Title: Army and navy chronicle
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073841/00001
 Material Information
Title: Army and navy chronicle
Physical Description: 13 v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Homans, Benjamin, 1799-1877
Publisher: Benjamin Homans
Place of Publication: Washington D.C
Publication Date: 1835-1842
Frequency: weekly
regular
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Subject: Military art and science -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Naval art and science -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also issued on microfilm from University Microfilms (American periodical series: 1800-1850)
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 3, 1835)-v. 13, no. 18 (May 21, 1842).
Numbering Peculiarities: Vol. 1 includes a specimen number issued June 30, 1834.
Numbering Peculiarities: Called "New series" beginning with v. 2.
Numbering Peculiarities: Issues for <Jan. 7, 1836>- called also whole no. <53>-
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 2 (Jan. 8, 1835); title from caption.
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Bibliographic ID: UF00073841
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01514204
lccn - 06005654
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Preceded by: Military and naval magazine of the United States
Succeeded by: Army and navy chronicle and scientific repository

Full Text




ARMY AND NAVY CHRONICLE.

Edited and Published by B. Honomans, at $5 a year, payable in advance.

VOL. IX.-No. 22.] WASHINGTON, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 28, 1839, [WHOLE No. 256.

J f ELi-. f^' while many of our naval officers, and even many of
our foremost seamen, may, by means of such infor-
PFrom the London United Service Journal for Sept. nation be induced to turn their attention to the gun-
THE NAVAL GUNNERY ESTABLISHMENT ON BOARD nery branch of the service, and thus materially to ang-
H. M. SHIP EXCELLENT,-AT PORTSMOUTH. ment the naval strength of their country, no corres-
It has frequently been made a matter of discussion, pondent advantage will probably accrue, from the same
and we think very naturally, whether or not it is wise cause, to any other nation. All that is capable of im-
to publish any detailed statement of such political itation, indeed, on board the Excellent, has already
measures, or military prepa rations, as might by possi- been imitated--iest as allthat was capable of imitation
ability prove useful to nations indisposed to this coun- in the discipline and general conduct of our ships du-
try. And there cannot be the smallest doubt that it ring the last war was appropriated by other nations-
would be politic, as well as reasonable and proper, to but with what effect ? The truth is, that there is a
withhold all such communications from the world at moral system of training in gunnery, as well as in ev-
large, provided we could keep our secret so closely to "ry thing else, which no rules can teach, and no mere-
ourselves as to profit exclusively by the use of the new ly formal imitation can appropriate. We have, there-
knowledge. Unfortunately (or perhaps fortunately,) fore, no fears that any thing which can be told in
it is scarcely possible for any nation long to retain the words, of the system on board the Excellent, can prove
sole possession of information which is of a character otherwise than beneficial to the service, while a full
to advance her means of offensive warfare, without, at and fair statement of the advantages of following such
the same time, depriving herself of the full use of the studies may encourage both officers and men to con-
discovery she has made. It is easily conceivable, for sider the gunnery line as one worthy of their attention.
instance, that an officer should have devised a weapon We consider it as no more than due to all the par-
of war, or an improved method of using an old one, of ties concerned to set down fairly and historically the
which his government, in their anxiety to reserve claims of the different persons who have been instru-
the exclusive use, might think it right to limit the mental in bringing the system of naval gunnery edu-
knowledge to a few oF their servants, and therefore cation to its present state of perfection. And we
forbid the publication of it. In this way, no doubt, ought, perhaps, to have stated this more explicitly in
the new-born information might be effectually conceal- our July number, when recording the services of Sir
ed from other nations; but experience, we believe, Thomas Hastings, who, as we 'know, disclaims all
abundantly shows that knowledge thus limited in its share in originating the scheme, and invariably as-
application to practice would be nearly as useless to cribes that credit to Sir Howard Douglas's book, and
the party possessing it as to those from whom it had to Sir John Pechell's unwearied perseverance in this
been altogether withheld. cause.
This, which at first sight looks a little paradoxical, The respective shares which these two distinguish-
admits of a ready explanation. Any extensive and ed officers have had in ',, 1 .', Ihis important branch
important improvement (at least in the art of war) can of the public service it... *. it might not be easy
be brought into effective practice only by its becom- to describe exactly; but each has worked out his part
ing familiarly known to all those persons who are to in a manner to entitle him to the gratitude of his
use it on real service. Now, tins familiarity can be country. Sir John Pechell published a pamphlet-or
attained by no other means than by long-continued at least printed it-so early, we believe, as 1812. The
drilling; and, as an essential part of drilhng consists next edition bears (late 1824,-and there was another
in studying the rules of any evolution, the necessity of in 1823. This invaluable pamphlet is entitled Ob-
publishing and circulating freely amongst all classes, servations upon the defective equipment of Ships'
every new proposition, becomes apparent, for without Gnns. By Captain Sir John Pechell, R. N., 1824, 2d
the means of constant reference no study canbe prop- edition, 1828." In October, 1817, Sir HowardDoug-
erly followed up. las transmitted to the Admiralty the manuscript of lis
"The disadvantage of such publicity," remarks Sir Treatise on Naval Gunnery, afterwards so celebrated.
Howard Douglas, consists in this,-that the service At first, however, little or no official notice was taken
for whose benefit suggestions are thus made does not of the work beyond a civil official acknowledgment.
insure to itself the exclusive and (which is of great In 1818 Sir Howard was requested to allow a copy of
importance) the initial practical advantages which this work to remain in the Admiralty office, with a
such suggestions or inventions may be found capable view to the eventual adoption of the plan proposed in
of producing. It is true, on the other hand, that im- it when circumstances might render such a measure
provements in any practical science are seldom gen- expedient; and in November, 1819, the Admiralty ex-
erally introduced, and can only be brought forward pressly authorised Sir Howard Douglas to publish his
very slowly and very partially through the medium of "Essay on the Theory and Practice of Naval Gunne-
manuscript memoirs ; and that, although the power of ry," and the work was shortly afterwards given to the
the press may circulate abroad much of what it may English public,-and, indeed, to the world at large,-
be very desirable to retain at home, yet it is by this for allt civilized nations either translated or reprinted,
mode only that instruction or improvement can be ef- and some of them even acted upon its suggestion be-
fectually and usefully circulated and taught amongst fore we did.
ourselves." Before adverting more particularly to the original
This reasoning, and other considerations of the same formation, and subsequent complete working, of the
enlarged and liberal stamp of policy, induced the Ad- school of naval gunnery on board the Excellent, as it
mirally, in 1819, to sanction the publication of Sir exists now, we think we should not be doing justice
Howard Douglas's work on Naval Gunnery, which has to the subject, unless we go back again for a moment
been one of the principal causes of so vast an improve- to its early history, in order, chiefly, to show to whom,
ment'in our system of naval gunnery. essentially, we are indebted for all that has since been
On the very same grounds we are of opinion that done.
the dissemination of a more extensive knowledge of In 1814 Sir John Pechell returned to Spithead from
what has been done, and is doing, on board the Ex- the coast of America, in the San Domingo; and when
cellent, must be productive of far greater good to this, his ship was inspected, the Commander-in-chief, and
country than it can be to any other. For, after all,' all the Captains of the fleet assembled there, ex-









310 ARMY AND NAVY CHRONICLE.

above described, without expense, as the objects the formation of the Gunnery Establishment have'
would be merely transferred as lent from the ordnance; been made public, we cannot do better than extract
uniting at a coup d'ce'l everything in gunnery most a few more passages from Sir.Howard Douglas's
1:,:, i.4 ,,.1 which no naval officer could view book, as descriptive, by anticipation, of the plan which
,i,..,r i. i,.-', as the gunners in charge should be was evidenftl adopted from that work in 1832, and
directed to explain what might be required, which has been followed up ever since, with only
Then, in future, no officer on being' appointed such extensions and other modifications as experi-
to a ship need be ignorant of the uses of various ob- ence has recommended, without in any respect de-
jects that may have been introduced into tfe service parting from the fundamental principles of his origi-
since he was last afloat, which, for the want of these nal proposal:
establishments, he might be, not liking to ask a fill To instruct the rising class of officers in gunnery,"
explanation of them from any one in his own ship. says he, a short course of theoretical instruction,
It is presumed that, should a trial of the above showing all the established principles, should be in-
plan be made, it would be found to work well, and troduced at the Naval College." This suggestion
prove, in many points of view, highly beneficial to has been fully adopted, except that the theoretical in-
Fli? 1M1 itm-'s Naval Service, and act as a counter- struclion has been -.- on board the Excellent,
I.*..* H. .'' rapid and still progressing improvement which is a much I. -.- place than the College, on
in foreign navies. many accounts. The juxtaposition of actual practice
(Signed) .GORGI.m SMITH, Conz. with mathematical demonstration has been found to
"A party of Marine Artillery to be on board under have an admirable effect on both ; and there is no part
an officer arid drill-sergeants, to attend when seamen of the system on board the Excellent more worthy
are sent for exercise, and to keep the guns, S&c., in of approbation than the two schools of mathematical in-
proper order. Theparty to be exchanged every three struction ; one bfor the seamen gunners, which is sim-
months from quarters, in order to givethe il hole corps ple and eliemeintary-the other for the officers, which
an opportunity of seeing the arrangement and appli- is carried much farther, and includes branches of
cation of their materiel on shipboard, previous to their knowledge ';. i. isefifl to them, not merely in gun-
embarkation for sea-service, nery, which '. ii r chief object, but in other depart-
"As economy is the main feature of the above iinls of theirprofession. We may add that this course
plan, the personnel is to consist of no one but the of matlheiatical instruction lias been found of the
commander, who would not otherwise be paid and highest utility in aflbrding a rational and interesting
victualled elsewhere; therefore a boat's crew and scr- occupation for the numerous young men assembled
vant, which would be requisite, should be borne as on board the Excellent, who could not with any ad-
part complement of the flag-ship. vantage have been -----I -.11 day long with
"The collegians of the Naval College to be sent the more practice of ....... t'l, ;i tastes and hab-
occasionally on board, and the establishment to be its, as well as thouiigl., r .' ..., e are sure, have
open to thle commissioned officers who may be stu- been essentially improved by this course of mental
dents at the college. G. S." discipline. In speaking of this branch of the instruc-
In the summer of 1830 an establishment founded on tions on board the Excellent, it affords us real plea-
the above. .,... -i; ,. was commenced on board H. sure to have an opportunity of doing justice to the in-
Mi. S. E ..I..', '. Portsmouth harbor, under the valuable services of' Mr. Charles Stark, the naval in-
charge of Captain Smith, who was borne as Supernu- structor of that ship, who from the first has labored,
merary-Cominmander on tile books of the Victory. with a .1.. .. of skill, zeal, and patience beyond all
The first detachment of the Marine Artillery, who praise, ,. i,. arduous department entrusted to his
were to act as instructors on board the Excellent, care.
were embarked in August, 1830; and parties of offi- The fundamental principles," continues Sir How-
cers and seamen, from various ships, were occasion- ard, that should form the basis of any measure that
ally sent there to learn the exercise then in force. A may be adopted for the improvement of naval gunne-
number of valuable trials of ranges, from guns of dif- ry, are, that no plan which does not provide for in-
ferent calibres, were made over the mud-banks lying structing officers, master-gunners, gunners' mates,
to the northward of the dockyard-a situation well and their crews, as well as drilling seamen in the ex-
adapted to artillery practice, and which Captain Smith ercise, can effectually improve the service practice.
had the merit of first pointing out. During this com- Our only real-service naval gunners are,
mand he also perfected the invention of the moveable and must of necessity be, naval officers and seamen,
target which goes by his name, and which is still and, in order to render permanent and effectual the
in use on board the Excellent. It was originally, benefits that would result from the formation of naval
we believe, devised by Captain Smith, when Lieu- depots of instruction, a proportion of intelligent sea-
tenant of the Gauges, Sir Robert Otway's flag-ship. men should be engaged for a term of years, and form-
In 1832 the Board of Admiralty, at the head of ed into a permanent body, from which the more im-
which was Sir James Graham, and of which Sir porlant situations of master-gunners should be filled,
Thomas Hardy and Sir John Pechell were members- and which, in a more extended form, might be made
decided upon remodelling the whole system of great to furnish hereafter a considerable number of expert
gun exercise, and, what was of still greater conse- seamen-gunners to act as captains of gunns ; or, if not
quence, of establishing, for the first time, a regular sufficiently numerous to do this, capable, at least, of
school of naval gunnery instruction; and, Captain soon drilling fo the established s/slemn the ordinary creu:s
Smith having been promoted, the charge of the new of those vessels inlo w whichh these trained men may be
plan was given over to Captain Hastings. This *6""'.-' "-(P. 16.)
officer has held the command ever since, and his great TI.: .:.' .: passages, so pregnant with meaning,
and successful exertions in working this complica- have produced admirable effects in practice. In t ie
ted and difficult scheme into practical shape and effi- first place the establishment for the instruction of the
ciency, induced us lately to depart, in his case, from officers and seamen of the navy has been worked en-
our usual plan, by recording the services of a living tirely by naval men, and upon the principle of naval
officer in our pages. discipline. In the next place, commissioned officers,
We have already remarked that the Admiralty plan mates, gunners, and seamen in great numbers, have
for the new and extended system of naval gunnery been systematically and thoroughly taught the science
instruction boasts of no .-I i .,, but is almost en- and practice of naval gunnery. A regular series of'
tirely derived from Sir Howard Douglas's sugges- progressive instructions have been framed, througo-
tions, and from those valuable hints thrown out by which every officer and man is obliged not merely to
Sir John Pechell, already alluded to. As, however, pass. but, by rigorous and frequent examinations, to
none of the official orders or instructions relating to give certain proofofhis fully understanding. In like









