Title: Florida architect
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073793/00291
 Material Information
Title: Florida architect
Series Title: Florida architect.
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Creator: American Institute of Architects -- Florida Association
Florida Association of Architects
Publisher: Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: November-December 1991
Frequency: quarterly
Subject: Architecture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 4, no. 3 (July 1954)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1996.
Issuing Body: Official journal of the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Issuing Body: Issued by: Florida Association of Architects of the American Institute of Architects, 1954- ; Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects, <1980->.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00073793
Volume ID: VID00291
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 06827129
lccn - sn 80002445
issn - 0015-3907
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bulletin (Florida Association of Architects)
Succeeded by: Florida/Caribbean architect

Full Text


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(407) 368-1199

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......... .........

November/December, 1991
Vol. 38, No. 6

FLORIDAARCHITECT November/December 1

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1991 AIA*Florida Awards for
Excellence in Architecture 7

Sideporch House 8
Scott Merrill Architects

Hard Rock Cafe 9
Aura Architecture

NCNB Plaza 10
Harry C. Wolf and Odell Associates

Team Disney Building 11
Arata Isozaki & Associates and
Hunton Brady Pryor Maso Architects.
Associated Space Design and CRS Sirrine.

Delta Flight Center/Third Airside at
Orlando International Airport 12
KBJ Architects Inc.

Caribbean Cottage 13
Cooper Johnson Smith Architects

Sawgrass Mills Regional Mall 14
Arquitectonica International

Midway Fire Station 15
Johnson/Peterson Architects

Test of Time Award 19
Plymouth Harbor by Frank Folsom Smith, AIA

Indigenous Southeast Architecture:
A Backward Glance 21
Al Alschuler

Editorial 5
News 17
New Products 23
Viewpoint s 25
From the Publisher 27

On the Cover: NCNB Tower in Tampa by Harry C. Wolfand Odell A1ssociates


Computerized Building Regulations, Inc.
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FW=RDAARCHnIECT Novemnber/Decemer 1991



Florida Association of the
American Institute of Architects
104 East'Jefferson Street
Post Office Box 1.0388
Tallahassee, Florida 32302
Publisher/Executive Vice President
George A. Allen, CAE, Hon. AIA
Diane D. Greer
Assistant Publisher
Director of Advertising
Carolyn Maryland
Design and Production
Peter Mitchell Associates, Inc.
Boyd Brothers Printers
Publications Committee
Roy Knight, AIA, Chairman
Henry Alexander, AIA
Keith Bailey, AIA
Gene Leedy, AIA
Will Morris, AIA
Don Sackman, AIA
H. Dean Rowe, FAIA
Editorial Board
Ivan Johnson, AIA
Dave Fronczak, AIA
Roy Knight, AIA
Raymond L. Scott, AIA
1900 Summit To, er Bkd Ste 260
Orlandco, 32811)
Vice President/President-elect
Henry C. Alexander, AIA
Smith Korjch Ha-t HaN nie
175 Fo)rntaibleau Road
Miami, Florida 33172
Secretary Treasurer
JJhn Tice, AIA
909 East Cervantes
Pensacola, Florida 32501
Past President
Larry M. Schneider, AIA
25 Seabreeze
Delray Beach, FL 32483
Regional Directors
John M.. Barley, AIA
5772 Timuquana Rd., Ste. 4
Jacksonville, Florida 32210
James H. Anstis, FAIA
4425 Beacon Circle
West Palm Beach, Florida 33407
Vice President 'Member
Services Commiss.ion
R,,.s Spiled AMIA
2;il Wret Oklkand Pirk BI d.
Suit, 'u11 1
Oakland Park, Florida 33311
Vice President/
Public Affairs Commission
Joseph Garcia, AIA
3300 S. W. Archer Road
Gainesville, Florida 32608
Vice President Professional
Excellence Commission
Richard T. Reep, AIA
510s JuliIa Str:, t
J.ia.k .r,. ,le. Florida .-12 -i2


.T. housing the growing number of elderly persons in the United States is a
H concern that crosses a broad spectrum of social issues. Consequently,
many professionals, from architects to insurance companies to builders, are
seeking new and innovative solutions to the spectrum of care that must be
The paragraph above is quoted from a current news item circulated to
magazine editors by the AIA News Service in Washington. In the current
batch of news items which the AIA deemed important, there are several
which relate to the subject of housing for seniors.
"Aging in place" and retrofitting residences so that the elderly may remain
"in place" seems to be the most popular line of thinking at the present.
Although the terminology is relatively new, "aging in place" is not a new
concept. It simply involves allowing older Americans to remain in their
homes as long as they can. Following this line of thinking, the ITT Insurance
Group has built a full-scale transportable house exhibit, named Hartford
House, that incorporates 120 simple modifications that can help the elderly
stay in their own homes as they age. A guide to the exhibit can be obtained
by sending a stamped (75 cents), business-sized envelope to: The Hartford
House, PO. Box 4460, Hartford, CT, 06146.
Research has shown a growing appeal among the public for the concept of
aging in place. The American Association of Retired Persons (AARP)
conducted a 1990 survey revealing that 86 percent of participants 60 years of
age or older prefer to remain in their current homes, as opposed to 78
percent just five years ago.
When the home in which these elderly people wish to remain is a
retirement home, then that building must meet the same challenges as an
individual residence in terms of ease of use of facilities, access, etc. In light
of the wave of press material dealing with the subject of retrofitting
residences for the elderly. I was particularly gratified to see the 1991 Test of
Time Award was presented to a building which has been serving the needs of
the elderly for the past 25 years.
Frank Folsom Smith's design for Plymouth Harbor, a "full service
retirement center" in Sarasota, truly seems to have stood the test of time in
every way. Throughout the project, the "care" concept was utmost in the
mind of the architect. It was the architect's desire that "the building be an
appropriate symbol of the aspirations of the sponsors in seeking to provide a
citadel of secure retirement within which independent living will flourish."
Those are the architect's words, but I couldn't have put it better myself.
According to the AARP, "aging in place does not need to be achieved. It
exists in single family homes and in specially built environments for the
elderly. Safety is at stake, and so is the quality of human dignity and the
quality of life." DG

