Title: St. Andrews buoy
ALL ISSUES CITATION THUMBNAILS ZOOMABLE PAGE IMAGE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073857/00008
 Material Information
Title: St. Andrews buoy
Uniform Title: St. Andrews buoy
Alternate Title: Saint Andrews buoy
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Emmons & Lynch
Place of Publication: St. Andrews Fla
Publication Date: August 9, 1894
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Newspapers -- Saint Andrews (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Washington County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Washington -- Saint Andrews
 Notes
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 3, no. 27 (Sept. 28, 1893).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00073857
Volume ID: VID00008
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 33065309
lccn - sn 95026996
lccn - sn 95026996

Full Text





QT. A iJiIe E IF'Y, ,

cirst. Last, and all the

Time!



VOL. IV*
VOL I ST. ANDREW S


OFFICIAL DIRECTORY, PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY. what dccayo.l woodwork of the bow

UNITED ST.TE.S. One Dollar a Year in Advance. was gone. The boy remembered
enaIol--H-llon. an11'l aI I). Monticello; that half an hour before he had felt
Rlon Wilkinson Call, J;a-kO,,l&il,. E M M N & LY NCH the boat jerked by a swell. It niust
Representatk -- l Ist L)i itq,. R.
lory, l'ensnaeo.,; 2d Dittrict, U. AM. Publishers and Proprietors. have been this jolt that had caused
Cooper. WA. A. E m MONs. E.J. L'cu. the loosed ring to finally give way,
Sankd Oflice-rRegirter. Alex:. Lynch; R(.--
:eilrer, Volney J. Shipn,;, GAinesv c illc. but, as be had been lying wiith his
rT.\TI., Display ad rates 511c per inch per month. face turnedom t hi shie le had
G vernor-Hlenry L. Mitclll; Attorner Posilion and extraoidinarv condition n then noted thr the skifh had t
General, Wm. B. Lamar: Secretary o-I rates suliect to special agreemen. Iot lten noticed that the skif was


L Wae, J. L. Ira fordK ; 'Comptrollor, \W.
D. Bloxham; C'.Imiisinin.r of Agri'e:l-
lure, L. B. W\ nni ,,ll; Snupe'rinten'idcit
of I'ublic Illniruilion, W. N. She tl.s:
Treasurer, U. 1. Collins: ,Justice of Su-
preme Lourl, I{. F. Ta I,.r, Tallaha ,-,v.
ENATI-o I ,I. m>) l'lh r.
Yell Ltolr-Va VIcan I.-.
NV .%,Il I N 4;'l 'T.iN (.',liTY.
R preseinli ni, i (. .;,,!.r, c i
SC ounty J u1",' W n. 1. .I..,,(S \ ,r ,,:
. Clerk of Cou t. L',.unitv 'lcrLrk, h i,.i, r
16, of Decl. V.. ];. L., ,ith .r, VI o ;

UbBhs-gr, .AG. .

ras-v 'oint; uupel rihll. : il t
"of PFu lic li ,'l.-,..: ;. .], W L. L..... l,>.' "
Chlidl Sur\',.'r, T'I'li.i Collins, Chip-
cly.
ST. ANDREWS..
ruttli.eI of the I'race. W. G. Singlcterry;
Notary Public, Deputy Circuit Court
Clerk, R. 1). Hopkins: School Super-
visor, RI. F. Brackin; Post Master, G.
B. Thompson


HARRISON.
Puitmnisiress, Mrs. Ellison.
PARKER
?ostmnistress, Annie R. Parker;
Public, W. 11. Parker.


Notary


PITSB U RC.
?o. inmasIt.r, N. W. Pitts.

(Al.uo'UN COUNTY--CROMANTON.
aotaries, E. Mosher, Frank Hoskins, F
B. Bell; Postmaster, W. M. Croman;
County Commissioner, H. M. S picer
Deputy Clerk of Courts. S. T. Walkley


RELIGIOUS.
Y. P. S.C. E.-Prayer meeting at the
Presbyterian church every Sunday after-
3oon at 3 o'clock. All are invited.
Baptist Rev M. J. Webb, Pastor,
preaches in the Methodist Church, corner
of Washing on avenue and Chestnut
street at 11 a. ni. ind 7:30 p. m.. every
first and third Sunday, prayermeeting
every Wednesday eve. At Parker every
fourth Sunday in each month at 11 a. m.
and 7:30 p. m.; at Croinanton every sec-
ond Sunday morning and evening.
Sev enth Day Baptist-Meets every Sat-
arday at 11 o'clock a. m., corner of Wood-
blne avenue and Bay View streets; prayer
meeting same place every Friday evening
it 7:310.
-'rerl yterian-Church corner Loraine
Svesue and Drake street. Rev. C. I'.
I6ade (Cihristian) preaches by perinis-
i, n every alternate Sunday at 7:30 p. in.
Catholic-Church corner Wyoming ave-
3ue and Foster street.


'TH E MAILS.
East, west and north Imail, via. Chipley de-
parts every day except Sunday at 1-
o'clock; arrives every day except Sun2
aay at 12:30 p. in.
East Bay mail for Harrison, Cromanton,
Parker, Farnidale and Wetappo, leaves
St. Andrews going east every morning
at C o'clock and arrives, coming west
every afternoon at 3 o'clock.
North Bay (Anderson): Arrives at St.
Andrews every Monday, Wednesda and
Friday, a. m ; Returns to Anderson
same days at 1:30 p. m.



BUSINESS DIRECTORY

TURNER E. 1ETEIM AN,
Attorney at Law,
Vernon Fla


F. B. BELL,,
Notary Public for the State at Large.
flee and re dence,
CRBOANTON, -


Of-

FLA.


W. H. PARKER,
Notary Public and Surveyor. Special at-
tention given to all Notarial business;
also to the Drawing of Maps, Charts, etc
Parker. Fa.

1I.J. HUGI{ES,
WVatchmnaker, Jeweler and Optician.
Ottice aml .salesroom in Goo. Ruis-
-WVnm-,- a vi iii.-.. .
St. Aididr s, Fliidaj.

R. D. HOPKINS,
Not:try Public.
and Deputy Circuit Clerk.
Office in the old real estate office opposite
Brackin's store. Magnolia street.

DR. J. J. KESTER,
Homeopathic Physician and Ac-
coucher. Office Pioneer Drug Store,
corner of Shell avenue and Michi-
gan street,
St. Andrews, Florida.



SURBER'S




I am prepared to do all kinds o
Hauling at the lowest living rates
and give entire satisfaction.

WOOD AND FENCE POSTS
nt and delivered at reason able rates
G. W. SURFER.


SMALL COTTAGE FOR SALE.
Apply to H. LORAINE.


DEMOCRATIC COUNTY
TICKET.
For Tax Assessor,,
A. J. GAY.
For Tax Coll.*.ctor,
A. l .IONEI. .
For C'otmty T!r',.-;..ur',,
r. C. I-(.\fN E.
For M-enbor of t h. N .



Ii1 Biclory.
il'.ibli' ,,,l I'y r e-i. t.
To Mrs. Lillian Eskett on the death
of her husband.
A precious one from us is gone-
A voice we loved is stilled;
A place is vacant in his home
That can ne'er mqre be filled.
Husband, father dear, we miss you;
A dreary, vacant place is here;
A spot that none can ever fill,
For none to us can be so dear.
Indulge not in consuming grief,
Though he has left you here alone,
The separation is but brief;
You'll meet him in a brighter home.
Remember, 'tis but a step, dear friend,
A step only'through mist and thro' rain;
When hearts that now so wearily ache,
Will rejoice with their loved ones again.
'Tis only a step through the silence,
Ere the voices we missed long ago
Will fall on our ears in glad welcome,
Unmixed with the sadness of woe.
'Tis only a bound o'er the bay,
Rolling so deep and and so wide,
To where white-robed angels are waiting,
With songs of joy on the bright side.
'Tis only a curtain divides us
From the glories no mortal has seen;
Anxiously we'll wait till the angels
Have lifted the curtain between.
-1 ]L I- -- III


SA Boy's Heroism.
N. Y. Ledger.
A luminous sort of mist lay under
the full moon, all over the Carib-
bean seas, as the treasure ship
Ocean Queen, of New Orleans, was
wafted by light, almost imperceptible
breeze, on hei course for Jamaica.
Towing astern of her, by its warp,
was an old skiff which had boon
found adrift and empty a month pre-
viously. Stretched his full length
across the thwarts, with his face
turned astern, away trom the ship,
Jack June, the captain's son-a
robust lad of fifteen, now occupied
the boat. lie had been in the habit
of getting into it in good weather,
to enjoy the pl'-asing sensation ol
being towed along by the big vessel.
Any boy vho has ridden ',n a sled
attached by its rope to the hind part
of a wagon can understand what I
mean. Jack. who had entered the
boat before dark, had been reading
a small book about pirates, lent him
by the cabin boy, and he was now
thinking about the story.
"The pirate chief this volume tell
of," soliloquised jack, "though he was
a robber atid a murderer, is spoken
of as if he 'was a hero, with his
beauty, his daring deeds, his black
plume, and his death-dealing sv ord."
ite excited the cabin bov's admira-
tion, but couiag, :inl skill in a had

if pirates are ever like that one in t iw
beok?
The subject was all (lie more in-
teresting to the lad, because, at this
time-1828-it was only a few
years since the Caribbonn sea
was frequented by pirates, and
now (ne was occasionally met with
in the waters. In fact, though the
ship laden with her rich cargo, and
also carrying a large amount of gpld
and specie, was within a hundred
miles of her distintd port, the cap-
tain had heard, from a small sloop's
master, spoken on the day before,
that he had seen a suspicious sail to
leeward. Thinking, somewhat anx-
iously of this, especially, as not only
his father, but his mother also was in
the Ocean Queen, Jack, without
once changing his posture, lay a long
time in the skiff. At last he
concluded to get aboard the ship; but,
on turning round, he was dismayed
to perceive that he was adrift.
An examination showed him that
the warp was missing. The ring in
which it had been tied in the some-


no longer being towled,as its motion
hiad previously been scarcelv percep-
ti]le w titli .o light a Lbie.ze.
Againad i again, he shouteil, hop-
ing lie might hiav. been mi-'sel b1v


iIit-.'., :anl that theyi
.r lilinu' for him.
Cre Cai iii [i j


ii cCrill i';'er o!r nor' sull i
ill the ilt.
lie wait,,l lo;:,g iil, i iati int vain, f'r omne ign of tihe 4hip.
Hou: after hour Ipassel. as he drift-
ed on.
It must have been close upon
dawn, by which time the wind had
freshened and the fog was beginning
to clear when lie heard a gliding,
rippling sound off the weather b .w.
Somehow the noise made himu think
of the motion of a sea-snake. The
slight rattling of the blocks, evident-
having oiled sheaves, reiclhed his
ears. Of a sudden the scaly form
of a serpent, with head thrust out
forked tongue protru-ling, loomed
near him in the silvery mist, it was
a vessel's figure head. He could
dimly see a foremast beyond, with a
a huge foresai! and a topsail.
"Ahoy, there! I'm adrift!" lie
shouted. "Here, in a skiff, without
oar or sail!"
"Stand by! We'll throw you a
rope!" was the answer, in a hoarse
voice.
Again the oiled blocks croaked
stealthily, as the head yards were
hauled back.
But the crat t-a long low brig, of
a sea-green tint, showing no lights
whatever, had drifted past hin ere
a rope could be thrown.
S"Htere! Scull your boat ahlng
side!" was shouted, and an our came
whizzing through the air. to fall
spla-dsing near the skiff. .Jack se-
cured the car and skulled his light
vessel alongside the brig. Then a
rope was dropped to him and he
fastened it to the forward thwart of
the boat.
Clambering aboard, he was sur-
rounded by a numerous throng.
Several lanterns had been lighted,
showing these people to be a dirty,
evil-looking set. very different in ap-
pearance from those by whom Jack
was accompanied.
The gang, seeming to consist
mostly Car ibs, da:k-skinned Portu-
guese and Spanilaids, wore red skull-
caps with soiled tassells, ill-fitting
blue trousers and clumsy red-and
blue sashes, in which latter were
a huge knife and long pistols.
A man of short statue, with bandy
legs and a brutish face, more like a
a gorilla's than a human being's,
was evidently the captain. His
braided jacket, his crimson sash, his
white-duck trousers, his silver-
and-gold-mounted sword and pistols
and his little round velvet cap, with
a feather in it, only added to his
ugline .s, which was rendered almost
ideihus by the cap being jauntily set
0"1_-____--___....
Fliing his arms across his mas-
sive breast, he eyed the boy from
under his bent brows, and said in a
deep, guttural voice:
"How came you adrift?"
Jack told him without mentioning
the name of his ship, for he suspect-
ed from the appearance of
the fierce-looking horde, as well
as that of the brig-her raking
masts, enormous breadth of canvas
and the five guns on each side that
he was aboard a pirate. A man,
however now brought from the boat
the book which Jack had been read-
ing, and the captain, taking it, saw
on the cover, written in large letters,
the ship's name and the port to
which she belonged.
[TO BE CONTINUED]


The niost knowing man, in the
course of the longest life, will al-
ways have much to learn, and the
wisest and best much to improve.

Over 200,000 postal cards are used
every day in the United States.


It iqa a simitrYd-t
the Lun i&. As m


"Then he may feel g
honor I am doing him n
beneath the dignity of--
to command a squad lik
on an extraordinary oca
take the taste of the last t
mouth I volunteered to
jor now. 'Twas a strong
five years, though my re
with me many a year
they come now."
As the sergeant speaks
of officers issues from
commander's tent. For
them, in loose flapping
broad brimmed hat and
is the rotund and portly a
Plummer, the paymaster.
"Well, old man," say


LA., AUG. 9. 1894.


(OPXRqi/i r, ;l3ar cIAkLZ5 Ka M '~
lea'ler, '-von ucan nflrlly get into a
Qic n 't-nxxt hero aiA. 1Si-Liau'.. V.'e',' e
Wi you Thlu throu-h all right I ,-) 'fa- ui.w
Oy.Ld "e'llgo on nallcmt our s::r:i. '.. Ycour
? old friend F''cny ashied xnan to


fluti tic Uer rrWa -ling
anld cha:,r.'g over th.I l.?,I.rio.
Nouthv-ard the viOw iV. k al rd a
low rang:t of bluffs. d'itit f tt.. or
fiolian, rt co'-rl thi~ .. th
suerner growth of lunch I cr0 -
ward, thr.e nAii l v.-w .'yvat t. th'uigh
it seems nuch lea. .ii'f, reau
pierced hero and the:t,' ,.'ep m-
vines, frame the pi.tq that ,'i!-e.
Midway L.tw-n th" l t LC..I( .Itd
fringed with clumps Iaici r vt(.d anu:
willow, a lar gid ]tr, ci. l n ly
eastward and is lost wlth t vall-v in
the dim distance. Ou tto w.-1 i
long,gradual curve the e.iMtih a: Lingo
veers around and spaa.1 ti h.,riin.
Midway across this moniti t of land-
scape, cutting the strca'ux ri.gh ain-
gles, a hard pr. irio ruai.< .,t t-
ing and ttrnlinL,-,ut of Oti(,ti t, P'u.th-
ern ravin 6. a D.n] tr a r i grtraiual
dip to the fordl ;nmoui;r. tho ol, nwTxlsa
emerges from l;:'r L.-afy l1adj and
goes winding .'iy Ineltil ,ii au
the "breaks" to, tih, north, i is oL n of
the routes to the' D..u'. Eilii <, Ilkata
-the wa,,,:mo ri,:vl tr'l:.i tb., 1 ni. n Pa-
cific at Sidn,--y y w1.3 ay y ll a cli ,t Rob-
inson, Nel,.. v.h ro a ;%!;; i.ii:,.,n of
sone 14copnis c ..: I in f c. ; in-
fantry keep watch and v.'i, r. ,, tlhe
Sioux nation, which, one yioirv I,' ious,
was in the midst of the mer. I iet. most
successful war it ever a.': ar-ainst
the white man. That wp l ti ten-
nial year-1876. Thiis isnoth cvnt-
ful year for the cavalry- --18 7 f r be-
fore the close of the summer |ven the
troops so far to the southeast are stined
to be summoned to the chase an'capture
of wary old Chief Joseph-the latest
Indian general ever eartad unon the
Pacific slope-and even now, n this
July day, here are cavfirymeno t their
accustomed task, a'd though ii.3 five
years since we saw then tI r the
heat and gla- of the Arizoua '* hore
are familiar faces amnn' tl -
grect us.
All along under the cottonwood be-.
low tho crossing the bivou.nc sxtend-.
Long before sunrise these hardy' fellows
were in saddle, and in long column
havo come marching down from tho
north-four strong troops-a typical
battalion of regular cavalry as they
looked and rode in those stirring days
that brought about the subjugation of
the Sioux. Out on the prairie the four
herds of the four different troops are
quietly grazing, each herd watched by
its trio of alert, though often apparent-
ly dozing, guards. One troop is made
up entirely of bhlck horses, another of
sorrele-two are of bays. another
herd is grazing (knso to the treem-
the mules of the wagon trii and the
white tops of tbhes cnmbrou vehicles
wredotting the left bank of thi finding
water for 200 tr 800 yards. cok fires
are smoldering in little pits d;g in
the yielding sil, but the cooking is
over for the pr, sent. 'The meonve had
their substantial diner and are now
smoking or Ele-piing or cutting in
groups in the sh',!e--all but a squad
of a dozen, commanndd l" grizzled
veteran on whose worn blos the chev-
rona of a first sergeant ar stitched.
Booted and spurred, with carnines slung
and saddles packed, th-ee in tanned
fellows are standing or sitting at ease,
holding the reins of th,-ir elepy charg-
ers and waiting aJ.pnr-ntly r the pas-
sengers who are to "tart in the stout
built Concord drawn by mr sleek,
strong looking mules, now ending in
the shade near the canvas homestead
of the commanding ofie. -
Presently two soldiers lowing a
young man in oivilia q tr come for-
ward lugging a little gr painted iron
safe, and ths, with asn nd a thud,
they deposit in the wagon., r
"You've sen that befor sergeant "

',I have, begad; an ithad l
heap more green insim outside
than it has now, F h, ever ex-
pected to see it again, r master
either. We were both bom through r
an through. 'Twas our so habits
that saved us. Sureo predecessor
was a game fighter, Mr. tnes, if he
was a tenderfoot."
"Yes, the major often lIs me he
wishes he had him back me in the
place he has instead of th< B he had,"
answers the clerk whimsy y. "Does
he know you're to comma the escort
in ? You got him into is a scrape
then that he's never tire telling of
it."


takes life easier. The winter in Cuba
did him a lot of good, and Fan writes
that he seems so happy now, having his
two girls and his little grandson under
the same roof with his sister and her
children. What a reunion after all
these yearsI!"
"Where are they living in Chicago?"
"You would know better than I, for
-think of it --I have never been east
of the Missouri since my babyhood,"
answers Wing. "Fan writes that her
aunt has a lovely house on what they


ified at the
Sure it's
sergeant
his except
ian it's to
out of his
rt the ma-
aste to last
der will go
ger. Here

Little group
e battalion
aost among
aiment and
ren goggles,
pe of Major

the cavalry


Washington County "-.
A N rn )

West Florida
Against the World. PAGES.




NO. 19.


call the North Btdo-near tme great
waterworks at the lake front."
"I know the neighborhood well,"
says Drummond. "Chicago sl as fa-
miliar to me as San Francisco was to
you. Only-I have no roof to call my
own anywhere, and as soon as Puss is
married shall not have a relative or
friend on earth who is not much more
deeply interested in somebody else."
And the senior lieutenant is lying on
his back now, blinking up at the rapid-
ly scudding clouds. Presently he pulls
the broad brim of his campaign hat
down over his eyes. "What do you
hear from your mother, Wing?"
"Nothing new. Bless the dear old
lady I You should have seen her hap-
piness in Harvey. She could hardly
bear to let the little fellow out of her
arms, and bow she cried and clung to
bim w^l' we t th


w ar oeor tl-r o miother t hb. b'd
never given up the hope of &feing that
scapegrace of an uncle of mine again."
"Has she ever heard how he tried to
murder his nephew?" queries Drum-
ioati ran ll
[TO BOE COvTINUED.1


aFe and Brt srcrr,.1iit
t''tsr I'in hol,..rcd i ..-d; 'V. 1,
': rgtaut," he adds, ,.Aa. Ling sight of
the gri-z dl r.d 'in-c .-'. ler the o d0
sci-_utirg ]'at, "I'll *. ,-::.i- i t : ,u
run th. i:.'l ieo this ti,:. aud nut 1.1-
tcrf, r-, i,) ir-rtt--r ;,h it cr,t. -i r '.- to
us of blxauty il dlitrc. All c.: "All renldy, rir, if to n i-jr i::. ""
"He wasn't that cil:1 to me in Ar-i-
zona," laughs tho j:ymauat<,:r a lho
turns to bhiake havid with tho oiicers
about him.
SYou see you were new to the busi-
,ess then," explains a tall captain.
i "Feeny considers you a war veteran
now, after your experience at Moreno's.
SWe all had to serve our apprenticeship
Sas suckling lieutenants before he would
Show us anything but a semblance of
respect. Goodby, major; good luck to
Syou."
S"Goodby all. Goodby, Drummond.
SGoodby, Wing. Herel I must shake
Hands with you two again." And shake
be does; then is slowly "boosted" into
Shis wagon, whore, as the whip cracks
Sand the mules plunge at their collars
and tilt him backward, the major's jol-
ly red face beams on all around, and
ho waves his broad brimmed hat in ex-
nberant cordiality as they rattle away.
The group of officers presently dis-
perse, two tall lieutenants strolling off
together and throwing themselves under
the spreading branches of a big cotton-
wood. One of them, darker and some-
what heavier built now, but muscular,
active, powerful, is Drummond; the
other, a younger man by a brace of
years, tall, blue eyed, blond bearded,
wearing on his scouting blouse the
straps of a second lieutenant, is our
old friend Wing, and Wing does not

hesitate in presence of his senior officer
--uch is the bond of friendship between
them-to draw from his breast pocket
a letter just received that day when
the courier met them at the crossing of
-the Dry Fork,-Land to lose himself in
its contents.
"All well with the madam and the
kid?" queries Drummond, after the
manner of the frontier, when at last
Wing folds and replaces his letter, a
happy light in his brave blue eyes.
"All well. Paquita says that Harvey
has captured the entire household, and
that Grandpa Harvey is his abject
slave. There isn't anything in Chicago
too good for that s-year-old. They've
had them photoed together-the kid on
his grandfather's shoulder."
"Aren't you afraid his Arizona uncle
will be jealous for his own boy'eakeer0
laughs Drummond.
don't believe Ned would begrudge
Fanny anything the old man might feel
for her or for hers. He is generosity
itself toward his sisters, and surolyI
could never have found a warmer friend
--out of the army. You know how he
stood by me."
"I know, and it was most gratifying
-not but that I feel sure you would
have won without his aid. The old man
simply couldn't quite be reconciled to
her marrying in the army and living
in Arizona."
"A strange land for a honeymoon cer-
tainly-yet where and when was there
a happier? Do you remember how the
Apaches jumped the Verde buckboard
the very week after we were married?"
"And you spent half of the honey-
moon scouting the Tonto basin? I
should say sol What with a courtship
in a robbers' cave, a marriage in a cav-
alry camp and a wedding tour in sad-
ile, you had a unique experience, Wing,
aut-you deserved her." And Drum-
xoud turns and grips his comrade's
hand.
Wing is silent a moment. His eyes
are wistfully searching the elder's half
averted face.



es. It will be early in October.
She's blissfully happy, is Puss, and
he's a very substantial, solid sort of a
fellow. I'm well content, at last, that
her future is assured."
"And you are a free agent practical-
ly. Isn't it time we heard of your own
happiness-your own vine and fig tree,
old man?"
"Time's gone by, I reckon," laughs
Drummond, yet not merrily. "I've
had too much to think of-too much
responsibility-and probably have lost
my chance."
Wing looks as though ho wanted
mightily to say something, but conquers
his impulse.
October is a long way off,"'' he final-
ly remarks, "and I thought you might
find earlier opportunity of going east.
Now that Ned has entire charge of the
business in Arizona the old gentleman


5r-1* ---------------- -
atre, where Othello was to be acted
by a Mr. Deleval and his family.
Again, in 1781, a bill introduced by
Mr. Burke with reference to the civil
list was read a first time; but the
second reading was deferred to that
day fortnight, becausee the 21st was
to be a feast day, and the 22d was
the benefit of Madame Vestris, the
favorite French dancer at the opera."
Even when in session the hou e was
much given to amuse itself with pet-
ty or frivolous incidents, as is shown
by some singular notes preserved in
the official records. Under date May,
1604, it is noted that a jackdaw flew
in at the window. This was consid-
ered ominous,, and apparently it
proved a bad omen for the bill in de-
bate, as the measure was soon after-
wards rejected. Again we are tolt
by the veracious state chronicler that,
in May, 1614, "a dog came into the
house, a strange spaniel, mouse-col-
ored." About 170 years later, it is
recorded that another canine intruder


entered thoehouse, taking Iis f&t be-
fore the speaker and all the g.vern-
ment. Iot content to remain a mi.
lent spectator, the dug joined in thlb
proceedings by barking loudly.. Lord
North, then prime minister, was
speaking, and jocularly appealed to
the speaker, having, "Sir, I am in-
terrnpted by a new member." The
dog, unabashed, did not take the
hint, but rees'ned his barking where.
upon the good-huinored premier kept
up the joke, protesting that the new
member had no right to speak twice
in the same debate. In .ntch mn~e
recent times almost equal tAifM"g.


