oneco, Fla., of Messrs rI
Bros. They catalogue an iulmen
ty of tropical and semi-tropical
stock. ThI Buoy has found the p
tors of the.e nurseries reliable und li:ai
ilc.aliig geitlieI:n and] their trees to I,:.
u-ually tcrv fine.
-The small boys furnlished con-
1'] ral,le aRitll'u ?nl-nt for a crowd .jf on-
i'.okr Cs on Commerce street on C'-riistm.I-
dav by I paitiip:I;Lting in a setles otw-
promptu races for smell snumauconitil.,niJd
on tho spot. The el: rac;, in Blicl
lihere were seven orT-Vig competitors was
dJecided.y interesting and would have I.,een
re-ditable to a more elaborately planned
-Wa.slington county has a new
paper, named the Washingtonl County
Guide, which claims Chipley as its home,
and in its introductory it promi is tu I,.
non political and to be devoted to induc-
-ing immigration into the county. A. G.
Chandlee's name appears as publisher,
and he should be well qualified to look
after immigration interests, having had
large experience in that particular field.
No. 2 of the Guide has been received.

Card of Welcome.
In behalf of the Methdist people
of St. Andrews, I take this method
of extending to Sister Harrison a
hearty welcome irn our midst; hailing
her return with joy-anticipating
that she will continue her work and,
labor of love among us in the interest
of christian work; also thanks to a
good Providence that permitted her
to come among us as an angel of
mercy. May she live long and the

The pef
will be
B. Jones
judge of \
edl Ils last
fronl Vornn
The Judgee
county's o(l
and thie ni
a feeling o
r)t' the c
an1d kinsfo

For 1894
become ,dn
Owners of
cinity of
govern t~le
Of ti e nl
and regul
United Sta

three wee1
general ci

where hie hiB
Iion lthe cldo

burial of hik ddgt
side thle partS
Mrs. Hefftr4i, mn
L. Me.ritt \\h b
dance u iuoilher
her illness i' 'd
escenccs dej ted
oa tl e Dix fr hei
Irn. L. rrisi
mer home a Peor
the schooun Jess
cupy her nat cot
St. Andre' for
Chaile' E. \
M rn. IJn, Llute:,
seuiger o the Je
an exteIltd visi
Had BIob-Iblt


VeIste rn

*'or e...oi'a lence
i.trlict hi- pap
hit tie nail ,It
plied annllymo
*'Rutb it as you
Inquiry i., ft
tliiin to t e- i.

inses, anl'l hv
en.foicel. T'
.p r, v i.i,.:- i ,-:
the nrei':l pi
Sl.inover w
of tr,:-i:a-.i-ig
anol liter wlIell
kind are uiiliv
sion of the .
tainted, or. witl
sent of the ocL
upon the enclei
to hunt or filh
impris.'n mnt
days )or by in

bf Jndge Jones.
%Ti \WVnutington county
i to laoin tat.
the veteran comity
iungtl' county breath-
h.u homo a few miles
I nst Thursday night.
i; one of Washington
citizens, a gentleman
pectel by every one,
iif lki death will bring
dnes- to every resident
and all unite in
e bereaved family
Se deceased.

now dne and will
tuent April 1. 1895.
and lands in tihe vi-
Andrews Bay should
IleA accordingly,
Weekly Blade.
neatly twenty thous-
publications in the
,.thbee are but two or
papers puiblilihed for
tion in every stiae and
IIh..a tj- -" ''Il-.4k.r

h' in't atltendl1ce
hours and the
r to whose leld-
aad been hastily

tler of Mrs. R.
Seen in attin-
daughter dining
ubsequt-nmt conval-
AMonday morning
home in Pensaco a
i, from her snm-
la, Ills., arrived on
e P, and will oc-
age on Beck street,
be reimaiuder of the

alton, brother of
vas an arriving pas-
sie 1', and ill make
with hit sister and

Runit One


Exchange tells the
r who once invited
as to tne best way to
er, and the man who
rarely on the head re-
,lI, on a postal card:
d- -d please."
.lut-.i tiv male in rela-
it. of (ti;lzen to p -
S ;,T" s--.ir-p, rr-r -
hi.'lh ,i.i.,t. are to bi
i flio lwh g srtattoory
il;it and provides all

ll'inly and with a view
liters an/ enclosure of
cr.i's or fruit of any
ted, without perTnis-
ulpalit previously ob-
Init isch previous con-
ipant or owner enters
e'l lands of another
shall be punished by
not exceeding sixty
not exceeding fifty


All pers s
that, while I \t
dilligence to -i.
and correct ace
trusted with th
Jessie P., 1 will
ble for the saf

'For 1494 are
become delinu
Owners of lots
einity of St. A
g overntlthemselvy


cures even aM
Get Hood's an

Lots 13 and 1
southwest quart
ange 15w, on
of St. Andrews.
160 Acres on
Sec. l20, one andi
i,f C('romauton,
Bay Front
Known am the
'ead. Title iii
emrnment. 'all
C. W. Fo

Parker L
A. :F
Regnlair ( ,
day, ,nt or be-
VisIting Bi


are hereby notified
use all reasonable
re the safe delivery
nting for money en-
crew of tihe schooner
ot be held responsi-
y of money so en-
chooner Jessie P.

due and
April 1.


d lands in the vi
-rews .Bay shoul.l

Block 30 of th,
of See. 86, tp 8s
'inniniiati st., t.)wn
East Peninsula.
Square ter miles west

d Good Harbor.
'has. F'rLLe i Home-
ct IroIt U. 8, Gov-
place, or address
ES, p o.3 box 80,
n.lrews Ua,, Fla.

dge No. 142,

innicati, ns ois n attur-
e each full moons .
bers Fraterunlly
. Secretary.
dg No.TO 2S
1111eni \\ nSatr


Pe er Linldnstruth,



A S~:P CIA.IT'_ .

For Men nliy.
Saa1go .iong .jo10 l, loJIS anIaatruo3
'Ha1laM 's 1H
qoaaa ajnod Iuqila a!aid v as plog
'qacaq aqil moj Silaqs caB amospiiuq J0
"J)l!rJ1 s.A'pu|l .p[q siq me [ J(_()
'.olu.!Hi iu no. j.i J 5E9 nUJ a3\
*MOllo|J linqs am o lou aq5 l
,,'.-a.1jnmol Isni) 'Ajpo (Vd.,,
noA asiald 0i1 ilnI 'lq n tl o' ql!.\\
noA oA~))ap 0o) oun -aiJSr saursnq !liqj.
lBtums put; l"J i3 Blqo
'11 ,11 ll!.u 4 am
'.o.uv- laaq.a l joj i! 1! JI
'jap.o JnoA a..aoIt
-a( Il.lmt o. Adduq .uog
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pa)!Au! : o noA aJalq JO.
:.Aqs 01. dJ!sp .tOU I 1 I1m TS
:, p jaqlouH 'AicS iAis lUO(
a3.o pus l1v not sai!.!I aHi

5.10 G. st., Washington, D. C.
For MentU Oly.
-0010 .toag Jo Isls laa1jg aaoarwtOQo
'HwIHaM 'S *i
*qosoa anod ii!q)!, aotad v j peloS
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a4o0o sroY3t S''H o0


Dec. 14th, 1894.
Notice is hereby given that. the follow-
ing named settlerhas filed notice of his
intention to make fiaal proof in support of
his -laim, and that said proof will be
made before the clerk of the circuit court
Pit Vernon, Fla, on Jan. 31st, 1895., viz:
I EM L T. SCHMIDT, of Parker, Fla.,
lHd 19453 for the e /1 of the swY of see
12, tp 4s, r 13w.
He ;. ,nii the following witnesses to
prove his continuous residence upon and
cultivation of, s id land: viz:
P. Killer, llivnr, Albert T
Collum, J. J. Fowler, all of Parker, Fla.
J. M. BaRC..-, Register.

Dec. 14-lth. 1894.
oltice is hereby given that the follow-
ing i.inrcd settler has filed notice of his
il :aitt1,n l to make final proof in support.of
his claim, and that said proof will be made
before tli clerk of the circuit court, at
Veruoni, Fla.. on Jan. ,31st, 1895, viz:
ALBERT T COLLOM, of Parker, Fla.
Hd 18527 for the nw ,4 of sec 13, tp 4s,
r 13w.
He names the following witnesses to
prove his continuous residence unon and
cultivation of said land, viz:
Emil T. Schmidt, P. 'A. Kilberg, Win.
Oliver, Jus. J. Fowler, all of Parker, Fla.
J. M. BARCO, Register.

Dec. 7, 1894. )
Notice is hereby given that the follow-
ing-named settler has filed notice of his in-
tention to make final proof in support of
his claim, and that said proof will be made
before clerk of the circuit court atBlounts-
town, Fla., on Jan. 24th,1895, viz:
PHILIP ). RAILSBACK of Cromanton,
Hd 18569 for lots 1, 8 and 9, sec 21: and
lot I sec 2t, tp 4 s, r 14 w.
He nameswthe following witnesses to
prove his continuous residence upon and
cultivation of said land, viz:
W. M. Croiman, J. N. Forbes, Valentine
Landgraf, P. J. Heckler, all of Croman-
ton, Fla. J. M. BARCO, Register.

I;.v. 14th, I P-i4.
Notice i- hi-rt liy ivF-I tl at the following
naw'd i ltiler has liled notice of her in-
Intiuo t'j imatkev tiait i.proof in support of
SInin ..that said pioot wil be
it. Laitler clerk t, tlhe
aon, tFaer. n' rkio the
L, F Ia.. n Dec.'211th,

1 .\ F LTI-'ES idio, ,.,tJn,.. Lip. ,-J, d1-
.. iof : A .lrew'i B ., Fl.i.
1 l iJi; .1tr :l i- r 1;ti,.,na l S Cctlion li ai s id
lot 2 ani w 1., of e14 see 19. t, 3s, r
15 w.
She names the ft'llowing witnesses to
r.--t hier >,onti uoisr residence upon and
culti atiation i,1' s:,1i.i ll, viz:
.lohn Lutz, Er.L-t f Fenon I. Holly,
W.. C. Holly all of St. Andrews Bay, Fla.
J. M i. lI Ri, Register.

A Gre6t Bargain
In Re.-,l Estate!

On Main Lani, East Bay.

1 53 ACRES.

Half Mile Bay Front!!
fect! No Encumbrance! Good Soil!
Large quantity Marketable Pine
Timber! Five Room House! Out-
Buillling,! New Wharf! Fruit!
Good Water!
Desirably Located!
Convenient to the Most Uelebrated
Oysters on the Bay! Undoubtedly
the Best Bargain ever offered in Real
Estate in the Bay Country.






Carries a Full Line of Drugs, medicines,

Diamond Dyes, Trusess, Syriuges;

DR. J. J K ESTER, Druggist.


I Fl


S . .. {. : . ,, t pr.. ii. h. .. (ni.; r l
Tli, rou.h Sleepers -ithL;ut change to K! ::a, Ci: a.:,.id St. Lua.is,. and only one
,chaun;e t C'hicago and Sioux City. Ar'ive Jaksonville :55 a. m.
6:O pI. in., Local for Tailalhasee and iuteimediiate points. Pullman
Sleeper. Arrive Jacksonville 3:3.' p. m.
8:00 1. in. for Tainpa and int-ermediate points. Pullman Sleepeps. Ar-
rive Jacksonville 7:1' ': 1 m.
11:00 p, n. i -h:it departure, J.ac.--r.nville to Cincinnati. via Everett,Mar-
con, Atlanta, Chattanooga. Arrives Cincinnati 7:30 a.m. Leaves Cincinnati
8:00 p. m. Arrives Jacksonville 6:00 a. m. Sleeper. open at Jacksonville 8:30
p. m. Arriving passengers can remain on sleeper,- until 7:30 a. m.
Send for Best Indexed Township Map ofo lHorida to
N. S. PENNINGTON, T'' ar.tic.'M:r.A .. .MAC DON ELL, Gen. Pass. Ag*.
On-- --- - - *



Nllr ias,

o I S o

We offer for this season's"planting, a large and very select stock of the
Apples, Pears, PEACHES, Plums, Apricots, CHERRIES,
Mulberries, Pecans, Figs. Etc.. Etc.
G- rE. A P E V0 I 7 1T E3 S
Strawberry, Raspberry and Blackberrry Plants.
Also the choicest varieties of open ground ROSES, EVERGREENS, etc.
Special attention is requested to the list (on page 20 of our Catalogue) ot
PEACHES, adapted to the Lower Coast and Florida.
Our stock is all Young, Well Gron n, Vigorous, and adapted to the
(Catalogui manile-l free. Address. GAINES, COLES & CO..
Peachwwood Nuir.eries, State Line, Miss.


For the Whole South and Especially for the Gulf Ooaat Country I
New varieties that promise well and old varieties that have proven a unc-
coss are included in our list, which gives a chance to experiment for your-
self or only plant tested varieties.
"WV" l ,'* E A. M] D I
And offer the Largest List and Most Complete Collection ever offered by any one
NTJRSERY of Peaches, Japan Plums, Japan Persimmons, Grapes, Figs,
vlulberries, Southern Apples, Pears, Apricots, Prunes, .cans, Walnuts, CheAtnuts
Almonds, Hardy Oranges and Lemons, Ornamental Trees, Vines, Shrubs, etc, and
last but not leatt ROSES, of whiCh we have over 75 varieties, all out-door grown
and most kinds Grafted and budded. Our New Catalogue describing in DETAIL
every kind and variety of Fruits and Roses suitable for Southern plantingis now
ready and will be mailed free on application. POMONA WHOLESALE NURSERIES.
Wholesale and Retail. W. D.GRIFFING, Prop'r,
Maccleny, Baker Co., Fla.



erch ndise!



A Full Line of CannUd [oods



".am t q 'oOs

Ci o n h. 10

Double Acting Force Pump.

Having Leased

The Salisbury Lmber Company's Mill,
I am Prepared to fill orders on the shortest notice for

First Glass Lubmhr of all GrafeslI

Either Rough or Dressed; at Reasonable Pricesi
Oflice at the Mill on East Bay; West ot Harrison.
LEE WILLETT, Pioprietor.

F eOucOI5to r,.DdIr5mnoth. re.
Otsrving .I n iu COA&nieuin. io lad ruultS. na a l~I
drugs. l.r and uirlly coal.
dcnitl. ut ,aon k li tnd I.-.k free. Callor-trlM
dcnii. U~ B. BU'TTr. 822 1.ne bireet. St. Louis MS
an am rt eured in one PAIIUeznT t

.14 '.--~

Cleanses and beautifies the halr.
Promotes a luturiant growth.
Never Fatls to Restore Gray
IHair to its Youthful Color.
Cures scalp disease & hair alliug.
Wec, and $1.00 at Druggists

_ ___ _

- g II r-l




- I Il----~-m

I ~FP m






THERI are 18,000,000 men of military
age in the United States.

THE first line of railroad in the United
States was from Boston to Quincy, four
miles, opened in 1827.

A LEADmN NewYork throat specialist
says that "the best chest protector is
worn on the sole of the foot."

A sPooN in a glass filled with hot water
prevents the breaking of the glass, be-
cause the metal readily absorbs a large
part of the heat of the water.

"Cool as a cucumber" is scientifically
correct. Investigation shows that this
vegetable has a temperature one degree
below thatof the surrounding atmos-
L. L. ?ummings, of Glasgow, have the
honor of being the first ladies to take the
medical degree in Scotland. They have
just graduated from the University of
Glascow after a seven years' course.

RUDYARD KIPLINoG' seven words for
$1, said to be the highest price paid any
literary man of our times, reads very
small in comparison with whatwas paid
Judge Paxton for a literary article. Un-
til McLeod came to the scene, the Read-
ing Railroad had used an old sign at the
crossings, "Beware of the engines and
cars," with a mass of further instruc-
tions in small print. In some suits for
damages it was claimed that the warn-
ings were not clear. MoLeod went to
Judge Paxton, who composed this ad-
mirable notice: "Railroad Crossing--
Stop, Look and Listen !" For this little
composition he received the modest sum
of $4,780, or 796.66 a word. When it
.comes to emoluments, the poets are not
in it with the lawyers.-Springfield Re-

A Japanese Plant-The Soy Bean.
While no substitute will satisfy the
lover of high-grade coffee, the peculiar
properties of coffee as a drink render it
unsuited to a few people in every com-
munity. These few persons frequently
make use of a substitute, which, while
lacking the alkaloid of true coffee, in a
measure imparts to the fluid made from
it a flavor similar to that of coffee.
Such a drink may be palatable, nourish-
ing, and well adapted to the person using
it. A desirable and easily available sub-
stitute for coffee, which can be grown
or the farm iiil I oy


Small But Newsy Items About Ev-
erything Imaginable.
Clippings From Our State Exchanges in
Reference to Buildings, improvements,
Railroad, Munlcipalitles, Courts,
Accidents, Etc., Etc.