SFLORIDAARCH1ECT November/December 1991

Ctlet 18 on Reader Inquiry Card

Sideporch House Vero Beach, Florida

Architect ---
Scott Merrill, Architect
Vero Beach, Florida

Consulting Engineers
Johnson Creekmore Fabre
Mosby and Associates ---- - _--.

Landscape Architect
Scott Merrill
and -
Elizabeth Gillick

Interior Designer
John Stefanidis LTD. |

General Contractor
Hill/Jones Inc.


Long shallow massing, two
porches and walled gardens
were required by the design
codes of the new town in
which this residence is locat-
ed. Living areas were placed
on the second floor to take
advantage of the views and
breezes, with bedrooms open-
ing to the more private garden
The simplicity of the design
and materials contributes to
the overall elegance of this
project. Constructed of con-
crete masonry with a wood
frame second story, cedar
drop siding, bleached cedar
rafter tails and porch assem-
bly, cypress posts and railing,
and cedar shingle roof, this
residence is a study of compo-
sition, scale, and proportion.
Functional elements are
carefully placed to suit pro-
grammatic requirements while
remaining a part of the overall

JURY: "This house is in Wind-
sor, a new town north of Vero T
Beach, and it's very expressive
of the architecture in Windsort
It's a beautiful house."

8 FORIDAARCHrIECT November/December 1991

W A TA ON- -

Hard Rock Cafe Orlando, Florida

Aura Architecture
Maitland, Florida

Landscape Architect
Universal Studios Florida

Interior Designer
Raliegh & Associates

General Contractor
John McCann & Associates,

Hard Rock Cafe

This building was to be the
client's first "free-standing"
restaurant His previous
restaurants were constructed
in existing historical buildings,
and the client required that
the decor and theme of the
new structure exhibit similar
historical characteristics.
The design required that
access be provided to both
tourists visiting the adjoining
theme park and to those who
wished to visit only the restau-
rant. In response to this
requirement, the restaurant
was designed to resemble a
large guitar that would span
the two primary roadways Photo by Aerial Innovations Inc.
serving the theme park. Addi-
tional challenges included the
construction of the restaurant
over the roadway while it
remained fully operational, the
location of the restaurant over
the park's primary utility ser-
vices and the "fast tracking"
needed to coordinate the res-
taurant opening with that of
the theme park.

JURY: "Freedom of Rock.
Kingdom ofRock. I don't think
that there is any other justifica-
tion for selecting this project,
other than we fell in love with
it. It departsfrom being a one- @ W-
liner It's a serious piece of
architecture that addresses its

FLORIDAARCHrfECr November/December1991


NCNB Plaza

Tampa, Florida

Design Architect
Harry C. Wolf
Los Angeles, California
Executive Architect
Odell Associates
Tampa, Florida
Consulting Engineers
Structural King Guinn
Electrical Bullard
Mechanical Benner &
Fields, Inc.
Landscape Architect
Office of Dan Kiley
Interior Designer
Associated Space Design
General Contractor
Pace Construction Company
NCNB Tower Associates
(Limited partnership NCNB
National Bank and Faison
Building currently owned by
Equitable RE.

In an age where every city
looks more and more like
every other city and man's
alienation from nature mounts
daily, this project represents
an inquiry into a possible alter-
native, an antidote.
The architect sought to
understand and respect
Tampa's special qualities and
where possible, to evoke
recollections appropriately sin-
gular to this city, this place
and this time. Through the
use of geometry, number, pro-
portion and material, there is
an aspiration to make the
building specific to its place.
The cylinder is linked to the
urban grid by the cubic
volumes of the banking hall
which approximate the height
of the base of the building
opposite it, provide a breath-
ing space between the two,
and mediate the scale from
pedestrian to tower.

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The architect, in close col-
laboration with the landscape
architect, has taken the
project's geometries and pro-
duced a garden where bands
of stone interweave with water
troughs and greenery to recall
Islamic gardens, a further link
between present and past. At
each stage of proximity,
through modulation of scale,
proportion and detail, the
design seeks to re-establish
the importance of the relation-
ship between man and nature.
Over time, the landscape, as it
overgrows the ordering grid,
will manifest itself as a living
counterpoint to the mark of
man's hand.

JURY: "The relationship of
plan to tower to the banking
hall itself reflects the perfect
form of circle and square
utilized all the way through the
landscaping, planning, and the
architecture. The quality of
light is everything in this build-
ing both day and night. The
landscaping is beautiful."

SPhoto by Aaron Kiley
FWRWAAW~crrErr Novemaew/DaeembW 1991


Team Disnev Building

Orlando, Florida

Arata Isozaki & Associates
Tokyo, Japan

Architect of Record
Hunton Brady Pryor Maso
Architects, PA.

Consulting Engineers
Mechanical, Electrical,
Plumbing, and Fire Protec-
tion Engineers Tilden,
Lobnitz & Cooper, Inc.