' epi.sopeR hIavu 0en kTnowriLo relief@
mightily the tedium ,of political cotea
tenitions.

Blanching Early Cabbage.
Caulillower, kalo, celery, lettate .
etc., are blanuhed by the be e.a eti-
vators before offered for safe. Early
cabbage may also be improved by the
same means used for cauliflower awf
lettnce, that is simply tyina the
outer leaves over the plaat for os6ver
days before beiig cut. Gardenuag
Illustrated. at1 Englisl periodial,
has a timely article o, this subject,
wherein it state. that tying up early
cabbage is now practiced in England.
As to the operation; it says, the soft
outer leaves are folded carefully
around the heart or center of the
plaut, and the whole is bound with a
withe or piece of bast. There are
several good reasons given by mark-
ot-growers for this practice.
The center being protected form
the weather, the cabbages heart
sooner, by two or three weeks than
they would otherwise do, and they
are more easily handled in gathering
for mai ket- The plan is one that is
seldom adopted in private gardens.
but there is no doubt that it is one
that can be recommended, inasmach
as there is a gain of a week or o :vo
as regards cutting, and compact lit-
tie cabbages are always preferable to
loose ones which moreover, oare apt
to get broken, or_ otherwise injure'il
in gathering. It may be worth while
to test this method with early cab-
bages in the United State*.
ft-


Pointers on Tomato Growing.
Mirror of Commerce.
For quality, tomato crops should
be well manured. It is nut advisable
to grow them on the same land suc-
cessive years.
The best crops on fertilizer plots
are produced by nitrate of soda and
by a complete mixture containing ni-
trate of soda. Results the same
yearly.
Better results general) follow the
use of two fertilizing elements com-
bined than one used alone.
Potash alone as muriate gives good
results-better than some mixtures.
Phosphoric acid alone has little ef-
fect on quantity of crop.
Nitrogen in the form of dried blood
gives no results.
Nitrate of soda and muriate of
potash can be recommended as spe-
cial fertilizers for the tomato.
Potash fertilizers seem to decrease
sugar and increase acid in tomatoes.
Phosphoric acid produces some of
the sweetest tomatoes found.
Nitrogen and potash affect compo-
sition of fruit more than phosphoric
acid.
All three fertilizing elements in-
crease tthse same elements in the
fruit.
Phosphoric acid appears to assist
most in the use of other plant food
already in the soil.
The tomato is not a specially ex-
hausting crop. Tomatoes do not re-
move as much plant food from the
soil as most common farm.crops, at
casual rates of product per acre.
The refuse of the crop from an
acre of tomatoes contains more fer-
tilizing material than similar remains
of most other crops.
The vines and roots of the tomato
are very rich in potash.
The residue of the tomato crop
should be evenly spread and plowed
under.
As regards soil economy, the toma-
to crop is a desirable one to raise.
[These suggestions come some-
what late for this season, but they
may serve a good purpose in the care
of next season's crop.-ED.]

Parliamentary Humors.
The house of commons now scru-
ples to adjourn on account of the
Derby Day; hut in early times, says
a writer in Chambers' Journal it in-
dulged in a holiday upon occasions
which modern readers must consider
still more strangely inadequate. Hor-
ace Walpole mentions in his memoirs
that in March 1751, the house ad-
lnnrnad tnattend at Drurv Lane the-


inaugurated the fashion which-
become universal.

Their Twearme.




<-11E 1L


has


Old Gotterof-So you really love o W
daughter?
Charley Van New-I do.
Old Gotterof-Very well, you may ho
her. But don't take her from s too eooa,
my boy-not too aoon-from her old to
other and mother. Not before tomorrow.
Promise me that.-Puck.

How She IqAoyed Heneit.
Husband (holding his wife's cahbo 0
in his haBd)-Look hbwme PaMelin M
tard plasters, 0 arbs. Tbree tth es
tracted, 20 marwk. Thbus, altogetbe y
have spent this month 80 maup tmo"
own private etnjoymient.-t-lb.


m


-----_ --
------ ---- = --


AUG 9 189


.MOM


L


s~Bn~ lc~ `~~-~c~~,~c~


I


L


__L


___


r.


I


.L


wereI


Orange Bloeomes.
The custom of wearing oraalg
blossoms at weddings is of compare-
tively recent date with us.
It came to us like most other fas.
ions in female dress, from thelFrenah,
who in their turn derived it from
Spain, says Chambers' Journal, Il
the latter country It had long obtain-
ed, and is said to have been origi-
nally of Moorish origin.
There is, however, an old Spanish
legend which gives a different ac-
count of its introduction., According
to this, soon after the importation of
the orange tree by the Moors, one of
the Spanish kings had a specimen
of which he was very proud, and of
which :he French ambassador was
extremely desirous to obtain aa
offshoot.
The gardener's daughter wee
aware of this, and in order to pro-
vide herself with necessary dowry to
enable her to marry her lover, she
obtained a slip, which she sold to the
ambassador at a high price.
On the occasion of hei wedding. in
recognition of he gratitude to the
plant which had procured her hap-
piness, she bound in her hair a
wreath of orange blossoms, and thus








SMARIT I ME,

J'1^ ^J-s


.-~...----1 - -.----..
NoTs.-It must be remembered that th
wind is not a wholly reliable motive pow
or and if the sailors sometimes find it im
possible to make schedule time it moss t b
charged to the elements; they do the bes
they can.


The Gulf Steamship Co


SThe Staunch Side-Whe l Steamei


OG OVJNO A D
Capt. B. 1 i'it,
WILL LEAVE M(I8IL,' FOR



1st, loth an l .d S _l


OF EACH MO)NTI,
-l'Mt Iahking Landings each way at

PENSACOLA
AND
," ST. ANDREWS.
-, Uillinlited Freight Capacity!
A nd. 0.areful Attention to Con-
signments.
SThe GOV. JNO A. DIX is not vet
"."*' arranged for
Passenger Service,
S Bnt will be in the near future, when
a perfected Tiiue and Rate Schedule
will appear in this aldvertitiLement.
H. A. DORR, Gen'l Agt.

S. SCHIOO1NER
N O ETTlI E
CAPT. LESTEil M1Eitl'TT.
Leaves St. Andrews every Wediies(dav.
Arrive at l'insacola every T'l 'hur!Lay.
Leave Pensa:cola every Frid;tY.
-; Arrive at St. klndrews every Sqnturday.
... Fare, with Iioard, '5; without hoard,
Freight carefully handled.
gl'N. W.PITTS Agent for East v y
Territory. East Bay parties going to ?. .-
sacola will fiud it to their advantage: to
consult with him.
Capt. F. I. Ware, Pwtprietor.

SCHOONER
J ESSI E P.
Ur '' r. AV. Hor.'1ES.
S Makes Ir.l..r trips lctweenCC Parke 1ro
S EaK.l Pay ad Pensacola; will make reg-
.; *liar l.T 1.*di,-- aI Cromnanton ald Har-
: r )'in aiii :1ttl;nly other point when re-
"- qlSi-sted l) frii rt li to do so. Passen-
gers and fie- liht transported at reason-
alie Trtcg-uf.a .c^<>a garantelod.
SOCi ier ISl It it tle residence of the cap-
tian St. Andrews will receive prompt
arid careful attention.
S JoNu T. PrTTS, Agent.

SThe Nettie sailed f:;r Pensacola
bSui iay .Mrnin .
l'Jre ,Jt.-.-ie P'. came i ,, n tfnir n
.Ea=st lBy aiu!l .,ilec.d fuor Pe '.iac,la
-' Stui n l:iy uvenirl g.
"'" -* .... "The C(' wlt i in) t returned fr'.,,, a ,,ioi t
". :. fishing t ip Sal urlay n iigt. T'he
: bysN report eatlhing huvoral hliark
..i whlil. anchored t thio pass; ,ne ofC
Them measuring 11. feet in length.

A Week's Wenlthier.
The uin lt,- I ng 111 fle s II' I. l, i. nt lihe
engi el,tti'r' e ,1 S t. ,'i .:t I,.7 't
diuriing the- p.si t e> k, fr',inl i 11- t i, ni,
; tla k n at i h -' iIt., O IL~I I- h ,'.tiha;A


.... L


-Thec hardest rain that has fallen
in this section for several months, fell
Sunday night. and continued through
Monday morlng.
--Tle third Demorest Silver Medal
contest will be held in the Preslyterian
church Friday night, Aug. 17. 1 he pro-
grain will be given next week.
--A good many parties from dis-
tant states entrusted thc BIuoo with a corn-
mission to purchase delinquent lands, and
as a rule their wisIhes 'or' e .-:omii i.1 with.
-Nearly every purchase-r of prop-
ertl at the tax sale intends to make ex-
Iensive improvements if the title to the
property purchased is permitted to i.ature
to them.
-The people of St. Andiirows will
as one person endl~avor to hospitablyV en-
tertain thi delegates to the Democratic
Senatoriia convention, which meets here
on the 2';i inst.
--'T'her e wi o be hejl at the Pies-
byterian church next Friday night a
Coockv and Lemonade sociable, comiduiet'-
ed b the Y. P. S. C. E. society. All are
invited. Admission free,
-T'he numerous and oetl-husiastic
bidders on St. Andrews property at the
tax sale e tgav l.ul b-est no saiililt evidence
Ht it Ili I ltiture l ( itr City 1-, tIhe Sea"
i i a [liiii il fl ,!' '.Oi"
-C-.at,:ii;ig n-large shark reeiin tt'
Ib. a fa\ rite a1i-ir-it .ililonIg .the people ofl
St. And)t'e ,. Thrte or I'i.i:r e*.xt r-i l-gi.-
ouins \f l CeuL-e capture .-d :r.mii Wart' a
wl]arf rlurini! the pat rt r..k.
-Uur corresiponiileuts will pleanne
bear in minid that Itieir favors muet he
mailed tearl ei)uiigh to rieachu iu.' not later
thain Mlon.ivy t eviiing: ollthir ise theo
etnlllot a p 1a 1- I nlla i;I rI'rI)l i;Q iiie.1
-PIa iyer ievlerig ,it thIe 'oIe.'y-
tI L r :. el i V I I ''1 .1 11din n i:hlt at .V<
.,'. ..!.,..1: ,. , , i. ; ,, ... .,,. I V. 1 s


-Owing to the rain on IM.ii;liy
evening and consequent sunrll a tent i ii--.
the Village Improvement sociei ,'
called to order and imniediatety ad.. ,:'-.. 1
until next regular meeting, first Moi. I'. iI
September, at which time it is e'.I. -.;i
all the members will be press et.
-Rev. M. J. Webb will preachli it
Cromanton next Sunday morniii_ .1:.
night. All aro invited te attend.
U-no JBrackin!
He can save you money on Urai:A I.:,.'t
liuy until you get his prices. -I;: 1.i.,
Fearline, Cottolene, and is agent I',,
Wkisey's Copper Paint, the le-' ..
earth. New invoice of Dry Goodl i!
Galvaniz d Nails to arrive this 'e.k.
Prices, u-no, are o k.
-------. :a --
"C. E." Cooky Sociable.
Everybody is invited to attend thel
"C. E Oooky sociable at the Pree-
byterian church next Friday. 1nii.
Aug. 10. A large nspply of ci-.,ki
will be baked, to be served with hiom-
onade if the lemons can be had. One
course will be served free to all pre:-
ent. Should you desire to contribute
you can drop your mite into the
*Free-Will-O)ttering" blx.
The co,,ky will be :L monogranm of
the initial letters of C ihri tian E:,-
deavor--'_'. E." Mul.ic indl iite.'r-
Pting gaines will be intru.hlmccd by
the coinnmittee.
When you arrive and behold in a tree,
Ajtck-o'-lanierni with a face "C. E.,"
Yuu', knuw the shape of there c.,kieo on
hand,
Thoroughly li -ked lv the ladle_ of of ,.r
!.,'iMnd.
('l'M, nl F C'OMMITTETC.


TL, I t fll., ~
Sda i Id I' v tt I j

Sou itd., .,I4et n lalti I lepljla i
EriB. ... ... 'I'llti I 111' the 0 t
i iz c l o -d 1 1 a ll.r h r e
A liti.f d1 1 iL:. - a I init e -,INN i e a lid '.1 1 a stni .Gi. PI 1t

Park r Eo~- -li il.' ~ n-h tV- i-"ji)il I I i h~ miade a pil-miwmage to Vernion ituuhh
Parker L o d S~o, 4,2,-, -11
Al r.W i !, convyanc, an bot
A 1E.l:e vlc,,ai~lti
-l~I I I I N t ';- I li- Ir fi i it -St Allrlrl
sm ill-d v Ill e ch fli e 1-y n :111t i lig 111 t c
fill] II\. itr i tool: I iI t ;I' ~ "
I1I I :. ''I
lII1 ii ttiiiiri I............ ..- -- I,.'------------i ~ 1 I~~~h.


Visiting 13irothi"v- (',)ui; ili I'i-


VIRCINI A COLLEGEE,
For Young Ladie, R'o:iike, VY.
Ouena Sept I., l1'. I,, ,I i' I .,
SehoU ls 'ir iiii' I.' ,,ll.. 1-: I . ... .

mountain scenery in vxlloy of \':a., f-i med
for h health. European and Amnricran
teachers. Fu:l cu),iilL In nit and ni'sic
unexcelled. I'upii's rii ,1 seventeen states.
Vor (e;.t ll n.-- add,!roCe the President,
W. A. HAL RRIM, D..D.,,
Rotuioke. Va.

$1000 in ioney; ',..* *. -
v I Ualti, pr mlluLl,, I to t,,.,,s-
ers. BAX iE BALL Enthusiasts,
t"' this is your (,pi)or l itvI Se ue ( offer
HOME AND COUL'TRY MAGAZINE,
Prie! 2.c. All Newsdealers; or 53 East
10th street, New York.

aHE8S For
Thi
T HI i-ila-
plC. It makes thill faccs pluimp1 aand
round out the figure. It is the STAND-
ard r medy for leanness containing so
Al-.-s. ENC and
* Guaranteed Absoluteiy Harmless.
Price, prepaid, $1 per box; (; for $5.
Paiphlet, "HOW' T; cETP FAT," sree.
The THINACURAN CO.,
9419 Broadway. New York.



S l-OLD DOCTORO'


SLAIES' FAVORITE.
ALWAYS RE LIABLP and perfactlI SAFE. T.hq ama
ueZd by thouiandwo wineo all over tho United States,
tne OLD DOCTR S private mail practice, tor 8 yeaear
ani -ont san le bad result.
Money e urned t not a represented. Send 4 cents
(tamps) for sealed Partartcur.
WARD INSTUE, 120 N. 9th St.. St. LClla, Mo.


,* .. 1 . i . 'i. ii I., .. L ... : .... ii T -'' A .i-ve ...r G ay : imitil V ornom n
I . Ii :'. ; .e I .' i -
I.,)d is\ : ,ilt 1,a,[ dv seu el a! ilike.tLUelt.
\\.. H S. n l, I". 1: i', I,
,'u., ,. '. i,. .... ," .i. i'. ,, ii L t ta x I mI' s .
... :. ,.,- i;. ;,- - .' s W An .l-? son mIader se v-
.: : .... .,c ; ,.s, . .:. ..i ....* I ,!- oral "iutliti,> t,, his e-tatf e at the l Io-

11 it 'r'I
I --One of the finest building and col vevance to Vernon S-t il:y to
l rcidmnce locations on St. Andrews Bay attend to some court interests theie,
will be found at Parker. You can secure returning home Monday evening.
a site <..:,-, ..l;ir. : an excellent view of Messrs WV, T. Maund, J. B. Saxon
the bay or pny other tract from a building and H. V. Maund, of Columbia, Ala.,
lot up. For particulars call on oi ud-
lotdrs For Parke:r, P au ke, o. who have been visiting at the bay
dress W. H. Parker, Parker, Fla.
--By mistake e omitted to mn- for some time went to Vernon to at-
tion last week he death of Mr. E. A. tend the delinquent sale, and invested
Bates, which occurred at his home on quite heavily in St. Andrews lprp-
East Bay July 30. He was bIuried by the erty. They will commence almost
Masonic order of Parker in the St. An- immediately to improve their hold-
drcws cemetcrv August 1. Mmr. Bates ,
drews cemete. Ay drs four Is. g. Ba ings and the original owners, if they
came to St. Andrews four years ago and
entered a lioiestead up East Bay, where 'edeemi the lands, will have to pay
he resided until his death. for first-class improvements that will
-Almost everybody who has be increase the value of tlie property
coine interested in St. Andrews would many fold from what it has ever be-
like to possess a map of the town an .. con- fore been worth.
tigous country. To all such we 'would say Mi. Pearce a iss otchkiss,
that for one dollar sent to us xwe can fur-
nish them an excellent larIge map of he of Illinois, who have been in St.
town with the lots a:d public places cor Andrews since last fall, left on tho
rectly located. Besides this city map, we Nettie for their hoiie.
have also a sectional map embracing not Win. A. Emmonos, editor of the
only the town proper, but all the land Buoy went in company with County
disposed of by the Cincinnati Companyi, Cmmissioner Jno. Ii. Thompson to
and while lots and blocks are not showing Jn Thompson to
it is an easy matter to get their ltcation- Vernon Sunday, the latter to attend
by the use of this nmap. One oli-lar byiis the meeting of the board, and both
either r.;a'; or :-eithe r will i. el vdi iR si to be present at the de linquent tax,
premium tir live c slh in l ii.. sib- ,
si c i i ieS Silr ,
/t )


To ..



:il,,i tl{


Li i i


.I .


L 0 C A L D R I F T, -A good many of the tracts sold T!.l:
at the delinquent sale Monday had been TF.lif
-Everything in the jewelry line returned to the state for delinquent taxes PT.
at-Russell's. of lh92. On all of these the state will E. E
-Nice bread, pies and cakes, fresh relinqvislh its tlaim upon the Fp--.-.~n-Yt nf
every day at Russell's store, that ltax, fii i'e l i V; a ill t'. I
-For Aligator teeth and shell to ,': 'ar ,-.t*: g'ii ,i ,
d iele 'I'llI R DOIO IoIIt O If 11i i R1I.I ld ln. IU,11 1i'
jewelry, call on I, J. Hughes. dee i n t i i .. tL
-Several of our citizens attended, is r ii '
do v eli tu i Torii c .(.rnl iiti th S t t Cinnp-
the tax sale at Ve:non Monday. troller W. 1. HB..xl:Im. Tall., -.C,'
S -Commercial, legal, and plain or .,,d ifii,,ir pur'-iias,-s rua foul ii it, t.1 ;r1.
e printed stationery at the Buoy office, thisia las, iu at cIru rit-rit Ihie I..J Lt!,| a' '.C ,1
-Watermelons are plentiful and and clear thi -wt Lo Hiv taIe'r iita.nt ( -';:,!li
o cheap, and the small boy is happy. in l:I,. sami. can ,i
3t -New sweet poratoes are being --ilimirr te!I.is u that there i nu in S.pj
brought to market in small; quantities. aii.nci ticiii il' r;ut r v.-rii at V.' i.-n i ,n! a.
No person interested in W est Buhon ii:.'le., iii.- ,.. i i.:; i|,-.r,,ven I t
* Florida can afford to be without the BUvo. onial I.iili foIr h' il'.ai,- of' Ihe n t.i ,
-The Loyal Temperance Legion *".'ii rt', .c-ill. t- Si. AndJie C 13.i. .. H- If l tt
Smeeta every Sunday afternoon at3 o'clock ti. ltr':tl t'.d I',.Pl e l sl t Iqii,-. tilo
-Golden Gate letter and Colum- INers i-i 'ishiii:: I.,*nd r.c) l'd ald uta to
Sm !' ~i t tii-'.- il! di. ,..,!I t, ad.lr.. as' thi. r .
r bus Souvenir note tablets-no finer made l., rd.i.,;l H .-it. cei l
Ri. 1F. H ^If- Zrd, .P".*< tn H.rrii on .1 t
-at the BuoY office. ai ;I
--The Net ii st.pi ied at Croman- -Tle topic for ,li ..'.i,, at tl. b
Stone on her way to Pensacola and took on xt !, ftcn. I .
several l ..:,- r W l,,, lAl .d vit it m I.,.
Re\v. c. Si:..30 will preach ait ..:, C a ,,n ..ntio ,. ,o .- C.,
-- t 3; .Fl ,..',: k. ,\), ,,
TLil.,ir;,s lh .l to "get lm ove to keep pace with Tax C.:,' i L'I.vy at it ., ic-.rdiall ir,\itLd to atteri.
the delinquent tax sale. --Eda, L; ;lanvm may w i c .
-Legal cap, commercial note C--- i.. .t Jl.l d. i ,llih .
letter-heid papers and envelopes, either conducted by the general pe-.)p!e :'., 'I 1i. '
printed or olain at the Buoy office. welfare. but there is no store ivW ,.r .-1. ,'. .lI
-If you expect to vote youi mist general public can get more cc., .it. I,...t ;I1L,
register The books will be at the store treatment or better and cheaper t..... t'L .':
ot L. M, Ware & Co. until next Monday than at the People's 'tore. Pittsbui;.F:., TL. i i
only. N. W. Pitts, proprietor. !
-The ordinance of b aptism was -The bridge over the M3;!IL; t'.
administered to three candidates by Rev- Branch on the Chiploy and St. .i ii ,. ''.i
Ml.J. Webb in Lake Huntington on Mon- road, not far from Bayou Geor.. !., t
day evening, Lbe:n washed away by the recent IL.,
-Regular services at the Metho- rains, and for a day or two travellers \., I ,
dist church next Sunday morning and have to drive around the head ui ti,' l .n.
evening. Sunday school exercises at 10 branch; but the bridge will Ie r. i i..: .. .
o'clock. All invited. placed soon. i'..--. ill (


f

13

-


Clgbing Lis-t




Oy':


I *r I.,I L I:..