During the year 1893 there were 5-1
births, 147 marriages and 77 deaths in
Leon County. The population of the
[county in 1890, according to the Porter
census, was 17,752.
Iron is known to exist in Florida, and
in Levy County during the Civil war,
some was mined and used for manufac-
turing cannon balls. It is said to be of
good quality and easily worked.
Jacksonville Citizen: Orange buyers
from the North are coming in; several
firms have re-opened offices here. In a
talk with one of their buyers yesterday,
the Citizen reporter was told that the
yield this season, if no storm came,
would be more than 5,000,000 boxes.
The question of a county fair is being
talked up again in this city, but is being
discouraged by some people, neverthe-
less the general impression is that such
an affair could be made a paying thing
and would be a great advertisement for
the country.-St. Augustine News.


A f!1
all ho
ural f.
are n

gi A;1
of t
our S
er," i
the tc
of abi
ous. ,

of dogs have been sent by
signed to Captain Maxwell.
Io Asheville, N. C., and are
bf high degree.-Fernandina

sian wells furnish the resi-
Francis with an abundant
ie purest water and the nat-
s for drainage and sewerage
yelled by any town on the

. S. Davis has been presented
picture of his fast sailing
he Francis, as she appeared
g the line at the great pilot
Brunswick, July 4th.-Fer-

apers are already be-
heavy frosts invarious
d some instances light
ese are only slight foretastes
ntbs of blood congealing
at'"WTl follow. Numbers of
changes, at the same time,
ning "most delightful weath-
ch we may expect, in Flori-
hout the winter months.
itY,,wonderful country.
I~: The official report of
Ss for the year 1893 shows
817,135,069, an increase
,000 over the year previ-
al, the phosphate ship-
ted nearly one-fourth.

Sweet Peas.
As seed of these popular flowers must
be planted in the earliest springtime
possible to work the soil, it is not out of
order to give an experience that was a
complete and grand success. One must
own a double row such as I grew, to real-
ize all this exquisite flower embraces, to
enjoy the heavy crop of bloom, cutting
daily more than I could possibly use.
This experience was in '92, the bed
running from east to west: in '93, not
caring to give so much space or grow
such a quantity, I chose a smaller bed
running north and south, getting all the
hot afternoon sun; it was almost a fail-
ure, as after July they literally burned
up, turning yellow like hay, in spite of
regular and abundant watering. The
success of '92, was a bed four feet wide
by twenty-five long, running directly
east and west. The double row of
trenches had a space a foot wide be-
tween them, the same in depth and
width of trench. These were filled in
with sod, bones, soot, leaves and tobacco
stems, all well incorporated with old,
well rotted manure, the latter element
predominating. Enough of this compost
was used to fill the trenches to within
six or eight inches of the surrounding
soil, after which the ordinary soil of the
garden (minis any crude manure and as
poor in quality as possible) was spread
evenly the entire length, about three
Ieches dep., Jrusphipn pu.1lrge.clods


At the Farmers' Natibnal Congress,
which met in Paikersburg, W. Va., last
week, Mr. T. J. Appleyard, one of the
representatives from Florida, delivered
an address on "Succeeding in Florida."
The address was as full of good things
as a nut is full of meat, We extract the
following from the address:
oThe expressive term pluck, synony-
mous with energy, ig a most powerful
element of success in Florida. It means
that you must keep going--wast, no
time in idleness. You have probably
heard the story of the boy who put his
shoulder to the ship that was being
launched, and who then provided just
the requisite additional power to cause
the vessel to slide oft the ways into the
deep water. Every man needs to feel
that success depends upon his own
efforts-not what another may or may
not do for him. He must realize the
fact that he himself holds the key to the
situation-that he is one upon whom
many are dependent, and that it is his
duty to move the mountain.
The necessity of perseverance-of
hard, continuous work, with no inter-
valsof grim despondency-is just as im-
perative here as elsewhere, except that
the reward, in most cases, arrives a lit-
tle sooner than in 'any other section of
the Union. To the old proverb of "All
things comes to him who waits," iay
ecisely, added, "and works.,
BWAARiK __ i ":.. r-<* n-

ers" cannot do better than cultivate
their acquaintance; but they vary, as
people do everywhere else.
While some of them are as progressive
as may be found in any section of the
land, others follow in the old ruts, as did
their ancestors before them. Many of
their ideas may seen crude, but they
open the way to success. Mix with and
converse with them. Obtain their views
-they will be given freely and without
atint. Put them into practice along
with your own information on any given
subject, and you will avoid still another
"breaker." The Florida "Cracker," is
you are pleased to term him, will be only
too glad to help you. lie likes company,
he is jovial, whole-souled, hospitable,
and you are always welcome under hit
modest roof.
Then we have among us the croaking
"Micawbers," who are "waiting ,for
something to turn up." These indolens
creatures are failures wherever they go
They are those who everywhere retard
the wheels of progress. It is said by a
writer in one of our agricultural week-
lies that this waiting habit was con-
trated during what is known as the days
of "boom." At any rate, .they will be
found wherever you travel in the State.
Avoid them-they are breakers.
Then once more, the croaker is a weed
of rank and noxious growth. Converse
with him buta little while and it will be
found out that he sees no good in any- ,
A.Au& I -*_._ X .^ J fr --^ .' .. mirf ^SL- a^- JL

building which will cost 8500,000.

MANY Persian drinking cups have been
found in the ruins of Persipolis. They
are shaped almost exactly like our sau-

THE center of population in the United
States in 1890 was 20 miles east of Co-
lumbus, Ind. In 1790 it was 23 miles
east of Baltimore.

BATH-TUBS are to be placed in Chicago
school buildings, and hereafter the clean-
liness of the pupils will be looked after
by men and women janitors.

WELLESLEY College has turned out
1,066 graduates since it was founded.
This is a splendid evidence of the suc-
cess of the "higher education" for

THE Hawaiian steel bark Fong Suey,
from Hong Kong, China, has reached
Baltimore. She is the first vessel since
1849 to go to Baltimore from China di-
rect with a full cargo.

DARTMOUTH has educated 40 college
presidents, 200 college professors, 60
members of Congress and 24 governors.
Daniel Webster and Rufus Choate are
among her famous alumni.

ceived from the Post-Office Department
of France a request for an arrangement
with this country for a return postal-
card system such as now used in this

THERE have been but two English
Thanksgivings in this century. One was
on February 27, 1872, for the recovery of
the Prince of Wales from illness; the
other, June 21, 1887, for the Queen's ju-

CoMMENcnso with Martin Van Buren,
sixteen men have held the office of Pres-
ident of the United States since the be-
ginning of Queen Victoria's reign, and
of these-only Benjamin Harrison and
Grover Cleveland are alive today.

THE Auditorium Theatre, at Kansas
City, 'formerly known as the Warder
Grand, and built during that city's boom
at a cost of $350,000, was sold under fore-
closure of mortgage to the National Bank
of Commerce, of Kansas City, for $75,-
LADY SOPHA CEnL, aunt of the Mar-
quis of Exeter, who is now 94 years old,
is the last survivor of the famous ball at
Brussels on the night before Waterloo.
She is a daughter of the Duchess of
Richmond, who gave the ball, and
danced that night with the Duke of
Brunswick, who was killed next day at
Quartre Bras,

Silver will shortlybe required in France
for a large manufacture of medals to be
distributed to soldiers, seamen and offi-
cials who have at any time served in the
colonies. Tenders will be invited for
the delivery of 10,000 medals anda cor-
responding number of bars monthly for
a period of three years. The quantity
of si!verthat will be necessary is esti-
mated at between seven and eight tons.
REv. SA.BINE BAnNO GOULD,the author
_n- tl^. ^. 1 x- n..__ .1 n zL vA__ r-l /'hiv-;

ulwhUJrr-iUi~- SO C WU0* lJ J*Laf
son, a country squire, a lord of the man-
or, a sermon writer, a student of the
comparative religion, a popular novel-
ist and a poet He has written fifty
books, is deeply versed in medieval
myths and legends, and at the same
time is in sympathy with the modern
life and progress. He is 6Oyears old and
lives in the beautiful old Elizabethan
manor house at Lew Frenchard, where
the Gould family have lived ever since
the days of James I.

SWrTZERLAND, with its mixture of
races and tongues, is a sort of modern
Babel, a fact which causes much trouble,
in particular to the military authorities.
At Wallenstadt, the other day, at the re-
cruiting station, there was a guard com-
posed of five men. The chief was a lieu.
tenant who spoke German only, the sec-
ond a sergeant who spoke Italian only,
the third a corporal who could speak
French and Spanish, the fourth a private
who could speak French and German,
and the fifth a private who could speak
French and Italian. When the lieuten-
ant had to transmit an order to the Ser-
geant he had to get the last-named man
to interpret for him; when he wanted to
communicate with the corporal he had
to requisition the fourth man, and soon,

'e^3^sectio0rfe State. -"
A cigarmAiker, formerly employed in
El Modelo factory, in Jacksonville, died
on the southbound train just below San-
ford. He had a friend, Manual Valdez,
with him. His body was turned over to
Undertaker Lovengreen and his relatives
notified. He died of consumption.
The steamer Crescent City, in trying
to pass the Sylvester, struck the Clyde
dock at Jacksonville,glanced off,smashed
a small dock over a sewer and got
wedged in it, They had to take the
freight from the forward part of the
boat and carry it aft in older to get off
She then backed and went on her way.
At a meeting of the city council of
Gainesville, the resignation of Colonel J.
B. Brown, as mayor of the city of Gaines-
ville, was accepted and an election to fill
the vacancy was ordered. The cause of
Col. Brown's resignation was the failure
on the part of the city council to make
an appropriation for the improvement
of the streets.
Panther tracks have been seen around
St. Francis. The animal must be the
same one seen near Palatka, maKing its
way south. The Margaretha grove is
full of bear tracks, and Mr. Hinckle-
booker declares he saw the hindquarters
of one. Mr. Wright heard him. The
people expect to look him up before long
and try some bear steak.
The new J. T. & K. W. transfer be-
tween Crescent City and Huntington
met with a serious accident last week.
Two horses, driven by an 11-year-old
boy, became unmanageable and caused
the running away of two teams,seriously
injuring a traveling man. He was
taken to the hotel at Huntington and is
not yet able to be moved.
After all, old Milleburg is still on top
with the large saw-mill of Messrs. Fair-
head, Strawn & Co., running on extra
time, and the large force of men with
Messrs. J. E. Bryan and T. Newnham,
rock contractors, and the Black River
Phosphate company preparing to resume
operations with a full force, the people
of the town have reason to give thanks.
Mr. Hager, of the firm of Blanchard &
Hager, managers and proprietors of the
famous St. Augustine hotel, San Marco,
is to sail on a Clyde ship from New York
on the 14th inst., with the advance
guard of the hotel's domestic forces.
Mr. Blanchard will follow shortly, so
that the San Marco can be put in proper
trim for the grand opening on January
16, 1895.
Carrabelle is still improving. The
large storehouse being built on the
wharf, for the Naval Stores company, is
nearing completion, and gives one an
idea that the company intends to do a
large business. Mr. A. T. Swartz, man-
ager of the Roaring Branch mill, has
bought the drug store adjoining lots of
Dr. Christie, and will erect two fine
stores thereon.
A cablegram received by Mr. David S.
Woodrow, of Ocala, secretary of the
Associated Phosphate Companies, from
Mr. J. T. Jones, statesthat the negotia-
tions entered into by his company on the
other side, have been eminently success-
ful, and that the deal will go through.
This will doubtless mean a big and per-

JiEf 7 hnnRui.!kV.F -'-- LA *- Uo-

Mr. C. B. Knott, of St. Augustine, is
being importuned to make a golf ground
for his guests, and of course, for all
others who desire laying the game or
witnessing it played. He is at a loss
where to make the "ground," for the
reason that within the city limits suffi-
cient space is scarce, and to go beyond
means the grading and building of roads
suitable for pleasure riding and driving.
It is only too well known that St. Augus-
tine lacks such driveways as a resort,
and which it should have to entertain
its visitors and make the carriage busi-
ness profitable at the same time.
The artesian well which Command-
ant Whiting is having sunk at the navy
yard at Pensacola continues to excite
the liveliest interest. At the depth of
1,185 feet a flow of water was struck that
is so strongly pregnated with gas that
the officers are in despair of reaching
pure water, which is so much desired.
The water is flowing out at the rate of
4,1400 gallons per day. A temporary
box has been erected over the well and
gas burners attached. The light is al-
most as brilliant as that furnished by
pure gas. Commandant Whir" report-
ed the facts to the department at Wash-
ington, and has been instructed to have

boat. Most of them are going to Europe,
and they arrive there in good order, a
thing they could not do when sent to
New York, Boston and Philadelphia
commission houses. Commission men
have no show here. This is a Florida
Fruit Exchange stornghold and others
need not apply.
Last Friday night the Paul residence
on the Boulevard, Orange Park, which
has been closed through the summer;
was broken into and a number of articles
taken. The loss cannot be known until
the arrival af the family, who are ex-
pected soon. The same night a sail-boat
belonging to Martin Donelson, colored,
was stolen, and it is thought for the pur-
pose of carrying away the plunder, as
the boat was anchored opposite the Paul
Work on the extension of the Tampa
and Thonotosassa railway is progress-
ing rapidly under the supervision of
Capt. Scott Walker. Track is laid
about one and a half miles beyond the
depot. This opens up more valuable
country, and will open up a new trade
for Thonotosassa which has heretofore
gone to Plant City. Thonotosassa is
bound to be one of the best inland towns
of the State, only fourteen miles from
Tampa, and such a desirable location.
The big milling plant of Wing & Ken-
drick, located near the confluence of the
Little and Big Hillsborough rivers, has
resumed operations. Their machinery
is of the latest improved styles, and they
have put in everything necessary to turn.
out 50,000 feet of lumber and 100,000
shingles per day. Their plant has cost
them $40,000; but then it will pay, as
they have enough of the very finest cy-
press and pine timber lands to furnish
raw material for ten years.
Palatka has long felt the need of a
public library, and now this want seems
about to be supplied. The women have
taken it in hand, and if they meet with
their usual success, before long Palatka
will have a library to be proud of. A
meeting was held at the schoolhouse for
the purpose of organizing a library asso-
ciation. The attendance was not as
large as it would have been had it been
generally known that there was to be
such a meeting. Prof. Himes was ap-
pointed temporary chairman, and Miss
Fowler, secretary A committee, con-
sisting of Mrs. R. W. Davis, Mrs. J. W.
McGregor, Mrs. W. R Powell, Mrs. Wil-
son and Mrs. Mahony, was appointed to
d taft a constitution and by laws.
A. S. Rogers' planing mill and novelty
works of Orlando were destroyed by fire.
The fire was discovered a few minutes
before midnight. The whole building
was soon wrapped in flames. The fire
department responded promptly and
soon had three streams of water on the
fire. By this time four other buildings
were on fire. Macy's wagon shops, just
south of the building; John Barnett's
home, across the street east; Rogers'
home, across the street north, and a ne-
gro cabin west. It seemed that some of
them must go, but by hard work all
were saved except the mill building.
The engine and boiler belonged to
George E. Macy. The loss on that i
$1,200. The remainder of the machine
pn s 0 ,s ,k....v, .'"ve 'I' tW^ -Rs/
ance. The mill was entirely destroy-e
with a large quantity of finished work.
The heat was Intense, melting heavy
iron pulleys. The origin of the fire is
The contractors for the new power-
house building of the Jacksenville
Street Railway Company have nearly
finished their work. D. A. Garber of
Brown & Garber states that the work
will be done in about two weeks and the
building ready for occupancy. "It will
be one of the strongest buildings we
have ever put up," said he, "It is a
most complete plant, and everything is
of the best." On the first floor in the
main building will be the engines and
dynamos and all the machinery. In the
rear is the two-story boiler-house, well
arranged and lighted. The upper floor
of the main building will be used for
offices. They will be finished in hand-
some curly pine. The foundation for
the two huge 400-horse power Corliss
engines are of the most solid character.
The excavations are deep, and then a

solid bed of iron and brick is built for
each engine. Large iron rods pass
through the foundation, by means of
which the engines will be bolted solidly
to the bed. The foundations for the

oleo oil is stie
York each we1
adelphia, BaltiP
large shipmen f
of oleomargar.
Jens Olseni se
boy of Grandfork
isolated in aabil
leprosy. Thphy
Asiatic leprof an
to care for husel
A most disstro
occurred ata nil
Dynamite we pl
a stove to thw o
man was gardin
discovered Befo
moved th( explI
men and io pars
The editor of
Okla., T. Irwin
ing to deth. A
bed chamber an
flames. several fi
and wined him,
had advocated tl
seat to ilediord a
bitter nsemies.
The committee
ported through
recomnenda tioi
bill be passed o0
with; the limits!
or inthe Indian
only n accord
by treaty. II' th
abll received a
be surveyed an
To Ce
After this yea
therefore the
Mississippi tod
of iprozinejt.
the cro0'
control. Mo
be cultivated.