Structural Engineer
O.E. Olsen and Associates

Civil Engineer
Ivey, Bennett, Harris & Walls,

Landscape Architect
Foster-Conant & Associates,

Interior Designer
Associated Space Design

General Contractor
Holder Construction

Design Consultant
CRS Sirrine
Houston, Texas

Walt Disney World Co.

This program required a
410,000 GSF headquarters
facility, but the project had to
preserve 1.9 acres of existing
wetlands and it had to provide
total flexibility for a company
that experiences constant
changes in work area configu-
rations. It also had to create
an image that reflects the
"entertainment" nature of the
The design solution is
based on the idea of time, and
the building is designed to
function as a "time ship." The
-ship's "stack" is a 120 foot
high truncated cone that
serves as the central organiz-
ing element for the composi-

Brightly colored geometric
solids in juxtaposition around
the cone define the public
spaces, while the office wings
appear as a more subdued
gray and silver grid. Linear
atria bisect the office wings,
admitting natural light and
forming the circulation zone.
The office wings generally
consist of open areas for sys-
tems furniture, "minicores"
housing mechanical, support
and break areas and several
private offices on the upper

JURY: "This is an entertaining
building and it is magical and.
it is fantasy. Here is an extraor-
dinary example of an architect
who has done one ofhis most
brilliant buildings because he
arrived at the place where his
sense of whimsy is incredibly
This is a team effort and it
really shows. The detailing is
so immaculately honest. Each
material is joined together with-
out losing its integrity "

FLORIDAARCHrECT November/December 1991

Tear Disnev Bui ldins!E


Delta Flight Center/ Third Airside
at the Orlando International Airport

Walter O. Taylor
KBJ Architects, Inc.

Landscape Architect
Edward D. Stone, Jr.
& Associates

Interior Designer
KBJ Architects, Inc.

General Contractor
Great Southwest Corporation

Greater Orlando Aviation

Due to the increase in area
tourist travel, this internation-
al airport required a new unit
terminal of 24 gates that could
handle 6 million passengers a
year. It is designed to provide
the last word in convenience,
service, and ease of travel.
Further, all efforts were made
to provide the passenger with
a sense of arrival to Florida in
this 533,000 sq. ft. airside ter-
minal. Designed to comple-
ment the first phase of the air-
port, the airside continues the
thematic "Florida Look."
The entire terminal was
designed to allow the passen-
ger to have continuous visual
contact with the environment.
Every gate has a panoramic
view of the outdoors with
floor-to-ceiling windows. The
three concourses allow the
glorious Florida sun to enter
through the skylights that are
built into the vaulted overhead
The climax of the three
concourses is the hexagonal
core whose broad, glass- JURY: "The effect of walking
enclosed dome is supported through these spaces with the
by six massive beams that skylight and tubes is just mar
meet at a ring above. Colossal velous. The use of these tubes
glass walls that are shaded by and no glass provides constai
lattice frames on the exterior indirect light and it creates
curve far over the heads of the enough shade that you're not
visitors, creating an ever- hot. The colors used here are
changing pattern of sunlight beautiful."
throughout the day.

Orlando, Florida


FLORIDAARCHTIECT November/December 1991

Mh Ih

Caribbean Cottage Seaside, Florida

Cooper Johnson Smith
Architects, Inc.

Consulting Engineer
Johnson Creekmore Fabre

Interior Designer
Carrie Raeburn

General Contractor
Breaux Construction

Carrie & John Raeburn

Designed to accommodate
family vacations at the beach,
the cottage is elevated to pro-
vide a view of the gulf. The
high hip roof forms an "H"
with shed roof and trellis fill-
ing the balance of the build-
able footprint. The cottage is
designed to have two fronts; a
modest entry front facing th6
pedestrian street and a grander
south-facing front facing a
county road and the Gulf
beyond. Typical wall plate
height is twelve feet with sev-
eral rooms gaining additional
height within the roof volume.
Natural ventilation and solar
protection is facilitated by tall
rooms, shading from a south-
facing trellis. ceiling fans, lou- -- ------ --
vered doors that can be closed -
to the noon sun and rooms
with multiple exposures. Vari-
ery in outdoor living is provid- ,
ed with both a generous L .
screened porch and trellis-cov- / \ -
ered deck. Every effort was I
made to preserve the natural /

Seaside house. This project can I
be photographed from any k -
angle. The wonderful colors Dr k
will blend beautifidly as they
bleach out in the sun."

FLORIDAARCHITECT November/December 1991

E A I1

Sawgrass Mills Regional Mall Sunrise, Florida

Arquitectonica International
Coral Gables, Florida

Consulting Engineers
Mechanical Lagomasino,
Vital & Associates
Structural Riva, Klein &
Civil Darby & Way, Inc.

Landscape Architect
SWA Group

Interior Designer
Arquitectonica International

Construction Manager
Centex Rooney Construction

Western Development

The design required a mod-
ular. yet widely varying. retail
space layout capable of being
quickly and economically mod-
ified to meet changing tenant
requirements. The use of sim-
ple yet durable building mate-
rials helped the architects to
meet the restraints of budget;
however, it is the manipulation
of these materials that provides
the infinite variety in form and
scale. The mall is bright and
open, perfectly suited to its
South Florida climate; a depar-
ture from the typical "shopping
mall" environment. This is a
project that recognizes the
need of human interaction in
the public setting.

