Title: Florida architect
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073793/00309
 Material Information
Title: Florida architect
Series Title: Florida architect.
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Creator: American Institute of Architects -- Florida Association
Florida Association of Architects
Publisher: Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: Fall 1995
Frequency: quarterly
Subject: Architecture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 4, no. 3 (July 1954)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1996.
Issuing Body: Official journal of the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Issuing Body: Issued by: Florida Association of Architects of the American Institute of Architects, 1954- ; Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects, <1980->.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00073793
Volume ID: VID00309
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 06827129
lccn - sn 80002445
issn - 0015-3907
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bulletin (Florida Association of Architects)
Succeeded by: Florida/Caribbean architect

Full Text

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Word Trade Center
Orlando, Florda

VOA Associates, Inc.

Media: Designers Gouache on airbrush enhanced photo print


Orlando Science Center Helman Hurley Charvat Peacock/Architects, Inc. Media: Subject painted in
Orlando, Florida Maitland, Florida Designers Gouache on site

Fine Architectural Renderings


225 South Swoope
Avenue, Suite 205
Maitland, Florida 32751
Tel. (407) 539-2606
(800) 933-9380
Fax (407) 644-7901

Frank Bartus, President

Omni Rosen Hotel
Orlando, Florida

Helman Hurley Charvat Peacock/Architects, Inc.
Media: Full color Designers Gouache painting on illustration board

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Vol. 42. No. 3

Cover: Tampa Museum
ofArt, Tampa, Florida.
Photo: George A. Cott,
Chroma Inc., recipient
ofAIA Florida's 1995
Architectural Photographer
of the Year Award.




Unbuilt Designs 10
National Hurricane Center, Gould Evans Associates;
Naples Players Community Theater and Plaza, Andrea
Clark Brown Architects, PA.; High School "BBB" and
Wormhole Pedestrian Bridge, Robbins, Bell & Kreher,
Architects Inc.; Foster's Hollywood Restaurant, Spencer
and Jonnatti Architects, Inc.; Grove House, Axioma_3,
Inc.; Student Center of USF/Sarasota Campus, Carl
Abbott FAIA Architect/Planners, PA.

Firm of the Year 12
Hunton Brady Pryor Maso was honored for their
tradition of exceptional design and service.

Awards for Excellence in Architecture
Tampa Museum of Art was given a solid addition
by Alfonso Architects, Inc. 14
The Dorothy F Schmidt Arts & Humanities Center,
by Schwab, Twitty & Hanser, accommodates theater,
classroom, and office functions in a unifying manner 15
135 Grace Trail is a 1922 Addison Mizner House
brought up to date by Smith Architectural Group, Inc. 16
Astronauts Memorial Foundation Center for Space
Education, by Hellmuth Obata & Kassabaum, Inc.,
was designed to inspire continuing interest in space
technology. 17
Peter Moor and Mary Juckiewicz, Moor & Associates,
Architects, PA., designed their wood frame residence
to fit nicely into the neighborhood. 18
The Pinecrest Elementary School Addition, by
Martinson Forbes Architects, creates an excellent
learning environment for young children. 20
St. Hugh Oaks, by Andres Duany & Elizabeth Plater-
Zyberk Architects and Town Planners, is a model
residential development. 22

Test of Time 23
Lemontree Village first garnered design awards for
Charles Harrison Pawley, FAIA, in 1970.


Editorial 5
News 6
New Products 8
Legal Notes 28
by J. Michael Huey, Esq.





Florida Association of the
American Institute of Architects
104 East Jefferson Street
Tallahassee, Florida 32301
Editorial Board
John Totty, AIA, Chairman
Ivan Johnson, III, AIA
Karl Thorne, AIA
Richard Reep, AIA
Vice President/President-elect
William Blizzard, AIA
Keith Bullock, AIA
Past President
John Tice, AIA
Regional Director
Thomas Marvel, FAIA
Santurce, PR
Regional Director
Henry Alexander, AIA
Coral Gables
Vice President for
Professional Excellence
Roy Knight, AIA
Vice President for
Political Effectiveness
John Cochran, AIA
Vice President for
John Awsumb, AIA
Publisher/Executive Vice
George A. Allen, CAE, Hon. AIA
Assistant Publisher
Joanna Booth
Director of Advertising
Carolyn Maryland
Margaret Barlow
Art Director
Peter Denes
Contributing Editor
Diane Greer
Computer Graphics
Insty-Prints of Tallahassee
Boyd Brothers, Inc.
Florida Architect, Official Journal of the
Florida Association of the American Institute
of Architects, is owned and published by
the Association, a Florida Corporation not
for profit. ISSN-0015-3907. It is published
four times a year at the Executive Office
of the Association, 104 East Jefferson St.,
Tallahassee, Florida 32301. Telephone (904)
Opinions expressed by contributors are not
necessarily those of the FA/AIA. Editorial
material may be reprinted only with the
express permission of Florida Architect.
Single copies, $6.00; Annual subscription,
$20.33. Third class postage.

his year's Awards for Excellence in Architecture were presented at the AIA
Florida Summer Conference at the Breakers Hotel in Palm Beach. Although
every award recipient is deserving of feature recognition, limited space allows
us only a brief admiring look at each.
Unbuilt Design Awards went to stand-out projects by Carl Abbott FAIA Architect/
Planners; Andrea Clark Brown Architects, PA.; Axioma_3 Inc. Gould Evans Associ-
ates; Robbins, Bell & Kreher, Architects, Inc. (two projects); and Spencer and
Jonnatti Architects, Inc.
The Test of Time Award recognized Lemontree Village, built by Charles Harrison
Pawley, FAIA, in 1970. Also satisfying the test of time was the Orlando firm of
Hunton Brady Pryor Maso, honored as Firm of the Year.
Judges for this year's built awards were Peter Bohlin, FAIA, Bohlin, Cywinski
and Jackson, Wilkes Barre, Pa.; Lloyd Bray, AIA, Scogin Elam and Bray, Atlanta;
and Greg Peirce, AIA, Heery International, Atlanta. They focused on imaginative
but practical design solutions involving social and educational as well as aesthetic
and architectural issues.
Except perhaps for Alfonso Architects, Inc.'s project to give a new "face" to the
Tampa Museum of Art, which appropriately tries to raise the aesthetic conscious-
ness of its visitors (its esoteric design approach investigates "a departure on El
Lissitzky's Proun Series ideas"), this year's award-recipients have a decidedly
un-self-conscious air about them.
Smith Architectural Group's restoration and addition to a 1922 Addison Mizner
house renewed the charm and grace of a 70-something former beauty, combining
restoration, renovation, and compatible additions to yield a historic architectural
ambiance melded with modern conveniences.
Peter Moor and Mary Juckiewicz designed a home for themselves to adapt the
best features of the American wood-frame heritage to the tropical environment of a
South Florida beach community. Moor judges their success by the fact that people
walking by think it is an old house newly renovated. "Nice house," they say.
In developing St. Hugh Oaks, a program of 23 detached, moderately priced single-
family residences in Coconut Grove for the City of Miami, Andres Duany & Elizabeth
Plater-Zyberk Architects and Town Planners listened to city representatives, neigh-
borhood leaders, and prospective buyers. The result was a model development.
The Pinecrest Elementary School addition was just what the 40-year-old school
needed to prepare students for the next century. Besides adding spacious media
facilities, the built environment was designed by Martinson Forbes Architects to be
comfortable as well as stimulating for young children.
Schwab, Twitty & Hanser created three "human-scale" buildings to house the
Dorothy E Schmidt Arts & Humanities Center on the Florida Atlantic University
campus. Their solution not only preserved a nesting site for the protected Burrow-
ing Owl but established a campus quadrangle where students gather.
The Astronauts Memorial Foundation Center for Space Education was designed
by Hellmuth Obata & Kassabaum, Inc. to promote and inspire interest in space tech-
nology education while serving as a living memorial to U.S. Astronauts who give
their lives in the space program. MB