October was
ness in Engla
amount of brig
eight hours, or
the average,an
the quantity ob
ine beginning
teen of the day.

The Georgeto
bidden its stu
until the rules c
modified as to p
limb which now
era, and makes
as serious in pri
as a battle betwj
An E:
The Americar
into nearly ever
a well prized de
in this country ,
is very probab
crowned heads
their ThanksgR
dted into Euro
American minis

Return &3
The faillhe of
diers of tle Ind
phasized it the
Twenty-fifh In
Platte. Tils lea
panles in ais d
was one of eat
army life a wi

of tin platesfs
in due course a
Chicago. Some
manufacturer, c
on opening one
5 Bankot Engl
between the plal
was returned to

Lord Tollemac
cultural depress
some time that
per cent reduct
April. Owing
present owner
Tollemache est
very unremunn
They belong to
The directors'
burg county ha



rope. Bostohri,Phil-
nd Montreal, also send
It is used as the basis

teen-year old Swedish
County, N. D., has been
Di a farm, on account of
iians have decided it is
,he unfortunate boy has
as no -one will attend

explosion of dynamite
Suebec, the other day-
Sd in a cabin containing
a. It was used by the
y for blasting. A watch
the cabin when fire was
the boxes could be re-
on came, killing three
g school boy.
e Pond Creek Leadp r,
narrowly escaped burn-
mb was thrown into his
the room was soon in
ends heard the shell burst
rus saving his life. He
removal of the county
ad had incurred by it some

on public lands has re-
r. McRae of Arkansas a
;o the house. It is that a
ening all lands included
of any Indian reservation
territory. This to be doe
e to authorized agreement
recommendation be favor
Adopted, the lands will
town sites located.
se Leasing Labor.
convicts cannot be leased.
hoard of Prison ,Control of
contracted with a number
PcIgrs to crop on shares,
r"a under the state's
in 10,000 acres of land wil

or Contrast.
ted for its extreme cloudi-
.In London the tota
sunlight was only thirty-
ry little more than hall
wenty-one hours less than
rved in any October since
the record, in 1883. Thir-
ere absolutely sunless.
(D. C.) college has for-
ens from playing football
the game have been so
vent the danger to life and
threatens all football play
game between two team:
portion to numbers engaged
n two contending armies
orted Delicacy.
anberry has nade its way
portion of Europe. and i-
racy. The crop last yeai
s 1,000.000 bushels, and i
that a majority of th
ad cranberry sauce witl
turkey. It was intro
several years ago by th
to Berlin.

heir Reservation.
e attempt to make so
ns in Nebraska was em
ischarge of Company
try, department of th
only two Indian con
artment. The company
erit, but they tired o
ed to return to the res

rted Tin Plat
de pape cargo
pped from Swansea.and
rt of them arrived at
re sold to a corned-beef
of whose employes, up-
the boxes, discovered a
note snugly ensconced
After inquiry, the note

ly Reduction.
is so satisfied that agri-
n in England will last
has already promised 25
of his rents due next
the forbearance of the
nd his predecessor, the
s in Suff lk have been
tive for several years.
family prior to the con-

ore Cotton.
r Clifton mills, Spartan-
determined to build a

new cotton r.i, which will make the third
mill operated this company on Pacolet
river. The ne ll will be built at Thomp-
son's shoals, b has a water power ca
pacity of 20,( iindles and 800 looms with-
out the aid m power. The mill will
be finished a operation by the 1st of
next October when finished, this mill
will give five mills within a three-mile
radius. Th His will have altogether
9.1O, l(Dinl(U-r .,;ill hb ahleio n c.nsnma

1* I olvr-In ICAUU e-TF yV.w -.
railroad company, there had never been
an act of Congress recognizing or classi-
fying phosphate as mineral. The result
of an analysis made by Francis Wyatt,
of the Laboratory ot Industrial Chemis-
try of New York, of the Florida phos-
phates, shows the composition of the
material to be practically identical with
that of animal bones and Peruvian gua-
nos, and the question arises,- 'Were lands
containing such-deposits reserved under
the general policy of the Government,
as evidenced by its legislation in rela-
tion to mineral lands, at the date of the
passage of the granting act'7"
"I fail to find evidence of such policy
in my investigation of the laws relating
to mineral lands. I am of the opinion
that lands, to pass under the grant made
by the act of May 17, 1856, are not ex-
cepted therefrom, by the fact that they
are shown to contain phosphate depos-
its. * I am also of the opinion that
the word 'mineral' as employed in the
act of June 22,1874, cannot be construed
to include lands containing deposits of
Nearly all of the lands granted to the
Florida Central and Peninsular Railroad
Company which contain phosphate de-
posits have been staked off as mineral
claims, and in some cases the phosphate
is being mined by persons claiming the
land under the mineral laws.-Citizen.

Turn Back, Old Time.
Only a decade ago .it was the custom-
of the farmers of Hernando to raise al-
most everything needed for domestic
consumption at home, corn, meat,
horses, cows, hogs, sheep, poultry, milk,
butter, eggs, syrup, sugar and dozens ol
other things that go to make a home
comfortable and to give to the farmer a
luxurious table whenever his wife chose
Sto set it and to make the tiller of the
Soil independent. In those days money
was plentiful and no man in the world
f was m re independent than the farmer
in Hernando county.
But the one idea system that has com'
near to wrecking the farmers of thi
South, struck Hernando county; big
prices were realized for fruit and vege
Stables, the farmers all abandoned thi
I good old safe way and set out to make
fortune on fruit and vegetables, all their
1 savings, all they could borrow, they in
* vested in groves and truck farming; th
s commission men, who had started th
d boom, got about all the fruit and all th
" vegetables, and as a consequence, all th
money and the farmers got the expert
y ence and still have a large portion of th
s debts they made.
r Let's turn back to the good, old fash
t ion of living at home; banish the ti
e cow, the canned vegetable garden, an
h the sheet iron steel, the gunny corn cri
" and oat bin, the baled hay stack and th
e 300-pound hemlock smoke-house (dr
salt,) the barrelled meal and grits an
all the other leaking bung holes an
l- make at home all the food we consume
i. save flour, tea and coffee. This wi
I, keep money at home, make fine farm
ie and groves and prosperous farmer
a- thriving merchants and a happy, coi
y tented people. All this has been done i
ot Hernando county, some are still doing
SIt, and all can do,it if they will.-Brook
ville News Register.

-~ ArrR obot as a Stock Food Plant.
Sherman Adams writes very effectively
on cassava as a food and stock crop.
For table use and for starch it is far bet-
ter for the reason that it has no fibre to
interfere with the process of grating, it
is also superior m flavor. Arrow root
however, is easier grown, will make a
fine crop on very poor land and on good
land will yield nearly or quite as much
as cassava. Poultry don't care for it no
matter how tempted, while a broken
Cassava root will be picked at as long as
an atom of white interior is seen. I have
not tried arrow root for horses or cows,
but for pigs I believe it to be quite as
good, possibly better. I find that pigs
chew up both stalk and leaves. I am
feeding a good deal this fall by digging
it for them, and intend to plant it next
year in such way that I can pen on it.
A point in its favor is that it is sure to
grow, no matter how dry. Last spring
I failed to get a stand of cassava on ac-
count of drouth while the arrow root
came up at once or waited for moisture

and then showed itself. I have heard
old farmers express the opinion that for
pigs, considering case of cultureand the
fact that cassava will not do at all to
pen on, as it will not keep when dug,
and would be wasted, the arrow root is


I know nothing of." t price of cut
flowers in American cities, but I do
know something of London prices. For
instance, a customer will willingly pay
half a dollar for a single Gardenia flower
with a spray of maidenhair fern, andI
don't think the American is far behind
his cousin in paying for luxuries.
Now, a Cape Jessamine will compare
very favorably with a Gardenia and an,
asparagus fern equally well with a
maiden hair, and what more tasty but-
ton hole bouquet could be desired ? Say
a Cape Jessamine bears fifty blooms, a
modest estimate, and you only get five
cents a bloom instead of fifty, there is
two and a half dollars for the trouble of
picking and packing, and where could
we find a more congenial occupation for
the fair sex ?
I instance the Cape Jessamine simply
because it is the commonest flowering
shrub we see in Floridian gardens, but I
could give an almost inexhaustible list ol
flowers equally well adapted for such
an undertaking.
Let us endeavor to get out of the old,
time worn rut and not persist in plant-
ing an orange tree in every nook and
corner of our place. Give something
else a chance, if it does not pay as well
in actual cash, it will pay better in the
increased beauty of our homes.
[The Cape Jessamine and Gardenia
which our correspondent speaks of as if
they were distinct, are one and the same
thing; the botanical name is Gardenia
florida fl. pl.-Ed. Floral Dept.]-0. P.
W., in Florida Agriculturist.

f Guavas Raw, and Cooked.
S Many people, especially those fron
I the North, dislike guavas, some because
e of their flavor, others, on account of the
e numerous seed.
y My opinion of the fruit, is, that whel
Properly prepared for the table,. evei
r peaches cannot excel it. I have seei
them served on many tables with seed
e but as I do not think their seed should
e be eaten I give recipes for guavas, with
g out. There is no telling how much mis
- chief such a compact mass of hard
e guava seed, is capable of producing
a Yet I have seen them given to children
r under three years of age. I think this i
- injudicious. The raw fruit for table us
e is best prepared as follows: Select sofi
e ripe guavas (the white are best), par
e thinly then slice all the fleshly pal
e from around the seed, put in a glass
i- dish, sprinkle thoroughly with whit
e sugar about an hour before serving
Slice up the inside parts containing see(
" put in boiler with enough water to pre
n vent burning. When the juice has bol
d ed out strain it and set aside to coo
b sweeten a little and pour over the slice
e guavas. Serve it as it is or with crean
V The latter is delicious.
d Make crust in usual way. Slice guavi
e as mentioned above, stew them till so
11 with sufficient sugar to sweeten. Whe
is cool fill the crust and bake. Prepare tl
S' the part with seed as before, using tl
sweetened juice to pour around ea(
slice of pie when served.
Make dough as. for biscuit, roll out
proper thick put the raw see

iee sicsi-tn-t'r pikewt

less slices -rrre-W T r, sprinkle with
sugar, gather the outer edges of the
dough over this, turn into a round bak-
ing pan and bake till the dough is light
brown. To the juice from the other part,
add enough sugar and butter to season
well and pour this over the dumpling
when served. M.

In Limited Quarters.
We are not all fortunate in possessing
large or even moderately large yards.
Some of our floral friends-and I may
safely say the majority of them-live in
large cities, where ground is scarce and
valuable, and very little space can be
allotted to those beautiful, silent friends
and sympathizers-flowers.
Either a long, narrow or round bed is
appropriate. We will imagine that the
little yard is sodded, and presents a
green, velvety appearance to the appre-
ciative eye of the interested passers.
The bed should properly be enclosed
with bricks. Old bottles look neat when
properly arranged, but they are too sug-
gestive, and are not strictly in harmony
with flowers. The bricks can be left in
their natural state or whitewashed, the
latter is a very good plan and looks nice
against the green turf. One bed that I
saw recently in a very small yard. was a

lastingTloorers -AIDA, in Florida Ag
riculturit .

The Incubator Brood.
Chicks should not be removed from
the incubator until perfectly dry, when
they should be placed in a brooder, the
temperature of which should register 90
degrees for the first week, 85 degrees for
the second, and gradually diminishing
until about 75 degrees is reached.
Draughts are sure to prove fatal, and
too much heat will cause leg weakness.
More than 50 chicks should never be
kept in one brooder. On thefloor of the
latter there should beat least two inches
of chaff and sand, through which finely
cracked wheat and corn should be well
mixed, so as to give the needed exercise
by scratching.
For the first 24 hours the chicks re-
quire no focd. They should then be
given the yolks of hard-boiled eggs chop-
ped fine and mixed with bread crumbs.
The next feed may be rolled oats or
bread crumbs moistened with scalded

milk. After they are once well-started,
they should have a variety of food, and
as much as they willeatup clean. They
should be fed as early as possible in the
morning, and their breakfast should
consist of some soft food, such as mash-
ed potatoes mixed with corn meal.
In a couple of hours they may be.fed
again, this time with cracked corn or
crumbled corn meal cake and wheat or
wheat screenings. A head of cabbage
should be hung where they can peck at
it. At night the feed should be cracked
cotn and other hard grains soaked in
water. Meat should be given three
times a week-about half a pound chop-
ped ine to50 chicks from one to three
weeks old, after which the amount may
be increased.
Small chicks should be fed every two
hours during the first week, every three
hours during the second week and after
that three times a day. The point to be
aimed at is to induce the young birds
to consume the greatest possible amount
of food, by which means they grow and
mature very rapidly. Fresh water
should be kept by them all the time and
occasionally boiled milk is given them.
ChicKs should remain in the brooder at
least six weeks, and much longer if the
weather is cold and unfavorable.
i The incubator-hatched chicks possess
t the great advantage over those brought
s into the world in the natural way of be-
e ing free from lice in the beginning, and
Sin order to maintain this immunity it is
,essential that the brooder be kept sweet.
- Everything should be cleaned out once
- a day and fresh material put in its place.
; Warmth, exercise, ventilation and clean-
d lines, together with plenty of easily-di-
gested, nitrogenous food, are the requi-
sites of successful brooder management.

s Assortine Potatoes.
t orting potatoes oy nana is very teal-
Sonu. With a contrivance described in
e The New England Homestead the small-
er potatoes are easily and quickly sepa-
e rated from the larger ones suitable for
h market. It is a very simple and cheap
apparatus that can be made by any one.
It consists of a slatted trough 5 or 6 feet
o long, provided with legs or standards of
I proper length to keep it so inclined that

will roll down. The slats may be of
inch stuff attached to the two bottom
cleats, their centers 13 inches apart, a
little closer at the top and a trifle far-

other separated at the bottom so that the
potatoes may not become wedged in the
spaces. A suitable width for the sorter
is 20 inches, with boards 8 inches high.
When unloading potatoes from the
wagon, place the sorter at the side or
rear and shovel them directly upon it.
Those of suitable size will run into the
basket, while the smaller ones, with the
earth, little stones, etc., will fall npon

I __

~J~.-C'~~im jill~Lil~7 c~` i




, .