A :.1" AND NAVY CHRONICLE. 341

manner, the theoretical courses of instruction have them to a medal, a pension, and to retirement, actu-
been established ; and, by means of monthly, quarter- allyr e-enitercd a- h.e. .. board that ship-
ly, and annual examinations, every one is compelled exchanged th .... .. ailor's jacket, and
either to learn his business completely, or to leave are now employed, as heretofore, in giving instruc-
the ship, and by such act to forfeit tlie advantages tions to the seamen, with this diiltrence, that they
which might attend the acquisition of so perfect a are now naval men themselves.
knowledge of naval gunnery as is required on board We are happy, finally, to have it in our power to state
the Excellent. that one very important branch of the gunnery course,
This leads us to mention, thirdly, that in strict con- viz. the Laboratory instruction, has, from the first es-
formity with the principles laid down by Sir Howard tablishinent of the institution, been under the able
Douglas, a certain number of officers and seament i- ... .. ..C ..fC .-.tin Stevelns, a distinguished offi-
1.i. !.. duly instructed, are now sent to every ship '-.-. ** i.** h I .rinec Artillery, a gentleman of
,...,ut, for the purpose of drilling the crews of .. .- and long experience in all
hI, lkips in the established system. A lieutenant, branches of the art of war, both scientific and practi-
a mate, and ten or twelve seamen-g,lners, are sent cal, afloat and on shore.
to a line-of-battle-slip, a mate and eight seamoen- Under this admirably devised, and no less admirably
gunners to a frigate, and so onto smaller ships. None executed, system of naval gunnery instruction, no
of these, however, can leave the ship without what is fewer than .t0 lieutenants (6 of whom have been pro-
called "passing out," which 'implies a rigorous ex- notedd) So mates (35 of whom have been promoted,)
amination into every department of knowTedge with about 5) gunners, and soo ........... .1. been
which a seaman-gunner should be acquainted, incli- fully tauisist and "passed .....1t ..I I. IL i,:..1 and
ding those mathematical rules, and their ap.liication, these I and men have carried their knowledge
which explain the principle of projectiles-tihe use of so successfully with liem, that we have good authori-
sights-the ready handling, at all times and seasons, ty for stating our fleet in the Mediterratnean, and, in-
of every description of ordnance,:,.. ,i ,.. r,. service deed, all her Majesty's ships (except, of course, those
of the i0 and 8 inch shell-guns now introduced into very recently put in commission,) have been so com-
... % .r, i,' ships-ishe use of small arms and cut- pletely drilled according to the established system,
- l. it,.. operations in the mag~azine-the manu- that most of tie officers, and every seaman in every
facture of gunpowder, of rockets, tubes, fuses, and all ship, may be called-as in a man-of-war- he ought to
other chemical compositions used in war; and, last- to be calld-a ...
ly, they must show that they not only understand all In rcflecling "..I. .. .. .ntages of this state of
these things, but that they are capable of teaching things, it can scarcely be necessary to advert to the
to others both their principles and their practical ap' imnnense importance, in the event of a war, of having
plication on board ship. so large a body of officers and men fully instructed
It will now be clearly seen. from all we have said, in so essential a branch of their business. It has been
that the grand object of all the various courses of in- said, indeed, that after crews have been drilled, and
struction on board tle Excellent, is not merely to teach have served their three or four years, they are dis-
naval officers and seamein how to work the g-u,s ol a persed and lost, and we have the same thing to go
ship themselves, and to understand every tinlig rela- over agali.. But tils, swehI lis i part r-ue, is in the
ting to gumnery, but so to instruct both officers and main allacious ; for the mias of seamen employed in
menl that they imay become the teachers of whole tie navy pass from one man-of war to another. After
ships' companies. Thus, one of the points most in- having spent their money on being paid off they re-
sisted upon-namely, that naval men, and naval men enter tlie irv in prelrence to the merchant service;
only. should .. '.. be the persons einpiiovd to and therefore the instruction, -whvic costs so much
impart a knowledge of naval gunnery to the crews trouble and some expense, is by no means thrown
of our men-of-war-was completely attained, away, notwithstanding the non-existence of a perma-
The principal direction of all the details of the nent body of seamen-gunners in name as well as in
drills, and, indeed, of all the various courses of in- substance, tie formation of which we hold to be -quite
struction on board of the Excellent, was vested in tile out of tie question, as being unsuitable to the chla-
first lieutenant; and certainly Captain N ... : was rather of alors. In the mean timune it is every way
most fortunate in being so ably seconded as lie las valuable to learn that, of the seamen-gunners who
been. Three of the olcors who filled that important have served their first period, no fewer than seventy-
office-viz. Lieutenants Richards, Decinuns Hastingss, five per cent. have actually re-entered for a second
and Ward-have been already promoted to the rank term .
of Commander; and we hope er,- 1 to see that ac- It would carry us quite beyond our limits were
complished ollicer. Lieutenant I .... who lis now we to go as lar asour inclination prompts ns into the
the chief direction under Sir Thomas Hastings, in details of the gunnery establishment on board the
like manner advanced to the rank which his hi h at- Excellent; but, before concluding this long article,
tainments and long services so well entitle him to. wse must dwell for a moment on two important points
But although, in thie spirit of the pr incipl so often connected with this subject. The first relates to the
adverted to, of making ii is a genuine iail school of" encouragement held out to commissioned officers and
gunnery, naval officers have beets chielly employed, ulnats to follow tisi particular branch of the service,
the employmentof llth Royal Marine Artillery, as ti- as well as o'profit by tle advantages of a newly es-
sistlts, in thie manner recommended by Sir II. lablished college, which is merely an extension of the
Douglas, (p. 29.) has also been adopted. The late system on board the Excellent, under the same man-
Lieutenant Farrant, of the Royal Marine Artillery, a.eent, and o.z ... e am discipline. The
rendered good service. He wvas succeeded by le c tr Ic to held out to fo t a
Engledue, a skilful officer of the navy. His place teo become seainttUers to devote themselves
was afterwards taken by Lieutenant Thomas ifolio- The encouraegment to offices to devote themselves
wiay, Of tile Ryoa Marine Artillery, wor ihe on especially to the gunnery department consists, cn y,
board the Excellent; and it would ce ly not be e d ncon s on red upon them by
easy to match him any whe'Anre for capacity and zeal, Or the position tey upy on hoard the chips they ate
-for tsat cheerfulnecs aisd address wiich urin the great sent to, either as gunnery lieutenants or gunnery
-requisites in a teacher of grosvn--tp i men. It is inter- inate-a distinction vbicl, even in peace, as we
esting, also, oil its owsn accotint, and very valuable as a have seen, leads to promotion in mas y instances. It
point if principle. to know that two of the principal is clear, to, that the gunnery of es from being
non-cotmissioned officers, out of the five or six ma more under thne eye of the Admiralty, are more likely
rine artillerymen thus employed on board the Excel- to have opportunities of bringing themselves into no-
lent, after having served the period which entitled tice, than any other deseripn of officers not actu-
ally in command of ships.