Florida Architect serves the profession by providing current information on design, practice management, technology,
environment, energy, preservation and development of communities, construction, finance, economics, as well as other
political, social, and cultural issues that impact the field.



Something Old,
Something New-
Creating Traditions
AIA Florida Style
"Creating Traditions" was the
theme of this year's AIA Florida
Summer Conference at the
Breakers in Palm Beach, and
with attendance at the highest
level in many years it is hoped
that the theme will become a
The state-mandated contin-
uing education program was in
the spotlight as Florida archi-
tects began taking seminars
and workshops which they will
need to accrue continuing edu-
cation hours (CEHs) to meet
relicensure requirements. The
Summer Conference weekend
alone provided the opportunity
to acquire eight CEHs. A tight
schedule and popular topics
contributed to a flurry of activi-
ty and enthusiasm.
Seminars began Friday morn-
ing with Design Presentation
Practice by Lloyd Bray, AIA,
of Scogin Elam and Bray,
Atlanta. Bray was a member
of the AIA Florida Awards
for Excellence in Architecture
jury this May.
The second day of seminars
led off with futuristic Imagin-
eering by Walt Disney's Vice
President Bill Sims. Sims, an
architect who splits his time
between Orlando and California,
delighted the audience with his
discussion of the efforts of over
300 Disney Imagineers in the
areas of architecture, urban
design, landscaping, show set
design, show lighting, interior
design, graphic design and facil-
ities engineering to study and
design attractions utilizing "Vir-
tual Reality" computer tech-
Other well-attended seminars
focused on a number of interest-
ing and important topics. Larry
Schneider, AIA, and Ellen Har-
land from the Department of
Justice reviewed the latest

Americans with Disabilities Act
rulings and acceptable designs;
Jim Franklin, FAIA, resident Fel-
low at the National AIA, spoke
on Interiors as a market niche
and Regaining Project Leader-
ship; and Robert Craine, PE.,
and Thomas Munson, with
Tilden, Lobnitz & Cooper, pre-
sented Electronic Technology
for the Global Market Place.
This year's annual Honor
Awards programs recognized
outstanding architects and
community leaders for their
professionalism and community
service. The Hilliard T. Smith
Silver Medal for Community
Service went to Enrique A.
Woodroffe, AIA, of Tampa; the
Anthony L. Pullara Individual
Award to Herbert Rosser Savage,
AIA, Marco Island; the Award for
Honor in Design to Edward J.
Seibert, AIA, Sarasota; the Archi-
tectural Photographer of the Year
Award to George A. Cott, Chro-
ma, Inc., Tampa; the Outstanding
Builder Award to Jim Phillips of
Waas-Phillips Construction Com-
pany, Miami; and former Tampa
Mayor, Sandra Warsaw Freed-
man, received the Bob Graham
Architectural Awareness Award.
VOA Associates, Orlando, re-
ceived the President's Award for
computer graphics created by Jay
The highest honor that can
be bestowed upon a Florida
architect, the Gold Medal, was
awarded to Carl Gerken, AIA,
of Ormond Beach. Mr. Gerken
was recognized for exceptional
leadership over many years of
AIA Florida's history.
Projects, built and unbuilt,
recognized for Awards for
Excellence and for outstanding
design were highlighted in
a special reception program
closing the conference. Those
projects that received recogni-
tion for their contribution to
excellence in architecture are
highlighted in this issue.
This year the Test of Time
Award went to Lemontree

Attending the reception for Past Presidents at the Breakers in
Palm Beach are, from left to right, back row: Henry Alexander,
AIA; John Barley, FAIA; Ray Scott, AIA, Carl Gerken, AIA; Jim
Anstis, FAIA; Jim Jennewein, FAIA; Mark Jaroszewicz, FAIA;
front row: John Tice, AIA; and Herb Savage, AIA.

Raj Barr-Kumar, FAIA, President Elect of National AIA enjoys
the Intercoastal Waterway tour with his wife, Bernadette and
AIA Florida's Jim Anstis, FAIA, 1995 Secretary of National AIA.

Recipients of the Awards of Honor are, from left to right:
George Cott, Jiro Yates, Kelley Roberts, Jim Phillips, Sandra
Warsaw Freedman, Henry Woodroffe, AIA, Jay Gutherie, and
Herb Savage, ALA.


Village, a 1970 Coconut Grove
development by Charles Harri-
son Pawley, FAIA. Lemontree
Village was recognized for its
longevity and influence on
subsequent architecture.
The 1995 Firm of the Year
Award was presented to Hunton
Brady Pryor Maso Architects,
Orlando, for a sustained body
of work over and beyond a
ten-year period.

Special Thanks
The Summer Conference rep-
resented the cumulative effort
of many volunteers throughout
the state and especially in Palm
Beach. Martha Smythe and the
Palm Beach Chapter hosted
the very popular Architects at
Home Dinners. A special thanks
to Conference Committee Chair
Randy Hansen, AIA, Palm
Beach; and Committee mem-
bers Don Yoshino, AIA, Palm
Beach; Debra Lupton, AIA,
Orlando; and Michael Rodriguez,
AIA, Miami. Others who helped
with planning and registration
include Robert Strehle (&
Crew), CSR Rinker; Dick and
Reagan Reep, AIA, Jacksonville;
Becky Allen, Tallahassee; Pat
Blizzard, Tampa; Judy Tice,
Pensacola; Joe Garcia, AIA,
Gainesville; and Enrique Wood-
roffe, AIA, Tampa. Computer
graphics for the conference
were donated by VOA and Jay
Also deserving thanks for
their contributions toward a
very successful conference
are the Continuing Education
Development Committee, head-
ed by Roy Knight; the Nomina-
tions Committee and the Awards
of Honor Committee, both
chaired by John Tice; the
Design Awards Committee,
chaired by Bruce Gora, the Gold
Medal Committee, chaired by
Ted Pappas, the Fellows Com-
mittee chaired by Jim Anstis,
and the Annual Meeting Com-
mittee, also chaired by Randy