Keeping fruits and Vegetables.
Green fruit takes carbonic acid from
the soil and air and gives off oxygen.
When fruit is ripening, the process is
reversed, the fruit absorbing oxygen
and giving off carbonic acid. These
changes in the chemical composition of
fruit give the special value to fruit for
eating purposes. One of the most im-
portant changes as fruit ripens is the
change from acids unto sugar. In this
process the proportion of sugar incerases
as the process of ripening advances.
The time of ripening varies in different
1fuits and even in the different varieties
of the same kind. In the grape the
sugar changes are bro, bout in a
short time. Scientists roven that
sugar is transported in -c sap to the
fruit. Fruits go through, two processes
in ripening, that on the tree and another
process after removal from the tree.
Apples go' through a process of after
ripening in which there is no decrease
in the sugar.
There are many species of living or-
ganisms in the air which settle on
plants and fruits and set up decay. Fruit
separated froiT'tlte plant or tree is more

the Atlanbie to the Pacific? In answer
to this query we would say that, if so,
-our scientists (the country over) with all
the aids to patient, pains-taking scien-
tific research and investigation, have
signally failed to demonstrate the fact.
On, the contrary, they claim that all the
-elmenas of fertility with the exception
of nitrogen, phosphoric acid, potash,
lime and magnesia exists in the soil in
su, fiient quantities already.
Our learned professor lays great stress
on the largely increased yield attending
the use of nitrate of soda, utterly ignor-
ing the fact that whenever the soil-tiller
purchases and applies his salt, he does
so for the nitrogen, and never for the
soda it contains, neaer dreaming .(while
using this palt) of using it asa substitute
for the more valuable as well as abso-
lutely indispensable potash salts. On
analysis, the presence of soda (in a very
limited .ad circumscribed degree) is
manifested in most all plants, but exper-
iments have potso far proven its essen-
timlity to the life and healthy develop-
ment of any single plant while potash
has been so abundantly proven to be so
essential to the life, health and well being
of almost all plants, that they panpot
possibly t44iyee without it; hence, it is
absolutely indispensable, anrd po substi-
tute (either high, or low-prtced) can
takeits place in the nutrition of plants
either wild or pultivabje.
Soda is nowhere recognized as essen-
tial to plant growth and development,
nor as a substitute for potash; the infini-
tessimally small quantity of soda, and
the large quantities of potash, found in
the major portion of vegetation, effect-
ually precludes all possibility of the
"substitution" theory being true. We

have seen too many barren corn stalks in
the field, too many tuberless potato
vines, too many unfruited vines, shrubs
and trees that were made fruitful and
prolific by a judicious and liberal appli-
cation of potash and phosphates to be-
lieve in any stuh nonsensical rubbish.
Why does not our learned professor
move out into the countryand by experi-
ment and practice demonstrate the fact,
in the feld, (and tnot at the desk) that
soda Is a cheap, reliable and complete
substitute for potash? Then, and not
till then, will he convince the farming
fraternity that he is .right and his posi-
tiop impregnable, unassailable, and that
the whole s"epttfic world is wrong.
Our learned friend makes ope great mis-
take and "gies the whole thing away"
when he recommends soda, not as a
"substitute," but Lq "solvent" tor the
pqtash contained in txe granitic rocks
of New England. FPe says "It is now
known that with many soils lime, mag-
nesia and potash can he given to the
crop by applying salt (common) or any
soluble sodium compound to the land.
It must, therefore, be evident that the
granitic soils contain sufficient potash
for any crop, if proper means be used to
liberate it, this can be done by the ap-
plicatiQn of soda-ash, a soluble sodium
compound which not only enderss the
potash in thesoil available to the growth
of plants, but toa certain extent ,at least,
will substitute soda for i'." So, after
all, there has been "much ado about
nothing." Our worthy professor places
_ -I - . C I I

much rather handle the oranges from
Florida than those which we receive
from California, as growers and the com-
missioners are better satisfied when noses
are counted. With an experience of
many years, I would much rather han-
dle the -Florida fruit. If the Florida
growers during the coming season do
not ask too high prices the foreign ship-
pers will not be in it." When the Citi-
zen representative asked if Florida fruits
would find a ready market during the
winter, he answered:
"Let the Florida shippers send to the
East and they will be certain to obtain
better prices for their consignments
here than elsewhere. Send us grape-
fruit early, and we can make money."
From the Florida Agriculturlet.
No Special Benefit to the Officere.
Among a few of the orange growers,
there appears to be some indifference to
organization; because of the feeling that
the'principal, officers of The Florida
Fruit &'Vegetable Growers' Association
expect in some way to secure benefits
and advantages for themselves, in which
the growers as a whole will not partici-
After what has been said and written,
we had not thought it necessary to fur.
their explain our Upsition. However, it
is possible that the work of organization
may be somewhat retarded in some sec-
tions, by the circulation of rumors by a

ariig andiioli tH are snd
ard brands in Eu'r9 Eid South America
Druggists use the refined oils in preparing
hniuente.. salves and hair lotions. When
properly treated, it is used on the most deli.
cate machinery as a lubricator.
Value as Stock Feed.-The annual output
of all the sunflower oil mills is estimated
at 1,7T3,000 for the oil only. Oil cake is
put at $600.000. The oil cake largely con-
sumed in Russia,Germany,England,Swed n,
Denmark and Holland, as feed for cattle.
The stock-raisers and farmers of these coun-
tries regard the oil cake as the best food to
be obtained for cattle. They claim for it
superiority over bemp or rape seen for pro-
ducing flesh on beef cattle, and equally as
good for increasing the supply of milk in
milch cows. A German farmer reports
that he increased the flesh of an ox three
pounds per day by feeding on sunflower oil
cake These people also bold it in high es-
teem as a horse feed. They say it produces
flesh and gives the hair a hyely, alick ap-
pearance. The dried cups are led to sheep,
and the faulty seeds are used as feed foi
barnyard fowls. In many sections where
wood is scare the stalks aud shells are used
as fuel, which answers as a good substitute.
The ash from the sunflower contains a large
per cent of potassium. Experiments have
proven that 1000 pounds of dried stalks
yield 57 pounds of ash and from 1Q00
pounds of ash 350 pounds of the best potas-
sium is obtained. According t t he analyri
of chemists, the ash of the sunflower con-
Lains about 30 per cent, of potassium. and it
is also claimed by these scientists that If the
soil is very rich, the plant will take up 50
per cent, of potassium. The'ashes are
old to soap makers. From thefiber of the
stalk is manufactured the finest varietiesof
writing pta whichbear a close resem-
blance in color and texture to parchment.
Refuse as Manure.-The Russians esti-
mate that the stalks and leaves of one crop,
if left on the land, will manure the soil
sufficiently to yield six or more crops con
secutive.y without additional fertilizing.
The roots of the stalks soon rot in the
ground and leave about one ton of manure
per acre in thesoil, which is very fine for
the next crop. The plant requires but little
attention an labor after planting. When
it is about ten or twelve inches high the soil
should be thoroughly cleaned of grass and
weeds. That is all that will be required un-
til harvest. Harvest time varies according
to soil, climate and exposure of flower to
the sun. The usual time is fixed from
September 1 to October 15. When tLe
seeds are fully ripe the heads of the flowers
are cut from the stalks and placed in dry
in'g sheds for the purpose of curing them
the same as tobacco. When the flower is
fully dry, the sepds are threshed from the
cups and screened and run through a fan
mill and are then ready for the seed mill.

Sugar aane.
[ would like to age some articles from
growers giving methods of culture,
amounts of syrup made per acre, cost of
working, time and way of planting. Is
it best to cut and plant atonce or should
it be banked till spring?
[s it best to leave roots in ground for
rotation crops or plant new each year?
A neighbor of mine plants in 12-foot
rows and between raises various crops,
as Irish potatoes, melons, etc., and has
a very tine growth of cane now at the
end of the season,the whole space seems
full of roots and the question is, will he
not get as much syrup from the less
number of stalks, they being all large,
.than he would frornt.wie t.he nnumher.of

one of the leading and inle-spensable ele- rows and stalks, for"wiliknow that the'
meuts of Lertility and also rightly places large and well developed stalks are the
his dearly beloved soda, not as a "sub- sweetest.
statute for but as a solvent of poas Has cane been used as a pork making
stitute for" but as a solvent of potash. crop? This may look like a foolish
Its action as a solvent is primary while f wu
its secondary action, that of a substitute question, since the first thought would
for potash, depends exclusively upon its be that was too expensive, but con
sidering what the small grower with his
solvent powers and not upon is inherentiderng what the small grower with his
S small mill and kettles gets out of his
essentiality in plant nutrition. In our
humble pnon ud be we enugh crop, probably less tha half the sac-
humble opinion. it wiuld be well enough t m b sm I .
for our learned (city-farmer) professor to charine, there may be some seIne in the
go backward long enough to take just question. An acre of cpe may yield
a short lesson in the first principi of 4of f sugror say 10 barrsof
agriculture, the physiology of plauts s3 rup and 1 would like to hear from one
and platt nutrition.-. H. TR horse ill and deep kettle growers what
and plant nutrition.-U. H. TCRNEB, in
they actually do get per acre this fall.
Florida Arulturs. If they do get ten barrels at 30 cepts
THE SiNFLOWEK---USES AND CtIL1- net. there is $90. If, as I imagine, the
VATION. yield is nearer five barrels, the profit is
Si not great, and it is quite possible that to
Tm e urPwrow is onhe of Russia's most convert it into ieat on the ground that
impqrtt cropp and the uses to which it might pay better, the labor would be
the plantand its seed areput are varied. less, the gain to the land very great, as
The sunflower will grow almost any.- sugar would be the only element-I am
where, of course, the better the soil and not speaking chemiually-rezpoved,
c~ e given it t'e better the resu Its. there would really be n .drain upon the
Mr. Ou I .wiainetaisive cotton planter soil and a gain of vegetable matter.
in the Mississippi bon.om, who visited Rs me might be shocked at the idea of
sa yoggnnIn Sme mtb be shocked at the idea of
ste laft year for ttte pttrpoat of gaining in- +
formiaion in regard to the r ltaee of the feeding pigs on sugar. I've heard men,
sunflower in that country, gives -his obser- call it sinful to use ten cent corn for fuel
action as follows: he Russns who grow in a treeless country, but I never heard
atio a Rurow i.f lomnt ina visited' n ameno h f-

ter, the surface leveled, and applied in
trenches four or five inches apart and
about.five inches in depth. Wheat, po-
tatoes, beets, peas and beans were grown,
in the boxes. The excess of yieid in the
second series was 6.3 per cent. in the
caseof the wheat, 29.9 in the beans and
26 in the potatoes.
Prunet experimented in the same line
with potatoes grown on plats of hills
and plain soil, with fertilizers carefully
mixed with the soil in the one series,
and in the other applied in trenches par-
allel to the rows of potatoes. The yield
of tubers was larger where the fertilizer
was applied in rows than where it was
mixed with the soil.
The theory is presented that the sul-
phate of potash remains partly in solu-
tion and partly in a fixed state in com-
bination with humus, and that the su-
perphosphate is probably entirely fixed
by the bases of thesoil; that on the plats
where the fertilizing material was thor-
oughly disseminated, the surfaces of
contact with the potassic and phosphat-
ic fertilizers with the constituents was
very great, and therefore the fixation of
those substances was very rapid. On the
lats t hat received the fertilizers in rows
parallel to the line of plants, the surface
contact was greatly reduced'and the fer-
tilizers rendered insoluble more slowly.:
It is reported that the roots were more
thoroughly developed In the vicinity of
f tilizers, which wre morecomple

'asI- ---NOW""ll

dU-- 1.01 YV1 -UUAI A) IL-A -3L1trIJVU

IirC u &V C ISU~v v", W' wj IT I CL1JC.I "um
Experiments have proved that, well
stirred and aerated soil can produce one
hundred times as much nitrates as the
same soil undisturbed, and this should
shed light on the greater growth ob-
taine i on young orange trees by clean
cultivation, and also account for the
large and increasing quantities of organ-
ic nitrogen fertilizers needed to pro-
duce ordinary results on crops of fruit
on such orange groves in after years
when the clean' culture has dissolved
and burned up the original organic*
matter or humus. Many orange grow-
ers supply the leficiencv with muck
and "Dana's muck manual," with its
obsolete theories of plant nutrition is
still quoted in discussions of the subject.
So called well decayed sweet muck is
often harmless to orange trees and a ben-'
efit to the soil, but again there are
mucks that are of a peaty nature or sour
and saturated with oxide of iron, and
such prove of no value and are often
The decay of all vegetation is caused
by bacteria and ferments or molds that
produce more slowly the same effects
that the quick working putrefactive fer-
.nAnfc Af nn animeol matter'

ittre Mm01t and
of phosphorous and t
to the conclusion that
phuric acid to cause 1
ting that the manufac
phuric acid in scienti
unite with the lime of
lime to produce wa
phoric acid and that
acid is also a powerful
aRuse the bags to decay
In forming soluble
the sulphuric acid us
phate of lime, gypsum
which is more refractor
of lime for while sulph
boil at a moderate he
water of combination b
of paris, yet the red .h
all the carbon out of ca
forming quick lime, has
chemical union of sul
The same general rules a
of ammonia and sulpha
compared with the carbo
rides, for when by plant
the sulphuric acid is sepa
salt it must immediately
base, return to the metal
or in some cases, perha
with Iron in the complex
A vastly more serious e
solving of the humus by
quick lime which is the a
ent of low grade calcine
Fire has no effect on the
rock phosphate but it imp
chanical condition of the I
burning the associated cart
which on slacking becomes
in some degree '' ,t -
phate of lime also. It do
acidulate a lower grade
cent phosphate of lime
the grade of calcined phos
will be its mechanical c
trate of lime is formed it
the formation of nitrate
stimulated if available pot
as long as the humus h
accumulations of many ye
way be destroyed in one
and the expense of sup
again will be vastly great
parent saving from these
of fertiliziqg.-E. S. HUB
ida Agriculturist.

Another Side
May I join in the house
discussion, too' After re
been written on the subje
to the conclusion that th
ed by one cannot always
another, for some have o.
to do for. others have mi
small houses, others, lar
ing more work; some ha
ti e kitchen while others
thing themselves: some
well and can perform e
and never miss the ti
poor in health that th
tween the different
taking all day for a
and sometimes leaving
So every housekeeper w
way, and those ways
circumstances But th
if there is housekeeping
there is *qploymept f(

lally in country hoU
s,, heavily on one's h
others too, as well as
Jean Ingelow can say
world and we two" an
"two" must be at ho
deal and employment
to count the hours as
It is a good plan to so a
work that standing a
come alternately, as too
at one time becomes i
the entire home has bee
sit and rest and when
write. When wearied
your attention to you r
out door exercise, and so
sion I winl say, too, hai
performing every duty,
ness inside the house a
one is physically able.
enjoy the ~nost cheerful
health breaks down.
"Ah! what avail the largest
When drooping health and
How tasteless then. whatever
Health is the vital principal
Oh, that all might real
that last line before t
- -- 4 - i -

just at the right time-be
and if intended for ho
they cannot miss it if t
most anything.

