The Albion, or, British, colonial, and foreign weekly gazette
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073840/00001
 Material Information
Title: The Albion, or, British, colonial, and foreign weekly gazette
Portion of title: British, colonial, and foreign weekly gazette
Running title: Albion
Physical Description: 35 v. : ; 34 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: J.S. Bartlett
Place of Publication: New-York
Creation Date: January 20, 1838
Publication Date: 1822-1856
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- New York (N.Y.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- New York County (N.Y.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- New York -- New York -- New York
Coordinates: 40.716667 x -74 ( Place of Publication )
Additional Physical Form: Available on microfilm from University Microfilms.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (June 22, 1822)-v. 11, no. 30 (Dec. 29, 1832) ; New ser., v. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 5, 1833)-new ser., v. 6, no. 52 (Dec. 28, 1838) ; new ser., v. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 5, 1839)-new ser., v. 15, no. 52 (Dec. 27, 1856).
Numbering Peculiarities: Issue for Oct. 20, 1827 misdated Oct. 19, 1827.
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering varies.
General Note: Previously classed as a periodical in LC.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 11306386
lccn - sn 86038019
System ID: UF00073840:00001
 Related Items
Preceded by: Anglo American
Succeeded by: Albion (New York, N.Y. : 1857)

Full Text



10 VOLS. AND 30 NOS. j m JijD (;" '4a % a4i 904 'a, BARCLAY STREET.

Oh! .mother, I have had a dream-a bright and glorious dream :
Methought I once more stood beside our mountain's rushing stream-
I saw the bright-eyed antelopes come bounding o'er the hills ;
- I heard again the Bans de Vachle-still through my heart it thrills.
gazed upon our happy home, and felt no longer weak-
So fresh and cool the summer breeze played o'er my feverish cheek ;
And on that breeze, so sweet and clear, came Zurich's silvery chimes.
Oh mother, how that dream recalled the thoughts of happier times !
The murmuring of our little brook, our birds on every tree-
The shepherd's pipe, the lowing herds, were welcome sounds to me :
And his kind voice, my early love's-nay, mother, do not chide !-
I felt delight, unknown so long, to see him by my side.
The wild flower blooms-how beautiful !-upon our mountain's brow ;
But take it from its native soil-it fades as I do now :
I pine amidst this stranger land. Oh let me see again
Our sunny skies, our fruitful vines, our cottage in the glen.
And tell me not of rank and power-the wealth that may be mine ;
Would you weave garlands of the spring around a ruined shrine ?
Oh what to me are eastern gems, or sparkling chains of gold ?
They cannot warm to joy-to life-a bosom growing cold.
I've tried to force this wayward heart to do my mother's will;
But though it break, it will not change-to him 'tis faithful still.
Then take me home, and let me breathe my mountain air once more ,
Or see me die-your cherished child-upon a foreign shore.

Strike the harp 'tis of Freedom and Beauty we sing,
Swell the chorus o'er mountain and sea;
And strike, strike again, till the glad echoes ring,
Here's long life, Victoria, to thee !
Where'er Albion's standard'floats over the brave
Let them welcome the soul-cheering strain,
Till our Navies shall hail it afar on the wave,
To peal it in thunder again !
Then hurrah for our Isle, as it slumbers in might,
With its sons cvor-dauntless .sd free :
And first in lie train of the lovely and bright-
Here's long life, Victoria, to thee
Let the minion of power to the Despot kneel down,
Let the slave kiss the rod, when it smites,
'Tis the scorn of the Briton, whose boast is a Throne,
Which in guarding he shields but his rights.
And around it while proudly, while fondly we cling,
Our peace-breathing motto shall be
"The triumph of Truth," while in chorus we sing,
Here's long life, Victoria, to thee!
Then hurrah for the Isle, as it slumbers in might,
With its sons ever dauntless and free;
And first in the train of the lovely and bright.
Here's long life, Victoria, to thee !

From iMrs. Bray's Letters on Devonshire."
The good dame busied herself in preparing such food as the house could
afford for the stranger's supper; and at length he retired to rest. Neither the
room nor the bedding were such as promised much comfort to a person accustom-
ed to the luxuries of polished life ; but as most things derive their value from
comparison, even so did these mean lodgings, for they appeared te him to be pos-
sessed of all that heart could desire, when he reflected how narrowly lie had es-
caped being perhaps frozen to death that night on the bleak moor. Before going
to rest he had observed in the chamber a -large oak-chest: it was somewhat
curious in form and ornament, and had the appearance of being of very great
antiquity. He noticed or made some remarks upon it to the old woman who had
lighted him up stairs in order to see that all things in his chamber might be as
comfortable as circumstances would admit for his repose. There was something,
he thought, shy and odd about the manner of the woman when he observed the
chest; and, after she was gone, he had half a mind to take a peep into it. Had
he been a daughter instead of a son of Eve he would most likely have done so ;
but, as it was, he forbore, and went to bed as fast as he could. He felt cold and
miserable, and who that does so can ever hope for a sound or refreshing sleep?
His was neither the one nor the other, for the woman and the chest haunted him
in his dreams ; and a hollow sound, as if behind his bed's head, suddenly started
him out of his first sleep, when a circumstance occurred which, like the ominous
voice to Macbeth, forbade him to sleep more. As he started up in bed, the first
thing lie saw was the old chest that had troubled him in his dreams. There it
lay in the silvery silence of the moonlight, looking cold and white, and, connect-
ed with his dream, a provoking and even alarming object of his curiosity. And
then he thought of the hollow sound which seemed to call him from his repose, and
the old woman's odd manner when lihe had talked to her about the chest, and the
reserve of her sturdy son, and, in short, the traveller's own imagination supplied
a thousand subjects of terror; indeed so active did it become in these moments
of alarm that it gave a tongue to the very silence of the night, and action even to
the most inanimate things ; for he looked and looked again, till he actually fan-
cied the lid of the chest began to move slowly up before his eyes !
He could endure no more ; but, starting from his bed, he rushed forward,
grasped the lid with trembling hands, and raised it at once. Who shall speak
his feelings when lie beheld what that fatal chest now disclosed 1-a human
corpse, stiff and cold, lay before his sight! So much was he overcome with the
horror of his feelings, that it was with extreme difficulty he could once more
reach the bed. How he passed the rest of the night he scarcely remembered ;
but one thought, but one fear, possessed and agonized his whole soul. He was
in the house of murderers he was a devoted victim there was no escape : for
where, even if he left the chamber, at such an hour, in such a night, where
should he find shelter, on the vast, frozen, and desolate moor! He had no arms,
hlihad no means of flight ; for if plunder and murder might be designed, he
would not be suffered to pass out, when the young man (now, in his apprehen-
sion, a common trafficker in the blood of the helpless) slept in the only room be-
low, and through which he must pass if he stirred from where he was. To
dwell on the thoughts and feelings of the traveller during that night of terror
would be an endless task ; rather lot me hasten to say that it was with the utmost
thankfulness, and not without some surprise, that he found himself alive and un-
d:sturbed by any midnight assassin, when the sun once more arose and threw the
shicerful light of day over the monotonous desolation of the moor. Under any
circumstances, and even in the midst of a desert, there is pleasure and animation
in the morning; like hope in the young heart, ;i ri,...Ia things beautiful. If
such are its efTects under ordinary circumstan,.. ,,,.. it have been to our
traveller, who hailed the renew'Ved day as an -..:,.. 'i renewed safety to his

own life7. He determined, however, to hasten away; to pay liberally, but to respect to the memory of the deceased ; whereas the object, if any there be, in
avoid doing or saying anything to awaken suspicion, making the dismal noise produced by a hireling's pulling a rope in a belfry is to
On descending to the kitchen he found the old woman and her son busily keep away the devils, and imps, and spirits from interfering with the passage of
employed in preparing no other fate for him than that of a good breakfast ; and the soul departed, in its flight towards heaven. The history of bells would fill
the son, who the night before was probably tired out with labour, had now lost more pages of my notes than I can spare-as it is, however, tolerably well known
what the gentleman fancied to have been a very surly humour. He gave his to the commonly enlightened, I regret that fact the less ; but of one thing I am
guest a country salutation, and hoping his honour had found good rest, pro- quite certain-whatever benefit might have been supposed, in the days of Popery,
ceeded to recommend the breakfast in the true spirit, though in a rough phrase, of to be derivable from tolling at so much per hour, the mischief done to society in
honest hospitality; particularly praising the broiled bacon, as Mother was Protestant countries, where we do not expect so much spiritual advantage from
reckoned to have a curious hand at salting un in.' the process, is obviously grave and serious. A sick man lies on his bed within a
Daylight, civility, and broiled bacon, the traveller new found to be most ex- few yards of a church-steeple ; in the wretchedness of his disorder he hears the
cellent remedies against the terrors, both real and otherwise, of his own imagina- hollow boom of the bell-" Who's dead is his first natural question.-" Poor
tion. The fright had disturbed his nerves, but the keen air of those high regions, Mr. Hawkins, Sir," says the nurse. What did he die of?" asks the patient,
and the savoury smell of a fine smoking rasher, were great restoratives. And flickering out of life.-" Of an abscess in the lungs," says the cummunicative
as none but heroes of the old school of romance ever live without eating, I must crone. Abscess in the lungs is the patient's disorder; every sound of the bell
say our gentleman gave convincing proofs that he understood very well the exer- produces upon his mind a new pang-a new excitement; and those who know
cise of the knife and fork. Indeed so much did he feel re-assured and elevated how intimately the mind and body are connected must know what the effect pro-
by the total extinction of all his personal fears, that, just as the good woman was ducible by this reiteration of the deathly evidence will be. With women under
broiling him another rasher, he out with the secret of the chest, and let them more delicate and trying circumstances its fatality has been established. Reform
know that he had been somewhat surprised by its contents ; venturing to ask, in it altogether.
a friendly tone, for an explanation of so remarkable a circumstance. Bless your However, the bell was tolled; and because Master Tom Falwasser was a
heart, your honour, 'tis nothing at all,' said the young man, 'tis only father !' young gentleman, the big bell tolled ; if he had been a poor child, no bell would
' Father your father !' cried the traveller, what do you mean 1' Why you see, have been tolled ; if he had been one of what are called the middling classes, a
your honour,' replied the peasant, 'the snaw being so thick, and making the roads smaller bell would have been tolled. But the big bell costs most to toll, inas-
so cledgey-like, when old father died, two weeks agon, we couldn't carry un to much as Durandua tells us, it being so much louder than the others, the devils
Tavistock to bury un; and so mother put un in the old box, and salted un in : are obliged to keep farther away to be out of its sound. If this be not disgust-
mother's a fine hand at salting un in.' ing mockery, what is I?-the ringing of bells at a wedding, if the people who pay
the ringers delight in campanology, is all very well; and we suppose by the length
of the peal, and the number of the bells, that no devils or imps will dare to annoy
THiE GURNEY PAPERS. NO. XI. the happy couple for a certain time. And yet look at the absurdity of that-to
[ Continued from the Albion of January 6.] pay a set of strangers, men who have never heard your names before, and never
About half-past two, Sniggs, armed with his check, departed, and Wells, who will again, to make a joyous sound, in the joyousness of which they take no
never could resist a joke-not unseemly to his cloth-directed my attention to part, and from being enthusiastic in making which they get their two or three
the uncertain course taken by the worthy apothecary from the hall-door down to- guineas, or less, as tho case may be,-for that which renders the absurdity the
wards the gates of Ashmead-there was an unconscious adherence to the line.-greater is, that they are thus joyous only ad valorem, the length and strength of
of beauty which would have delighted Hogarth himself. Whether the eleva- the spirit-stirring peal being uniformly proportioned to the amount disbursed.
tion of our practitioner was attributable more to the draught he had swallowed, To my ear the tolling was most discordant, and reminded me, as the same
or the draft which he had deposited in his pocket, we did not attempt to ascer- sound ever did, of that which I first heard in hastening to Teddington to receive
tain. Certain it was, that in the midst of his sorrow for Tom, he was happy for my mother's last blessing. The impression made upon me that morning never
himself, and I have no doubt saw before him a bright prospect of patronage and will, ever can be effaced ; and perhaps, after all, my rooted antipathy to bells
support from my poor dear brother-whose most sanguine hopes he had frustra- has its origin in that occurrence.
ted, by lending his involuntary aid to the removal, from this sublunary world of The day passed on till dinner-time, the usual time of meeting in a family. My
troubles, Master Thomas Filwasser. father-iti-law and I dined tite-a-tite. Mrs. 'Wells and Fanny were to come to
As soon as he was clear of the lodg'e, I sat down and wrote what I thought Harriet.-inthe evening-Lieutenantf.Marman was gone on a little excursion-for
the- l ... .,, .... .. i, ,c .) 1'r, 1 was rrei,'red. -'Wells seemed unconscious of the reason of his absence,
event, au.d r rr. him for particulars to the bearer. I ir,,.,iT-, m mi ir iii. --Tn.1 I, really hatiBg--hete-sagreeable "son ofMlas, --e..vani.sMat iurstirely
know what he wished me to do with regard to the necessary ceremonies to be called by the gentlemen of the press, was glad to let him and all his turmoils
performed, and assured him that his directions should be fulfilled to the letter. I sink into oblivion, while I still harped," as the immortal bard has it, upon the
made all proper enquiries after the two young ladies, and desired my best corn- one subject nearest my heart.
pliments to Mrs. Brandyball, whose letter I should have answered, had not the That Merman," said the Rector, is a very odd man, Gurney."
melancholy occurrence changed the whole course of events. I made Harriet Is he'!" said I.
join in the kindest remembrances to him, with a proper proportion of condo- His violence is quite extraordinary upon the most ordinary occasions," said
lence, and her best regards to his daughters, as he called, and, I believe, really Wells ; you know mr pretty well-you know I give and take-all fair in con-
fancied them ; and at last obtained her permission to send a civil message to the versation : and as I consider-nobody knows ,r'isli, '.:. be sure-but, as I con-
gentle B. herself. This, I admit, was extracted ; but as I argued that it was as sider myself, I take myself to be an average good-humoured man. Well, yes-
well to be at peace with all, at such a season, Harriet at last complied. terday, I was playfully discussing a variety of topics upon which he and I ordina
In less than an hour the horses came-the Sniggs boy, with the trunk and rily disagree, and after vindicating institutions which he underrates and vilifies,
bag, and the Sniggs himself, dressed in deep mourning, with a four-inch crape and maintaining principles which he ridicules, I happened to tell him an anec-
round his hat, and a face to match. I had a few minutes t-te--tate conversation dote-you know I am not over particular upon such points-which.occurred to
with him, in which I stated my wishes as to the manner in which he should ex- myself when I was for a short time examining-chaplain to my excellent connexion
plain most clearly how totally I had been incapacitated from paying any personal and patron the Bishop. A young man came for examination, and it so happened
attentions to poor Tom, and wound up our dialogue by saying to him, I think, that the Bishop had no Greek Testament at hand-the thing occurred in London
Mr. Sniggs, you had better not say anything about the cherry-brandy." -Bishop asked me-I- had not one, and so, without saying anything more, I
"Not a word," said Sniggs, looking excessively foolish, went and got hold of the first book I could find, and examined my young friend
This parting admonition I considered a master-piece of policy, inasmuch as, in Latin-he succeeded to my heart's content, but it so happened that the book
if he did not pursue the exact course I had laid down for him in his conversa- was Lucian Dc Mforei Peregrini, a tract which he wrote against Christianity. I
tion with Cuthbert, it reminded him that I had the fact in store to overthrow all told the thing as a joke, and this Merman drew up and looked grave, and went
his professions of unremitting attention to his amiable patient, off to the women, and I have never seen him since. I believe, by Jove, that a
Before the clock struck four, the carriage was ready, and all his traps being man ought never to joke with a dullard ; he takes as matter of fact that which is
disposed of, in and about the vehicle, the excellent apothecary deposited himself really matter of fun;-and, rely upon it, Merman is an ass, though I say it, who
in the inside, and the pale-faced urchin, with the glazed hat, having mounted into shouldn't."
the rumble, away they drove, to my inexpressible delight in having been so I had no idea," said I, that the Lieutenant was strait-laced."
strangely delivered from what could not have failed to be the most painful and "Nor I," said Wells, except in his uniform; nor does the history of his affair
embarrassing expedition I had ever undertaken, with Miss Maloney go quite smooth with me."
When the traveller was out of sight I proceeded to Harriet to announce the I saw by this reference to what had been a healed wound, that the Rector was
fact of his departure, and to deliberate upon the probable issue of his expedition, what may be called "'put out," and that Harriet when she spoke of the serious-
and then I found that Fanny and her lover had quarrelled ; the cause of their ness of the difference between the Lieutenant and her sister, was not altogether
quarrel I concluded was trifling, and, believing iln the certainty of the conse- wrong in treating it as a matter of importance.
quences of the irce emeorum, I merely smiled at the absurdity of their "fall out," The gentleman," said Wells, "has marched off; and between you and
as Miss Foxcroft would have called it. me, Gilbert, if he never was to march himself back again, I should not much
My dear Harriet," said I, we have enough upon our hands at present with care."
our own affairs, do not let us meddle with those of others; rely upon it the But," said 1, my dear Sir, matters seem to have gone so far now, and he
hostile parties will, before the day is over, make it up, kiss, and be friends has been so unequivocally received as one of the family, that -- "
again." Psha!" interrupted the Rector, what of that ? It requires time to know a
"I doubt that," said Harriet. "The cause of their difference I do not yet man. His manner last night was extremely offensive to me ; and from what I
know ; but Fanny hints at its being something important, and she is not a girl afterwards saw in the drawing-room, I don't think that the sequel was much more
to take offence unreasonably or hastily. Papa is not in the least aware of it, agreeable to Fanny."
whatever it is : however, this evening she will be here, and I shall know those "Fanny," said I, "is a kind-hearted, ingenuous girl, and devoted to you : and
particulars." if she thought that anything the Lieutenant said was meant to vex andannoy
I tell you, Harriet," said I, before this evening comes the quarrel will be you, my belief is that she would seriously resent it."
over, so let us talk of matters more immediately interesting. It strikes me that So do I," said Wells, "and-this is of course between ourselves-my no-
Cuthbert will wish poor Tom to be buried somewhere near his present residence, tion is-I may be wrong-that the way in which lie caught up a mere fact-a.
which, I think, seems likely to be a permanent one ; in that case I shall, of truth-a thing which did occur, but which I perhaps might as well not have repeat-
course, consider it my duty to accompany his remains. My meeting with Cuth- ed, except as I did repeat it under my own roof, and in what I considered my own
bert will, however painful, be less irksome than it would be at present, inasmuch fainily, was attributable to some new change in his affair with his aunt and the
as he will be acquainted with all the melancholy facts of the case." fortune ; and that the indignation which he expressed at the mode in which he
You must act as your judgment dictates," said Harriet, "and according to had been treated by the heiress, has been by some means or other modified and
circumstances. My belief is, that he is so completely under the influence of moderated, and that he is now anxious, late as it is in the course of our negotia-
Mrs. Brandyball, that it is to her we have to look for instructions." tion, to break off the connexion."
I have ino doubt," said 1, that her object will be to cast all possible blame 11' Fanny say Yea," exclaimed I, let it. he so-he is not the man to make
upon us; and certainly, if I am likely to be subjected to any censure from Cuth- any woman happy, and much less my sister-in-law."
bert in her presence or under her suggestion, I shall altogether abstain from visit- I hliav heard nothing," said Wells, of what occurred between Fan and him.
ing him, let the consequences be what they may." 1 merely spoke of his extraordinary conduct, and a determination on my own
It is hardly worth recording the various conversations which occurred between part not to submit to a line of behaviour which hlie is by no means entitled to adopt
Harriet and myself upon this engrossing and embarrassing topic. The tone and in my house."
spirit of her observations and suggestions evinced a higher degree of indignation I now' began to think, from seeing Wells infinitely moic excited than I had
towards Cuthbert's weakness, and a greater restlessness under the weight of his ever found mlu, that the quarrel between Fanny aundl her intended was a mighty
previous favours, than I could induce myself to feel. To be sure, the tie of rela- pretty quarrel as it stood," and that however far advanced the negotiations of the
tionship which moderated e my sentiments upon his extraordinary conduct was not higih contracting powers actually were, I might even yet have the satisfaction of
binding upon her ; but I must say that I never expected to see her sO much ex- seeingg thelm frustrated. It must be adlmittcd that the little contreicmps occur-
cited upon any serious subject as she was, whenever the dependency of our posi- ring at the moment was somewhat unseasonable, and vet I can scarcely -iy t why
tion made itself evident in tlie course of our discussions. I 'id not so mnimch dislike it, ina mach as it, presented a diversion ":n tihe
The windows of Ashmnead were darkened, and the heavy bell of Blissfol ld iary sen-c of liec word) from u tLche Siege of Troubles Iy whicut \we w-ra
church was tolled-a ceremony, by the way, originating in the grossest simiersti- assailed.
tion, and fraught with the greatest evil. Thruose who merely take things as they When I had enjoyed a te:c-,-t.:e v with Harriet, I found that Fany:.'s an .er as
come, and, like the mole, fancy they are very deep, when they are, in 'aci, close reg;arildd the ],itilen:mt was by no means l;-f',ouined. -ie, with neio.ier princi-
to the surface, consider tlce heivy swinging of the "passai bell" a matter of ple, rclioiotts oz; nwal, tla1t a .ybody i.ald evCr yeit covcre.: claoge to arcaign-