JURY: "The playfulness of this
structure and its different forms
fulfilled the response inside. The
quality of life in the domes can
only be terrific and the air con-
ditioning bill must be heaven.
The variety ofspaces gives you a
sense of identity meet me at
the columns or meet me at the

FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1991

A ieI N

Midway Fire Station

Midway, Florida

Johnson/Peterson Architects,
Tallahassee, Florida

Consulting Engineer
Clark Roumelis & Associates,

Landscape Architect
Hodges & Associates

General Contractor
Gray Contracting, Inc.

City of Midway, Florida

A newly created town in
rural north Florida voted to
build a fire station as their first
public building. Because of
their lack of full time staff.
they required a secure struc-
ture constructed of low main-
tenance materials. The "bare-
bones" budget was funded by
a small federal grant, yet they
wanted this building to be spe-
cial: a focal point for an emerg-
ing community.
As well as serving its func-
tional needs, the fire station
has set a precedent for this
small community to follow. It
proves that modest budgets
need not produce low quality
buildings. As this community
grows. other civic buildings
will be influenced to achieve
the same qualities of beauty,
simplicity, and economy.


- jaRI BI,~BFI- 1I:I-tZ :4t:'

JURY: "We found this to be in
context and in scale, with sur-
prising dignity. It's really very
elegantly done."

FLORIDAARCHITECT November/December 1991

How most insurance programs

measure claims processing time

1 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 8 9 1011121314 5 6 7 8 91011
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
17 18 19 20 21 22 23 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
24 25 26 27 28 29 30 29 30 31 26 27 28 29 30 31

How the FA/AIA Insurance Program does

f' l r ji A

| n (b 3 *
jf ^>

^ >'A

Most insurance programs can't pass the test of time. They fail when it takes weeks
and months to handle your claim. They fail when they treat you like a number with a
The FA/AIA (Florida Association/American Institute of Architects) Insurance
Program, however, passes the test of time with flying colors. Among the program's
* 48 hour average claims turnaround time
* A courteous and caring staff that treats you like a person, not a number
* Cost-containment and "Take Care of Yourself"/Wellness campaigns
* Controlled by active AIA members as Trustees
It's your time and your money. If your insurance program isn't giving you the service
you pay for, it's time to look into the FA/AIA Group Insurance Program.
For more information, call Kathleen McDonnell or Eric Shirley at:
Association Administrators & Consultants
19000 MacArthur Boulevard, Suite 500
Irvine, California 92715
Circle 27 on Reader Inquiry Card 1-800-854-0491 Toll Free

FLORIDAARCHITECT November/December 1991


UF Lecture Series
Attracts Superstars

The Fall, 1991, Lecture
Series in the University of
Florida Department of Archi-
tecture promises to produce
Some of the most influential
names in contemporary archi-
tecture. Beginning in early
September, the lectures will
take place on Monday and
Wednesday evenings in the
Architecture Building at UF
unless otherwise noted. The
current schedule is as follows:
September 9, 6:00 pm
Jose Oubrerie, Chair of
Architecture, Ohio State
Senior Designer in the Office of
Le Corbusier
September 16, 7:30 pm,
Harn Museum
Laurie Hawkinson and
Henry Smith-Miller
Professors at Columbia and
Yale University
October 7, 6:00 pm
Harry Wolf, architect,
Los Angeles
October 21, 6:00 pm
Thomas Phifer
Architect, Design Partner,
Richard Meier and Partners
November 6,
Dan Kiley
Landscape Architect, Vermont
Date to be announced
Antoine Predock
Architect, New Mexico

Octagon Exhibition

The Octagon Museum and
the American Institute of
Architects Headquarters
Gallery exhibition schedule for
the fall and winter of 1991-92
promises some very inter-
esting shows. The Octagon is
located at 1799 New York Ave-
nue, NW in Washington. It is
open Tuesday-Friday from 10
am to 4 pm and on weekends
from 2 4. A $2 donation is sug-
gested. The American Institute
of Architects is located imme-
diately behind The Octagon
and galleries are open Monday
Friday, 8 5. Admission is

October 1 through January
6, 1992, the Exhibit is entitled
"In the Most Fashionable Style:
Making a Home in the Federal
City." This is the fourth exhi-
bition in the research series
focusing on the early history of
The Octagon and the Federal
January 23 through April
12, 1992, the exhibit is entitled

"The White House: Image in
Architecture, 1792-1992." This
show is jointly sponsored by
the American Architectural
Foundation and the White
House Historical Association.
The exhibition will focus on
the exterior and interior archi-
tecture of the White House,
concentrating on its earliest

The photo of the lower level
entry rotunda in the FDLE
Headquarters Building which
appeared on page 22 of the
September/October 1991 issue
of FA was not properly cred-
ited. The photographer was
Vito Sportelli.

FLORIDAARCHITECT November/December 1991

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FLORIDAARCHIECT November/December 1991

This is the only complete compilation of rules and standards
as adopted by the Florida State Fire Marshals office.

This is a must reference for anyone in design and construction
in the State of Florida.
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Plymouth Harbor Sarasota, Florida

Frank Folsom Smith, AIA,
Sarasota, Florida

Associate Architect:
Louis E Schneider, AIA

Landscape Architect:
Frank Folsom Smith, AIA,

Interior Design:
Frank Folsom Smith, AIA,

Structural Engineer.
McGraw and Associates, Inc.

Mechanical and Electrical
Emil L Tiona, PE.

General Contractor:
Robert A. Chuckrow
Construction, Inc.