Begin Modera
When a beginner deci
the poultry business he i
estimate the receipts and
penses too low. The la
inexperienced persons w
raising of poultry as a b
conception of the drawba
ties to be encountered.
to devote a certain amou
the enterprise, and expe
spoudingly. They mak
for sickness, loss from-e
redators, or possible.
There are hundreds of
where large sums have
poultry business simply
was plentiful, but experi
edge were lacking.
There is but one safe r
follow, and that is to start
Those who begin at the to
numbers, in nearly all case
the bottom; but beginning
few hens, and gradually i1
year, as the poultry char
letter understood, will Il
There are so many littleti
and so many details toobs
cannot be mentioned. Nor
entirely by Eaing

h i

d al

ie C

r lac
e of
.t th
o eff
Aly to

-.. --. ~-;-

Fsmin thespring, ad m"a7c-g the dry ridges
Smelling a perfect bed of light lilac colored flow
ver jumps ers, lasting for several weeks, until the
s tree sul- grass would-h-de them from view.
e forgetsul- What a change there has been made
es rtie su- in the Canna in the last few years. The
ports to first I remember of seeing were thost
bible hos with dark foliage and a small inferior
boe phos- flower, of but little beauty, excepting
o and wil when massed for the foliage. Although
and wil have but three kinds, yet they are all
different shades of yellow, with light
orio acid green foliage. Two of the blossoms are
uces sul- spotted, and very beautifully, too, one
d plaster being a newcomer to my garden this
carbonate season.
lime will
Lose the The Oleander, when trained in the
i0 plaster shape of a tree, is a valuable addition to
hi burns to thegarden, but when allowed to grow
te f lime, at its own sweet will, it is nothing but
ec on the a rough, unsightly looking bush.
oi lime. I have seen them grow in tubs in the
Ssilphate North, .from three to five or six feet
posh as high, covered with light pink flowers.'
an< ohlo They were valuable plants, but were
teril life obliged to be -kept indoors in winter.
froa the Will some one who has had experience
anther please tell the readers of the Floral Dept.
hur itate whether Mignonette will thrive on the
absorbed pine lands of Florida, and if so what is
mic cam. the best kind?-H. A. OT aTI, in Florida

.ofrmmmotLia and later, after nitrifica-
Stion, as nitrate of potash.
S I will note a few incongruous combi-
nations. If nitrate of soda were used
with sulphate of potash as a fall appLi-
cation, I would expect most of the ni-
troien to be lost by leaching in the win-
ter rains. Nitrate of soda for or.-nge
trees is safely permissible only in small
applications to start trees during the
spring drouths before the rainy season.
Muriate of potsh or other forms con-
taining chlorine, will retard and check
development of high favpr in fruit.
.Muriate of potash ard nitrate of soda
will go well together mixed with spper-
phosphate and used immediately for
farm or garden crops but in no case use
moisture of Potash for orange trees.
Undoubtedly the factor thqt in con-
nection with the fertilizing elements
used eventually decide dthe hfalthfulgesal
and longevity of orange trees isan am-
.ple supply of decaying vegetable matter
commonly called humus, in the soil,and
the conservation of this organic matter
should be the first object of a system of
Before (he discovery of the true pro-
cesq of nitrification and the part the ba-
sic palts of the nitrates play in plant nu-
trition,agricultural chemists taughtthat
a soluble geine of humus was the n!y
necessary for plant life, the strongest ar-
guments being the fertility of mucky
soils and the efficiency of barnyard ma-
npre, whose chief constituent is carbon.
Later, the discovery that plants could
begrown in potsof sand or water with-
out supplying carbon in any form, and
the discovery that plants draw their
main supply of carbonic acid from the
air, caused public opinion to go to the
other extreme and deny the necessity of
humus, except,-perhaps, as an improver
of the mechanical condition of the soil.
Researches of recent years, however,
have shown more fully the uses and lim-
itations of humus.
The nitrifying microbes are usually
classed with plant life, yet they display
in their digestive functionssimilar con-
ditions tothose of animals. As is well
known, animals must have certain pro-
portions between the albuminoids and
carbohydrates of their food to main-
tain health and the average is about as
one to six. The microbes are able to
use much lower forms of nitrogen and
carbon in their life functions, but there
must be a sufficiency of humus present
and the carbon must be in porportional
excess of the nitrogen present, while
ample available basic salts, potash, lime,
soda or magnesia must be present or ni-
trification will be too slow to benefit
quick growing vegetation.
Some specimensof muck and humus
contain about the proper proportion of
nitrogen and carbon and in alluvial soils
in Northern river bottoms, where potash
is also present, the fertility for years
appeared inexhaustible.
Material like cotton seed and linseed
meal contain good porportions of nitro-
gen and carbon, and mixed with potash
form a nearly complete fertilizer for
many Florida soils, but they must be
covered by the soil to prevent loss of
nitrogen during putrefactive decay and
the injurious effects of these putrefac-
tive products on orange trees and fruit

sepers' lively
ing what has
I have come
plans suggest.-
. adopted by
two or three
r; some have
ones, requir-
a servant in

iuld not hang
i. Th re are
elf, who with
is "All the
one of those
alone a great
Ces one forget
ey slowly slip

nge the day's
sitting may
iuch of either
1 me. When
put to rights,
doing read or
th this, turn
wers, or some
In conclu--
system about
extreme neat-
out of it, if
)One cannot
soundlngs if

1 of Heaven"
go amiss ?
be given I
he truth of
,te, before

Irish Potatoes.
Vwny is t that small farmers who are
short of corn do not raise more Irish
potatoes, when two crops can be made
the same year, and they are so easily
and quickly made, and so good for
family use and for chickens, hogs. and
even for the cows? They save bread
and corn. I am now using new pota-
toes planted the middle of March
raised from last year's second crop
seed, and they are very fine. They do
not weigh a pound apiece, but
four tubers will weigh eigh-
teen ounces; I have tested by
the scales. To isaise the second
crop, I manure the land broadcast,
first working the soil well, then open
the drills deep with turn plow or sin-
gle shovel, by running both ways, and
put in some additional manure in
the drills. If I plant very early in the
season, I put the manure on the seed.
If late. I put the seed on the manure.
I do not see much difference in yield.
This manuring in the drill makes the
potatoes earlier, but it is bad for
them, as it makes them scabby
and rough. If you have plenty
of manure put it all on broadcast,
and the tubers will be nicer and
better. A patch farmer should
always keep his pockets full of
seed-sweet corn. navy beans, snaps,
sunflowers. canteloupes. encumbers,
pumpkins and others-to plant in miss-
ing places. In the potato patch, when
he digs a hill of potatoes, he should
keep on planting from these seeds as
he digs. He will then have in his po-
tato patch a nice late garden. I plant-
ed the second crop of Irish potatoes
three times before I got a stand. I
dug the first crop the last of June, and
spread my seed, selected from thiscrop,
some under the shade of a tree, so that
they could get oome little sun; others
I spread ia the weeds and brush.
opened deep drills in the same
I had dug the potatoes from, and
ut adding any more manure, I
ed some of the sets in week
digging, and put about two
es of dirt over them; very few
me up. In three weeks I planted in
e same drills and put on more dirt
got half a stand, and in four weeks
ted again in the same drill and

the last of July or first of August. I
made a fine crop of the smoothest and
nicest tubers I ever made.-John O.
Otoi in Southern Planter.

Poultry for Profit.
Don't go into the poultry business
thinking it is an easy way to make mon-
ey. If you do,you will wish you hadn't
for you will find you've made the big-
gest mistake of your life. Lazy people
may possibly get along as merchants or
lawyers, though they will never climb to
the top of the tree, but a lazy poultry-
keener will make as big a failure as a
lazy editor.
Lots of work is necessary in the poul.
try business. This work largely consists
of unflagging attention to what seems
petty details, but the lack of attention
to which has been the chief cause of the
many failures in the poultry business.
They seem such little things to us that
we are apt to forget that they are often
more important than the big ones, as,
occurring more frequently,their sum to-
tal is much greater. Chicken existence,
like human life, is' made up mostly of
these little things which, like all routine
work, become utterly wearisome and

?n seasons--
produce al-


go into
b tto over-
ca the ex-
ijorit.v of
ct into the
0ss have no
rd difficul-
Oapit.al to
ns corre-

in. -the

r all to
th large
t down to
th only a
sing each
istics are
to know.
that they
oae ldi'n


as our oran

will soon be,

that they would have sold for at least
double the price, with an increase in de-
mand continually.
I have lived in many large Northern
cities, but I never yet saw the market
glutted with real delicious fruit, unless
it was of that kind that was immediately
perishable. A luxury must be a luxury
to be salable, for people can not luxuri-
ate on unsavory articles. Those who
have been shipping drops, and thorned
fruit and culls generally, may have re-
ceived little something in return. If so
they will argue to excuse themselves
that they are just so much ahead. They
forget that they haye more to ship, and,
that by shipping such they contribute
their proportion in demoralizing the
market, so that they do not receive as
much for their good iruit as they other-
wise would. I can conceive of only one
person who may be a gainer by shipping
culls or green fruit, that is the person
who expects a forolosure of mortgage be-
fore his fruit can mature. Every per-
son who consigns poor fruit to market
contribute their respective share to re-
duce the market to a plain that means
poverty to the producers.

quat are exceptionally good; which is
also true of the Lo.iuat, and uf the new
Japanese plums (as designed for Profes-
sor Bailey). The cuts'of five leading va-
rieties of Japanese persimmons are the
best illustrations of this fruit. ever pub-
lished in Ihis country-they appear here
in advance of the publication of Profes-
sor Georgeson's authoritative work on
"*The Fruits of Japanu. for which they
were prepared, as was also the flne en-
graving of the Ja.lpanese chestnut.
But it is more especially the subject
matter of this "hand-bxook for the South-
eru fruit grower" that commends it.. It
describes over 300 varieties offered for
"Texas, Florida and the lower South,''
including the orange and other Citrus
fruits in variety on both orange and trifo-
liata stocks,-peaches, plums, pears, Ja pa-
nese persimmons, rigs, apricots, quinces,
pomegranates, mulberries, loquitis, ol-
ives, grapes, nut trees, roses and orna-
The simple and systematic arrange
mert of headings, sub-headings ant de-
partments is admirable, Prices, infor-
mation for customers and the like have
been relegated to a "Business Depart-
ment" in the latter part of the volume,
leaving the first half-hundred pages to
horticulture, pure and simple, embrac-
ing fruits and fruit culture, and a half-
dozen pages on ornamentals and orna-
.menital planting.
.,* tie ededconsideration of the
tne spring, andmaking the dryridge .

$2.50 to $3.00. The sooner the dealers
and consumers understand that, the
We enjoy and need just as good food
in Florida as elsewhere. We love to be
neatly and fashionably dressed. There
Is no other state in the union where so
much pains is taken and effort made for
education. We are as wise and intelli-
gent as other people in everything but
our oranges. Let the world know this.
I can not comprehend why people sacri-
fice their crops. It would be much more
wise to let oranges rot on the tree than
to sell Ihem at $1.00 per box, then you
would save trouble of picking and pack-
ing. Certain kinds in certain localities
are ready for market earlier than others
in other places. But a rule is easily made
for all. It is simply this: Do not ship
any fruit until ripe and sweet. That
will apply to any locality and to all kinds.
While other things may contributel to
the unsatisfactory prices received for
oranges so far, there is no doubt but the
inferior quality caused by too early ship-
ping is the chief factor. We never can
receive renuinerative prices iutil this
practice is stopped.
When will it be?-FRANcs M. Bucx,
in Florida Agriculturist.

Pultary ounsees

On the ittph experiment station
ground at Amherst, Mass., are six
poultry houses built after the same plan,
and each designed to accommodate
about 20 fowls. Believing that the de-
sign of these houses affords a good model
for fanciers who raise choice breeds
and furthermore furnishes suggestions
for others who may not desire so expen-
*sa Fry

SI r jx A-crs

M, rcen

~.sast. era

s "glutted" an individual f flve years
Later he was in the mercantile trade,
e and purchased a box of Florida oranges
in the month of March to retail. He
e tried one, and found it sweet. He ate
Sone after every meal, as long as they
e lasted, with beneloial results. It was
impossible to "glut" him on savory or-
Sanges. Towns and cities are made up of
individuals Individualsdo not care for
unpalatable victuals of any kind; and
will not buy unsavory fruit when they
know It. Fruit Is considered by many
as a luxury. This is especially true of
oranges. People are almost obliged some
times to eat food not of the best quality.
But no one is obliged to eat poor fruit.
Oranges are only a luxury, when fully
ripe. Think of it, Oranges are put on
the market, not as food, but as something
delicate, and for the purpose of pleasure-
eating. They are not a necessity. And
now imagine how people must luxuriate
on oranges that dropped,or were whipped
from the trees three months ago! Im-
agine the people ot other states spending
their hard earned money for something
to please their appetite,and buying green
oranges for that purpose. If the growers
of Florida want a demand for their or-
anges, the simple way to get it, is to
place them on the market in a luxurious
condition. It seems to me as simple as
the multiplication table.
People buy candy for their children
because it is a luxury for them. But
haw soon parents would cease to buy
candy if manufacturers thereof should
put it on the market in an unpalatable
condition. For illustration we can say,
we manufacture oranges down here in
We manufacture them as luxury.
We want parents to buy them for their
children. We are in hopes parents will
eat them also. And what then? We
throw them on the market unsavory.
They are not only unwholesome and un-
healthy, but actually repugnant. We
would not eat the fruit ourselves that
has been going forward, and why should
we expect people out of the State to do
so? Notice the circulars that you are
now receiving from the commission men.
Observe how they read: "As the green
and poor fruit is now about all sold, we
expect a better demand and better
prices." These circulars alone tell the
whole story. The great wonder to me
is, how the fruit is sold at any price in
such quantities. I can only account for
it on the premise, that the quality of
oranges zan not be known by the people
in other states until they have tasted
them. It would be a great satisfaction
to know how many more oranges any
one city would have consumed during
the last ten weeks, if the oranges that
have been shipped had been of the qual-
ity that they are on and after holidays.
It certainly would be surprising. How
many people that have not purchased
any, or only once, would have purchased
one doze.. every day? and how many that
have bought a few would have quadru-
pled their purchase? The only way that
such an estimate can be made is to ap-
ply it to one's self, and ask the question:
how many of these green oranges and
culls would I have purchased? And then
reverse it and say: how many would I
have bought if they were sweet and nice?
It is safe to say, that if the oranges that
L 1

the nests, six in one box, 12 by 15
inches. The hen enters these from the
rear, while the attendant may enter by
a door in front for eggs. These houses
are quite warm and free from drafts and
will be very durable. There is not
glass enough to get the great range of
temperature between day and night no-
ticeable in some houses. The shed al-
lows the hen to get out of doors on
wintry days without having to stand on
the snow. All the material in such a
house above the foundation and floors
ought not to ost over $50.

One-Metbod of Bioe Growing.
a metLoa or rice growing wmto4 15 a
reported is apparently yielding satisfac-
tory results in Louisiana and perhaps
elsewhere also does away with submer-
gence and proceeds upon the plan of
keeping the soil simply well wetted dur-
ing the growing season. The condition
i of course beyond what is considered
desirable in the irrigation of other
crops The soil is wet-saturated with
water-muddy, if you like. This condi-
tion is secured by continual admission
of water to balance evaporation or drain-
age. This of course requires less water
than submergence, and the loes of wa-
ter by percolation is less. If care is had
in application, the soil can be kept at
the point of saturation without very
.-.. -. .- a -# --, *..... ; at.. n Aoil

- -- --I


Important Happenings in all Parts
of the World.

Short Storled Tuld by theTelegraph About
Everything From Everywhere.

Newq of the Week 'Epitomized.
Oliver Wendell I loines, Ihe fa rnous author,
The Noithwest is exliausled ol the barely
Chinece troops were defeated- at Ping
Bisniith has been found in Michigan in
paying quantities.
The biggest gas well ever struck has come
iu at Wileyville, W. Va.
A fast line is to be put on connecting
Washington and Atlanta.
Prof. David Swing, a noted devine of
Chicago, died at that place.
Democratic slump in Georgia; Populists
causing tie break, tiut still in the minority.
A revolt against Turkish authorities at
t'assum was the result og the tax depres-
California producers are forced to send
their products East, instead of selling in the
The largest cargo cf cotton, 4,914,000
pounds. that ever left Charleston, is conqign-
ed to Bremen.
Winlr iB uaMiwA-int over Iha nountrv

- tla6

W-L~lB1L~Ch,-~..aUP-Y Iru.- C


''"~'c-11"4~' ~"' u"l' "I- ~~T~-~T I


ct Is the 4is-
tive ingre4i-
olubilitv of
oyes thejme-
w grade by
nate of lime
powdery and
pay to
fty per
i- e lower
i the finer
tion. Ni-
to soil and
ff potash is
bis present
s out. The
s can in this
two seasons
ying humus
than the ap-
esp methods
AJD, in Flor-


sive an outfit is here reproduced an il-
lustrated description of the same as
originally prepared for The New Eng-
land Homestead:
These houses, six in number, are each
19 by 18 feet, divided into a roosting
room 10 by 12 and a shed 8 by 19. The
walls are 8 feet high in front and 5,i-
feet in rear, covered with boards planed
on the inside, rosin sized paper and shin-
gles. The roof is a single slope covered
with boards, neponset paper and steel
roofing. The shed portion can be closed
stormy days by two large doors with a
window set in each. The roosting room
has a cement floor. Running from two
feet above the roof to this floor is a ven-
tilator 6 inches square inside, with a
door at the top and bottom of the room.
Two roosts made of seven-eighths inch
boards, like a letter T, with the stem I
inches long and the top 1, inches, ex-
tend across the rear part of the room.