M T? mn m" ma, m

Januaryy 2T

Wells's conduct in describing-probably without any serious foundation-the cir- ter sides of her face, weeping as they thought became them, and in half an hour
cumstances of the examination. He, Merman, not knowing Lucian from Lucre- more a refection was prepared in the dining-room, at which, dragged away from
tius, and evidently seizing upon a point in conversation of no importance to him, my sanctum up-stairs, I presided, and Sniggs and the two mourning nymphs
at all events, to make a quarrel. Fanny told her sister that the mode in which assisted.
the Lieutenant spoke of her father, and his conduct as what he called himself, Wihat happened next day I reserve for the next portion of my notes.-[To be
a Christian preacher and teacher," was such that it was to her as incompre- coniltned.]j
sensible as it was unbearable-thiat he had reproached her with her want of for- -
tune; expressed in strong terms the condescension which he evinced on his THE PICKWICK PAPERS.
part, in returning to her after his disappointment; and in short, conducted him- CHAPTER LVI.
self with so much abruptness, to call it by no other term, that she had resolved IN WHICH THE PICKWICK CLUB is FINALLY DISSOLVED, AND EVERYTHING CON-
to take her own course upon it without communicating the details to her father, CLUDED TO THE SATISFACTION OF EVERYBODY.
whose high spirit, notwithstanding the difference of their ages and professions, For a whole week after the happy arrival of Mr. Winkle from Birmingham,
might lead him into some extremity with regard to his intended son-in-law, Mr. Pickwick and Sam Weller were from home all day long, only returning just
which would be most distressing under all circumstances, and probably disastrous in time for dinner, and then wearing an air of mystery and importance quite
under some. foreign to their natures. It was evident that very grave and eventful proceed-
The facts were these-what the motives to action on the part of Lieutenant ings were on foot, but various surmises were afloat respecting their precise cha-
Merman might be, remains to be explained-I admit that although I still dwelt racer. Some (among whom was Mr. Tupman) were disposed to think that Mr.
upon the one sad and important theme in which our destinies were unquestiona- Pickwick contemplated a matrimonial alliance, but this idea the ladies most
bly involved, I was not ill-pleased that this little contention had arisen, inasmuch strenuously repudiated ; others rather inclined to the belief that he had project-
as it naturally occupied Harriet's mind, and held out to me the prospect of gctti-in ed some distant tour, and was at present occupied in affecting the preliminary
rid of a connexion with a man the most odious I had ever fallen in with, and the arrangements, but this again was stoutly denied by Sam himself, who had une-
least likely, as I sincerely believed, to make my kind-hearted sister.in-law a happy quivocally stated, when cross-examined by Mary, that no new journeys were to
woman. be undertaken. At length, when thie brains of the whole party had been racked
Two days rolled on-the Lieutenant did not return-neither did Fanny receive for six louig days by unavailing speculation, it was unanimously resolved that
any letter from him ; and so far all that part of our family was involved in mys- Mr. Pickwick should be called upon to explain his conduct, and to state dis-
tery and surmise; not so we ; the morning of tie third day from poor Tomn's tinily why he had thus absented himself from the society of his admiring
death brought us a letter from Sniggs, who wrote word that he had arrived safely friends.
at Montpelier-that he had communicated the sad story to my poor brother Cuth- With this view, Mr. Wardle invited the full circle to dinner at the Adelphi,
bert, who was so much overcome as to be utterly unable to decide what he should and the decanters having been twice sent round, opened the business.
wish to have done. Sniggs added, in a postscript, that he had expressed him- We are all anxious to know," said the old gentleman, what we have done
self perfectly satisfied with his care and attention, and that of Mrs. Sniggs, to- to offend you, and to induce you to desert us and devote yourself to these solitary
wards the innocent sufferer; but regretted that when I knew the dear child was walks."
en the point of death, I had not gone to catch the last wishes of his life from his "Are you ?" said Mr. Pickwick. "It is singular enough that I had intended
dying lips, and that Mrs. Brandyball had said, sobbingly, It was most extraor- to volunteer a full explanation this very day, so if you will give me another glass
dinary how anybody so nearly connected with the dear boy could have abstained of wine I will satisfy your curiosity."
from visiting him in his illness." The decanters passed from hand to hand with unwonted briskness, and Mr.
Monstrous l" I exclaimed to myself. The woman knew that one visit Pickwick looking round on the faces of his friends with a cheerful smile, pro-
might have been as fatal as his constant occupation of his room at Ashmead- ceeded-
that the existence of my first and only infant, depended upon care and caution : "All the changes that have taken place among us," said Mr. Pickwick, I
and what she did not know, perhaps, was, that up to the moment when I abruptly mean the marriage that has taken place, and the marriage that will take place,
heard of his death, I was led on by the flattering representations of Sniggs to with the changes they involve, rendered it necessary for me to think soberly and
look for his recovery. These are the things that sting one to the 'heart-mis- at once upon my future plans. I determined on retiring to some quiet, pretty
representations, which one has no means of controverting. Sniggs said the way neighbourhood in the vicinity of London ;'I saw a house which exactly suited
Mrs. Brandyball was affected was something quite maternal, and added, "If you my fancy. I have taken it and furnished it. It is fully prepared for my recep-
could only see, my dear Sir, the devoted attention of this excellent lady to your tion, and I intend entering upon it at once, trusting that I may yet live to spend
dear brother, you would feel inclined to worship her." many quiet years in peaceful retirement ; cheered through life by the society of
This from Sniggs!!-" Et to Brute !"-and after what he had hinted-not to my friends, and followed in death by their affectionate remembrance."
me, but to Wells. This was indeed Here Mr. Pickwick paused, and alow murmur ran round the table.
the most unkindest cut of all!" "The house I have taken," said Mr. Pickwick, "is at Dulwich ; it has a large
garden, and is situated in one of the most pleasant spots near London. It hias
But it was perhaps natural-he was playing his game with Cuthbert-expatia- been fitted up with every attention to substantial comfort ; perhaps to a little ele-
ting on his carefulness, and watchfulness, and constant superintendence. If Mrs. gance besides ; but of that you shall judge for yourselves. Sam accompanies
Brandyball had occupied poor Tom's room at Snigg's two nights before he went me there. I have engaged, on Perker's representation, a housekeeper-a very
into it, and the cupboard had been open, my opinion is, that Tom would have old one-and such other servants as she thinks I shall require. I propose to
been alive now-for certain is it, that the searching eye and sensitive nose of the consecrate this little retreat by having a ceremony, in which I take a great inter-
convivial dame, would have discovered the potion which killed him, and would est, performed there. I wish, if my friend Wardle entertains no objection, that
only have comforted her. his daughter should be married from my new house, on the day I take posses-
Sniggs informed me that I was to hear again to-morrow, so that he had made sion of it. The happiness of young people," said Mr. Pickwick, a little moved,
good his footing at Montpelier; and then he tells me of the wonderful improve- has ever been the chief pleasure of nay life. It will warm my heart to wit-
ment in Kate's appearance even in that short time ; that Mrs. Brandyballthought ness the happiness of those friends who are dearest to me, beneath my own
Ashmead unwholesome ; that Jane was looking more rosy ; and that, although roof."
dreadfully upset by the melancholy intelligence he had received, Cuthbert him- I have communicated, both personally and by letter, with the club," resumed
self was marvellously better, as far as health went. Mr. Pickwick, acquainting them with my intention. During our long absence
When I read the letter to Harriet she perfectly coincided with me-Sniggs was it has suffered much from internal dissensions ; and the withdrawal of my name,
now joined in the conspiracy against us, and the influence of the Gorgon had coupled with this and other circumstances, has occasioned its dissolution. The
been successfully adopted to link him to the faction by which we were to be Pickwick Club exists no longer."
sacrificed. Still-we were left in suspense; not one line from Cuthbert to me- I shall never regret," said Mr. Pickwick in a low voice-" I shall never re-
not a syllable in the way of invitation thither-not a mention of when or where gret having devoted the greater part of two years to mixing with different varie-
the funeral was to be performed ; all things seemed to be at a stand still, waiting, ties and shades of human charictcr, frivolous as my pursuit of novelty may have
I suppose, until my unfortunate brother could be shaken out of his reverie to come appeared to many. Nearly the whole of my previous life having been devoted
to a resolution. to'business and the pursuit of wealth, numerous scenes of which I had no pre-
I confess Snigg's letter was something more than I expected-it was a new vious conception have dawned upon me--I hope to the enlargement of my mind,
grievance, a new affront. I had sent him in my own carriage, a messenger from and the improvement of my understanding. If I have done but little good, I
myself, and to receive his answer and not a word from the nearest relation I had trust I have done less harm, and that none of my adventures will be other than
in the world-no, not even Mrs. Brandyball had condescended to put pen to a source of amusing and pleasant recollections to me in the decline of life. God
paper. I felt myself now really fallen. arnd I am not ashamed tn.own that I sob- bless you all
bed with grief at the loss of a brother to whom I, and those who belong? -, l .,,..o...' ryurus, vmr. Pickwick inled and drained a bumper with a trembling
had devoted o,.vsyr offois and energy to make him happy and comfortable, and hand ; and his eyes moistened as his friends rose with one accord and pledged
who was happy and comfortable before this fiend in scarcely human shape had in- him from their hearts."
veigled him away from us. There were very few preparatory arrangements to be made for the marriage of
There was something in Snigg's letter which sounded reproachful, evi- Mr. Snodgrass. As he had neither father nor mother, and had been in his mineio-
dently dictated, or rather occasioned by other people; and, when I began to cal- rity a ward of Mr. Pickwick's, that gentleman was perfectly well acquainted within
culate and consider all the circumstances, I could not help beginning to fancy his possessions and prospects. Hlis account of both was quite satisfactory to
that there really was something in my conduct which might be construed into a Wardle-as almost any other account would have been, for the good old gentle
want of feeling, not only by Cuthbert, but even by the neighbours. The poor man was overflowing with hilarity and kindness-and a handsome portion having
boy had died in a strange house : he had been removed from the comforts of Ash- been bestowed upon Emily, the marriage was fixed to take place on the fourth
mead-comforts how secured l-to the apothecary's residence, without a rela- day from that time ; the suddenness of which preparations reduced three dress-
tion near him, and there he had died, and there his body lay ; but, then, the in- makers and a tailor to the extreme verge of insanity.
fection-true, but then the man who had been constantly in attendance upon Getting post horses to the carriage, old Wardle started off next day, to bring
him came to me. How can I describe the ten thousand feelings by which I his mother up to town. Communicating his intelligence to the old lady with
was assailed And yet I do declare that the loss of the mere favour of Cuth- characteristic impetuosity, she instantly fainted away, but being promptly revived,
bert in a worldly sense, perilous and destructive as it might be, was but a mole- ordered the brocaded silk gown to be packed up forthwith, and proceeded to re-
hill in comparison with the mountain-like load of grief I experienced at the de- late some circumstances of a similar nature attending the marriage of the eldest
privation of his love. daughter of lady Tollinglower, deceased, which occupied three hours in the re-
Well, the next day came ; no letter by the post. Mrs. Sniggs sent up her cital, and were not half finished at last.
compliments to beg to know whether we had heard from Mr. S.-Answer, not a Mrs. Trundle had to be informed of all the mighty preparations that were making
word.-This was very strange ; the funeral ought to take place as speedily as in London ; and being in a delicate state of health was informed thereof through
convenient ; she wondered she had not got a letter, and so on. To me the silence Mr. Trundle, lest the news should be too much for her; but it was not too much
was still more curious. However, as reason comes to one's aid even under the most for her, inasmuch as site at once wrote off to Muggleton to order a new cap and
trying circumstances, it at last struck me, and in that opinion Harriet agreed, a black satin gown, and moreover avowed her determination of being present at
that Sniggs would, himself return in the course of the day, and so supersede the ceremony. Hereupon Mr. Trundle called in the doctor, and the doctor said
the necessity of writing. We were not wrong ; but we were not entirely right; Mrs. Trundle ought to know best how she felt herself, to which Mrs. Trundle
we guessed the truth to a certain extent, but not the whole truth. At about replied that she felt herself quite equal to it, and that she had made up her mind
six o'clock, just as I was sitting down in my wife's room to enjoy a tlec- n-tcle to go ; upon which the doctor, who was a wise and discreet doctor, and knew
whiting and boiled chicken, a violent ringing at the gate announced an arrival; what was good for himself as well as for other people, said, that perhaps if Mrs.
dogs barked as usual, servants scuffled, and leaning over the balustrade, I heard Trundle stopped at home she might hurt herself more by fretting than by going,
Snigg's voice directing his pale-faced flunky to take care of his bag and box and so perhaps she had better go. And she did go ; the doctor with great attention
carry them home. I heard other voices, I thought, and a rustling of petticoats, sending in half a dozen of medicine to be drunk upon the road.
crossing the hall to the dinner-room, which was dark and unoccupied, for I was In addition to these points of distraction, Wardlo was entrusted with two small
settled in for a snug consolatory evening up-stairs. The rustling noise came letters to two small young ladies who were to act as bridesmaids ; upon the
forth again, and I heard my man say, "My master is up-stairs, Miss." I held receipt of which, the two young ladies were driven to despair, by having no
my breath and listened ; it was all true. Sniggs waited in the hall, as a gentle- things ready for so important an occasion, and no lim e o make them in-a
man not of the family ought to do, but in less than two minutes, I felt myself crcumnstancewhich appeared to afford the two worthy papasof the two smallyoung
embraced and my cheeks wettled with the tears of Miss Kitty Falwasser and her ladies rather a lteeling of satisfaction than otherwise. However, old frocks were
sister Jane. trimmed and now bonnets made, and the young ladies looked as well as could
"This," said I, gently repelling Kate's excessive warmth of manner, is a possibly have been expected of them ; and as they cried at the subsequent cere-
surprise.' mnony in the proper places and trembled at the right times, they acquitted them-
"Yes," said Kate, sobbing so that you might have heard her to the wine-cel- selves to tie admiration of all beholders.
Jar door; we could-not-let-poor dear Tom go to the grave without-some IHow thie two poor relations ever reached London-whether they walked, or
one who loved him being with-him ; and dear Pappy is not well enough to got behind coaches, or procured lifts in wagons, or carried each other-is uncer-
come-and dear Governess could not leave him-so-so-so we have come to tain, but there they were, before Wardle ; and the very first people that knocked
go to his funeral." at the door of Mr. Pickwick's house on the bridal morning, were the two poor
Jane, less violent in her grief, but more sincere, pressed my hand and wept relations, all smiles and shirt-collar.
silently. I saw she felt for the loss of her brother, uncouth as he was and harsh They were welcomed heartily though, for riches or poverty had no influence
to her ; for Jane was as different a creature from Kate as a discriminating obser- on Mr. Pickwick ; the new servants were all alacrity and readiness. Sam in a
ver of nature could well discover, most unrivalled state of high spirits and excitement, and Mary glowing with
"I am glad to see you, dears," said I: and I felt glad that the gallery round beauty and smart ribands.
the hall was not well lighted, lest my looks should not have entirely correspond- The bridegroom, who had been staying at the house for two or three days pre-
ed with my words. I will go and tell Harriet you are here ; your sudden ap- viously, sallied forth gallantly to Dulwich church to meet the bride, attended by
pearance in her room might flurry her." Mr. Pickwick, Ben Allen, Bob Sawyer, and Mr. Tupman, with Sam Weller out-
How is she, dear thing 1" said Iate. side, having at his button hole a white favour, the gift of his lady love, and clad
Oh, quite well," said I; and how is my brother's health in a new and gorgeous suit of livery invented expressly for the occasion. They
"What, Pappy?" said Kate, who seemed scarcely to comprehend what I were met by the Wardles, and the Winkles, and time bride and bridesmaids, and
meant by the fraternal appellation. He is pretty well in health, dear ; but so the Trundles ; and the ceremony having been performed, the coaches rattled
shocked at the news, that we thought he would have died ; I think he would if back to Mr. Pickwick's to breakfast, where little Mr. Perker already awaited
Mr. Sniggs hadn't been there." them.
"He thought you would have come to him," said Jane; and your not coming Here., all the light clouds of the more solemn part of the proceedings passed
I think, vexed hni a good deal." away ; every face shone forth joyously, and nothing was to be heard but con-
That's pleasant, thought I. However, it wasnecessary, now, that the thing had gratulations and commendations. Everything was so beautiful The lawn in
taken its present turn, that Harriet should be apprized of the state of affairs, and front, the garden behind, the miniature conservatory, the dining-room, the draw-
I accordinglyannounced the arrival, ing-room, the bed-rooms, the smokming-room, and above all the study with its
"I cannot look at Kate with patience," said Harriet. "I know why she has pictures and easy chairs, and old cabinets, and queer tables, aind books out of
come. What a silly, silly mau your p0oor dear brothers !" number, with a large cheerful window opening upon a pleasant lawn and corn.-
ouNever mind, sl I ; we have no course but one to pursue, so make up irnadulg a pretty landscape, just dotted here anid thcrc wif little houses al-
year mind to be cmii'"' most hiditcu by the trees; and tlen the curtains, and tbe'carpits, and the chairs,
Dear Gilbert," sadl HI riot giving me one of her kindest looks whatever and the sofas Everything was so I-.,i .r,,1 .-., ,,.. i so neat and in siuh ex-
you wi s me to do, I x o 'o if I d ; 't t e strtggle is a diriciult one, and not uire taste, said every body, that t.,. ,. irecidnrg what to admire
In five minutes tIhe young ladies wers kissing Harriet on the dexter and sinis- And in the midst of all this, stood Mr. Pickwick, his countenance lighted up

r~ir ftioiol.

_ _~13 _~~ __ __

with smiles, which the heart of no man, woman, or child, could resist: himself
the happiest of the group, shaking hands over and over again with the same peo-
ple, and when his own were not so employed, rubbing them with pleasure ; turn-
ing round in a different direction at every fresh expression of gratification or
curiosity, and inspiring every body with his looks of gladness and delight.
Breakfast is announced. Mr. Pickwick leads the old lady (who has been very
eloquent on the subject ot Lady Tollinglower), to the top of a long table ; War-
die takes the bottom, the friends arrange themselves on either side, Sam takes his.
station behind his master's chair, the laughing and talking cease ; Mr. Pickwick
having said grace, pauses for an instant and looks round hinm. As he does so, the
tears roll down his cheeks in the fullness of his joy.
Let us leave our old friend in one of those moments of unmixed happiness, of
which, if we seek them, there are ever some to cheer our transitory existence
here. There are dark shadows on the earth, but its lights are stronger in the con-
trast. Some men, like bats or owls, have better eyes for the darkness than for
the light ; we, who have no such optical powers, are better pleased to take our
last parting look at the visionary companions of many solitary hours, when the
brief sunshine of the world is blazing full upon them.

It is the fate of most men who mingle with the world and attain even the
prime of life, to make many real friends, and lose them in the course of nature.
It is the fate of all authors or chroniclers to create imaginary friends, and lose'
them in the course of art. Nor is this the full extent of their misfortunes ; for
they are required to furnish an account of them besides.
In compliance with this customrn-unquestionably a bad one-we subjoin
a few biographical words in relation to the party at Mr. Pickwick's assembled.
Mr. and Mrs. Winkle being fully received into favour by the old gentleman,
were shortly afterwards installed in a newly built house, not half a mile from
Mr. Pickwick's. Mr Winkle being engaged in the city as agent or town cor-
respondent of his father, exchanged his old costume for the ordinary dress of
Englishmen, and presented all the external appearance of a civilised christian
ever afterwards.
Mr. and Mrs. Snodgrass settled at Dingley Dell, where they purchased and
cultivated a small farm, more for occupation than profit. Mr. Snodgrass, being
occasionally abstracted and melancholy, is to this day reputed a great poet among
his friends and acquaintance, although we do not find that he has ever written
anything to encourage the belief. We know many celebrated characters,
literary, philosophical, and otherwise, who hold a high reputation on a similar
Mr. Tupman, when his friends married and Mr. Pickwick settled, took
lodgings at Richmond, where he has ever since resided. He walks constantly
on the Terrace during the summer months, with a youthful and janty air, which
has rendered him the admiration of the numerous elderly ladies of single condi-
tion, who reside in the vicinity. He lhas never proposed again.
Mr. Bob Sawyer, having previously passed through the Gazette, passed over
to Bengal, accompanied by Mr. Benjamin Alien, both gentlemen having received
surgical appointments from the East India Company. They each had the yel-
low lever fourteen times, and then resolved to try a little abstinence, since which
period they have been doing well.
Mrs. Bardell let lodgings to many conversable single gentlemen with great profit,
but never brought any mre actions for a breach of promise of marriage. Her
attorneys, Messrs. Dodson and Fogg, continue in business, from which they lealise-
a large income, and in which they are universally considered among the sharpest
of the sharp.
Sam Weller kept his word, and remained unmarried for two years. The old
housekeeper dying at the end of that time, Mr. Pickwick promoted Mary to the
situation, on condition of her marrying Mr. Weller at once which she did without
a murmur. From the circumstance of two sturdy little boys having been repeat-
edly seen at the gate of the back garden, we have reason to suppose that Sam has
some family.
The elder Mr. Weller drove a coach for twelve months, but being afflicted with
the gout, was compelled to retire. The contents of the pocket-book had been
so well invested for him, however, by Mr Pickwick, that he had a handsome in-
dependence to retire on, upon which he still lives at an excellent public-house
near Shooter's Hill, where he is quite reverenced as an oracle, boasting very much
of his intimacy with Mr. Pickwick, and retaining a most unconquerable aversion
to willows.
Mr. Pickwick himself continued to reside in his new house, employing his
leisure hours in arranging the memoranda which he afterwards presented to the
secretary of the once famous club, or in hearing Sam Weller read aloud, with
such remarks as suggested themselves to his mind, which never failed to afford
Mr. Pickwick great amusement. He was much troubled at first by the numer-
ous applications which were made to him by Mr. Snodgrass, Mr. Winkle, and
Mr. Trumble, to act as godfather to their offspring, but he has become used to it
now, and officiates as a matter of course. He never had occasion to regret his
bounty to Mr. Jingle, for both that person and Job Trotter became in time worthy
meminbers of society, although they have always steadily objected to return to the
scenes of their old haunts and temptations. liHe is somewhat infirm now, but he
retains all his former juvenility of spirit, and may still be frequently seen contem-
plating the pictures in the Dulwich Gallery, or enjoying a walk about the pleasant
neighborhood on a fine day. He is known by all the poor people about, who
never fail to take their hats off as he passes with great respect; the children
idolise him, and so indeed does tihe whole neighbourhood. Every year he repairs
to a large family merry-making at Mr. Wardle's ; on this, as on all other oc-
casions, he is invariably attended by tile faithful Sam, between whom and his
master there exists a steady and reciprocal attachment, which nothing but death
will sever.

[ Contuinted from the last Albion.]
Let us now turn to the Asierican's :-
In the morning, before eleven o'clock, even if you go out, you should not be
dressed. You would be stamped a parvenu if you were seen in anything better
than a respectable old frock-coat. If you remain at home, and are a bachelor, it
is permitted to receive visitors in a morning-gown. In summer, calico : in
winter, figured cloth, faced with fur. At a. dinner, of course, coat is indis-
pc'asable. The effect of a frock-coat is to conceal the height. If, therefore,
you are beneath the ordinary stature, or much above it, you should affect frock-
coats on all occasions that etiquette permits.'
The pith of the English opinions is contained in a section of the Hints on
It is in bad taste to dress in the extreme of fashion ; and, in general, those
onlydo so who have no other claim to distinction,-leave it, in these times, to
shopmeun, and pickpockets. '1 here are certain occasions, however, when 3ou
may dress as gaily as you please, observing the maxim of the ancient poet, to
be "great on great occasions." Men often think when they wear a fashionably-
cut coat, an emi roidered waistcoat, with a profusion of chains and other trinkets,
that they are well-dressed, entirely overlooking the less obtrusive, but more cer-
tain marks of a refined taste. Tie grand points arc-well made shoes, clean
gloves, a white pocket-handkerchief, and above all, an easy and graceful de-
portment.'-pp. 39, 40.
This i, pretty nearly in accordance with the maxim originally French :-' Ui
home bien chause6 et bien coill' peut so presenter I artout.' But
This aphorism,' says the author of the Code Civil, is false as the voice of
Madamine Boulanger. The man is not to consider himself well-dressed merely
because he wears a hat from Bandoni's and boots by Higgin. The coat by
Staub, the waistcoat by Moreau, tihe cravat and gloves from Walker's, will be
still indispensable. Lot it not be thought, however, that in citing these celebra-
ted names, we wish to show exclusiveness. The most modest tailor, the most
timid bootmaker dress a mina of taste with propriety : OCcst la tournure, la ma-
niire dce lio tcr la toilctic, qui en fait tote/c prixr.r'
The American author copies this remark with the change of a word. The
maxim," he says, "is as false as the voice of Mr. ," a celebrated English
actor, whose voice does not happen to be fal-e, whatever Madame Boulanger's
may be. We proceed with our extracts from the Hints:"-
"Do not affect singularity in dress, by wearing out-of-the-way hats, or gaudy
waistcoats, &c. and so become contemptibly conspicuous ; nothing is more easy
than to attract attention in such a manner since it requires neither sense nor
taste. A shrewd old gentleman said of one of these 'ninnies,' that "hie ioulRd
rather be takcu for a FOOL than not be noticed at all.' "
"Never affect the ruffianlyy' style of dress, unless, indeed, you hold a brilliant
position in society. A nobleman, or an exceedingly elegant and refined man,.
will occasionally disguise himself, and assume the ruffian,' as it anuises him to
remark the surprise of people at the contrast between his appearance and his
manners; but if you have no such pretensions, let your costume be as unosten-
tatious as possible, lest people only remark that 'your dress is as coarse as your
"Always wear your gloves in church or in a theatre."-pp. 40, 4'1.
We rather doubt the taste of cver assuming the ruilianly style of dress,
whatever your position in society and the notion of an exceeding elegant and
refined uman disguising himself in this manner is preposterous. The aphorism
regarding gloves is improved upon a little furlher on in the words of an anony-
mous lady of rank," who allowed the author fee access to her note-book. Her
ladyship's instructions run thus, lie very Italics being rer own:-
"Do inot insist upon pulling off your glove on a very hot day wiheni you shake
hands with a lady. If it be pf, why, all very well; but it is beiucr to run the
risk of leinsg considered unigallant, than to present a claiituy, ungloved handl.
-I/imIcls, p. nl.
Tins suggestion is no less remarkable for delicacy than acuteness. But xc -a