SIC5

I;




(A.ITPION!. jL-i\T




I I A k
I- 'I I- o t iiI
I 'Z1111 11 'I I i 1 11 ,L'







t t? 'I i1 4.1


-UC-- ---~cr~c-l- I _--I_ --PIY-I~-C~I


lic out ofr syIunllith.I'n-y rC
V terann to patroniize s,-inething else for
vari--ty'. .i ak-. Th. spirit of unuold thou-
sands in America is unlike that of Jef-
ferson. The country boys, the factory
boys, the store boys and the boys born
to the gown rush into fields promising
variety and excitement without a dollar
of reserve for emergencies. Often they
jump from the frying pan into the fire-
that is, from the humdrum and monotony
of work to the humdrum and monotony
of penury, a misery from which there is
no escape, for it is, after all, the work
that galls them and not the nature of it.
All work is monotonous unless the
worker puts life and soul into it by striv-
ing for the highest result in amount and
character. This it is which may relieve
the tedium for the ditch digger, and this
it is which does relieve it for the Joseph
Jefiersons. Monotony and humdrum are
the rule and always will be, and the only
way to escape them is not to fly from
work, but to think of the work to the
exclusion of everything lce.
Work is monotonous, but it purchases
life and meat, recreation and plenty.
Idleness is equally monotonous, cease-
lessly so, and its rewards are want and
decay. There is no middle ground.

Tammany's Peril.
A great effort will be made in New
York city to overthrow Tammany Hall


. : ..nexttall. lPossiblyit may boesuccessful.
-- The overthrow of Tweed gave Tammany
a severe blow, but it soon recovered its
position. A stream cannot rise higher
,- -- ...-..o..I.w than its source, and being numerically in
Net. Zealanit Lanr Lqn .W. a decided minority the more intelligent,
Te j.-lonteei-s f io:v.- Zi h:nl .- a{ :- self respecting and better element can-
'- i ,f ,. .) ir f : w not long remain in power in New York.
ttii .n .ly r iv'.!ig wbit :ind to thei' The element which has been subject to
the it.iia .1 ,. of- tho) cl.i i-n 'l. One '.f the control of the small clique of which
tb:e D iti.t-:..n s wa th!.e graLbinrg up ,..f Richard Croker is at present the head
great quint!ti-:-s of latrd by 6lwculaturs. may be divided temporarily, but it will
Acc-:'rdingly a law was passed that no- soon come together again and be the
lxdy should own move than C40 acres of means of giving similar or the same in-
first cltss land cr mere than 2 000 acres dividuals the power to rule the city.
of rKcond cla.s- land. Th.rce i 3now no Tammany has existed for more than
general prIoperty tax. Th.? Ltaxs are im- 100 years. Its organization was sup-
posed only on land and ii:cones. In ad- posed in a general way to imitate Indian
dition to the ordinary lard twx an addi- customs, members being called braves
t.ionel graduated one has te.; applied to and its meeting place the wigwam. It
rich and lf-gol real c-at.t I ropertiew was first a social organization, but in
wh h, in spite fc the lm:,i 1i- mentioned, 1800 its members went into politics un-
h come into the hand i f separate der the standard of Aaron Burr. From
o rs. Every legal iunidi- llent has the first the qualities that have been
Sl.lac~.-t- in tho way of boldming great most prominent in it-prevailed-thor-
a l <.:tu*tes. ough organization and a thorough can-
ril i- ,e!'l in Nrw- Z al-.l in three vass. Although its field of greatest ac-
wa: 1. It may be l,utliht c.ntright of tivity is in New York city, it is a factor,
th g,..n-vAl n ut. 2. It ,,ay t.e leased, and a very uncertain one, in the state.
'Ijiplid.-l-o of u1.cha-ate t. any time Its influence in its own party is to a
wi In ;- y(ars-. It i;, l..- leased in! great extent owing to fear of its treach-
pl tuity. Whl,:n it is t.l.ir-i with the ery.
int tiu f I.ul lict'.', t h.- I.oiler pays to Richard Croker, its present boss, as in
thl v -r 2l;ano:ii govertmlienl a yearly popular phrase its leader is known, is far
Sroe c(i i- -r ce,-it of the lfrm's cash better fitted to control the common peo-
val If, lho-w :. r. it is t 1:' n on per- ple as they are found in New York than
pet-t b '-. tli: hl-.lil r !-y; aii annual 4 any man who is likely to lead the oppo-"
perc t rental. Tlhe le.rrrtiit;.- leases, so sition, but the fact that there is quito as
callk- run 90i9 years. .tat-d improve- much discontent among the Tammany
melu are ritquired to be pll.c-l1 upon the braves just at present as among the fol-
land its ocIul.i, r. Thl policy of the lowers of the opposition may lead to a
I.ati is diitmenctly to nio-iwurage small I temporary overthrow of its power and a
far better city government. But it will not
It. ht to be gratifying t:i the pride lastlong.
u -e~:triotic Amierc u t histian to People who govern themselves get
About as good government as they de-
knox .t.it it. is a colltr-Lian of ours
.ho s re i tm te serve-not as good as they might have,
Lo t nlmirmet ,k "e but as good as they are willing to secure,
S.. tfor mI .1.e.-.1 government must be earned
than 1ieale1. l T -uso i before it can be enjoyed.
tha.n1; < --


Fred,
Siiytl

relic

A
sp.-ci
line:
whu
the I
appo
typ?
Slp:ri
tbit. t
nn.l t
ty. .
Whati

The
pce-ara
accorri
vi-it :
the g
before
wnm a1
vim'* \1




R qu
ino of 1
D(,ltl.10
'rme. C


I i C Mu ili'..i has
this pIinlL-'e is named
is. and he may examine
'cb: c. es and dig where he
din he diAtulr.3 no Moslem


.li u in New York does not
It en words to make tho
0 sa, .- length, but puts
er e is need at the ends of
iving the c>.lumns the same
,LSasU matT-r printed by a
ter, where t-hre can be no such
The editor says it saves time,
Result ide-s not offend the eye,
t. it-does lot impair the legibili-
ci-j is a sC'Lcm-A: of such work.
h yep think about it, reader?

17 year locurst has made his ap-
e at Nyac', N. Y. He was due,
ag to the In;al savants, his last
Living been in 1877, the year of
at railroad strikes, and the one
hat in I't-0, when the civil war
,t to l,'in. His first recorded
,s in 1S09.

S -< pY, ^?'*s^^>-, i.



,, Ejx .rieueo In trPatln' nill varl.
ptureenabio s 's v) uuraniloo a
c:re. Question nlan: .nd] i.oo-
i or write.
A.rEfDICO API.'LL.NCc CO.,
street. T. L.Oirl:. JUC.,


..i,^:*.t E. I:i.l:r of N.".-Y ..r: city be-
heves he has f' .i::i n l unild.r'r,:.und 1Lec-
tric trolley that will troll, so to speak.
He lays the wires, which in this case are
iron rails, in a conduit. The wires are
upheld by brackets that are supported on
glas pedestals. The trolley wheels pass
;._,,,., the rails and take the electricity
from them. Mr. Rider has also an eloc-
tric heater for houses, with an automatic
cut off to stop the current when it is not
wanted.
H. R. HI. tHe Duke of Larry Godkin,
by the grace of a long suffering public
editor of the New York Evening Post,
says in The Forum concerning the atti-
tude cf educated men toward universal
suffrage, "As a general rule, Ithink they
either mistrust or regret it, but accept it
as the inevitable." Nonaense! No one
who has the qualities of a genuine Amer-
ican has such sentiments. Go to, Larry!
Go to Great Dritain, where ycu come
from. This republic was founded on
faith in the people, and the real danger
is from those who fear and mistrust
universal suffrage.

The month of May will be a lively one
for the politicians in nearly every state,
for it will witness the beginning of the
work that must be done by all the par-
ties preliminary to the fall cnmnpaign,
and the state cainmpigns will be of un-
usual importance this year, east and
wpst and north and south.


F


ttorial Convention.
ing card explains itself:
yTON, Aug. 5, 1894.


Li
5.. -


DEALL';: IN

-Ij I -5--


IAt the request of the
of C'allioun county the
I.oi! ..nIti.,In v itl e1..1 h l0 o0nI
n 25th inst.
", V. MI.LF.R,
'li',n iemni. E. ('uii.
le .Sigie:sts that it' the
Ii',o? liicov:eni'ent fLor t. h
~luinty elegat in, th.\
dlay no.t later thaln e'l i!v
pr that wvill Ie sati .f";tE ry,V
himn irin ,li: tLely, s,, i lI'
io no annoying confuLin



tl to ilk L '. rn ri-A t in -
s i for t:e hin .1 :;.ynipat iit
k. -._

.i anl f' i1' ]. sil', 1-'"h
> (he M ',- oni, ,. h "- t',,; :.,,
ly andl generou-ly Ierl'iri-
"t siad rites ove:' tllu Il-

ls.11L R.


ise!


| r[ .r 6 ^ i ^ f ^ k r
*^ .- l^ Lrjii -fcj'- Y ^ a,. *1J F afe k.,





A FP I Lillo of1 Cr L-ofd "oods


- ~ -I ~ -- -...


,a jF +Ip


AND A COMPLETE STOCK OF
rI?'PAK ERS SUPPLIES.

SD. t, O0S L O S p 3 Slb y' S

AdJ TLi Tir I!E PUh.


.. J KEATER







DEALER IN


Drugs,


AND
Toi0et Artice s.



Presriptions ant Family Receipis

CAREFULLY COMPOUNDED.

St. Andrews, Fla.


ST ANDRE WS





Mrs, J. W. Wilson, Proprietress-

rih only Hotel, especially fitted up
as such in town.

CENTRAL LLV LOCATED
('l,-.e to and i ll nin view of tl:e 3ay


Pri c s o dera et
id l'e\erv atti lti.n 1 n:i Ic. ito".
r" o I .


-:'. ,, -. :
-, ; I --' ''' t -
4 EM "

COPYRIGHTS ,
CAN I OBTAIN A PATENT? For a
prompt answer and an honest opinion, write to
MUNN & CO., who have had nearly fiftyyears'
experience inthe patent business. Communica-
tions strictly confidential, A Ilanndlook of In-
formation concerning Patents and bhow to ob-
tain them sent free. Also a catalogue of mechan-
ical and scientific books sent free.
Patents taken through Munn & Co. receive
special notice in the 3cicentilic PAmerican, and
thus are brou'qht widely before the public with.
out cost to the inventor. This apleni4id paper,
issued weekly, elegantly illusftated, has by far the
larzost circulation of a,ny scientific work in the
world. .3 a year. Sample copies sont iree.
Building Editionmonthly, $'S a year. Single
copies, 2;. cents. Every number contains beau-
tiiul plates, in colors, and photographs of new
house with plan, enabling builders to show the



fy gsh's Bi3els ppts I4
nA electro-galvanlic hbttery3 m-
" .". ,..,.: ..' bodied into medicated.
"-" ''ntL H rlts p ,, 1pi,
"-, .":."- "- nal Appliances, Abdoln
.' m'. ,. "' rl tprrtr, oi;ta,
!--;;- .;':"'-: -'; br.a'ov, C Oqlco CaQ o,
Uit .t a.i- 1Z Insoles, etc.
Cnre; RhEs r.r..tism, Liver .Lie A nTianep
ComPlRp!itts, ]lyRsplp'si-, Erroroi .f1 1,0l,
Lost2M'anoold, NeCrvvor Snezs, ieXsurlS eaonk-
nss, a%,id nr1'v'cubles ij nIL'n o or Iemlal'.
QeBstion la-anik nud 3Book froo. Ca-i oQr
write Voltaodica ApkPla.Ce O.r,
823 Pine Stroots, ST. LOUIs, o l ,


OLIC IN 1ORSSES.
GUARANTEED.
AS -4~ h Every owner of a horse should kee j
A it on hand. It may save the life of i
valuable animal. One package will
S cure eltht to ten aae as. rice C.100.
Sent bI' inait or express. Our Ac-
count Book, w ich eontsin. hints to
etnac!akeeper, nM't!id freeo.
H.. 'S-IJ2AM!N C .: :ri- St.
v<

A MAP

Of th City f St. Annrews,
Gotten up with great care by the
publisher, who has spared no pliO s
to prepare for the public I a& P o
St. Andrews as it really is. It ,nLrws
about "
FOUR MILES OF COAST LINE,
pxtSeli;il"' eastward frnin lyer's
Point, taking in the Old Towni site of
St. Andrews, and gives lcIation of
public business ; places, private resi-
dences, docks, etc., also every lot in
each block and the adjoining addi-
tion to) the Cincinnati Ciompnia.y's
land, with a full description of t e
same.
The Map will show owners of lots
in the city just where they are lo-
cated, and is of value to those think-
ing of buying property.
Size of Map 30x50 Inches.
The BUOY will send this map to any
address on the receipt of
ONE DOLLAR
Or giver as a premium for 5 yearly
cash subscriptions.



..THE..




ELDREDGE


I"B"


A stctIy high-ru-redi Family Sewing
Machine, possessing all modern
improvements.

GUARANTEED EQUAL TO THE BEST
Prices very reasonable. Obtain them
from your local dealer and makl
companions.

ELOREDGE MANUFACTURIi G 00.
BELVIDERE, ILL.


DEITER 8HOE CO., Inc'p. Capltl, $1,00O
BEST 61.50 SHOE IN THkI WORLD.
"A dollar saved is a dollar anme4." t
This adies' Solid French Dongol Kid But.
ton Boot delivered free anywhere In the U.S., on
receipt of Cash, Money Order,
or Postal Note for tA.W
E' ,-uala very way the boots
n "i ; E.1sold in all retaI stores for
$2, We make this boot
S ourselves, therefore we gaw
antee thefit,sy atnd yl ea,
and if any ole is not Battsfied
wo will refund the money
or send another pair. Opera.
r Too or Common fiflu.
J widths C, DR, rE,
4 : e dyouri sa;
lfl onate-

O m logn

DEXTER SHOE. r 3 FEDERAL STrr
Saocicl terms to 'awN,.A


------------------cI"~"~""
~----


Monotony and Labor.
Joseph Jefferson has just closed a sea-
son in New York with the representa-
tion of Rip Van Winkle, a part he first
essayed in 1859, 85 years ago, and repeat-
ed thoumauds and thousands of times
since. If any one in America deserves
to be re'in-ed by heroic means from slav-
ery, "humdrum and monotony," Joseph
Jefferson ij surely a case for relief. But
he goes ahead, voluntarily embracing the
monotonous role without a cry for help
or even a growl against fate.
Th.? complAaints heard on all sides
against trhe "demd horrid grind" of cer-
tain occup:atons are most pathetic. The
farm boys go to the factory, the
mechanics' sons to the army and to the
war.ehoue, the merchants' sons to col-
lee an:d to professions, and the sons of
doctors, lIawyers and clergymen rush
into joirl-alism or art or politics in
order t,:, eso:.pe the humdrum and monot-
ony of cen!lings familiar to them. They
must have variety, so they say, never
thhlh:ing that successful work in any
fi?!d me.aens doing the same thing over
aud over nRd over, and unless there
Lb thought and enthusiasm in it it
Sgrown hirribly moniotouno
I Jseph ,?leirfcsa;'s wor
\ of course. He has manet
' i Winkl" aloe, anculd
have qk W. .


__


(NON-SECTARIAN CHRISTIAN.)

A 1Kodel Training Institution.
F 0 TT N ID E D O .0 2 2, 1 8 9 3
On the beautiful St, Andrews Ba), Washington County,
WEST FLORIDA.
Though humble in orig in, ye in he wake of he Grea Discoverei, its
unyielding watchword will ever be-
"Sail on, Sail on, ON I ON !!"
Tourists from the North, South, East and West now have offered to
them instruction based upon the most approved and natural methods of
teaching-"The New Education."
Students may enter at any time and choose studies in accord with their
natural and acquired ability. A profeNsioaal course will bLearranged fur
common school and college teachers.
One of the best features in the location of this .~:chi l is its freedom from
the evil influences incident to a metropolitan .-ity.
Tuition per term of ten weeks, pay able in advance:
Preparatory Studies, $7; Colleg:lte, $10.
Spec-ial Rates for Business, Shorthand, MIusic and Vocal Culture.
Fir tf tier iiformnatiun, atilress
JOSEPHUS ,C LIPE8, B. S., President.
St. A.ndrea s Bay, Fla.
-r-i.i ..imii-.. 11111.i _____ M_ ,-.- --___ ----------.


M


College.
MrsGMG.


%


Tr3~,EtI~"'~,Jt"i L~a


Imuk I
AM afta

0 1 u I I I b


;% -r Pi A





WIc


$1 AEAR IN ADVANCE.

AFRICA is now the centerof theworld'a
enterprise.

GERMANY is now the best educated na-
tion of thbContinent.


IN some- parts of Australiaearthworms
grow to a length of six feet and three
in dmet:.

;lt" greater proportion of divorces
take place'between the eighth and tenth
ye'k of mairied life.

"It it a hard matter to make the aver-
age citizen see that what we need in pol-
itic. is business not party.

B ss~mxm, the inventor of the steel
process which bears his name, has made
-10;000,000 out of the Invention.
-
Tal Railway Age says, that although
titmt are so hard there will be 32,008
miles of railroad built during 1894.

MitLB, HAtET HAYDEN, a former slave,
has given $6,000 to Harvard to found s
scholarship for deserving colored stu
dents.
TxEuu are
r en m to find out how
poor men live; and second, for poor men
to know how rich men work.

SA'spoo~NLEs mustard pot -is a recent
invention. By pressing a piston-rod in
an airtight receptacle the requisite
amount of mustard is forced through a
anitable spout. The air being excluded
the mustard is always fresh.

&,'Di* CO ell says that Lhere are but
threi kaoGn"tobacco takers:" The Af-
:rian goat, the hideous tobacco worm
inadthe rational creature-man I

ta t French Government believes in
Sencouaging family es and homes. The
new tax budget grades the house tax ac-
cording to the number of children.

Rrraii jhow that sixteen persons in
1,000 who are confined in lunatic asy-
luI s have been made insane by love af-
fairs. The love business is no joke any-
way.
PI nr years ago the first telegraph
me Uage transmitted as a public test was
flis ed'ovef the wires from Washington
im Baltidore in these words: "What
SfllOi'God wrought?"

I- lA PITAMrA,- who was knighted by
Queen Victoria nearly sixty years ago,
published-the system of shorthand that
las rade'htm famous. Sir Isaac is a
hare old man of eighty-one.

T n Young Men's Christian Assocla
tito building in Chicago, which is rapidJ
ly nearing completion and which will be
t'he~f at in the world, received don a-
tlit amounting to $410,000,

'IT has heretofore been almost impossi-
ble to make large castings of aluminum,
- but the difficulty has now been so far
overcome_ that pure-aluminum bath-tubs
Share now made in a single piece.

SENAToi John Sherman has scrap
. oks covering the history of the United
States for the last thirty-eight years. He
hat.been keeping his letters since he was
fifteen and everything of value has been
. qnved. ..._.
Sw'DNm islthe most Protestant eoun-
try in the world. Of the population of
6,000,000 there are only 2,000 Roman
COsholics, the remainder of the popula-
tion beld ging almost exclusively to the
Lutherfi'gChurch.

STa strongest animals in the world are
those that live on a vegetable diet. The
lion is ferocious rather than strong. The
bull, horse, reindeer, elephant and ante-
lope, all ggpspicuous for strength, choose
a vegetable diet.

IT is computed that the death rate of
thqe world is sixty-seven a minute, and
the birth rate seventy a minute, and this


seemipgly light percentage of gains is
sufflicnt to give a net increase of popu-
lationRach yearof almost 1,200.000 souls.

"FaeGINo" has become entirely obso-
lete at Eaton. Thirty years ago it was
with great brutality. The

is said, done more to kill the old system
in English colleges than any other agen-
cy.. : ..

"TuE most cruel tribe among the
North American Indians is the Apa-
ches,'" aid'J. L. Griswold. "I was in
ib' Tar West during one of their out-
breaks, and while I did not witness their
atrocities, I talked with those who had.
Their captives are tortured with
knives, by firebrands, and in every way
that the ingenuity of the savages can in.
vent. I met one man who had lived in
the West for many years, who carried a
Derringer pistol especially for the pur-
pose of killing himself should he ex-
haust his other firearms in a fruitless
attempt to escape capture. If taken
alive, he said, he would use his Derrin-
ger upon himself and consider that he
was fortunate in being able to escape by
such a death the tortures that would
ensue f he became a captive."

BoW Persians Eat Melons.
The ordinary Persian bill of far,
sounds something like the banquet de-
scribed in fairy tales, said G. T. Barnes.
"W ile traveling In that country I found
that the overture to a wayside repast is
a *kt inelotn ndt cOt in slices as is done
in hi country,'biu't eate like an egg,
one ead beoigcut bff and the 'contents
- eateni," & a wooden spoon, the roseate
ar rb sn .1,n-._ ... .. i


On Tuesday last the supreme court of t
Florida commenced the annual June
term. All thejustices were present. In
the case of W. D. Bloxham against the c
Florida Central and Peninsular railroad I
Attorney-General Lamar made a motion t
to have it advanced on the docket, and
the motion was granted. The date for I
the hearing in the case is July 10. This i
suit was brought by the State in the cir- c
u,-ULL L. 9-5-- ta.r "' I
000 back taxes for the years 18'r;i, lib0
and IS81.-Floridian.

Mr. James Mott received last night re-
turns from a commission house in Phil-
adelphia for four crates of peaches.
Three two cent stamps and one one cent
stamp were enclosed. The peaches
brought $1 per crate, total $4; express
83.55; commission 40 cents, net seven
cents. Some of the same lot sent to At-
lanra netted $1.80 per crate. Some sent t
to Columbia brought $1.35 over expen- C
ses. Mr. Mott says he feels like the man
who went to see the forty thieves and was
charged $2 at the door. Becoming dis-
gusted with much extortion on the
part of the doorkeeper he turned away S
and started off. He was told that the
'thieves were on the inside, to which he
replied that he had met one at the door
and did not care to see the other thirty-
nine.-Orlando Reporter.

While in Washington a few weeks b
since, Col. W. D. Chipley filed the peti- ir
tion of the Gri mlars for pardon. He re- P
ceived an assurance that it would be is- 8
sued at an early day, and received a l
telegram yesterday that the papers re-
ferred from Washington to the District re
court office at Jacksonville had been bf
returned Thursday with a favorable en- n
iorsement. This will be welcome news m
to the families of these men who wvur re


THE STATE OF FLORIDA.

Small But Newsy Items About Ev-
erything Imaginable.

Clppings From Our State ExchangeP In
Reference to Bulldings, Improvements,
Rairoad, Municipalltles, Courts,
Products, Accidents, Etc., Etc.

The cane crop on the St. Cloud planta-
tion this year is said to be the best ever
produced on the land.
T1wenty-five cars ot bananas wFME
landed at Port Taampa and shipped to
Chicago on Saturday.
TLe Clyde steamer Seminole carried
north on her last trip seven car loads of
watermelons, about 7,500 of as fine spec-
imens as one would want to see.
There is an old colored man, living
near Silver Spring Park, who claims to
be nearly 104 years of age. He says he
Swas born near Augusta, Ga., in the year
1790. He has descendants of the fourth
generation.
One farmer at. McIntosh hassold thirty-
five acres of tomatoes for $4,000. It is
said that there are twelve hundred acres
Sof this vegetable in that section which
a have been bought up by four men.-
. Gainesville Sun.
Two negro laborers, Ch'h
un, wh ie returning
from work near Fort Mason one evening
last week were fired upon with small
shot by some one in ambush and pain-
fully wounded, Chambers being danger-
ously hurt. There are well grounded
suspicions as to who did it.
Miss-Clara Hilderly, of West Tampa,
Sone day last week undertook to wash
some ribbon in a bowl of gasoline, and
she might have succeeded if she had not
put the bowl too near the gasoline stove,
Which was lighted, Her father heard
the explosion and succeeded, by a mira-
cle, in putting out the flames before she
was seriously injured.
State Superintendent W. N. Sheats
has issued a circular to the teachers of
Florida calling their attention to the lo-
cation and departments of the different
Peabody Training schools located in the
five cities during the summer. Any
teacher desiring copies of this circular
letter can obtain them by applyingto
their county superintendent.
Two waterspouts afforded the people
of North Beach an interesting spectacle
for more than an hour yesterday after-
noon. One of them described an arch
and poured an immense volume of water
in the bay near the shore causing foam
and spray to rise high in the air, while
the noise and roar could be heard for a
great distance--Key West Equator-Dem-
ocrat.
J. L. Neel, in boring for water on his
lot in Waldo,found, after passing through
a thick formation of clay, that there was
nothing below. At a distance of thirty-
five feet below the surface there appears
to be a river or lake of pure water with
a slightly sulphurous taste. Several
wells sunk in the town recently all seem
to point to the existence of an immense
reservoir under the city.
A prominent sponge dealer of New
York, who is in the city buying sponges,
remarked to the editor that Key West
sponges are as good as United States
bonds, He said there was always a very
active demand for them as they were of
a very superior quality. They are not
equal to the finest Mediteranean sponges
for they are the finest in the world, but
they come next-Key West Herald.