iA- 'M Co son
*r MAW

Under the roosts is a platform 3 feet

____ __ ______~._~ se 91 ___i,



~~~~~~~~ .~`I"I- ~ IY~l~



-- rYU~n~U


v A6E~L


sugar exists in two forms, the sucrose
and the glucose, the former being crys-
tallizable and the other not. But the
latter is quite as nutritious as the for
mer, and as the effect of ripening is to
change the glucose in the plant to su-
crose, and nothing more, except to make
the stalk harder and stiffer, nothing is
gained by following the advice of the
chemists and permitting t iis most valu-
able plant to be injured foi feeding by
standing too long. Farmers whofeed it,
as well as make syrup of it, are in the
habit of pulling the blades for feeding
before the plant isripe, and immediately
grinding the stalks for the juice. The
stalks are then, of course, of no value for

Some State Statistics,
"Figures do not lie," says the old
adage; and although too many statistics
are a weariness, there are others who
recognize the fact that it is chletly
through the record of the digits that the
progress of the world is known. Almost
the first inquiry pade by an intending
settler or investor in a new locality I
concerning its financial condition. This
can be answered only by statistics, and
that writer is fortunate who can
present them clearly.
The'progress that this State has made
within a certain period is one of the
strongest arguments in its favor with
those who are seeking new homes or in-
vestments. Many states, particularly the
younger ones of the West, have progress;

k- 4_ b.--



g[J{ndrewre 5

S Thursday. Nov. 15, 1894.

". :ugarr, lf Tea, l 9
G ia'ulated .... HeNo ....... 75
Cllee.A ..... 6 Gunpowder.. 80
S Lt hrow5n..... 5 Uncol'd Jap.. 50
; ofo, C., .Cond milk,: can
(; lecu.. s~2'@25 Unsweetn'ua.0@15
Birowni.d. .5 >:(0 Sweetened ..10@15
iniger snaps. 10 Raking powder
;rLckcrs, sodai. 813 Royal ........ .50
Slobacco, plug 3fnill Campbell. .15a25
talsins Canned fruit
I.uoidon liyers. 15 Peaches.... 20a20
Valencla. ... 12.1, Tolmtous ... lO5
ice. ........... 7 Appi- ........ 15
\pple Peard ......... 1 .
Evaporated .. Il Plunims......... 2s
Dried Peaches a Apricot...... .25
.'al Oil pr al.... 15 Strawberries... l
asolinc ". ..... 10 Pineapple .. 20
lorida Syvuip .. 5(t Ciannied Meats
on ........I .1I Roast Bee'. 15;25
Jinegar ....... 3') Corird Beef' I 5.r
Jheuse pr tb.... 16 Chirpprd Beef.. "
jutter......... . Lollstcr....... 20
Lard ... .... S.lmn .. ... 15
means ............. '6 CI a lnd Vegetables
Coconut pkg... I. Baked Beans. 15
FiuitPnddine I. Corn .......... 15
Jelly, glas .. 15n35 Pcsa .......... 15
r.in ie .I uice...... 5 U Pumipkin ...... 15
Eggs per doz.. 15

l . ".. .-- L..lt:,. -'. .
Beans ......... . t.'ai niLd V e e able
Cocoanut. pk,. in I..tik.- J b ans..
Fiuit 'ndlii .. In Corn.........
J-1131, _la:- S 1 )...) P1,.:, o. ... .. ..
Li en .1.I ii- 5 kin .......
Eggs per doz... 15
Flour PtIrk
S '0N 1.... 2.1 Mess pr t....
Fa uorite .... 4.5 1 Itcl,., ii di,,s;...
Corn Meal pr I'u b3Fresh....... 8a
Oat Meal pr lb... 5.) Br'kf"stBacon..
Poruper I,u........5 Ham canvassed
Potatoes Shoulders.....
Irish....." ....1.60 Reefl
Early R'sesed .6 1.0 Corned.........
S w,et ....... till Fresh........ 8it
Aallt, pr ack ... J.il. Dried.........
Ti le ......... Milk pr qt......
Nails, Der ib...4a4 Ax, with handle. 1.
Mlauilla rop,.l12!b.,al5 Hoes, each. ...35a
Stoves cook, Bas5 Copper paint, can
Pipe. joiiit.14a-LNI Linseed oil, gal.. I
Prints. per yd. 5a8 inghams...8a
Sheetinga .,.. 5a9 Flannel. .......25ai
Muslin ...... 9all Thread per spool.
Jeans ... 205am200 Shoes,ladies.$1a2 7
Extra pants pat 225 Men's...$140a3(
Hay pr cwt.... .. 1.3, Oats pr bu......
Bran ........ .-j Brick pr M......8,(
Rope Sisal ...1I0(12 Lime pr bbl...... i
Oranges pr duzx.. 21. Pecans pr lb..... 1
Apples......... 25 Walnuts. .......
Lemons ........ 25 Almonds........
irrawhelrries, qt '25
In shell prl,010mt 1.50 Opened pr qt 15
Horses... $80.l0tI Cows. ..... $ 15a.$2
Mules.. $10Olla$155 Hogs........$3 to
)en.. pr yoFe $50l Sheep.......... $
Chickens each I15i25 Ceese each. 45a5(
l',rrke s. .... 75al.4il0 Ducks ...... 15a2t
4; A M E.
Veniihon pr 11 7atl Turkeys......i75al.0O
Preih Salt
Mullet pr doz 25c Mullet pr ,1bl 5.01
Trout ........ 25 Trout..... 4.5(
Pompano pr 1II.. 6 Pompaiii ... 10.0(
Sturgeon .. .. It) Mackeral .... 8.0(

risart, m .. l (1 ;.0
Pace ... 14.01
Sap '... 12,00
Drop siding,
Heart face m 15.00
Sa f ." 12.00
Buff lumber ,-t.12
Heart lh&nag4es, 2.5)0
Sap "' 1.50

Heart, ~j m... 16.00
Face .. 14.00
Sap ... 12.00
.!x6 ii..ym. .$12.00
Finishing lum-
ber, d.. $12@!J5.00
Lath, t m. .... 2.00
Boat lumber,

Geo. S. Hacker & Son,



Sash, Doors, Bl ds,


Widow and Fancy Glass a


f St. Aldr evs
and the
Bay Country.

We have made arrangements by
which we can furnish this fine MAP
covering about eighteen miles square
of territory, including the Cincinnati
Company's Tract, also Harrison,
Parker, Cromanton, and adjacent
country, for
Or given for 5 cash yearly subscriptions.
By the aid of this map the location of
lands purchased of the Cincinnati
Company can be easily ascertained,
or, parties may send us $1 and their
description' and we will locate their
lots and return the Map by mail.
A r ......a TrF.- HKlmv

SThe Pathiway

The Democratic Party Unmeroi- OF li'~Tcfi
fully Punished at the Polls T
** I5 T l;i

Republicans Vlctorofts and the
Populists Will Contest for
Balance of Power.
The indication are at present that
the U. S. Senate ,will contain forty-
four republicans, thirty-eight demo-
crats and six populists,
The republicans will have 286 oft
356 representatives in the next
In New York the republicans havo
counted up o a Iplurality of 153,442
W\iscnirin eunds a solid republican
lielegariion to congress anl gives a
ieptbicb!an umaj.ority ot 70,0010. In
\\est Virginia they elect all four of
:he congresnisen, with pluraliti.l
ranging froni 4,000 to 11,000
Tenineree republicans have elected
their governor by at leait 9,000, but
the legilalltle ia -avel. ThIe Texas
de-egatiii, \% ill ,eit.,ii, several. p!lul-

15 appoint to office lt li -e eci'ncimmnil
15 by the d encratic executive por
15 mittee of the county. Sone -tin
15 since ie governor removed an or,
from duty, for the reason, as state
if conlut not calculated to promote
11 and maintain a cool head. The e
I ecutive committee recommended
12 successor, but while their appoint
14 ment was going to the capital tl
Governor appointed another man
8 the office. This contretemps caust
25 a slight strain between the state at
10 county executives, although the ma
00 who got the office has given satisfa,
50 tion to all and performs his duties we]
80 Still, as all men arc jealous of the
prerogatives and the infri.gmei
50 thereon, wouds their feelings to th
5 quick, the county fathers and direi
00 tors telt sore and showed it at thi
60 Now, a probate judge to fill the un
75 expired term has to be appointed an(
several petitions were sent to th,
j0 governor, who directed the count
0O executive to make their selection and
send him the name. as t:is time h
ie would appoint their man. At
5 meeting of the executive on the 18th
1 at Vernon, David Melville was nomi-
2 nated as a fit and proper to act ai
0 probate and county judge. His name
0 has gone on to the governor; he is the
0 choice of our county solond.
The county judge has original ju
0 risdiction inall cases at law in which
0 the demand or vale of property in-
) evolved shall not exceed one hundre-l
dollars; of proceedings relating to
Sthe forcible entry or unlawful deten-
Stion of lands and tenements; and of
such criminal cases as prescribed byv
the legislature. The duties are
various and complex, requiring a
high order of intelligence and educa-
tion, along with sorC? legal and liter,-
ary talent. In article v. section 19
of the constitution a provision is
made by which a disqualified county
judge, can call in an attorney at law
who will act as judge, ad litem.
Thus a man can take the office, get
a qualified partner to do the work,
while he collects the fees and takes it
easy. Offices are made for the good
ot the officers and not for the con-
venience or benefit of the people.
But one thing is sure and that is,
the governor is responsible for the
officers he appoints and not the ir-
responsible county executive.

The Smith Grubber.
The W. Smith grub and stnmip-
puller patents dtite Jine .8, 1I619;

16 1872; May 29, 1883; ,9g. 10,
1883; Jan. 22, 1S84; April 15, 1 ~'1:
May 21, 1884: May 26, 1886; Aug. o,
1886, Nov. 9. 1881; Mar. 31, 1891
Aug. 18 1891; Nov. 28. 1803 March
131489; also patented in Canada;
other patents pending. For further
information write to W" Smith
Grubber Co. LaCrescent, Minn.


Mrs, J. W. Wilson, Proprietress.
The only Hotel, especially fitted up
as such in town.
Close to and in plain view of the Bay
Price sMo derate.
And every attention paid to comfort
of guests.

.. _ 1_ *_ __ __ __ ...


to Success

'L. r I -L -

Victor Hugo
In speaking to young men, once said;

tA" JapaiIes c;i.ens. At the age of
twc:vt'.y-one years they are liable to
n- serve three years in the army or four
Ie years in the mnaine, four yea s in
'" the reserve, or three years in the
marine and. five years in the terri-
te trial army. Besides, all availab e
x- men from sjventean to forty years cf
a age are made to take service in the
t- National Army. The numerical
he strength of the effective aimy in the
to time of peace is about 78,000. This
?d number can be increased to 25r0,0ri
Id in time of war. The navy comprises
ln some fifty-five vessels, large and
c- small and is manned by some 10,000
'.* officers and msn.
nt Theorigin of the quarrel is the
e refusal of Japan, which had march-
e d troops into Corea, under Treaty,
S'to withdraw them except upon the
terms of a certain reform being car-
l" ried-out by the King. The King is
I understood to have promised that he
e would carry out the reforms when
Y the troops were withdrawn. China
t objected to Japanese interference in
e Corea, which had long been a sub-
ject of mutual jealousy between the
two States.

R Rheumatism in the back, shoulders
e hips, ankles, elbows, or wrists, is cause
by accumntlation of acid in the blood
Hood's Sarsaparilla removes the cause of
the disease and permanently cures ca-
tarrh. Take only Hoods.

SHood's Pills are the best family cathar-
tic andliver medicine. Harmless snd re-

How to Get $10O anid Perhaps
Make a Fortune.
We secure patents and to induce
people to keep track of their bright
ideas we offer a prize of one hundred
dollars to be paid on the first of ev-
ery month to the person or persons
whe submits to us the moet merito-
rious invention during the proceeding
month. We also advertise the in- t
yention free of charge in the National
Recorder, a weekly newspaper pub-
lished in Washington, D. C., woich
has an extensive circulation through-
out the United States, and is devoted
to the interests of inventors.
The idea of being able to invent
something strikes most people as be-
ing very difficult; this delusion the
company wishes, to dispel. It is the
simple things and small in'vention.s
that make the greatest amount of
money, and the complex ones are c
seldom profitable. Almost every-
body at some time or another con-

would pr;ibably be worth to him a
fortune. Unfortunately, such idea.-
are usually dismissed without a
thought. The simple inventions
like the car window which could
\easily be slid up and down without
breaking the passenger's back, the
sauce pan, the collar 'button, the nut
lock, the "bottle stopper, the snow
shovel, are things that almost every
one sees some way of improving up-
on, and it is these kind of inventions
that bring the greatest returns to
the author.
The prize we offer will be paid at
the end of each month, whether the
application has been acted upon by
the Patent office or not. Every in-
ventor must apply for a patent on
hisAvention through sn, and wheth-
e he secures a patent or not, the in-
ventor will have a valuable petent.
General Managanager,
618 F st., N, w., Washington, D. c.




ponl.t aer natl in bonoi-sI cpinion rite to
I11i N N J,- -40., bur-ith ,t hq nfalrl itt- rPeq'sl
tane .rI I VWI -I n.11. A 1In ilCiaoof In.
lan n I: L-n I I r rt c. - in -i -t I It' aUd ol Ixhan.
Pnt.-nr, hsi-Ca C lrl'It IJnr.it- Co.Geei7e
Cle la I n J, I -F i, i -- F t ;1r.1 .' -Meuirp,. and
1 atB 1'. riii a rrldlt:y -elire tIle t.- wI th.
out c--4t lo ime n'--nnrj T'i -1
I surd rv,:I.-. I 'F lu t!r-r ;-Jna m ib [be
lar::&st C ar,131 -E, -0 ii L117 _-( 1. t tictitin t u
world. 8:3 a S '. S ,r-I c0t',bent r1e
Bulid."'T 1c-uolc. 4 5. jIil. il ts year. SinIle
copi--i. *.4 rvrc Ev, r.7 rtn'tr O nDtansbenu.
tilul p:are--. in i.l.'r3. -Ip s~hotc. sPG- t now
bouees. F ; 1bLi. vni lII:. ttl;fS to 6 he
la-,Pgt drsiF s no 1 mr, r 1, t racdui, 'AlflaB
Al UNN a C(P.. :4 c w Y I)i. HU~oapKp

S25ears' Experlence In treatIgall virl.
tlesofRuptuir enaiL..s us to gturautr" a
positive cure. Quesilon Bluslrand Blook
tree. Call or write. .
922 Pine Street, B ST. 4uis. MI9;
MDFR DOD 33 Octstm fcop
or a O4. ahuld iccl
E'-ery owner of aor houJ k
it on h&n. In mav c the lift o
VAluanirmaii l Onapgkagu will
cur e,,:hl tolte en.ca. Pr6ce 1.00.'
Seit 1b" mail o- expr0te. Our Ac-
cint o. W lch wTtai insi bat to
SA Itn le )r p-?'rl 1n Liltdlree.
H. b..J L & Ca.. a.b2,'Pine St,


A strictly high-grade Family
Macblue, powsessing all me
Prices very reasonable. Obta
from your local dealer and

,A C7RF. At P ;'. 113,31.LCLo
(4 9 i

by. Pusb's tC"S &pp
,I-; '..' ., L-.,,.J l,-ldr dl
*^~;;;';- flel, .i*nspens
nna Appiiance
In~no ,i iaporie
SDr,,wrr.,, 0t
Cnrcs e RhPnmain, Liver a
'ompilaintE, DIyp.llrp-i, E'rror
ost "in ilhoou l. 1%.-: v rler-' re 1.e zx
eess, tkid nil Trolb,s ii f.;al o
ilneatioa .Blank ad Book free
Volta.Medica Applian e

( r.\TEFUIL-("' IM FoR

By a through knoiledg, '.' t
l Il.isw nhicL cgoi ci'r i thr upetati
g>.-lstin and niiiril iin, aind bV
application ,t tih- line prpit-rl i:.
selected Coco:a. Mr. EI'It ia Ir ;
our I-reakfl'.tt aiid zuip|lc.r
fiavor,'l Jbev'rage nhich uiay
manv heaHy doctors' hills. It i
judicious use :if" such artic-les of
constitutio-n may be gradually
until strong enoough to rcsi-t o0
deny to disease Hundreds of~tu
adies are liotinkg ntround u? rIetd
tack whoever tbere is af wneak. p,o
may escape maii, ;I a ti-1 shaft 1)