342 ARMY AND NAVY CHRLONICLE.

There is minc'. -, .. opinion of under years of age, are entered on board the
every officer of .. .- e nais placed Excellent for a period of live years, to be instructed
within his reach u.,e I 1. ..... b'oughly in as seamen-gunners for 1Her Majesty's navy, and from
so important a t, ... '* t'"' 1 .. .... e may them only master-gunners and gunners'-mates will
add, too, that such has be-en the nature of ilie disc be selected. They will also be preferred for the situ-
pline established on board the Excellent, that ahnost action of boatswain, if otherwise qualified, and all the
as much is there taught .he general duties ratings of petty officers will be opened to them. On be-
of a man-of -war, and i. 1. i.'- and principles of, ing discharged from the Excellent into sea-going ships,
sound order, as there ', .. .... gunery and its | (that is, after being thoroughly instructed, and having
numerous collateral :'-........ that a valuable passed an examination, and received a certificate to
school of what may be called professional manners, that etlect from the captain,) they will receive 2s. a
and habits, and principles, in the highest degree gen- month in addition to able seamen's pay, or to that of
tlemanlike, has been formed, wlunc, under good any higher rihv_ which they may hold. When their
management, may have a permanent good effect on first period I .. years expires, on producing certifi-
our naval discipline. To these indirect but not un- cates of good conduct, they will, if they re-enter im-
important advantages it may be added, that service as mediately, be entitled to -is. a month in addition to
a gunnery lieutenant qualifies for service as com- the pay of able seamen or of any higher rating they
wander of a line-of-battie ship, in the saine degree may hold; and, at the end of their second period of
that service as first lieutenant of ait sloop qualities. service, they will, on producing certificates, if they
That is to say, three years' service goes for one and a re-enter immediately for another period of five years,
half-and therefore six years' service as first lieuten- receive 5s a month in addition to the pay of able sea-
ant of a sloop, or as a gunnery lieutenant, is equiva- men, or of any i.L... i -, they may hold."
lent to three years' as first lieutenant of a rated ship. These advantages are, of course, over and above
To all these advantages have lately been super- the pensions, gratuities, medals for good conduct,
added those of the Naval College, of which it nmay and admission to Greenwich Hospital, which the sea-
suffice at present to mention, that under Captain Sir men-gunners enjoy in common with the rest of Her
Thomas castings, as head, it has gone into operation Mijetir's sailors ; and we are happy to find that,
with much spirit. A number of tile males who have ",,. .. the motives held out to both officers and
passed successfully out of the Excellent, and who men have been such as to keep this invaluable nur-
alone, as we understand, are eligible, have taken up scry for naval gunnery-officers and for seamen-gun-
their quarters in the old college in the dockyard. This ners sufficiently stocked to supply nearly the numbers
condition rests on tile principle that a thorouh know- required to drill and otherwise to perfect in gunnery
1.:._.. ... .',,....., .. -...i~ taught, is, m future, to be every ship that lias been commissioned since the
ci I -... .....h1 .... .. in every ollicer, to render establishment was placed nnder the direction of Sir
him eligible Ibr promotion. At the college the young Thomas Hastings, in the beginning of 1832.
men are taught how to navigate a ship, not ... ____
to the old, groping, and now obsolete nleth..l I i. DECREIASE OF STATURE IN THE FLi.rNCrH ARrAI
Hamilton Moore school, but by tle scientific rules. -This decrease has become extremely manifest ;
and scientific instruments, which modern improve-o tie flower of the population of France has been
ments have introduced at sea. Those who hli- the carried oil by 'war and tile scaffold; but tilhe sub-
capacity and the taste for carrying their inathemati- i ject had escaped general observation until M.
cal pursuits higher have tile 1lmeanls, of instrnilion; Lewis Villcrmi, a medical iian ofi sonle note, had
and there are several mates now at ihe college, to his attention drawn to it by comparing the size
whom tile differential calculus is familiar. A tino- and physical qualifications of the present race of
rough knowledge of the steam engine, both in prin- conscripts, with what they were: His investigations
ciple and in its application to sea purposes, is to form have now shown that the stature of the men has
an essential part of the college education; and we been sensibly diminishing during the last forty years.
hear that Captain Williams, i commander o t ., i -, Before tie Revolution the minimumlt height for admis-
and who is himself a student at tihe ..1. I' sion as a grenadier was 5 feet 5 inches, (about 5 feet
made himself well acquainted with steam macthinry 10.t1 inches ;) in the days of the Republic it was re-
and steam:.. ,i; ,:.,L has voluntarily given a series duced to 5 feet 9! inches; in Napoleon's imperial
of lectures on tire"? ,nhijer- at the college, followed times to 5 feet 8. "inches; and during" the Bourbon
up by practical .I... .1 ... on board Her Majesty's Restoration to 5 feet 7;, inches. At the present day,
steamer Messenger. every man who is well conducted, whatever may be
These, so far as we can learn, are the chief topics his stature, is qualified for admission into the picked
at present followed at thile college, but no doubt it is companies, ( Comnpagnzies d'Elie)-a regulation in
intended, in the course of time. to append others. Ill every respect to be commended, though it may have
the mean while we may just remark, how vast an im- originated mainly from what is now an established
provement all this may be expected to produce on fact, the physical degeneracy of the existing race of
the education of naval officers, and how important it 1, renchmen. Other causes, besides a onig succession
is to link together so many branches of their profes- of wars and intestine convulsions, have contributed to
sional knowledge in one regular and uninterrupted it. Thie conscription laws stipulate exemptions from
course of study ; which, beginning with gunnery and service in favor of married men under certain circum-
ending with navigation, shall be long enough to give stances ; and ne...... men, with a view to withdraw at
him the solid ground-work uf useful information, an early age, .. ..ranks, are consequently induced
without being so long as to detach him from the genu- to marry females in precarious health, or of advanced
ine hard labor of an active sea-life. years ; the issue of such marriages are of debile con-
The encouragement held out to seamen to enter on stitutions, and many partially deformed or crippled-
board the Excellent is of a didereit order, though and this result has'become so wide spread that the
there cannot be a doubt that the distinction which exemptions allowed in the years 1832, 1833, and 1834,
belongs even to the humbler degree of knowledge him- were infinitely more numerous than in any preceding
parted to them in that ship has its attraction for gene- years. An increase of them had already been per-
rous ninds, as it certainly has a direct tendency to ceived in those years, which included younmen who
steady and otherwise to improve the character of the were born during the time of the Re voution this
seaman, and render liNu a more valuable servant of class bore evident marks of the starvation and misery
the public. : ..., h...I they had struggled.
The following, copied verbatim from the printed i ,i:.... relates remarkable occurrence which
bills, shows the pecuniary advantages tends to corroborate his conclusions. A portion of
"Petty officers and seamen of good character, and the English army being quartered in France in the









ARIf{ AN1 D NArVY 3(NCLE. 343


year 1S15, a contract was entered into with French
manufacturers to supply them with caps, which they
set about making- in exact conformity with the in-
structions issued by the French War' Department;
but, when the caps were delivered, the makers disco-
vered, to their great surprise as well as dismay, that
two-thirds of them were too small, and that the largest
fitted none but the smallest-sized English heads. The
larger proportion of the caps were consequently re-
jected. It is matter of notoriety, besides, that the
tEnglish troops are smaller of size than many conti-
nental, particularly the German and Hungarian.
The French recruits from thile rural districts are
more robust in frame than the town recruits, :i.:.,'_-'a
the latter have in :- -r l '- 1 +'- ivan tang '
respect to heights. ., 1 ..i ,.: '. ....unterbalanced
by inferiority inl ,.' i. ,,. ,, s ii..i the common
remark among Fi I ..:.- aut des cra-
pauds:" for they find that the more diminutive class
of soldiers bear the wear and tear of marching better,
and suiler less from sickness and disease, than the
taller-bodied men. The result of a campaign fre-
quently depends upon courage, discipline, and good
drilling; but, when 100,000 men are to be hrno-ht in
line, the consigning of a third of them to th. i, ,.:1,
after one or two imoants campaigning, which was the
case in 1813 and 1I14, is as disastrous an occurrence
as the loss of a general action. It may be added that
the spread of manufactures has also lent its aid in
producing the physical degeneracy of the French
soldiery ; and the same cause has, to a certain extent,
affected the constitution of the English.-Uniled Ser-
vice Journal.

From lhe New York New Era.
SCIENTIFIC NOTICES.
TOTAL ECLIPSc' 0o' TiH. SUN.-M r. Georgo Inness
has communicated to the Astronomical Society, some
observations On the Total Eclipse of the Sunm
which will happen July 7, 1842 ; with the elements
for calculating from the solar tables of Carnini, and
the lunar tables of Birckhardt. Also, the result of
calculations for the Observatories of Greenwich and
Marseilles." The author remarks that the great solar
Eclipse of 1842 will excite much interest, as it will
be total for the southern parts of France, and very large
throughout Great Britain, I.... 1, not total foir any
place in the island. The elements for calculating the
eclipse are given, and the result of Mr. Innes's calcu-
lations for Greenwich and Marseilles, which latter
place was selected as being the nearest to Greenwich,
of the properly fixed points at which accurate obser-
vations of the total eclipse are likely to be made.
LUNAR VOLCANOES.--A short notice of Lunar
Volcanoes," has been communicated to the British
Association, by Mr. Webb. He had for some time
examined the moon with an excellent five feet achro-
matic, and had found that several volcanic vents ex-
isted, not laid down in Schrocter's map of the lunar
surface ; and, also, that several vents, which had been
so laid down, were now much enlarged in dimensions.
Upon the whole, however, he considered that tlihe
moon and earth were similar in this respect-namely,
that volcanic action was now less violent than it had
been in by-gone periods.
POWEReuUL ELECTaIO-CHtI't-et CACL BATTEIUV.--x A
powerful electro-cheinmical battery, has been executed
by Mr. E. M. Clarke, at the Gallery of Science,
Lowther Arcade. Its elfects are truly surprising.
Cylinders of coke when placed in the circuit produced
a light so intense, the eye cannot dwell on it without
pain. Copper wire of one-quarter of an inch diame-
ter is rapidly fused ; but the most extraordinary fact
is that, notwithstanding such intense power, the ex-
perimenter holds the conducting wires in each hand,
and states that the battery gives no shocks without
the aid of a coil of wire on the principle of Professor
Collins


EioTNCXA AND VSeUVI US.--ELna has been in a more
violent state of eruption than usual. Early in the
morning of Jan. 1, 1W39, Vestvius burst forth with an
explosion like the report of a cannon, and a dense
cloud of smoke and ashes soon covered Naples ; but
the wind changed, and carried the cinders towards
the shore at Portici. The eruption ceased in the
evening, but the detonations commenced on the 2d,
and co.itinued throughout the day. In thle evening,
the Vesuvius was all on fire, and thile lava flowed down
into the plain between Portici and Torre del Greco,
committing great ravages. On the 3d the mountain
became more quiet, but in the evening sent out con-
tinual flashes, which is a phenomenon extremely rare.
-Letler f'om Naples, Jan. 5.
NEWV METIIOD OF DETERMINING TiHE LONGfTUDE.
-On March 8, a paper was read to the Royal Society,
proposing "A new method of determining the longi-
tude by ian absolute altitude of the moon ;" by J. C.
Bowring, Esq. This method was proposed many
years ago by Pingree and Leitionier, when the prin-
cipal dillicilty in its way was its requiring the exact
determination of the moon's declination reduced to
the place of observation. This difficulty the author
professes to have removed by supposing two meridi-
ans, for which the altitudes are to be calculated ; and
the only requisite is the accurate determination of the
latitude, which presents no great difficulty, either on
land or at sea. Examples are given of the practical
...I i. of this method ; showing that if the latitude
I '... .laco of observation be obtained within a few
seconds, the longitude will be found by means of a
single observation of the altitude of the moon.
NEW CORD.AGE.-The brothers Landauer, of Stutt-
gard, have patented a new species of cr "l:-b the
threads of which are not twisted one ovc ii .. their ,
but united in a parallel direction. A cord, one inch
and three quarters in circumference, lhas sustained a
weight of 1,300 pounds without breaking; and when
at last an additional weight caused it to break, the
fracture resembled a cut with scissors, which proves
that each thread was of equal i, ..11. A cord of
508 threads, three inches andl three-sixteentlhs in cir-
cumference, 111 feet long, woven in this manner,
*-i_. 1 only nineteen pounds, whilst an ordinary
- *o i *. the same circumference and length, and as
many threads, weighed fifty one pounds and a half.
NEW PERCUSSION CANNON Locx.-Commander
Henderson, of the British navy, has applied the com-
mon fowling piece nipple and cap to cannon, with de-
cided advantage; and the cap being struck with a
wooden mallet, or almost any other instrument, it is
thought there would be less liability of mischance, in
the hurry of action, than with tihe present percussion
locks. The nipple is placed upon a plate of iron
which is thrown back upon the discharge of the piece,
and exposes the touch-hole, thus giving room for the
vent to be closed by the thumb in the usual manner.
We have not seen this assumed improvement, but we
can scarcely conceive an improvement upon the
cannon percussion lock of Mr. Hidden, of this city.

E. OWEN & Co.,
MILITARY AND NAVAL MERCHANT TAILORS,
NEARi I'UiEriis'S IOTEL, 'PENNS'LVANIA AVENUE,
lEG leave to inform their patrons of the Army and Navy,
- that they have madtse i *s. t t" '-".ive, direct froan
London, gold and silver l .1 1 1 ..... gold and sil-
ver Lace, and all the articles necessary for the equipment of oni-
ccrs for either service, of a very superior quality.
To the oilicers of the Corps of Topographical Engineers, they
would respectfully state that they have at length succeeded in
..... I sets of English embroidery for their Corps,
I i, l I" 1 .h1 has been acknowledged by gent ie en of the
Corps of unquestionable taste and judgment, to be the richest andl
rarest workmanship of the Iind ever o'erted to the public,
Sept. 26-If









344


ARMY AND NAVY CHI~0ONICLE.