One of the largest and heaviest real
estate transactions ever known in Citrus
County has practically been closed
Full information will be given to the
public at an early date. Mr. L. R. Eich-
enlaub with others has succeeded, after
months of quiet work, to get the deal in
tangible shape. It means a large hotel,
also the development of valuable min-
eral phosphate lands. The lake region
of Citrus will enjoy vast benefits from
this transaction. The capitalists inter-
ested are chiefly Ohio and Michigan cit-
izens.-Ocala Capital. l


L


The J., St. A. & I. R. Railway noi'r
bound freight carried up 2,890 crates of
pineapples Wednesday; the J., T. & K.
W. Railway carried out nearly 1800
crates yesterday morning, of which
number the Progress brought up 1,039
crates, the St. Lucie 560 crates, and
the a St. Augustine ISO crates. If
the crop should continue to move away
as fast as this only a few days would be
necessary to complete the shipping sea-
son. Think of nearly five thousand
crates leaving Indian River Insideof
two da3s. This means an actual net
worth of nearly $20,000 in fruit-Titus-
ville Star.
The long and anxiously expected free
postal delivery system for this city has
at last been granted by the department
at Washington. The order has been
passed and as soon as the usual formali-
ties can be complied with, it will be es-
tablished. This will be a great boon to
the commercial interests of Tampa.
Every city in all the land as large as
this has enjoyed this privilege of a free
delivery system while we have been left
to plod along in the same old way. But
thanks to Dr. Duff Post, our efficient
postmaster; this state of things is to be
speedily changed, and we are to take our
place along side of other prosperous and
progressive cities.--T.ampa Tribune.
We were shown a curiosity in natural
history Wei esda
op lever have a cance of seeing
anything similar thereto, and which is
as common almost as anything we have
aboutus. Itwas nothing more nor less
than a common leahterwing bat thathad
been captured with its young-two in
number. The latter and the method of
the mother in carrying them was the
curious partof the affair, for but few peo-
ple know that they ara mammiferous
and carry their young, which attach
themselves to the parent by sharp, toes as
well as their moutt s and when in repose
the mother hangs herself to a convenient
sprig, with head downward and covers
thelittle ones with her wings-Madison
Recorder.
Dr. J. Y. Porter, State health oflloer,
has more power under the law than he
has means to enforce. He finds that
Spanish smacks are a constant menace
to the health on the west coast. These
smacks are engaged in smuggling. The
Tampa Times says: "The steamer Missoj
is kept busy patroling the coast to keep
them from landing but it is impossible
in spite of the extreme vigilance of Cap-
tain Russell. Whe. ever Captain Russell,
who is also a revenue officer, attempts to
interfere the Spaniards show fight. They
are all armed with dirks and an attempt
to arrest them would be folly without
Captain Russell had a superior force.
Besides he does not know how far he
would be justified under the quarantine
laws in using force.-Orlando Reporter.
Adjutant-General Houstoun has been
in correspondence for some time with
the officers of the several bodies of State
Troops concerning the holding of the en-
campment for this year, and in deference
to the views of a majority of them the
Governor will probably order battalion
encampments at some convenient place
at or near the headquarters of each oj
the five battalions. The officers of the
Third battalion, composed of the Escam-
bia Rifles, Chipley Light Infantry and
Pensacola Light Artillery, of Pensacola,'
the Franklin Rifles, of Apalachicola,
and the Suwannee Rifles, of Live Oak,
haye indicated their disposition to hold
the encampment for the battalion
at Tallahassee, as a central and
accessible point; and as the plan of
battalion encampments will involve no
greater expense than can be easily cov-
ered by the battalion's proportion of the
regular appropriation, the matter is re-
duced to the simple question whether
Ttllahassee will invite the battalion to
rendezvous here or not.-Tallahasseean.

MORE PRODUCERS WANTED.

Producers and Workers are What Make
the Country Prosperous.
Florida needs more settlers of the pro-
lucing class.
We may construct railroads and erect
million dollar hotels, spend other mil


The Art


What s
Right-
po


The pri
house inte
ter, and ye
the failu
apt to inq
sav itis~n
it, improve
but at the
created on
to the opin
cause lies i.
home mak
states "Oh
will dojust
similar, an
or thooghtl
pf a thousai
ceive oft I
disquietude
hands and
We are ta
fulness that
all i isLrw
'isagb


WT and solid foun-
dation is sand.' One who seems
to have given derable thought and
,attention to c t g of homes gives us
many good hi as to the formation of a
home and we it to our readers be-'
cause of it4 pfulness. The writer
says: The ct~a of a home should con-
sider, in thejfii lace, that it Is a mat-
ter as impor a climate, and as diffi-
cult to get a arom, and that the first
shades of co r d in a house, on walls
or ceiling, mIst vern everything else
that enters inthh ray of furnishing, that
the color of v prescribes that which
must be used n rs, curtains and fur-
niture. Not a these must necessarily
pe of the sam ti as the walls, but that
those tints,a-ri evern the choice.
All this makes t necessary to take
flrst steps carefu to select for each
$woom the color.wh ch will best suit the
taste, feeling or brns of the occupant,
and then takelnto account with this the
exposure of the roopn and the use of it.
I will illustrate the modifications made
necessary in tint by different exposure to
light by suppoQsng that some one mem-
ber of the family prefers yellow to all
other colors, onq who has enough of the
chameleon in hdq nature to feel an in-
stinct to bask it the sunshine. I will
also suppose that the room most conven-
iently devoted t this person has a south-
ern exposure. in using yellow in this
room, which is naturally flooded with
warm. yellow light, the quality of the
yellow must be very different from that
which 'ould be properly and profitably
used in a room with a northern exposure,
and it must differ not only in intensity,
but actually in color. To get the best
effect in each the room with southern
expuure tu, t y,,l- n-o er, the
tint of the yellow shnuldkbe the lemon,
ard not the gold-yellow- -one should be
treated with a chromeutinted white, and
one with almost pure ochre color. Of
course these differences belong to tech-
nical knowledge and experience, but the
want of experience qan be in a great de-
gree supplemented careful study, and
the results warrant Toth care and study.
In simple houses ith plaster ceilings
the tints to be used upon them are easily
decided. The rule o( gradation of color
from (J)ur to criliu prescribes for the
latter the lightest ne of the gradation
and as the ceiling hands for light, and
should actually Reat light into the
room, the philosophy y of this arrangement
of colors is obvious It is not, however,
by any means au variable rule that
the ceiling should arry the same tint as


the wall, even in
although greater
ness of effect is pi
ceiling of creamy
well with almost
and at the same t
air and light in tI
good ground for I
decorated rooms.
In considering
best use of color
is not neceasry
of ornament. or
walls or celliag.
tint must
studied and~ell
dispense wlo
A'
Prof. W.
Ulna station

ared
ed the lteof
cold of 18o 2
this hurts and
southern
well. They
winter, Frtica
but a winter
always deetroy
Commenting
Democrat of
perience in thi
thin variety of
temperature
!ssor Mameay.
which an o
spend largely u
ap. If it is in
lition, a to
freezing may p
hmad, the t
ered so by a
ally increasing
1fl5 degrees m
Illustrated in
minimum their
rees of cold. E
weet seedlipgs
aummy orchards
reeze, yet the f
ived shows co
Ion of the trn
hmm...... .


much lighter tone,
rmony and restful-
uced in this way. A
,tie will harmonize
y tint upon the walls,
e give an effect of
room. It is also a
ament in elaborately.

mply the proper and
r house interiors it
include the question
elaboration either of
hese..may follow, but
e, and if thoroughly
osen, can very well
.ment.
toor Orange.
Iey of the North Caro
0 to an exubauge as
oman g trees
o taet ad
They will stand.a
rees, but lower than
y kills them. On our
believe they wittdo
stand our otdinary
as they grow oldqr,
that of Ib92 98 will

e above the TImes-
Orleans says: ELs
e has shown that
goe haatood a.lower
hatl.given be Pro.
d thel emperatgre at
iis killd.* il do
the. condition ut the
ncculent.growiug con
hure a lill, below
fJatal. If on th other
rieQt,ly dormant, rea
Auuous cold apt iI, grad.
everity,a temperature
lot kill. This was full
uary, 1886. Whep the
peter recorded 15 do-
p with this cold, mniim
revived. Itis true that
e destroyed tly thi
that some tre our
ivbly that the .o-udi
Ietorinet largli y Ih
iicb it illI be killed


I-L-- I- I-__


I


m


hand close to them and see the repug-
nance and dislike they show so plainly.
My conscience reproached me for days
trying an experiment with a thrifty
fuchsia. I wanted to see if it would
really show symptoms of poisoning and
tucked a teaspoonful of "rough on rats"
in the soil. In a few hours the leaves
began to droop and seemed. to reproach
me for my heartlessness. The next day


SING HOMES.

Decoratin-gand Making
Attractive. -

th Doing Is Worth Doing
p Maker of a Home Should
that It a a Matter as Im-
at as the Matter of
Climate.

es of proper use of color in
are not difficult to mas-
en we look about us at
s positive failures, one is
nto the reason of it. We
cult, any one can master
another modes, etc.,
time there are few homes
a basis. We are inclined
at a large part of the
unthinking action of the
be gets tired and medi-
the difference any thing
et it done, 'or something.
little act ofcareleusness
s is but the forerunner
til before she can con-
me is one ofunrest and
she sits with folded
rs why it is
in our dvas.of youth-
ing is worth doing at,
ing right. Certainly
--aiabamad" of a


I


-~~U ' --L I---~~-~-~--~ : ~ -I i - --~


so-----


P. F A V. 0. ASSOCIATION.

A Communication from the General Man-
aver of the Assoclttion.
From the Florida AgrlenTturltt.
I was requested by the citizens of
Hawthorne to attend a meeting there for
the purpose of organizig the growers on
Thursday last and I also attended a sim-
Ilar meeting at Rochelle on Friday for
the same purpose. I will say that we
had a very enthusiastic meeting at both
places, and while there had been some
dissatisfaction expressed by certain
growers as to some features of the plan,
their objections were entirely removed
after it was explained and to a man they
joined the local unions ar.d each one
seemed enthusiastic and dfairous of se
curing these benefits for their neighbors
as well and have agreed voluntarily to
do all they can to induce new members
to join the association.
The growers are beginning to realize
the fact that there is absolutely nogocd
reason why any man who is interested in
the welfare of the State should-stay out
of our local unions as the absolute neces-
sity for an organization of some kind is
too apparent to require discussion.
;n my travels about the State I rind
that it is almost invariably the case that
wherever there is opposition to the plan
or work of the association there is some
motive behindJit all which antiatetsthe.


1


ions in furnishing them and making
their surroundings attractive, may ad
vertise Florida as a health and pleasure
resort at a cost of hundreds of thousands
of dollars, and yet not be among the most
prosperous of states unless we do some-
,hing more.
No part of the country offers greater
natural advantages to men who know
how to cultivate fruits or to engage suc-
:essfully in truck farming. No state
loldsout g eater encouragement to the'
Itoc an
about the business, intelligently and
prosecute it with energy
The time has passed in America when
these branches of industry can be con-
ducted without cultivated fields and im-
proved pastures. Dairy cows require
nutritious grass and the right kind of
!orage. These can be obtained in Flor,
da as well as elsewhere. Fruits and veg-
itables thrive here and come earlier in
he seasons than in other parts of the'
country.
We wish to see the doors of our hotels
open throughout the year, and our trans-
portation lines busy continuously in con-,
veying to market the products of the
Itate.
There are hundreds among the working
tnd producing classes in every section o4(
he United States who do not know that I
rofitable land is within their reach, 1
nd that vegetables and early fruits can d
e shipped from here to distant markets a
n the spring before the farmers in most e
laces can plant their seed. These facts i:
should be disseminated throughout the a
ength and breadth of the land. a
With persistent effort in the right di- a
ectlen, the population of Florida could n
e doubled within the next decade, and fi
o time is likely to come that will be v
nore favorable than the present for tl
eaching out for the c!ass of immigrantsn t


9


A


I


__


I


i


1


0


opposition. In many cases local buyers
who are decidedly narrow-minded in
their views oppose our work and are do-
ing all they can to induce the growers to
stay out of the association or to with-
draw if they have already joined. Many
of the local buyers are broad enough in
their views to see that it will be for the
benefit of all to have the grower secure
the best results possible and they are
willing to enter the field with other buy-
ers and compete with them for the fruit.
They realize that if they are thus forced
to pay larger prices to the growers itwi l
make but very little difference to them:
in the markets as the market price will
be higher and their profits will be as
great as though the grower were com-
pelled to sell at a ruinously low price.
These men are not grumbling at all,
but are actually joining our association.
The narrow-minded buyer, however,
who is selfish enough to desire success
in this business for himself only, feels in-
tuitively that if the work of this associ-
ation succeeds, as we are confident it
will, that he will be compelled to enter
the field with competitors and that he
could not be able to secure the advanta.
ges he has hitherto had by using his
knowledge of the necessities of the grow-
ers e.s a means of securing their fruit at
exceedingly low prices.
Another enemy of the association is
the solicitor for commission houses, who
sees his chances of obtaining fruit for
nothing, as in years past, is rapidly slip-
ping away. Of course he does not enjoy
the situation but expects to work upon
the prejudices and selfish interests of
those who are weak enough to be influ-
enced by his seductive arguments and in.
duce them to stay out of an organization
which has been launched for their bene-
fit and that of the State at large.
I have information from many sections
of the State that these influences are at
work, but I have confidence enough in
the growers to believe that their good
common horse sense will prevail and
that they will not allow these elements
to seduce them in any way. They un-
derstand, of course, that these are the
very people who made necessary the Or-
lando convention; that 'hay are the peo-
ple against whom we are organized, and
I cannot believe that they will capitulate
to the eneiy at this stage oi the game,
and I think that any grower who allows
himself, either through hope of personal
gain or other selfish motives, to be in-
duced to stay out of the organization or
to urge others to withdraw or to put the
least obstacle in the path of our success,
is taking upon himself a tremendous re.
sponsibility, as it is just such men as
these who have in the past and will in,
the future attempt to bring failure to
any organization of this kind.
I am pleased to state that very little of
this work is going on, as these people
are being watched anJ I think they will
have very little success in their efforts te
again disorganize the growers, New
unions are beingorganizedevery day and
most of the old unions are reorganizing
under the plan adopted by the State con
ventlon. M. E. GILLETT,
General Manager,

A Hospital Garden.
We must all have fads, and one of
kny neighbors is enthusiastic over the
kare of withered and almost dead plants.
Iro show her a thrifty geranium covered
with buds would not_inerest her aparti-
ile, but one day she was passing a back
gate when the refuse barrel was being
brought out, and in the top was a with-
ered rose plant. It looked dead indeed i
But she siezed it and said, "There is
life in it, for the stems are green and
hard." Would you believe it? she made.
It grow and bloom. She has her tum-
blers with- moist cotton inside for slip-
ping, her saucers of sand and boxes ol
fine soil. We carry her all the withered
boquet, and how her eyes sparkle and
her hands tenderly handle the stems to
see if there is a spark of life in any of
them. She arose at midnight once,
dressed warmly, went into the. garden
and covered some of her choice invalid
slips for fear they would suffer from a
chill. I asked her if she thought they
could enjoy or suffer. "Most decidedly,"
said she, "take a sensitive plant, stand
a little distance and see the pretty leaves
rejoicing in the sunlight, but put your


peali decree ias been issued appointing a
court of honor, composed of ofliccrs, to reg-
ulate duelling in the army. The court is to
decide whether it is necessary and, if it de-
cides that an encounter must take place,
any officer refusing to accept a challenge
will be dismissed. No law suits arising out
of duels will be permitted.

Brazilian Insurgents Licked.
The report that the government troops at
Rio de Janeiro were defeated at Pelatas,
in the State of Rio Grande de Sul, is offici-
ally denied.
It was the insurgent army that was de-
feated. The federal general, Mechado,
routing the insurgent army under Gomer-
cindo and capturing his artillery, am-
munition and horses.
Don't Like their Bishop.
The pope has appointed Monsignor
Browne to be bishop of the diocese of Cloyne
(Queenstown). The appointment has
greatly incensed the members of the na-
tionalist party,who are furious at the reject-
ion of Canon Kelly, who was imprisoned
for refusing to disclose the secrets of "the
plan of campaign."
Canon Kelley was selected by the laity of
the diocese for the bishopric, and his name
was placed at the head of the approved list
of candidates.
Sultan Abdul Asia.
Abdul Aziz has been proclaimed sultan of
Fez. No militant opposition to his succes-
sion was manifested thereto, despite the
previous apprehension of trouble. His
uncle, Muley Ismail, has been appointed
khalif of Fez. A large force of French and
Algerian troops has been ordered to the Al-
gerian border to watch the course of events
in Morocco.
Starving Miners.
Advices from up the Chesapeake and
Ohio Railroad state that great destitution
now exists among the striking miners,
their families in some cases actually starv-
ing to death. Dissatisfaction exists among
miners in the Peach Orchard mines, which
may result in their going out tomorrow.
If this is done, there will be no mines in
operation this side of Ashland. The'e is no
prospect of a settlement of the strike.

The Wilds of North Carolnia.
Some wealthy New York sportsmen are
negotiating with a real estate firm for the
purchase of a 60,000 acre game preserve on
the sound in eastern North Carolina, and
it is said that President ClevelaLnd is inter-
ested in the purchase.
.He was, on his recent visit to this section
of the State, much impressed with it as a
hunting and fishing ground. There is a
large tract of land known as the Desert
tract back of Cape Henry, which would
make an ideal game preserve, and it is
stated that the parties will try to procure it.
Included in it are 6,000 acres of dense for-
est, already liberally supplied w bear,
deer, wild turkeys and other game, the
smaller game being very abundant.
There are portions of this forest where, it
is said, the foot of man has never yet pen-
etrated.
Reformed Monk Goes Up.
James Corkery, formerly a monk and
now an anti-Romanist lecturer, was tried Pt
the general sessions in Ottawa on the
charge of disturbing public worship in St
Mary's cathedral and obstructing the offi-
ciating clergyman. Coikery behaved like
an insane man and had to be forced into
his seat by a constable. The jury found
him guilty, and he was sentenced to one
year in the central prison at hard labor.

Austrian Mine eDsa ter.


4


West? Simply because the dealers in
Florida buy their supplies in those lines
in such quantity and at such times as
their trade needs it.
The same business method should be
used to dispose of Florida's products.
The New York jobbers do not, nor can-
not know, when their goods are short on
the market and when there is an over
stock. It is a matter they do not look
after nor care about. But why di
euri er so pain tia usness principle?
Combine if you choose and try any
method other than to sell our prod-
ucts at home, and the problem will still
remain unsolved, and the business of
orange growing will still remain a lottery
and extreme y doubtful in its result.
Organize, for it is a good way to reach
the ear of the parties interested, but
make the business of organization be te
educate, advise and encourage every
grower to get out of the old rut of risk-
ing his hard earned crop in the hands
of irresponsible strangers, and soulless
corporations who are sure to get the
ion's share out of it and condescendingly
send him the little balance.
8. B. MANX.

WE are becoming liberal borrowers of
foreignn ideas. The Australian ballot
3as been legalized by many States. The
Republican and I)emoqratic State Con-
ventions of Massachusetts have recom-
manded a trial of the Swissinitiative and
Referendum. The same State is seri-
)usly discussing the Norwegian liquor
license system, and resolutions favoring
At were unanimously adopted at a mass
meeting in Springfield on Saturday.

HENRY LEWIS says: I would like to see
in epidemic of testhetioism spread
Lhrm.ic thp nni(;n wnd PtA.&A C AVAPV Ift


AROUND THE WORLD.


Important Happenings in all Parts
of the World.

Brazilian Insurgents Licked-Austrian
Mine Disaster-Don't Like Their Bis-
hop-Starving Miners-The Wilds of
North Carolina-Sultan AbdnlAzlz-
Tried to kill Crispi.

VA Grace Conelly,
of Atlanta, Ga.,
niece of the Mar-
chioness of Angle-
sey. was married
recently to Signor
Ugo Gregorini at
Paris. The mar-
riage ceremony
was performed in
the Catholic church
and then in the
p American church.
i The bride's uncle,
Marquis of Angle-
Ssey, gave the bride
away. The Marchionesa of Anglesey was
formerly the daughter of J. P. King, of
Sand Hills, near Augusta, Ga., and the wid-
ow of Hon. Henry Wodehouse.

Russian Duel.
A '4t. Perersburg dispatch s s that an tm-


had been in receipt of a pension from the
State, which had been discontinued. This
is said to be the cause of the rash act. He
had before swallowed laudanum, it is
thought to end his life, but was resuscitated
by medical treatment.

The Hong Kong Plague.
Up to date 1.900 Deople have died of the
plague in Hong Kong, and 80,000 people
have fled from the city.

Phelps Dead.
William Walter Phelps is dead.

Tried to kill Crispi.
Au attempt was recently made to assas-
sinate Premier Crispi.
The premier was driving in his carriage
to the chamber of deputies when a man
suddenly drew a revolver from his pocket
and tired at him.
The premier was not wounded and spring-
ing from his carriage he seized the would-
be murderer and held him until a policeman
arrived.
Great excitement prevails throughout
the city and the premier is being congrat-
ulated on all sides upon his narrow escape.

DO NOT CONSIGN.

This is the Great Mistake of the Florida
Orange Grower.
Fronm the Florida Agriculturist.
I heartily agree that there is opportu-
nity for good work in the orgalo

cranky,' I will add that organization with
the view of bettering our condition, so
long as we continue the foolish custom
of disposing of our products through the
commission system in any form, failure
will still be the result.
Worrying our minds over high freight
rates, exorbitant commissions, glutting
market's, etc., etc., are questions that
we as growers have really no business di-
rectly with.
Let us organize if you please to agree
that we will sell our products, at home,
or not at all, and all this mooted question
of glutted markets, will at once be set-
tled for all time. If those men whohan-
dle our products in the northern and
western markets, buy them here of us,
they are the men to take care of that
end of the business and be assured the
dealers in New York will not buy more
In any given week than their market de-
mands at a fair price, and what is true
of New York will be true of all other
markets.
Our orange crop will give us from
Dotober to April-half the year-to sell
it in, and the consumers will call for it as
tarly as they wantit, and continue to call
is long as we have it for them. The
foolish thing we are trying to do, is to
manage the other end of this immense
businesss a thousand miles away from us.
When Florida produced but a few
thousand boxes of oranges, anyone of the
great cities could take care of It as fast
is it could be got to it.
Not so now, that the State produces
is many million boxes as it did thou-
iands a short time ago.
It cannot be justly claimed that there
is an over production, it we will make
;his great country of ours the market,
out the following of the plans of market-
;ng, that was feasible when there was
such a limited supply, viz. of sending it
ill to the large commercial centers to be
distributed from there, is the prime
3ause of the failure now. It has to
travel too far, and pass through too
many hands before it reaches the con-
sumer.
The plan of placing all our fruit in the
hands of one head to be distributed by
him to the best advantage, is all very
well in theory, but practically it is
spreading one man or one set of office
men outso their to cover such a vast
territory, that it becomes an impossi-
bility for him or them to do it.
There is capital and men enough in all
the principal cities of our country, to
take this business and handle it success-
fully, and each city will send its buyers.
here as do the commission houses now to
solicit consignments, and buy what and
when that particular market wants it,
and there will never occur a glut any
where. Is this not plain business com-
mon sense?
Why is not Florida flooded with dry-
goods, groceries, boots and shoes, cloth-
ing, canned goods and fuel, etc., all of
which has to be shipped here, just as
our oranges have to be shipped North and


A disasterinvolving great loss of life is
reported from Karwin, Austria. An. ex-
plosion of fire damp occurred last night in
the Johann_ and Franziska mines at that
place.
Nearly 200miners are said to have been
killed. Both the mines were on fire when
the dispatch announcing the disaster was
sent. The explosion took place at 10 o'clock
at night in a pit of the Fransiska mines,
and resulted in the death of about 100
mines there.
This explosion was almost immediately
followered by a series- of other explosions
in the other mines, the most disastrous of
the latter being in the Johann pit, where
eighty mines were killed. A rescue party
which descended into one of the pits at 5
o'clock this morning also perished. The
ventilator shafts of several of the pits were
destroyed and fire spread in alldirections.
Assislai ce has been sent to the scene of
the dihasttr from all airtctions. The Johann
'and Franziska mines are owned by count
Von Larisch.
The odiciai report places the number of
killed at 180, with Iwinly persons fatally
iujurtd. The rescue party which perished
was cnipused of ten persona. Fourteen
bodies have already been recovered. There
were tive distinct explosions, the last one
occurringg shortly after one o'clock this
morning. The galleries of the mines are
still on fire and the recovery of the bodies
of the miners killed is thus retarded. It is
beloved that the majority of the bodies of
the killed wll be burned.