Congratulations New
John Cochran, AIA, a Senior
Vice President with Harvard
Jolly Clees Toppe Architects,
PA., Tampa, was elected Presi-
dent Elect for 1996 and will
serve as AIA Florida President
in 1997. John has been involved
in the AIA at local and state
levels since the early 1980s.
He has progressed through vari-
ous offices of AIA Tampa Bay
and served as the President in
1988. He has served as Vice
President of AIA Florida and
Chair of the Political Effective-
ness Commission for the last
two years.
Also elected were two Vice
Presidents, Debra Lupton, AIA,
Orlando, Tilden Lobnitz &
Cooper; and Ivan Johnson, AIA,
Tallahassee, Johnson Peterson
Architects, Tallahassee and
Sarasota. They will assume
office in January 1996 when
John Cochran, AIA, and Roy
Knight, AIA, will complete their
terms of office.

Continuing Education
The Florida Board of Archi-
tecture and Interior Design
(BOAID) has approved guide-
lines for its continuing educa-
tion requirements; however,
could be diffi-
cult for Flori-
da licensed
architects who
do not live in
the state. Florida legislators
approved the requirement for
continuing education in 1994,
and BOAID approved rules
of implementation in Feb-
ruary 1995. To be eligible
for license renewal, architects
licensed in Florida will have to
sign an affidavit in February
1997 that they have completed
20 continuing education hours
(CEHs) over the prior two-year

The difficulty for out-of-state
Florida licensed architects is
that the courses and course
providers must be certified by
the Florida Board. So far, only
AIA Florida and a few other in-
state providers have had cours-
es certified. The Board did
approve automatic provider sta-
tus to the American Institute of
Architects (National office), the
National Council of Architectur-
al Registration Boards, the Con-
struction Specification Institute
and all NAAB accredited schools
of architecture in the country,
but at this writing only NCARB
has submitted courses for
Until more courses are
available, out-of-state Florida
licensees who wish to maintain
their licenses will have several
choices. They may, of course,
travel to a location in Florida
where courses are offered.
They may elect to allow their
license to become inactive, pay
the $50 inactive fee, and wait
until they need to reactivate.
Reactivation would require an
affidavit of compliance with the
continuing education require-
The Board did include a
provision that allows licensees
to self-apply for certification
of courses they have taken for
which there was no approved
provider. This provision allows
groups of licensees to submit a
course together under a single
$25 fee and application.
For licensees living in states
which also require continuing
education as a condition for reli-
censure, the Florida guidelines
recognize credits received from
other NCARB jurisdictions,
as long as course standards,
providers and contact hours, as
established in Florida, are met.
The problem with this provision
is it implies that those other
states would need to meet with
Florida's requirements in order
for architects to use the implied
exemption from Florida require-

ments. The Florida Board is
currently studying this provi-
sion and will probably analyze
each state's requirements sepa-
rately to determine whether
they are substantially the same
as Florida's.
AIA Florida continues to
inform the Board of the difficul-
ties these guidelines will mean
to out-of-state licensees and has
offered suggested alternatives.
Now that the guidelines have
been published, the state orga-
nization will proceed in working
toward changes that will make
the requirements more reason-
able for their licensees.

Statement Allowing
Engineers to Design
Buildings Put to the Test
The Florida Division of
Administrative Hearings has
scheduled a hearing for October
16 in Tallahassee to hear a peti-
tion by AIA Florida against the
Board of Professional Engineers
(BOPE) concerning the legality
of the board's statement allow-
ing engineers to design build-
AIA Florida is challenging the
BOPE statement, which was
adopted in 1990, on the basis
that it was never promulgated as
a rule as required by Florida
Statutes. The statutes provide
that a rule is an "agency state-
ment of general applicability
that implements, interprets, or
prescribes law or policy." AIA
Florida, in its petition, says
BOPE failed to comply with
notice provisions or to give
affected persons an opportunity
to present evidence and argu-
ment on issues under considera-
tion prior to adoption.
AIA Florida says that its
members are substantially
affected by the BOPE statement
because, if allowed to stand, it
would permit engineers to prac-
tice architecture without any
limitations, in direct contraven-
tion of Florida law. Further, the
Continued on Page 27



Industrial Window
System Passes Dade
County "Torture" Tests
A top-hinged industrial/
heavy commercial window sys-
tem manufactured by EXTECH/
Exterior Technologies, Inc. is
the first industrial window to
pass the demanding new Dade
County test requirements. Sev-
eral of EXTECH's fixed window
skylight systems, which are
used as primary windows or as
inner- or overglazings for exist-
ing windows, meet the new,
upgraded building codes enact-
ed in the wake of Hurricane
Andrew. The windows offer pro-
tection from storms as well as
from vandalism and forced
Contact EXTECH in Ft.
Lauderdale at (305) 776-2232,
or in Pittsburgh, Pa. at (412)

Commercial White
Georgia Marble
Terrazzo & Marble Supply
Companies' Georgia marble
products have a purely crys-
talline structure that forms an

almost impenetrable barrier
against moisture, dirt, and dis-
coloration. The new Commer-
cial White tiles, sized 12 x 12 x
3/8", honed or polished, come in
an array of shades, ranging
from a clear bright white with
light veining to a heavily veined
silvery gray.
Contact Terry Sparks, Ter-
razzo & Marble Supply Com-
panies, (312) 471-0700; FAX
(312) 471-5010.

Lightweight Tile Panel
Roofing System
The Nordman Tile" Roofing
System combines the classic
look of clay tile with the high
performance of steel. Weighing
only 1.3 pounds psf, it is half
the weight of asphalt shingle
and one-tenth the weight of
clay tile. Custom lengths from
2 to 50 feet provide application
versatility and reduce joints
and seams. The 3.42 feet wide
panels are applied vertically in
one piece from eave to ridge,

eliminating horizontal laps
where wind can enter. Its proven
ability to withstand hurricane-
force wind makes it ideal for
tropical regions.
Manufactured in the United
States from 24 gauge (G-90)
substrate with a Hylar 5000"/
Kynar 500 or Plastisol finish,
the product offers superior
protection in harsh or corro-
sive environments. Ten standard
colors, plus custom colors, and
a full line of color-matched
accessories are available.
Contact Timothy Carroll,
Scandinavian Profiling Systems
Inc., (716) 826-2593; FAX
(716) 826-2595.