When completed in 1966,
this highrise was a landmark
building, both functionally and
aesthetically. Twenty-five
years later, it is still the tallest
building in Sarasota.
The 16-acre site between
the mainland and the keys off
the southwest coast of Florida
offers a magnificent panorama
from each of the 21 residence
floors. The original design for
the building, which paired sin-
gle room studio apartments
with one bedroom apartments,
has proven successful for com-
bining them into larger two
bedroom apartments when
more space is needed and
then subdividing them later if
a spouse dies or less space is
Realizing that small conge-
nial spaces would be neces-
sary for the social atmosphere
which the client desired, the
architects developed a "colony"
system which proved to be
unique to this project The
premise was that the abolition
of corridors would eliminate
the impersonal character usu-
ally associated with apartment

buildings. The apartments
here are entered from interior
galleries grouped around
attractively furnished lounges
which are three stories high
and which provide their own
neighborhood atmosphere.
The buildings in this com-
plex have matured well, look-
ing and functioning in substan-
tially the same way for the past
25 years. This project contin-
ues to fulfill the architect's
philosophy of timeless design
as opposed to trendy or mo-
mentarily fashionable design
solutions. It was the archi-
tect's desire that the building
be an appropriate symbol of
secure retirement within
which independent living
would flourish, and that has
been the case for the past
quarter of a century.

JURY: "The emphasis here on
a simple concrete pallet and
good scale and proportion is
what impressed us most. This
building looks like it belongs to
the site as much today as it did
in 1966, perhaps more. The
proportions are very elegant
and the graceful silhouette gives
the building a life of its own."

LORIDAARCHTIECT November/December 1991

Perma Crete" Stucco is a quality-
controlled, pre-blended portland cement
and selected aggregate composition
which includes a waterproofing agent,
fade-resistant pigments, and other chemi-
cal combinations to provide a long-
lasting finish.
Perma Crete's finish coat is color
through so there is never a need to paint.
Available in white and many beautiful
colors, it can be trowel applied or sprayed
for either a textured or smooth finish.
The butteryconsistencymakes it easier
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All components meet the standards
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for stucco.
Coverage is
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FLORIDAARCHIECT November/December 1991

Indigenous Southeast

Architecture: A Backward Glance
by Al Alschuler

Winters in South Florida
are benign...the envy of North-
erners whose hometowns are
frost-laced and frigid.
Summer's heat, however, is
far from intolerable along the
coast where breezes spawned
by the inimitable Gulf Stream
offer a respite from the peren-
nial humidity of our landlocked
counterparts. Although we
share the same sub-tropical
latitudes as Karachi, Pakistan
and Aswan, Egypt. this fortu-
itous breeze refreshes many
an otherwise insufferably sti-
fling Miami midday or
The Seminoles were
soothed by that selfsame
ocean current many hundreds
of summers ago. The above
ground living levels and cross-
ventilating passthroughs of
their thatched chickees. how-
ever, were supremely suited
both to the setting and to the
Our pioneering ancestors
quickly discovered the advan-
tages of such vernacular shel-
ter as the Seminoles had
invented. Before too long, the
Indians' adaptive built environ-
ment, featuring resilient wood
poles, ventilating slats and
shading palm fronds, were
superceded by equally indige-
nous "found" materials which
would be proven far more
practicable for permanent set-
Hardy pine timber, locally
forested and converted to lum-
ber, resisted both moisture
and insect infestation. Porch-
perchers and passersby alike
were sheltered from seasonal
downpourings and the scorch-
ing semi-tropical sun by shin-
gled roofs which jutted over
balconies, porticos and ter-
raced walkways...even as high-
pitched gables and tall interior
ceilings prompted the upward
circulation of sultry, overheated

Sand and lime, essential for
the production of concrete and
stucco, are both indigenous to
the area. More formidable in
the face of gale-force winds,
masonry structures were also
cross-ventilated with an abun-
dance of fenestration.
Traditional Florida "cracker"
houses were raised above the
ground for below-foundation
cooling in addition to their
wide verandas and large well-
shaded windows. Jalousies
Sand shutters evolved naturally
from a need to keep out the
intense summer sun.
This vernacular architec-
ture, however unpretentious.

was a generic triumph for
those concerned with inherent
environmental essentials.
Some succeeding "sophisti-
cates" considered such solu-
tions far too simplistic for the
demands of contemporary life.
Fortress-type residences and
bastioned businesses with
fixed-pane panels and limited
exterior exposures are now,
unfortunately. uncompromis-
ingly commonplace.
Most present day south-
easterners (and others else-
where, I suppose) prefer near-
hibernation from mid-spring
until fall. seeking the chilled
comfort of churning compres-

sors and whirling fans, paying
heed...and monthly assess-
ments...to the electrical gods.
There's hope, however, due
to a renewed respect for our
ancestral art of construction ...
inspiring more and more of
our abler practitioners to emu-
late their predecessors. In-
creasingly, the advantages of
an earlier architectural her-
itage are being observed...and

The author is a freelance writer
who lives in Miami and spe-
cializes in writing about archi-

FLORIDAARCHITECT November/December 1991

Meet the Stars of the 1991 AIA *Florida
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FLORIDAARCHflECT November/December 1991


New Baffle System

Alcan Buildings Systems
Group has introduced a new
ceiling system, the Intaline 440
Baffle, which creates an open,
floating effect in both new and
retrofit applications. The sys-
tem is particularly well-suited
for use in vast ceiling areas,
such as those found in shop-
ping centers, large halls, pub-
lic areas and lobbies.
Available in a variety of
heights, lengths and colors,
the 440 Baffle system creates
a linear-patterned ceiling plane
which may run at any angle to
walls or be arranged in pat-
terns such as herringbone.
The baffles provide shielding
from one direction and may be
used effectively for directional
Without fully enclosing the
plenum area, the 440 Baffle can
be suspended a considerable
distance below the plenum to
conceal service fixtures and to
create a more intimate environ-
ment by lowering the ceiling's
visual reference. Air may be
supplied or returned through
the baffle with a minimal reduc-
tion of air flow.
For more information, con-
tact George Eckerd, Alcan
Building Products, 227 South
Town East Blvd., Mesquite,
TX, (800) 827-6045.