oul.lelves well Ittrtified witl p
and a properly nouriIhed fra
Service Gazette.
Made asimplv with hoiling water
Sold .,rnly ia halft'-njout)d tins. I,
labelled thus:
James Epps Co., Ltd.. H
Chemists, Luodou Englanid. ri



In I

SThe Preseut Eruptioni
i eano Is a.
News from Hil ib
Crater is in a state
From all accounts
be more furious tba
The scene, from niec',
have just returned.
impressive. At ii
i suggest the inost-
Sfernal regions.
formed from t;
tures of the: won
see to understa,
there can Ibe ri
anythinugo vast a
from seeing.
The last eruption
drained away, was
although very actiV
lavas were drained
show that nothing
ent activity was
When the break d
large section of
caldera was plun.
leaving a hole 6u0
perhaps a half
, dieappcpared, and


; Bitters

begin at oncetak-
ing the most relia-
ble strengthening
medicine which is
Brown's Iron Bit-
ters. A few bot-J
ties cure-benefit
comes from the
very first dose-il
wasn't stain your
teeth, and it's
pleasant to take.

It Cures
hkojidney and Liver

!E ures
D yrnepsoa, Kidney and Liver
A" r'nrai-i., Troubles,
S.:,ta dlo n, Bad Blood
S ,, Nervous ailments
j', '.' ,".ee;'s complaints.
S' '. i.t :.-.: n.--' 'is cros edr
S' .. .. v.r.r i % o% hers are sub-
7' ,i 2,'o t c, .. Famps we
S' t nutiful World's
.- -Ns anr. book-fgee.
.. "': C-"C..:AL CO. BALTIMORE, MO.

:7-:. a S; > ir' i
's- ,,..tr tr ml t rnI*I ' n .' .

Or Clubbbing List.
J .e BUOY has made very liberal club-
1.;,. arrangements with a few ofthe ve-ry
I,- ; publications in the country and for
t'ic w-rsent can send for a whole year
Th- BUOY and
e Le Florida Citizen,weeklv, for.. ,$1 65
F.Lriner and Fruit Grower ... 2 55
S i.i Agriculturist ... 2 55
do clubs of 5, each .. 2 25
A I lanta Constitution ... 1 65
C.ineinnati Einquirer twice a week
8 large pages each issue..... 1 65
For any or either of the above public
ti.iis in connection with the BOOY, ad-
dicv. ,all orders to THE BUOY,
St Andrews. Fla.

,y'iond chanuLe. if
/ yon oiid nt flr.t se-
ceed, be eli' 1l nu Lrt with

Perry's ecIt A .lual r W1
o to he h ,...s i n:.s .: kno 'li- j
edge. E, eri lantn. -shou ld(
VLa\e it. tree. //
D. M. Ferry & Co.,

g iL'rti' r<; ilari and 'n ill.;
Ho Lan tri-jes thliei
1n (lit l.-l e Sti ,n.
KIlI n1n.1 -i'f liiil1.
T :,k,1 \',,ur w',n!.: t, hiimi.
.,uI f',r h, liin- l-h will clnie.
C'or. iHal Ili. l am e and RI.I.Il1: st k .,

'. ----"- ;;
1,z ' -, -.-

T' T'Hi;CES.
fthe Hawaiian Vol.
v.s that the great
violent ebullitiou.
e action stiems to
for 1i to 20 years.
ts of touri.tswho
st be wonderfully"
the raging fires
ictur's of the in-
nception can e
t vivid word1 pie-
reality. Oi,.'must
id appreciate, and
compreheu-ion of
o-tremuend.,us even

P" 1_~L~_'~ C"~C/~r ~ ~ *' SW'L~ a. %~,e.wm~w-!,' ILIUZaW~BrUZW fl'iT ...I-. -~---.--.-- -


I qt

You Cal't Afford to liss This Chance!

Having Purchased the Stock of (Goods in thld Store at

I am Making Constant Additions Thereto anld I'ti ole to


At the Lowest Living Xargin of Profit.

AdA Treat Every Cnstwor Alike anl Courteously.
Call and See My Coods and Cet My Prices.





R F. Brcklin's Store,


of di-
car ful
1 well-
deld for
lica ,tel

RI t


I am prepared to do all


of toi Citv Of St. Adregs,

e the Gotten up with great care by the
that a publisher, who has spared no pains
it ur to ,iprnate for the public a map of
Cy an- St. Andrews as it really is. It, shows
to nt- about
epiug )l t *;iling eastward from Dyer's
-i Point, taking in the Old Town site of
St. Arndrei.-, and gives location of
Smilk. public business places, private resi-
rocers, dences, docks, etc., also every lot in
L.,.:, each block and the adjoining addi-






.. -. .

Aias l i th L ead!

a M
ThOe P 1 118T RE,

Pittsbur - - FLA.
Is No Longer An Experiment!!

Knowing the wants of the community, buys intelligently and

Sell s C e Pei!

tion to the Cincinnati Company's
1and, with a full description of the If you live near the Bay Crme in a Boat; ifback in the Country, Come ca
same. Horseback; if you have no Horse, borrow your Neighbors Ox and Cart.
The Map will show owners of lots COME ANY WAY and load in your COUNTRY PRODUCE,
in the city just where they are lo- And let me prove to you that
cated. aIni is of value to those think- AnO O A tm SA SE t:oy OuN t h
ing ,,t nu nlg' : r0"lU0erty- 0A.m y SeA..1& 0 i r 1 0
Sie. ;,f .Map 30x5- Inches. By either Bnuying or Felling
.,yl.l0 1^ ^ A. m mTTT TbPt1DTl1 a'Ql

L I -
U .- -..-.- - =



*means so much more than
fyou imagine-serious and
i fatal diseases result from
'trifling ailments neglected.'
SDon't play with Nature's'
greatest gift-health. '
Tf you are feeling
onut of sorts weak
and generally -
fr au3ted, nervous,
have no appetite
,T lannd can't work.

chen the laras wrre
h March, 1S9l: but,
up to the tim the
vay, all statements
,roaclhin- the res-
lible at that nme.
ag S191 occurred, a
.floor of the great-
" ito tile depths,
' )0 feet di-p and
icrs. The fires
p, il.?t. Tihe







Florida and Northern Air Llue
Q rostan, New ork, Phi del bpia, Washington and the North a"dIZeat. Lh
Chicago St. Lor s. Kansas City. Geveland, incinnati, Loisville, Nashvlle.
tnat oo: a Atlanta, -..d': ;t .d all Northern, Western and Cen-
tra i oint1 via C %, 'ia Lake City or River Junction..
Time Ct;r! !n Effect October 10, 1894,
Conidoncd l, .,. ., c . St. AuPustinP. Jrcksenrille Ne.w York and ot n.
Lv. e ...... ... ... ..... L Boston........... 9. am 7,.30 P
" Jacksonville ......7.00......1 2. ~ '4-.30 p
Ar. Savannah........ 11.35 am 9.35 ;n1 PhI:l'tdlli.a ....... .60 am 7,0 pla
olumbia ........ 4.05pm i'.10 am Ballimore........31 am 9. p
Cnarlotte. ..... 3:t pmi 640 am r. Washin gton 7.40 an I .5 pm
I I. ,.-u, .l ...... .9 l(l L v.3. .n lihgt(n l ....... I U1 l a 10. 4 pm
l.y i hl tie'f .. 2.1 a um 9.00 1 m "' L it.l .r :1.50. pm n 3.43 a m
.i&(I..;1 H ,' ;r i.-;! l*n0. ....... 7.395 pin 6.5 i am
.... ....... Im I., If) "' rht ] 40p .in 9.0
I" i! i! .. h;i ..... 1C.1 am ".:5; : i .,Clu i a ......... . 1 .05 pml
*' New York .......... 1.I '3 pn, .3 a t Ar. ,Sav. 11.,T ....... ;1. ,m 4.3 1 pml
Boet ,ii. ......... .. -. l p m 3.30 .Inn' ull,:.ii ..... Il(. 1 al 1 9.3 5 pm
St. AnFguite.. .......... ........
ClleCt : At l .er unctiol,, Fla. wllh P. & A. (. in. for ,I:.tI. hd tt n
(;,,v. ,J,o. A. Dix evt' r '1 ues.day at PM f- r St A d Al :.'.:; 6rll.iig at St.
An ii twsr. W trle ,c^J1 i at 7 A. M',
Dining Cars Between Greensboro and Charlotte,
Ticket i. I i n r t ,,I 01 H :i n l street Jack-
s iille. Tickcte. i,! 'nr h .e.a'. checked to lII points.
S. PENNING'TON, I'r.th,' MG.r. ,. C1 MAC DON EI.I,G .. Pa>s. Ag.



At Only Ton Yaars

i-"n 7,S S5 .0 Per TREElr
W)-en Acres niil e ~: ..ii, j %jej j'nut.,
::.', Ac, 'N will (va it $ .1;25' per ;1111 Ilintu
S -revs will eartn ,Ijl) lper atilnlul.
Fot Factst. send for circulars to
V Ra8 P:cM Seed o CO.,
Fort v.,orlh, Tex"s.

&envr~ I

,wr m e" -u '


Horticultural a in i Ipov reunt



The object of this Association is to Improve the Country adjacent to St
Andrews Bay and to
Develop its Resources as a Fruit-Growing Country.
STo accomplish this the Association proposes to Sell Lands in tracts of T wo
nd-a-half and FiveAcres to such parties only as will improve them by th
Erection of Houses. Fences and such. Permanent Improvements as will enhance th
alue of each tract-b disposed of, and particularly to
Plant them out in Trees, Plants and Vines,
To the end that in the shortest practicable time every such tract shall be a
Source of Revenue to its Owner.
The first question which will naturally be asked will be: "Is this Asso-
ciation reliable"? And the a, ,\or to it ;: Any ..I:'..I (-ie playing the Association
to make improvements mayderi.0-it .t, p;'.ioxin r. i': !'.laynr. t '.If Ihi: c tiuimatd cost ot
the sa;ni: v.it l any r>an ilih:. 1Iu-;I I i1 tm i i lill Jiid il'n l:-;n. n51 oni the Bay or in
Bank at their own home to be ;:id IIr .,nly 1l h.it lh O.' .\A .,: tioun sfh.ill .satisfacto-
rily 'ho)w that the improvement- hi: 1- : .c. -: min.t'- a, llin. t,., ;areriui ant.
fIt, A ...iiiin will not .1lv i r. e a .rv i.i ltit, Iiut ,atl, and care for
Small p 'r.,r t. entrusted to its L. i.y, i ilar anis ;i I'.ir Ir L, tl; ch.i tl' t pilere rsIs
_ . *^lt ,l.,'. '-. *w^i ''q. -'_t'" ,' ,* .
rlIv iliri: IIIK u in r t imv 'T in ,.w.aw^. ,_S rv DT. "**ww w -
The A Mi-,.ci. ti'ii iviil Uri t ii!y i I)l\0 t I',l .llitt, .bii watc.haud i cart !T ir
all pr,'-perty vntiustId to its ik.-:iiing, guard in i : Iirt forest fiit -, dishonest pilfr. -is
or ilrnref 'r'frn nrny c.uano i I., p-ilh.o to be prevented.
From a iarn.fiil s.'htii-itre ,f the 1i',ilal'l.. expense and ilne.nicn of a fruit
plantatliun in the St. Andrews Bay cnnntry a few fir. are given:
Price of ;ana per acre, say $25 to .:-,1:; ,'-st if il-.i ri:i.,. ay .~iI.: ost ofll.antini. 1st
year, say $30; cost of cultivation each year i' l,-r. if..t..7'*2,
It is not ex tra\' -va~i to estimate that a 1-acre vineyard will on the third
year, if prop,.l. cultivated, yield $200 worth of fruit, and of peaches nearly or quite
the samne, while figs should do even better than that. Then, though perhaps a little,
longer, some of them, in coming into profitable enaring'inay be named pears, apricots,
nectarines, plums, prunes, mulberries, olives, Japan persimmons almonds English
walnuts, Japai chestnuts, pecans, and ,many other varieties of fruits and nuts. which
are almost certain to flourish here; while oranges and citrus fruits, though not con-
sidered certain yield large returns oftener than they miss.
The SeAretary of the Assodiation -will give particular attention to an-
swering letters of inquiry, and the Buoy will in its answers to correspondents an-
swer all questions asked it.
RE M EM B E R, the Association Lands will be sold on Easy
Terms of Payment; but improvements must be paid for as satisfactory-proof is given
that the work has been performed. CORRESPONDENCE SOLICITED.
Address R. E. HOWARD, Sec.
Harrison, Fla.

0e eiv X-3:01r~rC=-9

Carries the Largest Stock of
Watches, Clocks, Jewelry and Speteacles
Ever Brlru-l'it to St. Andrews. Also
SINLVERWARE. Shell aid Aligator T7e.h Jewelry a specialty.
Office at Geo. Russell's Store, St. Andrews, Fla.

If yon need FURNlTU'I: 1 of any kind, call on

40, 42, & 44 S. Palafox st., Pensacola, Fla.



Equal with the interest of those having claims against the government is
that of INVENTORS, who often lose the benefit of valuable inventions because
of the incompetency or inattention of the attorneys employed to obtain their
patents. Too much care cannot be exercised in employing competent and reli-
able solicitors to procure pat-nt.s, for the value cf a patent depends greatly, if
not entirely, upon the care and skill of the attorucy.
' With the view of protecting inven-tors from worthless or careless attorneys,
and of seeing that inventions are well protected by valid patents, we have
retained counsel expert in patent practice, and therefore are prepared to
Obtain Patents in the United States and all Foreign
Count ries, Conduct InterT-reon c'-s, MIIalke Special
Examinnations, Prosccrite Rejected Cases, Register
Trade-AMars and Copyrihlits, Render Opinions as
f o -oPo and VrnlidiA of P t-:nt.s. Proseouto and
Defend tnfrin.-' t Surt. c. .)Z3ec.
If you have an invention on h.i1 .fre,-e.1 a sketch or p:o':. iraph! thereof., to-
gether with a brief description of the important features, and you will be at
once advised as to the best course to pursue. T.iodels are seldom necessary. If
others are infringing on your r;,. hts. :o if you are charyrc!1 with infringement by
others, submit the matter to us lor a reliabl] OPINION before acting on the
P.O. Box 3as. JOHN WEDDERBURN, Managing Attorney.
AGyThis Company is managed by a combination of the largest and most influential news.
papers in the United States, for the express purpose of protecting their subscribers
against unscrupulous and incompetent Patent Agents, and each paper printing this adver-
tisemet vouches for the responsibility and high standing of the Press Claims Company
b-PCut this out and send it with your inqulry.-ft

FP% r,%?:' -r -r A Presnage or Our treat.
decay, nervous debility
SV. 3" -ad lo. t a .nd lU enut tree for 12 cent,
1 E... WARD :I ,JLfITE, 123 N.S9. ST. ,. EIS. I.

COPYRIGHTS ,:o o .' -,- : I:.:; Cure.
tDomtrt an ner aun an boi -.t o,;ulor. wt :to t t X 'n -
li UNN A- ('O.. wb. bare bd n(ar!vfi! tL ears' / ,f Sanatorium,
experience in t6Il; r.a.ent busine's. C.: 'rni.unia ..
tlonastrictl. corirlenial. A I nr.lb e ~ Pi t.
formation couzerni ug l'at-n' aoi iDOM L oi ob- ILS v ."' ~ -
tain them ein ire.. AlEO a can 'ogueOf mnechan. .. LOi X0.
ical anid siOomlailr book. Eent rree. *
Patents talen thruch in A receive
peal notir-in the reentltli A nte i;rnn. and Car'" a.l or WriteO
thus ave bruovcr t wid-lr bcri'T c. l i> ii' I l.h witht .
ant c ost to tbh inve.rtcr, 'TcI". Bsi.,:- tp, er, po, : '!.d.: sa'Oa! no InjLry to health.
mi wii.' w.-'. kalv u !P?-'.'.,r V alltnr'.i.rT'r. i ..P- f t .I lit

thebest Acfirence Library in print, ar
the universal .traci's. rnd congrarulail.n?
which have poured in upon us, from rich and
poor alke. m ,re tha-n repay our every effort.
Judging from- the floods of orders and
In4uirle. that ec ry in,:.-i .ng mail brlnes, It
Is evident that the people realize that a great
opportunity is fast slipping away, and In a
few short hours will be forever gone.
Do not Jala5, wire The Constitution if you
cannot call or cut out and mail the application
blank printed below. in this way you can have
your narv, re)ist-ite fr a sea at introductory
rates and ,l1 I haveoppP'ur,.ity to determine
th'e style 1 b'ndilnj when you have seen
the samples. f.-.,,'c tiull:,.
The CnstLtutSon
To The Constitution, Atlanta, G.;
Please register x name for a set at in-
treductory rates, sendng nme sample pq.fs.
and Jgesltifon. prices, WtI, of tae va reus
style' 't lbr.,li'd. upon r-...Mpl of which I will
determine which Styte I *ill tale.


Address ,


How to Get $100 and Perhaps
M3 !e a Fortune.
We secure patents and to induce
people to keep track of their bright
ideas we offer a prize of one hundred
dollars to be paid on the first of ev-
ery month to the person or persons
whe submits to us the moet merito-
rious: invention iiuIring the proceeding
month. We also ,'l\erti.-e the in-
yention free of charge in the National