Security Glass Meets
Strict Dade-Broward
Code Requirements
While laminated glass pro-
vides a substantial measure of
protection when architectural
glass is broken, "SentryGlas"
composite goes a step beyond

to virtually eliminate the dan-
gers of flying glass. Glass pro-
tected by the new composite
provides security and meets the
new, demanding missile impact
code building requirements in
Dade and Broward counties.
"SentryGlas" composite is a
single sheet of glass factory-
laminated to a bi-layer compos-
ite of Dupont's "Butacite" poly-
vinyl butyral interlayer and a
strong polyester film with abra-
sion-resistant coating. When
hit by an external force, the lam-
inated layer stops any broken
pieces from entering the interi-
or and protects from spelling
that occurs on the opposite side
of the impact.
The single pane "SentryGlas"
composite fits into standard
window frames without adding
significant weight or thickness.
It offers continuous UV radia-
tion protection and reduces
glare and fading without com-
promising daylight or clarity.
Contact Terry Cressy, Du-
Pont, (313) 583-8102.

1 --'
Dupont "SentryGlas" composite
remains integral and smooth
to the touch after resisting
penetration from a 2 x 4 shot
out of an air cannon at 34
mph. The procedure is part of
new testsfor product certifica-
tion implemented by Dade and
Broward Counties building
committees in Florida.

Decorative Windows
This year Peachtree Doors
and Windows is introducing
decorative glazings in three new
window models and in three
different series of transoms
and sidelights. Baroque "stained
glass," cascading water glass,
and frosted-look glue-chip glaz-

ings offer three unique looks.
All can be combined with brass
coming, sandwiching the deco-
rative glass between sheets of
tempered glass.
Contact Peachtree Doors,
Inc., 4350 Peachtree Industrial
Blvd., Norcross, GA 30071. For
the nearest Peachtree dealer,
call 1-800-477-6544.

Custom Metal Finishing
Made Easy
A new technique of applied
design benefits designers,
building owners, contractors,
leasing agents, and tenants.
The method allows the creation
of custom artwork for elevator
hatchway doors, metal panels,
and signage.
Stuart-Dean Co., Inc., metal
maintenance and marble restor-
ation specialists, developed the
technique to offer flexibility for
modernizing as well as for cus-
tomizing doors with tenants'
logos and lettering. Redesign
can be done on site and over-
night, saving time and expensive
installation and transportation
costs. The applied design is
totally refinishable, replaceable,
and restorable. The procedure
may be applied to any metal sur-
face, offering limitless creative
Contact John Gargiulo, Presi-
dent, Stuart-Dean Co., Inc.,
(212) 695-3180.




When it comes to picking strong, long-
term partners, we're hard to beat.

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innovative professional liability insurance
services available for architects today.

With DPIC you get proactive loss
prevention measures, contract review
services, and the most knowledgeable,
professional independent agents in the
business. And you get DPIC's proven track
record in the industry.

Of course, the real test of any insurance
company is its performance on claims.

In three consecutive independent AIA
member surveys, DPIC ranked #1 among all
its competitors for customer satisfaction in
loss prevention and claims handling services.

* Premium credits-up to 35%-for
improving your business practices
* Early Warning System responds to
disputes, without affecting deductible or
policy limit
* Deductible reductions-up to
$12,500-for using mediation to
resolve disputes
* AIA continuing education credits for
workshops and in-firm programs
* Project insurance with partnering
facilitator cost paid by DPIC
* Network of independent agents to offer
insurance and risk management advice

At DPIC we operate differently. As your
strategic partners, we provide rewards-
not penalties-for alerting us to potential
problems. Our premium credit and
deductible savings programs provide you
with incentives to operate at peak levels of
performance and professionalism.

That's why more than 7,000 design
professional firms choose DPIC. And that's
why we can say-with confidence-that
DPIC offers the best value available for
design professionals today. We're more
than just an insurance company; we're your
strategic partners.

For more information about the DPIC
program, please contact the
independent agent in your area:

North & Central Florida
Suncoast Insurance Associates, Inc.

Southeast Florida
Seitlin & Company Insurance

The Professional Liability Specialist
of the Orion Capital Companies
A.M. Best Rating: A (Excellent)
DPIC Companies, Inc. 800/227-4284

National Hurricane Center
Miami, Florida
Gould Evans Associates
This simple, efficient building was designed as a fortress to
protect its vital internal operations during major events. All details
were designed to withstand 130 mph winds without damage. Roll-
down shutters, jalousie shutters, or storm panels for all openings
supplement the 10" thick concrete shells. Although materials and
systems selected have a higher initial cost, maintenance costs will
be minimal.
Jury: "This is a strong plan, very seriously thought out and well
developed, which organizes functions well. It demonstrates
great imagingforfunction. This designer deserves watching."

Naples Players Community Theater and Plaza
Naples, Florida
Andrea Clark Brown Architects, PA.
In a unique public-private partnership, the city of Naples has
agreed to close a cross street and construct a 100' x 80' public
plaza, while the 400-seat theater will be built by the Naples Players,
a local theater group.
Jury: "This is a good piece of urban design, with the kind of
wonderful interior/exterior relationships we would expect in
Florida. The hall is lovely, with lots of doors, places to congre-
gate, and excellent connections to the exterior The exterior
spaces represent an extraordinary gift to the community."

High School "BBB"
Hillsborough County Public Schools
Robbins, Bell & Kreher, Architects Inc.
Planned for a site designated 42 percent unbuildable through
environmental regulations, the design approach reduced environ-
mental impact significantly through proactive use of the site,
consolidating the building and impervious areas, and using the
wetlands as an educational resource.
Jury: "This is a thoughtful high school project. The building
creates a sense of place within a fragile environment. The
plan is well organized, and the strategy of keeping all the
classrooms in a regular geometry, having the gardens inter-
lace, and using the cafeteria, auditorium, ant other elements
to act asfigural pieces or objects is highly successful."

Foster's Hollywood Restaurant
Seminole County, Florida
Spencer and Jonnatti Architects, Inc.
This 7,000 sq. ft., 225-seat restaurant facility is designed to be
repeated with minimal modifications on many sites. Rectangular, .
with a barrel-vaulted roof modified by tower, entry, and window-
wall elements, the restaurant was designed to be partially manufac-
tured off-site, facilitating quick erection. The interior will be fit out
with "sets" manufactured off-site by movie set makers and installed (
in the shell building. Sets will be easily replaceable for updating.
Jury: "Here is a mature, understated exterior approach with a
very plafuld interior statement. It is all wondletfully numlest in
its means. The owner shoulndd be recognized for sponsoring a
common ercial project of such quality."

FI. RIDl).\\RC:IIIThECT Fall 199!