notwithstanding think it a duty to state that there is one high authority decided- He was a bachelor, which is a matter
ly opposed to her:- Of import both to virgin and to bride," &c. &c.
Q.-Is it proper, on entering a room, to take off the gloves to shake hands Honoured and honourable class [it is thus a section of the Code Civil, on-
with the company ? titled Celibalaires, commences], these gentlemen accept all the pleasures of
A.-It will always be correct for gentlemen to take off the glove of the society, and support none of the expense. They dine out, and are not bound to give
right hand; but ladies are allowed to keep on their gloves ; nevertheless, I dinners in return, Instead of taking a box by the year, they buy ar. admission
should not advise them to avail themselves of their privilege whezi they wish to for life ; their carriage only holds two, and they are never obliged to set down a
show respect, and especially to an intimate friend ; for friendship is so sacred, dowager. Weddings, christenings, fetes-nothing comes amiss to them. They
that not even the substance of a glove should interpose between the hands of are never called papa; they are not regularly assailed with milliners', stay-makers',
those who are united by sts influence. Be careful in the taking (,I the glove, and jewellers' bills. We never see them ruining themselves in suits for coin-
that you do so with ease and grace, avoiding all appearance of attending to your jugal rights : for them La Belle. M1re is destitute of point, and they yawn at La
hand when you ought to be attending to your friend."-Instructions in Etiquelte. Femmie Jalouse. They are never god-fathers from reciprocity ; they sleep in
So says Mr. James Pitt, Professor of Dancing, &c., and let no man rashly peace during the best part of the morning, leave balls when they like, and invest
deem him an incompetent authority. Ce june homme ira loin," said an old money in the funds."
French marquis of a debutant, "car ses mamnres sont bones, et il danse par- We must not quit this branch of our subject without notifying the existence of
taitcment bicn." Then, who better fitted Ior an arbiter clega.ntiarum than a pro- a class who set rules at defiance and mock all efforts at classification. They are
flessor of the art on which success in life so materially depends? In the cause thus described by Lady Chatterton :-
of friendship, moreover, it is to be hoped that even the "lady of rank" will not "Mr. Mordaunt was one of those men, or problems, of the world, the reason
object to encounter the risks delicately insinuated by her-or she may make an of whose success in society is so difficult to solve ; who, without being either
exception for warm weather, and be cold when the gentlemen look hot-or, as a agreeable, or handsome, or rich, are sought for by all dinner-givers and courted by
last resort, she may adopt the hint thrown out by a navy-captain at a Portsmouth every body. Three or fourth of such miraculous beings are well known in Lon-
ball, when his partner, a "lady of rank," suggested the propriety of his putting don ; and after due study and consideration the only proper solution of the
on his gloves before they led off: Oh, never mind me Ma'am : I shall wash mystery is, that one is considered an excellent judge of wine, another of horses,
my hands when I've done dancing.' and another of beauty. Mr. Mordaunt belonged to the last class, and gained his
The next 'Hint" is well worthy of attention : livelihood in fashionable society by making compliments."*
"Avoid wearing jewellery, unless it be in very good taste, and then only at No bad way either, and, if he did, there was no mystery to solve. Louis
proper seasons. This is the age of mosaic gold and other trash ; and by dint of XIV. has been called a man of genius on the strength of the delicate beauty of
swindling, any one may become flashy' at a small expense : recollect that his compliments, and Mordaunt might have been a man of genius on the same
every shop boy can coarsely imitate your outward and visible sign' if he choose ground, for aught that here appears to the contrary. Besides, celebrity of any
to save his money for that purpose. If you wall stand out in high and bold sort is a recognized title to success. But we have Mordaunts in our eye who have
relief,' endeavour to become eminent for some virtue or talent, that people may neither name, norfame, nor taste, nor pretensions to taste-who believe all Rhen-
say, There goes the celebrated (not the notorious) Mr. So-and-So.' ish wines to be hock,--are not even privileged to bow to Tattersall, and would
Many, however, who have actually acquired the qaiod monstrer digito proatr- cut an equally indifferent figure in discussing budding crops at Boodle's and bud-
euntliumn, and are in the full intoxication of celebrity, are little less anxious to ding beauties at White's ; yet they are asked everywhere from the mere force of
become notorious for some startling peculiarity of the sort. Balzac's cane, for association, and, like Pope's flies in amber, they stick--
instance, was long the talk of every salon in which the bearer presented himself, The things we know are neither rich nor rare,
and has actually given a title to a book, La Canne de Balzac, by Sophie Gay he things we know are neither rich nor rare,
the moral being the disadvantages of personal beauty to a man. The concluding Yet wonder how the devil they got there."
"Hint" is addressed to the ladies :- Having now described the principal qualifications required in the candidate, we
"It is a delicate subject to hint at the incongruities of a lady's dress, -yet, alas proceed to the consideration of the forms and observances which fall more directly
it forces itself upon our notice when we see a female attired with elaborate gor- within the province of Etiquette. The most essential of these are included int
geousness, picking her way along the sloppy streets, after a week's snow and a the works before us under the heads of The Visit, The Dinner, The Evening
three days' thaw, walking in a dress only fit for a carriage. When country Party, The Ball, Conversation, 4-c. 4-c.
people visit London, and see a lady enveloped in ermine and velvets, reclining in All agree in terming the salute la pierre de touche, by which any given person's
a carriage, they are apt to imagine it is the fashionable dress, and adopt it accord, proficiency in good-breeding may be estimated; and Gioja has devoted a long
ingly, overlooking the coronet emblazoned on the panels, and thatits occupants chapter to it, in the course of which he gives some amusing examples of its
a duchess or a marchioness at least, and that were the same person to walk, she varieties and modifications during different periods and in different quarters of
would be in a very different costume, and then only attended by a footman." the globe. In some countries, they rub noses; in others, they pull one another's
This is a piece of sound, sensible advice, and well calculated to lead to a good ears ; the Franks plucked out a hair and presented it ; the Japanese take off their
practical result; for of all the absurdities into which female students of fashiona- slippers when they meet. In some of the South-sea islands they spit in their
ble novels have fallen in their attempts to ape the envied heroines, there is none hands, and then rub your face for you ; in others, it is the height of politeness
more palpable than the style of dressing they have adopted for the streets. At to fling a jar of water over your friend. In Europe we nod, curtsey, shake hands,
the same time there is no necessity for supposing that every elegantly-dressed take off our hats, or kiss ; and the science consists in knowing on what occa-
woman in a carriage is a duchess or marchioness-for duchesses and marchion- sons, and with what persons, these respective modes of salutation are to be pur-
essess are by no means plentiful, as a quondam Irish senator with a big 0 before sued. Our Italian authority confines himself to the philosophy of the subject.
his name once found to his cost. He chanced to be discovered one afternoon The French, English, and American are more precise. The passage in the Code
by a friend at the corner of Square, attired in nankeen pantaloons, well Civil runs thus :-
calculated, in his own opinion, to exhibit the graces of his form. The friend There are a thousand modes of saluting, and the salute must be respect-
proposed a stroll into the park : "Not now, my dear fellow, for God's sake move ful, cordial, civil, affectionate, or familiar, according to the person to whom it is
on ; Pm waiting for a duchess who lives in the square." The story got wind, addressed. r
and he was in a fair way to become a general object of envy for his bonne for- "A fashion borrowed from our neighbours over the water is beginning to gain t
tune, until some jealous compatriot thought of referring to the Court Guide, to ground in Paris. We mention it as the only refinement itn politeness tobe found s
identify the frail scion of nobility, when lo and behold, there appeared to be amongst them. It is dandy, when you meet a lady elsewhere than in a room, not
only a single duchess then residing in the square, and sIhe the very last person in to salute her till she has given some token of recognition.
the world to form an attachment to an ogre-looking Irishman in nankeen. It is When, after tie salute, you engage in conversation with a superior or a lady,
to be feared, from one of his remarks at the Bath swarry," that Mr. Samuel you should remain hat in hand until invited once, at least, to put it oni.s
seller has fallen into a somewhat similar mistake : I don't think I can do The ladies salute indiflernt acqauaintances by an inclination of the head, c
with anything under a female markis. I might take up with a young uoman o' and friends by a movement of the hand. Happy the man for whom a rapid r
large property as had'nt a title, if she made wery fierce love to me -not else." glance supplies the place of form !"
The above passages are all we find on the subject of ladies dress in these The Philadelphia Solon copies most of this without acknowledgment, and pro-
books ; whether it be that the writers wish to acquire a character for discretion ceeds :-
(for if, as Madame de Genlis says, there is no woman who has not at least "If you remove your hat, you need not at the same time bend the dorsal
one secret de toilette, a complete book on the subject would be a revelation vertcbre of your body, unless you wish to be very reverential, as in saluting a
of the most cherished secrets of the sex)-or that they know nothing about bishop. b
the matter, or that they are fearful of embarking on so wide a field of "It is a mark of high breeding not to speak to a lady in the street, until you
speculation. This, at all events, is our own case, and we have, moreover, a perceive that she has noticed you by an inclination of the head.
vague half-formed notion that some time or other we may make dress in all it- Some ladies curtsey in the street, a movement not gracefully consistent with a
relations, ramifications and influences-moral, physical, social, and political--the loconmotion; they Rltould always b1-'. c
subject of an article. We shall now merely pause to make the amende honourable "It an individual of the lowest rank, or without any rank at all, takes off his n
to the French, whose women certainly dress better than any other women in the hat to you, you should do the same in return. A bow, says La Fontaine, is a to
world ; and no wonder, for their whole souls are in the cause, and the best part note drawn at sight. If you acknowledge it, you must pay the full amount. t
of their every day is spent in choosing, trying, comparing, criticising-a cap, a The two best-bred men in England, Charles the II. and George IV., never failed n
bonnet, or a gown. Votre chapeau vous va come un ange.' Vous &0cs coigfic to take off their hats to the meanest of their subjects." p
i ravir.' Cc bonnet est d'un goit charmant.' 'Bieu mise vous /ces tire a Itis related of George IV., when Prince of Wales, that he was once observed fi
qualre epingles.' Cher-j-le I crois bien-mais combien, dites votes, pour la to bow to every one in the street who saluted him, till he came to the man who c
dentelle ?' Such are the phrases you hear murmuring round you in a salon at swept the crossing, whom he passed without notice. The question whether he b
Paris, the men being equally aufait of them : nay, the very journalists catch was right in making this exception is gravely discussed by one of these law- u
inspiration from the theme, and insteadof dry catalogues of tulle and blonde and givers-who finally decides in the Prince's favour:-" To salute a beggar with- e
gros de Na4pes, such as fill the columns of the English newspaper the day after a out giving him anything would be a mockery, and to stop for the purpose of a
draw-,--"room or fancy ball, we read of robes confectionnces a mierveille, or silk bestowing a sixpence would wear the semblance of ostentation in a prince."
d'un eritaa e ''.- de snuces ;' and not content with enthusiastically comme- "Avoid (continues the American) condescending bows to your friends and t
moratin the graces snatch beyond the reach of art-the fascinating caprices equals. If you meet a rich parvenu whose consequence you wish to reprove, r
de toilet-o a Recamier a de he a e isance, or a L Hon they have you may salute him in a very patronizing manner, or else, in acknowledging his
often been known of late to throw all petty lings of national rivalry aside for bow, look somewhat surprised and say, Mister-eh--eh' a
the purpose of doing justice to the exquisite refin ents of an Englishwoman. bow tou e remarkably fine teeth you may smile affectionately upon the q
To our country's honour, belt said, the announcement ot 2 new poem by Byron bowee without sp have anything to say to any one in the street, especially a lady, ow- s
never excited a greater sensation amongst the teen of letters_ this descrip-e
tion of a new dress worn by a certain beautiful English duchess, periodically ever intimate you may be, doa not stop the person, but turn round and walk in
excites amongst the modest-of the continent. Then what genius is wbycompany-you can take leave at the end of the street.
excites amongst the mode of thetsinn.Thhen what genius is htown by "If there is any one of your acquaintance with whom you have a difference,
th artistes -with what devotion they apply themselves to their art, and at do not avoid looking at him, unless from the nature of things the quarrel is ne- a
fire, what souls, what elevation, what dignity, they infuse into it VWhen (tt< c-C*sqarily for life, It is almost always better to bow with cold civility, though
refer only to well-known and well-authenticated instances) we hear of one. s most always better to bo with cold c ty, though
French bonnet-maker's telling Lady D., on her remonstrating with him about the without speaking.
price of a hat-' Madame, parole d'honneur, il m'a coute trois nuits d'insomnie "As a general rule, never cut any one in the street; even political and steam- f
seulement pour l'imaginer ;' of the porter of another answering an inquiry for boat acquaintances should be noticed by the slightest movement in the
his master, Monsieur n'est pas visible, il compose'- of a third modestly accoun- worhl. If they presume to converse with you, or stop you, to introduce
ting for the sit of a plume by saying that he had fixed it in a moment of enthusi- their companion, it is tinC time to use your eye-glass a;; say, "I never knew pr
asmn: when we know that a milliner actually told one of the Duchess de Berri's you.'" r
ladies of honour, who came to command her attendance, that the Duchess must The instructions relating to the salute in the Hints on Etiquette '- are brief.
wait upon her : when we recall the names of Herbault, Victorine, Beaudran, The Italics are the writer's T-
Palmyre, Oudot-Manoury, &c. &c., and reflect that no other class of French "If you meet a lady of your acquaintance in the street, it is her part to notice ,!
artists have risen thus proudly superior to those of other countries but the cooks youfirst, unless, indeed, you are very intimate. The reason is, if you bow to a th
-is it, we ask, well possible to doubt that millinery and gastronomy are the arts in lady first, she may not choose to acknowledge you, and there is no remedy ; but
which the nation was predestined to shine, and that Paris is the city of all others if she bow to you, you, as a gentleman, cannot cut her. lo
in which the men excel in dressing dinners and the women in dressing them- "Never nod to a lady in the street, neither be satisfied with touching your hat, i
selves but take it off,-it is a courtesy tiher sex demands.

Excudent alli spirantia mollius ara,
Orabunt causes mohius-
Hiee tibi crunt artes.'
Age is a ticklish topic, and our sentiments regarding it depend upon and vary
with our years. Good Heavens, mamma, you wouldn't marry me to an old man
of thirty !' exclaims the Miss in one of Vanburgh's comedies, and we incline to
think that most misses in their teens would sympathise with her ; yet Madame
Sophie Gay asserts, we presume from her own experience, that a man of fifty-two
is more formidable than at any other age, and we could name some women
besides Ninon who have fascinated from sixteen to sixty. But this is a privilege
confined to married women and unmarried men. Indeed there is no such thing
as an old maid to be seen in French and Italian society : a woman prudently
takes refuge in a convent when she despairs of finding a parties : or, as was said
of the Duchesse de Longueville, eliee s sauvc sur la memeeplanche de /'ennui et de
l'enfer. In England there exists no such imperative necessity ; and there are
living instances of unmarried women arrived at or past a certain age (that most
uncertain age of all) filling a brilliant position in society ; but still the general
rule holds good, and we earnestly recommend all young ladies who wish to shine
i n the salon to got married with all possible dispatch. The principle is partially
indicated in Mrs. Norton's clover and amusing novel of Woman's Reward.'
"Pooh! my dear fellow," (said Lord Haslingden to a young captain in the
Blues, who was professing his dislike of girls and his preference for the society
of young married women,) a young married woman is only a girl, who belongs
to somebody else." Lord Byron is more explicit:-
However, I still think, with all due deference
To the fair single part of the creation,
That married ladies should preserve the preference
In tbte ah tte or general conversation ;
Because they know the world, and are at ease,
And being natural, naturally please."
His lordship has also touched with his wanted felicity on the privileges tacitly ac-
- corded to bachelors-

If you meet a friend in the street-in a coffee-house, shop, or indeed anys
public place, never address him by name, at least, not so loudly as that others may
hear it: sensitive people do not like to be shown up to strangers as Mr. *
Jones," or Smith," and so attract disagreeable notice. Accost your friend
quietly, and do not roar out "Ah Mr. Smith how do you do, Mr. Smithi" it
is very offensive, and shows a great want of proper delicacy."
To this maxim, according to another of these authors, may be added, "Never t
say how is your wifc, your husband, your mother, your grandmother &c., but a
how is Air. or Murs. Lo d or Lady ?" Two of the strangest offenders
against this rule were Nollckins the sculptor and Delpini the clown. Nollehins
invariably asked George III. when a sitting commenced, how his wife and famli-
ly were doing? and Delpini thus addressed the late Duke of York, in the hope
of inducing him to intercede with Sheridan for the payment of his salary : "Sare, (
if he no pay me soon, I shall be put in your papa's Bench,' meaning the RKing's
Bench Prison. It was Delpini, by the way, who, during the Gordon riots when
people, to protect themselves against thle mob, chalked No Popery on their doors,
by way of greater security chalked No Religion upon his. To proceed with our
quotations from the Hints :"-
Do not strain after great people, for, although they like the homage, inas- y
much as it flatters their vanity, yet they despise the dispenser of it. Pay them, l
however, all proper respect ; but do not forget what is due to yourself. s
If you have been in society with a nobleman, and should chance to meet
him elsewhere, leave it to him to speak first, or recognize you. If you claim his
acquaintance, you give him an opportunity of behaving superciliously to you, c
which would be as well avoided.
"An unfortunate clerk of the Treasury, who, because he was in the receipt
of a good salary, and being also a "triton among the minnows" of Clapham
Common, fancied himself a great man, dined at the Beef Steak Club, where he
sat next to a noble duke, who, desirous of putting him at case with himself, con-

Aunt Dorothy's Tale, or Geraldine Morton, a novel, in two volumes, vol. i. p. 56. This
novel is one of the be r '" : ,I 1 i..-:- i.;..: ., .;il i. ,i. things ; for marks
of suppressedpower.-..'. ,..-. ,,.. I .t,.' ,,., '- .u -. .. ,.A with the richest
stores of feeling', observation, aud thtoulght.


versed freely with him, yet probably forgot even the existence of such a person
half an hour afterwards. Meeting his Grace in the street some days after, and
encouraged by his previous condescension, the hero of the quill, bent on claim-
ing his acquaintance, accosted him in a familiar "hail fellow-well-met-ish" man-
ner,-" Al, my lord, how d'ye do?" The duke looked surprised. May I
know, Sir, to whom I have the honour of speaking ?" said his Grace, drawing up.
Oh why-don't you know We dined together at the Beef Steak Club the
other evening !-'l'.m Mi. TimMS OF THE TREASURY !"" Then," said the duke,
turning on his heel, "MeR. Ti-Ms oF rTHE TREASURY, I wish you a good morn-
Mr. Walker tolls a better story of George Selwyn, who happening to be at
Bath when it was nearly empty, was induced, for the mere purpose of killing
time, to cultivate the acquaintance of an elderly gentleman he was in the habit
of meeting at the rooms. In the height of the following season, Selwyn en-
countered his old associate in St. James's Street. He endeavoured to pass un-
noticed, but in vain. What, don't you recollect me ?" exclaimed the cuttee;
we became acquainted at Bath, you know." I recollect you perfectly," re-
plied Selwyn, and when I next go to Bath I shall be most happy to become ac-
quainted with you again."-[To be continued ]

By the author of "Ndsonian Rceminiscences."
The inspiring tune of the Roast Beef of Old England had just ceased its
echoes through the decks of his Majesty's sloop *, when her captain, bet-
ter known by the name of Mad Mac, than the more christian one given by his
godfathers and godmothers, accosted me as officer of the watch, though I was
first lieutenant-" Keep her close in shore, sir." And he stalked with all the
stateliness of a new-made commander down the companion ladder. How the
noble chief had attained the above cognomen I have no personal knowledge, but
report whispered something of outrageous passion nearly allied to insanity, and
of the reef-point of a topsail shot from under the hand of the man who was
tying it, by his pistol-ball. Be that as it may, from long experience I am
convinced of the truth of the observation of a celebrated counsellor, whose out-
of-the-way simile having excited the stare of the Court, pursued his address with
-"My lord, in fact, all men are mad at times, and this has been my mad
Captain Mac's madness assumed the offensive form of pride and austerity,
which nothing could soften but the magic name of a noble lady-some far-off
cousin, a hundred degrees removed. This magical word sometimes procured me
an invite and a share of a bottle of claret from the great bashaw.
Captain Mac," addressing my superior respectfully, I think it my duty to
mention that I feel it impossible, being new to the climate, to keep myself awake
at watch and watch, and liable to all calls, as first lieutenant, both by day and
night ; and as Mr Bennett has passed for lieutenant, we, that is, the second
lieutenant and myself, hope that you will permit either him or the master to take
the third watch."
Quarter-master," said the captain, "desire my clerk to bring me the Articles
of War. Now, sir, you will be pleased to attend to this. If any person in the
fleet shall sleep on his watch, he shall be punished with death.' So much for the
first part of yourrequest. For the latter, the master, and Mr. Bennett are not
commissioned officers, and I am instructed by the Admiralty to intrust his Majes-
ty's sloop with them alone."
He issued a written order that no boat should leave the ship without his spe-
cial commands, or sail be shortened, without his directions. These orders we
soon contrived to get rescinded in the following manner:-being all ready, we
allowed the squall to press the ship on her beam-ends, and then loudly called
down into the cabin that the masts would go or the brig upset, unless instantly
relieved. This would bring a screaming command from the sleeping commander,
to let fly everything, and he, for his own comfort, saw the necessity of leaving the
shortening of sail to the discretion of the officer of the watch.
The sloop anchored off Aruba to water. This small island is the resort of
smugglers, run-away slaves, and all kinds of run-aways, from the Spanish main.
The captain, after landing, let his gig return, without note or message. Towards
Sunset, the signal-man reported the captain on the beach, waving his handker-
chief. This conveyed an intimation. but could not set aside the written order
respecting the boats, which we were iod to obey on our peril.
"Are you sure, coxswain, that the captain sent no order about his gig !"
"None whatever, sir, but shove off, and go on board."
Very well, Mr. Pipes ; turn the bands up and hoist in the boats."
"Arn't I to go for the captain before dark, sir ?" said the coxswain.
Certainly not, for I have a written order that prevents me from sending a
The coxswain touched his hat, and, with a knowing smile, walked off.
When darkness ensued, a fire blazed on the beach, but the second lieutenant
nd myself were steady-going olicer., and could not act on a surmise that the
captain might want his boat, and send one in deflance--TTHis 'writeffn order-Ohl
to ; we knew the service better. So leaving orders with the officer of the watch,
o hoist out the boats at daylight, and send them for water, agreeable to his writ-
en orders before leaving, Dick Grant (the second luff) and myself joined our
nessmates at supper, and a merry supper it was, for one or the other of the mess
opped their heads up the companion, to see how well the captain managed his
ire, and their reports of its drooping or burning brightly weie received with un-
ontrolled bursts of laughter, for his tyranny and oppression had turned all our
better feelings into intense hatred. Let the censorious :;urr. to themselves hell
pon earth, and they will form but a faint idea of the misery'of a sloop command-
d by a morose, tyrannical disposition, then imagine the actors overgrown boys,
nd they will be near the truth.
At six xA.m. the officers were drawn up on the quarter-deck to receive the cap-
ain, who did not appear with his usual neatness of attire, and looked pale with
age. The boatswain's shrill pipe manned the side, and the officers uncovered a&
Captain Mac stepped on the deck of his Majesty's sloop.--" I ask you, sir,
s first lieutenant, in the presence of your brother officers, if you were not ac-
uainted with my being on the beach, and waving for my boat yesterday, about
t was not only reported to me, but I saw you myself."
"Then what could induce you to keep me all night among a set of villains that
am astonished did not cut my throat for my epaulettes'!"
"This order, Captain Mac, and the dread we all entertain of being brought to
court-martial for disobedience,"
He snatched the paper I held to him, and tore it to atoms.
If I die of the fever I am now suffering under, you are my murderer, and I
ear, gentlemen, you are all aiding and assisting."
And down he went this cot.
The doctor in a short time relieved our anxiety by information that his illness
roceeded from suppressed passion more than from the fever of the climate. He
covered but with no improvement in disposition.
This has been a long digression; hut now to return to my tale. We were
inning off the wind, along the island of Curaqoa, pretty close in-shore. Capt.
ac:" called I, down the companion, the course we are now steering will take
ie brig within point blank of the Dyke Fort."
"JKeep your course, sir; and if the blackguards dare to fire on us, cast
ose one of the carronades, and blow them into "-I should blush to write
" Gunners, clear away the foremast carronade ; give it elevation, and point it
'r the fort now opening the point."
At this moment a twelve-pounder from the battery whistled very melodiously
ver us.
" Their shot carry outside of us, sir."
This communication was unnecessary, for tile captain, with his mouth full,
speared on deck, anil with much spluttering, ordered the main-topsail to beo
brown aback, and the people to quarters; and we turned to with a good will, and
iswered their fire it fine style, tluowing a number of well-directed shot into the
Our commander, who prided himself on his gunnery, now pointed one of the
arronades, and fired, without taking out the monkey-tail.
The recoil of the gun threw it with furious violence between his legs, and his
scape was miraculous. A miss is as good as a mile," said the captain ; "but
hat signal is flying on board the commodore!"
" Our signal to come within hail."
" Fill the main-topsail-haul aboard the fore-tack."
And we passed under the stern of La Franchise.
" I aim delighted, sir," said Captain Murray, with the way in which you scaled
our guns; really it was very pretty firing; but I called you off for fear an un-
cky shot should cripple a lower mast or yard, as I cannot afford to lose a sloop
o efficient from the squadron."
HIere the polished manners of the commodore got the better of his love of
uth ; for "the discipline of the sloop was, as may be imagined, very so-so, and
apablo of improvement.
" Sir," said my good-natured chief, this brig is in very bad order."
" She is, sir," replied I, pulling off my hat.
"Then the fault must be yours or mine."
" Yours, sir, I think," again bowing.
"How will you make that appear, sir "
"In this way, sir ; by every effort you have endeavoured to lower me in the
stimation of tlhe crew, and this conduct to thie acecond officer is enough to disor-
anise a ship."
" Give me an instance, sir.