Patient-Care Modules
Aid in Space Planning

Bradley Corporation's full
line of in-room, combination
lavatory/water closet modules
answers the needs of both hos-
pital administrators and speci-
fying architects by combining
convenient, hygienic function-
ality with a variety of style and
performance configurations.
The new LavCare 1,000 pa-
tient care module features a
"one touch" single-action door
which opens wide to reveal a
handicap-height toilet. The
door/toilet unit automatically
-locks into a stationary position
when open.
The LavCare 1000 cabinet is
available with either a molded
chair unit for additional seat-
ing, or a large extended coun-
tertop with a storage compart-
ment in place of the chair unit.
A bedpan washer is incorporat-
ed into the cabinet for nurse
convenience, and the bi-level,
cultured marble sink is custom
designed for draining i.v. bags,
test work and other activities.
An infrared-activated Futura
faucet, with Bradley's patented
ACCU-ZONE control, is an
optional feature.
For more information, con-
tact Bradley Corporation, 9101
Fountain Blvd., Menomonee
Falls, WI 53052. (414) 251-6000
or fax (414) 251-5817.

New Solution for
Ultraviolet Ray

IllumiLens U.V. and Illumi-
Lens H.T. provide new solu-
tions for ultraviolet ray filtration
and thermal shock problems
associated with modern high-
intensity lighting equipment.
Two unique glass ceramic
lenses, IllumiLens U.V. and
H.T., are designed to counter-
act either the effects of ultravio-
let radiation or significant tem-
perature changes without
considerable loss of the bright,
natural light emitted by mod-
ern lighting equipment such as
metal halide lamps, halogen
and other high-intensity/high-
wattage systems.
Distributed in North Ameri-
ca by Technical Glass Products
of Seattle and manufactured by
Nippon Electric Glass Ltd. of
Japan, IllumiLens U. V. and
H.T. are available in 3 and 5mm
thicknesses and can be cut to
specified shapes and sizes.
Due to its ability to minimize
merchandise damage and per-
sonal injury cases caused by
ultraviolet ray exposure, com-
mon product applications would
include display lighting in retail
stores, museums, art galleries
and office facilities. Its usage
would include outdoor land-
scaping, theatre, stage and sta-
dium lighting, as well as avia-
tion applications.
Inquiries should go to
Nancy Hansen at Technical
Glass Products, 2425 Carillon
Point. Kirkland, WA 98033.
(206) 822-4514 or 1-800-426-

Directory System
For Office Buildings

Digital Techniques has intro-
duced its Touchdown Comput-
erized Directory and Wayfind-
ing System and an optional
add-on Security System for use
in commercial, institutional

and educational facilities.
The personal computer-
based Touchdown Computer-
ized Directory replaces cum-
bersome, inaccurate billboard-
type directory signage with
one or more compact, easy-to-
use interactive color graphics
touchscreen displays located in
building lobbies or other open
access areas.
Visitors are given self-guid-
ed. instant access to a database
of an unlimited number of indi-
viduals and company on-site
listings by touching the display
screen. "Routing", lobby, floor
and surrounding area maps, a
directory of building services
and a news and events bulletin
board can also be displayed.
Unlike conventional directo-
ries, this system can store the
names of every person working
in a building or building com-
plex. The directory system pro-
vides for easy cross-referenc-
ing of individual company
names. When searched by indi-
vidual, the name, title, company
affiliation and office location is
displayed. When searched by
company, the location of the
company's reception area, de-
partments and individuals
working in each department
can be shown.
An optional add-on, the
Touchdown Security System
utilizes a personal computer
system, special software and
magnetic card readers to
record all after-hours building
entries and exits, eliminating
/sign-out sheets.
For more information, con-
tact Judy Gay at Digital Tech-
niques. Inc.. 10 "B" Street. Bur-
lington. MA 01803. Phone
(800) 248-1771 or (617) 273-
3495 or fax (617) 272-4098.

In the last issue of FA, the
phone number for Mac Design
Solutions (MDS) was printed
incorrectly. The company's
phone number is (407) 844-1198
and FAX is (407) 863-4787.