Wormhole Pedestrian Bridge
Museum of Science and Industry
Tampa, Florida
Robbins Bell & Kreher Architects Inc.
A pedestrian and bike bridge connects the new world-class
museum building (designed by Antoine Predock) with a science
elementary school proposed for the USF campus across the
street.The structure is a steel exoskeleton dynamic truss worm-
hole that arcs between two concrete mass bases to form the
spanning component of the bridges. The walking surface and
inner tube are steel grate and mesh, allowing complete trans-
parency. At night, artificial lighting transforms the image with
color and movement.
Jury Comments: "This is not only a strong graphic gesture
but is intriguing, quite dynamic, and very compatible with
the Predock museum complex. The idea of connecting parts
of a museum campus is very strong, and this bridge as a
school experience is terrific."

Grove House
Coconut Grove, Florida
Axioma_3, Inc.
This single-family residence is understood and designed as an
integral part of the suburban street. The L-shaped scheme not
only defines the 90-degree edge of the property but maximizes
usable exterior spaces and permits the interior spaces to focus
externally toward a series of centralized, descending platforms
designed for living and entertaining.
Jury: "In this well-planned, simple L-shaped house, the sense of
materials plays well and contributes to the project's strength.
It is quite beautiful, the work of a U 4il.d designer There is
an inti' r.stinifiti within the neighborhood."

Student Center of University of South
Florida/Sarasota Campus
Sarasota, Florida
Carl Abbott FAIA Architect/Planners, PA.
Intended to develop a strong visual architectural presence, this
building forms a space with existing structures, responds to a cam-
pus master plan, and is oriented to existing pedestrian circulation
patterns. Inviting terraces, an exciting roof form, and an open
pavilion encourage social and community interaction.
Jury: "This is a small project but quite engaging. It introduces
a nice gesture on campus by ci rutliiM an overall spatial
condition, a fiveliiiq of b, -ini, right for the campus."



Hunton Brady Pryor Maso

First row, L to R; Maurizio J. Maso, ALA; Fred H. Pryor, Jr, ALA; Tom R. Hunton, ALA; Clyde A. Brady III, FALA. Second row, L to
R: Sandra Moore, Heather Boyle, Sheri Shelnutt, Nancy Danner, Don DiBernardo, Betsy Daly, Carlos Barrios, Steve Bloomdahl,
Suzanne Perez, Dawn Hetzer Third row, L to R: Ann McMacken, Make Caruso, Roland Udenze, Andy Sexton, Bob Pendle, Jesse
Ayers, Karen Peterson, Felix Gonzales, Ken Eilers, Lee Minicus, Pete Pritchard, Fran Shaw, Bill Condon, Steve Bellflower, Chris
Nemethy, Dan Nicholas.

From its beginning in 1947
as the one-man practice of
Robert Murphy, the firm has
been committed to practicing
architecture by listening care-
fully to clients, dealing fairly
with associates in the con-
struction trades, and creating
spaces that are uplifting to
their users. The judges' decla-
ration that "They represent the
profession very well" acknowl-
edges the firm's success in
these endeavors.
By 1974, partners included
Murphy, Tom Hunton, Claude
Shivers, and Clyde Brady. Shiv-
ers, whose skills in residential
design were well suited to
Orlando's boom in apartment
development, died in 1984.

The following year Hunton
and Brady merged the firm
with two Tampa-based firms
to form the Design Arts Group.
In the fall of 1988, they sepa-
rated from DAG and, together
with Fred Pryor and Maurizio
Maso, formed the current firm.
Active AIA members since
the early 1970s, the firm was
first recognized by the Orlando
chapter for design excellence
in 1971.
Clients through the years
have shown their appreciation
by repeat business and hearty
recommendations. Peer recog-
nition has come by way of
numerous local, state, and
national awards. A list of proj-
ects hints at their scope and

versatility-medical facilities,
office centers, financial institu-
tions, state and county build-
ings, educational facilities on
four community college and
two university campuses, K-12
schools, oceanfront condomin-
iums, churches, and, occasion-
ally, residences.
In 1990 the "Team Disney"
Corporate Headquarters
(1990) (with Arata Isozaki,
Tokyo) garnered national as
well as local honors and atten-
tion. Another 1990 project,
the Orange County Juvenile
Justice Center, won chapter
awards and high praise locally
for being "humane," "a clear
solution," an "almost chapel-
like space." The firm's largest

project to date, a 1.6 million
s.f. addition to the Orange
County Convention Center, is
due for completion late this
What judges called the
firm's "good design and
depth," has earned HBPM
coverage in numerous profes-
sional publications. The firm,
said judges, is "amazingly con-
sistent" for producing high-
quality work, and whether the
project is small or large, "the
quality is still there."
Firm members give back to
the local community through
a continuing policy of active
participation in cultural, edu-
cational, and community-
improvement activities. The





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said judges, is
for producing
work, and
whether the
project is small
or large,
"the quality
is still there."

architectural community has
benefited from HBPM service
on AIA boards and committees
as well as educational activi-
ties including architectural
juries, sponsored lecture
series, and charettes.
Tom RI Hunton, AIA, with
the predecessor firm since
1961, is the firm's administra-
tor and is principal in charge
of all medical projects award-
ed to the firm. Educated at
the University of Nebraska,
Hunton came to Orlando as
an Air Force officer. In the
early sixties, his experience
with schools and health-care
facilities helped the firm
expand its practice in those
markets. He has been active
on boards and foundations
that support a variety of
church, cultural, civic, educa-
tional, and professional
endeavors. Currently, he is
chairman of AIA Florida's
Political Action Committee.
Clyde A. Brady m, FAIA,
joined the predecessor firm in
1968. Early on, his extraordi-
nary ability in conceptual
design and sketching landed

him the role of "designer" of
many of the firm's commis-
sions. In 1992 he was elected
to the College of Fellows. He
continues a strong affiliation
with his alma mater, the Uni-
versity of Florida, and in
1994 received their College
of Architecture Distinguished
Alumni Award. A strong pro-
moter of the arts, he has
pushed for many years to
strengthen public art in Orlan-
do. His sketches and designs
have been exhibited locally,
and his "Churches of Europe"
poster received an AIA Florida
Graphic Award in 1992.
Fred H. Pryor, AIA,
directs the firm's management
efforts and serves as principal
in charge of many major proj-
ects. Schooled at the Universi-
ty of Arkansas, he joined the
predecessor firm in 1982. In
recent years he has been
active on numerous boards
and committees related to the
construction industry and is
the current chairman of the
Orange County Building and
Fire Codes Board of Appeals
and Adjustments. His active
membership on the Town of
Windermere Historic Preserva-
tion Board has greatly con-
tributed to that community's
successful preservation
Maurizio J. Maso, AIA,
who joined the firm in 1983,
is in charge of the firm's pro-
gramming and master plan-
ning projects and also has
been the designer of many
notable projects. He attended
engineering school at Politec-
nico di Milano and studied
architecture at the University
of Florida. He frequently
serves on architectural juries
and conducts lectures and has
been active on the AIA Florida
Design Awards Committee for
many years. U

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The Architect'sChoice.l

Tampa Museum of Art
Tampa, Florida

Alfonso Architects, Inc.