January 20,

"Yesterday, Captain Mac, you ordered me as first lieutenant of the sloop firstlieutenant of, but I prized his happiness too sincerely to place it under the
to lower down the jolly boat, and pick up an empty cask ; when I desired a mid- control of Captain Mac.
shipman to perform that duty, you countermanded it, and obliged me to do it my- St. Pierre, the author of the most beautiful of all pretty stories, Paul and
myself." Virginia," very prettily remarks in his studies of nature, "that where the great
0 you are a bit of a lawyer I see, sir, and I will avail myself of the first Creator places dangers, lie likewise gives the means of avoiding them by such
opportunity of breaking you." signs as must strike the most careless observer; for instance, the sea breaking on
Sir, I feel particularly obliged for your kind intentions, and shall guard against rocks or shoals creates a white foam, and the darker the night, the more plainly
them to the best of my power;" and with a low bow I quitted my amiable comn- it is seen. The voracious shark swims with a fin from his back, considerably
mander. above the water, and is obliged to turn that back to seize his prey. And from
The commodore made arrangements for storming the Dyke Fort on the night the same benificent principle and beautiful order observable throughout the crea-
of the day that we had cannonaded it. A hundred volunteers were to land at tion he makes the human countenance an index of the mind."
ten o'clock at night, under the command of Mr. Fleming, the first lieutenant of The hard lines of cruelty and cunning were so legibly impressed on Captain
La Franchise. I was honoured with the command of our quota from the brig, Mac's countenance as to become strongly repulsive, and I am convinced no hu-
namely, twenty picked seamen, armed with cutlasses, pistols, and pikes. Our man being ever felt, or could feel, affection for him ; there was an affectation of
party drew up on the beach on a very dark night, neither moon nor stars visible, suavity, and a smile playing round an ill-formed mouth, but it was hollow and
The storming party consisted of the same number of seamen from the four ships deceptive, and truly verified the scripture, "that the heart of man is deceitful
and twenty marines from La Franchise under one of their own lieutenauts-the above all things." His first appearance created in me a repelling sensation of
whole commanded.by as gallant a man as ever drew a sword, Fleming, first of the disgust and dislike, which I found on nearer acquaintance daily augmented.
commodore's frigate. My orders were to keep the party compact, by bringing How inexplicable is the attraction or repulsion of the human countenance, de-
up the rear. A Dutch guide moved with the forlorn hope in advance, composed noting in thie gentle sex those amiable and endearing virtues which, old as I am,
of a serjeant and six marines, and were followed at twelve paces by the remainder have inclined me to bow down and worship them as a superior race, nearer to
of the jollies with bayonets fixed. To the right face,"-and we moved off tie angels than frail humanity, and to such expressive faces the heart fills with af-
beach, striking into swampy ground, at a brisk pace. In a short time we found fection, and the hands spring to render service.
ourselves bewildered among high canes. A halt was called, and the Dutch guide
ordered to the commanding officer. I saw some confusion ill the van of our ALISON'S HISTORY OF THIE FRENCH REVO-
small party, and heard along the line, Officers to the front." On reaching
Fleming I found the Dutch guide had escaped, by an imposition practised on the LUTION.
advance, that he wished to communicate with the commanding officer. From From Blackwood's -':._.;s:
the height of the canes, and the darkness of the night, he easily contrived to All memoirs of the French Revolution have, to us, an inexpressible interest.
elude the vigilance of those he had devoted to destruction. Great consternation The rapidity, force, and vastness of its machinery fill the mind with a sense of
prevailed among the staff, which was not lessened by the sound of an alarm gun power unexampled in the tardy and simple contrivances of earlier overthrow.
from the fort. Evil as it was, it had a daring grasp, a remorseless violence, and an untameable
That sound directs us where we should go, and the quicker the better. Offi- fury, that transport us at once out of the ancient courses of human guilt, and
cers to your posts, and keep your men together. Double quick time, and follow bring the mind within view of shapes and thoughts that seem the denizens of a
me."' darker world. If the imagination of some great masters of the pencil or the
Thus spoke our gallant commander-and the party pushed rapidly on until pen were to be tasked to bring the spirits that minister to human mischief be-
stopped by a heavy volley, but ill directed, on our marine advance, who fell back fore the eye, and if that master were Raphael, or Shakspeare himself, we scarce-
on the main body. Close with the front," was vociferated along our line. I ly know where he could find more living resemblances of the demon than in the
thought I perceived a greater inclination for the opposite way ; and by threats, Robespierres and Dantons, the Barreres and the Napoleons ; in the chill counte-
with the point of the sword, had just closed with the front, when with a loud shout nances and fiery hearts, the calm and calculating malignity and the rabid thirst of
the Dutch party, who had fired on the advance, broke from their ambush, and blood ; the haughty contempt of human agonies, and the godless and defying ar-
crossed bayonets with our marine force. Lieutenant Fleming, who was at their rogance with which they went forth on their way to delusive and unsubstantial
head received a bayonet through his jacket, which was flying open. The thrust, power, trampling on altars and thrones.
which was intended for his heart, was made with such force, that the Dutchman The high approbation with which the public have received the preceding
fell from not meeting the expected resistance of his body ; and as he lay pros- volumes of Mr. Alison's History of the French Revolution, relieves us at once
trate and bareheaded, our gallant commander's sabre flashed even in the darkness from all appearance of partiality, and from all necessity for panegyric. No work
of night, and was in the act of descending on his head, when the Dutchman rose could have made such progress in national opinion without substantial qualities.
upon his knees, and with upraised hands implored thle mercy he ill deserved from Its vigour of research and its manliness of principle, its accurate knowledge and
his gallant opponent. The truly brave are always the most merciful ; and Lieu- its animation of style, have been the grounds of its remarkable public favour, as
tenant Fleming stayed the uplifted weapon, and with self-possession that did him they are the guarantees for its permanent popularity. The present volume, the
honour, collared the trembling wretch ; and under fear of instant death, compell- sixth of the series, advances in interest. The importance of its transactions
ed him to lead us to the Dyke Fort, into which we scrambled m thie best way we may be estimated from the fact, that the two years which this volume compre-
could. As my muscular power was not sufficient to get over the wall, with my ends, actually formed the pivot on which all the mighty events since their date
cutlass guarding my head, I, being then of slender make, contrived to crawl have turned ; that they exhibited at once the midnight and the dawn of European
through one of the embrasures, and found the fort in possession of the gallant liberty, the most boundless triumph of the universal oppressor, and the com-
Fleming, who, if alive, I believe, still remains a lieutenant up to this day ; his mencement of assured deliverance ; the laying of the heaviest fetter on the
noble captain dying shortly afterwards, his interest died with him neck of mankind, and the striking of that first great blow by which the civilized
When with difficulty I had crawled through the embrasure, all the time world was to be redeemed. The battles of Austerlitz in 1805, and of Jena in
expecting my qsietus in the shape of a ball, bayonet, or pike, as an intolerable 1806, had destroyed the resistance of central Europe. The military reputation
noise prevailed, interspersed with sunday sharp cracks from pistol and gun, with of Austria had been broken on the field, but a more condign calamity had fallen
pleasure I found myself again in an erect position, and taking a survey of the on Prussia. Her military existence had been extinguished. In the history of
scene before me. In the centre of the fort, drawn up with military precision, national overthrow, there never had been until that day so disastrous, desperate,
stood the jollies, headed by their officer, conversing with Lieutenant Fleming, who and crushing a result of a single battle. It was yet to have but one rival, that
was directing the seamen to prepare the guns-being seven twelve pounders-to illustrious encounter in which tile author of the rain of Prussia was to be buried
receive the flying camp of the Dutch commandant, whose fierce attack was mo- in the ruins of his tyrannical and infidel empire by the genius of Wellington and
mentarily expected. the hand of England. Prussia was destroyed in all the attributes that form a
I am glad to see you, youngster," said my bold commander ; I feaed you civilized power. Herbrilliant army was scattered in a day like a mist before a
were among the missing or dead." whirlwind. All her great fortresses fell at a summons, all her provinces were
Some lanterns were making darkness visible, and in my hurry to reach him, I overrun, all her revenues confiscated, all her laws abolished ;-yesterday she was
fell over a Dutchman in the agonies of deaths: he had been shot in the groin, and an independent kingdom, to-day she was a vassal province ; yesterday she was a
in a short time expired, great European power, taking on herself the restoration of Europe, and antici-
I congratulate you on youreasy conquest," said I. paring the triumphant struggle of its enemy-to-day she was prostrate, a prisoner,
"Easy enough of all conscience. Most of the fools went out to lay in ambush; and a slave, with her armour hewn from her, her strength dismembered, and her
had they remained in the fort, we should have found tough work of it ; but now hopes in the grave of her gallant soldiery ; yesterday she was Prussia, to-day she
we must prepare to receive the gallant Dutchman's flying camp. Take a lantern, was France.
and this Dutch prisoner will show you the magazine. See if they have cartridges It is difficult to account for tihe distinction of the calamities in Austria and
filled ; if not, prepare ten rounds for each gun ; and be careful you do not blow Prussia,-w.ithout looking rto some hin-he t... i hLe forUmnes of war. Among
us into the air, by firing the magazine. And, mister," to the marine officer, throw the many merits of Mr. Alison's history, we regard it as the most original and
out a line of picquets on the land side, the foremost one well advanced, with the most important, that he writes with the feelings of a Christian. No historian
orders, if alarmed, to fire, and fallback on the fort." has ever been more free from tihe mawkishness of sentiment or the sanctimony
Bearing a filthy lantern, whose dirty horn gave a dimlight, I followed my guide of phrase, which have been so unfortunately affected by writers calling themselves
down a flight of steps to the door of the magazine, which having forced open, I Christian, taking a learned yet unlaboured view of the mere human motives.
found a great quantity of powder, and many rounds of cartridges already filled, He investigates with pious yet manly dignity the sources of events in those
and forthwith proceeded to make my report. loftier councils from which all things come, to which tihe Christian alone can look,
Very well-we will hold this fort against any force they can send till day- and to which the Christian alone can pay the reverence due. Those feoolings pr-
light, when, after blowing it up, we will effect our retreat as we best can, to the dominate throughout the entire of these volumes. The French Revolution it-
boats ; you, or the marine-officer, visit the out-posts every fifteen minutes, as self was but a great development of Providential design, and no historian could
the utmost vigilance is necessary. The sign and countersign are Church and do justice to it except the man who acknowledged a Providence as the supreme
Chichester, which no foreigner can well pronounce." arbiter of human things. Going at least to the full extent of Mr. Alison's itm-
"Agreeably to orders, I scrambled over the wall, and with a light and hasty pressions on those subjects, we cannot look back upon the French triumphs in
step, a pistolin each hand, and a wary eye, I approached the different sentinels, Austria, Prussia, and Russia, but in the sense of unconscious agencies of a vast
who, fully conscious of the necessity of vigilance, at some distance challenged plan of retributive justice, and we think that we can discover even in the more
with Who goes there rounds, advanced rounds, and give the countersign ;" minute features of the vengeance, something proportionate to the peculiar offen-
at the same time making their muskets ring as they brought their bayonets ces of the sufferers. In the history of the Continent, no act of kingly treachery,
to thecharge position, and the clink of the cock fell sharp upon the ear- fraud, and blood had ever rivalled the partition of Poland. It combined at once
"Chichester and all's well," ended our interview, until I came upon the ad- the characters of all that we hate and despise ; it lihad the meanness of political
vanced one. tHe stood like a man thoroughly alarmed, and said hlie had heard swindling, the fury of national rapine, and the atrocity of military massacre.
female moans. "Hist !" said the soldier, and the sobs and heart-searching The great offender was Prussia-Austria and Russia were only the accomplices.
groans, in the soft voice of the gentler sex, broke the silence of the still night. The perfidy, subtlety, and merciless appetite for possession which characterized
Led by these mournful sounds, I passed the sentinel, and in some brtshwood I the conduct of Frederic II., made him the tempter, and would have been not un-
found a poor attenuated female, apparently of the half-cast, lying on the damp worthy of the original tempter of mankind. The conspirator kingdoms entered,
earth, with a dead infant in her arms. I conjectured that she had been shot with fatal readiness into the temptation, and were deeply punished, but it was up.
through the body in making her escape from thie fort, for her language ton nie on the serpent that time curse fell. Prussia had long owed a desperate compeensa-
was unintelligible, though her groans and sbrieks spoke the universal one of suif- lion to Europe. Frederic, infidel himself, had been the great patron of European
fering. I supported her head, and applied my canteen to her lips; the beverage infidelity. 'his encouragement of the French sciolists had mad.o infidelity
which she eagerly swallowed seemed to revive her, and with the maternal affec- fashionable amongst the higher ranks of the Continent. mphy a ti religion
tion so strongly implanted in woman's breast, whether black or white, she held were declared to be o '., and the Atheism --Prench evolution was the
her infant to me, seemingly unconscious of its death. I tried to raise her, with poisoned cup preaced by the hands of the Prussian kig. In de seasvolution wajustiche
the idea of supporting her to the fort, but her excessive agony when moved wasone, nd France, added into preernaturl strength by the drseaught,son justice-
obliged me to replace her, and I sat down, making my knees a pillow or her vege ierrenzy upon his kingdon e. segth by the
head. While cogitating on the best mode of affording relief to the poor forlorn 'lhns, while Austria was humbled by the defeat of her armies aid the capture
one, for I dared not risk the safety of the whole party by taking the advanced of Viena, a, d iRussia was assailed onof her armtier, and cod the captur
sentinel to my assistance, I heard his sharp challeigo uttered in ones of ar n1 chase victory ,y thessa was assacriice of her ancient capital, nrier and oer was ttepy-
and his still sharper shot, with his hasty retreat oh n the fort. Being well aware prose victory by the sacfi of her ancient capital, neither power was utterly
that no quarter would be given by the Dutch commandant, with that instinct true anrost warriors, shed in desperate encounter, and, even bin their blood was that of gal-
to nature, though it went to my heart to leave the wretched woman, I an nt warriors shed m des erate encounter, and, even in the moment of defeat, re-
plto nature, though it ent to helps, a rtnd to leave the watched oan, I again training vigour for future victory. But the wounds of Prussia were all but mor-
placed withy canteen otostips, and fled and that withe uch goo speedcco that tal ; the sword was exchanged only for the lash, and she was compelled not so
arrived withe outposts, cauwhosed tame flockinarm avg iorred tat he hefort, according to their u to follow the conqueror as a captive, as to drag his chariot in the harness of
orders. Time man who cauesed ithe alarm erared that lie heard time mees d aa slave. Her restoration after so great a fall was oie ofi the most remarkable
tread of infantry, and the prancing of horses, but I think the beating of his events in t es a tals of fallen ratios. This was one of the most remarkable
own heart must have deceived him. We remained on the watch, and made pario an f falln nations. Th was te punishment for te guilty
every disposition for a desperate defence, and as the day dawned, laid a train to It is equally remarkable that treachery to Poland seems to have been among
the magazine, and evacuated the fort, the marine force covering our retreat. tim i mediate sources of blth fall of Napoleomn. He unquestionably excited
"A volunteer to fire the train!" cried the commanding officer, aind several them into resistance of which eft all ofNapoleon. Heir masters,ionwasted a vast
stepped forward. Here we must regulate by length of legs, and a capacity to quantity of the national bloodft, amd fit tall y abandoned them to utters, wahopelested a vas
use them. John Wilson," calling to one of the volunteers, ",I have seen you of national independence. o hat radfies all this still morem to utter hopelessness
active in running up the rigging-I select you to fire the train when you hear the this vast ionalchinependence. hat renders all this still more extraordinary is, that
report of my pistol; and remember, you run for yourlife. Mr -tiv adds ast machiner y of retribution was set in motion to avenge the ruin of a
g me, leadf my p to the boater, yowhich I now seeyour life. Mr. -,"approachi address people who lihad long been the most fallen of Europe-powerless at home, inef-
ing me, lead tiae party to the boats, which I now see approaching tie each. fectual abroad, wasting away by intestine feud, and apparently preserved from the
Quicken your pace, as I am going to fire the train in five minutes grave only by the contemptuous negligence of Europe.
I heard the signal, and in an instant there arose a volume of flame, overhung Was it for tie purpose of showing that Providence ilSl not suffer its high laws
by a dense and heavy aloud, and for miles tie island shook, as if from anto be insulted in the instance of the most insiguificent nation ; and that, while
earthquake, while the fort, with all it contained, was scattered over the face of it leave n the chief punishments or rewards of individuals to another state of ex-
the country. Our gallant lieutenant, with his long-legged coadjutor, joined us in istenee, it enforces itse high moral on kingdoms by the promptitude of its visits-
perfect safety, and we entered our boats without crossing sabres with our flying tions in this wvorhl Ip
enemies. Glad to find myself on board the brig, unpleasant as she was, I had It is Now known to us, that the fate of Poland long exercised Napoleon's most
scarcely refreshed myself with clean linen, when a letter was put into my hands, anxious deliberation ; that she offered him he lar perpetual alliance as the price
which caused great astonishme, and in a great measure displeasure A ut of her indpedece-hr army, her whole military population, all te resources
ful relativeand without any pe first year ofon his pprenticeeip d quitted te plodi ings desh, ofa nation of sixteen millions of men against Russia, with whom he was on the
andLiverpool, had got impressioed buty La Francs, entered i se West din from verge of war-against Austria, whom he was determined to keep down at the risk
mizen-topman. He, thinipresseng I still reaindchise, an t as no serving is her as a of war-and against Prussia, whose crown he had cast under his feet, and had
lamzen-topman. Ie, m hinkw g I s til amel arenained time chiiel-f lee, vhore lm had determined to keep there. It is equally known that Napoleon wavered ; that he
last heorming-pard y on t, boath on tme pat recogniing my voice hile furmig tm was anxious to secure th force of Poland, bt equally anxious to escape the
storm"And so, mry donar t* b ," hi te prote "ionig frn m jori n ealutasy of Austria. In other wvords, that he was determined to gain what ad-
ledge of the comnoore. who is a perfect ge ntleman, yo will induce him to Mr ison tirom bott h, and to ch refusiatbothg in returndce Pon were
take mc on his qua ru deck.- This captainm itmrray didin ihe kindest and mosut olid. Within l efeetc to his jrudgen, tie ge'mers h Eiropenem opinion seete
gracious manner, ce .suring the youngster for not havi n made im nlf kno,' t to ave h a. c r- e o 'is judgment, the general European opinion seems
him before. 1 could have got itm aed midshipmaan on board the sloop I wa i per' m ocow etrart si. I was unqcuestionably the impression, at the
o| oscow retreat, hat f Napoleon had.. spent the year i .., ,, ,..,. -.

nizing Poland, and shaping her into the form of a great European kingdom, he
would have been enabled to fall on Russia with a force altogether irresistible. In
1812, what could lie fear from Austria, along whose frontier he was moving with
an army thrice the strength of that which had conquered her but six years before ?
From Prussia, what could he fear 1? She was his magazine, his treasury, his
barrack, and his high-road. The whole force of Poland was ready to take arms
at his bidding, and to take arms with more ardent enthusiasm, and a more
resolute sincerity, than any other allies that the world could offer. He might
have thus marched with a hundred thousand additional cavalry, the most fitting
for Russian warfare of any in Europe, uniting the wild impetuosity of the Tartar
with the disciplined steadiness of the European, and exerting both against the
enemy with fiery recollection of ancient hostility and immediate wrongs. If
there were difficulties connected with the habitual insubordination of Poland,
what man on earth was fitter to deal with those difficulties than Napoleon-the
man who had reduced the turbulence of the German severeignties into implicit
submission,-tthe man who, by a still more singular effort of his genius, had
reduced the republicanism of France into obedience,--combined the explosive
materials of the great rebellion at home into the manageable yet resistless material
of power abroad, and seizing the fiery spirits of anarchy in their full vi'our,
forced them to labour at the erection of a throne, which, with all the power, had
all the splendour of necromancy ? Even the delay of six months in Poland
would have brought him into a period of the year which alone was fit for warlike
operations in the north-would have given him time to seize both the two capitals
of North and South Russia-and, with Moscow and St. Petersburg, whether in
his hands or in ashes, would have forced Alexander to sign a ruinous peace, or
have driven him into his deserts, never to reascend the Russian throne, or have
a Russian throne to reascend.
And these opinions are not stated for the first time ; they were the universal
language of the period ; they were the language of his own camp, of his
council of officers, and even of himself. But his time was come. If ever a
spirit of delusion was commissioned for the undoing of a mighty criminal, it took
possession in that hour of the heart of the French Emperor. A precipitation, of
whichhe afterwards could not speak without astonishment, became the principle
of all his actions. All prudence was cast behind ; all remonstrance was unavail-
ing; he plunged into the Russian campaign on the verge of winter; rushed just
deep enough into the country to be incapable of resource if fortune failed, threw
his last stake, and from that instant was undone.
Napoleon's middle course, with respect to Poland, was the more remarkable
from its being a direct contradiction to his supreme maxim of policy, never to do
things by halves. He determined to inflame to the utmost point of indignation
the Polish provinces which belonged to Prussia, to be cautious in his addresses to
those which belonged to Russia, and to pass by the Austrian share of the parti-
tion in silence. The result was, that he finally disgusted the whole nation ; and
the people, sinking at once from enthusiasm, through the whole scale, to suspi-
cion, began to ask whether the restoration of Poland could rationally be expected
from the hand which had paralyzed the liberties of France?
The war with Russia was begun. Alexander, till now an auxiliary, was be-
come a principal; and for the first time in the history of modern Europe, the
grand trial was to be made between the strength of the West and the North.
The conflict had almost the interest of a great dramatic representation ; the
dashing intrepidity, fierce enterprise, and splendid discipline of the armies of
France, was on one side ; onm the other, the stern fortitude, iron perseverance,
and desperate determination of the army of Russia. The leaders on both sides,
exhibited an equal and an extraordinary contrast. Napoleon, the very genius of
war, subtle, profound, rapid, with an instinctive love of battle ; magnificent in
his conceptions, merciless in their execution, seeing nothing too lofty or too
deep to deter him, consumed with a passion for universal empire, and already
crowned with the laurels of unrivalled victories. Alexander, brave, calm, and
patriotic, compensating fur his inexperience in war by the sincerity of his inten-
tions ; for the narrowness of his military resources, by the vastness of his terri-
tory ; and possessing against all the casualties of fortune that noblest of all
courage which is to be found in the righteous cause. Yet it is a remarkable in-
stance of that neglect which often enfeebles the highest councils of mai, that
this great empire, on the very point of the most desperate of all struggles, could
muster but seventy-five thousand men to meet Napoleon, who, at the distance of
six hundred miles from France, with all Gennany to keep at bay, and with a mul-
titudo of corps employed in guarding the communications of this immense line,
was yet able to bring a hundred thousand veterans to the Vistula.
The first great action by which the contending forces were tried, was the bat-
tle of Pultusk. Among Mr. Alison's qualities for an historian, one of the most
admirable is the spirit of his military descriptions. Of this we now give a slight
The position of Pultusk is the only one in that country where the ground is
so far cleared of wood as to permit of any considerable armies combating each
other in a proper field of battle. An open and cultivated plain on this side of the
river Narew, there stretches out to the south and east of that town, which lies
on the banks of its meandering streami-a succession of thickets surrounded this
open space in all directions, excepting that on which the town lies ; and on the
inside of themin the ground rises to a semicircular ridge, from whence it gradually
slopes down towards the town on one side, and the forest on the other ; so that
it is impossible, till this barrier is surmounted, to get a glimpse even of the
buildings. There the Russians are drawn up in admirable order in two lines;
their left resting on the town of Pultusk, their right on the wood of Moszyn,
which skirted the little plain, the artillery in advance; but a cloud of Cossacks
swarmed in front of the array, and prevented either the forces or composition of
the onemy from being seen to the French as they advanced to the attack. Sacken
had tlihe command of the left ; Count Osierman Tolstoy of the right ; Barclay
de Tolly, with twelve battalions and ten squadrons, occupied a copsewood in
front of the right; Benningsen was stationed in the centre-names destinme-
immortal celebrity in future wars, and which, even at this distant f l. this
torian can hardly enumerate without a feeling of exultns' and r' thrilling is-
terest of former days." .on, anng
In this campaign, we are not to forge t it as fought in the depth of win-
ter-December 1806-that too northern winter ; and, if any conceivable
addition could be made to '..,e severity of the elements, that it was a winter in.
Poland, a vast northe:; table-land swept by the wind direct from the pole, almost
wholly a wilderness, naked of human habitation, and divided between marsh, in-
practicable fortZst, and plains as barren as the wilds of Scythia ;-thal it was to
these hidrleus solitudes that Napoleon brought tIhe gay and glittering battalions of
the 1 Z",th, to struggle against the inclement sky, the frozen ground, and the
.--ibussian steel. Dearly did France pay for her triumphs, but such are the prices
which ambition must pay for supremacy.
On the 26th of December, Marshal Lannes, at the head of five-and-thirty
thousand men, advanced to the attack. "'The woods which skirted the little
plain occupied by the Russian light troops in front of their position, were forced
by the French voltigeurs, after an obstinate resistance, and a battery which galled
their advance, and which could not be withdrawn, carried by assault; but no
sooner had Lannes, encouraged by this success, surmounted the crest of the
ridge, and advanced to the open plain,.than the cloud of Cossacks dispersed to the
right and left, and exposed to view ihe Russian army in two lines in admirable
order, with a hundred and twenty guns disposed along its front. Astonished,
but not panic-struck, by so formidable an opposition, Lannes still continued to
press forward ; and as his divisions successively cleared the thickets and advan-.
ced to the crest of the hill, they deployed into line. This operation, per-
formed under the fire of all the Russian cannon, to which the French had as
yet none of equal number to oppose, was executed with admirable discipline, but
attended with a very heavy loss, and the ground was already strewed with dead
bodies, when the line was so far formed as to enable a general charge to take
place. It was attended, however, with aery little success ; the soil, cut up by
the passage of so many horses and carriages, was in many places knee-deep of
mud; heavy snow-showers at intervals obscured the heavens and deprived the
French gunners of the sight of the enemy, while thle Russian batteries, in
position, and served with admirable skill, alike in light and darkness,
sent their fatal storm of grape and round shot through the ranks of the assail-
ants. Notwithstanding thlse obstacles, however, the French advanced with their
wanted intrepidity to the attack, and gradually the arrival of their successive
batteries rendered the fire of cannon on the opposite sides more equal. Suchet,
who commanded the first line, insensibly gained ground, especially on the right,
where the division of Barclay was stationed ; but Benningsen, seeing the dan-
ger, reinforced that gallant officer with fresh troops. A battalion of the French
infantry was broken and cut to pieces by the Russian horse, and the rout in that
quarter became so serious that Lannes was compelled to advance in person with
his reserve to repair the disorder. By these efforts the forward movement of the
Russians in that direction was arrested, and their victorious columns, charged in
flank while disordered by the rapidity of the advance, were forced to give ground,
and resume their former position in front of Pultusk."
The great battle of the campaign was now approaching, the battle of Prussich-
"By day-break the French army, headed by Murat, with his numerous and
terrible dragoons, were in motion to pursue the enemyc ; and as the Russians had
been much retarded during thie night by tihe passage of so many pieces of cannon
and waggons through thie narrow streets of Junkowo, they soon came up with
their roar-guard. By overwhelming numbers, thIe .Russians were forced from the
bridge of Borgfried ; but they rallied in the village, and fomnning barircades with
tiunmbrils, waggons and chariots, efiectually checked the advance of lth cii'mvn,
until the carriages in the rear uhad gol clear lurougl. mhin 'itcy retired, nhsi-
namely contesting every inch of ground, which lihn did with such effecr hat the
French lost fifteen hundred mcmi in the pursuit, uietho't inricting a ;reat!r lm---o-
on their adicrsaries. Nor wore any caninoti n; ch'ari,2i takein--a ,l-hi' '" d ] -'