W A S HII N G T 0 N CITY printiag'ofihe .Irt.y Register having passed into OTHER
THURSDAY ............ NOVEMBER 23, 1S39. HtANDS," &c. This does not look as if we were to
"print the army register for 1840."
A supplement or extra of the New York Courier The remainder of the Courier's paragraph is a mere
and Enquirer of Saturday last contains the following coinage of the brain. So far from having come out
paragraph, for a sight of which we are indebted to a a flaming partizan print," and ridiculed Gen. SCOTT,


Iriend:
CAUS AND EFFrECT.-The Army and Navy Chronicle
of November 7th contains the following paragraph.
Biennial Register, or" Bluec Book."'-The above work is now
in press at this office, and will be ready for delivery in all the
month of January. Such of our subscribers iind co'rrespondeiits
as desire copies are invited to send early ordrs.r to preveiut disap-
pointiment, as but few extra copies will be for sale here. Th'
price vill be ,.3 for one copy, or 43 for two, current money aind
free of postage.
The same paper of the 14th in-t -k'i-" notice that the
Proprietors of the Register will >' -1 I' Army 1Register
for 1840.
Thus much for its own admission of having been
adopted as a bantling of theli Government to be fEd from
the public crib. And having pointed outthe cause now
mark the effect. This Military Journal, in whose be-
half nearly every press in the Union has recently made
an appeal for public support, on the ground of its being
exclusively devoted to the affairs of the Army and Navy,
has come ou' a flaming partizan print and ridicules not
only the personal appearance of Gen. Sco'rr but his offi-
cial services in the Cherokee Country and on the
Northern and North Eastern frontiers. We indul'-e
the hope, that the officers of the Army and Navy, with-
out reference to their political predlilections, will no
longer give countenance to a publication, which, con-
sidering its ostensible objects, and the ground upon
which support for it has heretofore been claimed, has
proved itself recreant to its pledges and to the best in-
terests and honor of the two services it pretends to re-
present.
The semi-weekly Courier of Monday which we re-
ceive in exchange, did not contain the paragraph;
possibly it was crowded out by the foreign news'
brought by the British Queen.
If the editors of the Courier and Enquirer will refJr
to t the act passed A i t l t 1 1 rC


his name has not been mentioned in connexion with
the Presidency, nor has the name of any other candi-
date been mentioned in it. If it is possible for a pa-
per to pursue a strictly neutral course, the Chronicle
has done so. Thle only ground for the Courier's harsh
assertion is a communication in the Chronicle, in-
tended as a satire upon the present army uniform,
and not aimed at Gen. SCOTT, whose name was in-
troduced probably from his having been the most con-
spicuons figure on the occasion alluded to. In this
communication, two lines, alluding to Gen. SCOTT'S
position respecting the Presidency, were erased by
the editor, as being out of place, and having no con-
nexion with the subject matter of the communication.
If the editors of the Courier cannot themselves enjoy
a little badinage, they will at least, we hope, permit
the officers of the army to relieve occasionally the tedi-
um of an arduous service in Florida, or the monotony
ofa garrison life oni the frontiers, by indulging in what
is designed only for innocent raillery.
With those readers of the Courier who do not see
the Chronicle, the paragraph which we have copied
and commented upon, is calculated to have an effect
injurious to the character of this paper; and the edi-
tors will do but an act of simple justice-which we
doubt not they will do cheerfully-by either copying
our contradiction entire, or acknowledging the incor-
rectness of their assertions in their own language.


p u ir.u...s on.. o..i ,oitgres., It has been suggested that the publication in the
"making appropriations for the civil and diplomatic Chronicle of the tfolloing Circular, signed by asee-
expenses of Government for the year 1839," they will ral officers of the army in Florida, and addressed to
find this clause : all the military posts in that Territory, may have
"For compiling and printing the Biennial Register,
one thousand eight hundred dollars: Provided, That the some influence with officers elsewhere in promoting
printing of the said Biennial Register and the job print- the circulation of the Chronicle.
lng, stationery and binding of each of the Executive This renewed manifestation of confidence and favor
Departments, shall be furnished bv contract, proposals
for which shall regularly be advertised for in the public on the part of the officers of the army from whom we
prints." had previously received so many similar tokens, calls
In consequence of this clause, the publishers of the for something more than formal thanks. We should
Army and Navy Chronicle lost the small share of job indeed be ungrateful, could we ever forget the uni-
printing which had for two years previous been form kindness and courtesy extended to us by nume-
allotted to them by one of the public Departments. rous gentlemen of the army. It is the frequent mani-
Proposals having been invited for all the job print- festation of these friendly sentiments that has encou-
ing, conformably to the law above quoted, theirs were raged us to persevere through the many obstacles
submitted for competition, and being the lowest bid- that beset our path ; and it will stimulate us to deserve
ders for the Biennial Register, the contract was a continuance of their favorable regard.
awarded to them. It was the only one they obtained, As we have before remarked, the Chronicle re-
and they shall esteem themselves fortunate indeed if quires but little additional aid to secure its perma-
they can execute it without pecuniary loss. So much nence and ensure punctuality. This attained, we
for the Biennial Register. hope that the most serious objection that has been
The editors of the Courier certainly could not have urged against it will be effectually removed, and all
read the Chronicle of the 14th, or they would not future cause of complaint avoided.
have misquoted one of our paragraphs. In that pa- We have but one word more: Will the officers of
per, page 313, foot of 2d column, it is stated: The the navy permit their brethren of the army to exceed









ARMY AND NAVY CHRONICLE. 345


them in acts of liberality ? A little emulation on this
point might be pardoned, and would excite no unkind
feeling in the breast of any one.

CIRCULAR,
TO TIIr OFFICERS OF 11E .RNMY IN FLORIDr.
The undersigned beg leave most respectfully to sug-
gest, that it is necessary the Army and Navy Chronicle
should receive more efficient support; as, from the state-
ments of the editor, as well as from information de-
rived from other sources, we are convinced it must soon
cease to exist, unless its subscription list be increased.
The undersigned do not arrogate to themselves to be
authorized patrons of the Chronicle, or to have any
other interest in it, than is common to almost all
officers of the army-they merely desire to express a
strong wish that it should be continued, and that it
should receive the necessary support to render its con-
tinuance certain, the publication of its numbers punc-
tual, and its profits to the diligent editor at least res-
pectable.
We are persuaded that it is no fault of Mr. Ho:,.as
that the numbers of the Chronicle have not of late ap-
peared with the desired punctuality. This fact,.instead
of tending to abate our interest in the publication,
should rather induce us to do our part with increased
promptness and liberality. A small subscription list
will, be believe, account for their irregularity.
The undersigned, without wishing, in any degree, to
dictate to others the course they should pursue, take the
liberty to say, that it is not sufficient that one copy of
the Chronicle be taken at each Post. This may aflbrd
every officer of the army the Chronicle to read: but it
will not support the paper, and yield its editor a living
from his useful labors.
All officers, and others, who feel interested in the con-
tinuance of the work, (and it is believed that almost or
quite all officers of the army do,) ought to give it the
only kind ofsupport which will have an efficient ten-
dency to improve its condition, and perpetuate its pages.
There is some difficulty, whilst in Florida, of obtaining
our own individual copies; the troops necessarily chang-
ing position so frequently.
The difficulty may be measurably diminished, by hav-
ing the paper directed to the principal Post Offices in
Florida, Garey's Ferry, St. Augustine, Tallahassee,
&c., with directions to the Post Masters of those seve-
ral offices to send them to the particular post or place
as occasion may require. Or any officer of the army
will gladly cause the necessary directions to be given.
It is believed, should we allow the Chronicle to fail,
that all would, when too late, very greatly regret its
discontinuance, and our own failure to yield it due sup-
port. Let us then anticipate, and avoid such an issue.
Should the Chronicle go down, it is believed that
each officer would, every year, pay in postage more
than the subscription price of the Chronicle, in obtain-
ing, from private sources, the information more readily
and more fully obtained from its pages.
We are convinced that there is no foundation for as-
serting that the editor is influenced in his course by any
functionary at Washington; [but] that he judges for him-


self and acts without fear, or the hope of any other favor
than that of a long list of approving and paying
readers.
THO. F. HUNT, JaIqor and Qr. Master.
P. MAXWELL, Surgeon U. S. A.
A. B. EATON, Capt. U. S. A.
J. MACKAY, Capt. Corps Top. Engrs.
M-. R. PATRICK, Lieut. 2d infy.
CHAS McDOUGALL, Surgeon U. S. a.
E. WORRELL, Jss't. Surgeon U. S. a.
J. R. SMITH, Capl. 2d infUy.
G. LOOMIS, MAfjor 2d infy.
WV.. WHISTLER, Lt. Col. 7th infy.
B. L. E. BONNEVILLE, Capt. 7th infy.
WV. IV. HOXTON, ass't. Smrg-eon U. S. a.
S. CASEY, Capt. 2d infy.
GR-uEY'S FEuacY, E. IF., Nov. 15, 1839.

We have received by the steam packet British
Queen, the United Service Journal for November, in
which there is a caustic notice of" Cooper's Naval
History." The reviewer denies to Mr. COOPER the
merit of truth, because some of his statements are op-
posed to those of JAMLs's Naval History of Great
Britain. That the British people should feel sore,
whenever the disasters they experienced in our last
war with them are mentioned, is natural enough ; and
we have ceased to look for candor or magnanimity at
their hands on this vexed question. But, in the case
of Mr. Cooruni, there are other causes of olience be-
sides his history of our navy. His work on England'
was not palatable to British taste, and consequently
no subsequentwork of his will find favorin their eyes
That Mr. Coorit's Naval History was hastily
written-more so, indeed, than the occasion demand-
ed-he himself admits : but if there be one feature in
it more striking than another, it is that of awarding to
our quondam opponents the credit of having fought
well, and surrendering only when further resistance
would have been vain.
A manly and impartial criticism, though severe, we
should have no objection to transfer to our pages, as
we believe that much advantage accrues from hearing
both sides in any controversy ; but though not desiring
to defend Mr. CoOPER, or to apologize for the imper-
fections of his Naval History, there is nothing in it
which can, in our opinion, justify even an enemy in
applying such terms as these, which we quote from
this Review:
"Mr. Cooper must add a little circumstance, the bet-
ter to maintain his very I..- -'. 1, i. veracity."
h .... but here again -i.t.... ... must swerve from
h truth."
We think the officers of the U. S. navy had better
toss their historian in a blanket, an ample and proper
reward for the slanders lie has cast upon them in thus
traducing their enemies."
To what use is Mr. Cooper's history written? It
cannot be supposed that such a hurried work-erroneous
in every sentence, false in every statemient-can obtain
even a partial credence from the Americans?"
'' We tell him, his hero, if the story is true, deserves
very little credit-and the historian, if it is not true,
the merited imputation of being a driveller and a ."
1Mr. Cooper is incapable of one generous-one nman-
ly thought."









346 AFiY AND NAVY CHRONICLE.


4* Mr. Cooper is another proof how very hard it is to
wash the blackamoor white, and stalks before us a liv-
ing confirmation of the ,'vipo--' That it requires a
whole generation to .. .. the vweeds which are
nurtured in the ungenerous soil of a low estate.'"
Very amiable and very complimentary but this is
not all. ,We perceive that it is To be continued "
-in broken doses-probably from an apprehension
that Mr. Cooper could not survive a whole broadside
of such artillery. Magnanimity has ceased to be an
attribute of British Naval officers, if they approve the
language used by this Reviewer. From the repre-
sentations of our own officers, who have met them in
various parts of the world, we have been impressed
with the idea that they have always acknowledged, in
a handsome and appropriate manner, the superiority
exhibited by us in our conflicts with them.

At the last session of Congress, the Senate adopted
a very comprehensive resolution, relative to the de-
fences of the country, calling upon the Executive for
information under the several heads of fortifications,
armaments, arsenals, magazines, foundries, steam bat-
teries, ships of war, navy yards, and docks, with a
view to placing the frontiers, maritime, and inland,
in a proper state of preparation for defence. We un-
derstand that a mixed board of military and naval offi-
cers will soon be organized in Washington, to take
this important subject into consideration. Colonel
TOTTEN, Chief Engineer, Col. TITAYER, of the Corps
of Engineers, Col. Csoss, Assistant Quartermaster
General, and Lieut. Col. TALCOTT, acting chief of the
Ordnance Department, have been appointed by the
Secretary of War, to unite with such officers of the
navy as shall be selected from that branch of ser-
vice to complete the board.
FURTHER MELANCHOLY INTELLIGENCE FROM
FLoRIDA.-The unwelcome news, which was receiv-
ed here on Monday through the Savannah Georgian,
of the death of two more officers, has been confirmed
by letters received direct from Tampa Bay and Ga-
rey's Ferry. We have been kindly permitted to make
the following extracts:
TAMPA BAY, Nov. 11, 1839.
Sickness prevails to an unprecedented degree all
over the country. Even here we have a sort of epi-
demic, which generally however yields to medicine
skilfully administered. Capt. Peyton died this morn-
ing; a protracted case and relapse."