The Tampa Museum of Art's
new "face" is part of a pro-
gram to establish the museum's
identity as one of the state's up
and coming art facilities. With
its sophisticated design combin-
ing color and clean, abstract
forms, the museum has become
a centerpiece for the Arts Dis-
trict being developed along
Ashley Drive.
The project added a new
facade, entry lobby, gallery,
shop, library, and sculpture
court to the existing structure.
The 6,000 sf addition is treated
as a primary solid urban block
and is rendered as a carved
abstract. As each plane is
carved and rotated, a process
of distortion occurs, thus a
change in material and section.
Where the rotation is a result
of program, a change in color
occurs; when the rotation is a
result of an axial or spatial con-
dition in which to introduce
light, the materiality of the
plane is altered and deforma-
tion occurs.
Inside, the aim was the cre-
ation of nonstatic wall spaces
for exhibiting works of art. The
project attempts to take interior
spatial manipulations and turn
them inside out, while respond-
ing to the disciplines of pro-
gram, space, and light.
Jury: "The architect gave the
museum a new identity...
looks like a piece of art
as well as a museum-
sophisticated, strong...
done with great sensibility
and finesse."
Alfonso Architects, Inc.
Consulting Engineer:
Stephen Whitehouse Engineers
The Diaz/Fritz Group, Inc.
Owner: Tampa Museum of Art
Photographs: George Cott,
Chroma, Inc.



Dorothy F. Schmidt Arts & Humanities Center
Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, Florida

Schwab, Twitty & Hanser

Single large donation and
matching State of Florida
funding enabled Florida Atlantic
University to expand its arts
and humanities programs and
to construct this exceptional
academic facility.
The original program envi-
sioned a single large building
at a remote site that was also
an environmentally sensitive
area. The final design solution
created three separate struc-
tures linked with an existing
amphitheater around a unifying
quadrangle, providing a much-
needed focus on campus. (It
also provided for nesting sites
of the Burrowing Owl, a protect-
ed species.) The one- and two-
story buildings are concrete unit
masonry structures with stucco
exteriors. State-of-the art mech-
anical and electrical systems
are fed through a utility tunnel
providing chilled water, power,
and communications.
The Performing Arts Center
includes an art gallery, an ex-
perimental "black-box" theater
designed for teaching as well as
performances, and a tiered lec-
ture hall. The Visual Arts Center
accommodates seven functional
studio spaces with natural light-
ing. The Humanities Instruction
Center, with administrative, con-
ference, and classroom spaces,
functions like an office building.
Public areas feature high-quality
finishes, while studio spaces
were given appropriate industri-
al-quality finishes. Each building
was given a unique visual
expression in accordance with
its particular needs.

Jury: "... simpleforms and a
nice plan. The three build-
ings work together with deft-
ly handled, simple shapes.
The organization reinforces
the relnliim.aship.s ofseveral
buildings... solid, restrained
execution on the inside as
well as the outside."

Schwab, Twitty & Hanser
Structural Engineer: O'Don-
nell, Naccarato & Mignogna
Civil Engineer: Adair & Brady
Landscape Architect: SWA
Mycon Corporation
Florida Atlantic University

Photographs: Everett & Soule


135 Grace Trail (Restoration and Addition to a 1922Addison Mizner House)
Palm Beach, Florida

Smith Architectural
Group, Inc.

Bringing this house into the
1990s while retaining the
original charm and architectur-
al style of the 1920s design
posed multiple challenges for
the architect. Not only had time
served this structure badly, but
the house had suffered many
years of neglect.
Guided by the new owner's
requirements, this project was
successful in at cionplihilng a
first-rate renovation and
restoration with compatible
additions. The result is a his-
toric architectural ambiance
complemented by modern
Additions included a master
bedroom wing, a two-story
garage with a guest apartment
above, and a build ling-cnru i,,crl
courtyard. A restored tile foun-
tain became the focal point of
the courtyard. An original
screened loggia was modified to
permit air conditioning of the
space, while column spacing
and rhythm were restructured
to accommodate French doors
with transoms.
The original staff bedrooms
were converted into a new
kitchen, pantry, laundry, and a
breakfast room with a portico
overlooking the courtyard. The
old library became a study, the
old kitchen and pantry a new
dining room, and the old dining
room (a 1!-'2. addition) a

Jury: "The architect added a
lot, but you have to look
hard to see what is old and
what is new. The additions
reinforce amul tam, pltl, the
original flavor: The landu-
scaping architecture is
ldom so well that it looks
original although it was
added during restoration.
The total result is better
aun more complete than
the original."

Architect: Smith Architectural
Group, Inc.
Consulting Engineer: Carmo
Engineering Associates, Inc.
Landscape Architect: Smith
Architectural Group, Inc.
Contractor: Davis General
Contracting Corp.

Photographs: SarMent Archi-
tectural PhIt ,l o pl l

FL(RIl)A AR 111TECT Fall 1995

Astronauts Memorial Foundation Center for Space Education
Kennedy Space Center, Florida

Hellmuth Obata &
Kassabaum, Inc.

Conceived as a living memor-
ial to U.S. Astronauts who
lost their lives in the space
program, the 40,000 sf Center
for Space Education is located
at Spaceport USA, the visitors'
facility at the Kennedy Space
Center. Flexibility was the key
criterion in its organization
and design. Areas were needed
to house a changing array of
exhibits and educational pro-
grams, including large, complex
space science demonstrations.
More traditional spaces were
needed for NASA and Founda-
tion staff offices and activities,
and to house extensive slide
and video collections. The
open-ended linear plan accom-
modates the needed variety of
clear span flexible spaces.
The center bay was designed
for the NASA demonstration
programs and the Foundation's
Education Innovation Center.
The high bay space, with exteri-
or vehicular access, allows real
space hardware to be exhibited.
The two parallel corridors are
open-ended to allow for expan-
sion with the fixed elements
between them and the more
flexible spaces on the perimeter.
While the center is dedicated
to fostering excellence in space
education, math, and science
technology, the expression of
structure, enclosure, and the
internal delivery systems for
air, water, and light incorporate
a further educational aspect:
The building itself becomes a
part of the learning experience.
Students inside can visually
understand the building systems
and the built environment.

Jury: "...nice palette, shows
great finesse, and is
handsomely detailed to
commemorate and memo-
rialize astronauts. It also
succeeds in promotinfq the
idea of an education facili-

ty that creates interest in
and looks to the future of
space exploration."

Architect: Hellmuth Obata &
Kassabaum, Inc.
Consulting Engineers:
Tilden Lobnitz & Cooper;
Greiner, Inc.; Dyer, Riddle, Mills
& Precourt, Inc.
Landscape Architect: HOK, Inc.
Interior Designer: HOK, Inc.
Owner: Astronauts Memorial

Photographs: George Cott,
Chroma, Inc.