,~a~s~o~Mu,,,a~r*~ZI~L-s~lu~- ~PLiICRUr IPP~- -~.-..~~~.. `.~~~L "---I'~~'-^"I~"1~~~ -`-.liau~nrrr~l~lI-a-xl^l I-L-nna--l-~~l__ -~~~I_~I Y _~__-~

rVilt arafou*

1838. M -0yrafest.

of the orderly nature of the retreat, and the heroism with which the rear-guard is this moment which the genius of Le Gros has selected for the inest and most f bird of paradse. A hato of white indian rpstrimeut with blonde, wil being rit
performed its duty, when it is recollected that Napoleon with eighty thousand inspired painting that exists of the Emperor, in that immortal work, which, ami ds placed by marabouts. The beautiful Madame N-- wore a dress of strip.
men, thundered in close pursuit; and that, forn the state of the reads, the march the false taste and artificial sentiments of Parisian society, lias re ed the sevel pemed, with small embossed bouquets. The ground was a sea-green colour; the
which had been ordered upon three lines, could take place on two only. Soult simplicity and chastened feeling of ancient art. -[To wb codtiiud i wee stripes an lld bouquets violet. The sleeves with deep and full e pa-g lircs; tihe
and Davoust continued to manceuvre, in order to turn the Russian left,while Murat 1 V lower down, a piece of stuff, itself cut bias, formed three rows of trimmimn-
and Ney passed their rear-guard. On the night of the 4th, the Russians reached The corsae, which was square at the back, was rounded slightly on the shoue-
Frauendorf, where they stood firm next day, But this continued retreat in pre- ders, and descended cn car in front of the bosom. \A Si.htu eithrusque of ric;
senceof the enemy was now beginning to be attended witi bad effects, both upon The Archduke Alexander of Austria, second son of the Archduke Palatine, blonde fell like a deep collar over the back and shoulders, and was crossed plainly
wrthe d ;helh and agazspirits of the soldiwere s. Ton i the country which waommiss now as th thea- ied at Pesth, on the 12thult. in his thirtenth year. on the bosom. One of the two balcony of the great concert-room was reserved
tre of war ; and the soldiers, when worn out with a night-march over frozen The reported death of Jerome Buonaparte, turns out to e untrue. e is stl exclusively for the female pupils, wereho took their seats there, after receiving the
snow, had no means of obtaining subsistence but by prowling about to dis- indisposed though not dangerously so, at Milan. andaux on the forehead, and behind connsed in a simple plait or twist, arane
cover and dig up tile little stores which the peasants had buried for the The late Earl of Egremont has bequeathed to the present ari the suil of in bandcauTx on the forehead, and few rinelet cnurls. a i e plait or twis
use of their families. The men every where lay on the bare ground in intense .16,000 per annum, and the ancient family residence in Somersetshire, called the centre of which descended a few rietcuges rlar.
frost, with no other bed but the snow, andno covering but their greatcoats, which Orchardn Wyndham ; to General Wyndham he has bequeathed the Cmberland ith regard to te form of esses,sively fullhave to remark that corsa, withges apu
were now little better than rags. They were not as yet inured to retire before estates, and Cockermouth Castle, amounting to 15,000 a-year; to George frills for full-dress ; anist for morning-dressthey arfull frequently made wide at th puff
the enemy ; and the murmur against any farther retreat was so loud, that en- Wyndiam Esq. Petworth House, the adjoining estates, and 60,000 in cas ;ters wth a deep cuff extending nearly from tning e rist to hey e elbow This style is
nmgsn resolved to fall back only to a chosen field of battle ; and, upon examin- his third son about 220,000 three per cents.; and to each of his terited a deep cuJa etendini g nea.om te wrist to te el
ing the map, that of Prussich:Eylan was selected for this purpose. No sooner .45,000. Several legacies have also been left to friends, to different t artists One of te most fashionabe reunions which have place in
was this announced to the troops than their discontents were appeased, the hard- whomihis Lordship patronized, and to the various Domestics. The executors are nch capital was the distribution of prizes at tble coensiateoirc plae iMvsills
ships of the night marches were forgotten, and from the joyful looks of the men Sir Charles Burrell and Col. XWyndhamt. The following is a description of some of the most admired dresses worn on this
it would rather have been supposed they were marching to tranquil winter-quar- London is expected to be more full during the ensuing season than has been occasion :-
ters, than the most desperate struggle which had occurred in modern times- known for many years past. Furs were never before so much worn as they are this winter. They are
The partial encounters which preceded this great battle showed that Napoleon Prince Esterhazv and his splendid suite are expected to arrive in London soon employed in every possible way. Besides muffs, polerines, boas, &c. almost
was contending with a new enemy. His course through the Italian campaigns after Christmas. The house of Embassy is already in preparation to receive this every artich of female costume may be trimmed with fur, according to the
triahad been only e of unrivalled superiority. His encountersdi with the roops of Aus tinuished Nobleman. His Highness has been entertaining a very large taste of the wearer. For the trimming of mantelets, shawls, &c. sable, squir-
highest military reputatioedof Europe, had fallen at a blow. Prussian army, wipeths lie party of eminent persons, during tilhe sporting season, at his principality in rel, lynx and bear-skin are most appropriate. Sable, for its superior beauty ant
unfahighest militto chary reputioof thoE urope, had fallen at a blow. i It would perhaps ot Hungary. costliness, will always claim the largest degree of favour. Ermine and swans-
unfair to charge the men of those countries with deficiency of nerve, but nothing t INo Fracis Tructt, No 1 down are, or perhaps we may rather say, ought to be reserved exclusively for
can be clearer than that the Russians encountered Napoleon in a different spirit, The Queen has been graciously pleased to appoint 'r. Francis Teevening fitt,dress. Swansdown trimm s ar at the preserved exlusively fe.
as with a different success. In the Russian war we see no battle lost by mere New Bond street, to be Court Head Dresser to her Majesty. evening dress. Swansdown trimmincelygs arc at the prese wit a mant quitelet, o
manuvre, no disgraceful flight at the first sight of an enemy on the flak, no It is rumoured in the political circles that Lord Durham will shortly return to age ; and at tcolhe Opera in Paris scarcely a withla sentersdowin It isa mantelet, o
shawl of light coloured satin, trimmed with swansdown. It is impossible te-
columns of prisoners carried off, no capitulations of armies, no scandalous surren- his mission at St. Petersburgh. conceive anything more delicate and beautiful than a light blue satin mantelet,
der of towns, even no cannon captured, but where they sunk in morasses in the Prince Charles of Capua and his bride are residing in retirement at Malta, richly trimmed with swansdown. This trimming is also very much employed
dreadful winter marches of the troops, and no banners taken but where their de- Lord Prudhoe, and a select party of scientific and classical friends, have resolved for dresses. The prevalent fashion of velvet shawls has suggested to the French
lenders had fallen on the field. to extend their excursions to Egypt and Palestine, for the purpose of exploring the manufacturers the production of a kind of velvet sufficiently wide to admit of s
"Never," says Mr. Alison, in the history of war did two armies pass a night ancient ruins in those interesting places, shawl being cut without a seam. This, of course, is a great advantage; and
lay, without tent or covering, on the snowy expanse of the field of ylts who now We have this week to record the marriage of Lord Brabazon, M.P.,to Har- the wide velvet is alike desirable in cutting mantelets, capes of cloaks, &c.
close vity of the two acovering the vasnowyt multitude assembled in so narrow T riot, second daughter of Sir Richard Brooke, Bart., of Norton Priory, which took Embroidery is now revived in all its former glory, and the order of our young
clse intent only on mutual destruction : the itudl interests to the lives and place on the 23d ult by special license, at Halton Chapel. Queen Victoria, for the revival of embroidered court trains, will no doubt give
space, intent only on mutual destruction: the vital interests to the lives and active encouragement to this beautiful art. In Paris embroidered dresses are .
fortunes of all which were at stake; the wintry wildness of the scene, cheered The marriage of Sir Walter R. Farquhar to Lady Mary Somerset was solemn- quite a furore. The Princess Marie, previously to her departure from France..
only by the watch-lires, which threw a partial glow on the snow-clad heights ize l oil Tuesday, at St. George's, Hanover square. The bride was given away ordered a dress and tunic of white polt de so e. Tie tunic was edged ro nd
around: the shivering groups who in either army lay round the blazing fires, by Lord Granville Somerset, M.P. with a wreath of roses exquisitely embroidered in the most delicate shades of
chilled by girdles of impenetrable ice; the stern resolution of the soldiers in the Sir Beresford B. Mac Mahon, Bart., of the Scots Fusileer Guards, will shortly colour, and a semee of smailrosebuds was scattered over the middle of the tunic.
one array, and the enthusiastic ardour of those in the other; the liberty of Europe lead to the altar the lovely Miss Bateson, eldest daughter of Sir Robert Bateson, The under-dress was just the depth of the wreath of roses longer than the tunic
now brought to the issue of one dread combat; the glory of Russia and France de- Bart., Member for the county Londonderry. -London, Dec. 2.
pendent on the efforts of the mightiest armament that either had yet sent forth, The Queen has raised to the Baronetcy the Right Honorable John Cowan, the
all contributed to impress a feeling of extraordinary solemnity, which reached the 1 d a an ha Adecuan Wood ; and has conferred the honour ofnight- RO
most inconsiderate breast, oppressed the mind with a feeling of anxious thought, Lord Mayor, and r. Aerman ood; and has conferred the honour of Knight- NARRATIVE OF THE LATE INSURRECTION IN
and kept unclosed many a weary eyelid in both camps, notwithstanding the ex- hood upon Sheriffs Carroll and Montefiore. LOWER CANADA. No. If.
traordinary fatigues of the preceding days. But no sooner did the dawn break, and The Queen has given permission to Lord Vernon to use the surname of To the Editor of the Albion.
the quick rattle of musketry from the outposts commence, than these gloomy Warren, instead of those of Venables Vernon. Quebec, January 6th, 1838.
presentiments were dispelled, and all arose from their icy beds with no other The Right Hon.the Lady Margaret Augusta Dillon died on the 29th of October, My dear Sir-In my last letter I anticipated the speedy suppression of the re.-
feelings but those of joyous confidence and military ardour." at Bruges, aged 83. Her Ladyship was the widow of Luke Dillon, Esq. volt in Lower Canada, and the dispersion of the Insurgents on the Ottawa, where
The battle began at daylight on the 8th of February, in the midst of a snow- deceased. they made their last stand. These expectations have been realized, and we bavs
storm. At an early hour of the day Augereau's column of 16,000 men was Ibrahim Sarin Effendi, the now ambassador from Turkey, arrived in London not had a single man in arms against the Government in any part of the Province-
enveloped by the Russian masses, and with the exception of 1500, totally f o D b, w mro rtinu. for the last three weeks.
destroyed. Napoleon himself was in the most imminent hazard of being taken on the 4th of December, with a numerous retinue. Immediately after the repulse of Colonel Gore's column in the first advance
prisoner, He had slept at Eylau on the night before, and was now in the church- Last week a beautiful ancient marble statue of Pomona, in excellent prcser- on St. Denis, a certain active and rather clever Swiss, named Girod, with two
yard, where the crash of the enemy's balls on the steeple showed how nearly ovation, was found near Winchester, by one of the excavators on the Southamp- young French Canadian advocates from Montreal repaired to St. Eustache, the
danger was approaching. "Presently one of the Russian divisions, follow- ton railroad, principal village of the County of the Two Mountains; exaggerating the actor.
ing rapidly after the fugitives, entered Eylau by the western street, and The Archbishop of Cologne.-The Archbishop has been conducted to Mun- into a signal defeat of the British troops, declaring that not fifty soldiers were
charged, with loud hurralis, to the foot of the mount where the Emperor ster, attended by a General and a Colonel of gendarmerie. A letter from Co- left in Montreal, inciting the habitans to insurrection, and promising them the
was placed with a battery of the Imperial Guard and his personal escort logne, dated 21st November, states, that when the persons sent by the King in- plunder of that city. The population of this part of the country had been early
of a hundred men. Had a regiment of horse been at hand to support the attack, formed the Archbishop, by his Majesty's orders, that he was deprived of his corrupted by the seditious declanmations of M. Girouard, one of their county
Napoleon must have been made prisoner; for though the last. reserve, consisting dignity, and left him the choice of quitting his palace without opposition, or be members, and had imbibed with avidity the polsoa of Mr. Papineau's harangues.
of six battalions of the old guard, were at a short distance, he might have been compelled by force, he naturally preferred the former, and got into the carriage. So early and so zealously had they demonstrated their bad intentions, that at the-
enveloped before they could get up to his rescue. The fate of Europe then hung Only a few moments were given him to have his wardrobe packed up, and be- great meeting of the six counties at St. Charles, their arrangements for military
by a thread, but in that terrible moment the Emperor's presence of mind did not teen seven and eight o'clock the carriage in which he was, and escorted by the training, enrolling their strength, and election of Magistrates and militia offi-
forsake himn; he instantly ordered his little body guard, hardly more than a comr- mounted artillery, left the city by the Gercon gate. He quitted his palace with cers were highly praised, and made the mould for all the other confederated coun-
pany, to form line, in order to check the enemy's advance, and despatched orders great composure, and even asked whether the wax lights in the lamps of his car- ties.
to the old guard to attack the column onone flank, while a brigade of Murat's riage, which he preferred to the post-carriage, would burn the whole night. He M. Girod, too, was by experience well qualified to array and organize an insir-
horse charged it on the other. The Russians, disordered by success, and igno- was not, however, allowed to speak to M. Michaeles, his chaplain, who was car- reaction. He had studied this dangerous science in a good school, for he had
rant of the inestimable prize which was almost within their grasp, were arrested tried away in another carriage, out of a different gate. The papers of the Arch- figured as a bold and daring adventurer in two or three of the South American.
by the firm countenance of the little band of heroes who formed Napoleon's last bishop were sealed up, a strong guard was placed at the palace, and it is believed republics. As in those favoured regions there has been on an average, during.
resource, and before they could reform their ranks for a regular conflict, the that nearly fifty persons, more or less implicated, will be arrested, or at least, that the last ten years about a revolt a month, M. Girod must have had good prac-
enemy were upon them on either flank, and almost the whole division was cut to proceedings will be commenced against them. His partisans are in the greatest tice; and was thus admirably fitted to impress on the Canadian habitans the in-
pieces on the spot. alarm-they endeavour to suppress all recollection of their late protector, and estimable advantages of self-government.
This dreadful slaughter continued throughout the day, the Russians and the anxiously await the future course of events. With such a character the Swiss suon obtained the dictatorship of St. Eus,-
French alternately repulsing each other, botfl sides fighting with the most despe- Joseph Charles Luther, the last descendant of the great Reformer, whose tache and all the neighboring villages, and proceeded to raise and arm the pea-
rate intrepidity, and every charge leaving the ground covered with carnage. To- name lie hears, has just abjured the Protestant faith in Bohemia, where he was santry by both promises and threats. From the limited number of disposabiL
wards evening the Prussians under Lestocq advanced against the division of living in the most abject poverty.-'': Gazettc. troops and the necessity for their employment on the south of St. Lawrence, ou.r
the bh la th th wrv blow hp oleo had" y E nEE-_ FOR TIER EDDING DRES. 1 adventurer for some weeks had it all his uwn way. Fancing or affecting to bee -
Fria. The French weredeiven before he *, rarsha1t ar : 'in attempt- A hooricaEssays.-'he premium for the best essay o the life of advetu r o ne e adit al hi ay. Fan deing onfidenc fg trom hi,-
ed tor withstand tihe torrent. -_ isto," be cried, "is th e place wheretemps tim Trd--hsbee -the pardestn for eles bell smJosa Eimen. Es feo -lieve that Sir Joh Colborneas afraid of him, amd heariving confidence from his
should find a "on tet Med the pe f wEre ,'o Fitzwaller, has bene awarded to George Wllliam Johnson, Esq. The sub- increasing strength, M. Girod now began to assume airs of importance, and play-
shoud faid e ,ath ; the cowards will perish in the deserts of Siberia. announ for next year is Margaret Beaufort, Countess of ichmond, the,
Slil r tt"o r were driven on, wit teih the loss of 3000 rnen, and the whole us- ject o.-ne wen i Aunar eSt veJohrt Col esg idg ed not a etw of 'thoe 'fantastic tricks" that, accor(ig ts good authority caus
sian line were sing o to victory, when the rapid night of the north fell, and other of enry f dress of St. John's College, Cambridge. srrow in angelic natures at witnessing the crins and weaknesses of mankind.
the battle wer s at an esnd." TO THE HON. Mi RS, S. R. C. Many stories are in circulation of his insisting on being served at table wivet-
This was the first hianvy blow which Napoleon had yet received in Europeanm oN [I e SEICn TI GE EN FOR HER WEDDING DRESS, regal state-collecting materials for a liharcn, and other fooleries. Like a Per-
war. He had once before been on the point of ruin, but iha t was ive Syria, and a Thy choice is Nature's universal robe," sian noblenn lie was always on horseback, and like a Pawnee Indian, he stole-
Britih officer had the honour of making the conqueror of Italy recoil. It s ile verdant covering of our sun-litglobe. his horse. For the gallant re m hicht he bestode, ad been feloniously
now unquestionable that at Eyau lie was defeated. At ten at nigh he gave Such Eden was-by our first parents seen,aken from the able of Mr. u t, a al gentleman of St. ustac, wh
orders for his artillery and baggage to defile to the rear, and the advanced post to The fields, the garden-all was clad in green. has lost almost everything in this rcihelion.
retreat. He was on the point of being disgraced in the eyes of Europe, when Then take this colour to thy spotless breast In thineantioc great nuabvi of honest people wre obliged to quit theha
he was saved from that disgrace by the indecision of the Russian general. A Oni Nature's God, thly humble spirit rest. homes, and seek ai asylum in lontureal, terrified by the threats, exactions, and,
council of war was held by the Russians leaders on horseback, to decade on And when like Autumn leaves ty verdure fades, robberies of M. Girodn n and the Comm er, and the Forces. Afroms soon, therefore, sach-
their future course. Count Osterman Tolstoy, the second in command, with Oh may no sorrow single in its shades r th complete organization of tmi gallant Voluntneer Cors of Montreal was ef-
Generals Knoring and Lestocq, urged strongly that retreat was not eo be thought But, virtue guiding still thy wedded love, t servd thoantiornfte cit collde ns o thee r C r diansiof the owslte
of; that Napoleon was beaten in a pitched battle ; that whichever army gained Conduct thee, good and pure, to joys above. faoted, and that important city could he safely left to their guardianship, the vote-
ground, would be reputed the victor, and that the true policy was to throw their C14th Nov. 1837. S. T. ran and distinguished chief Sir John eCoiborne determined to do h Gfor d the
-whole force upon him without delay. But Benningsen, unluckily, satisfied with A French paper states that the ex-Queen of Holland thas bequeathed 2,000 honour of ierching against hit in persou at tie head of such a force as sohous
his triumph, past the vigou of youth, unacquainted with the enormous losses of l orins to schools for the education n of poor children. Accordingly, oh n thie n 3th of December, three British regiments the Ro'a.ia,
thie French army and exhausted by thirty-six hours on horseaback, directed the n t oyf-
emarnch on Koni usto eig.e ic d Cauion Roook-orrowers.--A verdict of twenty guineas was given in the 32d and 83od--a squadron of Volunteer Cavalry, and a Corps of Infantry, wvdith
We have already spoken of Mr. Aison as exhibiting admirable ability in de- Sheriffs' Court. on Tuesday against a gentleman whose wife extracted some o o six guns and a brigade of Congreve Rockets, forming a force of 1600 E me-,
scription ; that ability which, instincuively seizing on all the master features of a cravings from a work oent to her by a friend. moar ched out o Montreal amidster od ancidh long cntmihand cheering. It waobe b
great scene, throws life into all its details, and, without wasting a word, brings The report of the Committee of Alderman ou the subject of tle arrangements served iy ti hunters after od h coinrciences, or that remnant of the obsolete
the whole picture, vast, terrible, and tragic as it is, before the eye. This was the for the reception of her Majesty ii the City was agreed to ou Tuesday in the faith in omens which still exists, that the accident meeting in the streets of te.,
merit of Taciteus and Thucydides, and we know few passages in either more inra- Court of Aldermen. The following ivere the principal items of the expenses in- Commander of the Forces at the head of his troops, and the unfortunate Wol-
pressriv than the brief sketch of the catastrophe of Eylas. curred by her Majestys visit, as far as regards the control of the City Magistra- fred Nelson, who chanced at that moment to bo brought it a prisoner, augurea
"eSuch was the trri tIe battle of theyv fought e depth of E i n.ter, amidst rty -Tie Police, Q87; Priinting, c 3 ; b Gravellvling the streets, .e227 ; Bar- auspiciously of the present e apedition.
ice and snow, under circumstances of unexanpled horror; the most bloody so ieri oan stopping the streets, 00 ; Police Superintendent, .50 ; Expenses of Besides tile main body from Montreal, two companies of the 2-tb RegiTen..t
obstinately-contested that had yet occurred during the wsar; and in which, ifNa- Horses, T120 ; in all, 997. quartered at the Carilion Rapids, with rerce smiitia asid volunteers from ture
poleon did not sustain a positive defeat, hle underwent a disaster which had well- Cardinal Dominico de Simone (lied at Rome on the 9th inst. n eighbo urhtoode of By-Ton wbere directed to on soe nl Granid Bul6, and thiv-
nigh proved his ruin. The loss on both sides was immense, and never, in modern Sarim Effendi, the newly-appointed Turkish Ambassador to the British Court cut off the retreat of theu rebels in that direction.
times, had a field of battle been strewed with such a multitude of slain. fOn leftVienna for London on the 16th ult., and arrived in Paris en Sunday. His Two short marches blought the troops to the bank opposite St.. Eustached b
the side of the Russians twenty live thousand had fallen, of whom above seven Excellency will set off for London as soon as he lias been presented to the Kina the bridge over the northern branch of the Ottawa having been destroyed sby
thousand were already no more ; on that of the French, o upwards of thirty thou- of the French and the Royal Family. Cited, itsacs necessary to oue three to foeur il a Ifrther doen the river to find
sand were killed or wounded, and nearly ten thousand had left their colours, Hanover.- The King has returned from his excursion into tleo province of ice strong enough to cross. By good fortune it h s a td keenly for there nights.
under pretence of attending to the wounded, and did not make their appearance Luneburg. The expression of public opinion has been of a most satisfactory se that little difficulty was found in effecting this ; though at tile edge the ait-
for several days afterwards. The other trophies of victory were nearly equally nature, his Majesty having been received in the most loyal and affectionate man- ory horses had prto i be unlimbredof snow. Then oadsto ingtwer wholear andoperasmooth, again con-
balanced : the Russians had to boast of the unusual spectacle of twelve eagles nor. sequence of a sprinktig of noea s. Indeed, during fohthahole operations againee
taken from their antagonists ; while they had made spoil of sixteen of the Rus- Mcladrid.-The Queen Regent, accompanied by her august daughter, ttIe Quseen i thea i e terrible night arch n m St. D i, a theft n it orlo th perloops, hcep't
thewrecs i o d e ble mleumbretheflo, agnureiid. yueentegwearoaniedbyherstahtertc ueen during the terrible night march olf uSt. Denis, and then it would, perhaps, so h a,:
sian guns, and fourteen standards. Hardly any prisoners were made on either of Spain, wont to the Chamber of Deputies on the 18th ult. to open the new been as well not the power of Boreas.
side during the action; but six thousand of the wounded, most of them in a Cortes. The streets through which their Majesties passed were covered with -Before crossing the river some harmless shots were fired from the church o
hopeless state, were left on the field of battle, and fell into the hands of the sand, and the balconies of the houses that lined the way were decorated with Dto Eustache, which had been barricaded and strongly garsoed. Several o hter
Frtndse sedt. Eusiachie, sewsich1usad boomsarricadeiamid strongly garrisoned. Sos-arhOtito
FrNever was spectacle so dreadful asth field of battle. presented on t follow- tapestry and damask curtains. A troop of gardes de corps opened the procession i h ings were also found occupied in force, an 1000 of the rebels had been
c oNever was spectacle so dreadful as'the field of battle presented on the follow- thei r fellow ed lle carriages of tile Groio the Bechamber, and tlhe cIadefis ws g jerc h al roun d altho othe approach ot e toopsit wa s te:
ing morning. Above fifty thousand men lay in the space of two leagues, welter- in Waiting ; next, the carriage of lthe Infante Don Francisco, and immediate ely tatored 400 of the m flod. lItoess Lhs anuelaocholyf spectacle to witness s.e
ing in blood. The wounds were, for the most part, of the severest kind, from the after the State Carriage, in which were both thliir Majesties. hopeless a struggle.
extraordinary quantity of cannon-balls which had been discharged during tlie action, tacked, ald tie Infanic
and the close proximity of the contending masses to the deadly batteries which LONDON AND PARTISIAN FASHIONS. As soon as the artillery crossed, thr church tWas ats t a ed, amd tCe ifsmcr.
spread grape at half-musket shot through their ranks. Though stretched on the Velvet and satin are tIle only materials employed this winter for out door hats. was posted under cover fir the greater part, that no needless casu allies ni.'
cold snow, and exposed to the severityof anarctic winter, theyswere burningavith The favourite colours are various tints oh grecn, purple or maroon. Thee arc take place. The 'hutc seas I stmonp stone bumildiug sith tory thick wsais, ant
thirst, and piteous cries were heard on all sides for water, or assistance to extricate trimmed with feathers, velvet flowers, or simply watsd riband bowsso- the saue conseqiunly stood a great doea of baterointip fc-tn hi light guns. heave-ct
the wounded men from beneath the heaps of slain, or load of horses by which colour as the hat. The fashion of trimming hats in the inside of thie brims is when a bullet penetrated a leoor ra aindoat, i so kitcke aeliot the plaites
they were crushied. Six thousand of Chiese noble animals encumbered the field, or, again revived. Many ladies wear a profusion of showers, iows, &c. In soae as qpite to obscure the iht iit tnat e of the defenders ; so that although twn
maddened with pain, were shrieking aloud amidst the stifled groans of the wound- instances we have remarked that the flowers under the brim are white, whilst guns sere posted within half utsket rasge, no amrmtioey mans as touched during -
ed. Subdued by loss of blood, tamed by cold, exhausted by hunger, the foemen those on tfle outside correspond with thi colour of thie hat ; but this lias seldom the last half hour, though three lad leen aeuide previously. At menetl tl.--
lay side by side anidst the general wreck. The Cossack was to beseen beside the a becoming effect on hte complexion. Hats arestill worn very wide infront1 the Sarriaty adon huttg the Clutch, and tie Chitch itself aert ou fire aid stortu-
Italian ; thie gay vinedresser, froom the smilug banks of the Garonno, lay athwart btlels., at thie bach are of moderate depth and fulness. The hat is placed infimitte cd by thee Royal le'imrtwitl scarcely ati less. T ute iisurenitis tteo aticd-.p--
the stem peasant from the plains of thiliekraine T'le extremity of suffering had ly less backward on the head than fashion dictated during thie past summer. It ed to escape, but aotut a hmunred if tuet. i dini Di. Ceier, ltuir leade:-.,
extinguished alike th fiercest and the most genecrou. passions. After his usual must hue confessed that nscieir beauty nor health would have gaued much my tfe wseers tile, aum a hundred siu iteutty mtte ii t aeryshtit.
custom, Napoleon, in tis afternoon, rote througet tints dreadful fifld, accompanied continuance of tiat fashion during thie cold weather ; theritoro it is wisebl Tha redoubtable tic'. ; tied re,-ate 0itt a vety shoet tiee s-ii t 4the b us
by his general staff, while the still burning piles of Scrusaileti and Sausegarten ordained tiattto t 'ear thl. lat or bonnet rc,y backwhad isai decided maeed t fivtrrci hr esthues d t i t o loweuamr an.l the oleadershhed -ic lnnshd a cert'inaei:. ttm ;-
sent vslhmes of htlack emoke over thIe scene o dn-sith : but the aimien exhibited none moaute/s ,t:oin- i re sh his foitcat-a -i' te or ea ni ;'tim ft u r ,ietre.'tt
of their wonted enthusiasm ; no cria.t of Iicr / l'],tti-crcur were heard ; the A hit of richtganuct.eolo-e ed velvet, or ciuteited with aw ia e coatc reeI's fe.ather ; "e n ,i ttrst dews bridle at an s isn or eigtt nutles fre'- in. 1w^ ,ac .t t-'
bloody surface echoed only wilt the crie-i of suftariagtori the groans s f we. thle r',al ohl the feath er bci black, ) t Ireseisli somywiiat. tice -wt-c 'uram.cC tt Itd Ith e lo -d 'ha'^ ti-c m Sart:.,s -e'i.s- tisd be to d ,-. .