"GAREY'S FERRY, Nov. 18, 1839.
"We hear the most lamentable news from Tampa.
The fever seems to be raging there with great vio-
lence. Capt. BARKER, Ist Infy., Capt. PEYTON, A.
Q. M., and Mrs. Capt. SEAWELL, have died; and sev-
eral others, including Gen. T.AYLOR, are sick. I fer-
vently pray that our next express may bring us no in-
crease of the number of dead. We can but fear, while
we hope.
Col. TWIGos has just arrived with his command
from New York.
Captains LYoN, SMITH, and S. C.SEY have just
arrived from New York with recruits."
It would be difficult to determine which has been
the more fatal-the climate of Florida, or the rifle of
the enemy-in this most unfortunate war."


Commodore E. P. KENNEDY has been appointed to
the command of the '. n I.:. Navy Yard, vice
Commodore PATTEsiSON, deceased.
Commodore JAcMES RENSHAW is appointed to the
command of the New York Navy Yard and station,
vice Commodore RIDGELY, who hoists his broad pend-
ant on board the frigate United States as commander
of our naval forces on the coast of Brazil.

ARRIVALS AT WASHINGTON.
Nov. 21-Lieut. R. Ridgely, 3d arty., Polk's
23-Capt. V. Maynadier, ordnance, G street
Lieut. George Thoin, Top. Engs. Gadsby's
27-Capt. C. 0. Collins, A. Q. M., Fuller's
Lieut. G. Mason Hooc, navy, Gadsby's

PASSENGERS.
NEw YoII, Nov. 18, per ship Tuskina, for Mobile,
Commodore A. J. Dallas, of the navy, lady, two children,
and servants.
CHARLESTON, Nov. 18, per sieami packet South Caro-
lina, from Norfolk, Licuts. H. S. Burton and E. Paine,
of the army Nov. 22, per brig Aldrieb, from Philadel-
phia, Capt. E. R.. Shubrick, of the navy, lady, three chil-
dren, and two nurses. Nov. 23, per steam packet C.
Vanderbilt, from Wilmington, Major S. Churchill, 3d
arty.
SAVANNAH-, No. 20, per steamboat Southerner, from
Charleston, Lieuts. H. S Burton and E. Paine, of the
army.

.z J? 5 .t if htdeligesce,

FLORIDA WAR.
Monr TRoors FOR FLoRIDA.-On Saturday even-
ing three companies of the 2d reogiment of dra-
goons, with the band and non-commissioned staff, ar-
rived at this port. They are destined for Florida,
whither Col. Twiggs and a part of the regiment pro-
ceeded, a day or two since, in the steamer Gen. Clinch.
The following are the officers in the Trenton :-
Maj. T. T. Fauntleroy, 2d Dragoons, Comid'g; Capt,
B. L. Beall, Comd'g I Troop, Capt. M. S. Howe,
Comd'g G Troop, Lieut. R. A. Arnold, Comd'g K
Troop, and Commissary Lieut. Win. H. Saunders,
Act'g Adjutant, Lieut. G. A. H. Blake, Lieut. S. B.
Thornton, Capt. T. S. Bryant, Capt. E. D. Bullock.-
Savannah Georgian, Nov. 18.
A letter received yesterday by a gentleman of this
city from Garey's Ferry, conveys the melancholy in-
telligence of the decease at Tampa, of Capt. R. H.
Peyton, Ass't Quarter Master; of Capt. Barker, 1st
Infantry, and of the lady and child of Capt. Seawell.
Those whom the Indian rifle has spared of our gal-
lant army in Florida, and their families, disease has
the present season, more or less afflicted.-lbid, Nov.
21.
THE LATE LIEUTENANT POOLE, 3d ARTILLERY.
-Col. GATES, in command of the 3d Art., in a letter
to a friend in this city, dated St. .-..., ,. ; ... .-
ber 13th, speaking of the decease :. .ii.., ,. .
thus:-
A more intelligent officer, and polished -.. i ..
the army cannot boast of. He was the most prompt,
attentive and faithful officer I have seen in many
years. His devotion to his profession-lhis attachment
to his fellow officers, was very strong and remarkable.
In short, he was admired and beloved by all who knew
how to estimate his worth. I consider his loss diffi-
cult to repair, and long will I remember his valuable
services in the 3d regiment."- Charleston Courier.

It is worthy of remark, that the frigate Macedonian,
in returning into port on the 6th inst., beat over the
bar, making at least six tacks, and thus provingo the
practicability of a big ship's effecting an ane.-
Pensacola Gazette, Nov. 16,









ARMY AND NAVY ClHRON]CLE.


347


Extract of a letter dated PENSACOLA, Nov. 5th, 1839,1 If one-third of boat power would do this
to a citizen of this Borough. from Fernandina, tli -- i1 i favor, 83,600
"The U. S. ships of war Levant and Erie,.went 2--But Fernandina i i1:.. i. i. 1. e of the
to sea on Sunday last, the Macedonian and French two places named, .....: .... i .'.... could be
frigate La Gloire went out on Monday. Their move discharged, say 20 at -,. a month (pay and
was hasty and unexpected, in consequence of the subsistence) or saved per annum to Govern-
yellow fever having made its appearance among the ment, 6,200
shipping. The Carpenter of the Erie; Mr. Fitch, 3-But we have something more, viz. use-
professor of Mathematics, of the Levant; Mr. Wil- less expenditures by feeding from Black
liam A. Green of the Macedonian, recently of the Creek in extra transportation over parts of
Vandalia, and a few men have fallen victims, their St. John's and Black Creek, twice, as fol-
cases terminating hastily and with black vomit. On lows-
the second day at sea, the disease increasing on board From mouth of St. John's to Garey's Fer-
the Levant, Com. Shubrick ordered her into this port ry, 63 miles-to furnish St. Augustine and
to land the sick at thie Hospital. The officers now at other eastern posts, 126 miles of extra trans-
the Hospital are Doctor Patten, Lieut. Lee, Mid. portation, and one extra loading and unload-
Hayes, Mr. Stoneal, (Captain's Clerk) of the Levant, ing. 'The navigation of these 126 miles,
Professor Nooney of the Erie, with a number of men. from difficulties of bar, &c., is usually equi-
Since the Levant returned, she has had some cases, valent to two days-say, then, one boat, 2
but not of a severe character. This is owing to the -
judicious course pursued by her commander, Capt. Average boats sent-one weekly, or 52
Smoot, who, having been refused the use ofthe Navy annually, 10,400
Yard, took his ship near to fort Pickens, on tie Is- Expense of loading and unloading at Black
land of Santa Rosa, Capt. Chase of the Army ',. -. Creek-at 14 hands, two days, at one dollar
politely and kindly allowed the fort to be used. ,.."', per day, including pay and rations-with
measures have been taken as have had, with the as- 200 dollars for boats 1 ,,: lll, 1,656
distance of the cool weather, a beneficial influence, 4-Also, to furnish i. .- on St. John's
and I am happy to say, that for the last few days there river, the part of Black Creek passed over 18
have been no new cases among the shipping. miles is extra travel. Thus if one boat is
P. S.-The Macedonian, with Commodore Shu- allowed per week, (most of the year this is
brick's family on board, are at sea; of course we know greatly below the actual,) we have, in 52
nothing of their condition. The Ontario has a new dis- trips, 1,872 miles, or 8 day's steam travel, 800
ease, the Nassau Fever: I pray it is not the yellow fe- Then there is the extra loading and un-
ver.-Norfblk Herald. loading, as before, 1,656
5-Sone vessels are chartered to Garey's
From the Charleston Courier. Ferry at great freights-the bar is bad, and
FLORIDA WAR EXPENSES. usually government boats are sent down to
We often see articles in the newspapers of the day _' li. .. i..m over to the mouth of the Creek
complaining of the expenses of the Florida war-some- I 1".- 11.'... go to the ferry and discharge the
times blowing one party and then another, but see not load, and return to lighten more at this bar
any reason given wihy those expenses are not reasona- and tow the vessel up. The vessels are often
ble and little as may be. From observations and in- done murrage several days. Ifsentto Fernan-
formation obtained without scheming, we are enabled dina, this would all be obviated Tile extra
to show how at least the present operations may be expenses accruing cannot be less than 300
continued, at far less expense. As this is ,,. i, dollars per vessel-and say 20 each year, 6,000
statistical, and our statements are based on i .: 6-Black Creek being 'established, the
hope they will be relied on as correct. train of wagon has been kept up, when it
The saving of money we refer to is in the mode of seems that posts might be supplied from
supporting or supplying subsistence and stores to the nearer positions, within equal roads, on the
troops, and we will be principally confined to the river St. Johns. For instance, Micanopy is
eastern shore and its vicinity. about 5G miles from Black Creek, from Pa-
The present depot for immediate supply from Forts latka 4 mn., or a saving of distance in a trip
King and Micanopy in the interior, St. John's river of 24 miles. This, to a train of 100 wagons,
posts, and the post at St. Augustine, anid the Atlantic or four hundred mules and 101 men to arive
shore to Cape Florida, is Black Creek. Provisions, and guide them, (without speaking, of es-
forage and stores are shipped from New York, Bos- corts,) is savingto each at least one day, and
toni, Baltimore, to Savannah, thence taken on steam- therefore might the train be diminished in
boats and deposited at Black Creek, where again ta- proportion of one to the days taken for the
ken from the storehouse and shipped, they are distribu- trip. Now these mules must be foraged,
ted to the different posts deperindant there for supplies and each bushel of corn at the moment it
Now to save expense we say, at once change the de- is eaten, will have cost at least $5 a bushel.
pots, they are badly selected, as well as many of the Each hand costs about 36 dollars a month
forts or military posts. Make Fernandina on Ame- forage masters 60, and the wear and tear of
lia Island the depot, it has a good harbor and would teams, harness, &c. must be considered.-
answer the place of both Savannah and Black Creek; Probable expense of feeding at present, over
vessels can be chartered in the north nearly as cheap a depot supplied from Fernandina, at Palat-
for this place as Savannahd, and thle steamboats can ka, per annumprrrr, 9 000
take supplies (by inland passage, or outside if smooth,) If we should add the lumber brought from the St.
direct to thIe posts now furnished from Black Creek. Mary's river, and the higher price paid on the St.
This saves two handling at least, and one boat from'Johns, and many small items that might be consider-
Fernandina could do more in forwarding stores than ed, thie extra expense would be greatly enhanced.
three from Savannah and its sub depot. But we pro- But enough is shown to prove thie propriety of
mised statistics. i changing irom Black Creek to some place more cen-
1-Steamboats are employed at $100 a day tral to operations. If active operations are carried on,
nearly. the expense will be multiplied-but the calculation
It requires six'days average to make the above shows only a part of the saving. If thle place
trip to Savannah,. 600 named is selected, then a much less number of boats
Average trips during the year, 7 per month would be used to do the same business-while we
or 84 in all, 50,400 have only shown the decrease on the supposition all