Wanted to Die.
Joseph Hughes, an old Confede:atesold-








WHERE IT IS DEFECT

The Weak Spot in the Florida F
tilizer Law.

The State Chemist Has to "Assume"
Much in Making Analyses of the Fer-
tlizers Furnished Him by For-
eign Manfacturers.

A correspondent of the Times-Un
signing himself "Compost." writes
follows to that paper;
One very important measure to whi
public attention should be directed is
repeal of the law for the inspection
fertilizers. It is a perfectly needless t
of 25 cents per ton paid on all fertilize
consumed, and I will try to show th
instead of being a benefit to the ct
summer, it is a positive injury. Excess
valuations are given to very infer:
goods and very erroneous valuations
others about which there can be
question.
Section 6,8 of the law reads thus; "A
manufacturer or importer of commit
cial fertilizers, offering the same for sa
in this State, shall file with the comm
sioner of agriculture a paper, giving t
name of his principal agent, also t
name and guaranteed analysis, und
-e fertilizer or fertilize
brofere'Tdrw e by him, and any mam
facturer ur Importer who shall refuse
give the information herein require
shall forfeit $100 for the first offen
and $150 for each subsequent offense
This section requires manufacture
to state. under oath, the analysis of the
goods, but does not require them
make oath as to materials from whit
the elements of their analysis are d
rived and there is where the law is a
absolute failure.
In the April Bulletin, just out, tl
chemist states in his editorial as fo
lows: "The valuations in the Bullet:
are computed solely upon the analytical
results, and the State chemist feels ful
justified in assuming that every manr
facturer is using huuest materials fi
fertilizers unless the contrary is asce
trained "
In assuming that fact he does awa
with all need for inspection of fertilizer
at all and confesses that his office is al
entirely useless one, and the expense
thereof simply an additional burden i
the already overloaded consumer. H
"assumes" that every manufacturer i
using all the best materials and he give
them valuations based on such assume
tions entirely.
The variations of 'the values of mate
rials from which hit analysis is derive
are as follows:
Best ammonia costs 15c per pound
cheapest ammonia costs 5c per pound
Best available phosphoric acid costs 51c
per pound; cheapest available phosphoic
acid costs lic per pound. Best potasl
costs 5c per pound; cheapest potash 41i
per pound.
These are the principal elements in al
fertilizers.
We will take for an example one ol
the brands of vegetable fertilizer t<
which he has given one of the highest
valuations. A ton, adcording to hi!
analysis, would be composed of avalla-
ble phosphoric acid, 9.03 per cent. or 18(
pounds; insoluble phosphoric acid, 10(
per cent. or 21 pounds; ammonia, 5.0(
per cent. or 112 pounds, potash, 6.68
per cent. or 134 pounds.
We will take 180 pounds available
phosphoric acid, best, costs $9.90, cheap-
est, 82.70, insoluble not valued; 112
pounds ammonia, best, costs $16.80,
cheapest, $5.60; 125 pounds potash, best,
costs 87.37, cheapest, $5.36. A ton made
of the best material costs $34.07, cheap-
est, $13.66, the difference in the costs of
the materials of which it might be com-
posed of $20.41 per ton-a mighty wide
margin for assumptions.
The intent of the law was to find out
if the manufacturers were using the
best or poorest materials, not "assuma-
ing" anything. That can only be done
by requiring the manufacturers to make
oaths to the materials used, as the
chemist acknowledges he cannot other-
wise determine values, but must
'assume" them. A fertilizer made all of
the poorest materials analyzes just the
same as if made of the best, while for


fertilizing purposes, it may be entirely
worthless.
The chemist, who is a very excellent
gentleman, but new to his office and the
fertilizer business, "assumes" all the
manufacturers are honest. Let us see
about this, In the first Bulletin issued
under this law-June, 1890-the com-
missioner called for affidavits from the
manufacturers of the materials they
used. Only two of about forty re-
n ended. He then classed his table of
nations as A, values certain. B, val]
.es uncertain; C', values more uncertain.
He classified the two who made affidavits
as A, values certain; and all the rest as
B and C, values uncertain.
The law did not require them to make
such affidavit as he asked for, and they
did not do it because they were not
using all first-class materials. The twc
who were using the best jumped at the
opportunity to make affidavit to such
fact. In that Bulletin the intent of the
law was carried out, and the result
would have been of great value to the
consumers if the same requirements had
been continued.
The uncertain-value manufacturers,
however, brought such pressure to bear
on the bureau, that the positive valua-
tion report was abandoned, and since
that time the intent of the law has been
wholly nullified, and valuations given
on assumptions. If the chemist is go-
ing to assume what it is his business to
find out, what is the occasion of an ex-
pensive bureau, supported by the heavy
tax on every ton used in the State?
It is a glorious opportunity, however,
for the manufacturer of worthless and
a dulterated goods. While using the
cheapest and poorest materials which
will analyze just as high as the best, he
can get the endorsement of the State


. j. davit to the chemist of all the materials
they use, the dishonest will use all the
or- influence they can command to have
their requirements set aside; I am writ-
ng this in the interest of the consumer
too and the manufacturer of honest fertil-
izers. h
To show further how the business of
the bureau is conducted, I will make
on extracts from the March Bulletin, show-
as ing the chemist's valuations of materi-
als, about which there can be no ques-
ch tion, and actual cost of said goods laid
he down in Jacksonville, as I bought them.
of The ehemist gives values as follows:
Jacksonville
Lx Cost.
r Acid Phosphate................20.41 12.50
Bright Cottodseed Meal... 31.95 12.00
,t, Bone Meal......................... 2.12 23.00
Blood and Bone............. 9.27 22.50
n- Omaha Bone.................. 26.92 ." 198.50
SDark Cotton Seed Meal.... 24 77 16.50
ve Soft Phosph ite.............. 12,52 5.6
or With the above wide discrepancies In
to his valuations, when compared with ac-
no tual cost, in goods, about which thert
san be no question, I would ask hqo any
1y reliance can be placed on his valuations
r- of manufactured goods, about which he
le cannot possibly know anything but pro-
s- ceeds solely upon "assumptions." Are
le the farmers and fruit-growers all so
ie wealthy that they can afford to go on
r taxing themselves 25 cents per ton to
rs support a bureau which only misleads

to turers the opportunity to cheat them.
i, I don't mean in any way to insinuate
se anything derogatory, personally, against
the officers of the bureau. They are all
as most estimable gentlemen, but are man-
ir aging that bureau, unwittingly I as-
o sume, in the interest not of manufac-
h turers of honest goods, but the very op- d
e- posite.
n The importance of this subject is the I
only excuse I have to offer for using so p
e much of your valuable space. d
- t
a CO-OPERATIVE FACTORIES, i
A New Way for Florida to Obtain Facto- ]
y ries at a Small Cost.
- Charlotte, N. C., is rapidly becoming i
San important cotton manufacturing
center, and many of the mills twre were U
erected on the co-operative pluu. Sub-
Sscriptions are taken, payable in small t
sums weekly, and extending through
three or four years. In t! at manner
Charlotte has secured a number of man-
Sufactnring concerns that are paying good
dividends, giving tmploment to labot
s n
and increasing the trade of the city.
SThe money was paid in such small'
amounts as to be scarcely felt. and the
factories built with it and all the good
they have done for the city may be con- c
sidered as so much clear gain. to
This co-operative plan of building fac-
tories has been adopted in other south- "
ern cities. It puts manufacturing estab. b
lishments in the reach of every town. w
A plan like this could make every town ot
in Florida a manufacturing center, t
Take a Florida town of 3,000 inhabi-
tants, and suppose its people desired t k
build a cotton factory with a capital ol
$100,000. Such a factory can be built in d
a year by 250 men contributing $2 per
week each to the capital stock. Some h
might wish to contribute more,and some t
less. An average of $2 each would be q'
$500 per week, or $26,000 per annum. t
This would erect the buildings, and the a
concern could then be bonded for enough bh
to raise the balance of the $100,000 and hi
equip it with machinery and start work. s
The bondholders would not only have an
the value of the property as security, cr
but the subscriptions of the stockholders
alone would be sufficient to pay off the sc
entire debt and have the property un- d
incumbered at the end of four years. di
Perhaps there is no form of manufac- lo
turning that would pay so well in Florida pl
as canning factories. Certainly nothing te
would be of more benefit to the State. to
They would help to keep up prices on
our fruits and vegetables, and would h
save a large part of the crops that goes ro
to waste. A canning factory in every
county would pay for itself in a year in wI
the saving to the fruit and vegetable la
growers of the country.
Canning factories require little capital, bo
They could be started for $10,0C or th'
815,000. Built by the co-operative plan, syl
no town in Florida is too poor to have cu
one. They would contribute greatly to in
the prosperity of the country, and in dii
doing this would give the town a solid of
basis of support.-Times-Union. lig


FLORIDA CELERY.


Fine Celery Can be and Is Grown Easily in
Florida.
A Jacksonville correspondent writes
to inquire if it is true that a good quality
of celery cannot be grown in Florida.
He states that the opinion prevails al-
al t= hrmznh lb.hA ft ale that first-class


celery cannot be grown here, and desires
to know if it is due to some peculiarity
of the soil, or to an unfavorable climate.
Replying to the correspondent the
writer will state that he knows it to be a
fact that as fine specimens of celery are
grown every year in Florida as are pro-
duced even in the celebrated celery dis-
tricts of Michigan. There is nothing
either in our soil or climate against suc-
cessful celery growing, provided that we
are careful to select for the purpose a
soil possessing the proper qualities and
also are careful to see that both the soil
and the plant receive proper treatment.
The soil best'suited to celery growing is
either a good, moist loam, or a sandy
loam, rich in humus. It should contain
considerable moisture, and if it is likely
to be deficient in this, it should be con-
stantly watered. Celery can well follow
a crop of beans, peas, onions, cabbage
or beets. A good fertilizer formula for it
would be composed about as follows.
Two hundred and fifty pounds acid
phosphate per acre, 300 pounds muriate
of potash per acre, 300 pounds nitrate
soda per acre.
Well rotten stable manure, free from
weeds, is also an excellent fertilizer for
celery, provided It is not too sparingly
_. 3 Wano .an ...G it is -_ ..1 -G G


. I


I


THE FLORIDA PEACI

Some Delicious Dishes Can
Made From It.

Peaches a La Windsor-Peach Betty--P
Charlotte-Suedoise of Peaches, and
Many Other Nice Things


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Eggs by the Pound.
?ere eggs sold by the pound, there
*J~ a_,-- ,, --- ;n~hp (. i cin| -f


the breed of the hens, as well as in the
choice of the fowls from the same breed
which lay the largest eggs. By weight is
the only just way by which eggs can be
delivered to consumers at a price. The
number of eggs laid per year varies
greatly and if they are large, by weight
they might be equal in value to the
greater number per year of the smaller
size.
The average weight of eggs varies
from seven to ten per pound. Steps
should be taken to establish the practice
of selling by weight. This might be
done by the poultry associations or by
the Legislatures. All that is necessary
is to establish the practice by producers,
consumers or by the merchants and
dealers. The consumer who buys a doz-
en eggs at a stipulated price may get 30
per cent less. Might as consistently
count so many apples of potatoes for a
bushel regardless of the size.
The eggs found in the markets are evi-
dently getting smaller every year and as
long as they are sold by the dozen, it
will be to the interest of the producer to
send to the consumers the small sized
eggs.
Advantage of Style,
STYLE is worth more to a woman than


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li


8UITHERNAGRIC

Henry Stewart Furnish
eating Chapter on thi

The Labor System in the Soi
ter Basis Than it is in the
New-Comer Must Not I
modle and Revolutl

The labor question in t
is commonly termed, isv
portance to the farmer.
general impression, spr
various ways, or originati
of many persons, through
obsolete occurrences, thi
kind of natural incongr
farm laborer of the Soul
from the North not to t;
And this has also bee
some political seasonin
ture has been stirred
been made an obstacle
into the South, not onl
the North, but also by
it has turned out that
gey, like a spectre i
present in the dark, is&
when the light is broug
is that this unwarrant-
appears from the min
into the South as soa
gle to see things as t

the South is on ra b a


Those of our women who have abui
dant crops of peaches, would confer
favor on some of our readers if they woul
tell us whether the Florida peaches pre
pared in pies, puddings, sauces, or i
fact cooked in any way are good.
number of our readers say they hav
never eaten any only stewed; and som
say they are nice while others say nc
The Country Gentleman gives us som
excellent recipes, if our peaches wi
bear cooking. A few are given below.
PEACHES A LA CONDE-Make a dessert
fit to place before your dearest friend
Peel, halve and cook until tender, in
syrup made by boiling half a pound c
sugar with a gill of water, eight larg
peaches; lift them out to drain upon
hair seive; wash a pint of rice and coo]
in a double boiler with three pints o
milk, two ounces of butter, six of suga
and seine grated lemon peel; cover an<
cook half an hour, when it should bi
tender; add four egg yelks well beaten
and mix thoroughly. With a part of _the
rice make a dozen small, 7e1L'lTfM
croquettes; dip them in beaten egg, rol
in fresh crumbs, fry a light brown ii
very hot fat, using a wire basket, drair
on a cloth and sift over powdered sugar.
Mound the rest of the rice upon a dish,
arrange the peaches over it, cut side
down, ornament with candied cherries,
bits of citron, raisins and almonds, and
pour over it the syrup in which the
peaches were cooked, which has been re-
duced by boiling and then additionally
thickened by stirring in four tablespoon-
fuls of peach marmalade. Arrange the
)each croquettes around and serve hot.
Half of this will be sufficient for a fam-
ly of eight. Indeed, the croquettes
erved with a part of the sauce would
nake one dessert, and the remainder of
he rice made hot with the peaches and
he rest of the sauce, another.
PEACHES A LA WINDSOR-Take name
rom having been served at Windsor
Castle. It is not unlike the proceeding.
Make a flat, shallow sponge cake, and
ut it with a cake cutter into rounds
ot larger than the half of a peach, or
better still bake them in small pattypans.
'hey should be about an inch and a half
hick, with one three inches high for the
entire. When cold, hollow them enough
o receive a peach laid cut side up; in.
he place of the pit put a bit of peach
marmalade and lay on the other half;
aste with a little white of egg, sprinkle
rith sugar and color in a hotoven, Take
ut on to a pretty dish and serve hot with
he syrup,- or cold with whipped cream.
'his is a dessert quickly made with any
ind of cold cake.
PEACI BETTY-Made after Juliar
[awthorne's recipe for apple betty, is
delicious. Fill a pudding dish with
alved, ripe, peeled peaches; sugar to
iste and add a cupful of water to a two.
uart dish; cover with a good crust twice-
ie thickness of ordinary pie crust, cui
slit crosswise across the middle aL.d
ake three-quarters of an hour. Serve"
ot or cold by cutting the crust in pie
taped sections, piling the fruit on tol,
nd covering with rich, sweetened
ream.
PEACH CHARLOTTE.-Peel, halve and
ald in syrup a dazen peaches. Line a
harlotte mold with thin slices of bri-:id
pped in melted butter and fill the h..l
w with alternate layers of very st i ff a
e sauce and quartered peaches; lay on
p a thin slice of bread dipped in but-
r, cover and cook, placing it in a pan
hot water in a good oven for I alf a.
'ur; turn out, pour- the peach syrup
und the base and serve.
SUEDOISE OF PEACHES-IS an excellent
ay to use stale bread. Take twelve
rge, fine peaches; scald the skin frum
ese by placing a moment or two in
iling water as you would tomatoes.
en halve and parboil until tender in
rup. Take out and drain while you
t a cork-shaped piece of bread four
ches high and the size of a peach ii,
meter; cut also two dozen thin slices
bread the size of a peach; fry all a
ht brown in butter; make a large one
it upon the centre of a dish by dipping
in a little cold but not stiffened lemon
ly; put each half piece upon a small
ce and pile in two rows around the
ge one, laying a blanched peach pit
each one and the other half peact on
'; reduce the syrup, pour round and
ve hot,


he has been taught
antipathy to anyth
that interfered w
special crop, he is
into other ways
ods of advice as
common belief th
antipathy between
black races is total
is still some remni
of dependence on
;uperiority and pr
but this is no obstAi


plo
nla
wh


i nd emplo'
turally inclined
ites for advice a


is the best of und
It is better for I
should be so, for
tremely careless
very few of them
the future, living
careless of the mor
be.
There is no doun
colored workman
place and work. A
laborer under the
to which he has be
is, to be driven, a
the master-this e:
condition-does nc
the North, and hi
solely superintends
demands, he exerci
t'iorlty. In this i
the labor is got o
the latter is bette
were otherwise.
ment, too, by fur
living as they are
advance, is one of
case. For if we
necessaries of lit


Sbear an excessive
else, as something
the culture of his
sily taught and led
reasonable meth-
insiruction. The
itiere is a natural
e white and the
founded. There
-f the old instinct
one side and of
lion on the other,
good under-


blacks are
up to the
1, and there
,ag as to this.
Sh r that this
roeS are ex-
g less, andi
ve y thought o
roiday to day
asBy child mayi

whatever that. the
the best for thi
he makes the besI
cial management
accustomed, that
not to be led: and
ctly represents thel
lead as he does in
in the work, but
and when occasion
Sthe looked-for au-
the fu'l value of
of the laborer, and
satistied than if it
method of pay-
ing the means of
eded, but never in
e necessities in the
supplied with the
the negro will stop


uth, as i
uch im
been thi
abroad ii
the mindc
aOnd now
re was a
tween the
a person
ner born,
d up with
the mix-
,that it has
migration
ople from
ners. But
|ritable bo-
to to be
fly invisible
and thus it
ression dis-
new-comer
he has had
. ,---


ed by frost. The rich valley above the
sea level, where as abundance of water
can be had for irrigation, abounds in the
best orchards. Some orchards are very
close to the sea shore. Such a location is
of course not desirable for the culture of
this fruit. The trees so near the sea are
more liable to disease, and the quality of
the fruit is not so good as that of the
orchards more distant.
"Artificial irrigation is necessary. In
many instances it is elevated from wells
by steam or mule power. The und b


Twe Wy reeS 1S cu I vareted at least five
Limes between March and October Vege-
table crops between the trees are con-
demned. The trees produce an average of
1000 emous each annually. Cases are men-
tioned where trees produce ten times this
number. The lemons gathered In Novem-
ber are the ones to bold for their keeping
qualities. They are supposed to keep six
months."

Aund a Big One Probably.
"Why did C'holly get intoxicated last
night'"
"Because somebody told him he had
no head to him, and he was bound to
show that if he hadn't he could get
one."
It Would Seem To.
Algy-"Say C'hully, you shouldn't
transfer youah fork to youab right
hand. Eat witl youah left."
(holly-"Dah Jove Is the Pwince
leftbanded."

An Eye to Ilimlnes4.
Coachman (driving Mr. S.ingiman)-
the horses are running away, sir, and I
can't stop them.
Mr. Stingiman-You can't! Well, be
careful to run something cheap.

Entitled to Itecognition.
Mother-I don't wish \ou to recognize


SURE

rn Inter
bject.

on a Bet
h-The
SRKe-


n


LUMLuV- 'S sweetens the land
and prepares it for the reception of
shrubs, annuals,etc. When the peas have
matured plow them under, with leaf
mold added, if you can procure it; if not
some good commercial fertilizer sowed
broadcast. Harrow again, and wait for
a good rain. When the ground is thor-
oughly wet, you can begin planting.
All deciduous shrubs and trees should
be transplanted in winter but evergreen
may be set anytime; the rainy season
being the best time in summer, December
the best time in winter. If you cannot
haveyour land prepared immediately and
are too impatient to wait, get your
shrubs started in boxes. Use boxes
which have the bottoms nailed on the
outside so that they will be easily re-
moved, Use a separate box for each
shrub, so that when put into the ground
the roots need not be disturbed. Dig
and prepare tLe hol with rich dirt, or
top soil in the bottom, set the box in
(with bottom removed) so that the
plant will be its natural depth, then pry
off the sides, pack dirt around, and your
plant will sustain no injury from the re-
moval.
I have transplanted hrubs in this way,
when In full bloom, and they do not wilt,
but bloomed more luxuriantly than ever.


r ., L= U -m A pUU LV CYIL.UU
ration, because of its light covering by
which it is protected.
Thus an orange must be exposed to a
lower temperature than the ordinary
freezing point of water before it will
freeze. The same applies to other fruits,
as apples, and vegetables, and potatoes,
to some extent.

Potato-Tomato Grafts.
Prof. L. H. Bailey has been inve4sta-
ting the graft between the potato and
the tomato, and says: "One correspond-
ent has reached the point of naming his
mongrel the potomato, and from it he
expects to reap compound crops of toma-
toes and potatoes. The truth is that the
grafting of the tomato on the potato and
vice versa, is no new thing; and it is
equally well known that no economic re-
sults come from the union. Yet the
subject is an interesting one to those
who are curious concerning the habits
of plants, and it is true that potato
tubers will grow without potato tops.
and tomato fruits will ripen without to,
mato roots.

Salmon fot
Those of our readers who tire of. sal-
mon prepared in the various ways may
find the salmon loaf something new.
One can salmon, freed from oil and
bones, and washed fine; 4 tablespoonfuls
i 4-- t A .n .A A t fu l hi-PA .,A r ....K m


11


I .