FLORIDAARCHITECT November/December 1991

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These kit fox pups represent a species driven
to the brink of extinction. The primary cause:
habitat loss.
Since 1951, The Nature Conservancy has
protected millions of acres of habitat for
threatened plant and animal species in all 50
Agood job.., but not good enough. We
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FLORIDAARCHITECT November/December 1991


The Education of the Manager/Administrator in the Architectural Practice

rhe Society of Architectural
1Administrators (SAA), an
affiliate of the American Insti-
tute of Architects (AIA), is
concerned about the educa-
tional opportunities available
for individuals interested in
entering the construction
industry as administrators or
Clearly, the construction
industry is a major sector of
the U.S. economy. The Depart-
ment of Labor projects that by
the year 1995, there will be
5.75 million people employed
in the construction industry.
That represents approximately
4% of the total labor force in
this country. Of that number,
one out of every five people in
the construction industry will
be in a managerial or adminis-
trative role.
The area referred to as
"Administrative Support"
includes administrative ser-
vices managers (office man-
agers), clerical supervisors,
marketing support, accounting
clerks, general office clerks,
secretaries and typists. It is
this Administrative Support
group that is of interest to
SAA, since it represents the
overwhelming majority of its
The 1990-91 edition of the
Department of Labor's "Occu-
pational Outlook Handbook"
provides the following job
description for the Administra-
tive Services Manager:
"[Cloordinate and direct
supportive services such as
secretarial correspondence;
conference planning and
travel; information process-
ing; personnel and financial
records processing; com-
munication; mail; materials
scheduling and distribution;
printing and reproduction;
personal property procure-
ment, supply and disposal:
data processing; library;
food and transportation."
Moreover, there are approx-
imately 34,000 office managers
in the construction industry.
The SAA College Curricu-

lum Task Force is currently in
the process of determining
whether this number justifies
a sufficient market to interest
colleges in developing new de-
gree programs and curricu-
Currently, an Administra-
tive Services Manager ad-
vances through the ranks in an
organization by acquiring sev-
eral years' work experience in
various administrative ser-
vices, then assuming supervi-
sory duties. The Department
of Labor describes the current
educational requirement for a
Career as an Administrative
Services Manager as "a bache-
lor's degree, preferably in
business administration ...
[whereby] The curriculum
should include courses in
office technology, accounting.
business mathematics, com-
puter applications, and busi-
ness law." It is clear that for-
mal education and training
regarding structure, proce-
dures, and the legal and liabili-
ty environment of the con-
struction industry would be a
tremendous asset in order to
prepare an individual for the
role of Administrative Services
Manager. Such a program of
study, however, does- not
appear to be currently avail-
able. The closest program of
study is that of the four-year
Construction Science and
Management program offered
at twenty-seven schools of con--
struction. These programs
provide a substantial introduc-
tion to managerial and legal
issues in the construction
industry. Architectural firms
do well to recruit management
trainees from these programs.
Other opportunities for
aspiring Architectural Admin-
istrators are: 1) to obtain a
four-year pre-professional
degree in architecture from a
school of architecture that has
a "4 + 2" program; 2) to obtain
a four-year business degree in
management from a business
college; and 3) to enter the

industry directly from high
school, and obtain job training
through clerical, secretarial
and other duties. In fact,
statistics show that very few
persons involved in adminis-
trative support roles enter the
job market with more than a
high school education. While
those individuals who do pos-
sess at least an appropriate

four-year degree, usually enter
the job market at the junior
management level, i.e., assis-
tant financial manager, mar-
keting and public relations
manager, assistant personnel
manager, purchasing and
accounts assistant manager.
The trend, however, is mov-
ing away from the traditional
secretarial role in the office
in favor of more technically
trained paraprofessional sup-
port roles. The widespread
use of computers by execu-
tives has changed the support
person's role from less pro-
duction to more coordination
and technical backup. Along
with these trends will come an
increased emphasis upon
formal education and training.
SAA would like to see the
construction industry benefit
from more college programs
directed at preparing indi-
viduals specifically for man-
agerial careers in the con-
struction industry. The first
step in this long process is to
identify existing degree pro-
grams that meet this need,
and develop new programs
where they are needed. The
membership of SAA can be-
come involved in this "College
Curriculum" initiative by
visiting schools of archi-
tecture, engineering or con-
struction in their local area
and obtaining information
about courses that might be of
interest to SAA members.
Identifying current sources of
funding will also allow the
current thrust to continue.
Information obtained at the
chapter level should be sent to
Micki Aufdenberg. Chair-

person of the College
Curriculum Committee.

Piccola Randolph is the
21st national president of
the Society of Architectural
Administrators (SAA). a
prestigious national organi-
zation affiliated with the
AIA. As its goal. SAA is
committed to providing
educational programs and
training to its membership
in order to ensure the high-
est calibre of administra-
tors within the profession.
Today, SAA membership
includes administrators
from all facets of the con-
struction and design indus-
try, as well as attorneys.
CPA's, city planners and
Like most construction
and design administrators,
Ms. Randolph started her
career as a secretary and
worked her way up through
the ranks. She is currently
an SAA-Certified Adminis-
trative Assistant in the
School of Architecture at
Florida A&M University in
Tallahassee, Florida. Ms.
Randolph founded an SAA
chapter in North Florida
and developed the oral
examination for the archi-
tectural administrator's cer-
tification process. She be-
lieves that the keystone to
her success is to set high
personal goals, and then
build a ladder of smaller
steps to reach these goals.
When asked if she had
reached the top yet, she
replied, "Oh no. There's
always something bigger."