A111 11 WS,

Moor-Juckiewicz Residence
Vero Beach, Florida

Moor & Associates,
Architects, PA.

Architects Peter Moor and
Mary Juckiewicz designed
this single-family home for
themselves. Intent on its "fitting
in" to a beachside suburban
community, they sited the
house as close to the street as
possible, a response to subur-
ban "rules."
Having decided to work
within "the American wood
frame tradition," they started
by looking at Florida Cracker
houses to see how they are
uniquely suited to the tropical
climate. They chose rough-sawn
cedar board and batten siding
with a painted finish. Here,
extended, exposed ends of the
trusses reveal the structure of
the roof while establishing a
rhythm. The white-painted
board and batten siding takes
advantage of the strong light,
creating beautiful shadows.
Adaptations made for the
tropical environment included
an "H" type plan, one room
deep, which allowed them to
stretch out and create maxi-
mum exposure to sunlight and
breezes. Incorporated in the
"H" are two gable-ended
garages that form an entry
court. A large living room that
separates the two wings looks
out to both the entry court and
rear terrace.
The steep roof pitches,
however, betray a hint of the
wooden houses and covered
bridges of Vermont, where
Moor and Juckiewicz lived
before coming to Florida.

Jury: "This brings a sense
of Florida tradition to an
urban neighborhood. This
is the kind of project you
like to encourage. It is far
more important to make
comfortable places rather
than building that cry out
for attention. Here is a
calm, ,i W'l i developed

plan that arrives at value,
quality and worth in a
very simple way."

Architect: Moor & Associates,
Architects, PA.
Calmes & Pierce, Inc.
Owner: Peter Moor and
Mary Juckiewicz

Photographs: Arthur Tilley



;, '

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Pinecrest Elementary School Addition
Miami, Florida

Martinson Forbes

To accomplish the 17,000 sf
addition of three classrooms,
two resource rooms, two skills
labs, and a library/media center
to the existing 1956 elementary
school, a fourth "bar" was add-
ed to the existing finger plan.
Central to the project is the
media center, located on the
street side, along 57th Avenue,
and defined by a vaulted metal
roof with northern clerestory
windows. The "storytime" area
is defined by the higher round
raised roof. Natural light illumi-
nation creates a relationship to
the exterior courtyards. Teach-
ers and media specialists have
expressed delight over the
excellent planning of interior
space-accessible book stacks,
class area, storytime step-seat-
ing, a teachers-only media
production area, conference
area, and computer lab-which
allows many activities to take
place simultaneously. And for
the first time in the school's
history, the library has adequate
storage and office space.
The south elevation, the
classroom portion of the bar,
has a steel frame with corrugat-
ed metal that serves as a cov-
ered walkway, giving scale to
the building.
During the building process,
students recorded their hand-
prints in the wet stucco on one
exterior wall. By introducing
students to a stimulating built
environment and then giving
them a part in it, the project
has fostered in students and
staff a heightened sense of
pride in their school.

Jury: "Pinecrest succeeds
because of its simplicity. It
is...not excessive or preten-
tious and doesn't talk down
to children. It has a sophis-
ticated atmosphere to
make children comfortable,
strong, and intelligent."

Martinson Forbes Architects
Consulting Engineer:
Ellis Snyder & Associates
Danville-Findorf, Inc.
Dade County Public Schools

Photographs: Steven Brooke


A11,11 1-1111S

The Residence of Chapman J. Root II
Architect William Morgan, FAIA


Architectural/Interior Design Photography


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St. Hugh Oaks
Coconut Grove, Florida

Andres Duany & Elizabeth
Plater-Zyberk Architects
and Town Planners

Responding to the concern
that young African Ameri-
cans who had grown up in
Coconut Grove were unable to
raise their families in the neigh-
borhood for lack of affordable
housing, the City of Miami initi-
ated this project to offer young
professionals-black, white,
and Hispanic-the opportunity
to own property in the Grove
area. The project to develop
twenty-three houses on a three-
acre site thus posed societal as
well as cost challenges for the
Located on the border
between two neighborhoods-
one poor and predominantly
black, one affluent and mostly
white, the project was heavily
influenced by input from civic
organizations representing
both groups. Characteristics
including street layout, siting
of individual homes, and pres-
ervation of existing trees were
considered jointly.
Houses were built to comply
with the strict South Florida
Building Code, and materials,
including concrete block, stuc-
co exterior, aluminum windows,
and concrete tile roofing, were
chosen for their durability and
ease of maintenance. Two
three-bedroom, 1,500 sf, model
home types were used, which,
depending on their front porch
placement, yield four different
street facades. One model has a
two-story, elongated volume,
the other a more centralized
two-story volume. Both feature
an attached one-story porch
and tall living room.
The simplicity and grace of
the architecture and the re-
spectful siting of the homes
amidst the existing oak trees
make this project exceptional
and a welcome complement to
the Grove. Since their comple-

tion, these homes have received
a great deal of positive atten-
tion-from the neighborhood
organizations as well as from
prospective buyers.

Jury: ".. .it looks like it's
been there forever... has a
continuity among the
buildings.., thoughtful,
not overstated or con-
trived... a wonderfully
intelligent, sensitive
solution to the need for
affordable housing... "

Architect: Andres Duany &
Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk
Architects and Town Planners
Consulting Engineers:
Victor G. Reeve, RE., Santiago
& Associates Engineers, Inc.
Landscape Architect:
Gary Greenan
Associates Construction
Owner: City of Miami
Department of Development
and Housing Conservation

Photographs: Raul Pedroso,
Solo Photography



Lemontree Village
Coconut Grove, Florida

Charles Harrison Pawley,

This award, presented to a
structure at least 25 years
old and functioning as originally
intended, recognizes the lasting
value of good architectural
design. Lemontree Village has
fulfilled the promise that won
architect Charles Harrison
Pawley local, state, and national
honors back in 1970, when it
was completed. The develop-
ment of 20 multifamily duplex-
es continues to look as contem-
porary and contextual as the
area's newest and finest town-
houses and condominium com-
As intended, the unique
architectural concept of flexible
interiors and unit expandability
has inspired personalized interi-
or spaces in virtually every unit,
and expansions (bedrooms, roof
terraces, and screened areas)
for more than half. Although at
first glance there is an overall
consistent look, the differences,
say long-time residents, make
the project even more exciting
now than when it was conceived.
Constructed with concrete
block, poured concrete floor
and roof, stucco exterior, plas-
ter interior, and single-ply roof
system, the units weathered
Hurricane Andrew with few
From its beginnings, the
development was planned so
that homes could be sited
among existing oaks; some
homes had patios built around
one of these elegant trees. As
residents enhanced their
grounds with pool areas, plant-
ed walkways, and lush land-
scape plantings, the original
garden environment has
matured and flourished. The
project remains a refreshing
oasis in an area that has under-
gone fast growth and great

Jury: "A design which was
developed to accommodate
alterations has produced
a tery comfortable living
environment. The alter-
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1995 AIA Florida Calendar

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26 AIA Fl Board of Directors
Meeting Miami, Florida
27 AIA FL "Electronic Com-
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Continued from Page 7

statement impacts negatively
on the livelihood of architects
by permitting the practice of
architecture by persons who
are not registered as archi-
In the meantime, the Florida
Board of Architecture and
Interior Design has voted to
request the Florida Secretary
of Business and Professional
Regulation to officially call a

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Legal Notes by J. Michael Huey,
Esq., in this issue.