Sis in the Norfh. ? i bnr1'tobt re-
Slied upon, more certJn ot subject t<
proper discipline, anl e harmonious
by far than that of t N0i'th. Ther$
is no tramp about i j he souiheri
workman is a fixture i nhome, and is
not wandering over country as a
Svagabond. He is bo c and the firsi
thought of the young o0e is to have
a home where they ma e played per-
manently. There have ,eno recruits to
the foolish and ridic u were it free
from elements of series anger--Coxeo
army from the Sout strike is un-
heard of, and is mea r ly impossible,
for not even the influ c of the cuohied
alliance could get a ;rW r to a strike
a year ago than to ta t. Doubtless
the negro race has t ability to be dis-
satisfied,and to comp ibut .so far it has
evinced no special aititde to combine
for any purpose in %unlawful or
even in unusual ways, 4t needs man-
agement and just treatment and over-
sight, but there is certanly no other
system of labor that uld make the
cotton of the South so el1 and so cheap-
ly as that of the neg s. And when
experience is acquired It is seen that the
two races are necessary to each other,
and that the lonb tr ning of each to
deal with the other has resulted inprovid-
Ing the best means'for working the land
and producing the orps that could be
desired.
It is equally apparent that there is no
reason to believe tha the present asso-
ciation of the two raises in the relation
of employer and employed, may not re-
main as it now is for time to come, with-
out any effort on the part of either to
channme iL_ .crtal r' uthern negro
is perfectly clenlcdhin his work and
his relatfori'to his employers, and such
outbreaks of dissatisfaction between em-
ployer and employed as are continually
occurring in the Ncrth are nowhere to be
expected in the South.
So that the newcomer in this region
may borrow no t D uble about the labor
question. Labors abundant, and If it
is not as good as might be wished, it
is unquestionably far better than the
uncertain tramp abor, or that of the
newly-arrived ign ant immigrant,whose
wretched work, in lent demeanor, and
greedy demands. orry and dishearten
the farmer in the orth. The southern
laborer is docile, e has his ways, and
in many cases at f lit is far b tter that
a new-comer shou' try to learn some-
thing from his wkman than that he
should try to tea him in regard to
matters that hav a local application
and that have gr a by long use into
confirmed habits, ich, in most cases,
are justified by the rcumstances of the
:ase.
The negro is to t manner born. For
many generationSle has been driving
the mule and ma- g cotton, and while


rt


I


1
=


Serefore uavlu idaboeaind better for t
laborer than any other manner of pay
ment. If it were otherwise the cotto
crop would not reach one-half its prel
ent amount, and the laborer would b
living half the time or less than that i
Plenty on account of want of economy
and be starving the rest of the time.
Thus the employer, new to the situs
tion, must take these things into consid
t ,eration, and manage his affairs accord
ingly. It will be a mistake for an'
e stranger to try to remodel these
n things. It would le like trying to stop
s the ocean tide with grains of sand, whicl
v are washed away every moment. H
a must accept the situation as it is, an
e he will then find no difficulty in what is
called the labor question in the South bb
those who are entirely ignorant of thi
prevailing conditions there. There iI
.no labor question existing with employ
era or laborers. The system is fitted bJ
the overpowering agency of conditions
to its necessities, and the fact that there
are no strikes, no dissatisfaction except
little outbursts in local vicinities that
are occasionally got up by immigration
agencies in the West, and these die out
in a few weeks for wint of any reason
for dissatisfaction, and no possibility of
organization among the laboring class.
as it really is, and nmist le so accepted
on account of the carelh s haRlTine-s
-.L aappy carelessness of the colored

Thus the bugbear, asf 'L
times by strangerF, of this labor quts-
tion is wholly imaginary, and should be
dismissed from the minds of all those
who are looking to the Sotuth as a field
for profitable enterprise, and are at-
tracted by its wealth of fertile soil, its
magnificent climate, its enormous unde-
veloped resources, and its wonderfully
varied sources of wealth.-Henry Stew-
art in New York Times.

GIRDLING THE NAVEL.
How the Shy Bearers Were Made to Yield
Good Crops.
I will give you a little of my experience
in this direction. There are a number
of fine, large Navel trees on my place
here, which are now about eighteen
years old. For years after I bought the
place they would blossom copiously ev-
ery spring, then proceed to cast their
bloom and the young oranges, and in
two months there would be little or no
fruit left.
cThree ears ago I adopted the plan of
autumn fertilizing, which has been of
incalculable benefit to me. I gave these
Navels each twenty-five pounds of good
commercial fertilizer about November
1, and six weeks later about twenty
pounds more. Next spring they blos-
somed profusely, as usual, and when
about one-fourth of the buds were
opened I took a sharp knife and drew
it once around the trunk, gashing clear
through the bark to the wood. No bark
was removed-simply a slit made. It
healed over almost immediately and left
very little trace, only a narrow cicatrix
where the hard outer bark spread open a
little, revealing the tender, green, young
bark beneath.
Under this treatment the tries hve
borne three good crops, quite as heavy
as they ought to bear, and they have
now set their fourth. We have had suf-
ficient rain about Lake Como, and the
outlook is for a good crop again. I do
not see that this mild form of girdling
has impaired the vitality of the trees.
On the subject of fertilizers for cr,
anges in general, I want to say that I
think too much importance is attached
to the item of potash. Potash is well
enough, and very necessary, but in these
thin Florida sands, which are almost
pure silica, we want a plenty of nitrogen.
To overdo potash at the expense of ni-
trogen, is like giving a man salt to cool
and purify his blood, and little or noth-
ing to make blood out of.-W. G. Man.
chester in Farmer and Fruit Grower.

LEMONS IN SICILY.
Artificial Irrigation Is Necessary Says a U.
5. Consul.
The United Stales Consul at Catania,
Sicily, writes as follows in regard to
lemon culture in that locality:
"Those orchards yield the best results
which are most distant, from the sea and
are not of such an altitude as to be affect-


le SHRUBS AND TREES.
ITn ---
n Some Shrubs that Will Grow In Florida
S- and Some that Won't.
SFrom the Florida Agriculturist.
n Viburnum tinus (Laurestinus), a pret-
, ty dark green evergreen shrub of South
Europe, grows luxu. intly on my place
1. in a half shady, moderately moist posi.
1. tion. The ovate-oblong leaves aresome-
I. what hairy and very green. The flowers
y appear in fiat corymbs at the ends of the
e branches and are delicately scented. If
p fine and dense specimens are desired
h pruning is necessary, which should be
e done in the early spring. The Laurese
d tinus under good'cultuteattains height
s of from eight to twelve feet. In Florida
y it needs fertilizing and heavy mulching.
e Flowering time from N3vember to March.
s Viburnum odoratissimum, from China
. and the Khasia Mountains, excels in
y beauty the foregoing by far. It is a dense
8 evergreen, attaining in New Orleans a
height of ten to fifteen feet, and opens its
t corymbs of white, very sweet scented
Flowers in May. The lively green leaves
Share very large, elliptic, acute. The lower
Branches rest on the ground and its
shape and growth are very pleasing. I
have not seen this very beautiful shrub
Sin the gardens of Florida, but Mr. P. J.
Berckmans writes me that it grows to
perfection in all parts of Georgia and
Florida.
There are quite a number of other
jea band ae that thrive admirably
boo InMr. .er d sigarden, a
malvaviscus is frequently sNe o
with its fine red flowers and scarlet ber-
r:es. Camellia japonica is one of the
most striking and vigorous shrubs in the
gardens of Tallahassee and Pensacola,
but in South Florida it needs much at-
tention and coaxing to make it grow and
blossom. In Mrs. Herndon's garden, at
Sanford, I saw, late in November, a
shrub of the double white Camellia liter-
ally covered with exquisite flowers. The
specimen grew in a half shady place and
wasat all time carefully attended to. I h
think the Camellia and the many garden
frms of Azalea indi will thrive luxu-
riantly in rich an shady hammock
woods.
The tea-plant (Camellia Thea) should
also be included among the ornamental
fhrnbn. Ise deep evergreen leaves, dense
habit and fragrant white flowers entitle
it to a place in every garden where beau-
tiful evergreen shrubs are grown for their
beauty and fragrance. It grows well on
high pine sand.
Of deciduous trees and shrubs, I shall
mention o nly a few. Koelruteria pani-
culata grows well wherever it is planted.
Paulownia imperialia makes a very fine
ornamental tree, growing luxuriantly if
fertilized a little. Lager straemia indics
(Crape Myrtle, pink, white and purple
forms,) ib one of the finest trees for Flor-
ida and-is almost as extensively planted
as the Umbrella Chium Tree (Melia aze-
darach var. umbraculiformis). Among
evergreen trees Schinus molle is an en-.
tire failure, while several species of Euca- 0
lyptus, Laurus camphorus and L. clana.
mona (camphor and cinnamon trees)
grow finely in the poorest sandy soil.
AJ a rule we find that the trees and
shrubs of Japan and China as well as
those of South Enrope, grow well in
Florida, while those of Australia and
Mexico are rather precarious in their
wants. Most of the Australian shrubs
do not find the soil congenial, while
many from the subtropical regions of C
Mexico and the Himalayas find the sum-
mers too warm and the winters too cold.
The shrubs and trees of New Zealand do
aot grow at all in Florida, according to 1
ny experiments, while a large number
of those from tropical Brazil flourish ad- E
mirably. There are quite a number of (
exceedingly beautiful Californian shrubs t
and trees, which ought to be tested in a
Florida. TheManzanita (Arctostaphy- E
los glauca), the Madrona (Arbutus Men- o
ziesii) and the California Laurel (Oreo-
daphne californica) are especially well t
worthy of an effort to introduce them t
into the gardens of the South Atlantic I
and Gulf States and especially Florida. t
H. NEnRLING.

MAKING A FLOWER GARDEN. t


For the benefit of those -wl want to
try annuals, I will say there ae many
beautiful and suitable plats that you
can grow with ease and little expense.
For eunny situations, phlox, [petunias,
verbenas, cacalias, gillardias, pinks.
portulaccAs, ageratum and sweet allys-
sum are among the beet.
If you want pansies, plant them in
November in the shadiest, coolest place,
and keep them well watered.
In selecting shrubs,be sure and get all
kinds of jasmine, elder, hibiscus, myrtle,
allamanda, oleander and spirea. Get
the different colors, and arrange in
clumps that will produce either a perfect
harmony, ora striking contrast. To do
this you will have to give the. object a
great deal of thought, and study each
plant from an artistic point of view.
Above all don't fail to have palms and
cacti; tney grow so luxuriantly and are
so easily obtained. Dates, ocoanut and
cabbage palmetto are especially hardy,
and very beautiful,
There is the spanish bayonet, yucca,
magnolia, and various kinds of lilies to
be found in the woods; dig them up and
they are yours. There are many wild
vines, the prettiest of which is the yel-
low jasmine; its beauty cannot be ex-
celled.
Watch for nature's beauties and trans-
fer them to your homes; have a complete
Florida in your door yard, is my advice.
Mas. W. C. KINNEY.
Polk Co.. Fla.



Prof. Newberry Tells Why They Can Stand
so Much Cold.
From the Florida Agriculturist.
The late Professor Newberry, of Col-
umbia College, New York, a few years
ago gave the scientific wherefores of the
ability of the orange to withstand a de-
gree of cold that would prove fatal to
other fruit. His explanation will be in-
teresting to Florida orange growers who
are kept in a state of nervoudread from
the ripening of the fruit until the last
box is picked and shipped., The state-
ment of Professor Newberty that the
orange must be exposed to a much lower
temperature than the ordinary freezing
point of water before it will freeze, is
corroborated by the observation of
orange growers.
The professor in his explanation
showed that it is a law of chrystalization
br freezing or solidifying that this pro-
kess depends upon several conditions of
he liquid to be chrystalized or frozen,
y which is meant simply that the liquid
is changed into a solid. The effect of
evaporation has much to do with it, as
this itself reduces the temperature of
liquid to a considerable extent, as may
be discovered by any person who will
pour a little ether in his hand and blow
upon it, when the greatly increased cool-
ness will be felt. In India water is fro-
zen by exposing it in porous jars to the
cold night winds, when the temperature
of the air is several degrees above freez-
ing point.
Ice may be formed in a red-hot cruci-
ble by the sudden evaporation of. liquid
carbonic acid, or in a saucer under the
receiver of an air pump by the evapora-
tion of it and the rapid absorption of the
vapor that escapes by reason of the re-
duced pressure by sulphuric acid in
another saucer.
Again, solutions of various substances,
as sugar and chrystalized salts, will not
freeze at the ordinary temperature at
which ice is formed in pure water. Thus
a solution of salt requires a lower tem-
perature to become frozen than fresh
water does, and it is well known that
sugar syrup can hardly be frozen at any
ordinary temperature. Further, the
;ension under which liquids are held has
in effect in the same way; a light ten-
lion makes freezing easier, while a high
ne retards the congelation.
Now, all these facts have a bearing in
the case of oranges as well as the sap of
rees. Watery sap of very succulent
plants freezes much more easily than
,he sweet and dense sap of the maple or
hickory. Some buds will resist freezing
luite stubbornly at a very low tempera-
ture, and the resinous covering of the
bud scales off of trees, as those of the


m -- --- --tP A d Fall w 1i


- -~-- -I-I- Y-ILP.


I


I


_


I


I


I


I


\


1


6A


than


The Advice of a Lady of Ten Years' Ex- h
perience.
From the Florida Agriculturist.
I have had ten years' experience in
Floriculture, and have learned a few
things that may prove useful to your
readers.
Presuming that you are beginning in a
new place, and anxious to see the ugly
wire grass give place to pretty plants
and shrubs, I will tell you how to proceed:
First have your land ploughed and
harrowed, then plant cow peas'and let


horse chestnut, exert a great resistance
o freezing.
The sap or juice of the orange contains
Large quantity of citric acid in solu-
tion, and a low temperature is required
.o congeal such a solution. It also con-
tains considerable sugar, and this tends
to resist cold. The sap or juice, which
exists in this fruit in the proportion of
leventy-eight per cent. in the orange, is
inder considerable tension, and this
exerts some resistance to freezing. And, .= J


I -


L-


n











Thursday, Aug. 9, 1894.

ST. ANDREWS
PRICES CURRENT.
GROCERIES.
tugar, ) lb Tea, 8 lb'
Granulated.... 6 He No....... 75
ouffoo,A .... 6 Gunpowder.. 80
lit brown..... 5 Uncoi'd Jap.. 50
'ofl'ee, Cond milk, "j can
Green.. 22 i" 25 Unsweetn'a. 10@l5
Bruwned .25@30 Sweetened .1015
;ingir snaps... 10 Baking powder
raicker,:.soda.. 8, Royal...... .. 50
Tobacco, plug 30a60 Campbell. ..15a25
.*aisins Canned fruit
London layers. .15 Peaches.... 20a25
V.ilencia.... 121' Tomiatoes... 0 ai 5
tice. ........ 7 Apples........ 15
Apples qPears ......... 15
Eaporatcd..121 Plums......... 20
Di ed Peaches 8 Apricot........ 25
,311 Oil prgail 1a-20 Strai lcI.rr S... 20
gasoline .... W0 'inc.-,pple.... 20
lorida Si up 50 Canned Meats
luilev ........ 1 .00 Roast Beef.. 15a25
Jint:g lr....... 40 C r0i.1,l Beef 17..,.:.
lclvese pr > .... If Cii .,1 I Beef.. -:.
3ulter ......... 30 L l-t,.ir :. .
La nrd .. . . 6 S .l.m ..
Lnrd .......... S Calii n 20
,Jt.'otiiit pkg .. III Bad Bl .ii *-'
Fiuil ['iddine. .. III C.' 1I ;
Jelly, Plnss 1511-25 :i- .
Lime .i ice' . 11 P50 iii 1in
E gs 0i.. iJ..( 15
SlO-IV IS ICNS.

S N I.,. r,. 11.- ,
Favorite 1 11. i 1 '4
C'orn IN0e I pr I 7!- PC.11I
?:,l Meii n pr I. ... l' iir'l.t' t I l. .12
.,'ri p let Im ........7. Ham c.inm .i-, -. i 14
itLato, es S lotilii l .... 10
lriah ........ .- RBeef
f:t-'r 1'-' :.d 1.C.it Corned ......... 8
m .. .50 Fi hl. ...... ..ilaO
S;.lt, ,pi -r'k .. 1 .00 I'll i:J ......... 2
T'alle ........ 5 Milk pr qt...... 1
HARDWARE.
Nitil. rier l&...4a4 Ax, with handle. 1.00
lRniill; rio.,i2'l alS Hoes, each... 35a50
'totes cook,.. c'. Copper paint, can 50
Pipe, joint.18a20) Linseed oil, gal .(0
I)RY GOODS,
Prii.t per ydd 5a8 c iilgia .... 8al0l
Sheeiinlgs .... 7al0 Flannel......2.a50)
Muslin ....... 9all Thread per spool. 5
lIiins. .....25i200 Shoes, ladies.$la2 75
Exirapa nts pat 225 MUen's... $1 40a300
Ml I 'ELI,.ANEOUS.
Hva pr cwt.... 1.35 Oats pr bu...... 60
Bran.... .... 1.40 Brick pr M......8.00
Rope Sisal ...10@14 Lime pr 1)11...... 75
FRUIT and NUTS.
Oranges pr doxz.. 35 Pecans pr l11.. . 20
Apples......... 25 Walnuts. ........ 25
Lemons.......... 25 Almonds........ 5
Strawhlerries, (it 25
OYSTERS
in riihll prl,000 1.50 Opened pr qt .. 15c
LIVE STOCK.
Horses... $8a 100 Cows........ 15$2
Mbluls... $100a$155 Hogs.......... $4
~xen.. pr yoke 50 Sheep... ....... $2
POULTRY
hickeneeaclh 15a25 Geese each. 45a50
li rkeys.... 75al.00 Ducks...... 15a20
GAME.
Venison pr Il 7a10 Turkeys..... 75al.00
FISI.
lresh Salt
.n1llct pir dor. 25c liullet pr 'i li 5.0(1
'rent ........., !5 Trout......... 4.50
I''iipalinlo pr lih.. (i Ponpani.j .. 10.00
tiur.; ',.ii....... 10 Mackerl .... 8.00
LUM11Elt.


Flioiring C ili n ..
H1 ert, 'i ni...' (.00 Heart, 7 m.in.. i.00
File A. 14.00 Face ... 14.00
S4 ... 1 p . i .00
S Drop siding, Clalhoard3.,
I ca I t ace pf.'n 15.00 iJ.1xi6 iu. n. m..1 12.00
4ap 1%.00 Finishing luin-
iuir lnilmber.. ,(( 1- hbe'r,d.. $1: 15.00
lie.iri shingles, 2.5)) Lathi, 'l in.. 2.00
?1p .50 Boatt lumlier,
dressed .... 20i30

BW arp.ted
To rethalnge a 'Two-Horse Wagon-good
In new, for a light, One-Horse Wagon;
niust be a good one. Call on or address
the Bror. or J. MCREYNOLDS, Parker, F:e.

Geo. S. Hacker & Son,


CHANLESTON, S. C.

llMANU 1FACTURERS


Sash, Doors, Blilds,


A N I)
bftm4lding material.


Speciially.
EISTFI 11 ATl'S 1' 1-1 E, E' It' F"L' L LY
G I 'E N


NOTICE FOR PUBLCATIOIN
L.\Ar ( O-FIt E AT GAINFSVIL.LE, FLA.,
July 21st, I-'). f
Ntice is hereby given that the follow-
in? i uinrtd settler has filed notice of h's
iricniioiii to make final proof in support of
his < tlini, and that said proof will be
made before W. Ii. Lassitter, clerk of the
circuit court it Vernon, Fla, on Sept.
14th, lh!V-i., viz:
i'H.AS. P. LYNCH, St. Andrews Fla.,
id. 16917 for the e1> of the nw1"' and
the wVo of the ne) of sec. 23, tp. 4 s., r.
18w.
He names the following witnesses to
prove his continuous residence upon and
cultivation of, said land: viz:
Ai.lrew J. Gay, St. Andrewcs. Fli.;
James Fowler, John Crancy, Parker, Fla.;
May IiHgeboom, Chipley, Fla.
Editor's fee paid. AILx LYNrn, Regist r.
NOTICE FOR PUBLICATION.
LAND OrOFFIC AT GAINESVILLE, FLA..
July 21,1894. )
Notice i hereby given that the follow-
ing-named setter has filed notice of his in-
tention to iiike final proof in support of
his claim, and that, said proof will be made
before W. B. Lassitter, clerk of the circuit
court at Vernon, Fla., on bept. 14th,
1894, viz:
JOHN WESLEY, Point Washington, Fla.
Hd No. 19338 for lots No. 2 and 3, sec. 36.
tp.-2, s, r. 19 w.
He names the following witncsst s to
prove his continuous residence t!i:on a.nd
cultivation of said land, viz:
William M Iler, I. E. Evalns, HIcnrv ,F.
Wise,Franik McKininey, alil of l'oiti IWV't.b- I
h , .t , , F ,> \ M, ,v T v ., ,,. P .-,, .;a . ..


State Convention.
The state democratic convention
held in Jacksonville on the 30th nit.,
was attended by almost every prom-
inent democrat in the state, and was
a most harmonious affair. Hon.
Benjaman Sullivan Lidlon, of Mari-
anna, was nominated b" acclamation
for chief justice of the supreme court
of Florida, and his nomination is
equivalent to his election.
Benjamin S. Liddon was born in
Jackson county, Fla., September 7,
1853. His father, Benjamin G. Lid-


CHIPLEY.
Correspondence of the BOt'Y'.
Rain, more rain; gras grwii,\\i,;
night and day. It neveo slliI ks
work while there is land I,.low t:r l
rain above. It is like the -;\iirtIn of
men just now trying to fasten on tlhe
back of state and take riaat thelo in
some nice nook called office. Sone
of our wiseacres say this fricqueiit
rain is caused by the unusual agita-
tion going on between the ret'faiintcI.
and deforners, informers and coin-
formers, with all their hoa'ls I,:point-


don, was a printer and journalist,and ing to Tallahassee. Wt\'Ihat J.r!iia-
in 1847 established the Jackson lem is to the Christian, Mecca to thel
Couintv Whig, the first newspaper in Turk, and a sleepfuld to a pack ul'
West Flo'ida outside of Pensacola. famished wolves, is the cajptal to, ullr
He read law with Allen H. Bush, hungry office seeker. Tile t ade
compiler of Bush's Digest, and was is dull, money scare and official ha:il-
ad:nitted to the bar May 19, 1875, ries too high for us to pre:'srve eitlier
and has since practiced at Marianna. decency or order, in a race fur place
Uponi the retirement of Chief Justice office or influence. I cannot heli' ie-
George P. Raney, Gov. Mitchli.ll ap- ferring to the one subject that o'.'i
pointed Mr. Liddon to the position. sliadow all others at present. It
For a fe.v in.itli lie wvas edlit'ii aud l ainful to watcli,faoin a quiet corner
.ropiietor Lf :lie Mi'aiiiia Timlles- the strnu gglU andl the weapons us:-l

R LI-I
C(outi..l. I_,v the ;.,)iihi'al gl"]' l o r i T

flrt ill, th i .'ou i-.
'hl. ,la'.alllels~t ,-,f tli .-r, t l a e aa iii.g "llri f
ill i1 it. l lant'y. ,a t th, ,ath iat liti' ni, nurr'-c into life hIv a ipity
Sfor crashed hiirnanivty, is not lihcac.
hI;l done is imertrl' an earnest of what focrush
I. ,.l n i t A fev bits may be recite. 1.1' ui
1-irt reatQ ertilea 11mtil nl usnetion is ton


'lo in the flutre '11lI, .,rth's .)ast,
lo in the future. The -o wh's past,


e-ien with all its sorrows and adver-
sities, meeting with disappointment
and misfortune on every hand, has
really been favorable to the develop-
ment of a splendid future.
Thle south at present is the one
section where lies the possibility of
almost infinite expansion. The
north and cast have giver, up their
treasures until nothing remains. The
"nflew Co\lltry" of the west is e -
hausted, the Pacific coast having
been fully utilized in iniing and ag-
ricuiture. The northwest has yielded
all of its advantages. The last five
or six years in Kansas and the lui.-l
die %we,.t show that the soil aiid cli-
mate of thosa regions aro unsuited to
the support of the thousands of
home and fortune-seekes who have
flocked there. In fact, tihe exodus
into the arid and blizzard famed
west has gone too far. and must
recoil and look elsewhere. This
somewhere must be the south, tihe
only section which still offers invit-
ing prospects.
The south is a limiitless eniiiiu in
area and productiveness. By thei
gifts of soil and climate it is suited
to a larger variety of production than
any other country on the globe. It
cau produce with equal fitness cot-
ton, corn, wheat, tobacco, sugar, hay
and every variety of fruit. The
future awaits the energy which will
only till the soil. Again, the rapid
development of manufacturing and
mining interests in tile last ten years
i a proof of what the possibilities are
in this direction. For raw material
;he south offers wool, iron ores, coal,
phosphates, woods, marble, granite,
cotto a an an infinite list of other


i
a
0


tl
p
el


natural products.


The south is


veined with railways and navigable
rivers. Her .chlools and colleges are
very near as fine as can be found ill
the country, and her social life is the
most beautiful in tha woild. If
lAmIerica i. to ltave\ a Utopia it will
lhe in the south; their fragrant, suln-
iillilmiineal, w'e:t! th-. I.':aring, heroic,
I.'r alihetic butitlh, tlie land of poetry
anlt ri.,mnitce, andi of,' plenty, quietness
and )ce.'e.