348 ARMY AND NAVY CHRONICLE.

were retained. But in discharging two-thirds of boats Gen. SCOTT passed through Cleveland to Detroit,
so the expenses diminish. aboQut a week on a tour of inspection of the mili-
Having spoken of the bad locations of many of the tary posts on i frontier. This step has been ren-
forts, we will remark on the subject, that few coun- dered necessary in consequence of anticipated move-
tries present such great facilities for .:... I i. on ope- ments by the Canauian patriots.
rations ao-ainst Indians as Florida. ....- -', territory
is divided in strips of land by its navigable waters, in Gen. ScoTT passed down the Lake this morning on
such a manner, that steamboats can go within thirty board the steamboat Buiffalo.
miles of any point of it. There cannot be many ex- The rumors of patriot movements begun or contem-
ceptions to this, and by having a train at Fort Dey- plated on the frontier are in our opini .11. ,....
naud, on the Caloosahatchie, to communicate with groundless. The lessons of Prescott and ..
Okee Chobee Lake, (the distance being 17 miles,) not forgotten. Should the standard of revolt be raised
large row boats can ascend from the everglades to the in Canada by the people of these provinces with the
head of Topopekaliga, within thirty miles of Lake least prospect of maintaining it, then no doubt hun-
Monroe, a part of St. John's river. The general truth dreds from this side would flock to it. But there will
will be seen by reflecting that the coasts and Suwanne be no more Quixotic expeditions to Canada from this
rivers are about 100 miles distant, thus approaching side at present.-Cleveland 11erald.
the coasts we are only 50 miles fri-om the dividing in-
terior line,-then there's the great armnn of St. Jolhns- Gen. ScorT arrived in this city on Tuesday evening.
the Eastern lagoons, Indian, New, and Miami rivers; On Wednesday morning lie made a hasty inspections
the creeks fiomi Shark river to Cape Roman ; and then of the U. S. garrison and armories of the Union Grevs
Caloosahatchie admits boats 70 miles by its course, and Willianls' Light Infantry, and proceeded with
brings near the great Kissimmee Valley before spoken great haste to the' 1 .1.. here he embarked oin
of. Charlottee harbor and Tampa 1 .- make deep in- board a steamboat i... I I Harbor, and will pro-
dentations. The famous Withlacoochee, the Suwan- ceed to Plaltsburg, via the St. Lawrence, Ogdensburgh
nee and Santaffee, and other tributaries to the main &c. He must be in Richmnond on the 7th December.
streams, oiler facilities to pass by steamboat to with- -Rlochester Democrat.
in 30 miles of most any point one can point out on ____
the surface of this strange country. Now should not THE NEW STEAM FILIGATE.-Upwards of sixty
the system of forts, for defence and offence, be ar- workmen are engaged upon the steam frigate at our
ranged with regard to these natural advantages-and Navy Yard, and more than half of her timbers are al-
the trains be dispensed with? The train, the teams ready up. It is expected that they will commence her
for the luggage and supplies for the troops have con- planking about Christmas.
stituted the grand items of expense in the Florida The draft of her enginesis to be furnished to Messrs.
war. It is said that a cargo of oats when ed out at Merrick & Towne, in a few days, from the NavyDe-
Fort Dade, 43 miles from Tamnpa eost, when all apartment at Washington, when they will immediately
items of expense concerning were cast up, 35 dollars commence its construction. They have already made
a bushel. What then to support trains travelling 100 extensive preparations for this new work, and will be
miles, which must take at first half their load in feed able when they enter upon it, to give em oym ent to
for the train while making its trip? Every wagon a large number of hands. It is expected tiat both the
discharged sends away a man and lour mules, and engines and vessels will be completed in the spring of
lessens the heavy drafts for escorts from the army. 184U.-Aorilh ./metnrican.
But we presume our economy will be laughed at, for
our statistics, be told of cost of change; and no mat- IrtPOnTANr DECISION TO Tif E Amis'.-Sup: Court,
ter if we show that each month cost more than tlhe in the matter of J udson Curtis, an enlisted soldier, on
changing of posts. Well, let matters go on in the old Habeas Corpus, before D. Tillinghast. Esq.. Supreme
way, for the habit is formed to think that no other, Court Commissioner, at Buffalo.
system will do, (but not by those on the spot who i n October last, Judson Curtis was brought up on a
have not the control of the business,) and as individu- Habeas Corpus directed to Col. Bankhead" of the 2d
als do not suffer, but some are speculating by the U. S. Artillery, commanding at this post.
present, we will look patiently on and see the Gov- The following facts were agreed upon-that the sol-
ernment drained of "surplus revenue." dier was enlisted according to army regulations, at
It may be asked, why not select St. Mary 's, where Cleveland, Ohio, in May last; that he was then over
the wharves are constructed? We answer, it will 18 years of age ; that he is still under the age of txen-
make a difference in distance of 18 miles each trip I ty-one years; that at he time of his enlistment le had
the tides could not be so well managed for going nio any paren ., ,. or master, and has not had
through the inland passage, there are no store-houses stiee; that at i .i .:. suin out the Habeas Cor-
at St. Marys, and no public ground for them to be pus, and ever since that time, he was and is desirous
erected on. Houses can be bought, for a trifle at of leaving the service of the United Stales.
Fernandina-public land lies there and timber near; The C .. ... .: ..". the case of much im-
the foundation of wharves remaining, it would require portane. -.I 1.1 I. t I oquent occurrence in
but a few days' work to erect those sufficient for all this State, i ....-i 1 alike due to the general govern-
purposes; such for instance as are at Palatka, builtby i aent and it. I. when acting in our territory, as
an enterprising quarter-master. We leave the sub- to the citizen, that there should be an uniform rule of
ject to its merits. AMI DU DROll. decision upon the subject. He therefore subinitled
the case to the Supreme Court, for its advice, at the
NEW ORLEANS, Nov. 18.-The Texian steam ship October term, which was given by C. H. Nelson, as
of war ZAVALA, A. C. Hinton, Esq., Commander, ar- follows:
rived at this port early on the morning- of 6te ith We have looked into the question referred to us,
inst, from Galveston, whence she sailed 12th instant. arising under the act of Congress on Habeas Corpus,
The following is a list of her officers respecting the power to enlist a minor-and do not
C. Hinton, Commander; Ed. P. Kennedy, IstLieu- doub t that thel consent of the parent, guardian or
tenant; Geo. WIV. Estes, 2d do. ; Fletcher Dorey, Sur- master, applies only to the case where there is a per-
geon; David Kerr, Purser; Danl. Lloyd, Master; son standingI in that relation to him. This appears to
Richd. Bache, Captain's Clerk ; Cyrus CumnIings, be the plaim meaning of the language of the act, and
Midshipman, D. C. Wilber, do., J. P. Tilcomb, do., there cats be no doubt as to thle power of Congress to
W. J.D. Pierpont, do., C. Gold. do., 11. G. Holstead, legislate upon the subject.
do., J. J. Lewis, do., L. E. Bennett, do.; George We are aware of the case in the llth Mass : rep -
Beatty, Chief Engin er, Jno. Miller, Assistant do.- 64, but cannot yield our assent.
Commercial Bulletin.









ARMY AND NAVY CHRONICLE. 349

N. B.-The section of the law in question is this: will be doing as much with the rank and file as can
The commissioned officer, who shall be employed be done. L et all the commissioned officers be fur-
in the recruiting service, shall be entitled to receive nished with uniform books of instruction, from which
for every effective able-bodied citizen of the U. States, to get a correct idea of their duties, for all the cvolu-
who shall be duly enlisted by him, for the term of five tions must be learned and studied at home, before
years, and mustered, of at least five feet six inches they can be brought into practice on parade ; and once
high, and between the ages of 18 and 35 years, two or twice every year, they should be taken into the
dollars. Provided that no person under the age of 21 field, and encamped, for some considerable time, either
years shall be enlisted by any officer, or held in the in brigades or divisions, so that the superior officers
service of the United States, without the consent of his could satisfy themselves that their subalterns paid pro.
parent, guardian, or master, first had and obtained, if per attention to their studies in fitting themselves for
any he have.-Btffalo Republican. the active duties of war. As this system would re-
-- quire considerable expenditure of time on the part of
I.IPOTANT EXPFRIM.ENT.-NEW APPLICATION F01 the officers, it would be requisite that they should be
sTEAat L NAVIrGATrION.-Our readers are aware of the liberally paid for the time -,.'.til-,- devoted to the pub-
plan to substitute the "Arcthimedes' Screw," near the lic service in the field, : .i .. of our citizens who
sternpost, and in the body of the vessel, in lieu of pad would accept commands in the militia, could afford
dies. The three masted schooner Archimedes, built to lose the time during which they would be encamped.
for the experiment, having been refitted up by Miller Although it would occasion the expenditure ofalarge
& Ravenhill, of Blackwall, has made another and corn- sum of money, the cost would be nothing in compa-
pletely successful experiment on the Thames-of prison with tile evils of the present system. In addi-
whichl the Liverpool Albion, of Oct. 21, thus speaks : lion to the rank and file being always provided with
The vessel started at a quarter past eleven, amidst efficient arms, it would be advisable, also, for the
the huzzas of the watermen, overjoyed to witness the whole, on the day of inspection, to wear some simple
advent of a steamer that raised no waves for their an-, uniform, made of cheap materials. Whenever it be-
noyance-and, indeed, scarcely left more disturbance came necessary for them to take the field in earnest,
in her wake than a sailing vessel. At Pur(leet the it would add to the uniformity of their appearance,
speed of the vessel was accurately tried, while passing and contribute to their being readily brought into dis-
the measured mile," marked out by order of the cipline, for nothing more than similarity of dress con-
Admiralty, on the southern coast. Against wind and tributes to raise among men an esprit dui corps. Ex-
tide, the Archimedes performed the mile in nine min- pense would form no objection to it; for nothing
utes, five seconds. Turned round (which was done would be requisite more than a suit of clothes suita-
with 11 .: : cility,) and steaming tup the iver, bible for the working dress-of a farmer or mechanic,
with ,1.I .....I int.., the same mile was perfiored in which they might, if they chose, wear while about
four minutes and a half. A third experiment, down their usual avocations; and then all a man would
the river -i-ain againstt wind and tide, required nine have to do would be to put one his accoutrements, and
minutes ....I ,11, -two seconds. The .... i' dur- shoulder his musket, to be ready to form one of an
ing these trials mnakinto between 20 an I ... per efficient body of citizen soldiery, wanting nothing but
minute-each of which produced 5"m revolutions of thie a little instr'ctiont to enable them to act effectively in
propelling screw, working in the dead wood" of the the public defence.
vessel, immediately in front of the sternpost. The log It would perhaps be well to allow certain privileges
thrown at the turn of the tide, indicated a rate of nine or emoluments to such citizens as would form them-
knots. The most unqualified satisfaction was express- selves into volunteer corps, to be kept constantly
ed by all on board at this performance, considering trained, who, on any sudden occasion, would be able
that the Archimedes has been fitted up as a sea-going to do good service at a moment's warning, opporltnli-
ves.. .. ,, feet, and not intended to exhibit ties for which. in some parts of the country, are coln-
in ...,-, :,.:,, "i. sharp and shallow river craft. tinually occurring ; and it would serve to keep alive
a military spirit in the whole body of citizens liable
to bear arms.
Sa/-, S ff _j@,- j l*'*'. The above is one among many systems proposed
for the improvement of the militia. There appears to
TH-IE MiLITrA.-In several of the northern States, be a decided movement in many portions of the coun-
conventions of delegates from different corps-of the I try, towards this object, and it is high time thatsome-
militia have been held, with a view to producing at thing was lone for efleccting it. Duriing a long peace,
change in the .. I i, ._ to that arm of defence, and the militia system has fallen into such disrepute, that
a better system of discipline than at present pursued, a parade is generally considered a fit subject for mirth,
It is time the subject was taken in hand by Congress, and a burthen to the citizen rather than a benefit to
and a general system adopted for the whole country the community. When such an institution becomes
at once. unpopular with the community, its existence is of blit
We do not believe that any system can be adopted, little value, and it is time that it be wholly dispensed
which will be useful and effective in disciplining the with, or so changed as to be divested of its inconve-
great body of the militia, without bearing hard on the nient and onerous features, and all that's really valua-
citizens, and being detrimental to their private into- ble about it so modified as to render it useful when
rests. Still it is essential that it should be well armed, circumstances may require its actual service,
and the whole force of the country kept constantly We commend the subject to the attention of our
enrolled, so that it may, on an emergency, be mar- brethren of the press, whose province and duty it is
shalltd at short notice. Ont pa1-rade for inspection to discuss all matters of public concernment, and pro-
would be as useful, for all practical purposes, as half pose such amendments as their wisdom may dictate.
a dozen ; for ....' .I Iss than daily, or at the least, Although scarcely any two would approve of the same
weekly 1,iii;. can make nmen so familiar with arms identical plan, yet the proverb hath it that "in a miil-
and discipline, as to be effective as soon as called into titude of counsellors there is safety ;" and those whose
the field. duty it is to act directly on matters pertaining to tihe
If the Congress of the United States would pass an public weal, may catch an idea, or pick up a notion,
act for the uniform government of the militia of the ont the subject, which may be useful when they come
Union, requiring every citizen liable to duly to keep to give it their attention with a view to action.-Lit-
the necessary arms, and repair to the rendezvous of tie Rocl GUZcle.
his company, regiment, or brigade, as the distance
might render proper, on a given' day, unifLrm through- A VALUABLE DISCOVERY.-THr DISCrTARGE OF
out the country, to exhibit his arms foi inspection, it H.EAVY CGU s.-We learn that an artist of this city has