The June issue of Florida
Architect incorrectly credited
the restoration of St. John's
Cathedral. The project was com-
pleted by Gordon & Smith
Architects, Inc.

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Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33309
Phone: (305) 776-2232
Fax: (305) 776-2242
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Phone: (412) 781-0991

joint meeting with BOPE to
call into question the legality of
the "Commentary" statement.
Known as a Chapter 455 hear-
ing, the meeting would consist
of three representatives from
each board, with a seventh per-
son appointed by the Secretary
to serve as an objective, non-
aligned party, to settle any tie
votes that might occur.
For more information, see


Can Engineers Practice Architecture?
By J. Michael Huey, Esq.

The line of demarcation be-
tween the practice of archi-
tecture and engineering has at
times been blurred; even when
the line is at its clearest, some
engineers outright ignore it.
This tendency on the part of
some engineers to trespass into
forbidden territory has been
aided throughout the years by a
general lack of understanding,
and occasionally a deliberate
disregard, of the laws regulating
the two practice areas.
Any discussion of the debate
must begin with a comparison
of the statutory definitions of
the respective practice areas.
"Engineering" refers to services
requiring engineering educa-
tion, training, and experience in
the application of special knowl-
edge of the mathematical, phys-
ical, and engineering sciences to
the planning, design and con-
struction of utilities, structures,
buildings, machines, and equip-
ment. "Architecture" refers to
the design and construction of
structures which have as their
principal purpose human
habitation or use and the uti-
lization of space within and sur-
rounding such structures.
Florida law prohibits anyone
other than a registered engineer
from practicing engineering and
anyone other than a registered
architect from practicing archi-
tecture. However, registered
engineers whose principal prac-
tice is civil or structural engi-
neering may perform architec-
tural services which are "purely
incidental" to their practice of
engineering, and, likewise, reg-
istered architects may perform
engineering services which are
"purely incidental" to their prac-
tice of architecture.
As the statutes are silent as to
what is meant by "purely inci-
dental," debate over the mean-
ing and implications of that
term has been vigorous. Often
the debate has simply ignored
the plain meaning of the term.
According to The American

Heritage Dictionary, 2d Col-
legiate Edition, "incidental"
means "(1) occurring or likely
to occur as an unpredictable or
minor concomitant; or (2) of
a minor, casual or subordinate
nature." Synonyms for "purely,"
according to Webster's Colle-
giate Thesaurus, include "all,
all in all, altogether, exactly, in
toto, just, quite, totally, utterly,
and wholly." Therefore, it may
be said that services "purely
incidental" to one's practice are
those services which are totally,
utterly, wholly or quite minor.

Completely disregarding the
statutory limitations on the
practice of architecture by engi-
neers, on December 5, 1990,
the Board of Professional Engi-
neers officially adopted a Com-
mentary outlining a defective
understanding of "the authority
of engineers to design build-
ings." The 13-page document
concludes that "under the pres-
ent statutes and court interpre-
tations, a qualified engineer as
part of the practice of engineer-
ing has the legal right to plan,
design and supervise construc-
tion of any public or private
building or structure, and to
perform such other professional
ser ices as may be necessary to
the planning, progress and com-
pletion of the engineering ser-
vice." Unfortunately, a small
group of engineers has used the
Commentary, despite its incom-
plete and inaccurate under-
standing of the law, to persuade
others that engineers are free to
engage in the unrestrained prac-
tice of architecture in this state.

Most recently, a Dade County
building official has been circu-
lating the Commentary to city
building officials and others
who are being misled by its
misinterpretation of the law
and unfounded conclusions.
The Commentary's first
major flaw is that it relies large-
ly on an outdated case, Verich v.
Florida State Board ofArchi-
tecture, 239 So. 2d 29 (Fla. 4th
DCA 1970), which held that "a
registered architect can plan
and design and supervise con-
struction of a building as the

practice of architecture and a
registered professional engineer
can plan and design and super-
vise construction of a building
as a professional engineer." Id.
at 31. In Verich, the court
rejected the State Board of
Architecture's argument that the
statutory definition of "engi-
neering" was limited to "'build-
ings' of an industrial nature
designed primarily to house
machinery and equipment
rather than designed primarily
for habitation or occupancy by
humans." The court's decision
was based on its finding that the
legislature had not established
a clear line of demarcation
between the two professions.
In fact, the legislature has
clarified the line of demarca-
tion-in 1979-when it rede-
fined "architecture" to mean the
design and construction and
supervision of construction of
buildings primarily intended
for human habitation or use.
That same year the legislature
also modified the "purely inci-

dental" language in the architect
ture and engineering acts si
that only civil and structure
engineers may perform purel:
incidental architectural ser
vices. The twenty-five-year-ol
Verich ruling, then, is hardly,
the final word on the practice
of architecture by engineers.
Furthermore, the Commen
tary erroneously concludes the
"there is no such thing as 'inci
dental practice' authorized b;
Chapter 471 and 481." Withou
citing any authority becauses
there is none), the Commentar
makes the incomprehensible
statement that the "purely inci
dental" provision "exempts an,
excuses a professional perform
ing authorized services within
his or her authorized practice
from the thrust of other profess
sional statutes," and deduce
that the exemption provision
is a "legislative acknowledge
ment of the expressed overlap
between engineering and archi
To the contrary, the "purel;
incidental" provision is a clea
legislative expression of th
limitations of the overla]
between architecture and engi
neering. It does not give engi
neers carte blanche to practice
architecture; rather, it permit
civil or structural engineer
only to perform only minor
architectural services in th
context of their engineering sei
vices. The design of building
intended principally for human
habitation and use (such a
churches, schools, and resi
dences) has been and remain
the province of architecture
and structural and civil engi
neers may enter that province
only in extremely narrow cii

J. Michael Huey, Esq., presi
dent of the law firm of Hueh
Guilday & Tucker, PA. in Tal
lahassee, has represented AL
Florida as general counselfo
over 20 years.


This tendency on the part of some engineers
to trespass intoforbidden territory has been
aided throughout the years by a general lack
of understanding, and occasionally a deliberate
disregard, of the laws regulating the two
practice areas.

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