Thie Tiliel to Come.
Tha''I t il"l'ridl:'.s Inatiial prosperity,
iiMteCrnI l '.-velipnient and forward
Liro.i lei .w ill le cu'lntinilued we see i,


,i\ h -, v:.,rld. aw e .-uffi ie nt in tlem -
sek,:. to insuire it. Her climlnte
alone is enough to ensure it. Her
productions and varied attractions
are equal to the maintaining of it.
It is and will be permanent. In
fact, inquiry is. if anything, more
active now, especially in particular
localities, than at any time during
the past five years. Prospective set-
tlers, especially of the farming class,
are beginning to come in to look tihe
country over and they can thus best
judge of its resources. This is a
wide departure, and does a great
deal towards expelling the already
exploded bugaboc of "unhealthful-
ness." N',w is the time to come.

Let not sleep fall upon mny eyes
till thou hast thrice examined the
transactions oi the past day. VWhe re
have I turned aside froni rectitudtl?
What have I been doing? What
have I left undone;'-which I ought to
have done? Begi! this from the
first act, andi pioced; and at thie con-
cliusion, at thi i!l which thyu l hast
done bet troubled,..and rejoie for the
..


haIles J. Warren, and he has formed w
n anticigarette league. Of course he
as enemies among his fellows, and their
leaguers and the antileaguers have al- d-
'ady had several fights over the pro- i k


Afflict ions ofra lVIn FParnily.
It wa.q not until Frev,'.- iU ;Zgo thai
the uniform good icr that fr c:
mnanyd ecades1 had fallen the lot cf the
four famous brothers of 0 Fi,'ld family
began tofail. Tlecn Cy WY., th, mar
who laid the cabl''," w fortune was
so great that be was kf n aa a multi
millionaire, lost his for e and IK-ecaf
cormara ively a poor Jay Gould
and Ru&seU See& Eactor to current
rumor, benefiting by t ramb in Mian
hat.tan which caused thli lure.
Still Cyrus W. F:i! aI not cast
down. Ha had e)in L- liveA. un, hi'
home was a hap-',y c z-, d,:uugLtvr
weroe well married, an Eojnrs wrcrt
pro&p'rous. In l6')' EYL, gcl.lcae
wedding was c.et.'ratt hi- tl.rc..: f,t-
mous bruihers-David l '., te vw.rit-
er of cdeald; Ht-nry M., d Jitn' of The
Evanngelist., al ndSteiph.'n TUnite .States
judge-were all present though rnue
of the quartet had 1,3i mney lifet
seemed full of comfort halppines. tu
all fourr. -
Eut in less than ll C('vru, W.
Field's wife, MlryB I. [tonu. si, kcu-
ed and died. Her n was h,rdly
over when the di.3a t hi lure of the
firm of Flel-l, Lindl. helirs & Co.,
wbhW le:ling pa -C31Cylius W.'s
eldest Psn, E, wa" r s..anno uced

unnlnarried irmbghter, baf? iTgzy hab,1
to lIe seilnuin-l a an ansylh. M rs". Drtn-
iel A. I.inldlky, another^r r ht presently t:a-ken ill, and i 0,w nilmnths
she died. All these mis innr.C> w\(uil
have ,r,,ko,-nt the spirit ( ii i:,l'.:ary
man, and it was at one iq- ri'u:[lred
that the luii.i of Cyrus Fi..ll ha .
given way from tht-trail lilt it \va.
not Fo. Le rallia- and ,ain !.l:!:e.
the world in tlih f.h-:,-, ho I! tlhat I.iJ
troubles were at an (Ela. 1l son th ,v
were, in a sense, feil in vy, 1.-.. ihe
duie.l.
In Dt:icei''bir of the raume ar r[ld'v.-ri
M. Fialal 'v.-'as raijuiilge in '"-, n"idl his
timfi 'c: thc u kh;ia Lc Ita;. I;' -, d
in anEyluh-., and j;t ii' '11.' : (- t.if, ;us
W., Jr., brotlh-rof Edlwr.l 171. ,l, de-
&iroa ,ift d ..iu; i hat .ie 1,-'.i tf, '.Jp
m.ni i ti.:,- f !iwily fcrtien,:. .- v..1 the
spe? io.f'h (f .., :-, a ,. ,.-nt ultu tz,,. .,:I-
linr ry trade-. It ;:' a;!cc 'icthi i 'lh,..ai. h
she d-v,. ,] v-.t d,':d of ei r; t tho
busii~c,:.. it ,o fi;iSd, ain t s:. !1.a.t a
su1.n .f lioli.-y tla.t wi:.. I;' '0 to Lr ia
IrF d.vL.?...f iv itvy au tn iim.:s as
LU uch! a ft ,v 3e.r' Li} '.!-.".'
Then came um.r-\p1.t' *.1 l.i a .;.w days
ago the death ol L'.,. id Iitll.-y Field,
and now Cyrus W. F'lI1, Jr., is E: .us-
ly ill. Only two of the :'animo brothers
are left, and when thcy are gone the
glory of the fanrii:. will go, tl.:.', for
neither will leave sons or dau6hiiihert who
can maintain it.
Is anything in current auilial sadder
than thle i Elden de:.aden:ce of the fur-
turn: a d] tho happiness of the FiElds?


school boys, but the imeln are i'ter
the flesh pots of Egypt. T'l'lie salty
valve of the human mind i. 1 t!ie 1"'a
er of grumbling and so \\e -,ruil.lle
for having to pay one ldoil;i a 1iu-dihe
fur corn grown in Kaiisa, \* lile tli '
man in London gets it for filty co:alh.
And again we murmur Ile,.:iiile \ce
have not that dollar t ,;'ivt, n lhih.
the Londoner has his fifty c its :a.i.1
gives the corn to his hlog.
That bring; to my nilltl tIh.' fa't
that there is in Now Yoli a ; 1n11, :
banker, a Henry Clows, '. li, \\z a in
the habit ot giving his vi.-\.- ...11 lIt-
financial prospects foi tli, ja.; t ye:a'r.
and this one too. as far ai- it i- gaa'n .
Ho said congress must i.cjjoul thec
Shermnan law and buy no more silver,
then the gold 1will stop in the union
andl traile revive :nd all be 'well.
Congress did repeal that law, but
trade did not get any better anl gold
kept on going, not around, but out
of the union. Then he said congress
must buy gold and by thus creatii,.
i home market it will stop here :in.
more come back. Our secretary ii
the treasury, without waiting Ib.-
congress to tell him. bought glal.
iut trade was still sick, and the gl .I
went away. Stop coining silver,c ,i.
this financial quack, and we did ;in
yet the gold is going and can't b.'
stopped.
I have no clew to Clews' next
remedy, but would not be surprise',
were it more bonds for the sick man,
Uncle Sam. as lie is getting restle',,
under the treatment and has to lie
tied and watched very carefully. Anin
when the national mortgages-calledl
bonds-are given into the hands .,f
Clews' friends and everything fixi.l,
a dose of free silver pills may be
given with safety and they wili act
as a placebo, That means in the
Greek "I will please."
My Dear BUOY don't kick, for tli.i
place is dull. We miss the sea
breeze and so get flat.
MALACHY.

Gold of itself is a precious thin,-:
but to be shackled with fetters iof
gold, to have it turned ito a use of
bondage, adds mockery to the afflic-
tion; and far more precious to a par-
ticular man is a chain of iron which
draws him out of a pit, than a chain
f gold which clogs him in a prison;
a key of iron which lets him out of a
dii.)rgeon, than a bar of gold that


stim ilating and gladdening as to d
know ourselves master of our work l
-to feel that we are succeeding ail
lot failing, improving- and not retro- c
grading. It matters not what the f
vork is, if only adapted to our capa- t
utilities; the most ordinary as well ni
lie most intricate has in it thi. fj
source of pleasure. e
The topsy turvy experiences of Alicee
a Wonderland were as nothing to those r
*f Maud How Elliott in Rome, so far w
rs the cost of housekeeping is concerned, f,
according to her letters from the Eter- tt
lal City. In her letters she records that s]
:eroseno costs her thae equivalent of $3.25 f(
gallon, sugar 20 cents a pound and
alt 8 cents a pound. Per contra, pota-
Oes enough to feed a big family for a pi
ay cost but 5 cents, the best chianti th
nly 60 cents a gallon, and a perfect
ewel of a cook is rejoiced to get $7 na
ounth-the best wages ever received by
hat particular functionary. ea

A reformer has arisen among the mes- w
enger boys of New York. His name is th


lay in New Yor
Alumnre aiwoci;itioi
aw have hitherto
'antage in techni
opening of a new
or them will b
he effect of tha
iorance of the law e
Let thie go' l work g,
ields in which we train.
rati..au in the true educiUe

It is well to k-er, up
rulings in etiaqu.tte, and
we here record tlhe decisi
orm for a divorced Iu
ake part in social ft
pace of three days aftei
former husband or wife
----------
It is stated that 64 :
lace themselves un(lei
he reduction of superf

"In the sweat of thy
irn thy bread" has pr
Lther than a curse. T1
hen a Lman wants to o
ie sweat of his brow
hen he can and won't.

Civilization is nmakingi
'cil ani.,ng the In!ia;n
11.e' reit'C ntl y \v.'eiit t


llan'an uLw
,tricaci,:s t.f
-at r. disad-
Ks, Ibt the
ofora ltion

a that "ig-
Sni oneA."
Thie- InorI
ri'inid gen-
the .' it< r.,


h the latest
thi, reau.-',
at it is bad
r woLman to
on for the
e-ath of the


n to 30 men
atment for
fat.

w shalt thou
a blI:ssilng
'r-al Cu'rsel is
hi is bread by
id cau't, anl


)id strides it-
Fii'teen red-
ill;ia :.'1.ty to


t




1


Browns
IW

Iron


Bitters
D-__ Il,,


It Cu


ii you are feeling
out of sorts, weak
and generally ex-
hausted, nervous,,
have no appetite
and can't work,,
begin at oncetak-
ing the most relia-
le strengthening
medicine which is
Brown's Iron Bit-
ters. A few bor-
ties cure-benefit
comes from the j
very first dose--i
,wn'l slain your
leerh, and it's
pleasant to take.
ires
A It


uyspepsia, Kldne and L iver
Neuralgia, Troubles,
Constipation, Bad Blood
Malaria, Nervous ailments
Women's complaints.
Get only the genuine-it has crossed red
lines on the wrapper. All others are sub-
stitutes. On receipt of two sc. stamps we
will send set of Ten Beautiful World's
SFair Views and book-free.
BRO'N CHEMICAL CO. BALTIMORE, MD.
--


IT POPS.
Effervescent, too.
Exhilarating, appetizing.
Just the thing to build up the
constitution.


Hires'


Rootbeer


T Wholesome and strengthening,
pure blood, free from boils or
carbuncles. General good health
-results from drinking HIRES'
Rootbeer the year round.
Package makes five gallons, 25c.
Ask your druggist or grocer for it.
Take no other.
Send 2-cent stamp to the Charles B. Hires
Co., 117 Arch St., Phiadelphia, tor beautl.
6il picture cards.
--

PARKER'S
S: HAIR BALSAM
', .'-,'--'' r.. '. r, n . ai .1 l ulil'e theh hair.
.r' "--- i ;'r 'als to netore Gray
",,' : i 1 to lias outiiful Color.
r;.,'. ",.,'#.,: ,,'ut J ,ir *'i. .';.:, hbii flahnn .

I F' .L r'- "i ; .l L TC r':l.. l I 'lIr-. t ll. Avr, Cuilll h
S.L.. ...-......
S:? sir R. inlv lrn cmr lor C..rn.
C_. .I -.... .... ... LDr'.zlaLA, uI LLSCuX & CU.. N. Y.


VD.. GREENE
MAKES
-111r, r d (' '1-;

i h l;-- tyl(- .
S i'li :Lii. l .... ,.I hi i .
IP: yio,, r w->.l k to iint.
SI-.; for itiiIri-he will comne.
Ha l1 tf..a .l ivc i aiI LBeual: i 4 ,
St. Ai.licL Bay



To H S. Welch's Store
tlt iiitu.i \is i all and more
I.- 1ht l. I Ii., d.-irc, n .
'i l A i'.1r -' .iL,. in itt i
aii rln i .. :ik ,.' .; a I l i .h t, .1,
I''r- r, C(,,lilt. .n l 'l ,," .
tiV i.la' aill !.e.

I it ir l6'or a ,' i :. -l1,1 N 'l)
\\V: i!! nill a.ll,
I '..l t r ro :t : ir,,l 1 1 n. l l. C
i hi1- ,i i l I lu[l I l ->: iv \ i V u
\\'il tt h h i n |. I l I, ,l,-... ,O il
"-',i t .li i (l i -t t 1nII ,I rW ,"
I i l_ in.ti t. hu h -h I l f,.,ill., .
-t'e ? nI ._ ..t l, VO lt Il in .'l[t,itt',-
.I Itr..,i Ii h i- hi l,, n lI, .J "t ;.'.t I li t '.
i.' lihd. O it. -i-a -li l. tro ii Ihe I atrhb ,
.l t .i pri .', nllhn ', ur i'a:li.
H. :4. WELCH,
t. o'.. .ner.; Stt-,et E. i.: of ItO Olh're.


Thel~ Sminith (riibber.


'II \~i' i' ii Li I itr ;it~
11.1 ~ "I t t tJX


i tlll ,
INAj;


A21. ,..1MaY 26, l'C;.iig. .3,

AI 1;41 sa;N 2.. S. 1l-ttJ3March

al~~~~t'o -3t' ''l'ji Ia' llr t heila'
r ~ t c t o \V I: I I I I L 11 &


B~hi's hiT 'us Line



i:.a iEgs~aut~ ~~ackq
i a a. aI,~ i I,; 1.' 'a a'.a, al .l a a a at 1 ta.a a ., *'t-i
at t .''tlat '.attt t'''ta I i ta a.'" iait II.

Ai 9eas ib6le Prim's.
l.l1 a. ar '.I, 11 'Ia." I ta .. a II al at' ta il I It


r.( .. T '...,. -' b



P "a.Treataxuaior fern M19,
tp:'jr f~r p,npaIn C~ist.S Ior arpoinro
or Inw' L rrot'Til tia. SM~Lre
inula


'- ..':a ..


I111


Poor


Health

means so much more than
you imagine-serious and
Fatal diseases result from
trifling ailments neglected.
Don't play with Nature's
'greatest gift-health.
b11I


Adk AOLIN-
rwr-IA
oilR2
El CH

L U U,


HERE!


Yo i aI 't Afford to Miss This Chani el


)a;\ing PIv'lie'hLuse th.e St ,c f ools in thle Store at




I :iin i[" lkiig (")n.-.,t:lt A-,hiti',,s ri Thereto an.l Piolosc to ,


SELL FOR CASH,


ALt the Lowest Living Margin of Profitt

And Treat Every Clstnier Alieo and Courteously.
Call and See My Coods and Cet My Prices.


W H SHAN DS,
PARKER. FLA.


BEST GOODS! LOWEST PRICES




GO TO




E F. rackin's S0tore,


SUP1%T13i~


FOR YOUR

DRY GOODS, HATS, SHOES CLOTHING,

GROCERIES, QUEENSWARE, Eto

HE SELLS FOR CASH AND MAKES

THE LOWES T PRICES.






Always in tB lerlle






The PEOPLE'S STORE,

PittsburpF. FLA.,
Is No Longer An Experiment!!


N. W. PITTS, PROPRIETOR,
Kno-ing the wants of the community, buys intelligently and

Sells 0hxetl:l!
If yon live near the Bay Cjme in a Boat; if back in the Country, Come ou
I loi.~ebal k; if you have no Horse, borrow your Neighbor's Ox and Cart.
COME ANY WAY and load in your COUNTRY PRODUCE,


.3


And let me prove to you that
0 T- T0 A- SA -V-E 1T: O -' B3 -<
By either Buying or Selling
AT THE PEOPLE'S STORE.
Mtfa*a ^'%"A -4 tkn I a U c rfr w A I


Title only one rCrivel' f'ro n tlie Uniteil States Government and of course
PERFECT.
---- -, -- _ _ _ -- _ -- -- -. ^ - .. -


A SECTIONAL MAP


Of St. Andrews
and the
Bay Country.

\Ve lia\-e made arrangements by
which wie can furnish this fine MAP
covering abnlut eighteen miles square
i,,f territory, including the Cincinnati
.'innipany'. Tract, also Harrison,
l':Lrker, ('romanton, and adjacent
country, l "r
ONE DOLLAR.
Olr 1r\ i in lor 5 cash yearly subscriptions.
1'v ithe ail of this map the location ot
laiil l purchased of the Cincinnati
(_''.iipali' canL be easily ascertained,
ar'. l'artii'- may send us $1 and their
,Ik-'' ri'lticn and we will locate their
lith and rtiturn the Map by mail.
Aililrce.-" TlHE lUOY,
St. Andrews, Fla.
F1,r 5 c.i, h subscril)ers, we will give as
a liI'.iumi. I Sectional Map of the Bay
,'..,int:), .l I Map of the City of St. An-


THE POPULAR



Lewis House,
PENSACOLA,

the Place for Passengers
Going to and from St. Andrews Bay,

Rooms Comfortable!

Terms Reasonallel


-ri-ru~--~-~---~- r II..~I _---- -~---~--~L-r L---u--~rrm~~gSfiLi.- "C .~-~II -- I---~
I-- -


-ii-


pow~ a C2 C


- -------- ~r~----. ~~L~as~a ~I~ Ir


- L I


LI


I


64-.C-


- i


C -- ,~ ___


I


p. -qw


- --~ --- ----- -


I


--' ---


-4


-------------


HOW THEY PAYI

e At Only Ton YOars

Earning $5.00 PeriREEfI
le'I' Acre. will eairn $3,000 per aiidrmn
25 Acits will Cain $7,6'25 per aiinnmi
10i0 cl)cre will eIn $30,600 per anuumil
For Factb sen,'1 fol-' CrcIlarts to
Texas Pecan Seed Co,,
Fort worth, Texa. ,


)o;>'t Ec Too Hard.
It wc-a tnt enough that Sarah Graud,.
author r t 'The UT ivnlyJ- T'.ina."
cajoold (ti ic-liy but ly b7if yxLe
nal'' i, -rt. .n of t.h human race -?i~he
Nloith Ani ..r'..-au R,-vi,:'w for March. In
tht .Ap il nllbt'r ehoa lrot-eed .t.: exp p
his lox.r, Itiserabhl cric.,s, a 1 covered!
.'ith thje- marks of hi-r shiui g ercal-,el
and wi'h 'he defects of his rul turpi-
tud'3 v. Al his natural pusill itnitVy t
the ga;ze of his fellowv mortal,
With a tougut "'that bitet like a it-I
pent and stingeth like ana~dd ," she pro-
cedas to tells that mnn-w vwa.'hTornn
of woman, by the wPy"'---C'ta the o.ir-
p:Ai~eL' :x eiiffc erty aud disgr.,ce" anul ncve lift a hand
to prevent it. Thrn with ihe Italian
hand sher holds up our "low ral tne"
to us and dtclares it "thrtea ,l to (rner-
vate the race," a.ying whi' ishA rIp-
ceed6 to yearn frr "the g I old days
when a man who s<-ok-j dli rt,. lcituly
of a wonnm.n was liable to 1 ailed utl.,n
to answer with his life." ihtlyou are,
Mrsf. Grand, and, mnutati utan.iis, vice
versa.
But in vii-w of the rei l-'.-!hle fact
that cur m.thcrs have be women for
a good many years p1)At, an: in counider-
pti:.n tha.t in our tsane mIne j'entsW \e still
think a good deal of the op.-oitu sex, we
would like to continue at lK otll stand
awhile. We want to sa;l the dr.,adful
mouse while Flora .stand on tlihe chair,
to hold the umbrella ove. thle head of
Minnie and bLe d'Irc.iched to .-hoa the
fierce uulley cow av ayj iIad and
stand while Mlnl:,L.he sits. 'e are poor,
miisrable "critters," but on't be too
hardly on us.

The progress .f v.'o:~ ..1ffra-ge is on-
of the signs c.f the ti t luich mcore
significant is txv f te sex


10:1 5, 11 t 1) 6 u I I I It.


The N \i6 interei'ti


Y


--


~B~ce~'~ womm",, Arp eIftm


-Adtxl -vq. a-ir Mipuma


_tf







T ETAE DA CON)
The 7% If i r.? r li-A if

thie UniteI .Staf,:.2 iii i-3
Battle, turi IrtJi ioI0ls
L e 1... 0



Tlorti latu ,.Irals. .,s the aaath-, e-e

titll "e A ,i a t i., Estabihiniig I leii-

ORGANIZED JANIUAR 9 Y.. ,9, 1892. -illia t.Il, li:j y, the; Iii-
ples of which ] uece after\u airs emliud-
,---- ---- '
The object of this *Aiociation is to Improve the Country adjacent to St. led in the Uitci Stats cositittituiu
.-". Andrews Bay and to a from that to the con,.titttiu.s of
t__. Andrews Bay and to
the 6ievertl slates ut the union. I It i
Develop its Resources as a Fruit-Growing Country. te several states bp te uIligiou. li
was the first batth" fori eligious lib-
To accomplish this the Association proposes to Sell Lands in tracts of Two-
and-a-half and FiveAcres to such parties only as will improve them by the erty fought and on."'
Erection of Houses. Fences and such Permanent Improvements as will enhance the lit tlther. was yet left on tlie stat-
value of each tract so disposed of, and particularly to ute book. of the overall states ccr-
Plant them out in Trees, Plants and Vines, tain laws that were priiiariily reli-
To the end Ithe in the shluie- t practicable time every such tract shall be a gious laws, aild ht grown lout Oi tl,.
Sour'e ofr Revenue to its Owner. lfiamr relation of the culoui,h with
As TO RELIABILITY OF THE ASSOCIATION. dIe church-law:, dfi,,if utv-
'he first It l ,ii.n 'Iw li h '\ ill ;lati ll-l 1 i, k .l will he: "I, this A-:so- hich cl iit o l, :.h r
Hi3 i' iu t.^.n. g the A ciatiogn 'igl n itCull.iy i1 tu;llI; l.Ui i% LAhi tre
M..e-rnm eIffe imlrntAlml y pi Tn 'tia o. .1 Vr III p It e V 8l -I-NTER I'*0V* ity hAS cut.!I.t. mpftl I
the same ith .,Iiy vrpA ,-i' l : ,lri,. i ., ri tir:. J.In;, Iuaincss oi thle I,at or in
B atik :tt lh zir ,w ', '..>.,i, i,, I ', .., rr . i . I ; .: A_- ..' i.'ii sh ll,. : s ta,. ,to t states enil, reec l, alike ii. ,p : tlie I, -
rily ,lioi w tt! ;i e' j i .-'',: rl, . I .l . .. '. ,,;-. ,...n .-,' i .l .. 'e, ,. liev.,r, :; .l nat t-ch ri-,ti i. ni..
Tlie A.\.T.,'i. it i,_n v. i ll :i ,, ,,,. ilu r., .. *. . ;.;: 'i'. ,:; :L unt, rtal. care i ,
all prip.r t*rl ..*itri..I .1 i ; .... !: i:. 'A I ; I 'i'- ; i ,. *' "t pilferers T he A b o' l A n I l ay, COi -
or dam igi-s from any .:..- .1 ;*. '., ... i ... -,. 1m ly 0cl- Lo 's Id v,; i.- the ni-,t
Fr;,W: a careful estimate of the probable txe Lii andl income of a fruit .tiikii in law ,. thi. kiinl. An insti-
plantation in the St. Andrews Bay country a few figures are .gi i: . :
Price of ana per acre, say :t.$ to $50; cost of clearing, sai) ;i; ost of planting 1st intlol pirey reliio l u, v. Liilh Inone
year, say $30; cost of o cultivation each year thercift'er $-0 Ijt,( b)livtr i in it.-, ,aictlity v 1il
It is not extravagant to estimate that a 1-acre vineyard will on the third ,
year, if properly cultivated, yield $ .ill worth of fruit, and of peaches nearly or quite E..'L obrve, a uh ..
the same, while figs should do even better than that. Then, though perhaps a little civil I1w t, co miel tlihm o L :- <; it;
longer, some of them, in coming into profitable bearing may be named pears, apricots, b.1 t ,(A ]',ct ,jOii the lc|i. .ve .:i
nectarines, plums, prunes, mulberries, olives, Japan persimmons almonds English
w.tlnuts, Japain chestnuts, pecans, and umany other varieties of fruits and nuts. which ninb liver alike. It ii call 1 :1 i ,i.
are almost certain to flourish here; while oranges and citrus fruits, though not con- ui b,.c: it i. iii II t -\i
sidered certain yield large returns oftener than they miss.ly
The Secretary of the Assodiation will give particular attention to an- cile. For it i' piliy rigiiI.- t,
swering letters of inquiry, and the Buoy will in its answers to correspondents an- all interits a;n1 1 Itri.i0-1t -a.
swer all questions asked it.
R E M E M R E R the Association Lands will be sold on Easy ''he Blritish law lI'Irm \'hiich it w:-
Terms of Payment; but improvements must be paid for as satisfactory proof is given lli~ghti t Amcliea i., l. icel :l.
that the work has been performed. GO R RESPO NDEN C E SOLIC ITED. ,
Address R. E. HOWARD, Sec.
H garrison, Fla. Il.,-ce at the i.. i ,.' .i n . i: "