99 January 20,

loss, and were in full retreat to Montreal; and added that he was going to St.
Bnouit to bring up more force llais, c'esl extraordinaire, sIc soldats sont
abyimus-poerquoi done cherchez voueas des rnforts ?" This was rather a poser
front Boniface.
Mr. Girod wandered about the country a few days, but finding it impossible to
escape, shot himself. Girouard and Scott, the other principal Chiefs have been
apprehended and are novw in Montreal gaol.
Next morning, the 15th of December, Sir John Colborne, proceeded to St.
Benoit where he found a body of 300 penitent rebels drawn up in line, many on
their nees, with grounded arms, and each having a white rag in his hand- Te
arins were secured and te lHabitans directed to go to their homes, and behave
better in future. A similar exhibition was witnessed at St. Scholastique; ,the
salutary severity of St. Eustache, like the chastisement at St. Charles, having
pacified all the neighbourhood.
Very soon after the arrival of the I-ead Quarter Troops, the column from the
Carillon made its.appearance at St. Benoit, a matter of great consequence, had
Girod defended the fortified post of the Grand Brul6, as had been expected.
The insurrection in this neighbourhood, having been thus effectually crushed,
Col. Maitland, with the 32d Regiment, was despatched to St. Scholastique and
St. Thereso to collect arms and receive the submission of the peasantry, and the
Commander of the Forces with the Troops from Montreal returned home.
Soon after Sir John Colborne's return, a large proportion of the prisoners
taken in action against whom no previous act of felony had been charged, were
thbcrated from gaol. Indeed the utmost clemnncy on the part of the Govern-
ment and its officers, has hitherto been a pleasing and distinguishing character-
istic of their proceedings. Although Martial Law has now been in operation
nearly six weeks, and acts of great and brutal cruelty, calculated to inflame the
passions to madness, has been committed by the rebels, not one individual has
yet suffered a greater punishment than imprisonment. I am no follower of Draco,
and ardently hope that this lenity will still be shewn. The murderers of Weir
and Chartrand will unquestionably be executed if their guilt is proved. But,
according to my very humble opinion, and certainly in consonance with my
wishes, transportation will in all probability be the maximum of punishment
awarded to the rest.
The forfeiture of life is a penalty for crime not in harmony with the milder
spirit of our age, modified and softened by the blessed charity of Christianity.
There is, however, I confess, a puling and sickly sentimentality in vogue on this
-subject ; and with respect to the crime of treason in particular. Treason is an
offence of the blackest dye. Like arson, it involves in itself the violation of all
the social charities and duties, robbery, homicide, and a whole encyclopedia of
iniquity. Yet, notwithstanding our conviction of the truth of this, we cannot
bring ourselves to look upon the traitor like the murderer. Indeed our worthy
neighbours in the States appear at present to consider the full grown traitors re-
siding amongst them rather as aggrieved and interesting and innocent, than guilty
Whilst the indefatigable Commander of the Forces was engaged in suppressing
the insurrection in the Montreal District a very general expression of loyalty and
'attachment to the Government has been made in different sections of the Pro-
vince, echoing the manifestations of the French Canadians in Quebec and Mon-
treal. Numerous meetings have been held, and many very proper resolutions
and addresses to the Governor have been passed ; some of which it would not
be an unamusing study to contrast with other proceedings of the same parties
three or four months ago. However, it is not always the best or wisest policy to
see too clearly or to scan men's motives too critically, and we sometimes, even,
may make a man act honestly by believing, or seeming to believe, in his honesty.
These manifestations would have been made some weeks ago with greater grace
.and effect-still, valcant-tantum-and it would be both unjust and ungenerous
to underrate them altogether. It is a fact that the immediate circle around Pa-
pineau, contaminated by his sedition, fascinated by his eloquence, and awed by
his boldness and the apparent impunity attending his proceedings, has been the
only part of the Province that has actually broke out into revolt. The Quebec
and Three Rivers Districts have maintained their integrity ; and, I think, it would
neither be good policy, Christian charity, nor sound reasoning, to aver that they
only wanted leaders to follow the evil example of the Richolicu and Ottawa people.
IWhtere the will exists, leaders in mischief are always found ; and the generous
and correct view of the case, me judice, is that, though in the lower districts
there might be many mauvais siijcts, the mass of the people was sound and loyal
-therefore no leaders durst start up.
Notwithstanding this, I am far from wishing that the late rebellion should be
considered a light matter, or that the guilty sections of the country should, on
the complete restoration of tranquillity, be placed on the same footing as the
other parts of the Province. They have forfeited their rights and franchises
and should, for some time at least, learn to appreciate the value of those civi
immunities before restoration. The British Government may now correct the
original error of leaving Upper Canada without a sea port, and by attaching to
that province Montreal and the disturbed districts, at once repair the former injus-
tice, reward the faithful, punish the guilty and prevent future calamities like the
p resent. MILES.

Copy of a Letter fio mi Mr. Adams, Secretary of State of the United States, to
the Amerzcan Minister at Madrid.
Department of State, Washington, 28 Nov., 1818.
Sir,-Your despatches to 92, inclusive, with their enclosures, have been re
ceived at this department. Among these enclosures, are the several notes ad-
dressed to you by Mr. Pozarro, in relation to the transactions, during the cam-n
paigns of Gen. Jackson against the Seminole Indians, and the banditti of Negroes
combined with them, and particularly to his proceedings in Florida, without the
boundaries of the United States.
In the fourth and last of these notices of Mr. Pozarro, he has given formal
notice that the King, his master, has issued orders for the suspension of the nego-
ciation between the United States and Spain, until satisfaction shall have been
made by the American Government to him for these proceedings of Gen. Jack-
son, which he considers as acts of unequivocal hostility against him, and as out-
rages upon his honour and dignity, the only acceptable atonement for which, is
stated to consist in a disavowal of the acts of the American general, thus com-
plained of-the infliction of a suitable punishment for his supposed misconduct,
and the restitution of the posts and territories, taken by him from the Spanish
authorities, with indemnity for all the property taken, and all damages and in-
juries, public or private, sustained in consequence of it.
Within a very few days after this notification, Mr. Pozarro must have received
with copies of the correspondence between Mr. Onis and this department, thee
determination which had been taken by the President, to restore tlhe place of
Pensacola, with the fort of Barrancas, to any person properly authorized on the
part of Spain, to receive them, and the fort of St. Marks to any force adequate
to it protection against the Indians, by whom its forcible occupation had been
threatened, for purposes of hostility against the United States. Tihe officer
commanding at this post, had been directed to consider 250 men as such ade-
quate force ; and in case of their appearance, with proper authority, to deliver it
,up to their commander accordingly. From the last mentioned correspondence,
t.e Spanish government must likewise have been assured that the occupation of
these places in Spanish Florida, by the commander of the American forces, was
not by virtue of any order, received by him from this government to that affect,
zor with any view of wresting the province from the possession of Spain, nor in
any spirit of hostility to the Spatish government ; that it arose from icculients
which occurred in the prosecution of the war against the Indians-from the im-
minent danger in which the fort of St. Marks was of being seized by the Indians
themselves, and front the manifestations of hostility to the United States, by the
commandant of St. Marks, and the governor of Pensacola, the proofs of which
were made known to Gen. Jackson, and impelled him, from the necessities of
.self defence, to the steps of which the Spanish government complain.
it might be sufficient to leave the vindication of these measures upon those
grounds, and to furnish, in the enclosed copies of Gen. Jackson's letters, and
the vouchers by which they are supported, tho evidence of that hostile spirit on
the part of the Spanish commanders, but for the terms i which Mr. Pozarro
speaks of the execution of two subjects of Great Britain, taken, one ait tle fort
,ef St. Marks, and the other at Suwany, and the intimation that these these transactions
may lead to a change in the relations between the two nations, which is doubtless
.intended to be understood as a menace of war.
it may therefore be proper to remind the government of his Catholic majesty
of the incidents in which this Seminole war originated, as well as the circum-
stances connected with it, in the relations between Spain and her ally, whom
-she supposes to have been injured by the proceedings of Gei. Jackson, and to
give to the Spanish cabinet some precise information of the nature of the busi-
ness, peculiarly interesting to Spain, in which these subjects of her allies in
whose favour she takes this interest, were engaged, when their projects of every,
kind were terminated, in consequence of their falling into the hands of Gen.
In tihe month of August 1814, while a war existed between the United States
and Great Britain, to which Spam had formerly declared herself neutral, a eBri-
tish force, not in the fresh pursuit of a defeated and flying ecnemty-not over-
stepping an imaginary and equivocal boundary between their own territories and
thos belonging in some sort, as mnueh to their enemy as to Spain, but approach-
ing by srea, and by a broad and open invasion of the Spanish province, at a thou-
oant .piles, or an ocean's distance from any British territory, landed in Florida
.ook possession of Pensacola and the fort of Barrancas, and invited by public
raclacamatiose, all the runaway negroes-all the savage Indians-all tlheI pirates,

and all the traitors to their country, whom they know or imagined to exist within
reach of their summons, to join their standard, and wage an exterminating war
against the portion of the United States immediately bordering upon this neutral
and thus violated territory of Spain. The land commander of this British
force was a certain Col. Nicholls, who driven from Pensacola by the approach
of Gen. Jackson, actually left to be blown up the fort of Barrancas, when he
found it could not afford him protection, and evacuating that part of the province,
landed at another, established himself on the Apalachicola river, and there erect-
ed a fort, from which to sally forth with his motley tribe of black, white,
and red combatants, against the defenceless borders of the United States, in that
vicinity. A part of this force consisted of a corps of colonial marines levied ing
the British colonies, in which Gooee. Woodbine, was a captain, and Robt. Chrys-
tie Ambrister was a lieutenant.
As between the United States antd Great Britain, we should be willing to bury
this transaction in the same grave of oblivion with other transactions of that war
had the Ihostilities of Col. Nicholls terminated with the war. But he did not
consider the peace which ensued between the United States and Great Britain,
as having put an end either to his military occupations or to his negotiations with
the Indians against the United States. Several months after the ratification of
the treaty of Ghent, he retained his post and his party-coloured forces, in military
By the 9th article of that treaty, the United States had stipulated to put an
end, immediately after its ratification, to hostilities with all the tribes, or nations
of Indians with whom they might be at war at the time of the ratification, and to
restore to them all the possessions which they had enjoyed in the year 1811.
This article had no application to the Creek nation with whom tihe United States,
had already made peace, by a treaty concluded on the 9th day of August, 1814,
more than four months before the treaty of Ghoe.t was signed. Yet Colonel
Nicholls not only affected to consider it as applying to the Seminoles of Florida,
and the outlawed Red Sticks whom he had induced to join him there, but actu-
ally persuaded them that they were entitled, by virtue of the treaty of Ghent,
to all the lands which had belonged to the CREEKm nation within the United
States, in the year 1811, and that the government of Great Britain would sup-
port them in that pretension. He asserted also this doctrine, in a correspond-
ence with Col. Hawkins, then the agent of the United States with the Creeks,
and gave him notice in their names, with a mockery of solemnity, that they
had concluded a treaty of alliance, offensive and defensive, and a treaty of navi-
gation and commerce with Great Britain, of which more was to be heard after it
should be ratified in England. Col. Nicholls then evacuated his fort, which, in
some of the enclosed papers is called the fort at Prospect Bluff, but which he
denominated the British post on the Apalachicola; took with him the whole
white portion of his force, and embarked for England, with several of the wretch-
ed savages whom lie was thus deluding to their fate-among whom was the pro-
phet Francis, or Hillis Hadjo-and left the fort, amply supplied with military
stores and ammunition, to the negro department of his allies. It afterwards was
known by the name of Negro fort. Col. Hawkins immediately communicated
to this government the correspondence between him and Nicholls here referred
to, upon which Mr. Monroe then Secretary of State addressed a letter to Mr.
Baker, the British charge d'affaires at Washington, complaining of Nicholl's con-
duct, and showing that his pretence that the 9th article of the treaty of Ghent,
could have any application to his Indians was utterly destitute of foundation.
Copies of the same correspondence were transmitted to the minister of thie
SUnited States, then in England, with instructions to remonstrate with tihe British
government agamst these proceedings of Nicholls, and to show how incompati-
ble they were with the peace which had been concluded between the two nations.
These remonstrances were accordingly made, first in a personal interview with
Earl Bathurst and Lord Castlereagh, and afterwards by written notes, addressed
successively to them. Lord Bathurst, in the most uncquivocalmanner, confirmed
the facts, and disavowed the misconduct of Nicholls ; declared his disapproba-
tion of the pretended treaty of alliance, offensive and defensive, which he had
made; assured the American minister that the British government had refused to
ratify that treaty, and would send back the Indians whom Nicholls had brought
with him, with advice to make their peace on such terms as they could obtain.
SLord Castlercagh confirmed the assurance that the treaty would not be ratified;
Sand, if at the same time that these assurances were given, certain distinctions
of public notariety, where shown to the prophet Hillis HIadio, and he was actu-
ally honoured with a commission as a British officer, it is to be presumed that
l these favors were granted himn as rewards of past services, and not as encourage-
ment to expect any support from Great Britain, in a continuance of savage hos-
tilities against the United States, all intention of giving any such support having
been repeatedly and earnestly disavowed
The Negro fort however, abandoned by Col. Nicholls, remained on the Spa-
nish territory, occupied by the banditti to women hlie had left it, and held by them
l as a post, from whence to commit depredations, outrages, and murders, and as a
Receptacle for fugitive slaves and malefactors, to the great annoyance both of the
U United States and Spanish Florida. In April 1816 Gen. Jackson wrote a letter
to the governor of Pe'isacola,calling upon him to put down this common nuisance
to the peaceable inhabitants of both countries. That letter, together with the
answer of the governor of Pon.scola, have already been comuiunicated to thel
Spanish minister here, and by him, doubtless, to his government. Copies of them
are nevertheless now again enclo-cd; particularly as the letter from tihe governor
explicitly admits-that this fort constructed by Nicholls, in violation, both of the
territory and neutrality of Spain, was still no less obnoxious to his government
than to the United States, but, that he had neither sufficient force, nor any autho-
rity, without orders f.om the governor general of the Havana, to destroy it. It
was afterwards, on the 27th of July 1816, destroyed by cannon shot from a
vessel of the United States, which, in its passage up the river was fired 'tpon
from it It was blown up.with an English flag still flying as it1 standard, and
immediately after the barbarous murder of a boa'ts crest, belonging to the navy
of the United States, by the banditti left in it by Nicholls.
In the year 1817 Alexander Arbuthnot of the Island of New Providence, a
British subject, first appeared as an Indian trader, in Spanish Florida, and as the
successor of Col. Nicholls, in the employment of instigating the Seminole and
outlawed Redstick Indians to hostilities against the United States by reviving tihe
pretence that they were .entitled to all the lands which had been ceded by the
Creek nation to the United States in August 1814.
As a mere Indian trader, the intrusion of this man, into a Spanish province,
was contrary to the policy observed by all the European powers in this hemis-
phere, and by none more rigorously than by Spain, of excluding all foreigners
from intercourse with the Indians within their territories. It must be known to
the Spauish Government, whether Arbuthnot had a Spanish license for trading
with the Indians in Spanish Florida or not ; but they also know that Spain was
bound by treaty, to restrain by force all hostilities on the part of those Indians
against the citizens of tIe United States, and it is for them to explain how, con-
sisteitly with those engagements, Spain could, contrary to all thie maxims of her
ordinary policy, grant such a license to a foreign incendiary, whose principal, if
not his only object, appears to have been, to stimulate those hostilities which
Spain had expressly stipulated by force to restrain. In his infernal instigatimu
he was but too successful. No sooner did he make his appearance among the
Indians, accompanied by the Prophet Hillis Hadjo, returned from his expedition
to England, thIan the peaceful inhabitants on the borders of the United States,
were visited with all time horrors of savage war; the robbery of their property
and the barbarous and indiscriminate murder of woman, infancy and ageo.
After the repeated expostulations, warnings, and offers of peace, through the
summer and autumn of .1817, or) the part of the United States, had been answered
only by renewed outrages, and after a detachment of forty mein, under Lieut.
Scott, accompanied by seven women had been waylaid and murdered by the Inu-
dians, orders were given to Gen. Jackson, and an adequate force was placed at
his disposal to terminate the war. It was ascertained that the Spanish force inh
Florida was, inadequate even for the protection of the Spanish territory itself,
against this mingled horde of lawless Indians and Negroes ; and although their
devastations were committed on the United States, they immediately sought re-
fuge within the Florida line, and there were only to be overtaken. The neces-
sity of crossing the line was indispensable ; for it was from beyond the line that
the Indians made their murderous incursions within that of the United States.
It was there that they had their abode, and the territory belonged in fact to them,t
although within the borders of the Spanish jurisdiction. There it was that the
American commander met the principal resistance from them ; there it was, that
were found the still bleeding scalps of our citizens, freshly butchered by them ;
there it was he released the only woman, who had been suffered to survive the
massacre under Lieut. Scott. But was not anticipated by this Government that
the commanding officers of Spain, in Florida, whose especial duty it was, in con-
formity to the solemn engagements contracted by their nation, to restrain by
force, these Indians from hostilities against the United States, would be found
encouraging, aiding, and abetting them, and furnishing them with supplies, for
carrying on such hostilities. The officer in command, immediately before Gen.
.Jackson, was therefore specially instructed to respect, as far as possible, the Spa-
tish authority, wherever it was maintained, and copies of those orders were also
furnished to Gen. Jackson, upon his taking the command. In the course of his
peisuit, as he approached St. Marks, he was informed direct from the governor
of Pensacola, that a party of hostile Indians had threat ened to seize that fort, and
that he apprehended the Spanish garrison there was not in sufficient strength to
defend it against them. This information was confirmed from other sources, and
by the evidence produced on the trial of Ambrister, it proved to have been ex-
actly true. By all the laws of neutrality and of war, as well as of prudence and
of humanity, he was warranted in anticipating his enemy, by the amicable, and
that being refused, by thIe forcible occupation of the fort. There will need no
citations from printed treaties on international law, to prove the correctness of
this principle. It is engraven in adamant on the common sense of mankind ; no