Recorder, a weekly new-.:t!.er1pub-
lished in Wailiirgtn, D. C., woich
has an extensive circulation through-
out the United States, and is devoted
to the interests of inventors.
The idea of being able to invent
something strikes most people as be-
ing very difficult; this delusion the
company wishes to dispel. It is the
simple things and small inventions
that make the greatest amount of
money, and the complex ones are
seldom profitable. Almost every-
body at some time or another con-
ceives an idea, which, if patented,
would probably be worth to him a
fortune. Unfortunately, such ideas
are usually dismissed without a
thought. The simple inventions
like the car window which could,
easily be slid up and down without
breaking the passenger's back, the
sauce pan, the collar button, the nut
lock, the bottle stopper, the snow
shovel, are things that almost every
I.;nI' soe ,-'me oray of im l':vin( nI p-
S. l. '., J) .- i n; '.: "1. L In . .. iv.it ii' i i. ;

, 11U' 1111.

, li ,[ II }.:r l\ 1! t V, \' I 1)o I'-' I

er he ....' ln. a patlnt or not, the in-
ventor will have a valuable potent.
THE I ....- i.-\i '._ CO- v' Y.
JOHN W!:i'n' ,:l:n:"
General 1-ii. :,inager,
618 F st, N. w., WVa..-lii iion, D. c.
P. S. The re- .....ability of this
company may be judged from the
fact that its stock is held by about
seventeen hundred of the leading
newspapers of the United States.

Africans Amazed at an Eye-

Among the many accidents during
the ascent of the Nile by Lord Wolse-
ley's army, a boat belonging to one
of the c ..,r:*'-[.Ih.ll I- was wrecked,
says a New York Times writer.
\When he got ashore and was drying
his clothes in the morning sun, a

number of unnsually unfriendly na-
tives came down the bank from an
adjacent village and began to pull
Atis things about. A little calculated


How Good Roads Pay for Thiem-
Good Roads.
"Every judicious investment in the
establishment of roads and bridges
increases the value of land;enhances
the price of commodities and aug-
ments the w-alth of our conntry,"
came down to us from DeWitt Clin-
ton, of New York, and Prof. Gilles-
pie, of Union College, author of an
exhaustive treatise upon roads, ut-
ters these startling words:
"The common roads of our coun-
try (United States) are inferior to
those of any other civilized country.
Their faults qre those of direction of'
slope, of shape, of surface and of de-
ficiency generally in all the attributes
of good roads."
Both sentiments grow in value as
they ring down the corridors of time.
We begin now td consider a question
which is to occupy our thoughts till
better lights are along the line of im-
Improved machine l has added
over five million acres to the culti-
vated area of -ne
1 .71) fland inli.'r

longest wa
way home.'
Let usI
proof of thi
Phy.-is.. a
that resiista
clinatiun is
and divided
Thus, it

resistance will be one-
ts ineight. 'rhe ordi-
,n a level road is one-
h. added to the above
gtieths, gravity being
he whole. Upon a
aIf as good, gravity
since it absolutely
same upon the same
ively is less upon a

Yes, then of improve-
Takipg the actual
lion as one-twentieth
nd the average power
ugh never definitely
est:uate of 33,000
ie f,,o. in one minute,
r ten hours a day at
Miles per hour, it

T'Uatl In: .t j ******* .... . I --. -
selves -eirr, f ni 1'
A r Wial .Io ira. in a Keg of
Amongl' Ial, l. other accomplis.:-
ments, Anl;:ican stage drivers have
the credit i belnig able to consume a
large amiu. it o,'f hi.-ky. The fol-
iii.l: saN; :;Half Hours in the Wide
West, iilliirate, this trait of char-
acter; the iicildett occurring on the
mail that iun south trom Denver to
Santa Fe: As fie c...ch stopped at
the door f the hotel in Denver out
stepped a j.lly !!ocking Englishman
and a.kcl for tlu boix seat. The dri-
volr eyeTin fii ru head to foot dubi-
onuly til nre salI in his baggage a keg
of wliy i i, he, with a slight change
of co:litelliticet, lie told him he
"guic.-c.I li e Oruiid fix it." And
when f the niesseniier cried "All
aboard," the Eigli., .man and his
whislv took the box seat. The first
twelve niie stage was monotonous
the Englishm;iim prultably meditating

a luiind is the shortest

k at some figures in
a-eI Lion.
in establishes the fact
e of gravity due to in-
ual to the whole weight
the height of the plane
y its length.
e inclination be one in

The Smith Grubber.
The W. Smith grub and stump-
puller patents date June 8, 1869;
May 23, 1871, Aug. 12, 1871; Jul-
16 1872;* May 29, 1883; Aug. 10,
1883; Jan. 22, 1884; April 15, 1884;
May 21, 1884: May 26, 1886; Aug. 3,
1886, Nov. 9. 1886; Mar. 31, 1891
Aug. 18 1891; Nov. 28. 1803 March
13 1489; also patented in Canada;
other patents pending. For further
information write to WV Smith
Grubber Co. LaCrescent, Minn.

Thanksgiving Day
The president has issued the fol-
lowing proclamation:
The American people should grate-
fully render thanksgiving and praise
to the supreme ruler of the universe,
who has watched over them with
kindness and fostering care during'
the year that has passed; they should
also with humility and faith suppli-
cate the father of all mericies for
continued blessings according to
hei i deeds, and they AshLuld by deedi
of charity seek the tavor of the gieer
of every good aniIi perfi'ct gitt.

liii ,[ t -thuR i ll['t1'ull ian1 ter --7 ,I ""-'- ... ." --' ""
now proposes to appp'al to.the courts
for redress. There can be little M WARE
doubt that the statements published
were prompted by jealousy and mal-
ice, and if the report of President
Freeman, of the Press Claini- Com-
pany can 'bo relied upon, and there
seems to be no doubt but that it can,
-it will probably go pretty hard with
the defendants in the coming suit,
and if M3I~s. Snow & Co. are of snf- BM B W A K E
fiesent financial responsibility, the
Press Claims Company will be able DEALER S IN
to recover a large snum of money as R
damages for the injury sustained. DRY
This, of course will accrue to the ben- GROCOERI S
efit of all the stockholders of the TRARDW ARE
R. E. Freeman, editor and propri- B 'IsI ,"FDERS'
etor of the Danville Register, and
president of the Press Claims Corn- Ship Chaudlery, Salt Fish,
Span, recently made a thorough in- -o-o- --
t vestigation of the methods of the
company of which he is at the head,
; for the purpose of satisfying theA D nltimd nn r innn ITr

Notice to Inventors.
There was never a time in the his-
tory of our country when the demand
for inventions and improvements in
the arts and sciences generally was so
good as now. The conveniences
mankind in the factory and work-
shop, in the household, on the farm,
and in official life require continual
accessions to :he appurtenances and
implements of each in order to save
labor, time and expense. The poli-
tical change in the administration of
government does not affect the pro-
gress of the American inventor, who
being on the ale t, and ready to per-
ceive the existing deficiencies, dses
not permit the affairs of government
to deter him from quickly conceiving
the remedy to overcome existing dis-
crepan:ies. Too great care cannot
be exercised in choosing a competent
and skillful attorney to prepare and
prosecute any application for a pat-
ent. Valuable intei e-ts have been
lAst and ,de-tromel in iinnuinerable iln-
.-tances by thle ernil,'i, ien t of iu-
eronl[etent c(n'n, i1 !, andl es -, "


c 4o


Etc. Etc., Etc.

It Pnmnnvr

on four hundred and fifty miles by stockholders, ,of the concern that the flEllUUl1 l lliD flll 11il IU I[III E
coach, arid the driver, who seeineil Lin,,.cs of said company w.s being A IM O FO
,li.pel ntlch taktn up with his horses, rn in a proper tnd er. His repot ALSO R
on Ltiha La:. ,whiky' bar'l." The to the stockhOlders under date of Oc- r r o t -" 1 e .:
stati n is reached at last, and the tober 9, 1894, completely refutes the
Lilinglihn i Ifeliln .cold, announced misrepresentation contained in cer-T T
tha: he as g.ii in.iide for the next tainc putr i, h. i .I :, i es' sucr h i as th se
tage; bLr ihibing to do the riglt sent out by Messrs. SBro & Co. His
ii ~g.ali.4 i t..e Iliver first if report is full in detail and touches
lie ou l riik. '.Waall,'' ",, every point that ,,i..l l seem to -
says e, n. I ill" and catch- be necessary to give the greatest co- .
ing hold of lie barrel, uucorks it fid'cte to its stockholders and to the
with a uist ly hand, and for the public. He proves the statement TO P I S
space of oiI twenty seconds goes made by 0. A. Snow & Co. to have
through anll ll alte process of "star been malicious and utterly without
gazing" thI,,, gh a wooden keg. foundation. He further recites a ARE PREPARED TO FURNISH
"Waal," h remarks, "that's real part of the minutes of the preceding Rough* and Dressed Lnmber of All Grade.
good!" setting it down. moutind- of the board of directors of
"Oh, if. Iu lik, it,' says the Eng- said company in which the general
lishman, "-ju.tkeep it up there. I manager of the company is not only THE PATRONACE OF THE PUBLIC SOLICITED.
shan't want aw for the next stage," authorized but directed to bring suit
and jumping if dozes off into a troub- against Meesrs. Sow & Co.. who S
led sleep-or ai least the nearest ap- have endeavored to injure the compa- S U M P P U L L ES .
proach to onte e bumping coach will ny by the publication of libelous
allow-till the change horses at the charges. It would therefore seem in
next stage. Felin; thUr)uughly cold the light of recent developments that
he jumps out d asks the driver for an interesting legal war would soon E SM I G U
the keg, hv. liiei, iamled to him, and be oi. -o-0--o-oo-
through ivini cich e proceeds to "star -_____
through in c he aproeds to "sta The Smith Grubber. The demand for a practical machine induced us in 1881, to turn
lashzin. te 1 s surprise aud orro Te Smith grub a stump- from the old style of stump pullers and we made and put the nf-t. practical
fiot ao To i ust. horror patents rdate ube 8, 869 machine of this class on the market. We threw out all sawed timber
Sonut. puller patents date June 8, 1869;
Sdi ai't ay 23171, Aug. 12, 1871; Ju all common iron, all light pieces, chains, links, open hooks, springs, bolts,
16 the driver, y 29, 883; Aug. 1 straps, clamps, thimbles, splices, screws, gears and eccentrics, and at
tl 188; Jan. 22 1.-; A11i. 15, dene away vith all perceptible friction by reducing the.number of pieces
1883; Jan. '22, 1'-4; April 15, 1 -4, 1
the TEnglishan. Ia : My ; Aug., the machine from 47 to 3i these being properly formed and proportinnet.,
the gussa May 21, th1e ac4:luneafy"n4,417StoAug.
1 t I 9. 1' ?s, Mar. 31, 891 giving equal strength, iiIn,ing a stronger, more powerful. light,
t li .i 1891; tNov. 28a1..1; Marich hdier, cheaerr, fster working and a more durable machine than
v leak .'i; also Iat d n C ; otherwise could be made, and to comiintiract the extreme pirt-jidice against
S h e -t-i ige1 1& l:'..1; also patented in Canada;
a the e drierother pate nts I1 tll r .,. For further the name stump pullers; the new machine was called the smith Grubber
I -I..:%%n rotv throat."
hil:at! W tay, a, i.,,, W ,ItTi wite to h W SMITH G rubioer o,. LACRESCENT, MINN
at 'h a rbber Cy. LeCresceunt, lin.
o sa:I y ,u drank it ... .. .

,h 1k;. i.: i t Pure "iome," "Ha no superior." Sraple Ie.
\V i. v -,i,1 idn, you don't e. A lat time. I time.
..i ., -.:,. :it i, a twelve ,,ue Lh I : i t
S g you ar the whole of thot < uo p H o s ac boe ees'
kiT'..vo u ilra r Lme mliole of tLt L- "QuaK rCIrrT BAKING PoWDER" In of all we've found the beft .
or ".i' i AbBolutelypurcrand iholie,v, (OmnL) . .. Ctlam a cepabovethe rertLI
"kYno of wlli2k yo u1" cw-h ten pennies get a sam-ple Of your Groceran-y day;
"Ye. t .in you know, what It it notsat-isafa-tion(0 at1.) r. . e penniltowme-a.
es. 1fR9on.et tr-aBl'Bq a esntf ft-cent, FauiUretherewlU nweve be. .

is one keg of
stage driver?"

The O

Est ai' tl :'. yepe
mnarrie' or sa'ag:(
G tAI.-- f' ii'
fan .- 'T r- n.

S TYears' Eper
t11e of Ruupturoe
posltlvo cure.
troe. Call or
22 iae 8 ree
03AZ>o 3

F or suceas will eV- erfol low (OmhiLj . .. ce avfouM l. rP
10, V .,C 1, 10, IW~l fp 16*_._ O r rf IV W

hi .11 ; 1-mg-stA. One


Trfeatsmaao r ten:OMe,
In cases of exposure,
Im I-oprlstles. SK!.LL
oar and: apartment
sre~d. Qiieiiloil Bi~tna

ce in treating all varl-
bl es us to guarantee a
etloffn Mlanic and Boook
ST. 0IM.I. MIO.8

Gna M'n TELD .
~.'re v oWrr'm a iiO-ej rfou I-Ikeel

Ask you grocer for ff. Akcm uQcB C4.DE'. JP. O 4b..

Peier iiAenlril h,


A strictly high-grade Family Sewing
AChf e, =possessing all mode

Prices very reasonable. Obtain them
from your local dealer and make

S T Us T.

C~lMfJ I f'.fTTPdflF FflR ~A[F.


A S ICOIA -3TY- D.Uss FBelts & ppanees
mAn lrop lvano, battb 09

PENSACOLA, FLA. Mat', Vesppt.o
inal Supporters t',
No. 116 SOUTH PALAFOX St Drawers, Otimce ap
31114010i, etc.
Caress Rheumatism, Liver and Kidney
Complaints, Dyspepsla, Errors of .') th,
___ Ir T.n~ot Manhood, Nervousness,fS t cnal Weak-


adopt the "No pateni, no pay" spt
tern. Inventors who intrust their
business to these kind of' attorneys
do so at imminent risk, as the breadth
and strength ot the patent is never
considered in view of a quick en-
,teavor to get an allowance and ob-
vain the fees then due. THE PRESS
derburn, General Manager, 618 F
street, N. W., Washington, D. C.,
representing a large number of im-
portant daily and weekly papers, as
well as general periodicals of the
country was instituted to protect its
patrons from the unsafe methods
hertoofore employed in this line of
business. The said Company is pre.
pared to take charge of all patent
business entrusted to it for reason-
able fees, and prepares and rosecutesp
applications generally, including
mechanical inventions, design pat-
ents, trade marks, labels, copyrights,
interference, iiifringemnents, validity
reports, and gives especial attention
to rejected ca.ses. It is also prepar-
eul to ent. r into cimpetion with any
firm in secouing foreign patents.
\'Vrir for in 'ltruci rtin and advice

m I

twenty. the
tv entieth ol
nary frictiui
fortieth, wl
gives three.
rough o03l1
will be one-
is always t
level, but r<
rough road.
The ad van
ment are thie
average ct f
of the weight
of a hliI e,
settled at W\I
pl.uiim i iseu:
,r t100 pound
the rate o0

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