850 ARMY AND NAVY CHRONICLE.

made a discovery of much importance, in relation to ponds; with the heights, sand hills, buildings, salt
the discharge of heavy guns. works, wind mills, and other objects on the upland.
The want of means to prevent the extreme blast of It is drawn and engraved in a style of beauty and
smoke, from the vent of a heavy gun at the moment of apparent exactness, which we presume has not
its discharge, and especially on board ships of war and been surpassed, and we are not aware that it has been
between decks, has long been seriously regretted. In equalled in any work of the kind in this country.
many instances this difficulty has beenknowvn to cause It is evidently the produce of great labor and of pa-
a suspension of the action; while it has always been tient and exact scientific observations, highly credita-
attended with trouble and confusion. The attention ble to the officer who was entrusted with the work.
of the artist alluded to, was directed to the subject This must be a work of great utility, not only for
some time since by the British Admiralty. Being the the use of our ships of war, but for merchant ships, by
inventor of the percussion copper cap, now in almost converting the borders of Cape Cod, from a terra in-
universal use, as well as of the most approved method cognita, into a thoroughly explored and carefully de-
of discharging heavy artillery, the gentleman alluded lineated pathway. It has shown the harbor of Pro-
to, Mr. Shaw, directed his attention to this great de- vincetown to be, we believe, deeper and more safe
sideratum, and after much labor and research, and and commodious than it was previously supposed to
many experiments, ha fully succeeded. be. We find it stated in a note appended to the chart
It may be well to mention here, that about four that this harbor affords every convenience as a wa-
years since, Mr. Shaw received from the Emperor of tering station for shipping; the greatest abundance
Russia, a present of five hundred crowns, for his dis- of pure fresh water bing obtained in the village of
cover in relation to heavy artillery. His new inven- Provincetown, from wells sunk in the sand." Sta-
tion has been made at a great sacrifice both of means tions for the triangulations are indicated on the map,
and of labor, but is believed to be perfect in its kind. 150 in number, on land, and 606 on the water. The
The plan is strictly economical, and can be adapted as courses chained for delineating the shores, &c. mea-
well to muskets and smaller arms, as to heavy cannon, sured 141 miles; 769 tides at high, and 692 at low
and with many advantages over the copper cap now water, were registered, and 13.119 soundings were
in use. It is convenient, safe and simple, and what taken. There 'is attached to the chart a curious re-
is a matter of great importance, the principle cannot sister of the tide, for two months, exhibiting at a single
be injured or destroyed by moisture. Not the slight-: view the exact limit and point of time of each high
est smoke is emitted-not a particle of fire-and we are and low tide. It appears that the extreme vibration
informed that after a day's firing, not the slightest soil: of the tide, during the period of the survey, in the
can be discovered on either the lock or breech of the years 1833, 4. and 5, was 16 feet, lthe greatest height
gun. This is indeed an important matter, and cannot being Oct. 13, 1833. The moan flow of the tides is
but arrest attention. No detailed discovery of the in-! about 9 1-4 feet, and the mean flow of spring tides is
vention has yet been made. Indeed, Mr. Shaw had: 13 3-4 feet.
become so disheartened in relation to tie poor success A detailed report by Major Graham, stating at large
attendant upon his discovery of the percussion cap all the incidents of the survey, has also been printed
(he lost the privilege of his patent right from an in- by order of Congress. Of this we gave some notice
formality,) that he had resolved to refrain from all some time ago. Th registers of the tides embraced
further efforts of the kind. But we a day or two since, in this report present some curious facts.-BosLon
published a paragraph in the Inquirer, stating that ai Daily .itdvertiser.
royal ordinance iad been [ l.-.. .... in Prussia, to .-,
apply the percussion cap :.., of the army, S
and on perusing it, a hope of remuneration for his last
invention was again revived in Mr. Shaw's mind. His O FFI CIA L.
present object is to unite himself with some individu- 'ESRAL ED QuARTERS OF *rie ARnMY,
al of sufficient means to enable him to submit the dis- OtOes, dAimurrtad GamoNR's OrFICE,
cover to the several governments of Europe and No. GO. T' '.. .N'o Av. 22, 1839.
America. As far as we have been able to ascertain, I....It .r-'- .-taine 1 m.,i l... '' Sem.Lim's BOOK
there is not the slightest mistake in this matter, while cannot i .1 .1 for twIenty cents, the price hereto-
the well-known character of Mr. Shaw as a man of fore specified, the requisite deduction of twcenty-fvee
science, places every thing like delusion out of the cents for the same will be made ;e .'r niMv to Regula-
question. His residence is at No. 28, Samson street, tions, after the 1st day of January, :
where any person who may feel disposed to *..; 11....That part of the Regulations promulgated in
in the enterprise, will be afforded all necessary 3 General Orders," No. 26, of April, 23d, respecting
mation.-Philadelphia Inquirer. the disposition to be made of "amounts collected by
f -or *.* G a *m.t* account of the "Soldier's Book," is mo-
MAP OF CAPE Con -Amion- the documents which -'" 1..1- -Instead of tlihe Paymasters depositing
have been published by order of the House of Repre- seni-annually to the credit of the Treasurer of tihe
sentatives, is a Map of the extremity of Cape Co in- United States the amounts deducted by them for the
chiding the towns of Pros'incetoswn atet To'tpro, with Book, thi Paymaster General will report to the 2d Au-
Chart of the adjoining coast, and of Cape Cod harbor, ditor this ole eus t of hideductious e taed on trte
from surveys and drawings, made under tie direction tarolls for th i ojc Vd t d
of Major J. Graham, of the U. Topographical By O obER .OF 1.o GREN. 2M.com ti
Engineers. It is drawn on the very liberal scale of R. JONES, .djt. Gem.
six inches to a mile, making a large map of four
sheets. So large a scale admits of a perfect delinea- .
tion of the features of the coast and harbor, and this Cu,, 5.., .
is executed in a very beautiful, and apparently exact
manner. The shading of the coast exhibits the lines, QUATEs, AR"Y ,r rE SomT, r
not only of ordinary high water, and of mean low wa- OCauto No, 37. ',/ WIitt', Oc. 27, 137.
ter, dedutced frino a great number of re..ifcf,.d "id l o t an s odiere oi t hle t I-itu ra l i en siek e a i oridng
but also the lines of'extreme low water I, '.. ", i uS iann't "OU O etide ci ittr1 t ail
of spring tides, and of extreme hi-i water. Lines ,'..m,', t n 'iditiolt to the live comi.uies now i
are also drawn around the whole coast .. ill be raised. e of these will
one fathom curve; also two, three, .. ,. be under the co ,antitd of'.Mr 'I t I..... 1.
fathom curves, showing the limis of those respective complete the regitimeit under Col. ., .
depths of water. The soundin.!;:e sand bars, and de- CurrY and Tyici-' atro placed under his comiman d, and
scription. of bottom are also indicated, as well as the will maie their rLports, returns, &e. to hiim.









ARlMY AND NAVY CHRONICLE. 351


2. The above-mentioned companies, when organized i General Stjff--Major L. Thomas, A. A. G., has re-
will be stationed as follows: a subaltern and twenty. paired to Florida to supply the place of Capt. G. H.
men of Capt. ii .: company, will be permanently Griffin, deceased; and Capt. WV. W. S. Bliss will sue-
located at For. 1I The remainder of the company coed Major Thomas in the office of the Adjutant General.
will be divided between Newnansville and Post No. 12. Quaritermaster's Department-Major Thomas F.
One subaltern and twenty men of the company now under Hunt lias been appointed Deputy Q. M. G vice Lt. Col.
Capt. Roberts, will blie permanently located at Fort Ma- Brant. resigned; Captain S. McRcc Quartermaster, vice
comb, (Suwannee shoals.) The head quarters of the iHunt, promoted. Lieuts. S. M. Plummer, 1st infy.
company will be at the Natural Bridge. The company j and A. C. Myers, 4th infy., Assistant Quartermasters,
now under Capt. Mason, will be stationed at Post No. vice McCrabb, deceased, and VMcBee, promoted.
15, Ocean Pond, and Fort Ward. The head quarters Corps of Engineers.--Lieut. Beauregard, relieved
of the company now under Capt. Bleach, will be at* from duty at Fort Adams, and directed toreportto Maj.
Fort Harlee. A subaltern and twenty men will Chase for duty at Pensacola.
be ..........:, i tonednd at Fort Hiclekman, Garcy's ...... -
For. I i...i and twenty men will be stationed at ', 7
Post No. 11. The Captain of the company now under -
Capt. Cone will report to Col. Whistler, who will as- U. S. VESSELS OF WAR REPORTED.
sign such stations as ,. .--e he -- .-- .- -.--..- to tlhe -O i a"( K
public service. Tle ...,... .... ....Tyner, MlD' EliR. '.EAN SQUADRON-SShip of the line Ohio, and
Wxill proceed to Post .. ,,, be dC sloolp Cyane, at Malon, Sept. 29, from the Levant, to
vided between that p i i .1- *, i. I nin g sail in a few days on a short cruise-all well.
videdbct r ruin g" ;" '- a soZil, SQ Ueoc--a-Razee Independence remained at
head quarters at No. S. The company to be raised by ze Independence remained at
Capt. Goldsborough, will be equally distributed between Rlio Janciro, Oct. 5.
Forts Gilmer and Moniac, the Captain selecting his I .ESTlNS q.ioi--The following is a list ofthe
station. One of the two remaining companies to be officers attached to e U. S. ship Warren:
raised under Col. Warren, will be equally divided be- W \. A. S "CEr, Esq., Commander; Lieutenants,
tween Warter's and Tyner's plantations The other James '. Ge3y, Joseph Lanman, Johns R. Tucker,
company will be equally divided between Fort Drane D 3'an. B pigey p.. ,, ., acti l' 1'caster, James VW.
and Macintosh's plantation. Major Loomis will desig- .'ooke; Purser, T...... .i Taylor; .-, ...
nate an officer to muster the three additional companies "" '. allett.. Boudinot, n st
into service, when they are in readiness.. B dot Joh Guest,
3. Company B, 2d infantry, will proceed imncdiately'- elix G. Mayson vm, A. Webb, G. D. Lemoine
to Garey's Ferry, and relieve company G, 1st inflintry. '2 .... .....s ,. Capy a nsClerk,
lWhen relieved, company G will proceed to F ort Wa ... **. I. "' mur Jo.
cissa, Middle Florida, and report to Col. Javenport. sep W. P into; Sa ake, Madison
4. Capt. Kingsbury, 2d infantry, with his company, ----- -.
E, will proceed to Fort White, and roll- .....,- .. I // l ,
Upon being relieved, Lieut. Lovell, ....., I .11
proceed to St. Augustine and relieve company B, 1st ORDERS.
infantry, which latter will then move without delay to Nov. 19-Commo. E. P. Kennedy, command of navy
Fort Wacissa, Middle Florida, and report to Col. Da- yard, Washington.
venport. Commo. J. Rllenshaw, command of navy yard and sta-
5. On the arrival of the Volunteers at Posts No. S tion, New York.
and 9, and at Forts Moniac and Gilmer, companies U, 22 Licuts. II. Eagle, and IHI.W. Morris,Rendezvous,
and K, 1st infantry, and companies A and G, 2d infantry, New York.
will hold themselves in complete readiness to proceed to Licut H. A Adams, receiving ship, New York.
Middle Florida. 23-Acting IMaster Thomas Goin, Rendezvous, do.
6. Fort Gille'land, w'arter's and Tyner's, (Vaccasas- List of officers ordered to the frig-ate United States.
sa,) No. S, (PortFanning,) No. 9; Fort White, Natural Commodore CUaLES G. RcmoE, Cosissoadcar ofsea-
Bridge, No. 15, No. 16, No. 17, will be under the corn- val forces on the coast of Brazil.
mand of Col. WVarren, F. V. M ., who will report direct Captain L.aWRENCE Klu'I.kN.
to these Head Quarters. Lieutenants, L. M. Goldsborough, John Marston, WV.
7. The remaining Posts in East Florida, West of the S. Ogden, H. II. Bell, A. B. Fairfax, C. H. Kennedy,
St. Johns, will remain as at present, under the command John DeCamp.
of Col. Whistler, 7th infantry. Fleet Surgeon, A. A. Adee; Ass't. Surgeons, WV. J
S. The commanding General confidently expects the Powell, E. H. Conwayi Purser, S. P. Todd3 M1faster,
most effective service from the volunteers,now sufficient Paed. Freh. G. Grant,
in number to give the most ample protection to the per- IV. Dty, en. Grant, W.S. Rinoldobeson.
sons and property of the people. The field officers will ") y r- .. Laoertson.
make frequent visits to the Posts under their command, Cos 'sn 1. L Dance C We"sto John Stuart, J. .
and promptly cause tlhe arrest of any officer, non- "r'sas, 1.L.. Dn'c '.t'.n .o Stuart, S.
commissioned officer, or private, who may fail to do al gg l s, C. C Silmms, F. !. Hu mpilirey,
his dotc. R. Randolph, R. C. Rodgers, J. D. Bullock, NR. W.
S Fi Shufeldt, M. C. Perry.
9. Col. F. R. Sanchez, of Alachua county, will be Professor of mathematics, Joel Grant.
mustered into service as Lieut. Colonel of the Volun- Boalsiain, V. R. Hall; Gunner, E. W. Disney;
teer regiment. The .1. ...* will be nominated by Col. Carpenter, D. Marple; Sailmaker, J. Faxon.
Warren, and mustered into service at the same time Miarine officer, 1st Lieut. T. A. Brady.
with the Lieut. Colonel. Two Medical Officers will
lie allowed as Assistant Surgeons to the regiment. /f. r
10. The i.. .; .,: officer will receive none but able
bodied and ..-i. ... ..i men, and horses. Each company At Fort Shelling, I. T., on the 4th Sept., bythe Rev.
will be organized as follows: one Captain, one 1st E. G. GEAR, Licut. S. WHITEHORN, U. S. Arumy"
Lieutenant one 2d Lientenant, four Sergeants, four to Miss MARY ELIZA.,YTH GEAR.
Corporals, and sixty-eight privates.
11.. The officers of the Quarter Masters' and Corn- MILITARY LAW OF THIE UNITED STATES,
lmiss:,ry Departments, will furnish the necessary sup r i- ., ,vork w1as cor aild Col. TRiUE.eN CReOSS, Of
phlics, oec., upon due notice and proper requisitiolns. n.- army, andI conilains allI th laws in relation to the
By order of Brig. Gen. TAv ioi: Army, Marine Corps, MAilitia, and Volunteers, from 1774 to :1838
WM. G1'UANDIN, Or,dc.s for the work, addre-sct, p|os paid, to GEOtRGE TE.NI-
A. D. C. i 1. A. GPneral. EMAN the pibllishe Waihingti City, will be promptly
Nov. 14-3m