writer upon the laws of nations ever pretended to contradict it; none of any re-
putation or authority ever omitted to assert it.
At fort St. Marks, Alex. Arbuthnot, the British Indian trader from beyond the
seas, the firebrand, by whose torch this Negro-Indian war against our borders had
been rekindled was found an inmate of the commandant's family; and it was
also found that, by the commandant himself, councils of war had been permitted
to be held within it, by the savage chiefs and waniors; that the Spanish
store-houses had been appropriated to their use, that it was an open mar-
ket for cattle, known to have been robbed by them from citizens of the United
States, and which had been contracted for and purchased by the officers of the
garrison. That information had been afforded from this fort by Arbuthnot, to the
enemy, of the strength and movements of the American army; that the date of
the departure of expresses had been noted by the Spanish commissary and am-
munition, munitions of war, and all necessary supplies furnished to the Indians.
The conduct of the governor of Pensacola was not less marked by a disposi-
tion of enmity to the United States, and by an utter disregard to the obligations
of the treaty, by which he was bound to restrain, by force, the Indians from hos-
tilities against them. When called upon to vindicate the territorial rights and
authority of Spain, by the destruction of the Negro fort, his predecessor had de-
clared it to be not less annoying to the Spanish subjects in Florida, than to the
United States, but had pleaded his inability to subdue it. He, himself, had ex-
pressed his apprehensions that fort St. Marks would be forcibly taken by the sava-
ges, from its Spanish garrison ; but at the same time, he had refused the passage
up the Escambia river, unless upon the payment of excessive duties, to provi-
sions destined as supplies for the American army, which, by the detention of
them was subjected to the most distressing privations. He had permitted free
ingress and egress at Pensacola to the avowed savage enemies of the United
States. Supplies of ammunition, munitions of war, and provisions had been
received from thence. They had been received and sheltered there, from the
pursuit of the American forces, and suffered again to sally thence, to enter upon
the American territory and commit new murders. Finally, on the approach of
Gen. Jackson to Pensacola, the Governor sent him a letter, denouncing his entry
upon the territory of Florida, as a violent outage upon the rights of Spain, com-
manding him to depart and withdraw from the same, and threatening in case of
his non-compliance, to employ force to expel him.
It became, therefore, in the opinion of Gen. Jackson, indispmnsibly necessary to
take front the governor of Pens cola the means of carrying his threat into execu-
tion. Before the forces under his command, the savage enemies of his country
had disappeared. But he knew that the moment those forces should he disban-
ded, if sheltered by Spanish fortresses, if furnished with ammunition and supplies
by Spanish officers, and if aided andc supported by the instigation of Spanish en-
couragement, and be had every reason to expect they would be, they would reap-
pear, and fired in addition to their ordinary ferociousness, with revenge for the
chastisement they had so recently received, would again rush with the war
hatchet and scalping knife, into the borders of the United States, and mark
every footstep with the blood of their defenceless citizens. So far as all the na-
tive resources of the savages extended, the war was at an end, and Gen. Jack-
son was about to restore to their families and their homes, time brave volunteers
who had followed his standard, and who constituted the principal part of his
force. This could be done with safety, leaving the regular portion of troops to
garrison his line of forts, and two small detachments of volunteer cavalry, to
scour the country round Pensacola, and swoop off the lurking remnant of sava-
ges, who had been scattered and dispersed before him. This was sufficient to
keep in check the remnant of the banditti, against whom he had marched, so long
as they should be destitute of other aid and support. It was in his judgment,
not sufficient, if they should be suffered to rally their numbers under the protec-
tion of Spanish forts, and to derive new strength from the impotence, or the
ill-will against the United States, of the Spanish authorities. He took posses-
stion, therefore, of Pensacola, and of the fort of Barrancas, as he had done of
St. Marks, not in any hostility to Spain, but as a necessary measure of self-de-
fence; giving notice that they should be restored whenever Spain should place
commanders and a force there, able and willing to fulfil the engagements of
Spain towards the United States, of restraining by force, the Florida Indians from
hostilities against their citizens. The President of the United States, to give a
signal manifestation of his confidence in the disposition of the King of Spain,
to perform with good faith this indispensible engagement, and to demonstrate to
the world that neither the desire of conquest nor hostility to Spain, had any in-
fluence in the councils of the United States, has directed the unconditional re-
storation to any Spanish officer, duly authorised to receive them, of Pensacola
and the fort of Barrancas, and that of St. Marks, to any Spanish force adequate for
its defence against the attack-of the savages. But the President will neither in-
flict punishment, or pass a censure upon Gen. Jackson for that conduct, the mo-
tives for which were founded in the purest patriotism, of the necessity for which
hlie had the most immediate and effectual means of forming a judgment, and the
vindication oc which is written in every page of the law of nations, as well as in
the law of nature, self defence.l-He thinks it, on the contrary, duo to the jus-
tice, which tie United States have a right to claim from Spain, and you are ac-
cordingly instructed to demand of tihe Spanish government, that enquiries shall
be instituted into the conduct of Don Jose Masoer, governor of Pensacola, and of
Don Francisco C. Lucngo, commandant at St. Marks, and a suitable punishment
inflicted upon them for having, in defiance and violation of the engagements of
Spain with the United States, aided and assisted these hordes of savages in those
very brutalities against the United States, which it was their official duty to res-
train. This enquiry is due to the character of those officers themselves, and to
the honour of th! Spanish government. lie obligationon of Spain to restrain by
foru'-2, etu Indians of Florida from hostilities, against the Ltsi'.cd bSates, and their
citizens, is explicit, is positive, is unqualified. The fact that for a _Cs of years
they have received shelter, assistance, supplies, ard protection, in the practice ot
such hostilities from the Spanish commanders in Florida, is clear and unequivo-
cal. If, as the commanders both at Pensacola and St. Marks, have alleged, this
has been the result of their weakness, rather than their will, if they have assist-
ed the Indians against the United States to avert their hostilities from the pro-
vince, which they had not sufficient force to defend against them, it may serve
in some measure, to exculpate, individually, those officers, but it must carry de-
monstration irresistibly to the Spanish government, that the right of the United
States can as little compound with impotence as with perfidy, and that Spain
must immediately make her election, either to place a force in Florida adequate
to the protection of her territory, and to the fulfilment of her engagements, or
code to the United States a province of which she retains nothing but the nomi-
nal possession ; but which is in fact, a direlect open to the occupancy of every
enemy, civilized, and savage, of the United States, and serving no other earthly
purpose than as a post of annoyance to them.
This exposition of the origin, the causes, and the character of the war wits
the Seminole Indians and part of tihe Creeks, combined with McGregor's mock
patriots and Nicholl's negroes, which necessarily led our troops into Florida, and
gave rise to all those incidents of which Mr. Pozarro so vehemently complains,
will, it is hoped, enable you to present other and sounder views of the subject to
his Catholic majesty's government. It will enable you to show that the occupa-
tion of Pensacola and St. Marks was occasioned neither by a spirit of hostility
to Spain, nor ith a view to extort, prematurely, the province from her posses-
sion ; that it was rendered necessary by the neglect of Spain to perform her en-
gagements of restraining the Indians from hostilities against the United States,
and by the culpable countenance, encouragement, and assistance given to those
Indians in their hostilities, by the Spanish governor and commandant at those
places. That Ihce United States have a right to demand, as tie President does
demand of Spain, the punishment of those officers for this misconduct ; and he
further demands of Spain a just and reasonable indemnity to the United States
for the heavy and necessary expenses which they have been compelled to incur,
by the failure of Spain to fulfil her engagement, to restrain the Indians, aggrava-
ted by this demonstrated duplicity of her commanding officers with them in their
hostilities against the United States. That the two Englishmen executed by
order of Gen. Jackson were not only identified with the savages, with whom
they were carrying on the war against the United States, but that one of them
was the mover and fomenter of the war, which, without his interference and
false promises to the Indians of support from the British government, never
would have happened-that the other was the instrument of war against Spain as
well as the United States commissioned by McGregor, and expedited by Wood-
bine, upon their prospect of conquering Florida wth these Indians and negroes.
That as accomplices of the savages, and, sinning against their better knowledge,
worse than savages, Gen. Jackson, possessed of their persons, and of the proofs
of their guilt, might, by the lawful and ordinary usages of war, have hung them.
both without the formality of a trial. That to allow them every possible oppor-
tunity of refuting the proofs, or of showing any circumstance in extenuation of
their crimes, he gave them the benefit of a court-martial, of highly respectable
officers That the defence of one consisted, solely and exclusively, of techni-
cal cavils at the nature of part of tlhe evidence against him, and the other con-
fessed his guilt. Finally, that in restoring Pensacola and St. Marks to Spain, the
President gives thIe most signal proof of his confidence, that hereafter her engage-
ment to restrain, by force, the Indians of Florida from all hostilities against the
United States, will be effectually fullil'ed ; that there will be no more murders,
no more robberies within our borders, by savages prowling about the Spanish line,
and seeking shelter within it, to display in their villages the scalps of our women
and .children, their victims, and to sell, with shameless effrontery, the plunder
from our citizens in Spanishl forts and cities; that we will hear no more
apologies from- Spanish Governors and commandants, of their inability to
perform the duties of their office and tlhe solemn contracts of their coun-
try-no more excuses for compliances to time savage enemies of the Uni-
ted States, from the dread of their attacks upon themselves-no more
harbouring of foreign importers, upont compulsion ; that a strength suffi-


cient will be kept in the province to restrain the Indians by force, and officers
empowered and instructed to employ it effectually to maintain the good faith of
the treaty. The duty of this government to protect the persons and property of
our fellow citizens, on the borders of the United States is imperative-it must
be discharged-and if, after all the warnings that Spain has had-if, after the
prostration of all her territorial rights, and neutral obligations, by Nicholls and his
banditti, during the war, and of all her treaty stipulations, by Arbuthnot and
Ambrister, abetted by her own commanding officers, during peace, to the cruel
annoyance of the United States-if the necessities of self-defence should again
compel thie United States to take possession of the Spanish forts and places in
Florida we declare, with the candor and frankness that become us, that anotlei un-
conditional restoration of them must not be expected ; that even the President's
confidence in the good faith and ultimate justice of the Spanish government will
yield to the painful experience of continual disappointment; and that after un-
wearied and almost unnumbered appeals to them, for the performance of their
stipulated duties, in vain, the United States will be reluctantly compelled to xely
for the protection of their borders upon themselves alone.
You are authorised to communicate the whole of this letter, and the accompa-
nying documents to the Spanish government. I have the honour, &c.,
No. 1.-Copy of a letter from General Arcularius, Commissary General of the
State of New York, to the Hon. Col. A. N. MacNab.
State of New York, Niagara Falls, Jan. 2d, 1838.
Col. Allan N. .IacNab, commanding her Majesly's Forces on the / .
Sir,-Having just arrived in this part of the State of New York, pursuant to
the commands of the Governor of this State, (a copy of which I have the honor
herewith to enclose,) I would most respectfully solicit from you the suspension
of an attack of the assemblage now lodged on Navy Island bordering this frontier,
until I can demand the surrender of any and all the arms, ordnance, and ordnance
stores belonging to the people of this State, of which this assemblage have ob-
tained the clandestine possession ; and permission to withdraw the same if they
shall be given up. The application will be made immediately, and without any
delay on my part, or the part of those citizens to whom the communication is ad-
dressed. I have the honour to be, Sir, with great respect, your obdt. servt,
Com'y Gen. Military Stores, State of New York.
No. 3. Copy of reply from the Hon. A. N. MacNab, to Commissary General
No. 3.
Head-quarters, Chippewa, 2d Jan. 1838.
Sir,-I have this moment had the honour to receive your communication of
this day, in which your solicit a suspension of an attack on the assemblage now
lodged on Navy Island until you can demand the surrender of any and all the arms,
ordnance, and ordnance stores belonging to the people of the State of New
Yolk, of which the assemblage have obtained the clandestine possession, with
permission to withdraw the same if they shall be given up, and assuring me that
the above application will be made immediately and without any delay on your
part, or on the part of those citizens to whom the communication is ad-
As the above application evinces a noble desire on the part of the State of
New York sincerely to co-operate with the Government of her Britannic Ma-
jesty in maintaining the laws of nations against the atrocious attack of a band of
pirates who have equally insulted the American as well as the British authorities,
by plundering their property, and by openly setting their laws at defiance, I lose
no time in assuring you that having been directed cordially to co-operate with the
authorities as well as with the citizens of the United States in maintaining the
treaty which happily exists between them and the Britsh Empire, and to do
everything in my power to avoid if possible the effusion of human blood. I
shall have great pleasure in suspending my attack on the pirates on Navy Island,
and will cheerfully consent on the part of her Majesty's Government that any
arms or property they may have stolen from your Government or from your citi-
zens, may be withdrawn by you from the Island, for the purpose of being imnme-
diately restored to their rightful owners.
Relying upon receiving from you the earliest possible notice of the result of
your laudable exertions, and trusting that the same good feeling which has deter-
mined your government to deprive these people of the arms of the United States,
which you acknowledge they have clandestinely possessed themselves of will in-
duce you to prevent them from receiving from your shores any further assistance
or supplies. I have the honour to remain, with the highest consideration,
Your obedient humble servant,
Col. Com'g her Majesty's Forces on th'e-Niazara Frontier.
To Commissary Gen. Henry Arcularius, Esq. &c. &c. &c.
No. 5. State of New York, Wednesday evening, 9 o'clock.
Niagara Falls, Jan. 3d, 1838.
Colonel Allan N. MacNab, commanding her Majesty's Forces on the Niagara
Sir-In compliance with my promise made in my letter of this evening, which
I had the honour to address you, I now deem it my duty to send you the enclosed
copy of a communication just received from Mr. Van Rennsalear, the command-
ing officer at Navy Island. I have, &c
Com. Gen. Military Stores, N. Y. S.
[Copy] Head Quarters, Navy Island,
Upper Canada, Jan. 3d, 1838.
To General Arcularius, Commissary General, State of New York, now at Niagara
Sir,-I have laid your letter of yesterday before such members of the provi-
sional government as were on the Island, at the time of my landing, but as a suf-
ficient number to form a board could not be assembled in time to give your re-
quest the grave consideration it demands, it was considered just to defer a reply
bntil to morrow, when I will have the honour to communicate to you the decision
of the board. I have the honour, &c.
Commanding, &c.
No. 4.) State of New York,
Niagara Falls, January 4th, 1838.
Colonel Allan N. McNab, commanding her Majesty's forces on the Niagara
Sir,-I have the honour to enclose a copy of the proclamation issued to our
citizens by the United States Marshal, N. Garrow, Esq. this morning with aid to
enforce the laws of our country.
I would most respectfully avail myself of this opportunity of communication,
to express a humanedesire to you, which is to know, whether the Canadians on
Navy Island can be permitted to find their way to their respective homes in Ca-
nada unmolested, and to be enabled to say that the delusion under which they
have acted, will be pardoned.
Were I permitted to say something positive in this relation fiom the authori-
ties in Canada to the misguided minds of many of my fellow citizens, both on
the island and on this frontier, it does appeal to me that I should thereby be
enabled more peaceably to attain the object for which I have been sent hore :
namely, to recover the state military property clandestinely abstracted from vari-
ous depots.
It appears to me that the feverish scruples and agitation now existing would
be softened thereby, and the object of suppressing the designs of the insidiously
inclined, be left without an argument for their insane practices.
With all deference and respect, I submit this proposition to your most favour-
able and honourable construction, as it emanates from Ithe mosc sincere desire on
my part to obtain the object of my mission in the most peaeable manner.
[Copy.] Com'y Gen. Military Stores, S. N. Y.
No' 5. Head Quarters,
Chippewa, 4th Jan. 1838.
Sir,-I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of this day,
enclosing a proclamation issued by N. Garrow, Esq. United States marshal for
the Northern District of New York.
It is with great satisfaction that I have received this farther proof of your sin-
cere desire to prevent the continuance of the illegal proceedings pursued by a
great number of the citizens of New York, in arming themselves to invade this
My object in attacking Navy Island is not to obtain possession of the persons
either of American or of Canadian subjects, but simply to recover for her Brit-
tanic Majesty by force of arms, a portion of the British Empire, upon which an
American citizen, styling himself R. Van Rensselaer, general commanding, with
others, have in violation of the laws of.nations, presumed to constitute for Upper
Canada a provisional government, which promises to parcel out to its adherents
the most fertile lands in this province.
SThose, therefore, who may think proper at once to depart from Her Majesty's
Island, are at full liberty to do so-and even when I attack it, any who may lay
down their arms shall receive from me no personal injury, but will be made
prisoners to answer for their conduct to the laws of this province.
I have, &c. ALLAN N. MACNAB,
Col. Com'gHer Majesty's Forces on the Niagara Frontier.
Commissary Gen. Henry Arcularius, &c. &c.

Exchange at New York on London, 60 days, 10 a 10e per cent prom.

--, I- .L| '-'- ^ '-_- 0-J --2. i


We have received accounts from London a day or two later. A debate took
place in the House of Commons on the Pcnsion List, on the 8th ult., when a
number of reductions were proposed by Mr. Rice. Sir R. Peel and others opposed
these reductions on the ground, that it was cruel and ungenerous to deprive aged
and infirm persons of the pittance which they depended on in many cases for their
daily bread. The reductions were, however, adopted by a large majority. No
division has yet taken place which has fairly tried the strength of the Ministry.

At the request of several correspondents, we have inserted the celebrated
despatch of Mr. John Quincy Adams to the American Minister at Madrid, in re-
ply to the demand for reparation made by the Spanish Government for the vio-
lation of territory by General Jackson in the Seminole War. How far the inva-
sion of Florida, then a Spanish province, and the capture of St. Marks and Pon-
sacola, then Spanish forts, were acts analagous to the late capture of the Caro-
line at Schlosser, by the British forces, we have not time strictly to examine.
There is, however, a general resemblance in the outlines of the two cases. Ar-
buthnot and others, British subjects, but unauthorized by the British Govern-
ment, were among the Seminole Indians, and inciting them to acts of hostility
against the United States ; and when closely pursued by the American troops,
took refuge within the Spanish frontier, and even sheltered themselves within the
Spanish forts-the Spanish population and subordinate authorities conniving
threat. The Spanish Governor Coppinger and the Governor General of Cuba,
when called on to put a stop to such lawless proceedings, either from inability or
unwillingness omitted to do so ; and the alternative presented itself to Gen
Jackson-to pursue a band of runaway negroes, Indians, and foreigners, into a
neutral territory, and there capture and punish them, or leave the frontier inhabi-
tants of the United States exposed to a repetition of the barbarities that had been
previously experienced. Gen. Jackson did not hesitate which course to pursue.
He passed the Spanish frontier with his army ; he seized St. Marks and Pensa-
cola, and he summarily tried and executed Arbuthnot and Ambister, two Eng-
lishmen found fighting in the ranks of the Indians. These acts were justified
by the American Government, on the ground that they were necessary, and done
upon the principle of self-preservation. If the Spaniards could not maintain
the police of their own country, the neighboring countries were not to be the
victims of their imbecility. It was a fair case for the injured party to redress
its own grievances.
As respects the Caroline, she was employed in carrying arms and ammunition to
Navy Island, and was chartered or hired by Mcl(enzie. By so doing she violated
the laws of both countries, disfranchised herself,and forfeited her neutral character.
Mr. Garrow, the United States Marshal, h ad officially made known to the Pre-
sident his inability to check these disorders. Arms had been stolen from the
public arsenals with impunity, and the President had declared to Congress that
the laws were insufficient. What was to be done In such a case? Could the
Canadians be expected to look quietly on and daily see measures taken for their
destruction by lawless men, under the garb of neutrality, which they themselves
violated The expounders of international law can best answer these questions.
The affair, however, is in the hands of the two governments, by whom it will be
properly treated, and we have no doubt satisfactorily arranged. England, we are
sure, will do all that honour, justice, and friendship can ask of her.

We insert below a draft of the new law, which the President recommended
Congress to enact to enable the government to maintain more effectually its neutral
relations with Great Britain. It seems to meet the case the exactly. Perhaps
the two first sections after the words citizen or citizens of the United States"
-or other persons might be added with advantage, that foreigners as well as citi-
zens may share the prohibition.
That the several collectors, naval officers, surveyors, and inspectors of the
cUitisil tile niar.snas ana uoo puLy ,narshlals ol tile Unitetd states, and every
other person who may be specially empowered for the purpose, by the President
of the United States, shall be, and they are hereby, respectively, authorized and
required to seize every vessel or vehicle belonging to any citizen or citizens of
the United States, and about to pass the frontier of the same, for any place within
any foreign State or colony conterminous with the United States, when the
circumstances of the case shall render it probable that such vessel or vehicle is
intended to be employed in carrying on hostilities against the citizens, subjects, or
property of any such conterminous State or colony with whom the United States
are at peace ; or in giving aid and comfort to the persons carrying on such hostili-
ties, by conveying to their assistance men, arms, or munitions of war ; and
to detain every such vessel or vehicle, and all arms and munitions of war which
may be found therein, until the owner or owners thereof shall enter into bond to
the United States, with sufficient sureties, in double the value of the said vessel
or vehicle, and of the arms and munitions of war, found therein, that the said vessel
or vehicle, and the said arms and munition of war, shall not be employed by such
owner or owners, nor by any other person, with his or their consent or knowledge
in carrying on or aiding such hostilities as above mentioned ; or until the Presi-
dent of the United States shall direct the restoration of the vessel, vehicle, or
property so seized.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the several officers and persons in
the preceding section mentioned shall be, and they are hereby, also authorized and
required to seize all arms and munitions of war belonging to any citizen or citizens
of the United States, and about to be carried across the frontier of the United
States when the circumstances of the case shall render it probable that the same
are intended to be sent to any place within any foreign Stale or colony contermin-
ous with the United States, and with whom the United States are at peace, for
the purpose of being used in carrying on hostilities against the citizens, subjects.
or property of such conterminous State or colony ; and to detain the arms and
munitions of war so seized, until the owner or owners thereof shall enter into bond
to the United States, with sufficient sureties, in double the value of the said
arms and munitions of war, that the same shall not he employed by such owner
or owners, nor by any other person with his or their consent or knowledge, it
carrying on or aiding such hostilities as above mentioned, or until the President
of the United States shall direct the restoration of the same : Provided, That
nothing in this or the preceding section contained, shall be construed to extend to
or interfere with any trade in arms or munitions of war, conducted inI hse vessels by
sea, with any foreign port or place whatsoever, which might have been lawfully
carried on iby citizens of tile United States before the passage of this act aider
the provisions of the act hereby amended.
Sec. 3. Attd bie ilt /lhcr enacted, That if any body of armed men, who have
beei actually engaged in carrying on hotilities against the citizens, subjects,
or property of any foreign State or colony, conterminous with the United States,
and with whom they are at peace, shall come within the limits and jurisdiction of
the United States, whilst such hostilities are pe11ing, it slll be the dutly of t1he
several officers and persons herein before mentioned, ald they arc herIieby respec-
tively authorized and required, to seize anil take from such body of armed mien, all
weapons and arms brought by them within the United States, and to detain the
same until the respective owners thereof shall enter into bond to time United
States, with sufficient sureties, in double the value of the said weapons and
arms, that the same shall not be employed by such owner or owners, nor by any
other person with his or their consent or knowledge, in carrying on or aiding such
hostilities, as before mentioned ; or until the President of the United States shall
direct the restoration of the same.