FLORIDAARCHITECT November/December 1991




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FLORIDAARCHrTECT November/December 1991

"I~ ) ~:


The Business of Staying in Business
by George A Allen, Hon. AIA, CAE, Executive Vice President

This is a story about an ar-
chitecture firm in Florida
which is about to go out of bus-
iness. It isn't that the firm
hasn't had sufficient work or
that its work was poor in qual-
ity. On the contrary, the firm
was quite busy and enjoyed a
good reputation.
The problem is that the
firm is embroiled in a legal dis-
pute with one of its clients that
is stripping the principals of
billable time and cash on
hand. Also, the firm has had to
hire an attorney to answer
charges by the Department of
Professional Regulation that
the principal architect violated
one of the provisions of the
Architectural Practice Act.
How could a firm which,
until last year, enjoyed suc-
cess, suddenly find itself in
such dire straits? It started
months ago when a local busi-
ness executive called the
firm's principal, said he was
about to begin a project and
that he needed an architect to
help him get it underway.
The firm principal knew of
the businessman by reputa-
tion, knew that he was respon-
sible for several building pro-
jects in the area and was
anxious to add him to his client
list A meeting was immediate-
ly arranged.
The businessman indicated
that he wanted to build a shop-
ping center and he was in pos-
session of a set of preliminary
plans which had been used in
an earlier project. He needed
working drawings as soon as
possible, but in addition, he
needed the preliminary plans
signed by an architect so that
he could begin arranging
The architect responded

that he could not sign draw-
ings which he did not create.
The potential client responded
that his schedule did not allow
time for redrawing the prelimi-
nary plans and that he would
even pay more if the architect
would sign the existing plans.
As a favor, the architect
agreed. He signed the prelim-
inary drawings and then took
them back to his office to
begin work on the final work-
ing drawings. He put everyone
in his office on the job, sent a
B141 owner/architect agree-
ment to the client and proceed-
ed to finish the drawings in
record time. Even though he
had not received the executed
B141, the architect delivered
the drawings to his client
along with an invoice for pay-
The next part of this story is
fairly predictable. The invoice
was never paid. When the ar-
chitect pressed for payment,
the client filed suit against the
firm for providing inadequate
drawings and notified the De-
partment of Professional Regu-
lation that the architect had
signed a set of drawings for
which he had not provided re-
sponsible supervisory control.
Unfortunately. this story is
repeated all too often in the
architecture business. Insur-
ance companies report that six
of every ten claims filed
against architects are initiated
by owners in response to legal
action taken by design profes-
sionals to collect unpaid bills.
Many claims are settled after
the architect agrees to take a
big discount on his original
fee. If he persists. however.
owners have been known to
exercise other measures such
as reporting violations to the

Department of Professional
Looking at this story, it is
fairly easy to draw some con-
clusions about how to avoid
the owner-litigation trap:
take some time to investi-
gate the client's payment his-
tory. This is an acceptable
business practice and can be
done with a few phone calls to
references supplied by-the
client. But. you must listen
hard and listen well to keep
from being fooled.
prepare and execute the
owner/architect agreement
before you lift a pencil or push
a button. Set up a payment
schedule that begins to bring
in money from an early stage
in the work. Make sure the
client agrees in writing.
do not sign or seal anything
that you did not prepare your-
self, no matter what the sob
story may be. It's against the
if you have engineering or
other design consultants on
the job, make sure they are
aware of the contract, the
schedules called for and then
pay them promptly.
keep track of payments and
don't ignore the nickels and
dimes. If a client is in financial
difficulty, you may find that
you need to cease work on the
project until you can renegoti-
ate the contact, and...


* develop a strategy in your
office for watching payments
and collecting from slow pay-
ers. Those strategies should
include such techniques as 1)
non-principals should not call
clients about late payments. A

principal-to-client call should
be made; 2)if there is even a
hint of a problem with the
firm's work, call for an imme-
diate face-to-face meeting to
deal with the problem: 3)docu-
ment phone calls by return let-
ters when money is owed and
the client indicates there is no
problem with the firm's work,
This can help refute negligent
claims later if legal action
takes place; 4) when the client
says the check is ready, go
pick it up immediately. If dis-
tance precludes this. ask the
client to fax a copy of the
check so you can show it to
your creditors: and 5) when all
else fails, use the IRS as an
ally by telling the client you
are filing a Form 1099. This
process starts when you call
asking for the client's social
security number so that you
can declare the value of the
service rendered as a personal
payment to the client's person-
al and taxable income. If the
client objects, tell him that
your accountant advised it and
that if the accountant is 'wrong,
he can work it out with the
These are suggestions
gleaned from instructions pro-
vided by professional liability
insurance carriers who are
interested in avoiding claims.
There are other creative solu-
tions which you should check
with legal counsel before insti-
Basically, if you want to
have a successful business.
you should treat your clients
right, provide the best service
possible and don't try to over-
charge. It goes without saying
that you should expect and
demand the same in return.

FLORIDAARCHITECT November/December 1991


AIA Members Save Money
On AIA Documents.
Order Today.

Florida Association/
American Institute of Architects
104 East Jefferson Street
P.O. Box 1088
Tallahassee, Florida 32302
FAX: (904)- 224-8048 (credit card only)
Tel (904) 222-7590

Circle 22 on Reader Inquiry Card

FLORIDAARCHrrECT November/December 1991

Stainless Reputation
Lyric'" Stainless Steel Sink and Coralais'" Faucet. Leave it to Kohler
to create an exemplary line of stainless steel sinks for the home. All with
Kohler design and practicality in a wide range of stainless options. Premium
mirror and satin finishes. Intriguing basin styles and shapes. Models that
uniquely blend stainless steel and color with Silicasf" composite decks. Plus
the most innovative line of accessories to be found. And superior Hushcoat
sound deadening. Best of all, it lets you offer quality stainless steel sinks from
the leading namne in plumbing products.




Lj rossville Ceramics' New Freshened, Clear CROSS-COLORS". Specially designed to be compatible
with each other as well as to offer the designer the ability to blend CROSS-COLORS with any of our
other collections. For more information and our new, full-color brochure, please call 1-800-221-9093.

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