ARMY AND NAVY CHRONICLE.


At Pensacola, on the 9th Nov., of yellow fever, Mr.
WALTER WM. HAYS, of the U. S. navy, (late Mid.
on board the sloop of war Levant,) aged 20 years.
He died universally esteemed and beloved by his bro-
ther officers, relatives and acquaintances, and by them
deeply lamented.
At a meeting of the Midshipmen on board the U. S.
ship Levant, Pensacola Bay, on the 9th November, it
was
Resolved, That as a testimony of the deep regret they
feel at the untimely decease of their late companion andl
mllessmlate, WALTER I.st. HIvs, they wear, for the usual
period, the customary badge of mourning.
FOXHALL A. PARKER, Jr.
LYMAN R. LAW,
CHARLES BERTODY,
EDWARD T. NICHOLS,
JAMES It. MOORE,
C. M. MORRISl.
At Tampa, Florida, on the I th instant, Capt. I-I.
PEYTON, of the 2d artillery, Assistant Qurtermaster
U. S. army.
Also, Captain THOMAS BARKER, of tihe 1st infy.
Also, Mrs. MAiRTHA SEAWELL, wife of Capt.
W. Se.wkei., of the 7th infaintry.
At Fort Heileman, E. F., on the 19th instant, Mrs.
DORCAS HUNT, wife of Lt. Col. TuoMtas F. Hi iTr,
Dep'y Qr. Mir Gen. U. S. A
Of the yellow fever, at Houston, (Texas,) on the
22d October, where he had recently gone to receive a
commission as Lieutenant in the Texan navy, Mr.
CHAS. HENRY PIPER, late midshipman in the U. S.
navy, son of JAMES PIPeIe, Esq. of Baltimore.
REVOLUTIONARY SOLDIERS AND PATRIOTS.
The duty devolves upon us of announcing the death
of one of the oldest and most respectable citizens of
olaryland-tlie venerable Col. JOSIHUA GIST-who
died at his residence near Westminster, on Sunday
evening last, in the 94th year of his age. On Wednes-
day afternoon his remains were interred, after the usual
funeral rites, in his family burial ground, attended by a
very large assemblage of his friends and neighbors, and
by several military companions from Taney-Town, who
united in burying him with military honors.
Possessed of a constitution of unusual vigor, which
1iad been strengthened by temperance and active exer-
croise, his very protracted life had been exempt, in a
great degree, from the infirmities attendant upon old
age. It was only within a year or two past that his
physical energies began materially to decline, since
which period they have slowly yielded to the power of
time, rather than of disease, like the sear leaf of autumn,
that, by almost imperceptible degrees, obeys the influ-
ence of the changing season, till, its vitality at last ex-
tinct, it silently falls to the ground.
For upwards of seventy years Col. GIST has resided 9
on the patrimonial estate where he first established him-
self at the period of manhood, and where in his ever
open mansion, during that long series of years, he has
dispensed his generous hospitality, while at the same
time, he discharged the various other duties of a good
citizen. Through how eventful a period has hislife a
extended how various and importantthe revolutions in "
the social and political condition of both the new and
old world, has it been his lot to witness s
Like his distinguished brother, the gallant General
MOIIDECAI Gsr, ofr' the Maryland line, lie was an ar- d
dent and zealous patriot throughout the revolutionary ,
contest, and rendered important services in suppressing
the efforts of the disaffected, whose schemes lie watched p
and thwarted with unceasing vigilance and activity. d
Aware of his dissolution at no distant period, he long ,
since made all his arrangements to that event, with
singular exactness, extending them even to matters that
are usually left to surviving friends-and then, patient-
ly awaiting, its approachs he observed with christian and "
philosophic calmness the precept of the Roman poet,
Summum nee metuas diem, nee optes. ,
At Sidney Plains, N. Y., on the 4th instant, Colonel
WITTER JOIINSTON, aged 86 years.


He was a son of the Rev. William Johnston, who
was one of the first emigrants to that part of the valley
of the Susquehanna, lying in the State of Noew York.
At the age of 19 he came with his father to this place,
and with the exception of a few years during the war,
resided on the farm lie first purchased, till his death.
During that period, to escape the ferocity of the In-
dians, who were here collecting under Brant, the family
fled to Cherry Valley; and when that place was attack-
ed, they had only time to leave their house before it was
utterly destroyed. During this massacre, Col. John-
ston was in the fort, and assisted in burying- the unhap-
py victims, I. i i'. I the hands of savage cruelty.
In many respects lie was afterwards very active in
the service of his country ; lie accepted a lieutenant's
commission in Col. Willett's regiment of State troops,
raised for the defence of the frontiers, and with that
noble band, fully shared the hardships of that perilous
enterprise. When peace was proclaimed, lie was the
first to return to the valley, and, alone with the Indians,
spent one entire winter. With the exception of Indian
paths, there was then for fifty miles no improvement ;
and west of him lie knew of no white inhabitant. But
this unbroken wilderness of the West, was, during his
day, turned into fruitful and highly cultivated fields.
In 1808, lie united with the Congregationl Church, of
which lie was a consistent member and efficient officer.
He is now gathered to his fathers. In his last hours lie
enjoyed the consolations of religion, and met death with
unshaken confidence in the promises of his Saviour.-
Delaware Exayress.
At Sodus, i,. .. -... ...y, N. Y., on the 14th instant,
THADDEU i .' T, aged 79 years. Mr. Ban-
croft was a revolutionary soldier, and was in the army
at West Point at the time Arnold's treason was disco-
vered.
TRANSPORTATION OF STORES.
NAvY CoMMiSSIONE-s' OcFICE. Nov 13, 1839.
pROPOSALS, sealed and endorsed, will be received at this
office tidl 10 o'clock, A. M. of the i5h inst., lbfor the trans-
i h .. I visions and stores to lhaboIi.
I .i will be made from the Navy Yard at Norfolk,
Va., and will be in quanitity or bulk equ .1 to about 3,00 barrels;
of which about 750 are wet barrels, anl about 2,750 arc dry
hogsheads and barrels, or measurement goods ; the whole to be
taken in one ves, el which must be ready to commence loading oil
Monday, itc 9th of December next. Thie vessel olelred must ibe
able to carry the full amount of freight lir which she is offered
the capacity in barrels, of the vessel oflleredl, must be specified
and her iiamen and the place where she is t'" I-. -.,, I r-l.
should prove inii; liicient to carry the ill ..... .. .. .,,..
is offered, ti n per centum to b. diecducted fimnn the 'ic ,. .;
by tlc charter party, to cov er the injury to the United .r. :
but no freight to be paid beyond thile amount due for articles
which may be actually carried.
The rate or standing at the Insurance Olice minust be stated, and
no vessel w 11 be accepted until satisfactory reports shall be re-
ived of lier capacity and character, after surveys shall be made
ly order of their Coiimmissioners of the Navy.
The offers must specify the price asked for all barrels round
without discriininalon of wet or dry barrels, or measurement
oods ; live and a half clbic feet of measurement goods, and thir-
y gallons to the gauge of all casks, not usually called barrels,
lihatever they miay contain, to be considered as barrels.
No primage to be allowed, nor must any be asked in the pro-
posals.
The freight money will be paid in the United States, by the
Navy Agent, near the Navy b ard,Norfolk, or at such other place
9s shall be directed, within thirty days after proper certificates
.re exhibited to the said Navy Agent of the safe delivery of tile
argo, agreeably to the bills. I i .. .,. sy the United States
Navy Storckeeper i -it i ,. .... Navoal Oiliccr pre-
ent at tile place of I '
Fittren lay days to be allowed, exclusive of Sundays and hlli-
ays, at tle port of Mahon.
And dlie oilers iust ispccify tle rate of demurrage to be de-
Ilainded ill ceae of gi eater ltenlltion,.
Fuller information as to the nature of the stores and kind of
packages to be shipped, may be obtained upon application, it'
seemed necessary, to the Conmmandaut of the navy 'ard, Nor-
lk, Virginia. Nov. 14-td
ARMY, NAVY, AND MARINE UNIFORMS.
tilIN SMITH, (late of i'est -d respectfully beg
. leave to stale to the ofli-ers of corps, that lie has
eceeid froin Was]hingtoni City a copy of thle ew regulations,
. ,.. i. ithe drain, of the Topograplhical unifio-s ; and
S. .. i., the same wsill be puictually attended to, and for
carded with despatch.
N. B. Embroidered Engineer bells, and all Military equip
nentf furnished as usual, at 168 Pearl street, New Yort'City.
July 18-tf


852


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