-0 k& 74 x ?-. 1,11i4o;,t tile' li ry tiat Ltt.. !..c

S| ler tu o .. ,-e t h u rtil


JEW ELER 1 AN D OPTICIAN 11: tIIe SL, :ti i,. the .'ev..lth 'Ila',,
REPAIRS IN His L INE, .nt. .,.; i w.o i,.' th it tih.
Carries the Largest Stock of tIi Ith cii.li:tI ni..:it i, .:ill biO ling,
Swatches, Clocks, Jewery and Spectacles ',t -u cha;-i. by tIe 't, Ever Bronght to St. An. Andrws Also aidl hi t;i, i.- tle, thatl ii nuw CIe I
I ,VEWARE. Shell and Aligator Teeth Jewelry a specialty. the keeIii' ,f tie fiAt day oft tih
Office at Geo. Russell's St're, St. Andrews, Fla. w uek, ur 'i l;iy; or it we iltirec,
-., deny the binding nature of the fourth
SAWr MED pmN V Y EPS commandment and rest our udli:i -
tion to keep, the first day upon t le
Religious iviloge of the believer to


',S HG .,ervanice of either day is the perfo: -
U ance of a religious luty, alnd with it
the civil law has not hIng to ,td."
I AM PREPARED TO FURNISH The state has no right to enforce
the observance ot' a re-it d.by oi Sab-
Sawed Pine or Cya ress Shing,_s bath, nor any imt iter religions act.
INr LaI. ,G-E OR SI-A-L0L LOrS; Comnpulsory wor.nsip is iipl- y aind
solely conilisuory lhypcci iy, Tlic
At the Piney Woods Mill on East Bay, state cannot j-.l;:-i ,e.,,r simly

BAXTE R. FLA L. C. DAVIS. protecting the worshipers uponU any
....... ....... .. and every day fruim actual disturb-
ance.
The fact tla1 iaost, of the states
have clauses exelm;'ting those who
If y need FURNIT URE of any kind, call on keep another day from the p)naltie:,.
loF clearly shows hat. thie makers of tlm
laws doubted lte r'ighlt to enforiCt
I F such laws nm on all classes; for it'
work upo n Sunlay was really a
crime again.~t the state there could
40, 42 & 44, S. Paiafox st., Peusacola, Fla. be no exempti n.' f :
S The enforc<.,,et, of a.y religioy
LA GET .act is both repugnant to the princi-
LAR-S I ': I pies ot the c;i l::i; il;iinii anrl le-.
LARGES ~T6!g


JIM 00 t ,calm wh)i,lh --e claim f. '-ru nt Irjoun
g try. Anil aily .nil'ltt
-0 A''t 1Lh Ltt1' l110Ettal Iil tf l r-
Rt 1,!i t.) I s.L An~o: pet stcuttioa amid be-

LX.r
*C onlitll' I3 t v
THE SM' 1-t BATIT1. F.
irh'e defeated1, bRa I nA teumir nede


I


- ~V)-l I UIC ~II- I-b- --.-- -- -I -L- Il--L S~L~-~sl-


I


Canll fAr



*riei t of


Atigmiit 1
tile Inurpi


IIt.., J'al 14;
stntes of.
t 11i 'rt v
tlie Ilex

pita tica

the .part




Ajjiile
Ifr lCoil
r~llows:L
I V~~ .
E% a ra;d


L 2 Leon........... 6
.... Levy .. ........5
5 Lih,--t' .........]
..27 M au atee .........
1011! %11......... 3
. P olk............ .
a CO............


iC 0
'.l~.i li-I
I'' 'Iii' -
Ii t:tl.t

'iii I


c-lATrIi, i begai uat oiice altfi.r tITe dr.feat i be
in Vii a ini i to -Itrli"tl'l n tillau-CL...-. ,
FOR INV IENTIONtS. i: lr states.
Equal with the interest of those having claims against the government i The Ref1or0 ed Piesl it'ri:1.s ,i .
that of INVENTORS, who often lo3S the benefit of valuable inventions because Covenanters refused, and Lave 1i- '
of the incompetency or inattention of the attorneys employed to obtain their he
patents. Too much care cannot be exercised in employing competent and reli- ways refused to sulipoit the countitiu i;i ,,i
able solicitors to procure patents, for thevalueofa patent depends greatly,if tiou and have, l'irl it t tini la- (,r -,.
mot entirely, upon the care and skill of the attorney.
Wit the view of protecting inventors from worthless or careless attorneys, bred with untring :e.tl to det.-_t Y Iiiit
and of seeing that inventions are well protected by valid patents, we have it, secured thel .I lt S, rne other o' 0- t i.
detained counsel expert in patent practice, and therefore are prepared tod I,
posers alid at oicr bu':-ila to a:r.iitrt, i
Obtain Patents in the United States and all n oreit n organize society: anI i.'. co- :,.. i,
Countries,, Conduct Interferenoes, Make Special gress various Smildday la., arnloiI .-ir iA.
Sxaminnations, Prosecute Rejected Cases, Register them, one to stUpj thle Ulited St-c.L'e I!' 1 '
Trade-Marks and Copyrights, Render Opinions as mail on Sunday. 1 .'II" "
to Scope and Validity of Patents, Proseoute and Thus began :tu oialize e'l,.rt o .,i.l
Defend Infringement Suits, Etc., Eto. commit the gov'r-inilm!it ta u Ireligi0ill io ,.-,l, I
If you have an invention on hand send a sketch or photograph thereof, to- lInw-iaking, and i.. I rep:tre the way ',:. i..,
gether with a brief description of the important features, anc you will be at for sweeping away the pricelesss "free- t'il
once advised as to the best course to pursue. Models are seldom necessary. If don of tho ht i :
others are infringing on your rights, or if you are charged with infringement by o of thought all conillcience.
others, submit the matter to us for a reliable OPINION before acting on the [To BE c INrou.] i
matter. ,,
THE PRESS CLAMISS COIPANY, once let a g.rad motive poer r,
, P STREET,' NORTHWEST, WASHINGTON, D. C. sway a number ul' Imen. anld however i ;;lt u-'
P.Q. Box (8. JOHN WEDDERBURN, Managing Attorney. differently they ImI;y be clnilijyt.d, .! I
wPThis Company is managed by a combination of the largest and most influential news. there is a bond of< ,i-in lich bL i.L ;..
papers in the United States, for the express purpose of protecting their subscribers themli oIne to auuther. It iS a "tult'i ,
against unscrupulous and incompetent Patent Agents, and each paper printing this adver- r or,
(isemelt vouches for the responsibility at.n? high standing of the Press Claims Company of nat;ure W.,
~I...i t 0.- -- . .... . .......I 1 ....


Ihe wo.rldl at stniill t o,''-t th


iaC'I LI t .. i. I ar1 --


A


F


m .' :, i .. .. . . ,



j st ri m i C It I ilt i- '" NI I '.I; .,.. . .
t', t "t. -t..I :;-,,,; ..... .. .... $ 00



p- t o I so tCU ii Itl.r-t tI .t,i . t 00
"~' . .. I .u;r*vtI i.. . . . . . . 1 5 U 0 0

'tie l i' s I'a i- t . ..... ............. 2 0
i s :..t r i-'. '. . ............. 1 500
i n o tll.u tI; ioOii t e i li; . ,. a.i na5 p rmon


SL we ;r i.. it 1di .1.. .u.e ,U- -l-...'.... $8 00
s 4 w he S.' t t .i :i i -.. . . . ..... $14 00






I'ti s -,i 't:1 c i;.1ir i ,,' I ." '., ...... . 1 00
S a ti 'dl i .. . s r .. . ai
It is .I ,tl.'l e, A, , .,. M .zi, th ly.... .. .. . 6 0

- '"' i' t. .. ... 3 01)
.rion t'e, t y .1 \ t en ..i i . ......... . $ 7 00

[ S* l ;.''- 1 ; l .r t,\ e v -1 ;' ,' .'.i7 ... .. . (3 00
ll f r L i li l i , .. .. . . . .
ttio n i d, n f!.i i > n err. . .. .. 7 0 0
a as u r r C J i ll- r, . . . . . .. 4 00


r.izoira o r (.a lif i a T ,.,: ,i . ....... . 2 00
il e' liIll l, t be 1lei0 ,; i ., z. il .. .......... 67
.r thle .iii .r'c :. il i._- I ul!- ', i ii. in editi.n per year.. 1 00
hlett.er, ia ld i!f thlie t ,li).scit'iiton.s Solicited,
, Lie .. i.o e , as oh on teaud
" elle I daeay, nervuOa tlembi':;y'
i|,l? I '.*, ; r'l a; .1 pT I :, a il'- i. .- U i *: : *r smnt res toar 12 cautt
i ..m.... ... .


First Distriet Con-
nl ('osiveIil'ti.
11 i 1in l' i
S I irst t: Ohl it e'-iOilil'
ridi is hl rtl.,' caIlledi
t., ibe held at iMnllti-
Sciuiity o Thiinrsday,
xt at 15 o'clock m., for
f nominating a candi-
resl t the first con-
tri't of Florida in tlhe
congress of tlh UnLlited
tic:;; tn appoint a dint-
c conlmjit:eO to serve for
ing two years and to
transact such other
nes as the convention
ential to the welfare of


o YoD s Wa.?t
-,-,

(iflr A\


Drenocrat ic ('onivc iio,,-2rtI



\W'. ih. r T .I. i1..I, .1. .T. Lowr-n, A.
S i n I. 1 ] -. l i . A A ha Cray-
t, i r, fI'. I. . I,! J.n. W ell

PATENTS,
Notice to Inventors.
Thlie was never a time in Ic he s-
tory of onr country when the demand
fmt inventions and improvements in
the ni ts andl sciences generally was so
good a ni)\ow. The coiivenionccs of
manikindi in the factory and work-
shop, in tlie household, on the farm,
anil in official life require continual
acce~sions to :he anppurtenances and
imphlciiients of each in orilor to sa\e
labor, time and expanse. The poli-
tiil change in the administration ol
.governmCt ient dues not affect the pro-
gress of the American inventor, who
being on the ale.t, an. ready to per-
ceive the existing deficiencies, does
n..t pernm;t the nffairs of government
t', letter Ihim from quickly .eiNceivin
tihe re,-flvdy to oover imlle 0le linl, g ,ii'-
I, A iIs. ,'u ent C:alri car' iot.
" i t1 t


IF SO,
Secure sne or More Good Residence or Business




Or a Five-Acre Fruit Tract


IN PARK R;


FLA.


Being a PRACTICAL .L URVEYOR, I am prepared to furnish

SURVEYS, MAPS AND CHARTS
On the Shortest Possible Notice.
ASSESSMENT AND PAYMENT OF TAXES.
Will be Given Plro pt, ; Personal Attention.


CALL ON
.V


Rea Estate Dealer.
a---_*. ---:~, -.: ..- ',, .-.Pc a


L. F21. WAR~E


Pi n11pr


t-


ei"4
I w ,


JHO. Pl. THOMPSO9


I



F'l


Store



Ia ''-a^


Jf. on ..i -Taon....

.2-.
J i, i. ,' r *..i16 c Wl u't i!a ........ "
SLrt'.',- *..+ :1 W ar ;h; 11gtot ..... ;
Le..... ....... 2
Tli"c .cral con',l) ties riny r ..k.,:e' l
.l i,..at, t it hli tim e and i.1 .',nCli
lii !lntrc t l y !c'ia L:.:.t. A irr ige-
'- n.
!(e i.t- i i .' .1 i'll' a.r l1." '>'! l
;',, o'e...'. t ^ 8ii,.l r' tru e, t,:, andl
fl io i 1 r,,.,;ie- ,f
Shich 111 b i ,in i: o ti v -.rioi-I
(:Ii O t l : livC ct u Im. iiii tt.' Is in l the
i-tic i.l0..l ,i) ltho i et coJI-
L*'t,--i, I e.'culi\ e.' oCi>nt !itte.i
f ,1. !. L;.. ."['[D.
DiLNmr ., cv'y, cli ial t iIa1.

Ir t.\ c i ii.,iy ;lti r l
!i hi.. e, .C Ii n ,w l U R! mi t v. ..irt





S i i i l .i i' ii t t .
|,. *i \ ii t']l t1i., l : n ite ri






P.in a.!i,-la to vi-i ade in fr. I twel\'.e toii.
i;. nl o fL h ii .. ote hever else
"' ,,t is ]itfiu ;I' :,ni. dill'u rci- _L in tlit'


.v,:l,.il P. aid N. ttiy good rogd, ilar52
trip-' e\aery p,.z.cilbsl a'tt,.: tioi iV. m 'iv-
i'n s tihe cf.:iiul',rt i patss n iiers, and
I ill, '! Iv-alIlO. e winds the trip from
Pen- ar!ola is made in from twelve to
nim.'hen P .urA.; or, take the P. & As
r.ilral a .-'it PAinacloa or wherever else















.bt'i. na, 01c time. Ala. ill.a
Il mlIh ('h l .i ,. a it bG
,licnte? frgimlll iere to St. Androvews
',Verlanll ih very good road, is 52
.uiles ti':? trip i-.'dl in rle t]ny.
.y l i1 -.. iril .l har d i il b a: i. ';a I
Iain as (a'rCntnttan,-o "' \oill v. t'l'.rrant: '
or, tc before and to RiObt. r, I-i.
of St. Anilrews, whose: alverti-en..nt
is, t found in the ihov,. making -a
Sto ate i ili to meet you at Maiiainia,
-,I-t uit e, or any convenient station
oi ,1 &' A.;i u eC(A lin, fro li the?
iimtl i Mou(tg'omniry, Ala., to Doain-
bl j14 G.a., ou\'r t(lie Ala. 1Millaii'r1
rai in 0thence tu \Vewahitchka b)3
steam at or a cheaper ronte is to
4" '..)i r M.'',il pIc t tumery to Eu(Ila,
le r the M. &" .. railroad anml
by laeiaer to 1ewalhicka, wh'iere
a 1ae all ,u.- fionnd to convey yoll
'ixf hiiles to) \Vetapllt o, o1r yl I
.may t 1Y t ePl.as.g,.,o with tin mail trl'-
rier at Vewahiitclhkl fur Farinlle,
at nectin ayIv be made with the East

tr :,-, t ri ld wi,, i tle B, y; 1n11
t e e I ",l11110U t1'..' hl' I of Ihlt
,,..v t, ..: ,l. ,v,: w ill [, L ii b.
i Y t, c]' r.. il -' f'l
i.i a I f3H a'i.;,,i'.'


li. re'w elc, } in . i
al l .-killJful tt t rn(' v ti iLreparei andi
ii, ,i-,'c li,:l. :'i.y a: .1i' -it i-.in fi.r :i :Iat-
clt. V nl h il'.-! rcvts hal,: b elI
ir-t ari1d ile..trrt'yO d in il; i umi.erable in-
.st.ic,. Lyv tlc emt l.', .',it of it-
,:-.,, i-.'te t coui:,u ,:.. sn,1 e-ip,.cially i,.
.h6i- Ai'\ ice aJ llii ': l]e to thi'.r e wll
:Li t the' "N'N. atcrient, n i py" .ny.-
teti. Inventor-. vht inlfrnust their
Im .nc'.i- the tlse kind olf at trn. .
.!i ..i r t Imllliient ri-l, as tihe brc- lit
.til.1 -tn- n i 11gi, the patent i:. never
c..i-i .iit-'lcl. in \ iUw :If .1a jic; k nei-
,l.-,. .,,, i,, .* -t "tii all..w ai. 'e a. 1 (.>b -
t.ti i t ile i': 1! l T lc I ; .' ;: -)
ilt'rbin Ii. (t 0ciil hI IT
('1..\il :!s '~('O P.-LN T, 1,hl,, iVe.-

',tr--t . \V., \V.shlii;to D. ("'.,
.'[. ir,. .,.1 t 11-ig :i .ir,' I l i lll-r o f ii'i-
j.,rt.Itt ,l-lily an li \._.'l !"y l-.|ier' aI,

v i. i ll t I iS ill. titiu l ti l'l ,i ct t it N
p rat rii r' Jlil tli iii t-lro iic li,.,"
!i I .-- ,f i't' 1 eil .'l .l in. I ti b is l i o;

':,r 1to to lake charge ol :ill latent
bum.sine.ris entrusted to it for reamon-
able fees, and prepares and prosecutes
1iplicatiolns generally, inclielding
m ll ie.l; iti, i' t ,ti.,ns., dl.-ign pat-
ents, trade marks, labels, copyrights,
interference, infringements, validity
report, and gives especial attention
to rejected cases. It is also prepar-
ed to ent r into colmpction with any
firm in securing foreign patents.
Write for instructions and advice.
.JitliN WrpruojnN, 618 F et.
I. l. I S:5. VWashington, D.C.

EDWIN A. EMMONS,
(,. (croil i t.'.;.i-,,i,. ir an .d eriodical
A_- r IT 3 Q -
Anthorized Agent for the following Publi-
crIons:
S.In Fri nnesco ex..,inir: rePer Year
Di.ily and Sui .ln v .......... .. $H 00
lail v ........ ........... 00
'l aij - . . . . . . . . 2 00
We1.:l .. ................ 150
NL ',t1. l Heraild:
L):iil and .ullda.y. ............. $10 00
D).il v, ilth.: t Suinday.......... 8 00
Sii ii. v ...................... 2 00
A.\,11. lIv xeti.l :-t'anday. ....... 1 50
W, .- 1i .................... 1 00
N % Vrr \\', llil:
l,:lli i and Sundav. .............. $8 50
nI .lv. ......... .......... 6 00
'i nil.y. ..................... 2 50
S i-n ;ieckly . .... ........ 2 00
V.\ 1. .... ..... ......... 1 00
N'i, Yorl. Sun:
lD-iiI. and uiid.ii ..... ...... $,: 00
D aily. ........................ (i 00
Sinnday- ... .............. 2 00
Ei,-nii, S Su 1. .. ................ 6 00

i% i t ,- .............. 4 00
D iiv i- .nnd S . ............ 1 00
Am htli .' i n '.I- .y ............. 1 50

'tii,.r',)- Tiiies.4

l.ilV\ . . .. ..... .... . : l
l: tii,...... ............ ...I '"
":i I .rd' l .1


W. SMITH & Co.,


Mystio, Iowa.


OiRTH BAY LUMI ICOWMP.iNY
IN lii Rn B illfl L ANmnl'


a em O.


rC. Prepared To urJ


Are Prepared To Turni


RDsh- Sd Dressed Lndaa of All Grades.


THE PATRO,.AG OF THLE PULIC SOLICITED.


is TH OEST.
VSB HBfi 0 NO SQUEAKINGQ
45. CORDOVAN,
FI REN4I& ENAMELLEDCALF:
4-4..s.- FINEGALF&K A10NARO!
..: .. -:. $ 3. POLICE,3 SOLES.
,:. .- .: } ..y-.-. i tGMEN.
V -;,'t ,7 BOYSOSCHOL ESE
'-.-. .. ""XTLAD IES.

1; 13 FZFC CATALOCUE
iJ.L-* DOUGLAS,
&ROCKTON, 1MAt.
You can save money by purchasing W. L.
I)oiuglt; hBhoes,
Because, we are the largest manufacturers of
advertised shoes in the world, and guarantee
the value by stamping the name and price on
the bottom, which protects you against high
prices and the middleman's profits. Our shoes
equal custom work in style, easy fitting and
wearing qualities. We have them sold every.
where at lower prices for the value given than
any other make. Take no substitute. If your
dealer cannot supply you, we can. Sold by
W. H. SHANDS Parker, Fla.



RKduccd ]5 to ?5 ,.,: n Je r,-r mn lhi. N'O
%,V'A i 'u (fn *oni PTT yz i la'l rr I ro 1lnisPuso
druian. Truat(mntpitrliectly harmlesss and strictly eonl-
dantial. One tion I ltc n llR tl pee. Call or wrlte.


A :~., letter orpoestaltcard o
W~ae IV A.R. S CrAn COWFAUY,
JOHN tEDOERBURN, -.Mans8
k'. Ox Aora. N,
r-MRIONlo PROCUME FOR
SOLDIERS,"WIDOWS,
CHILDREN, PARENTS.
Adh', for SulItlers an, Sailors disabled in thet ieda
duty in the Femnlau'2rmiyor Nrv sImeeltbe ar
'f..a of i,, Indian warSd ot f A tO 1.to and
tnt r :.In wsuow erntifud. Old and rejected alabn
a ~r.~ii~'rl7. rTihoumands eunttled to bigher r teL
S iu.lO I-OW lavwi. -o charge for savlt*. o 30
7II Wt.~ofl~Ta~r


1)1.0 o nCD awithoutIta sina
k is. Quetion BlanknndBook
or writer D. Zr. I UT
8SBPlneSI.5. 1L osE., MD

WANTED.o
11AW8LDYemlo~ov
AGP. 3-IWJAXCIII h 0.. mD 113I fL.0 K. L~Ql. US
$15AW uAred m hisa I ANLgNrap
L 'ln tinops. Futulr. IJ1ore,
.-n.. gn calW~rCd. 30 yea? mu
Peakedti. n Bl=kor 0 nd oo0 in. Cll or wr
AL It WNJAM a o..= iiJ. gn. fLIMt IL


A LF


.-I


,~'r


__ __


I


Localion?


if representaii )n in
ill be on t e vote
ian in 1S92, and it


.- a I~u


1).\ A LE R S IN
.-2--- --
i .'. ". ^,.f ... 9 7
f. o.". ,, .. . - v r- : ' tc_ ,
,, ;, w ,t.." .^ *. = ;.' '



E TiLBE'S SUPPLIES

Ship kChal ory. Salt Fish, Etc.. Etc, Etc

A (G E N T F OR


Baltimore Twins aid et CMlay,

AL SO FOR


"UL








THU SMITH GRU BB ER


The demand for a practical machine induced us in- 1881, to turn
from the old style of stump pullers and we made and put the first practical
machine of this class on the market. We throw out all sawed timber
all common iron, all light pieces, chains, links, open hooks, springs, bolts
straps, clamps, thimbles, splices, screws, gears and eccentrics. alid at once
done away with all perceptible friction by reducing the number of pieces in
the machine from 47 to 3, these being properly formed and proportioned,
giving equal strength, making a stronger, more powerful, lighter,
handier, cheaper,, faster working ana a more durable machine that
otherwise could be made, and to counteract the extreme prejudice against
the name stump pullers; thel new machine was called the Smith Grubber.


4


_ __


__


T


m


Write to


S-t Il
cen
is as


MA Cls~e~.rHSSC13a-.q~




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