Mackenzie and his party are still at Navy Island, but their sojourn is rapidly
drawing to a close. The island is a good place of defence, but not of offence; and
as their tarry upon a few acres of land in the Niagara river will do but little
towards conquering Canada, or rewarding the Buffalo Solons who have been
finding the patriots," in victuals, we apprehend that the hour of their disper-
sion is at haud. Sir Francis Head, we understand, has determined not to attack
the island, since the presence of the enemy there is harmless and of shortduratior.-
He lihas therefore wisely resolved not to spill blood, by hastening an event that is
rapidly approaching from natural causes. Governor Marcy and Gen. Scott, are
both on the frontier, and their enforcement of neutrality, by cutting offsupplies for
three days only, will break up the whole concern. The following is the latest in-
gCorrcrpoudenc of ike Evrueiag Joirunal.
BU1tt'..o, JAN. 12., 1838.
Dear Sir-Gov. Marcy, Gen. Scott, Col. WVo'o, and others, arrived here
yesterday insrning. The Governor reviewed lthe troops in connexion with
Gen. Scott, in the afternooi; and about eleven o'clock last evening, just as


ti e governor and general had got to bed, the roar of a tremendous cinoilade
was heard in ihe direction of Navy Island. In a few minutes an expr,'ss from
Gen. Jackson, cominiandling at Schloss'r arrived, with information to the go-
vernor thia! a Inrge nm'lsb]er of wragis had arrived in that vicinity. ant! that le
feared thie Itrces un Na.vy Island wcr about tto land and pass up the river, w il:
an iiitention of. :. into Canada at or near Black Rnclc The governor "
at once fund .. i the midst of war. 'The cainnonading was kept aup
with spirit-the alarm bells ramng!--the drumis beat ato Ir s !-am d thi stre.tr'
thronged with a '?ted mene-all Wvas octfunsion and uproar. IL rather exceedcid
any thing we have Ihad since lie war beganis. Orders were ininediaid lv is-
sued for Gen. Ruandall',' hi'~i.-dt of artillery and Gusn. Burt's brigade of' infun-
try to Inarch to Blacki .I.. .11 were soon in action, and tle Governor Gen-
ral Scott, and others, weiti dowin to thie same point is the rail-rooi'd cars. By
this time, which was about 2 o'clock A. M., the firing ceased, and at an early
hour this morning the troops returned to the city.
Four o'clock, P. M.-The Goveinor and Gen. Scott, with heir suites, it is;
understood, have gone to Schlosser. By a gentleman who has just returned
from there, I lcarn that the wagons were actually congregated at Schlosser.
and were still there at 9 o'clock this morning. It was believed there that Van
Rensselear and his forces intended to evacuate the Island last night, and move.
off somewhere, perhaps beyond the reach of our authorities-that they were
attacked by a heavy discharge of shot and shells from the Canada shore,
which gave them other employment upon the Island for the time being. Frot
the circumstance of tlie wagons remaining, it. is thought the attempt will be
made to get off My own opinion is that their getting off ir all a
farce. 'Their only course, in my opinion, is it. come ons to our shore, and lay
doswn their arms. This will be rather humiiliaLing to them, and all concerned ;.
ebut I think they will have to do it,

The spirit of loyalty and patriotism that has displayed itself throughout the
whole of the North American colonies, during the late transactions, is incon-
ceivable. The population is every where arming, or already in arms. MWe have.
on a former occasion stated, that 4000 men assembled at Toronto, in forty eight
hours after Mackenzie's treason became known, and joined tilhe standard of the
Queen. This was not a compulsory act, but one of pure, willing, and spontaneous
loyalty. In Lower Canada 10,000 volunteers are enrolled, and a large portion of
them are armed and equipped for service ; many took the field in the military
operations at St. Charles, and St. Eustache, rendering eminent services and set-
ting examples of intrepidity. Nova Scotia and New Brunswick have caught
the flame, and are every where gallantly up and doing. It is impossible for us to
particularize, and we must therefore be content to state that generally the militia.
are every where volunteering--that the legislatures-corporations, towns,.cities,.
and villages, almost daily have public meetings, and are passing Resolutions, ex-
pressive of their unaltered feelings and firm determination to maintain inviolate
the British Constitution. These facts we learn from the public journals 01 those
colonies, and from numerous private letters which we have not room to insert.
In our last we gavp a sketch of a public meeting in Halifax ; on that occasion
all party spirit subsided ; men, long known as reformers, and opponents of the
government, vied with each other in denounci-,g tihe treasonable proceedings.
of Papineau and Mackenzie. Among the most forward of these, was Mr.
Joseph Howe. Not satislded with repudiating the selfish and ambitious schemes
of the Canadian disturbers, hlie stated that these latter persons had some time
since entered into a correspondence with him, in order to secure his alliance;
but to show that they met with no cooperation from him, he forthwith lead all
the correspondence, which demonstated, that although he was an active and
zealous reformer, his heart was truly British. Sir John Harvey, governor of
New Brunswick, has officially written to the commander of the Forces, stating
that the volunteers and militia of his province, were not only fully adequate to the
defence of the colony in the absence of the troops, but would moreover furnish
a well organized corps to proceed to Quebec, and garrison that fortress in order
that all her Majesty's regular forces might be spared for field service. We shall
endeavour to publish this despatch next week.

The British Minister at Washington was lately accused by Mr. Cushing, of
Massachusetts, in Congress, of having given to the American Government a
copy of the Pamphlet of Signor Gorostiza, the Minister for Mexico, and of ex-
pressing at the sarnme time his, the British Minister's, disgust at the conduct of the
Mexican functionary. How far the mere fact of giving a copy of a document,.
whiilts a'ap.irs to have uolt pronty freely circulated by the writer himself to a
friendly Government is censurable, is not exactly apparent ; but at any rate, we
feel satisfied that Mr. Fox has not in any way done aught that can affect his
character as a gentleman, or as a public Minister ; neither has he, we are equally
certain, taken any step at variance with the friendly relations that exist between
Great Britain aind Mexico. The following passages, however, from the >Spy in
Washington," the correspondent of the Courier and Enquirer, so fully acquit Mr.
Fox, and pay such a well-merited tribute to himn, that we have great pleasure itn
copying them :-
The allusion made by Mr. Cushing in debate, to the British Minister, may tend
to encourage an opinion which has been improperly entertained, that it was Mr.
Fox who expressed to Mr. Forsyth his disgust at the conduct of AMr. Gorostiza.
I have already stated to you, what is universally believed here, that Mr. Fox is in
no way entangled with Mr. Forsyth in that indiscreet affair. I have the best
authority for stating, that a member of the Cabinet has made this declaration, and
I begin to think that the responsibility will, as I advised Mr. Forsyth, be ultimate-
ly thrown upon tile ghost of tihe deceased Checaltar Lorich.
Mr. Fox's domestic habits, as you have inferred, from a passage in a late letter
of mine, are peculiar to himself. He sleeps when other men act, and reserves
his energies for those hours which appear to be consecrated by nature and man to
sleep. He is said to be one of tile best bred men who ever represented the
British Court at this Government, and to be romaikably agreeable iu private society.
At horme, I understand, he is a severe stuleut, devoting himself to various bran-
ches of natural history. In his public character se appears to advantage, whe-
ther we advert to the remarks he made at Annapolis, on his arrival, or to his last
letter to Mr. Forsyth, which is a model for diplomatic correspondence, both
in reference to the purity and courtesy of his style, and the benevolent senti-
ments, so touchingly expressed, on the motives which must bind the United
States and Great Britain in bonds of sincere amity. Mr. Fox is said to hav-.
many of the characteristic fe-tures of his illustrious uncle.

We learn from the Bermuda Royal Gazette, that Capt. R. S. Young, of the:
Royal Enginceis, died at Ireland Island on the 24th built after a short illness.
His family had sailed for England only a week or two previously.
WVe have great pleasure in publishing a second communication from Mues.-'
on the insurrection in Lower Canada.

We have received from Mr. S. Cohnan, 114 Fiolton-strect, Parley's Universal
Hislory, for tlih use of schools and families. It is in ltwo handsome volume,
published by the American Stationers Company, Boston, illustrated with cuts
and maps, rendering it cinieintly useful to those for whom it is intended.
We have received from Messrs. Wiley & Putnam, Broadway, a copy of Gen-
tleman Jack," a naval story, by the author of Cavendish," WVill Watch," Ac..
It comes from the press of Messrs. Carey & Hart, Philadelphia.
Messrs. Carey, Lea, & Blanchard. of Philadelphia, have published Confes-
sions of an Elderly Lady and Gentleman," by Lady Blessington, in 2 vols., oc-
tavo; and Lives of Cardinal De Retz, Jean Baptiste Colbert, John Do Witt,
and the Marquess De Louvois," by G. P. R. James, Esq., author of The Lifte
of Edward, the Black Prince," Cardinal Richelieu," &c. &c., in 2 vols.-
The works are for sale by Messrs. Carvill, Broadway.

The following has been handed to us for insertion by a friend, in whose judg-
ment we repose ntuch confidence:-
We have muisch pleasure in directing attention to a small volutie which has
just been published in Philadlphia, entitledil The Oriental Key to the SSc.rre?.
Scriptures." It is the work of Miss Corbett, a lady recently arrived in our count-
tuy from the oler side of the Atlantic, where she has distingisCihed herself by
many productions of acknowledged excellence in various departments ..f clegan.
literature, to which her naeinc hais not been affixed. The present publication is pltin,-
cipally intendcdil for the younger class of readers; it aims at encouraging an in-
tcrcst in the Scriptures among young people by instructing them in curious cus-
ioms, whis Is chear up many dhlicult passages, and by briefly explaining thie scope,
sand describing tile writers and thie subjects of some of thei most prominent boo's
of whlmichl the Bible is composed. The Oriental Key to the Sacred Scriptsresi s
is strongly recommended by letters -f approval, bearing the signatures o a nuin-
blinr of highly popular clergymen, aund we believe there is no one who can r'lee C.
without ecomncurring with them in thie impression, that it is likely to prove 3.s '..:-1,
in its influences, as it is agreeable iis its style and choice of subuject-e


_ __~ _I

Etc to.biew*

January 20,

A favourite Ballad, from the Songs of the Legends and traditions of Ireland ; Sung by Madame Caradori Allan ; Written and Composed by Samuel Lover, Esq. New York, Published at Atwill's Music Saloon, 201 Broadway.
(It is related of Carolan, the Irish bard, that after his loss of sight, and the lapse of twenty years, he recognized his first love by the touch of her hand.)

Tenderly, but not too Slow. True love can ne'er forget, Fond ly as when we met Dear est I
' Tenderly, but not too Sloe,.

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love thee yet, My darling one" Thus sung a minstrel grey His sweet impassioned lay Down bythe ocean's spray, At rise of sun; Butv wither'd was the minstrel's sight, Morn tohim was dark as night Yet his heart was

N::71F-:-171w F -- f [ -j

full of light, As he this lay be gun "True love canne'er forget, Fondly as when we met, Dearest I love thee yet, My darling one "

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22 k7- =izf -fitg W i6 Q r-ttL L r F iitt'
I< i" l ltI I _j I -- .LL / { II /I L --- -L [ E E.


Long years are past and o'er, Did o'er his sweet harp run.
Since from this fatal shore, "True love can ne'er forget,
Cold hearts and cold winds bore Fondly as when we met,
My love from me." Dearest I love thee yet,
Scarcely the minstrel spoke, My darling one."
When quick, with flashing stroke,
A boat's light oar the silence broke, Where the minstrel sat alone,
Over the sea. There the lady fair hath gone,
Soon upon her native strand, Within his hands she nlac'd her own.
Doth a lovely lady land, 'J he bard dropt on his knee :
While the minstrel's love-taught hand From his lip soft blessings came,

UPPER CANADA-OFFICIAL. neighbourhood of Navy Island, to which point, I proceeded at daybreak with
CAPTURE OF THE CAROLINE. my spy glass to inspect that position of the rebel forces.
Copy of a letter from the Honourable A. N. McNab, ColCommanding, to Co. Soon after liy arrival there I perceived our eight oared gig just rounding the
Coytile Honore Ae J. A. P. C. northern extremity of Navy Island. She had been all round the Island, and
the Honourable Jonas Jones, A. Quarters, Chippewa, 30th Dec. 1837. as fired at from all parts of it, with round shot, canister and grape, and mus-

Saturday morning, 3 o'clock. ketry.
Sir,-I have the honour to report for the information of his Excellency t On our coming abreast of Fort Schlosser. I distinctly saw two discharges of
Lisut. Governor, that having received positive information that the Pirates and heavy ordnance from a point on the ain shore on the American side, not far
rebels at Navy Island had purchased a steamboat called the Caroline, to facili- from that fort.
!ate their intended invasion of this country, and being confirmed in imy infor- As soon as our boat had passed the firing ceased.
marion yesterday by the boat (which sailed under British colors), appearing at I have deemed it no more than my duty to call your attention to this fact, to
the island, I determined upon cutting her out: and having sent Capt. Drew of the truth, of which I am pr-pared to make affidavit whenever called upon. I
'the royal navy, he, in a most gallant manner, with a crew of volunteers (whose have the honor to be Sir, Your obedient servant,
names I shall hereafter mention) performed this dangerous service, which was J. ELMSLEY, Lieut. Royal Navy.
ndsomelyfThe Hon. Colonel A. N. McNab, &c. &c.
handsomely effected.
In consequence of the swift current it was found to be impossible to get the The following are the affidavits referred to in Col. MacNab's correspondence.
vessel over to this place, and it was therefore necessary to set hei on fire. Her
colours are in my possession. I have the honor to be sir. Your obedient hum- Upper Canada, Luke Walker, of the city of Buffalo, in the
ble servant, A. N. McNABB, Col. coming. District of Niagara, State of New York, in the U. States of America,
P. S. We have two or three wounded-and the pirates about the same number To wit: laborer, maketh oath and saith that lie was on board
killed. A. N. McNABB. the steamboat Caroline last night when she was captured; that there were
Copy of a leer froCaptain re, C n o ore about, thirty armed men on board, that the said boat, as he understood, was
Copy ter from Cotn Drew Commanlero a to the onora the property of the Patriots in Navy Island ; she had been employed during the
Head-qA. N. Mcarers, Coll ipea, 0th Dec. 137. day in taking provisions and stores to the Island ; that deponent was in the
Sir-I have the honor to inform you that in obedience to your commands to cabinlying down when he heard the watch on deck cry out, Hurra boys,
here comes the enemy," that he heard the captain say to the men, "Sleep
burn, sink, or destroy the piratical steam vessel which had been plying between e o mi for we shal he hard work to-morrow, the many gen-
Navy Island and the Amnerican shore the whole ofyesterdlay,I ordered a look outtoforowe shll have ardwo ao the y gen-
be kept upon her, and at about 5 P. M. of yesterday, when the day bad closed in, tlemen coining from Rosheter, and we shall have to take them over."
Mr Harris, of the royal navy, reported the vessel to me as having moored off Navy hisLUKE WALKER
Island. I ir.mediately directed five boats to be armed'and manned with 4,5 volun- LUKE WALKER.
reers, and at about 11 o'clock P. M. we pushed off from the shore for Navy Island worn before me at Chippeva, first having been fully read and explained
'-shen not finding her there as expected we went in search and found her moored t t or-ithis 300 l December, 1837.
between the Island and the main shore. to this 30th December, 1837.
I then assembled the boats off the point of the island, and dropped quietly down W. Hamilton Merrit, J. P.
upon the steamer ; we were not discovered until within twenty yards, of her when Upper Canada, District of Niagara, to wit: Silvanrus Fearns Wrigley, late of
the sentry upon tlhe gangway hailed us, and asked the counter'aign, which I told the township of Dumfries, in the District of Gore, laborer, deposeth and saith,
him we would give when we got onboard ; he tlheifired upon us, when we iimmedi that he is a British subject, that he enlisted with Chas. Duncombe, and joined
-ately boarded and found from twenty to thirty men upon her decks, lwho were him in the London District; that aft.erDuncombe's men were dispersed, he went
easily overcome, and in two minutes she was in our possession. As the current with Alfred Luce, another of Duncombc's men, down to Chippewa, and crossed
was running strong, and our position close to the Falls of Niagara, I deemed it the Niagara River to join the patriots, that he was on board the steamboat Caro-
'nost prudent to burn the vessel, but previously to setting her on fire we ook thie line with the said Alfred Luce on their way to Navy Island, at the time she
precaution to loose her from her moorings, and turn her out into the stream, to pre- was captured-thal he believes said Luce was killed in the engagement-that
vent the possibility of the destruction of any lling like American property. Int lie understood theo boat to be the property of the Patriots-that on the same day
short, all those on board the steamer who did not resist were quietly put on she was captured, she had taken a six pounder to the Island from Schlosser on
.shore, as I thought it possible there might be some American citizens on the American shore, with provisions and other necessaries for Mackenzie's army
board. Those who assailed us were of course delt with according to the usages -that the flag they had on board was a British flag-that deponent saw the
of war. cannon on board-that the cannon, as he understood, was the property of the
I cannot speak too highly of the conduct of the officers and men who accom- United States-and that when the boats approached the steamboat, a rifle was
panied me ; their coolness and bravery show what may be expected from them fired at them from the steamboat -that he then ran forward to the front of the
when their country requires their services ; where all behaved so well it would steamboat, when he was made prisoner.
be invidious in me to particularize any one, but I may be excused for mentioning SILVANUS FEARNS WRIGLEY.
the gallant conduct of Lieut. Shepird McCormack, of the Royal Navy, who T he only fire-locks deponent saw on board were muskets and rifles.
.nobly seconded me, anm had to ancoun.er several of the pirates in the fore part of SILVANUS FEARNS WRIGLEY.
h.lie vessel, by which I regret to say he has received five desperate wounds ; we Sworn before me at Chippewa, this 30th Dec 1837.
have also two others wounded, and I regret to add that live or six of the enemy WM. HAMILTON MERRITT, J. P.
-,ere killed. A return of our wounded I beg to subjoin.
I have theA houor to he, Sir, Your most ub't humbln e scn-t Copy of a letter from W Lockwood, Esq, First Lieulenant of the St. Catha-
A- DREW DREW, Comimaotu r of Roytal N-vv rine's Troop of Cavalry, to the Hon Colonel MacNab, &c.
P. S.-I beg to add that we broutE, one prisoner away, a British sject, Sir- have the honour to inform you that this morning at 8 o'clock, about
e Iscquence of his acknowledging that he had belonged n to Dunceo B b's ary, twenty men appeared on Grand Island (two miles below Black Creek) con-
-dir was on board the steamor to juin Mackenziu u1onNavy fltand, htructing a bridge across a ravine, and when they saw a party of men on the
A NDE r W It r.jh Canada shore watching their movements, they fired a volley of musketry to-
.,titurn of f e .voundc.--Lieutenant Shepherd McC -ma oy'l N"'vy wadis nthei ; after having completed their work they left two men on the
:.csperately, Captain WTarren, Sipighrly, Johin irrnyold, severely, bridge and retired towards the lower part of the Island. I have the honour to
Apo JRvW. DiEiW be, Sir, your most obedient servant,
py of a letter from the Hn. John eley, Li-ut. R.N. to the Hon. Col. A. First Lieut of the St Catharie's Troop of Cavalry.
N .bTo the Honorable Col MacNab, Commander-ir.-chief of ihl Forces of Upper
,- Chippewa, Dec 29, 1837, 8, A.M. Canada.P

He kiss'd her hand with truest flame,
In trembling tones he named her name,
Though her lie could not see.
But oh! the touch the bard could tell,
Of that dear hand remembered well,
Ah by many a secret spell,
Can true love trace his own.
For true love can ne'er forget,
Fondly as when they met,
He lov'd his lady yet,
His darling one.

From New York on the 8th, ':,'. .... 24th of each month. From Havre on the Ist, 8th,
thli, and 16th of every month. ii .. made a new :,, ..... for the sailing of these
packers. thle subscri bers will despatch thorn as above, I i..: .... i'...' I. iz.
Ships. Masters. Days of Sailing from New-'i,.. : i.. 'r.,I Havre.
Burgmudy, J. Rockctt, Jan. 8, Sept. 16, May 24, Feb. 16, July 8, Nov. 1,
Rhone, W. Skiddy, 16, 24, June 6 March 1, 16, 8,
Charlemagne, Richardson, 24, Oct. 8, 16, 8, Aug. 1, 16,
Ville de Lyon, C. Stoddard, Feb. 8, 16, 24, 16, 8, Dec. 1,
Francois 1st, W. W. Pell, 16, 24, July S. April 1, 16, 8,
Formosa, V. B. Orne, 24, Nov. 8, 16. 8, Sept. 1, 1,
Silvie De Grasse, Weiderholdt March 8, 16. 24 16, 8, Jan. 1,
Poland, Anthony, April 16. 24, Aug. S. June 1, 16, 8,
Albany, J. Johnston, 24; Dec. 8, Aug. 16, S, Oct. 1, 16,
Louis Philippe, J. Castoff, May 8, 16, 2.1. 16, 8, Feb. 1,
Sully, D. Lines. 16, 24, May 16, July 1, 6. 8,
These are all ves els of this first class and ably commanded, with elegant accommoda-
tions for passengers, comprising all that may be required for comfort and convenience, in-
cluding wines and stores of every description. Goods sent to either of the subscribers at
New York, will be forwarded by their packets, free of all charges except the expenses sc
tually incurred. C. BOLTON, FOX & LIfVINGSTON, 22 Broad-st.
WM. WHITLOCK, Jr. 46 South-st.
JOHN I. BOYD Broker. 9 Tontine Buildings.
To sail on the Ist, 10th, and 20th of every month.
This line of packets will hereafter be composed of 1 ...... ships, which wil su c
ceed each other in the order in which they are named. : .. .. ... tally from New York
and Portsmouth on the 1st, 16th, and 20th, and from i -n... .. .- 7th, 17th, and 27th, of
every month throughout the year, viz:-
Ships. Masters. Days of Sailing from Newx Days of Sailing from
York. London
St. James, W It. Sobor, Jan. I, May 1, Sept. 1. Feb. 17, June 17, Oct. 17,
Montreal, S.B. Grifling, 10, 10, i,' ; 27, 27, '" 27
Gladiator, T.rittion, 2," 0, 20, '., .. 7, July 7, Nov. 7,
Mediator, Champlin, Feb. 1, June 1, Oct. l 17, 17, 17,
Quebec, F.1H.Hobard, 10, 10, 10,! 27, 27, 27,
.. ..,, D. Chadwick, 20. 20, 20,April 7, Aug. 7, Dec. 7,
i ii'.,..1., E.E. Morg?.n, March 1, July 1, Nov. 11 17 17, 17.
Samson, R ..... '. 10, 10, 27, 27, 27
President, '' .j i 20 20, 'I.. 7, Sept. 7, Jan. 7,
Ontario, Fi ii .i.. i.. ,, April 1, Aug. 1, Dec. I, 17, 17, 17,
Toronto, R. Griswold, 10, 10, lt, 27. 27, 27,
Westminster. 1G. Moore, 20, 20, 20,une 7, Oct. 7. Feb. 7,
These ships are all of the first class, about 600 tons burtlihci, and are ommnanded by able
and experienced navigators. Great care will be taken that thie Beds, Stores, &c. are of the
best description. The price of cabin passage is now tixed at S140, outward, for each adult,
which includes wine and liquors. Neither thle captains nor owners of these packets will
be responsible for any letters, parcels, or packages, sent by thonm, unless regular BiMs of
Lading are signed therefore. Apply to
GRTNLNELL, MINTURN and Co. 134 Front street,
JOHN GRISWOLD, "0 South street. New York, or to
GEORGE WILDES andu Co. No. 19 Coleman street, London
GARRATT & GIBSON, Portsmouth.
Ships. Captains. Days of Sailing from New Days of Sailing from
York. Liverpool.
North America, C. Dixey, Jan. 1, May 1, Sept. I 16, June i, Oct. 16
Roscoe, J.C. Dcilano, 8, 8, 24-, 24.1, 24,
Europe, A. C ?.. 11. 16, 111, 16, March 1, July 1, Nov. 1,
Sheffield, P.I' .'..... 24, 24, 24, 8, 8, 8,
Columbus, N. B.Palmer, Feb. 1, June 1., Oct. 1, 16, 16, 16,
Geo.Washington II. Itoldrcge, 8, ,, 8, 1 24, '1 24, 24,
lbemsia J.L. Wilson, 1, '" 1, 16, April 1, Aug. 1, Dec. 1,
United States, I; iT ;. .. 24 24, 2, 8, 3 8,
SouthAmerca, 7 ,.,, Mar. 1, July 1, Nov. 1, 16, 16, 16,
Pennsylvania, J. P. Smilih, 8, 8, 8, 2 2, 24,
England, B.L. Waite, 16, 16, 16,May l, Sept. I, Jan.1,
St. Andrew, Thorolpson, 21, 21. 24. 8, S,
Orpheus, I. Burslev april Auni. 1. Dec. 1. 1, Id, 16,
Independence, E. Nve. A" 8, S, S, 2., 24, 2-1,
Oxford, J. R lion 16, !6, 16,, June Oct. 1, Fei'. 1,
Virginian, 1. IIarris, 2-1, 24, 24,-. 8. 8,
Those ships are .ll of thei first class, commanded byl mon of chararier and experience,
and care will be takon that the beds, beddis'g, and stores, shill be of the hi' kind. Tli
rate of pastsae outward is lixOed. lyv an understanding with the proprietols of the othet
Winres, at $140i. uciudi %% tines andi tores.
Neither tis t i|'taiO s nor owners of il seo ships will be res-'onsible for arny letters, par-
cels, or packoawes sent lb. n the it.!eO s iec'lr i ilS of !afirlt are s ti-ed therefore.
Consienees of sl ps Ci'aldonlia, Hibernia, C(olu.i.is, ro',,e. Sornh America. Erlanid,
Orphous, North America, It ING. I R( >fERT S s Co.. Li erp.oo.
r'OOCIltE &4 '.. r C. II. MNIARSIIAL.L, N.Y.
Consigiees of i s i St r ie l, "n ei Stoles. St Ar r w a'i V"'iriian,
S."WI TNT',_'-SAi.,'1"S. 't''lt '., Fi.x & I .r.. and R. ERNMIT, NY,
SANDS. I)(ISoiN. TI'RNf:I' A- & I .. li.eroi.
Consia ees of s ,ips Peau-y'raia, iR ; O V.' tand lep' nc.le.
n'.:lN'S, N t .L. 1tN. I & .. Ln ooY.
'V. i..DEtS' .PC. o, r. L'.,iraol.


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